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STUDIES IN MEDITERRANEAN ARCHAEOLOGY VOL. LH A GAZETTEER OF AEGEAN CIVILISATION IN THE BRONZE AGE.,

STUDIES IN MEDITERRANEAN ARCHAEOLOGY

VOL. LH

A GAZETTEER OF AEGEAN CIVILISATION IN THE BRONZE AGE., VOL. I:

THE MAINLAND AND ISLANDS

BY

R. HOPE SIMPSON AND O.T.P.K DICKINSON

GOTEBORG 1979 PAUL ASTROMS FORLAG

BRONZE AGE., VOL. I: THE MAINLAND AND ISLANDS BY R. HOPE SIMPSON AND O.T.P.K DICKINSON GOTEBORG

Dedicated to

for all

have given during the

work,

acceptance

our wives,

the help and support that they

particular for

production of this

their

patient

and in

of desertion summer after summer

ISBN

91

85058

81

5

@

R.

HOPE SDVIPSON AND O.T.P.K.

PRINTED IN SWEDEN

MINAB,

SURI'E 1979

DICKINSON 1978

A GAZETI'EER OF AEGEAN CIVILISATION IN THE BRONZE AGE

INTRODUCTION

VOL.

I:

THE GREEK MAINLAND AND ISLANDS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

The Scope of the Study;

Acknowledgements

 

5

Names

of Sites and Map References

7

Description of Sites in the Gazetteer

.•

7

Conventions,

Technical Terms,

and Abbreviations

used in the Text

8

Special Terminology

.

.

ll

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

ll

RELATIVE AND ABSOLUTE CHRONOLOGY

GAZE'ITEER OF SITES

23

I

THE GREEK MAINLAND AND ADJACENT ISLANDS

Map A.

The Argolid, Corinthia, the Megarid, and Aigina

27

Map B.

Arcadia, Achaea, eastern Elis, northern Triphylia,

western Locris,

and eastern Aetolia

75

Map c.

Map D.

Laconia and Kythera • • • • • • • • . • • • •

107

Messenia and southern Triphylia

126

Map E.

Map F.

The Ionian Islands, Acarnania, western Aetolia,

and western Elis

Boeotia

.

Attica, Salamis, southern Euboea, and eastern •

181

197

Map G.

Map H.

Boeotia,

Phocis,

• eastern Locris, Malis,

northern Euboea

and

Eastern Thessaly •••••••

235

272

Map J. Western Thessaly and Eurytania ••••

Map K.

Thesprotia and Epirus

294

299

II

THE AEGEAN ISLANDS

The Cyclades The Northern Sporades •

The Dodecanese Samos and Chios

304

346

348

368

SUMMARY (with Maps

1-5)

The Early Bronze Age The Middle Bronze Age The Early Mycenaean Age The Later Mycenaean Age The End of the Bronze Age and the Dark Age Mycenaean Trade • • • • • • • • The Distribution of Settlements

INDEX OF SITES

INDEX OF SPECIAL FEATURES

~•e•e•••~••••~•"•<>e<>

ADDENDA

Omitted Abbreviations

CHRONOLCGICAL CHART

372

374

375

378

381

384

386

LIST OF MAPS

 
 

Map 1.

Er! I-II and Contemporary Sites

Map 2.

EH III

- MH and Contemporary Sites

Map 3.

LH I-IIIAl

and Contemporary Sites

Map 4.

LH IIIA2-IIIB

Map 5.

LH IIIC

-

and Contemporary Sites and Contemporary Sites

SMyc.

KEY TO MAPS

A TO

K

MAPS

A TO

K

(as

listed

above under

Gazetteer of Sites)

5

INTRODUCTION

The Scope of the Study;

Acknowledgements

This work is

focussed on the Bronze Age of the Greek mainland,

with the exception of Macedonia and Thrace, and especially on Early, Middle, and Late Helladic; the only sites listed in Epirus are those where material of Mycenaean type has been found. Sites in the islands are more summarily treated. For the Cyclades we have relied on the work

of Scholes (1956) and Renfrew (1972) and on information kindly supplied

by Professor c.

The Dodecanese has been partially surveyed by Hope Simpson and Lazenby (1962, 1970, 1973). For Asia Minor, readers are referred to the regular and systematic reviews presented by Professor M. J, Mellink in the American Journal of Archaeology, by Dr. D. H. French in Anatolian Studies, and by Professor J. M. Cook and others periodically in Archaeological Reports (by the Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies in conjunc- tion with the British School at Athens). Macedonia has been well covered by Dr. D. H. French in his Index of Prehistoric Sites in Central Macedonia (circulated typescript, 1967). Crete is not included in this volume, both because of the size of the task, and because others are more competent than ourselves to do the work. For similar reasons we have included only those Neolithic sites which have produced evidence of Bronze Age habitation. We have been much assisted by recent publication of important surveys, of Achaea by Zstr8m (1964), Arcadia by Howell (1970), Euboea by Sackett et al.

