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Power Plus Electronics

Project Report
On
Ups and Stabilizers

Submitted to:

Mr.javed Iqbal Sb.

Submitted by:

Sohail Ahmad 06

Mohammad Sajjad 18
Mohammad Waqas 19

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Power Plus Electronics

Alif Laam Raa. A book which we have


revealed to you (Muhammad) so that You
may lead the people from out of the dark
nesses into the light by their Lord’s leave
to the path of the All-Might, the
Praiseworthy.”
(Al- Qur’an)

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DEDICATION
To
Dedicated
To
Our Parents
And

Teachers Who Helped


And

Guided Us Against Any Odds.

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Preface
Project is a fundamental part of M.Sc (A/F) program because it
gives us practical knowledge of what we have learnt during our
study period. This report is written to fulfill the requirement
of our degree. Research project provides opportunities to have
been scrutiny and experience. This report process is valuable in
course of learning. This report is also a step of some chance of
practical experience form. In this report will be covering all vital
information and heir scanning exposures in the form of our
observation.
In this report we have tried our level’s best efforts to cover and
elaborate necessary inferences suitable to enhance the knowledge.
We hope our efforts of transfer of knowledge through this report
will be information gaining for readers.

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Acknowledgement

This work would not have been possible without the support and
encouragement of my Teacher, Javid Iqbal under whose
supervision. We chose this topic and began the Project.

We cannot end without thanking of our all teachers, on whose


constant encouragement and love. we have relied throughout our
time at the University We are very grateful also to the examples of
our other friends, their unflinching courage and conviction will
always inspire us, and we hope to continue, in our own small way,
the noble mission to which they gave their lives. It is to them that I
dedicate this work.

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Executive summation

Name of the Project:

Ups and Stabilizer

assembling unit

Location of the project:


Ups and stabilizer assembling unit which name
is power plus electronics is located in
industrial triangle kahutta road in Rawalpindi.
Reason for this location is that this place is
industrial ZONE most OF suppliers are
clustered around it. Raw material is easily
available and moreover the market is suitable
for this unit.

Address Office:

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Power Plus Electronics

145 industrial triangle kahutta road


Rawalpindi.

Product Ranges:
Ups ranges: 500v, 800, and 1000.
Stabilizer ranges: 500v, 800, and 1000.

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Installed Capacity of the project:

The installed capacity of the project is approximately


35000 ups and stablizer units per year.

Production Capacity for Routine working


400 Units 06-working days*
Skilled Technicians 16
Diploma Engineers 12
Transformer Technicians 12
Mechanical Technicians 12

Estimated capacity:

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2011: 16800units
2012: 18500units

2013: 20000units

Estimated Cost of the Capital:


(RS
:)
Fixed Cost
61427499.67

Initial Working Capital


8,572,500

Total
70000000

Means of Finance:

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Debt: 40%
Equity: 60%

Name of the Lenders:

Silk Bank limited Islamabad

SPONSORS.
The sponsors of the project are
professionally qualified and have valuable and extensive experience
of business management regarding. They have got good trading
contacts and market reputations in the city. The project faces not
problems in terms of marketing its product. The sponsor’s
experience would assist the firm in its smooth and profitable
operation.

The sponsors are financially sound and capable to contribute


their part of the equity in the proposed scheme. The managing

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partner of the firm has vast experience in the managing of this


industrial organization.

Name of Sponsors:
1 Mohammad Waqas
2 Mohammad Sajjad
3 Mohammad Sohail

Name Of Civil contractors:

Bajwa enterprises Islamabad


Agah estate Islamabad Islamabad
Apco group builders Islamabad

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Name of suppliers
 Irfan electronics Lahore
 A ONE industry Gujranwala
 Dynamic engineering Lahore
 KB son’s electronics store Lahore
 Elite screener Karachi
 Modern screener Karachi
 Modern battery centre Islamabad
 Icon power system Islamabad
 Pakistan steel corporation Rawalpindi
IMPLEMENTAION SCHADULE

The project is expected to be implemented


within 6 months from the date of the submission of the proposal to
the bank. The details of the activities along with time required are
given as under:

TASK MONTHS

Bank approval July 2010

Purchase of land Augu 2010

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Construction of building August 2010

Arrival of machinery at site October 2010

Installation completed October 2010

Trial run December 2010

Commercial operation started January 2011

Date of Commercial Production:

Commercial production will start in January 2011.

