You are on page 1of 178

CMZ700B

Gyrocompass
Users Manual
IM 80B10M-10E

IM 80B10M-10E
8th Edition

CMZ700B Gyrocompass
Users Manual
IM80B10M-10E 8th Edition

CONTENTS
Introduction..............................................................................................................v
Important Cautions.................................................................................................vi
1.

2.

3.

4.

SUMMARY.................................................................................................. 1-1
1.1

Components and Functions of Switch Unit and M.Operation Unit ............. 1-2

1.2

Handling Precautions........................................................................................ 1-3


1.2.1

Startup of Gyrocompass..................................................................... 1-3

1.2.2

Handling in Cold Districts.................................................................... 1-3

1.2.3

External Heading Out Put................................................................... 1-3

1.3

Startup and Stoppage........................................................................................ 1-4

1.4

Command Code List.......................................................................................... 1-5

1.5

Advice for Specific Situations......................................................................... 1-6

1.6

Definition of Terms............................................................................................. 1-7

OVERVIEW................................................................................................. 2-1
2.1

General................................................................................................................ 2-1

2.2

Performance and Specifications...................................................................... 2-3


2.2.1

Power Supply...................................................................................... 2-3

2.2.2

Input Signal......................................................................................... 2-3

2.2.3

Output Signal...................................................................................... 2-4

2.2.4

Settling Time and Accuracy................................................................ 2-4

2.2.5

Environmental Specifications (normal operating conditions)............. 2-4

2.2.6

External Input/Output Signal Specifications and Circuits...................................2-5

HARDWARE............................................................................................... 3-1
3.1

System Configuration....................................................................................... 3-1

3.2

Component Models........................................................................................... 3-2

3.3

Component Names and Functions.................................................................. 3-3

OPERATION............................................................................................... 4-1
4.1

Startup and Stoppage........................................................................................ 4-1


4.1.1

Startup................................................................................................. 4-1

4.1.2

Startup sequence................................................................................ 4-2

4.1.3

Startup Indications.............................................................................. 4-3

4.1.4

Stoppage............................................................................................. 4-3

4.2

Functions and Operations of Switch Unit and M.Operation Unit Components


............................................................................................................................. 4-4

4.3

Mode Selection................................................................................................... 4-5


IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

ii
4.4

Data Input Procedure......................................................................................... 4-7

4.5

Command Functions......................................................................................... 4-8

4.6

Display Functions.............................................................................................. 4-9

4.7

4.8

5.

6.

Displaying Compass Heading (normal mode).................................... 4-9

4.6.2

Displaying Gyrosphere Running Time ............................................... 4-9

4.6.3

Displaying Gyrosphere Phase Current............................................. 4-10

4.6.4

Displaying Backup Battery Voltage................................................... 4-10

4.6.5

Displaying Software Version Number............................................... 4-10

Setting Functions............................................................................................. 4-11


4.7.1

Speed-error Correction..................................................................... 4-11

4.7.2

Automatic Master Compass Alignment............................................ 4-12

4.7.3

Manual Master Compass Alignment................................................. 4-13

4.7.4

Startup Timer Setting........................................................................ 4-14

Procedures for Operating Repeater Compass ............................................... 4-15


4.8.1

Basic Operation................................................................................ 4-15

4.8.2

Connection Box................................................................................. 4-15

4.8.3

Repeater Compass Error Contents and Countermeasures . ................ 4-16

4.8.4

Procedure for Null Point Adjustment of Repeater Compass............ 4-17

MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION..................................................................5-1


5.1

Daily Inspection.................................................................................................. 5-1

5.2

Regular Inspection............................................................................................. 5-1

5.3

Troubleshooting................................................................................................. 5-2
5.3.1

Error Code List ................................................................................... 5-2

5.3.2

How to Display the Cause of Master Compass Alarms.......................................5-3

5.3.3

Possible Causes and Countermeasures............................................ 5-4

INSTALLATION PROCEDURES............................................................... 6-1


6.1

6.2

6.3

IM80B10M-10E

4.6.1

Precautions during Installation........................................................................ 6-1


6.1.1

Vibration Measures............................................................................. 6-1

6.1.2

Parallelism of Lubbers Lines.............................................................. 6-1

6.1.3

Service Area........................................................................................ 6-1

6.1.4

Limitation for Using Insulation Tester.................................................. 6-2

Installing and Removing the Gyrosphere ..............................................................6-2


6.2.1

Precautions during Removal.............................................................. 6-2

6.2.2

Installing the Gyrosphere.................................................................... 6-3

6.2.3

Removing the Gyrosphere................................................................ 6-12

6.2.4

Replacement of Lamps in the Repeater Compass.......................... 6-17

6.2.5

Procedure for Aligning Repeater Compass Indication..................... 6-18

6.2.6

Preparation of Supporting Liquid...................................................... 6-19

Maintenance Function..................................................................................... 6-20


6.3.1

Permission for maintenance function............................................... 6-20

6.3.2

Outputting Simulated DAC Signals................................................... 6-21

6.3.3

Manual Drive of Master Compass (One-way turning)....................................... 6-22

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

iii

6.4

7.

6.3.4

Manual Drive of Repeater Compass (One-way turning).................................. 6-22

6.3.5

Resetting Gyrosphere Running time ............................................... 6-23

6.3.6

Initializing Backup Memory............................................................... 6-23

6.3.7

Correcting Installation Error.............................................................. 6-24

6.3.8

Setting Master Compass Follow-up Gain......................................... 6-25

6.3.9

Displaying Error Log......................................................................... 6-26

Generation Function........................................................................................ 6-28


6.4.1

Permission for Generation Function................................................. 6-28

6.4.2

Setting of Follow-up Speed for Stepper Signal................................. 6-29

6.4.3

Setting Dip Switches......................................................................... 6-30

6.4.4

NMEA Output Communication Period.............................................. 6-33

6.4.5

NMEA Output Header....................................................................... 6-33

6.4.6

Serial Input/Output Signal................................................................. 6-34

OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT....................................................................7-1


7.1

Functions and Operations of The C.Operation unit ...................................................... 7-1

7.2

Display of Normal Mode.................................................................................... 7-2

7.3

Display That Appears When an Alarm is Generated . ..................................................... 7-3


7.3.1

List of Error Codes.............................................................................. 7-4

7.4

Accessing Menus............................................................................................... 7-5

7.5

Command Functions......................................................................................... 7-7

7.6

Display Functions.............................................................................................. 7-8

7.7

7.8

7.6.1

Displaying Heading............................................................................. 7-8

7.6.2

Displaying Heading Deviation............................................................. 7-9

7.6.3

Displaying Rate of Turn....................................................................... 7-9

7.6.4

Displaying Running Time.................................................................. 7-10

7.6.5

Displaying Dimmer Rank.................................................................. 7-10

7.6.6

Displaying Gyrosphere Phase Current............................................. 7-11

7.6.7

Displaying Backup Battery Voltage................................................... 7-11

7.6.8

Displaying Deviation Voltage............................................................ 7-11

7.6.9

Displaying Software Version Number............................................... 7-11

Setting Functions............................................................................................. 7-13


7.7.1

External Heading Input Selection..................................................... 7-13

7.7.2

Setting the Ships Speed (speed-error correction)........................... 7-14

7.7.3

Automatic Master Compass Alignment............................................ 7-15

7.7.4

Manual Master Compass Alignment................................................. 7-15

7.7.5

Setting Deviation Alarm.................................................................... 7-16

7.7.6

Setting Startup Timer........................................................................ 7-17

7.7.7

Displaying/Resetting Master Compass Alarm Causes..................................... 7-18

7.7.8

Displaying/Resetting C. Operation Unit Alarm Causes.................................7-18

Maintenance Function..................................................................................... 7-21


7.8.1

Permission for Maintenance Function.............................................. 7-21

7.8.2

Simulated DAC Output..................................................................... 7-22


IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

iv

7.9

7.8.3

One-way Turning of the Master Compass........................................ 7-23

7.8.4

One-way Turning of the Repeater Compass.................................... 7-23

7.8.5

Resetting Gyrosphere Running Time............................................... 7-24

7.8.6

Initialization of Backup Memory........................................................ 7-24

7.8.7

Correction of the Master Compass Installation Error................................7-25

7.8.8

Setting the Master Compass Follow-up Gain................................... 7-26

7.8.9

Error Log Display ............................................................................. 7-26

Generation Function........................................................................................ 7-32


7.9.1

Permission for Generation Function................................................. 7-32

7.9.2

Setting the Follow-up Speed for Stepper Signal............................... 7-33

7.9.3

Setting Communication Protocol for Serial Output Ports.......................................7-33

7.9.4

Setting Communication Formats for Serial Output Ports.......................................7-34

7.9.5

Setting Communication Protocol for Serial Input Ports...................................... 7-39

7.9.6

Setting Communication Formats for Serial Input Ports..................................... 7-39

Appendix-1 Description of Speed Error and Speed Error Table.....................A-1


1

Speed Error........................................................................................................ A-1

Determining Speed Error................................................................................. A-1

Appendix-2 Principle of Gyrocompass.............................................................A-5


1

Gyro.................................................................................................................... A-5

North-seeking Tendency of Gyrocompass.................................................... A-6

Gyrocompass Errors........................................................................................ A-7


3.1

Speed Error.........................................................................................A-7

3.2

Acceleration Error...............................................................................A-7

3.3

Rolling and Pitching Error...................................................................A-7

Appendix-3 Block Diagram.................................................................................A-8


Appendix-4 Components List...........................................................................A-23

IM80B10M-10E

4.1

Master compass (MKM022).............................................................A-23

4.2

Repeater compass (MKR050)..........................................................A-24

4.3

Connection box (MKN015)...............................................................A-25

4.4

Steering repeater compass (MKR051).............................................A-26

4.5

AC Adapter (MKR027)......................................................................A-27

4.6

Annunciator (MKR028).....................................................................A-28

4.7

C.operation unit (MKR024)...............................................................A-28

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

Introduction
This instruction manual describes the functions and handling procedures of the CMZ700
Gyrocompass. Before using the gyrocompass carefully read this manual to get a clear
understanding on proper use.

Notice
The information contained in this manual is subject to change without prior notice
for the reason of improvement in the performance and functions of the gyrocompass system.
All efforts have been made to ensure accuracy in the preparation of this manual.
However, should any errors come to your attention or any questions arise, please
inform the head office of Yokogawa Denshikiki Co., Ltd. or your nearest sales representative office listed on the back cover of this manual.
All rights reserved. No part of the contents of this manual may be transcribed or reproduced in any form without Yokogawa Denshikikis written permission.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

vi

Important Cautions
The following safety symbols are used on the product and in this manual.

DANGER

This symbol indicates that a failure to observe the given instructions may
result in a fatal hazard critical to the handling personnel.

WARNING

This symbol indicates that a failure to observe the instructions may result in
death or serious injury to the personnel.

CAUTION

This symbol indicates that a failure to observe the instructions may result in
personal injury or damage to the product.

DANGER

Risk of Mercury
Do not allow mercury to come into contact with skin. If contact does occur, thoroughly wash the affected area with clean water immediately.
If mercury is accidentally spilled, it should be drawn off with a syringe or the like and
kept in a glass bottle.

WARNING

Risk of Electric Shock


Turn off the power before carrying out any wiring.

CAUTION
Do not perform an insulation resistance test using a megohmmeter except on the ships
power terminals. Performing such a test may cause a failure in the gyro system
Precautions in handling the gyrosphere
Hold the gyrosphere firmly with both hands so as not to subject it to any shock.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

vii
Do not drop the gyrosphere. Dropping the gyrosphere may result in damage to the internal mechanism or lead to personal injury.
Do not disassemble the gyrosphere.
Precautions in handling the container
Hold the container firmly with both hands.
Do not drop it. Dropping the gyrosphere may result in damage to the internal mechanism
or lead to personal injury.
Polishing of the slip ring is prohibited
Carry out cleaning by wiping dirt off the slip ring with ethyl alcohol or ligroin

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

Blank Page

<.SUMMARY>

1.

1-1

SUMMARY
This chapter briefly describes operating procedures that are regarded as essential to the
operation of the CMZ700B Gyrocompass.
For details, see Chapter 2 and subsequent chapters. Use Chapter 1 as a simplified manual.
(1) Components and Functions of The Operation Unit
(2) Handling precautions
(3) Startup and stoppage
(4) Command Code List
(5) Advice for Specific Situations
(6) Definition of Terms

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

1-2

<.SUMMARY>

1.1

Components and Functions of Switch Unit


and M.Operation Unit
No.

Name of Switches

Functions

Power switch

Turns on/off the power to the gyro system.

External heading sensor selector Selects the output heading (gyro heading/external sensor
switch
heading. In select the C operation., this function
Is not permitted. See section 7)..
Set/dimmer keys

In normal mode these are dimmer keys that adjust the level of
brightness of all displays on the operation unit. If both keys are
simultaneously pressed, a lamp test is performed. In modes other
than normal, these keys are used to set data.

Command/buzzer stop key

If this key is pressed in normal mode, the mode changes to the


command selection mode, and if pressed in a mode other than
normal, the mode returns to normal.
If pressed when an alarm is generated, the alarm buzzer and
blinking of the FAIL indicator lamp stops.

ENT key

Enters the data you set.

Gyro heading display

Displays a master compass heading.

Data display

Displays the current data, and settings when executing a


command.
Displays C.S. during standby.

Command display

Displays a command code.

RUN indicator lamp

Lights up when the power switch is turned on.

EXT indicator lamp

Goes out when the currently selected output heading is the gyro
heading and lights up when the output heading is the external
sensor heading.

FAIL indicator lamp

Blinks when an alarm is generated.


If the BZ STOP key is pressed, it lights up during an alarm and
goes out when the alarm is restored to normal.

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd.

RUN

ON

EXT
GYRO

FAIL

HEADING

EXT
COMMAND

OFF
POWER

SHIFT

DATA
COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/DIMMER

GYROCOMPASS

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

Switch Unit

M.Operation Unit

1-3

<.SUMMARY>

1.2

Handling Precautions

1.2.1

Startup of Gyrocompass

(1) Startup the gyrocompass at least 5 hours before the ships departure.
(2) After startup, do not touch the internal unit of the master compass. Otherwise the equipment
may be damaged or an error generated.

1.2.2

Handling in Cold Districts

Since the master compass container containing the gyrocompass is filled with liquid, if a gyrocompass is to be stopped in a cold district where the ambient temperature is -3C or less it should
therefore be handled as shown below.
(1) In the case where it is stopped for a period of a few days or less:

Wrap the master compass in a blanket or the like to provide heat insulation.

(2) In the case of a prolonged stopping period (a week or more):


1.2.3

Drain the liquid completely.

External Heading Out Put

External heading can use with the mastercompassamplifier unit.


Turn on the main power of the master compass (MKM022) in case of using external heading.

CAUTION
Polishing the slip ring is prohibited
Carry out cleaning by wiping dirt off the slip ring with ethyl alcohol or ligroin.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

1-4

<.SUMMARY>

1.3

Startup and Stoppage


(1) Procedure for Gyrocompass System Startup
Turn on each of the ship's AC and DC
power supplies for the gyrocompass
system.
If AC power is not supplied to the
system, turn on DC power only.
Turn on the main power switch of the
master compass.

Revolution of the gyro rotor is high.


Phase current is higher than 0.35A
(See Section 4.1 of this manual.)

Revolution of the gyro rotor is low.


Phase current is 0.35A or less
(See Section 4.1 of this manual.)

Cold start

Hot start

RUN indicator lamp is it.


Data display "C.S."
The follow-up operation of the
master compass stops.
Aligning operation is prohibited.
Phase current decreases blow
0.35A and when its rate-of-change
becomes low, the compass enters
nomal operating status.

Normal status

(2) Procedure for Gyrocompass System Stoppage


Turn off the master compass main
power switch.

Stoppage

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

The gyrocompass enters nomal


operating status immediately.

The command display and data


display disappear.

1-5

<.SUMMARY>

1.4

Command Code List

Call-up codes for various data displays/settings in the CMZ700 gyrocompass system are
assigned to the predetermined numbers (command codes).
This section describes the command codes and their functions and whether they can be executed or not during stand-by period.

Classification
Display Function

Setting
Function

Maintenance
Function

Generation
Function

Command
Code

Execution during
stand-by

00

Normal mode

4-9

13

Gyrosphere running time display

4-9

15

Gyrosphere phase current display

4-10

16

Backup battery voltage display

4-10

19

Software version number display

4-10

21

Speed setting for speed-error correction

4-11

22

Latitude setting for speed-error correction

4-11

23

Automatic alignment of master compass

4-12

24

Manual alignment of master compass

4-13

26

Displaying/resetting cause of master compass alarm

5-3

29

Startup timer setting

4-14

30

Permission for maintenance function

6-20

31

Simulated DAC output

6-21

32

Manual drive of master compass

6-22

33

Manual drive of repeater compass

6-22

34

Resetting gyrosphere running time

6-23

36

Initialization of backup memory

6-23

37

Correction of the master compass installation


error

6-24

38

Setting the master compass follow-up gain

6-25

39

Error log display

6-26

40

Permission for generation function

6-28

41

Setting the follow-up speed for stepper signal.

6-29

Page

Function Item

means that execution is permitted during stand-by.


means that execution is not permitted during stand-by.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

1-6

<.SUMMARY>

1.5

Advice for Specific Situations

(1) If it is suspected that there is an error in a heading shown by a repeater compass or an autopilot:
Check the settings for the ships speed and latitude for correcting speed-error using command codes 21 and 22. If they are not correct, correct the values.
(See 4.7.1 of this manual.)

Set the ships speed to zero and check that indications on the master compass and repeater
compass are the same. If they are not, align the indications of the repeater compass and
master compass.
(See 4.7.2 of this manual.)

(2) If an abnormal sounds can be heard from the master compass:


Continue to operate the gyro system if there are no errors in indications of the master and
repeater compasses.

When there are errors in indications of the master and repeater compasses, use the external azimuth selector switch to set the operation of the system so that the azimuth sensor is
selected to external azimuth.
(See 4.2 of this manual.)

* In either case, replace the gyrosphere as soon as possible.

(3) If you desire to know the gyrosphere running time:


This can be displayed using the command code 13. However, a correct value cannot be obtained
unless the running time was reset when the gyrosphere was replaced.
(See 4.6.2 of this manual.)

(4) If you desire to know the phase current of the gyrosphere:


This can be displayed using the command code 15.
(See 4.6.3 of this manual.)

(5) If you desire to implement automatic re-startup using the timer:


The timer can be set using the command code 29.
(See 4.7.4 of this manual.)

(6) If you desire to reset the gyrosphere running time:


This can be reset using the command code 34.
(See 6.3.5 of this manual.)

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

1-7

<.SUMMARY>

1.6

Definition of Terms
This section describes the definition of terms used in this manual.

Compass heading

The heading detected by the master compass

True heading

The heading obtained by subtracting the value of the speed error


correction from the compass heading

Value of speed-error correction

The error calculated from the ship's heading, speed and latitude

Output heading

A heading output to external connected device (such as repeater


compasses).
Either the gyro heading or external sensor heading should be
selected.

Gyro heading

True heading

External sensor heading

A heading to be input from external heading sensors (such as


magnet compass/GPS compass and the like)

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

Blank Page

<.OVERVIEW>

2.

OVERVIEW

2.1

General

2-1

The CMZ700 Gyrocompass fully conforms to the technical requirements of the IMO resolution A.424 (XI), gyrocompass performance standards, as well as to JIS F9602, Class A standards. The anti-vibration structure has been strengthened and improvement of the followup performance has been achieved, leading to increased rigidity of the gyrocompass in all
types of ships, from small to large.

(1) High Accuracy


High accuracy is achieved because of the following configuration: The gyrosphere, the center of
the gyrocompass, is protected into the container filled with liquid, through the center pin that was
supported as the influence of disturbance is decreased. In addition, two gyro-rotors rotate at a
high speed and work with each other to cancel out errors due to the rolling, pitching and yawing
of a ship.

(2) Ingenious damping mechanism for vibration and shock


The gyrocompass is designed to disperse forces due to vibration and shock by the inclusion of
liquid in the container to support the gyrosphere. In addition, the container is protected from vibration and shock with a diaphragm rubber damper and bellows damper. The diaphragm rubber
dumper has universal joints as a countermeasure against the affect of attitude change due to
rolling, pitching and yawing. This configuration produces excellent resistance against vibration
and shock.

(3) Improvement of Follow-up Performance


A follow-up speed of 30 /s has been realized by reducing the size and weight of the container. This
has made smooth follow-up without delay possible in response to sudden turning as is characteristic with small ships.

(4) Digitalization of Master Compass Heading


The display of the master compass heading has been changed to digital. This increases the ease
of reading a heading.

(5) Digitalization of Repeater Compass Signal


Electromagnetic wave noise is suppressed to a minimum by expressing the repeater compass
signal in a digital form and having the driving circuit for the compass motor on the repeater
compass side.

(6) Automatic Speed-error Correcting Function


Speed-error is corrected automatically by entering the ship's speed signal and latitude signal respectively from the log and GPS or the like. The amount of latitude change in the case where there
is no latitude signal input is estimated from a calculation of the ship's speed and heading. In a
basic system, this function is implemented in C.operation unit.

(7) Functions for Various Displays and Settings


Various types of gyrocompass information can be displayed and set on M.operation unit and
C.Operation unit.
IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

2-2

<.OVERVIEW>

(8) Preparation of Outputs Corresponding to Every Requirement


In addition to the digital heading signal output for the repeater compass, the stepper heading signal
output, digital signal output (IEC61162-1), analog heading, quadrant, and analog rate of turn signal
output are equipped as standard.

(9) Onboard Battery Drive


Compass running by the onboard battery is available as standard.

(10) Remote Operation


C.operation unit is optionally provided so that the gyrocompass system can be remotely operated.

(11) Built-in Startup Timer


The restart time of the timer can be set from 1 to 99 hours.

(12) Heading Output Using External Azimuth Sensor Signal


Using the heading signal from the external heading sensor (GPS compass, magnet compass, etc.)
signals can be output to external connecting device such as repeater compasses or a radar.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

2-3

<.OVERVIEW>

2.2

Performance and Specifications

2.2.1

Power Supply

Main power supply:


24 V DC + 30 %, - 10 %

100 to 230 V AC 10 %, 50/60 Hz 5 %, single phase (optional)

Power consumption (24 V DC)


At startup

Approx. 3.2 A + 0.35 A * number of repeater compasses

Steady sate

Approx. 1.8 A + 0.35 A * number of repeater compasses

Power consumption (100 V AC)


At startup

Approx. 90 VA + 10 VA * number of repeater compasses

Steady state

Approx. 52 VA + 10 VA * number of repeater compasses

Alarm Power supply (24 V DC)


2.2.2

Approx. 0.1 A (annunciator unit, optional)

Input Signal

(1) Ship's speed signal for speed-error correction: 1 circuit (optional)


Signal form:

200 pulses/n mile, or serial IEC61162-1

Device to be connected:

Electromagnetic log, Doppler log, and the like

(2) Latitude signal for speed-error correction: 1 circuit (optional)


Signal form:

Serial IEC61162-1

Device to be connected:

GPS or the like

(3) Heading signal for backup:

1 circuit

Signal form:

Serial IEC61162-1

Device to be connected:

GPS compass, magnet compass, and the like

(4) Alarm buzzer stop signal:

1 circuit, contact

In the basic system, the C.operation unit is necessary for inputting the signals of (1) and (2).
Format generation is possible with serial signals (1), (2), and (3).

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

2-4

<.OVERVIEW>

2.2.3

Output Signal

(1) Repeater compass signal:

3 circuits

Signal form:

Serial IEC61162-1 sentence

Device to be connected:

Repeater compasses

(2) Stepper heading signal:

1 circuit, capacity 0.3 A

9 circuits via optional distribution unit

Signal form:

24 V DC, 3-bit gray code, 1/6 degree/step

Device to be connected:

Radar, ARPA, INMARSAT etc.

(3) Serial heading/rate-of-turn signal: 3 circuits, individual format generation possible


Signal form:

Serial IEC61162-1

Device to be connected:

Autopilot, multi-display, etc.

(4) Analog heading and quadrant signals: 1 circuit each


Signal form:

0 to 5 V DC

Device to be connected:

Course recorder, evaluation/measuring units, etc.

(5) Analog rate-of-turn signal:

3 circuits, individual range setting possible

Signal form:

0 to 5 V DC; 30, 100, and 300 /min

Device to be connected:

Rate-of-turn indicator etc.

(6) No-voltage alarm signal:

1 circuit, contact

Signal form:

"Open" or "closed" when no voltage is applied

(7) Gyro failure alarm signal:

1 circuit, contact

Signal form:

"Open" or "closed" when gyro fails

(8) Heading selection signal:

1 circuit, contact

Signal form:

"Open" or "closed" when gyro is selected

2.2.4

Settling Time and Accuracy

(1) Settling time:


(2) Accuracy:

(3) Follow-up accuracy:

Within 0.25 /cos ( being the latitude at that location)

0.1 or less

(4) Maximum follow-up speed:

2.2.5

Within 6 hours (The gyro can actually be used after about


2 hours from start.)

30 /s

Environmental Specifications (normal operating


conditions)

(1) Allowable roll and pitch:

40 for both rolling and pitching

(2) Allowable vibration:

1.5 mm p-p or less for 5 to 8 Hz

0.35 mm p-p or less for 8 to 25 Hz

0.1 mm p-p or less for 25 to 50 Hz

(3) Operating temperature range:

- 15 C to + 55 C

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

2-5

<.OVERVIEW>

2.2.6

External Input/Output Signal Specifications and Circuits


Signal Name
Serial signal
input

Abbreviation

Circuit/signal Specifications

RDAM
RDBM

CR
Current
Regulator

N
Number of connectable circuits: 1 or 3 (C.operation unit used)
Data contents: Heading, ship's speed (optional) and latitude (optional)
Receiving circuit: Photo-coupler
Transmission format: Asynchronous serial data signal
Transmission rate: To be selected from 2400/4800/9600 bps.
Data format: See Subsection 6.4.6
Data generation is possible from C.operation unit.
Ship's speed
pulse input
(optional)

5V
2.2K
P

47K
0.01F

Number of connectable circuits: 1


Pulse rate: 200 pulses/n mile
Signal format: Open collector (photo-coupler) or volt-free contact
Applied voltage: 5 V DC
Current value: 2 mA (in ON state)
Saturation voltage: 0.4 V DC or less (for transistor contact)
Repeater
compass
heading output

SD1AR
SD1BR
SD2AR
SD2BR
SD3AR
SD3BR
SG

RS422 Driver

SDnA
SDnB
S.G.

Number of connectable circuits: 3


Transmission system: RS422 (use a driver circuit equivalent to RS422A
or RS485)
Transmission format: Asynchronous serial data signal
Transmission rate: 4800 bps
Transmission period: 50 ms
Character configuration: Start bit 1,

Data bit 8,

Stop bit 1,

Parity None
Data format: IEC61162-1 and YDK original format

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

2-6

<.OVERVIEW>
Signal Name
Stepper heading
output

Abbreviation
REF
SS3
SS2
SS1
COM

Circuit/signal Specifications

< 4 wiring > Control circuit < 5 wiring > Control circuit
+24VDC

REF

REF

+24VDC

SS1

SS1

SS2

SS2

SS3

SS3

Master
compass

Receiver

Master
compass

Alarm
Cir.

Com.

Receiver

Signal format
+24VDC
REF-SS1
+24VDC
REF-SS2
+24VDC
REF-SS3
0

3/6

6/6

Number of connectable circuits: 1 or 9 (optional)


COM: 0 V (circuit GND)
REF output voltage: 24 V DC, 35 V DC (optional)
REF output current: 0.3 A max., 1 A max. (optional)
Output form: Open collector output (24 V DC 3-bit gray code)
Source current: each 0.15 A max

Serial signal
output

SD1A
SD1B
SD2A
SD2B
SD3A
SD3B
SG

RS422 Driver

SDnA
SDnB
S.G.

Number of connectable circuits: 3


Transmission system: RS422 (use a driver circuit equivalent to RS422A
or RS485)
Transmission format: Asynchronous serial data signal
Transmission rate: To be selected from 2400/4800/9600 bps.
Transmission period: See Subsection 6.4.4
Data format: See Subsection 6.4.6

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

2-7

<.OVERVIEW>
Signal Name
Analog heading
quadrant signal
output

Abbreviation
HDG
QUD
COM

Circuit/signal Specifications
LF398

1K

1K

Receiver

0.1F

Signal format
Output Level
5.00

0V

90

180

270

360

90

180

270

360

Heading signal

Output
5.00
3.75
2.50
1.25
0V

Quadrant signal

Number of connectable circuits: 1 each


COM: 0 V (circuit GND)
Output voltage: 0 to +5 V DC
Output resolution: 2.5 mV
Output impedance: 2 k max.
Recommended input impedance of connected unit: 500 k min.
Output accuracy: 1% (at 25C)
Analog rate-ofturn output

ROT1
ROT2
ROT3
COM

Signal format
Output Level
5.000
4.844

2.500

0.156
0V
- 30/min
-100
-300

0/min

Rate of turn

30/min
100
300

Number of connectable circuits: 3


COM: 0 V (circuit GND)
Output voltage: 0 to +5 V DC
Output resolution: 2.5 mV
Output impedance: 2 k max.
Recommended input impedance of connected unit: 500 k min.
Output accuracy: 1% (at 25C)

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

2-8

<.OVERVIEW>
Signal Name
Buzzer stop
contact input

Abbreviation
BSP
BSN

Circuit/signal Specifications

5V
PS2703-1

1K

Contact closed: At buzzer stop


Connecting switch (contact) rating: 24 V DC, 0.05 A min.
Heading
selection contact
output

GM
GMC

RL

1
3

JP
2

Jumper-1 and -2 short-circuited: Contact OFF when gyro selected


Jumper-2 and -3 short-circuited: Contact ON when gyro selected
(STD)

IM80B10M-10E

Gyro failure
contact output

GF
GFC

Jumper-1 and -2 short-circuited: Contact ON when gyro fails


Jumper-2 and -3 short-circuited: Contact OFF when gyro fails (STD)

No gyro voltage
contact output

NV
NVC

Jumper-1 and -2 short-circuited: Contact OFF when there is no voltage


(STD)
Jumper-2 and -3 short-circuited: Contact ON when there is no voltage

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

3-1

<.HARDWARE>

3.

