Citation: S. Eidelman et al. (Particle Data Group), Phys. Lett. B 592, 1 (2004) (URL: http://pdg.lbl.

gov)

GAUGE AND HIGGS BOSONS
γ

I (J PC ) = 0,1(1 − − )
Mass m < 6 × 10−17 eV
Charge q < 5 × 10−30 e
Mean life τ = Stable

g

I (J P ) = 0(1− )

or gluon

Mass m = 0 [a]
SU(3) color octet

W

J =1
Charge = ±1 e
Mass m = 80.425 ± 0.038 GeV
m Z − m W = 10.763 ± 0.038 GeV
m W + − m W − = −0.2 ± 0.6 GeV
Full
Γ = 2.124 ± 0.041 GeV

width

Nπ ± = 15.70 ± 0.35

NK ± = 2.20 ± 0.19
± 0.14

Np = 0.92
Ncharged = 19.41 ± 0.15
W − modes are charge conjugates of the modes below.

W + DECAY MODES

`+ ν
e+ ν
µ+ ν
τ+ ν
hadrons
π+ γ
D+
s γ
cX

[b]

HTTP://PDG.LBL.GOV

(10.68± 0.12) %

(10.72± 0.16) %
(10.57± 0.22) %

40212
40212

(10.74± 0.27) %

40193

(67.96± 0.35) %
< 8
× 10−5
< 1.3
× 10−3

cs
invisible

p
Confidence level (MeV/c)

Fraction (Γi /Γ)

[c]


95%

40212

95%

40188

(33.6 ± 2.7 ) %
13
(31 +
− 11 ) %

( 1.4 ± 2.8 ) %

Page 1

Created: 6/3/2004 12:14

Citation: S. Eidelman et al. (Particle Data Group), Phys. Lett. B 592, 1 (2004) (URL: http://pdg.lbl.gov)

Z

J =1
Charge = 0
Mass m = 91.1876 ± 0.0021 GeV [d]
Full width 
Γ = 2.4952 ± 0.0023 GeV
+

= 83.984 ± 0.086 MeV [b]
Γ ` ` 

Γ invisible = 499.0 ± 1.5 MeV [e]
Γ hadrons 
= 1744.4 
± 2.0 MeV
+

+

= 1.0009 ± 0.0028
Γ µ µ /Γ e e  

+

+

Γ τ τ /Γ e e
= 1.0019 ± 0.0032 [f ]
Average charged multiplicity

Ncharged = 21.07 ± 0.11
Couplings to leptons
g `V = −0.03783 ± 0.00041
g `A = −0.50123 ± 0.00026
g νe = 0.53 ± 0.09
g νµ = 0.502 ± 0.017
Asymmetry parameters [g ]
Ae = 0.1515 ± 0.0019
Aµ = 0.142 ± 0.015
Aτ = 0.143 ± 0.004
As = 0.90 ± 0.09
Ac = 0.666 ± 0.036
Ab = 0.926 ± 0.024
Charge asymmetry (%) at Z pole
(0`)

AFB = 1.71 ± 0.10
(0u)

AFB = 4 ± 7
(0s)

AFB = 9.8 ± 1.1
(0c)

AFB = 7.04 ± 0.36
(0b)

AFB = 10.01 ± 0.17
Z DECAY MODES

e+ e−
µ+ µ−
τ+ τ−
`+ `−
invisible
hadrons
HTTP://PDG.LBL.GOV

Scale factor/
p
Confidence level (MeV/c)

Fraction (Γi /Γ)

[b]

( 3.363 ± 0.004 ) %
( 3.366 ± 0.007 ) %

45594
45594

( 3.370 ± 0.008 ) %
( 3.3658± 0.0023) %

45559

(20.00
(69.91

Page 2

± 0.06
± 0.06

)%
)%



Created: 6/3/2004 12:14

Citation: S. Eidelman et al. (Particle Data Group), Phys. Lett. B 592, 1 (2004) (URL: http://pdg.lbl.gov)

( uu +cc )/2
( dd +ss +bb )/3
cc
bb
bbbb
ggg
0
π γ
ηγ
ωγ
η 0 (958)γ
γγ
γγγ
π± W ∓
ρ± W ∓

(10.1

± 1.1

)%

(16.6

± 0.6

)%

(11.81
(15.13

± 0.33
± 0.05

)%
)%

( 3.6
< 1.1

± 1.3

< 5.2
< 5.1
< 6.5
< 4.2

× 10−5 CL=95%
× 10−5 CL=95%
× 10−5 CL=95%
× 10−5 CL=95%

< 5.2
< 1.0
[h] < 7
[h] < 8.3

J/ψ(1S)X

( 3.51

ψ(2S)X
χc1 (1P)X
χc2 (1P)X
Υ(1S) X +Υ(2S) X
+Υ(3S) X
Υ(1S) X
Υ(2S) X
Υ(3S) X
(D 0 / D 0 ) X
D± X
D ∗ (2010)± X
Ds1 (2536)± X
DsJ (2573)± X
D ∗0 (2629)± X
B 0s X
B+
c X
anomalous γ + hadrons
e+ e− γ
µ+ µ− γ
τ+ τ−γ
`+ `− γ γ
qqγγ
ννγγ
e ± µ∓
e± τ ∓

