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Dedicated to our wives,
for all the help and support that they
have given during the production of this
work, and in particular for their patient
acceptance of desertion summer after summer



91 85058 81 5




The Scope of the Study; Acknowledgements
Names of Sites and Map References • • • •
Description of Sites in the Gazetteer . •
Conventions, Technical Terms, and Abbreviations
used in the Text
Special Terminology








Map A.
Map B.
Map c.
Map D.
Map E.
Map F.
Map G.
Map H.
Map J.
Map K.


The Argolid, Corinthia, the Megarid, and Aigina
Arcadia, Achaea, eastern Elis, northern Triphylia,
western Locris, and eastern Aetolia
Laconia and Kythera • • • • • • • • . • • • •
Messenia and southern Triphylia
The Ionian Islands, Acarnania, western Aetolia,
and western Elis • • • • • • • . • • • •
Attica, Salamis, southern Euboea, and eastern
Boeotia • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Boeotia, Phocis, eastern Locris, Malis, and
northern Euboea • • • • •
Eastern Thessaly • • • • • • •
Western Thessaly and Eurytania
Thesprotia and Epirus • • • •






The Cyclades
The Northern Sporades
The Dodecanese •
Samos and Chios



SUMMARY (with Maps 1-5)
The Early Bronze Age
The Middle Bronze Age
The Early Mycenaean Age
The Later Mycenaean Age
The End of the Bronze Age and the Dark Age
Mycenaean Trade • • • • • • • •
The Distribution of Settlements


Omitted Abbreviations


Er! I-II and Contemporary Sites




III - MH and Contemporary Sites
I-IIIAl and Contemporary Sites
IIIA2-IIIB and Contemporary Sites
IIIC - SMyc. and Contemporary Sites

MAPS A TO K (as listed above under Gazetteer of Sites)



The Scope of the Study;


This work is focussed on the Bronze Age of the Greek mainland,
with the exception of Macedonia and Thrace, and especially on Early,
Middle, and Late Helladic; the only sites listed in Epirus are those
where material of Mycenaean type has been found. Sites in the islands
are more summarily treated. For the Cyclades we have relied on the work
of Scholes (1956) and Renfrew (1972) and on information kindly supplied
by Professor c. Renfrew, Dr. R. Barber, and (for Melos) Mr. J, Cherry.
The Dodecanese has been partially surveyed by Hope Simpson and Lazenby
(1962, 1970, 1973). For Asia Minor, readers are referred to the regular
and systematic reviews presented by Professor M. J, Mellink in the
American Journal of Archaeology, by Dr. D. H. French in Anatolian Studies,
and by Professor J. M. Cook and others periodically in Archaeological
Reports (by the Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies in conjunction with the British School at Athens). Macedonia has been well covered
by Dr. D. H. French in his Index of Prehistoric Sites in Central Macedonia
(circulated typescript, 1967). Crete is not included in this volume, both
because of the size of the task, and because others are more competent than
ourselves to do the work. For similar reasons we have included only those
Neolithic sites which have produced evidence of Bronze Age habitation.
We have been much assisted by recent publication of important surveys, of
Achaea by Zstr8m (1964), Arcadia by Howell (1970), Euboea by Sackett et al.
(1966), and Messenia by McDonald and Hope Simpson (1961, 1964, 1969, and
MME). We owe much to the recent study of Central Greece by Dr. D. H. French
(circulated typescript, 1972), who is also currently preparing a monograph
on Thessaly. We are greatly indebted to Dr. K. A. Wardle for allowing us to
make use of his unpublished doctoral thesis on North-West Greece (1972)
and for various comments. Dr. H. w. Catling and Professor c. Renfrew
have provided unpublished information on the Menelaion site and Phylakopi.
Further help has been given by Dr. w. cavanagh on Attica, Mr. P. Halstead
on Thessaly, Mrs. s. Sherratt on the classification of LH III material
from a number of sites, and Mr. R. J, Howell on the sequence of phases
in MH. We are also indebted to many other colleagues past and present,
especially Miss S. Benton, Professor J, Boardman, Professor G. Cadogan,
Dr. J, Chadwick, Professor J, N. Coldstream, Mrs. A. DemakopoulouPapantoniou, Mr. v. R. d 1A. Desborough, Dr. E. B. French, Miss D. H. F. Gray,
the Hon. Mrs. Vronwy Hankey, Dr. R. A. Higgins, Dr. E. J, Holmberg,
Mr. M. s. F. Hood, Professor G. L. Huxley, Mr. G. Konstantinopoulos,
Mr. J. F. Lazenby, Professor D. Levi, Professor w. A. McDonald, Dr. c. Mee,
Dr. G. Papathanasopoulos, Miss A. Romiopoulou, Dr. J, Rutter, Mr. L. H. Sackett,
Professor A. M. Snodgrass, Professor p, M. Warren, Lady Waterhouse, and
Dr. N. Yalouris.
Our collaboration began in 1969, largely at the instigation of
Dr. H. w. Catling. In 1970-71 Hope Simpson began the supplementary fieldwork in Greece, during his tenure of a Leave Fellowship awarded by the


Canada Council for the project. He is most grateful both to the Council
and to Queen's University at Kingston for the opportunities they have
provided. Both then and during part of the summers of 1974 and 1975
(again with the support of a grant from the Canada Council) he visited
several sites in Mainland Greece and the Islands, and also worked in the
libraries of the British School at Athens and the Societies for the Promotion
of Hellenic and Roman Studies in London.
Dickinson has worked upon the Gazetteer as a Sir James Knott Fellow at
the University of Newcastle upon Tyne (1970-72) and a Research Fellow in the
Faculty of Arts at the University of Birmingham (1972-75). Support from
these bodies, the University of Minnesota Messenia Expedition, and the
British Academy has made regular visits t.o Greece possible and greatly
facilitated research, for which the British School at Athens has been an
ideal setting; gratitude to all concerned is here duly recorded.
Inevitably certain limitations have been imposed, both by the comparative lack of time available to us for a project of this size, and by the
obvious need for compression and brevity. For this reason we have here
omitted fuller topographical commentary and speculative theories concerning
political organisation, ancient economy, and other related topics.
Dr. H. w. Castner, of the Department of Geography of Queen's University at
Kingston, together with Mr. G. E. Innes (photographer) and Mr. R. W. Hough
(cartographer) of the Department, helped greatly in the production of the
maps. Mrs. w. J. Hope Simpson and Mrs. N. Reid prepared the typescript at
Kingston, and we record here our great debt to Professor p, ~str8m and also
to those others who have assisted us in the final production of this work.
O.T.P.K. Dickinson
R. Hope Simpson
JULY 1976

The decision to produce the text by offset-litho reproduction has
made a final typing of the manuscript necessary; special thanks are due to
Mrs. C. Dowson for undertaking this. Further information and references
gathered since July 1976, most recently during a short visit to Phylakopi
and Athens made possible by the generosity of Professor c. Renfrew, have
been incorporated, but very little could be added to the Bibliography and
the Maps have not been changed. In any major divergence between these and
the text, the latter is to be preferred,
O.T.P.K. Dickinson

Names of Sites and Map-References
In the spelling of the place-names a system involving compromise
between the "phonetic" and the "classical" has been followed, the main
object being to avoid confusion; in doubtful cases, the spelling used is
that of the excavator or discoverer.
Map-references are given only for sites on the Greek mainland and
adjacent islands. The references are to the British War Office series
G.S.G.S. 1:100,000 GREECE. The coverage for Greece is
4410/JV!DR 630
4439/MDR 610
References are given in the standard form (e. g. "K. 7 Tripolis 554 E / 205 N"
refers to a position in the square whose south~west corner is the intersection of the North to South grid-line 55 and the East to West grid-line
20). Sets of the 1 :lOO ,000 and the 1:250,000 series (the latter also
covers Crete, the Cyclades, and the Dodecanese) are available in the
Library of the Institute of Classical Studies in London, and at the
British School of Archaeology in Athens.
The maps were prepared by the War Office during World War II, and
were sometimes executed in considerable haste. The value and accuracy of
the references is conditioned by the limits of accuracy of the maps themselves, and the standards vary from sheet to sheet. On the worst sheets,
villages are sometimes misplaced, wrongly named (or given names now
obsolete), or even totally absent from the maps, while contours are
sometimes extremely unreliable. Because of these limitations, in many
cases the best method of recording a site is still to give the local placename (toponym) for the particular area, together with an indication,
preferably a bearing, of the geographical relationship with the nearest town
or village. Normally the village name is given first in the Gazetteer,
followed by the toponym or other identification.
Maps A to K are partly based on the map-series produced by the
Statistical Service or Greece (1963 edition) at scale 1:200,000. But the
accuracy of our placing of modern villages, roads, etc. on Maps A to K can
not be guaranteed.
Description of Sites in the Gazetteer
In addition to marking the location, we have attempted wherever
possible to give an estimate of the size of each settlement. Naturally
such estimates are more reliable in the case of excavated settlements, and
it should be emphasised that any figures given here for the spread of
surface sherds do not necessarily indicate that all the area denoted was
covered with buildings. The effects of' erosion must be borne in mind and
conversely the possibility that part of a site may be buried beneath
accumulated soil. Thus it is always difficult to estimate the size of any
particular settlement.
It is even more difficult, therefore, to guess what may have been
the average size of the settlements. We have noted, however, that many of

the ordinary Mycenaean habitation-sites appear to have occupied about a
hectare (10,000 square metres). A site may reasonably be considered
small if the area denoted is less than half a hectare. Large settlements
(two hectares or more) are relatively rare, and major sites, such as
important fortresses or evident area-capitals, with palaces or the
equivalent, are few. These latter are denoted on the maps by larger
circles. It must be admitted that in some cases we can not be sure whether
to class a site as "majorn or simply 11 largett.
The decision to divide the map of mainland Greece into ten separate
area-maps inevitably causes somewhat artificial divisions, since the maps
cut across actual provinces, ancient and modern. It is important, therefore,
to indicate which groups of sites appear to form coherent geographical units,
although there is no guarantee that the groupings suggested here indicate
political groupings of any particular period.
Conventions used on Maps A to K are indicated at the bottoms of
Maps A and G. Although an attempt is made to define on the maps the periods
during which particular sites were in use, the text must always be consulted,
because of the variable nature of the evidence.
Conventions, Technical Terms, and Abbreviations Used in the Text
In the text, periodical-references will be cited by the first relevant
page of discussion, without author's name; books will be cited with the
author's name in the site-bibliography, and thereafter on the "Wace 1949"
system, unless a special abbreviation is used.
Symbols Used in the Gazetteer



denotes a site where excavations have been made.
denotes a site visited by one or both of the authors.

Abbreviations for Archaeological Periods and Cultural Phases
EB(A), EH,







Bronze Age.
Dark Age.
Early Bronze (Age), Helladic, Minoan,
Protogeometric, Geometric (similarly for MB(A), LB(A) etc.).
(The terms Early, Middle, and Late Cycladic will not be used.)
Material termed Protogeomentric but having little or
no link with the Attic style.
Grotta-Pelos (used as in Renfrew).

Roman. LH I-IIIB (or similar) indicates that the whole range of phases from LH I to IIIB (or similar) is certainly or probably present. and are rarely given with great precision. lli III(B-C) ). we do not claim comprehensiveness. Notes (1) In the case of lli material. Phylakopi I (used as in Renfrew). LH III(A-B) indicates material likely to fall somewhere within the LH IIIA-B range (similarly lli III(A2-B).9 KS Phyl I = Keros-Syros (used as in Renfrew). the following conventions will be used: lli I/II indicates material of clearly early lli date. Abbreviations for Periodicals and Series AA AAA AD AE AJA AM AR AS ASAtene BCH BSA BullLund Cl!A Ergon GRBS ILN Jdi JHS KC OpArch OpAth PAE PZ Archaeologischer Anzeiger Athens Annals of Archaeology Arkhaiologikon Deltion Arkhaiologike Ephemeris American Journal of Archaeology Mitteilungen der deutschen archaeologischen Instituts: athenische Abteilung Archaeological Reports Anatolian Studies Annuario della scuola italiana di Atene e delle missioni italiani in oriente Bulletin de correspondance hellenique Annual of the British School at Athens • • Bulletin de la societe royale de lettres de Lund Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum Ergon tes Arkhaiologikes Hetaireias Greek. (2) Dates assigned on the basis of surface-finds must be considered provisional. and Byzantine Studies Illustrated London News Jahrbuch des deutschen archaeologischen Instituts Journal of Hellenic Studies Kretika Chronika Opuscula Archaeologica Opuscula Atheniensia Praktika tes Arkhaiologikes Hetaireias Praehistorische Zeitschrift . LH IIIA-B indicates that material likely to fall in both lli IIIA and LH IIIB is present. but not closely assignable. (3) Although we have attempted to cite all examples of later material at BA sites and in particular to gather all reported occurrences of PG.

Litt.lO RA REG SIMA SMEA Revue Arch~ologique Revue des Etudes grecques Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology Studi micenei ed egeo-anatolici Abbreviations for Surveys 0 P. Oxford 1953). in AJA 68 (1964) 229-45. in BSA 55 (196:J) 67-107. in BSA 61 (1966) 33-112. Waterhouse and R. Mycenae and the Mycenaean Age (1966). . Desborough. Sackett et al. G. Alt-Agilis und Kypros (1971). Furumark. Karageorgis. thesis. Part I (II)". 55 (1961) 221-to. A Gazetteer and Atlas of Mycenaean Sites (1965). Messenia I. III w. A. Lazenby. 68 (1973) 127-79. Das Ende der mykenische Fundst~tten auf der griechischen Festland (1962). II H. in BSA 57 (1962) 154-75. 65 (1970) 44-77. Vermeu1e. McDonald and R. A. E. Hai Proistorikai Akropoleis Dimeniou kai Sesklou (1908). Buchholz and v. Howell. The Bronze Age in Thessa1y and its Environs. V.. A. "Prehistoric Laconia. Mycenaean Pottery: Analysis and Classification (1941). The Last Mycenaeans and their Successors (1964). Tsountas. Dodecanese I.-G. D'A. with Special Reference to Mycenaean Culture (B. "Prehistoric Habitation in the Southwestern Peloponnese". F. Hope Simpson. 73 (1969) 123-78. "A Survey of Eastern Arcadia in Prehistory" in BSA 65 (1970) 79-127. c. Hope Simpson. " British School of Archaeology at Athens Cambridge Ancient History (all references are to the latest edition). Alin Special Abbreviations Alt-Rgllis !?SA CAH CG CMP D &S GBA Hunter I. II. E. H. Euboea L. Rapp Jr. w. H.R. Hope Simpson and J. Alin. Hope Simpson. I (1968). French. "Prehistoric Euboea: Contributions towards a Survey". Greece in the Bronze Age (1964). Mylonas. I I. (eds. ). J. in AJA 65 (1961) 221-to. R. III R. Notes on Prehistoric Pottery Groups from Central Greece (1972). GAMS Laconia I.MTS MMA MME MP MycCon I H. Hunter. A. "Notes from the Dodecanese". "Further Explorations in Southwestern Peloponnese 1962-3 (1964-8)". McDonald and G. The Chronology of Mycenaean Pottery (1941). D. Atti e memorie del prima congreso internazionale di micenologia Vol. The Minnesota Messenia Expedition (1972). Furumark. Arcadia R. A.

but usually roofed like a cist.). Chadwick ~·· The Mycenae Tablets III (1962). Pit Grave A normally rectangular but sometimes oval or shapeless pit cut in earth or soft rock and unlined. Well-known excavations will be generally referred to by their name. History of the Hellenic World I: Prehistory and Protohistory (1970.g. Tumulus A mound. III MV PT Renfrew E. English translation 1974). and the most useful general and special studies. and those in a series will be abbreviated. since tombs so described prove to be pits or cists. SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY (Including publications and preliminary reports of the most useful excavations and significant groups of material. the stomion. Bennett ~·· The Mycenae Tablets II (1958). Prehistoric Thessaly (1912). lacking the essential feature of the Mycenae graves. Buchholz and V. usually of circular plan. L. the projecting dome being covered with an earth u. this feature is only found in two graves at Lerna and the Zafer Papoura graves near Knossos.C. but the stomion will always be walled and covered over with one or more large lintel-slabs. and roofed with a stone slab or slabs. c. Special Terminology: Tomb-TyP. consisting of an Chamber Tomb open passage. Korakou. -G. this term will be applied selectively to tombs of some size and wealth. G. Al t-1\gll. or in large pithoi similarly placed. Karageorgis.) (l) General H. Christopoulos (ed. The Emergence of Civilisation: The Cyclades and the Aegean in the Third Millennium B. Thompson. Mykenische Vasen (1886). N. J. In the Gazetteer. The term "shaft grave" will not be generally used. lined with stone slabs or walls. e. A. J. Tholos Tomb A stone-built tomb made up of the same elements as a chamber tomb. Agora A tomb almost always cut in soft rock. Loeschcke. small tombs built in a similar way will be described otherwise. the dromos may be unlined. B. but nearly always of circular plan with a domed chamber. (1972). often through a narrow covered doorway. leading into a chamber hollowed out in the rock. the dromos. as Tiryns V. Gist Grave A rectangular pit cut in earth or soft rock. retained by a low wall.B. Burials may be made in pits or cists below the original ground level or sunk into the mound. Furtwaengler and G. Normally sunk into a hillside or level ground to the level of the lintel-slabs. the deep shaft above the roof of the grave. Renfrew. wace and M· s.nd Kypros (1971). A.11 MT II. . etc.

d 1A. J. L. Greece in the Bronze Age (1964). Schachermeyr. The Mycenaeans (1964). Furumark. Mycenae and the Mycenaean Age (1966). A Gazetter and Atlas of Mycenaean Sites (1965). K. Rstr8m. c. (3) Surveys and Publications: (i) Map A Sites and Provinces (by Map). Ch. Anatolia and the Aegean in the Third Millennium B. Birchall (eds.-Proistoria tes Peloponnesou (1964 ). (197lf) l-28 (1961-5. L. The Origins of Mycenaean Civilisation (1977). Renfrew. Die kretisch-mykenische Kultur (1921). T. L. The Greek Dark Ages (1972). 0. L. Syriopoulos.C. J. September 1976 (1977). "Greece. Alin. A. Syriopoulos. Vermeule. (1972). D. F. (2) Surveys and Publications: General P. Cambridge 1968). w. Desborough. H. Desborough and N. XXVII).C. H. d'A. Das Ende der mykenischen Fundst~tten auf der griechischen Festland (1962). XXVI(a) ) • J. R. T.c. IV( ) ). . Lerna II: The People (1971). Desborough. Blegen.D. Caskey. EB-MB). R. E. R. P. "The Middle Helladic Period". The Dark Age of Greece (1971). "Corinth in Prehistoric Times". in AJA 24 (1920) 1-13. The Emergence of Civilisation: The Cyclades and the Aegean in the Third Millennium B. French. Bronze Age Migrations in the Aegean (1973). Grassland and A. Fimmen. XXXVI).12 v. "The End of Mycenaean Civilisation and the Dark Age" (CAH II:2. G. (Ph. Ch. XXI(a). Snodgrass. "The Rise (Expansion. K. E. R. V. early LB). Buck. H-. Stubbings.). A. Marinates and M. M. Ch. A. Bintliff (ed. R. G. Hirmer. K. Recession) of Mycenaean Civilisation" (CAH II:l Ch. Caskey. c. Angel. T. v. "Das Panzer grab von Dendra: Bauweise und Keramik". F. J. thesis. Mylonas. Hope Simpson. in Phoenix 20 (1966) 193-209.".). s. P. and the Aegean Islands in the Early Bronze Age" ( CAH I :2. He Proistoria tes Stereas Hellados (1968). "Greece and the Aegean Islands in the Middle Bronze Age" (CAR II:l. in OpArch 6 (1950) 150-271. XIV. in AA (1962) 188-310 (1957-Eo). d 1A. Mycenaean Geography: Proceedings of the Cambridge Colloquium. Crete and Mycenae (l96o). in AM 82 ( 1967) 54-67. Crete. II:2 Chs. Lord William Taylour. (1971) 387-419 (1961-5. R. Hammond. "The Settlement at Ialysos and Aegean History 1550-1400 B. Dickinson. J. D. The Last Mycenaeans and their successors (1964). "Forschungsbericht llber die Ausgrabungen und Neufunde zur t\glhschen Fri'mzeit".

K. Mylonas. ·in AE (1910) 172-209. Prehistoric Aigina (1925). Deshayes. Gejvall. K. Tiryns Forschungen und Berichte VI (1973). w. Mylonas. in Hesperia 23 (1954) 3-30. in Archaeology 9 (1956) 166-74. The Royal Tombs at Dendra near Midea (1931). Mycenae (1878). Schliemann and w. in Metropolitan Museum Studies 3 (1930) 55-86. R· H~gg. Ancient Mycenae (1957). W. E. Keramopoullos. 11Mykenaikoi taphoi en Aiginei kai en Thebais". MUller. 27 (1958) 125-44. P. J. Tiryns III: die Architektur der Burg und des Palastes (1930). Zygouries (1928). "He Akropolis ton Mykenon". Gebauer. "Les Vases myc~niens de la Deiras (Argos )". 93 (1969) 574-616. Verdelis. Blegen. "Research at Dendra 1961". Mllller. The Cult Centre of Mycenae (1972). J. Die Schachtgr~ber von Mykenai (1930-33). (1962) passim. Rodenwaldt. H. in J2Q!). Blegen. Die Gr~ber der Argolis I (1974). W. Ho Taphikos Kyklos B ton Mykenon (1973). 25 (1956) 147-73. Persson. B. N. a. Mycenae's Last Century of Greatness (1968). Mylonas. Persson. M. "Discoveries at Ancient Argos". E. L. c. "The Prehistoric Settlement by Lake Vouliagmeni. K. a. a. w. FrBdi~nd A. DBrpfeld. a. J. Tiryns IV: die urfirnis Keramik (1938).lles de la Deiras (1966). Lerna I: The Fauna (1969). Asine (1938). N. P.. Tsountas. E. 28 (1959) 202-6. 24 (1955) 25-49. in AA ( 1939) 268-94. a. K. Schliemann. Excavations at Berbati 1936-7 (1965). Caskey.. 11 Forschungen in d~golis".13 C. Deshayes. J. D. J. Deshayes. H. in AM 82(1967) 1-53. "Gonia". J. Karo. in J2Q!). Q. L. Excavations in the Barbouna Area of Asine I (1973). Korakou (1921). Blegen. Tiryns II: die Fresken des Palastes (1912). a. Gercke et al. w. Caskey. R· H~gg. o. Harland. Tiryns Forschungen und Berichte V (1971). A. Fossey. A. Persson. M. MUller et al. Les Foui. 26 (1957) 142-52. G. Mylonas. p. "Les Vases Vollgraff de la Deiras 11 . c. G. J. New Tombs at Dendra near Midea (1942). Siedentopf et al. in Hesperia 29 (196o) 285-303. Prosymna (1937). W. S~flund. "Anaskaphai taphon en Mykenais". Tiryns VIII ( 1975). Blegen. Tiryns (1886). I· and R. Mylonas. in AE (1958) 153-207. "Neue Funde von Dendra". in AE (1886) 136-58. c. c.. A. "The Early Helladic Period in the Argolid 11 . w. H. E. 77 (1953) 59-89. Courbin. in OpAth 4 (1962) 79-102. Perachora" in BSA 64 (1969) 53-69. . preliminary reports of excavations at Lerna. H~gg. E.

G. with a List of Prehistoric Sites in Achaea". Alt-Olympia ( 1935). Aigina (1938). "Finds from Excavations in the Acropolis of Midea 1939". Welter. B. B. especially Ch. F. "Alt-Pylos I.. J. Vo11graff. N. in RSA 65 (1970) 79-127. in~ (1952) 398-lfOO.. Mycenae: an Archaeological History and Guide (1949). "Explorations in Elis 1939". Romaios. in AD 1 (1915) 225-79. (1956) 173-207. Excavations at Aigion. K. in A~64 (196o) l-21. 2 (1916) 179-89. Welter. E. in OpAth 5 (1964) 89-110. J. ) Kythera: Excavations and Studies (1972). N.. Rstr8m. Wace. J. Yalouris. "Excavations at Mycenae". K. W. "Foui11es d'Argos". J. 49 (1954) 231-53. "Mykenaika angeia ek thalamoeidon taphon periokhes Hagiou Ioannou Monemvasias". "Al t-Pylos II. III. B.. reports of excavations at Thermon. 31 (1907) 139-44. in AD 20 (1965) A 6-4o. 266-91. Papadopoulos. Vermeule. Die Kuppelgrtlber von Kakovatos". Huxley ( eds.ikos Tymbos Samikou". "Myke. G. 25 (1921-3) passim. . D8rpfeld. in MycCon I 176~82. in OpAth 7 (1967) 161-75. in AM 36 (1911) 163-85. in AQ 23 (1968) B 174-94. E.. Reports of surveys and test excavations in the area of the Peneios river dam in Elis. N. D8rpfeld. 11 Einzelfunde aus Olympia 1907-9 I: d i e Funde aus Wohnhtluserschicht". J. A. B. Die Funde aus den Kuppelgrtlbern von Kakovatos".1970 (1976). 50 (1955) 175-237. Coldstream and G. Demakopoulou. in RSA 24 (1919-21) 185-209. (ii) MapB P. A. Wace et al. in AM 33 (1908) 295-317. 30 (1906) 5-45. Weege. (1957) u4-7. Yalouris. 69-83. preliminary reports of excavations at Mycenae in RSA 45 (1950) 203-28. Troizen und Kalaureia (1941). G. Zafeiropoulos. N. preliminary reports of excavations in the Pharai area.. A. "A Survey of Eastern Arcadia in Prehistory". A. in AD 23 (1968) A 145-94. w. K. J. "Trouvailles myceniennes et premyceniennes de la Region de Sanctuaire d 'Olympie". Howell. Wace et al. Milller. The Swedish Excavations at Asea in Arcadia (1942). (1958 167-76. Waoe. A. Sperling. J. in AJA 46 (1942) 77-89. 48 (1953) 3-29. "The Mycenaeans in Achaea". Walberg. 51 (1956) 103-22. J. Chamber Tombs at Mycenae (1932). in BCH 28 (1904) 364-99. Holmberg. 11Mycenaean Pottery from the Region of Aigion. in AM 34 (1909) 269-328..14 w. L. R. (iii) Map C J.

(1959) 174-9. (1954) 299-316. "Further Explorations in the Southwestern Peloponnese (1962-3. in AJA (1964) 229-45. in Hesperia 41 (1972) 218-73. A. "An Early Tholes . Choremis. in Hesperia 23 (1954) 158-62.: "Excavations at Ayios Stephanos". A. McDonald. w. "Pavlopetri. Hope Simpson. (1962) 90-98. in BSA 52 (1957) 231-59. 1972-3 )". 73 (1969) 123-78. "Prehistoric Habitation in the Southwestern Peloponnese". in Das Altertum 1 (1955) llKJ-63. (1960) 195-209. Marinates. Korres. "Continued Exploration in Eastern Triphylia". McDonald and G. Blegen et al. R. c. preliminary reports of excavations in Messenia. G. Karageorga. 1964-8 )". (1964) 78-95. McDonald and R· Hope Simpson.Palace of Nestor at Pylos in Western Messenia II: The Frescoes (1969). R. Lord William Tayle.. Hope Simpson. Hope Simpson. W. preliminary reports of excavations in Messenia. M. Ergon (1975) 132-9. (1958)·184-93. (1976) 127-40. in BSA 64 (1969) 113-42. The Palace of Nestor at Pylos in Western Messenia I: The Buildings and their Contents (1966). Marinates. "Excavations at Nichoria in Messenia (1969-71. in AE (1889) 129-72. in BSA 61 (1966) 113-31. II)".(1956) 202-6. (1966) 119-32. W.. H. an Underwater Bronze Age Town in Laconia". in BSA 67 ( 1972) 205-70. Rawson. in AE (1972) Chronika 12-20. w. (1953) 238-50. Valmin.).15 A.:. "Anaskaphe periokhes arkhaiou Doriou". W. Marinates. S. in BSA 55 (1960) 67-107. Th. 44 (1975) 69-141. S. 56 (1961) 221-60. The Palace of Nestor at Pylos in Western Messenia III (1973). S. c. (1955) 245-55. in PAE (1952) 1f73-96. (1957) 118-20. The. A. N. Hope Simpson. "PALAIPYLOS".Tomb in Western Messenia". (1963) 114-21. "Prehistoric Laconia (Parts I. "The Seven Cities Offered by Agamemnon to Achilles". "Identifying a Mycenaean State". s. Blegen. Tsountas. in AJA 65 (1961) 221-60. Harding et al. S. 11 El'evnai en tei Lakonikei kai ho taphos tou Vapheiou". in PAE (1974) 139-62. Lang. A. 11Mykenaikoi kai protogeometrikoi Taphoi Karpophoras Messenias". in SMEA 3 (1967) 7-18. Waterhouse and R. . (1965) 102-20. in BullLund (1927-8) l-54. McDonald and R. w. The Minnesota Messenia Expedition (1972). (1961) 169-76. w. (iv) Map D C. Rapp (eds. in AE (1973) 25-72. A. R. Blegen and M. "Problemi archeologici e filologici di Pilo".. C.

Mesolongion (Ithorias )". "Late Helladic Tombs at Khalkis". Iakovidis. D. in Hesperia 2 (1933) 329-72. Map E Benton. Branigan. L. in OpAth l (1953) 29"-46. London.D. D. Kraiker and K. "Athens in the Late Bronze Age". Broneer. s. (1963) 93-8. (1933)~0-97. J.16 N. (v) s. Kerameikos: Ergebnisse der Ausgrabungen I (1939). The Swedish Messenia Expedition (1938) Part I. Valmin. The Greek Bronze Age West of the Pindus (Ph. w.. in Hesperia 6 (1937) 539-50. in AD 19 (1964) B 295-300. Alt-Ithaka (1928). (1965) 121-36. 0. "The Tumulus Burials of Leucas and their Connections in the Balkans and northern Greece". Benton. Benzi. Waterhouse. "The Ionian Islands". in BSA 68 (1973) 1-24. Valmin. 0. "Anaskaphe Hagiou Ilia . Heurtley. in BSA 32 (1931-2) 213-46. w. E. in BSA 35 (1934-5) 1-44. in ~ 70 ( 1975) 37-49. s. N. Mussche et al. S. Perati: To Nekrotapheion I-III (1969-70)• S. Proistorike Eleusis (1932). Hansen. Hammond. "Malthi-Epilog". (vi) Map F M. D8rpfeld. III (1965) 20-24. . Thorikos I (1963) 27-46. Servais. thesis. "A Mycenaean Fountain on the Athenian Acropolis". H. "Excavations on the North Slope of the Acropolis". "The Round Graves of Leukas Reconsidered". reports of excavations in Kephallenia in AD 5 (1919) 82-122. ~ (1968) 21-102. in~ (1962) 127-33. The Athenian Agora XIII: The Neolithic and Bronze Ages (1971). Mylonas. Mastrokostas. 6 (1920-21) 175-7. K. Benton and H. Klibler. w. "Excavations in Ithaka III". Hankey. "Excavations in Ithaka: Tris Langadas". E. He Mykenaike Akropolis~ton Athenon (1962). "Excavations in Ithaka II". N. in BSA 47 (1952) 49-95. Ergon (1966) 156-65. Broneer. "The Prehistoric Pottery on the North Slope of the Acropolis". in Hesperia 8 (1939) 317-433· 0. Immerwahr. in Antiquity 30 (1956) 9-18. G. Marinatos. E. Broneer. preliminary reports of excavations at Teikhos Dymaion. in BCH 88 (1964) 9-50. K. AE (1932) 10-47. s. (1964) 60-67. in BSA 69 (1974) 129-44. s. S. V. A. H. 1972). Ceramica Micenea in Attica (1975). Mastrokostas. s. in BSA 39 (1938-9) 1~16. Iakovidis. G. Wardle. "Le site helladique de Khlemoutsi et 1 'Hyrmine homerique".

86-90 (K. Etude de prehistoire phocidienne (1964). in Antiquity 33 (1939) 102-5. Bulle. J. D. Popham and L. L. Papavasil. G. E. in PAE (1969) 5-15. Euboea 1964-66 (1968). Keramopoullos.iou. in AJA 40 (1936) 415-31. "Prehistoric Euboea: Contributions towards a Survey". "Fouilles de Krisa". s. 3 (1970) 184-95. (1955) 109-17. D. to present. Keramopoullos. cf. - A. Theochares.. Sackett. (1974) 9-33. in AE (1909) 57-122. E. in PAE (1951) 77-92. Dor et al. B. G. R. Orchomenos III: die Keramik der frilhen Bronzezeit (1930). Orchomenos I: die ~lteren Ansiedlungsschichten (1907). Demakopoulou). Caskey.17 G. Mylonas. G. in AJA 37 (1933) 271-86. 8 (1975) 25-8. 7 (1974) 162-73. Medeon en Phocide (1969). "El. A. Stais. "The Earliest Settlements at Eutresis. R. (1952) 129-51. M. Hai Proistorikai Athenai (doctoral thesis. in BCH 61 (1937) 299-326. D. 1932". also AAA 2 (1969) 20-25. L. Kirrha.eusiniaka". G. "Biomekhanai kai Emporion tou Kadmou". R. Peri ton en Euboiai arkhaion taphon (1910). Kourouniotis. A. (vii) Map G H. "Asketario". in AE (1930) 29-58. E.. E. Spyropoulos). A. (1971)7-14. Spyropoulos.. Pantelidou. Vatin. in@ 3 (1917) passim. Symeonoglou. in BSA 61 (1966) 33-112. Theochares. Mylonas and K. preliminary reports on excavations in Thebes in AD 19 (1964) Band following. in Arkheion Euboikon Meleton 6 (1959) 279-328. D. Lazenby. (1976) 8-14. preliminary reports of excavations at Raphina and Asketario. . Excavations at Lefkandi. M. cf. in AE (1895) 193-263. Jannoray and H. Sackett et al. T. "Mykenaikoi taphoi en Aiginei kai en Thebais". Kadmeia I (1973). Various authors. D. (1970)29-36. (1973) 11-21. Keramopoullos. 1975). Athens. and E. R. To Dytikon Nekrotapheion tes Eleusinos (1975-6). in AE (1953-4) III 59-76. Hope Simpson and J. in Hesperia 29 (196o) 126-67. Mylonas. "Proistorikoi synoikismoi en Attikei kai Aiginei". "Ek tes proistorias tes Euboias kai Skyrou". D. Kunze. Aghios Kosmas (l959). Mylonas. H. E.. in AE (1910) 209-52. 62 (1938) 110-47. "The Kingdom of Peleus and Achilles". (1954) 104-13. Ergon (1975) 17-26. c. 11 Thebaika". R. van Effenterre. "He Oikia Kadmou". H. "Excavations at Eleusis. Keramopoullos. D. L. (1953) 105-18. preliminary reports of excavations at Tanagra. Theochares. also AAA 3 (1970) 322-7 (T. J. Supplementary Excavations 1958". A. G.

L. S!)brades. "Bericht ilber die deutschen archaologischen Ausgrabungen in Thessalien 1973". D. D. V. in AE (1956) 114-53· S.cit. C. in BSA 69 (1974) 1-53· E. Dakaris. "Investigations in Keos". Hai Proistorikai Akropoleis Dimeniou kai Sesklou (1908). K. Hammond. I. R. "Anaskaphe tholotou taphou en Voloi". Tsountas. P. (196o) 49-59. M. v. Doumas. Oxford 1953). . in AE (1906) 211-~. "Neoi kibotioskhemoi taphoi tes YE IIIB-f periodou ex Epeirou".. Early Bronze Age Burial Habits in the Cyclades (1977). Caskey. Dakaris. (1957) 54-69. Argissa I (1962). in AD 22 (1967) A 53-76. I. c. Milocjic et al. op.:-"Notes on Early Cycladic Architecture". thesis. v. Bossert. Bokotopoulou. Barber. Hanschmann and Milocjic. Greece. (Map E). P. V. Epirus. "Proistorikoi taphoi para to Kalbaki-Ioanninon". with Special Reference to Mycenaean Culture (B. (ix) Map K I. Hunter. R. whence sailed the Argonauts". Milocjic.Litt. "Phylakopi 1911 and the History of the Later Cycladic Bronze Age". in Hesperia ~ (1971) 358-96. Argissa III (1976). "Iolkos. Epirus (1967). A. "The Excavations at Phylakopi in Melos". 41 (1972) 357-~1. Kourouniotes. (x) The Cyclades. R. 11 in PPS 33 (1967) 30-36.. Thompson. c. Hauptergebnisse der deutschen Ausgrabungen in Thessalien 1953-58 ( 196o). in AE (1969) 179-207. E. s. Magulen urn Larisa 1966 (1976).. Droop. s. Dawkins and J. B. L. H. D. Douma-. "Das Taubenorakel von Dodona und das Totenorakel bei Ephyra". Theochares. in AAA 7 (1974) 45-51 (on Pefkakia). in Archaeology 11 (1958) 13-18. Milocjic et al. Theochares. The Excavations at Phylakopi in Melos (1904). Milocjic. Dakaris. Gallet de Santerre. in AA (1972) 151-70. preliminary reports of excavations at Volos and Pefkakia.18 (viii) Maps H and J v. I. A. in PAE (1956) 119-30. Dodecanese T. Delos primitive et archaique (1958). M. The Bronze Age in Thessaly and its Environs.. J. G. Wardle. J. Wace and M. in BSA 17 (1910-11) 3-22. in Antike Kunst Beiheft 1 (1963) 35-56. S. N. "Kastri auf Syros: Vorbericht ilber eine Untersuchung der prllhistorische Siedlung". "A Mycenaean IIIB Dagger from the Palaeolithic Site of Kastritsa. Prehistoric Thessaly (1912). R. especially Part II. (1961) 45-54. Atkinson et al.

. and Mari in the Second Millennium B. Branigan.19 H. 68 (1973) 127-79s. op cit. Rubensohn. Scholes. 11 . Warren. P. ( (2) General) Ch. Excavations at Thera: First (etc. K. VI. Hope Simpson and J. in BSA 57 (1982) 154-75. "Kykladika Naxou". (4) Special Studies (i) Chronology 0 P. Ts-. "Scavi nella zona micenea di Jaliso". in BSA 51 (1956) 9-4o.=. Warren. in Antiquity 49 (1975) 251-66 (with previous bibliography). 36 (1967) 39-54.S.. Hansen. in Pepragmena tou B. in Studies Presented to D. Lazenby. "Prehistoric Skyros". in AM 42 (1917) 1-72. Renfrew. G. K. "Cycladic Metallurgy and the Aegean Early Bronze Age". "The Mesara Tholoi and Middle Minoan Chronology". Marinatos. Kitchen. 13. "A Calibration Curve for Radiocarbon Dates". (1899) 73-134. M. c. in Clara Rhodos 10 (1941) 41-185. Clark. 65 (1970) 47-77.tas. in@ 17 (1961-2) A 104-51. M. 11 Byblos. K. D. "Ho taphos tou Staphylou kai ho Minoikos apoikismos tes Preparethou".. in !SQ 15-16 (1961-2) I 137-50. ~M. G. Hankey and P. P. "Radiocarbon Dating and the Absolute Chronology of Late Neolithic and Early Minoan Crete". Monaco. Robinson I (1951) 54-63. "The Absolute Chronology of the Aegean Late Bronze Age". Papathanasopoulos. R. 1\strC\m. "Radio-Carbon and the Absolute Chronology of the Aegean Bronze Age". c. 0. "Kykladika". op cit. to Seventh) Preliminary Report (1968-74). Diethnous Kretologikou Synedriou (1968) 120-27. in AJA 71 (1967) 1-20. in~ 17 (1976) 205-19. "New Evidence for Middle Minoan Chronology". Zervos. CAH I:l Ch.. AstrCim. c. Branigan. in KC 15 (1973) 352-74.:. "The Cyclades in the Later Bronze Age: a Synopsis". in SMEA 5 (1968) 25-8. K. ( (2) General) Part I. L'Art des Cyclades--(1956). Platon. in Orientalia N. A. "Notes from the Dodecanese". F. in AE (1898) 137-212. . in KC 3 (1949) 534-73· c. M. in~ 21 (1974) 142-52 (with references). V. N. "Die praehistorische und fr{!hgeschichtliche Funde aus dem Burghllgel von Paros". Renfrew. "Remarks on Middle Minoan Chronology". Egypt. Renfrew..

F. in BSA 42 (1947) 1-75. and D. H. "The Pre-Mycen. French. in BSA 52 (1957) 207-19. Milburn. "The First Phase of L. P. Wace. French. 11 Tiryns: Mykenaike epikhosis exothen tou Dytikou Teikhous tes Akropoleos". B.H. T.. H. in Hesperia 33 (1964) 231-313. Analysis and C~ssification (1941). "Middle Helladic Matt-Painted Pottery". IIIC". D. M. in BSA 22 (1916-18) 175-89. A. "A Group of Late Helladic IIffi2 Pottery from within the Citadel at Mycenae". in BSA 68 (1973) 297-348. French. B. in AA (1969) 133-6.. E. T· P. F. w. A. M. K. in BSA 49 (1954) 267-91. J. in BSA 6o (1965) 159-202. A. J. "The Mycenaean IIIC Pottery and its Relation to Cypriote Fabrics". E. in BSA 59 ( 1964) 241-61. The Transition to Mycenaean (1976). Stubbings. A. B. 0. Biancofiore. "Late Helladic IIA and Iffi: Some Evidence from Korakou". "Prehistoric Cemetery: a Deposit of L. in BSI\ 62 (1967) 149-93.H. French. Wace et al. 11 The Mycenaean Pottery of Attica". Furumark. in BSA 58 (1963) 44-52. 11 The Late Helladic IIIC Pottery of Xeropolis (Lefkandi). 1972). and s. O. Wardle. French. French. J. "Late Helladic IIIA2 Pottery from Mycenae 11 . Notes on Prehistoric Pottery Groups from Central Greece (circulated typescript. A. E. Dickinson. E. Furumark. H. Rutter. in BSA 67 (1972) 103-12. N. Blegen. A. E. K. Dickinson. E. a Summary". H. French. B. in OpAth 3 (1944) 194"-265. Civilta .an Pottery of the Mainland". Buck. Wardle. Popham and E.20 ( ii) Pottery R. Verdelis. E. French. in BSA 66 (1971) 333-49. "The Cyclopean Terrace Building and the Deposit of Pottery beneath it". in BSA 61 (1966) 216-38. in AD 20 (1965) A 137-52. K. "A Group of Late Helladic IIffil Pottery from within the Citadel at Mycenae". III Pottery". E.. "Late Helladic IIIAl Pottery from Mycenae". (iii) Trade and Foreign Contacts ' micenea nell' Italia meridionale (1967). in BSA 69 (1974) 109-20. "A Group of Late Helladic IIffil Pottery from Mycenae 11 . in BSA 64 ( 1969) 261-97. "Pottery Groups from Mycenae: a Summary". "A Group of Late Helladic IIffi2 Pottery from Mycenae". "The Definition of Late Helladic I 11 . K. Mycenaean Pottery. E. in BSA 64 (1969) 71-93. Wace and c. "Pottery from Late Helladic IIffil Destruction Contexts at Mycenae". French. J.

H. Wace. "Wessex and Mycenae: Some Evidence Reviewed". B. w. "Wessex and the Common Market". "Linear B Tablets from 'rhebes". in AA (1974) 325-462. L. Palmer. Whitehouse. H. "Halberds. L'Egypte et le monde ~geen prehellenique (1956). Bennett. Buchholz.L. "The Metal Industry of Continental Italy. The Mycenae Tablets IV (1969). 1955 (Minos Supplement 2. L. "The Mycenae Tablets". in Archaeology 13 ( 196o) 4-13. K. in Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 97 (1953) 422-70. Daggers and Culture Contact". C. Renfrew. H. (iv) Linear B (major publications of material from mainland sites) E. 1958). . "Mycenaean Pottery in the Middle East: Notes on Finds since 1951 11 .G.-P. J. in BSA 62 ( 1967) 107-47. 11Mycenaean Trade and Colonisation". "A Study of the Inscribed Stirrup-Jars from Thebes 11 . K. A. K. J. Catling and A. Bennett. "Mycenaean Greece and Europe: the Evidence of Bronze Tools and Implements". Branigan. and its Connections with the Aegean". in BSA 69 (1974) 343-90. E. Prehistor~Macedonia (1939). "Keftiubarren und Erzhandel im 2 vorchr. Millett. Mycenaean Pottery in Italy and Adjacent Areas (1958). M.. F. Bietti Sestieri. Branigan. w. V. in Minos 10 ( 1970) 115-37. L. in Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 52 (1963) 1-76. in Archaeometry 8 ( 1965) 3-85. J. W. The Olive Oil Tablets of Pylos: Texts of Inscriptions Found. Buchholz. H. "Wessex without Mycenae". Stubbings. The Interpretation of Mycenaean Greek Texts (1963). Lord William Taylour. A. Branigan. L. Forschungsbericht llber Ausgrabungen und Neufunde. "The Mycenae Tablets III 11 . Olivier. s. Vercoutter. "The Mycenae Tablets II". Chadwick. Catling. E. R. in PPS 39 (1973) 383-424. in Bollettino di Paletnologia Italiana 75 (1966) 97-109. in BSA 63 (1968) 277-85. Chadwick ~. Heurtley. in Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine 65 (1970) 89-107. 13th to the 11th century B. in PZ 37 (1959) l-4o.. A. Harding. Immerwahr.21 A. Mycenaean Pottery from the Levant (1951). J.. in SMEA 15 (1972) 147-55. Hankey. "The Copper Age of Peninsular Italy and the Aegean". in Origini 5 (1971) 47-58. Cypriot Bronzework in the Mycenaean World (1964). "Prehistoric Relations between Italy and the Aegean". Jahrtausend". Bennett and A. . in Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 48 (1958) 1-122.-G. Bennett. Renfrew and J. c. Branigan. E. "Xg1lische 'Funde und Kul tureinflusse in den Randgebieten des Mittelmeeres. 196o-70". in PPS 41 ( 1975) 183-202. K. J. The Pylos Tablets: Tests of the Inscriptions Found 1939-54 ( 1955).C.

Documents in Mycenaean Greek (2nd ed. 1973).22 • J. Chadwick. Chadwick. T. Spyropoulos and J. Les vases a inscriptions peints de l 1 age mycenien et leur contexte archeologique (1968). Samos I (1961). Raison. Omitted from Section 3 (x) V.. 1975). M. Ventris and J. . The Thebes Tablets II (Minos Supplement 5. Milocjic.

where a local sequence continued. Hood. EH II seems universal on the mainland south of Thessaly and is found on several islands. Irini on Kea and Phylakopi on Melos have produced sequences that cover the MBA and can be correlated with both Crete and the mainland through the presence of MM and Grey Minyan imports (cf. apparently introduced by settlers from Crete. in Varagnac Melanges (1971) 427).F. Material of certainly MB date is not easy to identify elsewhere. Lefkandi. Outside these areas there is virtually an archaeological blank. exceptions are Kythera. Similar "Anatolian" pieces have been found on others of the northern Cyclades. though hard to find on Melos. including Kea and Kythera. that definitely early MH is not well represented in the published material and that the various provinces of the mainland had local sequences. are found in most parts of the mainland and the closest islands. particularly its earlier phases. In the Cyclades both Ay. while in the southern Cyclades types of the Phylakopi I assemblage are widespread. Variants of the MH assemblage. so often cited as characteristic MH belong to a long mature stage and not to its beginning. which clearly derives in most essentials from EH III. and Nichoria. This remarkably varied and somewhat confused picture becomes simpler in the MBA. while the characteristic KS types occur on most of the Cyclades. including the ring-stemmed goblet. and likely that KS types survived on some islands. from study of the long stratigraphical sequences at sites like Lerna. the correlation of early MH with MM IA is further supported by the presence of a late EH III or early MH import at Knossos (M. the Lerna IV variant in the north Peloponnese. and Thessaly. while on Euboea and Kea an assemblage of "Anatolian" type is found. the development of the Minyan wares may provide a framework in the central provinces. and it has become clear. notably among the late KS assemblage of Kastri on Syros. where GP types might have continued to dominate at least for a while. some characteristic features are found in inland Thessaly and the local culture in Epirus may also be related. A series of imports at Lerna allows the linking of the MH with the MM sequence (Hesperia 29 (1960) 298-9). where EH II was superseded by EM II. EH II and KS are lin_~ed closely with each other and with EM II by exchanges of goods and influences. Phases clearly succeeding these can only be identified in some parts of the area covered by the Gazetteer: the Ayia Marina variant of EH III is found in central Greece. and they can only be suggested to be broadly contemporary. and no other . No scheme for the sub-division of MH has been generally accepted.23 RELATIVE AND ABSOLUTE CHRONOLOGY (i) Relative Chronology There are still areas of obscurity in the relative chronology of the Aegean BA.S. It is conceivable that EH II persisted in some parts of the mainland. and it can at least be stated that the angular shapes. The origins of mainland EH I and the closely allied EB I of Thessaly and of the GP phase in the Cyclades are not clear. also AR (1959-60) 22 for a Phylakopi-style import in a MM IB stratum at Knossos).

