Statistics South Africa

CENSUS 2001

Census in brief

General information

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CENSUS 2001

Census in brief

Pali Lehohla
Statistician-General

Report no. 03-02-03 (2001)

Statistics South Africa
2003

ii

Published by Statistics South Africa, Private Bag X44, Pretoria 0001
© Statistics South Africa, 2003
Users may apply or process this data, provided Statistics South Africa (Stats SA) is acknowledged as the original source
of the data; that it is specified that the application and/or analysis is the result of the user's independent processing of
the data; and that neither the basic data nor any reprocessed version or application thereof may be sold or offered for
sale in any form whatsoever without prior permission from Stats SA.
ISBN 0-621-34293-9
Stats SA Library Cataloguing-in-Publication (CIP) Data
Census 2001: Census in brief / Statistics South Africa. Pretoria: Statistics South Africa, 2003
Previous title: The people of South Africa: Population census 1996: Census in Brief, 1998
108p. [Report No: 03-02-03(2001)]
ISBN 0-621-34293-9
1. Census. 2. Population – Statistics. 3. Demography – South Africa. 4. Education – Statistics.
5. Sex distribution (Demography) South Africa. 6. Labour market – South Africa. 7. Households – South Africa.
8. Social services – South Africa
I.
Statistics South Africa
II.
Series
(LSCH 16)
A complete set of Stats SA publications is available at the Stats SA library, the National Library of South Africa in Pretoria
and Cape Town, and at the nine provincial libraries.
This report is available on the Stats SA website: www.statssa.gov.za

Contents

iii

Introduction
Map: Provinces of South Africa

iv

The land area of South Africa

1

The people of South Africa
General demographics
Language
Country of birth and citizenship
Age
Disability
Education
Employment
Occupation
Industry

5

The households of South Africa
Type of dwelling
Number of rooms
Household size
Energy
Water
Telephones
Toilet facilities
Refuse removal
Household goods

65

Census 2001 products

99

viii

6
14
20
27
38
41
51
56
62

66
69
72
74
82
87
90
94
97

Introduction

iv

Overview

Adjusting for undercount

In October 2001, South Africans were counted for the
second time as citizens of a democracy. Over 83 000
enumerators and over 17 000 supervisors and fieldwork
co-ordinators were employed to collect information on
persons and households throughout the country, using a
uniform methodology. Census night, or the night of the
count, was 9-10 October 2001. In preparation, the
country was divided into about 80 000 small pockets of
land called enumeration areas (EAs). An enumerator was
assigned to each EA to visit all the places within it where
people were living.

In every census, there are bound to be some people or
households who are missed, or some people who are
counted twice. During November 2001, a postenumeration survey (PES) was undertaken to determine
the degree of undercount or overcount in Census 2001.
For those who are interested in the details, a separate
publication describing the methodology of the PES is
also being issued (Ref: 03-02-17). The numbers and
percentages presented in this report have been adjusted
according to the PES findings.

The information collected was processed at the Census
processing centre in Pretoria, employing about 1000
people working in shifts for sixteen months to process the
questionnaires. For the first time, scanning was used to
capture the data on computer. The captured data were
then edited and made accessible for analysis. For those
who require more information on how the census was
conducted, a separate publication, How the count was
done (Ref: 03-02-02), describes the census
methodology, whilst detailed metadata publications are
available electronically (see the end of this volume for all
reference numbers).

Adjusting the count in this way leads to the introduction
of fractions. These fractions have been rounded to whole
numbers.

Statistics Council Census sub-committee comment
Preliminary independent demographic analyses of this
report suggest that the final figures probably reflect:
! an underestimate of children under the age of five
! an overestimate of children aged between 10 and 19
! an underestimate of men relative to women
! an underestimate of the white population.

v

Error margins for the adjusted population - reflecting
sampling errors around the estimate - can be found on
pages 6-13, 27-37, 46-48, 50, 59-61 and 73. In
addition to sampling errors, other types of measurement
errors may be present.

Labour market data
Labour market data are included from both the Labour
Force Survey of September 2001 and Census 2001. The
census produces lower estimates of labour force
participation than the September 2001 Labour Force
Survey. There is possible under-reporting of employment
in the informal and subsistence agriculture sectors,
particularly among those working only a few hours per
week. The labour force survey questionnaire includes
more prompts to identify such people, which is not
possible during census enumeration. The United Nations
and the International Labour Organisation note that
labour force surveys are expected to produce more
reliable estimates of labour market variables than
censuses. Note that the labour force survey figures are
the official labour market statistics.

Imputation
Imputation was used to allocate values for unavailable,
unknown, incorrect or inconsistent responses. The editing
system uses a combination of both 'logical' imputation
techniques and 'hot decks' (dynamic imputation).
'Undetermined' values were used for only a few variables
in a few cases (such as industry and occupation).
Logical imputations, in which a consistent value is
calculated or deduced from other information in the
household, are usually preferred over hot deck
imputations. Generally, the editing system attempts to
resolve inconsistencies first by looking at other
characteristics of the household (for example, a married
person with an invalid response for sex would be
assigned the opposite sex to their spouse). If this is
unsuccessful, then a consistent value is imputed from a
hot deck, which bases the imputation on nearby persons
or households that share similar characteristics.
More information on census editing can be obtained
from the United Nations publication Handbook on
Population and Housing Census Editing, reference:
ST/ESA/STAT/SER.F/82. In addition, the complete set of
editing specifications for Census 2001 is available upon
request from Statistics South Africa (Ref: 03-02-43).

vi

Definitions of terms used in this publication
A publication containing the definitions of terms as they
were used in the census will be made available
electronically (Ref: 03-02-26). Nevertheless, for the
convenience of readers, the main terms used in this
volume are defined below.
! Household: A household is a group of persons who
live together, and provide themselves jointly with food
and/or other essentials for living, or a single person
who lives alone.
Note: The definition of household for other Stats SA
data collection operations includes the four-night rule,
according to which a person is a member of a
household if he spends an average of four nights a
week in that household. As Census 2001 was a de
facto census, which means that people were counted
where they were staying on census night, the four-night
rule did not apply.
! Collective living quarters: Living quarters where
certain facilities are shared by groups of individuals or
households. They include hostels, hotels and
institutions.
! Housing unit: A unit of accommodation for a
household, which may consist of one structure, more

than one structure, or part of a structure. Examples of
each are a house, a group of rondavels, and a flat.
(The types of living quarters classified as housing units
are shown in Tables 3.1 and 3.2.)
! Home language: The language most often spoken at
home, which is not necessarily the person's mother
tongue.
! Disability: A physical or mental handicap which has
lasted for six months or more, or is expected to last at
least six months, which prevents the person from
carrying out daily activities independently, or from
participating fully in educational, economic or social
activities.
! Official definition of unemployment: According to
the official or strict definition, the unemployed are those
people within the economically active population who
(a) did not work in the seven days prior to census night,
(b) wanted to work and were available to start work
within a week of census night, and (c) had taken active
steps to look for work or to start some form of selfemployment in the four weeks prior to census night.
! Unemployment rate: The percentage unemployed of
the economically active.

vii

Technical notes
Table headings
To avoid repetition, when the entire population is
described in a table, the heading of the table does not
always reflect this. Examples are the tables on language
and country of birth. However, when a subset of the
population is described, for example those aged 15-65,
this is clearly stated in the heading. The bottom right
hand cell of the table gives the total number of people
under consideration.

Population group
Statistics South Africa continues to classify people by
population group, in order to monitor progress in
moving away from the apartheid-based discrimination of
the past. However membership of a population group is
now based on self-perception and self-classification, not
on a legal definition.

All the household tables describe all households living in
housing units, and again this is not always reflected in
the heading.

Five options were provided on the questionnaire, Black
African, Coloured, Indian or Asian, White, and Other.
These labels have been simplified in the text for ease of
reading. Note that those who classified themselves as
Indian or Asian are aggregated into the group 'Indian
and Asian', or Indian/Asian. Responses in the category
'Other' were very few and were therefore imputed.

Coverage of the household tables

Reporting of percentages

The household tables describe households in housing
units only. These tables represent 43 369 667 people,
out of the total population of 44 819 778. Just under
1,5 million people lived in collective living quarters and
are not included in these tables.

All percentages are shown to one decimal place in the
graphs and tables, but are reported as whole numbers in
the text, for ease of reading.
Rounding
Due to rounding, the displayed totals in the tables do not
always match the sum of the displayed rows or columns.

Provinces of South Africa

viii

Limpopo

Mpumalanga
North West

Gauteng

Free State
Northern Cape

Eastern Cape
Western Cape

KwaZulu-Natal

page 1

The land area of South Africa

page 2

Table 1.1: Area of each province in square kilometres

Square km

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

169 580

129 480

17 010

92 100

123 910

79 490

361 830

116 320

129 370

1 219 090

Land area

Source: Department of Land Affairs

Figure 1: Distribution of the land area of South Africa by province

KwaZulu-Natal Gauteng
1,4%
7,6%

page 3

Eastern Cape
13,9%

Limpopo
10,2%

Northern Cape
29,7%

Western Cape
10,6%

Mpumalanga
6,5%

North West
9,5%

Source: Department of Land Affairs
The largest province in square kilometres (shown as the largest slice of the pie chart) is the Northern Cape, while Gauteng is
the smallest.

Land area

Free State
10,6%

PLEASE SCROLL DOWN

page 5

The people of South Africa

page 6

Table 2.1: Population by province for the census years 1996 and 2001

Year

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

1996
2001

6 302 525
6 436 763

2 633 504
2 706 775

7 348 423
8 837 178

8 417 021
9 426 017

4 929 368
5 273 642

2 800 711
3 122 990

840 321
822 727

3 354 825
3 669 349

People

Please refer to the introduction when reading this table.

Western
Cape

South
Africa

3 956 875 40 583 573
4 524 335 44 819 778

Figure 2: Distribution of the population of South Africa by province, 2001

Northern Cape
1,8%

Mpumalanga
7,0%

page 7

Limpopo
11,8%

North West
8,2%

Western Cape
10,1%
KwaZulu-Natal
21,0%

Eastern Cape
14,4%

Gauteng
19,7%

Please refer to the introduction when reading this graph.
The province with the largest population was KwaZulu-Natal, followed by Gauteng. The province with the smallest population,
even though it is the largest in area, was the Northern Cape.

People

Free State
6,0%

page 8

Table 2.2: Population by province and sex

Sex
Male
Female
Total

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

2 975 512
3 461 251
6 436 763

1 297 605
1 409 170
2 706 775

4 444 679
4 392 499
8 837 178

4 409 091
5 016 925
9 426 017

2 394 785
2 878 857
5 273 642

1 497 333
1 625 658
3 122 990

401 168
421 559
822 727

1 821 547
1 847 803
3 669 349

2 192 321
2 332 014
4 524 335

21 434 040
23 385 737
44 819 778

People

Please refer to the introduction when reading this table.

Figure 3: Percentage of the population who were female in each province

60

page 9

%
54,6

53,8

53,2

52,1

52,1

51,5

51,2

50,4

50

52,2
49,7

40

30

20

10

Lim

po
po

e
ap
C
.
E

KZ

e
at

N
ee
Fr

St

m
pu

M

a.

e
ap
.C
W

e
ap
C
.
N

t
es
W
.
N

ng
te
au
G

SA

Please refer to the introduction when reading this graph.
In the country as a whole, and in all provinces except Gauteng, there was a larger proportion of females than males. For
example, 55% of the population living in Limpopo were female.

People

0

page 10

Table 2.3: Population by province and population group

Population
group
Black African
Coloured
Indian or Asian
White
Total

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

5 635 079
478 807
18 372
304 506
6 436 763

2 381 073
83 193
3 719
238 791
2 706 775

6 522 792
337 974
218 015
1 758 398
8 837 178

8 002 407
141 887
798 275
483 448
9 426 017

5 128 616
10 163
8 587
126 276
5 273 642

2 886 345
22 158
11 244
203 244
3 122 990

293 976
424 389
2 320
102 042
822 727

3 358 450
56 959
9 906
244 035
3 669 349

1 207 429
2 438 976
45 030
832 901
4 524 335

35 416 166
3 994 505
1 115 467
4 293 640
44 819 778

People

Please refer to the introduction when reading this table.

Figure 4: Number of people in each province by population group (millions)

12

10

page 11

millions

9,4
8,8

8
6,4
6

5,3
4,5
3,7

4

3,1

2,7

2
0,8

KZ

N

ng
te
au
G

E.

e
ap
C

po

po

Lim

Black African

e
ap
.C
W

Coloured

t
es
W
N.

Indian/Asian

a.
m

pu

e
at

e

M

e
Fr

St

e
ap
C
N.