Renfrew,

Dr. R.

Barber,

and

(for Melos) Mr.

J, Cherry.

(1966), and Messenia by McDonald and Hope Simpson (1961, 1964, 1969, and

MME). We owe much to the recent

(circulated typescript, 1972), who is also currently preparing a monograph on Thessaly. We are greatly indebted to Dr. K. A. Wardle for allowing us to make use of his unpublished doctoral thesis on North-West Greece (1972) and for various comments. Dr. H. w. Catling and Professor c. Renfrew have provided unpublished information on the Menelaion site and Phylakopi. Further help has been given by Dr. w. cavanagh on Attica, Mr. P. Halstead on Thessaly, Mrs. s. Sherratt on the classification of LH III material from a number of sites, and Mr. R. J, Howell on the sequence of phases in MH. We are also indebted to many other colleagues past and present, especially Miss S. Benton, Professor J, Boardman, Professor G. Cadogan, Dr. J, Chadwick, Professor J, N. Coldstream, Mrs. A. Demakopoulou-

study of Central Greece by Dr. D. H. French

Papantoniou, Mr. v. R.

the Hon. Mrs. Vronwy Hankey, Dr. R. A. Higgins, Dr. E.

d 1 A.

Desborough,

Dr.

E.

B.

French, Miss D. H.

J,

Holmberg,

F.

Gray,

Mr. M. s. F. Hood, Professor G. L. Huxley, Mr. G. Konstantinopoulos, Mr. J. F. Lazenby, Professor D. Levi, Professor w. A. McDonald, Dr. c. Mee, Dr. G. Papathanasopoulos, Miss A. Romiopoulou, Dr. J, Rutter, Mr. L. H. Sackett, Professor A. M. Snodgrass, Professor p, M. Warren, Lady Waterhouse, and Dr. N. Yalouris.

Our collaboration began in 1969,

largely at the instigation of

Dr. H. w. Catling. In 1970-71 Hope Simpson began the supplementary field-

work in Greece, during his tenure of a Leave Fellowship awarded by the

6

Canada Council for the project. He is most grateful both to the Council and to Queen's University at Kingston for the opportunities they have provided. Both then and during part of the summers of 1974 and 1975 (again with the support of a grant from the Canada Council) he visited

several sites in Mainland Greece and the Islands, and also worked in the libraries of the British School at Athens and the Societies for the Promotion of Hellenic and Roman Studies in London. Dickinson has worked upon the Gazetteer as a Sir James Knott Fellow at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne (1970-72) and a Research Fellow in the Faculty of Arts at the University of Birmingham (1972-75). Support from these bodies, the University of Minnesota Messenia Expedition, and the British Academy has made regular visits t.o Greece possible and greatly facilitated research, for which the British School at Athens has been an ideal setting; gratitude to all concerned is here duly recorded. Inevitably certain limitations have been imposed, both by the compara-

tive lack of time available to us for a project of this

obvious need for compression and brevity. For this reason we have here omitted fuller topographical commentary and speculative theories concerning political organisation, ancient economy, and other related topics.

Dr. H. w. Castner, of the Department of Geography of Queen's University at Kingston, together with Mr. G. E. Innes (photographer) and Mr. R. W. Hough

size,

and by the

(cartographer)

of the Department,

helped

greatly in the

production of the

maps. Mrs. w. J. Hope Simpson and Mrs. N. Reid prepared the typescript at Kingston, and we record here our great debt to Professor p, ~str8m and also to those others who have assisted us in the final production of this work.

O.T.P.K.

R.

Dickinson

Hope Simpson

JULY 1976

The decision to

produce the text by offset-litho reproduction has

made a final typing of the manuscript necessary; special thanks are due to

Mrs.

C.

Dowson for undertaking this.

Further information and references

gathered since July 1976, most recently during a short visit to Phylakopi and Athens made possible by the generosity of Professor c. Renfrew, have been incorporated, but very little could be added to the Bibliography and the Maps have not been changed. In any major divergence between these and the text, the latter is to be preferred,

O.T.P.K.

OCTOBER 1977

Dickinson

7

Names

of Sites and Map-References

In the spelling of the place-names a system involving compromise between the "phonetic" and the "classical" has been followed, the main object being to avoid confusion; in doubtful cases, the spelling used is that of the excavator or discoverer.

Map-references are

given only for

sites on the Greek mainland and

adjacent islands. The references are to the British War Office series

G.S.G.S. 1:100,000 GREECE. The coverage for Greece is

G.S.G.S.

4410/JV!DR 630

1:250,000

 

G.S.G.S.

4439/MDR 610

1:100,000

References are given

in

the

standard form

(e. g.

"K. 7

Tripolis

554

E

/

205 N"

refers to a position in the square whose south~west corner is the inter- section of the North to South grid-line 55 and the East to West grid-line

20). Sets of the

1 :lOO ,000 and

the 1:250,000 series

(the latter also

covers Crete, the Cyclades, and the Dodecanese) are available in the

Library of the Institute of Classical Studies in London, and at the British School of Archaeology in Athens.