BSA 67 (1972) 103) to result in LH IIB. but this becomes increasingly difficult as the period progresses. although its influence in Crete was never very great. it is not very distinctive stylistically. From LH IIIAl. but increases during LH III.24 major sites have been excavated except Paroikia on Paros. The evidence is rather scanty. It might in fact be better to consider SMyc. LH fine pottery is extremely similar wherever found and. (ii) Absolute Chronology There is still no agreement on the absolute chronology of the earlier phases of the BA. however. in cemeteries of cists and pits. for LH I imports appear side by side with IM IA in the Cyclades. and Akrotiri. suggesting that this was the centre of development. which seems to derive much of its immediate inspiration from Kytheran LM IA. although deposits in the north-east Peloponnese have a wider range of shapes and motifs than elsewhere. in central parts of 'the mainland overlapped with LH IIIC elsewhere. The Cretan and mainland sequences are also closely linked in the next stage. and is the ultimate ancestor of mainland LH I. suggesting a degree of homogeneity. though time must be allowed for this development. but this influence is most obvious in the fine "palatialtt types. though the two are linked by exchanged imports and influences. where there is little material that can be dated before the LBA. it took place within the LM IA phase. that deriving from . and there is considerable local variation in LH IIIB. Thereafter the mainland sequence is essentially independent of the Cretan. A local MM sequence has been traced on Kythera. it is at first possible to correlate local sequences in LH IIIC. the mainland style begins to dominate in the Cyclades and Dodecanese. and it is only connections with the Attic stylistic sequence that allow some precision in relative and absolute dating. The MM sequence is thus crucial for the establishment of absolute chronology throughout the Aegean. again perhaps indicating settlement from Crete. being identified partly on its context. for at its beginning the Minoan tradition in pottery-decoration becomes dominant throughout the Aegean. and material of late MM type appears in the Dodecanese and adjacent coast of Asia Minor. and it is comparisons between other goods rather than pottery that have led to the suggestion that SMyc. when LH IIA is strongly influenced by IM IB. Relationships in the LBA are the most clearly perceived of all. but its most characteristic types are found widely in the central mainland. and the domestic pottery of the mainland develops separately (cf. closely related to Phylakopi. The LM IA style is imported and imitated at Phylakopi. Irini. although some fine styles like the Argive ttclose Style" and Aegean ttoctopus Stylett had wide influence. Ay. The degree of local divergence from the standard is small. the principal types of each phase are found all over the mainland and Aegean. and Akrotiri on Thera. The catastrophes at the end of LH IIIB were followed by a complete breakdown in homogeneity. as merely one form of late LH IIIC. Local sequences continue in the DA.

mainly the radiocarbon method. most of the Egyptian connections for the MM phases have been doubted or dated lower. this has centred on the contexts and stylistic assignation of the relevant objects (RstrBm 1961-2. beginning the BA at c. w. A still further complication that has not yet been properly resolved is the precise definition and relation to one another of the Minoan pottery-phases: if MM I can continue outside the palaces while MM II is made within them. and EM II phases probably occupy the middle centuries of the third millennium. and dates obtained by scientific means. It should also be noted that the date then obtained may be no more than a terminus post quem.C. ci t. their date-range seems too wide to be of much use. Branigan 1968): in particular.g. 700 years in the case of Fournou Korifi ). while. 3000 B. It is widely accepted that it is necessary to calibrate them to obtain a true date in calendar-years (in the first instance because of the unacceptably low dates obtained from Egyptian material). where should the finds of scarabs in MM IA contexts be placed? The radiocarbon dates are not as valuable as they have frequently been thought to be.for calculating the "confidence interval" of the dates.25 synchronisms with historically datable civilisations relates solely to Crete. include few from the same site. 1968. 255-8) . Dating Methods in Archaeology (1973) 160). though more widely spread. The general preference is for a long chronology. The cumulative evidence for a substantial chronological overlap between the MM I-II phases and the well-dated Egyptian Twelfth Dynasty . even if accepted. inter alia making no allowance for the likelihood that the dates are for the wood rather than its context). Both sources have been the subject of much controversy. produces a much wider range upwards and downwards than is normally suggested. makes utter reliance on them hazardous. The few dates obtained by the thermoluminescence method have an even wider "confidence interval" (e. depend for absolute dating on the still disputed Near Eastern chronology (though the "low" . but the recommended method ( op. together with the likelihood that some at least of the dates available are based on contaminated samples.chronology followed by RstrBm is not generally accepted. which diminishes their value. Michels. The flourishing EH II. and then calibJ?ating them. while their poorly known successors fall in its last quarter or third. for two Minoan imports in Cyprus. The latest calibration-curve (Clarke. the rather tenuous links with Old Kingdom Egypt would support such a chronology (Branigan's arguments for a low chronology and against calibration (1973) are unsatisfactory methodologically. The best contexts. if the sample is taken from old or reused wood (some problems arising from the use of such samples are pointed out in J. Aegean chronology before the relatively well-documented LBA is thus still a matter for informed estimate which could yet prove to be far off the mark. KS. All these factors. and one of the main arguments for it has been sho~m faulty in Kitchen 1967). In the case of the historical synchronisms. let alone the same context. 1975) does not differ very markedly from previous ones. at latest.

5. fall within LH I).C. 150. Pi-15 from the second phase of the First Palace at Phaistos. for this reign can hardly be dated before the middle seventeenth century B.. but more precise apportioning of the first centuries of the second millennium to the various phases must await their proper definition.26 (c. l9CO B. a conservative estimate. The dating for the end of the LBA is similarly imprecise. 3. Notes on Chronological Chart 1. The dotted lines indicate considerable uncertainty about the dating of a division (shown between EM III and M~ IA partly because of continuing disagreement over the nature of EM III. it could be a decade or more higher. The beginning of LH I should fall some way after that of lM I A. which tie up with Attic LPG at the earliest and in the south Peloponnese and north-west Greece cannot be related to developments in the centre before the eighth century. and may well be near its end. The question-marks under Kea indicate that there is no certain evidence for occupation at the time. 2000 B. although the Granary destruction at Mycenae has often been put c. on the Clark method. 6. 1405-1375 B. No attempt has been made to subdivide LH IIIC. partly because of higher dates sometimes assigned to MM IA). 1150. between 2610 and 1850 (2a) or 2400 and 2080 (la). but this provides little help for the local sequences. l450/4o-14o5 and c. "The Mainland 11 here includes Euboea. based on the presence of LH IIB in the lM IB destruction-deposits at Ay. its beginning is put c. Irini on Kea. The evidence for the relative lengths of lM II/LH IIB and lM IIIAl/LH IIIAl is not very good. The evidence bearing on the absolute chronology of the LBA has recently been assembled (Hankey and Warren 1974). but it is unlikely to have been a very long phase (only the latest of the Shaft Grave burials. this would tend to support a starting date for the F'irst Palaces no earlier than c. 152). Unless disproportionately long MM II or early III phases are postulated. A factor operating to lower dates is the connection between the reign of the Hyksos king Khyan and some phase of MM III.C. 1991-1786 B.) remains strong.C. The few radiocarbon dates for the earlier MBA tend to support this (P-303A from the beginning of Lerna V(MM IA connections) falls. though it can hardly fall outside the sixteenth century.C. between 216o and 1595 (2a) or 2025 and 1720 (la) ). Attic Late Protogeometric continues throughout the lOth century. in our view.C. for there are no synchronisms after early LH IIIC: connections with Cyprus suggest that Attic PG may have begun c. or earlier. (IMTS 241). 4. Phylakopi II:b is roughly contemporary with MM III. probably less than two generations. here they are suggested to last c. 1050 B. Phylakopi II:a is roughly contemporary with MM I-II. 1320. The beginning of the LBA is still difficult to pin down. (For Cl1ronological Chart see end of volume) . pr'oducing a long MM IA phase beginning c. The ending of LH IIA before lM IB is deliberate. 2. The end of LH IIIA2 has been put c. 1190 by Hankey and Warren (1974. and it has proved possible to date most phases fairly closely.C.

but the rest were reduced to a more common level. Megarid.g. Of these only Old Corinth (A 52) and Phlius (A 72) do not seem to have survived the EH II disaster. and to have fortifications as old. previously unimportant. But Mycenae (A 1). which was probably closer in character to the Cycladic towns than to the mainland settlements. but Tiryns (A 7) and Zygouries (A 67) have almost equal claims to attention and several others were clearly substantial. and in the Corinthia a whole chain of sites was established along the foothills forming the southern boundary of the plain.27 MAP A: THE ARGOLID. to be occupied without serious break to LH IIIB or later. provinces whose history has always been closely linked. It may be noted that throughout these vicissitudes an important fortified town had maintained itself on Aigina (A 45). Tiryns and Dendra (A 6-6A). Argas (A 8). particularly in the Corinthia and in coastal areas. and Sikyon district are poorly known. and generally include at least one large prehistoric site. Lerna (A 13) is the most outstanding for finds. The settlement-pattern goes back to the EBA in essentials. and the south-east part of the Megarid are also productive. being the only other site in the province to have produced a palace and Linear B documents. and even now are highly fertile in some parts (e. when most important sites were established. none could have prospered to such an extent if they had been forced to divide the plain between them. and Sikyon). AND AIGINA The centre of this map is formed by the Argolid and Corinthia. must therefore be considered dependent on Mycenae. others are spaced along the coasts and in the inland plains. Before the onset of deforestation they would presumably have been more fertile than at present. CORINI'HIA. Excavation has concentrated in the central parts of the map. . Tiryns certainly had a special position. the Troizen plain. while the Nemea and Cleonae valleys.iryns. notably Lerna. on present evidence the most important sites of the area have always been in the Ar give plain. while others were close to the coast. In the Argive plain sites were generally near its boundaries and most often centred on prominent acropolises. was to outstrip all possible rivals to become the single most important site in the whole area at the beginning of LH. Lerna. became large in MH. Asine. and the cemetery of Mylos Cheliotou (A 53) indicates another such centre near Corinth. though they have produced rich and important finds. T. THE MEGARID. probably inferior to all these in earlier phases although occupied for equally long. The large number of sites in the Corinthia may have prevented any one from rising to special prominence. whose history can be sketched with some confidence. and by the late phase of the period it may be suggested that several others were quite prosperous. EH II sites are plentiful. Like Argos in the Classical period. It is inconceivable that it should not have controlled at the very least the Argive plain and a secure access to the sea. and Asine. around Tiryns. whereas the Argive peninsula. Mycenae could only have supported such a position in the absence of rivals. These supported minor states in Classical times.

\4ace and c. All but Korakou. 8 Korinthos N EH I-III ME (GAMS No. Schliemann's Excavations (1891) Ch. K. In general. Dendra. and on this view Zygouries and perhaps Korakou (A 50) might be local centres of government. Asine_. and there is rather tenuous but plausible evidence for similar continuity at Old Corinth. overtook the area. Whether Mycenae also controlled the territories to the north is debatable. and it is possible to suggest a deliberate policy in the siting of fortifications. although Mycenae seems to have lost all importance after the middle of LE IIIC. to guard the major approaches to the Argive plain. and the finds at Dendra suggest its continuing importance into IJl IIIB. Mylonas. G. Mycenae: an Archaeological History and Guide (1949). Schliemann. involving destruction by fire and/or desertion. Berbati (A 5). population seems especially dense in the neighbourhood of Mycenae. it may well have been the ea pi tal of a major administrative area and also have served as Myoenae s main port~ 1 The tholos tombs of Prosymna (A 4). the road-system traced northwards and the undertaking of the Isthmus fortification (A 58). G. V. and Kazarma (A 25) suggest that they were local centres of government or seats of vassal rulers at an early stage. B. Some may already have been abandoned before the end of LE IIIB (e. Argas. l) 278 (spot-height) at 503 E / 227 N Ul I-IIIC SMyc. The remoter districts might have been left to their own devices. A. BSA 25 (1921-3) passim. J. Nauplia. a Guide to its Ruins and its History (1970). survived as substantial centres. Tiryns. and Korakou. Williams IL Mycenae Guide (1963). But several of the most important si tes 3 Mycenae. Alin 10. Argos too may have possessed a fortification wall. E. Schuchhardt. Berbati). LMTS 73 . Mycenae (1878). These settlements must have depended on their own resources until Argas regained control of the Argive plain and the states of Corinth and Sikyon were established. in fact. Mycenae. Mylonas. survived throughout the DA. A l MYCENAE -x- # K. PG G A C E General Bibliography E. the major LE settlements were those of the previous period. surely the work of a major power. there is no evidence that their settlements included any of much importance. G. E. Ancient Mycenae (1957).28 apparently. might suggest it. while Nauplia (A 18) became prominent. Lerna may have been in decline.g. as those of Mycenae. when an extremely well-documented disaster. none of which may have happened before late in the DA. Wace. New settlements were founded and old ones expanded. but several sites had "lower towns". E.

m. before which time Mycenae is unlikely to have been of any House and Citadel House (including "House of Idols") BSA 50 ( 1955) 177. MMA 94 Early Excavations (Lion Gate. House of Warrior Vase. PAE (1957) 106. but the site 1 s continuous history starts in EH I. and was probably never completely abandoned. which :i. 48 (1953) 7. especially on the SW slope and in the E.:.t surviving palace is of the same date. with a sharply defined upper citadel with steep or precipitous sides. The area enclosed within the fortifications was at this time about 38. Ka~ Die Schachtgrliber von Mykenai (1930-33). 50 (1955) 190.29 I. little has been found of any period preceding LH IIIA2 except the Prehistoric Cemetery on the SW slope. 49 (1954) 232. 99. Antiquity 44 (1970) 270. 68 (1973) 297. (1962-3) 12. (1962) passim. The whole citadel appears to have been destroyed by fire at the end of LH IIIB. Apart from pottery. 64 (1969) 261. It was at least partly reoccupied during LH IIIC. South House. 25 (1921-3) 1 s. the supposed MH fortification on the upper citadel appears to be a LH IIIB terrace-wall (MMA 15). AAA 3 (1970) 72.ncludes MH-LH IIB graves and Circle A. (1966-7) 8. within which the entrance to an underground water-supply system was situated. (1969-70) ll. AJA 75 (1971) 266 --- . AE (1958) 153.. but it is likely that earlier buildings of comparable status stood on the same site from the period of the Shaft Graves (Wace 1949. MMA 15 as well as General Bibliography. Ramps. ~96o-61) 30. The earliest extant fortifications are of LH IIIA2 date (Wace 1949. Ramp House. (2) The South-West Slope The Prehistoric Cemetery BSA 45 (1950) 204. During LH IIIB the fortifications were progressively extended to include the SW slope (the Lion Gate belongs to this phase) and ultimately the North-East Extension. sherdmaterial of post-LH phases from the SW slope probably indicates occupation higher up (AR (1964-5) 10) and several DA burials have been found in w parts of the citadel (BSA 68 (1973) 87). MT III 35. Some N pottery has been found here.. The acropolis is a flat-topped hill between ravines. 130.. The Citadel (1) General Comments See Orlandos Charisterion I 213. 39 (1938-9) 65 (the "Golden Treasure"). 49 (195lf) 244. AD 24 (1969) B 101+ Grave Circle A and Area G. Granary.500 sq. Rhyton Well) Schliemann 1878. The earli. BSA 2lf (1919-21) 200.. and it seems unlikely that Mycenae was fortified before LH IIIA2 (but see AR (1962-3) llf for a suggested MH fortification on the SW slope). (1968-9) 11. 51 (1956) 106. (1973) 101. The natural approach is up the SW slope. 87). although traces of this are less easily identifiable in the E. where softer rock overlies the hard limestone of the rest of the acropolis. (1964-5) 10. AR (1959-6o) 9. 132). BSA 25 (1921-3) 103.

is probably loot from a rich. (1973) 99. Much debris from the destruction in LH IIIB2 collapsed onto these buildings from higher up. BSA 25 (1921-3) 147. BSA 68 (1973) 208. (1974) 89. while MH remains were widespread. MMA 58 The Eastern ~races ~ (1965) 87. has been found here. 69. Hesperia 35 (1966) 419 The House of Columns Wace 1949. tomb of LH IIA or IIB date(this would indicate a tholos tomb rather than a shaft grave). and the area of Circle A was tidied and a new supporting terrace and enclosure-wall built. this building activity may well have succeeded the construction of fortifications. including fragments of Linear B tablets and very fine frescoes. A)l (l959-6o) 31.30 Tsountas 1 House and Area Wace 1949. JHS 71 (1951) 25lf. of N date. 91.the end of LH I (Grave I contained at least one burial of early LH IIA date). brgon (1975) 90. PAE (1886) 74. ~ (1967) 7. but the substantial buildings to the N and the ordinary blocks of houses to the S have no obvious religious connections. (1971) 146. even royal. together with the finds from the Rhyton Well. and the SW slope was apparently empty of occupation. E. (1967) 107. (1970) 118. it can be considered the burial-place of Mycenae's ruling family to. E. (3) The Upper Citadel: The Palace and Adjoining Areas 'I'he Palace PAE (1886) 59. until LH IIIB. indicate that this was a very important centre of religious acitivity at this time. of which there are very deep strata here. and there is evidence for workshops intermingled with the shrines. if the Warrior Vase belonged to the period of its final use). The Cult Centre of Mycenae (1972) As noted above. Near the end of MH. though burials were made in the Prehistoric Cemetery until LH IIIB. Wace 1949. some SMyc. Mycenae's Last Century of Greatness (1968) ll Building. and some buildings were cleared (the Granary and perhaps the House of the Warrior Vase. The remarkable complex of shrines and altars in the Citadel House and Tsountas' House areas. (l9r(2) 116. (1967) llf . G. the earliest material from Mycenae. 59 (1964) 242). EH remains were found particularly in the neighbourhood of Circle A. also the report of a granary and other structures in PAE (1971) 152). and PG tombs have been found. Mylonas.s Gamma and Delta PAE (1966) 105. (1968) 9. G. Circle A was founded. this was levelled to provide a basis for LH IIIC habitation.indicating its reversion to a burial-ground. the "Golden Treasure". There are traces of pre-LH IIIB buildings beneath the Ramp House (BSA 25 (1921-3) 75. these are mainly burials. found in what may be a pit-grave just S of the Circle. 66. Mylonas. A further destruction in mid-·LH IIIC seems to have been £ollowed by virtual desertion of the area. but there is evidence for occupation (cf. In LH IIIBl many large buildings were constructed on the SW slope. Its area was left inviolate. which appear to curve deliberately around the Circle. perhaps attached to them.

JHS 59 ( 1939) 210). and one contained a clay bath. The most important is the entrance to the underground water-system. being built on a fill supported by the fortification.. on the N. To the N was an open court. (1965) 85 The fortifications were extended to include this area in late LH IIIB. of apparently LH IIIB date. but the whole area is much disturbed by H buildings. there is evidence for considerable reconstruction during these phases. LH IIIC has been reported from in and around them. the meeting-place of several roads. though including an inscribed stirrup jar. Very little was found in this part of the Palace (cf. Gamma and Delta. lead containers. (If) The North-East Extension AJA 38 (1934) 123.h DA buildings were apparently found in the area of the court. being apparently a reconstruction of the central part (these are dated by early LH IIIC sherds found in the walls. perhaps only repositories of objects (BSA 25 (1921-3) 223. On the easternmost terrace. There . and some fine ivories. Its monumental character suggests that it was intended for the ruling family or at least some very important person. plausibly attached to the Palace. the floors being completely destroyed). without set-back. against the fortification-wall. over which it probably progressively expanded during LH IIIA2-B. which seems only to have been built in LH IIIB2. and constructions presumably post-date this. storage-jars. PAE (1964) 74. a stone mortar. AE (1962) 142. The buildings on the E terraces include likely workshops and storageareas. There are traces of at least three buildings. a tunnel through the wall to a cistern that was fed by an aqueduct from the Perseia spring. containing pottery. A grand staircase approaching the anteroom of the "Throne Room" was also probably a late addition. some of it following a fire (accidental?). f1E ( 1953-lf) I 9 for trials below the collapsed part of the megaron in the Chavos ravine).. their storage-areas. some parts produced evidence of an upper storey.31 The buildings attributed to the Palace occupied the upper citadel and terraces descending from it to theE. opening off a court on whose other side is the "Throne Room" group of rooms. on a terrace supported by a long wall with regular set-backs on the W and another. including remains of possible shrines. and its history after the LH IIIB2 destruction is obscure. It was flanked by two buildings on raised terraces. The domestic quarter survives in very eroded condition on the summit. have survived. but it was very eroded and finds were few. probably succeeding earlier buildings of similar character. The original megaron-suite may have stood here. althOUif. The oldest part of the Palace appears to have stood on the summit. After the LcB IIIB2 destruction substantial buildings were erected over it~ the later~ Building Omega. stood the House of Columns. entered through a Propyl on on the NN. the surviving one appears to be a later addition.

together with vases and jewellery. DA occupation is similarly represented for the most part by scattered sherd-material. a Linear B tablet. 64 (1969) 71. BSA 49 (1954) 2Sie. whose contents include many lead vessels and a faience plaque with the cartouche of Amenophis III as well as other fine goods. m. (5) The North and North-West Slopes wace 191r9. (1962) 61. the oldest. (1968) 5 PAE (1959) 144. associated with the destruction-layer. This may have been largely abandoned after a destruction in LH IIIBl (but the date of this has been recently queried). as the distribution of chamber tomb cemeteries indicates. E.32 are few traces of the LH IIIB2 destruction in this area. on present evidence. and objects that had probably fallen from a storeroom. and terraces has been uncovered along the N slope and to N of the Lion Gate. Especially notable is Building M. but a megaron-like structure and several graves have been found in the area of the West HouseJ and a reputed altar near Circle B. and much LH IIIC is reported. and chambers were even constructed within the fortification-wall. 68.). 48 (1953) 5. which were scattered over a considerable area (approximately 250. G.000 sq. so in reality LH IIIB2?). (1963) 99. A series of passages. which included buildings of considerable importance. being that on Kalkani hill. courts. the slopes closest to the citadel were probably covered by a "lower town". 52 (1957) 207. LH IIIC is reported from the floor of Passage Gamma (PAE (1964) 20) and from a gallery in the fortification (BSA 49 (1954) 254. Mylonas. an unusually large and fine female figurine that might have fallen from a small shrine. and a headless stone figurine~ Traces of the LH IIIB2 destruction are widespread. In LH times the bulk of the population probably lived in these settlements. (1961) 155. II. the whole area seems to have been built over by LH IIIB2. The l!Agamemnoneion 11 appears to have been founded just before the end of G. 61 (1966) 216. Ho Taphikos Kyklos B ton Mykenon (1973) . Other important finds are a bronze hoard by a staircase. (l) From the Prehistoric Cemetery to Circle B BSA 45 (1950) 222. and there is G material in a number of tombs. especially tholoi. The Slopes Beyond the Citadel Settlements that may originally have been independent of the Mycenae acropolis were established in the neighbourhood from an early date. 50 (1955) 199. only a scatter of sherds in surface-layers Indicating some limited continuing occupation. (196~68. including much ivory-work.

There is no evidence that it extended beyond the slope. Occasional LH IIIC sherds and a late LH IIIC or SMyc. survive. which may never have been finished. The chamber-wall cut into the NE section of the Circle. and Circle B originally stood on a separate knoll. and part of a gold vessel. 61 (1966) 233). which may have served as a temenos-wall for the Prehistoric Cemetery.9). lf9 (1954) 267. The next evidence for use of the area belongs to the time of the construction of the Tomb of Clytaemnestra. Grave Circle B was founded in late MH and continued in use alongside Circle A. but there was widespread occupation on other terraces in LH IIIBl. The importance of the buildings in this area is indicated by various finds. Other evidence of LH IIIBl habitation in the area has been found. These were apparently destroyed by fire. BSA 6o (1965) 171 Recent Excavations PAE (1972) 116 Important finds have been made on a series of terraces W of the Lion Gate. fragments of fresco. to which the CTB itself belongs. there is evidence for MH occupation in both areas. 48 (1953) 15. . for no graves were found beneath the Perseia Fountain House.33 The erection of fortifications along the SW slope of the acropolis in LH IIIBl has divided the Prehistoric Cemetery in two. the Circle's existence being apparently unsuspected. however. Of uncertain date. but ceased to be used in LH I. 56 (1961) 81. There is evidence for habitation as early as LH IIA. no later traces are reported over Petsas' House. infant's burial have been found (BSA 49 (1954) 258. These are a number of storerooms containing vast quantities of unused pottery (Petsas 1 House) and the "House of the Wine Merchant" below the Cyclopean Terrace Building (hereafter CTB). but the earliest major constructions found are to be dated to LH IIIA2. 88 Petsas' House and Area PAE (1950) 203. Tomb Rho was (deliberately?) inserted in its eastern half in LH IIA. (2) The Area North and North-West of the Lion Gate The Cyclopean Terrace Building Area BSA 25 (1921-3) 403. and also LH IIIB2 deposits. Some crude walls built across the Great Poros Wall might be LH IIIB2 or IIIC (PAE (1954) 268 reports LH IliC habitation to theE of the Tomb of Clytaemnestra). and there are some DA burials. which apparently held in the covering mound of the Tomb of Clytaemnestra. but apparently constructed between the Tombs of Aegisthus~and Clytaemnestra. this would have wholly covered Circle B. Only the massive foundations of this building. 58 (1963) 50. and to judge from the radius of the Great Pores Wall. a Linear B tablet. when the area of Circle B appears to have been used for stone-cutting operations. A LH IIIA2 or early IIIBl date for the Tomb is suggested by the fact that a LH IIIBl floor in the Prehistoric Cemetery area extends to the Great Pores Wall (BSA 64 (1969) 72 n. is the East-West Wall.

in LH IIIBl according to present theory (but Tiryns VI 102 n. and the whole group could be considered a single unit. 44. Kalkani hill was settled from EH (A. 505 (BSA 6o (1965) 174) might have a similar origin. but include two LH IIIC burials. III 13 Not far S of the Tomb of Clytaemnestra and close to the modern road are traces of occupation extending back to MH. 320. the West House. The LH IIIA2 deposit in the dromos ofT. (1959) 146. including a kitchen and a great deal of pottery. finely decorated pithos. containing material fallen from upper floors. 49 (1954) 235. founded on rock and on terraces. (3) The House of the Oil Merchant. In late LH times a major road to the acropolis ran through this area. (1963) 107. are mainly what has survived from the four major structures. Wace. (1962) 81. 63. MH pottery found along the Panayitsa ridge and in the dromoi of tombs dug into it probably indicates occupation (Wace 1932. 244. The surviving buildings are of LH IIIB date. including precious vessels and inlaid furniture or boxes. PAE (1958) 157. but the contents of the terraces indicate that they succeeded equally substantial LH IIIA2 buildings. while a single EH sherd found on the slope opposite (Wace 1932. (4) The Panayitsa (Makry Lithari) Ridge and Kalkani Hill Traces of occupation have been found at many points W of the acropolis. 6o (1965) 174). J. the others. flanked by substantial buildings on both sides. Chamber Tombs at Mycenae (1932) 19) and. and Area BSA 48 (1953) 9. a few LH IIIB2-C sherds from surface-layers might represent later occupation on a reduced scale. BSA 59 (1964) 241). The basements. 59 (1964) 2. one in an enormous. All were destroyed by fire.A general destruction in this area is attributed to LH IIIBl. and there is widespread evidence for LH IIIBl . where there are good water-sources. (1968) 149. House of Sphinxes. 6o (1965) 183. the Epano and Kato Pegadhia. may partly have been stores for produce and various objects. set on top of the fill of the CTB foundations. and the "Bothros Deposit" through which the dromos of the Treasury of Atreus was cut contained LH IIIAl domestic rubbish. 50 (1955) 180. presumably cleared off the top of the ridge. DA reuse of the area is considerably later. The oldest. gives many indications of having been an ordinary house. 29) may not be significant. some decorated with frescoes. MT II 3. Early LH has also been found. the filling of a well below the CTB with rubbish of this phase and several bodies may be connected. House of Shields. West House. BSA 25 (1921-3) 291. 126 suggests IIIB2). which were built in succession. (1961) 161. but the presence of Linear B tablets in all four suggests that they were also used as offices. the residence and working-area of an important noble or official. including fresco-fragments (~ 59 (1939) 211. B. Later remains are few. 51 (1956) 107.

The many tombs cut into the sides of the Panayitsa ridge and Kalkani hill also testify to the importance of the communities established on them (cf. which provide the best indication of the date of construction. 515). 52b). an important building has been found. (1965) 94. PAE (1955) 218 Panaghia Tomb BSA 25 (1921-3) 316 Kato Phournos Tomb BSA 25 (1921-3) 320 Lion Tomb BSA 25 (1921-3) 325. The Tombs (l) The Tholoi Cyclopean Tomb BSA 25 (1921-3) 287 Epano Phournos Tomb BSA 25 (1921-3) 292. E. 50 (1955) 207. with which copious LH III pottery was associated. MMA 120.35 occupation. At Flakes. there is evidence suggesting that it was destroyed by earthquake. including the "House of Lead") and the eastern slope. it was probably a potters' establishment (BSA 48 (1953) 18. (1964) 68. but the pottery is LH IIIA2. There is widespread evidence of a destruction. and LH IIIB2 or IIIC sherds have been found on the summit (BSA 58 (1963) 50. LH IIIB pottery. which in House I appears to have resulted from earthquake rather than fire. Pl. both on the summit of the ridge (BSA 51 (1956) 119. 209. 502. 47). N of the Postern Gate. and other finds. III. also AE (1896) l on the Kato Pegadhi area). MMA 122 The above order probably represents the relative order of construction. Some of the houses on theE slope are reported to have been occupied in LH IIIB2. containing frescoes. a house of several rooms was identified. 119. Antiquity 14 (l94o) 233. (1963) 104. In fact. 150 m. (1966) 111. not LH IIIB as there stated). (5) Other Areas MH occupation is reported near the NE edge of the acropolis (Wace 1949. while the Tomb of the Genii produced some LH IIB-IIIAl. 6o (1965) 183 cf. 48 (1953) 5. of the Perseia spring. where a whole quarter of moderately substantial buildings has been uncovered. and only the last two can be . Wace 1949.IIIB. including the presence of three bodies in the cellars (Ergon (1975) 95). c. BSA 63 (1968) 331 (latest on facade) Tomb of Clytaemnestra BSA 25 (1921-3) 357. 50 (1955) 194. 48 (1953) 69 Tomb of Aegisthus BSA 25 (1921-3) 296. some tombs also continued in use into LH IIIC or were reused (especially Ts. N of the Treasury of Atreus (~ (1962) 65. the first six all contain fragments of "palatial" LH IIA jars. but it need not be assumed that the tholoi were the tombs of nine successive kings and so must be fairly evenly spaced over LH IIA . MMA 83). 50 (1955) l8o Tomb of the Genii BSA 25 (1921-3) 376 Treasury of Atreus BSA 25 (1921-3) 338. attributed to LH IIIBl.

70. 102-3). 81. (1891) l (T. 70). Pl. 502-33. There are clear indications of cult in several. J. Kapsala). B. 1974) 37 (T. 78. 88. (1896) l (K. including quantities of gold jewellery. PAE (1952) 465. AR (1958) 8. 7-9). (1962) 67. (1899) 102. . in all probability.). the best evidence is of A date. 115 (T. sets of bronzes. during which the threshold would necessarily be disturbed (BSA 58 ( 1963) lf6 n. 21!-7. 26). Wace. but the G pottery may represent an earlier stage. Vlachostrata. 29). and must derive from reuse of the tomb. Die kretisch-mykenische Glyptik und ihre gegenwlirtigen Probleme (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. The wide spread of cemeteries. Their contents. most if not all were in any case used for a series of burials. a striking proof of Mycenae's exceptional wealth and importance.36 dated much later. 91. AE (1888) 136 (Ts. Chamber Tombs at Mycenae (1932) (Ts. for its dromos cut through a deposit of that phase (BSA 59 (1964) 241). many of which are on show in the National Museum. (1893) 8. the figurines found in the dromos-fill and beneath a large block"in the dromos-wall suggest that it was not substantially later (BSA 66 (1971) 117). 91) The chamber tomb was almost certainly introduced in LH I . l-52). 52-5. but their pottery has only been published in rare cases. the latter being the more "royal". JHS 24 (1904 322 (T. and many ivory objects. although material plausibly of this date has only been published from T. The LH IIIB2 sherds from beneath the threshold are surely too late by any standards to give a reliable indication. 1+9. (1964) ~Gourtsoulia). 5. The former can be no earlier than the end of LH IIIAl. (2) Chamber Tombs PAE (1887) 65. The dating of the Treasury of Atreus and Tomb of Clytaemnestra has been a vexed point. which must total several hundred tombs. (1888) 28. (1953) 207 (by Circle B). (1890) 36. All the tholoi had been thoroughly robbed. It seems likely on grounds of size. 518 (Wace 1932. Pegadhi ts. including figurines. position. (1974) 92 (Kalkani). and a terminus ante quem seems provided by the LH IIIBl material from the Prehistoric Cemetery (supra). A. since very similar gold ornaments and stone vase-fragments were found in both. The Tomb of Clytaemnestra is generally considered to be somewhat later than the Treasury of Atreus on architectural grounds. (1897) 27. The tombs of the Panayitsa and Kato Pegadhi neighbourhoods are particularly noteworthy among the rich and important tombs (Ts. (1896) 30. mainly Kalkani). is generally considered to include those of outlying settlements. (1895) 24. probably during the DA. (1963) lll. 42:5. (1972) 114 (Panayitsa. (1892) 56. far surpass those of almost all chamber tombs elsewhere. the bulk are likely to be of LH IIIA-B date. for G material was found in almost all of them. the difference in time may not be great. AD 5 (1919) Parartema 34. and elaboration that a distinction should be made between those on the west and east of the Panayi tsa ridge. 2. 102).

) AD 19 (1964) B 118. but their goods are not remarkable.-!Uepotrypa. to SW. NW of Mycenae acropolis and l km.37 A number of tombs continued to be used and even constructed (PAE (1964) 68) in rn IIIC at some distance from the acropolis (Kalkani. 8 Korinthos LH III(A-B) 450 E I 223 N (approx.) AD 21 (1966) B 125 Surface sherds. 3) I 191 N RE Suppl. 130. a chamber tomb was found containing LH IIIA2-C finds. Parartema 19. 137. 8 Korinthos 505 E LH I? lli IIA-IIIB AE ( 1888) 123. 8 Korinthos LH IIIA2-C * !+93 E I 238 N (approx. near the 37 km. Alin 37 MAGOULA *11 (GAMS No. A3 MONASTERAKI (formerly PRIPHTIANI): K. including some attributed to rn IIIB. E-W by lOO m. AE (1952) Six chamber tombs in various locations around Monasteraki village. 2) I 201 N AD 5 (1919) Parartema 34. A 2A PHYCHriA: AYIOS YEORYIOS K. E of the CorinthArgas road. Mycenaean sherds and obsidian were found. were found near the chapel of Ayios Yeoryios. on the hillock marked Pera Sphalaktra on Steffen 1 s map. This . About 1 km. 8 Korinthos LH IIIAl-B 1'93 E Wace (1949) 1+. ( GAMS No. several km. near the Mycenaean road from Mycenae to the Argive Heraion. mark on the Corinth-Argos road.) on the S flank of Vreserka hamlet. 21 (1966) B 125 About 3 km. and remains of LH settlement both on Magoula 200 m. W of Phychtia. 200 m. Gortsoulia). A 3A VRESERKA 11 K. consisting largely of pottery. VI 6o5 A settlement (c. to SW and on the E side. A2 PHYCHTIA: BOLIARI K.

On the summit and upper W and S slopes (over an area c. 8 Korinthos N EH II-III MH l. does not seem to antedate the G period. 52).) in the Argolid outside Mycenae. Prosymna fig. the latest LH IIIB. . Argas and the Argolid (1972) index s. w. and thereafter continued to be inhabited without a break until LH IIIB. and LH habitation on the surrounding slopes. AE (1956) Parartema 10. R· A. The site appears to have been abandoned in the later stages of LH IIIB. cit. Tombs c. to the NW is a tholos tomb. "Heraion". a large cemetery of Mycenaean chamber tombs extends over the slopes W and MW of the sanctuary hill.38 is probably identical with the "Eleutherios" (named after the bed of the old river Eleutherios nearby) from which R. Waldstein.) above the sanctuary there was a prehistoric settlement. AD 25 (1970) B 156. Prosymna (1937). perhaps connected with cult. although robbed. also including two cist-graves. Its scanty pottery all seems to be LH IIIA. N remains have been found on slopes adjoining the hill to the NW. and they contain an extensive range of goods. 4) 517 E / 181> N G A C H LH I-IIIB Habitation c. w. MH. Several contain LG deposits. 1). well to the NW beyond the tholos. the largest (d. a IJ1 IIIB house on Kephalari to the W. c. Blegen. and LH pottery in the area of the A shrine. and its earliest reuse. 25. Prosymna (1937). 2. A4 PROSYMNA: 'ri-lE ANCIENT ARGIVE HERAION K. as a cult-centre. Tsountas (AE loc. The sanctuary occupies the lower terraces of a conical hill on the NE flank of the Argive plain. Tomlinson. Hutchinson collected fine LH II-III sherds (now in the BSA collection).5 m. There are also traces of EH. The earliest tombs are LH I (Ts.) noted a probable chamber tomb cemetery near Vreserka. NE-SW by lOO m. 9. AM 3 (1878) 271. *# (GAMS No. including several vases of stone and metal. it is the largest of Mycenaean date to have been fully published (over fifty graves). The Argive Heraeum (1902) 71. 150 m. l km. v. it contained the remains of rich goods. Hesperia 21 (1952) 165 The topography is well described by Blegen (cf. while the hill itself was first occupied in EH II. notably the widely scattered groups of late MH graves. 26. BSA 25 (1921-3)~30 (tholes tomb) Apart from the late MH graves already mentioned. AJA 43 (1939) 410. w. Blegen.

NW of the site is a tholes tomb (d. 220 m. sHflund. Large deposits of "wasters". The Cyclopean walls (on the NE side as massive as those of Tiryns) enclosed an area larger than that of . 8 m. 7) I 113 N A. 7 (1967) 161. The settlement appears to have been abandoned late in lli IIIB. 8 Korinthos 554 E I 205 N N EH I-III MH lli I-IIIB2 G 1. 8 Korinthos 268 (spot height) at 571 E EH II-III MH lli I-IIIB2 G? C or H (GAMS No. including a large EH II building. it had been robbed. and commands the main entrance to it from the S. Habitat ion AA (1936) 139. were found. The Royal Tombs at Dendra near Midea (1931) 73. Tombs --- AA (1935) 200. a MH settlement and cemetery were succeeded by a potter's establishment of earlier Mycenaean date. ~ 20 (1965) B 134) This extensive site occupies the summit (c.) and N and W slopes of a tall conical acropolis hill. NW to SE by 160 m. It was one of the chief Mycenaean fortresses of the ArgoHd. in the slopes of the hills on the W side of the valley. MycCon I 48 The settlement is centred upon a small but conspicuous acropolis with a conical rock formation·at the summit. apparently Mycenaean. of which several tombs were excavated. 61. Persson. there is evidence for a destruction by fire in late EH III or early MH. G. Excavations at Berbati 1936-7 (1965) Part I. A terrace on the S slope has produced the best early remains. a larger building of LH IIIA2-B date was surely also a potter's establishment. A 6 DENDRA : PALAIOKASTRO (ANCIENT MIDEA) * 11 K. the latest remains are two tile-covered graves. though no kiln was found. A pit in one of them produced a fine group of MG I vases. Part II About l km. MycCon I 54 (cf. On the E slope. op. w. New Tombs at Dendra near Midea (1942) 3. (1938) 552. BCH 78 (1954) 117.cit. ranging from the end of MH to lli IIIB. including many fragments of "Pictorial Style". is a chamber tomb cemetery. but produced much LH IIA-IIIAl pottery and some other finds (notably parts of a gold-rimmed silver cup). SHflund. 2. It completely dominates the Berbati valley. ILN (151211936) 276 (tholes tomb). OpAth 4 (1962) 82.39 A 5 BERBATI : MASTOS * 11 (GAMS No. Beyond it. their contents consisted largely of lli IIA-IIIB pottery. 5) K.). which includes a kiln.

a burial accompanied by an EG II pyxis high in the fill of the tholes's doorway. there are extensive traces of an EH II settlement (Persaon 1931. 14). fig. but the intact burials in Pit I below the floor were extremely wealthy.40 all Mycenaean fortresses except Gla in Boeotia (G 9) and Petra in Thessaly (H 17). which may have continued into EH III and MH (Persson 1931. The acropolis settlement was apparently destroyed by fire at the end of LH IIIB. and it does not appear to have been deserted at any time between then and LH IIIB2.) and poorly built. The tholos tomb is rather small (d. 63). 1942. provided with gold jewellery. 7). 27. including probable LG gravegoods. 29. the finds in T. the acropolis was never reoccupied. Traces of LH (II?-)III settlement have also been noted on theW slope. AM 82 (1967) l. A recent report (Ta Nea 12/11/1976. the relevant pottery ranging from LH II to IIIA2 (Persson 1931. Traces of occupation on the acropolis extend back to EH. but the goods are of types found in LH IIB-IIIAl contexts elsewhere. 91). 17. A 6A DENDRA (VILLAGE) *I! (GAMS No. the "Cenotaph". 1942. and human remains found in Pit II and on the floor could well be later (the human remains surely represent burials rather than human sacrifices). cited in Nestor l/3/1977) refers to finds from Dendra ranging in date from N to H and mentions the discovery of the remains of a pair of horses in the dromos of an early Mycenaean tomb. may be rather later. though some of the precious vessels could be "heirlooms" of an earlier phase. On a very gentle slope on the ~W outskirts of the modern village. from the area. 6). of which one tholos tomb and fourteen chamber tombs have been excavated. 6) K. . but there is nothing to suggest long-continued use into LH IIIA2-B. 64). and late MH wares are well represented. but the most spectacular finds date between the end of LH IIA (the coffin-burial in T. 31. and a fresco-fragment is reported (OpAth 4 (1962) 174 n. A burial in Pit III. 8) and LH IIIAl. The earliest material is LH IIA (T. This was later the site of a very important LH cemetery. 51. There is little pottery left to suggest a date. The MH settlement may have been quite substantial. erected during LH IIIB. The most imposing LH remains are the fortifications. Some of the chamber tombs contain ordinary burials of LH IIA-IIIB date. but later remains have been found in the neighbourhood. and G and later pottery. an important building may have stood on an L-shaped plateau on the summit (Persson 1942. 7.3 m. The only later remains are a solitary LH IIIC amphoriskos (see LMTS 77 on date) found beneath the collapsed roof of the tholos. 2. 20. AD 16 (l96o) B 93. ~ 127 (tholos tomb) OpAth 4 (1962) 88. it extended to the lower W slope. 8 Korinthos 555 E I 147 N N EH II( -III?) MH? LH IIA-IIIB G A? C? H Persson 1931. 18 (1963) B 63.

If. N-S by lOO m. A long sequence of MH building-strata.000 sq. m. 7 (1974) 25. (about 22. H. the extension of the wall to include the Lower Citadel and the cutting of tunnels from here to an underground water-supply. Mycenae (1878) eh. including several substantial structures. Tiryns III.41 A7 ANCIENT TIRYNS *# (Q@':1§_ No. Alin 25. In EH II the whole Citadel may have been covered with buildings. indications of terracing on the east before the end of MH have been thought to indicate fortification in this period. The Citadel Schliemann and DBrpfeld 1886. to late in IJl IIIB. Schliemann. Schliemann and w. Tiryns I-VIII. It divides naturally into Upper. 8) K. cf. enclosed within the walls). DBrpfeld. w. AAA 6 (1973) 306. AA (1977) 123 (lli 11 pebble-mosaiTin Lower City). ENE of Tiryns at 570 E I 087 NJ l. of which the first was always the most important. but a series of plaster floors. Tiryns VIII 37. with which column-bases and frescofragments are associated in some cases. has been identified on the Upper Citadel. whose earliest elements may . VIII 5S The Citadel occupies a long oval rock outcrop. l. but only the buildingplans. of which the most notable is the "Rundbau 11 beneath the LH III Palace. Tiryns V (several studies). PG G A C H General Bibliography H. but after the EH II destruction remains of occupation are sporadic at best outside the Upper Citadel for a considerable time. The earlier Mycenaean remains are equally illknown. Middle. 8 Korinthos 531 E I 076 N N EHI-III MH IJl I-IIIC SMyc. AD 21 (1966) B 130. Special Finds AM 55 (1930) 119 (Tiryns Treasure). Guides by G. VI l (EH pottery). can be closely dated. of maximum dimensions c. AAA 6 (1973) 158 (stone vase-fragment). Voigtl\l. seems to indicate that this was the site of a series of palatial buildings stretching back to early Mycenaean times (Tiryns III 77). AAA 4 (1971) 398. the approach and the entrance on the E were progressively elaborated and other additions were made. AM 38 (1913) 329. AD 19 (1964) B 118 (Ramp area). The IJl III Palace. and Lower Sections. have ever been published. partially known through tests below the IJl III Palace. at roughly the same time as Mycenae. found below Court 16 in front of the Little Megaron. and the Lower Citadel seems to have remained unoccupied until IJl IIIB. Tiryns (1886). AA (1927) 365. of which only the latest. BCH 101 (1977) 229 (Linear B finds). 19 (1964) B 108. Excavations in Lower Citadel: AD 18 (l963)JB 66. The Upper Citadel was probably first fortified in IJl IIIA2. AE (1956) Parartema 5. AM 78 (1963) 5 n. but more evidence is required. (1969) l. AA (1967) 92. AD 20 (1965) A 137 (LH IIIB "Epichosis" outside WestGate. 300 m. also nryns VI 241). AJA 78 (1974) 141 (the "Mycenaean Dam" 4 km.nder (1974). Karo (1934).

pit-graves at various points in the Lower Citadel appear to post-date these houses. it was apparently followed by the collapse of a mudbrick superstructure on the W fortification-wall. 7 (1974) 15. cf. a small narrow megaron building partly founded on the E wall of the Great Megaron of the Palace has been attributed both to LH IIIC and the eighth century (cf. Large deposits found outside the West Gate have been thought to represent destruction-material of this period (the 11 Epichosis 11 ) . and an outlying settlement has been identified at Vourkateli. 137. but this requires full demonstration. Settlement outside the Citadel certainly continued in LH IIIC (note especially the substantial megaron W in Area H on the SE). some being perhaps as late as the early DA. Traces of habitation and a kiln of similar date have been found on the Middle Citadel. The later history of the Citadel is most obscure. especially to W and SE of the Citadel. Continuing excavations in the Lower City. a remarkable hoard of objects apparently hidden on the site of a destroyed Mycenaean house. a low rocky hill to SE of Profitis Ilias (AA (1927) 370). down to late Roman. A further destruction identifiable in the Lower Citadel should probably be correlated with the mid-LH IIIC destruction at Mycenae. they constitute a striking indication of surviving wealth at Tiryns in this obscure period. but G pottery has been found and by A times a sanctuary appears to have been established on the Upper Citadel: pottery of similar date and of later phases. including two graves. and houses were built in the Lower Citadel after its fortification. has been found in the Lower Citadel.42 well date from LH IIIA2. and PG house-remains have also been found near the Citadel. The best evidence for LH IIIC reoccupation is to be found in the Lower Citadel. although storage-areas have been identified. but finds in it were few. an area apparently unoccupied previously. but there are traces of EH III occupation. 2. had expanded by the time of its destruction to cover virtually the whole of the Upper Citadel. also AD 25 (1970) B 156 on extent to west AA (1977) 123. which affected the whole Citadel. AAA 2 (1969) 344. some quite substantial. VIII 7. The Tiryns Treasure. The excavated levels near the Citadel show evidence of fire-destruction at the end of EH II. including Linear B tablets. Already in EH II there were extensive traces of settlement on the level ground surrounding the Citadel. Beneath the Palace and in the area of the main entrance on the E there are traces of a destruction by fire that appears to precede that datable to the end of LH IIIB. which sealed lower layers. In LH times the inhabited area extended to N of the Citadel. MMA 48). and widespread MH remains. it has been stated that the final phase of the extensive Mycenaean town shows a regular plan. . includes as well as some earlier objects a substantial number that it seems difficult to date before Ll1 IIIC. are producing finds of considerable importance. The Lower City Tiryns V 1.

