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BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONOURS) IN ARCHITECTURE

ARCHITECTURE CULTURE & HISTORY 2


(ARC60203)
Project 1: Timeline and Diagram Analysis
August 2016

Stadium Negara (National Stadium), 1962 officiated by the third Yang di-Pertuan Pertuan Agong Almarhum
Tuanku Syed Putra Perlis. Source: Arkib Negara (National Archives)

TU Bachelor of Science (Honours) (Architecture)

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SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, BUILDING & DESIGN


Centre for Modern Architecture Studies in Southeast Asia
Bachelor of Science (Honours) (Architecture)
ARCHITECTURE CULTURE & HISTORY 2 [ ARC 60203]
Prerequisite: Architecture Culture & History 1
Project 1: Time-line and Diagram Analysis (Intergration with Studio 2)
Submission Date: Week 6, 5th October 2016
20% Group - Hardcopy of research write up.
Introduction
The greatest architectural transformation followed Merdeka, or Independence in 1957. Kuala Lumpur and other
parts of Malaysia was transformed from a colonial town into the new nation and Kuala Lumpur the new nations
capital. Proud symbols of nationhood were expressed in new and daring forms. Innovative construction
techniques and industrialized components changed the scale of commercial buildings and enabled the erection
of the first prominent buildings and sky scrapers that shaped the nations architectural modern scene. According
to Ar. Chan Seong Aun, president of Persatuan Akitek Malaysia (2013-2015), most Malaysian architecture of the
modern movement are not documented thoroughly and have not made the list of heritage buildings. The Subang
airport for example has been replaced by a non descript warehouse. It is therefore important that we properly
record the heritage of Malaysian architecture before it is destroyed and lost forever.
This research project adopts document analysis methodology that involves documenting, analyzing, producing,
and a critical chronological and diagrammatical interpretation of Modern Malaysian architectural history. This
project emphasizes critical analysis of the post Merdeka/Independance of Malaysian architecture in the effort to
understand the influences of post-modernism to architectural design and construction, building science and
technology, and urban design. The project is to distinguish the way in which many diverse factors contribute to
the development of Modern Malaysian architecture. The development of the project would involve active
discussion, analysis interpretation and consultation with the tutor.

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Objectives
The objectives of this project are as follows:
To allow students to undertake a research analysis process on Modern Malaysian architecture practices
throughout history through literature review and document analysis and present an appropriate chronology
account of the Malaysian architecture based on the understanding gained through the analysis procedure.
To familiarize students to the activities of culmination and production of a research analysis through assemblage,
chronologically indices and evaluation of information; composing and organization of study; assembly of
illustration and text; design layout composition; poster and presentation.
To introduce visual and critical thinking through learning from precedents with diagramming, and to introduce the
basic principles of form, space and order in the architectural design of Modern Malaysian architecture. The
analysis is based on, but not limited to, the following:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)

Organization of form
Organization of space
Circulation and paths-space relationship
Axis and relations of axes
Massing
Symmetry and balance
Rhythm and repetition

Learning Outcomes
1. Analyze and discuss the relationship of the Modern Architecture of Malaysia with social, cultural,
environmental and intellectual context of Malaysian architecture post Merdeka/Independence.
2. Differentiate the way in which many varied factors contribute to the development of Modern Malaysian
Architecture
3. Produce, a diagrammatic analysis illustratively and in text, a critical chronology analysis interpretation of
Modern Malaysian architecture.
4. A continuous chronology poster.
5. An on-line data account of the Modern Architecture chronology and diagrammatic analysis interpretation
of Malaysian architecture also containing references and bibliography.

