table

1

HDI rank a

Monitoring human development: enlarging people’s choices . . .

Human development index

Human
development
index (HDI)
value

Life
expectancy
at birth
(years)

Adult
literacy
rate b
(% ages 15
and older)

2004

2004

2004

Combined gross
enrolment ratio
for primary,
secondary and
tertiary schools
(%)

GDP per
capita
(PPP US$)

2004 c

2004

Life
expectancy
index

Education
index

GDP index

GDP per
capita
(PPP US$)
rank minus
HDI rank d

High human development
Norway
Iceland
Australia
Ireland
Sweden
Canada
Japan
United States
Switzerland
Netherlands
Finland
Luxembourg
Belgium
Austria
Denmark
France
Italy
United Kingdom
Spain
New Zealand
Germany
Hong Kong, China (SAR)
Israel
Greece
Singapore
Korea, Rep. of
Slovenia
Portugal
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Barbados
Malta
Kuwait
Brunei Darussalam
Hungary
Argentina
Poland
Chile
Bahrain
Estonia
Lithuania
Slovakia
Uruguay
Croatia
Latvia
Qatar
Seychelles
Costa Rica
United Arab Emirates
Cuba
Saint Kitts and Nevis

0.965
0.960
0.957
0.956
0.951
0.950
0.949
0.948
0.947
0.947
0.947
0.945
0.945
0.944
0.943
0.942
0.940
0.940
0.938
0.936
0.932
0.927
0.927
0.921
0.916
0.912
0.910
0.904
0.903
0.885
0.879
0.875
0.871
0.871
0.869
0.863
0.862
0.859
0.859
0.858
0.857
0.856
0.851
0.846
0.845
0.844
0.842
0.841
0.839
0.826
0.825

79.6
80.9
80.5
77.9
80.3
80.2
82.2
77.5
80.7
78.5
78.7
78.6
79.1
79.2
77.3
79.6
80.2
78.5
79.7
79.3
78.9
81.8
80.0
78.3
78.9
77.3
76.6
77.5
78.7
75.7
75.3
78.6
77.1
76.6
73.0
74.6
74.6
78.1
74.5
71.6
72.5
74.3
75.6
75.2
71.8
73.0
72.7 h, m
78.3
78.3
77.6
70.0 h, m, t

52
53

Bahamas
Mexico

0.825
0.821

70.2
75.3

.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
.. e
98.4 e
.. e
98.0 e, k
.. e
.. e
.. l
97.1
96.0 e
92.5
98.0 e, k
.. e, l
92.0 e, k
96.8
.. e
.. e, h, l
87.9 o
93.3
92.7
.. e, l
97.2
.. e, l
95.7
86.5
99.8 e
99.6 e
100.0 e, k
.. l
98.1
99.7 e
89.0
91.8
94.9
.. l
99.8 e
97.8 m
.. l
91.0

100 f
96 g
113 f
99
96
93 g, h
85
93
86
98
100 f
85 h, i
95
91
101 f
93
89
93 g
96
100 f
89 g
77
90
93
87 m
95
95
89
79 g
81
89 h
81
73 g
77 g
87
89 h
86
81
85 g
92
92
77
89 g, h
73 h
90
76
80 g
72
60 g, h
80 h
80 g

38,454
33,051
30,331
38,827
29,541
31,263
29,251
39,676
33,040
31,789
29,951
69,961 j
31,096
32,276
31,914
29,300
28,180
30,821
25,047
23,413
28,303
30,822
24,382
22,205
28,077
20,499
20,939
19,629
22,805
19,408
15,720 h, n
18,879
19,384 p
19,210 h, q
16,814
13,298
12,974
10,874
20,758
14,555
13,107
14,623
9,421
12,191
11,653
19,844 h, r
16,652
9,481 p
24,056 p
.. s
12,702 h

0.91
0.93
0.92
0.88
0.92
0.92
0.95
0.88
0.93
0.89
0.89
0.89
0.90
0.90
0.87
0.91
0.92
0.89
0.91
0.90
0.90
0.95
0.92
0.89
0.90
0.87
0.86
0.87
0.90
0.85
0.84
0.89
0.87
0.86
0.80
0.83
0.83
0.89
0.82
0.78
0.79
0.82
0.84
0.84
0.78
0.80
0.80
0.89
0.89
0.88
0.75

