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• Know your rights • Stay in school • Say No to sex Sex Education for primary schools
Not for SALE:
al-Jama PS, bugiri and butiru PS, Mbale
Vol 13 No 6 June 2010
We have received over 50 letters from these schools. Congs, you win footballs and netballs. Headteachers, please encourage your pupils to write to young talk. Po box 22366, Kampala
Stella Arach, Adire PS, Apac; Jennifer Mbabazi, Kyanyuki PS, Kasese; Munga Jakisa, Agiermaah PS, Nebbi and Kule Naston, Bunyangule PS, Bundibugyo
Mityana Public School, thank you for welcoming young talk to your school.
from Welcome back hopeTalk is holidays. We it was fun. This term Young waiting to receive your letters. Write to us. A special thank you goes to all of you who write to Young Talk. Many of you write asking about body changes: •Menstruation and breast growth for girls •Wet dreams, penis size and deep voices for boys •Pubic hair growth and pimples for girls and boys You are confused and worried about what to do when these changes start. Some of you want to know if there is anything you can do to make your body start changing.
congratulations. you win t-shirts, books, pens and pads. Prizes will be sent to your schools
Since the year started, these pupils have written more than six letters to Young Talk.
Not a sign to start sex
Ayabare Prossy, 14, P7, Nyamwegabira PS, Kanungu, asks: “I don’t have breasts yet. My friends says I should have sex to develop breasts. What can I do?” This is usually between 10 to 16 years. But some children start even before ten or after 16 years. There is nothing you can do to make body changes start earlier or later. Everyone has their own speed and time to start. Before puberty starts, the brain produces different messengers called hormones. Hormones tell your body when and how to grow. During puberty these hormones move inside your body and start to slowly change the body from that of a child to an adult. So you start seeing body changes.
Mirembe Desire, 13, Bugolo Junior School, Kampala, asks: “Can you get HIV through kissing? Yes, you can get HIV. Kissing involves exchange of saliva through mouth to mouth contact. HIV is found in fluids like blood, semen, vaginal fluids breast milk and saliva. In saliva HIV is very small but you can get HIV if you kiss an HIV infected person and both of you have wounds in your mouth. You may have a wound in the mouth and don’t know it is there. Stay safe. Dr Paul Semugoma, International Hospital Kampala
HIV and kissing
This is wrong. Having sex DOES NOT make you get body changes. Body changes ARE NOT a sign to start sex. Boys and girls start getting body changes during puberty.
Puberty is a sign that you are growing up and the body is preparing for the day in future when you might choose to have a baby.
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2 .Young Talk, June 2010
What is happening to my body?
Puberty can be confusing. Breasts, hips growing and menstruation? Wet dreams and voice deepening? So let us talk about these changes and make puberty less confusing.
• Your body is developing to womanhood. • You can become pregnant if you have sex. Menstruation does not mean that your body is ready for sex or a baby. Your body is still small and immature. “I was attending the debating club when I experienced my first menstruation. I felt stomach pain and weak. When I stood up to talk, my skirt was soaked in blood. I was scared. The Head Girl helped me. Mukoda Proscovia, P7, Mawotio Showers of Blessings PS, Buwenge, Jinja says:
is when a girl’s body releases blood from her womb through the vagina. This is not a disease. Menstruation happens to every woman and girl. Do not feel shy about it. The menstrual blood usually flows slowly from the vagina. It continues through the day and night for 4-7 days. To avoid staining your clothes, use pads, cotton wool with gauze or clean pieces of cotton cloth to trap menstrual blood. Girls, if you start having menstrual periods, it means:
PuPils of bishoP wills DeM, iganga girls, when you start your menstruation, talk to your mother,
father, aunt, teacher, big sister or a responsible adult for help. even if you are in your period, go to school. Carry padding materials for use. no one can know that you are in your period by looking at you. boys, don’t laugh at girls if you get to know they are in periods. Remember, your sisters and mothers go through the same.
ys Boys Boys Bo
I have small breasts and my sisters have big ones. They say I will never breastfeed my children due to small breasts. What can I do to make them big? Girl, 14, Archbishop Yona Okoth PS, Tororo Breasts develop in different sizes and shape. All breast sizes are normal. When you grow up and produce children, you will be able to breastfeed.
