You are on page 1of 20

Cr104_en_1205.

qxd

23.12.2005

12:57 Uhr

Seite III

Voith Turbo

Variable-Speed Turbo Couplings

Cr104_en_1205.qxd

23.12.2005

12:57 Uhr

Seite 2

Voith Our Company.


Voith is the reliable partner for essential industries. We set standards
around the world in our markets for paper, energy, mobility and service.
With annual sales over 3.5 billion and more than 30,000 employees in
nearly 200 locations worldwide, Voith is one of the large family-owned
companies in Europe.

Paper

Energy

Mobility

Service

Markets

We Are Shaping the Future

Our equipment, components and services allow


us to make a major contribution towards our customers success. The global demand for paper,
energy, mobility and services will continue to
grow in the coming years. We will be there to
watch these markets of the future develop, and
to play our part in shaping them.

People at Voith have written and re-written technical history with their ideas and developments.
Today, our products set standards around the
world. Our engineers will continue to shape the
future actively in our markets, for the benefit of
our customers and the long-term success of our
company.

Customers
Everything we do is centered around the needs
of our customers. Our global presence and proximity to our customers allow us to create a working relationship based on confidence and trust.
We want to draw on our innovative strength, our
solidity and our engineering skills in order to be
a reliable partner for generations to come.

Cr104_en_1205.qxd

23.12.2005

12:57 Uhr

Seite 3

Voith variable-speed turbo couplings


Developed for reliability
Voith Turbo is the worldwide leading manufacturer of hydrodynamic variable-speed drives.
Continuous development keeps our products at the latest state of technology.
Ongoing research, state-of-the-art test equipment and a comprehensive quality assurance
system form the basis for the development of Voith variable-speed couplings. Voith variablespeed turbo couplings are renowned all over the world for numerous features and customer
benefits in the widest range of applications. Among the main fields of applications are:

Fields of applications, drives of:


Power plants

Fans
Pumps

District heating plants

Circulating pumps
Petrochemical industry

Materials Handling

Slurry pumps
Belt conveyors

Pumps
Compressors
Metallurgical industry

Chemical industry

Pumps, Fans
Mixers, Centrifuges

Blowers
Descaling pumps
Water industry

Water supply and


waste water pumps

2
3

Cr104_en_1205.qxd

23.12.2005

12:57 Uhr

Seite 4

The advantages

Speed control offers higher


efficiency compared to throttle
control, during part-load operation. Reduced power and elimination of high wear throttle
device.
High control accuracy and fast
reaction times.

Relieved motor start-up and


smooth acceleration of heavy
masses.
Robust design with long service
life and high availability; easy
maintenance.

Easy to operate, low-maintenance components for universal


application as speed control and
speed setting units.

Suitable for a wide variety of


environmental conditions (i.e.
applications in tropical climates,
in the desert, in low temperature
zones; explosion-proof designs
are also available).

Wear-free transmission of power


through hydrodynamic energy of
a fluid.

Low investment cost.

Oil supply to connected equipment.


Separation of driving and driven
machine during operation.
Damping of torsional vibrations
and shock loads.
Realization of special requirements, such as load-free and/or
quick start-ups, starting torque
limitation and/or limitation of
acceleration or deceleration.

Cr104_en_1205.qxd

23.12.2005

12:57 Uhr

Seite 5

Function

1 2 3

4 7

1
2

4
8

Voith variable-speed turbo couplings are fluid couplings, connecting


the prime mover in most cases
an electric motor with the driven
machine. The coupling transmits
the power by means of the kinetic
energy of the fluid, mostly oil, circulating in a closed working chamber
between the pump wheel on the
input shaft and an identical turbine
wheel, connected to the output shaft.

The fill level of operating fluid can


be varied during operation between
full and drained, thus enabling
exact and dynamic speed control of
the driven machine across a wide
range when the coupling operates
against different load characteristics.
This operating range depends on
the load characteristics (torque
relative to speed) and the required
control accuracy.