Financial ratios;
RATIOS 2011 2012 2013
- Gross Margin (%) 23.5% 39.1% 48.5%
- Operating Margin
(%) 9.0% 35.9% 35.7%
- Net Margin (%) 8.6% 34.1% 34.0%

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Debt/equity ratio
Sponsors stake ratio
R A T I O S: 0
Current Ratio 1.65
Debt as %-age of total captlsn. 30%
IRR
Pay back period

Introduction of the company:

The name of our company is power plus


electronics. Our company is mainly engaged to
produce the ups and stabilizer. UPS & stabilizer
provide the required backup and control power [voltage]
fctuation respectively. The business facility will maintain
inventory consisting of accessories like transformers, transfer

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switches, printed circuit board and housing used to assemble


UPS & Stabilizer to meet the market requirement and orders
effectively. The company will divide the store into two parts:
one side will be used to store accessories and the other finished
products respectively

. PROJECT BRIIEF
The goal for companies today is to attain and sustain business
continuity. Devices like UPS & stabilizer provide the required
backup and control power [voltage] fluctuation,
respectively. The escalating demand of alternate power devices
induce people to think of this successful business venture. Un-
interrupted power supply (UPS) & Stabilizer production is a
capital intensive business and requires huge investment
depending upon the technology and methodology employed for
the processing of these power machines. However, UPS &
Stabilizer assembling unit generally requires comparatively
less investment and can be considered by the Small and
Medium scale investors. The proposed project envisages setting
up of a UPS & Stabilizer assembling unit and their
distribution to the target market. UPS & Stabilizer assembling
unit business means setting up a workshop where
assembling takes place and an office area for carrying out
general administrative and marketing work. The business
facility will maintain inventory consisting of accessories
like transformers, transfer switches, printed circuit board and
housing used to assemble UPS & Stabilizer to meet the market
requirement and orders effectively. The company will divide
the store into two parts: one side will be used to store
accessories and the other finished products respectively.

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OPPORTUNIITY RATIIONALE
Globally, a power crisis is spreading which has compelled the
consumers to fulfill their basic electricity need through some
alternative sources of power. In Pakistan, public and private
power generation units fail to meet the increasing electricity
requirements of population. Currently, out of 2,600 mega watts
load requirement, 2100 mega watts are provided to the public
connected to K.E.S.C network1. Even then there are frequent
disruptions of electricity which vary with seasonal demand. Major
slump is observed in summer season where sale of alternative
power sources like generators and UPS increase substantially,
while the existing producers / assemblers are constrained to
maintain equilibrium in demand and supply. This clearly indicates
the strong demand for UPS and stabilizer products.
The major two types of UPS generally used in the Pakistani market
are, online and stand by, while ‘relay’ and ‘servo’ are the most
reliable type amongst stabilizers brands which cater to the needs of
the local market. Ideally, the most common and ultimate
alternative power source is generator available with different
specification and usage criterion, usually used in industries where
load is comparatively much higher than households due to light
and heavy machines. UPS (stand-by) is the preferred option in the
industries like health care where the management cannot afford
power break down in their production. UPS is not only
gaining popularity in urban areas, but developed suburbs are also
tuned towards this new alternative power source. There are many
households and offices in Karachi and other parts of the country
which use UPS is being increasingly used as an alternate
source of electricity. The demand of UPS in Karachi is consistent
throughout the year and increases during summer in the urban
areas of Pakistan. UPS is the abbreviation of Un-interrupted Power