) proved to be empty of prehistoric finds. Tiryns VIII l Chamber Tombs: Tiryns VI 23 SMyc. AD 26 (1971) B 76 (mainly tombs) BCH 77 (1953) 263. cf. 96 (1972) 157 Sector Delta (including the Aphrodision) BCH 91 (1967) 814 ff. its advanced architecture suggests a date in LH III. 7 Tripolis 466 E I 134 N (The Aspis) K. 12) 289 (spot-height) at 458 E I 127 N (The Larisa).. dug into theW slope. and are not comprehensive for the DA). as might two gold head-bands reported from Profitis Ilias's NW slope (AA (l94o) 220). "Warrior Grave". The fine early Mycenaean rings and jewellery of the Tiryns Treasure might have come from this or another tholos. (1969) B 104 (cf.3.. 99 (1975) The Aspis(and neighbourhood) 707.. 92 (1968) 1021 ff.-G graves: Tiryns I 127. AD 18 (1963) B 61 (see . The chamber tombs range in date from Lrl IIA to early LH IIIC.. 77 (1953) 59. 94 (1970) 765. and had probably been robbed by the seventh century B. 91 (1967) 8o8. K. their contents are unremarkable. Argos: Les Fouilles de la Deiras (1966). lOO (1976) 755 (settlement and fortifications). The Deiras BCH 28 (1904) 364.C. 93 (1969) 574. 96 (1972) 883. A8 ANCIENT ARGOS *# (~ No. and provide the best evidence for continuity of occupation at Tiryns. notably the SMyc.. 8o (1956) 370. The excavated tholos (d. 80. 24 The Profitis Ilias hill Boo m. 26 (1971) B 76. 90 (1966) 932 ~ 30 (1906) 5. 8. also Lower City references) AD 22 (1967) B l8o. 90 (1966) 932. 81 (1957) 678. 78 (1954) 164. The Tombs Tholoi: AA (1939) 251. AM 78 (1963) l. especially 323. 8 Korinthos N EHII(-III?) MH LH I-IIIC SMyc. 99 (1975) 696 Other Excavations (These are primarily references to material up to and including SMyc. 31 (1907) 139. 27 (1972) B 198 (mainly tombs) J. especially 817. DA cemeteries of cists and (in G times) pithos-burials as well as isolated graves have been found at several points around the Citadel. 95 (1971) 736. also 98 (1974) 761. especially 1036. Deshayes. consisting chiefly of pottery. E of Tiryns was the site of a large LH chamber tomb cemetery. 79 (1955) 312. They include some relatively well-provided burials. 92 (1968) l04o. Orlandos Charisterion II 239. BCH 83 (1959) 755. AD 19 (1964) B 122. and of at least two tholos tombs. 93 (1969) 986. 8o (1956) 207 The Agora The South Quarter ~ 78 (1954) 176. dug into its E slope. PG G A c H The Larisa Mnemosyne 56 (1928) 315 ff. 886. BCH 54 (1930) 48o.5 m.

the Acrocorinth). Ts. according to Dr. and some pit graves containing single burials are closely associated with the Deiras chamber tombs. containing many human and animal bodies is a remarkable find. containing LH IIA pottery and associated gold ornaments (AD 26 (1971) B 76). the Aspis (a low and broad hill crowned with a small plateau. Although prehistoric pottery (mostly MH) has been found on the Larisa. the claimed "Cyclopean" character of the second would suggest a LH III date. but no . L.) is likely to have functioned as the centre of the prehistoric settlement. Recent investigations have failed to confirm the existence of the two fortifications shown on Vollgraff's plan. Some chamber tombs continued into use into early LH IIIC. suggesting that Argos was important in that period. perhaps in scattered groups of houses. The earliest chamber tomb proves to be one found on the Larisa slope of the Deiras. Although there are traces of earlier occupation. mostly chamber tombs. which was never completed.44 AAA 8 (1975) 259 for full publication). 26 (1971) B 74. At all periods. and its extent may well have been less than in MH. NE-SW by 150 m. notable finds are two apparently MM I stone vase-fragments from the Aspis (P. and a burial-tumulus containing vases of unusual type (but not. ? PAE (1952) 415 (pithos looks MH) (For the settlement generally see Archaeology 9 (1956) 166. as claimed by the excavator. few are so early or rich. 19 (1964) B 122. A very fine stone-lined dromos (T. whose contents are generally mediocre. H. The majority of LH tombs have been found on the slopes of the Deiras. Minoan Stone Vases (1969) 22). whose context is presumably MH. 200 m. one interesting rectangular built tomb containing burials of LH IIA-IIIA2 date was found on the E slope of the Aspis. much of the population seems to have lived on the lower ground below the acropolises. 301). the "cyclopean" blocks found in the later walls there could have been brou&ht from elsewhere. it is postulated that these were the victims of a flood or some other natural disaster. MH remains are extremely widespread. this would indicate a certain importance. the MH settlement seems the first of any size. it is too lofty to have been attractive to early inhabitants (of. Very little evidence of the LH settlement has been found. 21 (1966) B 127. 23 (1968) B 127. 22 (1967) B 172. which he dated to~{. If the Aspis was fortified. a unique cremation (T. 6-7 containing the best finds. c. of the European Tumulus Culture.M. and are hardly sufficient evidence for a LH fortification. but tombs continue to provide the best evidence for Argas's survival and growth during the DA. most probably a tholos. 27 (1972) B 201. 10) was presumably intended for an important tomb. while others were reused in late LH IIIC and/or SMyc. Warren. A stonebuilt well of LH III date in the neighbourhood of the Aspis (AD 27 (1972) B 198). its character is best assessed from the tombs. especially on the Aspis where a "Final N" layer has been identified.. IMTS So) Of the two acropolises of ancient Argos. Barfield of Birmingham University). LH IIIC and DA settlement-remains have been found.

7 Tripolis 385 E EH MH LH IIII-IIIA2 I JHS 22 (1912) 386 and refs. WNW of the Aspis hill. 57. NW or Argos. VI 606 Report of a pre-Mycenaean and Mycenaean settlement. 7 Tripolis lf58 E I 136 N EH II c. Their only remarkable feature is the early date for the cemetery's establishment suggested by the Vaphio cup-fragment.45 tomb . Zygouries (1928) 209. All GYMNO: KASTRO K. A 10 MALANDRINI K. E (surely not intrusive. 1. 7 Tripolis MH LH II-IIIB /1 349 E C H? (~ I 243 N No.5 km. about 15 km. pace ~ 53). A small group of poorly-shaped chamber tombs was excavated on the hill of Melichi (or 11 Skala") between Schoinochori and the river Inachos. l This small site (not marked on Map A) is a low hill c. 18) . probably LH I. A SA ARGOS : MAKROVOUNI (or MAKRYRACHI) K. It is c. shows an uninterrupted LH IIIC sequence. * ( GAMS No. W of the Argas-Corinth road. 16) 185 N BCH 47 (1923) 190. 221 n.. Blegen. Blegen notes that MH is apparently lacking. near Malandrini. in the group on Tripolis Street (AAA 8 (1974) 259). being arguably of late LH IIIC date. near the Xerias river. l km. from T. 7 Tripolis MH? LH ( GAMS No. A prehistoric settlement was noted at a site between the tombs and the village. PAE (1916) 76. A9 SCHOINOCHORI: MELICHI (or SKALA) K. the earliest. and near the road from Argos to Koutsopodhi. 17) 4ol E I 229 N (village) RE Suppl. a point which may have some bearing on the settlement's history. CMP 53. Groups of cists and pits of DA date have been found in various parts of the modern town. on the N side of the Inachos valley. 62. w.

near the railway station. 27 (1958) 125. 7 Tripolis 448 E I 065 N N EH II-III MH LH IIIB A PAE (1916) 79. on the edge of the thin coastal plain. 38 (1969) 500 (seals and sealings). AJA 72 (1968) 313. 24 (1955) 25. S of Argos. R. Lazenby.46 AR (1961-2) 31. caskey (1977) Associated Tombs AE (1955) ~tema 1. Guide by J. Hope Simpson and J. on the W of the Argos . Hesperia 23 (1954) 3. (1956) Parartema 12. The position of the site is strategic. on the height of the pass between Phlious and the Inachos valley. L. The settlement was of moderate size. 170 m. 6a The steep and rocky acropolis of Kastro (top dimensions c.Tripolis road. 15) K. Hesperia 39 (1970) 94 . AR (1972-3) 15 The cave is above the source of the Erasinos. 25 (1956) 147. A 13 MYLOI: ANCIENI LERNA *# K. E-W by 55 m. 26 (1957) 142. about 8 km. AD 22 (1967) B 182 Special Topics Lerna I (animal bones). if somewhat remote~ A 12 KEPFJ\LARI: MAGOULA # ( GAMS No. The Catalogue of the Ships in Homer's Iliad (1970) 66 and Pl. SSE of Gymno. Hesperia 27 (1958) 81. AAA 6 (1973) 13. F. A 12A KEPHALARI CAVE * (not marked on Map A) (map reference not ascertained) N EH II-III? MH G C AM 86 (1971) 1. and especially in conjunction with the evidence from the Franchthi cave (A 43 below). At the Hellenistic pyramid site nearby (Hesperia 7 (1938) 538) a few EH sherds were also found. It is most important for the Palaeolithic and Neolithic deposits. about 5 km. Copious Mycenaean sherds were found here and a few MH Grey Minyan. S of Argas. 8 Korinthos 454 E I 025 N N EH II-III MH LH I-IIIB PG G A C H Geras Antoniou Keramopoullou (1953) 24. 28 (1959) 202.) lies toE of the road from Gymno to Sterna and Argas. 29 (196o) 285. about 3 km. AA (1939) 271 The hamlet of Magoula (part of the community of Kephalari) is centred on a prehistoric mound. II (human bones).

The late MH and LH remains have largely been eroded. Lerna was apparently abandoned in LH IIIB and not reoccupied before later PG. but was destroyed by fire when still incomplete. The settlement at this time was less important than in Er! II but still substantial. similar to those at Asine and Dendra. normally in pits or cists. on the N outskirts of the village. A large number of stone vase fragments is reported.Orlandos Charisterion III 144 (Lerna IV (Lerna III decorated pithoi). A. 7 chamber tombs were excavated. as it continued to do in MH times. houses) A large low mound-site (c. The tombs have long dromoi. A few N and EH III and many MH burials have been found on the site. two shaft graves. was not built over. but there are no later indications that Lerna was a place of much importance. A 15 ACHLADOKAMBOS: ANCIEI\lT HYSIAI K. At this time it was clearly a site of major importance. provided with a fortification and substantial buildings. maintaining trading contact with the Aegean. to be reoccupied only in EH II. may well have held the burials of important personages. 7 Tripolis LH nm c H 333 E I 004 # R. a well-planned building of two storeys that had at least some of the functions of a palace. but for much of the EH III period the central part of the "House of the Tiles". emptied of their original contents in LH I. which had been covered by a mound with a regular stone perimeter. Inhabited for much of the N period. A LH III chamber tomb has been excavated and the presence of others confirmed to 3 of the site. sporadic burials of similar type of LH date have also been found. There was no significant break in habitation after this. 459 E *# I 002 N AR (1968-9) 14 On the E slope of the ridge to S of Kiveri cemetery. 150 m. both on the site and in the neighbourhood. 8 Korinthos LH IIIAl-IIlli AD 22 (1967) B 179. mainly built up of habitation-debris. most being LH I-II (one group of graves contains burials of late MH and LH I date). A 14 KIVERI : NEKROTAPHEION K. in diameter) close to the sea. 10 On the E side of the village and to 3 of the main road is a wellknown fortified site (identified by Tomlinson as ancient Hysiai) on a . Argos and the Argolid (1972) 37 and Pl. it was apparently abandoned during LN. the final phase of EH II is represented only by the "House of the Tiles". Tomlinson.

and ivories. which uncovered EH II levels. although it seems very unlikely that it covered .. some contained rich jewellery. G. continuous into the DA. R. But a LH III kylix stem and a fragment from a LH IIIB deep . One or two lli IIIC vases (IMTS So. 197~·) 71 N and EH remains are reported from the Pronoia area. ( GAMS No.48 steep spur overhanging the valley to s. A 17 AYIOS ANDREAS: CHERSONISI * (GAMS No.. although certain PG material is hard to identify. 8 Leonidhion MH lli PG C AA (1927) 365.. PAE (1892) 52. and fragments of two EH pithoi and obsidian in a small trial on the hill. stone vases. 9) G A C H Athenaion 7 (1878) 183.hat occupation . and some MH. 8 (1879) 411. 137 ) 73 (spot height) at 490 E I 886 N BSA 56 (1961) 131 On the W side of the acropolis Wrede found a MH and PG cemetery and on the SW side a few LH sherds.. BSA 56 (1961) 131. apparently arranged in regular horizontal rows.:-Argolis I (Boreas 7:1. 26 (1971) B 74. 11) and some SMyc. AD 24 (1969) B 104. Die Gr1lber de. 8 Korinthos 523 E I 043 N N EH LH IIIAl-IIIC SMyc. AE (1895) 261.). bowl with coated interior were also noted. A 16 ASTROS : KASTRO L. prehistoric and later material has been found on the surface. These form a very extensive cemetery. (1955) 235. suggesting that this was an important site. pit-graves suggest t. E-W by 200 m. AD 18 (1963) B 89 On this small promontory S of Astros. AM 5 (188o) 142. (1953) 195. and the surviving circuit walls are either C or H. AAA 4 (1971) 10. Some lli sherds have been found on the acropolis of Ancient Nauplia (which measures about 500 m. Hllgg. This was presumably the site of the main lli settlement here. PG (~No. 8 Leonidhion 28 (spot height) at 492 E EH I I MH LH III(A-B) G A AA (1927) 365. A 18 NAFPLION: ANCIENT NAUPLIA *# K. BCH 78 (1955) 238 fig. and A pottery. cf.:. Surface pottery is mainly C and H. I 841 N BCH 87 (1963) 759. but the most important prehistoric remains are the IJl chamber tombs found on the NE slope of the Palamidi and in its neighbourhood. 138) L.

be demonstrated to be LH. 27 (1972) B 231.the whole of this large area. cit. The LH settlement was similarly extensive. pottery is reported from mixed strata to the E. (1974-5) 10. A 21 KANDIA: KASTRO (GAMS No. 26 (1971) B 113. but onto the "Lower Town" immediately below to the NW. from MH times on. Obsidian and prehistoric sherds have also been noted below the acropolis on the N slope. to the slopes of Mt. 19) K. and part of a wall that may be Cyclopean (AD 24 loc. mostly large and rich (especially T. 30 is hardly later than LH IIA) and an early animal figurine (BSA 66 (1971) 153.OOO sq. and to the plain below on the E. SMyc. 10) * K. one of which contained a shrine. ci t. and on Mt. Barbouna further N. ll (1975)177. reported to be of unusual shape. I:5). important graves have been found to the E. 8 Korinthos 590 E I 996 N EH I-III MH LH I-IIIC SMyc. AR (1971-2) 9. AD 25 (1970) B 157. but was reoccupied. LH IIIB is not well represented in the tombs or on the acropolis. Persson. Archaeology 28 (1975) 157 A rocky acropolis on a peninsula. AAA 4 (1971) 147. I. habitation spread not only over the terraced slopes of the acropolis. OpAth 8 (1968) 87. Excavations in the Barbouna Area of Asine I (Boreas 4: l. PG G A C H 0. and occupation clearly continued unbroken into the DA. contained LH II-IIIA vases (op. The settlement was apparently destroyed by fire at the end of EH II. Asine (1938). and few remains of buildings earlier than LH IIIC have been found. Barbouna. 8 Korinthos 669 E I 095 N EH II-III MH LH IIII-IIIC G H . m. but LH IIIC remains include substantial buildings in the "Lower Town". (1972-3) 14. 8 Korinthos LH II-IIIA 555 E I o48 N (village) BCH 79 (1955) 244 Two chamber tombs excavated here. 26) K. several chamber tombs have been excavated in the cemetery on Mt. Barbouna. 179). A 19 ARIA (GAMS llo. and by late MH was a substantial settlement (spread over an area of about 6o. H!lgg. S(l975) 151. 1973). A 20 ANCIENI ASINE * jl (GAMS No. w. 243 fig.). Fr8din and A. The fortifications of the acropolis cannot. including a tumulus. and R. however.).

The Kastro overlooks the village of Ano Iria and the small fertile coastal plain. Material from trial excavations indicates continuous habitation from EH II to advanced LH IIIC. AD 20 ( 1965) B 157. which was partly filled with debris from a fire-destruction. ( l94o) 220. at the end of the valley and remote from the sea. and on the lower terraces fine G pottery. I 010 N Tiryns VI 195 On a small rocky hill further up the valley from Kandia (A 21) trial excavations produced evidence for occupation in EH and early LH times. I * (GAMS No. Close analysis of the pottery suggests that this took place at the very beginning of LH IIIC. other material found indicated continuous occupation from MH at least. N of the hamlet of Kandia on the edge of a thin valley which stretches inland for c. 8 Korinthos EH I I LH I-IIA ( GAMS No. apparently connected with house foundations here.). AR ( 19114) 82. the site may well have been abandoned from that time until G. . ( 1939) 287. and the situation is rather remote. Tiryns VI 214 and 215 n. with fine MH Matt-painted and Grey Minyan and good LH IIIB sherds abundant on the upper terraces. Despite the fortifications it does not seem to have been a large or important settlement. rises about 200 m. The settlement spread also over the steep southern terraces. 28) 94o N G A? C H AD 21 (1966) B 130. where there have been excavations. E-W by 50 m. which have been attributed both to LH IIIB and to G (the former might seem a more likely date for initial construction). (cf. A 22 SYNORO * K. marked by the chapel of Ayia Eleousa. 3 km. Excavation on the W side of the W hill uncovered a LH building and associated cistern.50 AA ( 1927) 365. 27 ) 663 E AA (1939) 293. The summit is enclosed by remains of fine Cyclopean walls. A 23 IRIA: KASTRO TOU KAPETANOU L. 221 Two sites are to be distinguished here. Tiryns VI 127. also OpAth 6 (1965) 132 for G material) The tiny acropolis hill (top surface c. and that the site was abandoned shortly afterwards. the first a low double hill by the sea. where EH and LH sherds have been found. So m. and the second at the Kastro hill. 8 Leonidhion 710 E N EH II MH LH I-IIIC AA (1939) 294. 41. (1940) 221. (1940) 221.

over an extent c. BCH 79 (1955) 246. 8 Korinthos 656 E I 068 N (Arkadiko bridge at 651 E tholos tomb at 658 E I 065 N) EH II MH LH IIA-IIIB PG C H I o66 N. 84Y: right is PG). overlies the remains of an A temple. The 11 Arkadiko bridge" in Cyclopean style c. 8 Korinthos lJ! II-IIIB A 598 E AR (1962-3) 16. It was fortified in C or H. AJA 78 (1974) 148). and c. E of the village of Ayios Ioannis. (GAMS No. This lies c. upon it. 150 m.rofitis Ilias is about 3 km. 95 (1971) 867. 20) K. on the steep hill toN of and above the village. NW-SE by 150 m. and some EH sherds have been found near the tholes tomb. N-S by 130 m. MMA 87. 200 m. AAA 1 (1968) 236. . ll) I o8o N BCH 87 (1963) 748. but MH and LH sherds are also abundant on the summit and upper S slopes.5 m. 94 (1970) 961. There is evidence of sacrifice on an altar in the doorway in LH and PG (AD 24 (1969) B Pl. AJA 43 (1939) 83. 24 (1969) B 104 The hill of Kazarma dominates the highest point on the route from Nafplion to Epidauros. including a pyre.) and badly preserved. 10 m. 2~969) 3. On the S slope remains of a Cyclopean wall were found. A 25 AYTOS IOANNIS: KAZARMA *# (GAMS No. while A sherds seemed to be confined to the hill of Profitis Ilias itself. AD 22 (1967) B 179. is surely part of the lJ! road network in the Argolid. The tholos tomb is small (d. to the W. ~ 18 (1963) B 65. It resembles the culverts on the LH road which runs E from Mycenae. E of Ayios Adrianos. 200 m. The chapel of Profitis Ilias. which occupies the lowest slopes of Kazarma hill. N of the main road. on the left of the road from Nafplion. but lJ! IIIA2-B were predominant. A thick scatter of sherds was also noted on the SE slope.51 A 24 PROFITIS ILIAS *# K. Surface sherds included part of the rim of a LHJIB Ephyraean goblet and some other splaying rims either LH II or lJ! IIIAl. The top surface of the hill measures only c. but intact burials of LH IIA date were preserved in deep pits below the floor and a variety of finds. AJA 78 (1974) 149 The small village of p.. 60 m. around the hill of Agrilovouno (cf. near which was an apothete full of votives. 7. N-S by 40 m.. 700 m. with associated LH and A sherds. but the lower E and ~~ slopes and the S side of the adjoining lower ridge on the SE were also covered in LH sherds indicating a total extent of c.

8 Korinthos MH LH IIIB-C AD (1888) 155. fine prehistoric bronzes were found mixed with later ones in a deposit of A date. (1976) 112. 63 (spot height) at 853 E G A C H ~ 36 (1911) 29. as a result of new investigations. ( GAMS No. Unusual finds from the LH deposit include a stone vase with relief decoration.52 A 26 LI GOURIO: ALEPOTRYPES K. but a memory of sanctity might have survived. (1950) 197. (1949) 94. A 27 THE ASKLEPIEION OF ANCIENT EPIDAUROS: TEMPLE OF APOLLO MALEATAS (GAMS No. 8 Korinthos 78o E I Oto N EH II MH LH I-IIIB G A C H PAE (1948) 90. on a low limestone knoll (c. including two badly damaged LH chamber tombs. RA (1971) 3 (stone vase) Ergon (1975) 101. seem to have been also a prehistoric settlement site. W of Ligourio and c. although it appears to have been small and unimportant. 23) 097 N . it seems impossible on present evidence to link it firmly with the later cult. and more have been found in the new excavations. Alin 51 I */I (GAMS No.). Here Rstr5m found a Mycenaean sherd. N of the road are the remains of a circular watchtower of C or H date. figurines previously found have been thought to be votives (BSA 66 (1971) 107). of which new fragments are appearing. It is claimed. The case for Mycenaean cult seems quite plausible. 8o m. though it is still unclear how late it continued. A 28 PALAIA EPIDHAVROS: PANAYIA (ANCIENT EPIDAUROS) K. The upper N slopes of the Kynortion hill. 21) *# I 072 N AD 27 (1972) B 215 About 4 km. AJA 43 (1939) 83. on which stands the sanctuary of Apollo Maleatas. E-W by 40 m. and obsidian chips and C or H tiles are plentiful. that there was a shrine here in Mycenaean times. 200 m. Further finds. Material from beneath the sanctuary suggests continuous habitation from EH II to LH IIIB but a gap thereafter until G. 8 Korinthos 708 E LH III(A-B) C or H Alin 51. 22) *# K. represented by a retaining wall and ashy fill dating from early LH. including large hollow animal figurines. (1974) 93. are now reported from the neighbourhood. A cup and three stirrup-jars attributed to LH IIIB in the Nafplion Museum are reputed to have come from Ligourio and may possibly be associated with this site.

51. The settlement was large (c. 18) and 21 ( 'Whorlshell-'-as on figs. RE Suppl. MH Matt-painted and Grey Minyan and obsidian are plentiful at the top and abundant LH IIII-IIIB sherds and some fragments from figurines both on the top and on the W and S slopes. Vassa is a high rocky ridge. Alin (loo. their contents included a Close Style stirrup jar (cf. decorated with MP Motives 37 1 ( Myc. on the W side of the Dimaina plain. It seems likely that this was the main LH cemetery for the Vassa settlement. on the SW outskirts of Palaia Epidhavros on a slope to W of the road. GAMS 21 AA (1938) 559.) mentions LH IIIA vases from Dimaina in the Nafplion museum. G and later pettery is predominant. 8 Korinthos LH IIIB 828·E RE Suppl. 23) respectively. MP 613. I 157 N Alin 52 (s. 26. 500 m. but in 1961 MH Grey Minyan ware and obsidian chips were found near the chapel. In 1959 in the vicinity of a newly dug chamber tomb here were found fragments of two tankards.5 km. 647). Seven LH chamber tombs were excavated. While it is conceivable that there was a LH settlement on the site of the Turkish fort on the N side of the village. covering the high ridge and the extensive S slopes. as is evidenced by circuit walls on the upper slopes and widespread C and H sherds. Flower' as onfigs. N-S by 120 m. ~ 20 (corrected) LH tombs were reported at Palaiochori c. near the chapel. to N of the road inland from Nea Epidhavros to the Dimaina plain. 14. VI 6o5. A 29 NEA EPIDHAVROS: PALAIOCHORI K. of shape similar to MP fig. 200 m.) AM 63 ( 1938) 558. to ESE of Nea Epidhavros on a slope on the S side of the road. Information in 1959 was that many LH tombs had been found at Prinias Ktima. cit. I # (GAMS No. 25 no. VI 6o6. It commands both this route and the coastal route N from Ancient Epidauros. 8 Korinthos 798 E I 167 N) 1. 'Dimena').v. 24) 146 N (approx.53 The town of ancient Epidauros occupied the headland S of the harbour of Palaia Epidhavros.). A30 NEA EPIDFJ\VROS: VASSA /1 ( GAMS No. to NW. 25) K. . Gebauer (~ (1938) ) mentions also LH and G sherds near the chapel of Ayios Leonidas (K. The main area of the site lay on the steep hill of the Panayia chapel. Gebauer also mentions obsidian from Kastraki. 8 Korinthos 212 (spot height) at 808 E EH II MH LH IIII-IIIB G AA (1911) 150. it is more likely that the cemetery is to be associated with the site at Vassa (A 30 below). The Cyclopean walls are well preserved on the S flank of the summit.

on the route between the Asklepieion at Epidauros and Troizen. KA3TRO CHORIT3A K. Troizen und Kalaureia (1941) 10. which measures about 110 m. E-W by 50 m. 8 Korinthos LH AA ( 1927) 365. where there is an abundant spring. and G tombs nearby. Welter. AM 36 (1911) 33. This is presumably the same as the tower "zwischen Lessia und Karatza" cited by Gebauer. A 33 TROIZEN: THE A3KLEPIEION L. But we do not consider that the evidence is sufficient. The site of the Asklepieion is a broad low spur on the 3 side of the plain of Troizen. Good quality LH sherds were found on the flat top. A 32 KALLONI: AYI03 YEORYI03 9 Aiyina 969 E LH IIIA-B C K. I / (GAM3 No. AA (1938) 561.. not far W of the centre of the ancient city. VI to5 A LH site was reported near the village of Trachia. and also the pass to Choritsa (A 32A below). . EH II sherds were found here. and C sherds on the 3 slope.TRACHIA A 31 (GAMS No. and we omit this site from the map accordingly. 9 Aiyina in square IJO? 890 E I ~2) 990 N AA ( 1927) 365 A 11Mycenaean watchtower 11 was noted in a position between Ortholithion and Choritsa. overlooking the route from Troizen to Ancient Epidauros (A 28). Klio Beiheft 49 ( 1944) 46 f. 839 E I 021 N (the village) RE 3uppl. 37) 939 N G A C H G. 43) K. A 32A ( GAM3 No. 39) 986 N GAM3 25 The isolated hill of Ayios Yeoryios lies at the 3 end of a fertile coastal plain (of ancient Lessia? ). 9 Idhra EHII 012 E I *# (GAM3 No.

A 3. EH and LH III sherds were found on the acropolis of ancient Methana c.not far to SW near the coast. I # ( GAMS No. EH II sherds and obsidian were found. 4o) K. 9 Aiyina 050 E EHIILHCH Alin 52. 4).55 A 33A MErflANA: # ISTHVIUS K· 9 Aiyina EH II 050 E I 019 N Welter 191>1. A 35 LOUTRA METHANON: VROMOLIMNI etc • K. 10. l km. AM 39 (1911) 35. which lies to E of the path from Poros to the Temple. A deposit beneath the temple contained LH III(B) pottery and jewellery. 28 EH II sherds were found both at the Temple site and on a slope E of the chapel of Ayios Stathis. And in 1959 EH II sherds and obsidian were observed on the promontory to S of Loutra Methanon (at 050 E I 019 N). Taf. Zeit. Hugel III". Welter 1941. The site has been named "Isthmos. probably LH. was found also to E of the same path (Arch. 38) K. (1886) 26o Pl. 41) 030 N (approx. 50. 9 Aiyina 010 E I 035 N EH LH III(A-B) G A C H Welter 1941. A 34 METHANA: MEGALOCHORIO (ANCIENT MErflANA) (GAMS No. 9 Aiyina 134 E I 955 N EH II LH III(B) G A C H ~ 20 (1895) 297. an early Eighteenth Dynasty scarab was . on the N outskirts of Loutra Methanon. A chamber tomb. but we have not been able to verify the latter location. Similar finds were made at Magoula Psiphti a mound on the plain. SW of Megalochorio. lO AM 36 (1911) 35.) GAMS 26 A LH and later settlement is reported at a site by the plain of Throni near the village of Vromolimni. 10 A small hill site on the neck of the isthmus connecting Methana with the Troizen plain. A 36 PDROS: The Temple of Pose id on at Kalaureia *# (GAMS No.

. the islet of Ayios Ioannis cliffs on the S side and of Vlichos. l. 9 Idhra LH III(A-B) AM 36 (1911) 38. S. 20. A 39 HYDRA: CHORIZA L. with shaping down less steeply on the NW to the Gulf sherds and the head of a LH figurine were found together with sherds of later periods. A 38 PHOURKARIA (GAMS No.. and Grey Minyan predominate. Aegyptiaca (1930) 67). at the edge of a plain. polychrome. 'Phurkaria' A small coastal settlement. VI 6oS. and in 1959 house foundations were observed on the edge of the beach near the end of the promontory. 9 Idhra 118 E EH? MH LH? Welter 1941. cut off by rounded hills onE and w. s. 9 Idhra in square lOO E LH H AA (1927) 365.56 found just above this deposit (J. associated with a MH polychrome sherd and some pottery which appeared to be EH. 'Tourkaria'. 35) 078 E I G H C 750 N AD 20 (1965) B 130 About 2 km. Pendlebury. SW of Hydra town and opposite tou Theologou is a hill c. Other sherds on the surface were apparently LH. Taf. shown as s. 1. The LH settlement may have centred on the hill of "Polis 11 to SW of the Temple. 34) L. D. A 37 GALATAS: HALIKI L. I 84o N RE Suppl. There is a small fertile plain to N of the range of hills on which the Temple is situated. 75 m. ~52 Welter 1941. but MH Mattpainted.v. 10. GAMS 24 A small promontory on the mainland to SE of Poros. (~No. Many LH III on the N and NW slopes. (GAMS No. 36) *# I 913 N Hesperia 33 (1964) 235. a. MH material is reported from trial excavations.

). WSW of modern Hermione.57 A 39A HYDRA: DHOKOS (not marked on map) EH I I lli H AAA 9 (1976) 17 In the bay of Skindos on the N of the islet of Dhokos. The latest lli recognized was part of a "Panel Style" deep bowl as MP Motif 50:22. 31) L. cit. To W of the settlement is a fertile coastal plain. but fine surface pottery was abundant. 32) . The settlement was relatively small (upper measurements c. byzant. Obsidian and flint blades and pottery of EH II. and some early IJ:l. A 41 HERMIONE: KASTRI # ( GAMS No. the necropolis of ancient Hermione. auf einem Felsvorsprung liber den Salzwerken. AM 36 (1911) 35. The site was clearly a settlement and not a lli cemetery as previously thought (AM lee. 9 Idhra 896 E I 813 N EH II-III MH LH II-IIIB A PAE (1909) 175. H. including MH Grey Minyan and Mattpainted. This seems to have been a small lli site in this remote coastal plain. Scherben (Mitt. and mediaeval date have been found around the bay on Dhokos. between Hydra and the mainland.). Heurtleys )". 9 Idhra 941 E I 899 N EH I I MH lli III(A-B) C H PAE (1909) 182. A 42 EILEOI: ILIOKASTRO (ANCIENT EILEOI) *# L. IJ:l. 500 m. 33) L. and S of the hill of Gron. NE to SW by 55 m. AM 36 (1911) 37 The low promontory of Kastri or Magoula lies c. a shipwreck datable to EH II by quantities of associated fine pottery has been discovered. Festung und Sp~tmyk. 9 Idhra in square 9EO E I 830 N lli III(A-B) RE Suppl. VI E06 The description reads "Thermisi. THERMISI ( GAMS No. 127 m. nordBstlich des gleichnamigen Kaps. AJA 33 (1964) 231 ( GAMS No.

350 m. toN which has produced much EH to LH (AD 18 (1963) B 73). . 29) L. Thompson (LAAA loo.) recorded Mycenaean finds near Porto-Cheli. Koiladha. One building was said to be of megaron type. marked by a chapel of Ayios Ioannis. and there is a site 3 km. AR (1973-4) 13 On a low promontory on the E coast of Spetsai buildings and a well of EH II date were excavated.N. cit. to SE. and Grey Minyan and Matt-painted are attested (AJA loo. The circuit walls (of ancient Eileoi) enclose an extent c. A 44 PORTO-CHELI: ANCIENT HALIEIS *# (GAMS No. but there is no evidence that it occupied the whole of the extent of the later city. Hesperia 38 (1969) 343. on the N side of the Bay of Koiladha. NE of Eileoi (formerly Karakasi). N-S by 150 m. IIIB) G C H GAMS 22. and 2. 300 m. A 43 KOILADHA: AYIOS IOANNIS # (~No. on the left of the route to Troizen. 8 Leonidhion 810 E I 872 N N LH (incl. and Kranidhion. c. Some LH III sherds on the S slopes of the hill demonstrate LH settlement.). Fourni. C. N of Koiladha. and more important remains were found in the Franchthi cave. 30) L. and H sherds were found on the surface in and around the cave. 8 Leonidhion 728 E I 752 N N EH I? LH? PG G A C H LAAA 4 (1912) 128. 253. W of the main road from Kranidhion to Nafplion. Hesperia 38 (1969) 318 LN and possibly EH I material has been found on the Halieis acropolis. but MH seems more likely. AR (1974-5) 12 LH IIIB material was found on a small low rocky promontory. The cist tombs at the S foot of the hill were attributed to LH III.5 km. The next period represented is PG (unstratified finds). and LH. 2 km. The cave has revealed a unique record of occupation from the Upper Palaeolithic to the end of . 42 (1973) 45. almost 2 km. The Indiana University and University of Pennsylvania Argolid Exploration project has discovered many other sites (unpublished) in the vicinity of Porto-Cheli. The settlement was small. G.58 The hill of Iliokastro lies c. 8 Leonidhion 825 E I 676 N EH II-?III LH IIII-III (A-B) AD 26 (1971) B 84. cit. A 44A SPETSAI: AYIA MARINA * L.

(1938) 510. Furtwaengler. 25 (1970) B 136. 24 (1969) B 146. 27 (1972) B 183. and new excavations are in progress. It seems to have been an important trading-centre. Welter. and has been suggested to be a cache of MM jewellery looted in modern times from Crete. in the shape of two further whole stirrup-jars in the Aigina Museum. 317. 250 x lOO m. (1910) 172. 471.59 and much obsidian was also found. 434. 26 (1971) B 61. while near and below the temple terrace were some LH III sherds. provided with a fortification-wall and a large tiled building. It also provides more conclusive evidence than the British Museum stirrup-jar (IMTS 119) for continued occupation in the area in L!1 IIIC. c. however. including nothing certainly LH IIIC. The recent publication of the best LH pottery from the original excavations shows the quality of local production. J. Prehistoric Aigina (1925) ll. There was already a substantial settlement in EH. P. Aegina: Welter 1938. The published LH III material from the site is very scanty. which presumably came from tombs. Aigina (1938) 7. Some N sherds have been found in the vicinity of the Classical temple. EH wells and bothroi. and the next datable material is Attic LPG. early LH cist or pit graves. 393) 184 E I 207 N LH IIIC? G A C H G. this settlement continued to expand and to be provided with successive fortifications until late in LH. perhaps from Chrysolakkos at Mallia (BSA 52 (1957) 42). (1973-4) 6.. Harland. s. The original excavations here have never been fully published. and one LH IIII and several LH III sherds are reported. Irini and Phylakopi. G. many . AA (1925) 4. AR (1971-2) 7. especially in LH II when there seems to have been a local "palatial style" workshop. A 45 AIGINA: KOLOJ\'NA (TEMPLE OF APHRODITE) K. but is quite unlike ordinary LH jewellery in character. only approachable from the SE. The "Aegina Treasure" in the British Museum was found in one of the chamber tombs. 392) *# C I 212 N H AE (1895) 234. AD 22 (1967) ~147. 9 Aiyina N EH II-III 19 (spot height) MH LH I-IIIC PG at 089 E G A (GAMS No. close in character to Cycladic towns like Ay. Aigina IV (1975) A relatively low mound-site on a promontory N of the modern town. A 46 AIGINA: APHAIA TEMPLE K. Hiller. Some material is assigned to EH III (but may be EH II Patterned Ware). 7 das Heiligtum der Aphaia (1906) 369. and LH III chamber tombs have been excavated on a hill to the E. 9 Aiyina N LH IIIA-B # (GAMS No. (1972-3) 7.

Welter 1938. apparently LH IIIA2-C. Harland 1925. and there is no reason to suppose sanctity of the site in LH. however. since the bulk of the material seems late LH III. Pl. . A 48 AIGINA: MT. 435. which lies on a hill above and to N of the village of Partes. 394) K. 58 Several whole vases are reported to have come from a grave near this small hamlet. whose position suggests that it may have been a refuge-site. and a few other probably BA objects. D. Four coarse sherds may have been erroneously attributed to MH Matt-painted. The figurines have a wide date-range. but this is not necessarily of LH date. 395) K. I 16o N CMP 41. 127:5). A 47 AIGINA : KILINDRA ( GAMS No. 9 Aiyina in square 170 E LH IIIA2( -B?) Furtwaengler 1906. Finds reported to be from here include a fragment of a Type F sword (AJA 67 (1963) 151) and a bronze arrowhead (BSA 35 (1934-5) 132). near one of the few beaches on this rocky E coast of the island. 473. Oros. being decorated with 'scale Pattern' (MP Motif 70). Fimmen. Die kretisch-mykenische Kultur (1921) 9. and may be a votive deposit (~ 66 (1971) 107). 26 A settlement near the top of Mt. which we are not able to locate.fragments of figurines. 29 Two fragments of large Matt-painted vases are reported from this site. OROS ( GAMS No. 9 Aiyina 532 (spot height) at 150 E MH? LH IIB or IIIAl LH III(A~B) C H I 152 N Furtwaengler 1906. as one of the figurines seems to be (BSA 66 (1971) 137). 27. One sherd from the site might be of LH IIIC date (Furtwaengler 1906. A 49 AIGINA: PALAIOCHORA (not marked on map) MH Harland 1925. a sherd in the collection of the Department of Ancient History and Archaeology at Birmingham is earlier.

291. Palaiologos of the Greek Archaeological Service. 56) I 413 N (Temple of Apollo) SMyc. the well-preserved stratification provided the first reliable guide for the sub-division of the mainland BA. One large tomb was on the terrace of the hill to S of the railway station. Korakou (1921). c. m. 4o (1936) 207. apparently without serious break. Hesperia 17 (1948) 197.) on a bluff overlooking the coast road. J. 41 (1972) 144. B. for remains of a likely fortification-wall and of substantial buildings (a massive threshold block and a fresco-fragment) have been found.61 A 50 KORAKOU *J ( GAMS No. . Several of the buildings excavated belong to the LH IIIC phase. 27 (1923) 161. Blegen. E-W by 115 m. 2 km. 225. although there was destruction by fire in EH (probably EH II). Rutter. 43-(1974) 398. 36 (1967) 26 n. 20 (1951) 292. during which the site seems to have suffered disaster. thesis. to whom we are indebted for permission to mention it). BSA 67 (1972) 103. AD 26 (1971) B 94 There is widespread evidence for N and EH habitation. The Late Helladic IIIB and IIIC Periods at Korakou and-Gonia (Ph. max. 8 Korinthos 684 E EH II LH II-IIID PG I 447 N Hesperia 1 (1932) 62. this group is to be published by Miss H. 8 Korinthos 648 E I 441 N EH I-III MH LH I-IIIC A C c. 24 (1920) l. 44 (1975) 7. w. AJA 79 (1975) 1 A low but conspicuous oval mound (c. Pennsylvania 1974). An unpublished tomb-group consisting mainly of LH II vases is in the Corinth Museum (C 63123-30. 22. BCH 78 An EH II cemetery is reported near the Corinth Canal. A 52 ANCIENT CORINTH K.) from EH I to advanced LH IIIC.000 sq. There was a substantial settlement here (over an area of c. 42 (1973) 1. (1954) 112 AJA 58 (1954) 232. 200 m. 29 (1900) 240. The site may well have been of importance in LH III. especially from the Temple of Apollo site (EH II is also reported from Keramidaki. and LH chamber tombs have been found in the town. PG G A C H LH IIID-C AJA 1 (1897) 313. 66) K. 00) K. 8 Korinthos N EH I-II MH? *J 628 E (GAMS No. A 51 MODERN CORINTH *J ( GAMS No.D. Reoccupation after this was followed by final and perhaps hasty abandonment. 39 (1970) 12. W of modern Corinth.

27 (1923) 159. 8 Korinthos N EH I-III MH *# ( GAMS No. 225 m. 30 m. and the North Cemetery includes a small group of late MH graves. On present evidence. including fine LH. 3 km. or early PG vases found near a hearth. .). AD 21 (1966) B 121 Hesperia Supplement 8 Corinth XIII (1964) Part I. Bird. A 53 MYLOS CHELIOTOU K. ci t. It lies c. with a group of SMyc. LH IIIC material has been found beneath the Sanctuary of Demeter and Kore on the slopes of Acrocorinth (cf. and Man (1971) 116 Pl. perhaps to be associated with the EH II disaster. and other scattered material has been reported). ~USA 4 Pl. N-S by 100 m. running parallel to a road of the A period (AD loo. Blegen. at the mouth of a deep ravine leading S through the hills on the S side of the Corinth plain. Korakou (1921) 116. but little trace thereafter (MH is reported once) until LH IIIB. but it is possible that the remains have been largely destroyed by later constructions.) with steep cliffs. 7: 21 An oval hill (c. pitgraves. 27 (1923) l6o. some relatively richly provided. 8 Korinthos N EH I-III MH (~No.Hesperia 36 (1967) 23. A 53 AIEIOPEIRA # K. and SMyc. best represented by a small deposit behind the Julian Basilica. high. it does not seem that LH Corinth was as important as it later became.). cit. 410). The site appears to have been inhabited continuously from EH I to LH IIIB. (1949) lel5. 58) 575 E I 428 N LH II-IIIB LH IIIC? AJA 24 (1920) 3. l for an unpublished fragment). 75 m. stand at the beginning of the continuous series of finds indicating habitation throughout the DA. Benson in Horse. including a 'chariot Krater' (a single fine sherd is published by J. A well containing much EH II pottery and many bodies has been excavated. 34 (1930) 403. 57) 616 E I 420 N LH I-IIIB G A C H AJA 24 (1920) 3. The surface pottery was abundant.) on an oval bluff c. toW of Old Corinth. A small site (top area c. w. and a fine EH III piece has been found(~ loo. These remains are about lOO m. above the new highway. G. to NE of the site. commanding a fine view over the plain. on the S side of the new highway. A LH highway has been claimed (on the basis of associated LH IIIA2 sherds). 41:7. L. E-W by 85 m. AJA 77 (1975) 24 n.

N of Examilia. 8 Korinthos 618 E I 442 N EH I-II EH III? MH lli IIII-IIIB c AD 26 (1971) B 68 AJA 24 (1920) 4. excavation has uncovered two EH building-phases. and c. A broad plateau with mainly steep sides. (under A 50) Rutter.A 55 AYIOS GERASIMOS ( GAMS No.8 Korinthos EH II MH LH III(A-B) I 417 N AJA 24 (1920) 5. A 56 ARAPIZA /1 (GAMS No. 61) 652 E K. c. 27 (1923) l6o. 27 (1923) 159 A small site on a ridge to W of the old main road from Corinth to Argas. 8 Korinthos N EH I-III MH 77 (spot height) at 664 E LH I-IIIB C H I 414 N AJA 21+ (1920) 6. according to Rutter). however.5 km. The LH remains. since contiguous to A 57) 658 E I 414 N AJA 21[ ( 1920) 6 A small circular flat-topped hill. extensive trial trenching produced nothing suggesting any particular importance. with steep sides. and this may be associated with the site. 8 Korin~. 350 m. The chapel of Ayios Gerasimos stands on a slight rise near the shore about 1. op. the later reported to include some EH III. Despite its size. Metropolitan Museum Studies 3 (l93C-3l) 55. W of ancient Lechaion. 59) *!I K. 2 km. A 57 GONIA (GAMS No. cit. A LH chamber tomb was excavated in the vicinity of ancient Lechaion (BCH 78 (1954) 112). 62) *!I K. were often eroded. The LH settlement appears to have extended over the whole plateau. E-W by 250 m. l km. Surface pottery suggests almost continuous habitation from EH I to lli IIIB. The trial pits . A 57A YIRIZA */I K.hos EH I-II (not marked on map. E of the old road from Corinth to Argos. The site may well have been occupied continuously from MN to LH IIIB (but apparently not beyond the middle of lli IIIB.

BCH 95 (1971) 843. The top of the hill measures c. K. indicating a fairly large prehistoric settlement. 150 m. but sherds extend over theN terraces also for c. It has also been argued to be the retaining terrace for a road (AAA 4 (1971) 85). Broneer. E of Examilia. and it may never have been finished. Hesperia 24 (1955) 142. Tsthmia II (1973) 6 There are scanty traces of BA habitation in the neighbourhood of the later sanctuary. A 57). E-W by 6o m. 64) K. AD 24 (1969) B 84. Its purpose is not wholly clear. by 130 m. 19. 6o below). A 58 ISTHMIA ( GAMS No. 37 (1968) 25. AA (1939) 269 65) . 8 Korinthos 70 (spot height) at 725 E I 418 N EH I-II MH LH IIA-B LH III(A2-)B PG G A C H AJA 24 (1920) 8. long. A 59 PERDIKARIA # (GAMS No. and was presumably merely an extension of the neighbouring site (Gonia. A complete jug is shown in Metropolitan Museum Studies 3 (1930-31) 69 fig... steep on the N side. 8 Korinthos 724 E I 384 N EH II MH LH IIIB C H AJA 24 (1920) 7. 35 (1966) 346. and on the eroded spur of Rachi to SW above. but more important is the fortification-wall running roughly W from the Saronic Gulf. and the latter seems rather to indicate a fort guarding the route from cenchreai (No.64 (not fully published) showed that the site was only occupied in EH I-II. but the most plausible explanation is that it was intended to cross the Isthmus and provide protection against attack from the N. 26 (1971) B 105. 8 Korinthos 691 E EH II MH LH III(A-)B I 396 N AJA 24 (1920) 7. 0. On an upper slope on the N side is a section of Cyclopean walling about 30 m. 63) *# K. 3 m. 27 (1923) 16o About 2 km. on the S side of the road to Cenchreai is an oval hill. which from its style and the LH IIIB material in its fill is judged to be of LH IIIB date. especially Hesperia 37 (1968) 25) and from autopsy in 1974 rules out any direct connection between the Isthmia Cyclopean wall and the Perdikaria section. Antiquity 33 (1959) So. A6o ANCIENT CENCHREAI *# (~No. lOO m. but its course and direction make this unlikely. preserved to a maximum height of c. Further evidence concerning the Isthmia wall (A 58 above. It does not appear to have been of any importance.

E of Sophikon. 8 Korinthos 705 E I 343 N LH IIA-IIIAl SubG A C AE (1956) Parartema 8. PAE (1958) 135. some of unusual type. but the absence of late LH and DA material makes any suggestion of continuity of cult here very unlikely. Archaeology 15 ( 1962) 184 On a low hill c. but reported finds of obsidian suggest settlement at some time in the prehistoric period. they had been disturbed in later times (notably by a deposit of some 1000 vases and 50 figurines in one of the chambers) but some early LH vases survived in two of the tombs. A 63 SOPHIKON: (GAMS No. An archaic sanctuary was later found c. 54) AYIA PARASKEVI K. 55 corrected) . 8 Korinthos 758 E I 335 N LH C AA (1939) 271 A Classical site at Ayios Antonios near Katakali and Vlaseika.The prehistoric site seems to have been small. possibly LH. But the extensive later occupation may have obscured or removed the evidence. 2. A 62 KATAKALI: (Gams No.5 km. 53) MALLIA TUMSA K. and confined to the hill above the NE mole of the harbour. SW of Galataki five chamber tombs were excavated. A 64 KORPHOS: PANAYIA K. and LH sherds on the low hill of Mallia Tumsa nearby. There is no clear evidence for a LH habitation site on the hill. dug into various parts of the hill. toN. 8 Korinthos 792 E I 284 N LH? AA (1939) 270 Prehistoric sherds. 86C E I 253 N GAMS 29 (No. 50 m. 52) K. 8 Korinthos EH LH? AA (1939) 270. 300 m. AD 16 (196C) B 81. were found on the hill of Ayia Paraskevi c. A 61 GALATAKI * (GAMS No.

Zygouries (1928) A low mound (c. the EH II graves. 2. 5) AYIOS NIKOLAOS I K. and BA sherds at Alamanou (cf. E of Korphos. confirming the impression that Zygouries was important at this time. eroded on the top and disturbed by Byzantine buildings. A 67 zyQOURIES *!I (GAMS No. but it is not clear whether or not the prehistoric traces represent more than one settlement in this area.5 km. the '''Potter's Shop" is the most substantial LH IIIB building. 48) K. 18). w. 170 m. ENE of Korphos. LH and later traces were also found on the W side of Dyovouna. VI 6o6 for LH finds from a cult cave here). A 65 KLENIES: (GAMS No. apparently ossuaries. may be LH. Blegen. On a hill c. the ridge dividing the plains of Athikia and Alamanou. 8 Korinthos LH? A C H 6o3 E I ( GAMS No. NE-SW by 90 m. and 'Ajios Nikolaos'). 8 Korinthos 536 E I 303 N EH I-III MH LH I-IIIBl G c. its periods of greatest importance being EH II and LH IIIB. 'Alamanu'. 8 Korinthos in square 630 E LH C AA (1939) 270. to theW were found EH II. on the ridge to S of the plain. Another site at Profitis Ilias. A 66 KLEI\TIES : AYIA PARASKEVI K. 50) 289 N (approx. Many substantial buildings containing a wide range of goods belong to EH II. contained some rich goods. RE Suppl. Alin separates the~hree sites ('Dyovuna'. 500 m. when habitation spread to the level ground below the hill. at Ayia Paraskevi near Klenies.) AA (1939) 271 BA sherds were noted in the vicinity of ancient Tenea.5 km.66 EH sherds were found near the chapel of Panayia 3. and LH IIIB graves. . I t is likely to have been inhabited without a break from EH I to early LH IIIB. the last being two chamber tombs whose contents may be a little later than those of the "Potter's Shop" (BSA 64 (1969) 265 n. best interpreted as the basement of a local magnate's house. both phases ended with destruction by fire.). 320 N Alin 58 LH and C sherds were found near Ayios Nikolaos on the saddle by Athikia (where the 'Apollo of Tenea" was found). MH.