0.99
0.98
0.99
0.99
0.98
0.97
0.94
0.97
0.95
0.99
0.99
0.94
0.98
0.96
0.99
0.97
0.96
0.97
0.98
0.99
0.96
0.88
0.95
0.97
0.91
0.98
0.98
0.96
0.91
0.93
0.96
0.86
0.87
0.88
0.95
0.95
0.95
0.91
0.86
0.97
0.97
0.92
0.95
0.90
0.96
0.85
0.88
0.87
0.71
0.93
0.92

0.99
0.97
0.95
1.00
0.95
0.96
0.95
1.00
0.97
0.96
0.95
1.00
0.96
0.96
0.96
0.95
0.94
0.96
0.92
0.91
0.94
0.96
0.92
0.90
0.94
0.89
0.89
0.88
0.91
0.88
0.84
0.87
0.88
0.88
0.86
0.82
0.81
0.78
0.89
0.83
0.81
0.83
0.76
0.80
0.79
0.88
0.85
0.76
0.92
0.67
0.81

3
3
11
–1
11
4
11
–6
–3
–1
4
–11
–2
–7
–7
1
3
–5
3
5
–2
–10
0
3
–4
5
1
5
–3
4
10
5
2
2
4
10
11
18
–10
4
6
1
19
7
9
–14
–7
13
–25
43
–2

66 g
75

17,843 h
9,803

0.75
0.84

0.86
0.86

0.87
0.77

–14
7

h u m a n d e v e l o p m e n t r e p o rt 2 0 0 6

Human development indicators

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51

283

Human development indicators

table

1

Human development index

Human
development
index (HDI)
value

Life
expectancy
at birth
(years)

Adult
literacy
rate b
(% ages 15
and older)

HDI rank a

2004

2004

2004

54 Bulgaria
55 Tonga
56 Oman
57 Trinidad and Tobago
58 Panama
59 Antigua and Barbuda
60 Romania
61 Malaysia
62 Bosnia and Herzegovina
63 Mauritius
Medium human development

0.816
0.815
0.810
0.809
0.809
0.808
0.805
0.805
0.800
0.800

72.4
72.4
74.3
69.8
75.0
73.9 h, m, t
71.5
73.4
74.3
72.4

98.2
98.9 o
81.4
.. l
91.9
85.8 h, u
97.3
88.7
96.7
84.4

64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104

0.798
0.797
0.796
0.794
0.793
0.792
0.790
0.790
0.784
0.784
0.784
0.778
0.777
0.774
0.774
0.774
0.768
0.768
0.767
0.765
0.763
0.762
0.760
0.760
0.759
0.759
0.758
0.757
0.757
0.755
0.751
0.751
0.746
0.743
0.739
0.736
0.736
0.729
0.728
0.725
0.724

73.8
65.2
73.9
68.2
75.6 h, u
70.8
72.6
72.6
73.0
73.9
70.3
70.5
72.0
66.1
72.2
63.4
71.6
71.9
70.2
74.5
70.7
65.3 h, u
71.6
73.5
71.3
69.3
68.0
71.2
68.9
74.3
67.5
71.8
70.7
70.6
67.0
67.0
72.7
71.1
71.4
63.6
70.7

.. l
99.4 e
96.1
99.6 e, o
88.0 h, u
88.6
92.8
94.8 h, u
93.0
98.7
92.6
.. l
79.4
99.4 e
.. l
99.5 e, o
99.4 e
90.9
87.7
91.0
92.6
96.0 u
89.9
74.3
88.1 u
89.6
.. l
.. l
87.4
90.7
87.0
75.1 h, u
77.0
100.0 e, k, aa
96.3
98.8 o
92.4
.. l
69.9
96.5 h, u
79.9 o

0.724
0.722

62.5
70.7

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Russian Federation
Macedonia, TFYR
Belarus
Dominica
Brazil
Colombia
Saint Lucia
Venezuela, RB
Albania
Thailand
Samoa (Western)
Saudi Arabia
Ukraine
Lebanon
Kazakhstan
Armenia
China
Peru
Ecuador
Philippines
Grenada
Jordan
Tunisia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Suriname
Fiji
Paraguay
Turkey
Sri Lanka
Dominican Republic
Belize
Iran, Islamic Rep. of
Georgia
Maldives
Azerbaijan
Occupied Palestinian Territories
El Salvador
Algeria
Guyana
Jamaica