HARDWARE

3.1

System Configuration
(OPTION)
AC ADAPTER
(MKR027)

CMZ700B

Stand-alone type
Power Supply (24VDC)
Power Supply
(100 to 220VAC, 50/60Hz)

(OPTION)
C.OPERATION UNIT
(MKR027)

MASTER COMPASS
(MKM022)

MMI
(OPTION)
ANNUNCIATOR
(MKR028)

MMI
Power Supply
(24VDC)

Serial Signal for


REPEATER COMPASS
Analog (0 5V)

Course Recorder
(KR100A/180A)

0 1
9

7 8

Tilting
Bracket
(KX213)

RATE OF TURN
(MKR302/303)

2 3

Horizontal Horizontal
Bracket
Stand
(KX223A) (KX201A)

Steering Repeater
Compass (MKR051)

Bearing Repeater
Compass (MKR050)

5 6

Connection Box
(MKN015)
Serial Signal (IEC1162-1)

STEPPER SIGNAL

AUTO PILOT
IBS
INS
.
.
.
etc

INMARSAT
RADER
GPS
.
.
.
etc
(Device to be connected)

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

3-2

<.HARDWARE>

3.2

Component Models
Master compass

Stand-alone type
MKM022-1

Gyrocompass

Pilot stand type

CMZ700B

MKM022-2

Gyrosphere
KT005

Console type
MKM022-3
Repeater compass

Gland type
MKR050-G
Connection box
MKN015-G

Horizontal stand
KX223A
Horizontal bracket
KX201A
Tilting bracket
KX213

Plug type

Horizontal stand

MKR050-P
Connection box
MKN015-P

KX223A
Horizontal bracket
KX201A
Tilting bracket
KX213

Steering Repeater Compass


MKR051
AC Adapter (Optional)
MKR027
Annunciator unit (Optional)
MKR028
C. Operation unit (Optional)
MKR024

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

3-3

<.HARDWARE>

3.3

Component Names and Functions

(1) Master Compass (MKM022)


The components of the master compass and their functions are summarized below.
(For details of exchange parts, refer to Appendix-2 Components List.)

No

Name

Function

Case

Protects the internal unit.

Cover

Protects the follow-up mechanism.

Front cover

Protects the follow-up mechanism.

Switch unit

For turning on or off the main power supply.

M.operation unit

The components of the control panel and their functions are summarized below.

Container Assy

Contains the gyrosphere.

Gyrosphere

Contains the rotator.

Dumper Assy

Protects the Container Assy and Gyrosphere.

Follow-up mechanism

Provides a follow-up function by means of a stepping motor and gear mechanism.

10

Main Assy

Main control board.

11

Inverter Assy

For control. Produce power source for Gyrosphere drive.

12

PS1,PS2 Assy

Supplies power to individual units.

13

Noise filter

Suppresses noise.

14

Terminal board

For analog signal output.

15

Terminal board

For serial signal and stepper output.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

3-4

<.HARDWARE>

(2) Repeater Compass (MKR050-G or P)


The components of the repeater compass and their functions are summarized below.

IM80B10M-10E

No

Name

Shadow pin mounting hole

Mounting hole ( for a hori- Allows the repeater compass to be attached to the gimbal ring on a horizonzontal stand or bracket )
tal stand or bracket.

Mounting hole ( for a tilting Allows the repeater compass to be attached to a tilting bracket.
bracket )

Connector

For connection to a connection box. ( for the MKN015-P )

Cable

Connects the repeater compass to a connection box. ( for the MKN015-P or -G )

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

Function
For installing the shadow pin which measures the azimuth of a target.

3-5

<.HARDWARE>

(3) Connection Box (MKN015-P or -G)


The components of the connection box and their functions are summarized below.

No

Name

Function

Dimmer

Controls the illumination intensity of the repeater compass card.

Zero adjustment switch

Used when there has been a shift in the value indicated by the repeater compass.

Run indicator lamp (green)

This LED blinks when zero adjustment is being carried out. Normally it is lit.

Fail indicator lamp (red)

This LED is lit or blinks when an error is detected. Normally it is off.

Connector

For an input cable clamp.

Gland

For a repeater compass cable clamp.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

3-6

<.HARDWARE>

(4) Horizontal Stand (KX223A)


The components of the horizontal stand and their functions are summarized below.

No

IM80B10M-10E

Name

Function

Cover

Support

Stand

Base line

Allows the horizontal stand to be aligned with the bow-to-stern line of the ship.

Repeater mounting shaft

For installing a repeater compass (keeps the repeater compass horizontal).

Gimbal ring

Keeps the repeater compass horizontal.

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

3-7

<.HARDWARE>

(5) Horizontal Bracket (KX201A)


The components of the horizontal bracket and their functions are summarized below.

No

Name

Function

Repeater mounting shaft

For installing a repeater compass (keeps the repeater compass horizontal).

Gimbal bearing

Keeps the repeater compass horizontal.

Gimbal ring

Keeps the repeater compass horizontal.

Mounting hole

For mounting a horizontal bracket to the ship.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

3-8

<.HARDWARE>

(6) Tilting Bracket (KX213)


The components of the tilting bracket and their functions are summarized below.

No

IM80B10M-10E

Name

Function

Repeater mounting bolt

For installing a repeater compass and adjusting its tilting angle.

Arm

For supporting a repeater compass and adjusting its tilting angle.

Arm fastening bolt

For Fastening an arm and adjusting its horizontal position.

Mounting hole

For mounting a tilting bracket to the ship.

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

3-9

<.HARDWARE>

(7) Steering Repeater Compass (MKR051)


The components of the Steering repeater compass and their functions are summarized below.

No

Name

Function

Front panel

For panel mount fitting.

Scale (360/rev)

Heading scale card.

Scale (10/rev)

Heading scale card.

Fail indicator lamp (red)

This LED is lit or blinks when an error is detected. Normally it is off.

Run indicator lamp (green)

This LED blinks when zero adjustment is being carried out. Normally it is lit.

Dimmer

Controls the illumination intensity of the repeater compass card.

Motor

Drive the heading scale card.

Photo sensor

Adjust the repeater compass card to 0 (zero) point.

Lamp

Light up the repeater compass card.

10

RPT CPU Assy

Input a heading signal and control motor drive.

11

RPT TB Assy

In put and out put Terminal board.

12

Box

Protects the internal unit.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

3-10

<.HARDWARE>

(8) AC Adapter (MKR027)


The components of the AC adapter and their functions are summarized below.

No

Function

Power supply

Input AC 100 V ~ 220 V, out put DC 24 V.

Fuse (15 A)

Protect the AC adapter circuit.

Fuse (15 A)

Protect the AC adapter circuit.

Fuse (10 A)

Protect the AC adapter circuit.

Fuse (10 A)

Protect the AC adapter circuit.

Fuse (2 A)

Protect the AC adapter circuit.

Fuse (2 A)

Protect the AC adapter circuit.

Switch

Power switch.

Terminal board

For output AC power supply.

10

Terminal board

For input AC power supply.

Back up assy

For backup DC 24 V power supply . If AC power supply is shut down ,output


DC 24 V power supply is supplied for the gyrocompass system with this assy.

12

Noise Filter

Noise filter for Input power supply.

13

Noise Filter

Noise filter for Input power supply.

11

IM80B10M-10E

Name

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

3-11

<.HARDWARE>

(9) Annunciator (MKR028)


The components of the annunciator and their functions are summarized below.

No

Name

Function

LED lamp

This LED blinks when Gyrocompass AC power supply shut down.

Push switch

For buzzer stop.

Annunsiator assy

Control Buzzer and LED blink.

Box

Protects the internal unit.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

3-12

<.HARDWARE>

(10) C. operation unit (MKR024)


The components of the c operation and their functions are summarized below

No
1

Function
Operate command set and key enter .

DISP assy

Display heading and etc, monitor. Alarm LED is lit or blinks when an error is
detected.

C,OPE MAIN assy

Main control board.

POW assy

It is supplied. to individual units.

Cable assy

Connect the master compass. (MKM022)

IM80B10M-10E

Name
Sheet assy

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

4-1

<.OPERATION>

4.

OPERATION

4.1

Startup and Stoppage

4.1.1

Startup

Start up the gyrocompass at least 5 hours before performing normal operation.


After the power switch is turned on, the gyrocompass system is started up at either hot start or cold
start depending on the condition of the gyrosphere.
If the gyro rotor is rotating at a high enough speed to detect the heading, hot start begins, however,
if it is rotating at a speed that is too low to detect the heading, cold start begins.
The rotating status of the gyro rotor is determined by monitoring the phase current.

(1) Hot start


Hot start begins if the value of the phase current immediately after turning on the power is 0.35 A
or less and follow-up of master compass, signal input/output, and indicator lamps are normal.
Phase curent
0.35A

Normal
Time

(2) Cold start


Cold start begins if the value of the phase current immediately after turning on the power is higher
than 0.35 A. The stand-by state continues until the phase current drops and the rate of change in
the phase current drops below a specified level. Normal operation will start when these requirements
are met. During stand-by, functions of master compass automatic aligning and manual aligning
cannot be carried out. After about 2 hours, the heading indication settles and the gyrocompass is
ready for operation.

Phase curent
0.35A

STAND-BY

Normal
Time

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

4-2

4.1.2

<.OPERATION>

Startup sequence
Power ON
(Main switch is turned on)

Supplied power to system, and the


rotator in gyrosphere is started to
rotate.

about 20 minutes

Zero adjustment of
mastercompass.

The master compass starts zero


adjustment, when the phase
current is lower than 0.35 A and the
revolution of rotator comes constant.

about 1 minute

The mastercompass is followed


to gyrosphere heading.

about 5 hours

Zero adjustment of Repeater


compass.

Output signals are started.

The repeater compass heading is


followed to gyrosphere heading.

The devices which use stepper


signal are adjusted of heading.

The gyrosphere heading is settled and


the system outputs true heading.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

4-3

<.OPERATION>

4.1.3

Startup Indications

The section describes the indications on the M.operation unit at startup.


If the system is activated by a cold start (stand-by state), the display shown in item (1) below appears.
When the rotating speed of the gyro-rotor is fast enough, the system enters normal mode and the
display changes to the item (2).
In case of hot start, the display shown in item (2) below appears immediately.

(1) Example of indications during stand-by


YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT

The gyro heading display indicates the compass heading when the power was last turned off, and the data
display indicates "C.S."

GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

(2) Example of indications when released from stand-by and for hot start
YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT

The gyro heading display indicates the current compass heading and the data display indication disappears.

GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

4.1.4

Stoppage

When the main power switch is turned off, all power is cut.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

4-4

<.OPERATION>

4.2

Functions and Operations of Switch Unit and


M.Operation Unit Components

This subsection describes the functions and operations of switch unit and M.operation unit
components. If key or is to be operated, keep the key pressed for at least two seconds.
Name of Switch

Functions and Operations


Turns on/off the power to the gyro system.

Power switch

External heading sensor se- If the switch is kept pressed for 2 seconds or more when in normal mode, the
output heading (gyro heading/external heading) is selected.
lector switch
Set/dimmer key

In normal mode these are dimmer keys that adjust the level of brightness of all
displays on the M.operation unit. The displays can be darkened by pressing
the key and brightened by pressing the key. Brightness can be adjusted
in 32 steps.
If two keys are simultaneously pressed, a lamp test is performed.
If the key is pressed in command selection mode or command execution mode,
data is input. Pressing the SHIFT key changes the input digit (blinks) while pressing the UP key changes the numeric value in the input digit.

Command/buzzer stop key

If this key is pressed in normal mode, the mode changes to the command selection mode, and if pressed in command selection mode or command execution
mode, the mode returns to normal.
If pressed when an alarm is generated, the alarm buzzer and blinking of the FAIL
indicator lamp stops.

ENT key

Enters an input value in command selection mode or command execution mode.


To carry out operations with this key switch, keep it pressed for 2 seconds.

Gyro heading display

Displays a compass heading.

Data display

Displays/sets data when a command is executed.

Command display

Displays a command code.

RUN indicator lamp

Lights up when the power switch is turned on.

EXT indicator lamp

Goes out when the currently selected output heading is the gyro heading and
lights up when the output heading is the external sensor heading.

FAIL indicator lamp

Blinks when an alarm is generated.


If the BZ STOP key is pressed, it lights up during an alarm and goes out when
the alarm is restored to normal.

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd.

RUN

ON

EXT
GYRO

FAIL

HEADING

EXT
COMMAND

OFF
POWER

SHIFT

DATA
COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/DIMMER

GYROCOMPASS

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

4-5

<.OPERATION>

4.3

Mode Selection
This section describes various operations performed with the M.operation unit.

(1) Normal mode


This is the mode at normal condition or hot start. The
gyro heading display shows a compass heading, indications in the command and data displays disappear (during stand-by, C.S. is displayed).
If the COMMAND key is pressed during this state, 00
is displayed in the command display (the tens digit blinks)
and the mode changes to command selection mode.

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

(2) Command selection mode


Change the digit to be entered (blinking) by pressing the
SHIFT key and then change its numeric value by pressing
the UP key (0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
0 ). Perform this operation to enter a command code.
Keeping the ENT key pressed for 2 seconds after entering a command code, changes the mode to selected
command execution mode.

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

(3) Command execution mode


If the selected command code is in its 10s (display
functions), the command is immediately executed.
However, if the command code is in its 20s (setting
functions) or 30s (maintenance functions), the command is not executed unless the ENT key is kept
pressed for another 2 seconds.
When in command selection mode or command execution mode, the mode can be returned to normal at any
time by pressing the COMMAND key. In addition, if the
selected command code is not correct (relevant number
does not exist or rejected status for the maintenance
function), the mode also returns to normal.

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

4-6

<.OPERATION>
Flow Sheet of Mode Selection (Displaying Gyrosphere Phase Current : Command code 15)

(1) Normal mode

COMMAND
BZ STOP

DATA

COMMAND

COMMAND
BZ STOP

blinking
(2) Command
selection mode

DATA

COMMAND

blinking

(3) Command
excution mode

UP

The value of place of ten become "1".

SHIFT

The blinking move to place of one.

UP

The value of place of one become "5".

Push UP key 5 times.

DATA

COMMAND

ENT
Push ENT key 2 times each 2 seconds or more.

COMMAND

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

DATA

4-7

<.OPERATION>

4.4

Data Input Procedure

This section describes the numeric value input procedure using the example of setting the
latitude for speed-error correction.

(1) Command code input


Change to command selection mode by pressing the COMMAND key. 00 is displayed in the
command display and the tens digit (digit to be entered) blinks.
Change the digit to be entered (tens digit/units digit) by pressing the SHIFT key and then
change the numeric value for the digit to be entered (0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
9 0 ) by pressing the UP key. Carry out these procedures to enter 22 of the command
for setting the latitude for speed-error correction.
The entered value blinks if the ENT key is kept pressed for 2 seconds to enable the operator
to confirm the value. If the ENT key is pressed for another 2 seconds, the entered value is
displayed continuously and the command code 22 is executed.

(2) Latitude input (-70 to +70)


The current set value for the latitude for speed-error
correction is displayed in the data display and its
tens digit blinks (digit to be entered). The figure to
the right shows an example of displaying 00 N.
Change the digit to be entered by pressing the
SHIFT key in the same way as is done for command
code input and then change the numeric value in
the digit to be entered by pressing the UP key.
If a negative value is to be entered, set the digit to be
entered to the most significant digit (tens digit) and
continue to press the UP key. The entered value
changes from 00 10 70 70. 60.
. Since the decimal point after the least significant
digit means minus, 60. shows as 60 S.

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

SET/ DIMMER

The figure to the right is an example showing 13 S.

After entering the latitude, the entered value blinks


if the ENT key is kept pressed for 2 seconds to enable the operator to confirm the value. If the ENT
key is pressed for another 2 seconds, the entered
value is displayed continuously and is set as the
final value.

ENT

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

4-8

4.5

<.OPERATION>

Command Functions

This section describes, the command codes and their functions and whether they can be
executed or not during stand-by period.

Classification

Command
Code

Execution
during
stand-by

00

Normal mode

13

Gyrosphere running time display

4-9

15

Gyrosphere phase current display

4-10

16

Backup battery voltage display

4-10

19

Software version number display

4-10

21

Speed setting for speed-error correction

4-11

22

Latitude setting for speed-error correction

4-11

23

Automatic alignment of master compass

4-12

24

Manual alignment of master compass

4-13

26

Displaying/resetting cause of master compass


alarm

5-3

29

Startup timer setting

4-14

30

Permission for maintenance function

6-20

31

Simulated DAC output

6-21

32

Manual drive of master compass

6-22

33

Manual drive of repeater compass

6-22

34

Resetting gyrosphere running time

6-23

36

Initialization of backup memory

6-23

37

Correction of the master compass installation


error

6-24

38

Setting the master compass follow-up gain

6-25

39

Error log display

6-26

40

Permission for generation function

6-28

Setting the follow-up speed for stepper signal.

6-29

Display
Function

Setting
Function

Maintenance
Function

Generation
Function

41

means that execution is permitted during stand-by.


means that execution is not permitted during stand-by.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

Function Item

Page
4-9

4-9

<.OPERATION>

4.6

Display Functions

This section describes how to display various information.


The following 5 items can be displayed:
Displaying Compass Heading (normal mode)
Displaying Gyrosphere Running Time
Displaying Gyrosphere Phase Current
Displaying Backup Battery Voltage
Displaying Software Version Number

4.6.1

Displaying Compass Heading (normal mode)

The gyro heading display indicates the current compass


heading.

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

The figure to the right shows an example of displaying


compass heading of 123.4.

RUN

During the stand-by period, C.S. is displayed in the data


display. If the EXT key is pressed, the output heading
currently selected can be changed from gyro heading to
external heading and vice-versa.

FAIL

Pressing the or keys adjusts the brightness of the


M.operation unit displays.
Pressing the COMMAND key changes the mode to command selection mode.

4.6.2

EXT
GYRO HEADING

EXT
DATA

COMMAND
UP

SHIFT

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

Displaying Gyrosphere Running Time

Running hours of the current gyrosphere is displayed


(from 000000 to 999999 hours).
If the command code 13 is executed, the upper two
digits of the six digits of the gyrosphere running time are
displayed in the data display.
If the SHIFT key is pressed, the middle two digits of
the six digits are displayed, and if the SHIFT key is
pressed once more the lower two digits of the six digits with a decimal point after the least significant digit
are displayed.
If for example, the running time of the gyrosphere is 1952
hours, the digits 00 19 52. will be displayed.

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

If the COMMAND key is pressed, the mode returns to


normal.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

4-10

<.OPERATION>

4.6.3

Displaying Gyrosphere Phase Current

The gyrosphere phase current (current for driving the


gyrosphere) is displayed (0.00 to 0.99 A).

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

Normal value : from 0.15A to 0.35A.

RUN

If the command code 15 is executed, two decimal places of the gyrosphere phase current are displayed in the
data display.

EXT

The figure to the right shows an example of 0.16 A of


the gyrosphere phase current.

EXT

GYRO HEADING

FAIL

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

If the COMMAND key is pressed, the mode returns to


normal.

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

4.6.4

Displaying Backup Battery Voltage

The voltage of the battery for backup memory is displayed (from 0.0 to 9.9 V).
Normal value : from 2.5V to 4.0V
If the command code 16 is executed, the backup battery voltage is displayed in the data display.
The figure to the right shows an example of 3.6 V for the
voltage of the backup battery.
If the COMMAND key is pressed, the mode returns to
normal.

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

4.6.5

Displaying Software Version Number

The version number of the software installed in the master compass is displayed.
If the command code 19 is executed, the software version A which is defined as 1 is displayed in the data
display.
The figure to the right shows an example of displaying
version D.
If the COMMAND key is pressed, the mode returns to
normal.

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT
UP

SET/ DIMMER

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

4-11

<.OPERATION>

4.7

Setting Functions

This section describes how to set the functions that are regarded as essential for running
the gyrocompass.
The following describes four function settings:
Speed-error correcting function
Automatic master compass alignment function
Manual master compass alignment function
Startup timer setting function

4.7.1

Speed-error Correction

(1) Setting the Ships Speed (procedure for setting the ships speed for correcting
speed-error)
If the command code 21 is executed, the current speed
is displayed in the data display and its tens digit (digit to
be entered) blinks.

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

Press the shift key to change the digit and then change
the numeric value of the digit by pressing the UP key to
enter a new speed (from 00 to 99 kt). The figure to the
right shows an example of entering the speed 10 kt.

RUN

After entering the speed, the entered value blinks if the


ENT key is kept pressed for 2 seconds to enable the
operator to confirm the value. If the ENT key is pressed
for another 2 seconds, the entered value is displayed
continuously and is set as the final value.

EXT

If the COMMAND key is pressed, the mode returns to


normal.

EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

(2) Setting Latitude (procedure for setting the latitude for correcting speed-error)
If the command code 22 is executed, the current latitude is displayed in the data display and its tens digit
(digit to be entered) blinks. If the latitude displayed is
south, a decimal point is displayed after the least significant digit. For example, with a latitude of 16 S, 16. is
displayed.

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT

To change the digit, press the SHIFT key and then


change the numeric value of the digit by pressing the UP
key to enter a latitude (from 00 N or S to 70 N or S). The
figure to the right shows an example of entering 45 N.

FAIL

After a value for the latitude has been entered, the entered value blinks if the ENT key is kept pressed for 2
seconds to enable the operator to confirm the value. If
the ENT key is pressed for another 2 seconds, the entered value is displayed continuously and is set as the
final value.

SHIFT

GYRO HEADING

EXT
DATA

COMMAND
UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

If the COMMAND key is pressed, the mode returns to


normal.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

4-12

<.OPERATION>
Determine the true heading by calculating the value for speed-error-correction from the values of
speed and latitude.
True heading (deg) = (Compass heading) - (Value of speed-error-correction)
Value of speed-error-correction (deg) =

4.7.2

ships speed (kt)


cos (Compass heading)


cos (Latitude)
5

Automatic Master Compass Alignment

This is a function to align the azimuth of the container


and the compass heading by detecting the zero point of
the gyrocompass system again.

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN

If the command code 23 is executed, alignment starts


and the container rotates to detect the zero point: CA
blinks in the data display and the alignment can be suspended by pressing the COMMAND key.
If the alignment is completed normally, CA is still displayed but stops blinking and the gyro heading display
indicates 000.0 (see the figure to the right).
If the alignment is not successful (zero point cannot be
detected), an alarm is generated and the CA continues
to blink. If this occurs, carry out manual alignment.
If the COMMAND key is pressed, the mode returns to
normal.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

SET/ DIMMER

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

4-13

<.OPERATION>

4.7.3

Manual Master Compass Alignment

If Automatic master compass alignment cannot be executed, this function can be performed to align
the azimuth of the container and the compass heading manually.

CAUTION

Set the ships speed to 00 by executing the command 21 before execute this command. Do not
execute this command during Autopilot is used with auto steering mode.

The setting procedure includes relative value alignment and absolute value alignment.
(1) Setting mode for relative value alignment

(2) Setting mode for absolute value alignment

YOKOGAWA

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN

RUN

EXT

EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

EXT
DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

GYRO HEADING

FAIL

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER


If the command code 24 is executed, the data display indicates AE, the gyro heading display
indicates 000.0 and the mode changes to relative value alignment setting mode.
If the EXT key is kept pressed for 2 seconds, the data display indicates AH and the gyro heading
display indicates the current compass heading and the mode changes to the absolute value alignment setting mode. (Switch between the setting modes with the EXT key.)
The hundreds digit (digit to be entered) of the display in the gyro heading display blinks.
To change the digit, press the SHIFT key and then change the numeric value of the digit by pressing the UP key (relative value: 1
80.0 to 180.0 degrees; absolute value: 000.0 to 359.9 degrees).
If a negative value is to be entered, set the digit to be entered to the most significant digit (hundreds
digit) and press the UP key several times until the data display indicates AE. display.
After entering a heading, the entered value blinks if the ENT key is kept pressed for 2 seconds to
enable the operator to confirm the value. If the ENT key is pressed for another 2 seconds, the entered value is displayed continuously and is set as the final value.
If the COMMAND key is pressed, the mode returns to normal.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

4-14

<.OPERATION>

4.7.4

Startup Timer Setting

This function restarts the gyro system automatically after


a preset time.
If the command code 29 is executed, the data display
indicates 00 and its tens digit (digit to be entered)
blinks.
To change the digit, press the SHIFT key and then
change the numeric value of the digit by pressing the UP
key to enter the startup time (00 to 99 hours).
The figure on the right shows an example of setting the
time of the startup timer to 8 hours.
After setting the time, the value blinks if the ENT key is
kept pressed for 2 seconds to enable the operator to
confirm the value. If the ENT key is pressed for another
2 seconds, the entered value is displayed continuously
and is set as the final value and the mode changes to
timer startup mode.

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

If the COMMAND key is pressed before moving to timer


startup mode, the mode returns to normal.
If the mode enters timer startup mode, the time remaining
before restart is displayed in both the gyro heading display and data display. The figure on the right shows an
example of displaying the time before restart as 7 hours
59 minutes and 13 seconds.
If the ENT key is kept pressed for 2 seconds when in
timer startup mode, the timer is turned off and the system
can be started up immediately.

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND

Normally, when the system starts up, the sensor for the
output heading is the same as when the power was last
turned off. However, whenever the system starts up by
the timer, the output heading is set as the gyro heading.

CAUTION

SHIFT

SET/ DIMMER

Not power off the gyrocompass system during timer startup mode

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

4-15

<.OPERATION>

4.8

Procedures for Operating Repeater Compass

4.8.1

Basic Operation

The repeater compasses receive a serial signal from the master compass, and the compass cards
turn so as to indicate the true heading.
If power is supplied from the master compass, the compass cards turn and zero adjustment is carried out. If this occurs, the run indicator lamp blink. When the pointers align with zero on the compass cards, the run indicator lamp stop blinking and remain lit.
If a heading signal is sent from the master compass using a serial signal, the compass cards turn
and display the same value as that displayed by the master compass.

4.8.2

Connection Box

From master compass

To repeater compass


Zero adjustment switch

Used when there has been a shift in the value indicated by the repeater compass.


Dimmer

Turning this dial adjusts the illumination of the compass card, and fail indicator and run
indicator lamps.


Run indicator lamp (green)

This lamp blinks when zero adjustment is being carried out. Normally it is lit.


Fail indicator lamp (red)

This lamp is lit or blinks when an error is detected. Normally it is off.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

4-16

<.OPERATION>

4.8.3

Repeater Compass Error Contents and Countermeasures

This section describes error contents when fail indicator lamp turns on or blinks and countermeasures.
Fail indicator lamp (red)

Fail indicator lamp condition

Error contents

Causes

Countermeasure

Light off

Normal

Light on

CPUI RAM failure


or ROM failure

Broken down CPU board Exchange CPU board


in connection box

Null point detection


failure

Broken down optical Exchange optical sensor


sensor inside of repeater (It is possible to adjust
compass
null point by manually)

blink

Light on one time per


1.6 seconds.

The snapping of a wire Restore connection


for Optical sensor
(It is possible to adjust
null point by manually)

1.6 sec

Light on two times per


1.6 seconds.

: Light on

IM80B10M-10E

: Light off

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

Communication failure
between master
compass and
repeater compass

Not connected signal Restore connection


wire
Thesnapping of signal
wire
Connected signal wire
inversely

4-17

<.OPERATION>

4.8.4

Procedure for Null Point Adjustment of Repeater


Compass

It is possible to adjust null point by manually when null point detection failure is occurred.
The procedure is as follows:
(1) Push Zero adjustment switch more than 2 seconds.

(The repeater compass card will turn round and stop after 5 seconds.)

At this time Fail indicator lamp shows null point detection failure.

(2) Push Zero adjustment switch. (The repeater compass card will turn round rapidly)
(3) Push Zero adjustment switch when the outer repeater compass card (360 degrees/revolution)
value go below 10 degrees. (Rough adjustment)

The compass card will turn round slowly.

(4) Push Zero adjustment switch when the compass needle agree with the 0 scale of inner repeater compass card.

