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Math 1040 M&Ms Term Project

Jose Lopez
Salt Lake Community College

Math 1040 Excel Exercise 1

Number of
blue candies
16

Name
Anna C
Anna S
Chelsey
Cody
Damon
Daniel
Gandhi
Folasha
de
James
Jazmine
Jennifer
Jillian
Jordan
Jose
Julia
Macken
zie
Monica
Nicole
Nichola
sG
Rachael

Number of
brown
candies
4

Number of
green
candies
5

Number of
orange
candies
18

Number of
red candies
12

Number of
yellow
candies
1

Brown

Green

Orang
e

19
6
12
16
4
5
10

4
4
6
5
9
10
7

5
10
15
6
7
12
10

6
15
14
13
7
11
10

5
7
4
7
11
8
7

14
11
3
9
16
10
8

53
53
54
56
54
56
52

11

10

50

16
4
4
10
2
16
11

10
7
12
10
9
4
12

6
4
8
10
10
5
10

13
1
6
11
10
18
8

9
6
8
4
10
12
14

3
4
4
4
13
1
3

57
26
42
49
54
56
58

16

18

56

6
14

4
6

10
14

15
12

7
7

11
0

53
53

11

17

56

41

Blue

Red

Yellow

Total

Reming
ton
Saliema
Samant
ha
Tyler
Zachari
ah
Total

20

13

55

15

10

11

55

12

10

12

55

13

55

10

10

12

56

233

177

199

258

178

154

1199

Mars Inc. has stated that the average package of M&Ms contains the following proportion of
each color: 30% Brown, 20% Red, 20% Yellow, 10% Blue, 10% Green and 10% Orange. In
this exercise we will use your individual data and group data in conjunction with this
information to compare, contrast and interpret the results.
Part 1: Organizing and Displaying Categorical Data: Individual and Group Data
Self Data

Class
Blue

Frequency

Relative
Frequency

16

0.29

Brown

0.07

Green

0.09

Orange

18

0.32

Red

12

0.21

0.02

Yellow

56
Class Data

Class

Frequency

Blue

233

1.51

Brown

177

1.15

Green

199

1.29

Orange

258

1.68

Red

178

1.16

Yellow

154

1.00

1199

20
18
16
14
12

Frequency

10
8
6
4
2
0
Blue

Brown

Green

Orange

Red

Yellow

300
250
200
Frequency
150
100
50
0
Blue

Brown

Green Orange

Red

Yellow

Relative Bar Chart

1.80
1.60
1.40
1.20

Individual

1.00

Group

0.80
0.60
0.40
0.20
0.00
Blue

Brown

Green Orange

Red

Yellow

Part 1
Yes, comparing my individual graph to our group data does correlate with one another, but I was not expecting them
to have this much of resemblance. For example, I show that blue and orange M&Ms were the most occurred colors
that everyone had in their bag. It also reflects that with the brown and yellow M&Ms which were the least occurred
colors. Yes, the overall data does agree with my own bag since we compared the occurrence of the colors, it came
out to be the same expected in our group data.
Part 2: Creating a Pie-Chart and Creating a Pareto Chart from Group Data

Blue
Brown
Green
Orange
Red
Yellow

Group Pareto Chart

250
200
150

Pareto Chart

100
50
0
Blue

Green

Red

Brown

Yellow

Part 2
I believe that the Pareto chart is a better visual graph than the Pie chart. Its beyond helpful to determine how much
of each color we had in the bag of M&Ms. It gives the quantity of each color to the side of the graph; as well the pie
chart can be misleading. For example, if we take a look at the color blue and orange in the pie chart. They both look
as if they are the same quantity. If someone were to look at this chart, they would assume that we have the same
amount of blue and orange M&Ms.
Math 1040 Excel Exercise 2
Exercises from Elementary Statistics 12th ed. By Mario F. Triola
You will learn how to calculate the values that numerically summarize data, how to calculate lower and upper
fences, how to find outliers of a data set, and how to create a boxplot and a modified boxplot.
Part 1: Calculating Summary Statistics
Part 2: Finding Outliers
While your data is sorted, you may also look for outliers.
Lower fence = Q1 1.5(IQR)

Upper fence = Q3 + 1.5(IQR)

Remember that IQR is the difference between Q3 and Q1, and is the range of the middle 50% of the data.
Any data value falling below the lower fence or above the upper fence would be considered an outlier.
Part 4: Practicing Your New Skills

Red

2.769

Mean

Sample Variance
7.600

Median
7.000

190.000

11.000

7.000

3.5
LF

25.000
Q1

3.000
Maximum

9
IQR

Count

Minimum

Standard Deviation

Sum

7.667
Range

Mode

14.000

0.25
UF

5.5

14.25

Q3

According to my calculations I didnt have any outliers in my data. Neither of my maximum and my minimum
didnt overcome the lower and upper fence. The distribution of this data is skewed to the right, that is where most of
my date lies closer to the mean.

Total

6.825

Mean

Sample Variance
52.200

Median

Mode

Standard
Deviation

1305.000

32.000

3.5
LF

25.000
Q1

26.000
Maximum

56
IQR

Count

Minimum
56.000

Sum

46.583
Range

54.000

58.000

47.25
UF

52.5

61.25

Q3

My calculations for the class data showed me that I did have one outlier which was 26. I had to use my lower fence
42.25 for my boxplot. Here the distribution of the class data is skewed to the left.

Hypothesis Tests