DMAG Update

Data Management and Analysis Group

Census update 2006/09 April 2006

A summary of countries of birth in London
A recent 2001 Census commissioned table identifies at least 243 different countries1 with 10 or more residents living in London. London’s population is very diverse, more so than any other region in England and Wales. • • In 2001 there were 7.1 million residents living in London. Over 5.2 million Londoners were born in the United Kingdom2, this is almost three quarters of all London residents. Nearly 2 million London residents were born outside the UK. There were over 500,000 European born residents living in London. Table 1 shows the breakdown of Londoners by continent of birth. The top 20 countries of birth outside the UK account for 17 per cent of residents in London. In all, these countries and the UK account for 90 per cent of London residents. Table 2 shows the number of residents born in each of these countries living in London and their percentage of the London population. In the London Boroughs the percentage of UK born residents varies from 94 per cent in Havering to 53 per cent in Brent. Table 3 shows the numbers and percentages by borough. The London borough with the largest number of different countries of birthplace listed is Westminster with 182. The City of London has the least, 48 countries, followed by Havering with 106. Table 4 shows the number of countries with at least ten residents in a borough. Ten boroughs have over 25 per cent of London’s residents born in a particular country. Not all the countries have equal numbers as Table 5 shows. Ealing is home to the largest percentage born in a country, ten residents from the Azores accounting for 63 per cent of the London total. The largest number of residents born in any country outside the UK is Bangladesh, with 35,820 living in Tower Hamlets. Table 5 shows those boroughs with more than 25 per cent born in a single country. 48 countries of birth are present in every London borough. There are 40 countries of birth represented in 32 London boroughs. There are 24 countries at a London level that do not meet the ten residents threshold in any borough. Table 6 shows the London, Inner London and Outer London totals for each country of birth and the number of boroughs above the minimum threshold. There are a number of DMAG briefings specifically on country of birth, • Ethnicity, religion and country of birth • Mapping Diversity • Country of Birth and the Labour market • London Country of Birth Profiles • World in a city and • London Boroughs countries of birth

• •

A more detailed list of country of birth briefings by DMAG is at the end of this update.
1 2

As defined by ONS. UK consists of England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, Great Britain or United Kingdom. 1

Table 1 London resident by continent of birth, 2001
Continent Total Africa Americas Caribbean North America South America Asia Far East Middle East South Asia Europe Western Europe Eastern Europe Oceania Other UK Number 7,172,000 455,000 249,000 142,000 63,000 44,000 635,000 135,000 113,000 386,000 510,000 392,000 118,000 71,000 21,000 5,232,000

Source: 2001 Census, Univariate Table UV008

Table 2 Londoners’ country of birth, UK and top 20 countries outside, 2001
Country Number of London residents 5,230,155 172,162 157,285 84,565 80,319 68,907 66,658 66,311 49,932 46,513 45,888 45,506 44,622 41,488 39,818 39,128 38,694 38,130 33,831 32,082 27,494 6,449,488 % of the London population 72.9 2.4 2.2 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 89.9

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

UK India Republic of Ireland Bangladesh Jamaica Nigeria Pakistan Kenya Sri Lanka Ghana Cyprus South Africa United States of America Australia Germany Turkey Italy France Somalia Uganda New Zealand Total

Source: 2001 Census, Commissioned Table C0413

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Table 3 London borough residents born in the United Kingdom, 2001
Total Population City of London Barking and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington and Chelsea Kingston upon Thames Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond upon Thames Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth Westminster Inner London Outer London London
Source: 2001 Census, Commissioned Table C0413

Born in the UK 5,140 144,732 217,060 199,895 139,419 264,754 123,718 257,398 186,938 203,994 174,643 131,958 108,475 134,688 137,442 211,063 198,268 148,270 122,021 87,293 117,469 181,145 188,111 137,517 150,378 180,039 137,380 169,191 157,738 127,142 162,483 188,325 100,006 1,817,594 3,376,532 5,194,126

UK as a % of the borough population 71.5 88.3 69.0 91.6 52.9 89.6 62.5 77.9 62.1 74.6 81.5 65.1 65.6 62.2 66.5 94.1 81.6 69.8 69.4 54.9 79.8 68.1 75.6 73.2 61.7 75.4 79.7 69.1 87.7 64.8 74.4 72.3 55.2 65.7 76.6 72.4

