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# What quantity is being reported?

The units of frequency are typically expressed as cycles per second or hertz (Hz).
Frequency
What domain is common?
20Hz<x<20,000Hz
Find/Explain the formula
P=log10(f)
Take the logarithm of the frequency of the note
What is the typical output range?
1.3010<y<4.3010
Why is a logarithmic scale appropriate?
Create one problem to solve that compares two different data points:
1.Note G
-Number of semitones above C=19
-Frequency=792 Hz
-Pitch/ Magnitude=2.8987
2.Note D
-Number of semitones above C=2
-Frequency=297 Hz
-Pitch/Magnitude=2.4728
3.Note B8
-Frequency=7902.13Hz
-Pitch/Magnitude=3.8977
The higher the frequency the higher the pitch. The pitch slowly increases as the frequency
increases. The Pitch is the Log of the frequency. Even though there is such a high frequency
difference, the pitch only changes a little bit from each note.
Note

Frequency

Pitch Magnitude

792

2.89870

297

2.4728

B8

7902.13

3.8977

## Speed of Sound = 345 m/s = 1130 ft/s = 770 miles/hr

Middle C is C4=261.6Hz
Standard tuning fork A is A4=440Hz
Piano range is A0=27.50Hz to C8=4186Hz
Guitar strings are E2=82.41Hz, A2=110Hz, D3=146.8Hz, G3=196Hz, B3=246.9Hz,
E4=329.6Hz
Bass strings are (5th string) B0=30.87Hz, (4th string) E1=41.20Hz, A1=55Hz, D2=73.42Hz,
G2=98Hz
Mandolin & violin strings are G3=196Hz, D4=293.7Hz, A4=440Hz, E5=659.3Hz
Viola & tenor banjo strings are C3=130.8Hz, G3=196Hz, D4=293.7Hz, A4=440Hz
Cello strings are C2=65.41Hz, G2=98Hz, D3=146.8Hz, A3=220Hz

Note

No. of semitones
above C'

Multiplier of C'
frequency

F (Hz)

Pitch

C'''

24

1056

3.0237

23

3.75

990

2.9956

21

3.333

880

2.9445

19

792

2.8987

17

2.667

704

2.8476

16

2.5

660

2.8195

14

2.25

594

2.7738

C''

12

528

2.7226

11

1.875

495

2.6946

1.667

440

2.6435

1.5

396

2.5977

1.333

352

2.5465

1.25

330

2.5185

1.125

297

2.4728

C'

264

2.4216