Section 28

Foreign Commerce and Aid

This section presents data on the flow of
goods, services, and capital between the
United States and other countries;
changes in official reserve assets of the
United States; international investments;
and foreign assistance programs.
The Bureau of Economic Analysis publishes current figures on U.S. international
transactions and the U.S. international
investment position in its monthly Survey
of Current Business. Statistics for the foreign aid programs are presented by the
Agency for International Development
(AID) in its annual U.S. Overseas Loans
and Grants and Assistance from International Organizations and by the Department of Agriculture in its Foreign Agricultural Trade of the United States.
The principal source of merchandise
import and export data is the U.S. Census
Bureau. Current data are presented
monthly in U.S. International Trade in
Goods and Services report Series FT 900.
The Guide to Foreign Trade Statistics,
found on the Census Bureau Web site at
<http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade
/guide/index.html>, lists the Bureau’s
monthly and annual products and services in this field. In addition, the International Trade Administration and the
Bureau of Economic Analysis present summary as well as selected commodity and
country data for U.S. foreign trade in the
U.S. Foreign Trade Highlights and the
Survey of Current Business, respectively.
The Web sites for these data are found at
<http://ita.doc.gov/td/industry/otea/>
and <http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea/di
/home/trade.htm>. The merchandise
trade data in the latter source include balance of payments adjustments to the Census Bureau data. The Treasury Department’s Monthly Treasury Statement of
Receipts and Outlays of the United States
Government contains information on
import duties. The International Trade
Commission, U.S. Department of Agriculture (agricultural products), U.S. Department of Energy (mineral fuels, like petroleum and coal), and the U.S. Geological

Survey (minerals) release various reports
and specialized products on U.S. trade.
International accounts—The international transactions tables (Tables 1268 to
1270) show, for given time periods, the
transfer of goods, services, grants, and
financial assets and liabilities between the
United States and the rest of the world.
The international investment position
table (Table 1271) presents, for specific
dates, the value of U.S. investments
abroad and of foreign investments in the
United States. The movement of foreign
and U.S. capital as presented in the balance of payments is not the only factor
affecting the total value of foreign investments. Among the other factors are
changes in the valuation of assets or
liabilities, including changes in prices of
securities, defaults, expropriations, and
write-offs.
Direct investment abroad means the ownership or control, directly or indirectly, by
one person of 10 percent or more of the
voting securities of an incorporated business enterprise or an equivalent interest
in an unincorporated business enterprise.
Direct investment position is the value of
U.S. parents’ claims on the equity of and
receivables due from foreign affiliates,
less foreign affiliates’ receivables due
from their U.S. parents. Income consists
of parents’ shares in the earnings of their
affiliates plus net interest received by parents on intercompany accounts, less withholding taxes on dividends and interest.
Foreign aid—Foreign assistance is
divided into three major categories—
grants (military supplies and services and
other grants), credits, and other assistance (through net accumulation of foreign currency claims from the sale of agricultural commodities). Grants are
transfers for which no payment is
expected (other than a limited percentage
of the foreign currency ‘‘counterpart’’
funds generated by the grant), or which
at most involve an obligation on the part
Foreign Commerce and Aid

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

789

of the receiver to extend aid to the United
States or other countries to achieve a
common objective. Credits are loan disbursements or transfers under other
agreements which give rise to specific
obligations to repay, over a period of
years, usually with interest. All known
returns to the U.S. government stemming
from grants and credits (reverse grants,
returns of grants, and payments of principal) are taken into account in net grants
and net credits, but no allowance is made
for interest or commissions. Other assistance represents the transfer of U.S. farm
products in exchange for foreign currencies (plus, since enactment of Public Law
87-128, currency claims from principal
and interest collected on credits extended
under the farm products program), less
the government’s disbursements of the
currencies as grants, credits, or for purchases. The net acquisition of currencies
represents net transfers of resources to
foreign countries under the agricultural
programs, in addition to those classified
as grants or credits.
The basic instrument for extending military aid to friendly nations has been the
Mutual Defense Assistance Program
authorized by the Congress in 1949. Prior
to 1952, economic and technical aid was
authorized in the Foreign Assistance Act
of 1948, the 1950 Act for International
Development, and other legislation which
set up programs for specific countries. In
1952, these economic, technical, and military aid programs were combined under
the Mutual Security Act, which in turn was
followed by the Foreign Assistance Act
passed in 1961. Appropriations to provide military assistance were also made in
the Department of Defense Appropriation
Act (rather than the Foreign Assistance
Appropriation Act) beginning in 1966 for
certain countries in Southeast Asia and in
other legislation concerning programs for
specific countries (such as Israel). Figures
on activity under the Foreign Assistance
Act as reported in the Foreign Grants and
Credits series differ from data published
by AID or its immediate predecessors,
due largely to differences in reporting,
timing, and treatment of particular items.
Exports—The Census Bureau compiles
export data primarily from Shipper’s
Export Declarations required to be filed
790

with customs officials for shipments leaving the United States. They include U.S.
exports under mutual security programs
and exclude shipments to U.S. Armed
Forces for their own use.
The value reported in the export statistics
is generally equivalent to a free alongside
ship (f.a.s.) value at the U.S. port of
export, based on the transaction price,
including inland freight, insurance, and
other charges incurred in placing the merchandise alongside the carrier at the U.S.
port of exportation. This value, as
defined, excludes the cost of loading merchandise aboard the exporting carrier and
also excludes freight, insurance, and any
other charges or transportation and other
costs beyond the U.S. port of exportation.
The country of destination is defined as
the country of ultimate destination or
country where the merchandise is to be
consumed, further processed, or manufactured, as known to the shipper at the
time of exportation. When ultimate destination is not known, the shipment is statistically credited to the last country to
which the shipper knows the merchandise
will be shipped in the same form as
exported.
Effective January 1990, the United States
began substituting Canadian import statistics for U.S. exports to Canada. As a
result of the data exchange between the
United States and Canada, the United
States has adopted the Canadian import
exemption level for its export statistics
based on shipments to Canada.
Data are estimated for shipments valued
under $2,501 to all countries, except
Canada, using factors based on the ratios
of low-valued shipments to individual
country totals.
Prior to 1989, exports were based on
Schedule B, Statistical Classification of
Domestic and Foreign Commodities
Exported from the United States. These
statistics were retabulated and published
using Schedule E, Standard International
Trade Classification, Revision 2. Beginning
in 1989, Schedule B classifications are
based on the Harmonized System and
coincide with the Standard International

Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Trade Classification, Revision 3. This revision will affect the comparability of most
export series beginning with the 1989
data for commodities.

from U.S. Foreign Trade Zones, thus generally reflecting the total of the commodities entered into U.S. consumption channels.

Imports—The Census Bureau compiles
import data from various customs forms
required to be filed with customs officials.
Data on import values are presented on
two valuations bases in this section: The
c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight) and the
customs import value (as appraised by
the U.S. Customs Service in accordance
with legal requirements of the Tariff Act
of 1930, as amended). This latter valuation, primarily used for collection of
import duties, frequently does not reflect
the actual transaction value. Country of
origin is defined as country where the
merchandise was grown, mined, or manufactured. If country of origin is unknown,
country of shipment is reported.

Prior to 1989, imports were based on the
Tariff Schedule of the United States Annotated. The statistics were retabulated and
published using Schedule A, Standard
International Trade Classification, Revision 2. Beginning in 1989, the statistics
are based on the Harmonized Tariff
Schedule of the United States, which coincides with the Standard International
Trade Classification, Revision 3. This revision will affect the comparability of most
import series beginning with the 1989
data.

Imports are classified either as ‘‘General
imports’’ or ‘‘Imports for consumption.’’
General imports are a combination of
entries for immediate consumption,
entries into customs bonded warehouses,
and entries into U.S. Foreign Trade Zones,
thus generally reflecting total arrivals of
merchandise. Imports for consumption are
a combination of entries for immediate
consumption, withdrawals from warehouses for consumption, and entries of
merchandise into U.S. customs territory

Area coverage—Except as noted, the
geographic area covered by the export
and import trade statistics is the United
States Customs area (includes the 50
states, the District of Columbia, and
Puerto Rico), the U.S. Virgin Islands (effective January 1981), and U.S. Foreign Trade
Zones (effective July 1982). Data for
selected tables and total values for 1980
have been revised to reflect the U.S. Virgin Islands’ trade with foreign countries,
where possible.
Statistical reliability—For a discussion
of statistical collection and estimation,
sampling procedures, and measures of
statistical reliability applicable to Census
Bureau data, see Appendix III.

Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

791

Figure 28.1

U.S. International Transaction Balances: 1990 to 2005
Billions of dollars
200

Balance on services

100
0

Balance on income
-100
-200

Balance on current account

-300
-400

Balance on goods

-500
-600
-700
-800
-900

1990

1992

1994

1996

1998

2000

2002

2004 2005

Source: Chart prepared by U.S. Census Bureau. For data, see Table 1268.

Figure 28.2

Top Purchasers of U.S. Exports and Suppliers of U.S. General Imports: 2005
Billions of dollars
Exports

Canada
Mexico
Japan
China1
United Kingdom
Germany
Korea, South
Netherlands
France
Taiwan1
Imports

Canada
China1
Mexico
Japan
Germany
United Kingdom
Korea, South
Taiwan1
Venezuela
France
0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

1

With the establishment of diplomatic relations with China on January 1, 1979, the U.S. government recognized
the People's Republic of China as the sole legal government of China and acknowledged the Chinese position that
there is only one China and that Taiwan is part of China.
Source: Chart prepared by U.S. Census Bureau. For data, see Table 1288.

792

Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Table 1268. U.S. International Transactions by Type of Transaction: 1990 to 2005
[In millions of dollars (706,975 represents $706,975,000,000). Minus sign (−) indicates debits. n.i.e. = Not included elsewhere]
Type of transaction
Exports of goods and services and income receipts. . . . .
Exports of goods and services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods, balance of payments basis 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transfers under U.S. military agency sales contracts 3.
Travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Passenger fares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Royalties and license fees 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other private services 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. government miscellaneous services . . . . . . . . .
Income receipts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Income receipts on U.S.-owned assets abroad
Direct investment receipts . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other private receipts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. government receipts . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Compensation of employees . . . . . . . . . . . .

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

1,259,809
965,884
683,965
281,919
15,928
74,801
19,785
26,916
39,670
103,934
885

1,421,515
1,070,597
771,994
298,603
13,790
82,400
20,687
29,803
43,233
107,904
786

1,293,147
1,004,896
718,712
286,184
12,539
71,893
17,926
28,442
40,696
113,857
831

1,245,373
974,721
682,422
292,299
11,943
66,605
17,046
29,195
44,508
122,207
795

1,319,158
1,016,096
713,415
302,681
12,769
64,348
15,693
31,512
46,988
130,561
810

1,526,855
1,151,942
807,516
344,426
15,467
74,547
18,851
37,436
52,512
144,654
959

1,749,892
1,275,245
894,631
380,614
19,038
81,680
20,931
42,245
57,410
158,223
1,087

Foreign Commerce and Aid

210,244
208,065
95,260
108,092
4,713
2,179

256,804
254,534
115,323
135,652
3,559
2,270

261,819
259,382
103,963
151,818
3,601
2,437

293,925
291,177
131,626
156,354
3,197
2,748

350,918
348,083
151,839
192,398
3,846
2,835

288,251
285,372
128,665
153,146
3,561
2,879

270,652
267,841
145,590
118,948
3,303
2,811

303,062
300,249
186,750
108,802
4,697
2,813

374,913
372,035
226,224
142,813
2,998
2,878

474,647
471,722
251,370
217,637
2,715
2,925

Imports of goods and services and income payments . .
Imports of goods and services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods, balance of payments basis 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Direct defense expenditures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Passenger fares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Royalties and license fees 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other private services 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. government miscellaneous services . . . . . . . .
Income payments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Income payments on foreign-owned assets in the U.S. .
Direct investment payments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other private payments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. government payments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Compensation of employees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

−759,290
−616,097
−498,438
−117,659
−17,531
−37,349
−10,531
−24,966
−3,135
−22,229
−1,919
−143,192
−139,728
−3,450
−95,508
−40,770
−3,464

−1,080,124
−890,771
−749,374
−141,397
−10,043
−44,916
−14,663
−27,034
−6,919
−35,199
−2,623
−189,353
−183,090
−30,318
−97,149
−55,623
−6,263

−1,286,597
−1,042,402
−876,470
−165,932
−11,707
−52,051
−18,138
−28,959
−9,161
−43,154
−2,762
−244,195
−237,529
−42,950
−112,878
−81,701
−6,666

−1,355,334
−1,097,780
−917,103
−180,677
−12,185
−56,483
−19,971
−30,363
−11,235
−47,591
−2,849
−257,554
−250,560
−38,418
−127,988
−84,154
−6,994

−1,509,207
−1,229,170
−1,029,980
−199,190
−13,335
−58,963
−21,315
−34,139
−13,107
−55,510
−2,821
−280,037
−272,082
−53,437
−138,120
−80,525
−7,955

−1,778,020
−1,448,156
−1,224,408
−223,748
−13,473
−64,705
−24,274
−41,425
−16,468
−60,520
−2,883
−329,864
−322,345
−56,910
−180,918
−84,517
−7,519

−1,630,811
−1,367,691
−1,145,900
−221,791
−14,835
−60,200
−22,633
−38,682
−16,538
−66,021
−2,882
−263,120
−255,034
−12,783
−159,825
−82,426
−8,086

−1,654,232
−1,395,789
−1,164,720
−231,069
−19,101
−58,715
−19,969
−38,407
−19,353
−72,604
−2,920
−258,443
−250,063
−43,244
−130,177
−76,642
−8,380

−1,777,462
−1,510,993
−1,260,717
−250,276
−25,296
−57,444
−20,957
−44,705
−19,033
−79,710
−3,131
−266,469
−257,957
−73,961
−110,125
−73,871
−8,512

−2,110,559
−1,763,238
−1,472,926
−290,312
−29,299
−65,750
−23,723
−54,161
−23,211
−90,390
−3,778
−347,321
−338,400
−102,357
−147,569
−88,474
−8,921

−2,455,328
−1,991,975
−1,677,371
−314,604
−30,062
−69,175
−26,066
−62,107
−24,501
−98,714
−3,979
−463,353
−454,124
−116,953
−223,612
−113,559
−9,229

Unilateral current transfers, net . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. government grants 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. government pensions and other transfers
Private remittances and other transfers 5 . . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

−26,654
−10,359
−3,224
−13,070

−38,074
−11,190
−3,451
−23,433

−45,062
−12,472
−4,191
−28,399

−53,187
−13,270
−4,305
−35,612

−50,428
−13,774
−4,406
−32,248

−58,645
−16,714
−4,705
−37,226

−51,295
−11,517
−5,798
−33,980

−63,587
−17,097
−5,125
−41,365

−69,210
−21,834
−5,341
−42,035

−81,582
−23,317
−6,264
−52,001

−86,072
−31,362
−6,303
−48,407

See footnotes at end of table.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

1999

1,194,993
933,174
670,416
262,758
17,405
71,325
20,098
25,604
35,626
91,774
926

171,742
170,570
65,973
94,072
10,525
1,172

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

1998

1,191,257
934,453
678,366
256,087
16,675
73,426
20,868
27,006
33,228
83,929
955

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

1997

1,004,631
794,387
575,204
219,183
14,643
63,395
18,909
26,081
30,289
65,048
818

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

1995

706,975
535,233
387,401
147,832
9,932
43,007
15,298
22,042
16,634
40,251
668

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

1990
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

793

794

Table 1268. U.S. International Transactions by Type of Transaction: 1990 to 2005—Con.
[See headnote, Page 793]

Foreign Commerce and Aid

Type of transaction

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Capital account transactions, net . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. assets abroad, net (increase/financial outflow (−))
U.S. official reserve assets, net . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gold 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Special drawing rights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund .
Foreign currencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. government assets, other than official reserve
assets, net . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. credits and other long-term assets . . . . . . . . .
Repayments on U.S. credits and other long-term
assets 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. foreign currency holdings and U.S. short-term
assets, net. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. private assets, net . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Direct investment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foreign securities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. claims on unaffiliated foreigners reported by
U.S. nonbanking concerns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. claims reported by U.S. banks, n.i.e. . . . . . . . .
Foreign-owned assets in the United States, net
(increase/financial inflow (+)) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foreign official assets in the U.S., net. . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. government securities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other U.S. government liabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. liabilities reported by U.S. banks, n.i.e. . . . . . .
Other foreign official assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other foreign assets in the U.S., net . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Direct investments in U.S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. Treasury securities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. securities other than U.S. Treasury securities . .
U.S. currency flows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S.liabilities to unaffiliated foreigners reported by
U.S. nonbanking concerns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. liabilities reported by U.S. banks, n.i.e. . . . . . .
Statistical discrepancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Balance on goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Balance on services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Balance on income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Balance on current account 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1990

1995

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

−6,579
−81,234
−2,158

−192
731
−2,697

−927
−352,264
−9,742

−808
−2,466
−6,468

−1,027
−485,475
−1,010

−350
−3,575
2,915

−766
−353,829
−6,783

−147
−5,119
−1,517

−4,939
−504,062
8,747

10
5,484
3,253

−1,010
−560,523
−290

−722
2,308
−1,876

−1,270
−382,616
−4,911

−630
−3,600
−681

−1,470
−294,646
−3,681

−475
−2,632
−574

−3,321
−326,424
1,523

601
1,494
−572

−2,261
−867,802
2,805

−398
3,826
−623

−4,351
−426,801
14,096

4,511
10,200
−615

.
.

2,317
−8,410

−984
−4,859

68
−5,417

−422
−4,678

2,750
−6,175

−941
−5,182

−486
−4,431

345
−5,251

537
−7,279

1,710
−3,044

5,539
−2,255

.

10,856

4,125

5,438

4,111

9,559

4,265

3,873

5,701

7,981

4,716

5,603

.
.
.
.

−130
−81,393
−37,183
−28,765

−250
−341,538
−98,750
−122,394

47
−484,533
−104,803
−116,852

145
−346,624
−142,644
−130,204

−634
−515,559
−224,934
−122,236

−24
−559,292
−159,212
−127,908

72
−377,219
−142,349
−90,644

−105
−291,310
−154,460
−48,568

−165
−328,484
−149,897
−146,722

38
−872,317
−244,128
−146,549

2,191
−446,436
−9,072
−180,125

.
.

−27,824
12,379

−45,286
−75,108

−121,760
−141,118

−38,204
−35,572

−97,704
−70,685

−138,790
−133,382

−8,520
−135,706

−50,022
−38,260

−18,851
−13,014

−120,017
−361,623

−44,221
−213,018

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

141,571
33,910
30,243
1,868
3,385
−1,586
107,661
48,494
−2,534
1,592
18,800

438,562
109,880
72,712
−105
34,008
3,265
328,682
57,776
91,544
77,249
12,300

706,809
19,036
−2,161
−881
22,286
−208
687,773
105,603
130,435
161,409
24,782

423,569
−19,903
−3,589
−3,326
−9,501
−3,487
443,472
179,045
28,581
156,315
16,622

740,210
43,543
32,527
−2,863
12,964
915
696,667
289,444
−44,497
298,834
22,407

1,046,896
42,758
35,710
−1,825
5,746
3,127
1,004,138
321,274
−69,983
459,889
5,315

782,859
28,059
54,620
−2,309
−29,978
5,726
754,800
167,021
−14,378
393,885
23,783

797,813
115,945
90,971
137
21,221
3,616
681,868
84,372
100,403
283,299
21,513

864,769
278,275
224,874
−517
48,643
5,275
586,494
63,961
91,455
220,705
16,640

1,450,221
387,809
305,000
−139
69,245
13,703
1,062,412
133,162
102,940
381,493
14,827

1,212,250
199,495
156,450
−488
24,275
19,258
1,012,755
109,754
199,491
474,140
19,416

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

45,133
−3,824
25,211
−111,037
30,173
28,550
−78,968

59,637
30,176
28,196
−174,170
77,786
20,891
−113,567

116,518
149,026
−79,905
−198,104
90,155
12,609
−140,402

23,140
39,769
144,554
−246,687
82,081
4,265
−213,528

76,247
54,232
68,617
−346,015
82,729
13,888
−299,826

170,672
116,971
−70,213
−452,414
74,855
21,054
−415,150

66,110
118,379
−10,014
−427,188
64,393
25,131
−388,959

95,871
96,410
−29,251
−482,298
61,230
12,209
−472,446

96,526
97,207
−7,510
−547,302
52,405
36,593
−527,514

93,250
336,740
85,128
−665,410
54,114
27,592
−665,286

30,105
179,849
10,410
−782,740
66,011
11,293
−791,508

− Represents or rounds to zero. 1 Excludes exports of goods under U.S. military agency sales contracts identified in census export documents, excludes imports of goods under direct defense expenditures identified
in census import documents, and reflects various other adjustments (for valuation, coverage, and timing) of Census statistics to balance of payments basis. 2 Includes some goods: Mainly military equipment; major
equipment, other materials, supplies, and petroleum products purchased abroad by U.S. military agencies; and fuels purchased by airline and steamship operators. 3 Includes transfers of goods and services under
U.S. military grant programs. 4 These lines are presented on a gross basis. The definition of exports is revised to exclude U.S. parents’ payments to foreign affiliates and to include U.S. affiliates’ receipts from foreign
parents. The definition of imports is revised to include U.S. parents’ payments to foreign affiliates and to exclude U.S. affiliates’ receipts from foreign parents. 5 The ‘‘other transfers’’ component includes taxes paid
by U.S. private residents to foreign governments and taxes paid by private nonresidents to the U.S. government. 6 At the present time, all U.S. Treasury-owned gold is held in the United States. 7 Includes sales
of foreign obligations to foreigners. 8 Conceptually, ‘‘Balance on current account’’ is equal to ‘‘net foreign investment’’ in the national income and product accounts (NIPAs). However, the foreign transactions account
in the NIPAs (a) includes adjustments to the international transactions accounts for the treatment of gold, (b) includes adjustments for the different geographical treatment of transactions with U.S. territories and Puerto
Rico, and (c) includes services furnished without payment by financial pension plans except life insurance carriers and private noninsured pension plans.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, July 2006, and <http://www.bea.gov/bea/international/bpweb/list.cfm?anon=71&registered=0> (released 16 June 2006).