7,185 163,944 314,564 218,307 263,464 295,532 198,020 330,587 300,948 273,559 214,403 202,824 165,242 216,507 206,814 224,248 243,006 212,341 175,797 158,919 147,273 266,169 248,922 187,908 243,891 238,635 172,335 244,866 179,768 196,106 218,341 260,380 181,286 2,766,114 4,405,977 7,172,091

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Table 4 Number of countries with more than 10 residents by borough, 2001
London Borough City of London Barking and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington and Chelsea Kingston upon Thames Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond upon Thames Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth Westminster Inner London Outer London London
Source: 2001 Census, Commissioned Table C0413

Number of countries 46 119 177 116 172 143 174 164 173 149 144 164 165 171 144 106 139 151 155 175 132 174 157 150 160 142 135 167 127 143 151 173 182 239 235 243

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Table 5 More than 25 per cent from a country by borough, 2001
Borough Barnet Country Maldives Israel Tonga Ealing Enfield Hackney Kensington and Chelsea Kingston Upon Thames Newham Westminster Southwark Tower Hamlets Azores Armenia Cyprus Montserrat Monaco Middle East (not stated) Republic of Korea San Tome and Principe Chad Brunei Kuwait Sierra Leone Bangladesh Percentage 40 35 32 63 39 26 28 26 26 31 34 26 28 28 26 42 Number 14 2,221 16 10 137 11,802 1,499 18 10 1,635 32 25 166 619 3,647 35,820

Source: 2001 Census, Commissioned Table C0413

Table 6 Number of residents born in countries living in how many boroughs, 2001
Country Afghanistan East Africa (not otherwise stated) North Africa (not otherwise stated) West Africa (not otherwise stated) Africa (not otherwise stated) Albania Algeria Angola Anguilla Antigua Argentina Armenia Ascension Island Asia (not otherwise stated) At Sea Australia Austria Azerbaijan Azores Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh London 10,831 4,147 161 1,214 4,386 813 6,408 4,683 86 2,269 2,557 354 18 65 43 41,488 5,740 278 16 472 982 84,565 5 273 489 70,169 Inner London 2,011 807 111 791 1,638 396 3,469 2,692 37 1,401 1,634 118 18 42 12 26,264 2,792 136 23 31 15,224 2,948 142 16 199 493 14,396 33 32 13 1 20 28 33 Outer London Number of boroughs 8,820 31 3,340 50 423 2,748 417 2,939 1,991 49 868 923 236 32 5 25 32 25 32 32 1 27 31 10

Country Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Channel Islands Chile China Colombia Commonwealth of (Russian) Independent States Comoros Congo Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Curacao Cyprus Czech Republic Czechoslovakia Democratic Republic of Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Dubai Ecuador

London 12,761 428 6,117 214 180 477 15 525 2,790 423 8,162 44 592 3,017 36 1,184 316 2,021 15,282 195 57 121 98 269 2,056 13,334 9,035 224 30 2,556 110 3,219 533 207 45,888 3,793 460 6,869 5,770 177 5,066 191 315 2,303

Inner London 6,510 222 3,416 91 124 258 336 1,507 185 4,985 33 376 1,607 13 618 162 1,202 9,038 76 34 67 81 151 1,273 5,972 6,445 119 18 1,569 63 1,508 355 98 19,228 1,604 192 4,035 3,268 55 2,987 132 119 1,659 6

Outer London Number of boroughs 6,251 32 206 2,701 123 56 219 15 189 1,283 238 3,177 11 216 1,410 23 566 154 819 6,244 119 23 54 17 118 783 7,362 2,590 105 12 987 47 1,711 178 109 26,660 2,189 268 2,834 2,502 122 2,079 59 196 644 28 2 32 18 7 33 32 14 32 33 4 29 6 13 29 2 3 32 31 33 33 4 27 13 30 33 6 20 32 18 31 20 33 20 33 8 8 22

Country Egypt El Salvador Elsewhere not stated England Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Europe (not otherwise stated) Falkland Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana Gabon Gambia Gaudeloupe Georgia Republic Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland (not otherwise stated) Isle of Man Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan

London 9,120 209 21,134 5,010,969 30 6,075 491 6,395 102 98 1,092 4,074 38,130 61 69 2,359 335 282 39,818 46,513 1,957 12,374 13 7,535 140 777 180 329 14,775 99 90 23,328 4,507 460 172,162 1,826 20,398 17,294 266 818 6,280 38,694 2,421 80,319 19,185