300 m. Fine surface sherds included MH Grey and Yellow Minyan. and on theE connecting with the lower hill on which are the remains of the Temple of Athens.67 A 68 AYIOS VASILIOS: AYIA TRIADHA K. 45 (1976) 174 The ridge of Tsoungiza projects to N from the W end of Heraklion village. 8 Korinthos LH IIIA2-B 552 E AA (1913) 116.)B C or H A. A N deposit and remains of an EH-LH settlement were excavated but never published. Frazer. S of the excavation. (1939) 271. on the pass via the Longopotamos river to the Corinthian plain. EN and LH IIIB material has been found at. LH IIB Ephyraean. lf4) . A 71 NEJVJEA (Modern): K. 46) *I! K. The hill is steep on theW and NW. notable features are a reported destruction by fire in EH III. and LH IIIA and LH IIIB from kylikes and deep bowls. 7 Tripolis LH IIIA-B AYIA IRINI 4o4 E 1 329 N # (GAMS No. Hesperia 44 (1975) 150.JA 31 (1927) 436. 4 km. 168). The highest and westernmost of the three hills which form the acropolis was an important LH site (extending c. Pausanias III 82 The site of ancient Cleonai lies c. LH material is also reported from the area of the Sanctuary of Zeus. 161. 49) 277 N Alin 37 The chapel of Ayia Triadha lies c.a point 100 m. to theE (Hesperia 44 (1975) 157. 47) K. 8 Korinthos 525 E I 332 N MH LH IIII-IIIB A C H EH II AA (1913) 114. 7 Tripolis 463 E I 318 N (village) N EH I-III MH LH I-III(A. More recently. and the "House of the Arrowmaker" which seems to have contained a LH IIB floor-deposit. A 69 ANCIENT CLEONAI # (GAMS No. and overlooks the Nemea valley. NW of Ayios Vasilios. on the SE slopes of the Daphnias range. and a male figurine. 4 km. A 70 HERAKLION: TSOUNGIZA (GAMS No. 32 (1928) 69. over 500 m. N-S by 250 m. gentle on the S. I ( GAMS No.). to SE of Ayios Vasilios railway station. About lOO Phi and Psi Mycenaean figurines were found here.

and the sherds small and worn. very widespread in EH II. The only evidence for LH settlement is one kylix stem fragment and a steatite whorl. and enclosed an area c. (maximum). by lOO m.5 km. however. The hill is heavily eroded. from kylikes and deep bowls. E-W by 6o m. The fine isodomic walls are C or H. Pausanias III 69. A 73 GONOUSSA: AYIOS TRYPHON (ANCIENT TITANE) # (GAMS No. that the later building activities on the site. E. but LH IIIA and LH IIIB were recognized. 2. Peloponnesische Wanderungen (1939) ll The chapel of Ayios Tryphon lies on a spur projecting from the W into the valley of the Asopos. Meyer. especially in the H period. 7 Tripolis 398 E I 448 N EH II LH III(A2-B) C H Frazer.) PG G A C H Hesperia 38 (1969) 443 The low mound to W of the acropolis produced evidence of N and EH settlement. 45) *# 397 E LH III(A-B) I 373 N (approx. on the W bank of the Asopos river. It seems likely. The total area of LH settlement seems to have been c. WNW of modern Nemea (formerly Ayios Yeoryios). A 72 ANCIENT PHLIOUS K. The hill lies at the foot of higher hills bounding theW side of the plain of ancient Phlious.68 AR (1961-2) 31 A low hill c. 7 Tripolis N EH II (GAMS No. So) K. 8 Korinthos EH II 557 E I 435 N AJA 51 (1947) 166 Abundant EH II sherds were found at a site near this village. about a kilometre SE of Gonoussa (formerly Lopesi) and half a kilometre NE of Titane (formerly Voivonda). 150 m. on the south side of the road to Stymphalos. A few EH II sherds were found here and part of the stem of a tall kylix ( LH IIIA2 or LH IIIB). lOO m. may have removed much of the evidence. A 74 ZEVGOLATIO K. .

22 The prehistoric settlement lies at the E end of a spur projecting from the plateau on which lies the village. It has been claimed (AA loc. 22 LH III tombs have been recorded at Moulki.). 22 (1967) B 163 The prehistoric settlement (c. cit. The site is one of a line of low ridges at the south end of the fertile Sikyonian plain. 200 m. one LH IIII and fine quality LH IIIA and LH IIIB sherds were collected. by 30 m. 250 m. S of the new Corinth-Patras highway.) occupies the E tip of a long and low rounded hill called Litharakia in the district named Braibey. the site of a mediaeval castle. was also the site of a Mycenaean "Wacht-stelle". A 78 LALIOTI I. A chamber tomb was found about a kilometre SW. AA (1939) 272. at tpe point where the old road from Krines to Tarsina passes over it. 78) 452 E I 541 N (village) . down the slopes toN and NW. 8 Korinthos LH III(A-B) JHS (under GAMS No. but LH occupation extended for at least lOO m. Good MH Matt-painted. I 503 N JHS 68 (19 1+8) 6o n. The tombs may belong to the site at Sikyon (A 76) or may represent a further settlement on the edge of the Sikyonian plain. 7 Xilokastron LH C AA (1939) 272 (GAMS No. N of Sikyon. 1.) that the hill of Xerokastelli to S. about a kilometreS of Krines and c. 77) 496 E I 520 N (village) 68 (1948) 6o n. and a LH grave was noted nearby. The centre of the site is a small hillock (85 m. 77) K· 8 Korinthos 123 (spot height) at 498 E MH LH IIII-IIIB AJA 24 (1920) 10.5 km. ENE to WSW by lOO m. and along the ridge on the SW. c.A 75 KRINES: BRAIBEY *# K· 8 Korinthos 509 E I 483 N EH I-III MH LH IIIA2-B AD 21 (1966) B 123. near the hamlet of Ellinocho~i. A 77 MOULKI K. A 76 SIKYON (FORMERLY VASILIKO) # (GAMS No.

NE of the SE entrance to the Corinth Canal. 7 Xilokastron EH II MH LH 457 E I 570 N (Ayios Athanasios) AA (1939) 275 An EH site was found S of t~elissi near the road to the chapel of Ayios Athanasios. 1. 338 E I 66o N (village) Alin 61 In a cave near Pitsa A and C terracottas and a LH sherd were found. . c. 200 m. l km. Palaiologos of the Greek Archaeological Service. SW of Xylokastro. A 81 PITSA I. and LH. Fine EH and LH sherds were noted. More EH was found on a site S of Tholeron. in diameter. There is also an unpublished LH I tomb-group from here in the Corinth Museum. C sherds and obsidian were found. MH. I 432 N Alin 6o A site on the hill above the village of Kalamaki. A 80 MEilTEIKA (GAMS No. and to S of this. 7 Xilokastron in square i+OO E EH II LH I 590 N AA ( 1939) 287 This site is only approximately located. it is to be published by Miss H. between Melissi and Tholeron (closer to Tholeron). occupied in EH. 67) KALAMAKI K. 7 Xilokastron LH I A C AA (1935) 197.5 km. a site approx. N of Lalioti. A 79 MELISSI AND THOLERON I.70 At Ayios Ioannis. These sites are sufficiently close together to be considered as forming one nucleus of settlement. 8 Korinthos 169 (spot height) at 749 E EH II MH LH III(A-B) Corinth I 114. and a LH vase in the village was apparently discovered locally. 81) I. to whom we are indebted for permission to mention it. The village of Merteika is about 3 km. A 82 (GAMS No.

l I 6oo N s of . A 85 DAMARI (GAMS No. 69) 490 N EH II AA ( 1939) 269 A high hill c. 8 Korinthos 732 E MH LH IIIC I (GAMS No.A 82 A AYIOI THEODHOROI: MOULKI K. 70) K. (GAMS No. E of Loutraki. 24 (1969) B 103 A chance discovery of apparently late MH cists. 8 Levadhia 1033 (spot height) at 719 E LH A Perachora I vii. 2 km. one of which contained simple gold ornaments like those of graves at A 53. Sherds from here in the BSA collection include MH and LH IIIC. W of the road at a point about a kilometre Loutraki. 71) Corinth I Hlf n. 17. 68) ASPRA CHOMATA K. 8 Korinthos LH III(A-B) 713 E I lf76 N AA ( 1939) 269 A site c. A 86 LOUTRAKI MOUNTAIN I. A 84 LOUTRAKI: AYIA KYRIAKI K. 8 Korinthos EH II MH LH 126 (spot height) at 733 E I 467 N AA ( 1939) 269 A small site. about halfway between Loutraki and Loutraki station. over a kilometre E of the road from Corinth. 8 Korinthos MH G 855 E I 420 N AD 17 (1961-2) B 52 (G tombs). 50 m. where "submykenisch 11 was reported. A 83 LOUTRAKI: (GAMS No.

EAST SIDE # (GAMS No. possibly MH. 75) c H .) Perachora I 20 LH sherds at a point halfway between Loutraki and the Perachora lighthouse.e. including possible defences and a kiln. and some distance toE of Lake Vouliagmeni were traces of rock-cut pit graves. i._ # 546 N A BSA 64 (1969) 53. A 91 PERACHORA: THE HERAION *# I. it was destroyed by fire in EH II. A 88 ( GAMS No. 8 Levadhia 610 E I 550 N N EH I-II MH? LH IIIB-C G A (GAMS No. A 90 LAKE VOULIAGMENI NEAR PERACHORA I. WEST SIDE . AR (1972-3) 8 Remains of an EH settlement have been partially excavated here. 72) SITE TO NW LOUTRAKI: I. A 89 LAKE VOULIAGJVIENI !\'EAR PERACHORA I. 73) 538 N AA ( 1939) 269 EH II and LH sherds on the low saddle between the hills of Magoula and Ayios Demetrios. 20 On a path from modern Perachora to the Heraion of ancient Perachora (A 91 below) LH and A sherds were found. 8 Levadhia 696 E EH II IJl III(A-B) I (GAMS No.72 LH and A sherds and A tiles were found on the slopes immediately below the summit of Loutraki mountain. to S of Perachora village. 8 Levadhia LH 655 E I 535 N (approx. 8 Levadhia MH? IJl A 650 E I 552 l. 74) N Perachora I 9. A 87 MODERN PERACHORA: AYIOS DEMETRIOS I. 8 Levadhia EH I-II 628 E I 2. to NW of Loutraki.

A 92 ( GAMS No. EH I-II and LH IIIB-C are certain and one sherd (Perachora I Pl. v. and a kilometre to S of the coast. 8 Levadhia in square 76o E LH C I 570 N AA (1939) 270 LH and C sherds on the peninsula NE of Schoinos harbour. 8 Levadhia EH II-III MH ANCIENI PAGAI 901 E C H I 588 N CG figs. 10:16) could well be late MH. Alin 114 Before the acropolis of ancient Megara (in the centre of modern Megara) became completely built over. 76) SCHOINOS I. 9 Aiyina Ay. A prominent 'high mound' hill. 391 ) I 467 N PAE (1934) 50. 500 m. crowned by the remains of a small mediaeval fort. 10-14 The acropolis of ancient Pagai appears to be the hill c. TNis1la 1 PALAIOKASTRO 11 A 94 -> BSA 19 ( 1912-13) 70 l ( GAMS No. Die kretisch-mykenische Kultur (1921) 9. A 92A KATO ALEPOCHORION: I. Sherds from here in the BSA collection include EH II-III and MH. S of Kato Alepochorion. EH. 390) K. Alin 114 s. 9 Aiyina 035 E I 488 N EH II MH LH III(A-B) G A C H D.73 Perachora I 51 During excavation of the sanctuary some prehistoric material was found. near the shore. and LH sherds and Cyclopean walling were observed. Fimmen. A 93 MEGARA 11 (GAMS No. According to Highbarger (The History . Nikolaos at 046 E EH II MH LH IIII-IIIB AM 29 ( 1904) 94. MEGARA: • K. MH.

ization of Megara (1927) ). this site is~ that of ancient Nisaia.and Civil.) BSA 19 (1912-13) 70 There is EH II and MH material from this site in the BSA collection. A 94A JI'LEGARA: AYIOS YEORYIOS (ANCIENT NISAIA?) K. . 3) in view of the marsh now round it. in diameter) but LH and earlier fine sherds were found. Pausanias I 44. I t has been equated with Minoa (BSA 19 (1912-13) 70) and this identification seems the more likely. Trial excavations suggest almost continuous occupation from EH II to LH IIIB. 90 m. since the site may once have been an island (cf. The hill is small (top surface c. we have not marked it separately on the map. Because of its close proximity to A 94. predominantly LH IIIA and LH IIIB. 9 Aiyina EH I I MH 050 E / 465 N (approx.

is again poorly known in these provinces. most of them LH. ACHAEA. and one of the latter (B 44) seems to be one of the longest-lived. particularly before LH. around Patras and to the south of it. Achaea Settlement in this province tends to concentrate along the narrow coastal strip and in valleys running inland from it. Survey in eastern Arcadia has produced a respectable number of sites. these will be considered separately. 21. Cemeteries newly founded in LH IIIC are notably far inland. however. the Olympia region is thick with sites. but there is insufficient evidence to judge whether they were of any importance. Elis and Triphylia The settlement-pattern. another important area is the plateau land along the Kalavryta-Patras route. for finds such as the Derveni pithos-burial (B 36) can hardly be dated before the ninth century B. unusually. but very few sites have been investigated. which are divided by mountain-ridges. the sequence at As ea (B 30) provides further evidence that sites might have a chequered history. and the Pharae region. WESTERN LOCRIS. A:ND EASTERN AEI'OLIA Since this map covers several provinces wholly or in part. Other sites.C. some of them substantial. most MH sites being apparently new foundations. although there can be little doubt that there was such an increase. 34-5). in contrast. The evidence for the prehistoric settlement-pattern is still sparse. 29). but none have been fully published. at Palaiokastro (B 32). There is a marked shift in settlement between EH and MH. The wealth of these cemeteries in pottery and other goods is a clear indication of Achaea's prosperity in LH IIIC. particularly for pre-LH periods. The great plain of central Elis has produced very little material. 18c 23. where the most important pre-LH IIIC finds have been made (B 54). where ancient Pharae was situated. and. It now seems that relatively many of these were founded before LH IIIC. and practically nothing can be said of de~elopments in the DA. are scattered along the coast or near it. Arcadia The mountainous centre of the Peloponnese includes many small plains and valleys. LH remains are not impressive. which may have been a "refuge-site" founded by people from Laconia or Messenia. EASTERN ELIS. several MH sites do not seem to continue into LH (B 12-13. its history in the DA is quite obscure. The main concentrations appear to have been around Aigion. NORTHERN TRIPHYLIA. the few sites being concentrated in the Peneios valley. Several of the Classical towns seem to have had a prehistoric predecessor (B 1. but most of the older ones continued to flourish. there is one impressive LH IIIC site.75 MAP B: ARCADIA. the natural foci of settlement and centres of the Classical states. and the bulk of those identified are LH cemeteries. survey of inland Triphylia might modify the picture . and it is difficult to estimate to what extent they (and presumably the population) grew in ill IIIC.

7 Sparti EH II AYIOS ILIAS 16o E I (Arcadia No. B 3 VOUNON L.76 in this province. ~W of Stringon. where there are many chamber tomb cemeteries. but it presents important evidence for the early penetration of the Mycenaean pottery-style to a relatively remote area and for the survival of previous traditions. 6) to suggest that this area also flourished in LH IIIC. Ancient Thermon (B 102) has perhaps gained an inflated reputation through being one of the few investigated on any scale. these do not seem to last as long as the Achaean cemeteries. 89. 7 Sparti 162 E MH LH III(A-B) (Arcadia No. must have been of great importance. 26) 185 E I 944 N G A C H BCH 25 (1901) 256. A single tomb at Agrapidochori (B 65) in the Peneios valley is also used in LH IIIC. on top of a ridge overlooking the N end of Lake Taka. several of which continued in use into LH IIIC. 27) I 934 N . also E 2. other finds on display in the Tegea l'lluseum are a spindle whorl and a Psi figurine (BSA 66 (1971) 183). Kakovatos (B 94). LH III material is commonest in the Olympia region. B 2 STRINGON: L. and it is very unlikely that their present distribution reflects the reality. 7 Sparti LH IIIB PG *# (GAMS No. Considerably more MH than EH sites are known. cf. were found with later material during the excavation of the Temple. 45 (1921) 2!+7. when at least one site. B 1 ALEA: ANCIENT TEGEA. 25) 948 N A small knoll. The appearance of LH IIIC here is also of interest and may be related to its presence at other sites (B 95. But developments in the DA are even more obscure than in Achaea~ Western Locris and eastern Aetolia Very few sites have been identified in these areas. in general. and early LH material is commoner than in Arcadia or Achaea. Boo m. 100 m. But again developments in the DA are almost completely obscure. in diameter. however. EH sherds were found over an area c. THE TEMPLE OF ATHENA L. Arcadia No. ~ 87 A few LH vase fragments. including parts of two stirrup-jars. c. suggesting that relatively substantial survival in this period is characteristic of the whole north-west Peloponnese.

31) 884 N A few EH sherds were found on the saddle of the Mirmingofolies ridge c. a few MH and LH sherds were found. 1 km. a few EH and C sherds were found. 119 Palaiochori is a gentle depression on the plateau high above the E bank of the Sarandapotamos. 30) 913 N Several LH sherds were found in a broad depression (or "hollow") named Vatioria c. 500 m. 7 Sparti EH II 212 E I 917 N A fairly extensive site c. 28) KAMARION L. in diameter. B 7 PSILI VRYSI : MYRMINGOFOLIES L. ~56 (1961) 130 n. 90. 2 km. along a low ridge and on both flanks. About . 7 Sparti EH II C 175 E I 926 N On the slope between the village and the main road from Tripolis to Sparta. B 6 PSILI VRYSI: VATIONA L. 300 m. S of Psili Vrysi. B 4 (Arcadia No. 7 Sparti LH III(A-B) 224 E I (Arcadia No. B 8 ALEA : PALAIOCHORI *!I (GAMS No. B 5 GAREA: (Arcadia No. The finds include an EH figurine. 29) KHAIROLIMNES L. SSE of Alea and c. 32) L. In the hollow to \'/ of the church of Ayia Sotira here LH and mediaeval sherds were found over an area c. N of Psili Vrysi. EH sherds were found for about 200 m. 7 Sparti EH II 235 E I (Arcadia No. S of the Tegea plain. on the W edge of the village.77 On the E and SE terraces of the long ridge on which stands the village of Vounon. on the NE edge of Lake Taka. 7 Sparti 197 E I 896 N EH? LH IIII-III(A-B) PG C BCH 45 (1921) 403. 300 m. SSW of Garea. Arcadia No. about 5 km.

cf. It produced one LH IIII vase (BSA loo. 19) 006 N MH The church of Ayioi Apostoloi lies on a small low hillock (c..5 km. 150 m. (Arcadia No. 24) 949 N The church of Ayios Konstandinos stands on a low mound at the N end of Stadhion. B 12 STADHION: AYIOS KONSTAJ\l])INOS L. 148 E I m. on the E bank of the Sarandapotamos. E of Tripolis and c. . 21) TOURKODHEJ\l])HRI 7 Sparti Boo 975 N EH II A very small site revealed in the sides of a disused clay pit on a low hillock about 1. 7 Sparti 151 E I 901 N EH II LH III(A-B) C A scatter of sherds including some EH and LH was found for about 200 m. SW of the site. and a PG vase may belong with this group. 300 m. 7 Sparti 1 1>5 E MH LH III(A-B) I 963 N A fairly extensive site along the whole of a low ridge c. lOO m. N of the TripolisArgos road. the jar decorated with dots on the shoulder. SE of Thanas. 1. 33) PANAYIA L. oit. B 9 MANTHYREA: (Arcadia No. c. of which one was excavated. EH and MH sherds were abundant over an area c.5 km. 23) STOYIA L. 7 Sparti EH II MH 204 E I (Arcadia No. B 10 TP~NAS: (Arcadia No. MP Motif 76) and three LH II-III..500 m. NW from the Panayia church. were found near the church. including one possibly EH and two MH. B ll THANAS : L. in diameter) c. W of Manthyrea. several small built tombs of tholos type were identified. B 13 TRIPOLIS: AYIOI APOSTOLOI K. A few sherds. 7 Tripolis EH? 155 E I (Arcadia No. in diameter around the church. l km. ENE of Thanas.

C and H sherds were found near the church of Ayia Kyriaki to E. NW of Zevgolateion. Arcadia No. AD 18 (1963) B 88 *If (GAMS No.79 B 14 ZEVGOLATEION: (Arcadia No. 7 Sparti 250 E I 982 N NEHIICH AJA 32 (1928) 533. 1 km. B 15 MERKOVOUNION: (Arcadia No. 7 Tripolis EH II Three EH sherds were found when a grave was dug out in the cemetery of the Panayia chapel. B 18 PIKERNIS: GORTSOULI (ANCIENT PrOLIS) K. c. 7 Tripolis N? EH II MH E I 045 LH III(A-B) N C The chapel of Ayiolias lies on top of the rounded hill immediately toE of Merkovouni. 18) PANAYIA 196 E I 026 N K. The church partly incorporates the remains of a H tower. On the top and the upper slopes a thin scatter of prehistoric sher-ds was found and one C sherd. S of the Tripolis-Argos road. 2 km. 20) L. Prehistoric and C and H sherds occur sparsely over most of the ridge. 87. Metropolitan Museum Studies 3 (1930-31) 55 The low mound is at the E end of Ayioryitika. Excavations in 1928 revealed remains of N settlement and bothroi containing EH II material. 17) AYIOLIAS 150 K. 7 Tripolis 215 E I 075 N MH LH III(A-B) C H The church of Ayios Yeoryios stands at the N end of the rocky ridge that runs into the plain N of Loukas. 7 Tripolis 167 E I 143 N EH? MH LH III(A-B) PG? G A C H BCH 11 (1887) 49.ll) . c. and include several LH and a few MH. 400 m. Surface investigation provided no further evidence. 16) K. B 17 LOUKAS: AYIOS YEORYIOS (Arcadia No. B 16 AYIORYITIKA * (Arcadia No. E-W by Soo m. The hill measures c.

B 21 IEVIDHION: (Arcadia No.) . Pausanias IV 177. Sherds from the E slope include an early LH goblet stem. 14) ll7 N C H AA (1913) 395 The rocky hill of Paniyiristra lies above the village of Nestani on its NW edge. 7 Tripolis EH II 130 E I 200 N (approx. The fortifications are mainly C or H. Lazenby. Evidence for LH is confined to surface material. 10) AYIOS ILIAS 7 Tripolis LH (II-IIIAl) K. 88.5 km.8o The rounded hill of Gortsouli lies 3. 8) AYIOLIAS K. over an area c. The site is identified as ancient Nestane (Frazer. SW of Pikernis. none of which are certainly later than early LH. although a section near the eastern gateway resembles Cyclopean. F. to S of the road to Artemision. E-W by 80 m. R Hope Simpson and J. B 19 NESTANI: PANIYIRISTRA (ANCIENT NESTANE) K. to S of the road is a slight knoll. 8). 150 E I 157 N The church of Ayios Ilias is situated on a low hill c. and the actual date of the Cyclopean fortification visible on the upper E flank remains to be established (cf. JHS 15 (1895) 81). E of the Panayia and lOO m. Arcadia No. 7 Tripolis 105 E I 202 N N? EH II(-III?) MH C H The church of Panayia lies c. 7) PANAYIA K. 3 km. The Catalogue of the Ships in Homer's Iliad ( 1970) 92 and Pl. Some prehistoric sherds have been found here. 150 m. 7 Tripolis N MH LH IIII 235 E I # (GAMS No. About 200 m. E of Levidhion. just to N of the ruins of Classical Mantinea. A single EH sherd is reported to have been found in a G deposit and some MH on the SW slope. SE of Artemision to E of the main road. B 22 LEVIDHION: (Arcadia No. since excavation demonstrates the existence of a sanctuary and habitation from G onwards. where abundant prehistoric sherds were found. 2 km. The site is almost certainly the Ptolis mentioned by Pausanias. B 20 ARTEMISION: (Arcadia No.

B 23 ANCIENT ORCHOMENOS (GAMS No.81 The small spur of Ayiolias is c. and A and C sherds on a low rocky hillock c.. B 2 6 VLAKHERNA : PETRA K. Some N sherds were found on the SE slopes. 4) BIKIZA K. B 24 KANDHILA: (Arcadia No.# K. barely 35 m. Kalpakion village is on the S slopes of the hill. 4 km. from Kandhila. and one LH. Arcadia No. is surrounded by polygonal walling. toW of the hamlet of Plessa near Vlakherna were found two possibly EH sherds. Prehistoric and G sherds were found on terraces at the SW foot of the spur. some EH II sherds. 12 km. outside the C and H fortifications. 85. NW of Artemision on the road from Kalpaki. from Limni. 4 km. 7 Tripolis 119 E I 249 N MH LH III(A-B) G A C H Ancient Orchomenos occupies a conical hill at the E end of the chain of hills which separate the plain of Orchomenos from the plain of Caphyai to the N. 4 km. NE of Vlakherna. Arcadia No. several MH. by 50 m. and more sparsely on the south tip. . 2) I 270 N (approx.) c Petra is an isolated rock in the SW corner of the plain of Caphyai. 3 km. 7 Tripolis 117 E I 290 N EH? MH LH III(A-B) G A C The deserted hamlet of Bikiza is c. 7 Tripolis EH? MH LH o8o (Arcadia No. S of Khotoussa and c. 100 m. Soo m. Much obsidian. c. 3) E 1 26J N On a terraced slope c.# 070 E (~No. to SW of the spur. scattered over an area c. 86. and coarse ware resembling both LN and LH was found together with C sherds and tiles. above the ruined hamlet. A few EH sherds were found here. 100 m. 7 Tripolis N? EH II LH? . by 20 m. 5) *. B 25 VLAKHERNA : PLESSA K. but only The long spur above the ruins of the hamlet projects from the plateau on theN edge of the plain of Caphyai. and the earliest material found in excavations seems to have been G. The small area of the top of the rock. but C and H predominate. Some Matt-painted sherds and a LH kylix foot are recorded.

and the site appears to have been large. One sherd is certainly LH IIIA2. ~~ to SE by 150 m. the presence of obsidian and shert further attests prehistoric occupation. The site is fairly large (top surface c. 7 Tripolis MH C 045 E I 035 N The Kastro of Tselepakos stands on a small peak c. B 29 TSELEPAKOS: (Arcadia No. 500 m. The prehistoric sherds were not easy to identify. being destroyed by fire at the end of EH II. but EH and/or MH and PG are the most likely.). 45) SFAKOVOUNI K. mostly early. 1) AYIOS YEORYIOS K. 50) KASTRO K. SE of the village.82 B 27 KHOTOUSSA: (Arcadia No. B 28 KARVOUNION: (Arcadia No. N-S by 120 m. SE of Asea village. and c. The Swedish Excavations at Asea in Arcadia (1944) The rocky acropolis hill of Palaiokastro lies immediately to N of Asea railway station. 400 m. 7 Soarti N EH I-III PALAIOKASTRO (ANCIENT ASEA) 056 E I 897 N MH LH I-IIA LH IIIA2 *# (GAMS No. 1 km. 91. about 1 km. 4 km. on top of which stands the church of Ayios Yeoryios. 51) G H E. 300 m. It seems to have been inhabited continuously from EH I to earlier MH. in diameter. and an askos :from a cist-grave may be of the same date (there are no grounds for a . 250 m. ) PG? G? C H Immediately to S of Khotoussa are the ruins of Hellenistic and Roman Caphyai. The TripolisMegalopolis road runs past the foot of the hill. has produced ample evidence of MH and LH occupation. c. About 500 m. Over the peak and the lower ridge to NE several MH sherds were found.. Sherds are scattered over the whole of this area and for some distance to N. and c. and LH is only represented by a few sherds. Arcadia No. E of Karvounion. 7 Tripolis EH? MH? LH? 073 E / 284 N (approx. J. to SE of these. B 30 KATO ASEA: L. 6 Dhimitsana MH L!-I III(A-B) 016 E I 286 N A steep-sided hill. There is hardly any trace of later MH material. to SE of Khotoussa and to S of the road to Limni is an isolated hill c. Holmberg.

92. and one LH were found. T. . cit. On the E slope of the western peak one EH sherd. Aphrodision. imitates a tholos. just toW of the village. are the remains of ancient Bouphagion. One of these. 43) K. but the LH IIIC claimed is not certain. 6 Dhimitsana 870 E I 150 N EH II MH LH III(A-B) G? C The town of Dhimitsana is situated on two peaks joined by a saddle. 330) 068 N (approx. Below the hill. including examples of the Close Style. overlooking the Lousios valley. 6 Dhimitsana 789 E LH IIIC A C H I * ( GAMS No. 6 Dhimitsana in square 770 E I 340 N N Er! II MH LH IIII-III(A-B) PG? BSA 68 (1973) 193 The small hill called Troupes is c. and BSA 68 Pl. which includes several large and well-cut tombs. B 31 DHIMITSANA (Arcadia No. The cemetery appears to represent a new and substantial LH IIIC site. and one or two vases may be as late as SMyc. Some LH IIII is recognizable. Arcadia No.) ). Some LH walls were identified here (although the evidence has not been explained) and obsidian and LH sherds were found. 82 (1958) 717. Most of this was MH coarse ware and provincial LH. B 32 PALAIOKASTRO: AYIA SOTIRA AND PALAIOPYRGOS K. The pottery from the six excavated tombs is exclusively LH IIIC. and contained fine pottery and weapons (of special interest is a Naue Type II sword (AAA loo. is an extensive chamber tomb cemetery. 47) K. NE of Dhimitra. Messenia I 227. some distance to NW at Palaiopyrgos. During road construction a cutting was made through the prehistoric settlement here and many sherds were collected.) BCH 8o (1956) 537. the site is remote and does not seem ever to have been important.LH IIIC attribution). together with later material. on the S slopes of Mt. On the summit.6. 2 km. 55. Despite the considerable size. AAA 2 (1969) 226 The village of Palaiokastro lies on a hill at the W end of a range bordering the right bank of the Alpheios. MME No. mainly from the eastern slope. B 33 DHIMITRA: TROUPES (Arcadia No. several MH. 48b:8 may well be PG.

Two of unusual type have been excavated. 83. fine weapons. and adjoins the acropolis of the historical Pheneos. but it is of some interest that the two earliest MH phases should include wood-framed structures. B 36 DERVENI: SOLOS (ANCIENT AIGEIRA) I. 41) *# K. MH-LH and later sherd material was found over most of the hill (c. A group of finds reported to come from Aigeira. l4o m. 1. 250 m. beneath an Asklepieion of the 2nd century B. 7 (1974) On the acropolis (c. 1 km. 82) I 689 N AAA 6 (1973) 197. On theE side of the hill. E of Kalyvia. presumably from a chamber tomb. (GAMS No. on the opposite side of a deep ravine.84 B 34 KALYVIA: PYRGOS (ANCIENT PHENECS) K. together with some obsidian chips. 9 (1976) 162 OpAth 5 (1964) 97. one a probably early Type C sword. one containing many and the other three burial-cists. On the S side of the lower section are traces of circuit walls in a style resembling Cyclopean. and two EH sherds at the top.. on a conspicuous knoll which projects from higher hills on thew. 157. were found in 1958 on the lower E part of the acropolis ridge. like the Kephallenian . deep soundings have revealed MH and LH strata. 84. 7 Xilokastron LH IIIAl? -· 11 lfl6 ( 'Paliokastro') at 197 E LH IIIA2-C G A C H AE (1956) Chronika 11. Pl. B 35 KIONIA: ANCIENT STYMPHALOS (GAMS No. Chamber tombs were found at Psila Alonia.) and especially the SE slopes. Few details are available of the excavated material.C. but the earliest remains reported are A.5 km. Two LH sherds. N-S by 150 m. the next datable material being G. c. 7b The site lies on the NW edge of Lake Pheneos. E-W by 50 m. include an early figurine (BSA 66 (1971) 178). It is c. N-S by 120 m. 7 Tripolis 130 E EH II MH LH IIIA2-B AD 20 (1965) B 158.). I *I! (GAMS No. to ESE of the acropolis.. 250 m. This area. Arcadia No. and to N of it. The acropolis is on a long narrow ridge at the E end of a spur from Mt. lJO) 476 N G? A? C H Hope Simpson and Lazenby 1970. 7 Tripolis in square 24o E LH III(A-B) A C H I 390 N Ancient Stymphalos lay to S of Kionia at the edge of Lake Zarakas. Kyllini. at the Send of the long ridge which stretches down to the coast and formed the city of Aigeira. LH surface sherds have been found and building-levels assigned to LH IIIC have been excavated. and LH IIIA2-C-pottery. 91. Excavations were conducted below the acropolis from 1924 to 1930. Arcadia No. is divided from the higher W section by a thin saddle.

See above~ B 38 for LH finds mixed with those from Achouria. LH tombs. 6 Patrai in square 940 E LH III(A2-C)? PAE ( 1938) 119. PSILA ALONIA SQUARE ETC. were found here. contra). mainly plundered. I 780 N OpA th 5 ( 1961+) 87. AD 22 (1967) B 214. 308) TRAPEZA I. We have marked both B 38 and B 39 with a simple LH mark on the map. 307) * I. Material ranging in date from N to G has been found in Aigion. (1954) 289. a high bluff controlling the coast road and the fertile plains to E and W. 96 A LH cemetery on a steep hill near Achladies. on the road to Patras. B 37 AIGION: they may well be of similar date (LMTS 86). The latter is the older. 108 The site is a trapezoidal hill toE of Chadzi. B 39 CHADZI: (GAMS No. . Papadopoulos. They include a stirrup-jar of SMyc. Excavations at Aigion 1970 (1976) Modern Aigion is on the site of ancient Aigion. 6 Patrai in square 900 E LH III(A2-C)? G PAE ( 1938) 119. ( 1939) 103. 6 Patrai N EH II MH * ( GAMS No.85 chamber tombs. I 810 N OpA th 5 ( 19611) 89. B 38 ACHLADIES: ACHOURIA (GAMS No. 26 (1971) B 175~J. Vases and other goods from chamber tombs at this site have been mixed with those from tombs at B 39. and two chamber tomb cemeteries have been identified. 2:1). )04) 959 E I 847 N (town centre) LH IIA-IIIC G H PAE (1939) 104. OpAth 5 (1964) 89. appearance (OpAth 5 (1964) 93 fig. A G sherd was found on the surface. indeed the oldest-established cemetery known in Achaea to date. but one or both may have produced LH IIIA2-C. one in Psila Alonia Square on the seaward slope of the town. I. and walls claimed to be Cyclopean (but OpAth loo. ( 1939) 103. ~ 1 (1968) 136. cit. the other at its edge.

6 Patrai 76o E I 950 N (approx. I. 48 (1924) 472. cit. The EH settlement is located on the W slope near the river. jewellery. GEROKOMEION I. but LH IIII is presumably indicated (cf. and a dagger. 6 Patrai MH ~H 80 (1956) 291. Finds include pottery. 288) * 870 N AA (1925) 334. A half-destroyed chamber tomb cemetery was excavated here. Benton were said to be from Akarnes. OpAth 5 (1964) 106. 6 Patrai 88o E I 903 N (village) EH II MH LH III(A-B) PAE (1934) 114. B 42 ANO SICHAINA: AGRAPHIDHIA EIC. OpAth loo. B 43 PATRAS: AROE.86 B 4o ARRAVONITSA 864 E I. another is reported to the w. 6 Patrai in square 700 E LH IIIC (and earlier?) BCH 47 (1923) 512. She describes these as "IM I". The location has not been confirmed. E of the village. SAMAKIA. I 866 N OpAth 5 (1964) lOO MH vases were found in a tomb opened by peasants here. AD 16 (196o) B 137. B 41A AKARNES (NOT MARKED ON MAP B) I. LOPESI.). OpAth 5 (1964) 97 I ( GAMS No.) LH IIII? BSA 32 (1931-2) 238. 287) . 109 Prehistoric sherds and stone implements were found at this hill on the banks of the River Salmeniko. OpAth 5 (1964) lOO Some sherds which were shown to Miss s. 6 Patrai LH IIIA2-C 668 E I 859 N (Aroe) * (GAMS No. and a MH Matt-painted sherd and a LH sherd were found higher up to NE. B 41 KAMARAI: XERIKO I.

and part at Samakia. if not at the Castle itself.. ESE of Patras outskirts. 6oo m. OpAth 5 (1964) 106. 770 N OpAth 5 (1964) 109 Chamber tombs were found here near the road to Chalandritsa. Part of these lay at Aroe Mesatis. in Yale Museum. ivory comb. AD 22 (1967) B 214 There were extensive LH cemeteries in the hills behind Patras on the E. 289) 8o8 N PAE (1936) 95. includes LH IIIA2. (1937) 84. (1938) 118. and also at Pavlokastro in the SE foothills of Mt. 290) * I. S of Aroe. . 6 Patrai LH IIIB-C in square 630 E I PAE (1933) 90. B 46 KALLITHEA ( GAMS No. E of Patras castle and Lopesi a little more than 1 km. 6 Patrai LH IIIB-C 677 E I * (GAMS No. JHS An 74 (1954) 157. There must have been an important settlement somewhere in the foothills behiud Patras Castle. with dromoi sloping inward towards the top. glass jewellery. 26 (1971) B 185. The goods include a finely decorated stone pyxis. 104 PPS 22 (1956) 111. (1934) 115. (1934) 114. The contents of an excavated tomb include LH IIIB and LH IIIC (mostly the latter?) as well as a spearhead and a "razor". 6 Patrai 655 E I 770 N (village) LH IIIA(2 )-C !2Q!i r(8 (1954) 12/f. seems largely LH IIIC but probably extends back into LH IIIB. More recently road construction has revealed chamber tombs near the Gerokomeion monastery (I.---"Ergon (1976) 105 AM 75 (196o) 42. part at a place Lopesi-Englukas. rich chamber tombs at the foot of the mountain Koukoura behind the Klauss factory. Aroe is c. (1935) 70. PPS 22 (1956) 112. Panachaikon. and several weapons. B 44 KOUKOURA (NEAR THE ACRAIA-KLAUSS FACTORY) I. B lf5 TSAPLANEIKA ( GAMS No. It seems likely that the LH settlement lay on the same site as the Klauss factory. some "duck-vases" should be contemporary with SMyc. 6 Patrai 676 E I 851 N) c. OpAth 5 (1964) A cemetery of well-cut. A group of objects reputed to be from the Patras area. a prominent spur dominating the Patras plain. OpAth 5 (1964) 102. The pottery. The tombs resemble the best examples in the Argolid. 291) * I. 2 km. of which many examples are cited in AJA 64 (196o) 9 ff.PAE (1933) 92.

about 14 km. . 5 Mesolongion LH ~ (GAMS No. 5 Mesolongion LH IIIA2-B? * (GAMS No.pit. 286) 83 (spot height) at 570 E BCH 78 (1954) 124. but the goods were recovered: the most important all apparently belonged to a single burial in a . The other tomb was found intact: goods included several bronzes and boar's tusk plates from a helmet. on the W slope of an outlier of Mt. B 49 TSOUKALEIKA I. OpAth 5 (1964) 109 LH chamber tombs are reported at this village on the N coast. B 48 VRACHNEIKA: AYIOS PANDELEIMON I.22l). and tools of bronze and stone. A small hill nearby may have been the settlement site. containing many LH IIIA-C vases. from one of which four vases were recovered. W of Patras and 8 km. LH IIIA2-B vases (AJA 64 (l96o) 8 (no. Panachaikon. B 47 <- PLATANOVRYSI (FORMERLY MEDZENA) I. 285) 556 E I 766 N 78 (1954) 124. I ( GAMS No.88 At a site 10 km. spear. (1932) 61. I 768 N OpAth 5 (1964) 109 A chamber tomb excavated here may be the source of at least two The tomb lies on the E edge of the small fertile valley which runs inland from Vrachneika. These may be dated to LH IIIC. 6 Patrai LH (III) 661 E PAE (1930) 88. 41) ).). a sword. S of Patras and about l km. cit. sealstones. W of Ano Kallithea six more chamber tombs have been identified. the three excavated are small but relatively rich in finds. At another site c. two chamber tombs were excavated. N of Ano Kallithea. ll (no. 500 m. In both tombs LH IIIC and earlier pottery was found. for fragments of a stirrup-jar of that date were excavated in the pit's fill. 292) 740 N (village) AD 17 (1961-2) B 129. OpAth 5 (1964) 106 A cemetery of chamber tombs. and the vicinity of Dresthena (to SE) is mentioned as another possibility (OpAth loo. fragmentary bronze fittings from a corslet. 80 (1956) 291. E of Kato Achaia. and a pair of bronze greaves with good European parallels. One had been plundered.

cf. for some of the pottery). W of Katarraktis below the 28th km. OpA th 5 ( 1964) 103 In 1920 seven LH chamber tombs were excavated at the foot of the steep hill to S of the road to Patras. with otherwise G material. and chamber tombs containing LH III pottery and glass jewellery were excavated at the village itself (formerly Lopesi. 297) 690 N AE (1919) 98. AJA 64 (l96o) 5 (no. Desborough. 119. 6 Patrai 726 E MH I * 699 N . and the pottery has been considered DA (cf. The Greek Dark Ages (1972) 92). ~ (1958) 166. The pottery was not published. (1958) 139. (1929) 86.R. The cists may have been covered by a tumulus. * I 690 N PAE ( 1952) LiDO. A settlement with MH and LH III strata was tested at Drakotrypa. B 52 KATARRAKTIS: NEAR 28TH KM. a small hill to E of Katarraktis. their contents seem wholly LH IIIC (cf. 293) I. OpAth 5 (1961>) 101 To the S of the road from Patras just before Chalandritsa is a row of small hillocks called Troumbes in which were three so-called tholes tombs. AJA 64 (l96o) 5 ff. AR (1955) 17. At Ayios Vasilios in fields below Troumbes some chamber tombs were excavated. 6 Patrai 682 E I 708 N (village) LH IIIA? LH IIIC G PAE (1928) 110. 2) for one LH IIIC vase. p. AR ( 1957 ) ll. 6 Patrai in square 720 E MH LH IIIA2-C I ( GAMS No.B 50 CHALANDRITSA: * AYIOS VASILIOS ( GAMS No.{1971) lSo) was found in a tumulus at Troumbes. B 53 KATARRAKTIS: PYRGAKI I. and undatable coarse pottery in cists at Agriapidies. MARK I. V. 16 for jewellery). 6 Patrai LH G 715 E AE ( 1919) 98. OpAth 5 (1964) 103 Ergon (1957) 69. LG cist tombs were also excavated here (PAE (1952) 4oo) and others observed. (1958) 10. d'A. B 51 KATARRAKTIS: DRAKOTRYPA * I. mark. A LH IIIA figurine (BSA 6E. to N of the road. (1930) 81.

6 Patrai 716 E MH lli III(Al-B) ( GAMS No.) a collection of rich goods was found. ANCIENT LEONTION 782 E ( GAMS No. . 5. 1. N of Katarraktis. N of Ayios Vlasios at the foot of Mt. above Rodhia. The pottery has been dated LH IIIB. Peloponnesische Wanderungen (1939) Pl. whose parallels go back to lli IIIAl (earlier. SW of Mirali. To the N. and a building of megaron type was noted. 6 Patrai LH C H BCH 83 (1959) 620. B 55 MIRALI * I. 6oO m. But lli material was comparatively scarce. (1957) 114. 298) * I 677 N PAE (1956) 193. near the larger (d. one containing MH pottery. but a lli IIIA date would fit the description better and would be more plausible for the goods. MH and LH III strata have been tested.2 m. near the 51st km. 2 km. on the N side of the road c. from Patras to Kalavryta. 6 Patrai MH lli? 700 E PAE (1930. B 54 RODHIA: AYIOS ATHANASIOS I. to S of Katarraktis.5 km. (1952) 398. 301) I 612 N OpAth 5 (1964) lOO lli sherds were found on the lower part of a hill 3 km. B 56 AYIOS VLASIOS: I. 87. The site is also part of ancient Leontion (cf. Meyer. Erymanthos. 5 (1964) 103 A large MH settlement was tested on this hill c. I 690 N (approx. BCH 79 (1955) 252). two tholos tombs. in the case of the inlaid dagger). two tumuli were excavated. 31. were discovered.90 ~ PAE (1958) 172. and in it bones and pottery. (1958) 70. Rock-cut tombs are reported from Pori nearby. both robbed.) OpAth 5 (1964) 106 About 26 km. Map VII. E. OpAth 5 (1964) 103 Ayios Athanasios is c. at Bouga. stone of the road from Patras to Kalavryta.

BCH 85 (1961) 682. All vases illustrated from i t are LH IIIC. 6 Patrai 828 E (GAMS No. Krania. A cemetery of large chamber tombs was excavated here.91 B 57 MANESI: * VROMONER. a short distance beyond Kato Goumenitsa. OpAth 5 (1964) 104 At the 72nd km. a little toE of the road. 300) I 654 N (village) OpA th 5 ( 1964) 105 Loboka. 302) I 598 N (village) LH IIIC PAE (1929) 91. 6 Patrai 894 E LH IIBIIIIAl-IIIB I (GAMS No. 6 Patrai LH IIIC PAE ( 1933) 90. below Mt. the summer quarters of the villagers of Bodia. 2:15-16) and a somewhat later rhyton. 303) 932 N PAE (1925) 43. with contents of LH IIIC date. the goods included many weapons and fine jewellery. OpAth 5 (1964) 106 A chamber tomb cemetery on a low hill. (1930) 87. 16 (196o) B 138. is on the bank of the river Selinos. An intact chamber tomb. ~ 9 (1924-5) Parartema 14. and from it came LH IIIC pottery and a vase that has . 299) I 700 N PAE (1930) 88. B 59 MIKROS BODIAS: I.I I. B 6o LEOJ\'TION (FORMERLY GOURZ01Jli!ISA) I. An early LH grave containing a vase and dagger is also reported. LOBOKA 815 E (GAMS No. Only one was intact. Known vases include an early alabastron (AJA 64 (196o) Pl. B 58 KATO GOUMENITSA: * VRISARION I. is a white hill with levelled top. AR (1959-60) 12. (1926) 130. (1932) 57. 6 Patrai in square EH III? LH IIIB-C Soo E -• ( GAMS No. Pithoi from the so-called tholos tomb at Bartholomio near Mikros Bodias may be DA (OpAth 5 (1964) 106). stone on the Patras-Kalavryta road. (1931) 71. (1927) 52. and two looted tombs were excavated here. OpAth 5 (1964) 102 Some chamber tombs were found below the spring above the village.

is another chamber tomb cemetery to W of the road. A very large chamber tomb cemetery on hills W of the village had been badly robbed. 5 Mesolongion LH (III) 585 E I 66o N (village) PAE (1929) 91. B 62 PROSTOVITSA (GAMS No. OpAth 5 (1964) 106 From a LH cemetery at Profitis Ilias here came three bronzes and a LH jar. one of the three hills of the village. Destroyed chamber tombs were noted at Koutreika. from which came LH IIIB-C pottery and some jewellery. S of the village. The only vase known to come from here is LH IIIC (AJA 64 (l96o) 6 (no. 10 (no.92 been assigned to EH III (AJA 64 (l96o) 4). B 63 FOSTAINA I. B 61A MITOPOLIS : (GAMS No. Near Ayios Ioannis c. and traces of a possible LH settlement at Ayios Andreas. 294 AYIA VARVARA I. The location is c. 6 Patrai LH PAE (1933) 91. AD 17 (1961-2) B 129. B 61 STAROCHORION (FORMERLY LALOUSI) I. 296) * K. Sa). A LH settlement was reported on an acropolis named Ayia Varvara. 649 E I ( GAMS No. (1928) 114. SE of Kato Achaia. 295 ) 651 N (village) OpAth 5 (1964) 105 A LH cemetery was noted on hills around the village. 3 km. and Lousika. ) OpAth 5 (1964) 107 This village is on theW slope of Mt. 35) may also be from here). but bronzes and fine jewellery were found in excavation. 6 Dhimi tsana 635 E LH IIIC (and earlier?) PAE (1927) 52. Erymanthos. 284) 510 E I 690 N (village) AR (1961-2) 12 A "Late Mycenaean" tomb and signs of others were noted in the region between Fostaina (to which the map reference refers). 7 km. . I 515 N (approx. Elaiochorion. 5 Mesolongion LH (III) (GAMS No.

oft. 5 Pirgos LH IIIA2-C KOTRONA: 450 E AE (1971) Chronika 52. B 67-69 were investigated in the course of an international cooperative salvage project prior to the construction of the Peneios dam. on the S slope of a low hill and above a torrent bed. l km.). NW of Agrapidochori. of a quality comparable to those from Teichos Dymaion (E 47). BCH 92 (1968) 834 fig. It contained LH IIIA2-B inhumations and at least one LH IIIC cremation. ~ I 473 N (approx.) AD 27 (1972) B 268 Kotrona is c. 5 Mesolongion EH II LH 475 E I 7Eo N (approx. The early appearance of cremation at such a relatively remote spot is of considerable interest. including MH. 5 Pirgos MH G A C ARMATOVA 432 E I * 490 N (approx. are reported from their vicinity. Three tumuli at the SE edge. ) 23 (1968) B 178 .93 B 64 KATO ACHAIA: BOUCHOMATA I. B 67 AYIOS ILIAS: YERO YANNI RACill K. B 65 AGRAPIDOCHORI: K. 2 km. are probably later. The sites are shown on AD 23 (1968) 175 (plan) together with sites of other periods (cf. 5 Pirgos MH 377 E AR (1967-8) 11. a similar grave and t. a chamber tomb was excavated. SE of Agrapidoohori. although prehistoric sherds. two containing oist graves.wo built of stones might be. This might indicate reuse of the tomb. 24 (1969) B 156.~ loo. This site and nos. A simple interment at theE end of the hill. B 66 AGRAPIDOCHORI: K. GISA * I 475 N (approx. whose pottery seems of advanced style. is certainly MH. 3 The long low hill of Armatova is c. provided with a kantharos.) AD 19 (1964) B 190 On the hillock Bouohomata a little to NW of Kato Aohaia abundant EH and IJ! sherds were found. In the region named Gisa here.) AD 20 (1965) B 216.