105 Turkmenistan
106 Cape Verde

284 h u m a n

d e v e l o p m e n t r e p o rt 2 0 0 6

98.8 o
.. l

Combined gross
enrolment ratio
for primary,
secondary and
tertiary schools
(%)

GDP per
capita
(PPP US$)

2004 c

2004

Life
expectancy
index

Education
index

GDP index

GDP per
capita
(PPP US$)
rank minus
HDI rank d

81
80 g
68 g
67 g
80
69 h, m
75
73 h
67 h, v
74 g

8,078
7,870 p
15,259
12,182
7,278
12,586
8,480
10,276
7,032
12,027

0.79
0.79
0.82
0.75
0.83
0.82
0.78
0.81
0.82
0.79

0.92
0.93
0.77
0.88
0.88
0.80
0.90
0.84
0.87
0.81

0.73
0.73
0.84
0.80
0.72
0.81
0.74
0.77
0.71
0.80

12
13
–14
–5
18
–9
3
–4
16
–10

94 g, h
88 g
70
88
83 g
86 h
73
76
74 g, h
68 h
74
74 g
59
85
84
91
74
70
86 g
.. y
82
73 g
79
75
68
72 g, h
75 g
70 g, h
69
63 g
74 g
81
72 g
75
69 g
68
81 g
70 g
73
76 h
77 g

7,570 h, w
9,902
6,610
6,970
5,643
8,195
7,256 p
6,324
6,043
4,978
8,090
5,613
13,825 p
6,394
5,837
7,440
4,101
5,896 x
5,678
3,963
4,614
8,021
4,688
7,768
6,398
.. p, z
6,066
4,813 p
7,753
4,390
7,449 p
6,747
7,525
2,844
.. h, p, z
4,153
.. ab
5,041 p
6,603 p
4,439 p
4,163

0.81
0.67
0.82
0.72
0.84
0.76
0.79
0.79
0.80
0.82
0.75
0.76
0.78
0.69
0.79
0.64
0.78
0.78
0.75
0.82
0.76
0.67
0.78
0.81
0.77
0.74
0.72
0.77
0.73
0.82
0.71
0.78
0.76
0.76
0.70
0.70
0.80
0.77
0.77
0.64
0.76

0.86
0.95
0.87
0.95
0.86
0.88
0.86
0.89
0.87
0.88
0.86
0.90
0.72
0.94
0.86
0.96
0.91
0.84
0.87
0.86
0.89
0.88
0.86
0.75
0.81
0.84
0.87
0.86
0.81
0.81
0.83
0.77
0.75
0.91
0.87
0.89
0.89
0.76
0.71
0.90
0.79

0.72
0.77
0.70
0.71
0.67
0.74
0.72
0.69
0.68
0.65
0.73
0.67
0.82
0.69
0.68
0.72
0.62
0.68
0.67
0.61
0.64
0.73
0.64
0.73
0.69
0.70
0.69
0.65
0.73
0.63
0.72
0.70
0.72
0.56
0.65
0.62
0.53
0.65
0.70
0.63
0.62

7
–6
16
12
27
–5
7
16
17
26
–9
22
–31
9
13
–5
32
9
12
30
19
–18
16
–18
–3
–5
–2
9
–22
13
–21
–15
–24
23
3
12
26
–3
–19
2
6

0.63
0.76

0.91
0.73

0.64
0.68

–1
–14

.. y
67

4,584 h
5,727 p

table

1

Combined gross
enrolment ratio
for primary,
secondary and
tertiary schools
(%)

GDP per
capita
(PPP US$)

2004 c

2004

Life
expectancy
at birth
(years)

HDI rank a

2004

2004

2004

107 Syrian Arab Republic
108 Indonesia
109 Viet Nam
110 Kyrgyzstan
111 Egypt
112 Nicaragua
113 Uzbekistan
114 Moldova, Rep. of
115 Bolivia
116 Mongolia
117 Honduras
118 Guatemala
119 Vanuatu
120 Equatorial Guinea
121 South Africa
122 Tajikistan
123 Morocco
124 Gabon
125 Namibia
126 India
127 São Tomé and Principe
128 Solomon Islands
129 Cambodia
130 Myanmar
131 Botswana
132 Comoros
133 Lao People’s Dem. Rep.
134 Pakistan
135 Bhutan
136 Ghana
137 Bangladesh
138 Nepal
139 Papua New Guinea
140 Congo
141 Sudan ac
142 Timor-Leste
143 Madagascar
144 Cameroon
145 Uganda
146 Swaziland
Low human development

