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Synonyms and Antonyms of commensurate

corresponding in size, amount, extent, or degree <was given a job commensura

te with her abilities and experience> Synonyms commensurable, proportional, prop
ortionateRelated Words balanced, symmetrical (or symmetric); correlative, recipr
ocal; contingent, dependent, relative; akin, comparable, similarNear Antonyms as
ymmetrical (or asymmetric), distorted, irregular, lopsided, nonsymmetrical, twis
ted, unsymmetrical; unbalancedAntonyms disproportionate
1. propulsive (adj.)
tending to or capable of propelling
dynamical dynamic propelling propellent propellant
offered or consecrated in fulfillment of a vow.
Synonyms and Antonyms of plaintive
expressing or suggesting mourning <the puppy's plaintive expression after we
put the toy away was rather amusing> Synonyms aching, agonized, anguished, bemo
aning, bewailing, bitter, deploring, doleful, dolesome, dolorous, funeral, griev
ing, heartbroken, lamentable, lugubrious, mournful, plangent, regretful, rueful,
sorrowful, sorry, wailing, weeping, woefulRelated Words dirgelike, elegiac (als
o elegiacal), melancholy; dejected, depressed, despondent, disconsolate, dispiri
ted, downcast, downhearted, heartsick, heartsore, inconsolable, tearful; brokenh
earted, careworn, crestfallen, downcast, downhearted, forlorn, gloomy, glum, low
-spirited, miserable, sad, triste, unhappy, woebegone; bawling, crying, groaning
, howling, keening, moaning, yammering; bleeding, suffering; black, bleak, cheer
less, comfortless, dark, darkening, desolate, dismal, dreary, funereal, gloomy,
glum, gray (also grey), joyless, low, miserable, moody, morbid, morose, pathetic
, pessimistic, piteous, saturnine, somber (or sombre), sullen, wretchedNear Anto
nyms delighted, exulting, glorying, happy, joyful, rejoicing, triumphant; bright
, cheerful, cheering, cheery; laughing, smiling; blissful, blithe, blithesome, b
uoyant, jocund, jolly, joyous, lighthearted, merry, mirthful; encouraging, hopef
ul, optimistic; ecstatic, elated, euphoric, exhilarated, giddy, heady, rapturous
, rhapsodic (also rhapsodical)
Synonyms and Antonyms of deciduous
lasting only for a short time <he chose not to fret about the deciduous disc
omforts of his existence> Synonyms brief, momentary, ephemeral, evanescent, flas
h, fleeting, fugacious, fugitive, impermanent, passing, short-lived, temporary,
transient, transitoryRelated Words little, short, shortish; acting, interim, pro
visional, short-termNear Antonyms lifelong; continuing, durable, persistent; imp
erishable, indefectible, indestructibleAntonyms ceaseless, dateless, deathless,
endless, enduring, eternal, everlasting, immortal, lasting, long-lived, permanen
t, perpetual, timeless, undying, unending
Synonyms and Antonyms of supplicant
asking humbly <hated having to go before his boss like a supplicant beggar whene
ver he needed some time off to attend to personal matters> Synonyms beseeching,
entreating, imploring, pleading, prayerful, soliciting, suppliant, supplicating,
supplicatoryRelated Words begging, importunate, insistent, persistent

Definition of usury
plural usuries
archaic : interest
: the lending of money with an interest charge for its use; especially : t
he lending of money at exorbitant interest rates
: an unconscionable or exorbitant rate or amount of interest; specifically
: interest in excess of a legal rate charged to a borrower for the use of money
Synonyms and Antonyms of premonition
a feeling that something bad will happen <she had a premonition that her cat
would somehow get hurt that day> Synonyms foreboding, presage, presentiment, pr
ognostication Related Words anticipation, foreknowledge; feel, insight, intuitio
n; augury, omen, portent, sign; impression, suspicion; agitation, alarm (also al
arum), anxiety, anxiousness, apprehension, apprehensiveness, care, concern, disq
uiet, doubt, dread, fear, misgiving, nervousness, perturbation, unease, uneasine
ss, worry; foresight, prescience
Synonyms and Antonyms of maudlin
appealing to the emotions in an obvious and tiresome way <a maudlin movie ab
out a lovable tramp> Synonyms chocolate-box, cloying, drippy, fruity, gooey, lov
ey-dovey, corny, mawkish, mushy, novelettish, saccharine, sappy, schmaltzy, sent
imental, sloppy, slushy, soppy, soupy, spoony (or spooney), sticky, sugarcoated,
sugary, wetRelated Words dreamy, misty-eyed, moonstruck, moony, nostalgic, star
ry-eyed; feel-good, fuzzy; melodramatic, soap-operatic, soapy, sudsy; flat, insi
pid, soft-boiled, tasteless, vapid, watery; cutesy, twee [chiefly British]Near A
ntonyms unadulterated, unvarnished; antisentimental, cynical, hard-boiled, hardedged, hardheadedAntonyms unsentimental
Synonyms and Antonyms of impressionist
a person who imitates another's voice and mannerisms for comic effect <a cel
ebrated impressionist who can do enough rapid-fire imitations to populate an ent
ire stage with characters> Synonyms imitator, impersonator, mimic, personatorRel
ated Words burlesquer, caricaturist, lampooner, mocker, parodist, satirist; mime
, mimer, mummer, pantomime, pantomimist; actor, entertainer, performer, player,
trouper; ape, copycat, echo, parrot, rubber stamp
Synonyms and Antonyms of chivalrous
having, characterized by, or arising from a dignified and generous nature <s
till engages in chivalrous behavior, such as holding doors for people> Synonyms
big, noble, elevated, gallant, great, greathearted, high, high-minded, lofty, lo
rdly, magnanimous, natural, sublimeRelated Words ennobled, exalted, glorified; h
eroic (also heroical), honorable, valiant, venerable, worthy; knightly, princely
, regal; inspiring, moving, numinous, uplifting; august, magnificent, majesticNe
ar Antonyms sordid, squalid, vile, wretched; abominable, contemptible, despicabl
e, detestable, hateful, offensive, repulsive, ugly, vicious; dastardly, dirty, l
ousy, sorry; little, mean, narrow, small-minded; degrading, discreditable, humil
iating, ignominious; coarse, crude, vulgarAntonyms base, debased, degenerate, de
graded, ignoble, low
Synonyms and Antonyms of enterprising