Inner London 4,024 117 10,855 1,735,711 30 4,843 225 4,890 52 44 264 2,209 23,624 40 35 1,648 199 157 19,881 27,036 843 7,119 13 3,647 91 377 110 237 6,924 59 33 10,665 1,882 293 38,352 883 8,065 6,629 145 344 2,688 21,261 1,823 45,821 8,276 7

Outer London Number of boroughs 5,096 32 92 10,279 3,275,258 1,232 266 1,505 50 54 828 1,865 14,506 21 34 711 136 125 19,937 19,477 1,114 5,255 3,888 49 400 70 92 7,851 40 57 12,663 2,625 167 133,810 943 12,333 10,665 121 474 3,592 17,433 598 34,498 10,909 1 28 13 11 33 33 32 33 32 5 29 5 11 32 1 2 33 32 20 33 30 33 33 13 30 32 33 28 33 33 9 32 33 29 25 30 2 2 29 32 33

Country Java Jersey Jordan Kashmir Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Republic of Korea Kosovo Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macao Macedonia Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta and Gozo Martinique Mauritius Mexico Middle East (not otherwise stated) Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nepal Netherland Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand

London 15 1,617 971 499 361 66,311 35 5,334 12,690 2,672 59 216 916 7,418 90 1,072 1,830 19 2,270 375 396 638 361 3,434 16,122 35 79 5,214 168 15,572 1,594 39 218 70 145 95 5,294 7,904 1,782 3,534 437 1,439 363 27 27,494

Inner London 834 487 162 239 11,390 12 1,696 6,402 1,286 35 121 410 4,268 29 546 856 19 1,195 248 165 336 123 1,212 7,234 12 37 2,438 110 5,814 1,067 27 95 45 97 60 3,463 4,970 536 1,103 229 404 181 27 15,898 8

Outer London Number of boroughs 15 783 484 337 122 54,921 23 3,638 6,288 1,386 24 95 506 3,150 61 526 974 1,075 127 231 302 238 2,222 8,888 23 42 2,776 58 9,758 527 12 123 25 48 35 1,831 2,934 1,246 2,431 208 1,035 182 11,596 30 32 32 2 6 31 31 2 27 31 31 15 18 22 14 32 33 1 1 32 5 32 30 1 9 1 6 1 30 32 30 32 21 26 16 33 32 25 10 15 33

Country Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Northern Ireland Norway Occupied Territories (Gaza & West Bank) Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Polynesia Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Ireland Reunion Romania Russia Rwanda Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Scotland Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sharjah Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South America (not otherwise stated) Spain Sri Lanka St Christopher (St Kitts) - Nevis St Helena St Lucia

London 66 75 68,907 37,574 3,753 42 237 66,658 932 158 278 120 1,734 18,680 22,224 10 21,720 72 264 157,285 140 3,049 6,323 1,639 95 3,010 108,682 464 300 1,471 30 14,008 9,307 2,169 410 45 33,831 45,506 768 22,622 49,932 1,343 417 7,042

Inner London 37 47 45,508 17,362 2,090 11 114 21,284 452 110 165 50 1,059 10,518 9,198 10 13,572 42 122 65,745 72 1,343 3,447 902 62 1,561 50,563 307 158 534 10 9,984 4,963 892 195 29 16,037 21,631 424 13,514 10,492 664 192 4,896 9

Outer London Number of boroughs 29 1 28 23,399 20,212 1,663 31 123 45,374 480 48 113 70 675 8,162 13,026 8,148 30 142 91,540 68 1,706 2,876 737 33 1,449 58,119 157 142 937 20 4,024 4,344 1,277 215 16 17,794 23,875 344 9,108 39,440 679 225 2,146 32 33 25 33 32 29 18 31 32 33 32 17 12 33 25 5 9 1 30 33 32 33 3 9 33 4 33 33 29 2 32 33 17 11 32 1 33 33 32

Country St Vincent and the Grenadines Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand The Netherlands Tibet Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United States of America Uruguay US Virgin Islands Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Wales West Indies (not otherwise stated) Western Samoa Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe
Source: 2001 Census, Commissioned Table C0413

London 3,312 5,474 109 237 9,482 5,379 2,065 2,194 55 16,584 4,824 8,671 46 415 50 11,844 1,394 39,128 47 32,082 3,172 968 44,622 370 63 220 15 1,509 14,126 71,962 2,518 28 3,670 5,088 7,306 17,026

Inner London 1,669 3,193 61 135 5,915 3,271 926 1,039 38 3,645 2,512 4,607 22 262 19 5,653 729 24,891 34 10,347 1,526 410 30,639 233 30 117 15 949 10,349 30,027 1,530 13 1,043 2,635 3,217 7,134

