PRINCIPLES IN TEACHING
A DETAILED LESSON PLAN IN MATHEMATICS
OBJECTIVES
Upon the Completion of this lesson, the student should able to;
Solve problems involving adding and subtracting integers
Construct a vertical and horizontal number line
Student will have a determination and patience in learning mathematics
I.
SUBJECT MATTER
A. Learning Integers Addition and Subtraction
B. Reference: College Algebra Book for High School
C. Materials: White Board or Black Board for Board Work; white board marker or
chalk; work sheet.
D. Values: Let the student to have Determination and Patience.
II.
PROCEDURE
TEACHERS ACTIVITY
STUDENTS ACTIVITY
A. Preliminary Activity:

Good Afternoon Class
Let us pray
Check the attendance
B. Motivation/Review
 What is our lesson yesterday?
Good Afternoon Maam
One student will lead the prayer (Our
Father)
Students will raise their hands once
called
One student raises hand
 Our lesson yesterday is about
integers.
 Integer is a set of whole number and
its opposite.
Very good, does anyone can define
what integer is?
Is zero an integer?
Yes it is an integer
Can you give an example of integers?
All students will give an example of
integers.
Ok now you what is integers we will
have a game, everyone will participate.

Everyone will be given a question
about integers. Example: write an
integer that will represent each situation
10 degree above zero.
A loss of 100 peso
Gain of 10 pounds
12 step forward
25 ft below sea level
Very good class, now we will proceed
to our lesson. Get your pen and
notebook for our lecture.
C. Presentation

Does anyone know how to add and
subtract numbers?
How about adding integers?
Anyways our lesson for today is about
adding and subtracting integers. Does
anyone among you know the rule in
adding integers?
+10
100
+10
+12
25
Everyone will get their materials
Yes
No one will answer
Very well said, how about adding two
integers with unlike sign.
Any idea class? Any ways these are the
rule in adding the two integers having
unlike sign:
Some student will raise their hands
and answer the question
If the integers have the same sign
just add the integers and copy its
sign
No one will answer
Will copy the rules.
When you are adding two integers with
different signs is like subtracting two
numbers and you take the sign of the
larger.
I will give some examples: if we add 12
to 3 the answer will be 9. Why 9,
because 12 has a greater value we
should change the + into sign.
Another example, if we add +3 to 5
the answer will be 2.
Now it is your time to solve some in the
board. (Will give some exercises to
answer thru board work.)
Now we know how to add integers we
will now study how to subtract integers.
Here are the rules in subtracting
integers.
Student will answer in board.
One student will raise hand to
answer on the board.
1. If the two integers are both in
negative sign () simply add the
integers.
Example:
2 3 = 5
2. If they have different sign subtract
them and copy the sign of the
integers that has a greater value.
Example:
9 + 3 = 6
2 +5 = +3

Now lets try to answer some examples,
anyone who wants to answer on the
board?
Thats the end of our lesson for today;
tomorrow we will have a short review
about our lesson today.
III.
EVALUATION
Distribute the Work Sheet about the lesson. (Work sheet is attached)
Worksheet in Mathematics
Integers
NAME: ___________________________________
DATE: _____________________________
YEAR AND SECTION: ________________________
____________________________
I.
ADD THE FOLLOWING INTEGERS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
+9 + (+12) =
+2 + (1) =
+15 + (+5) =
3 + ( 7) =
+13 + (3) =
SCORE:
6. +25 + (+12) =
7. +92 + (23) =
8. +190 + (130) =
9. +230 + (132) =
10.
23 + 12 =
II.
SUBTRACT THE FOLLOWING INTEGERS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
(98)  (+72) =
(+82)  (+32) =
(96)  (+37) =
(46)  (+78) =
(+99)  (+85) =
(13)  (17) =
(49)  (95) =
(1)  (41) =
(77)  (+90) =
10.
(58)  (+42) =
IV.
ASSIGNMENT
1. Know the rules of multiplying and dividing integers.
2. Prepare for a short quiz tomorrow about adding and subtracting
integers.
Prepared by: Princess Romvic Mabanta
BSED MATH 2A