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Fixed structure N turns a lg 2a a x a a x= 0 Nonmagnetic bushing
Fixed
structure
N turns
a
lg
2a
a
x
a
a
x= 0
Nonmagnetic
bushing
material
(
1)
r
Movable plunger
Spring

Agenda:

Relay Basic Definition

Relay Basic Definition

Types in terms of Poles & Working

Types in terms of Poles & Working

Types in terms of Characteristic

Types in terms of Characteristic

Types in terms of logic

Types in terms of logic

Relay Symbol & Circuit

Relay Symbol & Circuit

Examples

Examples

Types in terms of Characteristic Types in terms of logic Relay Symbol & Circuit Examples 12/3/2016
Types in terms of Characteristic Types in terms of logic Relay Symbol & Circuit Examples 12/3/2016
Types in terms of Characteristic Types in terms of logic Relay Symbol & Circuit Examples 12/3/2016
 A relay is an electrically operated switch. Many relays use an electromagnet to operate

A relay is an electrically operated switch. Many relays use an electromagnet to operate a switching mechanism mechanically, but other operating principles are also used.

Relays are used where it is necessary to control a circuit by a low-power signal (with complete electrical isolation between control and controlled circuits), or where several circuits must be controlled by one signal.

Relay can be operate AC/DC supply

1. 5-110VDC (Major)

2. 12-230VAC (Major)

must be controlled by one signal.  Relay can be operate AC/DC supply 1. 5-110VDC (Major)
must be controlled by one signal.  Relay can be operate AC/DC supply 1. 5-110VDC (Major)
must be controlled by one signal.  Relay can be operate AC/DC supply 1. 5-110VDC (Major)
must be controlled by one signal.  Relay can be operate AC/DC supply 1. 5-110VDC (Major)
 In terms of pole 1. Single Pole Single Throw (SPST) 2. Single Pole Double
 In terms of pole 1. Single Pole Single Throw (SPST) 2. Single Pole Double

In terms of pole

1. Single Pole Single Throw (SPST)

2. Single Pole Double Throw (SPDT)

3. Double Pole Single Throw (DPST)

4. Double Pole Double Throw (DPDT)

Pole Single Throw (DPST) 4. Double Pole Double Throw (DPDT)  In terms of working (Major)

In terms of working (Major)

1. Thermal relay

2. Microprocessor based

3. Electromagnetic relay

4. Numerical relay

 In terms of working (Major) 1. Thermal relay 2. Microprocessor based 3. Electromagnetic relay 4.
 In terms of working (Major) 1. Thermal relay 2. Microprocessor based 3. Electromagnetic relay 4.
 In terms of working (Major) 1. Thermal relay 2. Microprocessor based 3. Electromagnetic relay 4.
 In terms of working (Major) 1. Thermal relay 2. Microprocessor based 3. Electromagnetic relay 4.
 In terms of working (Major) 1. Thermal relay 2. Microprocessor based 3. Electromagnetic relay 4.
 In terms of working (Major) 1. Thermal relay 2. Microprocessor based 3. Electromagnetic relay 4.
 Based on Characteristic the protection relay can be categorized as 1. Definite time Relays

Based on Characteristic the protection relay can be categorized as 1. Definite time Relays

2.

Inverse time Relays with definite minimum time(IDMT)

3.

Instantaneous Relays

6.

Programmed Switches

7.

Voltage restraint; over current relay

Based on actuating parameter the protection relay can be categorized as 1.Current Relays

2. Voltage Relays

3. Frequency Relays

4. Power Factor Relays etc.

protection relay can be categorized as 1.Current Relays 2. Voltage Relays 3. Frequency Relays 4. Power
protection relay can be categorized as 1.Current Relays 2. Voltage Relays 3. Frequency Relays 4. Power
protection relay can be categorized as 1.Current Relays 2. Voltage Relays 3. Frequency Relays 4. Power
 Based on of logic the protection relay can be categorized as 1. Differential 2.

Based on of logic the protection relay can be categorized as 1. Differential

2. Unbalance (V,I)

3. Neutral Displacement

4. Directional (Phase Sequence)

5. Restricted Earth Fault

6. Over Fluxing (OV,LF)

7. Distance Schemes

8. Bus bar Protection

9. Reverse Power Relays

10.Loss of excitation (Generator) 11.Negative Phase Sequence Relays etc.

Based on application the protection relay can be categorized as 1.Primary Relay

2. Backup Relay

Sequence Relays etc.  Based on application the protection relay can be categorized as 1.Primary Relay
Sequence Relays etc.  Based on application the protection relay can be categorized as 1.Primary Relay
Sequence Relays etc.  Based on application the protection relay can be categorized as 1.Primary Relay
NO NC NC NO NC NO NC NO i I “ M a k e

NONC NC NO NC NO NC NO i I “ M a k e ,

NO NC NC NO NC NO NC NO i I “ M a k e ,
NC NC NO NC NO NC NO i I
NC
NC
NO
NC
NO
NC
NO
i
I

Make, or normally open (NO) relay or single-pole, single throw, SPSTNO

“ Break,” or normally closed (NC) relay or single-pole, single throw, SPSTNC

“ Break, make ” or single-pole, double throw

SPDT (B-M), or

“ transfer

Make, break,” or “ make-before-break ” or single-pole, double throw SPDT (M-B), or transfer, or continually transfer

i I
i
I
transfer, ” or “ continually transfer ” i I CT Basic operation of the electromechanical relay:

CTtransfer, ” or “ continually transfer ” i I Basic operation of the electromechanical relay: The

Basic operation of the electromechanical relay: The (small) coil current i causes the relay to close (or open) and enables

(interrupts) the larger current,

On the left: SPSTNO relay (magnetic field causes relay to close). On the right: SPSTNC relay (magnetic field causes relay to open).

I

.

 Some examples of Mechanical Relay are: 1. Thermal (a) OT Trip (Oil Temperature Trip)

Some examples of Mechanical Relay are:

1. Thermal

(a)

OT Trip (Oil Temperature Trip)

(b)

WT Trip (Winding Temperature Trip)

(C) Bearing Temp Trip etc.

2. Float Type

(a)

Buchholz

(b)

OSR (Overdrive Sequencer Relay)

(c)

PRV (X’mer).

(d)

Water level Controls etc.

3. Pressure Switches (X’mer).

4. Mechanical Interlocks (CB with other CB).

5. Pole discrepancy Relay (CB).

Controls etc. 3. Pressure Switches (X’mer). 4. Mechanical Interlocks (CB with other CB). 5. Pole discrepancy
Controls etc. 3. Pressure Switches (X’mer). 4. Mechanical Interlocks (CB with other CB). 5. Pole discrepancy
Controls etc. 3. Pressure Switches (X’mer). 4. Mechanical Interlocks (CB with other CB). 5. Pole discrepancy

Thank you

Thank you 12/3/2016 ABHISHEK KUMAR GOYAL –BE /MBA / PGDBA 12/3/2016 13
Thank you 12/3/2016 ABHISHEK KUMAR GOYAL –BE /MBA / PGDBA 12/3/2016 13
Thank you 12/3/2016 ABHISHEK KUMAR GOYAL –BE /MBA / PGDBA 12/3/2016 13

12/3/2016 ABHISHEK KUMAR GOYAL –BE /MBA / PGDBA