White

Please refer to the introduction when reading this graph.
Black Africans constituted the vast majority of the population in all provinces except two, namely the Western Cape and the
Northern Cape, where coloured people were in the majority.

People

0

page 12

Table 2.4: Population by province and population group (percentages)

Population
group
Black African
Coloured
Indian or Asian
White
Total

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

87,5
7,4
0,3
4,7
100,0

88,0
3,1
0,1
8,8
100,0

73,8
3,8
2,5
19,9
100,0

84,9
1,5
8,5
5,1
100,0

97,2
0,2
0,2
2,4
100,0

92,4
0,7
0,4
6,5
100,0

35,7
51,6
0,3
12,4
100,0

91,5
1,6
0,3
6,7
100,0

26,7
53,9
1,0
18,4
100,0

79,0
8,9
2,5
9,6
100,0

People

Please refer to the introduction when reading this table.

Figure 5: Distribution of the population of South Africa by population group

page 13

Black African
79,0%

White
9,6%

Indian/Asian
2,5%

Please refer to the introduction when reading this graph.
Black Africans constituted more than three-quarters of the total population of South Africa.

People

Coloured
8,9%

Figure 6: Distribution of the population by language most often spoken at home

23,8

20

17,6

15

13,3
9,4

10

8,2

8,2

7,9
4,4

People

Nearly a quarter of the population gave isiZulu as their home language.

1,6

0,5

O

th

er

le
be
de
N

i
at

2,3

Isi

Xi

tso

ng

a

th
o
Se
so

Se

tsw

an

a

ish
gl
En

Se

pe

di

ns
Af

rik

aa

a
os
Xh

lu
Zu
Isi

Isi

0

2,7

Ts
hi
ve
nd
a

5

Sw

25

%

Si

30

page 14

page 15

Table 2.5: Population by home language and province

Afrikaans
English
IsiNdebele
IsiXhosa
IsiZulu
Sepedi
Sesotho
Setswana
SiSwati
Tshivenda
Xitsonga
Other
Total

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

600 057
232 952
4 134
5 369 672
51 434
2 966
152 340
1 944
5 201
766
816
14 482
6 436 763

323 082
31 246
10 000
246 192
138 091
7 007
1 742 939
185 389
7 451
1 433
8 960
4 985
2 706 775

1 269 176
1 105 192
171 018
671 045
1 902 025
945 656
1 159 589
741 219
122 560
154 183
505 380
90 134
8 837 178

140 833
1 285 011
18 570
219 826
7 624 284
10 844
66 925
5 195
12 792
1 215
3 289
37 232
9 426 017

122 531
28 939
78 617
14 225
34 358
2 750 175
69 370
83 130
57 703
839 704
1 180 611
14 278
5 273 642

192 129
51 833
377 688
46 553
822 934
336 451
114 169
84 911
963 188
5 935
117 921
9 277
3 122 990

559 189
20 662
581
51 228
2 724
762
9 101
171 340
591
358
397
5 794
822 727

275 681
42 709
48 997
214 461
92 288
153 220
209 315
2 398 366
23 206
16 880
172 768
21 460
3 669 349

Western
Cape

South
Africa

2 500 748 5 983 426
874 660 3 673 203
2 216
711 821
1 073 951 7 907 153
9 166 10 677 305
1 898 4 208 980
31 438 3 555 186
5 522 3 677 016
1 738 1 194 430
1 284 1 021 757
2 065 1 992 207
19 650
217 293
4 524 335 44 819 778

People

Home language

page 16

Table 2.6: Home language within provinces (percentages)

Home language
Afrikaans
English
IsiNdebele
IsiXhosa
IsiZulu
Sepedi
Sesotho
Setswana
SiSwati
Tshivenda
Xitsonga
Other
Total

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

9,3
3,6
0,1
83,4
0,8
0,0
2,4
0,0
0,1
0,0
0,0
0,2
100,0

11,9
1,2
0,4
9,1
5,1
0,3
64,4
6,8
0,3
0,1
0,3
0,2
100,0

14,4
12,5
1,9
7,6
21,5
10,7
13,1
8,4
1,4
1,7
5,7
1,0
100,0

1,5
13,6
0,2
2,3
80,9
0,1
0,7
0,1
0,1
0,0
0,0
0,4
100,0

2,3
0,5
1,5
0,3
0,7
52,1
1,3
1,6
1,1
15,9
22,4
0,3
100,0

6,2
1,7
12,1
1,5
26,4
10,8
3,7
2,7
30,8
0,2
3,8
0,3
100,0

68,0
2,5
0,1
6,2
0,3
0,1
1,1
20,8
0,1
0,0
0,0
0,7
100,0

7,5
1,2
1,3
5,8
2,5
4,2
5,7
65,4
0,6
0,5
4,7
0,6
100,0

55,3
19,3
0,0
23,7
0,2
0,0
0,7
0,1
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,4
100,0

13,3
8,2
1,6
17,6
23,8
9,4
7,9
8,2
2,7
2,3
4,4
0,5
100,0

People

Note: This table shows the breakdown of the population of each province by home language. The percentages total 100% down the columns,
for each province separately.

page 17

Table 2.7: Home language by province (percentages)

Home language
Afrikaans
English
IsiNdebele
IsiXhosa
IsiZulu
Sepedi
Sesotho
Setswana
SiSwati
Tshivenda
Xitsonga
Other
Total

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

10,0
6,3
0,6
67,9
0,5
0,1
4,3
0,1
0,4
0,1
0,0
6,7
14,4

5,4
0,9
1,4
3,1
1,3
0,2
49,0
5,0
0,6
0,1
0,4
2,3
6,0

21,2
30,1
24,0
8,5
17,8
22,5
32,6
20,2
10,3
15,1
25,4
41,5
19,7

2,4
35,0
2,6
2,8
71,4
0,3
1,9
0,1
1,1
0,1
0,2
17,1
21,0

2,0
0,8
11,0
0,2
0,3
65,3
2,0
2,3
4,8
82,2
59,3
6,6
11,8

3,2
1,4
53,1
0,6
7,7
8,0
3,2
2,3
80,6
0,6
5,9
4,3
7,0

9,3
0,6
0,1
0,6
0,0
0,0
0,3
4,7
0,0
0,0
0,0
2,7
1,8

4,6
1,2
6,9
2,7
0,9
3,6
5,9
65,2
1,9
1,7
8,7
9,9
8,2

41,8
23,8
0,3
13,6
0,1
0,0
0,9
0,2
0,1
0,1
0,1
9,0
10,1

100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0
100,0

People

Note: This table shows the breakdown by province of the people who named each language as their home language. The percentages total 100% across
the rows, for each language separately.

Table 2.8: Population by home language and population group

Home language

People

Afrikaans
English
IsiNdebele
IsiXhosa
IsiZulu
Sepedi
Sesotho
Setswana
SiSwati
Tshivenda
Xitsonga
Other
Total

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

253 282
183 631
703 906
7 888 999
10 659 309
4 204 358
3 544 304
3 657 796
1 191 015
1 020 133
1 989 062
120 369
35 416 166

3 173 972
756 067
1 882
12 172
11 397
2 706
8 566
16 532
2 360
852
1 595
6 406
3 994 505

19 266
1 045 845
3 522
703
2 406
289
250
373
255
114
142
42 302
1 115 467

2 536 906
1 687 661
2 511
5 279
4 193
1 627
2 065
2 315
801
658
1 409
48 216
4 293 640

5 983 426
3 673 203
711 821
7 907 153
10 677 305
4 208 980
3 555 186
3 677 016
1 194 430
1 021 757
1 992 207
217 293
44 819 778

page 18

Table 2.9: Home language within population groups (percentages)

Home language
Afrikaans
English
IsiNdebele
IsiXhosa
IsiZulu
Sepedi
Sesotho
Setswana
SiSwati
Tshivenda
Xitsonga
Other
Total

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

0,7
0,5
2,0
22,3
30,1
11,9
10,0
10,3
3,4
2,9
5,6
0,3
100,0

79,5
18,9
0,0
0,3
0,3
0,1
0,2
0,4
0,1
0,0
0,0
0,2
100,0

1,7
93,8
0,3
0,1
0,2
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
0,0
3,8
100,0

59,1
39,3
0,1
0,1
0,1
0,0
0,0
0,1
0,0
0,0
0,0
1,1
100,0

13,3
8,2
1,6
17,6
23,8
9,4
7,9
8,2
2,7
2,3
4,4
0,5
100,0

page 19

People

Note: This table shows the breakdown of each population group by home language. The percentage totals 100% down the columns.

page 20

Table 2.10: Country of birth by province

Country of birth
South Africa
SADC* countries
Rest of Africa
Europe
Asia
North America
Central and South America
Australia and New Zealand
Total

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

6 401 924 2 657 848
15 425
43 424
3 527
673
11 948
3 121
2 511
1 238
455
125
746
293
227
53
6 436 763 2 706 775

8 364 104
305 460
21 639
113 451
20 439
4 155
5 926
2 005
8 837 178

9 329 255
44 692
5 876
37 223
5 241
1 319
1 631
781
9 426 017

5 193 803
73 583
1 055
2 137
2 526
258
226
53
5 273 642

3 040 291
75 435
1,042
4 794
869
204
283
72
3 122 990

810 409
10 891
252
821
165
44
122
24
822 727

3 581 639
79 970
1 154
3 958
1 937
200
416
74
3 669 349

People

* Southern African Development Community, excluding South Africa

Western
Cape

South
Africa

4 415 428 43 794 702
38 799
687 679
6 602
41 819
50 860
228 314
5 959
40 886
2 393
9 152
3 154
12 798
1 141
4 429
4 524 335 44 819 778

Figure 7: Percentage of the population in each province not born
in South Africa
6

page 21

%
5,4

5

4

3

2

2,6

2,4

2,4

2,3

1,8
1,5

1,5

1,0

1
0,5

e
ap
C
E.

KZ

N
Lim

po
po

e
ap
C
N.

t
es
W
N.

a.

m

M

pu

e
ap
.C
W

Altogether, 2% of the population said they were not born in South Africa.

e

at

e

e
Fr

St

ng
te
au
G

SA

People

0

page 22

Table 2.11: Country of birth by population group

Country of birth
South Africa
SADC* countries
Rest of Africa
Europe
Asia
North America
Central and South America
Australia and New Zealand
Total

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

34 838 715
539 474
29 880
4 317
2 117
956
609
98
35 416 166

3 978 485
11 405
1 319
1 737
985
254
249
71
3 994 505

1 081 843
3 106
1 268
1 070
27 727
244
112
98
1 115 467

3 895 659
133 693
9 353
221 189
10 057
7 698
11 828
4 162
4 293 640

43 794 702
687 679
41 819
228 314
40 886
9 152
12 798
4 429
44 819 778

People

* Southern African Development Community, excluding South Africa

Figure 8: Percentage of each population group not born in South Africa

10

page 23

%

9,3

8

6

4
3,0
2,3

2

1,6
0,4
Coloured

Black African

Asian or Indian

White

Just over 9% of the white population said they were not born in South Africa.

Average

People

0

page 24

Table 2.12: Citizenship by province

Citizenship
South Africa
SADC* countries
Rest of Africa
Europe
Asia
North America
Central and South America
Australia and New Zealand
Total

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

6 421 702
6 040
2 274
4 559
1 441
317
329
102
6 436 763

2 677 794
26 702
436
1 028
602
73
117
24
2 706 775

8 628 209
142 007
12 435
41 915
7 117
2 588
1 983
925
8 837 178

9 387 421
16 619
3 486
14 742
2 010
736
630
373
9 426 017

5 232 547
37 750
767
942
1 287
225
92
32
5 273 642

3 089 243
30 778
474
1 743
430
164
112
46
3 122 990

820 665
1 370
161
340
81
29
67
14
822 727

3 616 745
49 096
644
1 492
972
161
181
58
3 669 349

People

* Southern African Development Community, excluding South Africa

Western
Cape

South
Africa

4 482 450 44 356 776
9 816
320 178
4 307
24 983
22 000
88 761
2 366
16 305
1 538
5 831
1 244
4 755
615
2 190
4 524 335 44 819 778

Figure 9: Percentage of non-South African citizens in each province

3,0

page 25

%

2,5

2,4

2,0

1,5

1,4
1,1

1,1
1,0

0,8

0,2
0,0
E.

e
ap
C

0,3

e
ap
C
.
N

0,4

KZ

N
Lim

po
po

M

a.
m
pu

e
ap
.C
W

t
es
W
N.