The maps were

prepared by the War Office during World War II,

and

were sometimes executed in considerable haste. The value and accuracy of the references is conditioned by the limits of accuracy of the maps them- selves, and the standards vary from sheet to sheet. On the worst sheets, villages are sometimes misplaced, wrongly named (or given names now obsolete), or even totally absent from the maps, while contours are sometimes extremely unreliable. Because of these limitations, in many cases the best method of recording a site is still to give the local place- name (toponym) for the particular area, together with an indication,

preferably a bearing, of the geographical relationship with the nearest town or village. Normally the village name is given first in the Gazetteer, followed by the toponym or other identification.

Maps A to K are partly based on the map-series

produced by the

Statistical Service or Greece (1963 edition) at scale 1:200,000. But the accuracy of our placing of modern villages, roads, etc. on Maps A to K can not be guaranteed.

Description of Sites in the Gazetteer

In addition to marking the location,

we have

attempted wherever

possible to give an estimate of the size of each settlement. Naturally such estimates are more reliable in the case of excavated settlements, and it should be emphasised that any figures given here for the spread of surface sherds do not necessarily indicate that all the area denoted was

covered with buildings.

conversely the

accumulated soil. Thus it is always difficult to estimate the size of any particular settlement.

The effects

of' erosion must be borne in mind and

possibility that part of a site may be buried beneath

It is even more difficult, therefore,

to guess what may have been

the average size of the settlements. We have noted, however, that many of

8

the ordinary Mycenaean habitation-sites appear to have occupied about a hectare (10,000 square metres). A site may reasonably be considered

small if the area denoted is

(two hectares or more) are relatively rare, and major sites, such as

less

than half a hectare.

Large settlements

important fortresses

equivalent, are few. These latter are denoted on the maps by larger

circles. It must be admitted that in some cases we can not be sure whether

to

The decision to divide the map of mainland Greece into ten separate area-maps inevitably causes somewhat artificial divisions, since the maps

cut across actual provinces, ancient and modern. It is important, therefore, to indicate which groups of sites appear to form coherent geographical units, although there is no guarantee that the groupings suggested here indicate political groupings of any particular period.

or evident area-capitals,

or simply

11 largett.

with palaces

or the

class

a

site

as

"majorn

Conventions used on Maps A to K are

indicated at the bottoms of

Maps A and G. Although

during which particular sites were in use, the text must always be consulted, because of the variable nature of the evidence.

an attempt is

made

to

define

on the maps

the

periods

Conventions,

Technical Terms,

and Abbreviations Used in the Text

In the text, page of discussion,

author's name in the site-bibliography,

system,

periodical-references will be cited by the first relevant

without author's name;

books will be cited with the

on the

and thereafter

"Wace 1949"

unless a special abbreviation is used.

Symbols Used in the

Gazetteer

*

denotes

a

site where

excavations have been made.

# denotes a site visited by one or both of the authors.

Abbreviations

for Archaeological Periods and Cultural Phases

N

Neolithio.

 

BA

Bronze Age.

DA

Dark Age.

 

EB(A),

EH,

EM,

EPG,

EG

Early Bronze

(Age),

Helladic, Minoan,

 

Protogeometric,

Geometric

(similarly for MB(A), LB(A) etc.).

(The terms Early,

Middle,

and Late

Cycladic will

not be used.)

SMyc.

Sub-Mycenaean.

PG

Protogeometric.

11 PG"

Material termed Protogeomentric but having little

or

no link with the Attic

style.

G

Geometric.

A

Archaic.

c

Classical.

H

Hellenistic.

GP

Grotta-Pelos

(used as

in Renfrew).

9

KS

Keros-Syros

(used as

in Renfrew).

Phyl I

=

Phylakopi I

(used as

in Renfrew).

Notes

(1)

In the case of lli material, the following conventions will be used:

lli I/II indicates material of clearly early lli date, but not closely assignable.

LH III(A-B)

indicates material likely to fall

somewhere within

the LH IIIA-B range (similarly lli III(A2-B), lli III(B-C) ).

LH IIIA-B

indicates

that material likely to fall

in both lli IIIA

and LH IIIB is present.

LH I-IIIB

(or similar) indicates that the whole range of phases

(2)

from LH I to IIIB (or similar) is certainly or probably present. Dates assigned on the basis of surface-finds must be considered

provisional,

and are rarely

given with great

precision.

(3)

Although we have attempted to cite all examples of later material at

BA sites and in particular to gather all reported occurrences of PG, we do not claim comprehensiveness.