Table 1269. U.S. Balances on International Transactions by Area and
Selected Country: 2004 and 2005
[In millions of dollars (−665,410 represents −$665,410,000,000). Minus sign (−) indicates debits]
2004, balance on—

2005, balance on—

Area or country
1

Services

Income

Current
account

All areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . −665,410
Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . −131,504
European Union . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . −110,473
Euro Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(NA)
Belgium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(NA)
France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . −10,490
Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . −46,287
Italy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . −17,667
Netherlands . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11,716
United Kingdom. . . . . . . . . . . . −10,908
Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . −69,053
Latin America, other West. Hemisphere . −83,872
Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . −46,407
Venezuela . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . −20,179
Asia and Pacific. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(NA)
(NA)
China 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hong Kong . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(NA)
India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(NA)
Japan 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . −77,519
Korea, South . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(NA)
(NA)
Taiwan 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Middle East . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(NA)
Africa. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(NA)
International and unallocated . . . . . . . .
(X)

54,114
14,683
12,444
(NA)
(NA)
1,045
−5,022
−319
1,380
7,573
8,630
1,721
4,191
1,888
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
14,750
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
−325

27,592
−2,351
−7,760
(NA)
(NA)
−970
132
2,226
4,355
−13,641
17,767
12,212
309
−47
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
−31,434
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
20,148

−665,286
−123,328
−107,036
(NA)
(NA)
−10,540
−51,444
−14,830
17,239
−14,485
−43,019
−104,366
−52,009
−18,453
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
−93,684
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
9,834

Goods

1

Services

Income

Current
account

−782,740
−146,378
−124,443
−92,812
5,545
−11,512
−51,004
−19,721
11,486
−12,966
−81,122
−102,606
−51,846
−27,568
−369,633
−201,673
7,394
−10,831
−84,744
−16,646
−13,374
−32,677
−50,324
(X)

66,011
12,196
12,212
2,438
669
295
−5,259
−217
1,084
8,907
10,223
7,817
5,767
2,053
29,989
2,568
−1,210
1,581
18,671
3,092
1,078
837
4,629
330

11,293
−16,021
−25,473
−3,885
−11,217
−2,040
−1,733
3,561
1,063
−21,083
19,387
16,497
641
603
−35,864
−19,044
1,919
946
−33,334
−670
−3,394
−394
5,344
22,345

−791,508
−159,070
−141,535
−101,539
−5,140
−13,481
−58,891
−16,777
14,019
−20,936
−51,486
−101,255
−56,501
−25,019
−389,243
−220,077
8,006
−10,278
−98,668
−14,802
−16,133
−48,862
−48,190
6,608

Goods

under U.S. military sales
NA Not available. X Not applicable. 1 Adjusted to balance of payments basis; excludes exports
3
Includes Ryukyu Islands.
contracts and imports under direct defense expenditures. 2 See footnote 2, Table 1308.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, July 2006, and <http://www.bea.gov
/bea/international/bpweb/list.cfm?anon=71&registered=0>(released June 16, 2006).

Table 1270. Private International Service Transactions by Selected Type of
Service and Selected Country: 2000 to 2005
[In millions of dollars (284,027 represents $284,027,000,000). For all transactions, see Table 1268]
Exports

Type of service and country
Private services, total . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TYPE OF SERVICE
Travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Passenger fares. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Freight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Port services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Royalties and license fees . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Affiliated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unaffiliated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Industrial processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other private services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Affiliated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unaffiliated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Education. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Financial services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Insurance services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Telecommunications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Business, professional, & technical
services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other unaffiliated services . . . . . . . . . . .
AREA AND COUNTRY
Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
European Union . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Belgium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Luxembourg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
France. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Netherlands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
United Kingdom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Latin America and Other Western Hemisphere.
Argentina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brazil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Venezuela . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Australia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
South Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
International organizations and unallocated . . .

2000

2003

Imports
2004

2005

2004

2005

. 284,027 289,102 328,000 360,489 207,392 221,849 257,235

280,563

. 82,400 64,348 74,547 81,680
. 20,687 15,693 18,851 20,931
. 29,803 31,512 37,436 42,245
. 12,547 14,037 15,958 17,340
. 17,256 17,475 21,478 24,905
. 43,233 46,988 52,512 57,410
. 30,479 35,539 39,074 42,106
. 12,754 11,449 13,438 15,304
.
4,662
4,617
5,660
6,633
.
8,093
6,833
7,778
8,671
. 107,904 130,561 144,654 158,223
. 34,970 43,006 45,175 49,389
. 72,934 87,555 99,479 108,834
. 10,348 13,312 13,643 14,123
. 16,026 18,699 25,185 29,281
.
3,631
5,974
6,838
6,831
.
3,884
4,452
4,463
4,724

2000

2003

64,705
24,274
41,425
27,388
14,037
16,468
12,536
3,932
1,692
2,241
60,520
27,176
33,344
2,032
4,840
11,284
5,429

57,444
20,957
44,705
31,772
12,933
19,033
15,179
3,854
2,358
1,495
79,710
31,459
48,251
3,148
3,996
25,234
4,255

65,750
23,723
54,161
39,225
14,936
23,211
17,946
5,265
2,778
2,487
90,390
33,915
56,475
3,556
5,309
29,038
4,542

69,175
26,066
62,107
44,156
17,951
24,501
20,360
4,141
2,747
1,394
98,714
38,989
59,725
4,029
6,549
28,482
4,658

39,491
14,384

9,130
632

10,915
705

13,078
952

14,516
1,493

. 107,650 117,851 134,272 145,519
. 94,232 101,962 117,284 127,837
.
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
3,128
.
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
1,625
. 10,555 11,049 12,900 13,097
. 15,927 17,120 19,142 20,040
.
5,457
5,638
6,167
6,948
.
7,060
7,893
8,246
8,918
. 31,973 34,959 40,878 45,286
. 24,559 27,135 29,475 32,507
. 54,417 49,591 56,026 60,810
.
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
1,815
.
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
5,854
. 14,333 16,216 17,907 20,603
.
3,310
2,124
2,416
2,636
.
5,575
6,030
6,853
7,408
. 33,411 29,589 35,552 41,815
.
1,423
1,184
1,291
1,417
.
6,206
4,618
4,866
5,249

89,825
77,876
(NA)
(NA)
10,644
12,401
5,062
5,699
28,304
17,711
38,092
(NA)
(NA)
10,798
610
3,494
17,405
799
3,946

99,470 110,015
84,974 95,822
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
10,039 11,609
15,787 17,284
4,742
5,544
6,479
6,829
30,516 32,646
19,217 20,627
45,449 53,886
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
12,170 13,525
377
524
3,207
3,880
17,039 19,490
998
1,059
3,334
5,183

123,144
105,899
2,238
510
12,507
18,660
6,215
7,758
35,452
22,022
53,076
797
2,076
14,674
581
4,657
22,286
918
5,169

.
.

25,319
13,730

30,781
14,337

34,523
14,827

NA Not available.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, July 2006.

Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

795

Table 1271. International Investment Position by Type of Investment:
1990 to 2005
[In millions of dollars (−245,347 represents −$245,347,000,000). Estimates for end of year; subject to considerable error due
to nature of basic data. Unless otherwise specified, types below refer to current-cost method. For information on current-cost method
and market value, see article cited in source]
Type of investment

1990

U.S. net international
investment position:
Current cost . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Market value . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S.-owned assets abroad:
Current cost . . . . . . . . . . . .
Market value . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. official reserve assets . . . . .
Gold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Special drawing rights . . . . . .
Reserve position in IMF . . . . .
Foreign currencies . . . . . . . . .
U.S. government assets, other . .
U.S. credits, long-term assets .
Repayable in dollars . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. foreign currency holdings
and U.S. short-term assets . .
U.S. private assets:
Current cost . . . . . . . . . . .
Market value . . . . . . . . . . .
Direct investments abroad:
Current cost . . . . . . . . . . .
Market value . . . . . . . . . . .
Foreign securities . . . . . . . . .
Bonds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Corporate stocks . . . . . . . .
U.S. claims on unaffiliated
foreigners 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. claims reported by U.S.
banks 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

2000

2002

2003

2004

2005

−245,347
−164,495

−458,462 −1,381,196 −2,088,008 −2,131,170 −2,360,785 −2,693,799
−305,836 −1,581,007 −2,454,328 −2,339,788 −2,448,744 −2,546,175

2,178,978
2,294,085
174,664
102,406
10,989
9,076
52,193
84,344
83,716
82,602
1,114

3,486,272
3,964,558
176,061
101,279
11,037
14,649
49,096
85,064
82,802
82,358
444

6,238,785
7,401,192
128,400
71,799
10,539
14,824
31,238
85,168
82,574
82,293
281

6,652,248
6,807,793
158,602
90,806
12,166
21,979
33,651
85,309
82,682
82,406
276

7,648,880 9,186,661 10,008,676
8,318,156 10,075,337 11,079,202
183,577
189,591
188,043
108,866
113,947
134,175
12,638
13,628
8,210
22,535
19,544
8,036
39,538
42,472
37,622
84,772
83,062
77,523
81,980
80,308
76,960
81,706
80,035
76,687
274
273
273

..

628

2,262

2,594

2,627

2,792

..
..

1,919,970
2,035,077

3,225,147
3,703,433

6,025,217
7,187,624

6,408,337
6,563,882

7,380,531
8,049,807

8,914,008
9,743,110
9,802,684 10,813,636

616,655
731,762
342,313
144,717
197,596

885,506
1,363,792
1,203,925
413,310
790,615

1,531,607
2,694,014
2,425,534
572,692
1,852,842

1,867,043
2,022,588
2,079,891
705,226
1,374,665

2,059,850
2,729,126
2,953,778
874,356
2,079,422

2,399,224
3,287,900
3,553,387
992,969
2,560,418

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

2,754

563

2,453,933
3,524,459
4,073,997
987,543
3,086,454

..

265,315

367,567

836,559

901,946

594,004

733,538

784,521

..

695,687

768,149

1,231,517

1,559,457

1,772,899

2,227,859

2,430,659

.
.

2,424,325
2,458,580

3,944,734
4,270,394

7,619,981
8,982,199

8,740,256 9,780,050 11,547,446 12,702,475
9,262,121 10,657,944 12,524,081 13,625,377

.
.
.
.
.

373,293
291,228
285,911
5,317
17,243

682,873
507,460
489,952
17,508
23,573

1,030,708
756,155
639,796
116,359
19,316

1,250,977
970,359
811,995
158,364
17,144

1,562,770
1,186,500
986,301
200,199
16,627

2,001,407
1,499,293
1,241,250
258,043
16,488

2,216,123
1,649,397
1,288,881
360,516
16,000

.
.

39,880
24,942

107,394
44,446

153,403
101,834

155,876
107,598

201,054
158,589

270,387
215,239

294,662
256,064

.
.

2,051,032
2,085,287

3,261,861
3,587,521

6,589,273
7,951,491

7,489,279
8,011,144

8,217,280 9,546,039 10,486,352
9,095,174 10,522,674 11,409,254

.
.
.

505,346
539,601
152,452

680,066
1,005,726
326,995

1,421,017
2,783,235
381,630

1,499,952
2,021,817
473,503

1,576,983
2,454,877
527,223

1,727,062
2,703,697
562,288

1,874,263
2,797,165
704,875

.
.
.
.

460,644
238,903
221,741
85,933

969,849
459,080
510,769
169,484

2,623,014
1,068,566
1,554,448
255,972

2,779,067
1,530,982
1,248,085
301,268

3,422,856
1,710,787
1,712,069
317,908

3,995,506
2,035,149
1,960,357
332,735

4,390,682
2,275,197
2,115,485
352,151

.

213,406

300,424

738,904

897,335

450,884

507,668

563,749

.

633,251

815,043

1,168,736

1,538,154

1,921,426

2,420,780

2,600,632

Foreign-owned assets in the U.S.:
Current cost . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Market value . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foreign official assets
in the U.S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. government securities . . . .
U.S. Treasury securities . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other U.S. government liabilities.
U.S. liabilities reported by
U.S. banks . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other foreign official assets . . . .
Other foreign assets in the U.S:
Current cost . . . . . . . . . . . .
Market value . . . . . . . . . . . .
Direct investments:
Current cost . . . . . . . . . . . .
Market value . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. Treasury securities . . . . . .
U.S. securities other than
U.S. Treasury securities . . . . .
Corporate and other bonds . .
Corporate stocks . . . . . . . . .
U.S. currency . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. liabilities to unaffiliated
foreigners 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. liabilities reported by
U.S. banks 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

1995

Reported by U.S. nonbanking concerns.

2

Not included elsewhere.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, July 2006.

Table 1272. U.S. Reserve Assets: 1990 to 2005
[In billions of dollars ($83.3 represents $83,300,000,000). As of end of year, except as indicated]
Type
Total . . . . . . . . . . .
Gold stock . . . . . . . . . . .
Special drawing rights . . .
Foreign currencies . . . . .
Reserve position in IMF 1 .
1

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

1990

1995

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

83.3
11.1
11.0
52.2
9.1

85.8
11.1
11.0
49.1
14.6

71.5
11.0
10.3
32.2
18.0

67.6
11.0
10.5
31.2
14.8

68.7
11.0
10.8
29.0
17.9

79.0
11.0
12.2
33.8
22.0

85.9
11.0
12.6
39.7
22.5

86.8
11.0
13.6
42.7
19.5

65.1
11.0
8.2
37.8
8.0

International Monetary Fund.

U.S. Department of the Treasury, Treasury Bulletin, quarterly. For latest issue, see <http://www.fms.treas.gov/bulletin/index.html>.

796

Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Table 1273. Foreign Direct Investment Position in the United States on a
Historical-Cost Basis by Selected Country, 1990 to 2005, and by
Industry, 2005
[In millions of dollars (394,911 represents $394,911,000,000)]
2005
Country
1

Manufacturing

Wholesale

Information

394,911 1,256,867 1,395,159 1,520,729 1,635,291
29,544
114,309
95,707
125,503
144,033
247,320
887,014 1,001,237 1,066,908 1,143,614
625
3,007
3,606
3,675
2,502
3,900
14,787
11,239
11,735
9,712
819
4,025
4,531
5,454
6,255
1,504
8,875
5,300
5,665
6,205
18,650
125,740
136,434
143,586
143,378
28,232
122,412
160,691
163,981
184,213
1,340
25,523
23,346
20,403
21,898
1,524
6,576
6,944
6,998
7,716
2,195
58,930
109,212
115,688
116,736
64,671
138,894
146,601
155,452
170,770
773
2,665
4,203
3,344
6,144
792
5,068
5,670
5,581
7,114
5,484
21,991
20,156
23,712
24,774
17,674
64,719
124,247
121,634
122,399
98,676
277,613
217,841
251,422
282,457

538,122
30,588
414,852
1,242
3,209
4,814
3,740
45,480
70,943
5,268
1,056
26,305
72,459
2,477
2,410
9,236
76,385
76,792

230,104
4,192
124,349
401
1,305
391
2,242
13,316
14,972
402
991
952
9,691
556
178
9,026
7,055
62,392

142,556
6,122
109,677
-1
-2
-1

26,202
29,971
(D)
(D)
5,256
12,283
269
(D)
(D)
(D)
17,918

21,968
806
1,223
(D)
21,162
207
643
(D)
721
882
847
(D)
(D)
69,112
4,986
15
448
-39
62,934
-991
1,167

10,936
8,202
1,400
35
2,734
(D)
354
2,602
(D)
(D)
427
-1
(D)
86,473
1,722
190
1,009
(D)
76,732
425
1,065

1,316
(D)
(D)
(D)
(D)
(D)
(D)
(D)
(D)
809
803

6
(D)
(D)
(D)
(D)
72
1,880
20
(D)

1990
All countries . . . . . . . .
Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Belgium. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Denmark . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finland . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
France . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ireland . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Luxembourg. . . . . . . . . . .
Netherlands . . . . . . . . . . .
Norway . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sweden . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Switzerland . . . . . . . . . . .
United Kingdom . . . . . . . .
Latin America and other
Western Hemisphere . . . . .
South and Central America .
Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . .
Panama . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other Western Hemisphere.
Bahamas . . . . . . . . . . .
Netherlands Antilles . . . .
U.K.Islands, Caribbean . .
Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Middle East . . . . . . . . . . . .
Israel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Kuwait . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Saudi Arabia . . . . . . . . . .
Asia and Pacific . . . . . . . . .
Australia . . . . . . . . . . . . .
China 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hong Kong . . . . . . . . . . .
India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Singapore . . . . . . . . . . . .
Taiwan . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

20,168
6,140
575
4,188
14,028
1,535
12,974
-2,979
505
4,425
640
1,805
1,811
92,948
6,542
(NA)
1,511
(NA)
83,091
1,289
836

2000

53,691
13,384
7,462
3,819
40,307
1,254
3,807
15,191
2,700
6,506
3,012
908
(Z)
192,647
18,775
(NA)
1,493
(NA)
159,690
5,087
3,174

2003

84,134
22,910
9,022
8,874
61,224
1,227
3,597
26,202
2,196
7,177
3,316
(D)
(Z)
204,708
37,059
284
1,984
352
157,176
2,166
2,888

2004

87,259
26,088
8,167
10,360
61,170
1,257
4,418
23,777
1,671
7,888
3,872
(D)
(D)
231,500
40,884
435
1,437
630
175,728
1,954
3,191

Total

82,530
30,012
8,653
11,470
52,518
703
4,179
26,501
2,564
9,965
4,362
612
(D)
252,584
44,061
481
2,600
1,355
190,279
2,404
3,565

− Represents or rounds to zero.
D Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.
$500,000. 1 Includes other industries not shown separately. 2 See footnote 2, Table 1308.

Z Less than

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, July 2006. For most recent copy and historical issues,
see <http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea/pubs.htm>.

Table 1274. U.S. Majority-Owned Affiliates of Foreign Companies—Assets,
Sales, Employment, Land, Exports, and Imports by Industry: 2003
[(5,093,531 represents $5,093,531,000,000). A U.S. affiliate is a U.S. business enterprise in which one foreign owner (individual,
branch, partnership, association, trust, corporation, or government) has a direct or indirect voting interest of 10 percent or more.
Estimates cover the universe of nonbank affiliates. These data are now on a NAICS (North American Industry Classification
System) basis]

All industries . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Petroleum & coal products. . . . .
Chemicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computers & electronic products
Transportation equipment . . . . .
Wholesale trade . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finance (except depository
institutions) & insurance . . . . . . .
Real estate & rental & leasing . . . .
Professional, scientific, & technical
services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other industries . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Employee
Employ- compenment 2
sation
(1,000) (mil. dol.)

Total
assets
(mil. dol.)

Sales
(mil. dol.)

. 5,093,531
. 1,035,133
.
(D)
. 235,676
.
92,661
. 223,885
. 453,529
.
61,254
. 265,832

2,136,617
854,519
(D)
160,222
91,809
199,677
656,019
121,967
81,471

5,253.0
2,138.3
(6)
305.4
219.8
377.1
512.1
564.9
239.1

. 2,710,029
.
91,170

174,766
19,839

244.5
36.3

33,133
2,305

.
.

49,068
178,969

167.8
1,349.9

13,107
46,058

Industry

62,246
414,339

1

Gross book
value
(mil. dol.)
P&E

3

Merchandise
exports4
Land (mil. dol.)

317,948 1,049,569 52,557
151,447 484,624 15,961
(D)
(D)
(D)
31,319 106,540 2,171
18,200
34,191
749
24,196 104,947 1,231
37,716 195,086 4,739
16,687
42,035 2,918
17,495
43,063
599
32,537
75,103

Merchandise
imports4
(mil. dol.)