A wet dream is when semen is released from the penis while a boy is asleep. Semen is a milky sticky fluid. It contains sperm. ”I dreamt I was having sex with a beautiful girl. When I woke up, my penis had released milky, sticky liquid. Basalirwa Joseph, P7, Mawoito showers of blessings PS, Buwenge, This was a wet dream. Though you dreamt you were having sex, wet dreams are not a sign to start sex. If you have sex, you can make a girl pregnant. Say NO early sex. You are not old enough to be a father. You can also get HIV /STDs. If a boy is infected with HIV, the semen would have HIV.
My voice is very different. Pupils laugh at me when I talk in class. Am confused ?” Isabirye Lusitiko, 15, P7, Wansale PS, Kamuli Isabirye’s voice is changing. During puberty boys’ voice box grow bigger making the voice deeper. This normal and natural.
“My penis is very tiny. My friends laugh at me and say I will not produce.”Kapwaka Daniel, 16, P7, Nicaragua PS, Bulenga Wakiso Don’t worry about your penis size. You are still growing. When you are an adult and after studies, you will have children. The penis size does not matter. Just like there are short and tall people, different people have different penis sizes, big or small.
Changes for both boys and girls
You have pimples on your face, upper back, or chest? These are due to oil glands producing more oil in the body. ”I have pimples. When I squeeze them, I see a white liquid.” Birungi Kasoro, Nyarukoma Model PS, Kyenjojo, says: Avoid squeezing pimples. To reduce
pimples wash your skin with clean water and soap. One of the first signs of puberty for boys and girls is hair growing under armpits, on private parts. With time, boys also start to grow hair on the face. This is a called beard. My friend has got hair in her armpits and she likes pulling it. Should I do the same? Musinguzi Maggie, 14, P7, Kyandago PS, Kanungu Don’t pull the hair.You will hurt the delicate skin in the armpit. Trim the hair using a razor blade. Never share the razor blade with
anyone. Sharing sharp tools is one of the ways HIV is spread. During puberty hormones tell your body to sweat a lot. Because you sweat more, you can develop a strong smell. I have a bad body smell. When I use local herbs to bath, my mother says it is a sin because we are Christians. But she can’t buy me a deodorant. Omitta Aduluf, Yona Okoth PS, Tororo Using local herbs is not a sin. Even modern deodorants are made out of local herbs. Bath at least twice a day to reduce bad smell.
Hair, hair everywhere
when you get bad thoughts , try to think about things that make you happy. godfrey walakira, our counsellor says: You may feel or be told that your body shape is bad. Or you may admire people and wish to be like them. liz okello, a teacher at gayaza hs, says, accept and appreciate your body. Everyone was created differently and in a special way. To feel good, you also need to take good care of your body. Kee p it clean. Bath at least two times a day. Keep your finger and toe nails short. Brush your teeth every morning and night before going to bed.
Feel good about yourself
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Young Talk, June 2010. 3
Stay safe from STDs, say no to sex
STDS Transmitted stands for sexually
Diseases. These infections are spread through sex with a person who has the infection. You cannot know that a person has an STD just by looking at them. Both boys and girls can get STDs. signs of sTDs: STDs cause small wounds on private parts, itchiness, discharge which is like pus, pain when passing urine. Girls and boys who have STDs may not produce children in future. STDs damage reproductive parts. The germs which cause STDs live in body fluids like semen, vaginal fluids and blood. Gonorrhoea, syphilis, genital warts, HIV are examples of STDs.
stay safe, say no to sex.
Sex does not cure menstruation pains •Sex does not make girls buttocks big. •Sex doesn’t remove pimples •Sex does not make breasts grow. •Wet dreams is not a sign to start sex •Getting an erection does not mean you should have sex. Think twice, pregnancy can happen any time you have sex.
Pregnancy can happen: • before a girl sees her first menstruation • the first time you have sex • having sex during menstruation •having sex while swimming, bathing or standing up • even if you wash the vagina after sex
PuPils of Dabani Girls Ps, busia. always walk to and from school with a group of fiends to stay safe from danger.
Hello Young Talkers, welcome to a new game called the maze. Maze means small roads that take you
to a place of your choice. In this game there are boys and girls going to different places. Walk with the girls and boys and help them avoid danger. It is safer to work in a group. How many safe places can each of these friends reach safely without getting into trouble? For example, Rita has walked safely to her home. Follow this example and identify safe roads for boys and girls in this maze. Use different colours to mark the safe roads.