After about 3 seconds the Fail indicator lamp will be turned off and the repeater compass shows
same heading as master compass heading. (Fine adjustment)

If you failed manual null point adjustment, try again the above procedure.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

Blank Page

5-1

<.MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION>

5.

MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION


Implement the following procedures of the daily inspection and regular inspection to maintain the gyrocompass in a state of normal working order:

5.1

Daily Inspection
Inspection Item

Inspection Contents and Procedure

Recommended
Inspection Interval

Gyrosphere drive current

Check that the current is within the range 0.15 A to 0.35


A by executing the command code 15 using the master compass operation unit or the remote unit.

Once/day
(at an arrival)

Repeater compass
alignment

Check that the heading of each repeater compass


agrees with that of the master compass. (*1)

Once/departure

3
4

Check that there are no errors in ships speed and latiShips speed value Latitude
tude by executing the command codes 21 and 22 in
value
the master compass operation unit or the remote unit.

Once/day

Check that there is no azimuth error using astronomical


or physical target observation.

Once/day

Azimuth error

(*1)
Check the readings of the repeater compass card when the ships speed is set to 0. If a speederror correction is performed, the master compass card reading will not agree with the repeater
compass card reading.

5.2

Regular Inspection

Perform the following maintenance once a year.


Inspection Item
1

Gyrosphere

Container

Liquid
Mercury
Insulator

Procedure
Cleaning of mercury pot
Cleaning of lower electrode
Cleaning of follow-up electrode
Cleaning of inside surface
Cleaning of center pin (Exercise care when handling.)
Cleaning of lower electrode
Cleaning of follow-up electrode
Replace

(Note) For disassembling and assembling procedures, see Chapter 6, Section 6.2.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

5-2

5.3

<.MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION>

Troubleshooting

This section describes the checking procedure for error contents when an alarm is generated and countermeasures.

5.3.1

Error Code List


Rough Classification
Error
Code

Error Contents
Related to power supply

00s

Close Classification
Error
Code

Error Details

00

Power ON for first time

01

Power ON

03

Timer startup

07

Timer setting

09

Power OFF

10s

Gyrosphere failure

10

350 mA or more for 20 min. (40 min. for startup)

20s

Inverter failure
(Phase current shutdown)

20

50 mA or less for 3 seconds, without inverter output voltage

21

50 mA or less for 3 seconds, with inverter output voltage

Memory failure

30

ROM failure (check sum error)

30s

31

RAM failure (read/write error)

40s

Backup battery voltage failure

40

Backup battery voltage failure

50s

Follow-up failure

50

Deviation of 0.5 or more continues for 12 seconds or more

60s

Operation panel switch failure

60

Continuously ON for 60 seconds or more

70s

C.operation unit communication failure

70

Communication failure

71

Abnormal data

80s

Master compass alignment


failure
External sensor heading input failure

90s

80

Zero detection failure

90

Time-out

91

Over-run error occurred 3 times successively

92

Framing error occurred 3 times successively

93

Parity error occurred 3 times successively

94

Check sum error occurred 3 times successively

95

Abnormal data for 10 seconds or more

* Error codes 00s (related to power supply) are recorded only in the error log and alarms are not generated.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

5-3

<.MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION>

5.3.2

How to Display the Cause of Master Compass Alarms

If the command code 26 is executed, an error code is displayed in the data display for the cause
of alarm generated and detected in the master compass.
A decimal point is displayed after the least significant digit of the error code. The figure to the right
shows an example in which the backup battery voltage failure is being generated.
An error code without a decimal point means that the error that caused the alarm has already been
rectified, and if the ENT key is kept pressed for 2 seconds it will be reset and the error message
will disappear.
If there was no reason for the generation of the alarm,
then -- is displayed.
In addition, if there is more than one cause for the generation of the alarm, the error code with the smallest
code number is displayed first and the following codes
can be displayed by pressing the UP key. For example,
pressing the UP key may switch the displayed error
codes between 40 50 60 .
If the COMMAND key is pressed, the mode returns to
normal.

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

5-4

<.MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION>

5.3.3

Possible Causes and Countermeasures


Error
Code

IM80B10M-10E

Error Contents

Possible Cause

Countermeasure

10

Gyrosphere failure
Gyrosphere fails and there is a Replace the gyrosphere.
Phase current of 350 mA or flow of excessive current.
more continued for 20 min. or
more. (40 min. for startup)

20

Inverter failure
Power unit (inverter section) fail- Check the output of power
Phase current of 50 mA or less ure
unit.
continued for 3 seconds.
Wiring failure
Check wiring and connection.
(no inverter output voltage)

21

Inverter failure
Shutdown because of over- Replace the gyrosphere.
Phase current of 50 mA or less phase current due to gyro- Check wiring and connection.
continued for 3 seconds.
sphere failure.
(with inverter output voltage) Wiring failure

30

Memory failure
Memory element failure
ROM check sum failure is
generated.

Replace the main-assembly unit

31

Memory failure
Memory element failure
RAM read/write failure is generated.

Replace the main-assembly unit

40

Backup battery voltage failure


Memory backup battery dissipa- Replace the main-assembly unit
Voltage of memory backup tion
battery falls to 2.5 V or less.

50

Follow-up failure
Follow-up mechanism failure
Deviation of 0.5 or more is Motor drive circuit failure
generated for 12 seconds or Wiring failure
more.

60

Switch failure
Switch failure in the operation Replace the operation unit
ON continuously for 60 sec- unit
onds or more

70

Communication failure

Wiring failure between the C.op- Check wiring and connection.


eration unit and the master compass.

71

Abnormal data

Abnormal data from the external Check the C.operation unit.


heading input device continued
for 10 seconds or more.

80

Automatic master compass align- Faulty zero point sensor section


ment failure (Zero point detection
fails.)

90

Time-out
Wiring failure between the exter- Check wiring and connection.
Transmission from the external nal heading input device and the
heading input device stopped master compass
for 10 seconds.

91

Over-run error

92

Framing error

93

Parity error

94

Check sum error

95

Abnormal data

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

Replace the follow-up mechanism.


Replace the main-assembly
unit
Check wiring and connections.

Check/replace the zero point


detecting sensor.
Perform manual alignment using command code 24.

Failure in transmission from the Check the devices to be conexternal heading input device oc- nected.
curred 3 times successively.

Abnormal data from the external


heading input device continued
for 10 seconds or more.

6-1

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

6.

INSTALLATION PROCEDURES
Only technicians of the Service department of Yokogawa Denshikiki Co., Ltd. are authorized to
implement the operations and other work described in this chapter. However, if for some reason
the service department of Yokogawa Denshikiki Co., Ltd. permits you to perform these operations,
be sure to follow the instructions described in this chapter.

6.1

Precautions during Installation

Exercise care with the following items when installing a gyrocompass.

6.1.1

Vibration Measures

The floors on which the master compass and the horizontal stands are installed, and the walls on
which the remote unit, horizontal brackets, tilted brackets, course recorder, digital repeater compass,
etc. are installed, should be reinforced against vibrations from the hull.

6.1.2

Parallelism of Lubbers Lines

Install the master compass, repeater compasses for the horizontal stand and repeater compasses
for the horizontal bracket so that their lubbers lines are parallel with ships fore-and-aft line. Since
the accuracy of the parallelism of these lines is the basis of heading measurement, adjust them to
within an accuracy of 0.5 .

6.1.3

Service Area

Ensure that the dimensions of the running, operating and maintenance area of the master-compass
are as specified below.

50mm or more

50mm or more

500mm
or more

Front

300mm
or more

F060101e

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-2

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

6.1.4

Limitation for Using Insulation Tester

To prevent the deterioration of electronic components, do not use an insulation tester to


perform an insulation inspection or perform a withstanding voltage inspection on the master compass, remote unit and connection boxes.

6.2

Installing and Removing the Gyrosphere

This subsection describes the procedure for installing the gyrosphere in and removing it
from master compass.

6.2.1

Precautions during Removal

(1) The gyrosphere should not be removed from the master compass until at least
1.5 hours has elapsed since the power has been turned.
(2) Make sure that the surrounding area of the master compass is clean, there is
ample lighting and prepare all required equipment and tools before beginning
work. To avoid damaging the nuts and bolts, be sure to use the correct tools
such as drivers and wrenches for each part.
(3) Be sure to do the following to ensure proper reinstallation of the gyrosphere:
Provide mating marks to the required portions before disassembly.
Temporarily reinsert the bolts into the correct holes.
Place the disassembled parts in the correct order on a piece of clean paper or cloth.
If wires are to be disconnected, keep a record of the color of each wire and attach labels to
them to ensure correct reconnection.

(4) Do not remove any part that does not need to be disassembled.
(5) Never disassemble the gyrosphere.

DANGER
Risk of Mercury
Do not allow mercury to come into contact with skin. If contact does occur, thoroughly wash the affected area with clean water immediately.
If mercury is accidentally spilled, it should be drawn off with a syringe or the like and
kept in a glass bottle.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-3

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

CAUTION
Precautions in handling the gyrosphere
Hold the gyrosphere firmly with both hands so as not to subject it to any shock.
Do not drop the gyrosphere. Dropping the gyrosphere may result in damage to the internal
mechanism or lead to personal injury.
Do not disassemble the gyrosphere.
Precautions in handling the container
Hold the container firmly with both hands.
Do not drop it. Dropping the gyrosphere may result in damage to the internal mechanism or
lead to personal injury.

6.2.2

Installing the Gyrosphere

If the gyrosphere is to be installed in the container, exercise care not to subject it to shock when
handling.

(1) Equipment and tools to be prepared


Prepare a gyrosphere, center pin, mercury, insulator, syringe, beaker, funnel, liquid, and No.2 Phillips screwdriver.

Syringe

Center pin

70mm
Mercury

Insulator

25 ml
Beaker

2 ml
2 ml
(Only Mercury) Only Insulator

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-4

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

(2) Installing the gyrosphere and attaching the container to the master compass
Installation of the gyrosphere in the container should be carried out on a flat surface and care should
be taken not to knock the container over.
Caution.
Comply with the below process..
If it doesn't comply with the process, it doesn't move normally, and it causes a trouble.
Cleaning..

Confirm that oil doesnt stick to the gyrosphere (upper, lower and following electrode) and. top
of the centerpin. If oil sticks, get rid of it with gauze contain ethyl alcohol.
Confirm that the drain screw in the lower container is tight and then put the gyrosphere in the
lower container.
Pour in the mercury.
Pour 500 ml of liquid into a beaker, and then slowly pour it from the beaker into upper the gyrosphere until overflow. (Liquid is used by 650 ml in total)
Attach the upper container to the lower containers.
Pour the liquid into the container.
Insert the center pin and put the cap on.
Pour in the insulator.
Seal the vent hole.
Connect the wire to the center pin.
Connect the connector.

The above is a brief description on how to install the gyrosphere in the container.

The following describes how to attach the container to the master compass.
Engage the container into position on the master compass and tighten the bolts.
Fasten the connectors that connect the master compass to the container.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-5

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

Cleaning
Confirm that oil doesnt stick to the gyrosphere (upper, lower and following electrode) and. top of
the centerpin. If oil sticks, get rid of it with gauze contain ethyl alcohol.

Confirm that the drain screw in the lower container is tight and then put the
gyrosphere
Drain
Confirm that an O-ring is
attached.
Drain screw

Hold the gyrosphere as shown in the


photo, and with the container tilted, place
it into the container. Hold the sphere on
the opposite side of the gold line.
Do not tilt the gyrosphere beyond the
required limit (30).

Gyrosphere

After placing the gyrosphere in the


container, position the container and
sphere horizontally.

Pour in the mercury

Mercury

Remove the aluminum seal with


a pair of long nose pliers or a
pair of diagonal cutting nippers,
or the like.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-6

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>
Fill a syringe (small ,the length 70mm of
the needle.) with mercury (0.3 ml).
Be very careful not to spill any of the
mercury.
Use separate syringes for mercury and
insulator.

Put the needle of the syringe at the bottom


of the gyrosphere upper electrode, and
pour mercury quietly.

Pour 500 ml of liquid into a beaker, and then slowly pour it from the beaker into
upper the gyrosphere until overflow (Liquid is used by 650 ml in total)

Attach the upper and lower containers to each other


Confirm that there is an O-ring the upper
container, then align the knock-pin and fit
both the upper and lower containers to
each other.

Hole

Pin

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-7

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>
Fit the upper and lower containers to each
other by tightening the bolts (8 places).

Pour the liquid into the container after put off two Vent hole screws
Insert the funnel into the hole of the center
pin after put off two Vent hole screws.

Two vent hole screws

Pour liquid slowly from the beaker into the


funnel until it begins to overflow from the
vent hole.
Liquid is used by 650 ml in total

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-8

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>
If any liquid overflows from the vent hole,
wipe it off with a rag.
Wipe off a surface inside the upper part .

Vent hole

surface inside the upper part

Insert the center pin and put the cap on


Confirm that there is an O-ring on the
center pin and then insert the center pin.

O-ring

Put the cap on.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-9

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>
Pour in the insulator

Insulator

Remove the aluminum seal with a


pair of long nose pliers or a pair of
diagonal cutting nippers, or the like.

Fill a syringe (small ,the length 70mm of


the needle.) with insulator (1 ml).
Be careful not to spill any of the insulator.
Use separate syringes for mercury and
insulator.

Use the syringe to insert the insulator into


the vent hole.
Insert a needle in the air hole to the root.
This time., the tip of the needle is to be
careful not to push down the gyrosphere .
Wipe off any liquid that overflows from the
vent hole with a rag.
If liquid does not overflow from the vent
hole, use a syringe (large, 25 ml) to gently
insert some more liquid into the vent
hole.

Seal the vent hole.


Seal the vent hole with two seal washers
and screws.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-10

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

Connect the wire to the center pin

Connect this terminal to the top of the center pin.

Connect the connectors

Fasten the connectors (three


terminals) that connect the upper
and lower containers.
Then, place the container in which
the gyrosphere is installed into
the master compass.

Engage the container into position on the master compass and tighten the bolts
Places where the container is to be
engaged to the master compass.

Insert the container bolts from the


underside and tighten them in a
clockwise direction.

Container bolts

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-11

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

Align the mating marks when


engaging the container. Then tighten
the container bolts.

Fasten the connectors that connect the master compass to the container

Connect the 4-terminal connectors.

The container hanging bolts have been


tightened and the connectors have been
connected.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-12

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

6.2.3

Removing the Gyrosphere

If the gyrosphere is to be removed from the container, first turn off power and leave it for at least
1.5 hours.

(1) Equipment and tools to be prepared


Beaker, No.2 Phillips screwdriver, syringe (Large) and a bottle for waste liquid
Beaker

Large

(2) Removal of the container from the master compass and take-out of the gyrosphere
Remove the connectors connecting the master compass and the container.
Loosen the container bolts and remove the container from the master compass.

The above describes the procedure for taking out the container from the master compass.

The following describes the procedure for removing the gyrosphere from the container.
Remove the screw from the vent hole.
Remove the wire connected to the center pin.
Remove the cap from the center pin.
Pull out the center pin.
Place the beaker under the drain and remove the drain screw.
Disengage the connectors that connect the upper and lower containers.
Remove the bolts that fasten the upper and lower containers together.
Remove the upper container.
Remove the supporting liquid from within the funnel-shaped portion.
Take the gyrosphere out of the lower container.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-13

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

Removing the container from the master compass:


Remove the connectors connecting the master compass and the container
Disengage the connectors (4 terminals).

Loosen the container bolts and remove the container from the master compass
Loosen the three container bolts by
turning them in a counterclockwise
direction and remove the container.
Be careful not to let the container hit
the floor.

Take the gyrosphere out of the container.


When taking the gyrosphere out of the container, work on a flat surface and ensure that the container does not fall over.

Remove the screw from the vent hole

Resin washer and screw

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-14

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

Remove the wire connected to the center pin


Remove the screw using a
screwdriver.

Remove the cap from the center pin


Turn the cap of the center pin to remove it.

Pull out the center pin


An easy way to pull out the center pin is to
insert the screw that is used to connect
the wire to the center pin to the pin and
use the screw head to draw out the pin.

Place the beaker under the drain and remove the drain screw

The drain screw is located on


the lower container.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-15

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>
Drain all the supporting liquid from the
drain hole while holding the container as
horizontally as possible.
After draining, reinsert the screw in the
drain hole.

Disengage the connectors that connect the upper and lower containers
Disengage the connectors
(three terminals).

Remove the bolts that fasten the upper and lower containers together

Remove eight bolts.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-16

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

Remove the upper container


Lift up the upper container to
remove it.

Remove the supporting liquid from within the funnel-shaped portion


Remove the supporting liquid, insulator
and mercury from the funnel-shaped
portion with a syringe (large).
(Remove all liquids.)

Take the gyrosphere out of the lower container


When taking out the gyrosphere, hold the
side in a location with no gold line on it.
Place the removed gyrosphere onto a
gyrosphere stand.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-17

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

6.2.4

Replacement of Lamps in the Repeater Compass

(1) Place the repeater compass on


a stand with the repeater card
face down and draw alignment
marks on the lower cover and
the body.
(2) Remove the eight mounting
bolts from the lower cover.

(3) Raise the lower cover


separate it from the body.

to

(4) Hold the lower cover in this


position while replacing the
illuminating lamp or lamps.
(5) Align the alignment marks, and
then tighten the eight bolts.

Avoid disassembling the repeater compass any further. When these procedures are to be
carried out aboard a ship, close attention must be paid so that reassembling is carried out
correctly. If these procedures cannot be carried out aboard, contact your nearest service
agent of Yokogawa Denshikiki Co., Ltd.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-18

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

6.2.5

Procedure for Aligning Repeater Compass Indication

The repeater compass indication is automatically aligned with the master compass indication when
the power is turned on. In general, no other alignment is required. However, it is advisable to check
the master compass display and the repeater compass indication before departing from a port to
avoid possible accident. If the master compass display and the repeater compass indication match,
alignment of indication is not necessary.

(1) Procedure using the zero adjustment switch


If the repeater compass indication shifts from the master compass display, use the zero adjustment
switch to align the indication. Press this switch for 3 seconds or more. The repeater compass card
turns and the zero of the compass card is aligned with the pointer to correct the shift. Then, the
repeater compass follows up the received value.

(2) Procedure in the case where the zero point photo-sensor fails
If an error due to zero point photo-sensor failure is generated, use the procedure described below
to align the indication.
When an error is generated, the compass card stops.
By pressing the zero adjustment switch with the compass card stopped state, the compass
card begins to revolve the high speed (30 /s).
When the pointer is near the zero point of the compass card, press the zero adjustment
switch.
The speed of the turning compass card decreases (0.5 /s).
At the instant when the pointer aligns with the zero of the compass card, press the zero adjustment switch. The compass card stops turning.
If the zero adjustment switch is not pressed within 5 seconds, the compass follows up the
received value. If it is pressed within 5 seconds, the state of the compass changes returns to
.
* If the switch is not pressed when it is in the turning state of or the compass card stops.
If the zero adjustment switch is pressed when it is stopped, the compass goes to state
and turns at the high speed.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

6.2.6

6-19

Preparation of Supporting Liquid

Approximately 650 mL of supporting liquid are used in the master compass unit, and further 1 L of
supporting liquid are provided for spare. Contact Yokogawa for further supplies. Supporting liquid
should always be supplied by Yokogawa, but in unavoidable circumstances, you may prepare supporting liquid as follows:
Distilled water

1.8 L

Glycerin

145 mL

Benzoic acid

3.2 g

Put the each material in distilled water at the specified rate. Heat the mixture up to 80 to 90 C
until the benzoic acid dissolves in the solution.
Note : If the specific gravity of the prepared liquid deviates from the value shown below, add
glycerin or distilled water to make fine adjustment.
Temperature

Specific Gravity

15 C

1.0230 0.001

20 C

1.0220 0.001

25 C

1.0208 0.001

30 C

1.0193 0.001

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-20

6.3

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

Maintenance Function

This section describes the functions used for maintenance. Do not use these functions in
normal state. When command codes of 30 s in the command functions are to be used, enable the maintenance functions.
Only technicians of the Service department of Yokogawa Denshikiki Co., Ltd. are authorized to
implement the operations and other work described in this chapter. However, if for some reason
the service department of Yokogawa Denshikiki Co., Ltd. permits you to perform these operations,
be sure to follow the instructions described in this chapter.
The maintenance functions include the following:
Permission for maintenance function
Outputting simulated DAC signals
Manual drive of master compass (One-way-turning)
Manual drive of repeater compass (One-way-turning)
Resetting gyrosphere runtime
Initializing backup memory
Correcting master compass installation-error
Setting master compass follow-up gain
Displaying error log

6.3.1

Permission for maintenance function

If the command code 30 is executed 00 is displayed


in the data display and the tens digit (digit to be entered ) of 00 is blinking.
Change the displayed code to * * by using the up key
to change the blinking numeric value and the SHIFT key
to change the blinking digit.
After entering the code, the entered value blinks if the
ENT key is kept pressed for 2 seconds to enable the
operator to confirm the value. If the ENT key is pressed
for another 2 seconds, the entered value is displayed
continuously and the maintenance functions are enabled
(in which the decimal point is displayed after the least
significant digit of the command display).

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

If the COMMAND key is pressed, the mode returns to


normal.
The figure on the right shows an example of displaying the
state in which the maintenance functions are enabled.

Ask your nearest service agent of Yokogawa Dennsikiki Co.,, Ltd. to Implement the
operation above.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-21

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

6.3.2

Outputting Simulated DAC Signals

A simulated output of any of the following signals can be


selected using this function : analog heading signal,
analog quadrant signal, or analog rate-of-turn signal.

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

If the command code 31 is executed, channel number


1 blinks in the data display, and the analog output signal
level of each channel is set to the most recent level (initial
value of the simulated output).

RUN

If the UP key is pressed, the blinking display of channel


number (1 to 5 channels) changes.

EXT

If a channel number is selected and the SHIFT key is


pressed, the current output level of that channel is displayed in the data display and its tens digit (digit to be
entered) blinks.

SHIFT

EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL

DATA

COMMAND
UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

Change the digit to be entered by pressing the SHIFT


key and then change the numeric value of the digit to be
entered by pressing the UP key to enter a simulated
output level (0.0 to 5.0 V).
YOKOGAWA

After entering the simulated output level, the channel


number and entered value alternately blink to enable the
operator to confirm the value if the ENT key is kept
pressed for 2 seconds. If the ENT key is pressed for
another 2 seconds;
(1) the entered value is displayed continuously, (2) the
output level finally changes to the level you set, and (3)
the channel number is again displayed in the data display
(blinking).
The figure on the right shows an example of setting the
simulated output of 3.8 V for channel 2.

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

If the COMMAND key is pressed, the mode returns to


normal.
Until the COMMAND key is pressed, the simulated output remains in the set level.

Channel No.

Output signal

Analog heading

Analog quadrant

Analog rate of turn : port 1

Analog rate of turn : port 2

Analog rate of turn : port 3

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-22

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

6.3.3

Manual Drive of Master Compass (One-way turning)

This function turns the master compass at a specified


speed to check the follow-up system of master compass.
If the command code 32 is executed, the gyro heading
display remains the present heading value, and the data
display indicates the turning speed (00 deg/s).
During execution of this command, the container is released from the follow-up of the gyrosphere and can be
rotated at a specified turning speed. In this condition,
the repeater compass remains stopped.
If the key is pressed, the master compass turns clockwise (CW) and if the key is pressed, it turns counterclockwise (CCW).

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND

ENT

BZ STOP

SET/ DIMMER

The figure on the right shows an example of displaying


the turning speed of 06 deg/s.
By pressing key or either key repeatedly, turning speed accelerates.
By pressing the key for the opposite direction, the turning of master compass decelerates, stops
and then accelerates in the opposite direction.
If the COMMAND key is pressed, the mode returns to normal.
The following is an example of the sequence of the data display when the key or key is pressed repeatedly.
Pressing the same key :

00 01 02 03 04 05 06 12 18 24 30

Pressing the opposite key: 30 24 18 12 06 05 04 03 02 01 00

6.3.4

Manual Drive of Repeater Compass (One-way turning)

This function turns the repeater compass at a specified


speed to check the follow-up system of repeater compass..
If the command code 33 is executed, the gyro heading
display continues to indicate the compass heading and
the data display indicates the turning speed (00 deg/s).
During execution of this command, the repeater compass is released from the follow-up of the master compass and can be rotated at a specified turning speed.
If the key is pressed, the repeater-compass turns
clockwise (CW), and if the key is pressed, it turns
counterclockwise (CCW).

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

The figure on the right shows an example of displaying


the turning speed of 12 deg/s.
By pressing key or either key repeatedly, turning speed accelerates.
By pressing the key for the opposite direction, the turning of repeater compass decelerates, stops
and then accelerates in the opposite direction.
If the COMMAND key is pressed, the mode returns to normal.
The following is an example of the sequence of the data display when the key or key is pressed repeatedly.
Pressing the same key :

00 01 02 03 04 05 06 12 18 24 30

Pressing the opposite key: 30 24 18 12 06 05 04 03 02 01 00

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-23

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

6.3.5

Resetting Gyrosphere Running time

Use this function to reset the runtime (hours) of the gyrosphere to zero when replacing the gyrosphere (in order to grasp the accurate runtime of the gyrosphere for
adequate maintenance scheduling).
If the command code 34 is executed, 00 is displayed
in the data display and the tens digit (digit to be entered)
blinks.
Change the displayed code to ** by using the up key
to change the blinking numeric value and the SHIFT key
to change the blinking digit. See the figure on the right
for an example.
After entering the code, the entered value blinks if the
ENT key is kept pressed for 2 seconds to enable the
operator to confirm the value. If the ENT key is pressed
for another 2 seconds, the entered value is displayed
continuously and the gyrosphere runtime is reset to zero.

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

If the COMMAND key is pressed, the mode returns to normal.


Ask your nearest service agent of Yokogawa Dennsikiki Co.,, Ltd. to Implement the
operation above.

6.3.6

Initializing Backup Memory

Use this function to reset all the function settings.

CAUTION
DO NOT carry out the following operation unless instructed by an authorized service technician of
Yokogawa Denshikiki Co., Ltd.

If the command code 36 is executed, 00 is displayed


in the data display and the tens digit (digit to be entered)
blinks.

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

Change the displayed code to * * by using the up key


to change the blinking numeric value and the SHIFT key
to change the blinking digit. See the figure on the right
for an example.

RUN

After entering the code, the entered value blinks if the


ENT key is kept pressed for 2 seconds to enable the
operator to confirm the value. If the ENT key is pressed
for another 2 seconds, the entered value is displayed
continuously but the backup memory has not yet been
initialized. The backup memory is initialized when the
power is turned on next time.

EXT

EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

If the COMMAND key is pressed, the mode returns to


normal.
Ask your nearest service agent of Yokogawa Dennsikiki Co.,, Ltd. to Implement the
operation above.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-24

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

6.3.7

Correcting Installation Error

This subsection describes the procedure for correcting the error caused when the gyrocompass is
not installed in such a way that the master compass is precisely aligned with the ships fore-and-aft
line.
If error compensation is to be carried out using key operation, execute the command code 37. ()
There are two compensation procedures; relative value compensation and absolute value compensation. Pressing the EXT key for 2 seconds switches between these two procedures.
Example of display for relative value
compensation

Example of display for absolute


value compensation

YOKOGAWA

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN

RUN

EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

In the data display relative value compensation is indicated by AE, and absolute value compensation is indicated by AH.

Relative value compensation


The error of the observation bearing that was measured by the gyrocompass is entered as the
compensation value.
The gyro heading display indicates the current value of compensation and its tens digit (digit to be
entered) blinks.
Change the digit to be entered by pressing the SHIFT key and then change the numeric value of
the digit to be entered by pressing the UP key to enter the value of error compensation (- 10.0 to
10.0 degrees)
To enter a negative value, set the digit to be entered to the most significant digit (tens digit) and
press the UP key several times.
After entering the value of compensation, the entered value blinks if the ENT key is kept pressed
for 2 seconds to enable the operator to confirm the value. If the ENT key is pressed for another 2
seconds, the entered value is displayed continuously and is set as the final value.
If the COMMAND key is pressed, the mode returns to normal.

<<Note>>The setting of installation-error by the relative value should be executed, after the last
setting value is returned to zero to prevent the setting mistake.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-25

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

The amount of correction for master compass installation error is determined from the
difference between the compass heading detected by a reading when the master compass
is settled and an accurate true heading obtained through astronomical observation.
Perform these measurements when there is no change in the heading, such as when the
ship is docked.
Example: 0.56 (Value of error compensation)

= 42.56 (true reading through astronomical observation) - 42.00 (compass reading)

Absolute value compensation


If absolute ships heading is obtained by the quay-bearing etc. its heading value is input as compass
heading.
On the display, the gyro heading display indicates container heading + installation error compensating value and the hundreds digit (digit to be entered) blinks.
Change the digit to be entered by pressing the SHIFT key and then change the numeric value of
the digit to be entered by pressing the UP key to enter the compass heading (000.0 to 359.9 degrees).
After entering a heading, the entered value blinks if the ENT key is kept pressed for 2 seconds to
enable the operator to confirm the value. If the ENT key is pressed for another 2 seconds, the
entered value is displayed continuously and is set as the final value.
If installation error exceeds more than 10 degrees, the value for error compensation is limited to
10 degrees. Therefore, adjust the base line of Master compass and execute this compensation
after the deviation between base line of Master compass and the ships fore-and-aft line is less than
10 degrees.
If the COMMAND key is pressed, the mode returns to normal.
Example: (Setting value) = (ships heading is obtained by the quay-bearing etc.)
Whenever performing error correction, be sure to record the amount of correction in the
maintenance record book.

