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Which switching technology reduces the size of a broadcast domain?

VLAN
Which protocols are used to configure trucking on a switch?
802.1Q
What is SVI ?
Switched Virtual Interface (SVI) is a virtual interface which provides a routed
gateway into and out of a VLAN
what is meant by "router on stick" ?
Router on Stick is a method used for communicating Inter-VLAN's using a
router
which is the default mode in switch ports ?
Older switches are dynamic desirable by default and modern switches are
dynamic auto by default
Difference between 802.1Q and ISL ?
Cisco ISL (Inter-Switch Link) is an old Cisco proprietary protocol that is only
supported on some Cisco switches. While 802.1Q [dot1Q] is a open standard
protocol that is supported on switches from many vendors and most NICs.
What VTP mode allows you to change VLAN information on the
switch?
Server mode
Which are the two trunking protocols ?
ISL and IEEE 802.1Q
Which Protocol encapsulate Etherframes ?
ISL encapsulate ethernet frames while 802.1Q tags ethernet frame
Which is the Vlan not tagged by 802.1Q ?
Native Vlan
How to delete vlan information from switch ?
VLAN information is not saved in the running-config or startup-config but in a
separate file called vlan.dat on your flash memory. If you want to delete the
VLAN information you should delete this file by typing delete flash:vlan.dat.
Difference between access and trunk mode ?
Access mode is used to connect end devices(hosts) to switches while trunk
mode is used to connect between switches

Difference between dynamic auto and dynamic desirable ?

dynamic desirable : Attempts to negotiate a trunk with the other end

dynamic auto : Forms a trunk only if requested by the other end


what is the use of "nonegociate" command in switch ?
"nonegociate" command disables automatic formation of trunk links.It will
be good to configure trunk manually and give non-negociate command for
security reason
Explain different switch port modes ?

Trunk : Forms an unconditional trunk


dynamic desirable : Attempts to negotiate a trunk with the far
end

dynamic auto : Forms a trunk only if requested by the far end

access : Will never form a trunk


what is DTP ?
Dynamic Trunking Protocol (DTP) is used to automatically establish trunks
between capable ports (insecure method!)
Can we see trunk interfaces in show vlan command ?Nope
which is the command used to see trunk interfaces ?

show interface trunk

show interface Fa1/0/13 trunk

show interface Fa1/0/13 switchport

show interfaces status | include trunk


what is the maximum number of vlans permitted in 802.1Q and ISL ?

Maximum Vlan permitted in 802.1Q is 4094

Maximum Vlan permitted in ISL is 1000


what is the header size of 802.1Q ?
4 bytes
what is the header size of ISL ?
26 bytes