0.716
0.711
0.709
0.705
0.702
0.698
0.696
0.694
0.692
0.691
0.683
0.673
0.670
0.653
0.653
0.652
0.640
0.633
0.626
0.611
0.607
0.592
0.583
0.581
0.570
0.556
0.553
0.539
0.538
0.532
0.530
0.527
0.523
0.520
0.516
0.512
0.509
0.506
0.502
0.500

73.6
67.2
70.8
67.1
70.2
70.0
66.6
68.1
64.4
64.5
68.1
67.6
68.9
42.8
47.0
63.7
70.0
54.0
47.2
63.6
63.2
62.6
56.5
60.5
34.9
63.7
55.1
63.4
63.4
57.0
63.3
62.1
55.7
52.3
56.5
56.0
55.6
45.7
48.4
31.3

79.6
90.4
90.3 o
98.7 o
71.4
76.7
.. e, l
98.4
86.7
97.8
80.0
69.1
74.0 o
87.0
82.4 o
99.5 e
52.3
71.0 k
85.0
61.0
83.1 h, m
76.6 h, m
73.6
89.9
81.2
.. l
68.7
49.9
47.0 k
57.9
.. l
48.6
57.3
.. l
60.9
58.6 h, m
70.7
67.9
66.8
79.6

63 g
68
63 g
78
76 g
70 g
74 g
70 g
87 g
77
71 g
66 g
64 g
58 g, h
77 h
71
58
72 g, h
67 h
62 g
63
47 g, h
60 h
49 g
71 g
46 g
61
38
.. y
47 g
57 h
57 h
41 g, h
52 g
37 g
72 g, h
57 g
62 g
66
58 g, h

147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157

0.495
0.494
0.494
0.492
0.491
0.491
0.486
0.482
0.479
0.460
0.454

54.5
52.9
35.2
61.1
36.6
47.5
53.1
52.0
56.1
56.0
54.3

53.2
.. l
82.2
.. l
.. l
73.6
51.2
.. l
.. l
39.3
.. l

0.450
0.448

44.2
43.4

64.9
.. l

Togo
Djibouti
Lesotho
Yemen
Zimbabwe
Kenya
Mauritania
Haiti
Gambia
Senegal
Eritrea

158 Rwanda
159 Nigeria

Life
expectancy
index

Education
index

GDP index

GDP per
capita
(PPP US$)
rank minus
HDI rank d

3,610
3,609
2,745
1,935
4,211
3,634 p
1,869
1,729
2,720
2,056
2,876 p
4,313 p
3,051 p
20,510 h, p
11,192 p
1,202
4,309
6,623
7,418 p
3,139 p
1,231 h, r
1,814 p
2,423 p
1,027 h, w
9,945
1,943 p
1,954
2,225
1,969 h, r
2,240 p
1,870
1,490
2,543 p
978
1,949 p
.. ad
857
2,174
1,478 p
5,638

0.81
0.70
0.76
0.70
0.75
0.75
0.69
0.72
0.66
0.66
0.72
0.71
0.73
0.30
0.37
0.65
0.75
0.48
0.37
0.64
0.64
0.63
0.52
0.59
0.16
0.64
0.50
0.64
0.64
0.53
0.64
0.62
0.51
0.46
0.53
0.52
0.51
0.34
0.39
0.10

0.74
0.83
0.81
0.92
0.73
0.75
0.91
0.89
0.87
0.91
0.77
0.68
0.71
0.77
0.80
0.90
0.54
0.71
0.79
0.61
0.76
0.67
0.69
0.76
0.78
0.53
0.66
0.46
0.48
0.54
0.46
0.51
0.52
0.72
0.53
0.63
0.66
0.66
0.67
0.72

0.60
0.60
0.55
0.49
0.62
0.60
0.49
0.48
0.55
0.50
0.56
0.63
0.57
0.89
0.79
0.41
0.63
0.70
0.72
0.58
0.42
0.48
0.53
0.39
0.77
0.50
0.50
0.52
0.50
0.52
0.49
0.45
0.54
0.38
0.50
0.39
0.36
0.51
0.45
0.67

8
8
12
32
–2
2
32
33
7
18
2
–11
–1
–90
–66
34
–15
–43
–50
–9
28
18
–4
33
–73
8
5
–6
2
–9
7
13
–15
25
–2
20
26
–13
7
–50

