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Power Systems II I MID Question Paper Sets

1. Derive the expression for Attenuation and distortion coefficients when line open circuited at
receiving end
[10M] [BT L2][C2313.4]
2.a. What is corona loss? How can it be reduced?
[3M] [BT L2][C2313.5]
2.b. A 110 kV, 3 Phase, 50 Hz transmission line, 175 km long consists of three 1.2cm diameter
stranded copper conductors spaced in 2 m delta arrangement. Temperature taken at 25 0C and
barometric pressure as 74 cm. Assume surface irregularity factor m = 0.85 (Roughness factor),
mv for local corona= 0.72 and m v for general corona = 0.82. Find i. Disruptive voltage ii. Visual
corona voltage for local corona iii. Visual corona voltage for general corona and iv. Power loss
due to corona using Peeks formula under fair weather and wet conditions.
[7M] [BT L4][C2313.5]
3.a. What are the factors affecting sag?
[3M] [BT L2][C2313.6]
3.b. A three phase over head transmission line is being supported by three disc insulators the
potential across top unit and middle unit are 7 kV and 10kV respectively i. the ratio of
capacitance between pin and earth to the self capacitance of the each unit ii. the line voltage iii.
String efficiency

[7M] [BT L4][C2313.6]



Derive the expression for Attenuation and distortion coefficients when line short circuited at
receiving end
2.a. What are skin and proximity effects?

[10M] [BT L2][C2313.4]

[3M] [BT L2][C2313.5]

2.b. A 3-phase line has conductors of radius 0.8 cm, spaced equilaterally 2.5m apart. If the
dielectric strength of air is 30kV/cm, determine the disruptive critical voltage at which corona
will occur. Take relative air density factor =0.96 and irregularity factor m0 = 0.94.
[7M] [BT L4][C2313.5]
3.a. Show that the voltage distribution across the units of a string insulator is not uniform.
[3M] [BT L2][C2313.6]
3.b. A transmission line conductor at a river crossing is supported from two towers at heights of
60 and 80 meters above water level. The horizontal distance between the towers is 300m. If the
tension in the conductor is 2000kg, find i. the maximum clearance between the conductor and
water, ii. the clearance between the conductor and water at a point mid way between the towers.
Weight of conductor is 0.844 kg/m. Assume that the conductor takes the shape of a parabola.
[7M] [BT L4][C2313.6]

1. Derive the expression for Reflection and Refraction coefficients when line open circuited at
receiving end

[10M] [BT L2][C2313.4]

2.a. Explain corona loss at extra high voltages and its disadvantages. How is distributive critical
voltage estimates?
[4M] [BT L2][C2313.5]
2.b. A conductor 2 cm diameter is passed centrally through a porcelain bushing (relative
permittivity) r = 3 having internal and external diameters of 2.5 cm and 8 cm respectively. The
voltage between conductor and an earthed clamp surrounding the porcelain is 11 kV (r.m.s).
Find the value of maximum potential gradient in the air space between the conductor and
porcelain and also state whether Corona will be present or not?

[6M] [BT L4][C2313.5]

3.a. Deduce expressions for calculating sag and conductor length of an overhead line when the
supports are at the same level?
[5M] [BT L2][C2313.6]
3.b. A 3-phase 66kV transmission line is carried by strings of 5 suspension insulators. The
capacity of each unit insulator to the capacity relative to earth is 4:1. Calculate the potential
across each unit and the string efficiency. Assume that there is no leakage [5M] [BT L4]
1. Derive the expression for Reflection and Refraction coefficients when line short circuited at

receiving end

[10M] [BT L2][C2313.4]

2.a. Explain the methods of reducing corona loss.

[3M] [BT L2][C2313.5]
2.b. Find the disruptive critical voltage and critical voltages for visual corona of a 3-phase, 200
km long line consisting of three stranded copper conductors(7/4.75) mm, area 120 mm 2 spaced
in a 4 meter delta arrangement, temperature 32 oC and barometric pressure 73 cm. If this line
operates on 200kV at 50Hz. Calculate fair weather and storm loss for the line. Assume any
additional data, if required.

[7M] [BT L4][C2313.6]

3.a. Define string efficiency. Why is it necessary to have high string efficiency? How can it be
[4M] [BT L2][C2313.6]
3.b. An overhead conductor consists of seven strands of silicon-bronze having cross- sectional
area of 2.0 cm2 and ultimate strength of 10000 kg/cm2. When connected between supports 650 m
apart and having a 20 m difference in level, determine the vertical sag, which must be allowed
such that the factor of safety shall be 5. Assume the wire weight 2 kg/m, ice loading is 1 kg/m
and wind loading is 1.75 kg/m.

[6M] [BT L4][C2313.6]