TO FETCH WATER
Fill in the maze. Send your finished game to Young Talk, 22366 Kampala and win exercise books and pads. Write your name, age, class and school
TO COllECT FiREWOOd
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6/10/2010 9:31:21 AM
Dear Young Talk
PO Box 22366 Kampala
Young Talk, June 2010
My mother buys me used knickers, can I get infected? Komuhendo Annet, Bunjojo PS, Kabarole Yes, you can get skin infections like rashes. Talk with your mum about the dangers of wearing used knickers. You can get new panties from the shops and market at a cheap price. You can also make your own knickers. When I ask for school fees, books and pens, my step mother tells me to get married. My father is never at home. Advise me? Girl, 13, Bugolo Junior School, Kampala Sorry, for the problem you are facing. It is sad that your mother wants you to marry at 13 years. Do not go for marriage. Marriage is for mature people. You are still young and growing. You cannot
New Bweyale Parents PS, Masindi: “Saying NO to sex is our key factor for education success.”
handle outcomes of marriage like pregnancy and caring for children. Talk to an elder you trust such as an uncle, aunt, teachers and religious leaders. They could talk to your father about importance of education and dangers of early marriage. Some girls say early sex helps women not to have problems during baby delivery. Is that true? Asiimwe Annet, 12, P4, God Pays PS, Bundibugyo No, that is not true. Early sex brings more problems like STDs/ HIV, early pregnancy and dropping out of school. It can lead to death. Many young girls die during baby delivery because their bodies are too young. Doctors have to operate her to remove the baby. Stay safe in school and say no to sex. If a young boy who does not produce sperms has sex with an HIV positive girl, can he catch HIV? Musamali Julius, 13, Kama PS, Mbale Yes, any body can get HIV. Some people are born with HIV. When a person has HIV, the virus is found in the blood, semen, vaginal fluids and breast milk. During sex the virus in vaginal fluids or blood of an HIV positive person can get into your body. Is it true when you chase a squirrel, and catch it, your testes grow bigger? Konyen Simon, 16, Nakapelimoru PS, Kabong No, this is not true. The growth of your testes is determined by hormones during puberty. It has nothing to do with chasing and catching squirrels. During puberty these hormones tell testes to start producing sperms. This means a boy can now make a girl pregnant. Enlargening of the testes is one of the signs that you are growing well. It does not mean you start sex. Stay safe.
I have been suffering Candida for five years. My brother does not want to pay for my treatment. Namanda.Josephine, 12, P7, St John Bosco, Katende, Mpigi Sorry, for the hard time you are facing. Quickly go to the nearest government hospital or any health centre and ask for help. A health worker will examine you and give you free treatment. Also, talk to a relative, a teacher, or an elder you trust to talk to your brother. Counsellor Dr Paul Semugoma, International Hospital Kampala
Some children do wrong things and they are taken to prison. Write and tell us stories of wrong things done by children in your community, school and why they commit them. You will all WIN prizes.
Pupils of Nkoma PS, Mbale, are focused and staying safe
Respect your parents
In the February 2010, Young Talk, we asked you how you show respect to elders. You sent over 20 letters. Thank you. You all win exercise books. This is what some of you said:
Kukiriza and Win
“Be polite, don’t be rude to your parents or demand for things they cannot afford.” Nantale Esther, P6, King Jesus PS, Mubende “We show respect by being obedient and doing house work. Showing respect does not mean that we fear our parents.” Kule Necton, 13, Bunyangule PS, Bundibugyo
“I listen to my parent’s advice,” Nalwanga Charlie, Kibuye PS, Kampala “I follow advice which my parents give me. I also do work like grazing cattle, goats, collecting water and others,” Wafula Jackson, Butula Young Talk club, Busia “I welcome back my parents at home and thank them for the work done,” Musoki Livas, P6, Kyanjuki PS, Kasese
Our neighbour gives me nice gifts which my parents don’t give me. He wants me to love him. What should I do? Kukiriza, 13, P6, Ambassadors of Christ PS, Kawuku, Wakiso
Using words like thank you, welcome back are a sign of respect to your elders.
Talk Foundation 4 Acacia Avenue, PO Box 22366, Kampala, (U) Tel: (031) 262030/1, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, President: C. Watson Executive Director: J. Wiltshire Print Director: T. Agutu, Editorial Manager: M. Akello, Editors: F Ouma, J Abongowath, P Kiwuuwa, J Nafula Chief Designer: M. Kalanzi, Designers: GB. Mukasa, Allan B. Dentine Printer: The New Vision. Young Talk is funded by CIVIL SOCIETY FUND: DANIDA, DFID, SIDA, IRISH AID, USAID
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6/10/2010 9:36:25 AM
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