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# PRINCIPLES IN TEACHING

## A DETAILED LESSON PLAN IN MATHEMATICS

OBJECTIVES
Upon the Completion of this lesson, the student should able to;
Solve problems involving adding and subtracting integers
Construct a vertical and horizontal number line
Student will have a determination and patience in learning mathematics
I.

SUBJECT MATTER
A. Learning Integers Addition and Subtraction
B. Reference: College Algebra Book for High School
C. Materials: White Board or Black Board for Board Work; white board marker or
chalk; work sheet.
D. Values: Let the student to have Determination and Patience.

II.

PROCEDURE
TEACHERS ACTIVITY

STUDENTS ACTIVITY

A. Preliminary Activity:
-

Let us pray

## Check the attendance

B. Motivation/Review
- What is our lesson yesterday?

## Good Afternoon Maam

One student will lead the prayer (Our
Father)
Students will raise their hands once
called

## One student raises hand

- Our lesson yesterday is about
integers.
- Integer is a set of whole number and
its opposite.

## Very good, does anyone can define

what integer is?

Is zero an integer?

Yes it is an integer

integers.

-

## Everyone will be given a question

integer that will represent each situation

## 10 degree above zero.

A loss of 100 peso
Gain of 10 pounds
12 step forward
25 ft below sea level

## Very good class, now we will proceed

to our lesson. Get your pen and
notebook for our lecture.

C. Presentation
-

## Does anyone know how to add and

subtract numbers?

## Anyways our lesson for today is about

anyone among you know the rule in

+10
-100
+10
+12
-25

## Everyone will get their materials

Yes

integers with unlike sign.

## Any idea class? Any ways these are the

rule in adding the two integers having
unlike sign:

## Some student will raise their hands

If the integers have the same sign
just add the integers and copy its
sign

## When you are adding two integers with

different signs is like subtracting two
numbers and you take the sign of the
larger.

## I will give some examples: if we add 12

to -3 the answer will be 9. Why 9,
because 12 has a greater value we
should change the + into sign.
Another example, if we add +3 to 5

## Now it is your time to solve some in the

board. (Will give some exercises to

## Now we know how to add integers we

will now study how to subtract integers.

integers.

## 1. If the two integers are both in

negative sign (-) simply add the
integers.
Example:
-2 3 = -5
2. If they have different sign subtract
them and copy the sign of the
integers that has a greater value.
Example:
-9 + 3 = -6
-2 +5 = +3
-

## Now lets try to answer some examples,

anyone who wants to answer on the
board?

## Thats the end of our lesson for today;

tomorrow we will have a short review

III.

EVALUATION
Distribute the Work Sheet about the lesson. (Work sheet is attached)
Worksheet in Mathematics
Integers

NAME: ___________________________________

DATE: _____________________________

## YEAR AND SECTION: ________________________

____________________________

I.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

+9 + (+12) =
+2 + (-1) =
+15 + (+5) =
-3 + (- 7) =
+13 + (-3) =

SCORE:

6. +25 + (+12) =
7. +92 + (-23) =
8. +190 + (-130) =
9. +230 + (-132) =
10.
23 + 12 =
II.

## SUBTRACT THE FOLLOWING INTEGERS

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

(-98) - (+72) =
(+82) - (+32) =
(-96) - (+37) =
(-46) - (+78) =
(+99) - (+85) =
(-13) - (-17) =
(-49) - (-95) =
(-1) - (-41) =
(-77) - (+90) =
10.
(-58) - (+42) =

IV.

ASSIGNMENT
1. Know the rules of multiplying and dividing integers.