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You are on page 1of 3

Name: . . . . . . . . .

Mathematics

"Thales' Property"

9th-Grade

W.S-6

1) Find the numerical value of the strictly positive real number x in each of the following cases:

Fig-2.

Fig-1.

2) In triangle ABC ,we have AE // DF .

Prove that AC // DE .

3) Let RNK be any triangle. The parallel drawn to ( NK ) intersects sides [ RN ] &[ RK ] at

E and F respectively. The parallel to ( NF ) drawn through E cuts [RK ] at G .

Prove that: RF 2 RG RK .

4) Consider the two triangles ABC & ACD , where

EG //BC & GH // AD .

Compute the length of [CH ].

5)

6)

7)

2

that AB 3cm. Let I be a point on [BC] such that BI BC , and J is a point on [AB] such

3

that BJ 2cm . Draw a sketch

a. Prove that IJ is parallel to AC . Deduce relative position of IJ and AB .

JN AO 1

b. If N is the midpoint of [BI]. Prove that

BI BC 2

Let RIDA be a parallelogram and M be a point on [IA] . RM cuts ID at O and DA at N .

Prove that: RM 2 MN MO.

Consider the right angle uO v . Let R & N be two points on [Ou ) &[Ov) respectively such

that OR 3cm and ON 4cm.

a. Compute RN .

b. Let K be a point on RN such that RK 3cm .The circle of diameter [NK ] intersects

[ON ] at F . Calculate NF and FK .

9th Grade.

Page 1 of 3

8)

Let M , N & Q be three collinear points taken in this order, such that

MN 6cm and NQ 4cm . C is the circle of diameter [MN ] and C ' the circle of

diameter [NQ ] . A is a point on C , so that MA 2cm . AN intersects C ' at B.

a. Calculate measure of AN .

b. Show that MA and QB are parallel.

c. Calculate the lengths of QB & BN .

9)

10) Consider a circle C of center O and diameter AB 12cm . E is a point of [OB] such that

OE 4cm . Draw the circle C ' E; BE . C ' intersects [OB] again at point N .

a. Draw a figure.

b. Let M be a point of C ' such that BM 2cm and the line BM cuts C at P ,where

PO cuts C at K .

i. What is the nature of triangle MNB ? Deduce the length of MN .

ii. Prove that MN and AP are parallel.

iii. Deduce the length of BP.

c. Prove that ME // PO .

BN

d. i) Calculate the ratio

, and deduce the position of the point N in the triangle PBK .

BO

ii) PN cuts BK in I . Prove that I is the midpoint of [BK ].

iii) KN cuts PB in J . Prove that IJ 6cm.

11) ABC is an isosceles triangle at vertex A. The altitude issued from point A cuts [BC] at H.

(See figure below)

Given BC = 6cm and AH = 4cm.

Let M be a point of [BH] such that BM = x. The parallel

to (AH) through M cuts (AB) at P and (AC) at Q.

1) a- Calculate BH and give an encirclement for x.

b- Show that:

MP x

. Deduce MP in terms of x.

AH 3

2) a- Express MC in terms of x.

b- Show that MQ =

4

(6 x ) .

3

d- In this case, precise the position of P on [AB].

9th Grade.

Page 2 of 3

12) In the adjacent figure [ AI ) is the bisector of the angle BAC , where IC 5cm,

AC 6cm & BC 8cm.

a) Reproduce the figure.

b) Explain how can you use the segment [BC ] and the point

I to locate the point D on [BA) so that, BD

8

BA.

3

d) From this part on we admit that AI b, DC a and that

the straight lines ( AI ) & ( DC ) are parallel.

i. Code the figure.

ii. Show that the triangle ACD is isosceles.

AB IB

iii. Prove that:

.

AC IC

3

iv. Show that: b a

8

v. If the perimeter of the trapezoid AICD 19.25cm , then deduce that a 6cm and

b 2.25cm .

13) The unit of length in this exercise is the centimeter, where the parts A and B are

independent.

Let I be any point on the diagonal [ AC ] of the parallelogram ABCD of sides AB x 5 and

AD 4 x 2 . [DI ) cuts [ AB ] and (BC ) in points N & O respectively. Complete the figure.

Part-A:

1) If BN 2cm, then:

a. Prove that

ID x 5

.

IN x 3

IC 3

IA 2

Part-B:

The parallels drawn from I to the straight lines, (BC ) and (DC ) , cut [ AB] & [ AD ] in the points

E & F respectively. Complete the figure.

1) If FI 2cm & IE x cm , then find the ratio of AI to AC in terms of x .

2) Prove that:

FI

IE

DC CB

3) Show that: x 2 3x 4 x 1 x 4

4) Use parts 2 & 3 to calculate the value of x .

5) Prove that FE and DC are parallel.

9th Grade.

Page 3 of 3

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