( 1.60

+ 0.23
− 0.25
± 0.29

( 2.9

± 0.7

HTTP://PDG.LBL.GOV

< 3.2
( 1.0

± 0.5

) × 10−3

< 1.39
< 9.4
(12.2

± 1.7

)%

(11.4

± 1.3

)%

( 3.6

± 0.8

( 5.8

± 2.2

) × 10−3
) × 10−3

searched for
seen
searched for

[j] < 3.1
LF
LF

[h] < 1.7
[h] < 9.8

Page 3

45594
10127
10101

× 10−3 CL=90%
) × 10−4

)%

[j] < 6.8
[j] < 5.5

45594




) × 10−3
) × 10−3

± 2.0

[i] < 5.6
[i] < 7.3

45590
45589

(20.7

[i] < 3.2
[i] < 5.2

45594
45592

S=1.1

× 10−5 CL=95%
× 10−4 CL=95%
× 10−5 CL=95%

< 4.4

[h]

) × 10−4
%
CL=95%
−5
× 10
CL=95%
× 10−5 CL=95%
× 10−4 CL=95%
× 10−5 CL=95%






× 10−3
× 10−4
× 10−4
× 10−4












CL=95%
CL=95%

45594

CL=95%
CL=95%

45594
45559

CL=95%
CL=95%


CL=95%

45594

CL=95%
× 10−6 CL=95%

45594
45576

× 10−6
× 10−6
× 10−6
× 10−6

Created: 6/3/2004 12:14

Citation: S. Eidelman et al. (Particle Data Group), Phys. Lett. B 592, 1 (2004) (URL: http://pdg.lbl.gov)

µ± τ ∓
pe

LF
L,B

[h] < 1.2
< 1.8

L,B

< 1.8

× 10−5 CL=95%
× 10−6 CL=95%
× 10−6 CL=95%

45576
45589
45589

Higgs Bosons — H 0 and H ± , Searches for
H 0 Mass m > 114.4 GeV, CL = 95%
H 01 in Supersymmetric Models (m H 0 <m H 0 )
1

Mass m > 89.8 GeV, CL = 95%

2

A0 Pseudoscalar Higgs Boson in Supersymmetric Models
Mass m > 90.4 GeV, CL = 95% tanβ >1

[k]

H ± Mass m > 79.3 GeV, CL = 95%
See the Particle Listings for a Note giving details of Higgs
Bosons.

Heavy Bosons Other Than
Higgs Bosons, Searches for
Additional W Bosons
W 0 with standard couplings decaying to e ν, µν
Mass m > 786 GeV, CL = 95%
WR — right-handed W
Mass m > 715 GeV, CL = 90% (electroweak fit)

HTTP://PDG.LBL.GOV

Page 4

Created: 6/3/2004 12:14

Citation: S. Eidelman et al. (Particle Data Group), Phys. Lett. B 592, 1 (2004) (URL: http://pdg.lbl.gov)

Additional Z Bosons
0
Z SM with standard couplings
Mass m > 690 GeV, CL = 95% (p p direct search)
Mass m > 1500 GeV, CL = 95% (electroweak fit)
ZLR of SU(2)L ×SU(2)R ×U(1)
(with gL = gR )
Mass m > 630 GeV, CL = 95% (p p direct search)
Mass m > 860 GeV, CL = 95% (electroweak fit)
Zχ of SO(10) → SU(5)×U(1)χ (with gχ =e/cosθW )
Mass m > 595 GeV, CL = 95% (p p direct search)
Mass m > 680 GeV, CL = 95% (electroweak fit)
Zψ of E6 → SO(10)×U(1)ψ (with gψ =e/cosθW )
Mass m > 590 GeV, CL = 95% (p p direct search)
Mass m > 350 GeV, CL = 95% (electroweak fit)
Zη of E6 → SU(3)×SU(2)×U(1)×U(1)η (with gη =e/cosθW )
Mass m > 620 GeV, CL = 95% (p p direct search)
Mass m > 619 GeV, CL = 95% (electroweak fit)
Scalar Leptoquarks
Mass m > 242 GeV, CL = 95% (1st generation, pair prod.)
Mass m > 298 GeV, CL = 95% (1st gener., single prod.)
Mass m > 202 GeV, CL = 95% (2nd gener., pair prod.)
Mass m > 73 GeV, CL = 95% (2nd gener., single prod.)
Mass m > 148 GeV, CL = 95% (3rd gener., pair prod.)
(See the Particle Listings for assumptions on leptoquark quantum numbers and branching fractions.)

Axions (A0 ) and Other
Very Light Bosons, Searches for
The standard Peccei-Quinn axion is ruled out. Variants with reduced
couplings or much smaller masses are constrained by various data. The
Particle Listings in the full Review contain a Note discussing axion
searches.
The best limit for the half-life of neutrinoless double beta decay with
Majoron emission is > 7.2 × 1024 years (CL = 90%).

HTTP://PDG.LBL.GOV

Page 5

Created: 6/3/2004 12:14

Citation: S. Eidelman et al. (Particle Data Group), Phys. Lett. B 592, 1 (2004) (URL: http://pdg.lbl.gov)

NOTES
[a] Theoretical value. A mass as large as a few MeV may not be precluded.
[b] ` indicates each type of lepton (e, µ, and τ ), not sum over them.
[c] This represents the width for the decay of the W boson into a charged
particle with momentum below detectability, p< 200 MeV.
[d] The Z -boson mass listed here corresponds to a Breit-Wigner resonance
parameter. It lies approximately 34 MeV above the real part of the position of the pole (in the energy-squared plane) in the Z -boson propagator.
[e] This partial width takes into account Z decays into ν ν and any other
possible undetected modes.
[f ] This ratio has not been corrected for the τ mass.
[g ] Here A ≡ 2gV gA /(g2V +g2A ).
[h] The value is for the sum of the charge states or particle/antiparticle
states indicated.
[i ] See the Z Particle Listings for the γ energy range used in this measurement.
[j] For m γ γ = (60 ± 5) GeV.
[k] The limits assume no invisible decays.

HTTP://PDG.LBL.GOV

Page 6

Created: 6/3/2004 12:14