Abbreviations

for Periodicals and Series

AA

Archaeologischer Anzeiger

AAA

Athens Annals

of Archaeology

AD

AE

AJA

AM

Arkhaiologikon Deltion Arkhaiologike Ephemeris

American Journal

Mitteilungen der deutschen archaeologischen Instituts:

of Archaeology

athenische Abteilung

AR

Archaeological Reports

AS

Anatolian Studies

ASAtene

Annuario della scuola italiana di Atene e delle missioni

BCH

italiani in oriente Bulletin de correspondance hellenique

BSA

Annual

of the British School at Athens

BullLund

Cl!A

Ergon

Bulletin de la societe royale de lettres de Lund

Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum

Ergon tes Arkhaiologikes Hetaireias

GRBS

Greek, Roman,

and Byzantine Studies

ILN

Illustrated London News

Jdi

Jahrbuch des deutschen archaeologischen Instituts

JHS

Journal of Hellenic Studies

KC

Kretika Chronika

OpArch

Opuscula Archaeologica

OpAth

Opuscula Atheniensia

PAE

Praktika tes Arkhaiologikes Hetaireias

PZ

Praehistorische Zeitschrift

lO

RA

Revue Arch~ologique

REG

Revue des Etudes

grecques

SIMA

Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology

SMEA

Studi micenei ed egeo-anatolici

Abbreviations

Alin

P.

Arcadia

R.

Dodecanese

I,

Euboea

L.

GAMS

R.

Laconia I,

II

for Surveys

Alin, 0

Das Ende der mykenische Fundst~tten auf der

griechischen Festland (1962).

J. Howell,

"A Survey of Eastern Arcadia in Prehistory"

in BSA 65 (1970) 79-127.

I I,

III

R.

Hope Simpson and J.

F. Lazenby,

"Notes from

the Dodecanese", in BSA 57 (1962) 154-75, 65 (1970) 44-77,

68

(1973) 127-79.

H.

Sackett et al.,

"Prehistoric Euboea:

Contributions

towards a Survey",

in BSA 61 (1966) 33-112.

Hope Simpson, A Gazetteer and Atlas of Mycenaean Sites (1965).

H. Waterhouse and R.

Hope Simpson,

"Prehistoric Laconia,

 

Part I

(II)",

in BSA 55 (196:J) 67-107, 55 (1961) 221-to.

Messenia I,

II, III

w.

A. McDonald and R.

Hope Simpson,

"Prehistoric

Habitation in the Southwestern Peloponnese",

in AJA 65 (1961)

221-to,

1962-3 (1964-8)", in AJA 68 (1964) 229-45, 73 (1969) 123-78.

"Further Explorations

in Southwestern Peloponnese

Special Abbreviations

Alt-Rgllis

!?SA

H.-G.

British School of Archaeology at Athens

Buchholz and v. Karageorgis,

Alt-Agilis"

und Kypros

(1971).

CAH

Cambridge Ancient History edition).

(all references are to the latest

CG

D. H.

French,

Notes

on Prehistoric

Pottery Groups from

CMP

D & S

GBA

Central Greece

(1972).

A. Furumark,

c. Tsountas,

The Chronology of Mycenaean Pottery

Hai

(1941).

Proistorikai Akropoleis Dimeniou kai

Sesklou (1908).

E. Vermeu1e,

Greece in the Bronze Age

(1964).

Hunter

A. Hunter,

The Bronze Age

in Thessa1y and its Environs,

with

Special Reference to Mycenaean Culture (B.Litt.

thesis,

Oxford 1953).

 

I.MTS

V.R.

D'A.

Desborough,

The Last Mycenaeans and their Successors

MMA

MME

MP

MycCon I

(1964).

G. E. Mylonas,

Mycenae and

the Mycenaean Age

(1966).

w.

A. McDonald and G.

Rapp Jr.

Messenia Expedition (1972).

A. Furumark, Mycenaean Pottery:

(eds. ),

The Minnesota

Analysis and Classification

(1941).

Atti

e memorie del

Vol. I

(1968).

prima congreso internazionale di micenologia

11

MT II,

III

E.

L. Bennett ~··

J.

The Mycenae Tablets

II (1958),

 

Chadwick ~··

The Mycenae Tablets III

(1962).

MV

A.

Furtwaengler and G. Loeschcke, Mykenische Vasen (1886).

PT

A.

J,

B. wace and M·

s.

Thompson,

Prehistoric Thessaly (1912).

Renfrew c. Renfrew,

The Emergence of Civilisation:

the Aegean in the Third Millennium B.C.

The Cyclades and

(1972).

Well-known excavations will be generally referred

e.g. Korakou,

and those

Agora XIII,

etc.

in a series will be abbreviated,

Special Terminology:

Tomb-TyP,es

to by their name,

as Tiryns V,

Chamber Tomb A tomb almost always cut in soft rock, consisting of an open passage, the dromos, leading into a chamber hollowed out in the rock, often through a narrow covered doorway, the stomion.

Gist Grave

A rectangular

pit cut in earth or soft rock,

lined with stone

slabs or walls,

and roofed with a stone slab

or slabs.

Pit Grave A normally rectangular but sometimes oval or shapeless pit cut in earth or soft rock and unlined, but usually roofed like a cist.