having or showing a bold forcefulness in the pursuit of a goal <the company
is claiming that there will be huge financial rewards for enterprising sales rep
resentatives> Synonyms ambitious, assertive, aggressive, fierce, go-getting, hig
h-pressure, in-your-face, militant, pushy, self-asserting, self-assertiveRelated
Words argumentative, bellicose, belligerent, combative, contentious, discordant
, disputatious, gladiatorial, militant, pugnacious, quarrelsome, trigger-happy,
truculent, warlike; hyperaggressive, overambitious; dynamic, energetic, aggressi
ve, gung ho, hustling, strenuous, vigorous; emphatic, obtrusive; adventuresome,
adventurous, daring, dashing, emboldened, gutsy, venturesome, venturous; audacio
us, bold, brash, brassy, bumptious, cheeky, cocksure, cocky, confident, determin
ed, forward, impudent, insolent, overconfident, presumptuous, unapologetic, unsu
bdued, unyielding; bare-knuckle (also bare-knuckled or bare-knuckles), feisty, s
crappy; dominating, domineering, imperious, lordly, magisterial, overbearingNear
Antonyms easygoing, laid-back, relaxed; acquiescent, amenable, compliant, defer
ential, docile, resigned, submissive, tractable, yielding; cowering, cringing, g
roveling (or grovelling), shrinking; bashful, demure, diffident, humble, lowly,
meek, mild, modest, mousy (or mousey), overmodest, passive, quiet, reserved, ret
iring, shy, subdued, timid, unobtrusive; obsequious, servile, slavish, subservie
ntAntonyms ambitionless, low-pressure, nonassertive, unaggressive, unambitious,
unassertive, unenterprising
inclined or willing to take risks <enterprising people of vision were respon
sible for the boom in technological industries> Synonyms adventuresome, adventur
ous, audacious, daring, dashing, emboldened, bold, free-swinging, gutsy, hardy,
nerved, nervy, venturesome, venturousRelated Words brash, daredevil, foolhardy,
heedless, hotheaded, impetuous, imprudent, impulsive, incautious, madcap, overbo
ld, overconfident, rash, reckless, thoughtless, wild; brave, courageous, dauntle
ss, fearless, gallant, greathearted, heroic (also heroical), intrepid, lionheart
ed, stalwart, stout, stouthearted, swashbuckling, unafraid, undaunted, valiant,
valorous; gritty, plucky, spirited, spunky; gadarene, hasty, headlong, precipita
te; absurd, asinine, balmy, brainless, crazy, foolish, half-witted, harebrained,
insane, lunatic, mad, nutty, scatterbrained, silly, wacky (also whacky), witles
s; unnecessary; dumb, idiotic (also idiotical), moronic, stupid; irrational, unr
easonableNear Antonyms chickenhearted, coward, cowardly, craven, lily-livered, m
ilk-livered, milky, poltroon, pusillanimous, shy, timid, timorous; careful, caut
ious, heedful, prudent, wary; overcareful, overcautious; affrighted, afraid, ala
rmed, fainthearted, fearful, frightened, horrified, scared, shocked, spooked, st
artled, terrified, terrorized; unnerved; calm, cool, levelheaded, rational, reas
onable, sage, sane, sensible, sound, wise; appalled, concerned, dismayed, upset,
worriedAntonyms unadventurous, unenterprising
Synonyms and Antonyms of clandestine
undertaken or done so as to escape being observed or known by others <I took
a clandestine peek at the price tag on the diamond necklace> Synonyms backstair
s, behind-the-scenes, secret, covert, furtive, hole-and-corner, hugger-mugger, h
ush-hush, private, privy, sneak, sneaking, sneaky, stealth, stealthy, surreptiti
ous, undercover, underground, underhand, underhandedRelated Words back-channel,
closed-door, off-the-books, off-the-record; classified, confidential, restricted
, top secret, undisclosed; concealed, hidden, secreted, subterranean, unadvertis
ed, unexposedNear Antonyms acknowledged, avowed; aboveboard, straightforward, un
concealed, undisguised; unclassified, unrestricted; clear, evident, manifest, ob
vious, patent, plainAntonyms open, overt, public
Synonyms and Antonyms of laconic
marked by the use of few words to convey much information or meaning <the sp
ortscaster's color commentary tends to be laconic but very much to the point> Sy

