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Submitted by:
Karl Dominic Clavio

is a musical instrument classified as a string
instrument with anywhere from four to 18 strings,
usually having six. The sound is projected either
acoustically, using a hollow wooden or plastic and
wood box (for an acoustic guitar), or
through electrical amplifier and a speaker (for
an electric guitar). It is typically played by
strumming or plucking the strings with the fingers,
thumb and/or fingernails of the right hand or with

a pick while fretting (or pressing against the frets)

the strings with the fingers of the left hand.

is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument, in
which the strings are struck by hammers. It is
played using a keyboard, which is a row of keys
(small levers) that the performer presses down or
strikes with the fingers and thumbs of both hands
to cause the hammers to strike the strings.
Invented in about 1700 (the exact year is
uncertain), the piano is widely employed
in classical, jazz, traditional and popular music
for solo and ensemble performances,
accompaniment, and
for composing, songwriting and rehearsals.

originated in the 19th century as a Hawaiian
adaptation of the Portuguese machete, a small
guitar-like instrument, which was introduced
to Hawaii by Portuguese immigrants, many
from Madeira and the Azores. It gained great
popularity elsewhere in the United States during

the early 20th century and from there spread


is a wooden string instrument in the violin family. It
is the smallest and highest-pitched instrument in
the family in regular use. Smaller violin-type
instruments are known, including the violino

piccolo and the kit violin, but these are virtually

unused in the 2010s. The violin typically has
four strings tuned in perfect fifths, and is most
commonly played by drawing a bow across its
strings, though it can also be played by plucking
the strings with the fingers (pizzicato). Violins are
important instruments in a wide variety of musical

The saxophone (also referred to as the sax) is a
family of woodwind instruments. Saxophones are
usually made of brass and played with a singlereed mouthpiecesimilar to that of the clarinet.

is a musical instrument commonly used
in classical and jazz ensembles. The trumpet group
contains the instruments with the
highest register in the brassfamily. Trumpet-like
instruments have historically been used as
signaling devices in battle or hunting, with
examples dating back to at least 1500 BC; they
began to be used as musical instruments only in
the late-14th or early 15th century.

Acoustic Guitar
is a guitar that produces sound acousticallyby
transmitting the vibration of the strings to the air
as opposed to relying on electronic amplification
(see electric guitar). The sound waves from the
strings of an acoustic guitar resonate through the
guitar's body, creating sound. This typically
involves the use of a sound board and a sound
box to strengthen the vibrations of the strings.

is a bowed string instrument with four
strings tuned in perfect fifths. The strings from low
to high are generally tuned to C2, G2, D3 and A3,
an octave lower than the viola. It is a member of
the violin familyof musical instruments, which also
includes the violin and viola.

are a family of box-shaped musical instruments of
the bellows-driven free-reed aerophone type,
colloquially referred to as a squeezebox. A person
who plays the accordion is called an accordionist.
The concertina and bandonen are related;
the harmonium and American reed organ are in
the same family.

is a musical-instrument family belonging to the
group known as the woodwind instruments. It has
a single-reed mouthpiece, a straight cylindrical
tube with an almost cylindrical bore, and a flared