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# EMILIO AGUINALDO COLLEGE

School of Medicine
DEPARTMENT OF FAMILY & COMMUNITY MEDICINE
BIOSTATISTICS
EXERCISE NO.13
NAME:_____________________________________GROUP NO.____________
HYPOTHESIS TESTING
THE CHI-SQUARE TEST OF ASSOCIATION
INTRODUCTION:
The Chi-Square Test of association is a statistical test
that determines the relationship of two categorical variables. The basic
question answered is to determine a relationship between the column and
the row in a two by two table lay-out.
OBJECTIVE:
This is an INDIVIDUAL EXERCISE. At the end of this exercise, the student will
be able to employ the chi-square test of homogeneity in a sample data set.
OUTPUT:

## 1.) Answers to Exercise questions

INSTRUCTIONS:
1. Open the SPSS data file of your group.
2. Observe again how data variables are encoded and arranged.
3. To generate a chi-square test. Click descriptive, cross tabs. In the menu
box, click statistics, then click chi square.
4. Run also percentages by clicking column totals and row totals.
Problem 1
Test the hypothesis that there is an association between sex and
employment. Meaning, there could be more a likelihood that females were
associated with a low or high employment rate or vice versa with males. Use
alpha =.05 level of significance.

## Step 1: State the Hypotheses.

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Ho:_______________________________________________________
Ha:______________________________________________________
Indicate two tailed or one tailed
Step 2: State the level of significance:____________________
Step 3: State the test statistic to be used:_________________
Step 4: Determine the Critical region: (Use your chi-square table to do this)
State the degrees of freedom and the level of significance. Draw the curve
and label the critical region or area of rejection.
_______3.841_______________________________________________________
Step 5: Perform the X2 calculations
How to do this:
5.1 Click descriptive
5.2 Click cross tabs
5.3 Scoot in the variables. Enter sex into the column box and the
employment in the row box
5.4 Click statistics, Click Chi Square
5.5 Generate percentages (rows and columns) by clicking cells, row
totals, column totals
Copy the Results into the Two by Two Table
Employment
Categories
None

Male
No. (%)
7

Female
No. (%)
82

Total

Blue

20

28

white

10

17

37

97

134

89

## Indicate the percentage in ( )

Step 6: Statistical Decision: Look at the output box of the chi-square test. The
asymptotic 2-tailed and asymptotic 1-tailed values. These are the p-values.
The p-value is the lowest level of significance at which Ho may be rejected.
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Condition

Significance

Decision

Conclusion

If p-value is

## The statistical test

is significant

Reject Ho

Conclude Ha

If p-value is >

Test is NOT
significant

DO NOT REJECT Ho

There is no
sufficient evidence
to conclude Ha

## The p-value is (asymptotic 2-tailed) ____0.000___is ______than .05 alpha

So we:
Reject Ho
DO NOT reject Ho
Step 7:
Conclusion:__________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________

PROBLEM: 2
Test the hypothesis that there is a relationship between age and family
history of hypertension. Test this at .05 level of significance.

## Step 1 (State hypotheses in words only)

______________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________
Step 2:_______________________________________________________

Step 3:__________________________________________________
Step 4:______df=30_CR=43.773______________________________________
Step 5:__________________________________________________
Copy the results of the data table generated in SPSS (see separate
attachment)
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## The p-value is ___.319_______

Step 6: Statistical Decision
Reject Ho
DO NOT reject Ho
Step 7: Conclusion:
__________________________________________________

____________________
Name and Signature