nonyms aphoristic, apothegmatic, brief, capsule, compact, compendious, crisp, cu

rt, elliptical (or elliptic), epigrammatic, concise, monosyllabic, pithy, senten
tious, succinct, summary, telegraphic, terse, thumbnailRelated Words abrupt, blu
nt, brusque (also brusk), short, snippety, snippy; abbreviated, abridged, conden
sed, curtailed, shortened; meaty, substantial; meaningful, significant; well-tur
nedNear Antonyms pleonastic, redundant, repetitious, tautological, tautologous;
enlarged, expanded, supplemented; embellished, embroidered, exaggerated, inflate
dAntonyms circuitous, circumlocutory, diffuse, long-winded, prolix, rambling, ve
rbose, windy, wordy
tending not to speak frequently (as by habit or inclination) <laconic by nat
ure, he found the monastery's vow of silence was very much to his liking> Synony
ms closemouthed, dumb, silent, reserved, reticent, taciturn, tight-lipped, uncom
municativeRelated Words aloof, indrawn, inhibited, introverted, reserved, restra
ined; sedate, self-contained, sober, staid; backward, bashful, coy, demure, diff
ident, modest, retiring, self-effacing, sheepishNear Antonyms free-spoken, outsp
oken, vocal; gossipy, talebearing; diffuse, long-winded, prolix, rambling, verbo
se, windy, wordy; extroverted (also extraverted), gregarious, outgoing, sociable
Antonyms blabby, chatty, communicative, conversational, gabby, garrulous, loqua
cious, motormouthed, mouthy, talkative, talky, unreserved
Synonyms and Antonyms of emphatic
marked by or uttered with forcefulness <the governor issued an emphatic deni
al of all charges> Synonyms aggressive, assertive, dynamic, energetic, forceful,
full-blooded, muscular, resounding, strenuous, vehement, vigorous, violent Rela
ted Words decided, insistent, marked, pointed; absolute, categorical (also categ
oric), clear, plain, unambiguous, unequivocal; arresting, compelling, conspicuou
s, impelling, noticeable, striking Near Antonyms guarded, mild, uncompelling, we
ak, wishy-washy; ambiguous, equivocal, halting, hesitant; understated Antonyms n
onassertive, nonemphatic, unemphatic
Synonyms and Antonyms of infuse
to cause (as a person) to become filled or saturated with a certain quality
or principle <parents who infuse their children with strong moral values> Synony
ms endue (or indue), imbue, inculcate, ingrain (also engrain), inoculate, invest
, steep, suffuse Related Words animate, charge, enliven, invigorate, leaven; imp
lant, instill, plant; impregnate, permeate, pervade, saturate; deluge, drown, fi
ll, flood, inundate, overwhelm, submerge Near Antonyms deprive, divest, strip; c
lear, empty; eliminate, remove, take away
Synonyms and Antonyms of excursion
a short trip for pleasure <our weekend excursions have encompassed virtually
all parts of our home state> Synonyms jaunt, junket, outing, ramble, sally, sas
hay, sortie, spin Related Words journey, travel(s), voyage; circuit, tour; exped
ition, odyssey, safari; detour; hike, peregrination, trek, walk; pilgrimage
a departure from the subject under consideration <the professor's frequent a
nd sometimes far-ranging excursions in his lectures are the stuff of campus lege
nd> Synonyms aside, digression, divagation, tangentRelated Words excursus, paren
thesis; rambling; circuitousness, circularity, circumlocution, diffuseness, prol
ixity, verbosity, windiness, wordiness
Synonyms and Antonyms of predilection
a habitual attraction to some activity or thing <a young lad with a predilec

tion for telling tall tales> Synonyms affection, affinity, aptitude, bent, bias,
bone, devices, disposition, genius, habitude, impulse, leaning, partiality, pen
chant, inclination, predisposition, proclivity, propensity, tendency, turnRelate
d Words favor, one-sidedness, partisanship, prejudice; endowment, faculty, flair
, genius, gift, knack, talent; addiction, appetite, fancy, fondness, like, likin
g, preference, taste; forte, speciality, specialty; convention, custom, habit, p
attern, practice (also practise), routine, trick, way, wont; eccentricity, idios
yncrasy, kink, oddity, peculiarity, quirk, singularityNear Antonyms allergy, ave
rseness, aversion, disfavor, disinclination, dislike, disliking, disrelish, dist
aste; detachment, impartiality, neutrality, objectivity; apathy, disinterestedne
ss, indifference, insouciance, nonchalance, unconcern
Definition of winnow
transitive verb
a (1) : to remove (as chaff) by a current of air (2) : to get rid of (some
thing undesirable or unwanted) : remove often used with out <winnow out certain in
accuracies Stanley Walker> b (1) : separate, sift <an old hand at winnowing what
is true and significant
Oscar Lewis> (2) : select
Synonyms and Antonyms of upbraid
to criticize (someone) severely or angrily especially for personal failings
<his wife upbraided him for his irresponsible handling of the family finances> S
ynonyms baste, bawl out, berate, call down, castigate, chastise, chew out, dress
down, flay, hammer, jaw, keelhaul, lambaste (or lambast), lecture, rag, rail (a
t or against), rant (at), rate, ream (out), rebuke, reprimand, reproach, score,
tongue-lash, scoldRelated Words admonish, chide, remonstrate (with), reprove; ab
use, assail, attack, bad-mouth, blame, blast, censure, condemn, criticize, cruci
fy, denounce, dis (also diss) [slang], excoriate, fault, harangue, knock, lace (
into), lash, pan, reprehend, revile, scourge, slam, vituperate; belittle, dispar
age, mock, put down; ridicule, scoff, scornNear Antonyms approve, endorse (also
indorse), sanction; extol (also extoll), laud, praise
Synonyms and Antonyms of reprimand
an often public or formal expression of disapproval <while reviewing the tro
ops, the officer delivered a curt reprimand to one of the soldiers> Synonyms com
mination, condemnation, denunciation, excoriation, objurgation, rebuke, censure,
reproach, reproof, riot act, strictureRelated Words admonishment, admonition, c
astigation, chastisement, damnation, punishment, remonstrance; business, devil,
dressing-down, lash, lecture, lesson, rap, scolding, talking-to, tongue-lashing;
belittlement, criticism, deprecation, depreciation, disparagement, panNear Anto
nyms acclamation, honor, tribute; encomium, eulogy, panegyric, plaudit(s), prais
e; approval, blessing, sanctionAntonyms citation, commendation, endorsement (als
o indorsement)
Synonyms and Antonyms of acute
able to sense slight impressions or differences <dogs, with their acute sens
e of smell, are used for finding toxic substances undetectable by humans> Synony
ms delicate, fine, keen, perceptive, quick, sensitive, sharp Related Words accur
ate, clear, discerning, good, piercing, precise, receptive, sensible, subtle; ha
ir-trigger, hyperacute, hypersensitive, oversensitive, supersensitive Near Anton
yms bad, deadened, dimmed, dull, dulled, fading; dead, imperceptive, insensible,

