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Alexandra Mularoni

SST 309
Task #3
Academic Vocabulary Activity
If You Can Keep It
Hakim, Chapter 42
Hakim, J. (2005). A History of US: From Colonies to Country 1735-1791 (pp.
186-201). New York: Oxford University Press.
Hakims chapter 42, focuses on the significance of a having a
good bill of rights and writing the Bill of Rights in the United States
Constitution. A bill of rights guarantees individual rights such as
freedom of religion, freedom of press, and free speech. (Hakim 186)
James Madison who served in the first congress, wrote the first
10 amendments to the Constitution. These amendments are known as
the Bill of Rights. These amendments are very essential to us because
they give American citizens the freedoms and right we have in this
Before being this activity, please introduce the Bill of Rights to your
students. Have the students either read the Bill of Rights to themselves
or together as class. (pp 199)
Vocabulary list:
Directions: Please review this vocabulary words together with your students.
Amendment(s): (Noun) A change in words or meaning of a law.
Citizen: (Noun) A person who legally belongs to a country. I am a legal
citizen of the United States of America.
Legal: (Adjective) In agreement with the law. It is legal to drive with
your seat belt buckled
Congress: (Noun) The group of people who are responsible for making the
laws of a country.
Prohibiting: (Verb) To say something is not allowed. I am prohibiting you
from talking during quiet time.
Abridging: (Verb) To lessen the strength of something. Example: lessening
the strength of your freedoms and rights.
Petition: (Noun) A written document that people sign to make a change.
Lets get the 5th grade students to sign a petition to take longer lunch
Government: (Noun) The group of people who make decisions for a country.
Militia: (Noun) People who are not part of a countrys armed forces, but are
trained like soldiers.

Infringed: (Verb) To limit or restrict someones rights.

Quarter: (Noun) A place where someone lives.
Trial: (Noun) A formal meeting with a judge and jury where crimes,
disagreements, etc. are discussed.
Jury: (Noun) A good of people who are chosen to make decisions in a
legal case.
Enumeration: (Verb) The naming of thing in a list, one after another.
Delegated: (Verb) To give control or power to someone. The final
presentation project was delegated to the best speaker.
Directions: Based on the definitions given above, decide whether or not the
bolded word is used correctly in the following sentences:
(If used incorrectly, please write a sentence that uses the bolded word
1. One day I wrote a petition about my dog getting his first bath, it was
funny story!
2. Sometimes my mom prohibits me from going out too late on a school
3. Our government is a group of people that were chosen to make
decisions about legal cases.
4. My neighbor is on trial for stealing a car from someone.
5. I delegated for too long in the morning, if I was quicker getting up I
wouldnt be as late most days.
6. My is in the Army, he is part of the United States Militia.
7. The congress makes and passes the laws of our country.
8. When I am bored I make amendments on my nails, I like to paint
them red most often.

9. It is legal to see a rated R movie once you are 18 years old.

Whenever I go on vacation to other countries, I become a citizen
there just because Im there.

The first ten Amendments to the Constitution were

passed in 1791 and are collectively known as the Bill of
Rights. The ten Amendments included in the Bill of Rights
allow the following rights and freedoms to all Americans.
1. The First Amendment grants freedom of speech,
freedom of press, freedom of assembly, and the right to
2. The Second Amendment grants the right to bear arms
3. The Third Amendment states that soldiers cannot take
over a home during war or peace without the
homeowners permission.
4. The Fourth Amendment protects Americans from
unreasonable and unlawful search and seizure of
5. The Fifth Amendment allows all citizens due process
and states that a person cannot be forced to serve as a
witness against himself when accused of a crime.
6. The Sixth Amendment provides a speedy and public
trial by jury for all who are accused of a crime.
7. The Seventh Amendment also allows a trial by jury to
be held for certain civil disputes.
8. The Eighth Amendment prevents those accused of
suffering cruel and unusual punishment.
9. The Ninth Amendment states that no ones
Constitutional rights should be used to infringe upon the
rights of another citizen.
10. The Tenth Amendment provides each state with
powers that are not specifically assigned to the nations

government in the Constitution.