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REVISION NOTICE

SERVICE BULLETIN
SB No. 238
Revision No. 62
SUBJECT:

Turbojet Engine Service Bulletin No. 238 Revision No. 62 dated


January 27, 2006.

Service Bulletin Title: OIL - LUBRICANT (SYNTHETIC) - APPROVAL OF


Model

Issue Sequence

JT3C
JT4A
JT3D
JT8D
JFTD12A
JT12A
JT9D
PW2000
PW4000
PWF117
PW6000

79-2
79-2
79-1
79-1
79-1
79-1
79-1
79-1
79-1
79-1
79-1

THIS IS A COMPLETE REISSUE - The subject attached Bulletin No. 238 constitutes
the complete instruction.
The contents are in accordance with the following
list of effective pages.
Page
1 thru 8

Revision No.
62

Date
January 27/06

A copy of this notice should be filed as a permanent record with each copy of
subject bulletin revision and with any future revisions.
Reason for the Revision:
To update the oil data in Tables 1, 2 and 3.
Effect of Revision on Prior Compliance:
None.

Distribution Code
2590

Page 1 of 1

Printed in United States of America

SERVICE BULLETIN
TAF-12C-0

NO. 238

OIL - LUBRICANT (SYNTHETIC) - APPROVAL OF


1.

Planning Information
A.

Effectivity
Model

Application

JT3C, JT3D, JT4A,


JT8D, JT9D, JT12A,
JFTD12A, PW2000, PW4000,
F117-PW-100, PW6000

All engines.

Issue Sequence
JT3C
JT4A
JT3D
JT8D
JFTD12A
JF12A
JT9D
PW2000
PW4000
PWF117
PW6000
B.

79-2
79-2
79-1
79-1
79-1
79-1
79-1
79-1
79-1
79-1
79-1

Reason
To assure the use of satisfactory engine lubricants.

C.

Description
Provide a list of acceptable synthetic lubricating oils for
Pratt & Whitney engines and instructions for changeover to a different
brand or type of oil.

Distribution Code
2590

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REVISION NO. 62 - January 27/06

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Pratt & Whitney


Service Bulletin No. 238

D.

Compliance
Recommended - Accomplish next time aircraft has layover at base when
recommended maintenance action can be accomplished.

E.

Manpower
Not applicable.

F.

Weight Data
None.

G.

References
(1)

This bulletin supersedes and cancels the following published


Service Bulletins:
JT3C-6
JT4A
JT3C-7

(2)

2.

79-1 and Revision No. 2 (PWA No. 32)


79-1 and Revision No. 2 (PWA No. 36)
79-1 (PWA No. 137)

Service Bulletin No. PWF117 79-1; Oil - Lubricant (Synthetic) Approval Of. Issue Sequence 79-1, F117 Series.

Accomplishment Instructions
A.

The oils listed in Tables I, II and III comply with either Pratt &
Whitney Specification PWA-521 for commercial application or the listed
military specifications for commercial application.
Oils marked X are
approved for use in engines indicated. Oils marked 0 are approved for
use on a service evaluation basis only. Since some oils in the service
evaluation status may be well along in their evaluation by one or more
airlines, it is suggested that the prospective users of these oils check
with Pratt & Whitney to obtain the latest status as it may be applicable
to their proposed use. Approval of oils, listed as approved or in a
service evaluation status, will normally be based upon their
satisfactory performance in the listed engines. Operators desiring to
use an oil which is in a Service Evaluation status should contact Pratt
& Whitney Technical Support Department for instructions which will be
provided by separate correspondence upon request.

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Pratt & Whitney


Service Bulletin No. 238
TABLE I
TYPE I OILS
APPLICABLE ENGINE MODELS
JT3C

JT3D

JT4A

JT8D

JT9D

JT12A

PW
2000

PW
4000

NAME OR
SPECIFICATION

PW
6000

F117
PW-100
(2)

Military
Specification
MIL- PRF - 7808 L
(Or later Revision)
NOTE:

X(1)

X Denotes approved oils.

(1) Approved for PW2240, and PW2337 Models only when starting oil

temperatures

are expected to be between -40 and -65F (-40 and -54C).


(2) Refer to Reference 2., Service Bulletin No. PWF117 79-1.