insensitive, numb; imprecise, inaccurate

needing immediate attention <famine caused by an acute shortage of grain> Sy
nonyms burning, clamant, compelling, critical, crying, dire, emergent, exigent,
imperative, imperious, importunate, instant, necessitous, pressing, urgent Relat
ed Words demanding, extreme, immediate, insistent, intense, overriding; crucial,
desperate, grave, life-and-death (also life-or-death), serious, severe, vital;
dangerous, explosive, hazardous, perilous, precarious, unstable Near Antonyms in
cidental, low-pressure, minor, negligible, trivial, unimportant; nonthreatening,
safe, stable Antonyms noncritical, nonurgent
extreme in degree, power, or effect <experiencing acute distress over the mi
sunderstanding with her best friend> Synonyms intense, almighty, blistering, dee
p, dreadful, excruciating, explosive, exquisite, fearful, fearsome, ferocious, f
ierce, frightful, furious, ghastly, hard, heavy, heavy-duty, hellacious, intensi
ve, keen, profound, terrible, vehement, vicious, violentRelated Words accentuate
d, aggravated, concentrated, deepened; emphasized, enhanced, heightened, intensi
fied, magnified; stressed; exhaustive, thorough; harsh, rigorous, severeNear Ant
onyms feeble, weak; shallow, superficial; moderated, qualified; alleviated, ease
d, lightened, toned (down); abated, decreased, diminished, lessened, reduced, su
bduedAntonyms light, moderate, soft
Synonyms and Antonyms of galling
causing annoyance <her holier-than-thou attitude is galling> Synonyms abrasi
ve, aggravating, bothersome, carking, chafing, disturbing, exasperating, frustra
ting, annoying, irksome, irritating, maddening, nettlesome, nettling, peeving, p
esky, pestiferous, pestilent, pestilential, pesty, plaguey (also plaguy), rankli
ng, rebarbative, riling, vexatious, vexingRelated Words burdensome, discomfortin
g, displeasing, disquieting, distressing, importunate, importune, inconveniencin
g; angering, enraging, infuriating; brattish, bratty, mischievous, offensive, tr
oublesome, upsetting; distractive, painful, stressful, tiresome, troubling, tryi
ng, worrisome; biting, grating, jangling, jarring, spiny, thornyNear Antonyms de
lightful, pleasing
hard to accept or bear especially emotionally <losing in the last round of p
lay-offs was galling to our home team> Synonyms afflicting, agonizing, cruel, ex
cruciating, bitter, grievous, harrowing, harsh, heartrending, hurtful, painful,
tormenting, torturousRelated Words insufferable, insupportable, intolerable, una
cceptable, unbearable, unendurable, unsupportable; appalling, awful, bad, dire,
dreadful, ghastly, horrible, miserable, nasty, rotten, severe, terrible, vile, w
retched; acute, extreme, intense, piercingNear Antonyms bearable, endurable, sup
portable, sustainable, tolerable; livable (also liveable), sufferable, survivabl
e; acceptable, allowable, reasonableAntonyms gratifying, pleasing, sweet
Synonyms and Antonyms of generic
belonging or relating to the whole <a love of big things big cars, big meals
o be a generic trait of the American people> Synonyms across-the-board, blanket,
broad-brush, common, general, global, overall, universalRelated Words all-embra
cing, broad, broad-gauge (or broad-gauged), broadscale, comprehensive, extensive
, inclusionary, overarching, pervasive, sweeping, ubiquitous, wholesale, wide, w
idespread; aggregate, collective, complete, full, plenary; planetary, worldwideN
ear Antonyms component, constituent; cross-sectional, divisional, fragmentary, p
artial; local, localized, regional, sectionalAntonyms individual, particular

seems t

Synonyms and Antonyms of dutiful

marked by or showing proper regard for another's higher status <the family s
howed a dutiful deference to their minister when he came to dinner> Synonyms def
erent, deferential, respectful, regardfulRelated Words reverent, reverential, ve
nerating, worshipful; fawning, genuflecting, groveling (or grovelling), hagiogra
phic (or hagiographical), kowtowing, obsequious, servile, subservient, sycophant
ic, toadying; civil, courteous, gracious, polite; kid-glove, kid-glovedNear Anto
nyms abusive, insulting, offensive; belittling, demeaning, depreciative, depreci
atory, derogatory, disparaging; contemptuous, impudent, irreverent, scornful; di
scourteous, insolent, rude, uncivilAntonyms disrespectful, undutiful
Synonyms and Antonyms of obstinate
sticking to an opinion, purpose, or course of action in spite of reason, arg
uments, or persuasion <the child was obstinate about wanting that specific toy,
despite being offered several others> Synonyms adamant, adamantine, bullheaded,
dogged, hard, hardened, hardheaded, hard-nosed, headstrong, immovable, implacabl
e, inconvincible, inflexible, intransigent, mulish, obdurate, opinionated, ossif
ied, pat, pertinacious, perverse, pigheaded, self-opinionated, self-willed, stif
f-necked, stubborn, unbending, uncompromising, unrelenting, unyielding, willful
(or wilful) Related Words anal-retentive, obsessive; wayward, wrongheaded; deter
mined, hell-bent, inexorable, persistent, relentless, resolved, set, single-mind
ed, steadfast, stouthearted, tenacious, unflinching; firm, hard-line, hard-shell
(or hard-shelled), iron, severe, stern, strict; hidebound, narrow-minded, rigid
; bloody-minded [chiefly British], cantankerous; contrary, cussed; contumacious,
disobedient, froward, insubordinate, intractable, recalcitrant, refractory, unc
ooperative, ungovernable, unmanageable, unruly; defiant, insurgent, mutinous; in
domitable, invincible, unconquerable; confirmed, inveterate, unregenerate; deman
ding, exacting Phrases deaf to reason Near Antonyms docile, obedient, placable,
submissive, tractable; accepting, persuadable, receptive, responsive, willing; g
overnable, manageable, reasonable, temperate; slavish, subservient Antonyms acqu
iescent, agreeable, amenable, compliant, complying, flexible, pliable, pliant, r
elenting, yielding
Synonyms and Antonyms of coerced
not made or done willingly or by choice <coerced participation that couldn't
last> Synonyms involuntary, forced, unintended, unintentional, unwilling, willlessRelated Words accidental, unplanned, unpremeditated; automatic, impulsive, i
nstinctive, spontaneous, unprompted; inadvertent, unconscious, unknowing, unwitt
ingNear Antonyms advised, conscious, considered, knowing, planned, premeditated,
premeditative, prepense, purposeful; volitional; self-imposed, self-inflictedAn
tonyms deliberate, freewill, intentional, uncoerced, unforced, voluntary, willfu
l (or wilful), willing
Synonyms and Antonyms of solicit
to go around and approach (people) with a request for opinions or informatio
n <solicited several opinions about which job he should accept> Synonyms intervi
ew, poll, canvass, surveyRelated Words circularize; interrogate, question; feel
(out), sound (out)Near Antonyms report
to make a request for <always ready to solicit donations for a charity> Syno