Altogether, 1% of the population said they were not South African citizens.

e

at

ee
Fr

St

au
G

ng

te

SA

People

0,5

1,0

0,9

page 26

Table 2.13: Citizenship by population group

Citizenship
South Africa
SADC* countries
Rest of Africa
Europe
Asia
North America
Central and South America
Australia and New Zealand
Total

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

35 087 973
301 866
21 769
1 920
1 640
590
357
50
35 416 166

3 987 696
3 962
916
932
535
200
184
82
3 994 505

1 101 703
1 262
639
570
10 984
180
72
56
1 115 467

4 179 405
13 088
1 659
85 339
3 146
4 860
4 142
2 002
4 293 640

44 356 776
320 178
24 983
88 761
16 305
5 831
4 755
2 190
44 819 778

People

* Southern African Development Community, excluding South Africa

Age group

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

0-4
5-9
10 - 14
15 - 19
20 - 24

658 124
823 500
889 113
810 763
542 024

253 291
274 428
302 510
305 927
255 810

725 796
678 306
682 849
752 240
975 450

1 012 650
1 117 012
1 141 322
1 126 496
905 222

602 521
719 981
754 242
695 560
476 912

348 690
364 684
379 907
370 289
295 410

81 516
83 725
86 215
84 971
70 615

361 686
382 711
403 808
389 231
342 247

405 542
409 207
421 952
446 245
430 833

4 449 816
4 853 555
5 061 917
4 981 721
4 294 523

25 - 29
30 - 34
35 - 39
40 - 44
45 - 49

423 455
362 515
349 903
328 027
270 913

229 902
208 535
194 544
165 473
135 861

1 046 757
877 435
773 411
650 695
497 465

790 824
633 129
585 772
491 309
396 021

367 443
296 770
275 080
225 523
189 904

265 696
222 588
206 052
166 577
135 742

67 393
63 444
58 450
52 086
44 209

317 667
283 656
267 075
232 375
179 710

425 802
392 828
361 483
307 400
237 556

3 934 939
3 340 901
3 071 770
2 619 465
2 087 380

50 - 54
55 - 59
60 - 64
65 - 69
70 - 74

217 137
170 194
188 548
146 411
116 252

105 400
77 309
63 367
50 979
35 388

372 050
260 200
194 783
129 578
95 027

332 888
240 916
215 539
154 802
131 779

150 796
110 543
112 285
92 956
88 582

100 878
70 482
63 235
43 399
39 016

34 948
27 356
22 516
17 309
11 806

133 782
105 902
86 129
64 741
49 239

190 140
142 363
118 892
87 751
64 379

1 638 020
1 205 266
1 065 294
787 927
631 469

75 - 79
80 - 84
85 +

65 197
50 803
23 885

21 162
16 578
10 312

60 564
40 599
23 972

72 501
50 319
27 517

45 049
42 413
27 080

21 021
18 619
10 706

7 750
4 940
3 478

32 982
21 936
14 473

41 311
24 739
15 911

367 537
270 945
157 333

6 436 763

2 706 775

8 837 178

9 426 017

5 273 642

3 122 990

822 727

3 669 349

4 524 335

44 819 778

Total

Please refer to the introduction when reading this table.

People

page 27

Table 2.14: Population in five-year age groups by province

page 28

Table 2.15: Population in five-year age groups by province: Males

Age group

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

0-4
5-9
10 - 14
15 - 19
20 - 24

331 137
414 158
444 095
400 408
258 026

126 686
137 613
151 314
151 921
123 392

361 816
337 379
338 157
368 686
505 789

505 646
558 183
569 275
551 455
432 503

299 651
358 763
374 656
344 877
219 622

173 019
180 799
188 337
182 660
142 624

40 929
42 017
42 791
42 549
35 089

180 293
191 555
200 303
192 948
171 744

204 553
205 336
210 029
217 575
210 504

2 223 731
2 425 804
2 518 956
2 453 079
2 099 293

25 - 29
30 - 34
35 - 39
40 - 44
45 - 49

189 984
156 443
146 872
137 696
114 112

108 196
98 504
92 286
80 011
64 403

553 095
460 404
396 949
331 432
247 199

370 486
286 947
257 569
216 918
175 873

152 995
122 022
109 672
91 351
76 155

124 414
103 534
96 837
80 911
65 138

33 343
31 138
28 265
25 196
21 114

156 640
143 723
138 112
123 574
91 262

209 971
191 773
174 944
146 544
112 348

1 899 124
1 594 488
1 441 507
1 233 632
967 604

50 - 54
55 - 59
60 - 64
65 - 69
70 - 74

93 984
72 464
71 138
54 461
42 575

50 234
36 240
27 251
19 920
13 634

187 687
126 934
89 586
55 086
38 616

149 219
104 872
84 045
54 807
43 079

63 346
46 317
41 853
30 004
27 501

48 959
33 585
26 683
16 642
14 458

16 899
12 942
10 324
7 566
5 018

68 099
51 896
39 047
27 293
20 338

91 071
67 073
54 581
38 985
27 328

769 499
552 323
444 510
304 763
232 547

75 - 79
80 - 84
85 +

23 985
16 759
7 214

7 886
5 290
2 825

23 559
14 955
7 350

24 806
15 716
7 691

15 779
12 799
7 421

8 439
6 647
3 645

3 099
1 794
1 095

12 607
7 784
4 328

16 275
9 091
4 339

136 436
90 835
45 907

2 975 512

1 297 605

4 444 679

4 409 091

2 394 785

1 497 333

401 168

1 821 547

People

Total

Please refer to the introduction when reading this table.

2 192 321 21 434 040

page 29

Table 2.16: Population in five-year age groups by province: Females

Age group

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

0-4
5-9
10 - 14
15 - 19
20 - 24

326 987
409 342
445 018
410 355
283 999

126 606
136 815
151 196
154 005
132 418

363 980
340 927
344 692
383 554
469 661

507 003
558 828
572 047
575 040
472 719

302 870
361 218
379 586
350 684
257 290

175 670
183 885
191 571
187 629
152 786

40 587
41 707
43 423
42 422
35 526

181 393
191 156
203 505
196 283
170 503

200 989
203 870
211 923
228 671
220 328

2 226 085
2 427 751
2 542 961
2 528 642
2 195 230

25 - 29
30 - 34
35 - 39
40 - 44
45 - 49

233 470
206 072
203 031
190 331
156 801

121 706
110 031
102 258
85 462
71 458

493 662
417 031
376 461
319 263
250 266

420 337
346 182
328 203
274 391
220 148

214 448
174 749
165 408
134 172
113 749

141 282
119 054
109 215
85 666
70 604

34 050
32 306
30 185
26 890
23 096

161 027
139 933
128 963
108 802
88 447

215 830
201 055
186 539
160 856
125 208

2 035 814
1 746 412
1 630 264
1 385 832
1 119 776

50 - 54
55 - 59
60 - 64
65 - 69
70 - 74

123 153
97 729
117 410
91 950
73 676

55 166
41 070
36 115
31 059
21 754

184 363
133 266
105 197
74 493
56 412

183 669
136 044
131 494
99 995
88 700

87 450
64 226
70 432
62 952
61 081

51 919
36 897
36 551
26 757
24 558

18 049
14 414
12 192
9 743
6 789

65 682
54 006
47 082
37 448
28 901

99 069
75 291
64 310
48 766
37 051

868 521
652 943
620 784
483 164
398 922

75 - 79
80 - 84
85 +

41 211
34 044
16 670

13 276
11 288
7 487

37 005
25 644
16 622

47 695
34 603
19 827

29 270
29 613
19 658

12 582
11 971
7 060

4 651
3 145
2 384

20 375
14 153
10 145

25 036
15 649
11 572

231 101
180 111
111 425

3 461 251

1 409 170

4 392 499

5 016 925

2 878 857

1 625 658

421 559

1 847 803

2 332 014 23 385 737

People

Total

Please refer to the introduction when reading this table.

Figure 10: Distribution of the total population by age group and sex

page 30

Age category
0,1
0,2
0,3
0,5
0,7
1,0
1,2

85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59

1,9

1,7

50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

2,5

2,2
2,8
3,2

3,1
3,6
3,9

3,6

4,5
4,9

4,2
4,7

5,6
5,7
5,4

5,5
5,6
5,4
5,0
8

6

5,0

4
%

2

0
Male

People

0,2
0,4
0,5
0,9
1,1
1,4
1,5

2

4
%

6

Female

Please refer to the introduction when reading this graph.
Note that the entire graph (males and females) adds up to 100%, unlike age pyramids published previously by Stats SA.

8

Table 2.17: Population in five-year age groups by population group

Age group

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

0-4
5-9
10 - 14
15 - 19
20 - 24

3 752 195
4 085 163
4 218 592
4 096 260
3 544 596

392 887
410 372
427 277
421 348
353 661

74 609
88 514
99 303
110 310
102 236

230 124
269 506
316 745
353 803
294 030

4 449 816
4 853 555
5 061 917
4 981 721
4 294 523

25 - 29
30 - 34
35 - 39
40 - 44
45 - 49

3 184 169
2 570 918
2 331 315
1 929 129
1 510 351

337 194
330 061
314 488
268 129
208 624

101 903
95 281
90 727
81 709
72 251

311 672
344 642
335 241
340 498
296 154

3 934 939
3 340 901
3 071 770
2 619 465
2 087 380

50 - 54
55 - 59
60 - 64
65 - 69
70 - 74

1 134 840
801 255
730 835
540 092
442 551

162 247
114 501
93 952
68 532
43 950

63 187
48 037
35 959
23 091
14 621

277 746
241 473
204 547
156 212
130 348

1 638 020
1 205 266
1 065 294
787 927
631 469

75 - 79
80 - 84
85 +

241 287
194 353
108 265

24 974
13 476
8 832

7 961
3 881
1 887

93 314
59 236
38 348

367 537
270 945
157 333

35 416 166

3 994 505

1 115 467

4 293 640

44 819 778

Total

page 31

People

Please refer to the introduction when reading this table.

Table 2.18: Population in five-year age groups by population group: Males

Age group

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

0-4
5-9
10 - 14
15 - 19
20 - 24

1 871 949
2 036 828
2 092 996
2 008 510
1 724 596

197 105
206 467
213 882
209 267
173 686

37 784
44 558
50 422
55 669
51 864

116 892
137 951
161 656
179 632
149 148

2 223 731
2 425 804
2 518 956
2 453 079
2 099 293

25 - 29
30 - 34
35 - 39
40 - 44
45 - 49

1 531 288
1 224 442
1 088 677
905 054
695 362

163 088
156 435
147 807
125 291
95 937

51 074
46 654
43 556
39 089
33 852

153 675
166 958
161 467
164 199
142 453

1 899 124
1 594 488
1 441 507
1 233 632
967 604

50 - 54
55 - 59
60 - 64
65 - 69
70 - 74

529 533
360 392
289 707
193 570
152 237

74 866
52 387
41 460
29 104
17 563

30 352
22 837
15 954
9 939
6 122

134 749
116 707
97 389
72 151
56 626

769 499
552 323
444 510
304 763
232 547

75 - 79
80 - 84
85 +

87 194
63 462
32 034

9 187
4 537
2 359

3 194
1 484
645

36 862
21 351
10 869

136 436
90 835
45 907

16 887 830

1 920 426

545 050

2 080 734

21 434 040

Total

People

Please refer to the introduction when reading this table.

page 32

Table 2.19: Population in five-year age groups by population group: Females

Age group

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

0-4
5-9
10 - 14
15 - 19
20 - 24

1 880 246
2 048 335
2 125 596
2 087 750
1 820 001

195 781
203 905
213 395
212 081
179 975

36 826
43 956
48 880
54 640
50 372

113 232
131 555
155 089
174 171
144 882

2 226 085
2 427 751
2 542 961
2 528 642
2 195 230

25 - 29
30 - 34
35 - 39
40 - 44
45 - 49

1 652 881
1 346 476
1 242 639
1 024 074
814 989

174 107
173 626
166 681
142 838
112 687

50 829
48 627
47 171
42 621
38 399

157 998
177 684
173 773
176 299
153 702

2 035 814
1 746 412
1 630 264
1 385 832
1 119 776

50 - 54
55 - 59
60 - 64
65 - 69
70 - 74

605 307
440 863
441 128
346 522
290 314

87 381
62 115
52 493
39 428
26 387

32 836
25 200
20 005
13 152
8 499

142 997
124 766
107 158
84 061
73 722

868 521
652 943
620 784
483 164
398 922

75 - 79
80 - 84
85 +

154 094
130 891
76 231

15 788
8 939
6 473

4 767
2 396
1 242

56 452
37 885
27 479

231 101
180 111
111 425

18 528 336

2 074 079

570 417

2 212 905

23 385 737

Total

page 33

People

Please refer to the introduction when reading this table.