Simplified cross section:


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Pump wheel
Turbine wheel
Housing
Scoop tube housing
Oil sump
Oil circulation pump
Scoop tube
Working oil cooler

4
5

Cr104_en_1205.qxd

23.12.2005

12:57 Uhr

Seite 6

Voith variable-speed turbo couplings


Torque curves

Torque curves of different driven machines against variable-speed turbo coupling performance curves

Operating range

125

40%

50%

60%

70% 80%

Smin

III

The performance diagram shows


the transmittable coupling torques
TK at different scoop tube positions
as a function of the output speed.
The desired output speed becomes
a stable intersection between coupling torque TK and load torque
(load curve).

100%

100
I
75
TK [%]

30%

2
II
3

50
20%

25
10%
IV

0%
0

Operating ranges:
I, IV
II
III

Starting range
Control range
Overload range

The continuity of the curve is subject


to modifications, since minor deviations of coupling size, circulation
volume and oil viscosity are possible.

50
Output speed [% of input speed]

Parameters:

Typical load curves

Scoop tube position in %


of scoop tube movement.

TK

Coupling torque

Smin

Minimum slip required


for torque tranmission

n2
) 100 [%]
n1

S=

(1 -

n1 =

Input speed

n2 =

Output speed

Constant torque
(e. g. positive displacement pumps,
and compressors)
Decreasing torque
(e. g. boiler feed pumps operating
at varying pressure)
Parabolic torque
(resistance parabola, pumps
without back pressure, fan)
Decreasing torque
(e. g. Boiler feed pumps
at fixed pressure operation)

100

Cr104_en_1205.qxd

23.12.2005

12:57 Uhr

Seite 7

Integration of variable-speed turbo coupling


into a control circuit
Variable-speed turbo couplings serve to control the speed of
driven machines. In many cases, the couplings are integrated
into an automatic process.

Position control circuit

Process control circuit


Pole wheel
with pick-up
Driven
machine

Motor

Scoop tube
position controller

Scoop tube
position controller

Actual value scoop tube position


4-20 mA

Driven
machine

Motor

Set value scoop tube position


4-20 mA

Speed
measurement
device

Actual value scoop


tube position

Set value scoop


tube position

Process controller
Actual
Speed
indicator process value
4-20 mA

Position control circuit:

Process control circuit

Components:
Scoop tube actuator
including position control for
continuous control operation

Components:
Process controler
Scoop tube actuator
including position control for
continuous control operation

Set value
process value
4-20 mA

If the speed is to be used as a


process value or if it is to be
displayed or to be incorporated,
a speed measuring device is
required.
Similar to the speed, a process
value (e. g. pressure, flow, etc.)
can be incorporated into a control
circuit. Then this process value is
used as set value.

6
7

Cr104_en_1205.qxd

23.12.2005

12:57 Uhr

Seite 8

Variable-speed turbo couplings


Type SVTL

Coupling type SVTL has a selfsupporting design in a tunnel


housing. The rotating parts are
supported in the closed, oil-tight
housing. Main motor and driven
machine are connected to the
variable-speed coupling via shaft
couplings.

The oil tank is integrated into the


housing, the oil pump is direct
driven by the input shaft. The shafts
are supported in antifriction bearings
which are force lubricated using
pressurized oil.

Type SVTL
1 2 3

4 7

6
8
5

Simplified longitudinal section


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Pump wheel
Turbine wheel
Shell
Scoop tube housing
Oil sump
Oil circulation pump
Scoop tube
Working oil cooler

Cr104_en_1205.qxd

23.12.2005

12:57 Uhr

Seite 9

Performance characteristics variable-speed turbo coupling type SVTL


7000

6S
VT
L

300
200

100
80
60
50
400

500 600

750

VT
2S
L1

56

L2

2-2

,0

VT
7S
48

VT

75
0S

22

600
500
400

86

Primary power rating P1 [kW]

1000
800

2S

2000

42

3000

-12
,8
VT
L2
1-6
65
,3
0S
VT
56
L
21
2S
48
VT
7S
L2
VT
1
L2
75
1
0S
42
2S
VT
VT
L2
4
L2
2-1
8
5
7S
36
2
62
2,8
6S
VT
S
VT
L2
VT
L1
2
L2
2
2

L3

5000
4000

1000 1200 1500 1800

3000 3600

Primary speed n1 [rpm]

Size

Oil filling

Weight

366

973

500

1490

110 l

610 kg

422-22

973

500

1490

110 l

630 kg

422-22-2,0

Variable-speed turbo coupling type SVTL


in boiler feed pump drive.