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Pratt & Whitney


Service Bulletin No. 238
TABLE II
TYPE II OILS: NON-HIGH THERMAL STABILITY (non-HTS)
APPLICABLE ENGINE MODELS
JT3C

JT3D

JT4A

NAME OR
SPECIFICATION

JT8D

JT9D

(2)

JT12A

PW
2000

PW
4000

(1)

2380

BP Turbo Oil

25

Aeroshell
Oil 500

Turbine

Aeroshell
Oil 555

Turbine

Royco 500

Royco 555

Castrol

II

5000

F117PW-100
(3)

BP Turbo Oil

Mobil Jet Oil

PW
6000

X
X
X

X
0

X
X

Military
Specification
MIL-PRF-23699 F
(Or later Revision)
NOTE: X Denotes approved oils.
0 Denotes service evaluation oils.
(1) Oils approved for JT12A are also approved for JFTD12A.
(2) HTS oils are recommended for improved resistance to oil

coking.

(3) Refer to Reference 2., Service Bulletin No. PWF117 79-01.

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Pratt & Whitney


Service Bulletin No. 238
TABLE III
TYPE II OILS: HIGH THERMAL STABILITY (HTS)

(1)

(2)

APPLICABLE ENGINE MODELS


JT3C

JT3D

JT4A

NAME OR
SPECIFICATION
BP Turbo Oil
Aeroshell
Oil 560

JT8D

JT9D

(4)
2197

Turbine

Royco 560

JT12A

PW
2000

PW
4000

PW
6000

(3)

F117PW-100
(5)

Mobil Jet Oil 254

Mobil 291 Oil

NOTE: X Denotes approved oils.


0 Denotes service evaluation oils.
(1) CAUTION:
Laboratory testing and service experience has shown that all
Turbine Oils are not compatible with silicon material seals (Seals are defined
as all seals, packings, and 0-rings). Type II HTS oils will swell AS3208/AS3209
(i.e. Viton A) material seals more than Type I or Type II non-HTS oils.
AS3208/AS3209 seal swelling can contribute to oil l eaks especially at carbon
seal locations as swollen seals in the carbon seal can restrict the free movement of the carbon element. Engines using a Type II HTS oil should consider the
use of ST1946 (i.e. Viton GLT) 0-ring seals. P&W will be transitioning to
supplying ST1946 0-ring seals for standard size AS3208/AS3209 0-rings. Consult
the applicable engine Illustrated Parts Catalog and the Parts Substitution List
for specific information regarding their availability.
(2) CAUTION:
Service experience has shown that Type II HTS oils can loosen
previously deposited carbon, which can reside on oil wetted surfaces in various
parts of the engine. The l oosened carbon can enter the oil system and become
caught in the main oil filter. Some engines which have converted to Type II HTS
oil in which carbon on oil wetted surfaces was not removed, have shown this
symptom. It is recommended that operators follow the main oil filter replacement intervals currently provided in this Service Bulletin.
(3) Oils approved for JT12A are also approved for JFTD12A.
(4) HTS oils are recommended for improved resistance to oil

coking.

(5) Refer to Reference 2., Service Bulletin No. PWF117 79-01.

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Pratt & Whitney


Service Bulletin No. 238
B.

Oil Suppliers' Addresses:


Air BP Lubricants*
Maple Plaza II Six Campus Drive
Parsippany, NJ 07054

1N

ExxonMobil Lubricants & Specialties Company


3225 Gallows Road
Fairfax, Virginia 22037
Shell Aviation Ltd.
Shell Centre
York Road
London SE1 7NA
Anderol. Inc.+
215 Merry Lane
P.O. Box 518
East Hanover, NJ 07936
*Air BP Lubricants is responsible for the BP Turbo Oils and Castrol
Branded Oil products.
+Anderol, Inc. is responsible for the Royal Lubricants Co., Inc. (Royco)
Branded Oil products.
C.

In general, oil brand mixing is not recommended.