150,829
93,260
(D)
16,071
13,987
28,713
53,113
597
1,014

356,659
138,965
(D)
21,084
24,218
52,705
206,503
3,545
1,059


(D)


396

(D)
2,239

366
5,824

934
9,066

8,494
185
168,626 18,155
1

Excludes returns,
− Represents or rounds to zero D Withheld to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.
2
3
discounts, allowances, and sales and excise taxes.
Average number of full-time and part-time employees.
Plant and
equipment (P & E). Includes mineral rights and minor amounts of property other than land. 4 F.a.s. value at port of exportation.
5
6
Includes industries not shown separately.
Employment between 25,000 to 49,999.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, August 2005, and previous issues. For most recent
copy and historical issues, see <http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea/pubs.htm>. Foreign Direct Investment in the United States:
Operations of U.S. Affiliates of Foreign Companies, Preliminary 2003 Estimates.

Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

797

Table 1275. Foreign Direct Investment in the United States—Gross Book Value
and Employment of U.S. Affiliates of Foreign Companies by State:
1990 to 2003
[(578,355 represents $578,355,000,000. A U.S. affiliate is a U.S. business enterprise in which one foreign owner (individual, branch,
partnership, association, trust corporation, or government) has a direct or indirect voting interest of 10 percent or more. Estimates
cover the universe of nonbank U.S. affiliates. Data for 2002 and 2003 are on a majority-owned basis and not strictly comparable
with earlier data]
Gross book value of property,
plant, and equipment (mil. dol.)

Total employment
(1,000)
2003, prel.

State and
other area
2003,
prel.

1990

2000

2002

Total
(1,000)

578,355 1,175,628 1,024,364 1,049,569

4,734.5

6,524.6

5,425.4

552,902 1,070,422

1990
Total . . . . . . . . . . .
United States . . . . . .
Alabama .
Alaska . .
Arizona. .
Arkansas
California

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

2000

2002,
prel.

Percent
of all
businesses

5,253.0

(X)

913,611

934,271

4,704.4

6,498.3

5,398.6

5,221.8

4.7

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

7,300
19,435
7,234
2,344
75,768

16,646
28,964
10,716
4,613
121,040

15,520
30,052
9,252
4,872
87,509

16,102
(D)
10,015
4,864
88,247

55.7
13.2
57.1
29.2
555.9

77.9
12.0
73.2
40.9
749.4

75.1
12.6
57.5
35.7
612.6

72.8
11.7
59.8
33.7
561.0

4.6
5.2
3.0
3.4
4.5

Colorado. . . . . . . .
Connecticut . . . . . .
Delaware . . . . . . .
District of Columbia
Florida . . . . . . . . .
Georgia . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

6,544
5,357
5,818
3,869
18,659
16,729

15,319
13,604
6,114
4,247
38,755
29,510

13,026
12,790
6,211
5,132
28,662
24,941

13,505
12,682
6,154
4,461
29,452
26,125

56.3
75.9
43.1
11.4
205.7
161.0

102.6
118.0
31.8
17.1
312.1
227.9

77.7
111.0
22.4
17.4
252.1
191.2

73.5
104.9
26.5
16.5
248.9
182.8

4.0
7.3
7.3
3.6
3.9
5.5

Hawaii .
Idaho . .
Illinois .
Indiana .
Iowa . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

11,830
776
23,420
13,426
2,712

10,369
2,749
48,425
30,179
7,186

7,720
2,131
40,300
27,985
5,776

7,751
2,139
40,852
29,836
6,028

53.0
11.7
245.8
126.9
32.8

44.8
14.2
325.8
168.2
40.9

36.7
12.5
262.9
133.2
36.6

36.1
11.2
254.9
134.2
38.1

7.8
2.3
5.0
5.3
3.1

Kansas. .
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine. . .
Maryland

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

5,134
9,229
17,432
2,080
5,713

9,036
22,091
31,160
5,087
13,157

5,238
24,091
26,993
5,511
10,339

5,726
25,575
29,200
5,986
10,902

29.6
65.7
61.4
26.6
79.6

61.0
106.0
61.3
33.9
112.9

34.9
88.4
50.5
31.7
105.4

35.6
87.0
48.0
30.1
104.1

3.2
5.8
3.0
5.9
5.0

Massachusetts.
Michigan. . . . .
Minnesota . . . .
Mississippi . . .
Missouri . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

8,890
12,012
11,972
2,989
5,757

23,875
39,238
13,472
4,121
15,773

24,109
37,814
9,805
5,097
14,484

23,088
39,009
10,828
5,836
14,438

131.2
139.6
89.8
23.6
73.7

226.8
249.9
106.2
24.2
107.4

196.9
202.9
88.1
25.8
91.5

189.0
205.0
84.6
22.8
87.2

6.5
5.4
3.6
2.5
3.8

Montana . . . . . .
Nebraska . . . . .
Nevada . . . . . .
New Hampshire .
New Jersey . . . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

2,181
776
5,450
1,446
18,608

3,099
2,737
10,128
5,124
35,115

1,824
1,840
6,726
4,488
30,866

2,353
1,986
6,795
4,613
33,362

5.1
14.9
22.7
25.9
227.0

6.8
21.7
36.3
46.5
272.2

5.9
18.7
25.8
41.1
228.3

6.6
18.9
27.2
41.9
223.2

2.0
2.5
2.8
7.7
6.5

New Mexico . .
New York . . . .
North Carolina .
North Dakota . .
Ohio . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

4,312
36,424
15,234
1,251
20,549

5,801
68,522
29,931
1,824
37,530

4,557
64,016
24,045
1,100
32,124

4,246
62,257
25,021
1,617
32,686

17.4
347.5
181.0
3.1
219.1

16.7
479.1
264.8
7.7
260.3

12.8
386.8
214.8
7.4
214.2

12.5
382.6
204.6
7.9
208.6

2.1
5.4
6.3
3.0
4.4

Oklahoma . . . .
Oregon. . . . . .
Pennsylvania . .
Rhode Island . .
South Carolina.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

6,049
3,427
16,587
1,120
10,067

7,635
13,178
34,106
3,394
23,563

7,434
10,241
29,118
3,037
21,570

8,100
10,314
30,245
(D)
20,533

43.6
39.1
221.6
13.3
104.7

41.9
62.1
283.4
24.2
138.4

33.9
50.9
235.8
27.5
133.0

32.5
48.4
227.7
25.9
127.5

2.8
3.6
4.5
6.1
8.4

South Dakota
Tennessee . .
Texas . . . . . .
Utah . . . . . .
Vermont . . . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

553
10,280
57,079
3,918
631

1,011
20,842
110,032
14,340
2,146

685
16,790
88,107
10,612
1,286

777
18,002
85,350
11,933
(D)

4.5
116.9
299.5
21.0
7.7

6.9
153.2
445.2
38.1
11.5

7.6
130.1
352.8
32.3
11.1

7.0
127.4
339.3
32.2
10.4

2.2
5.5
4.3
3.5
4.1

Virginia. . . . .
Washington . .
West Virginia .
Wisconsin . . .
Wyoming . . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

10,702
7,985
7,975
5,088
2,782

23,570
22,257
7,061
13,961
8,072

17,331
16,414
7,388
16,103
10,551

16,733
18,069
6,238
16,463
10,946

113.3
77.5
34.9
81.4
5.8

181.9
106.8
28.1
110.3
7.8

141.9
84.5
22.7
107.1
8.5

138.6
82.8
22.2
97.6
8.8

4.8
3.7
3.9
4.0
4.6

Puerto Rico . . . . . .
Other territories and
offshore . . . . . . . .
Foreign . . . . . . . . .
Unspecified 1 . . . . .

..

1,499

2,169

2,338

2,646

16.1

17.9

16.6

16.4

(NA)

..
..
..

18,484
5,470
(NA)

34,105
2,406
66,526

39,746
2,328
66,341

39,436
(D)
73,216

9.0
5.0
(NA)

7.9
0.5
(NA)

9.9
0.3
(NA)

14.4
0.4
(NA)

(NA)
(NA)
(NA)

D Data withheld to avoid disclosure. NA Not available. X Not applicable. 1 Covers property, plant, and equipment not
located in a particular state, including aircraft, railroad rolling stock, satellites, undersea cable, and trucks engaged in interstate
transportation.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, August 2005 issue, and Foreign Direct Investment
in the United States, Operations of U.S. Affiliates of Foreign Companies, annual.

798

Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Table 1276. U.S. Businesses Acquired or Established by Foreign Direct
Investors—Investment Outlays by Industry of U.S. Business
Enterprise and Country of Ultimate Beneficial Owner: 1990 to 2005
[In millions of dollars (65,932 represents $65,932,000,000). Foreign direct investment is the ownership or control directly or indirectly, by one foreign individual branch, partnership, association, trust, corporation, or government of 10 percent or more of the voting securities of a U.S. business enterprise or an equivalent interest in an unincorporated one. Data represent number and full cost
of acquisitions of existing U.S. business enterprises, including business segments or operating units of existing U.S. business enterprises and establishments of new enterprises. Investments may be made by the foreign direct investor itself, or indirectly by an existing U.S. affiliate of the foreign direct investor. Covers investments in U.S. business enterprises with assets of over $1 million, or
ownership of 200 acres of U.S. land]
1990

1995

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005,
prel.

....
....
....

65,932
(NA)
(NA)

57,195
47,179
10,016

335,629
322,703
12,926

147,109
138,091
9,017

54,519
43,442
11,077

63,591
50,212
13,379

86,219
72,738
13,481

86,823
79,220
7,603

....
....

(NA)
(NA)

11,927
45,268

105,151
230,478

23,134
123,975

13,650
40,869

27,866
35,725

34,184
52,035

43,579
43,244

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)

(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)
(NA)

143,285
8,561
1,672
67,932
2,636

37,592
3,982
1,913
27,599
5,709

16,446
871
551
14,181
613

10,750
1,086
941
9,236
4,864

18,251
(D)
3,073
4,315
(D)

31,286
2,292
2,166
9,639
9,609

(NA)
(NA)

(NA)
(NA)

44,420
4,526

40,780
3,572

4,344
5,266

23,511
2,817

26,234
6,335

6,196
5,532

(NA)
(NA)

(NA)
(NA)

32,332
30,264

7,044
18,917

4,012
8,234

1,955
8,429

(D)
10,121

6,879
13,224

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

3,430
36,011
10,217
2,363
2,247
3,905
13,096
4,183

8,029
38,195
1,129
13,117
1,061
7,533
9,094
6,261

28,346
249,167
26,149
18,452
47,686
22,789
110,208
23,883

16,646
78,328
5,772
12,733
14,879
16,468
17,095
11,381

4,333
39,644
15,196
3,067
3,476
2,656
12,188
3,061

9,157
39,024
2,955
8,830
1,077
649
20,373
5,140

31,502
43,815
6,415
4,788
461
6,505
23,288
2,358

13,269
57,244
6,105
7,110
3,110
2,237
30,310
8,372

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

796
399
397
(D)
472
23,170
1,412
19,933
1,825

1,550
1,283
267
(D)
447
8,688
2,270
3,602
2,816

15,400
5,334
10,066
(D)
947
40,282
(D)
26,044
(D)

15,274
431
14,843
(D)
(D)
11,383
4,869
5,345
1,169

3,487
373
3,144
(D)
(D)
5,131
1,565
3,275
291

1,607
182
1,425
(D)
1,738
11,469
9,032
1,544
893

2,629
1,382
1,247
(D)
1,318
6,015
3,850
1,027
1,139

2,398
763
1,634
(D)
3,156
10,655
5,148
3,565
1,942

Industry and country
Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. businesses acquired . . . . .
U.S. businesses established . . .
By type of investor:
Foreign direct investors . . . . . . .
U.S. affiliates. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INDUSTRY
Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retail trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Depository institutions . . . . . . . . .
Finance, (except depository . . . . .
institutions) and insurance . . . . . .
Real estate and rental and leasing .
Professional, scientific, and . . . . .
technical services . . . . . . . . . . .
Other industries . . . . . . . . . . . . .
COUNTRY 1
Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Netherlands . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Switzerland . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
United Kingdom . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Latin America and other
Western Hemisphere . . . . . . . . .
South and Central America . . . .
Other Western Hemisphere . . . .
Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Middle East . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Asia and Pacific . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Australia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other Asia and Pacific . . . . . . .

NA Not available. D Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies. 1 For investments in which more than
one investor participated, each investor and each investor’s outlays are classified by country of each ultimate beneficial owner.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, June 2006, and previous issues. For most recent
copy and historical issues, see <http://www.bea.gov/bea/pubs.htm>.

Table 1277. U.S. Direct Investment Position Abroad, Capital Outflows, and
Income by Industry of Foreign Affiliates: 2000 to 2005
[In millions of dollars (1,316,247 represents $1,316,247,000,000). See headnote, table 1278]
Direct investment position
on a historical-cost basis

Industry

2000
All industries, total. . . . . .
Mining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Primary and fabricated metals .
Machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Computer and electronic
products . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical equipment,
appliances, and components .
Transportation equipment . . . .
Wholesale trade . . . . . . . . . . . .
Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Depository institutions . . . . . . . .
Finance and insurance . . . . . . .
Professional, scientific, and
technical services . . . . . . . . .
Holding companies (nonbank). . .
Other industries . . . . . . . . . . . .

2004

2005

Capital outflows
(inflows (−))
2000

2004

. 1,316,247 2,051,204 2,069,983 142,627 222,437
.
72,111
102,058
114,386
2,174 14,059
.
21,964
(NA)
(NA)
2,466
(NA)
.
343,899
414,353
451,402 43,002 53,680
.
23,497
29,452
31,524
2,014
1,391
.
75,807
99,435
109,354
3,812 11,336
.
21,644
23,629
21,671
1,233
2,298
.
22,229
25,251
29,224
2,659
3,426

Income
2005

2000

2004

2005

−12,714 133,692 203,484 227,864
11,378 13,164 16,869 22,225
(NA)
1,610
(NA)
(NA)
38,765 42,230 47,910 49,782
2,921
2,681
3,810
3,956
9,078
(D) 12,930 14,403
−393
1,536
2,485
2,221
3,831
2,257
2,817
3,279

.

59,909

54,317

58,785

17,303

6,108

6,094

8,860

6,516

7,174

.
.
.
.
.
.

10,005
49,887
93,936
52,345
40,152
217,086

11,679
50,732
130,594
49,155
64,719
369,281

13,079
48,930
142,960
55,479
70,331
393,723

2,100
7,814
11,938
16,531
−1,274
21,659

941
2,313
10,603
−3,526
−304
24,086

730
−667
17,194
6,932
−3,941
20,242

1,079
4,107
14,198
−964
2,191
15,210

1,124
4,576
24,003
9,528
2,657
24,201

1,367
2,531
27,615
9,983
1,045
28,162

.
.
.

32,868
(NA)
441,886

45,167
724,229
151,647

49,202
623,076
169,424

5,441
8,389
4,281
(NA) 101,353 −118,634
40,690 14,096
11,070

3,548
(NA)
42,504

5,394
59,902
13,021

5,778
69,014
14,260

NA Not available. D Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, July 2006, and earlier issues. See also
<http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea/ARTICLES/2006/07July/0706DIP_Web.pdf>.

Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

799

Table 1278. U.S. Direct Investment Position Abroad on a Historical-Cost Basis
by Selected Country: 1990 to 2005
[In millions of dollars (430,521 represents 430,521,000,000). U.S. investment abroad is the ownership or control by one U.S.
person of 10% or more of the voting securities of an incorporated foreign business enterprise or an equivalent interest in a unincorporated foreign business enterprise. Negative position can occur when a U.S. parent company’s liabilities to the foreign affiliate are greater than its equity in, and loans to the foreign affiliate]
Country

1990

All countries . . . . . . . . . .
Canada . . . . . . .
Europe . . . . . . . .
Austria . . . . . .
Belgium. . . . . .
Denmark . . . . .
Finland . . . . . .
France . . . . . .
Germany . . . .
Greece . . . . . .
Hungary . . . . .
Ireland . . . . . .
Italy . . . . . . . .
Luxembourg. . .
Netherlands . . .
Norway . . . . . .
Poland . . . . . .
Portugal . . . . .
Russia . . . . . .
Spain . . . . . . .
Sweden . . . . .
Switzerland . . .
Turkey . . . . . .
United Kingdom

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

2002

2003

2,069,983
234,831
1,059,443
8,762
36,733
5,695
2,493
60,860
86,319
1,903
3,402
61,596
25,931
61,615
181,384
8,795
5,736
2,712
5,545
43,280
33,398
83,424
2,417
323,796

69,508
214,739
1,113
9,464
1,726
544
19,164
27,609
282
(NA)
5,894
14,063
1,697
19,120
4,209
(NA)
897
(NA)
7,868
1,787
25,099
522
72,707

83,498
344,596
2,829
18,706
2,161
965
33,358
44,242
533
(NA)
7,996
17,096
5,929
42,113
4,741
(NA)
1,413
(NA)
10,856
6,816
31,125
973
106,332

132,472
687,320
2,872
17,973
5,270
1,342
42,628
55,508
795
1,920
35,903
23,484
27,849
115,429
4,379
3,884
2,664
1,147
21,236
25,959
55,377
1,826
230,762

152,601
771,936
3,964
22,589
5,160
1,686
40,125
63,396
835
2,033
39,541
22,883
50,771
147,687
4,446
4,573
2,746
883
28,174
26,374
63,768
1,641
228,230

166,473
859,378
4,011
25,727
6,184
1,722
43,348
61,073
981
2,503
51,598
23,771
62,181
158,415
6,045
4,231
3,093
1,135
38,001
30,114
74,229
1,869
247,952

187,953
212,829
976,889 1,104,886
6,366
6,688
27,415
30,218
5,597
5,499
1,677
2,089
51,229
61,200
72,262
83,588
1,431
1,681
2,856
3,317
60,604
63,983
23,092
26,909
68,298
81,129
186,366
204,319
7,511
8,418
4,382
5,942
2,402
2,657
2,511
3,809
41,119
44,808
27,004
32,941
92,750
106,849
2,213
2,399
277,246
312,156

Latin America and other
Western Hemisphere. . . . . .
South America . . . . . . . . .
Argentina . . . . . . . . . . .
Brazil. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chile . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Colombia . . . . . . . . . . .
Ecuador . . . . . . . . . . . .
Peru . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Venezuela . . . . . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Central America . . . . . . . .
Costa Rica . . . . . . . . . .
Honduras . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . .
Panama . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other Western Hemisphere.
Barbados . . . . . . . . . . .
Bermuda . . . . . . . . . . .
Dominican Republic . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

71,413
22,933
2,531
14,384
1,896
1,677
280
599
1,087
479
20,415
251
262
10,313
9,289
299
28,065
252
20,169
529

131,377
49,170
7,660
25,002
6,216
3,506
889
1,335
3,634
928
33,493
921
68
16,873
15,123
506
48,714
698
28,374
330

266,576
84,220
17,488
36,717
10,052
3,693
832
3,130
10,531
1,778
73,841
1,716
399
39,352
30,758
1,618
108,515
2,141
60,114
1,143

279,611
76,809
15,535
32,027
10,526
3,122
579
3,197
10,069
1,755
60,716
1,835
227
52,544
5,141
970
142,086
2,240
84,969
1,116

289,413
64,603
11,288
27,598
8,928
2,622
809
3,310
8,671
1,377
65,395
1,803
181
56,303
5,842
1,267
159,416
1,817
89,473
983

297,222
66,256
10,663
29,553
9,021
2,773
975
3,401
8,438
1,431
64,647
840
272
56,851
5,409
1,274
166,319
984
84,508
816

330,468
67,568
11,455
30,226
9,672
2,811
720
3,387
8,034
1,263
72,086
1,085
314
63,502
5,631
1,553
190,813
2,519
86,547
1,076

353,011
74,403
13,163
32,420
9,811
3,393
760
3,900
9,610
1,347
79,924
1,277
402
71,423
5,162
1,660
198,684
2,940
90,358
758

Africa . . . . . . .
Egypt . . . . .
Nigeria . . . .
South Africa .
Other . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

3,650
1,231
-401
775
2,045

6,017
1,093
629
1,422
2,873

11,891
1,998
470
3,562
5,861

15,574
2,557
260
3,070
9,687

16,040
2,682
901
3,334
9,122

19,835
3,524
1,100
3,580
11,631

21,414
4,125
1,999
3,432
11,857

24,257
4,839
874
3,594
14,950

Middle East . . . . . . . . .
Israel . . . . . . . . . . .
Saudi Arabia . . . . . .
United Arab Emirates.
Other . . . . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

3,959
746
1,899
409
905

7,198
1,831
2,741
500
2,126

10,863
3,735
3,661
683
2,784

13,212
5,690
3,570
834
3,118

15,158
5,726
4,930
1,087
3,415

16,885
7,020
3,140
1,934
4,790

18,775
6,854
3,202
2,292
6,427

21,591
7,920
3,531
2,663
7,478

Asia and Pacific .
Australia . . . .
China 1 . . . . .
Hong Kong . .
India . . . . . . .
Indonesia . . .
Japan . . . . . .
Korea, South .
Malaysia . . . .
New Zealand .
Philippines . . .
Singapore . . .
Taiwan 1 . . . .
Thailand . . . .
Other . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

64,716
15,110
354
6,055
372
3,207
22,599
2,695
1,466
3,156
1,355
3,975
2,226
1,790
356

122,712
24,328
2,765
11,768
1,105
6,777
37,309
5,557
4,237
4,601
2,719
12,140
4,293
4,283
830

207,125
34,838
11,140
27,447
2,379
8,904
57,091
8,968
7,910
4,271
3,638
24,133
7,836
5,824
2,746

227,418
27,778
12,081
32,494
2,496
10,511
55,651
9,977
7,489
4,273
5,436
40,764
9,301
6,176
2,990

270,086
39,074
10,570
40,329
4,232
(D)
66,468
11,856
7,101
3,926
5,964
50,955
10,144
7,774
(D)

270,830
48,447
11,261
36,426
4,868
(D)
57,794
13,063
7,057
3,859
6,390
51,053
11,983
6,886
(D)

362,833
(D)
15,006
34,848
7,677
(D)
68,071
16,752
8,096
4,668
6,009
57,075
(D)
7,582
(D)

376,849
113,385
16,877
37,884
8,456
9,948
75,491
18,759
9,993
4,809
6,649
48,051
13,374
8,556
4,616

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

2001

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

2000

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

1995

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

2005

699,015 1,316,247 1,460,352 1,616,548 1,769,613 2,051,204

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

2004

430,521

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

D Suppressed to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

NA Not available.