6.3.8

Setting Master Compass Follow-up Gain

Adjust the master compass follow-up gain when there


is a deadband in the follow-up actions and thus follow-up
is not smooth or when hunting occurs because the gain
is too high.

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN

If the command code 38 is executed, the data display indicates the current gain (two digits of hundreds and tens)
and the digit of hundreds (digit to be entered) blinks.

EXT

Change the digit to be entered by pressing the SHIFT key


and then change the numeric value of the digit to be entered
by pressing the UP key to enter a gain value (05 to 20).

EXT

The figure on the right shows an example of entering a


gain of 90 %. (Standard: 100 %)

GYRO HEADING

FAIL

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

After entering a gain, the entered value blinks if the ENT


key is kept pressed for 2 seconds to enable the operator
to confirm the value. If the ENT key is pressed for another 2 seconds, the entered value is displayed
continuously and is set as the final value.
If the COMMAND key is pressed, the mode returns to normal.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-26

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

6.3.9

Displaying Error Log

Up to a 100 data entries can be recorded and displayed in the error log.
If the command code 39 is executed, the data display indicates the log number of the most recent
log data (the number of errors 00 to 99). ( That is the 31st log number is shown.)
If the number of the log data exceeds 100 data the oldest log data is erased.
Press the SHIFT key to switch between the log data display items. ()
Example of displaying log number

The display items can be identified by the decimal point


displayed in the data display.

YOKOGAWA

In addition, the generated time 1, generated time 2, and


generated time 3 correspond to the upper two digits, intermediate two digits, and lower two digits of the six digits of
the gyrosphere running time respectively.

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL

If gyrosphere runtime is reset at replacing of gyrosphere,


the error that generated later is recorded by using the new
runtime.

EXT
DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

If the UP key is pressed, the previous data item is displayed.

ENT

If the COMMAND key is pressed, the mode returns to


normal.

SET/ DIMMER


Example of displaying an error code

Example of displaying generated time 1

YOKOGAWA

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN

RUN

EXT

EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

EXT
DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

GYRO HEADING

FAIL

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

SET/ DIMMER


Example of displaying generated time 2

Example of displaying generated time 3

YOKOGAWA

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN

RUN

EXT

EXT

GYRO HEADING

FAIL

EXT

DATA

COMMAND
UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

UP

SET/ DIMMER


8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

SET/ DIMMER

IM80B10M-10E

GYRO HEADING

FAIL

EXT
SHIFT

ENT

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

6-27

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>
Flow Sheet of Displaying Error Log (When 31 log data were recorded)
Nomal mode

COMMAND
BZ STOP

COMMAND

DATA

COMMAND
BZ STOP

Command selection mode


COMMAND

DATA

UP

SHIFT

UP

Push UP key 3 times, DOWN key 1 time and UP key 9 times.

Command excution mode


COMMAND

DATA

ENT

Push ENT key two seconds or more.

Displaying number of logged


data (the 31st logged data)

Displaying error code number


(error code number is 50)

Displaying gyrosphere
running time (012345 hours)

UP

UP

COMMAND

DATA

COMMAND

DATA

SHIFT

SHIFT

COMMAND

DATA

COMMAND

DATA

SHIFT

SHIFT

COMMAND

DATA

COMMAND

DATA

SHIFT

SHIFT

COMMAND

DATA

COMMAND

DATA

SHIFT

SHIFT

COMMAND

DATA

COMMAND

DATA

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-28

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

6.4

Generation Function
This section describes the functions used for signal format generation. Do not use these
functions innormal state. There are the command function and the setting DIP switches in
the generation function.
Command function :

Setting of follow-up speed for the stepper signal

(This binding may be modified by the sensitivity of stepper signal receiver circuit of RADAR,
INMARSAT etc. )

Setting DIP switches :

Setting of the serial signal format

Direction of master compass installation

Setting of the analog rate of turn signal range

Connection or disconnection of the C. operation unit

When command codes of 40s in the command functions are to be used, enable the generation
functions.

6.4.1

Permission for Generation Function

Executing the command code 40 displays 00 in the


data display, in which the tens digit (digit to be entered)
is blinking.
Press the SHIFT key to change the blinking digit, and
then change the displayed code to * * using the
UP key.
After entering the code, the entered value blinks if the
ENT key is kept pressed for 2 seconds to enable the
operator to confirm the value. If the ENT key is pressed
for another 2 seconds, the entered value is displayed
continuously and the generation functions are enabled
(in which the decimal point is displayed after the least
significant digit of the command display).

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

If the COMMAND key is pressed, the mode returns to


normal.
The figure on the right shows an example of displaying the state in which the generation functions
are enabled.
When it turns on the power supply again the generation function is refused. And also, it is refused
even in the case that the codes of * * the exception was input.
Ask your nearest service agent of Yokogawa Dennsikiki Co.,, Ltd. to Implement the
operation above.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-29

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

6.4.2

Setting of Follow-up Speed for Stepper Signal

The command code 41 is executed, the data display


indicates SL, the gyro heading display indicates the
maximum follow-up speed. If SHIFT key is pressed the
display contents changes to the maximum follow-up acceleration and the data display indicates AL, the gyro
heading display indicates the maximum follow-up acceleration.
SL : Setting of follow-up Speed Limit
AL : Setting of follow-up Acceleration Limit
The figure on the right shows an example of displaying
the maximum follow-up acceleration of 140 deg/s2.
If the EXT key is kept pressed for 2 seconds, the left
digit of the data display blinks.
To change the digit, press the SHIFT key and then
change the numeric value of the digit by pressing the UP
key .
After entering the setting value, the entered value blinks
if the ENT key is kept pressed for 2 seconds to enable
the operator to confirm the value. If the ENT key is
pressed for another 2 seconds, the entered value is displayed continuously and is set as the final value.

YOKOGAWA

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd

RUN
EXT
GYRO HEADING

FAIL
EXT

DATA

COMMAND
SHIFT

UP

COMMAND
BZ STOP

ENT

SET/ DIMMER

Normal Value
Follow-up Speed Limit: 24 deg/s
Follow-up Acceleration Limit: 140 deg/s2

If the COMMAND key is pressed, the mode returns to


normal.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-30

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

6.4.3

Setting Dip Switches

Remove the upper cover of the master compass, and you will find the main assembly located in the
deepest part with the dip switches positioned on its left. These dip switches determine the serial
signal input/output, master compass installation direction, and DAC output settings.

Master compass

MAIN ASSY

Each dip switch determines the following settings:

(1) External heading input transmission rate


Setup with the 1 - 2th of No.1 DIP switch.
Dip SW1

Baud rate

Bit 1

Bit 2

OFF

OFF

4800 bps

OFF

ON

2400 bps

ON

OFF

9600 bps

(2) Serial output port 1 transmission rate


Setup with the 3 - 4th of No.1 DIP switch.
Dip SW1

Baud rate

Bit 3

Bit 4

OFF

OFF

4800 bps

OFF

ON

2400 bps

ON

OFF

9600 bps

(3) Serial output port 2 transmission rate


Setup with the 5 - 6th of No.1 DIP switch.
Dip SW1

IM80B10M-10E

Baud rate

Bit 5

Bit 6

OFF

OFF

4800 bps

OFF

ON

2400 bps

ON

OFF

9600 bps

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

DIP switch

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

6-31

(4) Serial output port 3 transmission rate


Setup with the 7 - 8th of No.1 DIP switch.
Dip SW1

Baud rate

Bit 7

Bit 8

OFF

OFF

4800 bps

OFF

ON

2400 bps

ON

OFF

9600 bps

(5) Serial output port 1 format


Setup with the 1 - 3th of No.2 DIP switch.
Dip SW2

Format

Bit 1

Bit 2

Bit 3

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

ON

OFF

ROT

ON

OFF

OFF

HDT/ROT

ON

ON

OFF

CMZ300X

HDT

(6) Serial output port 2 format


Setup with the 4 - 6th of No.2 DIP switch.
Dip SW2

Format

Bit 4

Bit 5

Bit 6

OFF

OFF

OFF

HDT

OFF

ON

OFF

ROT

ON

OFF

OFF

HDT/ROT

ON

ON

OFF

CMZ300X

(7) Serial output port 3 format


Setup with the 7 - 8th of No.2 DIP switch and the 1th of No.3 DIP switch.
Dip SW2

Dip SW3

Format

Bit 7

Bit 8

Bit 1

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

ON

OFF

ROT

ON

OFF

OFF

HDT/ROT

ON

ON

OFF

CMZ300X

HDT

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-32

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

(8) External heading input header


Setup with the 2 - 4th of No.3 DIP switch.
Dip SW3

Header

Bit 2

Bit 3

Bit 4

OFF

OFF

OFF

$HCHDM

OFF

ON

OFF

$HCHDG

ON

OFF

OFF

$GPVTG

ON

ON

OFF

$GPVHW

OFF

OFF

ON

$HDT

(9) Installation direction of Master compass


Set up with the 5 - 6th of No.3 DIP switch.
It is the direction where the back of the master compass is indicating.
Installation direction

Dip SW3

Installation direction

Bit 5

Bit 6

OFF

OFF

Bow

OFF

ON

Starboard

ON

OFF

Stern

ON

ON

Port

(10) Analog rate of turn port 1 output range


Setup with the 7 - 8th of No.3 DIP switch.
Dip SW3

Output range

Bit 7

Bit 8

OFF

OFF

30 deg/min

OFF

ON

100 deg/min

ON

OFF

300 deg/min

(11) Analog rate of turn port 2 output range


Setup with the 1 - 2th of No.4 DIP switch.
Dip SW4

IM80B10M-10E

Output range

Bit 1

Bit 2

OFF

OFF

30 deg/min

OFF

ON

100 deg/min

ON

OFF

300 deg/min

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

Front

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

6-33

(12) Analog rate of turn port 3 output range


Setup with the 3 - 4th of No.4 DIP switch.
Dip SW4

Output range

Bit 3

Bit 4

OFF

OFF

30 deg/min

OFF

ON

100 deg/min

ON

OFF

300 deg/min

(13) Connect to C.operation unit


Setup with the 5th of No.4 DIP switch.
Dip SW4 Bit 5

OFF

Non

ON

Used

(14) Spares (the 6 8th of No.4 DIP switch)


These are spare bits; leave these switches in the off position.

6.4.4

NMEA Output Communication Period

The communication periods for each of the NMEA1, NMEA2, and NMEA3 outputs is determined
by the corresponding communication rate and output format settings, as shown below.
Format
HDT

Communication rate (bps)


9600

4800
100 ms

ROT
HDT/ROT
300X

6.4.5

2400
200 ms

100ms
100 ms

200 ms

500 ms

200 ms/text

NMEA Output Header

For each of the NMEA1, NMEA2, and NMEA3 outputs, the output header (NMEA0183) is determined depending on the whether gyro heading or external azimuth is selected for the output heading, as shown below.
Format

Output heading
Gyro heading

External azimuth

HDT

$HEHDT

$HCHDG

ROT

$HEROT

$HCROT

HDT/ROT

$HEHDT/$HEROT

$HCHDG/$HCROT

300X

$HEHRC

$HCHRC

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

6-34

<.INSTALLATION PROCEDURES>

6.4.6

Serial Input/Output Signal

Basic format (conforming to NMEA0183)


$

D ATA














Data


Data identification

Sender identification
Header

SUM1 SUM2

CR

LF


Terminator
Check sum
Check sum identification

Check sum:
(1) ~ (3) All data between but not including the $ and the * (4) All data between $ and *are
EXCLUSIVE ORed on a bit-by-bit basis, then the result is divided into two groups: the upper 4 bits
and the lower 4 bits. Each group is then converted into ASCII data, i.e., SUM1 and SUM2, for use
as checksum.

NMEA Output Format


(1) NMEA0183 True Heading

102 101 100 10-1 ,

Heading (degrees)

T (fixed)

(2) NMEA0183 Magnet compass heading


102 101 100

. 10-1 ,

0/- 102 101 100 10-1 ,

Heading (degrees)

(3) NMEA0183 Turn Rate


Positive : 0

Turn rate (degrees/min)

A (fixed)

(4) CMZ300X ($HEHRC) / Magnetic compass2 ($HCHRC)


Positive : Space code

C 102 101 100 10-1 10-2 , / - 100 10-1 10-2


Heading (degrees)

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

Turn rate (degrees/s)

7-1

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7.

OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT

7.1

Functions and Operations of The C.Operation unit


Name

Functions and Operations

Heading display

Displays a compass heading and system status.

Data display

Indicates displays corresponding to menus and each command code.

Alarm lamp and buzzer stop Displays alarm statuses for the gyrocompass system.
If pressed when an alarm is generated, the alarm buzzer is stopped.
key
Select LED and Select key

Displays and selects the operating initiative (C. operation unit or


M. operation unit).
When LED is lit, this unit can be operated.
When LED goes off, M. operation unit can be operated.

Arrow keys

Carry out selection of commands and data and switching of displays.

ENT key

Enters and sets commands and data.

COMMAND key

If pressed when in normal mode, the display switches from the data display to the
MAIN MENU.
If pressed when the display is in access mode, the display returns to normal mode.

Dimmer key

Adjusts brightness of the displays of this unit.


In addition, if this key is pressed in combination with the ENT key, contrast of the
LCD can be adjusted.
If both keys are simultaneously pressed, a lamp test is performed.

External heading selector key

Changes the output heading to that of the external heading (bow heading input
from external heading sensor).

Gyro heading selector key

If GYRO1 key is pressed, the output heading is changed to the gyro heading (true
heading of the master compass). GYRO2 key is not used.

If key , or is to be operated, keep the key pressed for at least two seconds.

YOKOGAWA

GYROCOMPASS OPERATION UNIT

Yokogawa Denshikiki Co.,Ltd.

FAIL
BZ STOP

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

SELECT

GYRO
1

GYRO
2

EXT

COMMAND

ENT

DIMMER/LAMP TEST

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-2

7.2

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

Display of Normal Mode

Displays of the C. operation unit at startup (normal mode) will be described below.
The heading display indicates true headings of each heading sensor and system status, and the
data display indicates input method and input value of ships speed and ships position (the figure
on the right is an example of this display).
Heading display

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT
System status display

>123.4

SPD . MANUAL

126.0

LAT . MANUAL

STBY

Input method

00[kt]

N 00[]

Input value

(1) Heading display


The true heading of the master compass is displayed in the first line (GYRO 1) and the true heading
of external heading sensor is displayed in the third line (EXT) of the heading display.
The display is blank for heading values not connected to this C. operation unit.
The true heading whose heading value is ineffective is displayed with ---.-. ( i.e. signal input error.)
For the heading sensor that is selected, > is displayed immediately before the true heading.
To switch to another heading sensor, press the external heading selector key or the gyro heading
selector key (cannot be selected to an unconnected compass).

(2) System status display


The gyro system status is displayed in the bottom line of the heading display. The system status
at normal running is not shown and the display is blank.
System Status
STBY
HDG FLT
PWR FLT

Displayed when the master compass is in stand-by status.


Displayed when there is a failure with the heading sensor that is selected.
Displayed when there is a failure of the AC power supply to the system equipped with the DC
backup system
This indication is held even if an AC power supply recovers. Indication disappears when
a COMMAND key is pushed.

(3) Input method


There are displayed the method of input for speed and latitude.
MANUAL
AUTO

The value is set manually.


The value is input from external sensor.

(4) Input value


The values to correct the speed error is displayed.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-3

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7.3

Display That Appears When an Alarm is Generated


When an alarm is generated, the alarm lamp lights up and the buzzer stop key blinks with the
buzzer sounds. Pressing the buzzer-stop key stops the buzzer.
The alarm lamp goes out if the alarm is reset, but continues to light up if the alarm continues.
The data display indicates the error code and
the cause of the alarm. (The figure on the right
shows an example.)
If there are two or more alarm causes, they are
displayed one by one.
If the command key is pressed, the screen returns to normal mode.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

---.-

GYRO FAILED!

>126.0

Gyro Current

HDG FLT

G1 CODE= 010

<<Note>>
If the heading data is not obtained due to the cause of the alarm, the heading display indicates "---.-" such as above figure. In this case, we recommend that the available heading
sensor be selected as the output heading.
When the heading sensor is changed from the present output heading to the available heading, the output heading value jumps to the selected heading value. Therefore, steering mode
of autopilot should be change to manual mode if output heading is changed.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-4

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7.3.1

List of Error Codes


Main Group
Error
Code
010s
020s

030s
040s
050s

Error Contents

Error
Code

Error Contents

Gyrosphere failure

010

350 mA or more for 20 min. (40 min. for startup)

Inverter failure
(Phase current shutdown)

020

50 mA or less for 3 seconds, without inverter output


voltage

021

50 mA or less for 3 seconds, with inverter output


voltage

030

ROM failure (check sum error)

031

RAM failure (read/write error)

040

Backup battery voltage failure

050

Deviation of 0.5 or more continues for 12 seconds


or more.

Memory failure
Backup battery voltage failure
Follow-up failure

060s

Operation panel switch failure

060

Continuously ON for 60 seconds or more

070s

Communication failure between


C. operation unit and master
compass

070

Communication error

071

Abnormal data

080s

Master compass alignment failure

080

External heading input failure

090

Time-out

091

Over-run error occurred 3 times successively

092

Framing error occurred 3 times successively

093

Parity error occurred 3 times successively

094

Check sum error occurred 3 times successively

095

Abnormal data for 10 seconds or more

100

Time-out

101

Over-run error occurred 3 times successively

102

Framing error occurred 3 times successively

103

Parity error occurred 3 times successively

104

Check sum error occurred 3 times successively

105

Abnormal data for 10 seconds or more

110

Time-out

090s

Ships speed input failure

100s

Ships position input failure

110s

IM80B10M-10E

Sub Group

Zero detection failure

111

Over-run error occurred 3 times successively

112

Framing error occurred 3 times successively

113

Parity error occurred 3 times successively

114

Check sum error occurred 3 times successively

115

Abnormal data for 10 seconds or more

120s

Speed error correction failure

120

Speed error correction failed.

130s

Selector switch failure

130

Selector switch failed.

150s

Deviation alarm

151

Abnormal GYRO-EXT heading deviation

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-5

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7.4

Accessing Menus

The following is a description of accessing menus.


The heading display continues to display system status and the data display indicates the
menus.

(1) Rough classification menu


If the command key is pressed when in normal
mode, the MAIN MENU appears in the data
display (the figure on the right).
The item that is selected blinks. (The blinking
part is called the cursor.)
Select an item by moving the position of the
cursor with the up and down arrow keys.
If the down arrow key is pressed when the cursor resides in the bottom line, the displayed
menu shows the next page.
If the up arrow key is pressed when the cursor
resides in the top line, the displayed menu
shows the preceding page.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4

MAIN MENU

126.0

2 Operate

1 Display
3 Maintain

>123.4

MAIN MENU

126.0

3 Maintain

To return to normal mode from the display thus


accessed, press the COMMAND key.

2 Operate

4 Generate

(2) Medium classification menu


Select 1 Display from the MAIN MENU and
press the ENT key. The MAIN MENU switches
to the Disp. MENU (as shown in the figure on
the right).

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

Select 2 Operate from the MAIN MENU and


press the ENT key. The MAIN MENU switches
to the Operat. MENU (as shown in the figure on
the right).

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

>123.4
126.0

IM80B10M-10E

Disp. MENU
10 HDG
11 Dev
12 ROT

Operat. MENU
20 EXT SEL
21 SPD SET
22 LAT SET

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-6

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


Select 3 Maintain from the MAIN MENU and
press the ENT key. The MAIN MENU switches
to the Maint. MENU (as shown in the figure on
the right).

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

Select 4 Generate from the MAIN MENU and


press the ENT key. The MAIN MENU switches
to the Generat. MENU (as shown in the figure
on the right).

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

>123.4
126.0

Maint. MENU
30 Password

Generat. MENU
40 Password

Flow of accessing menus


SPD.MANUAL
00[kt]
LAT.MANUAL
N 00[]

Normal
display

COMMAND

COMMAND

MAIN MENU
1
2 Operate
3 Maintain

Rough
classification
menu

ENT
Medium
classification
menu

Disp. MENU
10
11 DEV
12 ROT

Display menu

ENT
To displaying heading

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

MAIN MENU
1 Display
2
3 Maintain

MAIN MENU
1 Display
2 Operate
3

MAIN MENU
2
3 Maintain
4 Generat

MAIN MENU
2 Operate
3
4 Generat

ENT
Operat. MENU
20
21 SPD SET
22 LAT SET

ENT
Maint. MENU
30

MAIN MENU
2 Operate
3 Maintain
4

ENT
Generat MENU
40

Operation menu

Maintenance menu

Generation menu

ENT

ENT

ENT

To external heading
input selection

To password input for


maintenance mode

To password input
for generation setting

7-7

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7.5

Command Functions

Each command code and their functions and whether or not they can be executed when in
standby state are described below.
Classification

Display
Function

Setting
Function

Maintenance
Function

Generation
Function

Command
Code

Execution during

Function Item

Page

Ture heading, compass heading and system status display


(normal mode)

7-2

10

True heading and value of speed error correction display

7-8

Standby

11

Heading deviation display

7-9

12

Turn rate display

7-9

13

Total running time, gyrosphere running time and the time


after startup display

7-10

14

Dimmer rank display

7-10

15

Gyrosphere phase current display

7-11

16

Backup battery voltage display

7-11

17

Deviation voltage display

7-11

19

Software version number display

7-11

20

External azimuth input selection

7-13

21

Speed setting for speed error correction

7-14

22

Latitude setting for speed error correction

7-14

23

Automatic alignment of master compass

7-15

24

Manual alignment of master compass

7-16

26

Displaying/resetting cause of master compass alarm

7-16

27

Displaying/resetting cause of C.operation unit alarm

7-17

28

Deviation alarm setting

7-17

29

Startup timer setting

7-18

30

Permission for maintenance function

7-21

31

Outputting simulated DAC signals

7-22

32

Manual drive of master compass

7-23

33

Manual drive of repeater compass

7-24

34

Resetting gyrosphere running time

7-24

36

Initialization of backup memory

7-24

37

Correcting master compass installation error

7-25

38

Setting the master compass follow-up gain

7-26

39

Error log display

7-26

40

Permission for generation function

7-32

41

Setting the follow-up speed for stepper signal.

7-33

42

Setting communication protocol of output port

7-33

43

Setting format of output port

7-34

44

Setting communication protocol of input port

7-39

45

Setting format of input port

7-39

means that execution is permitted during standby.


means that execution is not permitted during standby.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-8

7.6

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

Display Functions

This section describes how to display various information.


The following 9 items can be displayed.

7.6.1

Heading display

Displays true heading , compass heading and value of speed error


correction.

Heading deviation display

Displays heading deviation of gyro heading from external azimuth.

Turn rate display

Displays turn rate on a degrees/second or degrees/minute basis.

Running time display

Displays the total running time, gyrosphere running time and running time after startup.

Dimmer rank display

Displays a dimmer rank and adjusts the contrast.

Gyrosphere phase current display

Displays the gyrosphere phase current.

Backup battery voltage display

Displays the backup battery voltage.

Deviation voltage display

Displays a deviation voltage.

Software version number display

Displays the software version number.

Displaying Heading

Selecting 10 HDG from the Disp. MENU and


pressing the ENT key switches to the display
showing the heading.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

Pressing the right and left arrow keys switches the


display between true heading, compass heading
and the value of speed error correction.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

The upper, middle and lower figure on the right


is an example of displaying the true heading
(True HDG), compass heading (Compass
HDG) and the value of speed error correction
(SPD Error).

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

>123.4
126.0

>123.4
126.0

>123.4
126.0

123.4

True HDG

121.0

Compass HDG

02.4

SPD Error

7-9

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7.6.2

Displaying Heading Deviation

Selecting 11 Dev from the Disp. MENU and


pressing the ENT key switches to the display
showing the heading deviation.

GYRO 1

Deviation values of each heading sensor based


on the heading currently being output are displayed.

EXT

126.0

GYRO 1

123.4

The upper figure on the right shows an example


of displaying the heading deviation of the external heading sensor based on the gyro heading.
(Heading deviation) =

(External heading) - (Gyro heading)

GYRO 2

GYRO 2

>123.4

E/G1 02.6

Deviation

G1/E -02.6

EXT

>126.0

GYRO 1

>123.4

123.4/min

126.0

-123.0/min

>123.4

12.34/s

126.0

-12.33/s

The lower figure on the right shows an example


of displaying the heading deviation of the gyroheading sensor based on the external heading.

Deviation

(Heading deviation) =

7.6.3

(Gyro heading) - (External heading)

Displaying Rate of Turn

Selecting 12 ROT from the Disp. MENU and


pressing the ENT key switches to the display
showing the rate of turn.

If the right and left arrow keys are pressed, the


display for rate of turn units can be changed
from degrees/minute to degrees/second.

GYRO 2
EXT

GYRO 1
The upper figure on the right shows an example
of displaying a rate of turn in degrees/minute
and the lower figure on the right, an example of
displaying a rate of turn in degrees/second.

GYRO 2
EXT

IM80B10M-10E

ROT

ROT

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-10

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7.6.4

Displaying Running Time

Selecting 13 Run Time from the Disp. MENU


and pressing the ENT key switches to the display showing the running time.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4

G1 001234h

126.0

OP 012345h

>123.4

G1 012345h

The first line (G1) indicates the master compass


running time and the third line (OP) the C. operation unit running time.

GYRO 1
If the right and left arrow keys are pressed, the
display can be switched between the total running time, gyrosphere running time, and time
after startup.

GYRO 2

The upper, middle and lower figures on the right


show examples of displaying total running time
(Total time), gyrosphere running time (Gyro
time) and the time after startup (Power time)
respectively.

GYRO 1

7.6.5

EXT

GYRO 2
EXT

Gyro time

>123.4

G1 000123h

126.0

OP 000345h

>123.4

16/32 DIM.

Power time

Displaying Dimmer Rank

Selecting 14 Dim. level from the Disp. MENU


and pressing the ENT key switches to the display showing the dimmer rank (as shown in the
figure on the right).

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

IM80B10M-10E

126.0

Total time

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

126.0

13/32 CONT.
Dim. level

7-11

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7.6.6

Displaying Gyrosphere Phase Current

Selecting 15 G.Current from the Disp. MENU


and pressing the ENT key switches to the display showing the gyrosphere phase current (as
shown in the figure on the right).
The normal value is in the range from 0.15 A
to 0.35 A.

7.6.7

The normal value is in the range from 2.5 V


to 4.0 V.

EXT

126.0

0.16A

Gyro Current

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4

G1 3.75V

126.0

OP 3.98V

>123.4

0.15V

BATT.Volt.

Displaying Deviation Voltage

Selecting 17 DV.Volt from the Disp. MENU


and pressing the ENT key switches to the display showing the deviation voltage (as shown
in the figure on the right).
The normal value is in the range from - 0.4 V
to 0.4 V.

7.6.9

GYRO 2

>123.4

Displaying Backup Battery Voltage

Selecting 16 BT.Volt from the Disp. MENU and


pressing the ENT key switches to the display
showing the backup battery voltage (as shown
in the figure on the right).

7.6.8

GYRO 1

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

126.0

DV.Volt.

Displaying Software Version Number

Selecting 19 ROM ID from the Disp. MENU


and pressing the ENT key switches to the display showing the software version number (as
shown in the figure on the right).

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4

G1 CR249E

126.0

OP CD044B

IM80B10M-10E

ROM ID

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

Medium
classification
menu

0.15V

DV. Volt

OP 3.98V
BATT. Volt

ENT

Disp. MENU
16 BT. Volt
17
18 reserved

G1 3.75V

ENT

Disp. MENU
16
17 DV. Volt
18 reserved

Displaying Backup
Battery Voltage

OP CD044B
ROM ID

G1 CR249E

ENT

Disp. MENU
17 DV. Volt
18 reserved
19

Displaying Software
Version Number

OP 000123h
Power time

Gyro time

-12.33/s
ROT

SPD Error

G1 012345h

OP 012345h
Total time

-123.0/min
ROT

12.34/s

G1 001234h

123.4/min

Dim. level

16/32 DIM.
13/32 CONT.

ENT

Gyro Current

0.16A

ENT

Disp. MENU
13 Run Time
14 Dim level
15

Disp. MENU
13 Run Time
14
15 G.Current

Disp. MENU
13
14 Dim level
15 G.Current

ENT

Displaying Gyro-sphere
Phase Current

Displaying Dimmer
Rank

Displaying Running
Time

G1 000123h

Displaying
Deviation Voltage

Deviation

E/G1 -02.6

ENT

Disp. MENU
10 HDG
11 Dev
12

Displaying Rate Of
Turn

02.4

Compass HDG

121.0

True HDG

GYRO1 >123.4
GYRO2
EXT
126.0

ENT

ENT

123.4

Disp. MENU
10 HDG
11
12 ROT

Displaying Heading
Deviation

Disp. MENU
10
11 Dev
12 ROT

Displaying
Heading

7-12
<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

Flow of accessing Display function

7-13

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7.7

Setting Functions

This section describes how to set the functions that are regarded as essential for running
the gyrocompass.
The setting functions include the following six types.
External heading input selection
Speed-error correction
Automatic master compass alignment
Manual master compass alignment
Deviation alarm setting
Startup timer setting

7.7.1

External Heading Input Selection

C. operation unit has 3 input ports for the serial signal and all port can be connected the heading
sensors. This menu executes the status display of each port and the selection of external heading
sensor that display as EXT.
The example of connected external heading sensor and the selecting procedure are as follows.