Figure 11: Distribution of the black African population by age group and sex

page 34

Age category
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49

1,5

1,7

2,0

2,3
2,9

2,6

40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

3,5
3,8

3,1
3,5

4,7

4,3

5,1

4,9
5,7
5,9
5,8
5,3
8

6

5,9
6,0
5,8
5,3
4
%

2

0
Male

People

0,2
0,4
0,4
0,8
1,0
1,2
1,2

0,1
0,2
0,2
0,4
0,5
0,8
1,0

2

4
%

6

Female

Please refer to the introduction when reading this graph.
Note that the entire graph (males and females) adds up to 100%, unlike age pyramids published previously by Stats SA.

8

Figure 12: Distribution of the coloured population by age group and sex

page 35

Age category
0,2
0,2
0,4
0,7
1,0
1,3
1,6

0,1
0,1
0,2
0,4
0,7
1,0
1,3

2,2

1,9

2,8

2,4

3,6

3,1
3,7
3,9
4,1
4,3

4,2
4,3
4,4
4,5
5,3
5,4
5,1
4,9

5,2
5,4
5,2
4,9
8

6

4
%

2

0
Male

2

4
%

6

8

Female

Please refer to the introduction when reading this graph.
Note that the entire graph (males and females) adds up to 100%, unlike age pyramids published previously by Stats SA.

People

85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

Figure 13: Distribution of the Indian/Asian population by age group and sex

page 36

Age category
0,1
0,1
0,3
0,5
0,9

85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

1,4

1,8

2,0

2,3
2,9

2,7
3,0

3,4
3,8

3,5
3,9
4,2

4,2
4,4
4,6
4,5
4,9
4,4
3,9

4,6
4,6
5,0
4,5
4,0
3,4
8

6

4
%

3,3
2

0
Male

People

0,1
0,2
0,4
0,8
1,2

2

4
%

6

Female

Please refer to the introduction when reading this graph.
Note that the entire graph (males and females) adds up to 100%, unlike age pyramids published previously by Stats SA.

8

Figure 14: Distribution of the white population by age group and sex

page 37

Age category
0,3
0,5
0,9

0,6
0,9
1,3
1,7
2,0

1,3
1,7

2,5
2,9
3,3
3,6

2,3
2,7
3,1
3,3
3,8
3,8
3,9
3,6
3,5
4,2
3,8
3,2

4,1
4,0
4,1
3,7
3,4
4,1
3,6
3,1
2,6

2,7
8

6

4
%

2

0
Male

2

4
%

6

8

Female

Please refer to the introduction when reading this graph.
Note that the entire graph (males and females) adds up to 100%, unlike age pyramids published previously by Stats SA.

People

85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
5-9
0-4

page 38

Table 2.20: Disabled population by province

Disability

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

Sight
Hearing
Communication
Physical
Intellectual
Emotional
Multiple
Total

86 893
51 499
12 640
98 106
35 786
47 135
40 206
372 265

59 965
26 270
5 088
36 305
13 015
19 751
24 982
185 376

91 304
39 318
10 188
84 917
32 970
37 847
35 067
331 611

110 937
67 004
17 971
123 853
45 451
55 883
49 489
470 588

69 727
44 542
9 799
53 883
26 223
35 013
29 715
268 903

49 431
27 927
5 777
41 753
13 343
21 224
22 738
182 194

12 050
5 357
1 429
13 454
3 234
4 522
6 926
46 972

62 507
25 174
6 130
51 490
16 189
25 346
24 386
211 223

34 282
26 492
6 432
53 752
20 239
21 991
23 661
186 850

577 096
313 585
75 454
557 512
206 451
268 713
257 170
2 255 982

People

Notes: For each of the specific categories, the numbers represent the people with that particular disability only. People with more than one disability are
only included in the category ‘multiple’.
The definition of disability used in Census 2001 is not comparable with that used in Census 1996.

Figure 15: Percentage of the population with each type of disability

6

page 39

%
5,0

5
4
3
2
1,3

1,2

1

0,7

0,6

0,6

0,5

0,2

al
To
t

n
un
m
C
om

In

te

lle

ica

ctu

tio

al

le
M

ul
tip

l
na
io
ot
Em

He
ar
in
g

l
Ph
ys
ica

Si
gh

t

0

Five per cent of the population were classified by respondents as having a serious disability, preventing full participation in life
activities, for example, in the educational, work or social spheres.

People

Type of disability

page 40

Table 2.21: Disabled population by population group and sex

People

Disability and sex

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

Sight

Male
Female
Total

212 764
294 121
506 884

14 143
16 102
30 245

4 246
4 798
9 044

14 529
16 394
30 923

245 682
331 415
577 096

Hearing

Male
Female
Total

120 147
136 930
257 077

9 279
10 020
19 299

2 022
2 324
4 346

16 157
16 706
32 863

147 605
165 980
313 585

Communication

Male
Female
Total

32 985
29 495
62 480

3 222
2 530
5 752

829
602
1 431

3 032
2 759
5 791

40 068
35 386
75 454

Physical

Male
Female
Total

217 496
218 707
436 203

30 275
23 510
53 786

7 140
5 654
12 795

26 188
28 541
54 728

281 100
276 412
557 512

Intellectual

Male
Female
Total

84 476
78 094
162 570

9 038
8 356
17 394

2 211
1 921
4 133

11 797
10 557
22 354

107 522
98 929
206 451

Emotional

Male
Female
Total

121 180
105 970
227 150

11 644
9 801
21 445

2 564
1 999
4 564

7 561
7 994
15 555

142 949
125 764
268 713

Multiple

Male
Female
Total

90 632
111 380
202 012

10 981
9 775
20 757

2 537
2 386
4 923

12 967
16 512
29 479

117 118
140 052
257 170

Total

Male
Female
Total

879 680
974 696
1 854 376

88 583
80 095
168 678

21 550
19 685
41 235

92 230
99 463
191 693

1 082 043
1 173 939
2 255 982

page 41

Table 2.22: Highest level of education by province amongst those
aged 20 and older
Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

No schooling
Some primary
Completed primary
Some secondary
Grade 12/ Std 10
Higher
Total

743 700
643 921
240 337
963 428
459 190
204 687
3 255 262

251 408
340 753
122 345
482 224
274 843
99 047
1 570 620

504 619
673 283
328 519
2 055 955
1 678 906
756 706
5 997 987

1 100 291
849 144
287 070
1 447 674
995 616
348 744
5 028 538

835 485
352 437
137 839
653 487
351 250
170 841
2 501 338

456 747
264 548
98 331
440 640
301 490
97 664
1 659 421

88 680
101 934
40 319
145 344
80 357
29 667
486 301

423 787
426 025
144 181
619 263
393 809
124 850
2 131 914

Western
Cape

South
Africa

162 781 4 567 497
431 698 4 083 742
224 529 1 623 467
1 038 110 7 846 125
665 141 5 200 602
319 129 2 151 336
2 841 388 25 472 769

People

Level of education

page 42

People

Table 2.23: Highest level of education by province amongst those aged 20
and older (percentages)

Level of education

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

No schooling
Some primary
Completed primary
Some secondary
Grade 12/ Std 10
Higher
Total

22,8
19,8
7,4
29,6
14,1
6,3
100,0

16,0
21,7
7,8
30,7
17,5
6,3
100,0

8,4
11,2
5,5
34,3
28,0
12,6
100,0

21,9
16,9
5,7
28,8
19,8
6,9
100,0

33,4
14,1
5,5
26,1
14,0
6,8
100,0

27,5
15,9
5,9
26,6
18,2
5,9
100,0

18,2
21,0
8,3
29,9
16,5
6,1
100,0

19,9
20,0
6,8
29,0
18,5
5,9
100,0

5,7
15,2
7,9
36,5
23,4
11,2
100,0

17,9
16,0
6,4
30,8
20,4
8,4
100,0

Figure 16: Distribution of the population aged 20 years and above by highest
level of education completed

page 43

Some primary
16,0%
Completed primary
6,4%
No schooling
17,9%

Higher
8,4%

Some secondary
30,8%

More than three in ten of those aged 20 and above had started but not completed secondary education. Eighteen per cent had
no formal education.

People

Grade 12/ Std 10
20,4%

Figure 17: Percentage of the population aged 20 and above in each province with
no education
40

%

35

33,4

30

27,5

25

22,8

21,9
19,9

20

18,2

17,9
16,0

15
10

8,4
5,7

5
0

People

Lim

po
po

m
pu
M

a.
E.

e
ap
C

KZ

N

t
es
W
N.

e
ap
C
N.

e

at

ee
Fr

St

ng
te
au
G

e
ap
.C
W

In Limpopo more than a third of those aged 20 years and above had not received any education.

SA

page 44

Figure 18: Percentage of the population aged 20 and above in each province
with tertiary qualifications
14

page 45

%
12,6

12

11,2

10
8,4
8

6

5,9

5,9

6,3

6,1

6,8

6,3

6,9

4

2

t
es
W
N.

m
pu
M

a.

e
ap
C
N.

E.

e
ap
C

e

po

at

ee
Fr

St

po

Lim

KZ

N

e
ap
.C
W

In South Africa as a whole, fewer than one in ten people had tertiary qualifications.

ng
te
au
G

SA

People

0

page 46

Table 2.24: Highest level of education by sex and province amongst those
aged 20 and older

People

Level of education
and sex
No schooling
Male
Female
Total
Some primary
Male
Female
Total
Completed primary
Male
Female
Total
Some secondary
Male
Female
Total
Grade 12/ Std 10
Male
Female
Total
Higher
Male
Female
Total
Total
Male
Female
Total

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

281 199
462 501
743 700

109 337
142 071
251 408

245 793
258 826
504 619

410 936
689 355
1 100 291

270 283
565 202
835 485

186 946
269 801
456 747

42 116
46 564
88 680

203 122
220 665
423 787

80 522
82 259
162 781

1 830 254
2 737 244
4 567 497

302 190
341 731
643 921

158 404
182 349
340 753

358 244
315 039
673 283

365 970
483 174
849 144

160 623
191 814
352 437

129 666
134 882
264 548

49 311
52 623
101 934

217 291
208 734
426 025

217 116
214 582
431 698

1 958 814
2 124 928
4 083 742

100 562
139 775
240 337

55 735
66 610
122 345

167 204
161 314
328 519

127 604
159 465
287 070

61 903
75 935
137 839

47 980
50 351
98 331

18 106
22 213
40 319

71 397
72 783
144 181

102 503
122 025
224 529

752 996
870 471
1 623 467

410 601
552 827
963 428

224 271
257 952
482 224

1 019 890
1 036 065
2 055 955

679 886
767 788
1 447 674

289 325
364 161
653 487

212 787
227 853
440 640

68 454
76 890
145 344

308 174
311 089
619 263

483 928
554 182
1 038 110

3 697 317
4 148 808
7 846 125

206 722
252 468
459 190

135 261
139 582
274 843

862 441
816 464
1 678 906

477 269
518 346
995 616

157 362
193 888
351 250

147 693
153 798
301 490

40 285
40 072
80 357

198 483
195 325
393 809

314 048
351 093
665 141

2 539 565
2 661 036
5 200 602

84 440
120 247
204 687

47 063
51 983
99 047

385 069
371 637
756 706

162 866
185 878
348 744

77 341
93 500
170 841

47 445
50 219
97 664

14 609
15 058
29 667

57 980
66 870
124 850

156 710
162 419
319 129

1 033 524
1 117 811
2 151 336

1 385 714
1 869 549
3 255 262

730 072
840 548
1 570 620

3 038 641
2 959 346
5 997 987

2 224 532
2 804 007
5 028 538

1 016 838
1 484 500
2 501 338

772 518
886 903
1 659 421

232 881
253 420
486 301

1 056 447
1 075 466
2 131 914

Please refer to the introduction when reading this table.

1 354 828 11 812 470
1 486 560 13 660 299
2 841 388 25 472 769

Table 2.25: Highest level of education by population group amongst those
aged 20 and older
Level of education
No schooling
Some primary
Completed primary
Some secondary
Grade 12/ Std 10
Higher
Total

Black African

4 292 235
3 557 674
1 338 609
5 851 580
3 228 480
995 378
19 263 956

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

193 375
430 426
230 327
940 357
433 782
114 354
2 342 621

39 375
57 110
31 035
245 146
259 389
110 677
742 731

42 513
38 532
23 497
809 042
1 278 951
930 927
3 123 461

4 567 497
4 083 742
1 623 467
7 846 125
5 200 602
2 151 336
25 472 769

page 47

People

Please refer to the introduction when reading this table.

page 48

Figure 19: Distribution of those aged 20 and above in each population group
by highest level of education completed
100

%

80

60

40

20

People

0

Asian/Indian

White

Higher

Black African
5,2

Coloured
4,9

14,9

29,8

Average
8,4

Grade 12/ Std 10

16,8

18,5

34,9

40,9

20,4
30,8

Some second.