(1)

For JT3C, JT3D, JT4A, JT8D, JT9D, JT12A, JFTD12A, PW2000 and
PW4000 Engines:
Occasional or inadvertent (e.g. 1 to 4 qts.) adding of a different
approved Type II oil during routine servicing of the oil tank does
not require oil drain and flush. It should be noted that dilution
of any of the High Thermal Stability (HTS) Type II Oils, BP Turbo
Oil 2197, Aeroshell Turbine Oil 560, Royco 560, Mobil Jet Oil 254,
and Mobil Jet Oil 291 with a non-HTS Type II Oil will reduce the
performance of the HTS Oil.

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Pratt & Whitney


Service Bulletin No. 238
D.

An operator having engines that accumulate less than 300 flight hours in
any given calendar year should make an oil drain every six months to
purge the system of possible moisture accumulation, foreign
contaminants, and potential oil degradation products.

E.

Instructions for changeover to a different brand or type of oil.


NOTE:

(1)

(2)

On engines with less than 250 hours since new manufacture or


since complete overhaul of the entire lubrication system
hardware, the drain and fill method or top off methods of oil
brand change over are acceptable without any additional oil
filter inspection/replacement requirements.
(Preferred method)

Change over by Top Off Method, as follows:

(a)

Begin using new oil brand as required, by topping off engine


oil tank with new oil.

(b)

Mark tank with suitable label that identifies the new oil
brand.

(c)

Replace and inspect the main oil filter at intervals of no


more than 250 hours after beginning the conversion to the new
oil.
Inspect for signs of loosening of deposits, which may
be in the engine from the oil used before.

(d)

Continue replacement and inspection of the main oil filter at


intervals of no more than 250 hours, until a total of 400
hours have been accumulated after beginning the conversion to
the new oil.

(e)

If filters are normal after a total of 400 hours have been


accumulated since the beginning of the conversion to the new
oil, return to the normal filter change intervals.

(f)

If main oil filter deposits are found to be more than normal


during inspections, continue filter inspection at 250 hour
maximum intervals.

(Alternate method)
Drain and fill oil system and perform required
precaution filter checks for engines with more than 250 hours TSO
as follows:
(a)

Drain oil from oil tank and gear box.

(b)

Fill oil system with new oil and mark tank with suitable
label that identifies the new oil brand.

(c)

Replace and inspect main oil filter after first 25 - 50 hours


after filling with new oil for signs of loosening of
deposits, which may be in the engine from the prior oil used.

(d)

Repeat the replacement and inspection of the main oil filter


after the second 25 - 50 hours after filling with new oil for
signs of loosening of deposits.

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Service Bulletin No. 238

F.

(e)

If filters are normal at the time of the second inspection,


return to normal filter change intervals.

(f)

If main oil filter deposits are found to be more than normal


during inspections, continue filter inspection at 25 - 50
hour intervals.

Engine oil condition monitoring.


(1)

Oil condition sampling is recommended if visual inspection shows


oils very dark and/or has an unusual odor, and/or exhibits other
abnormal conditions.

(2)

Obtain a 100 cc sample within 30 minutes of engine shutdown, as


follows:
CAUTION:

(a)

TO MAKE SURE INSPECTION ACCURACY, AVOID CONTAMINATING


THE SAMPLE.

If obtaining sample from the fill port, use a suction device


to remove oil from approximate center of tank.
OR

(b)

(3)

If sample is taken from tank drain valve, drain and discard


approximately one cup of oil before filling the clean sample
container.

Inspect oil sample using the following suggested methods; or use


equivalent techniques.
Draining and replacing the oil is
suggested if the following limits are exceeded.
Inspection Method

Drain Oil if it Exceeds

Kinematic Viscosity
at 100 F
(ASTM D445)

Change from new oil


of +25% or -10% *

OR
Total Acid Number
(ASTM D664)
NOTE:

2.0 Maximum

*JT8D engines using Aeroshell Turbine Oil 560, Royal 560,


Mobil Jet Oil 254, Mobil Jet Oil 291 and BP Turbo Oil 2197,
can use a limit of +60% or -10%.
Service experience has shown that some JT8D engines in the
-15A/17A and -200 series operate above the +25% level but
no higher than 60% while showing no oil system degradation.
The frequency of this occurrence has usually been less
than 20%.

(4)

Set oil sampling intervals based on experience. For engines that


exhibit a deterioration of oil properties, it is suggested that
sampling of oil be performed at 300 hours intervals.

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