Tholos Tomb A stone-built tomb made up of the same elements as a chamber tomb, but nearly always of circular plan with a domed chamber; the dromos may be unlined, but the stomion will always be walled and covered over with one or more large lintel-slabs. Normally sunk into a hillside or level ground to the level of the lintel-slabs, the projecting dome being covered with an earth mound. In the Gazetteer, this term will be applied selectively to tombs of some size and wealth; small tombs built in a similar way will be described otherwise. Tumulus A mound, usually of circular plan, retained by a low wall.

or cists below the original ground level

or sunk into the mound, or in large pithoi similarly placed. N.B. The term "shaft grave" will not be generally used, since tombs so described prove to be pits or cists, lacking the essential feature of the Mycenae graves, the deep shaft above the roof of the grave; this feature

is only found in two graves at Lerna and the Zafer Papoura graves near Knossos.

Burials may be made in pits

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

(Including publications and preliminary reports

excavations and significant groups

general and special studies.)

of material,

of the most useful and the most useful

(l)

General

H.

-G. Buchholz and V. Karageorgis,

Al t-1\gll.is u.nd Kypros

(1971).

G.

Christopoulos

(ed.), History of the Hellenic World I:

Prehistory

and Protohistory

(1970,

English translation 1974).

12

v. R. d 1 A. Desborough, The Last Mycenaeans and their successors (1964). v. R. d'A. Desborough, The Greek Dark Ages (1972).

s. Marinates and M. Hirmer, Crete and Mycenae (l96o).

G. E. Mylonas, Mycenae and the Mycenaean Age (1966).

A. M. Snodgrass, The Dark Age of Greece (1971).

Lord William Taylour, The Mycenaeans (1964).

E.

Vermeule, Greece in the Bronze Age (1964).

 

(2)

Surveys and Publications:

General

P.

Alin, Das Ende der mykenischen Fundst~tten auf der griechischen

Festland

(1962).

J.

Bintliff (ed.), Mycenaean Geography:

Proceedings

of the Cambridge

Colloquium,

September 1976 (1977).

 

R.

J, Buck,

"The Middle Helladic

Period",

in Phoenix 20 (1966) 193-209.

J,

L.

Caskey,

"Greece,

Crete,

in the Early Bronze

 

Age"

( CAH I :2,

Ch.

and the Aegean Islands ) •

XXVI(a)

J.

L. Caskey,

"Greece and the Aegean Islands

in the Middle Bronze Age"

 

(CAR II:l,

Ch.

IV(

)

).

R.

A. Grassland and A. Birchall (eds.), Bronze Age Migrations in the

 

Aegean

(1973).

 

V.

R.

d 1 A.

Desborough

and N.

G.

L.

Hammond,

"The End of Mycenaean

 
 

Civilisation and the Dark Age"

(CAH II:2,

Ch. XXXVI).

 

0.

T.

P.

K.

Dickinson,

The Origins

of Mycenaean Civilisation (1977).

D.

Fimmen,

Die kretisch-mykenische Kultur

(1921).

 

D.

H. French, Anatolia and the Aegean in the Third Millennium B.C.

 
 

(Ph.D.

thesis, Cambridge 1968).

 

A.

Furumark, "The Settlement at Ialysos and Aegean History 1550-1400 B.C.",

 

in OpArch 6 (1950) 150-271.

 

R.

Hope Simpson, A Gazetter and Atlas of Mycenaean Sites (1965).

 

c.

Renfrew, The Emergence of Civilisation: The Cyclades and the Aegean

 

in the Third Millennium B.c.

(1972).

F.

Schachermeyr, "Forschungsbericht llber die Ausgrabungen und Neufunde

 

zur t\glhschen Fri'mzeit", in AA (1962) 188-310 (1957-Eo), (1971)

387-419 (1961-5,

EB-MB),

(197lf) l-28

(1961-5,

early LB).

 

F.

H.

Stubbings,

"The Rise

(Expansion,

Recession)

of Mycenaean

 

Civilisation"

(CAH II:l

Ch.

XIV,

tes

II:2 Chs. XXI(a), XXVII).

K.

T.

Syriopoulos,

H-;-Proistoria

Peloponnesou (1964 ).

K.

T. Syriopoulos,

He Proistoria

tes

Stereas Hellados

(1968).

(3)

Surveys and Publications:

Sites and Provinces

(by Map).

(i)

Map A

 

J, L. Angel, Lerna II:

The People

(1971).

P. Rstr8m, "Das Panzer grab von Dendra: Bauweise

und Keramik",

in

AM 82

(1967) 54-67.

c. w. Blegen,

"Corinth in Prehistoric Times",

in AJA 24 (1920) 1-13.

13

C.

W. Blegen,

Korakou

(1921).

c.

w. Blegen,

Zygouries

(1928).

c.

W.

Blegen,

"Gonia",

in Metropolitan Museum Studies 3 (1930) 55-86.

c.

W. Blegen,

Prosymna

(1937).

J,

L.