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Task and Submission


Modern Malaysia Architectural Chronology of:
1. Kuala Lumpur
i)
North East Kuala Lumpur Balkish
ii)
South East Kuala Lumpur - Shirin
iii)
North West Kuala Lumpur Patmaselvi
iv)
South West Kuala Lumpur Norhayati Ramli
2. Selangor
i)
Petaling Jaya Shahrianne
Group work: The first outcome of the project will be an A3 sized illustrative chronology poster of Modern
Malaysian Architecture (hard-copy) (20%) that interprets the Modern Malaysian Architectural language and
architecture influences to the architectural development of Malaysia in particular.
Submission format:
Size: Continuous Timeline Analysis Poster of A3 width, with updated data and visual of chosen topic. APA
Referencing and sourcing is a must.
Example of Buildings:
1. Federal House, Kuala Lumpur
2. General Hospital, Kuala Lumpur
3. Chin Woo Stadium, Kuala Lumpur
4. Sime Darby Building, Kuala Lumpur
5. Federal Hotel, Kuala Lumpur
6. Concorde Hotel, Kuala Lumpur
7. Menara Dewan Bahasa Dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur
8. Wisma Angkasapuri, Kuala Lumpur
9. Petaling Jaya Civic Centre, Petaling Jaya, Selangor
10. Standard Chartered Building, Kuala Lumpur
11. Old JKR Building, Kuala Lumpur
12. Bank Negara Malaysia,Kuala Lumpur
13. Dewan Tunku Canselor, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur
14. Stadium Negara, Kuala Lumpur
15. TNB Headquarters, Bangsar, Kuala Lumpur
16. Bangunan Getah Asli, Kuala Lumpur
17. Parliament Building, Kuala Lumpur

Marking Criteria
Marks shall be distributed as follows:
Research time-line and diagram analysis poster submission: (Group 20%) (Marks below are translated
from 100%)
Clarity of illustrative content 20%
Historical Architectural Advances through chronology 30%
Modern architecture principles analysis discussion 30%
Organization and structure of timeline + APA references & citations 20%

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Text Books
1. Curtis, William J.R. 2002. Modern Architecture since 1900. New York: Phaidon.
2. Fazio, M., Moffet, M., Wodehouse,L., 2009. A World History of Architecture. London: Lawrence King
Publishing
3. Frampton, Kenneth. 2000. Modern Architecture: A Critical History. London: Thames and Hudson.
4. Weston, R. 1996. Modernism. London: Phaidon Press
5. Weston, R. 2011. 100 Ideas that Changed Architecture. Laurence King Publishing.
6. Azaiddy, A. 2015. The Living Machines, Malaysias Modern Architectural Heritage. Pertubuhan Akitek
Malaysia with Taylors University
7. Voon Fee, C. 2007. The Encyclopedia of Malaysia Architecture. Archipelago Press.
8. Yeang, Ken. 1992. The Architecture of Malaysia. Pepin Press.
9. Yeang, Ken. 2007. Building Merdeka: Independence Architecture of Kuala Lumpur.
10. H. Clark, Robert 2012. Precedents in Architecture Analytical Diagram:, Formative Ideas and Parts,
Fourth Edition
Recommended Reading
1. Blaser, Werner. Mies Van Der Rohe . Berlin: Birkhauser Verlag Carter,
2. Frampton, Kenneth. 2000. Modern Architecture: A Critical History. London: Thames and Hudson.
3. Ghirardo, Diane. 1996. Architecture after Modernism. Thames and Hudson Ltd.
4. Gossel, Peter. Leuthauser, Gabriele. 2005. Architecture in the 20th Century. Berlin: Taschen
5. Jencks, Charles. 2000. Le Corbusier and the Continual Revolution in Architecture. New York: The
Monacelli Press
6. Kostoff, Spiro. 1985. A History of Architecture: Settings and Rituals. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
7. Mc Carter, Robert. 2001, . Frank Llyod Wright Architect. New York: Phaidon
8. Norberg-Schulz, Christian. 1976. Meaning in Western Architecture. New York: Praeger Publishers.
9. Peter. 2005. Mies Van Der Rohe at Work . New York: Phaidon
10. Ray, Katerina R. 2010. Bauhaus Dream- House: Modernity and Globalization. New York : Routledge
11. Scully, Vincent Jr. 1975. Modern Architecture. New York: George Braziller, Inc.
12. Snibble, Patricia. M, Richard W. 1999. The New Modernist in World Architecture. New York:
McGraw Hill
13. Watkinson, Gordon. Bauhaus Twenty 21. An ongoing Legacy. Boston: Birkhauser

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*Appendix A: Group Tutorial Progression Log Sheet for Week 2-5 - To be kept by Tutor when it is fully
completed
*(Group leader please print a copy. Students please fill up the details. Bring to tutorial session)

Tutorial Group: ____________ State: ____________________


Tutors Name:
(Leader)
1. Name:__________________________
ID:_____________________ H/p:_________
2. Name: ________________________________ ID: ______________________ H/p: _________
3. Name: ________________________________ ID: ______________________ H/p: _________
4. Name: ________________________________ ID: ______________________ H/p: _________
(To be filled by students)
N
Task assigned:
a
m
e

Principle of Modern
Malaysian
Architecture.
Written/ Sketches:

Date

Description of Task:
Progress/Completed

Tutors
Signature :
Students
Signature :

Name:

1.