55 g
24
66 g
55 g
52 g, h
60 g
46
.. y
50 g
38 g
35

1,536 p
1,993 p
2,619 p
879
2,065
1,140
1,940 p
1,892 h, p
1,991 p
1,713
977 p

0.49
0.47
0.17
0.60
0.19
0.37
0.47
0.45
0.52
0.52
0.49

0.54
0.52
0.77
0.51
0.77
0.69
0.49
0.50
0.42
0.39
0.50

0.46
0.50
0.54
0.36
0.51
0.41
0.49
0.49
0.50
0.47
0.38

3
–13
–26
18
–18
7
–12
–11
–19
–8
9

52
55 g

1,263 p
1,154

0.32
0.31

0.61
0.63

0.42
0.41

–5
–1

h u m a n d e v e l o p m e n t r e p o rt 2 0 0 6

Human development indicators

Human
development
index (HDI)
value

Adult
literacy
rate b
(% ages 15
and older)

285

Human development indicators

table

1

Human development index

Human
development
index (HDI)
value

Life
expectancy
at birth
(years)

Adult
literacy
rate b
(% ages 15
and older)

HDI rank a

2004

2004

2004

160 Guinea
161 Angola
162 Tanzania, U. Rep. of
163 Benin
164 Côte d’Ivoire
165 Zambia
166 Malawi
167 Congo, Dem. Rep. of the
168 Mozambique
169 Burundi
170 Ethiopia
171 Chad
172 Central African Republic
173 Guinea-Bissau
174 Burkina Faso
175 Mali
176 Sierra Leone
177 Niger
Developing countries
Least developed countries
Arab States
East Asia and the Pacific
Latin America and the Caribbean
South Asia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Central and Eastern Europe and the CIS
OECD
High-income OECD
High human development
Medium human development
Low human development
High income
Middle income
Low income
World

0.445
0.439
0.430
0.428
0.421
0.407
0.400
0.391
0.390
0.384
0.371
0.368
0.353
0.349
0.342
0.338
0.335
0.311
0.679
0.464
0.680
0.760
0.795
0.599
0.472
0.802
0.923
0.946
0.923
0.701
0.427
0.942
0.768
0.556
0.741

53.9
41.0
45.9
54.3
45.9
37.7
39.8
43.5
41.6
44.0
47.8
43.7
39.1
44.8
47.9
48.1
41.0
44.6
65.2
52.4
67.3
70.8
72.2
63.7
46.1
68.2
77.8
79.0
78.0
67.3
45.8
78.8
70.3
58.7
67.3

29.5
67.4
69.4
34.7
48.7
68.0 o
64.1 o
67.2
.. l
59.3
.. l
25.7
48.6
.. l
21.8
19.0 o
35.1
28.7
78.9
63.7
69.9
90.7
90.2
60.9
63.3
99.2
..
..
..
80.5
57.9
..
89.9
62.3
..

Notes
a The HDI rank is determined using HDI values to the
sixth decimal point.
b Data refer to national literacy estimates from
censuses or surveys conducted between 2000
and 2005, unless otherwise specified. Due to
differences in methodology and timeliness of
underlying data, comparisons across countries and
over time should be made with caution. For more
details, see www.uis.unesco.org.
c In 2006 the United Nations Educational, Scientific
and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for
Statistics changed its convention for citing the
reference year of education data to the calendar
year in which the academic or financial year
ends—from 2003/04, for example, to 2004.
Data for some countries may refer to national or
UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimates.
d A positive figure indicates that the HDI rank is
higher than the GDP per capita (PPP US$) rank, a
negative the opposite.
e For purposes of calculating the HDI, a value of
99.0% was applied.
f For purposes of calculating the HDI, a value of
100% was applied.
g Preliminary national or UNESCO Institute for
Statistics estimate, subject to further revision.
h Data refer to a year other than that specified.