1120

630

1780

250 l

850 kg

487-21

973

500

1490

110 l

570 kg

487-22

1145

630

1780

250 l

900 kg

487-12

1255

800

1780

500 l

1200 kg

562

1145

630

1780

250 l

970 kg

562-12

1255

800

1780

500 l

1260 kg

562-33

1358

800

1350

450 l

2200 kg

650

1310

750

2000

300 l

1200 kg

750- 6,3

1310

750

2000

300 l

1300 kg

750-12,8

1469

725

1400

400 l

1750 kg*

866-22

1469

725

1400

400 l

1800 kg*

Type SVTL Dimensions in mm

* With this design, oil tank extends


into base, dimension B is therefore
exceeded.

8
9

Cr104_en_1205.qxd

23.12.2005

12:57 Uhr

Seite 10

Variable-speed turbo couplings


Types SVNL, SVNLG

Coupling types SVNL and SVNLG


are of self-supporting design with a
horizontally split housing.
The rotating parts are located in the
completely closed, oil-tight housing.
Main motor and driven machine are
connected to the variable-speed
turbo coupling via shaft couplings.

The oil tank is integrated into the


housing, a centrifugal oil pump (or,
with certain designs, a gear pump)
is used which is direct driven by the
input shaft.

With type SVNL, the main shafts


have antifriction bearings. The bearings are forced lubricated using
pressurized oil.
With type SVNLG, the main shafts
have sleeve bearings. The bearings
are force lubricated by pressurized
oil. For pre-lubrication prior to startup, an electric motor driven auxiliary
lubrication pump is added.

Type SVNL

Type SVNLG
1

1 2

4
4

7
11

6
8

Simplified longitudinal section


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Pump wheel
Turbine wheel
Shell
Scoop tube housing
Oil sump
Oil circulation pump
Scoop tube
Working oil cooler

Seite 11

1000 1200 1500 1800

0
-8
12

0-

22

6-

-2
21
65

75

0-

0-

21

86

48

6-

7-

21

33

56

2-

33

33

0-

62

68

2-

33

86
75

0
-1

1-2

00

10

0-

686
,5

18

21
011
5

400
300

22

22

10

11
50
8,5
-1

0-

600

00

-2

-2

15
4
0
0
12

200

100
60
400 500 600

3000 3600

900

1200 1500 1800

3000 3600

Primary speed n1 [rpm]

Primary speed n1 [rpm]

Type SVNL Dimensions in mm


Size
866-22-26

Oil filling

Weight

1750

1060

1820

1000 l

3850 kg

1000-21

1950

1060

1920

780 l

3850 kg

1000-22

1950

1060

1920

780 l

4000 kg

1150-21

1950

1060

1920

780 l

4000 kg

1150-22

2170

1060

1920

780 l

4150 kg

1210-21

1950

1060

1920

780 l

4250 kg

750

-8
0
13
30
-12

20
-1
12
017
8
21

Primary power rating P1 [kW]

NL
SV

00
10

100
80

500 600

13
3

,5

21

-18

800

200

60
50
400

15
4

0-

,5
,5

-22

1000

-18

21
NL

21

NL
SV

SV

10

50

12

600
500
400
300

11

Primary power rating P1 [kW]

1000
800

17
8

2000

-5

6
2-2

-32
86

6S

VN

SV
00
10

50

10000
8000
6000
5000
4000
3000

L2

22
NL

NL

21

2000

SV

NL
12

11

10

SV

3000

22

-32

-32

7000
5000
4000

Performance characteristics variable-speed turbo coupling type SVNLG

-5

Performance characteristics variable-speed turbo coupling type SVNL

21

12:57 Uhr

-8

23.12.2005

0-

Cr104_en_1205.qxd

Type SVNLG Dimensions in mm

Variable-speed turbo coupling


type SVNL in circulation pump drive.