The example of connected external heading sensor


Port 1 : Magnetic compass (TMC unit)

Port 2 : Transmitting heading device

Port 3 : disconnected

GYRO 1

The selecting procedure


Selecting 20 EXT SEL from the Operat.
MENU and pressing the ENT key switches to
the display showing the external heading input
selection.

GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

>Port-1 OK
Port-2 NG

Port-3 NON

EXT HDG SEL

External heading input information for external


heading input ports 1 to 3 is displayed (as shown in the figure on the right).
External heading input information
NON

Without external heading input setting

OK

With external heading input setting; External heading input information is being normally input.

NG

With external heading input setting; External heading input information failure is being generated.

For the port used as the external heading, > is displayed immediately before Port-.
In order to change input ports, move the > to the targeted port by pressing the up or down arrow
key and press the ENT key. The display blinks, signaling the need to validate the change.
If the ENT key is pressed again, blinking stops and the input port is changed. However, the port
cannot be changed without setting the external heading input.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-14

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7.7.2

Setting the Ships Speed (speed-error correction)

(1) Setting the ships speed (procedure for setting the correction in the speed-error
of the ships speed)
Selecting 21 SPD SET from the Operat.
MENU and pressing the ENT key switches to
the display showing speed-error correction
speed input.
The figure on the right shows an example of
displaying ships speed of 23 knots (kt) with
automatic input.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

23kt
AUTO
SPD SET

To select automatic or manual input, press the


ENT key. Both AUTO and MANUAL blink. Then, with the up or down key select either AUTO or
MANUAL and press the ENT key.
If AUTO is selected, the automatic ships speed input becomes valid.
If MANUAL is selected, the tens digit of the ships speed blinks, allowing for a value between 00 to
99 kt to be entered for the ships speed by manual.
Press the right or left arrow key to change the place of input and press the up or down arrow key
to change the numeric value.
After entering ships speed press the ENT key. The input value blinks, the need to validate the
change. If the ENT key is pressed again, blinking stops and the input value is changed.

(2) Setting the ships position (procedure for setting the latitude for correcting speed
error)
Selecting 22 LAT SET from the Operat. MENU
and pressing the ENT key switches to the display showing the speed-error correcting latitude input.

GYRO 1

The figure on the right shows an example of


displaying the latitude of 39 N.

EXT

GYRO 2

>123.4
126.0

N 39
AUTO

LAT SET

To select automatic or manual input, press the


ENT key. Both AUTO and MANUAL blink. Then, with the up or down key select either AUTO or
MANUAL and press the ENT key.
If AUTO is selected, the automatic latitude input becomes valid.
If MANUAL is selected, the character N or S blinks allowing for a value between 00 to 70 degrees
N or S to be entered for the ships latitude by manual.
Press the right or left arrow key to change the place of input and press the up or down arrow key
to change the numeric value.
After entering the latitude press the ENT key. The input value blinks, signaling the need to validate
the change. If the ENT key is pressed again, blinking stops and the input value is changed.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-15

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

Determine the true heading by calculating the value for speed-error-correction from the values of
speed and latitude.
True heading (deg) = (Compass heading) - (Value of speed-error-correction)
Value of speed-error-correction (deg) =

7.7.3

ships speed (kt)


cos (Compass heading)


cos (Latitude)
5

Automatic Master Compass Alignment

Selecting 23 Sync.Auto from the Operat.


MENU and pressing the ENT key switches the
display showing automatic master compass
alignment (as shown in the figure on the right).
Follow Up is displayed, signifying that the master compass is following up the gyrosphere.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

Follow Up
G1

Sync.Auto

If the ENT key is pressed when in this state, the


Ready display appears showing standby for
automatic alignment.
If the ENT key is again pressed, the Running display appears showing that automatic alignment
is being carried out. (The master compass starts automatic alignment.)
If automatic alignment finishes normally, the Success display appears. However if it finishes due
to a failure, the Error display appears. If a failure occurs, execute master compass alignment
manually.

7.7.4

Manual Master Compass Alignment

If automatic master compass alignment cannot be executed, it is necessary to adjust the compass
heading to the container heading. There are relative value alignment and absolute value alignment
as the adjustment method.
<<Note>>Please make zero degree the speed error correction value by setting ships speed 0kt by
using code 21 when you execute this adjustment.

(1) Relative value alignment


The error of the observation bearing that was measured by the gyrocompass is entered as the input
value. (Input range : - 180 to + 180)

Input value = (true reading through astronomical observation) - (compass reading)

Easterly : -, Westerly : +

For example, if compass reading is 050.0 and the true reading through astronomical observation
is 020.0, the input value is - 30.
This method may be effective in case of sailing because the standard of absolute heading can be
not obtained.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-16

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

(2) Absolute value alignment


By inputting present absolute heading the compass heading is adjusted to the value.

Input value = (true heading)

This method may be effective in the dock, because the standard of absolute heading can be obtained.

Operation procedure
Selecting 24 Sync.Manu from the Operat.
MENU and pressing the ENT key, switches to the
display showing the manual master compass
alignment (as shown in the figure on the right).
If the ENT key is pressed, Rel. blinks allowing for a heading (absolute value: 180.0 degrees; relative value: 000.0 to 359.9 degrees)
to be entered.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

Rel. +000.0
G1

Sync.Manu

Press the right or left arrow key to change the place of input and press the up or down arrow key
to select the absolute value of alignment (Abs.) or relative value of alignment (Rel.) and to change
the numeric value.
After entering the heading press the ENT key. The input value blinks, signaling the need to validate
the change. If the ENT key is pressed again, blinking stops and the input value is changed.

7.7.5

Setting Deviation Alarm

Selecting 28 Dev Alrm. from the Operat. MENU


and pressing the ENT key switches to the display showing the deviation alarm setting.
The figure on the right shows an example of the
deviation limit value to generate a deviation alarm
(difference of master compass heading from external input heading) being at 10.0 degrees.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

G1/E 10.0

Dev Alrm

If the ENT key is pressed, the tens place of the deviation alarm limit value blinks to allow the value
to be entered.
Press the right or left arrow key to change the place of input and press the up or down arrow key
to change the numeric value.
After entering the limit value press the ENT key. Then the input value blinks, signaling the
need to validate the change. If the ENT key is pressed again, blinking stops and the input
value is changed.
In addition, if the limit value is set to 00.0, a deviation alarm is not generated.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-17

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7.7.6

Setting Startup Timer

Selecting 29 W-UP.Time from the Operat.


MENU and pressing the ENT key switches to
the display showing the startup timer setting
(as shown in the figure on the right).
If the ENT key is pressed, the tens place of the
startup time blinks to allow a startup time between 00 to 99 hours to be entered.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

00[Hour]

W-UP.Time

Press the right or left arrow key to change the


place of input and press the up or down arrow
key to change the numeric values.

GYRO 1

Next wake

After entering the time press the ENT key. The


input value blinks, signaling the need to validate the input.

EXT

07.59.29

GYRO 2

up to

If the ENT key is again pressed, the system


goes into timer mode and the power supply to
the gyrosphere is stopped.
In timer mode the time until restart is displayed (as shown in the figure on the right).
If the ENT key is pressed when in timer mode, the timer is reset and the system can be immediately started.
In addition, the system is normally started up at the heading that was selected when the power
switch was turned off, however, the output heading if the system is started up using the timer function, becomes the gyro heading.
<<Note>> Dont cut off DC power supply for gyro system during timer mode.
If the startup time is set to 00, the system goes into timer mode for one minute and
the power supply to the gyrosphere is stopped.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-18

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7.7.7

Displaying/Resetting Master Compass Alarm Causes

Selecting 26 ErrRef.MC from the Operat.


MENU and pressing the ENT key switches to
the display showing the cause of the master
compass alarm.
The figure on the right shows an example of a
display when a gyrosphere failure is generated
in the master-compass.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

G1 CODE= 010
Gyro Current
excess

ErrRef.MC

If there is an alarm occurring, the corresponding error code is displayed on the first line and the error contents on the second and third lines.
If the first line of the display blinks, it means that the cause of the alarm has not yet been recovered;
if it is not blinking the cause has already been recovered.
If there are two or more causes of an alarm, the other causes of the alarm are displayed by pressing the right or left arrow key.
When the cause of an alarm has already been recovered, pressing the ENT key cancels the display.

7.7.8

Displaying/Resetting C. Operation Unit Alarm Causes

Selecting 27 ErrRef.OP from the Operat.


MENU and pressing the ENT key switches to
the display showing the cause of C.operation
unit alarm.
The figure on the right shows an example of a
display when no alarm cause in C.operation
unit is shown.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

No error at
operation
unit

ErrRef.OP

If there is an alarm occurring, the corresponding error code is displayed on the first line and the error contents on the second and third lines.
If the first line of the display blinks, it means that the cause of the alarm has not yet been recovered;
if it is not blinking the cause has already been recovered.
If there are two or more causes of an alarm, the other causes of the alarm are displayed by pressing the right or left arrow key.
When the cause of an alarm has already been recovered, pressing the ENT key cancels the display.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

>Port-1 OK
Port-2 OK
Port-3 NON
EXT HDG SEL

ENT

Port-2 OK
Port-3 NON
EXT HDG SEL

ENT

Port-1 OK
Port-2 OK
Port-3 NON
EXT HDG SEL

Medium
classification
menu

Normal
mode

ENT

N 00
MANUAL

IM80B10M-10E

SPD.MANUAL
00[kt]
LAT.MANUAL
N 00[]

COMMAND

Port-1 OK
>Port-2 OK
Port-3 NON
EXT HDG SEL

ENT

Port-3 NON
EXT HDG SEL

Port-1 OK

ENT

SPD SET

SPD SET

ENT

00
MANUAL

SPD SET

23kt
MANUAL

ENT

LAT SET

N 38
MANUAL

ENT

ENT

Input the latitude


value by arrow keys

G1
Sync. Auto

G1
Sync. Auto
LAT SET

SPD SET

G1
Sync. Auto

Running

ENT

G1
Sync. Auto

Error

LAT SET

Ready

ENT

Success

LAT SET

N
MANUAL

LAT SET

00
MANUAL

ENT

MANUAL

LAT SET

N 39
AUTO

ENT

G1
Sync. Auto

Follow up

MANUAL

ENT

Input the ships speed


value by arrow keys

kt
MANUAL

23kt
AUTO

ENT

LAT SET

LAT SET

SPD SET

SPD SET

ENT

N 00

N 39

ENT

LAT SET

00kt

ENT

LAT SET

23kt

ENT

SPD SET

SPD SET

ENT

00kt
MANUAL

23kt
AUTO

ENT

ENT

ENT

ENT

>Port-1 OK
Port-2 OK
Port-3 NON
EXT HDG SEL

Operat. MENU
23
24 Sync. Manu
25 reserved

Automatic alignment
of master compass

Operat. MENU
20 EXT SEL
21 SPD SET
22

N 39
AUTO

Latitude setting
for speed error correction

Operat. MENU
20 EXT SEL
21
22 LAT SET

Speed setting
for speed error correction

Operat. MENU
20
21 SPD SET
22 LAT SET

Port-1 OK
Port-2 OK
Port-3 NON
EXT HDG SEL

External heading
input selection

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7-19

Flow- of accessing Setting function

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

G1
Sync. Manu

ENT

G1
Sync. Manu

ENT

G1
Sync. Manu

Abs. 123.

G1
Sync. Manu

ENT

G1
Sync. Manu

ENT

Abs. 123.4

G1
Sync. Manu

Rel. -012.

G1
Sync. Manu

ENT

G1
Sync. Manu

ENT

Rel. -012.3

G1
Sync. Manu

Input the error value or


true heading by arrow keys

Abs.

G1
Sync. Manu

Rel. 000.0

00.0

000.0

ENT

+000.0

ENT

Sync. Manu

Rel. +000.0

Operat. MENU
23 Sync. Auto
24
25 reserved

Manual alignment
of master compass

Normal
mode

Gyro Current
excess
ErrRef.MC

ENT

Gyro Current
excess
ErrRef.MC

SPD.MANUAL
00[kt]
LAT.MANUAL
N 00[]

COMMAND

Gyro Current
excess
ErrRef.MC

ENT

G1:CODE=090
ExtHDG input
time-out
ErrRef.MC

No error at
operation
unit
ErrRef.OP

ENT

OP:CODE=070
MC1 Transmit
failure
ErrRef.OP

OP:CODE=110
LAT input
time-out
ErrRef.OP

ENT

ENT

OP:CODE=110
LAT input
time-out
ErrRef.OP

ENT

OP:CODE=070
MC1 Transmit
failure
ErrRef.OP

in case of released factor

0.0

Dev Alrm

G1/E 10.0

ENT

Dev Alrm

G1/E

ENT

Input the deviation alarm


limit by arrow keys

Dev Alrm

G1/E

ENT

ENT

ENT
in case of released factor

Operat. MENU
26 ErrRef.MC
27 ErrRef.OP
28

Deviation alarm setting

Operat. MENU
26 ErrRef.MC
27
28 Dev Alrm

Displaying/resetting cause
of C.operation unit alarm

Operat. MENU
26
27 ErrRef.OP
28 Dev Alrm

Displaying/resetting cause
of master compass alarm

Remainder
the timer
the timer
mode

Gyro starts

ENT

Next wake
up to......
17.59.59

ENT

W-UP.Time

[Hour]

ENT

Input the timer period


by arrow keys

W-UP.Time

0[Hour]

ENT

W-UP.Time

00[Hour]

ENT

Operat. MENU
27 ErrRef.OP
28 Dev Alrm
29

Startup timer setting

7-20
<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

Flow- of accessing Setting function

7-21

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7.8

Maintenance Function

This section describes the functions used for maintenance. When command codes of 30s
in the command functions are to be used, enable the maintenance functions as shown in
section 7.8.1.
Only technicians of the service department of Yokogawa Denshikiki Co., Ltd. are authorized to
implement the operations and other work described in this section. However, if for some reason
the service department of Yokogawa Denshikiki Co., Ltd. permits you to perform these operations,
be sure to follow the instructions described in this section.
The maintenance functions include the following:
Permission for maintenance function
Outputting simulated DAC signals
Manual drive of master compass (One-way-turning)
Manual drive of repeater compass (One-way-turning)
Resetting gyrosphere runtime
Initializing backup memory
Correcting master compass installation-error
Setting master compass follow-up gain
Displaying error log

7.8.1

Permission for Maintenance Function

Selecting 30 Password from the Maint. MENU


and pressing the ENT key switches to the display for entering a password (as shown in the
upper figure on the right).

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

Press the ENT key again. The ones digit of 00000


blinks, prompting you to enter a password.

Please input
maintenance
password.
00000

Press the right and left arrow keys to change the


blinking digit, and press the upper and lower arrow keys to change the numeric value.
After entering the correct password xxxxx, press
the ENT key. All the digits blink for confirmation.

GYRO 1

Press the ENT key again. If the password is correctly entered, the maintenance functions are enabled (as shown in the lower figure on the right).

EXT

GYRO 2

>123.4

Maintenance

126.0

available.

command is

The maintenance functions are disabled by default whenever the power is turned on, or a
wrong password is entered.
Ask your nearest service agent of Yokogawa Denshikiki Co., Ltd. to implement the operation above.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-22

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7.8.2

Simulated DAC Output

This function varies simulated analog output signals.


Selecting 31 DAC Dummy from the Maint.
MENU and pressing the ENT key switches to the
display showing the simulated DAC signal setting (as shown in the upper figure on the right).

GYRO 1

>123.4

GYRO 2
EXT

Press the ENT key again. The HDG blinks and


an analog signal can be selected.
Press the upper and lower arrow keys to select a
channel from HDG (heading), QUAD (quadrant),
ROT1 (rate of turn), ROT2, and ROT3, then the
ENT key. The channel stops blinking and the ones
digit of the output voltage level blinks.

GYRO 1

Press the right and left arrow keys to change


the blinking digit, and press the upper and lower arrow keys to change the numeric value.

EXT

126.0

>123.4

GYRO 2

126.0

After entering the voltage level, press the ENT


key. All the digits blink for confirmation.

HDG 0.00 V

DAC Dummy

QUAD 1.23 V

DAC Dummy

Press the ENT key again. The voltage level stops


blinking and finally changes to the value you set.
The lower figure on the right shows an example of setting the simulated output of 1.23 V for the
quadrant signal of the master compass.
The following graphs show the output span for each analog output.
Heading (HDG) and quadrant (QUAD )

Rates of turn (ROT1, ROT2, and ROT3)

Output Level

Output Level

5.00

5.000
4.844

2.500
0V

90

180

270

Heading signal

360

0.156

Output

0V
- 30/min
-100
-300

5.00
3.75
2.50
1.25
0V

IM80B10M-10E

90

180

270

Quadrant signal

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

360

0/min

Rate of turn

30/min
100
300

7-23

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7.8.3

One-way Turning of the Master Compass

This function turns the master-compass at a specified speed to check its follow-up mechanism.
Selecting 32 Rotate MC from the Maint. MENU and pressing the ENT key switches to the display
showing the angular speed setting of 00 degree/sec.
Press the ENT key again, then the 00 blinks. Press the upper and lower arrow keys to change
the angular speed as follows:
Pressing the upper arrow key repeatedly:
Accelerates the speed clockwise: 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 12 18 24 30
Decelerates the speed counterclockwise: -30 -24 -18 -12 -06 -05 -04 -03 -02 -01 00
Pressing the lower arrow key repeatedly:
Accelerates the speed counterclockwise: 00 - 01 - 02 -03 -04 -05 -06 -12 -18 -24 -30
Decelerates the speed clockwise: 30 24 18 12 06 05 04 03 02 01 00
The figure on the right shows an example of displaying the angular speed of - 12 degrees/sec.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

7.8.4

>123.4
126.0

Angular SPD
-12 deg/s
Gyro=G1

Rotate MC

One-way Turning of the Repeater Compass

This function turns the repeater-compass at a specified speed to check its follow-up mechanism.
Selecting 33 Rotate RC from the Maint. MENU and pressing the ENT key switches to the display
showing the angular speed setting of 00 degree/sec.
Press the ENT key again, then the 00 blinks. Press the upper and lower arrow keys to change
the angular speed as follows:
Pressing the upper arrow key repeatedly:
Accelerates the speed clockwise: 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 12 18 24 30
Decelerates the speed counterclockwise: -30 -24 -18 -12 -06 -05 -04 -03 -02 -01 00
Pressing the lower arrow key repeatedly:
Accelerates the speed counterclockwise: 00 - 01 - 02 -03 -04 -05 -06 -12 - 18 -24 -30
Decelerates the speed clockwise: 30 24 18 12 06 05 04 03 02 01 00
The figure on the right shows an example of displaying the angular speed of 6 degrees/sec.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

IM80B10M-10E

Angular SPD
06 deg/s

Rotate RC

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-24

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7.8.5

Resetting Gyrosphere Running Time

Use this function to reset the running time


(hours) of the gyrosphere to zero when replacing the gyrosphere. This operation is required
to grasp the accurate running time of the gyrosphere for adequate maintenance scheduling.
Selecting 34 Reset RT from the Maint. MENU
and pressing the ENT key switches to the display for entering a password.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

G1 012345 h
Gyro = G1

Code = 00000

Press the ENT key again. The ones digit of 00000


blinks, prompting you to enter a password.
Press the right and left arrow keys to change the
blinking digit, and press the upper and lower arrow keys to change the numeric value.
After entering the correct password xxxxx, press the ENT key. All the digits blink for confirmation.
Press the ENT key again. If the password is correctly entered, the running time is reset to zero.
When a wrong password is entered, the ones digit of 00000 blinks again, prompting you to
reenter a password.

Ask your nearest service agent of Yokogawa Denshikiki Co., Ltd. to implement the operation above.

7.8.6

Initialization of Backup Memory

Use this function to reset all the function settings.


Caution!
DO NOT perform the following operation unless instructed by an authorized service technician of
Yokogawa Denshikiki Co., Ltd.
Selecting 36 Init. MEM from the Maint. MENU
and pressing the ENT key switches to the display for entering a password.
Press the ENT key again. The OP blinks and a
target unit can be selected.
Press the upper and lower arrow keys to select
the unit from OP (C operation unit) and G1 (master compass), then the ENT key. The unit stops
blinking and the ones digit of 00000 blinks.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

Unit = OP

Code = 00000
Init. MEM.

Press the right and left arrow keys to change


the blinking digit, and press the upper and lower arrow keys to change the numeric value.
After entering the correct password xxxxx, press the ENT key. All the digits blink for confirmation.
Press the ENT key again. If the password is correctly entered, the backup memory is initialized
when the power is turned on next time.
When a wrong password is entered, the ones digit of 00000 blinks again, prompting you to
reenter a password.
Ask your nearest service agent of Yokogawa Denshikiki Co., Ltd. to implement the operation above.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-25

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7.8.7

Correction of the Master Compass Installation Error

This section describes the procedure for correcting the error caused when the gyrocompass is
not installed in such a way that the lubber line of
the master compass is precisely aligned parallel
with the ships fore-and-aft line.
Selecting 37 Inst. Err from the Maint. MENU
and pressing the ENT key switches to the display showing the current correction setting.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

There are two correction procedures: relative value


correction and absolute value correction. The figure
on the right shows the current setting of 0.5.

Rel. +000.5
G1

Inst. Err.

Relative value correction


The procedure uses the compass heading error as the amount of correction.
Example:
0.56 (Amount of error correction) = 42.56 (true heading through astronomical observation) - 42.00
(compass heading)
Note: When setting the relative value of correction repeatedly, first reset the current setting to zero
in order to avoid setting the wrong value.

The amount of correction for master compass installation error is determined from the
difference between the compass heading detected by a reading when the master compass
is settled and an accurate true heading obtained through astronomical observation.
Perform these measurements when there is no change in the heading, such as when the
ship is docked.

Absolute value correction


If the absolute true heading can be obtained, such as when the ship is docked, set it as the compass heading.
Pressing the COMMAND key returns the operation mode to normal.
Example:
(Input value) = (absolute true heading when the ship is docked)
Whenever performing error correction, be sure to record the amount of correction in the
maintenance record book.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-26

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


In the example of display above, press the ENT key, then Rel. (relative value correction) blinks.
Press the right and left arrow keys to change the blinking digit: correction procedure sign (for
absolute correction only) the hundreds digit the tens digit the ones digit the first decimal place
Press the upper and lower arrow keys to select the correction procedure from Rel. (relative) and
Abs. (absolute), or to change the numeric value.
After entering the amount of correction, press the ENT key. All the digits blink for confirmation.
Press the ENT key again. The blinking stops and the correction method and the amount is finally set.
The value for difference correction is limited to 10 degrees, even if a value that exceeds this is
entered. Adjust the lubber line of the master compass so that the difference between it and the true
heading is within 10 degrees, before.

7.8.8

Setting the Master Compass Follow-up Gain

Adjust the master compass follow-up gain when


there is a deadband in the follow-up actions and
thus follow-up is not smooth or when hunting
occurs because the gain is too high.
Selecting 38 Fol. GAIN from the Maint. MENU
and pressing the ENT key switches to the display
showing the current setting of follow-up gain.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

100 %
Gyro=G1

Fol. GAIN

Press the ENT key again, then the follow-up


gain blinks.
Pressing the upper arrow key increases the gain by 10 % (max. 200 %).
Pressing the lower arrow key decreases the gain by 10 % (min. 50 %).
After entering the gain value, press the ENT key. All the digits blink for confirmation.
Press the ENT key again. The follow-up gain finally changes to the value you set.

7.8.9

Error Log Display

Up to 100 data entries can be recorded and


displayed in the error log.
Selecting 39 Err. LOG from the Maint. MENU
and pressing the ENT key switches to the error
log display.
Press the ENT key again. The OP blinks and a
target unit can be selected.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4

Unit = OP

126.0

Code = 080

Num = 99

Time = 012345

Press the upper and lower arrow keys to select the unit from OP (C operation unit) and G1 (master
compass), then the ENT key. The latest error log of the selected unit is displayed.
The second line indicates the error number (00 to 99), the third line the error code, and the fourth
line the time of occurrence.
If the error number is 1 or more, or more than one error has occurred, pressing the lower arrow key
displays the immediately preceding error log, and pressing the upper arrow key displays the immediately following error log. A larger error number corresponds to a later error.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-27

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


Operation Flow Sheet of Maintenance Function (1/5)
Accessing Maintenance Mode
Menu Display Maint. MENU
of
30
Maintenance
Mode

Menu Display,
in case maintenance
mode has been
inhibited.

Maint. MENU
30
31 DAC Dummy
32 Rotate MC

Outputting Simulated
DAC Signal
Maint. MENU
30 Password
31
32 Rotate MC

Manual drive of
Master Compass
Maint. MENU
30 Password
31 DAC Dummy
32

ENT

ENT

HDG 0.00V

DAC Dummy

Angular SPD
00 deg/s
Gyro=G1
Rotate MC

ENT

ENT

ENT
Please input
maintenance
password.
00000

ENT
Please input
maintenance
password.
0000

Angular SPD
00 deg/s
Gyro=
Rotate MC

ENT
Enter password with arrow keys. (*****)

ENT
Please input
maintenance
password.

Angular SPD
deg/s
Gyro=G1
Rotate MC

Select rotating speed.


(00,01,02,03,04,05,06,12,18,24,30,
-01,-02,-03,-04,-05,-06,-12,-18,-24,-30)

ENT
Maintenance
command is
available.

Angular SPD
deg/s
Gyro=G1
Rotate MC

COMMAND

SPD.MANUAL
00[kt]
Normal
mode LAT.MANUAL
N 00[]

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-28

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


Operation Flow Sheet of Maintenance Function (2/5)

0.00V

0.00V

0.00V

0.00V

0.00V

DAC Dummy

DAC Dummy

DAC Dummy

DAC Dummy

DAC Dummy

ENT

ENT

ENT

ENT

ENT

Heading
HDG

Quadraut
.00V

R.O.T.1
.00V

.00V

.00V

.00V

DAC Dummy

DAC Dummy

DAC Dummy

DAC Dummy

DAC Dummy

Enter simulated
voltage value

Enter simulated
voltage value

Enter simulated
voltage value

Enter simulated
voltage value

Enter simulated
voltage value

ENT

ENT

HDG

ENT

ENT

ENT

DAC Dummy

DAC Dummy

DAC Dummy

DAC Dummy

DAC Dummy

ENT

ENT

ENT

ENT

ENT

To go to Normal Display press


COMMAND key from any screen.
COMMAND

Normal SPD.MANUAL
00[kt]
mode
LAT.MANUAL
N 00[]

IM80B10M-10E

R.O.T.3

R.O.T.2

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7-29

Operation Flow Sheet of Maintenance Function (3/5)

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-30

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


Operation Flow Sheet of Maintenance Function (4/5)
Initializing Backup Memory
Maint. MENU
36
37 Inst.Err.
38 Fol.GAIN

ENT
Unit = OP
Code = 00000
Init. MEM.

Correcting Installation-error
Maint. MENU
36 Init.MEM
37
38 Fol.GAIN

ENT
Rel. +000.0
G1
Inst. Err.

ENT

For memories in
C.operation unit

For memories in master compass


Unit =
Code = 00000

Unit =
Code = 00000

Init. MEM.

Init. MEM.

ENT

ENT
Unit = OP
Code = 0000

Unit = G1
Code = 0000

Init. MEM.

Init. MEM.

Correcting with
relative value.

Correcting with
absolute value.

+000.0
G1
Inst. Err.

000.0
G1
Inst. Err.

ENT
Enter password.
(*****)

Enter password.
(*****)

ENT

ENT

Unit = OP
Code =

Unit = G1
Code =

Init. MEM.

Init. MEM.

ENT

ENT

Unit = OP
Code = END

Unit = G1
Code = END

Init. MEM.

Init. MEM.

Rel. 000.0

Abs.

G1
Inst. Err.

G1
Inst. Err.

Enter difference. (10)

ENT

G1
Inst. Err.

ENT
COMMAND

Normal
mode

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

SPD.MANUAL
00[kt]
LAT.MANUAL
N 00[]

ENT
00.0

Enter correct heading.

ENT

G1
Inst. Err.

ENT

Rel. +000.5

Abs. 123.4

G1
Inst. Err.

G1
Inst. Err.