nyms bespeak, call (for), desire, plead (for), quest, request, seek, ask, speak
(for), sue (for)Related Words apply (for), beg (for), claim, clamor (for), impor
tune, urge, wish (for); demand, enjoin, exact, insist (on), petition (for), pres
s (for), require, requisition; invite, invoke
to make a request of <solicited him to join the team> Synonyms hit (up), req
uest, askRelated Words appeal (to), beg, beseech, conjure, entreat, implore, imp
ortune, invite, invoke, petition, plead (to), pray, supplicate; demand, enjoin,
exact, press, requireNear Antonyms coerce, compel, constrain, force, oblige, req
to make a request to (someone) in an earnest or urgent manner <solicit the P
resident for relief funds> Synonyms appeal (to), beseech, besiege, conjure, entr
eat, impetrate, implore, importune, petition, plead (to), pray, beg, supplicateR
elated Words bludge [chiefly Australian & New Zealand], cadge, mooch, sponge; as
k, desire, invoke, request, sue; claim, coerce, command, compel, demand, force,
insist, requireNear Antonyms hint, imply, intimate, suggest; appease, conciliate
, gratify, mollify, oblige, pacify, placate, please, satisfy; comfort, console,
content, quiet
Synonyms and Antonyms of abet
to bring (something volatile or intense) into being <the belief that violent
entertainment abets violent behavior in the people who partake of it> Synonyms
incite, brew, ferment, foment, instigate, pick, provoke, raise, stir (up), whip
(up)Related Words advance, cultivate, encourage, forward, foster, further, nouri
sh, nurture, promote, sow, stimulate; detonate, set, set off, trigger; excite, g
alvanize, inflame (also enflame), inspire, motivate, rouse; activate, energize,
enliven, fire, invigorate, jazz (up), liven (up), pep (up), quicken, stimulate,
vitalizeNear Antonyms bridle, check, constrain, curb, discourage, hold, inhibit,
regulate, rein (in), restrain, tame; allay, calm, quiet, settle, soothe, still,
subdue, tranquilize (also tranquillize)
to provide (someone) with what is useful or necessary to achieve an end <car
thieves are often unwittingly abetted by owners foolishly leaving the keys in t
he ignition> Synonyms help, aid, assist, back, backstop, prop (up), supportRelat
ed Words advance, ease, facilitate, forward, foster, further, launch; champion,
endorse (also indorse), patronize, promote, sponsor; attend, care (for), comfort
, minister (to), succor; sustain; bolster, boost, buttress, reinforce (also reen
force); advise, counsel, guide, mentor, nurture; bail out, deliver, rescue, save
; embolden, encourage, hearten; benefit, favor, oblige, profit, serveNear Antony
ms balk, bar, block, constrain, hamper, handicap, hold back, impede, inhibit, ob
struct, restrain, strangle; baffle, foil, frustrate, inconvenience, interfere, o
ppose, sabotage, thwart; desert, disappoint, fail, let down; discourage, dishear
ten; repress, retard, stifle, straiten, stunt; damage, harm, hurt, injure Antony
ms hinder
Synonyms and Antonyms of reciprocate
to make a return for <reciprocated the favor by driving their neighbor to th
e airport> Synonyms recompense, repay, requite Related Words exchange; compensat
e, indemnify, pay, recoup, remunerate, satisfy; give back, refund, reimburse, re
stitute; avenge, get back (at), retaliate, revenge Near Antonyms owe
Synonyms and Antonyms of reiterate

to make or do again <the pianist's valedictory concert will reiterate the pr
ogram he played on the national tour> Synonyms duplicate, redo, reduplicate, rep
eat, remake, renew, replicate, repriseRelated Words recreate, reenact, reinvent
to say or state again <I want to reiterate that under no circumstances are y
ou to leave the house> Synonyms chime, din, iterate, rehearse, repeatRelated Wor
ds paraphrase, reword; echo, reecho; mouth, parrot; abstract, encapsulate, epito
mize, outline, recap, recapitulate, summarize, sum up
Synonyms and Antonyms of titillate
to cause a pleasurable stimulation of the feelings <tabloids titillate their
readers with racy details about the private lives of media-created celebrities>
Synonyms charge, electrify, excite, exhilarate, galvanize, intoxicate, pump up,
thrill, turn onRelated Words arouse, incite, inspire, provoke, stimulate; bewit
ch, captivate, charm, delight, enchant, enthrall (or enthral), hypnotize, mesmer
ize, rivet, spellbind; interest, intrigue, tantalizeNear Antonyms bore, jade, pa
ll, tire, weary; deject, demoralize, discourage, dishearten, dispirit
Synonyms and Antonyms of expunge
to destroy all traces of <time and the weather have expunged any evidence th
at a thriving community once existed here> Synonyms abolish, black out, blot out
, cancel, clean (up), efface, eradicate, erase, annihilate, exterminate, extirpa
te, liquidate, obliterate, root (out), rub out, snuff (out), stamp (out), sweep
(away), wipe outRelated Words decimate, demolish, destroy, devastate, ravage; di
smantle, flatten, mow (down), raze, tear down; ruin, total, waste, wreck; blast,
blow up, dash, dynamite, smash; atomize, consume, devour, dissolve, fragment, p
owder, pulverize, shatter, splinter; doom, finish, kill, kill off, terminate, za
p; cancel, cut, discard, ditch, eject, excise, expel, jettison, oust, throw outN
ear Antonyms conserve, preserve, protect, save; build, construct, create, fabric
ate, fashion, forge, form, frame, make, manufacture, shape; fix, mend, patch, re
build, recondition, reconstruct, renew, renovate, repair, restore, revamp
Synonyms and Antonyms of perforate
to make a hole or series of holes in <he perforated the sheet with his penci
l and put it in his binder> Synonyms bore, drill, hole, pierce, punch, puncture,
riddle Related Words broach, tap; poke, prick, prickle; penetrate; burrow (into
), excavate, gouge, groove, hollow; break, cut, gash, notch, rend, rupture, slas
h, slit, split Near Antonyms fill, patch, plug, seal