Caskey,

preliminary reports

of excavations at Lerna,

in Hesperia 23

 

(1954) 3-30,

24 (1955) 25-49,

25

(1956) 147-73, 26 (1957) 142-52,

27 (1958) 125-44, 28 (1959) 202-6.

 

J.

L.

Caskey,

"The Early Helladic

Period

in the Argolid 11 ,

in Hesperia 29

 

(196o) 285-303.

 

p,

Courbin,

"Discoveries

at Ancient Argos",

in Archaeology 9 (1956)

 

166-74.

J.

Deshayes,

"Les Vases

myc~niens de

la Deiras

(Argos )",

in

J2Q!); 77

 

(1953) 59-89.

 

J.

Deshayes,

Les

Foui.lles de la Deiras

(1966).

 

J.

Deshayes,

"Les Vases Vollgraff de

la Deiras 11 ,

in J2Q!); 93 (1969)

J.

M.

574-616.

Fossey,

in

BSA 64

"The

Prehistoric

(1969) 53-69.

Settlement by Lake Vouliagmeni,

Perachora"

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P. Gercke et al., Tiryns Forschungen und Berichte V (1971).

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c.

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14

w. Vo11graff, "Foui11es d'Argos", in BCH 28 (1904) 364-99, 30 (1906)

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31

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A. J,

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25

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A. J.

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48

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49

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50

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51

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G.

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G.

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G.

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(ii)

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W.

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E.

J,

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A.

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K.

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2

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J,

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E. Vermeule,

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F.

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(1957)

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15

A.

Harding et

al.,

"Pavlopetri,

an Underwater Bronze Age Town in

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Lord William Tay le;:;;:

"Excavations at Ayios Stephanos",

in BSA

67 ( 1972)

 

205-70.

C.

Tsountas,

11 El'evnai

en tei Lakonikei kai

ho taphos

tou Vapheiou",

in AE (1889) 129-72.

H.

Waterhouse and R.

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II)",

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56 (1961) 221-60.

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A.

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11 Mykenaikoi

kai

protogeometrikoi Taphoi

Karpophoras

Messenias",

in AE (1973) 25-72.

 

R.

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"Identifying a Mycenaean State",

in BSA 52 (1957)

231-59.

R.

Hope Simpson,

"The Seven Cities

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Th.

Karageorga,

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G.

s. Korres,

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Ergon

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M.

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Frescoes

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S.

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in PAE

(1952) 1 f73-96, (1956) 202-6, (1960) 195-209, (1964) 78-95,

(1953) 238-50, (1957) 118-20, (1961) 169-76,

(1965) 102-20,

(1954) 299-316,

(1958)·184-93,

(1962) 90-98,

(1966)

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S.

Marinates,

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S. Marinates,

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e

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in

SMEA 3

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W. A. McDonald and Hope Simpson,

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Hope Simpson,

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44

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N.

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16

N.

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N.

s. Valmin, "Malthi-Epilog", in OpAth l (1953) 29"-46.

(v) Map E

s. Benton,

"The Ionian Islands",

in BSA 32 (1931-2) 213-46.

s.

Benton,

"Excavations in Ithaka III",

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s.

Benton and H.

Waterhouse,

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Tris Langadas",

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K. Branigan,

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(1975) 37-49.

of Leukas Reconsidered",

in

~

70

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N. G. L. Hammond, "The Tumulus Burials of Leucas and their Connections

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A.

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in BSA 69 (1974) 129-44.

Heurtley,

"Excavations

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s.

Marinatos,

reports

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82-122,

6 (1920-21) 175-7,

AE

(1932)

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E.

Mastrokostas,

preliminary reports

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(1962) 127-33,

(1963) 93-8,

(1964)

60-67,

(1965) 121-36,

 

Ergon

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E.

Mastrokostas,

"Anaskaphe Hagiou Ilia

- Mesolongion (Ithorias )",

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J. Servais,

"Le site helladique de Khlemoutsi et

in BCH 88 (1964) 9-50.

1 'Hyrmine homerique",

K.

Wardle,

The Greek Bronze Age West

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Pindus

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1972).

(vi)

Map F

M.

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0.

Broneer,

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in

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0.

Broneer,

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in

Hesperia 8 (1939) 317-433·

0.

Broneer,

"Athens in the Late Bronze Age",

in Antiquity 30 (1956) 9-18.

V.

Hankey, "Late Helladic Tombs at Khalkis", in BSA 47 (1952) 49-95.

H.

D. Hansen, "The Prehistoric Pottery on the North Slope of the

Acropolis",

in Hesperia 6 (1937) 539-50.

 

S.

Iakovidis,

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(1962).

 

s.

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Perati: To Nekrotapheion I-III

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S. Immerwahr, The Athenian Agora XIII: The Neolithic and Bronze Ages

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w. Kraiker and K. Klibler,

(1939).

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D. Mussche et

al.,

Thorikos I

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III

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(1968)

21-102.

G.