25 (1970) B 197. including a possible LH IIIC sherd from a large artificial mound on the J\'E edge of the ridge. EH II and LH I-IIIB from the north of the Stadion. I (1935) 73. 77 (1962) 23. B 68 ORAIA: TSALEIKA : K. 279) AMMOULI 476 E I 348 N (village) BCH 83 (1959) 658 A vase described as an alabastron was found at Ammouli N of Goumero. AD 17 (1961-2) B 108. It was attributed to lli IIIC. perhaps from a pithos burial. S of Oraia a thin scatter of LH sherds was found. B 71 OLYMPIA: THE ALTIS *J (GAMS No. DBrpfeld. BCH 83 (1959) 655. W. 5 Pirgos 509 E I 211+ N EH II MH LH I-IIIC "PG" G A C H AM 36 (1911) 163. AD 23 (1968) B 178 On the lower slopes of the ridge Bouka near Tsaleika c. and a LH figurine of early type from its E edge (AD 25 (1970) B 194). but alabastra are not common in this period.MH Grey Minyan. BCH 92 (1968) 832. B 69 KOSTOUREIKA * 5 Pirgos EH I I H 385 E K. 84 (196o) 720. and apsidal megara and pithos-burials . MME No. 315) K. Alt-Olympi.) AD 23 (1968) B 18o. AA (1962) 198.) lli AR (1967-8) 11. AR (1969-70) 15 On a low hill near Kostoureika a large EH II deposit was ·found beneath the scanty remains of a H farmhouse. 1 km. 25 (1970) B 191. B 70 GOUMERO : K. ( GAMS No. 5 Pirgos LH IIIC? AR (1959-60) 11. was found at this hill above Ayios Ilias on the SE side. MycCon I 179 Considerable quantities of prehistoric material have been found in the area of the later sanctuary: EH is reported from the Pelopion. I 46o N (approx. 5 Pirgos BOUKA 395 E I 420 N (approx. 267.

also S!i 36 (1911) 189. .95 were found in the Altis. These appear to be of MH date. 77a-b). 18 (1963) B 103. 266. 24 (1969) B 149. 19 (1964) B 175. bronze figurines. Moreover. including EH III (AA (1971) 392 fig. containing coarse clay figurines. It is also doubtful whether the sanctuary area was the centre of the LH settlement. and is presumably the source of a bronze horse found in the stratum of the houses (op. 20 (1965) B 309. DBrpfeld 1935. probably also of a sherd which appears LH IIIC and a ringed kylix stem (JHS 56 (1936) 81 fig. 36 ( 1911) 185). 180). E of the new museum and 200 m. come from the valley NW of Kronion hill. but the earliest finds that may be considered dedications may not predate the eighth century. 1: found above House 5. and the settlement also extended to slopes on the E below and to the N end of the ridge where the village of Drouva is situated. 5 Pirgos 505 E I 222 N (New Museum area) EH II-III MH LH IIIA2-B AD 16 (l96o) B 125. and a LH grave some Boo m. around the chapel of Ayios Yeoryios. 5 Pirgos LH III(A-B) (~ */I 500 E I No. ~ 91. there is no reason to suppose that the site had religious importance in LH times. MH-T~ material has been found in the N bank of the Kladeos river. D lOO). while on the hill were remains of a pre-LH and LH settlement. although the finds include a class of incised pottery without close parallel elsewhere in Greece. The hilltop here. and G pottery (S!:!. It may be noted that finds clearly datable between LH IIIB and LG are rare: a ribbed kylix stem probably belongs to a phase equivalent to PG (cf. MME No. and a LH chamber tomb cemetery was cut into its slope. 321-2) -· 11 K. 87). Very little detailed information is available about this material yet. EH and early MH. cit. a LM bronze statuette (MycCon I 179) has no known context and could easily be a post-BA dedication. measures c. B 72 MODERN OLYMPIA (MME Nos. E-W by lOO m. perhaps the most important of the Olympia area. B 73 OLYMPIA: DROUVA K. MycCon I 178 Much prehistoric material is reported from the neighbourhood of the new museum-and the railway station.. to the north of B 71. 27 (1972) B 268. The level covering these appears to have been basically of late DA date. which may rather have been at B 73. 17 (1961-2) B 105. cf. 150 m. N of the Kladeos. 317) 217 N Messenia I 226 A LH settlement. a late date is suggested by parallels with material from Nichoria. has been identified here at the S end of the ridge overlooking the confluence of the Alpheios and Kladheos rivers.

So m. but perhaps LH IIIA2. from chamber tombs at Lakkopholia other weapons and LH IIIA2 pottery. B 7 6 MIRAKA: REMA. 5 Pirgos 521 E I 215 N MH LH III(A-B) C H AM 33 (1908) 318. and LH IIIA2 vases. 23 (1968) B 161. a kylix-foot seems to have been found on the surface here later.96 B 74 FLOKA: (MME No. and from Rema two vases attributed to LH IIIB-C. (MME No. B 75 MIRAKA: OINOMAOS * j (~No. 323) K. 324) K. * (MME No. B 77 MAGEIRA: KIOUPIA EI'C.. E of Olympia and on the N side of the road to Tripolis. AA (1971) lflO. and the prehistoric site was probably subordinate to the larger settlement at Olympia (B 71-3). 5 Pirgos 530 E I 215 N (village) LH II? LH IIIA-B LH IIIC? C AD 21 (1966) B 171. . but perhaps LH IIIB. From destroyed tombs at Chandakia come a Type F dagger and a spearhead. perhaps from a destroyed tomb. AA (1909) 121. 5 Pirgos 523 E I 250 N (village) MH? LH III(A-B) C H fill 21 (1966) B 170. MME No. trial excavations revealed a MH settlement. The hilltop measures only c.5 km. 1. 25 (1970) B 189. CHAl'JTlAKIA. E-W by 6o m. 22 (1967) B 211. MycCon I 178 AAA 2 (1969) 248. 319) * K. 193 A variety of finds is reported from this district. probably LH IIIIIA. EI'C. Although no LH was reported. 316) ALPHEIOS DAM K. c. Messenia I 226 On a high conical hill. 268. from Gouva an alabastron attributed to LH IIIA. 5 Pirgos 470 E LH III(B?) C H I 204 N AD 18 (1963) B 103 An unusual bell-skirted figurine and three LH III(B?) vases were found here.

another at Tombrino nearby had been wholly robbed. this may refer to material from the following sites. 5 Pirgos in square 510 E MH LH (IIIA-B?) H I * (~ No. 325) 258 N (village) MycCon I 178 Seven chamber tombs. were excavated here near theW bank of the Kladheos river. part of a large cemetery. and included a diadem of glass reliefbeads found in position on a skull. variously attributed to MH and late LH. 5 Pir gos 531 E LH IIIA(l?)-C AD 18 ( 1963) B 103. Fragments of large clay statuettes. has been excavated at Mageira. are reported from Fengaraki nearby. without closer find-spots. but the date of the latter is unclear. The finds were rich. 326) * I 265 N (approx. prehistoric tombs. probably LH III. 318) 249 N (village) AD 19 ( 196~) B 177 A chamber tomb at Renia on the SE edge of Platanos contained fine jewellery and pottery (none clearly later than LH IIIB). B So KLADHEOS: STRAVOKEFALC K. I * (~No. at least one published vase. including cists containing faience beads. 327-8) 250 N AD 16 (l96o) B 126. 5 Pirgos LH IIIA2-B A H (~ * I No. 19 (1964) B 178.97 A tumulus containing pithos-burials. have been found at Kioupia. B 78 PLATANOS: TOMBRINO 482 E K. 5 Pirgos LH IIIA2-C TRIPES 535 E (MME No. LH sherds are reported from the area. a hydria decorated with a thick wavy line. 22 (1967) B 209 A probable settlement of MH-LH date is indicated by finds of pottery at Agrilitses between Kafkania and Kladheos. ought to be LH IIIC. B 79 KAFKANIA: FENGARAKI AND AGRILITSES K. partially destroyed by road works. B 81 KLADHEOS: K.) . MycCon I 177 reports a variety of finds of EH-LH date from the area of Kafkania.

AD 19 (1964) B 177
Ten chamber tombs of a rich cemetery to N of Kladheos, whose goods
include fine jewellery and objects of bronze and ivory, were excavated
here; published vases show that its use continued into LH IIIC.
B 82


(!'!!2 No. 309)


K. 5 Pirgos
430 E


250 N
"PG" H

AD 17 (1961-2) B 104, 24 (1969) B 150
An EH II settlement, two LH III chamber tombs, and a DA pi thosburial have been excavated on the N side of Strefi.


K. 5 Pirgos
384 E



(MME No. 307)

261 N

Messenia I 225
A rather small site, c. 1.5 km. WNd of Varvassaina, on upper slopes
to N of the Pyrgos-Olympia road. Sherds are spread mainly over an area
c. 200 m. ~~-SW by 50 m.
B 84



K. 5 Pirgos

439 E

(GAMS No. 265,


1!!2 No. 320)

291 N

Messenia I 226
About 1.5 km. ~~ of Ladzoi is a low hill c. 200 m. NE-SW by 6o m.
The LH sherds are concentrated in the higher central area c. lOO m. by 30 m.
B 85




K. 5 Pirgos
375 E I 216 N
Messenia I 227, III 129;
(1968) 201

(GAMS No. 270, MME No. 303)


AD 21 (1966) B 172, 23 (1968) B 170;


On and at the foot of a group of four hills 1.5 km. NW of Epitalion
MH-LH material has been found. The site controls the N-S coast route and
a ford across the Alpheios on the N. A LH house was partly excavated on
the SE hill, below which were possible traces of chamber tombs. Likely

traces of MH tombs have also been found. The prehistoric finds were
concentrated mainly in an area c. 200 m. NW-SE by 150 m.


K. 5 Pirgos
Messenia I 229;



No. 272, MME No. 312)

474 E I 191f N

AAA 1 (1968) 126;

AD 23 (1968) A 284, 25 (1970) B 189

A steep acropolis c. 700 m. W of Makrysia, whose area (c. lOO m.
E-W by 8o m.) is strewn with MH and LH sherds. A small burial-tumulus
(d. 4.7 m.) was found here, but was largely destroyed before proper
excavation; the material indicates use from late MH to LH IIA. A LH IIA
alabastron was later found 50 m. from the tumulus.
B 86A



(GAMS No. 273, MME No. 311)


K. 5 Pirgos
468 E I 196 N
PAE (1954) 295;

Messenia I 229, III 130

About 2.5 km. WNW of Makrysia, the lowest spur of the ridge W of the
Selinounta river juts eastward into the valley. Two LH chamber tombs in
the SE slope were excavated and EH and MH settlement material was found
nearby. But the LH settlement connected with the tombs may be B 86 opposite.
B f57



K. 5 Pirgos


(GAMS No. 274, MME No. 313)

501 E I 194 N

Messenia I 229
A small isolated hill c. 2 km. ENE of Makrysia. LH sherds occur on
the N and W slopes over an area c. 130 m. N-S by 50 m. Two LH IIII vases
were found at Raza to the E nearby.


K. 5 Pirgos
523 E I 187 N
BCH 83 (1959) 658;

MycCon I 177;

Messenia III 130

A town site of the historical period was found on an acropolis 1.5 km.
W of Babes (cf. ~ (1956) 186). A destroyed rectangular built grave here


produced vases, one at least LH IIB. A dagger found on the N slope has
been attributed to LH, but is more MH in appearance (AA (1974) 16 fig. 27).
B 89




K. 6 Dhimi tsana

590 E



147 N

BCH 8o (1956) 287, 81 (1957) 574;

PAE (1955) 243;

No. 275, MME No. 331)

Messenia I 229

The site is c. 2.5 km. ~~of Dhiasela, c. 300 m. NE of Ayios
Athanasios chapel, on a low hill (c. 130 m. E-W by lOO m.). Remains of
a LH settlement were discovered; a fortification-wall is more probably c.
Three chamber tombs in a cemetery on the S slope were excavated; most of
the pottery seems LH IIIA2-B, but some LH IIIC (including a very latelooking coated jar) was found in Tomb c.
B 90



K. 6 Dhimitsana
635 E
AJA 46 (1942) 86;


(GAMS No. 269, MME No. 329)
163 N

Messenia I 227

About 3 km. SE of and below Aspra Spitia, to NW of the confluence
of the Erymanthos and Alpheios rivers,is a magoula-shaped hill c. 45 m.
in diameter. The sloping plateau which stretches southward from the hill
down to the Alpheios is c. 150 m. E-W by 120 m. Prehistoric sherds are
spread sparsely over the hill and plateau over a maximum area of c. 200 m.
E-W by 150 m. The position is strategic, and it is unfortunate that sherds
could not be closely dated. They are certainly BA, and MH is the most
B 91



K. 6 Dhimi tsana
AJA 46 (191'2) 81;
Messenia I 230

626 E



No. 276, MME No. 332)

120 N

E. Meyer, Peloponnesische Wanderungen (1957) 4o,


A fine acropolis immediately above and SW of Trypeti, with extensive
Nand E slopes. On the acropolis (c. 150 m. E-W by 25 m.) and E slopes
sherds are predominantly C or H. But MH and possibly LH have been found
in the vicinity of the Kastro.

B 92



(GAMS No. 257, MME No. 302)


K. 5 Pirgos in square 470 E
AM 33 (1908) 320; . AA (1909) 120;


110 N

Messenia I 230;

PiD 20 (1965) A 6, B 210

A low isolated hill adjoining a coastal lagoon c. lOO m. W of Kato
Samikon railway station. The total extent of the hill (now bisected by the
railway line) was c. 300 m. NW-SE by 50 m. Rich sherd-material of all
prehistoric periods listed was found; remains of a "Cyclopean" wall reported in 1908 were confirmed in 195~·. A small burial-tumulus (d. 5 m.) was
excavated at the N end; it was used for a dozen or more burials between
late MH and LH III (A2-B ), and contained some fine pottery but no goods
of much value. A stray stirrup jar (LH IIIBl?) has also been found on
the site, which might have been an important l~cal centre for much of the
On the summit enclosed by classical fortifications (Hesperia 6 (1937)
525) toE of Klidhi was found the base of a LH III kylix. This may have
been the site of a LH watchtower, combining with Klidhi to control the
coast route (for photos of both sites, of. MME Pls. 5-l and 7-3).
B 93



K. 5 Pirgos

513 E

1 oEo


(MME No. 301)


Messenia II 231
A low ridge c. 300 m. NE-SW by lOO m., o. 4oo m. NN of Zacharo.
The LH sherds were found mainly on the SE slopes, and the site seems to
have been small, occupying only part of the ridge.


L. 5 Kiparissia

(GAMS No. 255, MME No. 300)


514 E


998 N

AM 32 (1907) vi, 33 (1908) 295, 34 (1909) 269, 38 (1913) 101;
Messenia I 230
The site lies near the main road o. 1.5 km. ENE of Kakovatos. The
acropolis is small, rather thin and elongated, with steep slopes on the E
and S. There was also a fairly extensive MH and LH "lower town" on the
NW slopes, indicating an inhabited area of at least 200 m. E-W by 90 m.
Excavation on the acropolis revealed a large building, which included
storerooms, and a wall of large blocks at the S end, both presumably of
LH date. On a separate slope to NE, three tholos tombs were excavated:


all were large (diameters 12.12, 9.0, and 10.35 m. respectively) and
contained pottery of U! IIA date, mostly fragments of "palatial" jars,
and the remains of rich goods. Tomb A in particular held large quantities
of amber beads and other jewellery (see~ ll (1970) 5 on the former).
This was clearly a centre of considerable importance in early U!, although
its later history and the date of the buildings on the acropolis are
B 95

(GAMS No. 450)

I. 7 Xilokastron
226 E I 955 N

AE (1956) Parartema 22; BCH 87 (1963) 937, 88 (1964) 559;
Les Locriens de l'Ouest (1952) 157

L. Lerat,

An EH settlement c. 800 m. to S of Galaxidi has been cut through
by the main road. A LH III(A2-B) stirrup jar, a LH IIIC amphoriskos,
and two G vases come from

B 96



in the area.


I. 7 Xilokastron

153 E


( GAMS No. 1151)
001 N

AE (1956) Parartema 22
The low hill of Palaiopanayia to S of Penteorioi is surrounded by a
C fortification with nine towers. MH and LH sherds were found on the
W slopes.

B 97


(GAMS No. ~53)


I. 6 Patrai in square 890 E
PAE (1906) 134;

AM 31 (1906) 394;


020 N

Lerat 1952, 102

Two stirrup-jars were found in a chamber tomb at Gouva, near the
shore c. 1.5 km. E of Eupalion. A U! spear point from Eupalion is
mentioned (AD 20 (1965) B 243) as having been stolen from Thermon museum.
B 98



I. 5 Mesolongion
570 E
AA (1941) 99;


AD 22 (1967) B 320


990 N

(~No. 309)

To E of Kato Vasiliki is the isolated low hill of Ayia Triadha
(top c. 170 m. N-S by 120 m.). BA sherds, obsidian, and C and H were
noted in 1958, and a LH bronze double axe and a LH III rider figurine
were later found here.
B 99



(GAMS No. 310)

I. 5 Mesolongion
534 E I 988 N

32 (1931-2) 238

The prehistoric settlement lies on a low amd much eroded terrace
projecting from theW foot of Mt. Varassova, c. 6oo m. NE of Kryoneri.
The top area measures c. 150 m. N-S by lOO m. Nand LH II to LH IIIB and
G sherds were noted and house walls perhaps MH. To N are caves which
have the appearance of destroyed LH chamber tombs.

I. 5 Mesolongion

PAE (1908) 99;

* 11

(~No. 311)

485 E

I 025





AD 17 (1961-2) B 183, 20 (1965) B 343, 22 (1967) B 320

The higher and northernmost hill was the Mycenaean acropolis. Traces
of a possibly LH fortification were found by the W corner of the c fortification, and quantities of LH III and G pottery have been found in the
neighbourhood. Vases from a cemetery, assigned to EH and MH, are more
plausibly local DA, and a pithos-burial is certainly of this date.
B 101

I. 5 Mesolongion

AD 20 (1965) B 343;

in square 500 E

I o4o

N (approx.)

BCH 92 (1968) 849

About 2.5 km. from ancient Kalydon on the right bank of the river
Euenos was found a cache of LH bronzes, including double axes, an arrowhead, sickles, and a dagger.
B 102

T. 5 Agrinion

PAE (1908) 95;

* 11

(GAMS No. 313)

620 E I 215 N
"PG" G A C H

AD l (1915) 225, 2 (1916) 179, 25 (1970) B 296

The site is about l km. S of Thermon village, on a fertile upland
plateau c. 3 km. E of Lake Trichonis. The site is famous for its early
Temple of Apollo, whose remains overlie a series of prehistoric buildings,
most of unusual type and built largely if not entirely of stone. The
earliest find stratigraphically, a burial, may be MH. Some oval buildings
appear to have been destroyed in LH IIA, for they contain a deposit of
whole pots including types deriving from the local MH tradition and LH IIIA vases, both imports and probable local products. An apsidal megaron
and some rectangular structures are apparently later stratigraphically,
and may be associated with the considerable quantities of LH III pottery
found (this division is suggested by Dr. K. Wardle). It is possible that
the site may have been inhabited continuously through the DA into later
times, for Matt-painted pottery of local Iron Age type can be distinguished,
but the next closely datable pottery is LG.
B 103

T. 5 Agrinion

544 E / 163 N (village)

AD 18 (1963) B 147, 22 (1967) B 318;

BCH 89 (1965) 761

Lithovouni is near the S shore of Lake Trichonis. A small chamber
tomb was discovered here in the course of road-cutting; it seems to have
been uncononical, lacking a dromos. Many burials were reported, and finds
included LH sherds and part of a handmade cup, two bronze spearheads, the
top of a Type F dagger, and two bronze fibulae, the latter being the best
indication of a late date.


We list here certain unverified reports concerning the location of
LH cemeteries or the provenance of LH vases in Achaia and Elis.
I. 7 Xilokastron

in square 170 E


720 N

OpAth 5 (1964) lOO
A LH cemetery was presumed at the W foot of the hill above
Akrata (but see under B 36 for substantiated information concerning
this region).
(not located)
RE Suppl. VI


"Damiza (bei Amalias )" is listed among LH chamber tomb cemeteries in
Elis and Achaia. But the map reference and other references given
in GAMS 81 are in error.
I. 6 Patrai

051 E


772 N (approx.)


OpAth 5 (1964) 102
A LH cemetery has been claimed at this locality.
I. 6 Patrai


969 E I 821 N (village)

OpAth 5 (1964) 106
It is possible that a LH IIIC stirrup-jar (OpAth 5 (1964) 90
fig. 1, 4-6) came from here.

I. 6 Patrai

656 E I 796 N (village)


OpAth 5 (1964) 109
Verbal report of LH tombs here.
I. 6 Patrai

998 E I 732 N (village)

PAE (1938) 119, (1939) 104;

OpAth 5 (1964) 105 (with refs.)

A LH cemetery was inferred, but never tested. A burial pithos
and 12 G vases were found at the foot of the hill where ancient
Keryneia is located, near Derveni (004 E I 758 N).
(not located)

OpAth 5 (1964) 107
Some LH objects brought to Patras museum in 196o were said to
have come from the neighbourhood of this village, which lies to SW
or S of Prostovi tsa (B 62).

r. 6

928 E

I 785


OpAth 5 (1964) 109
A Close Style stirrup-jar (OpAth 5 (1964) 90 fig. 1:1-3) may
come from here. Tombs were said to have been found at Ayios Ioannis
near Vovoda (c. 5 km. SSW of Aigion), and an A building and G cemetery
were noted near Vovoda (£Q!i 84 (196o) 690, .@; (196o-61) 14).

Omitted from this list are 'Neraida 1 (Alin 69) and 1Kalliani 1 (GAMS
No. 93, Arcadia No. 54, and especially BSA 68 (1973) 201 n. 28)-.-

suggesting early prosperity. AR (1973-4) 14. however: the next identifiable phase. next in importance are the Molaoi and Vatika (Neapolis) plains in the SE. The main concentration of settlement has always been in the Eurotas valley. Recent excavations have greatly enlarged knowledge of this site. principally the Sparta and Skala plains. this was of course the period of the Vaphio tholos (C 4). survival may therefore have been on quite a substantial scale. 24. involving heavy 11Minoan" influences. Mt. and on Elaphonisi and in its vicinity (cf. 4oo m. (19711-5) 12. is unlikely to have begun before the tenth century. and other important centres can be identified in LH times at Epidauros Limera (C 35). there is certainly no evidence at present from excavation for a really major centre at this time. for surface pottery is sparse. 56). and it is not until LH that there is again a wide diffusion of settlement.(1975-6) 13 The site occupies most of a long ridge high above the E bank of the Eurotas. 35. but has been traced at four widely separated excavated sites (C 3. Pellanes (C 56). The general impression (given mainly by surface finds) of LH IIIA2-B as the most widespread and flourishing prehistoric phase of Laconia may need some adjusting as a result of the Menelaion excavations. Although the Laconia survey was not complete. 95) L. MH sites are largely confined to the Sparta and Skala plains. 7 Sparti 182 E / 510 N LH I-IIIAl LH IIIA2? LH IIIB2 G A C H lfili Laconia I 72. is documented by the stratification of Ay. it was already of some importance in LH IIA. to judge from the presence of fine . Laconia's history in the DA is still wrapped in impenetrable obscurity. N-S by 150 m. Parnon on the east. The transition from MH to LH. and the Menelaion site (C 1) was already flourishing.) was inhabited. along the route inland from Monemvasia via Molaoi. especially C 39). but it is not clear how densely this area (c. Evidence for continued occupation in LH IIIC is still thin. there are good indications that EH II sites were concentrated on or near the coastline. c l THE MENELAION *# (GAMS No. . and in the neighbourhood of Leonidhi (C 6o-63). and is represented at very few sites. Laconian PG. Stephanos (C 17). of which all but the last appear to have maintained contact with other parts of Greece. and the Vardhounia valley inland from Gythion.107 MAP C: LACONIA AND KYTHERA Laconia is bounded by two great mountain-ranges. Fine early LH pottery has been found at most excavated sites and several of the unexcavated. especially in the Skala plain round the mouth of the Eurotas. First settled in later MH. there are other clusters in the Sparta plain. Vourvoura (C 58). Taygetos on the west and Mt. The Menelaion site may have been the most important in Laconia in LH IIB-IIIAl. currently being investigated. but its monumental buildings have no successor until the smaller scale reoccupation in LH IIIB.

at the end of LH IIIAl. c 3 THE AMYKLAION L. The next certain evidence for use of the site is provided by Laconian PG pottery. and there is no trace of occupation or use anywhere until LG. IMTS 88. on a different orientation. but a deposit from the "North Hill" includes very probable LH IIIA2. But it is possible to link plausible indications of cult in LH times with the later worship of a goddess on the site and suggest a continuing tradition of the site's sanctity preserved somewhere in the neighbourhood. The fairly extensive BA settlement (about 200 m. A C H BSA 66 (1971) 139 The chapel of Ayia Kyriaki. the LH IIA material includes some pieces of 11 palatial 11 jars. The evidence of tradition and of cult at a later period might suggest continued habitation or use of the site or at least . including both elaborate Psi figurines and wheelmade animals. A large building-complex was constructed in LH IIB. The most important finds are the figurines. 97) *# G Laconia I 74. 11 c 2 ANCIE"''T SPARTA L. 7 Sparti 177 E I 479 N EH II MH LH IIA-IIIC 11 PG 11 AM 52 (1927) l. apparently before completion. A pithos-burial (MH?) and two chamber tombs are reported from the neighbourhood. ( GAMS No. which seem to indicate cult in late LH IIIB and IIIC.108 palatial 11 jar-fragments and Uil IB imports. and may bridge the gap. continuity is therefore quite unproved (it cannot be based on the wheelmade animals alone.) was mostly on the SE slopes. although these belong to a class found in the DA). Habitation was probably continuous from MH. Ihe second building was abandoned. E-W by 120 m. on the acropolis and to the SE. is on the northernmost hill of the chain which runs N-S in the centre of the Spartan plain. to be partly repaired and reoccupied in LH IIIB2. built over the remains of the Amyklaion. 94) *# 157 E I 531 N PG 11 G A C H Laconia I 70 Sporadic traces of LH III habitation have been found in excavations in two separate areas. though not all Mycenaean phases can be clearly identified. LH IIIA2-Bl material has not been found in this part of the site. in plan and details these seem to be predecessors of the later palaces. But the low rounded hills of ancient Sparta would not provide an optimum situation for a large LH centre. 7 Sparti LH III(A-B) 11 (GAMS No. to be superseded during LH IIIAl by one even more elaborate. whose date is unclear but cannot in any case approach that of the latest LH IIIC. The last building was destroyed by fire at the end of LH IIIB.

but their dromoi have been removed by cultivation.) There is no evidence for late Mycenaean use of the tomb.109 its continued sanctity. The Mycenaean settlement here is the largest in Laconia. and toW of the deep charadra which runs through it. 10 m. 2. 23 for comment on the date of some of the material. . but include an early LH IIIA vase decorated with a human figure. The hill was first settled in EH II. Laconia I 76. 98) L. The Vaphio Tholos Tomb This was set into the top of an immediately adjacent hill (not on the top. AD 18 (1963) B 87 The Habitation-Site Palaiopyrgi is the highest point in the chain of hills in the centre of the Spartan plain.000 square m. although Hyakinthos is a name of "pre-Greek" form. further fine jewellery and remains of other goods were found scattered about the chamber-floor. 7 Sparti 217 E LH IIIAl-IIIB AD 22 (1967) B 197. Chamber tombs were dug into the soft rocks on its S and E sides. with some bones.). is the hillock of Profitis Ilias. C 4 VAPHIO: *I PALAIOPYRGI (Q!\li§ No. his worship appears to have been widespread among the Dorians. and an iron ring. probably what has survived from ancient robbery. was large (d.) and relatively well-built. and was probably occupied continuously from MH to LH IIIB. (See further BSA 69 (1971>) 219 n. Remains of 11 palatial" LH IIA jars have been found in the dromos. The grave-pit contained an untouched array of extremely rich goods. on the W side of the valley of Melathria. Most of these were of the LH IIIA-B periods. including one that looks LH IIIAl). consisting mainly of pottery. to N of Skoura. most already robbed: their contents are unremarkable. and other sherds in the chamber (a selection is on show in Sparta Museum. and therefore could have been introduced by them. ~ I 471 N l (1968) 37. here it should be noted that. 7 Sparti 193 E I 464 N EH II MH LH IIA-IIIB AE (1889) 136. as sometimes stated). Five tombs were excavated. c5 SKOURA: *I MELATHRIA L. as indicated by the spread of potsherds (over about 200. l. BSA 66 (1971) 95 About 2 km. some probably late LH IIA pottery in the grave-pit. arranged as if around a body (no bones were found).


C 6


(GAMS No. 96)


L. 7 Sparti
150 E I 495 N

AA (1942) 156; Laconia I 72
A low mound c. 170 m. in diameter, c. 2 km. SW of Sparta, and SE of
the road from Sparta to Ayios Ioannis. It was intensively occupied in
earlier Nand again in EH II, and reoccupied in a small way in LH III.




M. 7 Yithion
197 E

(GAMS No. 99)

I 412



Laconia I So
The chapel of Ayios Vasilios is on a low hill immediately SE of the
turning to Xerokambi on the Sparta-Gythion road. The EH and MH sherds were
concentrated in the area of the chapel; the LH sherds were more widespread,
over an area of c. 250 m. NE-SW by 120 m.


(GAMS No. lOO)


M. 7 Yithion
177 E I 377 N
PAE (1962) 113;

AD 18 (1963) B 86

The site is on flat ground near the chapel of Analipsis, in the
territory of Anthochorion village, about 2 km. S of Xerokambi, on the road
to Goranoi. Mycenaean and DA habitation-strata are reported, and there is
evidence for cult from A if not G times. Drawings of the pottery shown by
Mr. P. Cartledge to Dickinson indicated that the site was inhabited from
at least LH IIA onwards, but there was nothing to suggest continuity
between LH III and the DA, although Laconian PG and a skyphos that could
be early DA were found.



(GAMS No. 101)


M. 7 Yithion
129 E

I 342


Laconia II 128
In a high wooded valley just S of the summit of Mt. Taygetus, at the
head of the Goranoi river, were found traces of a LH III site and remains


of at least two, probably more, small built tombs, the largest of which
may fairly be considered a tholos (d. 4. 7 m.) and contained some jewellery.
This relatively remote site was clearly a centre of some importance, and
may have been connected with an ancient route across Taygetus.
C 10



L. 7 Sparti





(GAMS No. 102)

519 N

Laconia I 82
The low hill of Palaikastro is the tip of a spur projecting into
the valley c. 2.5 km. S of Chrysapha. The EH and later pottery was found
over most of the top surface over an area c. 150 m. in diameter.
C 11



L. 7 Sparti


(GAMS No. 103)


Laconia I 83
The site is about 2 km. SE of Goritsa on a hillock overlooking the
plain to the E and the road to Geraki. It is about 200 m. by 180 m. in
extent. N was found in a cave nearby.
C 12



M. 7 Yithion


( GAMS No. 105)


BSA 15 (1908-9) 163, 16 (1909-10) 72;

Laconia I 85

An imposing acropolis on the hill above Geraki with remains of EH II
and MH occupation, the latter including a cist that contained two vases of
late type and a fine bronze pin. The fortification-walls are of "Cyclopean"
type, and so may be LH III, but there is no certain evidence of Mycenaean
occupation; if the figurines are Mycenaean, they are very late (BSA 66
(1971) 139). Despite tradition (Paus. III.2.6), there is no evid~e of
DA occupation either.



M. 7 Yithion
335 E
Laconia I 83



367 N



A small acropolis c. 2 km. W of Vrondama, on the edge of a plain on
theE side of the Eurotas. The LH III pottery was found on the top of the
hill over an area about 120 m. N-S by 90 m.
C 14



( GAMS No. 121)


M. 7 Yithion
255 E


294 N

Laconia I 103
The hill Karneas is about 300 m. SE of Krokeai. On the top surface
(c. 120 m. NW-SE by 6o m.) several LH III sherds were found. A large
rectangular stone-built grave was found on the SW side, whose contents
included LH II-III pottery.
C 15



(GAMS No. 122)

M. 7 Yithion
145 (spot height) at 281 E


225 N

Laconia I 105
A small low hill (top surface c. 110 m. N-S by 8o m.), c. l km. to
ESE of Lagio village, with scant traces of EH and LH III habitation.
C 16



(GAMS No. 123)

M. 7 Yithion
28o E I 203 N


Laconia I 105
A low hill adjoining a small coastal plain. The prehistoric pottery
was found on the S slopes, over an area about 170 m. E-W by 6o m., indicating a settlement of medium size.
C 17



(GAMS No. 120)

M. 7 Yithion
39 (spot height) at 320 E


234 N

Laconia I 97; BSA 67 (1972) 205; AR (1973-74) 15, (1974-75) 15;
J. B. and s. H. Rutter, The Transition to Mycenaean (1976)
A conspicuous limestone spur, projecting into the W side of the Helos
plain. It was probably a promontory jutting into the sea in BA times. The
BA settlement was large, occupying an area approximately 16o m. in diameter.


It was first certainly inhabited in EH II, after which there was apparently
a break until some time in MH (it is not clear how early MH habitation
began), and then continuously inhabited until the end of LH IIIB. The
excavation results are of the utmost importance for the study of the
prehistoric sequence in Laconia, but do not suggest a site of really firstclass importance. In MH there was clearly contact with Crete, Kythera,
and the Cyclades, and the site may well have served as the major port of
central Laconia; Lapis Lacedaemonius from the nearby quarries was probably
being exported through the site before the end of MH, and there is evidence
that it was locally worked. There is an unbroken sequence of strata
covering the transition to LH, which have an important bearing on the
origins of Mycenaean pottery, showing steadily increasing "Minoan" influence probably exercised from Kythera. The Mycenaean remains are not
remarkable, although there is possible evidence for a fortification-wall.
The site appears to have been abandoned at the end of LH IIIB or shortly
after (BSA 67 (1972) 246, 270: HS 56 has generally been considered LH IIIC,
but is associated with vases attributed to the end of LH IIIB). Many pit
and cist graves of all phases of the BA have been found on the site.
C 18




(GAMS No. 119)

M. 7 Yithion
318 E I 247 N
Laconia I 97
About 1.5 km. to NNW of Ayios Stephanos is a low mound, c. 150 m.
N-S by 120 m., on theW edge of the former marsh.





(GAMS No. 118)

M. 7 Yithion 316 E I 256 N
Laconia I 95
An isolated hillock c. 4oo m. S of the Skala-Krokeai road, where it
begins to climb towards Krokeai. The site, which may have been walled, is
thickly strewn with BA pottery, LH III predominating, over an area c. 250 m.
N-S by l8o m. This wide spread may be largely due to cultivation and
erosion, so that the site should probably be classed as "medium to large"
rather than as "large". An interesting find is a fragmentary female
figurine of the earliest type (BSA 66 (1971) 110).
C 20



M. 7 Yithion
333 E

(GAMS No. 117)


250 N

Laconia I 95
A small low mound site, S of the road about 2 km. WSW of Skala. It
was probably of greater importance in the EH and MH periods than in the
LH. With it may be included the sparse traces of LH III and C found at
Ayios Ioannis a little to the N, on the N side of the road.




M. 7 Yithion

344 E


(GAMS No. ll6)

I 259 N

Laconia I 94
A small low knoll about l km. W of Skala, next to the springs of the
Vasilopotamos. A red-on-black fragment may be MM III of Kytheran type.




( GAMS No. 115)

M. 7 Yithion
373 E I 277 N
Laconia I 92
A small site c. 500 m. E of Tsasi on the S slope of a low hill bordering the plain. A chamber tomb here produced vases of LH IIIA2 or IIIB date.
C 23



M. 7 Yithion
383 E




I 274 N

Laconia I 92
Sporadic traces of EH and LH settlement on hills bordering the Helos
plain, both to NW and SE of Vlakhioti.
C 24



M. 8 Molaoi
Lac onia I 89;

( GAMS No. 112)


4o8 E I 238 N



BSA 67 ( 1972 ) 2 62

About 200 m. to N of Asteri village, on the right of the road to
Vlakhioti, is the prominent flat-topped hill of Karaousi, whose top surface
measures c. l6o m. NW-SE by lOO m. The trial excavations showed that it

was badly eroded. The bulk of the material found was Mycenaean, including
some IIIC; likely DA is reported from the neighbourhood.
C 25




M. 8 Molaoi

409 E


(GAMS No. 113)

254 N

Laconia I 92
A small settlement (c. lOO m. by 80 m.) about 2 km. N of Asteri, in
a district of small undulating hills.



(GAMS No. lll)

M. 8 Molaoi
413 E I 232 N
Laconia I 89
A small flat-topped hillock, c. 500 m. ESE of Asteri, south of the
road to vezani, on the N edge of the plain.
C 27




M. 8 Molaoi
423 E I 217 N



Laconia I 87
The chapel of Ayios Efstratios is c. 3 km. WSW of Vezani. The main
BA site is on a low knoll c. 1 km. ESE of the chapel, but some Nand EH
sherds were found on the knoll c. 300 m. S of the chapel, also bordering
on the plain.
C 28



M. 8 Molaoi
450 E

(GAMS No. 109)


242 N

Laconia I 87
Some MH sherds and others possibly LH were found on the top surface
(c. 150 m. by 130 m.) of the hill above the village.

C 29



M. 8 Molaoi

(GAMS No. 106)

469 E I 286 N



Laconia I 86
The acropolis hill lies to SW of and above the village. The site
is of moderate size (top surface c. 16o m. by 90 m.) and good Nand BA
pottery was found, especially MH and LH.

C 30



(GAMS No. 107)

M. 8 Molaoi
518 E

I 228 N

Laconia II 139
This rocky hill lies about 4 km. NW of Molaoi, and commands the
approach to the Molaoi plain. EH, MH, and LH III sherds are plentiful on
the upper slopes, and a red-on-black sherd was found similar to that from
site C 21.
C 31



(GAMS No. 150)

M. 8 Molaoi
466 E I 138 N
Laconia I I 135
A steep and rocky hill on the S side of the village of Elea. EH and LH
sherds were found on the upper E slopes over an area c. lOO m. in diameter.
C 32




(GAMS No. 151)

M. 8 Molaoi
48o E I 076 N
Laconia II 139
An acropolis hill (top surface c. l8o m. N-S by lOO m.) about 2 km.
N of Plitra and at the S edge of the Molaoi plain.
C 33



M. 8 Molaoi
582 E

I 158 N

(GAMS No. 149)


Laconia II 138
A gentle rise about 1.5 km. NW of Sikea, and c. 300 m. NE of the
road from Sikea to Molaoi. The site is about lOO m. in diameter.
C 34



636 E
M. 8 Molaoi

(GAMS No. 148)



128 N

Laconia II 138
A small rocky hill c. 1.5 km. E of Angelona, on whose SW slopes
were found EH II and other BA sherds.
C 35


* # (GAMS

M. 8 Molaoi
68o E I 117 N
N? EH or MH? LH I-IIIC SMyc.?
PAE (1956) 207;

Laconia II 136;

No. 146)


AD 23 (1968) A 145

The acropolis of Epidauros Limera is c. 5 km. N of Monemvasia, above
a long and partially sheltered beach. The summit and upper slopes measure
about i+OO m. N-S by 250 m., and some LH IIIA-B sherds were found in this
area. Thus the acropolis was certainly occupied in LH III, and perhaps
before, as suggested by some coarse ware and obsidian. Mycenaean chamber
tombs of an individual type have been excavated at three spots in the
neighbourhood: the earliest material from them is LM IA or very early
LH I, and they probably represent a type developed or adopted locally,
independently of the Argolid. The presence of a good number of LH IIIC
vases, some having clear connections with the Argolid and Aegean, suggests
that this site was an important survivor in that period; some of the
vases might be classed as SMyc. (@ 23 (1968) A Pls. 75r:J:44, 78a,:56, 82r:J


M. 8 Molaoi
652 E

(GAMS No. 147)


118 N

Laconia II 137
About 1 km. NE of Ayios Ioannis and 2 km. W of Epidauros Limera is a
small but steep acropolis, whose top surface measures c. 6o m. by 50 m.
On the upper SE slope were found obsidian and a few EH and LH III sherds.


C 37




(GAMS No. 152)

M. 8 Molaoi
54o E I 018 N
Laconia II 141
The rocky acropolis of Kastelli lies c. 1200 m. SE of Daimonia,
midway between the village and the sea, commanding a small coastal plain.
The area within which the prehistoric pottery was found measures c. 200 m.
NE-SW by 150 m.
C 38


(~ No. 153)


Ayioi Anaryiroi at 612 E
M. 8 Molaoi
EH II lli IIA lli III (A-B)


931 N

Laconia II 141
A steep conical hill commanding the pass from Elika into the Vatika
plain. The EH and LH sherds were found over an area about 120 m. NW-SE
by So m.
C 39




M. 8 Molaoi
619 E I 867 N
BSA 64 (1969) 113
This site was probably the most important in the Vatika plain. It is
now mainly covered by 2-3 metres of water. It occupies an area at least
350 m. NE-SW by 200 m., between Pavlopetri islet and the mainland, about
700 m. NE of Elaphonisi village. It is clear that the island of Elaphonisi
was at this time joined to the mainland. An extensive plan of the site has
been obtained, but conclusions as to the date of the preserved walls must
be tentative in the absence of excavation. The plan most resembles that of
Aegean towns like Phylakopi, rather than of any Mycenaean settlement
hitherto excavated, and the settlement's connections may prove to have been
stronger with the Aegean than with the mainland in the phases when the
Aegean towns flourished most, MB and early LB. A wide range of pottery
was recovered, both underwater and on Pavlopetri island. A large cemetery
of small rock-cut tombs on the mainland shore may be EB, while two larger
tombs are likely to be Mycenaean chamber tombs.

. on the other side of the road. and M listed in the reference. 8 Molaoi Eo5 E EH II LH III(A-B) I (GAMS No. K. over an area about lOO m. C 42 AYIOS GEORGIOS M. LH III sherds were found here. Ruined chamber tombs were found in the elopes of this and other ridges. including examples similar to those at C 35. Other traces of BA occupation were found in the S of the island. 158) 839 N Laconia II 147 A fairly extensive EH II and LH III site to S and E of the hamlet and church of Panayia in the SW part of Elaphonisi island. 8 Kithira 573 E EH II LH III(A-B) I (GAMS No. on the summit of a ridge to the NE. 8 Molaoi 674 E I 862 N EH LH III(A-B) C H Laconia II 142 About l km. 155) I 895 N Laconia II 145 Some plundered Mycenaean chamber tombs. The pottery found was mainly EH II. were found near the village school. and E. 157) 858 N Laconia II 146 Under this heading are grouped sites A. to the left of the road. C 43 NEAPCLIS /1 (GAMS No. NW of Neapolis is a low hillock near the shore. all to S and SW of Elaphonisi village. C lfl ELAPHONTSI: # PANAYIA N. and a few EH. D. This is the site marked H in the reference. 8 Molaoi LH # 633 E (GAMS No. C.119 C 40 # ELAPHONTSI VILLAGE M. at sites G. L. 154) M. with some LH. These are not significant. and may represent only scattered farms or single dwellings. All the sites may indeed be subordinate to and dependent upon C 39. B. F. with obsidian. and may represent scattered single dwellings. in diameter.

I (GAMS No. which measures about 300 m. near the shore and on the edge of the rich vardhounia plain. 7 Yithion 177 E I oo8 N EH II MH C H Laconia II 119 The promontory of Skopa SW of Kotrones measures about 300 m. SW of Gythion. The traces of habitation are insignificant. but Classical remains predominate. C 45 GYTHION: I MAVROVOUNI 7 Yithion 234 E EH II LH IIIB "PG" M. EH and LH III sherds were found in a well near the S foot of a hill. C 47 SPIRA M. ISLAND OF CRANAE 7 Yithion 266 E 11 (GAMS No. 125) 135 N G C H Laconia II 114 An extensive cemetery of LH III chamber tombs is found on a hill c. 124) I 158 N LH IIIA-B Laconia TI 114 LH III sherds were found on the W part of the islet of Cranae. and "PG". E-W by lOO m. C and H remains among the low hills to NE of the site. EH 11 ( GAMS No. 129) 7 Yithion LH? Laconia II 119. 4 km. C 46 KOTRONES: SKOPA 11 (GAMS No.120 C 44 GYTHION: M. but may possibly be connected with the ancient quarrying of Antico Rosso in the mountains above to thew. . some EH and others probably LH. 168 E I 890 N C BSA 63 (1968) 335 On the W slope of the hill of the hamlet of Spira ( near Kyprianon) fragments of BA pottery were found. 128) M. N-S by 150 m. G. EH II and MH pottery has been found here.

are the next sign of habitation. 173. Many chamber tombs. C 50 KYTHERA : KASTRI *11 (GAMS No. and scanty G sherds. C 49 KOUTIPHARI: SVINA (ANCIENT THALAMAE) *11 (GAMS No. 7 Tainaron EH? LH (III?) 054 E I 881 N A C H Laconia II 123 Sporadic pieces of LH and other prehistoric pottery on a high plateau. it did not survive until the end of LH IIIB. L. W of the village of Avlemon. Coldstream and G. J. The EH settlement on Kastraki... Huxley.121 C 48 KIPOULA 11 ( GAMS No. 52 (1957) 232. A MM pithos-burial is also reported. Goods that may well have come from these tombs are cited in the publication. in diameter. however. 50 m. Excavations and surface-finds indicate that the Minoan settlement extended at least 250 m. may have been only c. N-S by 150 m. near "marginal" land. have been found in neighbouring slopes. N. 8 Kithira 658 E I 540 N EH I-II EM II .<)) N. maintaining contact with both Crete and central Laconia. at the SE end of the Palaiopolis valley. MME No. probably or certainly late. It was superseded by the settlement of Kastri.IM IB LH IIIA2-B(l) G A C H Laconia II 152. An odd figurine may be DA. 7 Yithion 058 E I 204 N DA? A C H LH III(A-B) ~ 10 (1904-5) 24. and at least part of this area was heavily built up. apparently founded by immigrants from Crete. 84 Traces of a small LH III settlement on slopes E of and above the village of Koutiphari. some with several chambers. its prosperity may well have been founded on the extraction of purple dye from the Murex shell. This grew and prospered until the early LBA. 164) N. . perhaps after the destruction-horizon in Crete. The town was abandoned in late IM IB. within EM II. datable material from them ranges from MM III to IM IB. on a small knoll about 200 m. Kythera: Excavations and Studies (1972) The promontory of Kastri is about 3 km. 150) M. N of the promontory. and one contained a deposit of LH IIIA2-B domestic pottery. Messenia I No. and does not seem to have been reoccupied until LH IIIA2 (two LH IIB fragments are almost certainly contemporary with late IM IB). 1:.

No. 163) N Coldstream and Huxley 1972. 34 A small settlement. 159) . 8 Kithira LH III(A-B) 571 AYIOS DEMETRIOS E I 494 /1 a LM I sherd (GAMS No. 161) *!I N. 8 Kithira EH II /1 56o E I 700 N (. 263 A spread of sherd-material suggesting a settlement of LM I (and earlier?) date is on slopes E of the road to Livadhi. 150 m. possibly used for cult. to the NE. 8 Kithira 583 E I 470 N LM I LH (IIB-)IIIAl AD 1 (1915) 191. which is about 6oo m. About 150 m. N of the Pourko churches. N of Chora are two chamber tombs. Several fragments of long-stemmed kylikes were found here. C 54 KYTHERA : AYIA PELAYIA: VITHOULAS If (GAMS No. 1 km. polished Bronze Age pottery" was found here. 8 Kithira LMI 617 E /1 I 459 (GAMS No. Coldstream and Huxley 1972. The prehistoric sherds were distributed over an area c.Q!ill§. C 52 KYTHERA: AYIA SOPHIA N. 200 m. left of the road and c. C 55 KYTBERA: PYREATIDES N. about 200 m. 16o ) N. c. 100 m.122 C 51 KYTHERA: LIONI (GAMS No. notably a fine stone pyxis. 8 Kithira 589 E I 648 N EH II LH III(A-B) C H Laconia II 149 A small acropolis overlooking the harbour of Ayia Pelayia. 162) N Laconia II 152 and C 53 11 To the S of Kalamos is a cave. in diameter. on the top and on the E slopes. over an area c. one of which contained LM IB and LH (IIB-)IIIAl pottery and other goods. KYTBERA: POURKO: N. N-S by lOO m. by lOO m. apparently a MM "heirloom". Laconia II 149.

48). 8. A chamber tomb cemetery at Spilies 700 m. A large number of tombs was found on a lower hill adjoining the site on thew. A child's burial in a cist is most plausibly dated to late MH (AA fig. Arcadia 95 AA (1926) 257. The hill of Analipsis lies about 4 km.) contained goods of LH IIA -B date. in diameter. E of the Sparta-Tripolis road. c. (1957) lll. shaped like tholoi. W of Vourvoura and 2 km. A fine range of pottery and other goods was found in one. The mainspring of the Eurotas river is less than a kilometre to the ~N. and eight small built tombs imitating tholoi are reported to have contained a LH I-IIIB range of pottery and goods. Laconia II 130. Remains of pithosburials at Iannakas may be MH.N EH? LH IIIAl-C C H AD 10 (1926) Parartema 41. below. C 57 BEIMINA /1 (GAMS No. C 58 VOURVOURA: ANALIPSIS */I (~No. C 56 PELLANES: PALAIOKASTRO *# (GAMS No. and falls away steeply on the N to the Sarandapotamos river. which lies about 300 m.65 m. 49) as well as LH III kylixsherds. (1956) 185. 50 m. This must have been a centre of some importance. Another Mycenaean tomb . 7 Sparti 028 E I 751 N EH? MH? LH III(A-B) C Laconia II 125 On a small plateau named Kanalaki on the S slope of the Belmina hill and at Iannakas nearby some LH III fragments were found. N of Pellanes. 138) L.) and most finely cut tombs in Laconia. 135) L. MH LH I-IIIB C H PAE (1954) 270. 7 Sparti 197 E I 808 N N.123 Laconia II 149 EH II sherds and obsidian were found in a barren and rocky district towards the N end of the island. 300 m. One large tholos (d. A burnt layer containing LH IIB pottery is reported (AA fig. 134) L. Laconia II 125 A few LH III sherds were found within the mediaeval walls of the Kastro. 7 Sparti 076 E I 686 . to the NW includes the two largest (d. 6 m. The hill is c.