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Supply and mainly consists of a transformer, printed circuit board,


switches and casing/housing whereas stabilizer is a
simple support machine used to regulate the voltage. There are
many ways to
commence a full production unit which needs comparatively much
higher fixed
investment. The best and the simple way is to purchase
parts/accessories, assemble and
distribute. This would likely decrease the chance of losses in case
of exit and provide a
save door to close down the business. In addition, it may help
entrepreneur to manage
the stock and fulfill the orders in a timely fashion. There are many
brands available in
the market including local and multinational companies named as
Phillips, Digi-tech,
Sys-tech and soft-tech in UPS. Universal, Stabimatic and National
are the well-known
brands in stabilizer.
The parameters to gauge UPS efficiency are back-up time, load
capacity and sign
waves, where as stabilizer performance is based on load capacity
and the response time
of regulations of voltage. Given the power crises, the demand of
UPS is persistent
throughout the year which justifies the entrance of a new entrant in
this potential
market. The acceptability of UPS is much higher than generators in
domestic markets
because of noise and cumbersome on/off procedure. Besides that,
generators
manufacturers are also limited in numbers and almost all are

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multinational ventures. These factors strengthen the UPS


assembling & distribution units locally in order to cater the local
market through indigenous products. As far as UPS and Stabilizer
market is concerned, the size vis-à-vispotential is undoubted
showing an enormous increasing trend that aspire the attention
people to enter into this business.

MARKET ENTRY TIIMIING


There is no specific time for the entry in UPS & stabilizer
assembling business. But the peak selling time starts from May and
continues for another six months. A UPS assembling unit can
commence its operations immediately as demand is constant across
Pakistan.

The goal for company :

Today is to attain and sustain business continuity.

COMPANY DESCRIPTION:

This is basically an assembling unit which will purchase parts


and accessories from
Market vendors, assemble it and sell with their own brand
name. Process flow can be
Divided into three steps

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Legal Status:

The legal status of business tends to play an important role in


any setup. The proposed
UPS & Stabilizer assembling business is assumed to operate on
partnership basis.
Ups and stabilizer company is a partnership
company. It is formed under the partnership
act 1972. It is also registered under the
partnership act. It will follow the partnership
rules and regulation.

Market analysis:
BRIEF DESCRIPTION:

In Pakistan, publican private power generation units fail to


meet the increasing
Requirements of electricity of population. Currently, out of
2,600 mega watts load requirement, only 2100 mega watt are
provided to the public connected to K.E.S.C network. Even
then there are frequent disruptions of electricity which vary
with seasonal demand. Major slump is observed in summer
season where sale of alternative power sources like generators
and UPS increase substantially, while the existing producers /

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assemblers are constrained to.

Present demand of ups and stabilizer:

There are frequent disruptions of electricity which vary with


seasonal demand. Major slump is observed in summer season
where sale of alternative power sources like generators and
UPS Increase substantially, while the existing producers /
assemblers are constrained to maintain equilibrium in demand
and supply. This clearly indicates the strong demand for UPS
and stabilizer products.

NEED HAVE TODAY:


Machines like generators using petrol/diesel and gas as a fuel
were the only alternatives
To fulfill the market requirements. Owing to the increasing
demand and as a result, a
Vacuum on micro level, such as, households, induced
companies to introduce other
Affordable devices to tap this segment.
UPS can be easily transported and installed from one place to
other, does not require
Fixed under ground lines, meter and there is not any rent
charged to it. It’s an automatic
Charged device which

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Export of ups and stabilizer in last five years:


Export of ups and stabilizer and power related items is equal
to none in the last five years unfortunately.

Import of power generating items in last three


years:

VALUE IN '000' DOLLARS

JULY-JUNE JULY-JUNE JULY-JUNE

ITEMS 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008

Power Generating Mach. 511,584 740,207 1,177,722 52%

Demand and supply gap:

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Demand today of electricity and energy is more than 2600


mega watt. While the supply is less than 2100 mega watt. the
present demand of ups and stabilizer is
very much. because the supplely of electricity is so much poor
in pakistan.