286 h u m a n

Combined gross
enrolment ratio
for primary,
secondary and
tertiary schools
(%)

GDP per
capita
(PPP US$)

2004 c

i Statec 2006. Data refer to nationals enrolled both
in the country and abroad and thus differ from the
standard definition.
j For purposes of calculating the HDI, a value of
$40,000 (PPP US$) was applied.
k UNICEF 2004.
l In the absence of recent data, estimates from
UNESCO Institute for Statistics 2003, based on
outdated census or survey information, were
used and should be interpreted with caution:
Bahamas 95, Bangladesh 41, Barbados 100,
Cape Verde 76, Comoros 56, Congo 83, Djibouti
65, El Salvador 80, Eritrea 57, Ethiopia 42, Fiji
93, Gambia 38, Guinea-Bissau 40, Haiti 52, Hong
Kong, China (SAR) 94, Hungary 99, Lebanon
86, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 82, Mozambique
46, Nigeria 67, Paraguay 93, Poland 99, Samoa
(Western) 99, Slovenia 99, Trinidad and Tobago
98, United Arab Emirates 77, Uruguay 98,
Uzbekistan 99, Yemen 49 and Zimbabwe 90.
m Data are from national sources.
n World Bank 2005.
o Data refer to the most recent year available
between 1995 and 1999.
p Estimate is based on regression.
q World Bank 2003.
r Heston, Summers and Aten 2002. Data differ from
the standard definition.

d e v e l o p m e n t r e p o rt 2 0 0 6

42
26 g, h
48 g
49 g
40 g, h
54 g
64 g
27 g, h
49
36
36
35 g
30 g, h
37 g, h
26 g
35
65 g
21
63
45
62
69
81
56
50
83
89
95
91
66
46
94
73
54
67

2004

Life
expectancy
index

Education
index

GDP index

GDP per
capita
(PPP US$)
rank minus
HDI rank d

2,180
2,180 p
674
1,091
1,551
943
646
705 p
1,237 p
677 p
756 p
2,090 p
1,094 p
722 p
1,169 p
998
561
779 p`
4,775
1,350
5,680
5,872
7,964
3,072
1,946
8,802
27,571
32,003
26,568
4,901
1,113
31,331
6,756
2,297
8,833

0.48
0.27
0.35
0.49
0.35
0.21
0.25
0.31
0.28
0.32
0.38
0.31
0.24
0.33
0.38
0.39
0.27
0.33
0.67
0.46
0.71
0.76
0.79
0.64
0.35
0.72
0.88
0.90
0.88
0.71
0.35
0.90
0.76
0.56
0.71

0.34
0.53
0.62
0.40
0.46
0.63
0.64
0.54
0.47
0.52
0.40
0.29
0.42
0.39
0.23
0.24
0.45
0.26
0.72
0.50
0.66
0.84
0.87
0.58
0.57
0.94
0.95
0.98
0.95
0.75
0.53
0.97
0.84
0.58
0.77

0.51
0.51
0.32
0.40
0.46
0.37
0.31
0.33
0.42
0.32
0.34
0.51
0.40
0.33
0.41
0.38
0.29
0.34
0.65
0.43
0.67
0.68
0.73
0.57
0.50
0.75
0.94
0.96
0.93
0.65
0.40
0.96
0.70
0.52
0.75

–30
–32
13
–2
–15
2
10
6
–14
5
1
–39
–12
–1
–17
–11
1
–7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

s Efforts to produce a more accurate and recent
estimate are ongoing (see Readers guide and notes
to tables ). A preliminary estimate of $5,700 (PPP
US$) was used.
t Data are from the Secretariat of the Organization of
Eastern Caribbean States, based on national sources.
u Data are from the Secretariat of the Caribbean
Community, based on national sources.
v UNDP 2005a.
w Heston, Summers and Aten 2001. Data differ from
the standard definition.
x Estimate is based on a bilateral comparison of
China and the United States (Ruoen and Kai 1995).
y Because the combined gross enrolment ratio was
unavailable, the following Human Development
Report Office estimates were used: Bhutan 49,
Ecuador 75, Haiti 48 and Turkmenistan 75.
z In the absence of an official estimate of GDP per
capita (PPP US$), the following preliminary World
Bank estimates, subject to further revision, were
used: Maldives $4,798 and Suriname $6,552.
aa Data refer to a year or period other than that
specified, differ from the standard definition or
refer to only part of a country.
ab In the absence of an estimate of GDP per capita
(PPP US$), the Human Development Report
Office estimate of $2,331 was used, derived from
the value of GDP in US dollars and the weighted

average ratio of PPP US dollars to US dollars in the
Arab States.
ac Estimates are based primarily on information for
Northern Sudan.
ad A national estimate of $1,033 (PPP US$) was used.
Sources
Column 1: calculated on the basis of data in columns
6–8; see Technical note 1 for details.
Column 2: UN 2005a, unless otherwise specified.
Column 3: UNESCO Institute for Statistics 2006a,
unless otherwise specified.
Column 4: UNESCO Institute for Statistics 2006c,
unless otherwise specified.
Column 5: World Bank 2006, unless otherwise
specified; aggregates calculated for the Human
Development Report Office by the World Bank.
Column 6: calculated on the basis of data in column 2.
Column 7: calculated on the basis of data in columns
3 and 4.
Column 8: calculated on the basis of data in column 5.
Column 9: calculated on the basis of data in columns
1 and 5.

table

1a

Monitoring human development: enlarging people’s choices . . .