1

See footnote 2, Table 1308.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, July 2006, and earlier issues. See also
<http://www.bea.gov/bea/ARTICLES/2006/07July/0706DIPWEB.pdf> (released July 2006).

800

Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Table 1279. U.S. Government Foreign Grants and Credits by Country:
1990 to 2005
[In millions of dollars (14,396 represents $14,396,000,000). See text, this section. Negative figures (−) occur when the total of
grant returns, principal repayments, and/or foreign currencies disbursed by the U.S. government exceeds new grants and new credits utilized and/or acquisitions of foreign currencies through new sales of farm products]
Country
Total, net . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Investment in financial institutions. . . .
Western Europe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Austria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Belgium and Luxembourg . . . . . . .
Finland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Iceland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ireland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Norway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Portugal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spain. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
United Kingdom . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Yugoslavia 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Former Yugoslavia 1:
Bosnia and Herzegovina . . . . . .
Croatia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Macedonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slovenia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Former Yugoslavia - Regional 1 . .
Other 2 and unspecified 3 . . . . . . .
Eastern Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Albania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bulgaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Czechoslovakia . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Czech Republic . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Estonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hungary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Latvia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lithuania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Poland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Romania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slovakia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Soviet Union . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Newly independent states:
Armenia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Azerbaijan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Belarus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Georgia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Kazakhstan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Kyrgyzstan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Moldova . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tajikistan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turkmenistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ukraine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uzbekistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Former Soviet Union - Regional 3
Other and unspecified 3 . . . . . . . .
Near East and South Asia. . . . . . . .
Afghanistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bangladesh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cyprus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Egypt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Greece . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Iraq 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Israel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jordan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Kuwait . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lebanon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nepal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oman . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pakistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Saudi Arabia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sri Lanka . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Syria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turkey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
United Arab Emirates . . . . . . . . . .
Yemen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
UNRWA 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
West Bank-Gaza . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other and unspecified 3 . . . . . . . .

1990

1995

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

14,396
1,304
−103
−10
−9
−8
−15
−338
(Z)
2
−30

56
−122
−111
−39

12,666
1,517
177
−1

−1

(Z)


(Z)

−16
−59
−120

17,878
1,500
183









−79
−19
−135
1

12,602
1,704
220









−28
−19
−56

17,213
1,486
104




−1


(Z)

−27
−19
−66
−51

22,973
1,434
345






44


−74
−19
−68
231

22,108
1,994
152






50


1
−19
−72
13

29,993
1,263
139









(Z)
−19
−84
4

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)
520
973


(Z)
(X)
(X)
1
(X)
(X)
912
79

−30

94
9
1
−24
(Z)
293
1,979
15
6
−2
3
2
36
2
28
6
9
2

52
3
50
2
74
234
1,830
26
46
1
11
6
12
6
−16
40
38
7

115
18
29
2
87
72
1,300
38
54

11
3
8
1
(Z)
−1
43
10

64
36
15
7
128
17
1,464
40
34

23
−2
16
11
3
16
48
10

47
52
58
8
66
(Z)
1,291
42
48

10
20
9
10
13
21
66
14

66
29
42
4
38
(Z)
1,186
43
36

13
12
16
9
(Z)
−181
34
1

72
29
67
4
66

−193
53
53

21
2
11
1
−51
−917
57
5

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)
11
6,656
57
181
16
4,976
282
13

−7
4,380
155
−2,506
9
20
4
531
−1,614
72
(Z)
367
−361
43
7
1
29

102
19
50
89
17
33
19
465
34
16
171
1
613
241
3,025
10
87
6
1,639
261
48

128
420
129

5
20
4
−187

27

147

3
103
58
118

20
8
1
36
42
15
32
797
8
4
138
22
501
29
7,658
5
43

3,091
−169
−64

(Z)
3,932
317

22
15
−6
366

−15

−86

16
97
64
30

52
15
4
49
58
32
60
280
34
8
195
41
295
10
2,520
6
89

1,296
−153
−56

1
589
298

60
27
−10
170

−6

−5

7
77
115
15

54
32
2
97
52
36
28
266
18
6
118
39
510
7
5,656
140
45

1,689
−218
−122

(Z)
3,061
483

28
28
−8
445

−10

−138

5
71
143
14

74
35
(Z)
66
50
35
23
191
24
6
96
53
364
21
10,024
555
29
(Z)
2,024
−317
−150
(Z)
3,339
2,743
1,403
75
24
43
−2
223

−16

−324

17
124
195
39

66
47
1
111
56
39
27
250
34
4
114
52
372
30
11,791
1,141
50
14
2,687
−457
−40
4
5,011
2,156
798
32
30
37
51
153

−11
(Z)
−301
(Z)
30
27
171
208

85
72
2
169
69
54
38
−682
51
7
145
52
456
54
20,158
1,403
48
2
2,818
−121
−70

9,805
4,936
581

37
50
32
461

36
(Z)
−228
19
24
48
179
98

See footnotes at end of table.

Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

801

No. 1279. U.S. Government Foreign Grants and Credits by Type and Country:
1990 to 2005—Con.
[In millions of dollars. See headnote, p. 801]
Country
Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Algeria . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Angola . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Benin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Botswana . . . . . . . . . . . .
Burkina Faso . . . . . . . . .
Burundi . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cameroon . . . . . . . . . . .
Cape Verde . . . . . . . . . .
Chad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Congo (Kinshasa) . . . . . .
Cote d’Ivoire . . . . . . . . . .
Eritrea . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ethiopia . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ghana . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Guinea. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Kenya . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lesotho . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Liberia . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Madagascar . . . . . . . . . .
Malawi . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mali . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mauritania . . . . . . . . . . .
Morocco . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mozambique . . . . . . . . . .
Niger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nigeria . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rwanda . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Senegal . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sierra Leone . . . . . . . . . .
Somalia . . . . . . . . . . . . .
South Africa . . . . . . . . . .
Sudan . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Swaziland. . . . . . . . . . . .
Tanzania . . . . . . . . . . . .
Togo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tunisia. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uganda . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Zambia . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Zimbabwe. . . . . . . . . . . .
Other and unspecified 3 . .
Far East and Pacific. . . . . .
Australia. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Burma . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cambodia. . . . . . . . . . . .
China 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hong Kong . . . . . . . . . . .
Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . .
Japan and Ryukyu Islands.
Korea, South. . . . . . . . . .
Laos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Malaysia. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mongolia . . . . . . . . . . . .
New Zealand. . . . . . . . . .
Pacific Islands,
Trust Territory of the 7 . .
Philippines . . . . . . . . . . .
Singapore. . . . . . . . . . . .
Taiwan 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Thailand . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vietnam . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other and unspecified 3 . .
Western Hemisphere . . . . .
Argentina . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bolivia . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brazil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Colombia . . . . . . . . . . . .
Costa Rica . . . . . . . . . . .
Dominican Republic . . . . .
Ecuador . . . . . . . . . . . . .
El Salvador . . . . . . . . . . .

1990

1995

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

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.
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1,883
59
−15
5
17
15
18
42
8
24
242
18

57
14
16
115
16
32
34
35
31
13
96
83
34
156
13
61
2
80
20
150
14
51
10
44
43
63
10
157
39
−34
1
5
71
−8
46
−635
−192
(Z)
−1

−2

2,217
755
37
14
18
23
39
4
11
14
1
16
9
127
63
28
35
13
67
33
64
31
2
−48
115
31
1
138
24
11
26
112
11
13
19
3
−4
56
27
29
246
753

−2
39
136
73
25
(Z)
−49
3
(Z)
11

1,042
−53
31
22
1
7
3
1
1
2
9
9
48
142
40
19
44
1
19
21
45
50
2
−9
119
5
−17
26
27
10
7
68
17

15
2
−19
92
44
23
168
550


23
167
−15
270

−132
5
134
9

1,562
182
43
38
1
9
6
3
2
7
16
2
45
98
86
45
108
1
19
63
41
9
5
−29
133
5
17
57
51
11
1
119
13

50
2
−18
55
42
24
200
725

1
42
132
−24
488
1
−215
6
184
18

2,015
−73
87
23
12
12
3
6
2
3
33
32
36
87
48
41
50
1
10
36
46
49
4
760
105
9
45
32
42
29
6
98
11

44
4
−12
71
34
21
168
331

4
35
45
−20
221

−134
7
11
20

2,822
−123
27
24
1
2
18
3
1
1
1,078
52
23
138
50
30
58
1
13
31
42
50
3
−57
107
3
468
36
45
36
10
115
41

49
5
−15
86
52
23
295
689

5
32
4
−23
821

−137
6
1
15

2,157
−146
−7
22
(Z)
5
27
2
4
24
229
11
42
234
67
33
82
1
50
34
54
45
4
−49
105
4
41
35
52
17
16
332
120
(Z)
66
1
−3
120
56
31
396
−193

4
44
2
−28
−157

−110
5
−46
20

1,970
−173
18
23
4
6
6
7
2
8
118
2
62
308
53
36
91
1
40
35
46
55
13
−46
64
4
67
47
38
10
7
103
130
(Z)
62
1
−10
148
90
27
467
−18

3
57
(Z)
−28
−9

−43
2
−46
19

.
.
.
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.
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.
.
.
.
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.

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.

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.

.
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.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

220
557
(Z)
−7
−19
1
38
2,025
64
114
261
−41
−32
−30
108
28
61
303

209
56
1
−5
205
(Z)
51
485
−26
101
−204

−24
5
−28
−15
5
119

145
20

−1
−102
1
26
1,173
−73
136
195

−22
33
−34
−58
14
27

206
−17

−1
−118
10
12
1,380
−55
189
119

−19
71
−31
−41
38
78

193
−46

−1
−27
7
16
710
4
152
106

−19
76
−27
−65
75
45

103
−39

(Z)
−48
9
−60
676
20
208
−79

−5
153
−41
−60
18
55

205
−16

(Z)
5
24
−145
1,294
150
213
−137

(Z)
284
−16
−25
18
98

190
−39

(Z)
(Z)
13
−137
1,392
97
153
−94

−3
442
−2
14
38
46

See footnotes at end of table.

802

Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

No. 1279. U.S. Government Foreign Grants and Credits by Type and Country:
1990 to 2005—Con.
[In millions of dollars. See headnote, p. 801]
Country
Western Hemisphere—Con.:
Guatemala . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Guyana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Haiti . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Honduras . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jamaica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nicaragua. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Panama 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paraguay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Peru . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trinidad and Tobago . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uruguay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Venezuela . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other 9 and unspecified 3 . . . . . . . .
Other international organizations and
unspecified areas 3 . . . . . . . . . . . .

1990

1995

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

98
42
54
226
108
140
105
102
(Z)
93
5
−3
−18
236

39
10
156
77
30
−198
41
8
1
151
−14
1
−2
251

49
5
63
100
−34
−123
53
−13
4
87
−19
−2
133
652

106
9
106
258
−21
14
152
−9
9
133
−21
(Z)
2
292

54
4
66
85
−15
−13
60
(Z)
9
109
−26
−2
−8
40

41
4
64
50
−8
−8
40
3
11
84
−31
(Z)
−6
164

39
7
83
83
−2
4
28
13
10
158
−108
−2
(Z)
396

21
10
118
70
3
30
35
6
7
120
−5
−2
−6
294

.

1,619

2,513

3,942

3,191

5,447

5,692

3,727

5,282

1
− Represents or rounds to zero.
X Not applicable.
Z Less than $500,000.
In 1992, some successor countries
assumed portions of outstanding credits of the former Yugoslavia (assignment of the remaining portions is pending). Subsequent
negative totals reflect payments to the United States on these assumed credits which were greater than the extension of new
credits and grants to these countries. 2 Includes North Atlantic Treaty Organization and Organization for Economic Cooperation
and Development. 3 In recent years, significant amounts of foreign assistance has been reported on a regional, inter-regional,
and worldwide basis. Country totals in this table may understate actual assistance to many countries. 4 Foreign assistance to
Iraq during the 1991−96 period was direct humanitarian assistance to ethnic minorities of Northern Iraq after the conflict in the
Persian Gulf. 5 United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine refugees. 6 See footnote 2, Table 1380. 7 Excludes
transactions with Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands after 1990; includes transactions with Federated States of
Micronesia, Republic of the Marshall Islands, and Republic of Palau. 8 Includes transfer of Panama Canal to the Republic of
Panama on December 1999. 9 Includes Andean Development Corporation, Caribbean Development Bank, Central American
Bank for Economic Integration, Eastern Caribbean Central Bank, Inter-American Institute of Agricultural Science, Organizations of
American States, and Pan American Health Organization.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, press releases, and unpublished data.

Table 1280. U.S. Foreign Economic and Military Aid Programs: 1980 to 2004
[In millions of dollars (9,694 represents $9,694,000,000). For years ending September 30. Economic aid shown here
represents U.S. economic aid—not just aid under the Foreign Assistance Act. Major components in recent years include AID, Food
for Peace, Peace Corps, and paid-in subscriptions to international financial institutions, such as IBRD, and IDB. Annual figures are
gross unadjusted program figures]
Year and region

Total economic and
military aid

Total

Loans

Grants

Total

Economic aid

Military aid
Loans

Grants

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

9,694
10,539
12,316
19,314
15,524
18,128
16,620
14,797
13,965
14,846
16,056
17,268
16,181
17,434
16,705
15,823
14,201
13,544
14,469
15,787
16,092
16,740
20,689
27,312

7,572
7,294
8,122
8,602
9,038
12,327
10,796
9,705
9,135
10,018
11,044
12,099
11,564
12,611
12,355
11,894
9,898
9,588
10,827
12,023
11,474
12,986
16,166
20,807

843
775
690
773
784
984
890
892
693
687
748
345
494
545
978
277
393
244
335
900
244
268
187
245

6,729
6,519
7,432
7,830
8,255
11,343
9,907
8,813
8,442
9,331
10,296
11,754
11,070
12,066
11,377
11,617
9,505
9,344
10,492
11,123
11,229
12,718
15,979
20,562

2,122
3,245
4,195
10,711
6,485
5,801
5,824
5,092
4,831
4,828
5,012
5,169
4,617
4,823
4,350
3,930
4,303
3,956
3,642
3,764
4,619
3,754
4,522
6,506

1,450
2,546
3,084
9,044
4,401
2,365
1,980
953
763
410
404
478
345
855
770
558
544
298
100




672
699
1,111
1,667
2,084
3,436
3,844
4,139
4,068
4,418
4,608
4,692
4,272
3,968
3,581
3,372
3,759
3,658
3,542
3,764
4,619
3,754
4,522
6,506

2004, total . . . . . .
Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Central Asia . . . . . . . . .
Eastern Europe. . . . . . .
Latin America and Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Middle East and North
Africa . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oceania . . . . . . . . . . .
Sub-Saharan Africa . . . .
Western Europe . . . . . .
World not specified . . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

33,405
3,587
1,942
715

26,613
2,865
1,893
551

216
81
18

26,397
2,783
1,875
551

6,791
722
49
163




6,791
722
49
163

2,362

2,228

37

2,191

134

134

14,118
146
3,975
66
6,473

8,514
145
3,911
25
6,461

58

22

8,456
145
3,888
25
6,461

5,604
1
64
41
12





5,604
1
64
41
12

1980 .
1981 .
1982
1983 .
1984 .
1985 .
1986 .
1987 .
1988 .
1989 .
1990 .
1991 .
1992 .
1993 .
1994 .
1995 .
1996 .
1997 .
1998 .
1999 .
2000 .
2001 .
2002 .
2003 .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
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.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

..
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

− Represents or rounds to zero.
Source: U.S. Agency for International Development, U.S. Overseas Loans, Grants, Obligations and Loan Authorizations,
annual. See also <http://qesdb.cdie.org/gbk/index.html> (released 01 March 2006).

Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

803

Table 1281. U.S. Foreign Economic and Military Aid by Major Recipient Country:
2000 to 2004
[In millions of dollars (16,092 represents $16,092,000,000). For years ending Sept. 30]
2004

Recipient
country
Total

1

................

Afghanistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Albania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Angola . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Armenia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Azerbaijan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bangladesh . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bolivia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bosnia and Herzegovina. . . . . .
Bulgaria. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Burundi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cambodia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Colombia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Congo (Kinshasa) . . . . . . . . . .
Dominican Republic . . . . . . . . .
Ecuador . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Egypt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
El Salvador . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Eritrea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ethiopia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Georgia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ghana. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Guatemala . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Guinea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Haiti . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Honduras. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Indonesia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Iraq . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Israel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jordan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Kazakhstan . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Kenya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Korea, North. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Kosovo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Liberia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Macedonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Madagascar . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Malawi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mali . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Micronesia, Federated States of.
Moldova . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mozambique . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nepal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nicaragua . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nigeria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pakistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Peru . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Philippines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Romania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Russia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rwanda. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Serbia and Montenegro . . . . . .
South Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sri Lanka . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sudan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tajikistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tanzania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turkey. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uganda . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ukraine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
West Bank/Gaza . . . . . . . . . . .
Yemen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Zambia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

− Represents zero or rounds to zero.

2000

2001

2002

2003

Total

Economic
aid

16,092

16,740

20,689

27,312

33,405

26,613

6,791

40
69
102
104
54
78
240
164
49
7
24
4
1,158
31
21
76
2,044
35
37
277
111
66
72
33
88
41
185
242
5
3,770
400
53
90
139
197
14
60
27
44
44
44
81
49
78
22
34
113
19
203
80
46
389
37
353
55
9
51
36
43
3
76
180
122
56
35

89
54
77
116
40
154
197
171
62
23
35
8
257
75
44
63
1,708
114
69
198
135
72
75
61
86
48
181
168

2,814
265
51
142
162
178
54
63
33
34
41
52
82
73
83
41
61
97
187
209
137
64
508
31
398
56
26
69
64
81
7
90
209
135
40
46

556
53
121
101
61
96
183
92
60
25
44
5
536
80
31
86
2,196
114
28
138
184
56
82
45
57
45
205
194
39
2,760
348
66
101
118
141
15
86
32
51
42
94
100
46
62
59
49
105
1,081
280
202
60
463
41
340
77
29
121
89
45
257
94
226
336
23
66

1,330
56
158
74
55
104
210
89
58
45
61
8
678
121
40
89
1,754
64
104
603
86
78
90
50
84
73
183
202
3,944
3,684
1,594
56
131
41
57
41
73
47
45
53
69
100
40
91
56
68
94
370
232
223
69
883
47
208
92
34
186
49
81
1,028
179
98
192
41
66

2,033
48
118
77
57
92
183
89
47
47
73
58
748
120
45
91
1,958
69
88
436
124
73
74
53
158
66
174
157
8,263
2,702
609
73
186
56
117
138
52
45
53
54
94
78
45
102
55
62
125
231
275
220
53
1,142
60
242
126
37
479
50
101
50
225
135
137
79
102

1,463
42
118
74
54
91
178
58
37
47
73
57
648
119
42
91
664
62
87
433
108
72
73
52
158
63
173
157
6,421
555
401
69
177
56
110
138
44
45
52
54
93
78
42
101
51
59
125
155
275
168
42
1,142
59
235
126
34
474
47
101
10
222
125
137
58
102

570
6
1
3
4
1
5
31
10


1
100

3

1,294
7

3
16
2
1
1
1
4
1
1
1,842
2,147
208
4
9
7

9



1

2

5
2

76

53
11
1

7

3
5
2

40
3
10

21
1

1

Military aid

Includes countries not shown separately.