30,4

40,1

33,0

25,9

Completed prim.

6,9

9,8

4,2

0,8

6,4

Some prim.

18,5

18,4

7,7

1,2

16,0

No schooling

22,3

8,3

5,3

1,4

17,9

Twenty-two per cent of Africans aged 20 years and above had received no education.

Table 2.26: Attendance at an educational institution by province amongst
those aged 5-24

Pre-school
School
College
Technikon
University
Adult education centre
Other
Sub-total: Attending
Not attending
Total

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

91 696
2 189 277
16 808
16 008
14 802
2 347
4 303
2 335 240
730 161
3 065 401

31 773
765 166
10 272
6 642
8 667
3 148
1 739
827 408
311 266
1 138 674

117 972
1 716 560
80 720
57 726
63 864
6 795
9 120
2 052 758
1 036 087
3 088 845

100 899
2 839 817
27 570
29 350
29 851
5 145
6 411
3 039 043
1 251 008
4 290 051

72 239
1 966 975
12 802
5 545
9 843
1 564
3 114
2 072 081
574 615
2 646 696

41 615
967 133
9 004
5 599
2 265
1 481
2 079
1 029 177
381 113
1 410 290

10 071
194 061
2 239
885
416
281
452
208 406
117 119
325 525

49 193
966 769
10 639
7 419
8 517
3 439
1 802
1 047 776
470 221
1 517 997

Western
Cape

South
Africa

60 477
575 936
979 068 12 584 825
21 175
191 230
16 803
145 977
31 379
169 604
2 280
26 480
4 771
33 791
1 115 954 13 727 843
592 283 5 463 873
1 708 237 19 191 716

People

Educational
institution

page 49

Table 2.27: Attendance at an educational institution by population group
amongst those aged 5-24
Educational institution
Pre-school
School
College
Technikon
University
Adult education centre
Other
Sub-total: Attending
Not attending
Total

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

448 726
10 678 731
136 215
110 571
74 140
22 266
22 420
11 493 069
4 451 543
15 944 612

50 517
939 467
12 366
8 995
10 238
1 503
3 355
1 026 441
586 217
1 612 658

14 030
228 538
8 305
5 745
18 752
420
1 614
277 404
122 958
400 362

62 664
738 089
34 344
20 666
66 474
2 290
6 403
930 930
303 154
1 234 084

575 936
12 584 825
191 230
145 977
169 604
26 480
33 791
13 727 843
5 463 873
19 191 716

People

Please refer to the introduction when reading this table.

page 50

Table 2.28: Population of working age (15-65) by province and labour market
status – labour force survey and census data compared (percentages)

page 51

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

LFS, September 2001
Employed
Unemployed*
Not economically active
Total

31,4
14,8
53,8
100,0

42,9
17,6
39,5
100,0

50,4
19,9
29,7
100,0

35,2
17,7
47,1
100,0

27,4
15,5
57,1
100,0

38,6
16,5
45,0
100,0

40,8
14,4
44,7
100,0

36,0
15,3
48,7
100,0

53,6
12,1
34,3
100,0

39,6
16,5
43,9
100,0

CENSUS 2001
Employed
Unemployed*
Not economically active
Total

20,4
24,6
55,0
100,0

33,7
25,5
40,8
100,0

45,0
25,8
29,2
100,0

27,8
21,6
45,7
100,0

22,7
21,6
55,7
100,0

33,0
23,0
43,9
100,0

39,4
19,7
40,9
100,0

31,8
24,8
43,4
100,0

48,5
17,1
34,4
100,0

33,7
24,0
42,3
100,0

Labour market status

* Official or strict definition
Sources: Labour Force Survey, September 2001 and Census 2001

People

The LFS figures are the official labour market figures – please refer to the introduction.
Note: In this table, the percentage unemployed is not the unemployment rate. It is the percentage unemployed of the entire working age population.
See Figures 21 and 22 for the unemployment rates.

Table 2.29: Population of working age (15-65) by population group, labour market
status and sex – labour force survey and census data compared (percentages)

Labour market status and sex

Black African
LFS Census

Coloured
LFS Census

Indian/Asian
LFS Census

White
LFS Census

Average
LFS Census

Male
Employed
Unemployed*
Not economically active
Total

39,9
19,0
41,1
100,0

35,0
26,7
38,3
100,0

57,3
14,7
27,9
100,0

52,6
18,2
29,2
100,0

66,5
11,6
21,9
100,0

62,8
11,7
25,5
100,0

73,8
3,8
22,4
100,0

70,4
4,6
25,0
100,0

46,6
16,5
36,9
100,0

41,3
23,1
35,7
100,0

Female
Employed
Unemployed*
Not economically active
Total

28,6
18,9
52,4
100,0

21,4
29,3
49,2
100,0

43,2
13,2
43,6
100,0

40,1
16,1
43,8
100,0

38,4
11,8
49,8
100,0

36,2
8,3
55,5
100,0

55,7
4,5
39,8
100,0

52,8
3,7
43,5
100,0

33,3
16,6
50,2
100,0

26,8
24,9
48,3
100,0

Total
Employed
Unemployed*
Not economically active
Total

33,9
19,0
47,1
100,0

27,8
28,1
44,1
100,0

49,9
13,9
36,2
100,0

46,1
17,1
36,9
100,0

52,1
11,7
36,2
100,0

49,2
10,0
40,9
100,0

64,9
4,1
31,0
100,0

61,4
4,1
34,5
100,0

39,6
16,5
43,9
100,0

33,7
24,0
42,3
100,0

* Official or strict definition
Sources: Labour Force Survey, September 2001 and Census 2001

People

The LFS figures are the official labour market figures – please refer to the introduction.
Note: In this table, the percentage unemployed is not the unemployment rate. It is the percentage unemployed of the entire working age population.
See Figures 21 and 22 for the unemployment rates.

page 52

Figure 20: Distribution of those aged 15-65 in each population group by
labour market status – labour force survey and census data compared

page 53

%
100

80

60

40

20

Black African
LFS Census

Coloured
LFS Census

Asian/Indian
LFS Census

White
LFS Census

LFS

Total
Census

19,0

28,1

13,9

17,1

11,7

10,0

4,1

4,1

16,5

24,0

Employed

33,9

27,8

49,8

46,1

52,1

49,2

64,9

61,4

39,8

33,7

Not ec. active

47,1

44,1

36,2

36,9

31,0

40,9

31,0

34,5

43,9

42,3

Unemployed*

* Official or strict definition
Sources: Labour Force Survey, September 2001 and Census 2001
The LFS figures are the official labour market figures.
In this figure the population aged 15-65 is divided into three catagories: employed, unemployed and not economically active.
The latter include students, homemakers, the disabled, those too ill to work and anyone not seeking work.

People

0

Figure 21: Unemployment rate (strict definition) among those aged 15-65 in
each province – labour force survey and census data compared
60

page 54

%
54,6
48,8

50

48,7
43,8

43,0

41,1
40

41,6
36,4

36,1
33,5

32,0

30

33,4
29,9

29,9

29,1

28,2

29,5
26,1

26,1
18,4

20

10

0

People

Lim

po

po

KZ

N
E.

e
ap
C

t
es
W
.
N

a.

e

at

m

pu

M

ee
Fr

St

LFS September 2001

ng
te
au
G

e
ap
C
.
N

e
ap
.C
W

SA

Census 2001

Sources: Labour Force Survey, September 2001 and Census 2001
The LFS figures are the official labour market figures.
According to the LFS, the unemployment rate was 29,5% for the country as a whole in September 2001. These calculations do
not include the not economically active, hence the larger proportions of unemployed than shown in Figure 20.

Figure 22: Unemployment rate (strict definition) among those aged 15-65
by sex and population group – labour force survey and census data compared

page 55

%

70

57,8

60

50,2

48,1

50
43,3

41,6

39,8

40

35,9

35,8

33,3

32,2

30

26,1

25,7

29,5

28,6

27,0
23,6

23,3

20,5

20

21,8

18,7

18,4
16,9

14,815,7

10

7,4 6,6

4,9 6,1

6,0 6,3

e

te
hi

ag
er
Av

n
W

sia
/A

re
ou
ol

an
di
In

ric

Total
Census 2001

Sources: Labour Force Survey, September 2001 and Census 2001
The LFS figures are the official labour market figures.
Both datasets show particularly high unemployment among African women.

People

LFS September 2001

C

Af
k
Bl

Females

Males

d

an

e
ac

Av

er

hi

ag

te

n
W

/A

re

an

ou
ol

In

di

ric
C

Af
k
ac
Bl

sia

d

an

e
ag
er

te
hi
W

Av

n
/A

re

an

ou
ol
C

di
In

ric
Af
k
ac
Bl

sia

d

an

0

page 56

Table 2.30: Occupation by province amongst the employed aged 15-65

Occupation

People

Legislators, senior officials and
managers
Professionals
Technicians and associate
professionals
Clerks
Service workers, shop and
market sales workers
Skilled agricultural and
fishery workers
Craft and related trades
workers
Plant and machine operators
and assemblers
Elementary occupations
Undetermined
Total

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

32 361
49 745

19 802
27 541

208 242
269 900

82 577
100 053

22 843
38 759

23 035
27 875

8 746
8 848

28 785
38 369

88 998
107 372

515 389
668 463

94 918
75 973

46 307
48 977

280 323
379 623

171 209
173 794

69 925
54 911

46 119
52 541

15 086
19 394

62 350
69 409

133 537
173 077

919 774
1 047 699

74 174

50 571

331 316

164 713

63 732

54 473

17 914

69 162

151 531

977 587

23 845

28 719

26 543

44 136

32 862

35 119

14 482

25 410

36 994

268 110

77 507

71 246

361 459

180 199

75 990

92 598

20 491

127 935

157 549

1 164 973

55 375
210 020
60 420
754 338

62 725
201 672
33 441
591 002

236 685
589 943
210 743
2 894 777

160 674
396 715
128 200
1 602 270

50 569
219 107
35 149
663 847

66 546
202 093
29 775
630 175

11 355
81 553
10 876
208 745

96 809
204 262
26 397
748 889

103 494
434 578
102 591
1 489 722

844 233
2 539 942
637 593
9 583 762

page 57

Figure 23: Distribution of the employed aged 15-65 by occupational category

30

%

26,5

25

20

15
12,2
10,9
9,6

10

10,2
8,8

7,0

6,7

5,4
5

2,8

ed

ry

in

ta

er
et
Un
d

People

Altogether, 27% of the employed were in elementary occupations, and 5% were in managerial occupations.

m

en
em
El

O

pe

ra
to

r

tis
an
Ar

ric
ag
d
ille
Sk

al

Sa
le
s/
se
rv
ice

C
le
ric

l
ica
hn
Te
c

fe
ss
io
Pr
o

M

an

ag

er

ia

na
l

l

0

page 58

Table 2.31: Occupation by province amongst the employed aged 15-65
(percentages)

Occupation

People

Legislators, senior officials and
managers
Professionals
Technicians and associate
professionals
Clerks
Service workers, shop and
market sales workers
Skilled agricultural and
fishery workers
Craft and related trades
workers
Plant and machine operators
and assemblers
Elementary occupations
Undetermined
Total

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

4,3
6,6

3,4
4,7

7,2
9,3

5,2
6,2

3,4
5,8

3,7
4,4

4,2
4,2

3,8
5,1

6,0
7,2

5,4
7,0

12,6
10,1

7,8
8,3

9,7
13,1

10,7
10,8

10,5
8,3

7,3
8,3

7,2
9,3

8,3
9,3

9,0
11,6

9,6
10,9

9,8

8,6

11,4

10,3

9,6

8,6

8,6

9,2

10,2

10,2

3,2

4,9

0,9

2,8

5,0

5,6

6,9

3,4

2,5

2,8

10,3

12,1

12,5

11,2

11,4

14,7

9,8

17,1

10,6

12,2

7,3
27,8
8,0
100,0

10,6
34,1
5,7
100,0

8,2
20,4
7,3
100,0

10,0
24,8
8,0
100,0

7,6
33,0
5,3
100,0

10,6
32,1
4,7
100,0

5,4
39,1
5,2
100,0

12,9
27,3
3,5
100,0

6,9
29,2
6,9
100,0

8,8
26,5
6,7
100,0

page 59

Table 2.32: Occupation by population group amongst the employed
aged 15-65
Occupation