7-31

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


Operation Flow Sheet of Maintenance Function (5/5)
Setting Follow-up Gain

Displaying Error Log

Maint. MENU
36 Init.MEM
37 Inst.Err.
38

Maint. MENU
37 Inst.Err.
38 Fol.GAIN
39

ENT

ENT
Unit = OP
Num =
Code =
Time =

100 %
Gyro = G1
Fol. GAIN

ENT

ENT
Unit =
Num =
Code =
Time =

100 %
Gyro =
Fol. GAIN

Unit =
Num =
Code =
Time =

ENT

ENT
%
Gyro = G1
Fol. GAIN

Enter Gain. (50-200)

ENT

Gyro = G1
Fol. GAIN

ENT

ENT

Unit = OP
Num = 10
Code = 095
Time = 012345

Unit = G1
Num = 34
Code = 080
Time = 123456

Unit = OP
Num = 09
Code = 090
Time = 001234

Unit = G1
Num = 33
Code = 040
Time = 012345

Unit = OP
Num = 01
Code = 151
Time = 000012

Unit = G1
Num = 01
Code = 003
Time = 000001

Unit = OP
Num = 00
Code = 090
Time = 000012

Unit = G1
Num = 00
Code = 007
Time = 000001

090 %
Gyro = G1
Fol. GAIN

COMMAND

Normal SPD.MANUAL
00[kt]
mode
LAT.MANUAL
N 00[]

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-32

7.9

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

Generation Function

This section describes the functions that facilitate communication with input/output devices connected to the CMZ700. The generation functions are divided into two groups:
command functions with codes of 40s and settings with the dip switches. When command
codes of 40s in the command functions are to be used, enable the generation functions as
shown in section 7.9.1.
Ask your nearest service agent of Yokogawa Denshikiki Co., Ltd. to implement the operation above.
The generation functions include the following:
Permission for generation function
Setting the follow-up speed for stepper signal
Setting communication protocol of output port
Setting format of output port
Setting communication protocol of input port
Setting format of input port

7.9.1

Permission for Generation Function

Selecting 40 Password from the Generat.


MENU and pressing the ENT key switches to the
display for entering a password (as shown in the
upper figure on the right).

GYRO 1

Press the ENT key again. The ones digit of 00000


blinks, prompting you to enter a password.

EXT

GYRO 2

>123.4
126.0

Press the right and left arrow keys to change the


blinking digit, and press the upper and lower arrow keys to change the numeric value.
After entering the correct password xxxxx, press
the ENT key. All the digits blink for confirmation.
Press the ENT key again. If the password is correctly entered, the generation functions are enabled (as shown in the lower figure on the right).
The generation functions are disabled by default
whenever the power is turned on, or a wrong
password is entered.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

Please input
Generation
password.
00000

>123.4

Generation

126.0

available.

command is

7-33

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7.9.2

Setting the Follow-up Speed for Stepper Signal

Selecting 41 Stepper from the Generat. MENU


and pressing the ENT key switches to the display
showing the current settings for the maximum
follow-up angular speed on line 1, and the maximum follow-up angular acceleration on line 2.
The figure on the right shows the standard settings.
Press the ENT key again. The tens digit of the
angular speed blinks.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

24 /s

0140 /s/s
Gyro=G1
Stepper

Press the right and left arrow keys to change


the blinking digit and press the upper and lower arrow keys to change the numeric value.
After entering the angular speed (00 to 99), press the ENT key. All the digits blink for confirmation.
Press the ENT key again. The angular speed stops blinking and the thousands digit of the angular
acceleration blinks.
Enter the angular acceleration (0000 to 9999) in the same way and press the ENT key. All the
digits blink for confirmation.
Press the ENT key once more. The angular acceleration stops blinking and the settings finally
change to the values you set.

7.9.3

Setting Communication Protocol for Serial Output Ports

The gyrocompass system has four serial output


ports, and a different communication protocol
can be set for each.
Selecting 42 Out Port from the Generat.
MENU and pressing the ENT key switches to
the display for selecting a port number (as
shown in the figure on the right).

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4

P=1 4800 bps

126.0

Parity NONE

Press the ENT key again. The port number


1 blinks.

Data bit 7
Stop bit 1

Press the upper and lower arrow keys to change the port number (1 to 4). The current settings of
communication protocol for the port are displayed.
After selecting the port, press the ENT key. The port number stops blinking and the baud rate blinks.
Press the upper and lower arrow keys to change the baud rate (2400, 4800, or 9600).
After selecting the baud rate, press the ENT key. The baud rate stops blinking and the data length blinks.
Press the upper and lower arrow keys to change the data length (7 or 8 bits).
After selecting the data length, press the ENT key. The data length stops blinking and the parity blinks.
Press the upper and lower arrow keys to change the parity (None, odd, or even).
After selecting the parity, press the ENT key. The parity stops blinking and the stop bit blinks.
Press the upper and lower arrow keys to change the stop bit (1 or 2 bits).
After selecting the stop bit, press the ENT key. The port number blinks for confirmation.
Press the ENT key once more. The port number stops blinking and the communication protocol
settings finally change to the values you set.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-34

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7.9.4

Setting Communication Formats for Serial Output Ports

Up to three communication formats can be set for each serial output port for whether the gyro heading or the external azimuth is selected, as follows:
Port

Output Heading

Record

Port 1

Gyro heading
(GYRO)

Record 1
Record 2
Record 3

External azimuth
(EXT)

Record 1
Record 2
Record 3

There are two types of format settings: ready-made formats and new formats.
With the ready-made formats, one of the following formats can be set for each record.
Data

Ready-made Format

Heading (HDG)

$HEHDT

Rate of turn (ROT)

$HEROT

Heading/Rate of turn (HDG/ROT)

$HEHRC

With the new formats, the heading, the rate of turn, or the heading/rate of turn can be set for each
record according to the following basic format:

Basic Format
Without check sum
$

(1)

(2)

CR

(3)

LF
(5)

With check sum


$

(1)

(2)

,
(3)

SUM1 SUM2 CR
(4)

LF
(5)

(1) Header

: $ (fixed)

(2) Identification

: Set five uppercase letters.

(3) Data

: Set how many commas ( , ) the heading and the rate of turn come after
(starting positions), and the total number of data items. The heading data
can be followed by T (True) or M (Magnet), and the rate of turn by A (Yes,
valid, clear warning flag) or V (No, invalid, clear warning flag). And the following represents data formats for the heading and the rate of turn.

Heading

aaa.a

Rate of turn: In units of degrees/min or degrees/sec.

In units of degrees, fixed to 4 digits (e.g. 001.2 as 1.2 degrees).

Degrees/min:

abbb.b

a represents direction: as port and (blank)

as starboard. The numeral part bbb.b is fixed to 4 digits.


IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-35

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


Degrees/sec:

abb.bb

a represents direction: as port and (blank) as starboard.

The numeral part bb.bb is fixed to 4 digits.

(4) Check sum

: Select with or without.

(5) Terminator

: CR - LF (fixed).

Transmission period : Can be set to 100 to 2000 ms.


A/V status

: Follows the rate of turn data. It is A whenever the gyro heading is selected
for the output heading, and V when the external azimuth is selected and
the external azimuth input is erroneous.

The following describes how to set the communication formats for serial output ports.
Selecting 43 Out Form from the Generat.
MENU and pressing the ENT key switches to
the display for setting the communication formats for serial output ports (as shown in the
upper figure on the right).

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

Port=1 Rec=1
GYRO

Selecting the output port, record


number, and types

Press the ENT key, then the port 1 blinks.


Press the upper and lower arrow keys to select
the port number (1 to 4), and press the ENT key.
The port number stops blinking and the record
1 blinks.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

Press the upper and lower arrow keys to select


the record number (1 to 3), and press the ENT
key. The record number stops blinking and the
output heading GYRO blinks.

Port=1 Rec=1
GYRO
HDG

Already

Press the upper and lower arrow keys to select the output heading (GYRO or EXT), and press the
ENT key. The output heading stops blinking and the selected output port, record number, and
output heading blink on line 3 (as shown in the lower figure on the right).
Press the upper and lower arrow keys to select the data type (HDG, ROT, HDG/ROT, or NONE),
and press the ENT key. When NONE is selected here, no data is output for the selected port, record
number, or output heading. When other type is selected, then Already/New blinks on line 4.
Press the upper and lower arrow keys to select the type of format, and press the ENT key. When
Already is selected here, then go to Selecting a ready-made format. When New is selected, then
go to Creating a new format.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-36

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

Selecting a ready-made format


The display shows the current settings (as
shown in the figure on the right) and the current
ready-made format blinks.
Press the upper and lower arrow keys to select a
format. The selectable ready-made formats depend
on the data type. See the table on page 7-34.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4

P=1 R=1 GYRO

126.0

T = 01000 ms

$HCHDG

After selecting a ready-made format, press the


ENT key. The format stops blinking and the ten
thousands digit of current communication period blinks.
Press the right and left arrow keys to change the blinking digit (ten thousands, thousands, or hundreds), and press the upper and lower arrow keys to change the numeric value.
After entering the communication period, press the ENT key. All the digits blink for confirmation.
Press the ENT key again. The output port, record number, and output heading finally change to
the selected settings.

Creating a new format


The display shows the current settings (as
shown in the figure on the right) and the second
leftmost character of the header blinks.
Press the right and left arrow keys to change
the blinking character (except for $), and press
the upper and lower arrow keys to change the
letter (A to Z, cyclic).
After entering the header, press the ENT key.
All the characters blink for confirmation.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4

P=1 R=1 EXT

126.0

T = 01000 ms

$HEXXX

Dat Num = 02

Press the ENT key again. The header stops blinking and the ten thousands digit of current communication period blinks.
Press the right and left arrow keys to change the blinking digit, and press the upper and lower arrow
keys to change the numeric value.
After entering the communication period, press the ENT key. All the digits blink for confirmation.
Press the ENT key again. The communication period stops blinking and the tens digit of the number
of data items (Dat Num) blinks.
Press the right and left arrow keys to change the blinking digit, and press the upper and lower arrow
keys to change the numeric value.
After entering the number of data items, press the ENT key. All the digits blink for confirmation.
Press the ENT key again. The display shows the current settings for the selected data type.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-37

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


Example of creating an HDG format
The figure on the right shows an example of
selecting HDG for the data type.
The tens digit of the starting position (Str Pos)
blinks. Press the right and left arrow keys to
change the blinking digit, and press the upper and
lower arrow keys to change the numeric value.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4

P=1 R=1 EXT

126.0

Ck Sum = ON

After entering the starting position, press the


ENT key. All the digits blink for confirmation.

Str Pos = 01
True

Press the ENT key again. The starting position


stops blinking and the designation for use of the check sum (Ck Sum) blinks. Press the upper and
lower arrow keys to select on/off.
After selecting the check sum, press the ENT key. The check sum stops blinking and the True/Magnetic blinks.
Press the upper and lower arrow keys to select True, Magnetic, or None, and press the ENT key.
The new format (heading) for the selected output port, record number, and output heading is finally confirmed.

Example of creating an ROT format


The upper figure on the right shows an example
of selecting ROT for the data type.
The tens digit of the starting position (Str Pos)
blinks. Press the right and left arrow keys to
change the blinking digit, and press the upper and
lower arrow keys to change the numeric value.
After entering the starting position, press the
ENT key. All the digits blink for confirmation.
Press the ENT key again. The starting position
stops blinking and the designation for use of the
check sum blinks. Press the upper and lower
arrow keys to select on/off.
After selecting the check sum, press the ENT key.
The check sum stops blinking and the unit blinks.
Press the upper and lower arrow keys to select a
unit (degrees/min or degrees/sec), and press the
ENT key. The designation for use of the A/V status
blinks as shown in the lower figure on the right.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4

P=2 R=1 EXT

126.0

Ck Sum = ON

>123.4
126.0

Str Pos = 02
/min

P=2 R=1 GYRO


A/V = ON

Press the upper and lower arrow keys to select on/off, and press the ENT key. The new format (rate of
turn) for the selected output port, record number, and output heading is finally confirmed.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-38

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


Example of creating a HDG/ROT format
The upper figure on the right is an example of
selecting HDG/ROT for the data type. The display shows the current settings of starting positions of the heading (HDG Pos) and the rate of
turn (ROT Pos), and the designation for use of
the check sum. Set all the items as in the case
of the HDG and ROT.
After selecting the check sum, the display changes as shown in the lower figure on the right. Set
all the items likewise. When all of the settings are
completed, the new format (heading/rate of turn)
for the selected output port, record number, and
output heading is finally confirmed.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

>123.4

P=3 R=1 EXT

126.0

ROT Pos = 03

>123.4
126.0

HDG Pos = 01
Ck Sum = ON

P=3 R=1 EXT


True

/min

A/V = ON

7-39

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

7.9.5

Setting Communication Protocol for Serial Input Ports

The gyrocompass system has three serial input


ports and a different communication protocol
can be set for each.
Selecting 44 In Port from the Generat. MENU
and pressing the ENT key switches to the display for selecting a port number (as shown in
the figure on the right).

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4

P=1 4800 bps

126.0

Parity NONE

Press the ENT key again. The port number


1 blinks.

Data bit 7
Stop bit 1

Press the upper and lower arrow keys to change the port number (1 to 3). The current settings of
communication protocol for the port are displayed.
After selecting the port, press the ENT key. The port number stops blinking and the baud rate blinks.
Press the upper and lower arrow keys to change the baud rate (2400, 4800, or 9600).
After selecting the baud rate, press the ENT key. The baud rate stops blinking and the data length blinks.
Press the upper and lower arrow keys to change the data length (7 or 8 bits).
After selecting the data length, press the ENT key. The data length stops blinking and the parity blinks.
Press the upper and lower arrow keys to change the parity (None, odd, or even).
After selecting the parity, press the ENT key. The parity stops blinking and the stop bit blinks.
Press the upper and lower arrow keys to change the stop bit (1 or 2 bits).
After selecting the stop bit, press the ENT key. The port number blinks for confirmation.
Press the ENT key once more. The port number stops blinking and the communication protocol
settings finally change to the values you set.

7.9.6

Setting Communication Formats for Serial Input Ports

Each of ships speed (one input), latitude (one input), and heading (three inputs) can be freely assigned to three ports.
There are two types of format settings: ready-made formats (see the table below) and new formats
(according to the basic format below).
Data

Ready-made Format

Ships speed (SPD)

$VMVSD
$VDVBW ,$VMVBW
$GPVHW , $VDVHW
$GPVTG , $VDVTG

Latitude (POS)

$GPGLL
$GPGGA

Heading (HDG)

$HCHRC, $HEHRC
$HCHDM ,$HCHDG
$GPVTG ,$GPVHW
$GPHDT

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-40

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>

Setting new format


Without check sum
$

(1)

(2)

CR

(3)

LF
(5)

With check sum


$

(1)

(2)

,
(3)

SUM1 SUM2 CR
(4)

LF
(5)

(1) Header

: $ (fixed)

(2) Identification

: Set five uppercase letters.

(3) Data

: Set how many commas (,) the ships speed, latitude, and heading come
after (starting positions). Thus, each data must follow a comma, and the
number and the order of data items must never be changed. Data must
be represented as follows:

Ships speed

a.a

In units of Kt or Km/h.
The decimal point and decimals may either be displayed
or not. Variable length.

Latitude

aabb.cc, d aa represents degrees and bb.cc minutes. The aabb


part is fixed to 4 digits.

For d, either N (north latitude) or S (south latitude) is


displayed.

Heading

a.a

In units of degrees.


(4) Check sum

The decimal point and decimals may either be displayed


or not. Variable length.

: Select with or without.


The check sum is obtained by performing the Exclusive OR operation on
the bits between $ and * exclusive, dividing it into the upper and lower
four bits, and converting each group into ASCII code characters SUM1
and SUM2.

(5) Terminator

: CR LF (fixed).

Transmission period

IM80B10M-10E

Can be set to 0 to 20000 ms in 100-ms increments. If the normal data transfer stops for a
period ten times the communication period setting, the gyrocompass system issues an alarm
for a communication port failure (time-out). If the communication period is set to zero, it does
not monitor the time-out.

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-41

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


The following describes how to set the communication formats for serial input ports.
Selecting 45 In Form from the Generat. MENU
and pressing the ENT key switches to the display
showing the current settings for the communication formats for serial output ports. The figure on
the right is an example of setting the ships speed
to port 3, the ships position (latitude) to port 2,
and the heading to ports 1 and 2.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

SPD Port = 3
POS Port = 2
HDG P1,P2

Press the ENT key, then the ships speed input


port (SPD) blinks.
Press the upper and lower arrow keys to select the port (1 to 3, P, or -). Select P for the ships
speed pulse input and - if there is no input for the ships speed. After selecting the port, press the
ENT key. The ships speed input port stops blinking and the ships position input port (POS)
blinks.
Press the upper and lower arrow keys to select the port (1 to 3, or -). Choose - if there is no input
for the ships position. After selecting the port, press the ENT key. The ships position input port
stops blinking and SPD blinks.
Press the upper and lower arrow keys to change the blinking item and select the data type (SPD,
POS, or HDG).
When selecting SPD (for the input ports 1 to 3 only) and pressing the ENT key, then go to Creating a ships speed format.
When selecting POS (for the input ports 1 to 3 only) and pressing the ENT key, then go to Creating a ships position format.
When selecting HDG and pressing the ENT key, then go to Setting serial input ports for heading.

Creating a ships speed format


The figure on the right shows an example of
selecting SPD for the data type.
Already/New blinks. Press the upper and lower
arrow keys to select the type of format, and
press the ENT key.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

SPD Port = 3
Already
$VMVSD

When Already is selected here, the current


ready-made format blinks on line 3. Press the
upper and lower arrow keys to select a ready-made format and press the ENT key. The selected
format is finally confirmed.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-42

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


When New is selected, the display changes as
shown in the upper figure on the right.
The second leftmost character of the header
blinks. Press the right and left arrow keys to
change the blinking character (except for $),
and press the upper and lower arrow keys to
change the letter (A to Z, cyclic).

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4

SPD Port = 3

126.0

Str Pos = 01

After entering the header, press the ENT key.


All the characters blink for confirmation.
Press the ENT key again. The header stops
blinking and the tens digit of the starting position
(Str Pos) blinks. Press the right and left arrow
keys to change the blinking digit, and press the
upper and lower arrow keys to change the numeric value.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

$VMXXX

Ck Sum = ON

SPD Port = 3
T = 01000 ms
KNOT

After entering the starting position, press the


ENT key. All the digits blink for confirmation.
Press the ENT key again. The starting position stops blinking and the designation for use of the
check sum (Ck Sum) blinks. Press the upper and lower arrow keys to select on/off.
After selecting the check sum, press the ENT key. The display changes as shown in the lower
figure on the right.
The ten thousands digit of current communication period blinks. Press the right and left arrow keys
to change the blinking digit (ten thousands, thousands, or hundreds), and press the upper and
lower arrow keys to change the numeric value.
After entering the communication period, press the ENT key. All the digits blink for confirmation.
Press the ENT key again. The blinking stops and the unit blinks.
Press the upper and lower arrow keys to select a unit (KNOT or Km/h), and press the ENT key.
The new format of ships speed is finally confirmed.

Creating a ships position format


The figure on the right shows an example of
selecting POS for the data type.
Already/New blinks. Press the upper and lower
arrow keys to select the type of format, and
press the ENT key.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

POS Port = 2
Already
$GPGLL

When Already is selected here, the current


ready-made format blinks on line 3. Press the
upper and lower arrow keys to select a ready-made format and press the ENT key. The selected
format is finally confirmed.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-43

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


When New is selected, the display changes as
shown in the upper figure on the right.
The second leftmost character of the header
blinks. Press the right and left arrow keys to
change the blinking character (except for $),
and press the upper and lower arrow keys to
change the letter (A to Z, cyclic).

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4

POS Port = 2

126.0

Str Pos = 01

After entering the header, press the ENT key.


All the characters blink for confirmation.
Press the ENT key again. The header stops
blinking and the tens digit of the starting position
(Str Pos) blinks. Press the right and left arrow
keys to change the blinking digit, and press the
upper and lower arrow keys to change the numeric value.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

$VMXXX

Ck Sum = ON

POS Port = 2
T = 01000 ms

After entering the starting position, press the


ENT key. All the digits blink for confirmation.
Press the ENT key again. The starting position stops blinking and the designation for use of the
check sum (Ck Sum) blinks. Press the upper and lower arrow keys to select on/off.
After selecting the check sum, press the ENT key. The display changes as shown in the lower
figure on the right.
The ten thousands digit of current communication period blinks. Press the right and left arrow keys
to change the blinking digit (ten thousands, thousands, or hundreds), and press the upper and
lower arrow keys to change the numeric value.
After entering the communication period, press the ENT key. All the digits blink for confirmation.
Press the ENT key again. The new format of ships position is finally confirmed.

Setting serial input ports for heading


The upper figure on the right shows an example
of selecting HDG for the data type.
The display shows whether the heading is input
to the serial ports 1 to 3. Either SET (yes) or
NONE (no) is displayed.
The heading input status for port 1 blinks. Press
the upper and lower arrow keys to select SET
or NONE.
After selecting the heading input status for port 1,
press the ENT key. The setting is finally confirmed.
Set the heading input status for ports 2 and 3
likewise.
When all the ports are set for the heading input
status, the display shows Port = 1 and the
number blinks.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4
126.0

>123.4
126.0

HDG

Port-1 SET
Port-2 SET

Port-3 NONE

HDG Port = 1
Already
$HCHRC

Press the upper and lower arrow keys to select


an input port (1 to 3) and press the ENT key. The
display changes as shown in the lower figure on the right.
Already/New blinks. Press the upper and lower arrow keys to select the type of format, and press
the ENT key.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-44

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


When Already is selected here, the current
ready-made format blinks on line 3. Press the
upper and lower arrow keys to select a readymade format and press the ENT key. The selected format is finally confirmed.
When New is selected, the display changes as
shown in the upper figure on the right.
The second leftmost character of the header
blinks. Press the right and left arrow keys to
change the blinking character (except for $),
and press the upper and lower arrow keys to
change the letter (A to Z, cyclic).
After entering the header, press the ENT key.
All the characters blink for confirmation.
Press the ENT key again. The header stops
blinking and the tens digit of the starting position
(Str Pos) blinks. Press the right and left arrow
keys to change the blinking digit, and press the
upper and lower arrow keys to change the numeric value.

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

GYRO 1
GYRO 2
EXT

>123.4

HDG Port = 2

126.0

Str Pos = 01

>123.4
126.0

$HCXXX

Ck Sum = ON

HDG Port = 2
T = 01000 ms

After entering the starting position, press the ENT key. All the digits blink for confirmation.
Press the ENT key again. The starting position stops blinking and the designation for use of the
check sum (Ck Sum) blinks. Press the upper and lower arrow keys to select on/off.
After selecting the check sum, press the ENT key. The display changes as shown in the lower
figure on the right.
The ten thousands digit of current communication period blinks. Press the right and left arrow keys
to change the blinking digit (ten thousands, thousands, or hundreds), and press the upper and
lower arrow keys to change the numeric value.
After entering the communication period, press the ENT key. All the digits blink for confirmation.
Press the ENT key again. The new format of heading is finally confirmed.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-45

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


Operation Flow Sheet of Generation Function (1/9)
Accessing Generation Mode
Menu Display
of
Generation
Mode

Generat MENU
40

Menu Display,
in case generation
mode has been
inhibited.

Generat MENU
40
41 Stepper
42 Out Port

Setting the Follow-up Speed


for Stepper Signal
Generat MENU
40 Password
41
42 Out Port

ENT
ENT
Please input
generation
password.
00000

24 /s
0140 /s/s
Gyro = G1
Stepper

ENT
ENT
Please input
generation
password.
0000

Enter password with arrow keys. (*****)

24 /s
0140 /s/s
Gyro =
Stepper

4 /s
0140 /s/s
Gyro = G1
Stepper

ENT
Please input
generation
password.

Enter maximum speed.

ENT

ENT
Generation
command is
available.

COMMAND

Normal
mode

SPD.MANUAL
00[kt]
LAT.MANUAL
N 00[]

0140 /s/s
Gyro = G1
Stepper

ENT
26 /s
140 /s/s
Gyro = G1
Stepper

Enter maximum acceleration.

ENT
26 /s

To go to Normal Display press


COMMAND key from any screen.

Gyro = G1
Stepper

ENT

COMMAND

Normal
mode

SPD.MANUAL
00[kt]
LAT.MANUAL
N 00[]

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-46

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


Operation Flow Sheet of Generation Function (2/9)
Setting Communication
Protocol of Output Port
Generat MENU
40 Password
41 Stepper
42

ENT
P=1 4800 bps
Data bit 8
Parity NONE
Stop bit 2

ENT
For output port 1
Select port
for setting

For output port 2

For output port 3

P= 4800 bps
Data bit 8
Parity NONE
Stop bit 2

P= 4800 bps
Data bit 8
Parity NONE
Stop bit 2

Following shows setting


for output port 4.

P= 4800 bps
Data bit 8
Parity NONE
Stop bit 1

ENT

P=4
bps
Data bit 8
Parity NONE
Stop bit 2

Select
baud rate

P= 4800 bps
Data bit 8
Parity NONE
Stop bit 2

P=4
bps
Data bit 8
Parity NONE
Stop bit 2

P=4
bps
Data bit 8
Parity NONE
Stop bit 2

ENT

Select
data bit length

P=4 9600 bps


Data bit
Parity NONE
Stop bit 2

P=4 9600 bps


Data bit
Parity NONE
Stop bit 2

ENT

P=4 9600 bps


Data bit 7
Parity
Stop bit 2

Select
parity bit

P=4 9600 bps


Data bit 7
Parity
Stop bit 2

P=4 9600 bps


Data bit 7
Parity
Stop bit 2

ENT

Select
stop bit length

P=4 9600 bps


Data bit 7
Parity NONE
Stop bit

To go to Normal Display press


COMMAND key from any screen.
COMMAND

Normal SPD.MANUAL
00[kt]
mode
LAT.MANUAL
N 00[]

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

P=4 9600 bps


Data bit 7
Parity NONE
Stop bit

ENT
9600 bps
Data bit 7
Parity NONE
Stop bit 2

For output port 4

7-47

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


Operation Flow Sheet of Generation Function (3/9)
Setting Format of Output Port
Generat MENU
43
44 In Port
45 In Form.

ENT
Port=1 Rec=1
GYRO

1
ENT
For output port 1

For output port 2

For output port 3

For output port 4

Port= Rec=1
GYRO

Port= Rec=1
GYRO

Port= Rec=1
GYRO

Port= Rec=1
GYRO

Select
port for setting

ENT

2
P=1 R=1 EXT
$HCHDG
T = 1000 ms

Port=1 Rec=
GYRO

Port=1 Rec=
GYRO

Port=1 Rec=
GYRO

Select
record for setting

ENT
Enter transmission interval.
Port=1 Rec=1

Port=1 Rec=1

ENT

Port=1 Rec=1
EXT

Port=1 Rec=1
EXT

Port=1 Rec=1
EXT

Already

Already

Already

No format

Port=1 Rec=1
EXT
HDG

ENT

For HDG

Port=1 Rec=1
EXT
HDG

ENT For Already

P=1 R=1 EXT


$ CHDG
T = 01000 ms

Select a kind of sentence


(HDG or ROT or HDG/ROT or NON)

Port=1 Rec=1
EXT

ENT

Select method
for setting.
(Already or New)

Select a source of data.


( GYRO or EXT )

ENT For New

P=1 R=1 EXT


$ CHDM
T = 01000 ms

Port=1 Rec=1
EXT
ROT

ENT

Port=1 Rec=1
EXT
ROT

For Already

ENT

For ROT

ENT For New

P=1 R=1 EXT


$ CROT
T = 01000 ms

For HDG/ROT

Port=1 Rec=1
EXT
HDG/ROT

ENT

ENT

Port=1 Rec=1
EXT
HDG/ROT

For Already

ENT For New

P=1 R=1 EXT


$ CHRC
T = 01000 ms

ENT

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-48

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


Operation Flow Sheet of Generation Function (4/9)
In case sentence was HDG
and method was New

In cas sentence was ROT


and method wa New

P=1 R=1 EXT


$ EXXX
T = 01000 ms
Dat Num = 00

P=1 R=1 EXT


$ EXXX
T = 01000 ms
Dat Num = 00

Enter sender ID and data ID


for output data

Enter sender ID and


data ID for output data

P=1 R=1 EXT


$HEAB
T = 01000 ms
Dat Num = 00

P=1 R=1 EXT


$HEAB
T = 01000 ms
Dat Num = 00

ENT

ENT
P=1 R=1 EXT
$HEABC
T = 00500 ms
Dat Num = 0

P=1 R=1 EXT


$HEABC
T = 1000 ms
Dat Num = 00

Enter number of commas in


the data. (This means number
of data field in the sentence.)

Enter transmission Interval.


P=1 R=1 EXT
$HEABC
T = 00 00 ms
Dat Num = 00

Enter transmission Interval.

Enter number of cummas


before the ROT data.
P=1 R=1 EXT
Str Pos = 0
Ck Sum = ON
/min

P=1 R=1 EXT


$HEABC
T = 00500 ms
Dat Num = 00

P=1 R=1 EXT


$HEABC
T = 00500 ms
Dat Num = 0

ENT

P=1 R=1 EXT


Str Pos = 0
Ck Sum = ON
/min

P=1 R=1 EXT


$HEABC
T = 1000 ms
Dat Num = 00

ENT

ENT

P=1 R=1 EXT


$HEABC
T = 00500 ms
Dat Num = 0

P=1 R=1 EXT


Str Pos = 0
Ck Sum = ON
True

Select
check sum.