C 59 TYROS (GAMS No. These tombs. on the NE outskirts of the village. to the SE of the village (Sykokis property) and on the hill Mikri Tour la S of the village. Two groups of small elliptical built tombs were found. 8 Leonidhion LH IIIA2-B (GAMS No. 141) 466 E I 650 N (approx.) Laconia II 131 Kotroni is c. like . Laconia II 132 There was a settlement at Kotroni. A group of LH IIAIIIAl vases. 142) L. 47). is reported to have come from the former. C 6o LEONIDHI : (GAMS No. C 61 VASKINA: KOTRONI L. including late lM IB cups. 2 km. but may have dwindled later. C 62 PALAIOCHORI : KOTRONI ETC. a rocky hill with flattish top and terraced slopes. 8 Leonidhion LH IIIA2-B C 578 E I 574 N Laconia II 131 A few LH III sherds and some obsidian were found near the port of Leonidhi. 8 Leonidhion EH II LH? C Ligarias at 568 E I 679 N Laconia II 131 On the acropolis at the south end of the bay some EH II sherds were found. 7 Sparti 420 E I 595 N (Kotroni) EH II MH? LH IIA-IIIB AD 9 (1924-5) Parartema 18. 14o) PLAKA L. in an upland region. This was clearly an important centre in early Mycenaean times. The identifiable sherds were EH II. A small elliptical built tomb contained many burials and several vases. * (GAMS No.124 at the foot of the hill contained pottery either late MH or early LH (AA fig. 139) L. where in fact LH III pottery was found in a tomb. NW of Vaskina. but MH and LH may be represented also.

This was clearly an important local centre. 143) 620 N Laconia IT 135 A small BA settlement on a rocky knoll near Ayios Vasilios. The site may be that of ancient Glyppia or Glimpeis.125 that at C 61. the Palaiopanayia. are corbelled. 7 Sparti 394 E / EH II LH III(A-B) (GAMS No. . and is marked by a decayed monastery. they may be built versions of the ovalchambered tombs of Epidauros Limera. c. NW of Palaiochori.: LYMBIADA L. 4 km. C 63 AYIOS VASILIOS.

IV). T. which generally concentrates in the hinterland of the Osmanaga lagoon and in the Pamisos and Soulima valleys. from which some sites are spread up and down the coasts. perhaps also Routsi (D 54) and Nichoria (Veves T. This picture may be misleading. it can support a considerable population. Being well-watered and fertile.126 MAP D: MESSENIA AND SOUTHERN TRIPHYLIA The area covered by this map is the most thoroughly surveyed part of the mainland to date. But the succeeding MH pattern of settlement largely ignores the lower Pamisos. in the Argolid). when the establishment of other dynastic centres can be documented by important tombs (e. and from the Pylos area to the Messenian Gulf. Pylos. the "Grave Circle" at Pylos. Many of the MH settlements appear to be new foundations. Routsi.l at Volimidia (D 20). it seems plausible to suppose that this represents a progressive expansion into sparsely settled or virgin territory. concentrating in two belts across country. but its natural subdivisions tend to form separate units. Detailed information on the MH period is still surprisingly rare: the province had local traditions in pottery and burial-customs (the use of tumuli). and this may also be true of Koukounara. and Tragana (D ll) seem too close to represent anything but powers subordinate to or dependent upon Pylos (compare Prosymna. Peristeria. Berbati. There is no reason why sites like Kambos (D 146). Pylas (T. should not have been independent of it for the whole early LH period. Much if not all of it may have been controlled from the palace at Pylos (Epano Englianos.g.3). Mal thi (D 222) ) . Several centres important later were already substantial (e.g. but the date of the Malthi fortifications should probably not be put much before the end of MH. Peristeria (D 200. the Koryphasion tholos (D 5 ). and the recent discoveries at Akovitika (D 151) have revolutionised previous impressions of the importance of this area in EH times. and later formed the province of Messenia. . A similar explanation can be applied to the separate groups of tholoi around Koukounara and to the general proliferation of tholoi in LH II-IIIA. largely confined to the middle and lower Pamisos valley. ) ).g. Kephalovryso T.g. etc. which are a considerable distance from Pylas. many of which were in use in LH I (e. Koryphasion. and their total is considerably larger than that in EH. and Nichoria. Nichoria (D lOO). but Koryphasion. from Kyparissia to the upper Pamisos. in the neighbourhood of modern Kyparissia and down the coasts of the Messenian peninsula. e. the Gouvalari tombs). An almost embarrassingly large number of early LH tholos tombs has been excavated. and has produced hardly a trace of contact with more central parts of the mainland or with the Aegean. which is separated from Pylos by much broken country and was clearly the centre of a considerable population. The evidence for EH habitation is surprisingly scanty. with a few sites widely spaced along the coasts elsewhere. although there were important sites elsewhere. D l) in late LH.4 at Nichoria). Nikitopoulou T. Koukounara (D 35. Malthi. and it seems unlikely that all can present independent principalities.

N. . Mouriatadha. well-spaced. It seems from the survey-evidence that most of this expansion took place in LH III. The numbering of sites on Map D generally follows that assigned in MME. 11) and a possible short-lived "refuge-site" near Malthi (D 221). But the only site to produce a great deal of evidence on the transition to the DA and subsequent developments is Nichoria.g. Malthi also appears to be of lesser importance. In general. and that many of the small sites found in survey have produced no evidence of post-LH habitation. Peristeria. and there is considerably more settlement in the Pamisos valley and along the west coast between the neighbourhoods of Gargalianoi and Kyparissia. being a new foundation of LH III and fortified. e. and substantial. is a plausible seat for a "warden of the frontier". or show scanty or dubious signs of continuing use (Malthi. Some numbers are therefore either omitted or used for sites subsequently identified. although Mouriatadha (D 201) may have superseded Peristeria. It is difficult to be certain how far such evidence can be relied upon for detailed conclusions. But the lack of secure identification for most of the major centres named in the Linear B texts makes establishing the extent of Pylian control very difficult. but there is no doubt that the Pylos palace and settlement were burnt and deserted at this time. and the history of other centres identified on the basis of tholoi. the important later LH centres appear to be those already established. such as Routsi. Nichoria. perhaps even before the end of LH IIIC. while it is widely accepted that the two Pylian provinces are divided on an east-west basis. and. Volimidia (to judge from the cemetery). and there was some expansion into upland areas.B. marked by the desertion of almost all sites (at least nine in ten). The surviving population may well have concentrated in a few areas. becomes obscure once these cease to be used. 46. The two main belts are reinforced. Its evidence will make it possible to place the reported "SMyc. as the distribution of post-LH IIIB finds suggests. and. the distribution of population might seem to suggest a north-south division. Further exploration and study may throw light on this. where there was a probable break in occupation after LH IIIB. when the greater part of this area is thought to have been coming under the control of Pylos. and it is of interest to note a cluster south of Pylos itself (D 2. that other major sites were abandoned. 223). settlements down the coasts to Cape Akritas and into the Mani are still relatively few. Koukounara). and seems to have been a major centre thereafter until LG times. The survey-evidence has been understood to indicate a catastrophic disaster at or near the end of LH IIIB. Brief reports indicate the presence of large buildings that might be local centres of government at several sites ( D 36. but which was reoccupied relatively early in the DA.127 The LH settlement-pattern represents a logical expansion of the MH." and "PG" remains from Messenian sites more accurately and clarify the almost totally obscure Messenian DA.

~ No• l) L. to judge from the contents of the "Grave Circle". most noteworthy are a small kiln (Pylas III 19) and parts of what may be an early palace (op. and another stretch on the SW of the hill is built in the same style. traces of fire have only been noted in a few areas. since this phase is represented in the' lowest associated strata as well as LH I. a deposit of whole pots here is to be dated to LH IIIAl. . Although a destruction by fire has been stated to precede this. The construction of the great Palace appears to have been accompanied by extensive clearing and levelling operations. 170 m. 139. Apart from the Palace and its dependent buildings. and by the end of MH was clearly of considerable importance. together with possible tumble at other points. have been taken to represent a circuit of fortifications. for sherds from below Hall 65. cf. 5 Kiparissia 522 E / 513 N MH LH I-IIIB G C or H? Pylas I-III l. Few other traces of early structures have survived. AJA 64 (l96o) 15. which gives an indication of when the Palace was founded (cf.128 Dl CHORA : EPANO ENGLIANOS (ANCIENT PYLOS) *I (GAMS No. 53. The different elements of the Palace may have been built in succession. maximum. lCJ]. these remains. the hill seems to have been open at this time and the early fortification to have been no longer in use (cf. perhaps ill IIA. when the hill was probably covered with buildings. It expanded in early ill. 32 ff. a local to N and S (Pylas IIT 48.. especially 39). Pylas I 19: a near sterile layer over the LH I-II stratum and evidence of deliberate demolition). 63). none of which are clearly later than LH IIIAl).cit. NE-SW by It was first occupied in MH. particularly steep-sided on the N. of which there are remains not only on the hill but below . 141. to NW of this gateway. although the wall could not be traced in many other trials on the scarp (see Archaeology 27 (1974) 1113 for a contrary view). A wall has been traced for some 10 m. notably the "Lower Town" to Sand SW (Pylos III 41. Both Palace and "Lower Town" were completely destroyed by fire at a date near the end of LH IIIB but probably earlier than the destructions 90 m. Habitation The centre of the site is a low fla:t-topped hill. 306). and dumped material was noted particularly to the S (Pylos III 41. in some areas there is evidence for more than one construction-phase. and this seems the most plausible explanation. 54). the South-West Building being earlier than the Main Building. the very thick outer wall of the South-West Building covered the early wall in one place (Pylos III fig. also Pylos III figs. also AJA 64 (l96o) 156). The excavators' statement that no trace of a fortification contemporary with the Palace was found must be accepted. a monumental gateway was constructed on the NE at an early stage.

was provided with a cup that should belong to the beginning of lli. is large (d. but fragments of fine ivory-work and much glass jewellery survived. 1 km.129 in the Argolid. and most of the pottery is lli IIIA-B. 178. especially jewellery.cit. to the SW. is smaller than T. 73). 7. The exact nature of this tomb remains uncertain. This may well have replaced T. it retained a remarkable quantity of finds. the vases attributed to early lli IIIC in Pylos I 421 can hardly be placed so late. 174:5a-b) is lli IIA. mostly secondary. Tholos Tomb III (op. The earliest vase. and seems likely to have been that of the early ruling family.cit. one. have a lli I-IIIAl date-range. fig.71 m. Although robbed twice. IV (d. it is pointed out (op. II. to the NE). IV as the "royal" t. Later burials. Six chamber tombs and two unfinished dromoi were excavated. fig.35 m. as its early date would suggest. 4) that can hardly be dated after LH I. but include several early figurines. 219 (500 m. 95). 9. an alabastron (op. which remains problematical. since very little of its structure survived.cit.cit. 154) that much stone had been removed from the area. . and a fine series of vases ranging from lli IIA to IIIB. some of the surviving jewellery has clear Shaft Graves connections. However. in a spouted jar of Cretan appearance. Two are of MH date (Pylos III 176 (350 m. a notable find is a "Canaanite" amphora. Thereafter there is no sign of activity on the site until late in the DA. Tombs Earliest of the important tombs to be found in the neighbourhood is the "Grave Circle" (Pylos III 134). 196:1.) and undoubtedly later. upon which a lli IIIA(l?) pit-grave was also found (op. 176). The earliest burials. III. distant. to judge from two vases ( op. A chamber tomb cemetery has been identified on the S slope of the ridge running W of the site. remains along the ridge W of the site). when an olive-press seems to have been in operation.66/.cit.) but not especially well constructed. the absence of evidence for a dromos or vault was thought to rule out identification as a tholos. Dependent Settlements Traces of several areas of settlement outside the immediate neighbourhood of the site have been found. to the S. with the exception of 677. This too had been thoroughly robbed. datable to early MH by parallels with Nichoria) ) and one is lli III (op. to SW of the site. and it is possible that this was a 11 proto-tholos". the finds are not remarkable. mostly less well-provided and laid in pits. nearly 150 m. while the disposition of goods surely rules out a tumulus. directly opposite the monumental gateway and some 70 m. Tholos Tomb IV (op. It seems to have been built little later than the "Grave Circle". were placed in pithoi and provided with goods of Shaft Grave type. a group of weapons.cit.

206. MJ'f!E No. The preserved half of the latter produced six vases. 199.130 D 2 PISASKION: MAVROUD!:ITA L. It is of medium size (d. bisected by the Pylos-Chora highway at a point c. were found mostly to E of the highway. including a remarkable bronze bowl. c. S of Korifasion at theN end of a long ridge. probably datable in the late tenth or early ninth century B. with a steeply sloping . MME No. D3 KORIFASION: FORTES # (GAMS No. S of D 1 a chamber tomb and a small tholos-shaped built tomb were found close to one another. 208. N-S by 150 m. 4oo m.. There was much good surfacepottery. and its importance is open to doubt. S of the turning to Korifasion. D4 KORIFASION: BEYLER BEY M. D 5 KORIFASION: CHARATSARI M. 5 Pilos 489 E I 481 N MH? LH III(A-B) C H AJA 43 (1939) 559. 5) N Hesperia 23 (1954) 158 The tholos tomb excavated here is on present evidence the earliest in Messenia and quite probably on the whole mainland. The sherds.) and constructed entirely underground. 120 m. provided with much fine pottery and other goods. III 149 A low hill c. 5 Pilos 493 E LH III(A?. 5 Kiparissia LH IIIB-C "PG" (~ *# No. and fragments of bronze and iron objects. E-W by So m. 207. but trials show that the site was badly eroded. and artifacts of stone. and flint were also numerous. 6 m. 5 Pilos 490 E MH (late) LH I PAE (1925-6) 14o. Messenia I 242. 2) 520 E I 490 N Pylos III 224 Some 3 km.C. 200 m. The site measures c. 1 km.. I 474 (GAlVIS No. SW of Korifasion. The former contained a series of burials of LH IIIB-C date. MME No. MME No. 1+) *# N PAE ( 196o) 197. 700 m. mainly LH. I 475 *# (GAMS No. Messenia T 242 A low mound c.)B AJA 43 (1939) 559. 3) M. obsidian.

if not by much. E-W by 60 m. a probably IM IA ripple-decorated ewer. 225. c. Hesperia 44 (1975) 114).e. 59A and 59C-D) include EH II and LH III. including several Matt-painted vases of local types. lOO m. on the lower E slope of Profitis Ilias. Ergon (1975) 139. other similar fragments. 59B and 59E). but there survived. 7) !+73 E I 4!+9 N (the western area) i+So E I 453 N (the eastern area) LH III(A-B) 11 PG" H Messenia II 232.e. 218. Messenia III Nos. It seems likely that the Matt-painted vases represent a phase of use earlier than LH I. MME No. EH II was certainly recognised. cf.) occupies the saddle between the hill of Profitis Ilias and the N arm of the Voidhokoilia bay on the NW side of the Osmanaga Lagoon. 5 Pilos 472 E LH (IIB-IIIA?) I *11 (GAMS No.131 dromos. 500 m. Messenia III Nos.. (1976) 137 La Parola del Passato 78 (1961) . including part of a skyphos decorated with cross-hatched lozenges which may belong to the "DA II" class identified at Nichoria (D lOO. 8) 448 N PAE (1956) 202. Some "PG" sherds were also recognized. and there may be an EH cemetery C. but some presumably have been washed into the lagoon from the banks (i. E-W by 600 m. Finds which are more or less in position (i. 6) 460 N Messenia I 242 The site (c. 1750 m. The finds were distributed over a wide area. 5 Pilos 467 E N? EH II MH? I (~No. Antiquity 31 (1957) 97. It had been robbed. III 149 A considerable quantity of prehistoric and other material found in the banks of drainage canals in the Osmanaga lagoon reveals that its NW and N banks were sparsely inhabited in EH II and LH III times. and the shoulder of a jar probably attributable to LH I. 219-21. D 8 PETROCHORI : VOIDHOKOILIA M. D 6 PETROCHORI: 11 PROFITIS ILIAS M. MME No. D7 PETROCHORI: M. fragments of silver and faience vessels and much pottery. 5 Pilos EH II MH? OSMANAGA LAGOON # (~ Nos. to NE. in a thin burnt layer covering the chamber.

set back to back. 9. !liME No. D 9 PETROCHORI: PALAIOKASTRO (ANCIENT KORYPHASION) M. with its mouth facing into the dromos. AA (1962) 113. 7.). have been recovered. of relatively early date to judge from those on show in Pylos Museum. 5 Kiparissia 489 E I 499 N MH LH I-IIIA2 LH IIIB? LH IIIC (GAMS No. it had been badly disturbed by use as a H house. A f~ature of considerable interest is the presence of a large pithos set horizontally into the tomb's covering mound. The larger (d.l. 5 Pilos 469 E I 443 N N EHII MH LH III(A-B) Messenia I 243. and contained stratified BA and C material. was better built. c. Ml'fl.5 m. It was apparently built above ground.2 m. (1956) 202. and had a more . with a walled dromos. 10) *# c Pylos I 9 The cave on the N slope of the Palaiokastro headland appears to have been inhabited in N times. has an unwalled dromos but is quite well built. *# (GAMS No. 11) SMyc. N-S by 70 m. D 10 PETROCHORI: "CAVE OF NESTOR" M. T. (1911+) 98. PG H AE (1912) 268. Messenia I 24o. 5 m. (!liME No. Ergon (1976) 139 At the S end of the ridge on which Tragana village stands two tholos tombs have been excavated. II 32. 5 Pilos LH III(A-B) 470 E I 445 N "PG" C H PAE (1958) 184. apparently of young girls. The low promontory to N of and below the mediaeval fort measures c. but it contained a pit holding two intact cremations.2 (d.132 A small tholos tomb (d. 205. Messenia I 243. PAE (1955) 247. and its date of construction is uncertain (some LH I sherds reported may be settlement-material). AD 16 (196o) B 113. provided with jewellery and pottery probably datable to LH IIIA2. the remains of several burials and various goods. on theN side of Voidhokoilia bay W of Osmanaga lagoon. BCH 80 (1956) 285. This may have been the main centre of the harbour settlement of LH Pylas.) has been found here. Investigations are not yet complete. D ll TRAGANA: VIGLITSA -X-# L. 200 m. The smaller.). founded on rock. T. 217. 9 ) La Parola del Passato 78 (1961) 225 The headland of Palaiokastro on the S side of Voidhokoilia Bay commands the western entrances to Osmanaga lagoon. LH and later remains have been found in trial excavations and a DA grave group was recovered nearby.E No.

5 Kiparissia 497 E MH LH I LH III(A-B) PAE (1956) 202. c. datable to LH I. . represent settlementmaterial). c. by 8 m. MME No. 5 Kiparissia MH 11 501 E (MME No. LH II jars and good LH IIIA vases were found. There is no clear evidence for the tomb's use in LH IIIB. to c. 14) I 545 N (approx. 25 m. the dimensions of the mounds at D 48 and D 52). and even PG (cf. D llf LEFKI : KAWAMOU L. and a hoard of bronzes from a pit in the doorway should date within this range. SSE of Lefki. R. 2 km. The mounds vary in size from c.) Messenia I 239 Six large MH burial mounds were discovered on a ridge to E of the Tragana-Gargalianoi road. They were being rapidly eroded by cultivation. to c. some shells were also found and it is possible that this deposit has cult-connections (votives?). 5 m. but it was reused for a whole series of burials extending from LH IIIC into SMyc.. In some cases whole pithoi were found laid on their sides. 3 m. KAPOUREIKA 5 Kiparissia 11 498 E I (MME No. for one vase seems to be by the same hand as the ewer in Shaft Grave I (MH and LH I sherds should. some in situ. Des borough. and many pithoi or fragments of pithoi and large flat stone cover slabs were seen.) MH? Messenia I 239 About 2 km. N of Tragana road construction destroyed a multiple burial mound (presumably MH) indicated by fragments of pithoi (similar to those found at D 14) and stone slabs. 13) 530 N (approx. like reported flint and obsidian. on which traces of habitation probably covering the MH-LH III range were found. D 12 TRAGANA: L. Boo m.133 complex history. D 13 TRAGANA : L. Messenia I 239 A steep slope. 10 m. An excavated one-roomed building contained about a hundred whole vases. in height (cf. IMTS 95. indicating an arrangement similar to that of the excavated MH burial mound at Papoulia (D 52). The Greek Dark Ages (1972) 84). by 15 m. toE of and below the road. It must certainly have been founded early in LH IIA. V. 201+. and from c. 12) *11 VOROULIA I 519 N AD 16 (196o) B 114. (GAMS No. NNE of Tragana.

5 Kiparissia LH (III?) 440 E I (JVIlVIE No. SW of Pirgos. and 5 m.5 km. 203. 5 Kiparissia MH? LH IIIB 11 522 E (GM1S No. 4oo m. to SE s D 16 GARGALIANOI: 11 KOUTSOVERI L. 170 m. NW of Gargalianoi. 18) 501 E I 567 N Messenia I 237 About 1. 2. D 18 PIRGOS: TSOUKA # L. The mound was at least 12 m. and pithos fragments and stone slabs protruding from the cut sides. lOO m. to NE. III 147 A small site c. E of the road. 200 m. together with some C and H.. WNW-SSE by 120 m. 19) I 5EO N Messenia I 237. MME No. NE-SW by 110 m. in height. 5 Kiparissia 438 E I 557 N MH LH IIII? LH III(A-B) C H l~essenia I 236 The hamlet of Kanalos is c. 16) 578 N Messenia III 11+6 A rounded limestone hill on the E side of the road c. of the Gargalianoi-Marathoupolis road. on the top of a ridge. which resembles those at D 14. by 9 m. A burial mound (LH tholos tomb?) was observed c. The chapel of Ayia Sotira on the top of the hill marks the approximate centre of a prehistoric site c. 5 Kiparissia MH (JVIlVIE No. 202. on a spur c. Two distinctive MH sherds were found beside the larger mound. 150 m. and c. .5 km. WSW of Gargalianoi and 1. 3 km. lOO m.5 km. 1 km. D 19 AMBELOFITO: LAGOU L. MME No. a MH burial mound was discovered partly ploughed down. in diameter. on whose S and E flanks MH and LH sherds were scattered over an area c.134 D 15 GARGALIANOI: KANALOS # (GM1S No. Diagnostic sherds were few but at least one LH was recognized. NNE of Ambelofito. to W of Kanalos is a low spur. 15) L. A similar but smaller mound was observed c. About 500 m.

1 km. NW-SE by 150 m. 20) 54o E I 550 N G A C H PAE (1952) 473. E of Chora. they are not of the Volimidhia type. that had certainly become standard by the end of LH I. D 21 CHORA: AYIOS IOANNIS L. Material from an excavated example. c. and there are reports that beads. 27 (1972) B 256 Some Boo m. (1953) 238. (1954) 299. holding many burials. The tombs are generally large and well-cut. N of the village of Chora is an extensive chamber tomb cemetery. others in the Kephalovryso group are almost equally early and do not have the tholes-imitating shape canonical in the other groups. 22) I 590 N Messenia III 147 A high spur on the lower slopes of Mt. SSW of Metaxadha. partly constructed within a natural hollow. 201. D 22 METAXADHA: KALOPSANA L. AD 25 (1970) B 182. 6 Kalamai 550 E MH? LH III (A~B) /1 (MME No. 6 Kalamai LH III(A2-B) 529 E *I (GAMS No. The cemetery most probably went out of use near the end of LH IIIB (one or two vases on show in Chora Museum might be LH IIIC. 200. . but are not particularly rich in goods apart from pottery. (196o) 198. The earliest tomb excavated. Kephalovryso T.l. on show in Chora Museum. (1964) 77. 21) I 543 N PAE ( 1954) 305 A small group of chamber tombs has been identified here on the SW edge of Chora. 6 Kalamai MH *I! VOLIMIDHIA LH I-IIIB (Q!!!':'!§_ No. MME No. The site covered the upper terraces on S and SE over an area c. Aigaleon extending E into a narrow valley. falls in the LH IIIA2-B range. 1 km. S of the first tombs excavated (PAE (1953) 249). Messenia I 237. traces of a LH I-III settlement on more or less level ground were found lOO m. in LG some tombs were rediscovered and apparently used for cult. 200 m. they nevertheless suggest a flourishing community here. Das Altertum 1 (1955)-ll+o.135 D 20 CHORA : L. (1965) 102. Two LH bronze double axes and a bronze sword in the Chora Museum were found at the site. MME No. A small LH settlement has also been identified at Megambelia. bones and pottery were found in graves here. notably examples of amphoriskoi). is of late MH date.

6 Kalamai 620 E MH? LH III(A-B) C AD 22 (1967) B 207. 700 m. AD 22 (1967) B 207 . I # (MME No. 6 Kalamai MH? LH? STAMATI RA CHI 585 E I # (!:'!!::lli No.D 24 VLACHOPOULO: L. LH and other prehistoric sherds were found. over an area c. NW-SE by 120 m. c. 110 m. on the W side of the road is a low hill above the spring Kamari. WNW of Chatzi. ~~ of Vlachopoulo and c. On the lower ridge called Dhrakorachi c. 27) 457 N III 151. 2. I 506 N Messenia III 151 About 1 km. The upper surface and the S and SE terraces were strewn with LH sherds and some which may be MH. NNW-SSE by 6o m. 6 Koroni 616 E LH IIIA2-B H Messenia I 245. both MH and LH are probably represented. D 25 VLACHOPOULO: AGRILIA L. 26) L. NNE-SSW by 80 m.5 km. some probably MH. D 27 MESOPOTAMOS: VELEVOUNI M. toW a small poorly built tomb (d. 25) *# I 530 N AD 20 (1965) B 204. ENE of Vlachopoulo above the headspring of the Karya river.. c. toE of the road to Metamorphosis is a hillock above the spring Katsibouri. 120 m. On the flat top surface. (MME No. Although few diagnostic fragments were found. 6 Kalamai 612 E MH? LH IIIAl-2 PAE (1964) 89. D 26 CHATZI: BARBERI / (!:'!!::lli No. Surface pottBry is confined to the upper area c. Messenia III 152 A large hill of Agrilia lies c. 150 m.0 m. 6oo m. A fine series of vases (LH IIIAl-2) and some bronze knives were found. 24) 538 N Messenia III 152 About 2 km. There may have been another similar tomb nearby. 2.) imitating a tholos had been set into the upper NW slope.

. an area c. since stone slabs and numerous fragments of large pithoi were found. and a stone lamp. on the N side of the Pylos-Kalamata road may be point of origin of some LH material (including a bronze couldron) in the Kalamata museum. and c. N-S by 50 m.) Messenia I 246 An artificial mound on the crest of a ridge c. NNW. 500 m. to S has been assigned to the Roman period. and is c. The prehistoric settlement occupied the top and upper S slope. 5. NW of Milioti appears to have been a MH burial mound similar to those at D 14 etc. 1 km. It is presumably connected with the Velevouni site. N of the KalamataPylos road.50 m. 150 m. 70 m. 20 m. 4. 231.) Messenia I 245. was excavated. ~ No. 6 Koroni MH? 620 E 11 (~ No. but recognizable sherds include the base of a LH IIIB deep bowl. is a LH (and possibly MH) site on the level plateau. 700 m.). The hilltop is heavily eroded. li! 151 About 2 km. 30) I 440 N (approx.1 m. NNW of Mesopotamos. NE-SW by 70 m. A tholos tomb at Tourkokivouro c.) Messenia III 151 About 900 m. 6 Koroni LH IIIA(l?) PAE (1966) 129. to SE of the Kalamata-Pylos road and c. a bronze blade. The mound measures c. W of the branch road to Milioti a small tholos tomb (d. 28) 1+48 N (approx.137 The village of Mesopotamos occupies the lower S slope of Velevouni hill. The sherds are scattered over an area at least lOO m. Surviving finds included three vases. robbed in H times. 615 E H I *11 (MME No.. D 28 MESOPOTAMOS: CHILIA CHORIA M. by 17 m. D 29 SOULINARI : TOURLIDHITSA M. 6 Koroni 6ol E MH? LH III(A-B) PAE (1966) 120. D 30 MILIOTI: AYIOS ILIAS M. high. . I 11 (GAMS No. 250 m. 29) 445 N (approx. But the artificial mound c.

The present low mound measures c. Some coarse ware resembling that from Margeli (D 116) is probably MH. but was originally larger. 6 Koroni 639 E MH? LH III(A-B) (GAMS No. E-W by 50 m. 24 (1969) The LB habitation site is W of the spring Platania at the S edge of Chandrinou.. 120 m. there are probable remains of a small destroyed burial-tumulus and indications of cist-graves. B 145 AD 19 (1964) B 149. 6 Koroni 5S9 E I 442 N (approx.l3S D 31 ROMIRI: AVISOS # M. 33) M. (1966) 120. SE of the Kalamata-Pylos road. for a total extent of c. and c. D 32 CHANDRINOU: KISSOS *# (MME No. E-W by 50 m. NW. III 151. . 23 (l96S) B 156. 12 m.) excavated here contained pithos burials in the centre (MH?) and around them three or four stone enclosures of oval or oblong shape containing burials. 230. l km. 31) I 44o N (approx. E-W by So m. MME No. At Aelaki. 6 Koroni 5S5 E I 1f30 N N LH III(A-B) A C Messenia I.) MH? LH IIII-III(A2-B) PAE (1962) 90. Messenia II 151 The site is c. NW of Romiri. ENE of Chandrinou. and a small cistgrave.) and the slopes. Sherds exposed by a bulldozer here include LH A and C. it certainly included both early and late types. and a small mound (containing bones) within the village was said to have been destroyed. 1. A small tholos tomb at Yenitsari near Chandrinou was empty but LH pottery was found around it. 32) M. Pottery was abundant but relatively poorly preserved.5 km. 245. 700 m. A large mound (d. LH sherds are scattered over the top (c. MME No.) Messenia I I 233 The site occupies the top and extensive N and E slopes of a spur above the Kephalovrysi spring c. 1 km. and a cache of N celts was found c. to E. This seems to be a poor example of the type now being excavated near D 35. 190. So m. D 33 CHANDRINOU: PLATANIA # (GAMS No. 8o m. all of which may be MH. 300 m.

Ergon (1975) 137 A few LH sherds were found near the springs Fourtsovrisi and Ma1akasa c.35-6) M.) dates from LH I. in the Gouvalari area. 5 m. and Katarrachi appears to have been the capital of the district. but this is more important for its tombs. Boo m. JlJJ 16 (l9Eo) B 115. (1959) 174. These include two tholoi (Koukounara Ts.25 m. indicate a large population on this fertile plateau. with pottery of mostly early LH date but reported to extend to LH IIIB in one. III 150. There were traces of H cult. fragments of bronze weapons and vessels.4. They remained in use until Ll-l IIIA2 or later. and they were in use until LH IIIB. is rather small (120 m. The mounds. including much gold leaf. 226-7. ~ (1962) 176. and boar's tusk helmet-plates. stone arrowheads. it contained small tholos-like built tombs holding many burials. 6 Koroni 561 E I 449 N (approx.139 D 34 KATO KREMMIDHIA: FOURTSOVRISI *# (~No. 4-5) and a series of mounds containing small built tombs of various types. D 35 KOUKOUNARA: KATARRACHI *# (~Nos. Katarrachi and Gouvalari The acropolis of Katarrachi. c. T. 34) M. One of the two mounds observed has been partly excavated. Further traces of LH habitation have been found immediately across the ravine to the E. Messenia I 241f. a LH IIIC deep bowl of "Granary" type is reported to come from a deposit on the site (AD 19 (1964) B 164.5 (d.) but naturally defended by the deep ravine Pot0mi tou Arapi by which it is surrounded everywhere but for a small stretch on the N. Remains of MH-LH III habitation have been found on the site. Ergon (1975) 132 I. Of the tholoi. On top of the mound in the centre were found two large pithoi. (1974) 139.) LH IIII-III(A-B) C H Messenia II 233. for Katarrachi) MH LH I-IIIC G A H PAE (1954) 311.4 (d. some imitating tholoi. including early LH buildings. 228. MME Nos. ESE of Kato Kremmidhia. on show in Pylos Museum). containing many burials provided with pottery and some other goods. (1963) Ulf. N-S by 70 m. .) from not much later. and there are traces of A cult in T. La Parola del Passato 78 (1961) 223. Some of the latter certainly date from LH I. NE of Koukounara village. 6 Koroni 590 E I 4Eo N (approx. T. 6. (l9Eo) 195. c. (1961) 171+. both had been robbed but contained remains of rich goods. (1958) 187. 9CO m. MME No. still in the process of excavation.

Other Tholoi A total of six tholos tombs has been excavated at sites around Katarrachi and Koukounara.situated apparently c. at Phyties. only Ts. 6 Koroni LH III(A-B) 573 E # I ( GAMS No. containing only skeletons and a few vases. covered by a mound.) with an entrance. with pottery that included a kylix. 1. at Akona.2 km. Of these. The large building might have been the seat of a local ruler. to Sa large LH III(B?) building was partly uncovered. 2 and 6 are almost as big as T. 6-7. 6 Koroni 557 E LH III(A2-B. 6 and 8 seeming completely LH III.B. 300 m. about 1.4. NW of Katarrachi. It appears to have been a circular enclosure (d. lOO m. were remains of another LH building. W of Chandrinou. 3. 36) 444 N (Koukounara village) Messenia III 150 An unusual tomb was excavated at Palaiochoria. W of Koukounara. and a variety of goods. at Polla Dendra. and they might hold lesser relatives or "vassals" of those buried at Gouvalari. and other goods. stirrup-jar.6 m. the rest being smaller. About 50 m. glass beads and a pair of tweezers found nearby presumably came from a tomb. and may be related to the tombs of Kissos and Gouvalari. T. that at Polla Dendra was poorest. although well-provided burials of LH II-IIIAl date are reported from both the Phyties tombs. NE of Stenosia (Lezega). 2-3. Ts. and a clay 11 bath 11 in another filled with black matter. D 37 CHANDRINOU: KOUMBE M. C?) I PAE (1961) 174. and broad-mouthed vessel decorated with a wavy line (LH IIIC?).5 km. and c. and gave no indication of having been as rich as the Gouvalari tombs. NW of the Kalamata-Pylos road. NE of Livadhiti. most are reported to have some evidence of use in early LH. including weapons. comes from the Akona tombs. !liME No. (1962) 90. LH sherds were thinly . which contained at least nine rooms. None are too far from Katarrachi to be completely dissociated from it.41. lies to the SE. Koukounara T. c. at Akona. lie c. produced evidence of LG cult. D 36 KOUKOUNAHA: PALAIOCHOHIA M. at Livadhiti. Burials are described as being scattered about its floor (which suggests that it had been roofed). * (under M!~£ No. 37) 1e36 N Messenia T 2115 The site is c. Nearer to Koukounara. 500 m. lies 1 km. WSW of Koumbe spring. at Palialona. They had generally been robbed. 2 km. lie a further 750 m.140 II. Ts. two pithoi were found in one. Ts. and T.l. 229. E of Koukounara.6.

NW-SE by 50 m. Prehistoric coarse ware was found on the top and upper S slopes of the hill over an area c. l. 41) 546 E I 438 N U! III(A-B) Messenia III 149 At the E end of the Dappia ridge on the N side of the Filokambos valley. 1 km. D IIQ FILA: # KOKKINORACHI M. 15 m. An area c. were considerable traces of U! settlement. long E-W. D 39 FILA: 11 ELITSA M. 38) 390 N U!? Messenia III 150 About 3.lO m. A knoll c.141 spread over a relatively flat area c. 6 Koroni LH III(A-B) 540 E (MME No. lOO m. and another c. W of Fila. WNW of Vigles along the ridge . in height at Ayios Athanasios on the opposite SE side of the road. D lfl FILA: VI GLES M.5 km. 6 Koroni 54o E I (MME No. 39) I 432 N (village) Messenia III 149 To S of Fila across a steep gully is a thin ridge named Elitsa c. D 38 KYNIGOU: 11 ARVANITSA M. c. 6 Koroni EH II? MH? # (MME No.5 km. to NW. overlooking the Filokambos valley. in diameter and 4 m. 8o m. down in a cutting on the side may be from EH II souceboats. 17 m. NNE of Kynigou is the ruined hamlet of Arvanitsa. 40) 439 N Messenia III 11+9 About l km. E-W by 8o m. in the centre is sparsely covered with U! sherds. in diameter lies c. 6 Koroni MH? U!? 541 E I (MME No. lOO m. 1. 120 m. 4o m. 130 m. A very low mound c. E-W by 50 m. and some thin sherds found c. NW-SE by 40 m. NNW of Fila is a small barren ridge on whose top a few prehistoric sherds were found within an area c.

close together. 42) 434 N Messenia I 242 At the W end of the Dappia ridge is an imposing acropolis above and c. pithoi. D 44 PYLOS: VIGLA # M. III 150 On the E end of the ridge on whose W edge is the village of Schoinolakka LH sherds were observed over an area c. E-W by lOO m. (GAMS No. 6 Koroni 533 E MH? LH III(A-B) I # (GAMS No. to S opposite. 500 m. NE of Pylos and 700 m.) and found more sparsely on the lower W terraces. 43) 443 N Messenia I 21+4. revealed a layer of hard white clay above stones. and bones and pithos fragments were seen nearby. 200 m. to NE of the junction (named Midhen) are two collapsed tholos tombs. 125 m. Possible burial mounds were noted c. 225. 5 Pilos LH III(A-B) 515 E I (GAMS No. NE of Yialova. LH sherds were abundant on the summit (c. What remains of the mound is c.5 km. 150 m. A LH III sherd was found near the southern of the two. 44) I 4o2 N Messenia I 244 The small spur of Vigla is immediately above Navarino Bay c.142 is almost certainly a MH burial mound. to E along the ridge and on a parallel ridge to N. disturbed by ploughing. About 130 m. D 42 YijJJJ)VA: # PALAIOCHORI M. 50 m. Two N celts were found near the road about midway between Pylas and Midhen. MME No. D 42 SCHOINOLAKKA: KOKKINIA M. 223. gems and bronze tweezers. . 4 m. to judge from reports of sherds. SW of the junction of the Pylos-Chora and PyloeKalamata roads. There may have been a prehistoric cemetery at Akona on the slope c. in diameter and c. Few surface sherds are visible. 500 m. MME No. The LH habitation site at Vigla has partially fallen down the steep cliffs into the bay. 222. high. 5 Pilos 513 E N LH III(A-B) AJA 43 (1939) 559. Its centre. N-S by 120 m. 1. MME No.

215. MME No. AD 17 (1961-2) B 92 About 1. and two fresco-fragments. SSE of Pylos. 214. WSW of Platanos. one c. MH sherds were also plentiful. 200 m. 500 m. 5 Pilos LH H? Messenia III 154 Some LH sherds were found on a low hill to E of the Pylos~ethoni road c. 12 m. and human bones and coarse ware sherds were observed beside it. WNW-ESE by 6o m. pebble-floor. high. This may well have been another local capital in late LH times like D 36. 210. Remains of an important LH III building were found. N-S by 150 m.5 km. D 47 IKLAINA: M. MME No. 120 m. 1. 45) 50 1> E I 373 N M. The first is c. 5 Pilos LH? GOUVITSES # (GAMS No. including a massive foundation.5 km. probably MH. There are reports of two collapsed LH tholos tombs nearby.) at the W end of a broad spur. D 48 PLATANOS: KRITHARITES # L. 48) I 500 N Messenia I 241 Two mounds were noted to S of the road from Platanos to Korifasion. III 149. 1200 M. in diameter and 3 m. WSW of Platanos. in diameter . 47) in square 520 E I 48o N Messenia I 241 About 2 km. WNW of Iklaina is a large site (c. was found in the village of Iklaina. WNW of Iklaina. D 46 IKLAINA: (GAMS No. especially in theW part. The area of settlement denoted is only c. on an eroded slope. are some scattered stones and sherds. The second is c. MME No. and the other c.D 45 PYLOS: AYIOS NEKTARIOS # (MME No. 46) TRAGANES M. and we assign one combined symbol to D 46 and D 47 on the map. All these traces are probably connected with D 1+6. 22 m. I lf70 N Messenia I 241. including one probably LH. 6 Kalamai in square 540 E MH? LH? (GAMS No. and part of a pithos. 5 Pilos in square 520 E MH lli III(A-B) PAE (19511) 308.

Large stone slabs its sides and coarse ware similar likely that these are MH multiple and D 52. On the NW slope a very large stone slab and reports of "gold nails" and "plates with pictured animals" suggest a LH tholos tomb here. 50) M. E-W by 70 m. It seems burial mounds like those at D 14. Some fragments of LH III kylikes were found and coarse ware apparently MH. high. although LH may also be D 49 PLATANOS: and fragments of pithoi are visible in to that near the first mound. MME No. MME No. MME No. 6 Kalamai 551 E MH LH III(A. ) PAE (1954) 311. 51) SOl N Messenia II 232 A very low mound c. to the NE. 6 Kalamai MH *11 (~No. SOo m. 145 52) . 49) SOS N LH Messenia II 232 A few LH sherds were seen above this spring on the slope of a low hill above a ravine c.144 and 4 m. l km. D 52 PAPOULIA: AYIOS IOANNIS L. D 18. AD 24 (1969) B 143. 6 Koroni in square 540 E MH? LH III(A-B) I 48o N Messenia I 241 The Panayia chapel occupies the E end of a spur c. NE of Iklaina. D 32). 545 E I 513 N (approx. 209. l km.)B 11 I (GAMS No. and it should be noted that the excavated MH burial mound (D 52) is only c. about l km. 150 m.. Coarse MH similar to that at Margeli (D 116) is abundant. ESE of Platanos. D 50 IKLAINA: PANAYIA # (GAMS No. LAMBROPOULOU PIYI L. D 51 PLATANOS: MERZINI L. W of Platanos. 216. E-W by 120 m. present (cf. (1955) 254. 211. 200 m. 6 Kalamai 528 E I # (GAMS No. MH and LH sherds are abundant over an area c.

213. c. (1957) 118. were small (d. There are also traces of LH settlement within the village. into which pithoi had been set more or less horizontally. slightly smaller and rougher. which contained ten or more burials. 54) L. about 20 m.: it contained a series of four or five burials in . 6 Kalamai 538 E I 522 N (approx. SE of the tumulus.) and not particularly well-built. MME No. containing bones and many traces of fire. BCH 78 (1954) 124. held vases of clearly early type. A possibly MH oist was found nearby.5 km. a bronze pan. 5 m. c. l km.A large. Although no goods were found. ILN (614. AA ( 1962) 272 About 1. 6 Kalamai 553 E LH II-III(A-B) C? I PAE (1954) 315. II 239 In and around Papoulia village were found three small tholes-imitating built tombs and a rectangular built grave. was intact. the structure and associated finds may relate to ceremonies on the occasion of the first burial. containing pithoi and likely to be MH. and gold ornaments were found. The first. In the centre was another pithosburial and a small horseshoe-shaped structure. on the N side of the Platanos-Papoulia road. apart.). 212.) MH? LH I? LH IIA-IIIAl H PAE (1953) 250. MME No. now~ V:l no. these contained one or more burials (two are shown reconstructed in PAE (1962) Pl. E-W) was excavated here. The largest (d. A LH III sealstone (of. W of Papoulia. (1955) 255. fragments of a silver vessel. 4. which had a primitive "relieving triangle" over the doorway. the third contained only a heap of stones. oists are reported from a small hillock here. Arrtiquity 31 (1957) 97. It contained a large wall. 81 (1957) 558. NE of Myrsinoohori three mounds and two tholos tombs spaced along a ridge have been excavated. had been robbed but contained a wide range of material. D 53 PAPOULIA VILLAGE *# L. 93).4 m. The two tholoi. 271411957). slightly oval mound (13 m. facing outwards. At least two of the mounds seem to have been burial-tumuli. D 54 MYRSINOCHORI: ROUTSI *# (GAMS No. 53) 511 N Messenia I 24o. AD 16 (l96o) B 114. except a jar handed in previously. with the exception of one just outside the village. and LH II-III pottery. 311) was found by chance at a site 300 m. and was the centre of later cult. The second. These were not well preserved. there seems no doubt that this was of MH date. in front of which was an area surrounded by stones. (1956) 203. (GAMS No. an ask os ( PAE ( 1956) PL 97CL l ) might well be lil I.

56) I 520 N (approx. 6 Kalamai LH 529 E (MME No. 55) I 512 N (approx. overlooking the coastal plain. 198. i. traces of an eroded settlement. 500 m. and a final man's burial extended on the floor. presumably not collapsed. It stands on the crest of a high ridge. D 56 CHORA: # KOUKOUYERA L. S of Chora. 5 Kiparissia EH II LH IIII? # (GAMS No. 27 m. high. 5 Kiparissia 520 E (GAMS No. 233. 57) 418 E I 598 N LH III(A-B) Messenia I 236 About 4. MME No. and c. to judge from vases on show in Chora Museum. and certainly ranges from LH IIA to IIIAl. W of the Chora-11yrsinochori road about 2 km. N-S by lOO m. 200 m. 7Bb A very large mound. D 57 GARGALIANOI: ORDHINES L. provided with a fine range of weapons. c. and another amber necklace. MME No.) AD 19 (1964) B 150 On a ridge pArallel with that of the Pylos site and l km to the E.5 km. pottery. Sherds are scattered sparsely over the surface.146 a pit. NW of Gargalianoi. . on the S side of the Langouvardhos ravine is a low flat hill c.) LH Messenia I 24o and Pl. The flat loop handle of a goblet may be early LH. c. quite rich but not of the first rank. apparently small. the uppermost provided with three daggers (two inlaid) and an amber necklace. These tombs clearly held the burials of a dynastic group. The pottery from this tomb may include LH I. a single girl's burial in another pit. by 21 m. trial excavations uncovered only a quantity of LH sherds near the surface. including several IM IB imports. and include the base of an EH II sauceboat and a few LH III. 7 m.e. There is every reason to believe that this is the site of an important LH tholos tomb. D 55 MYRSINOCHORI: VAIES L. and sealstones.

) Messenia III 145 Kastraki hill is c. 120 m. Coarse prehistoric sherds are found spread sparsely over an area c. road widening seems to have destroyed a LH tholos or chamber tomb. ENE-WSW by lOO m. SE of the church on the SE side of the road to Gargalianoi. 5 Kiparissia MH LH III(A-B) 432 E I (~No. To N of the road to Gargalianoi. NW of Valta is a low spur overlooking the coastal plain. A few LH sherds were seen here and vases are reported to have been taken to Chora museum. 59) 452 E I 607 N (approx. mainly MH.5 km.D 58 VflliTA: AYIOS PANDELEIMON L. opposite the site. 150 m. D 61 FILIATRA : KASTRAKI L. The chapel of Ayia Paraskevi is on a ridge c. 300 m. MH and LH sherds were sparsely distributed over an area c. on the slopes below the church. to ENE. 5 Kiparissia N. 61 ) I 630 N . NW-SE by 120 m.? LH C? H 455 E # (~No. 58) I 610 N Messenia III 145 The church of Ayios Pandeleimon on the SW edge of Valta was the centre of a LH and later settlement. on the edge of the Gargalianoi-Filiatra escarpment. are spread thickly between the two knolls and down the S and W slopes over an area at least 120 m. NE-SW by 70 m. 60) 625 N Messenia III 136 About 2. D 60 VALTA: # AYIA PARASKEVI L. Prehistoric sherds. D 59 VALTA: KASTRAKI L. At the NE end of the ridge is a knoll in the sides of which can be seen large stones and pithos fragments. S of Ayios Pandeleimon (D 58) at the SW end of a small ridge. 5 Kiparissia LH H? # 455 E (!VW'£ No. About 150 m. 5 Kiparissia MH LH III(A-B) # (MME No. and a N (?) celt was found similar to those from D 33 and D 44. and there was apparently a pithos burial or more in the S side of the knoll at the SW end of the ridge. 200 m. LH III sherds were found from a destroyed burial mound (tholos tomb?).

were found here. D 63 FILIATRA: AYIOS CHRISTOPHOROS L~ 5 K:tparissia MH LH IIIA2-B 445 E 1 11 (MtflE No. Concentrations of sherds occurred on a low knoll c. 64) 685 N Messenia III 135 About 1. 5 Kiparissia LH? 451 E 1 61e9 N Messenia III 135 The hamlet of Korovileika is close to the route from Filiatra to Christiani. . and s. D 62 KOROVILEIKA (MME No. 75 m.. lOO m. and they were found almost as far as the edge of the escarpment. in an area c. E.. 63) 6Lf8 N Messenia III 135 The site is on a broad saddle on the W edge of the FiliatraGargalianoi escarpment. 5 Kiparissia LH III(A-B) '+26 E I 11 (MME No. N-S by 150 m. A few coarse BA sherds. 300 m. which crosses the Filiatra-Gargalianoi escarpment here. 150 m. probably LB. but including a few LH III. The total extent is c. separating the smaller E section around the chapel of Ayios Ioannis from the larger W section overlooking the coastal plain below. N-S by 50 m. D 61+ FILIATRA: AYTOS IOANNIS L.5 km. Plentiful sherds. N of Valta. only c. is on the spur immediately E of the hamlet. A few LH sherds were found. The site.148 Messenia III 135 The site is c. over the flat top and NE slopes. N of Filiatra the main road has cut through a LH site. NW-SE by 120 m. controlling the pass to Christiani from the coastal plain. mostly coarse. overlooking the plateau to E. 210 m. 62) 11 L. were found over an extent c. on both sides of the Filiatra-Christiani road. on a spur dominating a gorge to W and overlooking the fertile plateau to N. NM1-SSE by 130 m. 5·5 km. to S of the road and on a terraced slope to N of the road. l'liany LH III sherds of good quality were found.5 km. mainly coarse. indicating a large and important settlement. SE of Filiatra but only 2. and some MH. under whose cliffs is the chapel of Ayios Christophoros.

with a fine view to the N. D 68 ARJVIENIOI: MANNA L. completely dominates the coastal plain. 3 km. 5 KipaYlssia LH IIIB which appear to be either MH or LH and on a hill c. D 66 CHALAZONI : # PALAIOCHORI L. 5 Kiparissia MH? LH? 450 E I (MME No.) Messenia III 133 On sloping ground above the spring Manna 1 km. 68) 720 N (approx. 5 Kiparissia LH III(A-B) No.) Messenia III 135 Some coarse ware sherds obsidian fragments were found S side of a stream and on the site was small. 125 m. MME. at most 80 m. 5 Kiparissia MH LH (IIIA-B?) # (GAMS No. No. but the extent of prehistoric occupation on the slopes can not be estimated. W of the main road to Kyparissia. Sparse MH and LH sherds were found on the N slope. NNN of Filiatra. SW of Chalazoni. 150 m. III 133 An impressive acropolis. It lies c.. but a LH III kylix stem was also found. D 70 KYPARISSIA: KASTRO L. The prehistoric E-W by 50 m. and an amount of LH pottery at the WSW foot of the Kastro. about 6oO m. # 48o E (MME I No. ff)) 696 N Messenia III 133 The site c. The acropolis summit measures c. 66) 700 N (approx. 70) Messenia I 232. N-S by c. 518 E I 761 N A H C 234. 4oo m. Sherds were mainly coarse ware. SSE of Armenioi a few coarse ware sherds and the base of a LH IIIB deep bowl indicate a small settlement. 65 m. in diameter occupies a low bluff on the S side of the mouth of the Filiatra river beside an inlet named Stomion. on a steep-sided spur at the E edge of the town of Kyparissia. .149 D ff) FILIATRA: # STClVliON (~ I 416 E L. on the edge of the coastal plain.

together with the character of the site. on a spur projecting W below the village. 6 Koroni MH? LH? 524 E # I 355 (~No. 75) N Messenia III 152 About 300 m. 196. and opposite D 75 is a mound c. Boo m. 74) N (village) Messenia III 153 A small site. WSW of Vryses. Some coarse sherds were found. . E-W by 50 m. 72) I 755 N LH Messenia III 133 The site is a spur projecting N from the base of the Kyparissia Mountain. D 76 MESOCHORI: M. including one similar to Argive Minyan ware. in diameter. in diameter and c. lOO m. E-W by 90 m. probably belonging to the settlement (MH? ) at D 75. Some MH sherds. on which coarse ware of both MH and LH type was found. 6 Koroni MH? LH? AYIOS KONSTANDINOS 515 E I 375 # (~No. over an area at least lOO m. toE of and above the side road to Mesochori. high.150 D 72 VRYSES: PALAIOFRIGAS L. on the S side of the road to Pidhasos. Sherds including LH and some probably MH on the top and N slopes were spread over an extent of c. probably of both MH and LH date. SE of Mesochori immediately N of the road to Pidhasos is a round hill. 15 m. 6 Koroni MH GDHITI RA CHI 526 E I 342 I (GAMS No. 6 Kalamai MH? 554 E I (~No. part of which has eroded into a deep ravine on the SE. c. 76) N Messenia I 247. MME No. 2 m. III 152 About 1 km. D 75 MESOCHORI : KOUTSOVERI M. SE of Mesochori. c. D 74 PALAIONERO: M. suggest that this is a MH burial mound. 6o m.