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

139 509
241 578
486 731
479 146
631 999
191 720
809 756
674 066
2 081 268
380 056
6 115 829

42 202
47 599
101 800
158 679
103 637
30 207
157 292
97 725
385 536
82 716
1 207 393

46 591
48 192
48 762
83 614
48 453
1 545
40 732
33 073
21 078
24 891
396 931

287 087
331 094
282 481
326 260
193 497
44 638
157 193
39 369
52 060
149 931
1 863 610

515 389
668 463
919 774
1 047 699
977 587
268 110
1 164 973
844 233
2 539 942
637 593
9 583 762

Legislators, senior officials and managers
Professionals
Technicians and associate professionals
Clerks
Service workers, shop and market sales workers
Skilled agricultural and fishery workers
Craft and related trades workers
Plant and machine operators and assemblers
Elementary occupations
Undetermined
Total

People

Please refer to the introduction when reading this table.

page 60

Table 2.33: Occupation by population group amongst the employed aged
15-65: Males
Occupation

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

97 703
135 579
203 195
224 337
427 001
138 977
689 127
608 332
899 371
215 125
3 638 748

26 901
25 811
42 635
52 127
54 459
22 282
126 298
67 818
192 468
45 399
656 197

35 817
28 984
27 497
35 678
33 167
1 330
32 914
23 269
13 748
14 689
247 093

202 646
193 216
135 388
66 070
117 819
37 581
144 615
35 069
32 018
79 842
1 044 263

363 068
383 590
408 714
378 212
632 446
200 170
992 954
734 487
1 137 604
355 055
5 586 300

Legislators, senior officials and managers
Professionals
Technicians and associate professionals
Clerks
Service workers, shop and market sales workers
Skilled agricultural and fishery workers
Craft and related trades workers
Plant and machine operators and assemblers
Elementary occupations
Undetermined
Total

People

Please refer to the introduction when reading this table.

page 61

Table 2.34: Occupation by population group amongst the employed
aged 15-65: Females
Occupation

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

41 806
106 000
283 536
254 809
204 997
52 743
120 629
65 734
1 181 897
164 931
2 477 081

15 302
21 787
59 165
106 552
49 178
7 925
30 994
29 908
193 068
37 317
551 196

10 774
19 208
21 265
47 936
15 287
214
7 818
9 804
7 331
10 202
149 838

84 440
137 878
147 093
260 190
75 679
7 058
12 578
4 300
20 042
70 089
819 347

152 322
284 873
511 060
669 486
345 141
67 940
172 018
109 745
1 402 338
282 538
3 997 462

Legislators, senior officials and managers
Professionals
Technicians and associate professionals
Clerks
Service workers, shop and market sales workers
Skilled agricultural and fishery workers
Craft and related trades workers
Plant and machine operators and assemblers
Elementary occupations
Undetermined
Total

People

Please refer to the introduction when reading this table.

page 62

Table 2.35: Economic sector by province amongst the employed aged 15-65

Economic sector
Agriculture, hunting,
forestry and fishing
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas and
water supply
Construction
Wholesale and retail
trade
Transport, storage and
communication
Financial, insurance,
real estate and
business services
Community, social and
personal services
Other and not
adequately defined
Private households
Undetermined
Total

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

72 123
4 574
90 864

102 791
44 280
48 301

67 648
98 125
399 270

142 900
9 089
267 592

118 261
27 883
43 395

114 532
47 387
70 344

55 016
15 493
10 598

81 043
132 071
69 328

206 176
4 593
207 152

960 489
383 495
1 206 845

3 763
36 761

4 232
21 898

20 976
163 084

10 718
76 294

7 388
37 430

11 404
38 089

1 365
8 971

4 376
35 333

7 404
102 626

71 626
520 486

104 647

72 519

485 427

240 811

92 222

86 794

24 671

104 755

242 599

1 454 446

27 587

21 307

168 478

81 828

22 874

22 697

6 366

26 997

64 596

442 730

51 450

32 921

412 589

134 937

33 572

33 515

10 989

38 569

156 025

904 568

196 345

111 297

516 389

318 486

160 783

97 091

38 463

143 198

259 799

1 841 851

51
89 337
76 836
754 338

38
86 082
45 334
591 002

1 818
279 902
281 071
2 894 777

172
148 419
171 024
1 602 270

26
72 930
47 082
663 847

43
68 796
39 482
630 175

19
22 028
14 764
208 745

126
79 471
33 622
748 889

230
93 358
145 164
1 489 722

2 524
940 323
854 378
9 583 762

People

Note: The South African Police Services, Correctional Services and the South African National Defence Force are included with government employees in the
community, social and personal services category.

Figure 24: Distribution of the employed aged 15-65 by industry

Agriculture
10,0%

page 63

Manufacturing
12,6%

Finance
9,4%

Trade
15,2%

Construction
5,4%
Undetermined
8,9%

Transport
4,6%
Mining
4,0%
Electricity
0,7%

The community, social and personal services industry, including the public sector and private households, employed 29% of the
workforce - more than agriculture, manufacturing and mining combined.

People

Community, social and
personal services
29,1%

PLEASE SCROLL DOWN

page 65

The households of South Africa

page 66

Table 3.1: Type of dwelling by province

Households

Type of dwelling
House or brick structure
on a separate stand
or yard
Traditional dwelling/hut/
structure made of
traditional materials
Flat in block of flats
Town/cluster/
semi-detached house
(simplex, duplex)
House/flat/room in
back yard
Informal dwelling/
shack in backyard
Informal dwelling/
shack NOT in
backyard
Room/flatlet not in
backyard but on
a shared property
Caravan or tent
Private ship/boat
Total

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

624 516

438 091

1 424 818

915 419

818 123

473 605

158 647

621 363

763 881

6 238 462

576 697
69 141

52 678
12 616

34 626
188 275

581 036
193 490

232 502
9 036

94 898
13 213

7 159
3 694

49 422
10 170

25 768
89 473

1 654 787
589 108

21 567

10 501

124 841

72 289

7 393

6 657

3 532

6 120

66 969

319 868

37 968

20 517

193 503

65 937

22 199

17 154

4 383

25 644

25 069

412 374

31 205

44 103

185 767

48 613

21 205

24 503

5 355

51 935

46 840

459 526

135 567

147 081

448 393

177 212

56 930

92 877

20 438

155 501

142 706

1 376 706

12 524
3 260
218
1 512 664

5 625
1 865
225
733 302

42 583
7 246
1 192
2 651 244

24 660
7 007
588
2 086 250

9 703
2 466
409
1 179 965

8 199
1 841
184
733 131

1 896
1 661
76
206 842

6 705
1 738
405
929 004

Excluding all collective living quarters

8 712
120 609
3 526
30 610
360
3 656
1 173 304 11 205 705

Figure 25: Distribution of households in each province by type of dwelling

100

page 67

%

80

60

40

20

N. Cape
Other
Backyard
Traditional
Informal
Formal

0,8
3,0
3,5
12,5
80,2

W. Cape Limpopo
0,3
2,9
2,2
16,2
78,4

0,2
2,7
19,7
6,6
70,7

N. West

Mpuma.

Gauteng

F. State

KZN

E. Cape

SA

0,2
3,5
5,3
22,3
68,6

0,3
3,5
12,9
16,0
67,3

0,3
8,9
1,3
23,9
65,6

0,3
3,6
7,2
26,1
62,9

0,4
4,3
27,9
10,8
56,6

0,2
3,3
38,1
11,0
47,3

0,3
4,8
14,8
16,4
63,8

Excluding all collective living quarters
Just under two-thirds of all households in the country lived in formal dwellings.

Households

0

page 68

Table 3.2: Type of dwelling by population group of the household head

Type of dwelling
House or brick structure on a separate stand or yard
Traditional dwelling/hut/structure made of traditional materials
Flat in block of flats
Town/cluster/semi-detached house (simplex, duplex)
House/flat/room in backyard
Informal dwelling/shack in backyard
Informal dwelling/shack NOT in backyard
Room/flatlet not in backyard but on a shared property
Caravan or tent
Private ship/boat
Total

Households

Excluding all collective living quarters

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

4 369 893
1 610 402
324 362
89 365
343 604
425 719
1 334 691
101 390
22 818
2 806
8 625 050

649 503
24 967
59 310
52 302
26 748
30 529
35 304
6 350
2 732
291
888 036

187 769
3 993
39 843
34 774
11 074
927
2 114
1 814
527
94
282 930

1 031 298
15 424
165 594
143 427
30 948
2 351
4 596
11 054
4 533
464
1 409 689

6 238 462
1 654 787
589 108
319 868
412 374
459 526
1 376 706
120 609
30 610
3 656
11 205 705

page 69

Table 3.3: Number of rooms available to households by province

Number of rooms*
1**
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10+
Total

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

233 610
291 762
246 444
325 226
161 665
106 430
61 154
37 180
20 808
28 385
1 512 664

126 534
134 093
100 237
171 116
76 248
59 643
30 056
17 321
8 478
9 577
733 302

671 129
356 061
265 562
529 238
275 672
227 369
137 310
86 399
47 269
55 234
2 651 244

350 365
298 424
258 892
419 403
273 812
202 647
109 892
67 675
39 931
65 209
2 086 250

169 350
205 996
202 908
185 802
139 718
111 681
71 723
43 869
23 473
25 444
1 179 965

101 341
117 134
106 159
138 597
87 286
76 850
45 186
28 132
14 434
18 011
733 131

28 790
35 472
28 491
48 609
23 577
17 908
11 034
6 465
3 072
3 423
206 842

140 676
161 455
115 608
193 684
109 370
93 986
52 696
30 777
14 947
15 805
929 004

Western
Cape

South
Africa

151 466 1 973 262
170 539 1 770 935
158 511 1 482 813
266 643 2 278 318
200 954 1 348 303
103 864 1 000 377
55 438
574 487
31 282
349 101
16 651
189 064
17 956
239 044
1 173 304 11 205 705

Households

Excluding all collective living quarters
* Including kitchens, and outside rooms used by the same household, but excluding bathrooms and toilets
** Including households sharing a single room with another household or households

Table 3.4: Number of rooms available to households by population group of the
household head
Number of rooms*
1**
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10+
Total

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

1 855 036
1 576 736
1 207 933
1 708 884
846 081
626 832
350 174
202 780
109 038
141 556
8 625 050

85 980
130 388
125 079
244 197
168 793
73 248
31 567
15 178
6 972
6 635
888 036

5 408
14 150
29 546
74 104
71 152
44 544
20 248
11 499
5 975
6 304
282 930

26 838
49 662
120 256
251 133
262 277
255 752
172 497
119 644
67 080
84 550
1 409 689

1 973 262
1 770 935
1 482 813
2 278 318
1 348 303
1 000 377
574 487
349 101
189 064
239 044
11 205 705

Households

Excluding all collective living quarters
* Including kitchens, and outside rooms used by the same household, but excluding bathrooms and toilets
** Including households sharing a single room with another household or households

page 70

Figure 26: Distribution of households by number of rooms

30

page 71

%

20,3

25
17,6
15,8

20

13,2
12,0

15

8,9
10

0

3,1

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

1,7

2,1

9

10+

Number of rooms

Excluding all collective living quarters
Forty-seven per cent of households in the country lived in three or fewer rooms (excluding bathrooms, sheds, garages, stables,
etc., unless there were people living in them, but including kitchens).

Households

5,1
5

page 72

Table 3.5: Household size by province

Number of
persons per household

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10+
Total
Average household size

247 169
235 598
221 978
223 611
183 541
138 571
95 708
63 535
40 634
62 320
1 512 664
4,1

125 659
141 937
128 488
122 421
85 780
53 633
31 849
18 509
11 044
13 981
733 302
3,6

586 679
622 816
451 433
409 597
249 701
143 579
78 711
44 496
25 882
38 350
2 651 244
3,2

386 750
321 099
261 840
282 736
233 295
179 664
130 531
93 073
64 771
132 491
2 086 250
4,2

183 339
152 448
165 173
179 942
158 225
122 694
84 726
54 420
33 721
45 277
1 179 965
4,3

130 433
119 642
109 323
108 679
84 793
61 118
41 725
28 077
18 504
30 836
733 131
4,0

32 140
39 623
34 658
35 300
24 238
15 517
9 770
5 938
3 713
5 944
206 842
3,8

202 403
149 517
134 914
136 209
104 779
71 894
47 053
30 177
19 634
32 424
929 004
3,7

Households

Excluding all collective living quarters

Western
Cape

South
Africa

183 441 2 078 013
238 864 2 021 544
196 048 1 703 856
213 555 1 712 050
144 731 1 269 082
84 327
870 998
47 536
567 610
27 019
365 244
15 714
233 618
22 069
383 692
1 173 304 11 205 705
3,6
3,8

Table 3.6: Household size by population group of the household head

Household size
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10+
Total
Average household size

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

1 714 296
1 401 281
1 255 734
1 197 169
965 829
715 562
489 296
323 921
210 517
351 445
8 625 050
3,9

76 024
121 546
147 573
183 114
142 420
89 089
52 196
30 396
18 203
27 475
888 036
4,3

18 676
43 048
51 285
72 227
49 405
25 997
11 851
5 342
2 593
2 503
282 930
4,0

269 017
455 668
249 263
259 541
111 427
40 349
14 266
5 585
2 305
2 268
1 409 689
2,8

2 078 013
2 021 544
1 703 856
1 712 050
1 269 082
870 998
567 610
365 244
233 618
383 692
11 205 705
3,8

page 73

Households

Excluding all collective living quarters
Please refer to the introduction when reading this table.