Basic indicators for other UN member countries
Human development index components

Life
expectancy
at birth
(years)
2000–05 b

Adult
literacy
rate
(% ages
15 and
older)
2004 c

Afghanistan
Andorra
Iraq
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Liberia
Liechtenstein
Marshall Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Monaco

46.0
..
58.8
..
63.0
42.5
..
..
67.6
..

28.1
..
74.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Montenegro j

73.2

Nauru
Palau
San Marino
Serbia j
Somalia
Tuvalu

..
..
..
73.2
46.2
..

Notes
a Data refer to point and range estimates based on
new estimation models developed by the Joint
United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS).
Range estimates are presented in square brackets.
b Data refer to estimates for the period specified.
c Data refer to national literacy estimates from
censuses or surveys conducted between 2000
and 2005. Due to differences in methodology and
timeliness of underlying data, comparisons across
countries and over time should be made with caution.

MDG
MDG
MDG
MDG
Population
Combined gross
Under-five
Net
Population with sustain­
enrolment ratio
Total
able access to
mortality
primary
under­
for primary,
GDP per
fertility
HIV
a
Total
capita
rate
rate
nourished an improved
enrolment prevalence
secondary and
population (births per (per 1,000
ratio
tertiary schools
(PPP
(% ages
(% of total water source
(%)
(%)
US$)
(thousands)
woman)
live births)
(%)
15–49)
population)
2004 d
2004
2004
2000–05 b
2004
2004 d
2005
2001/03 e
2004
45.3
66.9
59.7
77.2
..
57.4
69.3
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

28,574
67
28,057
97
22,384
3,241
34
60
110
35

7.5
..
4.8
..
2.0
6.8
..
..
4.4
..

96.4 k

74.5

..
..
..
96.4 k
..
..

50.6
94.6
..
74.5
..
69.2

..

.. l

..
..
..
..
..
..

13
20
28
.. l
7,964
10

d In 2006 the United Nations Educational, Scientific
and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for
Statistics changed its convention for citing the
reference year of education data to the calendar
year in which the academic or financial year
ends—from 2003/04, for example, to 2004.
e Data refer to the average for the years specified.
f Preliminary UNESCO Institute for Statistics
estimate, subject to further revision.
g Data refer to the 1999 school year.
h Data refer to the 2000 school year.

257
7
125
65
55
235
5
59
23
5

..
89 f
88
97 f, g
..
66 h
88 i
90 f
..
..

<0.1 [<0.2]
..
[<0.2]
..
[<0.2]
[2.0–5.0]
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
6
35
49
..
..
..
..

39
100
81
65
100
61
..
87
94
100

1.7

15

96 i, m

0.2 [0.1–0.3]

10

93

..
..
..
1.7
6.4
..

30
27
4
15
225
51

..
96 f, h
..
96 i, m
..
..

..
..
..
0.2 [0.1–0.3]
0.9 [0.5–1.6]
..

..
..
..
10
..
..

..
85
..
93
29
100

i National estimates.
j Data refer to Serbia and Montenegro prior to its
separation into two independent states in June
2006.
k Excludes Kosovo and Metohia.
l The combined population for Serbia and
Montenegro was 10.51 million.
m Data refer to the 2001 school year.

Sources
Columns 1, 5 and 6: UN 2005b.
Column 2: UNESCO Institute for Statistics 2006a.
Columns 3 and 8: UNESCO Institute for Statistics
2006c.
Column 4: World Bank 2006.
Column 7: UN 2006c, based on data from a joint
effort by the United Nations Children’s Fund and the
World Health Organization.
Column 9: UNAIDS 2006.
Column 10: UN 2006c, based on data from the Food
and Agriculture Organization.
Column 11: UN 2006c, based on a joint effort by the
United Nations Children’s Fund and the World Health
Organization.

Human development indicators

h u m a n d e v e l o p m e n t r e p o rt 2 0 0 6

287