) Messenia III 151> On the W side of the road from Kaplani to Lachanadha is a long N-S ridge. Recently a LG tomb has been found (AD loc. presumably found during the illicit excavation. but D in text). NE of the village (B on AJA 65 (1961) Ill. including MH.151 D 77 KATO AJVIBELOKIPOI: M.. 6 Koroni LH? ASTRAPOKAIJVIENO 565 E I # (MME No. Part of a LH IIIA2 or LH IIIB stirrup-jar was brought to the Kalamata museum. An area c. lOO m. 180 m. D 79 PHOINIKOUNTA: AYIA ANALIPSIS # M. I 375 N (approx. D 78 EXOCHIKON: (MME No. but C in text) and a probable ruined LH tholos tomb l km. 78) AYIOS NIKOLAOS M. (GAMS No. MME No. 75 m. in diameter.]. Coarse sherds. Sherds here and on the slopes indicate a total area of prehistoric habitat ion c. 77) 392 N Messenia ITI 153 A high spur above the in the BA. but are probably contemporary E-W by 50 m. is indicated. iJ-S by 6o m.cit. were found on the N part of the summit and the upper E and NE slopes over an area c. and also toW of the road. The site is remote village on its NW side was sparsely inhabited all coarse. 12.5 km. E of the site. N-S by llfO m. 6 Koroni 588 E I 268 N EH II MH LH IIII? LH III(A-B) Messenia I 21>7. There is a possible burial mound c. N-S by So m. 79) G C H AD 22 (1967) B 207 The church of Ayia Analipsis lies at the centre of a small acropolis on the promontory toW of Phoinikounta. WSW of Exochikon. About 200 m. 6 Koroni 570 E MH LH III(A2-B) AD 20 ( 1965) B 208. 150 m. . slopes. is a lower ridge named Mistofalakka where there is a destroyed L}I tholos tomb c. 12. and the promontory has been eroded by the sea on the S. The sherds were with LH. The level top measures c. 8.0 m. 195. E of the village on the coast at Mytika headland ( C on AJA 65 (1961) Ill. 500 m. mainly on the ~d but situated on anE-W route across the Messenian peninsula. about 1.

extensive LH III remains have been excavated. and covered by LH II an estimated So% of the available area. 6o m. broad. and only a very few sherds in mixed contexts might be attributed to middle or late LH IIIC. principally small ring-bases often pierced for use as spindle-whorls. cf. in diameter and c. high. the settlement-area subsequently expanded to N and S. but the site was certainly reoccupied early in the DA by people whose pottery still retained LH IIIC features. (MME No. the important cross-roads of the Kalamata-Pylos and Rizomylo-Koroni highways. was found near the street but apparently unrelated to it. Indications of pre~H settlement consist of some late N material from just above virgin soil and a few EH II fragments. most notable are an early MH house (Hesperia 44 (1975) 107). one identified as an altar. lOO) G A C H Habitation. which is now c. and dominates. MME No. long (Nd-SE) and a maximum 100 m. but probably once formed part of a promontory (see Journal of Field Archaeology 4 (1977) 19). Hesperia 41 (1972) 218. It lies to W of. overlying a large LH II complex. 182. cit. generally found in MH levels.) AD 24 (1969) B 145. 6 Koroni 510 E MH h'1 III(A-B) AAA 2 (1969) 10. from the coast of Methone bay. and are found in the centre of the site. that was probably the residence of an important family. including a series of houses in Area IV and a LH IIIB street flanked by poorly-preserved structures in Area III: one of the latest houses. There seems to have been a break in occupation. Few remains of structures survive from the earlier phases. 8o) *# I 26o N (approx. and burials. *# 698 E I 480 N (Approx. Good MH and a little LH have been found on the much eroded site: excavation produced MH structures. 44 (1975) 69. perhaps even the ruler's. 6 Kalamai N EH II? MH I. rising steeply above the village of Rizomylo at the junction. 100). An important series of DA building-levels and a LG pithos-burial carry the site's history to the later eighth century. unassociated with any destruction. 350 m. after which it seems to have been completely abandoned . The first stratified deposits are of very early MH date. 10 m. Science 179 (21211973) 471) AAA 6 (1973) 136 Nichoria is a ridge about 500 m.152 D 8o METHONE: NISAKOULI M. D lOO RIZOMYLO: NICHORIA L. Messenia III 153 Nisakou1i is an islet c. (pumice. near which considerable quantities of bronze-working debris were found and a substantial LH IIIAl building (op. The quality of the pottery and other finds suggests that this was a local capital from the beginning of Uo. in LH IIIB2. flat-topped but broken on both flanks by deep gullies.) LH I-IIIB LH IIIC? "PG" (~No. an apsidal building of LH IIIB2 date.

sealstones. W.) of quite good construction proved to have been used in LH IIIA2-B. 186. with which tbree LH IIA vases were associated. but chamber tombs have been found to N.1 m. It almost certainly conceals a LH tholos tomb (and there are indications of a probable dramas facing W). and it was the site of probable cult in late C times. contained burials ranging from the end of MH (pit in T. one was reused in the early DA. and SE. 6 Kalamai LH A VIGLITSA 670 E I # (GAMS No. is closer to a tholos. Built tombs of apsidal shape were also found in a tumulus close to the Veves tholos. 27 (1972) B:262. Other built tombs found at various points belong to the DA. a curious well-like structure only 2 m.153 until late C times. II. AD 16 (196o) B 108. on the S side of the road. 26 (1971) B 129. and reports of sherds below surface suggest a habitation site on this hill above a small spring. About 500 m. and one. A series of smaller built tombs in the Nikitopoulou field. 17 (1961-2) B 95. but one. although a hoard of bronzes found in a pit has earlier parallels. A medium-sized tholos tomb (d. though robbed. D 101 NEROMILOS: L. as well as a cist grave. 101) 495 N Messenia I 246 A mound c. both attributed to cult. mostly of tholos shape. ~ No. 6. it retained quite a range of goods.4) to LH IIIA2-B. SE. later several bodies were carelessly flung in on top. whose fate invites speculation. most are oval or apsidal in shape. . The material from this site will provide an almost complete MH-DA sequence for Messenia.6 m. Tombs. and a few gold beads. 33 m.) was very poorly preserved. a deposit of A pottery was found near the Panayitsa chapel. high lies toE of the Kalamata-Pylos road at a point c. in which there had been ordinary burials. and other objects. two containing LH IIIA2-B pottery and goods. Pottery of LG or early A date and a burnt layer containing H material were associated with the tumulus. apparently cleared of its prehistoric material. The smaller. ranging from LH I to IIIA2. 5. On theE it slightly overlapped the "Little Circle". AE (1973) 25. 1 km. 5 m. tholos (d. broad. at least one of the apsidal graves contained burials and goods of Mycenaean date. provided with pottery and some interesting goods. Veves. which contained a series of burials. the only finds were vases. much LG and later pottery. WSW of Neromilos. in diameter and c. Hesperia 44 (1975) 73 Most of the tombs associated with the site have been found at the NW end of the ridge.

6 Koroni MH? LH (MME No. 189. The road from Kalochori to Paniperi passes over the saddle on the s. D 104 MATHIA: 11 PYRGAKI M. N of Kalochori projecting northward over a deep gorge. and S. above the spring Kephalovrisi o D 103 KALOCHORI: M· MH 6 Koroni AYIOS ILIAS I 458 650 E 11 (GAMS No. III 155 A conspicuous rounded hill c. with a fine view to N. l km. 150 m. 200 m. 50 m. 103) N LH III(A.)B Messenia II 233.154 D 102 PERA: 11 KARKANOS M. in diameter. The hill commands a magnificent view to N. D 105 VI GLA : AYIOS ILIAS M. ) Messenia III 155 On a high rounded hill c. 102) 645 E I 470 N (approx. 104) I 396 N Messenia II 234. E-W by . N-S by 90 m. over an area c. 4oO m. and E. SW of the larger village of Paniperi. 105) 689 E I 382 N Messenia III 155 About 300 m. MME No. in very fragmentary condition. and may have served as an important watch-post in LH. W of Vigla is a higp ridge on whose E end is the chapel of Ayios Ilias.5 km. A few sherds which may be classed LH and some possibly MH were found. The site is on a high spur 1. some LH and one possible t1H sherds were found on s and SE slopes over an area c. 120 m. 6 Koroni MH? LH 670 E (GAMS No. E. NNE of Pera and c.J by 120 m. NE-SV.mainly on the top (c. Several LH III and one MH sherd were found on the upper area and E slope. 1200 m. W. MME No. 6 Koroni LH III(A-B) 11 (MME No. 191. ~rlli of Mathia. The prehistoric settlement occupied the E half of the ridge and the terraces to theE below for an extent of c.

The site was badly eroded. 107) *# M. MME No. l km. 200 m. The tomb was . ~ No. There was probably a LH tholos tomb under the chapel of Ayios Ilias c. 6 Koroni N? MH 688 E I (GAMS No. LH III was well represented. 109) M. The extent of the site is c. isolated between two deep ravines. 194. 108) 285 N (village) Messenia III 155 A few coarse BA sherds. NW of Falanthi.155 80 m. D 108 FALANTHI : # PANORIA M. c. N of the centre of Charakopio. 500 m. Despite the poor preservation. to NW. D 109 CHARAKOPIO: DEMOTIC SCHOOL *# (GAMS No. 1.5 km. 192.) IVJH? LH III(A-B) "PG" G? A? C H AR (1960-61) ll Messenia I 248. on a low ridge c. The LH site extends c. 6 Koroni LH? 670 E I (~No. with sherds concentrated on the Nand E slopes. 6 Koroni 678 E I 328 N (approx. N-S by 6o m. as was shown by the trial excavations. 193. which uncovered scanty traces of LH and "PG" remains. including MH. E-W by lOO m. NW of the new Demotic School building c. 6 Koroni 681 E I 265 N (approx. III 155 A steep hill. MME No. 120 m. A high spur c. lOO m. SSW of Longa projecting eastward and overlooking the coastal plain.) LH IIII? LH III(A-B) C H PAE (1958) 192. Messenia I 247. 500 m. D 107 LONGA: KAPHIRIO (GAMS No. D 106 LONGA: # PALAIOKASTRO M. it is clear that this was the most important LH site in the Longa-Ayios Andreas coastal plain. probably LH.) Messenia II 234. II 233 A poorly built tholos tomb was found c. NNVI of Longa. l8o m.. A cave on the S slope may be N. 106) 343 N (approx. On the E slopes some prehistoric sherds were found.

~~-SSW by lOO m. D 113 VELIKA: KOKORA TROUPA L. The site appears remote and unimportant. the rim of another bronze vessel. including LH. S of Ayios Isidhoros. 183. 6 Kalamai 730 E MH lli IIII-III(A-B) (GAMS No. since coarse ware of MH and LH types was found. III 156 A very low hill 1. in the course of levelling the playground. lll) N (village) Messenia III 155 On the summit and S and SW slopes of the hill above the school. prehistoric sherds. 6 Kalamai N lli IIIB-C Messenia II 23~·. TcM of the village centre. D 110 AYIOS ISIDHOROS: M. from its mouth. 500 m. 110) 26o N (approx. were found. D lll CHRYSOKELLARIA: AYIOS ATHANASIOS 662 E M. SE of Velika. to S of the tholos. The extent indicated is c. The village is hig~ above the coastal plain. 1.5 km. The finds included a bronze cauldron (early LH? -unlikely to be later than LH IIIAl). lOO m. lOO m. W of Koroni. The S part of the ridge. c. N-S by 70 m. 6 Koroni LH C or H I 21e8 I (MME No. and c.) Messenia II 234. 713 E III 156 I I 515 N (GAMS No. 150 m. 200 m. Traces of a LH III settlement were found on the low broad hill c.156 cleared following previous robbing.) LH? Messenia III 154 A ridge c. 6 Koroni ~1H? LIOFrAKIA 670 E I I (MME No. D 112 VELIKA: I SKORDHAKIS L. 184. 112) I le77 N (approx. MME No. a sword is also reported. Sherds including a lli IIII cup fragment were found in an area c. 4 km. and pithos fragments. 113) . 120 m.5 km. in diameter. on the E side of the Velika river and c. was occupied at some time in the BA. ~ill No. an area c.

It lies just toW of the road to Dara. 114) 525 N Nestor (11111974) 904. NNW ofMargeli. ~No. whose top (c. c. Hesperia 44 (1975) This is an isolated conical hill c. 187. within. MME No. 6 Kalamai 721 E MH LH III(A-B) I Messenia II 234. 1 km. N~ of Daphni. NW of very low hillock in whose sherds (including fine EH of the hillock.5 km. A tholos tomb was excavated within the territory of Dara but c. Some N and LH sherds (including one LH IIIC) were found inside not far from the entrace. It is not certain whether this tomb (not yet fully published) belongs with the Viglitsa settlement. SW of Velika is a cave halfway up the steep E bank of the Velika river.5 km. ) Messenia III 156 About 1. I # (MME No. 500 m. 150 m. lOO m. . E-W by 100 m. D 115 STREPHI : GARALAVOUNI L. to SE of Viglitsa. Strephi. III 156. 6 Kalamai 68o E EH II LH IIIA2-B AD 20 (1965) B 20'7.157 About 1. NW-SE by lOO m. in diameter) is strewn with MH pottery and coarse wares which appear to be MH or in the MH tradition. 55 185. The contents include evidence of animal sacrifice (horse and deer are represented) as well as much pottery. *I! L. There is said to be a broad chamber c. 300 m. 115) 544 N (approx. 137 n.5 km. 6oo m. 150 m. on theW side of the road to Daphni. but this is now inaccessible. D 114 DARA : VIGLITSA (~No. SE of Dara. 6 Kalamai MH LH? H 616 E # (GAMS No. on the E of the road to Diodia is a SE edge is a collapsed tholos tomb. EH and LH II and one LH IIIA2-B) were found on the NW part from the tomb. The site is in a small remote valley. 150 m. 1. 116) I 595 N A rounded hill c. over an area c. D 116 MARGELI: KOUTSOVERI L. and only c.. mainly on the more gentle Nand NW slopes. The area of MH and LH settlement is c.

6 Kalamai 652 E MH LH III(A-B) I # (M11E No. ESE of Misorachi is a cave named Koufiero. The latter predominates and the LH is probably indicative of a cult rather than of habitation. 118) I 6o9 N (approx. D 118 CHALVATSOU: KASTRO L. 2 km. N'!I-SE by 8o m. are found mainly on the flat top which measures c.) Messenia I 235 A high conical hill on the E side of the road to Aristomenis at a point c. deep and c. 6 Kalamai 578 E I 6o8 N (Misorachi) N LH IIII? LH III(A-B) Messenia I 235. At the W end of the ridge was a small LH settlement c. About 1 km. mainly coarse. 188. 4o m. N sherds were found both inside and on the steep slope outside. 73 and 117) L. l km. The pottery is similar to that from Margeli (D 116) although nothing distinctively MH was found. c. MME No. The cave is c. 6oo m. The ridge runs WSW to ENE. D 119 DHRAINA: KOU'I'SOVERI L. high up the S side of the gorge on whose ~~ side directly opposite is the village of Palaio Loutro. MH and LH sherds. wide.. ENE of Flesiadha and c. and at the back is a chapel of Ayioi Anaryiroi. 1li 145 A long ridge of Misorachi lies c. WSVI-ENE by 80 m. NNE of Flesiadha. 119) 631 N !liessenia III 141> On the W side of the road to Koromilea. 150 m. SSE of Chalvatsou. between the village and the mainspring (Kephalovrysi) of the Velika river. In a pile of cleared debris just inside the entrance some fine LH sherds were found with the N material. 120 m. 9 m. . NNW of Dhraina a rocky spur projects westward over a small upland valley. Rough BA sherds are sparsely strewn over the middle and lower W and SW terraces below the remains of a mediaeval village on the summit. 6 Kalamai MH? LH? 610 E # (GAMS No.158 D 117 FLESIADf!J\: MISORACHI AND KOUFIERO # (~Nos. 700 m. indicated by sparse surface sherds.

NE of Manganiako and c. and two whole vases. 4oo m.. Subsequent excavation revealed stratified EH. 6 Kalamai 766 E 1628 N EH II LH III(A2-B) G AD 19 (1964) B 153.) in an olive grove. high. in diameter and 5 m. 6 Kalamai 661 E MH LH III(A-B) C I (~ No. 6 Kalamai LH III(A-B) PALIAJVIBELES 773 E I # (GAMS No. 2 km. SE of Aristodhemion. and G layers. apparently from slabcists.159 D 120 MANGANIAKO: PALIAMBELA L. a clay quarry had revealed EH II sherds. probably conceals a tholos tomb. MME No. LH sherds were found on a very low mound ( c. . 122) *# L. an area at least 150 m. N-8 by 35 m. 121) f!J7 N Messenia III 157 On a low hill c. 90 m. c . 150 m. The sherds covered the top and the SE terraces. on the top and upper E slopes. NE-SW by 130 m. 20 m. probably EH. 6 Kalamai 687 E MH? LH IIIA2 -B I # (MME No. but the only structure found was an empty slab-cist. SSW of Trikorfo numerous BA sherds were found including coarse ware of MH type and one LH III piece. E of the road to Petralona. 200 m. Messenia II 235. to SE.• 500 m. on the E of the road from Messini to Valyra. D 123 ARISTODHEMION: L. LH. III 157 About l km. A small mound c. D 122 LA:f!JBAINA : TOURKOKTVOURO (GA_IVIS No. and the area indicated is c. MME No. D 121 TRIKORFO: # KAKO KATARACHI L. l8o. NE-SW by 120 m. ESE of Lambaina. in another grove c. 123) 618 N Messenia II 235 On the S side of the road to Plati. 181. to E is a mound which may conceal a tholos tomb. Some good LH III kylix fragments were noted with the coarse ware. 200 m. About 300 m. 120) 642 N Messenia III 11>4 The prehistoric settlement occupied three low knolls and the connecting saddles c.

lOO m. BSA 52 (1957) 246. 150 m. and the bricks were full of fine EH II potsherds. D 126 ARIS: MESOVOUNI L. E of the Pamisos river. D 128 KARTEROLI: AYIOS KONSTANDINOS j (GAMS No. E-W by 100 m. E-W by 8o m. whereas the hill is c. where road widening revealed EH II stonelined cist graves beneath the circuit wall of the village cemetery of Ayios Ioannis. Valmin. The situation is comparable to that of D 123. N. and c. over c. Messenia I 249 . 180.e. 6 Kalamai EH II Messenia II 235. ENE . MH and LH sherds occur sporadically over an area c. GLYKORIZI 775 E I (~ j No. The EH II cemetery apparently lay c. Etudes topographiques sur la Messenie ancienne (1930) 64.of Aristodhemion. lOO m.8 km. 300 m. 178. The mud brick hut in the centre was~ made of earth taken from the mound. 1. Prehistoric traces were found on the centre and E section. 120 m. 6 Kalamai 779 E I 558 N LH III(A-B) . to NE of D 123. 6 Kalamai MH? LH I/II? j (MME No. 179. only. 125) L. MME No. ESE of Eva and ending c. 6 Kalamai 763 E / 594 N MH LH III(A-B) C Messenia II 236. is a low mound (c. 126) 8o7 E I 564 N LH III(A-B) Messenia III 158 A low hill c. SE of Aris and 800 m. III 158 The site is a very low spur projecting eastward into the Pamisos valley c. ~ No. 700 m. E of Aristodhemion.D 124 ARISTODHEMION: L. E-W by 70 m. i. It is immediately to E of a road and railway intersection. W of the village cemetery. 124) 619 N I!! 157 About 200 m. D 125 EVA: NEKROTAPHEION j (GAMS No.) on the N side of the road to Plati. 200 m. 128) L. ~ No. E-W by 100 m. 350 m.

Sparse LH sherds on the S slopes of the hill indicate that this may also have been the habitation site. 6 Kalamai 787 E EH II LH III(A-B) I (~No. from the sea. ~~of the village of Piperitsa. The spread of sherds indicates a minimum extent of c. ~lli of Mavromati. . D 129 MAVRC!V!ATI: # PANAYIA L. 150 m. and the spread indicates a small site only c. A very small EH II settlement only c. 500 m. 70 m. D 131 MADHENA: AYIOS KONSTANDINOS L. A LH tomb was destroyed at the SE foot of the hill. 6 Kalamai EH II # 770 E (MME No. but cultivation and erosion have destroyed nearly all traces. 129) 548 N Messenia III 158 The chapel of Panayia is on a small low ridge to W of the MessiniMeligala road c. ENE of Karteroli. 6 Kalamai LH III(A2-B) AD 20 (1965) B 207. and surface sherds indicate a LH habitation site on Rachi Papoulia to NE of the intersection and c. on the SW edge of the Pamisos plain. is demonstrated by some heavily worn sherds. and a few fragments of vases were recovered. 500 m. SSW of Messini. E-W by 4o m. The LH IIIC date originally assigned seems less likely than LH IIIA2-B. D 130 MESSINI: MEXA L. 131) 520 N Messenia II 156 The chapel of Ayios Konstandinos is on the low hill adjacent to Madhena on the SW. N-S by lOO m. Several LH III sherds were recognized and one EH II. 500 m. 90 m. !+ km. E-W by 50 m. 150 m. 130) I 494 N Messenia II 234 A low hill only c. 71>1 E I # (MME No. which appears to be the correct range. to ~W of the intersection of the Messini-Meligala road and the branch road to Karteroli. LH chamber tombs (9 certain and 4 probable) were found on both sides of the main road.161 The chapel of Ayios Konstandinos is c.

lOO m. 175. 132) L. 177. N-S by lOO m. MME No. A few sherds including LH III were found in the sides of the cutting.162 D 132 AYIOS FLOROS: 11 KAMARIA (~No. 150 m. 53. D 135 PLATI: PETROGEPHYRA L. appears as an "island" in the plain. 6 Kalamai MH? LH? I (GAMS No. E-W by l6o m. SSW of the main Pidhima spring.) appears to have been used in prehistoric times. EH II and LH III (including 2 certainly LH IIIB) sherds were distributed sparsely. NNW of the Ayios Floros springs. E-W by 8o m. D 136 PIDHIMA: AYIOS IOANNIS 11 (GAMS No. 150 m. 6 Kalamai 798 E I 658 N EH II LH III(A-)B H? Messenia III 159 Kamaria is at the NE edge of the lower Pamisos plain. the source of the main E branch of the Pamisos. Ml'fili No. l)if) I 8o8 E 655 N Messenia II 236. and some coarse ware resembles that of Margeli (D 116). 176. and mainly in a limited area to N~ of the chapel of Panayia at the centre. 136) L. WSW of Plati has been cut through by the road from Aristodhemion immediately E of the Petrogephyra bridge across the Pamisos river. 135) I 622 N Messenia II 236 A low hill l km. 6 Kalamai 820 E I 635 N LH IIII LH III(A-B) A? C H Valmin l93C. Messenia II 236 On a broad low terrace c. MME No. MH and LH are probably represented. Only part of its area (c. plentiful LH sherds cover an area at least 250 m. III 159 On the W slopes of a rocky knoll on the E of and above Ayios Floros a few coarse BA sherds were found sparsely strewn over an area c. 6oo m. c. D 134 AYIOS FLOROS L. The LH site seems confined to the W side of the road to S and W of the chapel of . c. The ridge. 6 Kalamai LH III(A-B) 791 E I (~No. W of the Kalamata to Tripolis highway. 200 m.

E No. on a hill c. N-S by 6o m. and there is a tholos tomb on a lower slope toW of the LH site. The high site in the cleft above the reservoir seems entirely mediaeval. marked only by obsidian and coarse pottery. 6 Kalamai 824 E I 577 N EH II MH lli IIIA2-B "PG" G? A? C (GAMS No. all robbed. running parallel to. There are no definite signs of continuity into the DA. 139) 561> N LH? Messenia III l6o A small settlement (maximum 100 m. 6 Kalamai MH 830 E I # (MME No. II 239. and E of. LH III sherds and obsidian were found nearby. D 137 AITHAIA: # ELLINIKA (ANCIENT THOURIA) L. A MH Grey Minyan sherd and a few LH were found in the area of the EH II settlement. Mri'. 10 m.n extent. N-S by 150 m. Messenia I 250. The "PG" vases and sherds found near the monastery below the walls of Classical Thouria at the N end do not appear to be of earlier PG date. i. S of Pidhima village). but these may have spilled over from the LH area adjacent to N. D 139 THOURIA: AYTOS ATFJINASIOS L. the second. 700 m. high and the clay capping is partly revealed. The LH site is certified by several good quality LH IIIA2 and LH IIIB kylix and deep bowl fragments. the Kalamata-Tripolis higpway to E of and above the villages of Antheia and Ai thaia. 10 m. A sketch map of ancient Thouria and its vicinity is given in BSA 61 ( 1966) 122': The ridge which comprises the site is c. 90 m.Ayios Ioannis (c. high.). the LH settlement is on the central ridge and its upper W slope. in diameter and 5 m. c. mainly C and H. Ellinika is therefore a large and important LH site. possibly to be classed as a ma. N-S by 70 m. III 158. It was at least 400 m. L 8 km. 200 m. Nothing certainly LH IIIC has yet been found. is c. The classical and later town is mainly at the N end. in diameter and 4 m. At least 24 LH chamber tombs. 56. 137) H BSA 52 (1957) 234. Two mounds on the upper slope of the E bank of the Xeropotamos gorge opposite to E are probably also LH tholos tombs. The EH site appears to have been c. 50b). 61 (1966) 121. and may have extended considerably further down the W slopes. The higher terraces toE of the road are even more heavily covered in sherds. and the EH settlement is near the S end and possibly also at the Pisovrysi spring on the SW slope above Aithaia. AD 20 (1965) B 207 Valmin 1930. 174. Fine EH II wares of normal types were found and a stylized figurine (BSA 52 (1957) 245 Pl. in length. NE of the chapel of Ayios . are to be seen in the upper slopes mainly in the E flank.jor site. to S. The northerDITDst is c. 40 m.

23 (1968) B 156 Messenia I 251. were found over most of the upper part of the hill and upper S and E terraces. NNE-SSW by So m. 5). D 141 KALAMATA: TOURLES I (GAMS No. AD 17 (1961-2) B 96.) that parts of the surviving ancient walls on the Kastro are LH.5 m. E-W by lOO m. apparently prehistoric. of Perivolakia is a eroded. 200 m. llf2) L. SW. NW small LH site (lOO m. and it therefore seems likely that the Kastro was the LH citadel. 166.164 Athanasios and c. MME No. MME No. . much LH III sherds and coarse wares of 11Margeli 11 type were above fertile terraces and has an excellent view over It also lies near an old route across Mt. 6 Kalamai 882 E I 516 N LH III(A-B) G A C H BSA 52 (1957) 242. on the N side of the road to Sparta is a slightly higher hill named Tourles. D 142 KALAMATA: KASTRO /1 (GAMS No. (MME No. 237. 166. Some large pithos fragments suggest that the track may have cut through a prehistoric cemetery. But we are sceptical about the hypothesis (l2Ql:! loo. l~) I 514 N Messenia III l6o On a high spur projecting westward c. On a S slope were remains of a house wall. D l~D PERIVOLAKIA: I SOLA L. 300 m. down from the surface in the sides of a sunken track between two hills on the way to the Panayia convent. 61 (1966) 116. II LH III and later sherds were found on the S slope of the Kastro hill. cit. and that Tourles (D 141) comprised the main part of the outlying settlement beyond the walls. The site is the Kalamata plain. and there are remains of LH chamber tombs on the upper SE terraces and possibly elsewhere on the hill and the adjacent hill to NE (cf. some of "Margeli" type. 6 Kalamai 920 E MH? LH III(A-B) H? BSA 61 (1966) 118. 800 m. Taygetos. III l6o. over an area c. C Messenia I 251. BSA 52 (1957) 241 fig. some MH sherds and others which may be lli were noted about 2. 141) L. III l6o About 500 m. LH III deep bowl and kylix fragments together with coarse ware. Some worn found. NE of Kalamata Kastro. 6 Kalamai 886 E I 518 N EH II 11H? lli III(A2.)B PG? BSA 52 (1957) 242. 61 (1966) 116. About 500 m. E of modern Thouria village. BCH 83 (1959) 632. maximum).

a Brief Guide (1970) 52 (nos. but there is no trace of this in the vicinity (the nearest site is MME No. J (GAMS No. These include LH III and possibly MH or early LH. (MME No. a statuette of gold are also reported as mong the original finds) and are likely to come from an important tomb. l km. 168. and one possibly PG. Papathanasopoulos. and we therefore omit the location on Map D. 167) N AJA 42 (1938) 304. lOO m. BSA 52 (1957) 239: Messenia III 16o. They were taken to a local goldsmith. D l4il SOTIRIANIKA : NEAR l lth KM. and fragments of a probable head-band or similar ornament. On the ridge adjacent to the village on the NW some LH III sherds and BA coarse ware (including MH?) were found over an area c. 6 Kalamai 914 E MH? LH III(A-B) Messenia III 16o. MME No. two smaller mugs. ancient or modern. A. . and some of the objects were melted down before the police recovered the remainder. 1115) 970 E I 440 N (approx. W of Pigadhia and c. 6 Koroni LH I? 919 E I 1f39 ( GAMS No. 7385) A hoard of gold objects was found in a barren and rocky area on the left side of the road from Kalamata to Kambos. toN of the turning to Sotirianika. MARK M. in diameter on theW terraces. 143) I 466 N BSA 61 (1966) 116 Verga is on the slope of Mt. have goorl Shaft Grave parallels (a sword-hilt and. The goods. including a fine kantharos. NE of Sotirianika human bones and prehistoric sherds were found.165 D 143 VERGA: KASTRAKI J L. Kalathion (an outlying range of Mt. l. The find was presumably a tomb-robbers 1 cache. to WSW. Taygetus). l km. 4 km.) LH III(A-B) "PG"? Messenia I 251 In a collapsed cave c. near the ll th km.f km. mark (from Kalamata) and c. D 145 PIGADHIA: KOKKINOCHOMATA M. perhaps a tholos. and LH habitation has not yet been established there). 7381. 144 c. c( Yi thion MH? LH IIII? BSA 52 (1957) 2~0. National Archaeological Museum A. Prehistoric Collections. less credibly.Sakellariou and G.

c.) are really local PG.cit. 6oo m. (maximum) and two celts said to have come from Kardamyle are presumably earlier than LH. 61 (1966) 114. 7. BCH 83 (1959) 640 An isolated acropolis hill c.5 m. LH sherds were found on the flat summit and the upper W slopes over an area c. 7 Yithion LH III(A-B) VIGLA 022 E # I 234 N (G~~S No. 198.166 D 146 KAMBOS: ZARNATA M. A celt said to have come from the acropolis is probably MH. W of Kambos and c. 203. (maximum). The sherds attributed to SMyc. 147) 979 E I 339 N LH III(A-B) 11 PG 11 G A C H Valmin 1930. BSA 52 (1957) 234. 6 Koroni LH (IIB-III) AE (1891) 189. MME No. 61 (1966) 114. 172. AD 20 (1965) B 208. a sealstone. NE of modern Kardamyle at the W end of a long spur. 300 m. 200 m. BSA 52 (1957) 233. 171. E-W by 200 m. and its architecture's quality and the jewellery would both support a later date. 148) M. E~W by 200 m. NE of the fort of zarnata (also apparently the site of ancient Gerenia) which may also have been the site of a LH settlement. Messenia I 251. MME No. 169. and two lead figurines. Finds were few. and a partly destroyed LH chamber tomb at the NE foot. but included characteristic later LH jewellery. D 147 KARDAMYLE: I KASTRO M. MME No. MME No. (AD 20 loc. 250 m.IIIA range. Messenia I 251 A tholos tomb was found in the side of a low ridge on which stands a mediaeval tower. ESE of the small harbour of Stoupa. 7 Yithion 995 E I 275 N MH? LH III(A-B) C H Valmin 1930. 4oo m. D 149 AYIOS DHIMITRIOS: M. 146) I 396 N BSA 52 (1957) 236. The last have often been suggested to be of LH I date and used to date the tomb. D 148 STOUPA: ANCIENT IEUKTRA # (GAMS No. The tomb (d. 170. *I 936 E C H (GAMS No. BCH 83 (1959) 639.) was finely built. 22(1960B 206 The steep acropolis of ancient Kardamyle is c. 800 m. 7 Yithion N? EH? MH? (GAMS No. It seems likely that it was built some time in the LH IIB. III 161. c. 149) . A few LH III sherds were found on the hill over an area c. but the only pottery discoverable in the neighbourhood of the tomb is LH III (BSA 61 (1966) 114 and subsequent visits).

gold jewellery. Ergon (1976) 127 A fine acropolis c.). has been partly uncovered. 2 m. whose number has been increased and many of whose features have been clarified by recent excavation. 1. The earliest is a small roughly square built tomb (c. a. The site (c. 200) I 790 N PAE (l96o) 206. (1962) 90. D 200 MIROU: PERISTERIA L.9 m. there is a copious spring at its foot. 6 Kalamai G A C H EH II MH? AAA 2 (1969) 352. But the most impressive remains are the tombs. 200 m. including a fortificationwall across the S slope. used for several burials. In a marshy area close to the present coast-line and c. 200 m. It is steep and rocky on the N but approachable by a slope rising from the S. N of Mirou. T. a tumulus containing pithos-burials of this date on Koukirikou hill 500 m. E.{1 (MME No. entered .5 km. 6. and on the S bank of the Kyparissia river. A large building of apparently LH I date. N-3 by lOO m. MME No. should date to LH I to judge from the Shaft Grave parallels of the rich goods recovered and the two vases found (the new excavations have conclusively demonstrated that this was a tholos. 235. 6 Kalamai MH LH I-IIIB 581 E C H *!I (GAMS No.ece in the Bronze Age (1964) 117.Vermeule. S of Akovitika. BSA 61 (1966) 113 On broad terraces to S of the small fishing village of Ayios Dhimitrios sparse BA coarse ware was found and a fragment of a LH III tallstemmed kylix. The smallest of the tholoi. remains of large and small EH II buildings have been excavated. Some incised pottery has been thought MH. MME 131 AD 25 (1970) B 177. 26 (1971) B 126.) L. (1964) 92. N-3 by lOO m. and is attributed to the MH/LH transition. (1965) 109. 3 (d. (1961) 69.Messenia II 237. square). The maximum area indicated is c. but finds are few (a sealing of Lerna type is reported). 151) 830 E I 510 N (approx. SMEA 3 (1967) 10. the East House.. but the area clearly lost all importance until the foundation of a sanctuary of Poseidon in G times. 500 m. D 151 KALAMATA: AKOVITIKA * . and various bronzes. which contained a gold vessel. 3 (1970) 30lf.) was apparently first occupied in MH. whose simple character and parallels with Pylos and Malthi (D 222) suggest that it is of early LH date. to the W is probably associated with it (PAE (1964) 92). In size and complexity the large buildings compare with the "House of the Tiles" at Lerna (A 13). Remains of structures have been found all over the hill apart from the summit.

4. but is assigned to late LH by the excavator. having painted plaster on the walls. 12. The site was heavily eroded. 5. This was clearly a local capital of late LH date. 182 I *!I (GAMS No. was briefly investigated. thought to have been possibly a shrine. 236. that may be connected with cult. AJA 65 (1961) 193. and relatively large (d. 1964. built above ground. and there were few finds. there is no clear evidence that the great tombs were still in use.) and 2 (d. including figurines. 2 and 3 from the ordinary houses. The finely built Ts. l (d. E of Mouriatadha an extensive fortified late LH settlement c. The figures include very early types (of.5 km.) should date to LH IIA. to the NE was a small tholos tomb (d. 200 m. to judge from the fragments of" "palatial" jars found in them. but contained some gold jewellery and fragments of precious vessels of metal and stone.). the pottery is reported to range from the end of LH IIB to LH IIIA2 or beyond. and Vermeule assigns the site to the thirteenth century. One excavated house contained a complex of finds in one room. 10. and near a tower of the fortification was a megaron containing four column-bases.168 from the W. 1. as described. which had been largely cleared of its original contents.08 m.6 m. A further tomb has been found to the S.8 m. BSA 66 (1971) l09). cf. some animal-sacrifices appear to represent a later cult.1 m.) AD 16 (l96o) B 116. D 202 SELLAS: NEKROTAPHEION L. On its summit was a large building with many rooms. and could represent some form of cult. the figurines and other associated finds have not yet been explained. were found in the oval hollow leading in from the dramas that is a feature of several early tholoi in Messenia). 6 Kalamai LH III(B) 585 E PAE (196o) 201. tholos-like but apparently partly covered with clay. 200 m. D 201 MOURIATADHA: ELLENIKO L. The so-called "Circle" has proved to be two unconnected stretches of walling that were probably intended to separate the area of Ts. Vermeule On a commanding but remote hill c. 6 Kalamai MH LH? Messenia III 133 6oo E I /1 713 N (MME No. The site may have been superseded as a local capital by D 201. 202) . but it is possible that it declined in importance at this time. and that the gold cups. etc.) It contained pithos-burials as well as ordinary inhumations. LH IIIA-B material is widespread on the site. 201) 76o N (approx. the pottery is not described in detail. the pottery seems mainly of early LH type. MME No. they had been robbed. On a hill c. N-S by 150 m.

SW of Neochori and c. was thick.169 The cemetery of Sellas c. D 204 NEOCHORI : # KOUNOURA L. 150 m. including LH III. The prehistoric site is on the top and upper S terraces.typical hill fort of the Malthi type (D 222). were distributed over the E summit. badly worn sherds. via Tripila to the S. now ruined. l km. NNE-SSW by 70 m. 206) . 6 Kalamai 66o E MH LH III(A-B) H? I (~No. 1. The wall. over an area 150 m. 200 m. D 206 MELIGALA: AYIOS ILIAS L. 500 m. E-W by So m. c. on the summit and uppar W slope. and the site seemsa. where coarse MH and probably LH are found over an area c. 204) 710 N (approx.) Messenia III 142 LH coarse wares and a LH III kylix foot were found among sherds thinly scattered over an area c. c. E-W by lOO m. 800 m. and contained many large rough stones. Ithome. 6 Kalamai LH III(A-B) 742 E I (MME No. 203) 720 N Messenia III 141 Kastro is the flat-topped hill immediately above and W of Konchilion. It may be ancient. SW of the village occupies theW end of a high spur projecting W over a remote valley. 6 Kalamai LH III(A-B) KATORACHI 750 E I # (MME No. 6 Kalamai 764 E MH LH III(A-B) I # 719 N (MME No. 150 m. 205) 730 N Messenia III 144 At theE end of a range of low hills. in diameter (maximum). D 203 KONCHILION: # KASTRO L. on low NW slopes of the foothills of Mt. The site commands the valley and an interior pass. toW of Magoula. on the S side of the road to Magoula and c. SE of Stenyklaros.5 km. S of the road to Zerbisia. 150 m. from the Kyparissia river valley through the Kyparissia mountains to SE Messenia. D 205 STENYKLAROS: L. MH and LH III were recognized among sherds distributed over a walled area c.

c. E of Loutro and immediately N of the Xerias river. 200 m. l ]. in diameter. # in square Boo (GAMS No. may be the maximum. but 150 m. 209) E I 750 N N. 800 m. on the top and the H and SW slope. where thick wall foundations (probably ancient) were D 207 observed~ KATSAROU: # AYIOS ILIAS L. E-H by So m. The BA sherds were few and confined to the top area. which is c. to ENE. 4oo m. 207) 713 N Messenia II 232 A rather steep and rocky isolated hill in a prominent position to NE of the junction between the Kalamata-Tripolis road and the branch road to Katsarou. III 143 A low rounded hill c. 252. One grave covered with large pithos fragments and lined with stones resembles a burial at Olympia (Alt-Olympia I. Valmin. were found sparsely strewn mainly on the S and SE slopes below the chapel of Ayios Ilias. The extent of the site is not clear. 6 Kalamai 820 E LH III(A-B) (G~IS I PALAIOCHORI I No. D 209 LOUTRO : KARATSADHES L. MME No.170 Messenia TII 143 The highest point within Meligala is the conspicuous clock tower beside the church of Ayios Ilias. including LH and others of Margeli type. 6 Kalamai Mll? Lll 798 E I (GAMS No. Much MH coarse ware including incised was found here and remains of slab-covered cist graves. MME No. 253. 50 m. . Horn BA sherds. N of Siamou was a small site. Das Adriatische Gebiet (1939) 39 A very low mound c. 208) 720 N t~H? )VJessenia II 231. 6 Kalamai Mll Messenia T 235. MME No. E-H by 50 m. c. D 208 SIAMOU: L. Very worn BA sherds including MH incised ware and LH III were spread over an area at least So m.m. 94). occupied in LH III and perhaps in MH. 250. in diameter.

N-S by 6o m. 92. for an extent c. The top and upper w terraces are strewn with LH fine and coarse wares. including LH III. 6 Kalamai 766 E MH LH III(A-B) Messenia II 231 The site is a high spur c. 245. 247. A piriform jar (LH IIIB). lOO m. D 212 POLICHNI: AYIOS TAXIARCHIS # (GAMS No. and LH III is represented. an area c. About lOO m. S of the village a tomb was destroyed by a bulldozer cutting a road from Kalyvia to Siamou. electrum beads. I 820 E # (!!§_ No. NE of and above Parapoungion. 6 Kalamai LH III(A. 212) L. as being a typical small hill settlement. 244. 250 m. 210) 730 N Messenia III 144 A long flat-topped hill above and c. D 211> DHIAVOLITSI: LOUTSES L. 214) . MH included many incised. 6 Kalamai 753 E I 773 N MH? LH I? LH (IIIB) C BullLund (1928-9) 34.)B I # 798 N (GAMS No. Valmin 1930. E of Kalyvia. The flat hilltop measures c. 1>00 m. 213) I 818 N L. MME No. Some LH IIIB sherds from monochrome deep bowls in Kalamata museum are also apparently from the site. and some gold leaf fragments were recovered. N of Polichni are the remains of the convent of Ayios Taxiarchis. SSE-NNW by lOO m. 6 Kalamai 765 E MH? LH III(A. 400 m. MME No. 300 m. On the NW slope of the knoll above (on which is the chapel and cemetery of Ayios Ilias) there are indications of a probable collapsed tholos tomb. Messenia I 234 On a high rounded hill c. This site was chosen for detailed survey (MME 21> and Pocket Map 2-3) and environmental study. an alabastron. Coarse BA and some LH sherds were found within this area. D 213 PARAPOUNGION: AYIOS YEORYIOS # (GAMS No. MME No. N-S by 120 m. to S of the chapel of Ayios Yeoryios and to N of the railway line. 180 m. including a goblet base which may be MH or LH I. The main concentration of BA sherds is on the flat top and upper S terraces.171 D 210 KALYVIA: PANO CHORIO L.)B AD 22 (1967) B 206.

The area of the site is not clear. Nessenia II 231. but the coarse wares predominate. N-S by 40 m.)B I 11 (GAMS No. WSW of Dhiavolitsi. ENE of Dhiavolitsi and c. distant from the site. 249. III 143 This is a large site c. NE of and above Kato Melpia. 6 Kalamai MH? LH IIIA-C 11 (GAMS No. They were sparse. and the upper slopes on S and E are covered in sherds and stones. D 216 KATO MELPIA: KREBEI\'I L. III 143 The site is on the S tip of a long spur which ends to N of and above Agrilovouno. but still considerable. 6 Kalamai 752 E MH LH III(A. extent (perhaps c. Mlfili No. '['he hill top. with an apparent concentration on the N side.). indicating a less extensive. were concentrated mostly in the central and upper part. Surface sherds are nearly all LH III fine ware or gritty coarse ware. D 215 AGRILOVOUNO: AYIOS NIKOLAOS L. but found all over the hill.) A? C H Messenia I 234. Ml'I!E No. 2H) . 300 m. VI 6o7. III llf2 (GAMS No. diameter. D 217 MANDBRA: CHAZNA 11 L. D 222) • This important site controls the access to the NW branch of the upper Pamisos valley (i. The sides are especially steep on the N and W. 216) 739 E I 831 N (approx. c. E-W by 300 m. A small LH IIIB chamber tomb was destroyed by construction near the railway station. c. 6oo m. l'his is a large. LH centre. Messenia I 234. including LH IIIB and LH IIIC. 300 m. Some fine LH sherds (including LH IIIB) were found.e. C and H walls and sherds are abundant and cover an extent c. 246. and the terraces on the SW are also high and steep. but must exceed c. An ear-shaped lug is MH (parallels were found at Mal thi. E-W by 150 m. perhaps major. 4oo m. 6 Kalamai 730 E I 820 N LH III(A-B) EH or MH? RE Suppl. LH sherds of good quality. III 143 This is a low rounded hill c. lOO m.172 AD 19 (l96lf) B 154. the area of D 216 and 217).. !+Oo m. 2lf8. Ml'I!E No. 190 m. 215) SOl N Messenia II 231. 800 m.

S of the railway line.5 m. fragments of a LH IIA "palatial" jar were the only finds. 6 Kalamai LH? 715 E I 745 (MME No.5 km. 150 m. There is evidence of later cult. 6 Kalamai 695 E I 745 N (approx. NNE of Mila on a high spur projecting E from the main N-S Ramovouni ridge (on whose N end is the site of Malthi D 222). (GAMS No. (the circle of stones and line of the dromos were still apparent). N of the village. D 220 VASILIKO: XEROVRISI L. 20 m. D 221 MILA: LAKKATHELA ON RAMOVOUNI * L. lOO m. MME No. if the area of the mediaeval fort on the top is included.) MH? The Kastro is a high conical hill 200 m. SW of the church of Ayios Yeoryios at the W end of Mandhra village. 215. E-W by So m.) MH LH IIIA(2? )-C G A C EH . to SE of this and c.173 A ruined tholos tomb was found c. 4o m. Coarse BA pottery was found on theN slopes only (area c. but a size c. 6 Kalamai LHIIA A C 715 E H BullLund (1927-8) 190.) LH? Messenia III 142 The cemetery of Profitis Ilias ic c.. WSW of Mandhra and c. D 218 MILA: PROFITIS ILIAS L. in diameter is likely.) was not very well built and had been thoroughly robbed. and all were coarse ware. 220) *# I 756 N Messenia I 234 The excavated tholos tomb is c. lOO m. 6. They include a thin fragment which may be EH or MH. An unusual feature is a niche set into the E wall of the chamber.) but the top may have been included. A small LH habitation site was subsequently found c. 6 Kalamai MH? 710 E I # (MME No. BA sherds could only be found on the N and E slopes. Sherds were found only on the S and SE slopes of the low ridge in an area c. S of the tholos. lOO m. 700 m. D 219 KASTRO: # KASTRO TOU MILA L. E-W by 50 m. The exterior diameter is c. The excavated tomb (d. 219) N (approx. and most were coarse. 218) 738 N (approx. 200 m. 243. SE of Vasiliko on the N side of the railway line. The second tomb (not excavated) is apparently c. 100 m. 1. 13 m.