Source: U.S. Agency for International Development, U.S. Overseas Loans, Grants, Obligations and Loan Authorizations,
annual. See also <http://qesdb.cdie.org/gbk/index.html>.

804

Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Table 1282. U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services: 1998 to 2005
[In millions of dollars (−163,153 represents −$163,153,000,000). Data presented on a balance of payments basis and will not
agree with the following merchandise trade Tables 1283 to 1293]
Category
TRADE BALANCE
Total . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Travel . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Passenger fares . . . . . .
Other transportation . . .
Royalties, license fees . .
Other private services . .
Other 1 . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. govt misc. services .
EXPORTS
Total . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Travel . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Passenger fares . . . . . .
Other transportation . . .
Royalties, license fees . .
Other private services . .
Other 1 . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. govt misc. services .
IMPORTS
Total . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Services . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Travel . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Passenger fares . . . . . .
Other transportation . . .
Royalties, license fees . .
Other private services . .
Other 1 . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. govt misc. services .

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

−263,286
−346,015
82,729
15,838
−1,530
−7,223
26,563
48,424
2,593
−1,936

−377,559
−452,414
74,855
17,695
−3,587
−11,622
26,765
47,384
317
−2,097

−362,795
−427,188
64,393
11,693
−4,707
−10,240
24,158
47,836
−2,296
−2,051

−421,068
−482,297
61,230
7,890
−2,923
−9,212
25,155
49,603
−7,158
−2,125

−494,897
−547,302
52,405
6,904
−5,264
−13,193
27,955
50,851
−12,527
−2,321

−611,296
−665,410
54,114
8,797
−4,872
−16,725
29,301
54,264
−13,832
−2,819

−716,730
−782,740
66,010
12,505
−5,135
−19,862
32,909
59,509
−11,024
−2,892

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

−164,606
−246,687
82,081
14,842
127
−4,759
24,391
44,183
5,220
−1,923

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

933,174
670,416
262,758
71,325
20,098
25,604
35,626
91,774
17,405
926

974,721 1,016,096 1,151,942
682,422
713,415
807,516
292,299
302,681
344,426
66,605
64,348
74,547
17,046
15,693
18,851
29,195
31,512
37,436
44,508
46,988
52,512
122,207
130,561
144,654
11,943
12,769
15,467
795
810
959

1,275,245
894,631
380,614
81,680
20,931
42,245
57,410
158,223
19,038
1,087

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

. 1,097,780 1,229,170 1,448,156 1,367,691 1,395,789 1,510,993 1,763,238
.
917,103 1,029,980 1,224,408 1,145,900 1,164,720 1,260,717 1,472,926
.
180,677
199,190
223,748
221,791
231,069
250,276
290,312
.
56,483
58,963
64,705
60,200
58,715
57,444
65,750
.
19,971
21,315
24,274
22,633
19,969
20,957
23,723
.
30,363
34,139
41,425
38,682
38,407
44,705
54,161
.
11,235
13,107
16,468
16,538
19,353
19,033
23,211
.
47,591
55,510
60,520
66,021
72,604
79,710
90,390
.
12,185
13,335
13,473
14,835
19,101
25,296
29,299
.
2,849
2,821
2,883
2,882
2,920
3,131
3,778

1,991,975
1,677,371
314,604
69,175
26,066
62,107
24,501
98,714
30,062
3,979

965,884 1,070,597 1,004,896
683,965
771,994
718,712
281,919
298,603
286,184
74,801
82,400
71,893
19,785
20,687
17,926
26,916
29,803
28,442
39,670
43,233
40,696
103,934
107,904
113,857
15,928
13,790
12,539
885
786
831

1

Represents transfers under U.S. military sales contracts for exports and direct defense expenditures for imports.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, Annual Revision for 2005, Series
FT-900(06-04) and previous reports. See also <http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/Press-Release/2005pr/final_revisions/05final.pdf>
(released 09 June 2006).

Table 1283. U.S. Exports, General Imports, and Trade Balance in Goods:
1980 to 2004
[In billions of dollars (225.7 represents $225,700,000,000). Domestic and foreign exports, are f.a.s. value basis; general imports
are on customs value basis]
Total goods

Year
1980
1981
1982
1983
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

Exports
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

225.7
238.7
216.4
205.6
205.6
224.0
218.8
227.2
254.1
322.4
363.8
393.6
421.7
448.2
465.1
512.6
584.7
625.1
689.2
682.1
695.8
781.9
729.1
693.1
724.8
818.8

1

Manufactured goods

Imports Balance
245.3
261.0
244.0
258.0
258.0
330.7
336.5
365.4
406.2
441.0
473.2
495.3
488.5
532.7
580.7
663.3
743.4
795.3
870.7
911.9
1,024.6
1,218.0
1,141.0
1,164.7
1,257.1
1,469.7

−19.5
−22.3
−27.5
−52.4
−52.4
−106.7
−117.7
−138.3
−152.1
−118.5
−109.4
−101.7
−66.7
−84.5
−115.6
−150.6
−158.7
−170.2
−181.5
−229.8
−328.8
−436.1
−411.9
−471.6
−532.4
−650.9

Exports
160.7
171.7
155.3
148.5
148.7
164.1
168.0
179.8
199.9
255.6
287.0
315.4
345.1
368.5
388.7
431.1
486.7
524.7
592.5
596.6
611.6
691.5
640.2
606.3
627.1
710.3

2, 3

Imports Balance
133.0
149.8
151.7
171.2
170.9
230.9
257.5
296.7
324.4
361.4
379.4
388.8
392.4
434.3
479.9
557.3
629.7
658.8
728.9
790.8
882.7
1,012.9
950.7
974.6
1,027.4
1,174.8

27.7
22.0
3.6
−22.7
−22.2
−66.8
−89.5
−116.8
−124.6
−105.7
−92.4
−73.5
−47.3
−65.9
−91.2
−126.3
−143.0
−134.1
−136.4
−194.2
−271.1
−321.3
−310.4
−368.3
−400.3
−464.4

Agricultural products
Exports
41.8
43.8
37.0
36.5
36.1
37.9
29.3
26.3
28.7
37.1
41.6
39.6
39.4
43.1
42.8
45.9
56.0
60.6
57.1
52.0
48.2
53.0
55.2
54.8
61.4
63.4

4

Imports Balance
17.4
17.2
15.7
16.5
16.0
19.3
19.5
20.9
20.3
20.7
21.1
22.3
22.1
23.4
23.6
26.0
29.3
32.6
35.2
35.7
36.7
39.2
39.5
42.0
47.5
54.2

24.3
26.6
21.3
19.9
20.2
18.6
9.8
5.4
8.4
16.4
20.5
17.2
17.2
19.8
19.2
20.0
26.8
28.1
21.9
16.3
11.5
13.8
15.7
12.8
13.9
9.2

Mineral fuels

3, 5

Exports

Imports

Balance

8.2
10.3
12.8
9.8
9.8
9.7
10.3
8.4
8.0
8.5
9.9
12.4
12.3
11.3
9.9
9.0
10.5
12.4
13.0
10.4
9.9
13.4
12.7
11.7
14.1
19.0

78.9
81.2
65.3
57.8
57.8
60.8
53.7
37.2
44.1
41.0
52.6
64.7
54.1
55.3
55.9
56.4
59.1
78.1
78.3
57.3
75.2
135.4
121.9
115.7
153.3
206.7

−70.7
−70.9
−52.5
−48.0
−48.0
−51.1
−43.4
−28.8
−36.1
−32.5
−42.7
−52.3
−41.8
−43.9
−46.0
−47.4
−48.6
−65.7
−65.3
−47.0
−65.3
−122.0
−109.2
−104.0
−139.2
−187.6

1
Includes nonmonetary gold, military grant aid, special category shipments, trade between the U.S. Virgin Islands and foreign
countries and undocumented exports to Canada. Adjustments were also made for carryover. Import values are based on
transaction prices whenever possible. 2 Manufactured goods include commodity sections 5−9 under Schedules A and E for
1980−1982 and SITC Rev. 3 for 1983−forward. Manufactures include undocumented exports to Canada, nonmonetary gold
(excluding gold ore, scrap, and base bullion), and special category shipments. 3 Data for 1980 exclude trade between the U.S.
Virgin Islands and foreign countries. Census data concordances link the 1980−92 trade figures into time series that are as
consistent as possible. Import values are for Customs value; these values are based on transaction prices while maintaining a data
series as consistent as possible over time. 1991 Imports include revisions for passenger cars, trucks, petroleum, and petroleum
4
Agricultural products for 1983−forward utilize the latest census definition that excludes
products not included elsewhere.
manufactured goods that were previously classified as manufactured agricultural products. 5 Mineral fuels include commodity
section 3 under SITC Rev. 2 for 1980−1982 and SITC Rev. 3 for 1983−forward.
Source: U.S. International Trade Administration, through 1996, U.S. Foreign Trade Highlights, annual; and thereafter,
<http://www.ita.doc.gov/td/industry/otea/usfth/aggregate/H04t03.pdf> (released 20 June 2005).

Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

805

Table 1284. U.S. Exports and Imports for Consumption of Merchandise
by Customs District: 1990 to 2005
[In billions of dollars (393.0 represents $393,000,000,000). Exports are f.a.s. (free alongside ship) value all years; imports are
on customs value basis. These data may differ from those in Tables 1283, 1288, and 1289. For methodology, see Foreign Trade
Statistics in Appendix III]
Exports

Customs district
Total

1

...........

Anchorage, AK . . . . . . .
Baltimore, MD . . . . . . .
Boston, MA . . . . . . . . .
Buffalo, NY . . . . . . . . .
Charleston, SC 2 . . . . .
Chicago, IL . . . . . . . . .
Cleveland, OH . . . . . . .
Dallas/Fort Worth, TX . .
Detroit, MI . . . . . . . . . .
Duluth, MN . . . . . . . . .
El Paso, TX . . . . . . . . .
Great Falls, MT . . . . . .
Honolulu, HI. . . . . . . . .
Houston/Galveston, TX .
Laredo, TX . . . . . . . . .
Los Angeles, CA. . . . . .
Miami, FL . . . . . . . . . .
Milwaukee, WI . . . . . . .
Minneapolis, MN. . . . . .
Mobile, AL 2 . . . . . . . . .
New Orleans, LA . . . . .
New York, NY . . . . . . .
Nogales, AZ. . . . . . . . .
Norfolk, VA 2 . . . . . . . .
Ogdensburg, NY. . . . . .
Pembina, ND . . . . . . . .
Philadelphia, PA . . . . . .
Port Arthur, TX . . . . . . .
Portland, ME . . . . . . . .
Portland, OR . . . . . . . .
Providence, RI . . . . . . .
San Diego, CA . . . . . . .
San Francisco, CA . . . .
San Juan, PR . . . . . . .
Savannah, GA . . . . . . .
Seattle, WA . . . . . . . . .
St. Albans, VT . . . . . . .
St. Louis, MO. . . . . . . .
Tampa, FL . . . . . . . . . .
Virgin Islands of the U.S.
Washington, DC . . . . . .
Wilmington, NC . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
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.
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.

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.
.
.
.
.
.
.

Imports for consumption

1990

2000

2003

2004

2005

1990

2000

2003

2004

2005

393.0

780.0

723.7

817.9

904.4

490.6

1,205.6

1,250.1

1,460.2

1,662.4

3.7
6.7
5.6
15.8
6.7
10.2
4.0
3.4
35.6
0.8
3.9
2.4
0.5
17.6
15.2
42.1
11.2
0.1
0.9
1.9
18.0
50.9
2.1
11.7
7.9
3.4
4.0
0.9
1.7
5.8
(Z)
3.4
23.1
2.5
7.4
32.6
4.0
0.3
4.3
0.2
1.1
3.0

5.9
6.2
7.0
38.2
12.6
21.7
22.7
11.5
79.4
1.5
18.0
5.0
0.7
29.7
57.7
77.6
31.0
0.1
1.4
4.0
35.9
79.5
7.3
12.4
12.4
8.7
6.0
1.2
2.6
7.2
(Z)
12.7
58.3
4.8
15.9
40.4
4.5
1.3
4.8
0.3
2.8
2.5

8.4
6.0
7.0
28.8
13.6
21.3
17.2
12.3
87.6
1.7
17.5
5.4
2.5
32.1
48.6
67.7
26.3
0.2
1.5
4.6
33.6
71.9
5.0
12.3
10.4
9.2
7.3
1.4
2.8
6.2
0.1
12.7
33.1
8.9
17.0
39.8
3.0
0.6
6.2
0.4
2.4
1.7

8.7
7.2
9.7
33.6
15.4
25.9
19.0
16.4
93.4
1.8
19.3
6.1
1.8
39.5
56.0
70.8
30.0
0.1
1.7
5.0
36.8
80.8
5.9
13.4
11.9
11.0
9.0
2.0
2.8
6.7
0.1
14.0
38.2
9.7
21.6
43.5
3.6
0.7
7.5
0.5
2.8
1.9

12.1
9.0
9.9
34.7
16.1
30.0
20.8
17.8
105.7
1.9
19.9
9.7
2.4
46.7
60.3
78.4
34.1
0.2
2.3
4.9
32.4
90.8
6.9
16.7
13.2
13.6
10.1
2.1
2.8
6.3
0.1
15.0
36.6
9.7
24.6
48.9
4.2
1.3
10.0
0.5
3.7
2.2

0.7
11.2
12.2
19.2
6.8
18.3
11.3
4.8
37.8
3.9
5.0
4.7
2.1
21.6
10.0
64.1
7.1
1.1
2.0
3.4
24.1
68.0
4.2
7.4
9.8
4.1
18.3
3.2
4.3
5.6
1.3
4.3
28.0
5.4
9.8
20.9
5.2
3.0
7.0
2.1
0.8
3.3

13.4
18.6
18.7
38.4
16.9
51.1
36.5
18.8
97.6
7.0
24.1
14.3
2.9
40.9
62.7
150.1
23.3
1.5
4.3
7.9
54.0
145.6
14.1
13.6
23.7
11.0
28.3
10.9
8.7
12.5
1.3
22.2
68.6
11.8
26.1
40.5
9.4
7.9
14.7
4.8
2.6
10.6

9.2
22.7
16.4
35.9
21.0
58.3
36.1
22.4
98.8
7.6
25.3
17.5
2.0
48.4
66.1
165.4
25.0
1.8
5.4
8.9
59.2
147.5
11.6
17.7
21.3
9.6
29.8
13.7
8.8
11.8
3.1
22.8
46.2
19.0
30.8
35.7
9.8
7.9
14.6
5.0
2.4
13.2

10.5
26.7
19.2
40.9
26.0
69.1
44.6
27.8
112.2
9.0
27.8
21.5
2.2
64.4
74.4
191.0
27.8
1.5
5.8
11.0
76.2
163.6
12.5
20.0
24.2
11.1
38.6
18.0
9.3
13.9
3.3
25.4
54.9
19.1
38.4
43.2
10.5
9.1
15.4
6.8
3.3
13.9

10.2
29.5
21.4
42.1
30.9
78.5
51.2
32.0
122.8
9.4
27.7
26.8
2.9
89.4
78.2
213.5
30.4
1.5
6.9
13.7
94.2
176.3
13.6
23.5
27.8
12.8
47.5
21.3
10.9
14.2
4.4
28.2
61.8
19.4
47.6
51.0
12.6
10.1
19.7
9.0
3.7
15.5

1
Totals shown for exports reflect the value of estimated parcel post and Special Category
Z Less than $50 million.
shipments, and beginning 1990, adjustments for undocumented exports to Canada, which are not distributed by customs district.
The value of bituminous coal exported through Norfolk, VA; Charleston, SC; and Mobile, AL is reflected in the total but not
distributed by district. 2 Excludes exports of bituminous coal, which are included in the ‘‘Total’’ line.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1990, U.S. Merchandise Trade: Selected Highlights, Series FT 920, monthly; 2000−2004, U.S.
Export History and U.S. Import History on compact disc; beginning 2005, U.S. Merchandise Trade: Selected Highlights, December
2005, series FT920. See also <http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/Press-Release/ft920index.html> (released 10 February 2006).

Table 1285. Export and Import Unit Value Indexes—Selected Countries:
2001 to 2005
[Indexes in U.S. dollars, 2000 = 100. A unit value is an implicit price derived from value and quantity data]
Export unit value

Country
United States .
Australia . . . . .
Belgium . . . . .
Canada. . . . . .
France . . . . . .
Germany . . . . .
Greece . . . . . .
Ireland . . . . . .
Italy . . . . . . . .
Japan . . . . . . .
Korea, South . .
Netherlands . . .
Norway . . . . . .
Spain . . . . . . .
Sweden . . . . .
Switzerland . . .
United Kingdom

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.

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.

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.

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.

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.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
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.
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.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
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.
.
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.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
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.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

Import unit value

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

99.2
98.2
99.3
97.8
107.7
99.0
104.9
98.3
100.6
91.4
86.9
99.6
93.1
97.6
90.1
101.3
93.6

98.2
100.0
103.5
93.2
109.0
101.5
111.5
103.2
107.3
87.6
83.1
99.4
93.3
101.7
93.8
107.1
97.4

99.7
109.9
120.4
103.8
130.7
118.3
133.4
114.7
129.6
90.9
85.1
115.9
104.3
120.1
110.3
123.5
108.0

103.6
129.1
134.9
114.8
141.4
128.9
154.1
115.4
148.6
96.0
91.5
126.3
126.8
133.4
121.2
137.2
121.5

106.9
152.9
142.0
129.0
140.4
129.7
160.1
119.1
158.7
96.1
92.7
131.7
160.9
139.9
124.1
139.4
125.5

96.5
94.3
99.5
98.8
99.5
97.1
(NA)
100.0
99.7
90.9
91.0
101.2
98.2
96.2
92.7
100.1
94.3

94.1
94.5
102.2
98.2
98.9
97.2
(NA)
101.1
104.4
86.8
87.5
101.1
102.8
98.0
98.6
104.8
95.8

96.9
103.8
119.8
101.9
118.7
110.4
(NA)
111.1
124.8
93.1
95.6
117.5
116.1
115.9
116.2
121.5
103.6

102.3
111.1
136.1
107.9
127.6
120.3
(NA)
119.5
143.8
103.9
107.3
130.9
126.5
130.6
131.2
135.3
115.6

110.0
116.6
142.8
115.9
127.0
123.2
(NA)
119.5
157.0
115.4
117.3
132.6
132.4
137.4
138.4
142.1
119.6

NA Not available.
Source: International Monetary Fund, Washington, DC, International Financial Statistics, monthly, (copyright).

806

Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Table 1286. U.S. Exports by State of Origin: 2000 to 2005
[In millions of dollars (782,429 represents $782,429,000,000) except as indicated. Exports are on a f.a.s. value basis. Exports
are based on origin of movement]
State
and
other area

Total

Rank

Total . . . . . . . . 782,429 819,026 904,289
United States . . . 712,055 769,332 853,746

(X)
(X)

2004

Alabama . . . . . . . .
Alaska . . . . . . . . .
Arizona. . . . . . . . .
Arkansas . . . . . . .
California . . . . . . .
Colorado. . . . . . . .
Connecticut . . . . . .
Delaware . . . . . . .
District of Columbia
Florida . . . . . . . . .

.
7,317
9,037 10,796
.
2,464
3,157
3,592
. 14,334 13,423 14,950
.
2,599
3,493
3,862
. 119,640 109,968 116,819
.
6,593
6,651
6,784
.
8,047
8,559
9,687
.
2,197
2,053
2,525
.
1,003
1,164
825
. 26,543 28,982 33,377

24
37
17
36
2
29
26
43
(X)
8

Georgia .
Hawaii . .
Idaho . . .
Illinois . .
Indiana . .
Iowa . . .
Kansas. .
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine. . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

State
and
other area

2005
2000

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

14,925
387
3,559
31,438
15,386
4,466
5,145
9,612
16,814
1,779

19,633
405
2,915
30,214
19,109
6,394
4,931
12,992
19,922
2,432

20,577
1,028
3,260
35,868
21,476
7,348
6,720
14,899
19,232
2,310

13
47
38
6
11
27
30
19
15
44

Maryland . . . .
Massachusetts.
Michigan. . . . .
Minnesota . . . .
Mississippi . . .
Missouri . . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

4,593
20,514
33,845
10,303
2,726
6,497

5,746
21,837
35,625
12,678
3,179
8,997

7,119
22,043
37,584
14,705
4,008
10,462

28
10
5
20
34
25

X Not applicable.
adjustments.