Synonyms and Antonyms of provoke

to rouse to strong feeling or action <his teasing finally provoked her to an
ger> <bees generally will not sting unless they are provoked> Synonyms arouse, e
ncourage, excite, fire (up), impassion, incite, instigate, move, pique, rev (up)
, spark, stimulate, stir Related Words fan, ignite, inflame (also enflame), kind
le, trigger; activate, animate, drive, energize, galvanize, induce, inspire, key
(up), motivate, motive, pump up, quicken, set off, vitalize; abet, ferment, fom
ent, raise, whip (up); anger, enrage, madden, upset; jeer, taunt, tease; aggrava
te, annoy, bother, exasperate, gall, get, irritate, vex Phrases build a fire und

er Near Antonyms calm, soothe, subdue, tranquilize (also tranquillize); appease,

mollify, pacify, placate
Synonyms and Antonyms of legible
capable of being understood <an anxious mood that was clearly legible upon h
er face> Synonyms accessible, apprehensible, coherent, comprehendible, comprehen
sible, fathomable, graspable, intelligible, scrutable, understandableRelated Wor
ds decipherable; plain, simple, straightforward; articulate, fluent, well-spoken
Near Antonyms inarticulate; cryptic, esoteric, mysterious, obscureAntonyms incoh
erent, incomprehensible, inscrutable, insensible
Synonyms and Antonyms of literal
restricted to or based on fact <a literal account of the explorer's adventur
es is actually a lot less interesting than his own exaggerated stories> Synonyms
documentary, hard, historical, factual, matter-of-fact, nonfictional, objective
, trueRelated Words actual, authentic, bona fide, genuine, real, right; document
ed, established; confirmable, reliable, supportable, sustainable, verifiable; de
monstrable, provable; incontestable, incontrovertible, indisputable, irrefutable
, undeniable, unquestionable; plain, simple; certain, undoubtedNear Antonyms hyp
othetical, speculative, theoretical (also theoretic); apocryphal, unauthentic, u
ndocumented; chimerical (also chimeric), fabulous, fanciful, fantastic (also fan
tastical), imaginary, imagined, invented, legendary, made-up, make-believe, myth
ical (or mythic), pretend; embroidered, exaggerated; insupportable, unsupportabl
eAntonyms fictional, fictionalized, fictitious, nondocumentary, nonfactual, nonh
istorical, unhistorical
Synonyms and Antonyms of belligerent
feeling or displaying eagerness to fight <the coach became quite belligerent
and spit at an umpire after being thrown out of the game> Synonyms aggressive,
agonistic, argumentative, assaultive, bellicose, brawly, chippy, combative, conf
rontational, contentious, discordant, disputatious, feisty, gladiatorial, milita
nt, pugnacious, quarrelsome, scrappy, truculent, warlike Related Words antagonis
tic, fierce, hostile, hot-tempered; acidic, bearish, bilious, bristly, choleric,
crabby, cranky, cross, disagreeable, dyspeptic, fractious, fretful, grouchy, gr
umpy, huffy, ill-humored, ill-natured, ill-tempered, irascible, irritable, orner
y, peevish, pettish, petulant, prickly, querulous, rude, snappish, snappy, strop
py [British], surly, testy, touchy, ugly, waspish; savage, vicious; battling, fi
ghting, warring Phrases on the warpath Near Antonyms anti-imperialist, antimilit
arist, unwarlike; affable, amiable, amicable, benevolent, complaisant, conciliat
ory, cordial, easygoing, friendly, genial, good-natured, good-tempered, gracious
, ingratiating, kindhearted, obliging, pleasant, sociable; calm, quiet, relaxed,
serene, tranquil; benign, gentle, kindly, mild Antonyms nonaggressive, nonbelli
gerent, pacific, peaceable, peaceful, unbelligerent, uncombative, uncontentious
Synonyms and Antonyms of tardiness
the quality or state of being late <habitual tardiness will be recorded in y
our personnel file> Synonyms belatedness, delinquency, latenessRelated Words dil
atoriness, sluggishnessNear Antonyms promptitude, promptness, punctualityAntonym
s earliness, prematureness, prematurity
Synonyms and Antonyms of modest