EX-
Factor 15739. 18370. 9802.3
y Price 65 8 8663.625 5

Retail
Price 16000 18500 9000 10000

CHANNELS OF DISTRIBUTION:
The final product of ups and
stabilizer will directly
supplied to wholesaler
eliminating role of agencies.
Distribution network of
product is illustrated below:

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Technical analysis:

BRIEF DISCRIPTION OF TECHNICAL


ASPECTS:
Machinery is available. Most Vendors are local.
Raw material is also available. Technology
required for ups and stabilizer is cheaper and
locally available

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Production detail of Stabilizer (Model F-EAVR)


(Total Time with phases)

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RAW MATERIAL:

Raw material for ups is following:

Transfarmers
Transister
Circuit
Boxes
Heating Plates
Others

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Raw material for stabilizer is


following

Transfarmers
Transister
Circuit
Boxes
Heating Plates
Others

List of machinery:

The list of machinery which is necessary for


making the ups and stabilizer is the following:

Cost
per
unit-
Items Technology Quantity Rs. Total cost

variac Local 8 20,000 160,000

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Electric winding
Machine Imported 5 44,000 220,000
Bench wising
Machine Local 6 2,500 15,000

power press imported 4 25,000 100,000

Ac delta drive Imported 2 90,000 180,000

Disc Basics Imported 2 45,000 90,000

200,00
plc training kit Imported 1 0 200,000

desoldring station Local 5 5,000 25,000

power supply Imported 4 30,000 120,000

Electric Motors Local 10 20,000 200,000

Others Local 15 300,000

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Electricity
It is assumed that the Electricity charges will be on
average 60000________70000Rs per month. Rs 40000
have been deposited in wappda which is non refund
able.

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Technology involved:
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Latest technology will be used for manufacturing the


ups and stabilizer. Most of the technology is locally
but the foreign technology is also hired in order to
make the quality up to the customer’s satisfaction.

Personnel analysis:

Brief description of personnel:


A team of approximately 120 staff members would need to be
hired for establishing and
Running UPS and Stabilizer assembling and distribution
business. the personnel is required both technical and non
technical for the ups and stabilizer assembly unit.

REQUIRREMENT OF STAFF:
The following staff is required for power plus ups and
stabilizer industry. Different staff will perfume the
different functions.

Category Nos

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Technical Manager 5
Production Manager 5
SKILLED TECHNICIANS 16
DIPLOMA ENGINEERS 12
TRANSFORMER TECHNICIANS 12
MECHANICAL TECHNICIANS 12
Chief Executive 3
Financial Controller 5
Purchase Manager 1
Computer Manager 1
Assistants 5
Clerks and Typists 4
Driver and Peons 5
Sweepers 2

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COST OF THE PROJECT LOCAL FRGN

31,525,00
- Project Land & Its Development 0
- Building & Civil
Works 20000000
-Foreign Machinery 1006600
- Local Machinery 700000
201,
- Engineering /Technical Fees 20% 320
- Erection & 50
Installation ,000
111,
- Furniture & Fixture 500
- Vehicles 4500712
2,499,
- Mark-up during Construction 288
- Pre-production Expenses 200000
- Contingencies 633080

TOTAL FIXED COST: 60420899.67 1006600


- Initial Net Working Capital 8,572,500

TOATL COST OF THE PROJECT: 68993399.67 1006600

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MEANS OF FINANCE:
The main means of finance of power plus ups
and stabilizer industry are the sponsors and
the bank.

REQUIREMENT OF INITIAL WORKING


CAPITAL:
The requirement of initial working capital is
8572500. this capital will be used for the day to
day needs of the business.

Assumptions underlying financial


statements:

1A 10% increase is being assumed every year


2We are taking 290ys a year

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3Data of 2010as been taken as a base for cost and we are


taking 10% increase
4There will be load shedding problem from august and we are
starting from 1st July, 2011.
5After 1 year there will be load shedding in the year 2010
6 We are assuming a 10 % increase in wages every year.
7Overheads are .5% of sales
8Erection for improved machinery is 5% and that of local
machinery is 3%.
9Prices of the machinery will increase in the future
10It is also assumed that the need of ups and stabilizer will be
more in the future.
11Imported machinery will be purchased on loan from silk
bank limited
12@17%
13There will be an increase of 3% in interest rate every year.
14We are using straight line method for depreciation.
15Income tax will be charged at 35%.
16The Debt to equity ratio will be 60:40 respectively.
17. Debtors will be recovered within 1 year.