E. Mylonas,

Proistorike Eleusis

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17

G. E. Mylonas and K.

Kourouniotis,

AJA 37 (1933) 271-86.

"Excavations at Eleusis,

1932",

in

G. E. Mylonas,

"El.eusiniaka",

in AJA 40 (1936) 415-31.

G.

E. Mylonas,

Aghios Kosmas

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G. E. Mylonas,

To Dytikon Nekrotapheion tes

Eleusinos (1975-6).

M. Pantelidou, Hai Proistorikai

Athenai

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Athens,

1975).

G.

A.

Papavasil;;;iou,

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M.

R.

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H.

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Euboea 1964-66

 

(1968).

L.

H.

Sackett et al.,

"Prehistoric Euboea:

Contributions towards a Survey",

 

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T.

Spyropoulos,

preliminary reports

of excavations at Tanagra,

in PAE

 

(1969) 5-15,

(1970)29-36,

(1971)7-14,

(1973) 11-21,

(1974) 9-33,

Ergon (1975) 17-26,

(1976) 8-14, cf.

also AAA 2 (1969) 20-25, 3 (1970)

184-95.

B.

Stais,

"Proistorikoi synoikismoi en Attikei kai Aiginei",

in AE (1895)

193-263.

D.

R.

Theochares,

preliminary reports

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Asketario,

in PAE (1951) 77-92,

(1952) 129-51,

(1953) 105-18,

(1954) 104-13,

(1955) 109-17.

D.

R.

Theochares,

"Asketario",

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D.

R. Theochares,

"Ek tes

proistorias tes Euboias kai Skyrou",

in

Arkheion Euboikon Meleton 6 (1959) 279-328.

(vii) Map G

H.

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J.

L.

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G.

Caskey,

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L.

Dor et

al.,

Kirrha,

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R.

Hope Simpson and J.

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J.

Jannoray and H. van Effenterre,

"Fouilles de Krisa",

in BCH 61

(1937) 299-326,

62 (1938) 110-47.

-

A.

D. Keramopoullos,

"He Oikia Kadmou",

in AE (1909) 57-122.

A.

D. Keramopoullos,

"Mykenaikoi taphoi

en Aiginei kai

en Thebais",

in AE (1910) 209-52.

A.

D.

Keramopoullos,

11 Thebaika",

in@ 3 (1917) passim.

 

A.

D. Keramopoullos,

"Biomekhanai kai Emporion tou Kadmou",

in AE

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E.

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s.

Symeonoglou, Kadmeia I

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c.

Vatin, Medeon en Phocide (1969).

Various authors,

preliminary reports

on excavations

in Thebes

in

AD 19

(1964) Band following,

to present,

cf.

also AAA 3 (1970) 322-7

(T.

Spyropoulos), 7 (1974) 162-73, 8 (1975) 25-8, 86-90

(K.

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18

(viii) Maps H and J

E.

Hanschmann and v. Milocjic,

Argissa III

(1976).

 

A.

Hunter,

The Bronze Age

in Thessaly and

its

Environs,

with Special

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Oxford 1953).

K.

Kourouniotes,

"Anaskaphe

tholotou taphou

en Voloi",

in AE (1906) -

v.

Milocjic,

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1953-58

(196o).

v.

Milocjic

et al.,

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(1962).

V.

Milocjic,

"Bericht ilber die deutschen archaologischen Ausgrabungen

 

in Thessalien 1973",

in

AAA 7

(1974)

45-51

(on Pefkakia).

 

V.

Milocjic

et al.,

Magulen urn Larisa 1966

(1976).

D.

R.

Theochares,

preliminary reports

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and

 

Pefkakia,

in PAE (1956) 119-30,

(1957) 54-69,

(196o)

49-59,

(1961)

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D.

R.

Theochares,

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c. Tsountas,

A. J,

B.

Wace

Hai

Proistorikai Akropoleis Dimeniou kai Sesklou

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s.

Thompson,

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(ix) Map K

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I. P. Bokotopoulou, "Neoi kibotioskhemoi taphoi tes YE IIIB-f periodou

s.

I.

ex Epeirou",

in AE (1969) 179-207.

Dakaris,

"Proistorikoi

taphoi

para to Kalbaki-Ioanninon",

(1956)

114-53·

in AE

S.

I. Dakaris,

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Totenorakel

bei

Ephyra",

in Antike Kunst Beiheft 1

(1963) 35-56.

 

S.

I. Dakaris,

"A Mycenaean IIIB Dagger

from

the

Palaeolithic Site

of

Kastritsa, Epirus,

Greece, 11 in PPS 33

(1967)

30-36.

 

N.

G.

L.

Hammond,

Epirus

(1967),

especially Part II.

 

Wardle,

op.cit.

(Map E).

(x)

The Cyclades,

S!)brades,

Dodecanese

 

T.

D.

Atkinson et

al.,

The Excavations

at Phylakopi

in Melos

(1904).

R.