being about midway between extremes of amount or size <he was awarded a mode
st pension when he retired> Synonyms average, intermediate, mean, median, medium
, middling, midsize (also midsized), moderate, middleRelated Words reasonable; c
ommon, commonplace, conventional, normal, popular, regular, routine, standard, t
ypical, usual; adequate, passable, tolerableNear Antonyms excessive, extreme; ex
ceptional, rare, strange, uncommon, unusual; distinctive, idiosyncratic, special
, unique; individual, peculiar, private
free from any trace of the coarse or indecent <tended to wear more modest sw
imsuits than the thong-clad guests at the resort> Synonyms clean, decent, G-rate
d, immaculate, chaste, pure, vestal, virgin, virginalRelated Words lily-white, s
potless, stainless, unblemished, undefiled, unsoiled, unspotted, unstained, unsu
llied, untainted, untarnished; decorous, proper, seemly; cultivated, refined, ta
steful; harmless, innocent, innocuous, inoffensiveNear Antonyms blemished, defil
ed, soiled, spotted, stained, sullied, tainted, tarnished; improper, indecorous,
indelicate, ribald, unseemly; crude, tacky, tasteless, unrefinedAntonyms coarse
, dirty, filthy, immodest, impure, indecent, obscene, smutty, unchaste, unclean,
not comfortable around people <a modest winner who said a quick thank-you an
d promptly left the stage> Synonyms backward, bashful, coy, demure, diffident, i
ntroverted, shy, recessive, retiring, self-effacing, sheepish, withdrawnRelated
Words antisocial, lone, lone-wolf, unsociable, unsocial; awkward, embarrassed, s
elf-conscious, unadventurous, unassertive, unenterprising; inhibited, reserved,
uneasy, uptightNear Antonyms boon, clubbable (also clubable), companionable, con
vivial, gregarious, sociable, social; bold, dashing, forceful; brash, forward, o
verbold, uninhibited, unreservedAntonyms extroverted (also extraverted), immodes
t, outgoing
Synonyms and Antonyms of magisterial
being the most accurate and apparently thorough <a magisterial biography of
Thomas Jefferson that has never been superseded> Synonyms authoritative, classic
, classical, definitiveRelated Words conclusive, decisive; approved, official, s
anctioned; accurate, correct; complete, comprehensive, exhaustive, thorough
Synonyms and Antonyms of insentient
lacking animate awareness or sensation <refused to believe that the universe
as we know it evolved from the random interactions of insentient particles of m
atter> Synonyms inanimate, insensible, insensate, senseless, unfeelingRelated Wo
rds exanimate, lifeless; comatose, unconsciousNear Antonyms aware, cognizant, co
nscious; animated, lively, vibrantAntonyms animate, feeling, sensate, sensible,
sensitive, sentient
not having or showing a deep understanding of something <an insentient thera
pist who failed to see what the teenager's real problem was> Synonyms impercipie
nt, imperceptive, unperceptive, unwiseRelated Words undiscriminating; dense, dul
l, obtuse, sluggish, thickheaded; brainless, dumb, feebleminded, foolish, idioti
c (also idiotical), imbecile (or imbecilic), moronic, silly, simple, slow, stupi
d, thoughtless, unintelligent, witlessNear Antonyms discriminating; acute, persp
icacious; brainy, bright, brilliant, clever, intelligent, keen, nimble, quick, q
uick-witted, smart; cerebral, erudite, learned, literate, scholarly; astute, sha
rp, shrewd; contemplative, reflective, thoughtfulAntonyms discerning, insightful
, perceptive, percipient, sagacious, sage, sapient

Synonyms and Antonyms of garishness

excessive or unnecessary display <the garishness of the enormous statues in
the small yard was almost funny> Synonyms flamboyance, flash, flashiness, ostent
ation, gaudiness, glitz, ostentatiousness, pretentiousness, showiness, swankRela
ted Words pretense (or pretence); clat, extravaganza, mummery, pageant, parade, sh
ow; dazzle, fanfare, foofaraw, pageantry, pomp, razzle-dazzle, razzmatazz, spect
acle; adornment, decoration, dressing, embellishment, garnishment, ornamentation
, trimming; extravagance, fanciness, luxuriance, luxuriousness, magnificence, op
ulence, richness, sumptuousness; luridness; meretriciousness, tawdriness, vulgar
ityNear Antonyms conservativeness, moderation, modesty, restraint, simplicity, u
nderstatement; elegance, gracefulness, tastefulness; minimalismAntonyms austerit
y, plainness, severity
Synonyms and Antonyms of verbosity
the use of too many words to express an idea <your ideas are good, but your
penchant for verbosity is unfortunate> Synonyms circumlocution, diffuseness, dif
fusion, garrulity, garrulousness, logorrhea, long-windedness, periphrasis, proli
xity, redundancy, verbalism, verboseness, verbiage, windiness, wordage, wordines
sRelated Words circuitousness, circularity, digressiveness; pleonasm, tautology;
reiteration, repetition, repetitiousness, repetitiveness; embellishment, embroi
dering, exaggeration, hyperbole, overstatementNear Antonyms brevity, briefness,
compactness, conciseness, concision, crispness, pithiness, succinctness, tersene
Synonyms and Antonyms of blight
something that spoils the appearance or completeness of a thing <the expanding
urban sprawl is a blight on the countryside> Synonyms blemish, blotch, defect, d
eformity, disfigurement, excrescence, excrescency, fault, flaw, imperfection, ma
r, mark, pockmark, scarRelated Words abnormality, distortion, irregularity, malf
ormation, misshape; bug, glitch, kink; blot, blur, spot, stain, taint; damage, d
efacement, impairment, injury; failing, weaknessNear Antonyms adornment, decorat
ion, embellishment, enhancement, ornament
Synonyms and Antonyms of confute
to prove to be false <theories which will eventually be confirmed or confute
d by experience> Synonyms belie, confound, disprove, debunk, disconfirm, discred
it, falsify, rebut, refute, shoot downRelated Words overthrow, overturn; challen
ge, contest, query, question; doubt, mistrust; debate, discuss, hash (over), moo
t, talk overNear Antonyms document, evidence, evince, record, show, support, wit
ness; back (up), buttress, corroborate, substantiate; adduce, attest, authentica
te, certify, identify; demonstrate, display, illustrate, manifestAntonyms confir
m, establish, prove, validate, verify
Synonyms and Antonyms of ravenous
having a huge appetite <we were ravenous after our canoe paddling, and the c
hili bubbling over the campfire smelled heavenly> Synonyms edacious, esurient, g
luttonous, greedy, hoggish, piggish, rapacious, voracious, swinishRelated Words
hearty, wolfish; devouring, gobbling, gorging, gormandizing, gulping; insatiable
, unquenchable, unslakable; empty, famished, hungry, peckish [chiefly British],
starved, starving; malnourished, underfed, undernourishedNear Antonyms content,
full, glutted, sated, satiated, satisfied, stuffed

