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Chemistry 120

Martin Larter
Exam 4b

Name
May, 2013

Multiple Choice

(24 points)

Page 5

(22 points)

Page 6

(26 points)

Page 7

(22 points)

Total

(94 points)

Percent

(100 %)

All work must be shown to receive credit. Give all answers to the correct number of significant
figures
Avogadros number 6.022 x 1023 /mol
kw = 1.0 x 10-14 M2
Specific heat of ice = 2.09 J/g C ,
Specific heat of water = 4.18 J/g C ,
Specific heat of water vapor = 1.84 J/g C ,
Hfus = 0.334 kJ/g ,
Hvap = 2.259 kJ/g

Grossmont College
Periodic Table
VIIA
IA

1
H
1.008
3
Li
6.941
11
Na
23.00
19
K
39.10
37
Rb
85.47
55
Cs
132.9
87
Fr
(223)

IVA
6
C
12.01
14
Si
28.09
32
Ge
72.59
50
Sn
118.7
82
Pb
207.2

VA
7
N
14.01
15
P
30.97
33
As
74.92
51
Sb
121.8
83
Bi
209.0

VIA
8
O
16.00
16
S
32.06
34
Se
78.96
52
Te
127.6
84
Po
(209)

1
H
1.008
9
F
19.00
17
Cl
35.45
35
Br
79.90
53
I
126.9
85
At
(210)

68
Er
167.3
100
Fm
(257)

69
Tm
168.9
101
Md
(258)

70
Yb
173.0
102
No
(259)

71
Lu
175.0
103
Lr
(260)

IIA
4
Be
9.012
12
Mg
24.30
20
Ca
40.08
38
Sr
87.62
56
Ba
137.3
88
Ra
226.0

IIIB

IVB

VB

VIB

VIIB

VIII

VIII

VIII

IB

IIB

21
Sc
44.96
39
Y
88.91
57
La
138.9
89
Ac
227.0

22
Ti
47.90
40
Zr
91.22
72
Hf
178.5
104
Rf
(261)

23
V
50.94
41
Nb
92.91
73
Ta
180.9
105
Db
(262)

24
Cr
52.00
42
Mo
95.94
74
W
183.9
106
Sg
(263)

25
Mn
54.94
43
Tc
(99)
75
Re
186.2
107
Bh
(262)

26
Fe
55.85
44
Ru
101.1
76
Os
190.2
108
Hs
(265)

27
Co
58.93
45
Rh
102.9
77
Ir
192.2
109
Mt
(266)

28
Ni
58.70
46
Pd
106.4
78
Pt
195.1
110
??
(269)

29
Cu
63.55
47
Ag
107.9
79
Au
197.0

30
Zn
65.38
48
Cd
112.4
80
Hg
200.6

IIIA
5
B
10.81
13
Al
27.00
31
Ga
69.72
49
In
114.8
81
Tl
204.4

58
Ce
140.1
90
Th
232.0

59
Pr
140.9
91
Pa
231.0

60
Nd
144.2
92
U
238.0

61
Pm
(147)
93
Np
(237)

62
Sm
150.4
94
Pu
(244)

63
Eu
152.0
95
Am
(243)

64
Gd
157.3
96
Cm
(247)

65
Tb
158.9
97
Bk
(247)

66
Dy
162.5
98
Cf
(251)

67
Ho
164.9
99
Es
(252)

Lanthanide series

Actinide series

NOBL
E
GASE
S
2
He
4.002
10
Ne
20.18
18
Ar
39.95
36
Kr
83.80
54
Xe
131.3
86
Rn
(222)

Multiple Choice (24 points) Give the best answer for each of the following questions.
1. At which temperature would CO2 gas be least soluble?
a.

10. oC

20. oC

b.

c.

30. oC

d.

40. oC

2. Which of the following will increase the rate of dissolving of a solid in a solution?
a. raise the solution
temperature

b. decrease the solids particle


size

d. all of the above

e. none of the above

c. mix the solution

3. Place the following substances in order of decreasing boiling points:


CH3CH2OH

CO2

CH3OCH3

a) CO2 > CH3OCH3 > CH3CH2OH


b) CH3CH2OH > CO2 > CH3OCH3
c) CH3CH2OH > CH3OCH3 > CO2
d) CH3OCH3 > CO2> CH3CH2OH
e) none of the above
4. Name the acid: H2SO3 (aq)
a. hydrosulfuric acid

b. sulfuric acid

c. sulfurous acid

d. dihydrogen monosulfide

e. hydrogen sulfide

5. A solution is formed at room temperature by dissolving enough of the solid solute so that some solid remains at the
bottom of the solution. Which statement below is true?
a) The solution is unsaturated.
b) The solution is supersaturated.
c) The solution is saturated.
d) The solution is hydrated.
e) none of the above
6. The conjugate base of NH3 is ________.
a.