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WORKING DAYS:
Power plus industry will carry operations in 290 days
in a year. Precisely it means that the company will
work in 42 weeks in a year.

ESTIMATED PROFIT AND LOSS A/C:

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power plus ups and stablizer
industry.

Power
E S T I Plus
M A TElectronics
ED BALANCE SHEETS

As on Sept. 30, Constructn. I


ASSETS
power plus ups and stablizer
Cash industry. 1,100,000 9,213,805
ESTIMATED INCOME STA TEMENTS
Marketable Securities 0
For the year ending Sept. 30, I
Accounts Receivables 10% of sale 0 6,010,200
Efficiency Assumed : 60%
SALES
Finished Goods 121,338,000
0 182,446,110
10,309,357
COST OF GOODS SOLD :
Inventory
- RawMaterial
Raw Materials 88,452,000
15,000,000 97,297,200
8,845,200
-
Inventory
Labour & Spares
Stores 12,667,200 132,000
120,000 13,933,920
- Manufacturing
office quipementExpenses 0
4,762,223
-Royalty fee
Advances & Depostis 700,000 1,400,000
- Depreciation Total Current 16,920,000 1,974,370
35,910,562
Assets 111,906,22
Cost of Goods Manufactured 103,093,570
Add:
Fixed Beginning
Assets at cost 61,227,500 61,227,500
Inventory 0 10,309,357
Ending Inv. Dprcn. 10%
Less: Accumulated 10,309,357 675,107
0 11,190,623
Net Fixed 61,227,500 111,024,96
60,552,393
Cost of Goods Sold :
Assets: 92,784,213
Preliminary 200,000 150,000
GROSS
Expenses: PROFIT 28,553,787 71,421,149
OPERATING EXPENSES
-Total
Admin & General Expenses
Assets: 78,347,500 5,443,000 5,987,300
96,612,955
- Selling Expenses 10% 12,133,800 9,195,879
Total Operating Expenses ====== 17,576,800
======5,987,300
OPERATING PROFIT 10,976,987 65,433,849
LIABILITIES & EQUITY
OTHER INCOME
Current Liabilities
NON OPERATING EXPENSES
- Accounts Payable 5% of raw material 750,000
Fiinancial Expenses 5,040,000 4,032,000
-workers
Accrued Expenses 2% of sale 0 2,426,760
-participation
Workers Partcpn.
fund 5% 0 548,849 548,849
3,271,692
Fund
workers welfare
-Workers
fund Welfare 2% 0 219,540 219,540
1,308,677
Fund
amortization of preliminry exp 50,000
- Dividends Payable 0
Sub-Total 548,849 3,271,692
- Taxes Payable 0
PRE-TAX PROFIT 10,428,138 62,162,156
- Bank Borrowings 8,347,500 12,239,668
Provision for Taxes
N E T Mat.
- Cur. P of
RO L TFDebt
IT 10,428,138
0 62,162,156
5,600,000
Dividen
Total Current Liabilities: 8,347,500 21,784,817
d 0
Msc A/F 3EARNINGS
RETAINED rd
10,428,138 62,162,156
Long-term
Liabilities
Debt: 0
Silk bank Loan 28,000,000
Power Plus Electronics

power plus ups and stablizer


industry.

ESTIMATED CASH FLOW


S

For the year ending Sept.


30, Const. Yr. I

SOURCES
Operating Profit 0 10,976,987 65,433,849
Add Back:
Depreciation 0 1,974,370
Amortiza
tion 50,000
Funds from Operations 0 13,001,357 66,158,956
- Other Income 0 0
Total Equity 42,000,000 42,000,000 42,000,000
- PICIC FCY 0
Silk Bank Loan 28,000,000 28,000,000 28,000,000
- Custom Debentures 0
Increase in Current
Liab. 0 13,437,317 16,464,912
Increase in Bank Borrowings 8,347,500 0