Barber, "Phylakopi 1911 and the History of the Later Cycladic Bronze

 

Age",

in BSA 69 (1974) 1-53·

 

E.

M.

Bossert,

"Kastri auf Syros: Vorbericht ilber eine Untersuchung der

 

prllhistorische Siedlung",

in AD 22 (1967) A 53-76.

 

J,

L.

Caskey,

"Investigations

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in Hesperia ~

(1971)

358-96,

 

41

(1972) 357-~1.

 

R.

M.

Dawkins

and

J.

P.

Droop,

"The Excavations

at

Phylakopi

in Melos",

 

in

BSA 17

(1910-11)

3-22.

C.

Douma-;;:-"Notes

on Early Cycladic

Architecture",

in AA (1972) 151-70.

c. Doumas,

H. Gallet de Santerre,

Early Bronze Age Burial Habits

et

Delos

primitive

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archaique

(1977).

(1958).

19

H.

D. Hansen, "Prehistoric Skyros", in Studies Presented to D. M. Robinson I (1951) 54-63.

R.

Hope Simpson and

J.

F.

Lazenby,

"Notes

from

the

Dodecanese",

in BSA 57

(1982) 154-75,

65 (1970)

47-77,

68 (1973) 127-79-

s.

Marinatos,

Excavations

at Thera:

First

(etc.

- to Seventh) Preliminary

Report

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G.

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41-185.

G.

Papathanasopoulos,

"Kykladika Naxou",

in@ 17 (1961-2) A 104-51.

N.

Platon,

"Ho taphos

tou Staphylou kai ho Minoikos apoikismos tes

Preparethou",

in KC 3 (1949) 534-73·

c.

Renfrew,

"Cycladic Metallurgy and the Aegean Early Bronze Age",

in

AJA 71

(1967) 1-20.

Renfrew,

op cit.,

(

(2)

General)

Part I.

0.

Rubensohn,

"Die

praehistorische und fr{!hgeschichtliche Funde aus

dem

Burghllgel von Paros",

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K.

Scholes,

"The

Cyclades

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a Synopsis",

in

BSA 51

(1956)

9-4o.

c.

Ts-;;;:;;=;tas,

"Kykladika",

in AE (1898) 137-212,

(1899) 73-134.

c. Zervos,

L'Art des Cyclades--(1956).

(4)

Special Studies

(i)

Chronology

P.

AstrCim, 0 "Remarks on Middle Minoan Chronology", in !SQ 15-16 (1961-2) I

137-50.

P.

K.

1\strC\m, "New Evidence for Middle Minoan Chronology", in Pepragmena

tou B. Diethnous Kretologikou Synedriou

(1968) 120-27.

Branigan, "The Mesara Tholoi and Middle Minoan Chronology", in

SMEA 5

(1968) 25-8.

K.

Branigan, "Radio-Carbon and the Absolute Chronology of the Aegean

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CAH I:l

~M. Clark, "A Calibration Curve for Radiocarbon Dates", in Antiquity 49

Ch. VI.

(1975)

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V.

Hankey and P. M. Warren, "The Absolute Chronology of the Aegean Late

K.

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A.

Kitchen,

11 Byblos,

in~

21

(1974) 142-52

in

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and Mari

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B. c.

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13.

Renfrew,

P. M. Warren,

op cit.,

(

(2)

General) Ch.

"Radiocarbon Dating and the Absolute Chronology of Late

11 ,

Neolithic

and Early Minoan Crete",

in~

17

(1976) 205-19.

20

( ii)

Pottery

R. J. Buck, "Middle Helladic Matt-Painted Pottery", in Hesperia 33 (1964)

231-313.

O. T·

0.

T.

P.

K.

Dickinson,

"Late Helladic IIA

and Iffi:

Some Evidence

Korakou",

in BSA 67 (1972) 103-12.

P.

K.

Dickinson,

"The Definition

of Late Helladic

I

11 ,

in BSA

from

69

D. H.

(1974) 109-20.

Notes

(circulated typescript,

French,

on Prehistoric

1972).

Pottery Groups

from Central

Greece

E.

E.

E.

French,

"Pottery Groups

from Mycenae:

a

Summary",

in BSA 58 (1963)

44-52.

French, "Late

Helladic

IIIAl

Pottery

from

Mycenae",

in

BSA

59

( 1964)

241-61.

French, "Late

Helladic

IIIA2

Pottery

from

Mycenae 11 ,

in

BSA

6o

(1965)

E.

E.

E.

159-202.

French, "A Group of Late Helladic IIffil Pottery from Mycenae 11 ,

in

BSA

61

(1966) 216-38.

French,

"Pottery from Late Helladic IIffil Destruction Contexts

at

Mycenae",

in BSI\

62

(1967) 149-93.

 

French,

"A Group

of Late Helladic

IIffi2

Pottery from Mycenae",

in

BSA

64

(1969) 71-93.

E. French,

A.

A.

"The First

Phase

of L.H.

IIIC",

in AA (1969) 133-6.

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F.

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E.

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