Weight

Oil filling

1330-12

3150

800

2400

1500 l

12000 kg

1330-21

3150

800

2400

1500 l

10000 kg

1390-21

3150

800

2400

1500 l

11000 kg

1540-21

3150

800

2400

1500 l

12000 kg

1780-21

3780

900

2900

3000 l

16200 kg

Size

Other sizes upon request

10
11

Cr104_en_1205.qxd

23.12.2005

12:57 Uhr

Seite 12

Variable-speed turbo couplings


Type SVL

Coupling type SVL has a selfsupporting design with high power


density. Input and output shafts are
supported separately in a cast iron
housing. Main motor and driven
machine are connected to the
variable-speed turbo coupling via
shaft couplings.

The oil sump is flanged to the housing. The coupling has two oil circuits:
working oil and lubricating oil.
Both are operated by mechanically
driven pumps. A flow control valve
adjusts the flow of the operating oil,
thereby saving energy. The shafts
are supported in sleeve bearings
which are force lubricated using
pressurized oil.

Type SVL modular


1 2 3

11

10

9
6

Simplified longitudinal section


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Pump wheel
Turbine wheel
Shell
Coupling housing
Oil sump
Oil circulation pump
Scoop tube
Flow control valve
Auxiliary lubricating pump
Working oil cooler
Lube oil cooler

Cr104_en_1205.qxd

23.12.2005

12:57 Uhr

Seite 13

Performance characteristics variable-speed turbo coupling type SVL modular


30000

10000

682
SV
LM
620
SV
LM
562
SV
LM
510
SV
LM

Primary power rating P1 [kW]

5000

1000
1000

2000

3000

4000 5000

7000

Primary speed n1 [rpm]


Further sizes and dimensions on request.

Variable-speed turbo coupling type 562 SVL


in crude oil/offshore pump drive.

Variable-speed turbo coupling type SVL


in a pipeline pump drive.

12
13

Cr104_en_1205.qxd

23.12.2005

12:57 Uhr

Seite 14

Variable-speed turbo couplings


Type SVTW

Variable-speed turbo coupling type


SVTW is operated with water
instead of mineral oil as operating
medium. It combines a new concept
with proven technology. The coupling is directly flanged to the motor
which results in compact design
and easy installation.

The coupling type is available both


in horizontal and vertical design.
Applications are, amongst others,
in the drive of pumps in irrigation
systems, in municipal water works
and associated waste water systems. The pumped water can be
used as operating medium.

Type SVTW
4

65

2
3
10
1

7
8

Variable-speed water coupling type SVTW


horizontal design, flanged to electric motor.

SVTW horizontal.

Simplified longitudinal section


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Motor shaft
Coupling housing
Pump wheel
Turbine wheel
Coupling shell
Scoop tube
Output shaft
Water supply line
Water return line
Scoop tube linkage

Cr104_en_1205.qxd

23.12.2005

12:58 Uhr

Seite 15

Performance characteristics variable-speed turbo coupling type SVTW


4500
3500
2500

ve

rt

1500
rt
ve
11
5

13
9

1000

56

65

75

100

42

48

Primary power rating P1 [kW]

86

10
0

500

50

20
400

800

1200

1500 1800

Primary speed n1 [rpm]

Size

Weight

422

410

110

565

670

570 kg

487

480

135

650

755

750 kg

562

577

170

747

850

950 kg

650

720

170

980

980

1350 kg

750

830

195

1120

1140

1800 kg

866

983

220

1243

1310

2400 kg

1000

1155

270

1435

1500

3250 kg

1150

1265

270

1600

1720

4300 kg

1390

1450

300

1880

2065

5900 kg

Type SVTW Dimensions in mm

A
C

Electric motor (P = 600 kW,


n = 990 rpm) with vertical
water coupling type 866 SVTW
as drive of a drinking water pump
in German waterworks.

14
15

Cr104_en_1205.qxd

23.12.2005

12:58 Uhr

Seite 16

Variable-speed turbo couplings


Types SVN, SVNK

Coupling type SVNK is partly selfsupported. On the input side the


weight of the rotating parts is supported by the shaft of the main
motor; on the output side, a bearing
is installed in the scoop tube housing to support the weight.