ENT

P=1 R=1 EXT


Str Pos = 01
Ck Sum =
/min

P=1 R=1 EXT


Str Pos = 01
Ck Sum =
/min

ENT
Enter number of commas
before the heading data.
P=1 R=1 EXT
Str Pos = 0
Ck Sum = ON
True

Select
check sum.

P=1 R=1 EXT


Str Pos = 02
Ck Sum = OFF

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

ENT

Select if status data


is added after the
ROT data or not.

P=1 R=1 EXT


Str Pos = 01
Ck Sum = ON

ENT

P=1 R=1 EXT


A/V =

ENT

P=1 R=1 EXT


Str Pos = 02
Ck Sum = OFF

P=1 R=1 EXT


Str Pos = 01
Ck Sum = ON

P=1 R=1 EXT


A/V =

P=1 R=1 EXT


Str Pos = 02
Ck Sum =
True

IM80B10M-10E

P=1 R=1 EXT


$HEABC
T = 00500 ms
Dat Num = 0

ENT

P=1 R=1 EXT


Str Pos = 02
Ck Sum =
True

Select if kind of the data


(T or M) is added after
the heading data or not.

Enter number of commas in


the data. (This means number
of data field in the sentence.)

Select unit.

P=1 R=1 EXT


Str Pos = 02
Ck Sum = OFF

7-49

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


Operation Flow Sheet of Generation Function (5/9)
In case sentence was HDG/ROT
and method was New

5
P=1 R=1 EXT
$ EXXX
T = 01000 ms
Dat Num = 00

Enter sender ID and


data ID for output data
P=1 R=1 EXT
$HEAB
T = 01000 ms
Dat Num = 00

ENT
P=1 R=1 EXT
$HEABC
T = 1000 ms
Dat Num = 00

P=1 R=1 EXT


HDG Pos = 01
ROT Pos = 0
Ck Sum = ON

Enter transmission Interval.


Enter number of cammas
before ROT data.

P=1 R=1 EXT


$HEABC
T = 00 00 ms
Dat Num = 00

P=1 R=1 EXT


HDG Pos = 01
ROT Pos = 0
Ck Sum = ON

ENT
P=1 R=1 EXT
$HEABC
T = 00500 ms
Dat Num = 0

Select
check sum.

ENT

P=1 R=1 EXT


HDG Pos = 01
ROT Pos = 03
Ck Sum =

Enter number of commas in the


sentence. (This means number
of data field in the sentence.)
P=1 R=1 EXT
$HEABC
T = 00500 ms
Dat Num = 0

Select if kind of the data


(T or M) is added after
the heading data or not.

P=1 R=1 EXT


HDG Pos = 01
ROT Pos = 03
Ck Sum =

ENT

P=1 R=1 EXT

P=1 R=1 EXT

P=1 R=1 EXT

/min
A/V = ON

/min
A/V = ON

/min
A/V = ON

ENT
P=1 R=1 EXT
HDG Pos = 0
ROT Pos = 00
Ck Sum = ON

Enter number of commas


before HDG data.
P=1 R=1 EXT
HDG Pos = 0
ROT Pos = 00
Ck Sum = ON

ENT

Select unit for


ROT data

ENT

P=1 R=1 EXT


Magnetic

P=1 R=1 EXT


Magnetic

A/V = ON

A/V = ON

Select if status data


is added after the
ROT data or not.

ENT

P=1 R=1 EXT


Magnetic

P=1 R=1 EXT


Magnetic

/min
A/V =

/min
A/V =

P=1 R=1 EXT


Magnetic
/min
A/V =

1
IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-50

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


Operation Flow Sheet of Generation Function (6/9)
Setting Communication Protocol of Input Port
Generat MENU
43 Out Form.
44
45 In Form.

ENT
P=1 4800 bps
Data bit 8
Parity NONE
Stop bit 1

ENT
For output
port 1
Select port
for setting

For output
port 2
P= 4800 bps
Data bit 8
Parity NONE
Stop bit 1

P= 4800 bps
Data bit 8
Parity NONE
Stop bit 1

Following shows
setting for Input port 3

Select
baud rate

P=3
bps
Data bit 8
Parity NONE
Stop bit 1

For output
port 3
P= 4800 bps
Data bit 8
Parity NONE
Stop bit 1

ENT

P=3
bps
Data bit 8
Parity NONE
Stop bit 1

P=3
bps
Data bit 8
Parity NONE
Stop bit 1

ENT

Select
data bit length

P=3 9600 bps


Data bit
Parity NONE
Stop bit 1

P=3 9600 bps


Data bit
Parity NONE
Stop bit 1

ENT

Select
parity bit

P=3 9600 bps


Data bit 7
Parity
Stop bit 1

P=3 9600 bps


Data bit 7
Parity
Stop bit 1

P=3 9600 bps


Data bit 7
Parity
Stop bit 1

ENT

Select
stop bit length

P=3 9600 bps


Data bit 7
Parity NONE
Stop bit

P=3 9600 bps


Data bit 7
Parity NONE
Stop bit

P=3 9600 bps


Data bit 7
Parity NONE
Stop bit

ENT

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-51

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


Operation Flow Sheet of Generation Function (7/9)
Setting Format of Input Port
Generat MENU
43 Out Form.
44 In Port
45

ENT
SPD Port = POS Port = HDG

ENT
Select which input port is used for speed data.
SPD Port =
POS Port = HDG

SPD Port =
POS Port = HDG

SPD Port =
POS Port = HDG

SPD Port =
POS Port = HDG

SPD Port =
POS Port = HDG

ENT
Select which input port is used for SPD data.
SPD Port = 3
POS Port =
HDG

SPD Port = 3
POS Port =
HDG

SPD Port = 3
POS Port =
HDG

SPD Port = 3
POS Port =
HDG

6
ENT
Select which input port is used for POS data.
Port = 3
POS Port = 2
HDG

ENT

SPD Port = 3
Port = 2
HDG

ENT

For SPD

SPD Port = 3
POS Port = 2

For POS

SPD Port = 3

SPD Port = 3

POS Port = 2

SPD Port = 2

$VMVSD

$HEXXX

$GPGLL

$HEXXX

ENT

Select method
for setting.

ENT

ENT

Select method
for setting.

ENT

HDG
Port-1
Port-2 NONE
Port-3 NONE

ENT

For HDG

HDG
Port-1
Port-2 NONE
Port-3 NONE

ENT

Select sentence.
POS Port = 2
Already

HDG
Port-1 SET
Port-2
Port-3 NONE

POS Port = 2
Already

HDG
Port-1 SET
Port-2
Port-3 NONE

ENT

HDG
Port-1 SET
Port-2 SET
Port-3

HDG
Port-1 SET
Port-2 SET
Port-3

ENT

10

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

7-52

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


Operation Flow Sheet of Generation Function (8/9)
Setting format of SPD data in Current

7
Select Sentence
SPD Port = 3
Already

SPD Port = 3
Already

SPD Port = 3
Already

SPD Port = 3
Already

SPD Port = 3
Already

SPD Port = 3
Already

SPD Port = 3
Already

ENT

ENT

ENT

ENT

ENT

ENT

ENT

SPD Port = 3
Already
$VMVSD

SPD Port = 3
Already
$VDVBW

SPD Port = 3
Already
$VMVBW

SPD Port = 3
Already
$GPVHW

SPD Port = 3
Already
$VDVHW

SPD Port = 3
Already
$GPVTG

SPD Port = 3
Already
$VDVTG

Setting format of SPD data in New

Setting format of POS data in New

SPD Port = 3
$ EXXX
Str Pos = 00
Ck Sum = ON

Select check sum


SPD Port = 3
$VMABC
Str Pos = 01
Ck Sum =

SPD Port = 3
$VMABC
Str Pos = 01
Ck Sum =

ENT

Enter sender ID and data


ID for input data

Enter sender ID and data


ID for input data

SPD Port = 3
T = 0100 ms
knot

SPD Port = 3
$VMAB
Str Pos = 00
Ck Sum = ON

POS Port = 2
$ EXXX
Str Pos = 00
Ck Sum = ON

POS Port = 2
$GPAB
Str Pos = 00
Ck Sum = ON

ENT
Enter transmission Interval.
SPD Port = 3
T = 10 00 ms
knot

POS Port = 2
$GPABC
Str Pos = 0
Ck Sum = ON

Enter number of commas


before the POS data.

Select unit.
SPD Port = 3
T = 10000 ms

ENT

IM80B10M-10E

ENT
POS Port = 2
T = 0100 ms

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

SPD Port = 3
T = 10000 ms

Enter transmission Interval.


POS Port = 2
T = 10 00 ms

ENT

SPD Port = 3
$VMABC
Str Pos = 0
Ck Sum = ON

POS Port = 2
$GPABC
Str Pos = 03
Ck Sum =

POS Port = 2
$GPABC
Str Pos = 03
Ck Sum =

ENT

SPD Port = 3
$VMABC
Str Pos = 0
Ck Sum = ON

Enter number of commas


before the SPD data.

Select check sum

POS Port = 2
$GPABC
Str Pos = 0
Ck Sum = ON

ENT

7-53

<.OPERATION OF THE C. OPERATION UNIT>


Operation Flow Sheet of Generation Function (9/9)
Setting format of HDG data

10

Select which port is


used for HDG data.

HDG Port =
Port-1 SET
Port-2 SET
Port-3 SET

HDG Port =
Port-1 SET
Port-2 SET
Port-3 SET

HDG Port =
Port-1 SET
Port-2 SET
Port-3 SET

ENT

Select method
for setting.

HDG Port = 1

HDG Port = 1

$HEHRC

$HEXXX

ENT

HDG Port = 1
$HCABC
Str Pos = 0
Ck Sum = ON

ENT

ENT
Select check sum.

HDG Port = 1
$ EXXX
Str Pos = 00
Ck Sum = ON

HDG Port = 1
$HCABC
Str Pos = 02
Ck Sum =

Enter sender ID and data


ID for input data

HDG Port = 1
$HCABC
Str Pos = 02
Ck Sum =

ENT
HDG Port = 1
T = 0100 ms

HDG Port = 1
$HCAB
Str Pos = 00
Ck Sum = ON

ENT
Enter transmission interval.
HDG Port = 1
$HCABC
Str Pos = 0
Ck Sum = ON

HDG Port = 1
T = 01 00 ms

6
Enter number of commas
before SPD data.

Select sentence.
HDG Port = 1
Already

HDG Port = 1
Already

HDG Port = 1
Already

HDG Port = 1
Already

HDG Port = 1
Already

HDG Port = 1
Already

HDG Port = 1
Already

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

Blank Page

<Appendix>

A-1

Appendix-1 Description of Speed Error and


Speed Error Table
1

Speed Error

The speed error is an error generated when a ship in which a gyrocompass is installed sails a course
other than east or west. Its value is determined depending on the ships speed, course, and latitude.
(It is not related to the kind or type of gyrocompass.)
The north-seeking tendency of a gyrocompass is based on the earths rotation. When a ship sails,
the resultant motion of the ships motion and the earths rotation acts on the north-seeking tendency of the gyro. If the course of the ship deviates towards the north or south, the direction of the
resultant motion deviates north or south and thus an error occurs because the north-seeking force
of the gyro acts perpendicular to this resultant motion. That is, the speed error is the angle of the
difference between this resultant motion and the east-west direction.

Determining Speed Error

: Latitude

K: Speed of the earths rotation at the equator

cos

(About 900 kt)


V: Ships speed (kt)
: Gyrocompass course
: Speed error

In the figure above, AC = V cos = K cos sin


Since is a small value,

sin = (radian) = 1 / 57.3 (unit: degree)

From these equations, = 57.3 V cos / 900 cos


If we assume, for example, that the ship is at the equator ( = 0), the gyrocompass course is N (
= 0), and the ships speed is 30 kt, then

= 57.3 30 / 900 = 1.91 degrees = 1 54

When the value of is between 270 to 90 , the compass indication increases. Therefore, the
ships true course is as shown below.

0 - 1 54 = 358 6

As seen above, if the compass course deviates towards the north, the true course can be obtained
by subtracting the speed error from the compass course, and if the course deviates towards the
south, the true course is obtained by adding the speed error to the compass course.
Next we will describe how to determine the speed error depending on ships speed, course and
latitude, using the following two procedures. The true course can be determined by referring to the
following table and chart.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

A-2

<Appendix>

(1) Determining the speed error using the speed error calibration table (Table-1)
Refer to the speed error calibration table (Table-1) to determine the correction value and then correct the course either by subtracting the correction value if the course has deviated towards the
north or by adding the correction value if the course has deviated towards the south. For example,
assume that the ship is sailing near the latitude of 40 and the course is read at 30 and the speed
at 16 knots (kt). The correction value under these conditions is shown as 1.1 in the table. Since
the ship is sailing north, the true course of the ship is 30 - 1.1 = 28.9 . Similarly, assume that
the ship is sailing near the latitude of 40 and the course is read at 150 and the speed at 16 knots.
In this case, the ship is sailing south, and so the true course is 150 + 1.1 = 151.1 .

(2) Determining the speed error using the speed error calibration chart (Chart-1)
Locate the ships speed V on the horizontal axis.
Draw a vertical straight line from the position of the ships speed and determine the intersection
with the line of gyrocompass course angle where the angle is the deviation towards the
north if the ship is sailing north and towards the south if the ship is sailing south.
Next, draw a straight line that crosses that intersection and is parallel to the horizontal axis,
and determine the intersection with the line of current latitude of the ship.
The speed error can now be read from this second intersection. The speed error thus obtained must
be read as a negative value if the ship is sailing north and positive if the ship is sailing south.

Example:
Assume that the ship is sailing at a speed of 12 knots at the point of north latitude of 40 and the
gyrocompass course reads 320 .
The course of 320 indicates that the course deviates by 40 from the north towards the west.
Draw a vertical straight line from point (a), at 12 knots on the horizontal axis, and determine the
intersection with the line of = 40 , (b). Draw a horizontal straight line that crosses point (b) and
determine another intersection with the line of = 40 , (c). The speed error can now be read from
this second intersection (c), which is 0.77. This gives the true course of the ship as 319.23 .

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

A-3

<Appendix>

Table-1 Speed Error Calibration Table


Determine the true heading by correcting the compass course using this table.
Latitude

Course(degrees)

Speed (kt)

Northward

Southward

12

16

20

24

28

32

36

40

0
15
30
45
60
75
90

360
345
330
315
300
285
270

180
165
150
135
120
105
90

180
195
210
225
240
255
270

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.0

0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.0

0.8
0.8
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.2
0.0

1.0
1.0
0.9
0.7
0.5
0.3
0.0

1.3
1.3
1.1
0.9
0.7
0.4
0.0

1.5
1.4
1.3
1.1
0.8
0.4
0.0

1.7
1.7
1.5
1.2
0.9
0.5
0.0

2.1
2.0
1.8
1.4
1.0
0.5
0.0

2.3
2.2
2.0
1.6
1.2
0.6
0.0

2.6
2.5
2.3
1.8
1.3
0.6
0.0

30

0
15
30
45
60
75
90

360
345
330
315
300
285
270

180
165
150
135
120
105
90

180
195
210
225
240
255
270

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.0

0.6
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.0

0.9
0.9
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.3
0.0

1.2
1.1
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.3
0.0

1.5
1.4
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.4
0.0

1.7
1.6
1.5
1.2
0.9
0.4
0.0

2.0
2.0
1.8
1.4
1.0
0.5
0.0

2.3
2.3
2.0
1.6
1.2
0.6
0.0

2.6
2.5
2.3
1.8
1.3
0.7
0.0

3.0
2.3
2.5
2.2
1.5
0.7
0.0

40

0
15
30
45
60
75
90

360
345
330
315
300
285
270

180
165
150
135
120
105
90

180
195
210
225
240
255
270

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.0

0.7
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.0

1.0
1.0
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.3
0.0

1.3
1.2
1.1
0.9
0.7
0.3
0.0

1.7
1.5
1.4
1.2
0.9
0.4
0.0

2.0
1.9
1.7
1.4
1.0
0.5
0.0

2.3
2.2
2.0
1.6
1.2
0.6
0.0

2.6
2.5
2.3
1.8
1.3
0.7
0.0

3.0
2.8
2.6
2.2
1.5
0.7
0.0

3.3
3.2
2.8
2.3
1.8
0.8
0.0

45

0
15
30
45
60
75
90

360
345
330
315
300
285
270

180
165
150
135
120
105
90

180
195
210
225
240
255
270

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.0

0.7
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.2
0.0

1.1
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.5
0.3
0.0

1.4
1.4
1.2
1.0
0.7
0.4
0.0

1.8
1.7
1.6
1.2
0.9
0.5
0.0

2.2
2.1
1.9
1.5
1.1
0.6
0.0

2.5
2.4
2.1
1.7
1.2
0.6
0.0

2.8
2.8
2.5
2.0
1.5
0.7
0.0

3.2
3.2
2.8
2.3
1.6
0.8
0.0

3.6
3.5
3.2
2.5
1.8
0.9
0.0

50

0
15
30
45
60
75
90

360
345
330
315
300
285
270

180
165
150
135
120
105
90

180
195
210
225
240
255
270

0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.0

0.8
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0

1.2
1.1
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.3
0.0

1.6
1.5
1.3
1.1
0.8
0.4
0.0

2.0
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.0
0.5
0.0

2.4
2.2
2.0
1.7
1.2
0.6
0.0

2.8
2.6
2.3
2.0
1.4
0.7
0.0

3.2
3.0
2.6
2.3
1.6
0.8
0.0

3.6
3.5
3.0
2.5
1.8
0.9
0.0

4.0
3.8
3.4
2.8
2.0
1.0
0.0

55

0
15
30
45
60
75
90

360
345
330
315
300
285
270

180
165
150
135
120
105
90

180
195
210
225
240
255
270

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.0

0.9
0.9
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0

1.3
1.3
1.1
0.9
0.7
0.3
0.0

1.8
1.7
1.5
1.3
0.9
0.5
0.0

2.2
2.1
1.9
1.6
1.1
0.6
0.0

2.7
2.6
2.3
1.9
1.3
0.7
0.0

3.2
3.0
2.7
2.3
1.5
0.8
0.0

3.5
3.4
3.2
2.5
1.7
0.9
0.0

4.0
3.8
3.5
2.8
2.0
1.0
0.0

4.4
4.3
3.8
3.1
2.2
1.2
0.0

60

0
15
30
45
60
75
90

360
345
330
315
300
285
270

180
165
150
135
120
105
90

180
195
210
225
240
255
270

0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.0

1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.5
0.3
0.0

1.5
1.4
1.3
1.1
0.8
0.4
0.0

2.0
1.9
1.7
1.4
1.0
0.6
0.0

2.5
2.4
2.1
1.8
1.3
0.7
0.0

3.1
2.9
2.6
2.2
1.5
0.8
0.0

3.6
3.5
3.0
2.5
1.8
1.0
0.0

4.2
4.0
3.5
2.8
2.0
1.1
0.0

4.6
4.5
4.0
3.2
2.3
1.2
0.0

5.0
4.8
4.3
3.5
2.5
1.3
0.0

65

0
15
30
45
60
75
90

360
345
330
315
300
285
270

180
165
150
135
120
105
90

180
195
210
225
240
255
270

0.6
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.0

1.2
1.2
1.0
0.9
0.6
0.3
0.0

1.8
1.7
1.6
1.3
0.9
0.5
0.0

2.4
2.3
2.1
1.7
1.2
0.6
0.0

3.0
2.9
2.6
2.1
1.5
0.8
0.0

3.6
3.5
3.1
2.6
1.8
0.9
0.0

4.2
4.1
3.6
3.0
2.2
1.1
0.0

4.8
4.6
4.2
3.4
2.4
1.3
0.0

5.5
5.2
4.6
3.8
2.7
1.4
0.0

6.1
5.8
5.2
4.3
3.0
1.5
0.0

70

0
15
30
45
60
75
90

360
345
330
315
300
285
270

180
165
150
135
120
105
90

180
195
210
225
240
255
270

0.7
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.2
0.0

1.5
1.5
1.3
1.1
0.7
0.4
0.0

2.2
2.2
1.9
1.6
1.1
0.6
0.0

3.0
2.9
2.6
2.2
1.5
0.8
0.0

3.7
3.6
3.2
2.7
1.9
1.0
0.0

4.5
4.3
3.9
3.2
2.2
1.2
0.0

5.2
5.0
4.5
3.7
2.6
1.3
0.0

6.0
5.8
5.2
4.2
3.0
1.5
0.0

6.8
6.5
5.8
4.6
3.3
1.6
0.0

7.5
7.2
6.5
5.2
3.6
1.9
0.0

0
~
20

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00


















































































































FA0401












52''&
MV


































A-4
<Appendix>

Chart-1 Speed Error Calibration Chart

A-5

<Appendix>

Appendix-2 Principle of Gyrocompass


1

Gyro

The gyro is supported in a freely rotating manner around its longitudinal axis and transverse axis
by supports and the center of gravity of the gyro and its supports is positioned at the intersection of
both spinning axes, and the gyro is turned at a high speed (Figure 1). The direction of the gyro axes
does not change even if the stand of the gyro is tilted or rotated. This is because the magnitude
and direction of inertia of rotation (angular momentum) are maintained provided that neither friction
nor external forces affect the rotating action. This is a characteristic of a gyro.

B
A
B

Figure 1

Figure 2

Hanging a weight from tip (A) of the spinning axis of the gyro (Figure 2), slightly lowers side (A) and
this affects the spin of the gyro. The weight causes the gyro to spin around the BB axis, which
creates a torque around the transverse axis. This causes the gyro to spin in the direction of the
arrow, which generates a torque around the BB axis that supports the gravitational force of the
weight. This phenomenon is called precession and is another typical characteristic of a gyro. Provided there is no friction at each axis, the gyro angular momentum (moment of inertia rotating
speed), applied torque, and resulting precession speed have the following relations:
(1) Quantitative: Angular momentum precession speed = torque
(2) Direction: Vectors are shown in Figure 3.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

A-6

<Appendix>

North-seeking Tendency of Gyrocompass

Suppose that a weight is hanging under the supports as shown in Figure 3 such that the center of
gravity for the entire gyro system, supports and weight is positioned directly under the intersection
of two axes. If friction on both longitudinal and transverse supports is negligible at this time, the end
of the longitudinal axis A oscillates up and down and right and left in an elliptical orbit due to the
gravitational force and spinning action of the earth.
The spin of the ellipse orientates around north. By attaching an adequate damping device, the
amplitude of oscillation gradually decreases and the longitudinal axis stabilizes in the northern
orientation. This is the gyrocompass. This north-seeking tendency is further detailed below.
Figure 4 shows the earths spin. The components of the angular velocity of the spin, , at point p
on latitude can be expressed as:
sin (spinning motion around the vertical axis)
cos (tilting motion along the horizontal meridian)
Angular velocity of spin of earth
cos

Precession speed
A

Torque

sin

B
Weight

Angular momentum

Figure 3

Equator

If the gyro shown in Figure 3 is placed on point p with


A facing east and B facing west and with the A-B axis
horizontal (Figure 5), the orientation of the gyro remains the same. However, since the inclination at this
point on the earth remains the same as time elapses,
the end-point A of the A-B axis rises and the end-point
B goes down relative to the horizontal plane. Then,
precession is carried out as the weight generates a
torque to return the A-B axis to the horizontal position.
When end-point A arrives at the meridian with the gyro
tilted, the tilt is at its maximum and end-point A continues to turn towards the west. When end-point A enters
on the west side of the meridian, the inclination starts
acting so as to lower A. The torque caused by the
weight gradually decreases and precession stops
when end-point A reaches the west end. Then, likewise, end-point A goes down and begins pointing towards north. In such a manner, the orientation of the
gyro spins around with north at its center in an elliptical
motion as shown in Figure 6.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

Figure 4


Up
West

North

sin
B

cos
A

South

East

Down
Figure 5
Up

West

North
Horizon
Down
Figure 6

East

<Appendix>

A-7

In a gyrocompass, this elliptical motion of the gyro is reduced and the orientation of the gyro stops
at north. When the gyro axis is aligned with the meridian, end-point A stabilizes along the horizontal plane; however, when end-point A deviates either to the east or to the west, it lowers or rises
away from the horizontal plane and starts moving towards north due to precession.
When the gyro axis is stable in a northern orientation, the precession force offsets the component,
cos (spinning motion), of the earths spin.
The above describes the north-seeking principle. However, in reality, a gyro experiences rolling
and pitching and other undesired influences. A single gyro cannot offset all these influences, and
hence two gyros are linked together by a special mechanism to actively prevent rolling and pitching
errors. This is performed by causing precession in each gyro as soon as the gyros are affected by
an external force and thus canceling the external force just as with the aforementioned occurrence
of a force offsetting the gravitational force of a weight. In this case, the resultant angular momentum
of two gyros and the north-seeking tendency remain unchanged. Since the north-seeking force of
a gyro is very small, the design of the gyro must be such that the frictions in the longitudinal and
transverse axes are comparatively negligible, so as not to affect the north-seeking tendency.

3
3.1

Gyrocompass Errors
Speed Error
Refer to Appendix-1, Description of Speed Error and Speed Error Table.

3.2

Acceleration Error
If there is a change in ships speed or course, a torque occurs on the gyrosphere because the
center of gravity of the gyrosphere falls below the center of buoyancy. This causes an error in the
north-seeking reading of the gyrosphere. This error varies with the position of the center of gravity
while the speed error also varies with the changes in the ships course and speed. These errors in
the reading can offset each other by adjustment of the position of the center of gravity. The optimum
design of the center of gravity of the gyrosphere in the CMZ700 prevents the acceleration error from
occurring. (As a result, the oscillation cycle of a gyrosphere when the damper is removed is about
85 minutes.)

3.3

Rolling and Pitching Error


If the gyrosphere is continuously subjected to vibration from the ships rolling and pitching and if the
vibration cycles along the east-west axis and north-south axis of the gyrosphere greatly differ, this
difference of vibration cycle between two axes causes an error. To compensate for this, two gyros
are provided to reduce the differences between the vibration cycles along the north-south axis and
east-west axis, thus preventing the rolling and pitching error. In addition, a damper mounted to the
suspending mechanism damps vibration so as to gain stable reading.

