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PRINCIPLES IN TEACHING

A DETAILED LESSON PLAN IN MATHEMATICS


OBJECTIVES
Upon the Completion of this lesson, the student should able to;
Solve problems involving adding and subtracting integers
Construct a vertical and horizontal number line
Student will have a determination and patience in learning mathematics
I.

SUBJECT MATTER
A. Learning Integers Addition and Subtraction
B. Reference: College Algebra Book for High School
C. Materials: White Board or Black Board for Board Work; white board marker or
chalk; work sheet.
D. Values: Let the student to have Determination and Patience.

II.

PROCEDURE
TEACHERS ACTIVITY

STUDENTS ACTIVITY

A. Preliminary Activity:
-

Good Afternoon Class


Let us pray

Check the attendance

B. Motivation/Review
- What is our lesson yesterday?

Good Afternoon Maam


One student will lead the prayer (Our
Father)
Students will raise their hands once
called

One student raises hand


- Our lesson yesterday is about
integers.
- Integer is a set of whole number and
its opposite.

Very good, does anyone can define


what integer is?

Is zero an integer?

Yes it is an integer

Can you give an example of integers?

All students will give an example of


integers.

Ok now you what is integers we will

have a game, everyone will participate.


-

Everyone will be given a question


about integers. Example: write an
integer that will represent each situation

10 degree above zero.


A loss of 100 peso
Gain of 10 pounds
12 step forward
25 ft below sea level

Very good class, now we will proceed


to our lesson. Get your pen and
notebook for our lecture.

C. Presentation
-

Does anyone know how to add and


subtract numbers?

How about adding integers?

Anyways our lesson for today is about


adding and subtracting integers. Does
anyone among you know the rule in
adding integers?

+10
-100
+10
+12
-25

Everyone will get their materials

Yes

No one will answer

Very well said, how about adding two


integers with unlike sign.

Any idea class? Any ways these are the


rule in adding the two integers having
unlike sign:

Some student will raise their hands


and answer the question
If the integers have the same sign
just add the integers and copy its
sign

No one will answer

Will copy the rules.

When you are adding two integers with


different signs is like subtracting two
numbers and you take the sign of the
larger.

I will give some examples: if we add 12


to -3 the answer will be 9. Why 9,
because 12 has a greater value we
should change the + into sign.
Another example, if we add +3 to 5
the answer will be -2.

Now it is your time to solve some in the


board. (Will give some exercises to
answer thru board work.)

Now we know how to add integers we


will now study how to subtract integers.

Here are the rules in subtracting


integers.

Student will answer in board.

One student will raise hand to


answer on the board.

1. If the two integers are both in


negative sign (-) simply add the
integers.
Example:
-2 3 = -5
2. If they have different sign subtract
them and copy the sign of the
integers that has a greater value.
Example:
-9 + 3 = -6
-2 +5 = +3
-

Now lets try to answer some examples,


anyone who wants to answer on the
board?

Thats the end of our lesson for today;


tomorrow we will have a short review
about our lesson today.

III.

EVALUATION
Distribute the Work Sheet about the lesson. (Work sheet is attached)
Worksheet in Mathematics
Integers

NAME: ___________________________________

DATE: _____________________________

YEAR AND SECTION: ________________________


____________________________

I.

ADD THE FOLLOWING INTEGERS:


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

+9 + (+12) =
+2 + (-1) =
+15 + (+5) =
-3 + (- 7) =
+13 + (-3) =

SCORE:

6. +25 + (+12) =
7. +92 + (-23) =
8. +190 + (-130) =
9. +230 + (-132) =
10.
23 + 12 =
II.

SUBTRACT THE FOLLOWING INTEGERS

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

(-98) - (+72) =
(+82) - (+32) =
(-96) - (+37) =
(-46) - (+78) =
(+99) - (+85) =
(-13) - (-17) =
(-49) - (-95) =
(-1) - (-41) =
(-77) - (+90) =
10.
(-58) - (+42) =

IV.

ASSIGNMENT
1. Know the rules of multiplying and dividing integers.
2. Prepare for a short quiz tomorrow about adding and subtracting
integers.

Prepared by: Princess Romvic Mabanta


BSED MATH 2A