1

2005
2000

2004

Total

Rank

Montana . . . . . .
Nebraska . . . . .
Nevada . . . . . .
New Hampshire .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

541
2,511
1,482
2,373

565
2,316
2,907
2,286

711
3,004
3,937
2,548

49
40
35
41

New Jersey . . .
New Mexico . .
New York . . . .
North Carolina .
North Dakota . .
Ohio . . . . . . .
Oklahoma . . . .
Oregon. . . . . .
Pennsylvania . .
Rhode Island . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

18,638
2,391
42,846
17,946
626
26,322
3,072
11,441
18,792
1,186

19,192
2,046
44,401
18,115
1,008
31,208
3,178
11,172
18,487
1,286

21,080
2,540
50,492
19,463
1,185
34,801
4,314
12,381
22,271
1,269

12
42
3
14
46
7
32
22
9
45

South Carolina.
South Dakota .
Tennessee . . .
Texas . . . . . . .
Utah . . . . . . .
Vermont . . . . .
Virginia. . . . . .
Washington . . .
West Virginia . .
Wisconsin . . . .
Wyoming . . . .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
8,565 13,376 13,944
.
679
826
942
.
11,592 16,123 19,070
. 103,866 117,245 128,761
.
3,221
4,718
6,056
.
4,097
3,283
4,240
.
11,698
11,631 12,216
. 32,215 33,793 37,948
.
2,219
3,262
3,147
. 10,508 12,706 14,924
.
503
680
669

21
48
16
1
31
33
23
4
39
18
50

Puerto Rico . . . . .
Virgin Islands . . . .
Other 1 . . . . . . . .

9,735
174
60,464

13,162
389
36,142

13,264
539
36,740

(X)
(X)
(X)

Includes unreported, not specified, special category, estimated shipments, re-exports, and any timing

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, series FT-900, December issues. For most
recent release, see <http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/Press-Release/2005pr/12/> (released 10 February 2006).

Table 1287. U.S. Agricultural Exports by State: 2000 to 2005
[In millions of dollars (50,744 represents $50,744,000,000). Fiscal years]
State
U.S.. .

2000

2002

2003

2004

2005

50,744

53,291

55,987

62,368

62,369

AL .
AK .
AZ .
AR .
CA .
CO.
CT .
DE .
FL .
GA .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

393
1
394
1,235
6,685
964
119
114
1,289
859

418
1
392
1,212
7,059
926
72
139
1,275
956

388
1
454
1,445
8,150
869
50
115
1,287
924

513
1
445
1,756
9,487
806
58
134
1,312
1,063

520
1
419
1,721
10,168
675
56
148
1,261
1,070

HI .
ID .
IL. .
IN .
IA .
KS .
KY .
LA .
ME.
MD.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

73
772
2,843
1,412
3,124
3,175
737
432
64
223

65
777
3,119
1,698
3,162
3,030
886
397
62
249

71
837
3,204
1,563
3,654
2,979
819
476
61
211

74
802
3,724
1,945
3,917
3,304
942
536
63
254

79
856
3,282
1,847
4,017
2,773
1,074
550
68
244

MA.
MI .
MN.
MS.
MO
MT .

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

117
857
2,286
617
1,038
352

114
766
2,229
665
1,140
282

126
889
2,707
793
1,202
394

158
905
2,623
1,008
1,559
459

150
961
2,869
918
1,317
520

2000

2002

2003

2004

2005

NE .
NV .
NH .
NJ .

State
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

2,977
40
9
125

3,122
42
9
143

3,128
35
8
147

2,990
39
11
156

2,825
45
10
158

NM.
NY .
NC .
ND .
OH.
OK .
OR.
PA .
RI .
SC .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

128
481
1,294
1,121
1,160
553
682
914
3
266

137
494
1,470
1,662
1,305
569
686
954
4
312

137
451
1,301
1,759
1,184
614
722
1,002
3
251

167
493
1,644
1,942
1,526
844
819
1,043
5
371

187
565
1,615
1,968
1,497
822
816
1,102
5
334

SD .
TN .
TX .
UT .
VT .
VA .
WA
WV
WI .
WY

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

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.
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.
.
.
.

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.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

1,065
489
3,063
247
28
454
1,557
33
1,293
52

1,045
617
2,851
248
26
475
1,781
36
1,278
46

900
655
3,407
253
31
438
1,913
35
1,409
36

1,268
784
3,740
222
37
541
1,861
36
1,246
41

1,231
761
3,526
221
38
552
2,035
39
1,429
44

Unallocated . . . .

2,536

2,887

2,499

2,694

2,980

Source: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Foreign Agricultural Trade of the United States (FATUS),
annual; and U.S. Agricultural Trade Update—State Exports. See also <http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/fau/june06/fau11401
/fau11401.pdf> (released 30 June 2006).

Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

807

808

Table 1288. U.S. Exports, Imports, and Merchandise Trade Balance by Country: 2001 to 2005

Foreign Commerce and Aid

[In millions of dollars (729,100.3 represents $729,100,300,000). Includes silver ore and bullion. Country totals include exports of special category commodities, if any. Data include nonmonetary gold and include trade
of Virgin Islands with foreign countries. For methodology, see Foreign Trade Statistics in Appendix III. Minus sign (−) denotes an excess of imports over exports]
Exports, domestic and foreign

Country
Total 1 . . . . . . . . .

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Afghanistan . . . . . . . . .
Albania. . . . . . . . . . . .
Algeria . . . . . . . . . . . .
Andorra . . . . . . . . . . .
Angola . . . . . . . . . . . .
Anguilla . . . . . . . . . . .
Antigua and Barbuda . .
Argentina . . . . . . . . . .
Armenia . . . . . . . . . . .
Aruba. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Australia . . . . . . . . . . .
Austria . . . . . . . . . . . .
Azerbaijan. . . . . . . . . .
Bahamas, The . . . . . . .
Bahrain . . . . . . . . . . .
Bangladesh . . . . . . . . .
Barbados . . . . . . . . . .
Belarus. . . . . . . . . . . .
Belgium . . . . . . . . . . .
Belize. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Benin . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bermuda . . . . . . . . . .
Bolivia . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Brazil . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brunei . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bulgaria . . . . . . . . . . .
Burkina Faso . . . . . . . .
Burma . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cameroon. . . . . . . . . .
Canada . . . . . . . . . . .
Cayman Islands . . . . . .
Chad . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chile . . . . . . . . . . . . .
China 2. . . . . . . . . . . .
Colombia . . . . . . . . . .
Congo (Brazzaville) . . .
Congo (Kinshasa). . . . .
Costa Rica . . . . . . . . .
Cote d’Ivoire . . . . . . . .
Croatia . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cyprus . . . . . . . . . . . .
Czech Republic . . . . . .

.
.
.
.
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.
.
.
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.
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.
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.
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.
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.
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.
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.
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.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

General imports

2002

2003

2004

729,100.3

693,103.2

724,006.3

818,774.9

905,977.6 1,140,999.4 1,161,366.0 1,259,705.2 1,469,704.4 1,673,454.5 −411,899.1 −468,262.8 −535,698.9 −650,929.5 −767,476.9

5.8
15.5
1,037.8
8.2
275.9
20.1
95.5
3,920.2
49.9
276.5
10,930.5
2,604.7
64.3
1,026.3
432.7
306.9
286.6
34.9
13,502.3
173.2
32.2
371.0
215.9
43.1
15,879.5
104.0
108.4
4.4
11.4
184.0
163,424.1
261.8
137.0
3,118.4
19,182.3
3,583.1
90.0
18.6
2,502.3
96.8
109.8
267.9
706.1

80.0
14.8
984.4
11.0
374.0
19.9
81.4
1,585.4
111.8
464.6
13,085.0
2,427.4
69.6
975.3
419.3
269.1
267.6
19.1
13,325.8
137.7
35.2
415.1
192.1
31.7
12,376.0
46.3
101.4
18.8
10.1
155.8
160,922.6
231.6
127.3
2,609.0
22,127.8
3,582.5
52.4
28.1
3,116.5
76.2
78.1
193.4
653.7

60.7
9.7
487.3
8.2
491.9
21.3
127.3
2,435.4
102.8
355.0
13,103.8
1,792.5
121.2
1,084.3
508.8
226.5
301.8
84.1
15,217.9
199.4
30.2
401.2
181.8
21.2
11,218.3
35.8
155.8
11.0
6.9
90.8
169,770.0
309.6
64.4
2,719.3
28,418.5
3,754.7
78.8
30.6
3,414.2
102.8
196.8
326.9
672.3

150.4
20.1
971.6
11.6
593.9
20.8
125.7
3,388.1
90.7
384.4
14,225.3
1,945.7
158.8
1,185.8
301.8
289.3
348.4
32.6
16,871.1
151.8
45.8
472.4
193.9
27.8
13,897.3
47.9
171.9
22.0
11.7
99.6
189,879.9
399.9
41.4
3,606.0
34,744.1
4,505.0
65.7
66.8
3,305.9
118.1
130.2
96.0
826.6

262.2
18.5
1,167.4
10.5
929.0
32.2
190.4
4,121.9
65.5
558.9
15,828.2
2,593.3
132.5
1,786.7
350.8
319.8
394.9
34.9
18,690.6
217.6
72.3
490.5
219.5
17.6
15,371.7
49.6
267.9
25.1
5.5
117.3
211,898.7
680.7
53.8
5,222.6
41,925.3
5,462.4
104.1
65.0
3,598.6
124.2
158.6
84.2
1,053.6

See footnotes at end of table.

2005

2001

0.8
7.3
2,701.9
0.2
3,095.9
1.8
3.7
3,013.4
32.9
1,034.0
6,477.9
3,968.5
20.6
313.9
424.1
2,359.0
39.5
108.2
10,158.4
97.4
1.3
65.6
166.4
11.9
14,466.4
398.9
337.0
5.0
469.9
101.6
216,267.8
6.8
5.7
3,495.3
102,278.3
5,710.3
473.8
154.0
2,886.1
333.1
139.0
35.1
1,116.2

2002

3.3
5.8
2,360.2
0.8
3,122.7
1.0
3.5
3,187.3
30.7
773.7
6,478.8
3,814.9
34.4
449.7
394.9
2,134.2
34.4
125.5
9,806.8
77.7
0.7
22.9
160.4
15.5
15,780.6
287.1
339.7
2.9
356.4
172.1
209,087.6
8.8
5.7
3,784.5
125,192.5
5,604.3
182.1
204.1
3,141.8
376.4
145.6
25.6
1,233.4

2003

Merchandise trade balance

2001

56.1
4.4
4,752.9
0.3
4,264.3
1.3
12.7
3,169.3
37.6
963.9
6,413.9
4,489.2
9.5
479.4
378.3
2,073.6
43.5
215.4
10,140.7
101.4
0.6
15.2
184.8
11.7
17,884.0
422.5
441.4
0.9
275.7
214.0
224,166.1
11.8
22.4
3,703.1
152,379.2
6,385.5
432.8
174.5
3,361.6
489.7
180.7
24.8
1,394.3

2004

24.9
11.4
7,409.5
0.9
4,521.2
0.9
4.4
3,745.5
46.1
1,776.4
7,545.5
5,798.4
38.1
637.7
405.3
2,302.6
36.9
335.9
12,446.2
107.0
1.5
25.0
260.4
11.2
21,159.9
405.8
507.3
0.6

308.2
256,359.8
13.1
756.2
4,732.3
196,682.0
7,256.1
857.5
124.2
3,333.3
714.7
290.9
25.8
1,755.9

2005

67.3
37.2
10,446.4
0.7
8,484.4
3.8
4.4
4,583.6
46.2
2,919.7
7,342.2
6,102.9
45.4
699.9
431.6
2,693.0
31.9
345.2
13,022.9
98.3
0.5
87.3
293.2
70.5
24,435.5
562.7
454.3
2.1
.1
158.2
290,384.3
53.5
1,498.1
6,664.3
243,470.1
8,849.4
1,622.9
263.6
3,415.3
1,198.0
364.3
30.5
2,192.9

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

5.0
76.7
4.6
125.5
194.9
8.2
9.0
5.3
8.7
−18.7
−1,664.1
−1,375.8
−4,265.6
−6,437.9
−9,279.0
8.0
10.2
7.9
10.7
9.8
−2,820.0
−2,748.7
−3,772.4
−3,927.3
−7,555.4
18.3
18.9
20.0
19.9
28.4
91.8
77.9
114.6
121.3
186.0
906.8
−1,601.9
−733.9
−357.4
−461.7
17.0
81.1
65.2
44.6
19.3
−757.5
−309.1
−608.9
−1,392.0
−2,360.8
4,452.6
6,606.2
6,689.9
6,679.8
8,486.0
−1,363.8
−1,387.5
−2,696.7
−3,852.7
−3,509.6
43.7
35.2
111.7
120.7
87.1
712.4
525.6
604.9
548.1
1,086.8
8.6
24.4
130.5
−103.5
−80.8
−2,052.1
−1,865.1
−1,847.1
−2,013.3
−2,373.2
247.1
233.2
258.3
311.5
363.0
−73.3
−106.4
−131.3
−303.3
−310.3
3,343.9
3,519.0
5,077.2
4,424.9
5,667.7
75.8
60.0
98.0
44.8
119.3
30.9
34.5
29.6
44.3
71.8
305.4
392.2
386.0
447.4
403.2
49.5
31.7
−3.0
−66.5
−73.7
31.2
16.2
9.5
16.6
−52.9
1,413.1
−3,404.6
−6,665.7
−7,262.6
−9,063.8
−294.9
−240.8
−386.7
−357.9
−513.1
−228.6
−238.3
−285.6
−335.4
−186.4
−0.6
15.9
10.1
21.4
23.0
−458.5
−346.3
−268.8
11.7
5.4
82.4
−16.3
−123.2
−208.7
−40.9
−52,843.7 −48,165.0 −54,396.1 −66,479.9 −78,485.6
255.0
222.8
297.8
386.8
627.2
131.3
121.6
42.0
−714.8
−1,444.3
−376.9
−1,175.5
−983.8
−1,126.3
−1,441.7
−83,096.0 −103,064.7 −123,960.7 −161,937.9 −201,544.8
−2,127.2
−2,021.8
−2,630.8
−2,751.1
−3,387.0
−383.8
−129.7
−354.0
−791.8
−1,518.8
−135.4
−176.0
−143.9
−57.4
−198.6
−383.8
−25.3
52.6
−27.4
183.3
−236.3
−300.2
−386.9
−596.6
−1,073.8
−29.2
−67.5
16.1
−160.7
−205.7
232.8
167.8
302.1
70.2
53.7
−410.1
−579.7
−722.0
−929.3
−1,139.3

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Table 1288. U.S. Exports, Imports, and Merchandise Trade Balance, by Country: 2001 to 2005—Con.
[See headnote, page 808]
Exports, domestic and foreign

Country

Foreign Commerce and Aid

Denmark. . . . . . . .
Djibouti. . . . . . . . .
Dominica . . . . . . .
Dominican Republic
Ecuador . . . . . . . .
Egypt . . . . . . . . . .
El Salvador . . . . . .
Estonia. . . . . . . . .
Ethiopia . . . . . . . .
Fiji . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finland . . . . . . . . .
France . . . . . . . . .
French Guiana. . . .
French Polynesia . .
Gabon . . . . . . . . .
Gambia, The . . . . .
Georgia . . . . . . . .
Germany . . . . . . .
Ghana . . . . . . . . .
Gibraltar . . . . . . . .
Greece . . . . . . . . .
Greenland. . . . . . .
Grenada . . . . . . . .
Guadeloupe . . . . .
Guatemala . . . . . .
Guinea . . . . . . . . .
Guyana . . . . . . . .
Haiti. . . . . . . . . . .
Honduras . . . . . . .
Hong Kong . . . . . .
Hungary . . . . . . . .
Iceland . . . . . . . . .
India . . . . . . . . . .
Indonesia . . . . . . .
Iran . . . . . . . . . . .
Iraq . . . . . . . . . . .
Ireland . . . . . . . . .
Israel . . . . . . . . . .
Italy . . . . . . . . . . .
Jamaica . . . . . . . .
Japan . . . . . . . . .
Jordan . . . . . . . . .
Kazakhstan . . . . . .
Kenya . . . . . . . . .

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.
.
.

General imports

Merchandise trade balance

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

1,609.2
18.6
30.7
4,397.6
1,412.1
3,564.4
1,759.5
57.7
61.1
19.4
1,554.0
19,864.5
129.9
83.0
73.0
8.4
105.9
29,995.3
199.6
10.4
1,293.6
4.7
59.9
58.8
1,869.6
73.3
141.3
550.4
2,415.9
14,027.5
685.5
225.4
3,757.0
2,520.6
8.1
46.2
7,144.0
7,475.3
9,915.6
1,405.5
57,451.6
339.0
160.3
577.7

1,495.9
58.6
45.0
4,250.1
1,605.7
2,868.4
1,664.1
81.5
60.5
16.9
1,534.9
19,016.2
249.7
78.9
65.5
9.6
98.8
26,629.6
192.6
25.7
1,151.8
4.0
56.4
39.7
2,044.4
62.9
128.2
573.2
2,571.1
12,594.4
687.9
219.0
4,101.1
2,555.8
31.8
31.6
6,745.1
7,026.7
10,056.8
1,420.2
51,449.3
404.4
604.6
271.2

1,548.4
34.3
34.4
4,213.6
1,448.4
2,660.2
1,823.8
120.6
409.1
19.6
1,713.8
17,068.2
155.7
91.5
63.0
26.7
131.5
28,847.9
209.4
14.0
1,191.1
3.0
68.4
45.4
2,273.6
35.8
117.2
639.8
2,844.9
13,542.1
933.8
242.3
4,986.3
2,520.1
98.8
315.7
7,698.5
6,878.4
10,570.1
1,469.6
52,063.8
492.0
168.3
196.7

2,146.6
43.7
36.0
4,358.3
1,668.6
3,077.8
1,867.7
134.3
354.8
25.4
2,069.0
21,263.3
228.3
93.1
93.0
23.1
227.1
31,415.9
309.6
137.9
2,063.2
3.6
70.1
38.2
2,551.3
58.8
138.4
673.0
3,078.4
15,827.4
1,142.6
308.6
6,109.4
2,671.4
85.1
856.5
8,167.2
9,169.1
10,684.7
1,430.8
54,243.1
551.5
320.4
393.9

1,918.4
47.6
61.5
4,718.7
1,963.8
3,159.3
1,854.3
145.4
510.1
28.2
2,254.1
22,410.4
27.0
111.8
99.1
30.6
213.9
34,183.7
337.4
163.3
1,192.2
5.1
82.4
54.5
2,835.4
93.6
176.7
709.6
3,253.8
16,351.0
1,023.3
512.0
7,989.4
3,053.9
95.8
1,374.0
9,335.7
9,737.3
11,524.3
1,700.8
55,484.5
644.2
538.3
632.5

3,406.7
1.0
5.3
4,183.4
2,009.7
882.0
1,880.2
241.1
29.1
182.3
3,393.8
30,408.2
0.4
48.0
1,659.7
0.5
30.7
59,076.7
186.9
2.6
505.2
28.8
24.1
10.6
2,588.6
87.8
140.3
263.1
3,126.5
9,646.3
2,964.6
232.5
9,737.2
10,103.6
143.4
5,820.3
18,499.3
11,959.0
23,789.9
460.6
126,473.3
229.1
351.8
128.3

3,237.3
1.9
4.7
4,168.9
2,143.4
1,356.0
1,982.3
163.6
25.7
156.3
3,447.0
28,240.1
7.5
44.1
1,587.5
0.3
17.5
62,505.7
116.3
1.1
546.2
22.6
6.9
10.5
2,796.4
71.6
115.6
255.0
3,261.3
9,328.2
2,637.4
296.9
11,818.3
9,643.3
156.3
3,548.2
22,437.7
12,415.7
24,220.3
396.3
121,428.7
412.3
334.6
188.6

3,718.4
0.6
5.3
4,455.1
2,720.9
1,143.8
2,019.4
181.6
30.5
175.4
3,598.0
29,221.2
3.4
47.9
1,969.5
0.1
54.0
68,047.0
81.9
2.9
616.0
13.9
7.6
2.8
2,945.3
69.2
118.3
332.3
3,311.5
8,850.4
2,699.3
282.8
13,052.8
9,520.0
161.2
4,573.8
25,840.8
12,770.2
25,436.7
494.7
118,029.0
673.5
392.3
249.2

3,876.3
1.0
2.9
4,527.1
4,283.4
1,283.8
2,052.2
393.1
41.2
213.5
3,886.9
31,605.7
0.2
67.0
2,466.7
0.5
77.7
77,265.6
145.4
1.5
723.6
14.6
5.1
3.1
3,154.0
64.2
122.4
370.7
3,640.0
9,313.9
2,572.6
273.8
15,572.0
10,810.5
151.6
8,513.5
27,447.9
14,551.5
28,097.3
319.7
129,805.2
1,093.4
538.6
352.2

5,144.2
1.1
3.3
4,603.7
5,758.7
2,091.2
1,988.8
511.4
61.8
169.5
4,341.7
33,842.1
0.1
60.1
2,815.6
0.4
194.4
84,750.9
158.4
4.6
883.7
17.3
5.9
2.1
3,137.4
74.7
119.9
447.2
3,749.2
8,891.7
2,561.2
269.0
18,804.2
12,014.3
174.5
9,053.7
28,733.1
16,830.5
31,009.3
375.6
138,003.7
1,266.8
1,101.1
348.0

−1,797.5
17.6
25.4
214.2
−597.6
2,682.4
−120.7
−183.4
32.0
−162.9
−1,839.8
−10,543.7
129.5
35.0
−1,586.7
7.9
75.2
−29,081.4
12.7
7.8
788.4
−24.1
35.8
48.2
−719.0
−14.5
1.0
287.3
−710.6
4,381.2
−2,279.1
−7.1
−5,980.2
−7,583.0
−135.3
−5,774.1
−11,355.3
−4,483.7
−13,874.3
944.9
−69,021.7
109.9
−191.5
449.4

−1,741.4
56.7
40.3
81.2
−537.7
1,512.4
−318.2
−82.1
34.8
−139.4
−1,912.1
−9,223.9
242.2
34.8
−1,522.0
9.3
81.3
−35,876.1
76.3
24.6
605.6
−18.6
49.5
29.2
−752.0
−8.7
12.6
318.2
−690.2
3,266.2
−1,949.5
−77.9
−7,717.2
−7,087.5
−124.5
−3,516.6
−15,692.6
−5,389.0
−14,163.5
1,023.9
−69,979.4
−7.9
270.0
82.6

−2,170.0
33.7
29.1
−241.5
−1,272.5
1,516.4
−195.6
−61.0
378.6
−155.8
−1,884.2
−12,153.0
152.3
43.6
−1,906.5
26.6
77.5
−39,199.1
127.5
11.1
575.1
−10.9
60.8
42.6
−671.7
−33.4
−1.1
307.5
−466.6
4,691.7
−1,765.5
−40.5
−8,066.5
−6,999.9
−62.4
−4,258.1
−18,142.3
−5,891.8
−14,866.6
974.9
−65,965.2
−181.5
−224.0
−52.5

−1,729.7
42.7
33.1
−168.8
−2,614.8
1,794.0
−184.5
−258.8
313.6
−188.1
−1,817.9
−10,342.4
228.1
26.1
−2,373.7
22.6
149.4
−45,849.7
164.2
136.4
1,339.6
−11.0
65.0
35.1
−602.7
−5.4
16.0
302.3
−561.6
6,513.5
−1,430.0
34.8
−9,462.6
−8,139.1
−66.5
−7,657.0
−19,280.7
−5,382.4
−17,412.6
1,111.1
−75,562.1
−541.9
−218.2
41.7

−3,225.8
46.5
58.2
115.0
−3,794.9
1,068.1
−134.5
−366.0
448.3
−141.3
−2,087.6
−11,431.7
26.9
51.7
−2,716.5
30.2
19.5
−50,567.2
179.0
158.7
308.5
−12.2
76.5
52.4
−302.0
18.9
56.8
262.4
−495.4
7,459.3
−1,537.9
243.0
−10,814.8
−8,960.4
−78.7
−7,679.7
−19,397.4
−7,093.2
−19,485.0
1,325.2
−82,519.2
−622.6
−562.8
284.5

See footnotes at end of table.