6. being associated with a slab-floor on which there was a deposit of LH IIIC vases. c.) were dug into the slope of a low hill (the excavator's statement that they were built completely above ground appears to be a misinterpretation of the data). two tholos tombs (d. in a hollow surrounded by hills. most recently Hesperia 44 (1975) 111). In broad outline. the site's history can be reconstructed thus: after several phases of scattered buildings. and not of the earliest phase (cf. N. Messenia I 233. The finds are not very impressive. where others have been reported. 6 Kalamai MH LH I-IIIB (GAMS No. There are traces of a destruction by fire. The Swedish Messenia Expedition (1938) Part I. a fortified village of integrated plan was founded. but the iron objects may prove to be associated with the Byzantine occupation (there is also some C material).) MH? LH IIIA2? LH IIIB LH IIIC or 11 PG 11 ? G or A? .75 m. A destruction by fire may have brought this settlement to an end. particularly after LH II. D 223 MALTHI : GOUVES *# (MME No. 242. It has also become clear that the "Adriatic Ware" reported from all levels (of which the inc:Lsed type is only one class) is likely to be MH-LH rough plain and coarse ware.85. which survived with few modifications into LH (III?). the earliest material from the site is MH. Valmin. and could have been brought from elsewhere. and thus much of the excavator's interpretation has to be called into question. The pottery recovered is of LH III date. 140 m. D 222 VASILIKO: MALTHI L. but few finds have survived. 222) *# 694 E I LH IIIC? 7D N "PG" C BullLund (1926-7) 53. At theW foot of the hill. NW of Mila. 5. some pottery from the site seems attributable to the early DA. the area enclosed within its fortification is c. over 1 km. 2 km. also LH IIIA-B figurines and pottery. some from T. AD 27 (1972) B 258 On the E side of the Ramovouni ridge.2 being plausibly LH IIIC. MME No. N-S by 80 m. and that the frequently mentioned tiles are probably Byzantine. remains of a prehistoric settlement and later sanctuary have been found. Two walls perhaps built earlier in LH III were certainly in use in LH IIIC. EH and MH pottery is reported. probably late in MH or even early in LH. 6 Kalamai 692 E I 770 N (approx. III 141 11 Mal thi" is the name given by the excavator to the acropolis on the N end of the Ramovouni ridge. With the exception of a stone figurine that may be N. W of Vasiliko. but its date is not clear.174 AE (1972) Chronika 12. 223) L. A single cist grave was found in a field to E of the site.

in addition to H and later cist graves.) H Messenia III 141 The low rounded hill on the N side of Kokla was bisected by the cut made for the new highway. lOO m. and SE. 6 Kalamai LH MH Messenia III 140 This steep conical hill c. NW-SE by So m. In one area a lower building-stratum is reported. AD 16 (196o) B 119. W of the foot of the Mal thi acropolis and only c. 6o m. and a fragment of incised coarse ware and Phi figurine may indicate earlier habitation. which is not very well represented on the Malthi acropolis. l km. 6 Kalamai 630 E MH? UI III(A-B) I 76o N # (MME No. 224) 78o N (approx. part of a late LH settlement or perhaps a single large building was excavated. W of the two tholos tombs (D 222). E.175 OpAth 1 (1953) 29. small objects of similar date. some of the pottery may be post-LH IIIB. As described. and a deposit of many EH II and MH sherds was found when the cut was made. c. N-S by 150 m. and some unusual stone slabs with incised designs. 227) . This may have been the centre of late LH settlement in the area. D 224 KOKLA: 11 RA CHI CHANT L. notably reported fragments of swollen-stemmed kylikes and everted deep bowl-like rims. D 227 AETOS: AYIOS DHIMITRIOS (B) L. 200 m. and the lack of illustration of the finds makes interpretation difficult. in diameter. (MME No. (maximum) some lOO m. LH sherds indicate a site at least lOO m. 6 Kalamid 690 E I EH II MH LH III(A-B) AD (1964) B 154. E of Aetas was the site of a mediaeval fort with a commanding view to N. The finds included much pottery. D 225 AETOS: # PALAIOKASTRO (MME No. 225) L. while some surface finds were thought to be G or later. probably LH IIIB. but the excavation was not extensive enough to determine the nature or size of the site. MH incised ware and some LH were found (the latter should have been mentioned in the text of Messenia III). The upper NE and E terraces above the track to Dhrosopiyi were strewn with mediaeval and BA sherds over an area c. 2 (1955) 66. Messenia III 141 On a very low hill.

S of the main highway and on theW side of the branch road to Aetos. 120 m. The m site. including probable MH and LH. 230) N Messenia III 136 A few worn BA sherds. 231) 1 8o4 N LH III(A-B) H? . include MH and LH III. 6 Kalamai MH? LH? 11 CHALIKIA 623 E I 777 (MJVIE No. c. at whose highest NE end is the chapel of Ayios Ilias. 3.176 Messenia III 140 About l km. however. SW of the village. D 228 AErOS: 11 MOURLOU (~No. 6 Kalamai MH? m IIII? 669 11 E (MJVIE No. D 229 KATO KOPANAKI: L. NNE of Aetos. l km. WNW of Artiki. 6 Kalamai 650 E I 78o N MH LH III(A-B) LH IIIC? Messenia III l4o A low rounded hill c. l\1W of Aetos is a low ridge·. is the slightly lower height adjacent to WSW named Ayios Dhimi trios. 8o m. were found sparsely over an area c. 228) L.) some LH III and probable MH were found with the predominating coarse wares. were found on the bare rounded hill c.. 700 m. ENE-WSW by lOO m. 70 m. in diameter about 300 m. BA sherds. 90 m. NNW-SSE by 50 m. On the upper surface (c. including two LH III and one probably MH. NW-SE by 40 m. mainly on the upper NE slopes. D 231 DHORION: KONDRA L. 229) N Messenia III 140 The site. 6 Kalamai 616 E MH? m III(A-B) I 11 745 (MJVIE No. Sherds strewn over the top and upper slopes over an area c. and one (formerly attributed to LH IIIA or m IIIB) which may be LH IIIC. is a thin isolated ridge marked by a water tower.5 km. D 230 ARTIKI: RACHI GORTSIA L.

The site was certainly larger than Malthi (D 222) and may have been of major importance.5 km. mainly on the S part. 1. some as early as LH IIB. 6 Kalamai 61>5 E I 8oo N MH? LH II-III(A-B) C H BullLund (1927-8) 31. 6oo m. NE-S1tl by 110 m.) and another at Feretze c. Messenia I 233 Thr·ee mounds lie close together to S of the railway line c. and there is a well-preserved section of H fortification along the N edge. 236) I 8o4 N . 40 m. Many LH sherds are scattered on the gentle W. BA sherds are mainly concentrated in the upper area (c. A destroyed tholos was reported on the S slope (Valmin loc. 6 Kalamai LH III(A-B) # 610 E (MME No. D 233 ANO KOPANAKI: STYLARI I (GAMS No. 75 m.177 Messenia III 139 About 2. D 234 ANO KOPANAKI: AKOURTHI *I (GAMS No. which is c. 233) L.35 m. 237. 3 km. There are traces of cult and possibly burials from LG onwards. 216. 1 km. 79. but the site itself may have been confined to a smaller area. To W of the road and above the chapel is a large hill c. ENE of Ano Kopanaki. The easternmost (A) was only partially examined. is occupied by the modern hamlet of Stylari. was fully excavated. in diameter. MME No. c. lOO m. It was small (d. S and SE slopes.) and include a few LH III and some which may be MH OR LH. perhaps c. and a bronze fibula of violinbow type that is unlikely to be earlier than LH IIIB.cit. W of Ano Kopanaki. 16o m. but no trace of either could be found in 196o. The upper area. surviving finds included pottery. Sporadic pottery was also found on the E and SE slopes. 101. 5. and part of a LH III terracotta animal figurine. D 236 KAMARI: GOUVA L.5 km. in diameter. W of Tomb A. Valmin 1930. NNE of Dhorion is the chapel of Ayios Konstandinos near the spring Koprinitsa. to the E (nearer Dhorion). a gold ring. by 500 m. MME No. 79. 238. Remains of a wall and MH and LH III pottery were found on its surface. Valmin 1930. Messenia I 233 A prominent hill c. The westernmost tomb (B).) and had been robbed. 234) L. 6 Kalamai 627 E I 793 N MH LH IIB-III(B) G A c H BullLund (1927-8) 201.

130 m. 300 m. I 809 # (MME No.178 Messenia III 137 On a N-3 ridge on the skyline c.. LH III fine wares are well represented and the settlement spread over an area c. at the Send of a long low ridge. It has a magnificent view over the lower Kyparissia valley. mainly on the easy upper E slope. Some representative MH and LH III sherds were found with coarse ware on the top and upper slopes in an area c. D 237 KAJVIARI : # MESOVOUJ\'I (MME No. D 239 GLYKORIZI: AYIOS ILIAS L. 238) N Messenia III 139 About 2 km. The top is c. 180 m. N-S by 100 m. LH fine and coarse ware is thinly distributed on the E terraces over an extent c. 120 m. and sherds were concentrated on its sheltered S and E parts and the corresponding upper slopes. lOO m. N~~ of Ano Kopanaki is a ridge to W of the road to Kephalovrysi. SW of the Kopanaki-Kamari road and 1. 1. D 24o KEPHALOVRYSI L. 237) I 822 L. N-S by 70 m. S of Kamari is a ruined LH tholos tomb. in diameter. ~~-SSW by 70 m. ENE of Kamari on the opposite side of the stream. 130 m. WSW of Glykorizi.5 km. Further to N and lower down on the same ridge LH sherds were found spread over an area c. 6 Kalamai 613 E MH LH III(A-B) N Messenia III 136 Mesovouni hill is c. and may have been an important site. D 238 ANO KOPANAKI: BAFANO L. 6 Kalamai MH? LH TSOUKEDHA # 633 E I 866 N (MME No. 6 Kalamai LH 641 E # I 814 (MME No. 6 Kalamai 581 E N? MH? LH III(A-B) Messenia III 139.5 km. NE-SW by 120 m. 239) N AD 23 (1968) B l6o A conspicuous rounded hill c. 1 km. 24o) .

. The flat top c. 243) 912 N Messenia III 130 About 800 m. WNw of Kephalovrysi. This is a small site but commands striking views in all directions. 242) I 868 N (approx. 6 Kalamai 610 E MH LH III(A. an area c. 5 Kiparissia MH LH (III?) 549 E I # (MME No.. 82. (minimum). 241) 870 N Messenia III 131 A spur from the ridge on the N side of the Aulon valley. and the upper W and S terraces are strewn with BA sherds. c. NNE of Sidherokastro. This is a large site controlling a fertile upland valley. NW-SE by 8o m.)B Valmin 1930. lOO m. distant. lOO m0 N-S by 6o m. NNW-SSE by 70 m. lOO m. A small structure towards theW end of the top may have been a cist grave. and may have been chosen for its strategic position~ D 243 FONISSA: ASPRA LITillL~IA L. The total extent may be as much as c. c.) III 131 The site is the NW end of the ridge on whose SE end is the village of Vanadha. lOO m. . mainly on theW slopes. 6 Kalamai 58o E MH? LH III (A-B) ~essenia (MME No. 250 m. The area of BA settlement seems to have been c. It is on the S side of the road to Agalianoi. Most of the sherds were coarse. 1. # SPHAKOULIA I (MME No. D 242 VANADHA: KASTRI 11 L. in diameter. Only a few characteristic MH and LH sherds were found. including MH and LH IIIB. NNW-SSE by c.179 Messenia III 131 The site occupied the upper E slopes of a small flat-topped hill c. Only a few pieces of LH fine ware were found among the coarse BA pottery which is thinly distributed on the summit and upper SE slope over an area c. 6oo m.5 km. SW of Fonissa a spur named Aspra Litharia projects northward from the range on the S side of the Neda valley. 120 m. but LH is certainly represented and probably MH also. 1.5 km. D 241 SIDHEROKASTRO: L.


D 244



L. 5 Kiparissia.

522 E



(MME No. 244)

952 N

Messenia III 130
The chapel of Ayios Dhimitrios is on a low spur to SE of the junction
of the N-S coast road and the Tholon-Lepreon road, c. 500 m. ENE of Tholon.
On a lower knoll c. 200 m. E of the chapel LH and BA coarse ware is thinly
distributed over an area c. 6o m. in diameter. A much larger C site spread
over both the knoll and the spur.
D 245




(GAMS No. 254, MME No. 245)

L. 6 Kalamai
582 E I 986 N
AJA 46 (1942) 86;

Messenia T 231, III 130

A fine acropolis on a high and steep spur c. 200 m. ESE of Lepreon,
overhanging a deep and fertile valley. EH II, MH and LH II-III sherds of
good quality were abundant over the whole hilltop (c. 150 m. N-S by lOO m.).
The C and H sherds predominate in the S part, and these are only a small
section of the much larger C and H site toE and N of the prehistoric acropolis.
D 246

L. 5 Kiparissia


523 E


(MlllE No. 246)

I 92 1f N

Messenia Ill 130
On the NW edge of the village the newly constructed church of Ayios
Yeoryios occupies the centre of a prehistoric mound c. 6o m. in diameter.
Excellent EH II sherds were found here, comparable to those at Lepreon
(D 21+5), Aristodhemion (D 124) and Ellinika (D 137), and good representative
coarse ware and obsidian. It seems likely that occupation was confined to
the EH period, and that from MH onwards the settlement at Fonissa (D 243)
replaced this settlement.



This map covers portions of several provinces, but sites are so rare,

except in the Ionian Islands, that they do not merit separate discussion.
The pre-LH periods are represented at very few sites, but the presence of
characteristic EH and MH wares indicates that these areas fell within the
Helladic" sphere. The pre-LH finds are not remarkable, except for the
rich tumuli of Leukas (E 10) and the KS figurines of Ay. Andreas (E 42 ),
which, together with the bronzes of early Aegean and Helladic type found in
Epirus, suggest trading activity that may have extended some way up the
Adriatic (cf. N. G. L. Hammond, Epirus (1967) 328, 337), the precursor of
the better-defined trade in LH times. LH finds on Leukas are few, and the
most significant centres discovered are further south, Ay. Ilias (E 2)
and Teikhos Dymaion (E !+7); although their history is unclear, both were
clearly of considerable importance in LH III. In many ways LH IIIC, when
both still flourished, is the best-defined phase in this area, represented
by a spread of material from Astakos (E 6) to Kangadhi (E lf8); the most
flourishing period of the Kephallenian cemeteries belongs to this phase,
although most had clearly been founded earlier. Long pins and fibulae found
in some of the Kephallenian graves suggest that they could have survived as
late as some Achaean cemeteries, while the material from Polis and Aetos on
Ithaka (E 18-19) is considered to provide a complete local sequence from
LH IIIC through the DA, and a cist cemetery at Elis (E 45) is attributed
to the SMyc. phase. Thus the final phases of the BA are better known in
this area than their predecessors, ·but it is still too early to tell
whether this represents a historical reality.
E l



I. 5 Mesolongion
BSA 32 (1931-2) 239;

381 E I 056 N
"PG" G A? C

* I

(GAMS No. 312)


AD 22 (1967) B 320, 26 (1971) B 326

Gyphtokastro is a rocky hill c. 300 m. in diameter toE of the main
road about 2 km. N of Mesolonghi. Remains of ancient walls of "Cyclopean"
appearance were found on the N side and obsidian and coarse BA sherds on
the top. Hecently some LH pottery and cists of "PG" to G date have been
found on the N and NW sides, and a small prochous attributed to EH is
E 2

I. 5 Mesolongion
283 E


158 N



PAE (1963) 203;

AD 19 (1964) B 295

A habitation site on the saddle just below and to S of the acropolis
peak has been identified (by Dr. K. Wardle), with evidence of MH-LH and H
occupation; N material has been found in the Kokkini Spilia to the SW.
The most important finds, however, are the tombs, found on the lower slopes.
A chamber tomb in the village, to the N, was only partly dug; a notable
find from it was an Amenophis III scarab, together with much LH IIB-IIIA
(2 early?) pottery and one or two pieces that might be LH IIIC. One tholos
tomb was found at Seremeti, 300 m. to S of the acropolis, and three others
at Marathia between 300 and 500 m. to the SW. All were built of fairly
regular coursed blocks and had a slab-roofed dromos but no stomion. The
Seremeti tomb (d. 5.27 m.) held much pottery and jewellery, and had
apparently been in continuous use from LH IIB to IIIC; the Marathia tombs
(ds. 4.14, 4.17, 3.1 m. respectively) had all been robbed but contained
LH III material, LH IIIC whole vases being found with several burials in
the dromos of T.2. This was evidently a LH centre of considerable and
long-lived importance.
E 3



I. 5 Mesolongion
AD 22 (1967) B 322;

248 E


164 N (Pentalofos village)

AR (1968-69) 21

At tUla, on the W bank of the river Acheloos, between the villages
of Palaiomanina and Pentalofos, a large tholos tomb (d. 10.7 m.) was
excavated. Tts architecture is similar to that of the tombs at E 2, but
no finds are reported.
E 4



T. 5 Agrinion
250 E


238 N (village)

AD 22 (1967) B 322
At the site of ancient Sauria near Palaiomanina EH, MH, LH, and G
sherds and PG pithoi were reported.




T. 4 Preveza
183 E
PAE (1908) lOO;



286 N (approx.)

BSA 32 (1931-2) 24o

( GAMS No. 315)

The site of ancient Koronta is a rooky tree-covered hill between
the villages of Chrysovitsa and Prodromos. Two small tholos tombs were
excavated here; they contained LH III sherds (pre-LH IIIB, according to
Dr. K. Wardle), several bronze knives, and beads.
E 6



(GAMS No. 314)


T. 4 Preveza
119 E I 239 N
BSA 32 (1931-2) 243, 33 (1932-3) 219
The hill of Grabes lies to W of the road about l km. NE of Astakos.
On the surface of the small acropolis here (c. l6o m. N-S by lOO m.) much
EH and LH III was found, and in the fill of the cave on the E flank EH, MH,
and LH III material was excavated, including LH IIIC; a ridged stem
reported from here (BSA 39 (1938-9) 13 n. 6) might be local DA.

E 7



T. 4 Preveza
082 E

( GA_MS No.



I 211 N

BSA 52 (1947) 156, 173
In the cave of Ayios Nikolaos near the shore c. 2 km. SW of Astakos
a single LH III sherd was found with N material.

E 8




(GAMS No. 317)

T. 4 Preveza
925 E I 587 N
LAAA 4 (1912) 133;

AD 2 (1916) Parartema 49;

BSA 32 (1931-2) 238

LH III sherds were found in association with Cyclopean walls near the
SW gate of the C and H fortress, on this high acropolis dominating a fertile
coastal plain. Finds ranging from G to H have been reported recently from
near Palairos (AD 20 (1965) B 344).
E 9




T. 3 Lefkas
797 E
AD 23 (1968) B 321;


581 N (Phryni village)

AR (1969-70) 19;

BCH 9 2+ (1970) lOll


Some EH sherds and one MH with votives ranging from A to H were
found in the Asvotrypa cave NW of Phryni near modern Lefkas.
E 10



T. 3 Lefkas

798 E



( GAMS No. 320)

439 N

W D5rpfeld, Alt-Ithaka (1927);

BSA 69 (1974) 128, 70 (1975)37

Much prehistoric material has been found between Mts. Skaros and
Amali. Dorpfeld reported "Achaean" pottery widely scattered, cist graves
probably MH, traces of a large building near Steno with which pottery
resembling that from the R tumuli was associated (EH?), and remains of a
settlement on the lower N slopes of Mt. Amali, including apsidal buildings
(MH?). The most important finds, however, are the cemetery of R tumuli
near Steno, the L-shaped F tumulus not far W of these, and the S tumulus
at the foot of Mt. Skaros. The R tumuli contained at least fifty burials
of both adults and children, within pithoi, cists, or built graves sunk
into the stone fill that formed the base of the tumulus, or occasionally
outside it; burnt deposits considered to be places of cremation were also
found upon or associated with some graves. The goods of these graves were
often extremely rich, including gold and silver jewellery, objects of
copper or bronze (the excavator distinguished between these, but never
stated his criteria), obsidian blades, and pottery, much of which has
EH II parallels. Two daggers from R l7a may be Cretan imports, being
very similar to an EM III - MM I type, and other finds may be similarly
late (e. g. the "rapiers" from R 7 and 24), but nothing with clear MH links
has been found in these graves (the twin-vessels from R 10 and 27a are
argued to be MH in BSA 69 (1974) 137-8, but the local sequence is not well
enough known to allow any certainty).
The F and S tumuli each held about a dozen burials in cists, provided
with pottery and some metal goods that have clear JVJH parallels for the
most part. Their connections, e.g. with the cemetery at Sesklo (H Le),
suggest an advanced date, and it is not possible to consider them the
direct successors of the R tumuli, although they seem to be later
representatives of the same tradition.
E ll



T. 3 Lefkas
DBrpfeld, 1927, 319;

781 E


(GAMS No. 321)
Leo4 N

AM 59 (1934) 182

LH sherds were claimed from this area, but the only certified finds
are coarse and Scratched Ware.


E 12


(GAMS No. 322)


T. 3 Lefkas
758 E I 347 N
DBrpfeld 1927, 266, 330;

BSA 31 (1931-2) 230

The LH sherds from this cave in the S of the island were of good
quality. (N.B. it is to be distinguished from the Choirotrypa cave near
modern Lefkas, cf. AD 24 (1969) B 278, AR (1970-71) 19, where material
"ranging from the prehistoric to the Hellenistic period 11 was found. )

(GAMS No. 323)


T. 4 Preveza
81+3 E


388 N

BSA 32 (1931-2) 230
Fields to S of Spartochori were strewn with BA sherds (including
Scratched Ware) and LH III.
E 14



( GAMS No. 326)


I. 3 Argostolion
723 E I 174 N


BSA 35 (1934-5) l, 44 (1949) 307, 47 (1952) 279
The low rounded hill of Pelikata, c. 6oo m. N of Stavros village, has
a strategic position on the height of land controlling the three northern
bays of Ithaca. No good structural remains were found during excavation,
because of extensive erosion, but there are many traces of a ci~cuit-wall
of large blocks. EH II was found everywhere, but EH III and MH were more
restricted, and LH III only occurred near the summit, where foundations of
a house were traced. Some of the pottery classed as LH III may in fact be
DA, and one sherd originally attributed to EH III has been classed as SubG.
The nature and extent of LH occupation must be considered uncertain.
E 15



I. 3 Argostolion

717 E



( GAMS No. 327)

185 N

BSA 35 (1934-5) 33
A few kylix-fragments (from the spring chamber) and other LH sherds
are reported from this site (c. 1.5 km. NNW of Stavros). The later remains


on the hill above the spring may have removed much of the_LH level.
LH sherds were found below the spring in 1963.

* 11


A few

( GAMS No. 324)

I. 3 Argostolion
720 E I 168 N
BSA 35 (1934-5) 33, 40-41 (1939-45) 2, 47 (1952) 227, 236
Within the village, traces of a BA settlement were found below a C
cemetery; the pre-LH pottery may include both EH and MH. A few LH
sherds were also found near the Asprosykia fountain on the W side of the
E 17



I. 3 Argostolion

713 E


( GAMS No. 324)

162 N

BSA 68 (1973) l
The site is a steep hillside above Polis Bay, c. l km. SW of Stavros.
Remains of several LH buildings were found on various terraces, with
abundant pottery; some true MH sherds, and others that may represent a
local survival of the Matt-painted tradition, were found. On the basis of
the quality and quantity of the material, it could be argued that this
site was more important than E 14.
E 18




I. 3 Argostolion
714 E I 159 N

(GAMS No. 325)


BSA 35 (1934-5) 45, 39 (1938-9) l, 44 (1949) 307;

IMTS 108

Much prehistoric and DA material was excavated in this cave on the W
shore of Polis Bay, the bulk of which seems to represent a local development
of LH IIIC which probably lasted some way into the DA. Complete continuity
to the G period, when the cave was certainly used as a centre of cult,
cannot be assured, but the presence in a later context of small spears of
LH IIIB-C type, and the reported origin of other bronzes from here (BSA 35
(1934-5) 71), suggests that the site's sanctity may have stretched back to
the end of LH.
E 19



I. 3 Argostolion

* 11

(GAMS No. 328)

l8o (spot height) at 7''3 E


061 N





BSA 33 (1932~3) 22, 48 (1953) 255, 267;
The Greek Dark Ages (1972) 243

LMTS 109;

V. R. Desborough,

The site is on the saddle between the Gulf of Molo and Pisaetos Bay.
Groups of stones associated with deposits of greasy black earth, originally
thought to be burial-cairns, are not thought to be remains of hearths or
industrial installations. Much pottery and a few other ob,jects are
associated with them; the pottery may include one or two true LH pieces,
especially stirrup jar sherds, and certainly has a complete DA range,
including a certain PG import (types claimed to be MH probably belong with
this material). A figurine of LH type and a few fibulae were also found,
and a sword is reported to have come from a tomb at the foot of the hill
(BSA 29 (1927-8) 113). The material from this site complements that of
E 18 to form a complete sequence from LH throu&h the DA.
E 20



·- #

(GAMS No. 333)

I. 3 Argostolion
576 E I 868 N
F. Kavvadias, Proistorike Arkhaiologia (1909) 372; Comptes Rendus (1911) 7:
AD 5 (1919) 83, 2lf (1969) B 270; BSA 32 (1931-2) 223
Ancient Kranea is the extensive walled acropolis of Palaiokastro on
a group of three hills, above the SE end of the Koutavos lagoon and c. 3 km.
ESE of Argostoli. Prehistoric pottery and other finds are reported from
two locations on the higher SE hill of Pezoules (which measures c. 300 m.
NW-SE by 200 m.). Monochrome handmade BA pottery predominates, although
some of LH type was observed and a LH kylix stem was found in the wall of
"Building A" (BSA loo. cit. ). A ruined tholos tomb was also reported on
the acropolis slope.
E 21



I. 3 Argostolion
PAE (1912) 117;
42 n. 2

588 E


( GAMS No. 335)

865 N

AD l (1915) Parartema 59, 5 (1919) 92;

AE (1932) llf,

The Diakata tombs lie on the S slope of a ridge c. 1200 m. ESE of
the acropolis of Kranea. A large rectangular chamber tomb of the "cave
dormitory" type and a small roughly circular tomb have been excavated;
pits in them contained many burials, provided with weapons and find
jewellery as well as pottery. The presence of three long pins and a
fibula among the goods suggests that these tombs continued in use until
late in LH IIIC.


To S of the tombs, on the lower part of the slope, three walls of a
LH house were uncovered (AE (1932) loc. cit.). There was little depth of
earth, due to the steepness of the slope, and only a few worn LH sherds
were found, together with coarse ware, also presumably LH.
E 22



I. 3 Argostolion

580 E


( GAMS No. 334)


890 N (approx.)

AD 5 ( 1919) 114
Gephyri is described as below the main road between Prokopata and


A small chamber tomb excavated here contained few finds;


fine vases are assigned to LH IIIBl by Ward le.
E 23





(GAMS No. 336-7)

I. 3 Argostolion
581 E I 8~0 N
Kavvadias 1909, 371;

Comptes Rendus (1911) 7;

PAE (1912) 247

Kangelic3ses is a small plateau, c. 300 m. SW of Kokkolata, on the
S side of a stream bed, and near the track to Menegata. The earliest
remains here were four MH cists, provided with large numbers of vases e
Two circular foundations probably represent small built tombs ( ds. 2. 7,
2. 913 .l m. ) , and several ts were found, apparently in irregular
pits. Apart from pottery, relatively many sealstones, other jewellery, and
a few bronzes were found in these. The pottery certainly includes LH IIIB
and may extend both before and after that phase.

E 211



I. 3 Ar gostolion

598 E



(GAMS No. 338)

829 N

RA (1900) 128; Kavvadias 1909, 355, Comptes Rendus (1909) 382;
2il6, (19'51) 184; AAA 7 (l97!J) 186

PAE (1912)

A large chamber tomb cemetery in the l\'W flank of a low ridge c. 500 m.
SE of the hamlet of IV!azarakata. A ruined tholos tomb, built of coursed

blocks, and sixteen chamber tombsJ including eight of the 11 cave dormitory"
t:ypeJ v1ere excavated here. The pottery has a wide range.)' that from some
tombs extending late into LH IIIC; goods included gold and glass jewellery,
fibulae, at least one long pin, and other bronzes~

Four chamber tombs of varied type were excavated here. four of "cave dormitory" type and two imitating tholoi. including gold jewellery and bronze weapons and vessels. 3 Argostolion 596 E I 816 N LH IIIB-C PG G A C H AE (1933) 73. 181 AR (1960-61) 16.E 25 KEPHALLENIA : LAKKITHRA ( GAMS No. SE of the village of Metaxata. whether for robbery or cult. 340) I. AA (1962) 289. E 26 KEPHALLENIA: METAXATA *I (GAMS Nos. the earliest being a PG conical foot in the dromos of Tomb A. 331) . The northernmost part of Kephallenia remains unexplored. all but the smallest holding burials in pits. 4 Ekhinadhes KOTRONIA * 757 E I 748 N (village) LH IIIC A chamber tomb was excavated in 1936 at Kotronia near Mavrata. The discovery is of special interest since it proves LH habitation in the SE part of Kephallenia. 332. and most showed signs of later disturbance. Ts. A-B certainly continued in use until late LH IIIC.) ( GAMS No. What may well have been a grave-stele was found in the smallest tomb. were provided with pottery and other goods. AAA 7 (1974) AD 16 (1960) A 41. In the ~M and S slopes of the low hill called Ta Chalikera. The large tombs all seem to have continued in use until late in LH IIIC. 3 Argostolion 570 E LH IIIB-C C or H I 823 N AE (1932) 17 The site is at the SW end of the extended hill of the village of Lakkithra. a total of six chamber tombs have been excavated. but many LH IIIC vases found in it are displayed in the Argostoli Museum. E 28 KEPHALLENIA: KORNELI I. including spearheads and fibulae. These were often provided with rich grave-goods. c. The burials. E 27 KEPHALLENIA: MAVRATA: I. 339) *# I. mainly in pits. 4 Ekhinadhes EB MH C c(89 E I 790 N (approx. 300 m. It remains unpublished. below the S edge of the crest of the ridge and near the church of Ayios Nikolaos.

. E 29 NEPHAIIJENIA: KOULOURATA: I. LH kylix stems were found on the W side of the hill on the opposite (E) side of the road from the cave. (1919) 247. 3 Argostolion EB MH 715 E 705 E LH III(A-B) H? KAKOLANGADA AND PALATI I I 895 N (Palati) (approx. 329) 942 N (approx.) Comptes Rendus (1909) 382. BSA 32 (1931-2) 225. l km. below a small "Hellenic" fort. E 31 KEPHALLENIA: VLACHATA: I. AE (1964) 25 I *# ( GAMS No. 300 m. and c. to SW of the junction of the Sami-Karavomilos and Sami-Roulata roads. cit. SE of Karavomilos. summarising the earlier references). apparently at a location named Palati. On 4Pe hill to E of the road. foundations were excavated which may be prehistoric. About l km.) 895 N (Kakolangada ) BSA 32 (1931-2) 225 The cave at Kakolangada to ~d of Koulourata contained EB sherds and a Minyan Ware handle. toW.) LH III(A-B) AE (1964) 23 The recently abandoned village of Vlachata has been replaced by the coastal settlement of Karavomilos (or "Nea Vlachata"). between Roupaki and Sami. and an oblong structure resembling a MH tomb (AE loc. The location seems to be the N slope of Palaiokastro hill immediately SE of Korneli. 3 Argostolion 680 E AYIOI THEODHOROI I ·* # 94i+ N (approx. E 30 KEPHALLEl'i'IA: SAMI: I. and the rim of a pithos in situ outside them (BSA loc. The spring Roupaki is at the junction of the Sami-Argostoli and SamiPoros roads c. The sherds included a MH Minyan Ware handle. 1. in the bank of a stream some wall-foundations were revealed which were said to resemble ME.190 BSA 32 (1931-2) 220 A BA and later site was found below the village of Korneli and above the road from Korone to Baltais. About 300 m. 3 Argosto1ion MH? LH? ROUPAKI 692 E PAE (1899) 17.5 km. S of Sami. cit.. is the N end of a long ridge which bounds the W side of the Sami plain. On the top of the ridge.). at its S end c.

on the S side of. good LH III shapes and local types were also represented. I 977 N AE (1932) 10 The site is about l km. 341) 972 N PAE (1951) 186 Three chamber tombs imitating tholoi in shape and a small. a straight wall was definitely Cor later. in a pit. and some other finds. now covered in thick brush. Tomb A contained some LH IIIC pottery and. much handmade pottery. The link with E 34 suggested by this find and the tomb-type might indicate a pre-LH IIIC date for the establishment of these tombs. and immediately to N of "Stous Minous" where there is a deserted village on a low hill.191 S of Karavomilos. which included worked stones. ENE of Kontogenada village at theW end of an upland plateau. E 32 KEPHALLENIA : I. 3 Argosto1ion 493 E LH II-III(B?) C or H AD 6 (1920-21) Parartema 175. Some of the pottery may be assigned to LH II on the grounds of shape. including jewellery and bronze knives. but a curving wall. was found here without clear associations. All but the first (Tomb A) had been completely emptied. and below. part of a house was excavated. E 33 KEPHALLENIA : (GAMS No. The area is now ruined by quarrying. similar to those in the Lakkithra tombs (E 25) were noted in 1975 in the quarry area. and in the district of Ayioi Theodhoroi. perhaps the perimeter-wall of a tumulus or foundation of a built tomb. but two empty oval rock-cut pit graves. and is thus the earliest LH pottery to be found in Kephallenia. E 34 KEPHALLENIA: PARISATA I. 3 Argostolion 484 E LH III(A-B)? LH IIIC AE (1933) 70. probably half-finished tomb of the same type were excavated here. might have been a rebuilding Of a prehistoric wall. beside the valley of Chalikias. They were close together. the village of Kontogenada. 3 Argostolion LH III(A2-B) PAE (1951) 186 * 11 473 E 1957 N . 77. 341) OIKOPEDA I. * 11 KONTOGENADA I (GAMS No. the remains of one or more stone larnakes. which produced some plain LH III. A large quantity of pottery and other goods.

The site is c. 345) . halfway up from Alikanas and c. It is built on compacted white earth resembling rock. NNE of Parisata village. JHS 54 (1934) 192.) ( GAMS No. 346) I 422 N BSA 32 (1931-2) 217 The castle of Zakynthos. and on the SE slope. Remains of a house with associated LH III and coarse pottery were found near the top. 200 m. toE of the house. fragments of one or more stone larnakes. At the saddle where the road descends again to Parisata there is a very fine chamber tomb. and a gold cap that might be from a rivet. 150 m. One LH sherd with remains of two bands on the exterior has been found here (now in the BSA collection). above the road). 344) 486 N (tholos tomb) BSA 32 (1931-2) 218. on top). terraced and with steep E and W sides (there is a quarry on the E side. its most notable contents are a necklace of amber (and one faience) beads. but included pottery. 5. Its contents had been disturbed. a tholos tomb (d. 4 Zakynthos LH III(B?) 768 E ELEOS I 478 N (approx. towering above the N end of the town. and c. On the hill itself was a LH settlement of moderate size. On theN side of the road is a settlement site where LH III(B?) pottery has been found. and some coarse ware on the surface appears to be BA. and a bronze "violin-bow" fibula. 4 Zakynthos 870 E LH (III?) A C (GAMS No. The tholos had apparently been in use from LH II onwards. E 37 ZAKYNIHOS: KATASTARI: K. 4oo m. on a small rather conical hill (c. E 35 ZAKYNIHOS : KASTRO 11 K. 6oo m.?). and is steep on all sides. which can hardly be earlier than LH IIIB.0 m. c. imitating a tholos. N-S by 90 m. 200 m.192 To W of the road from Lixouri to Kontogenada the side road from Monopolata to Parisata winds up a steep N-S ridge. was presumably a LH centre also. E 36 ZAKYNIHOS: ALIKANAS: K. AA (1934) 161 The hamlet of Alikanas is on the SE flank of the steep hill of Akroterion which forms the promontory on the E side of Alikes Bay. 4 Zakynthos LH II-IIIB 790 E AKROIERION I * 11 (GAMS No. on the S side of the road. Annual Report of the British School at Athens (1933-4) 5.. The large area enclosed is roughly triangular (the sides measure c.). 350 m.

It is much eroded and only c. 500 m. AAA 5 (1972) 65 About 1. Mycenaean Pottery in Italy . E 38 ZAKYNTHOS: KAMBI: * VIGLA K. The pottery ranged from LH I (cf. E of Vasiliko. but alabastra from Ts. 150 m. Annual Report of the British School at Athens (1933-4) 5. Very few goods apart from vases were found. and had a crude "relieving triangle" over the entrance and apparently two lintel stones (one displaced). Fourteen tombs have been investigated.8o m. 4 Zakynthos 954 E LH I-III(A-B) G A KALOGEROS I 335 N BSA 32 (1931-2) 213. the bulk of these were LH IIIA2-B. 12 and 1~. JHS 54 (1934) 192. The evidence fr·om the unrobbed tombs suggested that all contained several burials. 4 Zakynthos LH II KLAPSIAS 812 E I •· /1 285 N AD 21 (1966) B 325. E of Keri. which should be dated to LH II. W of Kambi. AA (1934) 161 The Kalogeros promontory is to E of the Taverna at Porta Roma and about l km. three were dug below the floors of large pits. and two stirrup-jars handed in as from the area might be LH IIIC. AD 28 (1973) A 198 On the E flank of the hill of Vigla. a large cemetery of rectangular slab-covered rock-cut tombs was found. E 39 ZAKYNTHOS : KERI : K. by 0. Parts of two LH houses were excavated. The only contents reported are two skeletons and two vases. 113-4. Sherds of handmade pottery were found in the fill of some tombs. E-W by 50 m. most of which had been robbed. near the road from Katastari to the sea. 3 Volimais 690 E I ln8 N LH IIIAl? LH IIIA2-B LH IIIC? AAA 5 (1972) 63. It measured 1. now remains. which rises sheer above the sea c.193 BSA 32 (1931-2) 218 Good LH III(B?) pottery was found in a well on the property of Eleos. widening of a track revealed a small built tomb in the S slope of the hill Klapsias. Lord William Taylour.5 km.are probably LH IIIAl. E 40 ZAKYNTHOS: VASILIKO: K.50 m. 28 (l973)A pls.

This is a well-placed site which should have been important (of. 186) to LH III. mainly . are sporadic traces of EH II and possibly LH habitation. but the bulk of excavated material is MH. 304) 235 E I 245 N LH IIII-IIIB LH IIIC or SMyc. at the N end of a long ridge above the harbour of Ayios Andreas. R. F. 5 Pirgos N EH II MH AE (1957) 31. If so. Of particular interest are the chance-found figurines of KS type (AE (1957) Pl. PG G A c H Messenia I 224 A fine acropolis hill. this is presumably to be connected with the Kalogeros site. 9a). and a vase reported to come from a oist which is either late LH IIIC or SMyc. since the Yerakas promontory seems too barren and exposed for settlement. A wide range of prehistoric material has been found. fortified in mediaeval times. (IMTS 91). 305) 290 N Messenia I 225 On the ridge on the N side of the Pyrgos plain. ANEMOMYLO 248 E I 11 (GAMS No. MME No.194 and Adjacent Areas (1958) 21. on the flat top and the upper slopes. One possibly N sherd is reported. l km. which contained a jar filled with burnt grain. There was also a later votive deposit. E 42 AYIOS ANDREAS: K. POW"TIKOKAS'rRO (ANCIENr PHEIA) 11 (GAMS No. Hope Simpson and J. N-S by 75 m. over an area at least 215 m. 88 (1964) 9 An imposing acropolis. 28c) c BCH 85 (1961) 123. MME No. The Catalogue of the Ships in Homer's Iliad (1970)97 and Pl. 259. 258. the site of a mediaeval castle. 4 Zakynthos 099 E I 515 N N? MH LH IIII? LH III(A-B) G *11 ( GAJV!S No. E 41 NEOCHORI : CHLEMOUTSI CASTLE ( KASTRO) K. including late types that may overlap with early LH. 5 Pirgos EH II LH? AJA lf6 (1942) 85. on an isolated conical hill to l\'E of Neoohori. Lazenby. SE of Skaphidhia. E 43 SKAPHIDHIA: K. There is a little LH III material and a LH tomb was found nearby. c. of which there was a considerable quantity. some comes from a burnt stratum. On the uninhabited Triodi beach on the headland of Yerakas at the farthest SE tip of Zakynthos a ruined structure is thought to be a LH tholos tomb (AAA 5 (1972) 65). suggesting that this was an important site in all periods of the BA. 12) suggesting trading connections with the Aegean at an early date.

R. A LH IIIA2 jug was recovered~ E 47 ARAXOS: TEIKHOS DYMAION *# I. 263. E lf4 AYIOS IOANNIS: K. some held more than one burial. 5 Pirgos in square 310 E I Li8o N EH II MH LH(III) SMyo. important and probably only c. The pit-graves are assigned to the SMyo. and in the area of the theatre an EH II oist-grave and fourteen pit-graves. W of Ayios Ioannis and only 150 m. have been excavated. 5 Pirgos EH II? LH? # SODHIOTISSA 293 E I The site was not (GAMS No. (1971) 392. c. E 46 KAPELETO: STENOL'LI -> K. phase (of. SE of Kapeleto four LH chamber tombs were disturbed by a bulldozer in the slope of a hillock. (1963) 138. 50 m. 411 During excavation of the ancient town EH-LH material has been discovered in various spots (apparently LH III and G is reported from the acropolis). N of the small monastery of Panayia Sodhiotissa. 227) *# K. The Greek Dark Ages (1972) 74) and contain bronze objects as well as pottery. AA (1962) 215. 5 Mesolongion 350 E I 790 N N EH I-III MH LH IIB-IIIC G A C H (GAIIJS No. 500 m. E-W by 50 m. which are probably survivors from a much larger cemetery.195 on upper terraces of the W part overlooking the sea. 26o. 282) . lOO m. most recently V. l km. E 45 ANCIENT ELIS (GAMS No. Desborough. lliME No. 306) 272 N Messenia I 225 This was a very small site (c. in diameter) on the S slope of the hills above the Mouria marsh. including two fine swords. and EH and LH are probably represented. The sherds are certainly BA. 5 Pirgos in square 290 E LH IIIA2 I 570 N AD 21 (1966) B 172 At Stenouli c. G A C H PAE (1961) 180.

The site appears to have suffered destruction by fire in LE IIIB.20 m. AD 20 ( 196'. and one is unusual in that it is divided by stone walls into compartments. although no distinctive LH I-IIA has been published. The tombs were small. 283) 385 E / 665 N (approx. to be destroyed again and thereafter deserted until LG. with a main entrance on the SE approached by a stairway and flanked by a tower. the latter. for among the pottery are nduck-vasesn. Its use must have continued very late. (1963) 93. the sea would once have covered the present marshes on the SW flank~ The site may well have been occupied continuously from LN times. (GANS No. which should be contemporary with SMyc. There are traces of EH houses. with circuit walls from 1+. to which the bulk of the finds belong. Three tombs were dug at Sotiroula and two at Mylos. 6oo m. but was reoccupied in strength in LE IIIC. Among the finds are fine bronzes. 5 Mesolongion LE IIIA2-C AR ( 1955) 17. (1964) Eo. 91 (1967) 666. during construction of the road to Riolo.) BCE 79 ( 1955) 252.) B 223 A chamber tomb cemetery was found c. . Ergon (1966) 156. (1965) 121. is extremely well-preserved. thick. to 5. 110 ( Gerbesi) BCH A fine acropolis strategically placed on the Araxos promontory at the NW tip of the Peloponnese. It was probably not built before LH IIIB. l'M-SE by 'SO m. Archaeology 15 (1962) 103.20 m.. a probably MH tomb. enclosing an area c. other finds included gold jewellery and a bronze pin-head. OpAth 5 (1964) 102. 190 m. to N of Kangadhi. and LH III buildings and a fortification. including a 11 Peschiera 11 dagger and a fibula~ E 48 KANGADHl : SOTIROULA Arm MYLOS I.196 PAE ( 1962) 127.

F 16.storic times~ There v. ::-"3ome sites seem to have been abandoned after this phase. They taken to suggest. filarathon (F 49). 50). apart from the rich and elaborate tomb of Spata (F 1+2). but the!'e is ev::Ldence for a subsequent concentration of settlement in east Attica and growth of a very important centre at Perati (F 34 ). Thorikos (F 25). and the LH III remains elsewhere are not very impressive. and Aphidna (F SLi) ).s also (cf. to judge from the pottery. being spaced along the coasts otherwise. al thou g. Brauron (F 38). 30. although the population was clearly large. settlements are most numerous in the Attic plain and the Mesogeia. Eleusis (F 9). AND EASTERN BOEOTIA The ancient province of Attica is effectively separated from central Greece by Mt. Amarynthos (F 85). which contrasts with the relatively meagre LH IIIC remains from west Attica and from Athens itself~ However. the tholoi of l'horikos and rr1arathon outshine the relatively modest finds from 1 early LH migl:lt be LH IIIB. The transition to LH is not very well documented. Survey of Euboea has suggested that its central pa:rt. althourh there Here clearly several of local importance. material from Salami. F 75). The ranges of Hymettos. Psakhna (F c(O). in which many of the traditionally important local centres of Attica are prominent (e. rrhere is no evici. and Aliveri (F 86). and many substantial settlements were occupied in ffrH and LH. but these may have been o:' little importance. the spread of SMycQ graves at Athens indicates a substantial centre_. Chalkis (F 76). It may be noted that there is a substantial amount of LH IIIC-SMyc. The end of EH II is marked by considerable dislocation and followed by a period of obscurity . (F I+) is Athens..ence for any really considerable UT centre.. was the most important and most heavily populated in pTehi. but the LH IIIAl tombs of Athens are notably rich. At this survived to become the leading site of the province in the DA. apart from Athens. the Menidi tholos surely too close to Athens to represent an independent at least one site of major importance ln EH II (Manika_. But the evidence is not good enouel1 for any firm statement that At:tica was united under Athens 1 control.19'7 MAP F: ATTICA. whi. there were particularly close links with the Cyclades in EH I-II (cf.:"ie. SALAMIS. Kosmas (F 16) appears to have been burnt. but it seems that several of the major MH settlements became local dynastic centres. The LH IIIB disaster is less clearly identifiable than in the Peloponnese. Parnes. occasional imports at the major centres indicate continuing links with the Cyclades . all . Attica was in close touch with the north-east Peloponne. including some major sites (F 45-6.g. and there were many othe:':' settlements. F 10-12). Lefkandi (F 81). Pendeli. The EH pattern of settlement suggests that east Attica was originally the more important division.. and has always tended to look towards the Aegean rather than the mainland. especially the coastal zone flanking the Euripos. but a somewhat different pattern is established in 11H._~ several sites may have been abandoned and Ay. with the fortification of the Acropolis in that Athens had achieved a paramount position._ SOUTHERN EUBOEA. and Aigaleos separate the major plains from one another. SO). at a time when AtherlS itself does not seem to have been very significant.

lOc·-d. 13) The North Slope and Peripatos. of. Traces of a system of terraces that could have supported a palace have been identified in the centre of the Acropolis. the cemeteries of Tanagra (F 63) indicate a large population. but pottery and other finds indicate that it was inhabited from an early date. which may have served settlements on the Acropolis and in the Agora. AD 25 (1970) B 28 Later constructions on the Acropolis have largely destroyed or covered the prehistoric remains. lO Lavrion 372 E / 1e39 N N EH I-III MH LH I-IIIC SMyc. Fragments of "palatial" LH IIA vases and perhaps LM IB imports strengthen the impression that Athens was a centre of some importance by this time. Special finds: OpAth 4 (1962) 31 (column-bases. 261. 26 (l9crl) B 29 The Klepsydra Area. Langlotz. (maximum dimensions). was uniquely popular. among which the custom of larnax-burial.of which survived into LH IIIC. at which time houses seem to have been built over a stairway leading to a postern gate on the N. B 25. although the Xeropolis site appears to have been abandoned for a while after the end of LH IIIC.~12. and six wells in the Peripatos and Klepsydra areas belong to this phase. The discoveries at Lefkandi indicate that it was of great importance at this time. are not very well known at present. The settlements of eastern Boeotia. which concentrate in the Asopos valley and along the Euripos coast. these held much pottery of good quality. 8 (1939) 317 (the "Fountain"). well-known in LM III Crete. 67). (GAMS No. including late painted wares and some probable Cyoladic imports (of. the nearby cemeteries show that there continued to be an important centre in this neighbourhood. Agora XIII l. The series of wells in the Klepsydra area includes many of Final N date. Material from wells and cuttings in the Klepsydra dates mainly to lli IIIB or later. s. E-vl by 120 m. 4 (1935) 109. cf. also house-remains on the N and S. 6 (1937) 539. and. Iakovidis. which enclosed an area c. but not on the mainland. Die antiken Vasen von der Akropolis zu Athen I (1909) l. CMS I 408 (sealstones). but the most impressive LH remains are the fortifications. the shaft for the "Fountain" on the North Slope seems to have been out late in LH IIIB. The remains from Dramesi (F 64) are of interest but require further study. Jdi 7 (1892) So. The Acropolis. AAA 6 (1973) 159 (stone vase-fragment. EH material is relatively scanty. B. also Hesperia 6 (1937) 554 fig. Hesperia 2 (1933) 356. from North Slope). F l ATHENS: THE ACROPOLIS AND ENVIRONS K. AD 24 (1970) A 1'74. but NH is abundant on the summit and North Slope of the Acropolis. erected in LH IIIB. also Gnomon 35 (1963) 708). those on the Euripos may have had a history similar to that of the central Euboean centres. 280 m. which rivals Athens in everything but the quality of its pottery. