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(An Autonomous Institution, Affiliated to JNTUA, Anantapur)

III B.Tech II Semester (SVEC10) Regular Examinations June - 2014

[ Mechanical Engineering ]
Time: 3 hours

Max Marks: 70
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks


A vertical two start square threaded screw of a 100 mm mean diameter and 20 mm pitch
supports a vertical load of 18 kN. The axial thrust on the screw is taken by a collar bearing of
250 mm outside diameter and 100 mm inside diameter. Find the force required at the end of a
lever which is 400 mm long in order to lift and lower the load. The coefficient of friction for the
vertical screw and nut is 0.15 and that for collar bearing is 0.20.


A bar is raised and lowered by two 38mm square threads having a pitch of 7 mm. Determine
the force required at a radius of 80mm to raise or lower a 11000N cross bar of a planer. The
screw and nut materials are steel bronze respectively. The collar materials are steel and bronze
respectively. The collar material is steel; it has an outside diameter of 76mm and an inside
diameter of 38mm; coefficients of friction at threads and at collar are 0.11 and 0.13


A rope drive is to transmit 260kW from a pulley 1.2m diameter running at a speed of 300 rpm.
The angle of lap may be taken as a radians. The groove half angle is 22o. The ropes to be
used are 50mm in diameter. The weight of the rope is 1.3kg per meter length and each rope has
a safe maximum pull of 2200N. The coefficient of friction between rope and pulley is 0.3.


Following data is given for a 3600 hydrodynamic bearing:

Radial load = 2kN;
Journal diameter = 50 mm
Bearing length = 50mm
Viscosity of oil = 20 m Pa s
Specify radial clearance that need be provide so that when the journal is rotating at 2800 rpm,
the minimum film thickness is 30 microns. Evaluate the corresponding coefficient of friction.


a) What is meant by hydrodynamic lubrication?

b) Design a journal bearing for a centrifugal pump running at 1440 rpm. The diameter of the
journal is 100 mm and load on each bearing is 20 kN. The factor ZN/p may be taken as 28
for centrifugal pump bearings. The bearing is running at 75C temperature and the
atmosphere temperature is 30C. The energy dissipation coefficient is 875 W/m2/C. Take
diametral clearance as 0.1 mm.


A four stroke internal combustion engine has the following specifications:

Brake power = 7.5 kW; Speed = 1000 rpm.; Indicated mean effective pressure = 0.35 N/mm2;
Maximum gas pressure = 3.5 N/mm2; Mechanical efficiency = 80 %.
i) The dimensions of the cylinder, if the length of stroke is 1.4 times the bore of the cylinder;
ii) Wall thickness of the cylinder, if the hoop stress is 35 MPa;
iii) Thickness of the cylinder head and the size of studs when the permissible stresses for the
cylinder head and stud materials are 45 MPa and 65 MPa respectively.


A helical spring B is placed inside the coils of a second helical spring A, having the same
number of coils and free length. The springs are made of the same material. The composite
spring is compressed by an axial load of 2300 N which is shared between them. The mean
diameters of the spring A and B are 100 mm and 70 mm respectively and wire diameters are
13 mm and 8 mm respectively. Find the load taken and the maximum stress in each spring.


Determine the maximum stress in the frame of the 100 kN punch press as shown in
the figure .