(Tutors Signature :)

Week 3
(Students Signature :)

2.

(Tutors Signature :)

Week 4

3.

(Students Signature :)
(Tutors Signature :)

Week 5

(Students Signature :)

Week 3

(Tutors Signature :)

Name:

1.

(Students Signature :)

2.

Week 4

(Tutors Signature :)
(Students Signature :)

3.

Week 5

(Tutors Signature :)
(Students Signature :)

Name:

1.

Week 3

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

2.

Week 4

(Tutors Signature :)
(Students Signature :)

3.

Week 5

(Tutors Signature :)
(Students Signature :)

Name:

1.

Week 3

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

2.

Week 4

(Tutors Signature :)
(Students Signature :)

3.

TU Bachelor of Science (Honours) (Architecture)

Week 5

(Tutors Signature :)
(Students Signature :)

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*Appendix B: Group Tutorial Progression Log Sheet for Week_____- To be kept by Tutor when it is fully
completed

*(Group leader please print a copy. Students please fill up the details. Bring to tutorial session)

Tutorial Group: ____________ State: ____________________


Tutors Name:
(Leader)
1. Name:__________________________
ID:_____________________ H/p:_________
2. Name: ________________________________ ID: ______________________ H/p: _________
3. Name: ________________________________ ID: ______________________ H/p: _________
4. Name: ________________________________ ID: ______________________ H/p: _________
(To be filled by students)
N
Task assigned:
a
m
e

Principle of Modern
Malaysian
Architecture.
Written/ Sketches

Date

Description of Task:
Progress/Completed

Tutors
Signature :
Students
Signature :

Name:

1.

Week

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

2.

Week

(Tutors Signature :)
(Students Signature :)

3.

Week

(Tutors Signature :)
(Students Signature :)

Name:

1.

Week

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

2.

Week

(Tutors Signature :)
(Students Signature :)

3.

Week

(Tutors Signature :)
(Students Signature :)

Name:

1.

Week

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

2.

Week

(Tutors Signature :)
(Students Signature :)

3.

Week

(Tutors Signature :)
(Students Signature :)

Name:

1.

Week

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

2.

Week

(Tutors Signature :)
(Students Signature :)

3.

TU Bachelor of Science (Honours) (Architecture)

Week

(Tutors Signature :)
(Students Signature :)

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*Appendix C: Individual Tutorial Progression Log Sheet for Week ______. To be kept by Tutor when it is fully completed
*(Group leader please print a copy. Students please fill up the details. Bring to tutorial session)

Tutorial Group: ____________ Site/Building: ____________________ Literature Scope: ___________


Tutors Name:
Name:__________________________ ID:_____________________ H/p:_________
(To be filled by students)
Date
Research Task /
Required:

Literature Analysis:
Written/ Sketches:

Description of Task:
Progress/Completed

Tutors
Signature :
Students
Signature :
(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

(Tutors Signature :)

(Students Signature :)

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Example of Klang Map

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Example of a Diagram Analysis

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Attachment 1:
Print out one marking sheet per group.
Marking sheet to be included with the project.

SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, BUILDING & DESIGN


CENTER FOR MODERN ARCHITECTURE STUDIES IN
SOUTHEAST ASIA
ARCHITECTURE CULTURE &HISTRORY 2 [ARC 60203]
PREREQUISITE: ARCHITECTURE CULTURE & HISTORY 1 [ARC1313]

Marking Sheet
Project 1: Timeline and Diagram Analysis

(Group) 20%
Name of Tutor: ______________________________________________________________
Name of Area: ______________________________________________________________
Name of Student

Student ID

1
2
3
4
5
Criteria

1
2
Unsatisfactor Developing
y
40-49 (D-, D, 50-54 , 55D+)
59 (C+)
Research Timeline Poster

3
Satisfactory

4
Proficient

5
Excellent

60-64 (B-),
65-69 (B)

70-74 (B+)
75-79 (A-)

80-100 (A)

Inaccurate
accounts of
historical and
architectural
progresses and
diagrams
through the
designated
era.