Figure 27: Distribution of households by main energy source used for cooking,
heating and lighting

Heating

Cooking

Other
1,4%

Gas
2,5%

Households

Paraffin
21,4%

Coal
2,8%

Lighting

Electricity
49,0%

Electricity
51,4%

Wood
20,5%

Gas
1,1%

Paraffin
14,6%

Electricity
69,7%

Other
0,8%

Other
4,0%

Coal
6,6%

Excluding all collective living quarters
Seven in every ten households in the country used electricity for lighting.

page 74

Wood
24,6%

Paraffin
6,8%

Candles
22,7%

page 75

Table 3.7: Energy source for cooking by province

Energy source
for cooking
Electricity
Gas
Paraffin
Wood
Coal
Animal dung
Solar
Other
Total

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

419 997
44 014
445 082
543 561
4 607
49 329
2 003
4 070
1 512 664

344 592
25 519
250 166
58 138
39 236
11 953
1 893
1 805
733 302

1 939 945
37 539
567 851
18 437
72 819
5 477
5 461
3 715
2 651 244

1 007 737
63 917
374 356
562 970
42 267
20 736
6 146
8 122
2 086 250

295 512
19 625
131 633
702 428
18 651
5 272
2 981
3 864
1 179 965

293 055
13 861
126 756
170 907
118 227
6 065
1 960
2 299
733 131

122 132
13 291
37 281
31 711
1 198
467
421
342
206 842

414 234
26 538
296 785
170 272
10 404
8 259
1 314
1 198
929 004

Western
Cape

South
Africa

924 151 5 761 354
39 991
284 295
165 008 2 394 919
34 251 2 292 674
2 651
310 059
3 411
110 969
2 047
24 225
1 795
27 210
1 173 304 11 205 705

Households

Excluding all collective living quarters

Figure 28: Percentage of households in each province using wood for cooking

70

page 76

% using wood for cooking

59,5

60

50

40

35,9

30

27,0
23,3
20,5

18,3

20

15,3
7,9

10

2,9

Households

0
Lim

po
po

E

e
ap
.C

KZ

N
M

m
pu

a.

t
es
W
N.

e
ap
C
N.

e
at

e

e
Fr

St

e
ap
.C
W

0,7
ng
te
au
G

SA

Excluding all collective living quarters
In October 2001, 60% of households in Limpopo were using wood as the main source of energy for cooking, almost three
times the national average.

page 77

Table 3.8: Energy source for cooking by population group of the
household head
Energy source for cooking

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

3 393 372
216 988
2 337 480
2 220 884
304 387
108 063
19 769
24 108
8 625 050

730 957
30 446
52 864
66 666
3 207
1 362
1 354
1 180
888 036

274 808
3 963
2 087
644
282
199
571
376
282 930

1 362 217
32 899
2 487
4 480
2 183
1 345
2 532
1 546
1 409 689

5 761 354
284 295
2 394 919
2 292 674
310 059
110 969
24 225
27 210
11 205 705

Electricity
Gas
Paraffin
Wood
Coal
Animal dung
Solar
Other
Total

Households

Excluding all collective living quarters

page 78

Table 3.9: Energy source for heating by province

Energy source
for heating
Electricity
Gas
Paraffin
Wood
Coal
Animal dung
Solar
Other
Total

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

354 407
11 369
425 210
636 371
13 277
30 942
1 850
39 238
1 512 664

296 661
11 000
176 448
103 518
108 299
12 083
2 163
23 131
733 302

1 865 181
38 764
321 946
61 402
286 713
3 923
4 297
69 017
2 651 244

981 524
23 912
229 557
671 433
72 904
16 834
5 819
84 267
2 086 250

322 904
7 441
82 363
703 416
26 831
4 384
2 909
29 717
1 179 965

283 206
6 330
57 745
193 127
158 373
5 129
2 123
27 098
733 131

112 342
2 834
17 184
59 139
5 040
328
304
9 671
206 842

415 336
8 548
157 697
246 521
59 783
7 864
2 716
30 539
929 004

Households

Excluding all collective living quarters

Western
Cape

South
Africa

861 461 5 493 021
14 784
124 982
173 307 1 641 458
83 935 2 758 861
3 236
734 455
1 570
83 058
1 329
23 509
33 682
346 361
1 173 304 11 205 705

Table 3.10: Energy source for heating by population group of the
household head
Energy source for heating

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

3 206 237
75 318
1 604 625
2 623 607
718 054
80 975
19 998
296 235
8 625 050

698 137
7 551
31 061
116 402
8 132
897
920
24 937
888 036

274 996
1 899
1 323
1 336
742
152
296
2 185
282 930

1 313 651
40 214
4 448
17 516
7 527
1 033
2 296
23 004
1 409 689

5 493 021
124 982
1 641 458
2 758 861
734 455
83 058
23 509
346 361
11 205 705

Electricity
Gas
Paraffin
Wood
Coal
Animal dung
Solar
Other
Total

page 79

Households

Excluding all collective living quarters

page 80

Table 3.11: Energy source for lighting by province

Energy source
for lighting
Electricity
Gas
Paraffin
Candles
Solar
Other
Total

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

749 092
4 912
354 538
392 925
4 067
7 129
1 512 664

545 266
1 107
34 687
148 631
2 108
1 502
733 302

2 142 070
4 984
76 115
420 664
3 635
3 776
2 651 244

1 281 415
7 593
53 503
730 532
5 178
8 029
2 086 250

752 691
2 072
90 420
325 834
3 169
5 778
1 179 965

500 749
2 244
30 448
195 833
1 193
2 664
733 131

156 779
411
8 348
37 761
2 157
1 387
206 842

654 918
892
28 020
241 783
1 312
2 079
929 004

Households

Excluding all collective living quarters

Western
Cape

South
Africa

1 032 291 7 815 270
2 849
27 065
83 738
759 817
51 568 2 545 532
1 356
24 175
1 502
33 845
1 173 304 11 205 705

Table 3.12: Energy source for lighting by population group of the
household head
Energy source for lighting

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

5 349 691
22 200
737 315
2 465 889
19 620
30 335
8 625 050

788 253
1 807
20 558
73 489
2 332
1 597
888 036

279 510
379
618
2 058
222
143
282 930

1 397 816
2 678
1 325
4 097
2 001
1 771
1 409 689

7 815 270
27 065
759 817
2 545 532
24 175
33 845
11 205 705

Electricity
Gas
Paraffin
Candles
Solar
Other
Total

page 81

Households

Excluding all collective living quarters

Figure 29: Distribution of households by main source of water supply

Piped in dwelling
32,3%

Piped in yard
29,0%
Other 2,4%
Vendor 0,7%
River/stream 6,5%
Dam/pool/stagnant 1,0%

Households

Rainwater tank 0,6%
Spring 1,9%
Piped less than 200 metres away
Borehole 2,4%
10,7%
Piped more than 200 metres away
12,4%

Excluding all collective living quarters
Seventy-two per cent of households had access to piped water in the dwelling, on site, or within 200 metres. A further 12%
had access to piped water further away.

page 82

page 83

Table 3.13: Main water supply by province

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

269 137
Piped water in dwelling
290 500
Piped water inside yard
Piped water on community stand:
181 559
less than 200m. away
203 115
more than 200m. away
25 102
Borehole
101 394
Spring
34 671
Rain-water tank
30 133
Dam/pool/stagnant water
348 575
River/stream
4 864
Water vendor
23 612
Other
1 512 664
Total

167 369
350 041

1 251 570
965 349

618 267
413 535

110 945
342 440

156 740
277 575

82 211
86 820

169 665
320 149

791 698
207 451

3 617 603
3 253 861

100 347
83 895
4 672
1 117
1 080
1 804
653
1 284
21 041
733 302

179 694
187 784
6 334
410
3 632
2 068
1 960
7 619
44 824
2 651 244

216 343
278 623
88 065
71 363
15 787
43 019
270 066
18 126
53 056
2 086 250

187 220
279 523
63 469
26 434
3 105
22 904
74 350
21 466
48 110
1 179 965

93 312
108 027
24 036
6 940
4 029
7 216
21 738
5 045
28 471
733 131

15 750
15 011
1 215
61
284
691
2 156
129
2 513
206 842

153 765
156 846
56 673
2 327
3 374
4 158
4 431
24 483
33 133
929 004

Water supply

74 287 1 202 276
79 806 1 392 628
1 315
270 882
398
210 444
1 716
67 680
1 899
113 892
1 789
725 719
618
83 634
12 327
267 086
1 173 304 11 205 705

Households

Excluding all collective living quarters

Figure 30: Percentage of households in each province with access to piped water

page 84

%
100

95,7

96,6

97,5

98,3

86,7

86,2

84,5

78,0

80

73,2
62,4

60

40

Households

20

0
E.

e
ap
C

KZ

N
Lim

po
po

t
es
W
N.

M

m
pu

a.

e

at

e

e
Fr

St

e
ap
C
N.

ng
te
au
G

e
ap
.C
W

SA

Excluding all collective living quarters
In the Eastern Cape, 62% of households had access to piped water, either in the dwelling, on site or from a communal tap,
compared with 98% in the Western Cape.

Water supply
Piped water in dwelling
Piped water inside yard
Piped water on community stand:
less than 200m. away
more than 200m. away
Borehole
Spring
Rain-water tank
Dam/pool/stagnant water
River/stream
Water vendor
Other
Total

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

1 547 256
2 914 007

593 557
198 920

247 442
22 959

1 229 348
117 975

3 617 603
3 253 861

1 148 419
1 306 744
264 170
209 394
63 785
110 922
720 686
82 233
257 434
8 625 050

36 006
39 819
2 692
678
2 223
2 249
4 219
788
6 886
888 036

2 905
7 447
344
74
550
127
231
215
634
282 930

14 946
38 617
3 676
298
1 121
594
583
399
2 131
1 409 689

1 202 276
1 392 628
270 882
210 444
67 680
113 892
725 719
83 634
267 086
11 205 705

page 85

Households

Table 3.14: Main water supply by population group of the household head

Figure 31: Access to piped water by population group of the household head

page 86

%
97,6

100

99,2

99,3

84,5

80,3
80

60

40

20

Households

0

Black African

Coloured

Asian/Indian

White

Total

Excluding all collective living quarters
Eighty per cent of African-headed households had access to piped water, either in the dwelling, on site or from a communal
tap, compared with almost all households headed by members of the other population groups.

page 87

Table 3.15: Telephone facilities by province

Telephone facilities
Telephone in dwelling
and cell-phone
Telephone in dwelling
only*
Cell-phone only*
At a neighbour nearby
At a public telephone
nearby
At another location
nearby
At another location,
not nearby
No access to a
telephone
Total

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

115 960

72 606

568 257

283 316

53 877

66 543

29 391

68 134

337 103

1 595 187

116 793
205 615
154 546

76 946
109 196
49 569

291 820
627 952
99 526

219 740
310 366
190 731

37 090
239 702
47 867

46 415
165 110
33 820

33 573
23 501
29 761

61 818
190 420
47 227

255 454
148 192
82 871

1 139 649
2 020 054
735 920

533 612

319 586

970 541

738 306

610 026

340 458

67 341

434 983

295 632

4 310 485

79 772

30 542

31 430

65 146

60 148

24 497

7 929

34 225

22 305

355 995

108 450

19 965

18 533

104 163

59 045

21 410

4 989

30 005

12 490

379 048

197 917
1 512 664

54 891
733 302

43 184
2 651 244

174 483
2 086 250

72 209
1 179 965

34 877
733 131

10 357
206 842

62 192
929 004

19 257
669 367
1 173 304 11 205 705

Households

Excluding all collective living quarters
* Total households with a telephone in the dwelling can be seen by adding the data in rows one and two. Total households with
a cell-phone can be seen by adding the data in rows one and three. Alternatively consult Table 3.21.