OH-

b.

H3O+

c.

H2O

d.

NH2-

7. In liquid pentanol, CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2OH which intermolecular forces are present?


a. Only dispersion and dipole-dipole forces are present.
b. Dispersion, hydrogen bonding and dipole-dipole forces are present.
c. Only hydrogen bonding forces are present.
d. Only dipole-dipole and ion-dipole forces are present.
e. Only dispersion forces are present
3

e.

NH4+

8. A solid has a relatively low melting point, is soft, its structure is held together by intermolecular forces, and is an
electrical insulator. The solid is most likely a(n) ______ solid.
a. ionic

b. molecular

c. metallic

d. covalent network

e. metallic and covalent network

9. According to Brnsted-Lowry acid-base theory, a acid is a


a. proton donor.

b. proton acceptor.

d. electron pair donor

e. amphoteric

c. hydroxide ion donor.

10. Which of the following is NOT a property of acids?


a.
Acids dissolve many metals.
b.
Acids have a slippery feel.
c.
Acids have a sour taste.
d.
Acids turn litmus paper red.
e.
All of the above are properties of acids.
11. A solution is considered base if the [H3O+] ______ [OH-].
a. less than

b. greater than

c. equal to

d. 7

e. none of the above

12. Which pair is most likely to form a homogeneous solution?


a. NaCl and Hg

b. CCl4 and H2O

d. Br2 and PF3

e. NH3 and CH3OH

c. LiF and C6H14

Problems:
1. (8 points) Calculate the total heat in kJ when a 55.0 g sample of ice is cooled from 0.00 C to 45.0 C under 1 atm
of pressure.

2.

(4 points) Calculate the mass percent of potassium oxalate (166.22 g/mol) in a solution prepared by dissolving
2.58 g of K2C2O4 in 35.00 g of H2O.

3.

(4 points) A students needs to prepare a solution that contains 0.38 moles of KNO3. A 2.50% (m/m) NaNO3
solution is available. How many grams of the 2.50% (m/m) NaNO3 solution are needed?

4.

(6 points) An aqueous solution of nitric acid is 32.0 % HNO3 by mass. The density of this solution is 1.164 g/mL.
Determine the molarity of the solution.

5. (6 points) What volume of a 0. 840 M HClO4 solution is needed to reach the endpoint in a titration of a 25.00 mL
sample of a 0.175 M Ba(OH)2 solution? The balanced molecular equation for the reaction is given below:
Ba(OH)2 (aq) + 2 HClO4 (aq)

Ba(ClO4)2 (aq)

+ 2 H2O (l)

6. A 0.0750 M solution of benzoic acid, a weak acid used commonly in preservatives has a pH of 2.667.
a. (6 points) What are the molar concentrations of hydronium ion and hydroxide ion in this solution?

b. (4 points) How does the pH of 0.0750 M solution of benzoic acid compare to that of a 0.0750 M solution of nitric
acid which is 1.125? Why are the two different?

7. A volumetric flask contains 550.00 mL of an aqueous 0.05383 M K3PO4 solution


a.

(2 points) What kind of intermolecular forces allow Li3PO4 to dissolve in water?__________________

b. (4 points) What is the molarity of Lithium ion in the solution?

c. (4 points) If a 15.00 mL sample of this solution were removed and diluted to a total volume of 250.00 mL,
what would be the molarity of K3PO4 in the diluted solution?

8.

(22 points) 4.500 g of potassium carbonate are dissolved in 250.0 mL of solution. To this solution are added
70.00 mL of 0.4185 M Barium Chloride solution. Use ICE Method

Write the complete and balanced equation for the reaction. (If you need help with the balanced chemical equation come
see me and I will sell it to you for 2 points.)

______________________________________________________________________________________

a. How many grams of Barium carbonate will precipitate?

b. How many molecules of which reactant remain unreacted?

c. What is the final concentration of Cl- in M?