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

3.1 CMZ700B Connection Diagram

REPEATER
COMPASS
MKR050

REPEATER
COMPASS
MKR050

GND

CONNECTION BOX
MKN015
34
24V
6
5 GND 35
4
36
3 SDA 37
2 SDB

CONNECTION BOX
MKN015
39
6
24V
5 GND 40
4
3 SDA 41
2 SDB 42
1 GND

STEERING REPEATER
COMPASS MKR051
44
6
24V
5 GND 45
4
3 SDA 46
47
2 SDB
1 GND

TB1
RDMA
RDMB
SG
P
N
RDRA
RDRB
SDRA
SDRB
SG
SD1A
SD1B
SG
SD2A
SD2B
SG
SD3A
SD3B
SG
REF
SS3
SS2
SS1
COM
SG
PS35V
PSGND
G/M
G/MC
GF
GFC
NV
NVC
24V
GND
SD1RA
SD1RB
SG
24V
GND
SD2RA
SD2RB
SG
24V
GND
SD3RA
SD3RB
SG
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48

3
4

P
N

1
2

NOISE FILTER

TB2
BSP
1
BSN 2

TB
1 HDG
2 COM
3 QUD
4 COM
5 ROT1
6 COM
7 ROT2
8 COM
9 ROT3
10 COM

TB1

Ship's power supply

RATE OF
TURN
INDICATOR
MKR302

3 4 1 2

DUAL
CHANNEL
RECORDER
KR180A
1 2 3 4 5 6

AC ADAPTER
MKR027

TB

Ship's power supply

1
U(P)
2
V(N)
3
FG
4
5 ROT
6 COM
7 DIM1
8 DIM2
9 DIM3
10
11 DIMB
12 DIMC
UUOT
VUOT
NOV1
NOVC1
NOV2
NOVC2
BU24
BUG
P1
P2
N1
N2

IM80B10M-10E
P

RADAR

NOISE FILTER

AUTOPILOT

TB1
U V

12 11 9

Ship's power supply


24V DC BATTERY

100-230V AC 50/60Hz 1

20K 0.8W

DIMMER BOX
MKD002

Ship's power supply


24V DC BATTERY

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1 9
10
2 11
12

A-8
<Appendix>

Appendix-3 Block Diagram

IM80B10M-10E

No Volt Alarm
contact output

Fail contact output

Status contact output

External Power Supply for


Stepper

Stepper signel output

Serial signal output 3

Serial signal output 2

Serial signal output 1

MKR024 I/F

RDMA
RDMB
SG
P
N
RDRA
RDRB
SDRA
SDRB
SG
SD1A
SD1B
SG
SD2A
SD2B
SG
SD3A
SD3B
SG
REF
SS3
SS2
SS1
CO M
SG
PS35V
PSG ND
G /M
G/MC
GF
GF C
NV
NVC
24V
G ND
SD1RA
SD1RB
SG
24V
G ND
SD2RA
SD2RB
SG
24V
G ND
SD3RA
SD3RB
SG

TB1

1
2

BSP
BSN

TB2

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48

N OISE
FILTER

3
4

T.B. ASSY
V8114SY/TJ

1
2

CN2

CN1

CN16
CN15

P
N

P.S.ASSY-2
V8114SU

CN17

CN17

P.S.ASSY-1
V8114SS

FAN

CN10

PWM INV. BD
ASSY
V8123SE

(S)

31

30
27
28
31

28

27

(N)

30

CN1

24VDC INPUT
P:DC24V
N:GND

1
2
3
C N2

1
2
3

CN2

1
2
3
3
CN 1

1
2
3
3

STEPPIN
G MOTOR

PHOTO
SENSOR

M OPERATION UNIT
MKR025
MMI/FASSY
I/F BD ASSY
V8114SL
V8114SG

CN11

MAIN ASSY

V8114SA/V8123SA

CN10

MASTER COMPASS
MKM022

CN20
CN19
CN14

CN5
CN4
CN1
CN20
CN7
CN3
CN6

SWITCH UNIT
MKR 026

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

HDG
CO M
Q UD
CO M
RO T1
CO M
RO T2
CO M
RO T3
CO M

TB3

Analog ROT output 3

Analog ROT output 2

Analog ROT output 1

Analog Q UD output

Analog HDG output

<Appendix>

A-9

3.2 MKM022 Master Compass Block Diagrams

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

TRANS
CN13 CN11 CN9

P
N

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

3
4

3.3 MKM022 Interface Circuit Diagram (Power Line)

P
N

NV
NVC

4
5

32
33

CONTAINER
UNIT

F1

F8

27

24V
GND

44
45

28

RL3

24V
GND

39
40

F7

1
2

1
2

CN15

CN2

F6

CURRENT
LIMITTER

24V
GND

F2

1,2
3,4

34
35

TB1
REF
COM

TB ASSY V8114SY/TJ

N OISE
FILTER

10
9
8

1
2
3

CN10
5

16

CN20
1

CN11
1

F L1

CN18
7

CN17
4

CN9
1

F L2

T RANS ASSY
V8123TC

P.S. ASSY-1 V8114SS

26 PS35V
27 PSGND

20
24

1
2

SWITCH UNIT
CN16
MKR 026

PS1

PS2

U1

U2

M24VGND

9,10,11
M24V

+
3

1
+
3

+
3

I24V

5
5
7

PC

-12V
+5V

COM

4
5

U2
8

5,6

7,8

10

CN12
9

FAN

10

U63

CN4
1

CN1
3
7

10

U55

U56

15

+5V

18

16

12 U52
14

U54
3
4 5

CN13
3

+5V

-12V

+5V

CN12
1

5,6

7,8

MOTOR

+5V

+5V

DRIVER
9

+12V

M24V

CN4
9

U41

U40

MAIN ASSY V8114SA/V8123SA


ON20

ON10

6 ACON

Vdd

DC/AC
INVERT ER

Vss(COM)

PFAIL

Vdd(+15V)

I24VGND

PS3

PC1

PS2

PS1

Black

3,4

1,2

CN3

Red

+12V

CN19
1

3,4

1,2

CN14
7

PWM INV. BD ASSY V8123SE

I24VGND

12,13,14 +
I24V

R24V
6
R24VGND

P.S. ASSY-2 V8114SU

U60
1
3

CN5
14,31
15,32

CN7
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

8
6

+5V

+5V

CN1
14,31
15,32

U50

ON2 50
ON1 51

67

48

U29

CPU

Stepping Moter

IM80B10M-10E

MMI/F ASSY V8114SG

A-10
<Appendix>

-12V
+12V
COM

-12V
+12V
COM

IM80B10M-10E

PS3

PS2

PS1

CN20
1
2
3
4

P.S.ASSY-1
V8114SS

24VB
BG

PC1

5
5

+5V

CN11
1
2
3
4

8 C6

.
PWM INV BD ASSY
V8123SE

U55 2

+5V
5

+5V

COM

-12V

+12V

I24V
I24VGND

Vss(COM)

Vdd(+15V)

5V

IPULSE

P.S.ASSY-2
V8114SU

3,4

3,4

M24V

+5V

CN3

1,2

1,2

PFAIL

U56

5
2

U9

U10

CN4
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
INV

CN12
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

DEV

CN1
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
1

R19

U6

Vss

I24VGND

4
C22

U3
R8

15

13

R14

D9

D13

PC

R15

U54

- 2
+ 3

C12

U52

U54

+12V

INVERTER

I24V

18

16

D10

R20

DC/AC

Vdd

U5

U4

U50

- 2 R16
+ 3

R21

+5V

+5V
+5V

C16

SYNC

CN13
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
ACON

CN14

R17

D12

C4

57

R12

4 T2

R7

VR2

BUS LINE

CPU

U29

- 6
+ 5

U2

C13

U3

R6

67

48

Vdd C9

R18

13

ACON

C19

R22

R9
C5

R13

U63

U60

U50

CN9

CN9

CN10

Vcc

7
5

R23

3,14

4,15

C76

CN10

U54

+5V

28

27

30

27

31

L33
L34
L35

11
18
10

L32

L16

L15

ZERO

+5V

CN7
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

CN20
1
2
3

16

TRANS
ASSY
V8123TC

(S)

31

30
27
28
31

MAIN ASSY
V8114SA/V8123SA

R24

MOTOR
DRIVER

U66

M24V

R54

R53

28

27

OUT A(Black)
OUT A(Green)
OUT B(Red)
OUT B(Blue)

(White)
(Yellow)

OUT

(N)

30

1
2
3
CN 2

1
2
3

1
2
3
3
C N1

1
2
3
3

STEPPING
MOTOR

PHOTO
SENSOR

<Appendix>

A-11

3.4 MKM022 Interface Circuit Diagram 1

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

3.5 MKM022 Interface Circuit Diagram 2

BUS LINE

Remarks

5V

5V

LTC485

4
8
5

U36

U42

CPU

U29

U60

6
7

5V

U7

5V

10k

5V
R35

10k

U19

5V
R55

R5
1k

5V

1k
R29

R28
4.7k

PS2703-1

LTC485

U3

LTC485

3 G

10k

R32

10k

R57

U1

2SK209-BL

RSD3
22

RSD
32

3SD
22

2SD
32

26

1SD

RDM
31

RDR
32

5V

BSP

SDR
28

17

U4

U18

5V

LTC485

U5

LTC485

R4
1k

5V

10k

5V
R31

10k

5V
R36

10k

R56
U20

U2
LTC485

Q7

LTC485

U6

LTC485

R7

510

D
R6

510

SDB3

SDA3

SDB2

SDA2

SDB1

SDA1

3SDB

3SDA

2SDB

2SDA

1SDB

1SDA

RDBM

RDAM

RDBR

RDAR

SDBR

MAIN ASSY V8114SA / V8123SA

Q6

SDAR

30
29

32
31

34
33

3
4

1
2

20
19

25

26

23

24

22
21

27

CN8
28

30
29

32
31

34
33

3
4

1
2

20
19

25

26

23

24

22
21

27

R24G

SD3A
SD3B
SG

SD2A
SD2B
SG

SD1A
SD1B
SG

RDMB
SG

RDMA

RDRB

RDRA

TB1
SDRA
SDRB
SG

BSN

TB2
BSP

46 SD3RA
47 SD3RB
48
SG

41 SD2RA
42 SD2RB
43
SG

36 SD1RA
37 SD1RB
38
SG

17
18
19

14
15
16

11
12
13

2
3

8
9
10

TB ASSY V8114SY/TJ

CN1
28

CN2
2

A-12
<Appendix>

BUS LINE

U29

IM80B10M-10E

ADC

U9

U12

CPU

24

7
10
12

45

43

42

37

49

U10
LF398

U13
LF398

U17
LF398

U8

5V
R33
680
2

10
9

R42
1k

R46
1k

R50
1k

R30
10k

11

U52

C41
0.1

R43
1k

C50
0.1

R47
1k

C59
0.1

R51
1k

U11
LF398

11

U8

R44
1k

5V
R37
680

U54

R63

R48
1k

10

L1

U14
LF398

D1

CPUFAIL
Q3
2SC3852

15

C46
0.1

R45
1k

C55
0.1

R49
1k

R34
10k

DS1

10

D2

U33

CN10
1

10

Q4
2SC3852

5V

R2
1K

L2

6
R39
10k

10

COM

ROT3

COM

ROT2

COM

ROT1

COM

QUD

COM

TB3
1
HDG

U8

5V
R41
680

R1
1K

Q5
2SC3852

Q1
2SC3739

L3
D3

U59

9,10
JP1
1

11,12

13,14

18

17

7,8

Out

P.S. ASSY-1
V8114SS

9,10

11,12

13,14

18

17

Remarks
LF398
+12V
-12V
1
4
5
3
8
6
7

OSS3

OSS2

OSS1

GFAIL

GM

7,8

R24V

Q2
2SC3739

CN1
15,16

2
3

2
9

RL2

RL1

D3

FL2

10

JP4

PS2

3,4

CN16
1,2

33

32

P.S. ASSY-2
V8114SU

SS3
COM

21
24

F3

NVC

NV

26 PS35V
27 PSGND

SS2

SS1

REF

GFC

GF

G/MC

TB3
G/M

22

23

20

31

30

29

28

F4

F5

F2

D1

CURRENT
LIMITTER

RL3

JP3

JP2

CN18
5

D2

10

10

T.B. ASSY V8114SY/TJ

1
2

CN15
1
2
CN17
6
7
R24VGND

CN8
15,16

CN2

3
4

3
4

5V

CN17
5
4
CN18
6
7

MAIN ASSY V8114SA/V8123SA

<Appendix>

A-13

3.6 MKM022 Interface Circuit Diagram 3

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

U33

U29

CPU

U60

U69

U70

10

38
39
41

CN4-4

11

11

BZ
EXT
FAULT

+5V

R74
R73
R72

13
12
11

DOWN

R75

R76

15
14

R77

16

BST

10

+5V
F L15
15,32

BZ

15,32

14,31

13

13

14,31

11
29
12
30

25
8
26

25
8
26
11
29
12
30

5
23
6
24

22
4
21
3
20
2
19
1

CN1

14
15
16
20
21
22
23
24

25

26

17
19
18

20
21
22
23
24

25

26

17
19
18

13

9
10
11
12

8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

CN1

14
15
16

13

9
10
11
12

8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

CN2

I/F BD ASSY
V8114SG

5
23
6
24

22
4
21
3
20
2
19
1

CN5

17
3 4
15 BZ
2
18 1
18 RUN
U48
U59
6
14 3
16 EXT
4
16 2
17 FAILO
15
5 7
12
11
9 5
14 R71
13
7 6
13 R68

EXTI
6 PFI

+5V

ENT

+5V

+5V

UP

L24

L26
L25

L27

L28

L29

L31
L30

L14
L10

17
18
R79
R78

L13
L9

15
16

18
17

L12
L8

L11
L7

13
14

11
12

+5V

+5V

U67

U68

U54

U54

U43

U45

CPUFL

U5
8

U57

5
6
7
8

12
15
16
19

1
2
3
4

2
5
6
9

2
1

14
15

U44

4
3

12
13

6
5

8
7

10
11

7
9

RM4

V8114SA/V8123SA

CN1
CN5

MAIN ASSY

28
9

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00


28
9

IM80B10M-10E
10
27

3.7 MKM022 Interface Circuit Diagram 4


10
27

4
2
3
7

10
9
8
5

1,6
1,6

1,6
1,6

1,6
1,6

1,6
1,6

R4

R5

D5

EXT

1 3

+5V
2
D2

+5V

D4

FAIL

1 3

+5V
2

RUN

1 3

+5V
2

D7

6
4

SW2

COMMAND

D9

D8

SW1
EXT

SW4
SET/BZ STOP
5
6

OPERATION UNIT
MKR025

R6

R7

D3

R2

R3

D1

HEADING

D6

MMI/F ASSY
V8114SL

R8

R10

6
1

SW5
ENT

SW3
5

R1

D10

R11

R9

DATA

D11

A-14
<Appendix>

BUS LINE

TB3

IM80B10M-10E

SDA
SDB
GND

F1

1= -W)

RPT.TB ASSY
V8114SQ

Wall mount type (

TB1
24V
GND

RPT.CPU ASSY
V8114SN

Vcc

1
2

4
3

Vcc

Vcc CH3 CH2

12

60
68

69

54

White
Yellow
Black
Green
Red
Blue

STEPPING
MOTOR
CONTROL

STEERING REPEATER COMPASS


MKR051

CN5

TB2
9
24V
8
GND
7 OUTA
6 OUTA
5 OUTB
4 OUTB
3
DIM
2 ZERO1
1 ZERO2

VR1
orque adjustment

STEPPING
MOTOR DRIVER

CN6

OUTB
OUTB
OUTA
OUTA

Vcc

DC/DC

1
2
3
9
10
15
14
12
7
6
5
4
8
11
13

1
2
3
9
10
15
14
12
7
6
5
4
8
11
13

24V

U1

CPUFAIL

U3

Vcc

STEPPING
MOTOR

P.H. ASSY
V8114TB

C
A
E,K

WDO

RAM

8bit

24V

24V

4
5

2
3

1
10

Err LED
(Red)

Zero LED
(Green)

Zero ADJ.
Switch

Dimmer
A 3

<Appendix>

A-15

3.8 MKR051 Interface Circuit Diagram

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

SDA
SDB
GND

F1

RPT.TB ASSY
V8114SQ

TB1
24V
GND

RPT.CPU ASSY
V8114SN

Vcc

24V

1
2

Vcc

4
3

Vcc

CH3 CH2

3.9 MKN015 , MKR050 Interface Circuit Diagram


White
Orange
Black
Green
Red
Blue
Yellow
Purple
Gray

WDO

8
CPUFAIL

U3

RAM

8bit

1=P1,2,3,4)

68

69

54

STEPPING
MOTOR
CONTROL

for Plug type (

9 9
8 8
7 7
6 6
5 5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1
16 16

12

60

U1

CONNECTION BOX MKN015

CN5

TB2
9
24V
8
GND
7 OUTA
6 OUTA
5 OUTB
4 OUTB
3
DIM
2 ZERO1
1 ZERO2

VR1
orque adjustment

STEPPING
MOTOR DRIVER

CN6

OUTB
OUTB
OUTA
OUTA

Vcc

DC/DC

1
2
3
9
10
15
14
12
7
6
5
4
8
11
13

IM80B10M-10E

1
2
3
9
10
15
14
12
7
6
5
4
8
11
13

Vcc

24V

24V

4
5

2
3

1
10

9
C

1
2

Err LED
(Red)

Zero LED
(Green)

Zero ADJ.
Switch

Dimmer
A 3

STEPPING
MOTOR

REPEATER COMPASS MKR050

White
Yellow
Black
Green
Red
Blue

P.H. ASSY
V8114TB

C
A
E,K

A-16
<Appendix>

24VDC INPUT
P:24V
N:GND

NOISE
FILTER

NOISE
FILTER

FL2

FUSE Rating
F1,F2
15A
F3,F4
10A
F5,F6
2A

TB2
100-230VAC UO
VO
OUTPUT

100-230VAC
INPUT

TB1
U

FL1

F6

F5

12

10

SW1

F2

F1

F4

F3
L
N

JWS300-24

+
+
-

POWER SUPPLY

PF
CNT
TOG
PC
-S
+S

AC ADAPTER MKR027
1 24VB-1
2 GB-1
3 24V
4 GND
5 24VB-2
6 GB-2
7 EX24
8 EXG
9 PF
10 TOG
11 UIN
12 VIN

TB11

RL1

JP2

JP1

RL1

RL1

BUCK UP ASSY V8114TD


1
2
NOV1 3
NOVC1 4
NOV2 5
NOVC2 6
BU24 7
BUG 8
P1
9
P2 10
N1 11
N2 12
VOUT

UOUT

TB10

24VDC OUTPUT
P :24V
N :GND

<Appendix>

IM80B10M-10E

A-17

3.10 MKR027 Interface Circuit Diagram

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

B24G

TB54
1
B24

FL1

Vcc

F1

C.OPE TB
ASSY
V8116WG

30,31
45,46

45,46

49,50

CN2
47,48

CN1
30,31

49,50

CN1
47,48
B24G

B24
DC/DC

L1

D+5

GND

GND D-G Vcc

Vcc

POW-ASSY
V8116WE

99,100

97,98

95,96

CN1
93,94

99,100

97,98

95,96

Vcc

GND

U9

U1

3.3V MPU

OPE.MAIN ASSY
V8116WC
CN1
93,94

C.OPE.
MKR024

99,100

97,98

95,96

CN1
93,94

99,100

97,98

95,96

CN1
93,94

GND

GND Vcc

Vcc

DISP-ASSY
V8116WA

A-18
<Appendix>

3.11 MKR024 Interface Circuit Diagram (Power Line)

BUS LINE

MPU

U1

SCU

U4

MPU

U1

SCU

U4

IM80B10M-10E

69

37

59

106

10

62

66

63

58

105

26

41

OPE.MAIN ASSY
V8116WC

59

59

56
58
60

58
60

65

73

56

65

73

74

57

74

55

57

64

71

CN1
72

55

64

71

CN1
72

U5

U11

U9

16

14

12

U2
4

2
3

Vcc

GND

15

U12
10

GND

6
5

Vcc

15

13

U1
4

2
3

Vcc

GND

13

U4

11

U11

U9

U12

GND

11

6
5

Vcc

6
7

6
7

POW-ASSY
V8116WE

GND

510

GND

510

44

42

40

24
25

3
4

9
10

43

41

39

22
23

1
2

CN2
7
8

44

42

40

24
25

3
4

9
10

43

41

39

22
23

1
2

CN1
7
8

9 6 10

9 6 10
Vcc
RL6
2 5 1

9 6 10
Vcc
RL5
2 5 1

Vcc
RL4
2 5 1

9 6 10

9 6 10
Vcc
RL3
2 5 1

9 6 10
Vcc
RL2
2 5 1

Vcc
RL1
2 5 1

3 JP6

3 JP5

3 JP4

3 JP3

3 JP2

3 JP1

C.OPE TB ASSY
V8116WG

GND

GND

GND

GND
1PFI
1PFIC

2PFI
2PFIC

12 2PFO
13 2PFOC

10 2FAIL
11 2FAILC

8 2RUN
9 2RUNC

6
7

TB51
1 2RDRA
2 2RDRB
3 2SDRA
4 2SDRB
5
SG

12 1PFO
13 1PFOC

10 1FAIL
11 1FAILC

8 1RUN
9 1RUNC

6
7

TB50
1 1RDRA
2 1RDRB
3 1SDRA
4 1SDRB
5
SG

NO.2
Power Fail Cont. output

NO.2
Fail Cont. output

NO.2
Running Cont. output

NO.2
Power Fail Cont.input

NO.2
Serial signal I/O

NO.1
Power Fail Cont. output

NO.1
Fail Cont. output

NO.1
Running Cont. output

NO.1
Power Fail Cont.input

NO.1
Serial signal I/O

<Appendix>

A-19

3.12 MKR024 Interface Circuit Diagram 1

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

3.13 MKR024 Interface Circuit Diagram 2

WDT

U6

10

5
BZ
STOP

U13

DS1

Vcc

U14

5 U7

12

11 U7

CPU
FAIL

13

BUS LINE

U12
U14
6 11 10

U12
U14
8 13 12

9
10
11

126

125

124

33

108

107

41

29

53

3
4
5

32

127

MPU

U1

SCU

U4

OPE.MAIN ASSY
V8116WC

49

46

53

49

46

53

52

51

51
52

50

54

54

50

67

66

80

78

76

CN1
81

67

66

80

78

76

CN1
81

U12

18

U9

17

6
5

Vcc

U8

U7

3
10

5
9 U138

2
4 U136

1 U133

2
3

2
3

2
3

U10

U11

12

16

15

14

13

10

6
7

Vcc
1

GND

B24G

RL1

B24

BZ1

9 6 10

2 5

GND
Vcc

GND

510

510

510

Vcc

GND

U3
4

GND

U12
U12
4
3 2
1

GND

6
5

Vcc

GND

6
5

Vcc

U6

U12
12

GND

13

POW-ASSY
V8116WE

CN3
1

37

36

35

34

38

28
29

26
27

15
16

13
14

11
12

CN2
5
6

37

36

35

34

38

28
29

26
27

15
16

13
14

11
12

CN1
5
6

GND

GND

9 6 10

9 6 10
Vcc
RL11
2 5 1

9 6 10
Vcc
RL10
2 5 1

9 6 10
Vcc
RL9
2 5 1

9 6 10
Vcc
RL8
2 5 1

Vcc
RL7
2 5 1

2
3 JP11

3 JP7

GND

GND

GND

C.OPE TB ASSY
V8116WG

TB53

TB52

Deviation Cont.
output

Status Cont.
output

System Fail Cont.


output

Alarm buzzer stop


Cont. input

Pulse input
(Ship's speed)

Serial signal
input 3

Serial signal
input 2

Serial signal
input 1

Serial signal output

A-20
<Appendix>

BUS LINE

30

104

MPU 31

U1

OPE.MAIN ASSY
V8116WC

63

48

CN1
47

63

48

CN1
47

U9

U10

11

11

10

Vcc

GND

POW-ASSY
V8116WE

GND

20
21

33

CN2
32

20
21

33

CN1
32

GND

9 6 10

Vcc
RL13
2 5 1

9 6 10

Vcc
RL12
2 5 1

C.OPE TB ASSY
V8116WG

GND

6
7

3
4
5

TB54
NORM
GND

TB54
NO.1
NO.2
NOC

C. O. sw. Status
Cont. input

Selected Sensor
Cont. output

<Appendix>

IM80B10M-10E

A-21

3.14 MKR024 Interface Circuit Diagram 3

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

72
93

PA5
PA4
PA3
PA2
PA1
PA0

PF6
PF5
PF4
PF3
PF2
PF1
PF0

PB6
PB5
PB4
PB3
PB2
PB1
PB0

23
24
25
26
27
28

1
64
63
62
61
PIO 60
59

19
18
17
16
15
14
13

U3

94
MPU 38
109
39
123

U1

3.15 MKR024 Interface Circuit Diagram 4


WDT

U6
10

U7

U13

PA5
PA4
PA3
PA2
PA1
PA0

DB8
AB2
AB1
E
DIM1
LCDC

U14
3
4

PB6
PB5
PB4
PB3
PB2
PB1
PB0

PF6 PF6
PF5
PF4
PF3
PF2
PF1
PF0

PA5
9
U14
5
6

U7 8

1 U10

3 10

12 U10
11
13

13 U12
2
12
1
U14
1
2

DB15

44
42

42

10
11
12
13
14
15
16

18
19
20
21
22
23
24

3
4
5
6
7
8

34
37
38
41
43
45

PB6
PB5
PB4
PB3
PB2
PB1
PB0

PF6
PF5
PF4
PF3
PF2
PF1
PF0

PA5
PA4
PA3
PA2
PA1
PA0

DB8
AB2
AB1
E
DIM1
LCDC

CN1
27 DB15

44

10
11
12
13
14
15
16

18
19
20
21
22
23
24

3
4
5
6
7
8

34
37
38
41
43
45

CN1
27

TR1

GND

BZ1

Vcc

FET3

D+5

LED1

FET1

D+5

D-G

LED2
SEL
3 GND

SW1
GYRO1
1 +

1 +

1 +

LCD

1 +

1 +

1 +

1 +

1 +

1 +

1 +

PA5

1 +

SW13
ENT

1 +

PB6

3 3 GND
D-G GND
D-G

SW12
COM.

3 GND

SW6
FAIL

3 GND D-G

SW11
RIGHT

3 GND

SW5
DIM-U

3 GND
D-G

SW10
DOWN

3 GND

SW4
DIM-D

3 GND
D-G

SW9
LEFT

3 GND

SW3
EXT

3 GND D-G

SW8
UP

3 GND

SW2
GYRO2
1 +

3 GND
D-G

SW7
SEL

19

DB8
23

TR2 31
FET2 CONTRAST

DIM.

PA0

PF0
PB0

DISP-ASSY
V8116WA
DB15
30

PA1

PF1

OPE.MAIN ASSY
V8116WC

PF5

AB1
AB2
E
20
21
22

PB1

PA2
PF2
PB2

PA3
PF3
PB3

PA4
PF4
PB4

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

PF6

IM80B10M-10E
PB5

A-22
<Appendix>

BUS LINE

A-23

<Appendix>

Appendix-4 Components List


4.1

Master compass (MKM022)

No

DESCRIPTION

DWG NO.

No

DESCRIPTION

DWG NO.

Gyrosphere

KT005

16

PS1 Assy

V8114SS

Supporting liquid

MKZ508

17

PS2 Assy

V8114SU

Mercury

V8109PN

18

Inverter Assy

V8123SE

Insulating liquid

V8109PT

19

Main Assy

V8123SA

O-ring

V8005BE

20

Terminal Assy

V8114SY

O-ring

V8114DQ

21

Transformer Assy

V8123TC

Center pin

V8114EA

22

Noise filter

A1I17EN

O-ring

V8005BE

23

Fan-motor Assy

V8114UM

Damper Assy

V8114AQ

24

Circuit protector

5T108F017-14

25

Photo sensor Assy

V8114UQ

26

Seal washer

V8109TW

27

MM I/F Assy

V8114SL

13

Container

V8114AC

28

I/F board Assy

V8114SG

14

Stepping motor Assy

V8114UR

29

Brush unit Assy

V8114LP

15

Timing belt

5T117G008-01

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

A-24

<Appendix>

4.2

Repeater compass (MKR050)

No

IM80B10M-10E

DESCRIPTION

DWG NO.

Lamp

V8811AQ

Motor

5T165A165-01

Window

V8114HP

Packing

1G334C027-01

Packing

1G116A008-01

Photo sensor assy

V8114UX

Gasket

1G333C041-01

Cable assy

V8114UW

10

Cable assy

V8114UV

11

Packing

1G33E192-01

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

<Appendix>

4.3

A-25

Connection box (MKN015)

NO

DESCRIPTION

DWG NO.

Packing

V8114JP

CPU board assy

V8114SN

Terminal board assy

V8114SQ

Variable resistor

5T162B015-02

O-ring

5T101Z005-04

Knob

5T124A096-01

Cap

5T114A030-01

Switch

5T154A272-01

Knob

5T124A104-01

10

Fail indicator lamp (Red)

5T166F082-01

11

Run indicator lamp (green)

5T166F082-02

12

Socket

M8096JC

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

A-26

<Appendix>

4.4

Steering repeater compass (MKR051)

No

DWG NO.

No

Front panel

V8118BA(192)
V8118BC(240)

13

Scale (36X)

V8219FV

Scale (1X)

Gear

DESCRIPTION

DWG NO.

Collar

V8118BS

14

Button

5T124A104-02

V8118DE

15

O ring

5T101Z005-09

V8114HV

16

Resistor (VR)

5T162A167-01

Gear

V8114HL

17

Knob

5T124A043-02

Gear

1G422A549-01

18

Collar

5T108F032-07

Gear

V8114HN

19

Photo sensor assy

V8114UX

Gear

V8114RR

20

RPT.TB assy

V8114SQ

IM80B10M-10E

DESCRIPTION

Motor

5T165A165-01

21

RPT.CPU.BOARD assy

V8114SN

10

Fail indicator lamp (Red)

5T166F082-03

22

Lamp

V8811AQ

11

Run indicator lamp (green) 5T162F082-04

23

Socket

A1178VF

12

Switch

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

5T154A272-01

A-27

<Appendix>

4.5

AC Adapter (MKR027)

No

DESCRIPTION

DWG NO.

AC/DC Power supply

5T164A255-01

Fuse (15 A)

Fuse (15 A)

No

DESCRIPTION

DWG NO.

Switch

5T154A123-01

5T151A040-02

Terminal board

M8055JT

5T151A040-02

10

Terminal board

M8055JT

Fuse (10 A)

A1034EF

11

Back up ASSY

A8114TD

Fuse (10 A)

A1034EF

12

Noise filter

A1118EN

Fuse (2 A)

A1289EF

13

Noise filter

5T164E043-01

Fuse (2 A)

A1289EF

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

A-28

<Appendix>

4.6

Annunciator (MKR028)

No

DESCRIPTION

LED lamp

K6012SB

Push switch

K6011SB and K6015SB

Annunciator assy

V8114TL

Box

V8116LL

4.7

C.operation unit (MKR024)

No

IM80B10M-10E

DWG NO.

DESCRIPTION

DWG NO.

Sheet assy

V8116BA

DISP assy

V8116WA

MAIN assy

V8116WC

POW assy

V8116XD

Cable assy (10 m)

V8116VB

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

Revision Information
Title
: CMZ700B Gyrocompass Users Manual
Manual No. : IM80B10M-10E
Jan, 2000
May, 2001
Nov, 2002
May, 2003
Apr, 2005
Sep, 2005
Mar, 2006
Feb, 2007

1st Edition
2nd Edition
3rd Edition
4th Edition
5th Edition
6th Edition
7th Edition
8th Edition

n Inquiries
For inquiries about the content of this manual, please visit the following URL. Also
visit the Yokogawa Denshikiki website at the following address for information on this
product.
URL for inquiries:
Yokogawa Denshikiki website: http://www.yokogawa.com/YDK/contact.htm
n Written by Yokogawa Denshikiki Co,.Ltd.
n Published by Yokogawa Denshikiki Co,.Ltd.
5-23-13 Sendagaya, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 151-0051, JAPAN

IM80B10M-10E

8th Edition : Feb.20,2007-00

Blank Page