Type SVN has a non self-supporting


design, i. e. the weight of the rotating parts is supported by the motor
shaft and the driven machine. As a
result of this simplified design, the
shortest possible distance between
driving and driven shaft can be
achieved. The fixed parts with the
scoop tube housing and the scoop
tube are mounted on top of the oil
tank.

Type SVN

Type SVNK
1 2 3

1 2 3

4 7

4 7

8
5

8
6

Simplified longitudinal section


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Pump wheel
Turbine wheel
Shell
Scoop tube housing
Oil sump
Oil circulation pump
Scoop tube
Working oil cooler

Cr104_en_1205.qxd

23.12.2005

12:58 Uhr

Seite 17

Performance characteristics variable-speed turbo coupling type SVN / SVNK / SVNK vert.
3000
2000
1000
800
600
500
400

86

200

0
2

65

75

50

42

48

56

36

20

27

31

Primary power rating P1 [kW]

100

10
5
400 500 600 700

1000

1500

2000

3000

4000

Primary speed n1 [rpm]

Type SVN Dimensions in mm


A

C1

C2

Oil filling

Weight

274

325

335

400

400

15 l

135 kg

316

325

335

400

400

15 l

150 kg

366

449

495

510

605

55 l

300 kg

422

467

495

510

605

55 l

330 kg

487

467

495

510

605

55 l

340 kg

562

570

615

730

640

95 l

510 kg

650

570

615

730

640

95 l

540 kg

750

740

760

800

800

240 l

1020 kg

866

771

760

800

800

240 l

1100 kg

Size

C2

Variable speed coupling type 650


SVNK with intermediate transmission
driving a conveyor belt.

C1

Type SVNK dimensions upon request

16
17

Cr104_en_1205.qxd

23.12.2005

12:58 Uhr

Seite 18

Variable-speed turbo couplings


Types SVNL vert., SVNK vert.

Coupling type SVNL vert. is selfsupported and has a vertical


design. The rotating parts are fully
supported in the housing.
Coupling type SVNK vert. is partly
self-supported and has also been
designed for vertical applications.
The coupling is supported by the
main motor shaft on the input side;
on the output side, a bearing has
been incorporated into the scoop
tube housing.

The housing of both types can be


adapted to the flange of the driven
machine. The oil supply is ensured
by a separate oil supply system.
Depending on size, designs with
both antifriction and sleeve bearings
are available.

Type SVNL vert.

Type SVNK vert.

3
4
4

Simplified longitudinal section


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Pump wheel
Turbine wheel
Shell
Scoop tube housing
Oil sump
Oil circulation pump
Scoop tube
Working oil cooler

Cr104_en_1205.qxd

23.12.2005

12:58 Uhr

Seite 19

Performance characteristics variable-speed turbo coupling type SVNL vert.


5000
4000
3000
2000

316

366

300

4 87

5 62

650

750

-22

-22
866

500

100
0

115
0-

Primary power rating P1 [kW]

22

1000

200
400

600

800

1200

2000

3000

4000

Primary speed n1 [rpm]


Performance characteristic type SVNK vert see page 17

Type SVNL vert. Dimensions in mm


B

Cmin*

487

945

775

680

562

1250

1030

790

650

1250

1030

890

750

1614

1305

1050

866

1614

1305

1180

1000

2046

1656

1360

1150

2046

1656

1560

Size

*customized to suit motor


or driven machine

Variable-speed turbo coupling type SVNL


vert. in waste water pump drive.

Type SVNK vert. dimensions upon request

18
19

Cr104_en_1205.qxd

23.12.2005

12:57 Uhr

Seite II

Cr 104 en 12.05 3000 MSW/WA Printed in Germany. Technical data and illustrations subject to change.

Voith Turbo GmbH & Co. KG


Variable-Speed Drives
Voithstr. 1
74564 Crailsheim, Germany
Tel. +49-79 51 32-261
Fax +49-79 51 32-650
vs.drives@voith.com
www.voithturbo.com
www.variable-speed.com