152,623,86
TOTAL SOURCES 78,347,500 96,438,674
=====
====== ====== =

APPLICATION OF FUNDS
Investment in Fixed Assets: 61,227,500 61,227,500 61,227,500
-Preliminary Exp 200,000 50,000
Financial Expenses 0 5,040,000 4,032,000
Repayment of :
Debt: 0 0
Silk Bank 5,600,000 5,600,000
- Custom Debentures
- ST TFCs
Workers Partcpn.
Fund 0 548,849 3,271,692
-Workers Wel.
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Dividen
219,540 2,397,814

d 0 0
Increase in current Assets: 15,820,000 15,638,980 15,234,189

TOTAL 77,247,500 88,324,869 91,813,195


Power Plus Electronics

Financial ratios:
The different ratios and their interpretation is
following

RATIOS 2011 2012 2013


- Gross Margin (%) 23.5% 39.1% 48.5%
- Operating Margin
(%) 9.0% 35.9% 35.7%
- Net Margin (%) 8.6% 34.1% 34.0%

R A T I O S: 0 0
Current Ratio 1.65 2.93 3.87 1.65
30%captlsn.
Debt as %-age of total 13% 5% 30%

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Interpretations
1Current ratio is continuously increasing it means that current
assets of the company are increasing continuously or there is
a decrease in the current liabilities. A good company has a
good ratio of at least 1.25 The power plus industry has above
this standard which shows a good financial position
2Quick ratio is also increasing which means power plus industry
has high liquidity
3Debt is also very low hence there is very low risk involved in
the business. The company can easily cover the debts.
4The equity ratio shows that company is earning good on its
equity however a decrease is very dangerous.
5There is a huge sales being earned on the assets which shows
assets are being utilized in a good manner.
6Gross profit is also increasing which show company is easily
covering its direct cost
7The net profit margin shows that power plus industry industry
has a good growth rate now-a-days hence it will good in the
future

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8Sales is also increasing continuously which shows that


customers are increasing and capacity of the machine is being
utilized in a mechanical manner But a decrease in % age is a
dangerous signal it means company is not covering its costs.
9A continuous increase in net income shows that company is
easily covering its manufacturing cost as well as operating
expenses.

SWOT Analysis
Strengths:
 Continuous availability & easy access of the raw material,
which mainly comprise ups and stabilizer.
 Availability of skilled and non skilled workers..
 Latest technology of manufacturing ups and stabilizer with high
working efficiency and trouble free operations.
 Easy availability of spare parts.
 Own Research & Development department for new design
creations.
 Ups and stabilizer are the substitute of energy.
 Ups and stabilizers are light in weight.

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 Ups and stabilizer can be move from one place to another places
easily.
 Different ranges are available of ups and stabilizers.

WEAKNESSES:
 Strict controls over the Labor efficiency need to be observed to
reduce the risk the minimum level
 Heavy investment in the working capital
 Ups and stabilizer are dependent on electricity.
 OPPORTUNITIES:
 The demand for ups and stabilizer remains alive and can’t end.
 Increasing preference for the high quality of UPS AND
STABLIZER is increasing time to time.

THREATS:
 Quality & design of the ups and stabilizer needs to be
considered very closely.

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 Strict internal control and quality control procedures required.


 Established competitors in Ups and stabilizer market..
 Promotional activities are required for this industry.
 Need a large amount.

CONCLUTION ANDRECOMMENDATIONS:

The project is technically and financially


sounds with ample market justification. The
sponsors are experienced businessmen and
enjoy high credit worthiness. Based on this
analysis it may be conducted that the project is
financially and economically via
ble and suitable proposition for
DEMAND\LEASE FINANCING BY THE BANK.
The business of the company will
flourish in the future because now-a-days ups
and stabilizer have the very high demand.

Competitive Environment

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For a newly established firm it is imperative to face a


competitive environment in the market as competition
enhances a company’s ability to strive for continuous
improvement. In the field of manufacturing ups and
stabilizer new entity will be competing with a number
of competitors, some of which are listed below:

Electronics creative in Islamabad


Stabic electronics in Islamabad
Hamza ups and stabilizer in Bahawalpur

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