excessively showy <wears an ostentatious diamond ring on his little finger> Syno
nyms flamboyant, flaring, flashy, garish, glitzy, loud, noisy, gaudy, razzle-daz
zle, splashy, swank (or swanky)Related Words excessive, extravagant, fulsome, ha
mmy, overdone, over-the-top, overwrought; pretentious; baroque, bedizened, ornat
e; fancy, snazzy, zooty; blaring, bright, florid, glaring, glittery, overbright,
spectacular; graceless, inelegant, lurid, tacky, tasteless, tawdry, tinselly, v
ulgarNear Antonyms appropriate, fitting, proper; inconspicuous, muted, restraine
d, subdued, toned (down), unobtrusive; elegant, graceful, tasteful; modest, plai
n, simple, unpretentiousAntonyms conservative, quiet, understated, unflamboyant,
self-consciously trying to present an appearance of grandeur or importance <an o
stentatious man who desperately wants to impress people with his newly acquired
wealth> Synonyms affected, grandiose, highfalutin (also hifalutin), high-minded,
la-di-da (also la-de-da or lah-de-dah or lah-dee-dah or lah-di-dah), pretentiou
s, pompous, snippyRelated Words airy, grandiloquent, high-flown, high-sounding,
high-toned, sententious; arrogant, bumptious, complacent, conceited, egoistic (a
lso egoistical), egotistic (or egotistical), high-and-mighty, high-handed, highhat, hoity-toity, imperious, important, overweening, presumptuous, prideful, pro
ud, self-asserting, self-assertive, self-centered, self-complacent, self-conceit
ed, self-important, self-obsessed, self-pleased, self-satisfied, smug, uppity, v
ain, vainglorious; self-aggrandizing, self-dramatizing, self-glorifying, self-pr
omoting; cavalier, disdainful, haughty, lordly, snobbish, snobby, stuck-up, supe
rcilious, superior; confident, self-assured, self-confident, sure; boastful, bra
ggart, bragging; aggressive, assertive, audacious, bold, brassy, cheeky, cocky,
forward, impudent, insolent, rude; flamboyant, flashy, flaunting, garish, gaudy,
glitzy, showy, splashyNear Antonyms demure, down-to-earth, homely, humble, lowl
y, meek, retiring, unassertive, unassuming; bashful, diffident, mousy (or mousey
), overmodest, passive, quiet, reserved, shy, timidAntonyms modest, unpretentiou
Synonyms and Antonyms of blissful
experiencing pleasure, satisfaction, or delight <a blissful cat who obviousl
y loves being stroked> Synonyms glad, chuffed [British], delighted, gratified, h
appy, joyful, joyous, pleased, satisfied, thankful, tickledRelated Words beaming
, blithe, blithesome, buoyant, cheerful, cheery, gay, gladsome, lighthearted, su
nny, upbeat; gleeful, jocund, jolly, jovial, laughing, merry, mirthful, smiling;
beatific, ecstatic, elated, enraptured, entranced, euphoric, exhilarated, intox
icated, rapturous, rhapsodic (also rhapsodical); exuberant, exultant, jubilant,
rapt, rejoicing, thrilled; hopeful, optimistic, rosy, sanguineNear Antonyms abje
ct, aggrieved, anguished, blue, brokenhearted, dejected, depressed, despondent,
disconsolate, disheartened, downcast, downhearted, forlorn, melancholy; doleful,
dolorous, lachrymose, mournful, plaintive, sorrowful, sorry, woeful; black, dar
k, desolate, dispirited, gloomy, glum, gray (also grey), grieved, heartbroken, h
eartsick, miserable, woebegone, wretchedAntonyms displeased, dissatisfied, joyle
ss, sad, un
he quality or state of lacking refinement or good taste <our cousins' general vu
lgarity and poor manners irritate my mother> Synonyms coarseness, commonness, cr
assness, crudeness, crudity, grossness, indelicacy, indelicateness, lowness, raf
fishness, rawness, roughness, rudeness, tastelessness Related Words boorishness,
brutishness, churlishness, clownishness, loutishness, rowdiness, rusticity, unc
outhness; artlessness, gracelessness, inelegance, unsophistication; insensitiven
ess, insensitivity, thoughtlessness; kitsch, tackiness Near Antonyms courtliness
, urbanity; elegance, grace, graciousness; consideration, sensitivity, thoughtfu

lness Antonyms cultivation, genteelness, gentility, polish, refinement, tasteful

the quality or state of being obscene <the pointless vulgarity of the joke disgu
sted her> Synonyms bawdiness, blueness, coarseness, crudeness, crudity, dirt, di
rtiness, filth, filthiness, foulness, grossness, impureness, impurity, indecency
, lasciviousness, lewdness, nastiness, profanity, raunch, raunchiness, ribaldry,
smut, smuttiness, obscenity, wantonnessRelated Words broadness, earthiness, gam
iness, raciness, saltiness, suggestiveness; immodesty, indecorousness, indelicac
y, indelicateness, lowness, unbecomingness; lechery; depravedness, depravity, ki
nkiness, naughtiness, perverseness, perversion, perversity, pervertedness, wicke
dness; exceptionability, objectionableness, unacceptability, undesirability; rep
rehensibility, reprehensibleness; abusiveness, scurrilousness; atrociousness, at
rocity, infamy, loathsomeness, offensiveness, repellency, repugnance, repulsiven
ess; distastefulness, obnoxiousness, unpleasantnessNear Antonyms priggery, prigg
ishness, primness, prudery, prudishness, puritanism; correctness, decency, decor
ousness, decorum, seemliness; appropriateness, fitness, suitability, suitablenes
s; immaculateness, perfection, purity, spotlessness