809

810

Table 1288. U.S. Exports, Imports, and Merchandise Trade Balance, by Country: 2001 to 2005—Con.
[See headnote, page 808]

Foreign Commerce and Aid

Country

Exports, domestic and foreign

General imports

Merchandise trade balance

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

Korea, South . . . . . . . . .
22,180.6
Kuwait . . . . . . . . . . . . .
902.4
Kyrgyzstan . . . . . . . . . .
27.7
Latvia. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
110.5
Lebanon . . . . . . . . . . . .
418.2
Lesotho . . . . . . . . . . . .
0.8
Liberia . . . . . . . . . . . . .
36.8
Liechtenstein . . . . . . . . .
7.1
Lithuania . . . . . . . . . . .
99.8
Luxembourg . . . . . . . . .
548.6
Macau . . . . . . . . . . . . .
70.1
Macedonia . . . . . . . . . .
32.9
Madagascar . . . . . . . . .
21.0
Malawi . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.8
Malaysia . . . . . . . . . . . .
9,357.7
Maldives . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.4
Mali . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
32.7
Malta . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
258.9
Marshall Islands . . . . . . .
26.5
Martinique. . . . . . . . . . .
23.2
Mauritania. . . . . . . . . . .
25.4
Mauritius. . . . . . . . . . . .
29.0
Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101,296.5
Micronesia,
Federated States of . . .
30.0
Moldova . . . . . . . . . . . .
35.5
Monaco . . . . . . . . . . . .
15.0
Mongolia. . . . . . . . . . . .
12.1
Morocco . . . . . . . . . . . .
282.2
Mozambique . . . . . . . . .
28.4
Namibia . . . . . . . . . . . .
255.6
Netherlands . . . . . . . . .
19,484.7
Netherlands Antilles . . . .
816.4
25.1
New Caledonia . . . . . . .
New Zealand . . . . . . . . .
2,110.5
Nicaragua . . . . . . . . . . .
443.1
Niger . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
63.4
Nigeria . . . . . . . . . . . . .
955.1
Norway. . . . . . . . . . . . .
1,834.7
Oman . . . . . . . . . . . . .
306.2
Pakistan . . . . . . . . . . . .
541.3
Panama . . . . . . . . . . . .
1,330.5
Papua New Guinea . . . .
22.2
Paraguay . . . . . . . . . . .
388.8
Peru . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1,564.3
Philippines . . . . . . . . . .
7,660.0
Poland . . . . . . . . . . . . .
787.7
See footnotes at end of table.

22,575.8
1,014.7
31.1
90.8
317.4
2.0
27.7
14.5
102.8
480.1
79.0
18.6
15.4
30.1
10,343.7
4.1
11.2
210.1
28.7
23.7
22.9
27.5
97,470.3

24,098.6
1,509.1
39.1
124.0
314.3
5.1
33.4
15.9
162.6
279.1
54.6
26.3
46.4
16.6
10,920.6
6.6
31.5
201.6
28.1
21.7
34.9
32.0
97,457.4

26,412.5
1,519.3
29.4
121.1
464.0
5.5
60.9
10.8
295.1
704.6
85.5
21.2
35.6
21.7
10,921.2
9.9
42.9
181.3
18.8
28.1
34.4
28.4
110,835.0

27,765.0
1,974.9
31.1
177.5
465.7
4.0
69.3
19.7
390.0
782.4
101.6
31.6
28.2
28.0
10,460.8
9.3
32.4
193.7
75.5
35.0
86.1
30.9
120,364.8

35,181.4
1,990.7
3.3
144.5
89.6
215.3
42.6
224.2
164.2
305.6
1,225.1
111.6
271.6
77.9
22,340.3
97.7
6.1
368.9
5.5
0.6
0.3
277.9
131,337.9

35,571.8
1,940.4
4.8
197.0
61.7
321.7
45.8
237.7
299.6
300.0
1,231.7
73.2
215.8
70.8
24,008.9
113.6
2.6
309.9
9.4
0.7
0.9
280.6
134,615.8

36,963.3
2,276.8
11.0
377.4
92.3
393.3
59.5
261.9
347.3
264.9
1,355.9
60.8
383.7
76.9
25,437.7
94.4
2.4
372.8
27.1
0.6
0.9
298.1
138,073.3

46,167.9
3,230.8
10.8
364.6
74.5
466.9
84.3
286.4
482.0
290.2
1,486.7
78.2
469.6
60.6
28,178.9
82.7
3.7
383.0
12.1
1.7
7.3
270.4
155,901.5

43,781.4
4,334.8
4.6
362.2
86.4
403.6
90.8
295.7
633.9
388.8
1,249.0
48.1
323.6
115.5
33,685.2
5.5
3.6
282.7
17.2
22.2
0.8
221.9
170,108.6

−13,000.8
−1,088.3
24.4
−34.0
328.6
−214.5
−5.8
−217.1
−64.4
243.0
−1,155.0
−78.7
−250.6
−65.1
−12,982.6
−91.3
26.6
−110.0
21.0
22.6
25.1
−248.9
−30,041.4

−12,996.0
−925.7
26.3
−106.2
255.7
−319.7
−18.1
−223.2
−196.8
180.1
−1,152.7
−54.6
−200.4
−40.7
−13,665.2
−109.5
8.6
−99.8
19.3
23.0
22.0
−253.1
−37,145.5

−12,864.7
−767.7
28.1
−253.4
222.0
−388.2
−26.1
−246.0
−184.7
14.2
−1,301.3
−34.5
−337.3
−60.3
−14,517.1
−87.8
29.1
−171.2
1.0
21.1
34.0
−266.1
−40,615.9

−19,755.4
−1,711.5
18.6
−243.5
389.5
−461.4
−23.4
−275.6
−186.9
414.4
−1,401.2
−57.0
−434.0
−38.9
−17,257.7
−72.8
39.2
−201.7
6.7
26.4
27.1
−242.0
−45,066.5

−16,016.4
−2,359.9
26.5
−184.7
379.3
−399.6
−21.5
−276.0
−243.9
393.6
−1,147.4
−16.5
−295.4
−87.5
−23,224.4
3.8
28.8
−89.0
58.3
12.8
85.3
−191.0
−49,743.8

27.2
30.7
11.4
66.3
565.4
94.6
57.8
18,310.7
741.4
36.6
1,813.1
437.0
40.9
1,057.8
1,406.5
356.0
693.4
1,406.7
23.2
432.9
1,562.5
7,276.0
686.3

23.6
25.2
50.3
20.7
465.1
62.5
28.0
20,702.9
747.1
43.2
1,848.8
502.8
33.6
1,029.0
1,467.5
323.1
839.6
1,848.0
30.3
488.8
1,706.8
7,992.2
758.7

24.6
39.5
18.2
28.1
525.7
76.5
74.5
24,289.1
824.2
45.1
2,072.9
592.4
34.0
1,554.3
1,604.3
330.1
1,813.6
1,835.3
42.6
622.9
2,101.0
7,087.0
929.2

25.3
40.1
16.8
21.9
525.0
62.8
112.2
26,484.6
1,137.6
38.4
2,651.8
625.5
78.5
1,621.2
1,941.9
594.9
1,251.6
2,162.0
55.3
895.8
2,309.4
6,895.4
1,267.7

20.8
68.3
15.0
143.8
434.6
7.1
37.3
9,515.3
484.6
14.6
2,199.2
603.6
4.6
8,774.8
5,202.8
420.1
2,249.4
290.7
39.3
32.6
1,843.8
11,325.4
952.6

15.2
39.1
15.1
161.7
392.4
8.5
57.4
9,848.5
361.7
9.6
2,281.6
679.6
0.9
5,945.4
5,842.6
400.6
2,305.0
302.6
90.2
43.7
1,939.3
10,979.9
1,108.5

14.3
42.9
21.6
183.4
385.2
8.4
123.2
10,971.9
620.4
12.6
2,403.4
769.3
4.0
10,393.6
5,212.4
694.8
2,531.5
301.2
66.1
53.3
2,406.8
10,060.9
1,325.8

11.4
49.4
23.0
239.1
515.2
10.8
238.3
12,450.5
434.6
19.4
2,967.9
990.3
26.9
16,248.5
6,508.7
418.0
2,875.0
315.9
54.3
58.6
3,701.6
9,136.7
1,821.5

1.6
50.2
37.5
143.6
445.8
11.9
129.6
14,862.0
922.4
27.2
3,155.2
1,180.8
65.5
24,239.4
6,776.3
555.0
3,253.2
327.1
58.5
51.6
5,119.2
9,250.4
1,948.6

9.2
−32.8

−131.7
−152.4
21.3
218.3
9,969.4
331.8
10.5
−88.7
−160.5
58.8
−7,819.7
−3,368.1
−113.9
−1,708.1
1,039.8
−17.1
356.2
−279.5
−3,665.4
−164.9

12.0
−8.4
−3.7
−95.4
173.0
86.1
0.4
8,462.2
379.7
27.0
−468.5
−242.6
40.0
−4,887.6
−4,436.1
−44.6
−1,611.6
1,104.1
−67.0
389.2
−376.8
−3,703.9
−422.2

9.3
−17.7
28.7
−162.7
79.9
54.1
−95.2
9,731.0
126.7
30.6
−554.6
−266.5
29.6
−9,364.6
−3,744.9
−371.7
−1,691.9
1,546.8
−35.8
435.5
−700.0
−2,068.7
−567.1

13.2
−9.9
−4.8
−211.0
10.5
65.7
−163.8
11,838.6
389.6
25.7
−895.0
−397.9
7.1
−14,694.2
−4,904.4
−87.9
−1,061.4
1,519.4
−11.7
564.3
−1,600.6
−2,049.7
−892.3

23.7
−10.1
−20.7
−121.7
79.2
50.9
−17.4
11,622.6
215.2
11.2
−503.4
−555.3
13.0
−22,618.2
−4,834.4
39.9
−2,001.6
1,834.9
−3.2
844.2
−2,809.8
−2,355.0
−680.9

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Table 1288. U.S. Exports, Imports, and Merchandise Trade Balance, by Country: 2001 to 2005—Con.
[See headnote, page 808]
Country

Foreign Commerce and Aid

Portugal . . . . . . . . . . . .
Qatar . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Romania. . . . . . . . . . . .
Russia . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Samoa . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Saudi Arabia . . . . . . . . .
Senegal . . . . . . . . . . . .
Serbia and Montenegro . .
Singapore . . . . . . . . . . .
Slovakia . . . . . . . . . . . .
Somalia . . . . . . . . . . . .
South Africa . . . . . . . . .
Spain . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sri Lanka . . . . . . . . . . .
St. Lucia . . . . . . . . . . . .
St. Vincent and the
Grenadines . . . . . . . . .
Sudan . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Suriname . . . . . . . . . . .
Sweden . . . . . . . . . . . .
Switzerland . . . . . . . . . .
Syria . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Taiwan 2 . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tajikistan . . . . . . . . . . .
Tanzania. . . . . . . . . . . .
Thailand . . . . . . . . . . . .
Togo . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trinidad and Tobago . . . .
Tunisia . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turkey . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turkmenistan. . . . . . . . .
Turks and Caicos Islands.
Uganda . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ukraine . . . . . . . . . . . .
United Arab Emirates . . .
United Kingdom . . . . . . .
Uruguay . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uzbekistan . . . . . . . . . .
Venezuela. . . . . . . . . . .
Vietnam . . . . . . . . . . . .
Virgin Islands, British . . .
Yemen . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Zambia. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Zimbabwe . . . . . . . . . . .

Exports, domestic and foreign

General imports

Merchandise trade balance

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

1,239.7
335.9
374.5
2,716.1
69.9
5,957.5
79.5
66.2
17,651.7
69.8
6.6
2,959.6
5,756.0
183.0
86.7

861.3
313.9
248.2
2,397.0
7.6
4,780.7
74.6
78.1
16,217.9
92.7
6.2
2,525.5
5,297.9
171.9
99.5

862.8
408.5
366.9
2,450.2
11.1
4,596.0
102.0
50.0
16,575.7
115.2
7.0
2,821.2
5,935.3
154.8
121.2

1,046.1
454.9
525.4
2,961.0
12.4
5,256.7
89.4
142.9
19,608.5
131.7
9.1
3,178.5
6,638.3
164.1
105.3

1,131.9
986.6
608.9
3,962.4
14.5
6,812.8
158.5
132.5
20,642.2
149.8
8.8
3,906.9
6,913.6
197.6
135.4

1,555.4
502.2
519.9
6,264.4
7.3
13,272.2
103.8
6.1
15,000.0
237.6
0.3
4,432.6
5,197.3
1,984.2
28.9

1,672.6
484.7
695.1
6,870.2
6.4
13,149.9
3.6
9.6
14,802.2
260.3
0.3
4,034.1
5,733.0
1,810.4
19.2

1,967.3
331.3
730.2
8,598.2
4.4
18,068.9
4.5
14.6
15,158.2
1,013.0
0.2
4,637.6
6,707.8
1,807.4
13.0

2,243.3
387.4
853.0
11,891.3
4.7
20,958.7
3.0
91.8
15,370.4
1,211.3
0.7
5,944.8
7,350.2
1,956.7
14.3

2,328.7
447.9
1,207.6
15,306.7
7.9
27,192.6
3.7
54.6
15,110.1
960.7
0.3
5,885.6
8,614.6
2,082.9
32.4

−315.7
−166.3
−145.4
−3,548.3
62.6
−7,314.7
−24.3
60.1
2,651.7
−167.8
6.3
−1,473.0
558.7
−1,801.2
57.8

−811.3
−170.8
−446.9
−4,473.2
1.2
−8,369.2
71.0
68.5
1,415.7
−167.6
5.9
−1,508.6
−435.1
−1,638.5
80.3

−1,104.5
77.2
−363.3
−6,148.0
6.7
−13,472.9
97.5
35.4
1,417.5
−897.8
6.8
−1,816.4
−772.5
−1,652.6
108.2

−1,197.2
67.5
−327.6
−8,930.3
7.7
−15,702.0
86.4
51.1
4,238.1
−1,079.6
8.4
−2,766.3
−711.9
−1,792.6
91.0

−1,196.8
538.7
−598.7
−11,344.3
6.6
−20,379.8
154.8
77.9
5,532.1
−810.9
8.5
−1,978.7
−1,701.0
−1,885.3
103.0

38.8
17.0
155.3
3,541.0
9,807.3
231.4
18,121.6
28.6
64.0
5,989.4
16.3
1,087.1
276.0
3,094.7
248.4
77.1
31.7
200.1
2,637.9
40,714.2
406.3
144.9
5,642.1
460.3
74.7
185.4
31.2
31.2

40.4
10.8
124.8
3,153.0
7,782.5
274.1
18,381.8
33.1
62.7
4,860.2
13.8
1,020.2
194.8
3,113.0
47.1
53.6
24.0
254.8
3,593.2
33,204.7
208.6
138.5
4,429.7
580.2
67.4
366.1
35.7
49.3

46.5
26.1
192.9
3,225.5
8,660.1
214.0
17,487.9
50.0
66.0
5,841.7
15.2
1,064.0
170.5
2,904.3
34.2
71.9
42.7
230.8
3,510.4
33,895.4
326.8
256.7
2,839.5
1,324.4
70.5
195.3
19.5
41.7

45.5
68.4
179.2
3,267.3
9,279.9
213.0
21,744.4
55.7
127.6
6,368.4
23.7
1,207.6
258.2
3,362.3
294.6
137.4
63.4
399.4
4,085.7
36,000.2
326.1
229.8
4,767.4
1,164.3
96.7
232.3
26.4
47.3

45.4
108.1
245.7
3,715.4
10,719.8
155.0
22,069.2
28.8
96.4
7,256.6
27.9
1,416.7
261.2
4,269.0
237.1
237.8
62.6
533.0
8,482.4
38,587.8
356.7
73.8
6,420.9
1,193.2
124.9
219.0
29.1
45.5

22.5
3.4
142.9
8,908.5
9,669.6
158.5
33,374.5
5.2
27.9
14,727.2
12.6
2,380.0
121.7
3,054.8
45.5
8.1
17.7
673.6
1,194.2
41,368.8
227.7
53.5
15,250.5
1,052.9
11.9
202.4
15.6
90.8

16.5
1.4
132.7
9,216.3
9,382.0
160.8
32,147.9
1.1
24.8
14,792.9
2.7
2,440.3
93.2
3,516.0
59.6
5.1
15.3
362.4
922.9
40,744.9
193.2
77.1
15,093.5
2,394.7
40.5
246.3
7.9
102.8

4.1
2.8
140.1
11,124.6
10,667.9
258.9
31,599.9
7.3
24.2
15,180.7
5.6
4,321.7
100.1
3,787.9
76.4
6.1
34.9
282.0
1,129.0
42,666.9
255.8
83.7
17,144.2
4,554.9
35.0
66.1
12.5
56.6

4.1
3.7
140.8
12,683.0
11,627.7
267.8
34,623.6
7.3
24.2
17,578.9
1.6
5,842.1
209.1
4,933.8
80.7
7.3
25.9
799.6
1,142.7
46,273.8
580.0
88.0
24,920.6
5,275.3
17.4
61.5
32.5
76.2

15.7
13.6
165.3
13,821.0
12,999.9
323.6
34,825.8
241.0
33.7
19,889.8
6.4
7,890.9
263.8
5,182.1
135.3
9.4
25.8
1,098.0
1,468.3
51,032.6
732.3
95.6
33,978.1
6,631.2
33.6
278.6
31.7
94.3

16.3
13.6
12.4
−5,367.5
137.7
72.9
−15,252.9
23.4
36.1
−8,737.8
3.7
−1,292.9
154.3
39.9
202.9
69.0
14.0
−473.5
1,443.7
−654.6
178.6
91.4
−9,608.4
−592.6
62.8
−17.0
15.6
−59.6

23.9
9.4
−7.9
−6,063.3
−1,599.5
113.3
−13,766.1
32.0
37.9
−9,932.7
11.1
−1,420.1
101.6
−403.0
−12.5
48.5
8.7
−107.6
2,670.3
−7,540.2
15.4
61.4
−10,663.8
−1,814.5
26.9
119.8
27.8
−53.5

42.4
23.3
52.8
−7,899.1
−2,007.8
−44.9
−14,112.0
42.7
41.8
−9,339.0
9.6
−3,257.7
70.4
−883.6
−42.2
65.8
7.8
−51.2
2,381.4
−8,771.5
71.0
173.0
−14,304.7
−3,230.5
35.5
129.2
7.0
−14.9

41.4
64.7
38.4
−9,415.7
−2,347.8
−54.8
−12,879.2
48.4
103.4
−11,210.5
22.1
−4,634.5
49.1
−1,571.5
213.9
130.1
37.5
−400.2
2,943.0
−10,273.6
−253.9
141.8
−20,153.2
−4,111.0
79.3
170.8
7.0
−14.9

29.7
94.5
80.4
−10,105.6
−2,280.1
−168.6
−12,756.6
−212.2
62.7
−12,633.2
21.5
−6,474.2
−2.6
−913.1
101.8
228.4
36.8
−565.0
7,014.1
−12,444.8
−375.6
−21.8
−27,557.2
−5,438.0
91.3
−59.6
7.0
−14.9

− Represents or rounds to zero.