Outer London Number of boroughs 1,643 30 2,281 48 102 3,567 2,108 1,139 1,155 17 12,939 2,312 4,064 24 153 31 6,191 665 14,237 13 21,735 1,646 558 13,983 137 33 103 560 3,777 41,935 988 15 2,627 2,453 4,089 9,892 29 32 33 33 14 1 32 31 33 1 32 32 26 33 15 1 7 29 32 33 31 32 1 9 33 33 28 31 1 33 33 33

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Other country of birth briefings by the DMAG Census team
DMAG 2003/9 by Eileen Howes Ethnicity, religion and country of birth This is a preliminary briefing based mainly on the 2001 Census Key Statistics published in February 2003 for boroughs and in June 2003 for wards. It uses data from the 2001 Census questions on ethnic group and country of birth to give a first brief analysis of London's culturally diverse population. DMAG 2003/22 by Eileen Howes Mapping Diversity This Briefing includes a range of maps for all wards in London illustrating the diversity of London’s population. This shows a population more culturally diverse that that anywhere else in the country. DMAG 2003/23 by Eileen Howes and Giorgio Finella Ethnic groups in London and other districts This briefing presents statistics on ethnic and religious groups for London and other districts from the 2001 Census. It is mainly in the form of tabulations. DMAG Briefing 2004/11 by Eileen Howes The Irish in London The 2001 Census included Irish as a category with a pre-defined tick box for the first time. This Briefing is one of a series of profiles based on the 2001 Census statistics on ethnic group, country of birth and religion. DMAG Briefing 2004/16 by Gareth Piggott Bangladeshis in London Over two per cent of the London population are in the Bangladeshi ethnic group. This Briefing gives a detailed statistical profile of Bangladeshis living in London using Census data.

Mapping Diversity

Bangladeshis in London

DMAG Briefing 2005/4 by Gareth Piggott Pakistanis in London The London Pakistani population represents one fifth of the national Pakistani population and Pakistanis make up two per cent of the population of London. This Briefing gives a detailed statistical profile of Pakistanis living in London using Census data.

DMAG Briefing 2005/6 by Marian Mackintosh London: the world in a city This report contains a demographic analysis of the ethnic group, country of birth and religion of Londoners from 2001 Census data. It describes the size and location of different groups, their age and sex structure, and the relationship between ethnicity, country of birth and religion. The world in a City

Other related briefings by the DMAG team
DMAG Briefing 2005/01 by Lorna Spence Country of Birth and Labour Market Outcomes in London: This report presents data about how the labour market outcomes of Londoners vary according to their country of origin. The report provides detailed analysis of the employment patterns of different migrant groups including analysis of: employment rates; unemployment rates, reasons for non-employment, employment patterns and pay levels.

DMAG Briefing 2005/02 by Giorgio Finella London Country of Birth Profiles: This Briefing present a picture of people living in London and where they were born. This report lists 147 different named areas, 127 are countries and 20 are aggregations of countries as defined by ONS. For each area, statistical data on demography, labour market, health and housing is provided and compared to the London total. This report is mainly tabular.

DMAG Briefing 2005/19 by Giorgio Finella London Country of Birth Profile – The Arab League Similar to London Country of Birth Profiles, looking only at Londoners born in the Arab world. This report shows the diverse make-up of London, with its cosmopolitan residents living together in a vibrant and multi-cultural world city. This report is mainly tabular.

DMAG Briefing 2005/38 by Baljit Bains Patterns of Ethnic Segregation This Briefing presents a spatial analysis of 1991 and 2001 Census data for London using accepted measures of segregation. The findings show no extreme polarised areas (commonly referred to as ghettos) in London for both 1991 and 2001.

DMAG Briefing 2005/39 by Eileen Howes, Gareth Piggott, John Hollis and Baljit Bains London’s changing population This analysis has been undertaken in the light of recent, and sometimes near hysterical, debate about 'ghettos'. There is a history of huge population movements into and out of London. This work puts these changes in London's population in a wider context. It factually refutes the dire warnings about a future for our capital and other cities where different groups within the community do not live in a diverse society but segregate themselves and live in large ghettos dominated by just one ethnic group. This kind of debate is based upon a type of analysis that suggests that too many Black people or too many Asians living together is a problem, while the same dominance by White people is acceptable. There are no signs of classic ghettos in London or the UK.