Figure 32: Percentage of households in each province with a telephone in the
dwelling or a cellular phone
70

page 88

%
63,1

60

56,1

50
42,4

41,8
40

35,3

34,5
28,0

30

37,9

39,0

29,0

20

10

Households

0
Lim

po
po

e
ap
C
.
E

t
es
W
.
N

e
at

ee
Fr

St

a.
m
pu
M

KZ

N

e
ap
C
.
N

ng
te
au
G

e
ap
.C
W

Excluding all collective living quarters
In South Africa overall, 42% of households had access to a telephone (land-line or cellular phone).

SA

Table 3.16: Telephone facilities by population group of the household head

Telephone facilities
Telephone in dwelling and cell-phone
Telephone in dwelling only*
Cell-phone only*
At a neighbour nearby
At a public telephone nearby
At another location nearby
At another location, not nearby
No access to a telephone
Total

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

469 968
561 674
1 651 309
620 164
3 985 483
329 189
364 122
643 143
8 625 050

175 993
207 981
99 561
93 540
254 506
22 897
12 604
20 954
888 036

131 671
79 891
34 893
9 552
24 538
783
412
1 191
282 930

817 555
290 103
234 291
12 665
45 959
3 126
1 911
4 079
1 409 689

1 595 187
1 139 649
2 020 054
735 920
4 310 485
355 995
379 048
669 367
11 205 705

page 89

Households

Excluding all collective living quarters
* Total households with a telephone in the dwelling can be seen by adding the data in rows one and two. Total households with
a cell-phone can be seen by adding the data in rows one and three. Alternatively consult Table 3.22.

page 90

Table 3.17: Toilet facilities by province

Toilet facilities
Flush toilet (connected
to sewerage system)
Flush toilet (with septic
tank)
Chemical toilet
Pit latrine with
ventilation (VIP)
Pit latrine without
ventilation
Bucket latrine
None
Total

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

463 010

327 953

2 101 776

794 941

171 021

265 405

120 768

307 790

947 347

5 500 012

32 985
30 322

11 497
6 138

64 933
29 322

71 836
111 239

19 371
15 332

14 856
11 562

16 253
1 747

17 773
8 950

63 482
3 775

312 986
218 387

85 030

45 397

34 375

188 002

96 988

64 086

10 825

101 927

9 328

635 957

350 394
85 062
465 862
1 512 664

121 133
150 404
70 780
733 302

264 333
60 339
96 166
2 651 244

559 089
24 025
337 119
2 086 250

594 740
7 248
275 265
1 179 965

281 091
20 545
75 585
733 131

9 704
24 310
23 236
206 842

362 080
41 494
88 990
929 004

Households

Excluding all collective living quarters

14 912 2 557 476
43 950
457 376
90 510 1 523 512
1 173 304 11 205 705

Figure 33: Distribution of households by toilet facility

page 91

Flush toilet
51,9%

Chemical toilet
1,9%

Pit no ventilation
22,8%

Bucket latrine
4,1%

Excluding all collective living quarters
Approximately one in every seven households in South Africa did not have access to a toilet facility.

Households

None
13,6%

Ventilated pit
5,7%

Figure 34: Percentage of households in each province with no toilet facility

35

page 92

%
30,8

30

25

23,3

20
16,2
15

13,6
11,2

10,3

10

9,7

9,6
7,7

5

3,6

Households

0
E.

e
ap
C

Lim

po
po

KZ

N

e
ap
C
N.

M

a.
m
pu

t
es
W
N.

ee
Fr

at
St

e

e
ap
.C
W

Excluding all collective living quarters
In the Eastern Cape three in every ten households did not have access to a toilet facility.

ng
te
au
G

SA

page 93

Table 3.18: Toilet facilities by population group of the household head

Toilet facilities
Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system)
Flush toilet (with septic tank)
Chemical toilet
Pit latrine with ventilation (VIP)
Pit latrine without ventilation
Bucket latrine
None
Total

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

3 251 773
149 035
211 487
614 125
2 526 598
414 911
1 457 122
8 625 050

705 660
39 643
5 025
17 527
26 211
40 351
53 619
888 036

269 670
6 748
472
1 612
1 711
435
2 283
282 930

1 272 908
117 561
1 403
2 694
2 956
1 679
10 488
1 409 689

5 500 012
312 986
218 387
635 957
2 557 476
457 376
1 523 512
11 205 705

Households

Excluding all collective living quarters

page 94

Table 3.19: Refuse removal by province

Refuse removal
Removed by local
authority at least
weekly
Removed by local
authority less often
Communal refuse
dump
Own refuse dump
No rubbish disposal
Total

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

560 201

429 475

2 233 334

1 026 046

167 654

283 989

142 141

337 662

1 029 713

6 210 215

21 061

23 334

57 619

21 281

8 494

12 334

6 193

9 586

12 124

172 027

18 007
659 761
253 634
1 512 664

26 057
184 555
69 880
733 302

61 270
229 838
69 183
2 651 244

16 934
806 028
215 962
2 086 250

11 758
805 230
186 829
1 179 965

12 264
350 723
73 821
733 131

5 520
45 206
7 782
206 842

17 708
485 073
78 975
929 004

Households

Excluding all collective living quarters

26 160
195 679
88 630 3 655 043
16 676
972 741
1 173 304 11 205 705

Figure 35: Percentage of households in each province with refuse removal
at least once a week
100

page 95

%

84,2

87,8

80
68,7
58,6

60

55,4

49,2
40

36,3

20

38,7

37,0

0
Lim

po
po

E.

e
ap
C

t
es
W
N.

m
pu

M

a.

KZ

e

at

N
ee
Fr

St

e
ap
C
N.

ng
te
au
G

e
ap
.C
W

Excluding all collective living quarters
In Limpopo only one in every seven households had a refuse removal service once a week or more often.

SA

Households

14,2

page 96

Table 3.20: Refuse removal by population group of the household head

Refuse removal
Removed by local authority at least weekly
Removed by local authority less often
Communal refuse dump
Own refuse dump
No rubbish disposal
Total

Households

Excluding all collective living quarters

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

3 909 787
147 972
167 045
3 447 516
952 730
8 625 050

746 509
11 984
17 354
100 018
12 171
888 036

273 744
1 376
781
5 934
1 094
282 930

1 280 176
10 694
10 499
101 574
6 747
1 409 689

6 210 215
172 027
195 679
3 655 043
972 741
11 205 705

Table 3.21: Number and percentages of households in each province with
selected household goods

page 97

Household goods

Eastern
Cape

Free
State

Gauteng

KwaZuluNatal

Limpopo

Mpumalanga

Northern
Cape

North
West

Western
Cape

South
Africa

Numbers
Radio
Television
Computer
Refrigerator
Telephone in dwelling
Cell-phone

971 967
584 351
59 907
480 112
232 752
321 575

553 991
394 736
36 156
356 344
149 552
181 801

2 052 991
1 740 945
400 196
1 646 713
860 078
1 196 209

1 523 347
986 098
148 315
978 643
503 056
593 683

822 385
470 210
26 122
459 546
90 968
293 579

540 644
366 570
34 326
370 549
112 958
231 653

139 823
116 596
14 704
115 094
62 964
52 891

649 430
500 972
35 874
468 198
129 952
258 554

927 922
868 935
213 140
862 339
592 556
485 295

8 182 500
6 029 413
968 741
5 737 536
2 734 836
3 615 241

Percentages
Radio
Television
Computer
Refrigerator
Telephone in dwelling
Cell-phone

64,3
38,6
4,0
31,7
15,4
21,3

75,5
53,8
4,9
48,6
20,4
24,8

77,4
65,7
15,1
62,1
32,4
45,1

73,0
47,3
7,1
46,9
24,1
28,5

69,7
39,8
2,2
38,9
7,7
24,9

73,7
50,0
4,7
50,5
15,4
31,6

67,6
56,4
7,1
55,6
30,4
25,6

69,9
53,9
3,9
50,4
14,0
27,8

79,1
74,1
18,2
73,5
50,5
41,4

73,0
53,8
8,6
51,2
24,4
32,3

Households

Excluding all collective living quarters

Table 3.22: Numbers and percentages of households with selected household
goods by population group of the household head
Household goods

Black African

Coloured

Indian or Asian

White

Total

Numbers
Radio
Television
Computer
Refrigerator
Telephone in dwelling
Cell-phone

5 921 540
3 812 908
158 267
3 439 129
1 031 642
2 121 276

668 831
653 849
83 520
650 471
383 974
275 554

257 376
257 536
79 070
272 282
211 562
166 564

1 334 753
1 305 121
647 884
1 375 654
1 107 658
1 051 846

8 182 500
6 029 413
968 741
5 737 536
2 734 836
3 615 241

Percentages
Radio
Television
Computer
Refrigerator
Telephone in dwelling
Cell-phone

68,7
44,2
1,8
39,9
12,0
24,6

75,3
73,6
9,4
73,2
43,2
31,0

91,0
91,0
27,9
96,2
74,8
58,9

94,7
92,6
46,0
97,6
78,6
74,6

73,0
53,8
8,6
51,2
24,4
32,3

Households

Excluding all collective living quarters

page 98

Census 2001 products

page 99

Print products
The following print products will be available from the
time of the launch of the census results:

Other print products will be made available in due course,
including:

! Key census results: a pamphlet aimed at the general
public, which outlines briefly how the count was done
and contains a few highlights of the results,
Ref: 03-02-01.

! Primary tables: giving more detailed information on the
results in tabular form, for the country as a whole
(Ref: 03-02-04) and for each province (03-02-05 to
03-02-13).

! How the count was done: a narrative report of
three-and-a-half years of census planning,
demarcation, enumeration, data processing and
checking, and product development. The report also
describes the method used to calculate the
undercount, and presents the key results of the count.
Ref: 03-02-02.

! Other written reports, including a summary report
(03-02-16), in-depth reports on particular themes, and
additional methodology reports including the postenumeration methodology (03-02-17), and the census
review (03-02-18).

! Thematic and other posters.

! Key municipal data, which contains breakdowns at
municipal level for a range of individual and household
variables. Ref: 30-02-21.
All the print products will be made available on the Internet
when they are ready.

page 100

Electronic products
The following electronic products will be available on the
Internet:
! Interactive Internet products: a series of interactive
products, for users to compile tables according to their
own specifications.
! Community profiles: for users who wish to arrange
and combine information into their own unique tables,
at different levels of geography. Ref: 03-02-22.
! Investigation into the definition of 'urban': This
discussion document is Stats SA's first attempt to get to
grips with the problems involved in categorising areas
as urban. The paper identifies differences in this regard
between Census '96 and Census 2001 and examines
the census results in the light of these differences. It
then experiments with a definition of 'urban' based on
population density. Two versions of the paper are
available, a summary version (03-02-19) and a
detailed report (03-02-20). Both contain tables and
colour maps, and can be downloaded from the web in
PDF format.

! Age tables by single-year breakdowns for the country
as a whole (Ref: 03-02-30) and for each province
(03-02-31 to 03-02-39).
! Census concepts and definitions: an alphabetical
listing of concepts and definitions used during the
census, with some methodological notes,
Ref: 03-02-26.
! Other general and geographical metadata files:
The general metadata files include, among other
things, the exact wording of each question, the
guidelines that were given to the enumerators on how
to interpret the replies, and the final code lists for all
census data. Ref: 03-02-24. The geographical
metadata file explains the geography of the census
and the coding of all the geographic areas in the
country. Ref: 03-02-25.
! Demographic atlas: This product will display the
demographic characteristics of different towns, cities
and municipalities. Ref: 03-02-28.

page 101

In addition the following electronic products will be
available on request:
! CD Rom disks containing the community profiles
described above, Ref: 03-02-22.
! My constituency: a CD with census findings for all
electoral wards, designed to give parliamentarians
more information about the wards they represent,
Ref: 03-02-29.
! Special requests: A set of tables can be produced by
Stats SA, either at head office or in each province,
providing specific information, at any level of
geography: EA, sub place, main place, municipal,
magisterial district or provincial level.
! Sample database in SuperCross and ASCII: This
sample of census records is designed for researchers
wishing to do their own analyses. Ref: 03-02-23.

! CD with spatial (GIS) data: This product is designed
for users with their own GIS software. These digitised
enumeration areas and boundaries can serve as a
backdrop for any GIS system. The CD contains
information about all geographical areas in the
country, from provincial to the smallest area.
Ref: 03-02-27.
Publications can be ordered from: Printing and
Distribution, Statistics South Africa
Tel:
(012) 310 8251
Fax:
(012) 322 3374
E-mail:
distribution@statssa.gov.za