1

Includes timing adjustment and unidentified countries, not shown separately.

2

See footnote 2, Table 1308.

811

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, Series FT−900(05), and previous final reports. See also <http://www.census.gov/foreign−trade/Press−Release/2005pr/final_revisions/>
(released 09 June 2006).

Table 1289. U.S. Exports and General Imports by Selected SITC Commodity
Groups: 2002 to 2005
[In millions of dollars (693,103 represents $693,103,000,000). SITC = Standard International Trade Classification. For methodology, see Foreign Trade Statistics in Appendix III. N.e.s. = not elsewhere specified]
Exports

Selected commodities
Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Agricultural commodities 3 . . . . .
Animal feeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coffee. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Corn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cotton, raw and linters . . . . . . . .
Hides and skins . . . . . . . . . . . .
Meat and preparations . . . . . . . .
Soybeans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sugar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tobacco, unmanufactured. . . . . .
Vegetables and fruits . . . . . . . . .
Wheat. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufactured goods 3 . . . . . . . . .
ADP equipment, office machinery
Airplane parts. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Airplanes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alcoholic beverages, distilled. . . .
Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Artwork/antiques . . . . . . . . . . . .
Basketware, etc . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals, cosmetics . . . . . . . .
Chemicals, dyeing. . . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals, fertilizers . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals, inorganic . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals, medicinal . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals, n.e.s. . . . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals, organic . . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals, plastics . . . . . . . . . .
Cigarettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clothing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cork, wood, lumber . . . . . . . . . .
Crude fertilizers . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical machinery . . . . . . . . .
Fish and preparations . . . . . . . .
Footwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Furniture and parts . . . . . . . . . .
Gem diamonds . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General industrial machinery . . . .
Gold, nonmonetary . . . . . . . . . .
Iron and steel mill products . . . . .
Lighting, plumbing . . . . . . . . . . .
Metal manufactures, n.e.s. . . . . .
Metal ores; scrap . . . . . . . . . . .
Metalworking machinery . . . . . . .
Optical goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper and paperboard . . . . . . . .
Photographic equipment. . . . . . .
Plastic articles, n.e.s. . . . . . . . . .
Platinum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power generating machinery . . . .
Printed materials. . . . . . . . . . . .
Pulp and waste paper . . . . . . . .
Records/magnetic media . . . . . .
Rubber articles, n.e.s. . . . . . . . .
Rubber tires and tubes . . . . . . .
Scientific instruments . . . . . . . . .
Ships, boats. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Silver and bullion . . . . . . . . . . .
Spacecraft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specialized industrial machinery .
Television, VCR, etc. . . . . . . . . .
Textile yarn, fabric . . . . . . . . . . .
Toys/games/sporting goods. . . . .
Travel goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vehicles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Watches/clocks/parts . . . . . . . . .
Wood manufactures . . . . . . . . .
Mineral fuel 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Crude oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Petroleum preparations . . . . . . .
Natural gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reexports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1

General imports

2003

2004

..

693,103

724,006

818,775

905,978 1,161,366 1,259,705 1,469,704 1,673,455

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53,115
3,824
8
5,108
2,031
1,594
6,356
5,734
13
1,050
7,607
3,630
544,913
30,368
14,309
27,115
505
2,947
977
3,842
5,870
3,860
2,106
5,464
15,732
12,348
16,406
19,380
1,466
5,485
3,364
1,520
66,948
2,976
518
3,814
1,182
30,075
3,244
5,252
1,333
11,170
4,626
4,140
2,132
9,551
3,529
6,820
723
32,430
4,429
3,842
4,414
1,423
2,232
27,087
1,200
262
509
23,532
19,374
10,263
2,985
277
57,698
236
1,564
11,541
1,673
92
6,009
995
63,792

59,495
3,885
5
4,963
3,219
1,653
7,261
7,935
6
1,035
8,123
3,955
556,800
28,852
14,524
23,418
551
2,941
1,157
4,692
6,557
4,137
2,341
5,577
18,775
12,986
20,105
21,069
1,403
4,960
3,387
1,582
69,772
3,084
495
3,608
338
30,115
4,820
6,268
1,347
11,218
5,646
4,108
2,249
9,814
3,330
6,778
481
31,495
4,607
4,096
4,473
1,412
2,200
27,998
1,172
177
142
23,371
16,851
10,457
3,155
291
60,521
242
1,578
13,691
1,621
155
7,057
1,300
72,319

61,383
3,808
7
6,132
4,251
1,581
5,203
6,680
4
1,044
8,890
5,148
623,961
28,241
15,295
24,493
684
3,807
1,322
5,084
7,441
4,569
2,595
6,196
23,433
14,563
25,852
25,202
1,294
4,423
3,857
1,724
73,320
3,517
453
4,058
939
34,824
4,430
8,022
1,476
12,121
7,766
5,983
2,556
10,689
3,534
7,390
548
36,177
4,910
4,488
4,757
1,520
2,532
33,049
1,649
275
467
28,842
20,072
11,516
3,403
312
65,217
272
1,796
18,642
2,758
277
9,726
2,125
89,662

63,139
4,029
5
5,062
3,929
1,629
6,669
6,282
8
990
10,259
4,410
685,398
29,800
17,538
30,291
726
4,483
1,858
5,612
8,059
4,901
2,990
7,698
25,012
15,846
26,765
28,861
1,202
4,129
4,038
1,702
74,286
3,864
508
4,415
2,578
38,902
5,533
10,430
1,694
13,510
11,057
6,457
3,076
11,457
3,343
8,036
610
41,296
5,445
5,093
5,142
1,598
2,778
34,544
1,913
287
217
33,144
20,974
11,830
3,756
379
71,747
256
1,818
26,488
3,471
595
14,782
3,094
101,125

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2005

2002

2003

2

2002

2004

2005

42,012
47,419
54,222
59,530
605
635
778
699
1,369
1,612
1,868
2,502
137
151
127
125
25
27
18
20
84
74
80
79
4,269
4,403
5,707
5,747
28
47
53
63
495
535
516
706
701
690
690
750
10,194
11,454
12,787
14,082
266
141
162
174
974,576 1,027,358 1,174,788 1,287,376
76,877
80,826
93,762
98,584
4,986
4,474
4,824
5,592
12,329
12,327
11,389
10,734
3,273
3,693
4,022
4,360
6,757
7,238
9,547
11,931
5,194
4,398
5,307
5,512
6,564
7,854
8,435
8,585
4,195
5,611
6,948
7,922
2,357
2,480
2,667
2,971
1,619
2,130
2,536
3,701
6,018
7,419
8,276
10,165
24,748
31,516
34,937
39,176
6,168
6,857
7,982
8,939
30,366
32,876
35,447
38,009
10,760
12,161
14,222
17,385
316
300
257
208
63,803
68,162
72,316
76,383
7,872
7,276
10,605
10,939
1,275
1,340
1,471
1,698
81,158
82,433
93,290
99,121
10,000
10,930
11,177
11,915
15,387
15,603
16,506
17,932
21,577
24,356
27,737
30,633
12,088
12,931
14,661
16,238
35,200
38,467
45,632
52,333
2,428
2,932
3,996
4,430
12,951
11,112
22,400
24,632
5,566
6,003
6,811
7,591
16,681
17,985
21,777
24,777
3,101
3,142
4,583
5,335
5,104
5,335
6,262
7,530
2,836
2,992
3,534
3,789
14,435
14,849
16,581
17,561
5,325
5,046
4,905
4,481
9,138
10,216
11,776
13,633
2,830
2,624
3,508
3,916
33,922
32,485
35,981
41,263
3,960
4,148
4,508
4,917
2,363
2,597
2,949
3,049
5,279
5,852
6,799
7,258
2,139
2,358
2,733
2,925
4,765
5,258
6,305
7,725
20,884
23,661
28,449
30,242
1,325
1,592
2,084
1,719
687
801
1,013
1,178
310
188
39
18,401
20,841
26,417
31,076
66,212
71,137
87,885
104,079
16,097
17,257
19,505
21,249
22,067
21,566
22,479
25,069
4,402
4,842
5,655
6,183
168,073 172,578 187,723
195,926
3,203
3,600
3,790
3,939
7,853
9,289
12,309
12,847
115,748 155,561 206,660
289,723
966
1,176
2,416
2,418
79,252 101,722 136,030
182,944
20,748
26,735
37,988
59,698
10,974
20,621
23,908
34,911
(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)

− Represents zero. X Not applicable. 1 F.a.s. basis. Exports by commodity are only for domestic exports.
value basis. 3 Includes other commodities not shown separately.

2

Customs

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, Series FT-900(05), and previous final reports.
See also <http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/Press-Release/2005pr/final_revisions/> (released 09 June 2006).

812

Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

Table 1290. United States Total and Aerospace Foreign Trade: 1990 to 2005
[In millions of dollars (−101,718 represents −$101,718,000,000), except percent. Data are reported as exports of domestic merchandise, including Department of Defense shipments and undocumented exports to Canada, f.a.s. (free alongside ship) basis,
and imports for consumption, customs value basis. Minus sign (−) indicates deficit]
Merchandise trade

Aerospace trade
Exports

Year
Trade
balance

Imports

Civil

Total

Percent
of U.S.
exports

Total

Transports

Military

11,801
13,003
13,662
12,183
12,363

39,083
43,788
45,018
39,418
37,373

9.9
10.4
10.0
8.5
7.3

31,517
35,548
36,906
31,823
30,050

16,691
20,881
22,379
18,146
15,931

7,566
8,239
8,111
7,596
7,322

Exports

Trade
balance

Imports

495,311
488,453
532,665
580,659
663,256

393,592
421,730
448,164
465,091
512,626

27,282
30,785
31,356
27,235
25,010

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

. −101,718
.
−66,723
.
−84,501
. −115,568
. −150,630

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

−158,801
743,543
−170,214
795,289
−180,522
869,704
−229,758
911,896
−328,821 1,024,618

584,742
625,075
689,182
682,138
695,797

21,561
26,602
32,239
40,960
37,381

11,509
13,668
18,134
23,110
25,063

33,071
40,270
50,374
64,071
62,444

5.7
6.4
7.3
9.4
9.0

25,079
29,477
40,075
51,999
50,624

10,606
13,624
21,028
29,168
25,694

7,991
10,792
10,299
12,072
11,820

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

−436,104
−411,899
−468,263
−532,350
−650,930
−766,367

781,918
729,100
693,103
724,771
818,775
904,383

26,734
26,035
29,533
27,111
31,002
39,784

27,944
32,473
27,242
25,393
25,815
27,649

54,679
58,508
56,775
52,504
56,817
67,433

7.0
8.0
8.2
7.2
6.9
7.5

45,566
49,371
47,348
44,060
47,325
57,225

19,615
22,151
21,661
19,434
18,577
21,888

9,113
9,137
9,427
8,445
9,492
10,207

1,218,022
1,140,999
1,161,366
1,257,121
1,469,704
1,670,751

Source: Aerospace Industries Association of America, Washington, DC, Aerospace Facts and Figures, annual.

Table 1291. U.S. High Technology Exports by Industry and Selected Major
Country: 2003 to 2005
[The complete publication including this copyright table is available for sale from the U.S. Government Printing Office and the
National Technical Information Service]

Table 1292. U.S. Exporting Companies Profile by Employment-Size Class:
2000 and 2004
[(668,310 represents $668,310,000,000). Data are based on economic census and survey data on file at the Census Bureau,
administrative records from other government agencies, and documents filed for export clearances]
Number of exporters

Employment-size class

All companies, total . . .
No employees . . . . . . .
1 to 19 employees . . . .
20 to 49 employees . . .
50 to 99 employees . . .
100 to 249 employees. .
250 to 499 employees. .
500 or more employees.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

Known export value
(mil. dol.)

Percent of—

1

Number of exporters

Known export value

2000

2004

2000

2004

2000

2004

2000

2004

246,452

231,736

668,310

709,495

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

74,772
96,268
31,362
16,988
13,685
5,454
7,923

64,604
97,876
30,301
15,834
11,954
4,570
6,597

47,024
45,272
21,262
19,711
32,192
27,397
475,453

36,589
50,288
24,936
22,334
38,420
30,438
506,488

30.3
39.1
12.7
6.9
5.6
2.2
3.2

27.9
42.2
13.1
6.8
5.2
2.0
2.8

7.0
6.8
3.2
2.9
4.8
4.1
71.1

5.2
7.1
3.5
3.1
5.4
4.3
71.4

1
Known value is defined as the value of exports by known exporters, i.e., those export transactions that could be matched
to specific companies. Export values are on f.a.s. or ‘‘free alongside ship basis.’’

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, A Profile of U.S. Exporting Companies, 2000 and 2003−2004. See also <http://www.census.gov
/foreign-trade/aip/edbrel-0304.pdf> (released 09 March 2006).

Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007

813

Table 1293. Domestic Exports and Imports for Consumption of Merchandise by
Selected NAICS Product Category: 2000 to 2005
[In millions of dollars (712,285 represents $712,285,000,000). Includes nonmonetary gold. For methodology, see Foreign Trade
Statistics in Appendix III. NAICS = North American Industry Classification System; see text, Section 15]
Product category

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

712,285

666,021

629,599

651,687

729,452

803,901

.
.
.
.
.

29,153
23,596
1,255
1,644
2,658

29,666
24,068
1,309
1,436
2,854

30,068
24,827
1,020
1,419
2,802

34,699
29,194
1,177
1,462
2,866

37,830
31,949
963
1,653
3,265

37,013
30,611
1,123
1,667
3,612

Mining, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oil and gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Minerals and ores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6,187
1,706
4,481

5,403
1,261
4,141

5,585
1,725
3,860

6,117
2,143
3,973

8,677
3,001
5,676

12,550
4,453
8,098

Domestic exports, total. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Agricultural, forestry and fishery products . . . . . . .
Agricultural products, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Livestock and livestock products . . . . . . . . . . .
Forestry products, not elsewhere specified . . . .
Fish, fresh or chilled; and other marine products.

Manufacturing, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food and kindred products . . . . . . . . . . .
Beverages and tobacco products . . . . . . .
Textiles and fabrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Textile mill products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Apparel and accessories . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leather and allied products. . . . . . . . . . .
Wood products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printed, publishing, & similar products. . . .
Petroleum and coal products. . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastics and rubber products . . . . . . . . . .
Nonmetallic mineral products . . . . . . . . .
Primary metal products . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabricated metal products . . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery, except electrical . . . . . . . . . .
Computers and electronic products . . . . .
Electrical equipment, appliances
and components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation equipment . . . . . . . . . . . .
Furniture and fixtures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous manufactured commodities .
Special classification provisions . . . .
Waste & scrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Used or second-hand merchandise
Goods returned or reimported . . . .
Special classification provision,
not elsewhere specified . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

644,440
24,966
5,568
7,010
2,236
8,104
2,322
4,854
15,539
4,869
8,862
77,649
16,970
7,830
20,126
21,737
85,038
161,449

597,101
26,486
4,334
7,098
1,991
6,469
2,285
3,944
14,045
4,867
8,214
76,837
15,745
7,378
18,150
19,547
76,572
134,263

562,834
25,175
3,559
7,397
1,875
5,462
2,049
3,777
13,640
4,509
7,897
78,049
15,383
6,025
15,371
18,893
70,178
116,243

577,789
26,795
3,648
7,557
1,881
4,923
2,035
3,818
13,965
4,706
9,349
88,384
15,661
6,069
17,877
18,848
69,285
115,883

645,104
25,952
3,644
8,363
2,072
4,350
2,190
4,249
15,168
4,983
12,579
105,238
17,316
6,596
21,159
20,821
86,264
122,161

711,420
28,849
3,400
8,471
2,343
4,069
2,295
4,445
16,565
5,495
17,788
114,214
18,787
6,911
27,423
23,296
96,760
123,926

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

25,401
121,701
2,882
19,327

22,764
122,877
2,419
20,815

20,587
123,970
2,158
20,640

20,632
122,246
2,349
21,591

23,606
129,907
2,633
24,795

26,551
147,244
2,829
29,831

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

32,505
4,948
1,950
333

33,852
4,738
2,169
310

31,112
5,081
1,562
241

33,109
6,456
1,808
205

37,814
8,548
2,108
152

42,936
10,357
2,742
62

..........

25,274

26,635

24,228

24,640

27,006

29,776

Imports for consumption, total . . . . . . . . . .

1,205,339

1,132,635

1,154,811

1,250,097

1,460,161

1,662,380

.
.
.
.
.

24,378
11,771
3,085
1,409
8,113

23,598
11,290
3,445
1,158
7,706

24,327
11,773
3,455
1,288
7,811

26,197
13,035
2,782
1,612
8,768

27,814
14,356
2,498
2,019
8,942

30,751
15,803
3,276
2,250
9,422

Mining, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oil and gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Minerals and ores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

79,841
76,166
3,675

76,243
72,690
3,553

76,288
72,830
3,458

105,662
101,800
3,862

138,427
133,606
4,821

188,942
182,473
6,469

Agricultural, forestry, and fishery products . . . . . . .
Agricultural products, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Livestock and livestock products . . . . . . . . . . .
Forestry products, not elsewhere specified . . . .
Fish, fresh or chilled; and other marine products.

Manufacturing, total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Food and kindred products . . . . . . . . . . .
Beverages and tobacco products . . . . . . .
Textiles and fabrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Textile mill products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Apparel and accessories . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leather and allied products. . . . . . . . . . .
Wood products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printed, publishing, & similar products. . . .
Petroleum and coal products. . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plastics and rubber products . . . . . . . . . .
Nonmetallic mineral products . . . . . . . . .
Primary metal products . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabricated metal products . . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery, except electrical . . . . . . . . . .
Computers and electronic products . . . . .
Electrical equipment, appliances
and components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transportation equipment . . . . . . . . . . . .
Furniture and fixtures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous manufactured commodities .

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

1,040,329
18,944
8,350
7,042
7,347
62,928
21,463
15,388
19,080
4,197
40,156
76,606
17,362
14,740
43,833
27,974
79,366
250,694

972,669
19,646
8,723
6,336
7,580
62,429
21,865
14,968
18,170
4,143
35,222
80,681
16,887
13,552
36,350
26,386
72,124
204,950

995,103
21,110
9,772
6,778
8,643
62,313
22,104
15,720
17,528
4,432
31,976
87,311
18,554
13,547
34,356
28,607
68,645
205,564

1,060,349
23,769
10,925
6,791
9,857
66,499
22,627
16,581
18,414
4,699
39,161
102,078
20,504
14,428
34,065
30,068
77,344
212,201

1,231,005
27,740
11,652
7,387
11,707
70,533
24,541
22,869
20,645
5,148
54,544
115,246
24,085
16,531
56,498
35,976
94,402
248,033

1,373,160
29,759
12,845
7,453
13,508
74,473
26,554
23,652
22,120
5,601
81,402
132,031
28,087
18,455
64,642
41,065
109,589
269,986

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

39,567
213,110
15,607
56,577

38,949
212,013
15,266
56,427

39,707
219,186
17,492
61,759

41,914
223,304
19,636
65,484

48,781
239,565
22,560
72,563

55,179
252,199
25,096
79,465

Special classification provisions . . . . . . . . . . .
Waste & scrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Used or second-hand merchandise . . . . . . .
Goods returned or reimported . . . . . . . . . . .
Special classification provision, not elsewhere
specified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

60,791
1,875
6,345
33,851

60,125
1,590
5,902
34,682

59,093
1,613
5,668
34,981

57,889
1,810
4,752
33,605

62,915
3,054
5,710
34,223

69,526
3,206
6,013
37,057

...

18,720

17,951

16,831

17,723

19,928

23,250

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, series FT-900, December issues. For most
recent, see <http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/Press-Release/2005pr/12/> (released 10 February 2006) and previous December or Final reports.

814

Foreign Commerce and Aid
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2007