Has at least
inferable
account of
historical and
architectural
progresses
and diagrams
through the
designated
period.
Provide
diagrams
(although not
necessarily
with best
choice); and
appropriate
descriptions.

Group
(20%)
Overall Timeline Poster
Historical
Architectur
al Advances
through
diagrams
and
chronology
(30%)

Has at least
inferable
account of
historical and
architectural
progresses
through the
designated
period.
Provide
minimum
diagrams and
some correct
description.

TU Bachelor of Science (Honours) (Architecture)

Total
100%

Date:

Has
understandable
account of
historical and
architectural
progresses and
diagrams
through the
designated era.
Using some
diagrams
(geometric,
plans, drawings,
and/or
photographs)
and enough
descriptions.

Has clear &


comprehensive
account of
historical and
architectural
progresses and
diagrams
through the
designated era.
Using accurate
diagrams
(geometric,
plans, drawings,
&/or
photographs)
and strong
descriptions.

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Principles
analysis
discussio
n (30%)

No evidence
of; or
inaccurate
analysis of
the
principles of
modern
architecture
.

Has at least
inferable
analysis
account of
some of the
principles of
modern
architecture
, using
minimum
diagrams
and at least
one correct
description.

Clarity of
13llustrat
ive
Content
(20%)

Inappropriat
e
presentatio
n and size,
low quality
and
irrelevant
images

Has
appropriate
presentatio
n.
Illustrations
are not well
arranged.
Some
images and
font style
are in
inconvenien
t size, low
quality and
irrelevant

Organizatio
n and
structure of
timeline
(10%)

Arrangement
of analysis
details is
confusing.
Timeline is
directionless
and unrelated
with numerous
irrelevant
statements to
synthesis.

Arrangement
of analysis
details is
unclear.
Timeline is
disorganized
and only few
analyses are
interconnecte
d with the
synthesis.

TU Bachelor of Science (Honours) (Architecture)

Has at least
inferable
analysis
account of
some of the
principles of
modern
architecture
, using
diagrams
(although
not
necessarily
with the
best
choice); and
some
descriptions
Has at least
inferable
tiered
presentatio
n.
Illustrations
are
moderately
arranged, in
convenient
size and
using clear
quality and
relevant
mages and
font style
Analysis
details are
roughly
arranged in a
workable
order with
precedents
that
sometimes off
flow. Timeline
is generally
well
constructed to
support the
synthesis

Has
understandab
le analysis
account of the
modern
architecture,
using some
diagrams
(geometric,
plans,
drawings,
&/or
photographs)
and
appropriate
descriptions.

Has clear
analysis
account of
the modern
of Islamic
architecture,
using
accurate
diagrams
(geometric,
plans,
drawings,
&/or
photographs)
and strong
descriptions.

Has an
understandab
le hierarchical
presentation.
Illustrations
are
appropriately
organized, in
acceptable
size and using
clear high
quality and
relevant
mages and
font style

Has
comprehensi
ve clear
hierarchical
presentation.
Illustrations
are well
organized, in
proper size
and using
crisp clear
high quality
and relevant
mages and
font style

Analysis details
are well
organized with
appropriate
precedents.
Timeline is
stimulating,
well-constructed
and interrelated
to synthesis.

Analysis details
are clear,
complete and
carefully
arranged to add
interest and
clarity to
precedents,
Timeline build
has interesting
and convincing
synthesis

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APA
references
& citations
(10%)

Has given
none; or
incomplete and
improper
parenthetical
and citation
according to
APA guidelines

Has
incomplete
and has no
more than 6
parenthetical
and citation
errors
according to
APA guidelines

Has complete
and has no
more than 4
parenthetical
and citation
errors
according to
APA guidelines

Has complete
and has no more
than 2
parenthetical
and citation
errors according
to APA
guidelines

Has
comprehensive
and no
parenthetical
and citation
errors according
to APA
guidelines

Comments:
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

Final Grade:
Grades

Mark

Name of Lecturer/Tutor:

Signature of Lecturer/Tutor:

TU Bachelor of Science (Honours) (Architecture)

20%
Date:

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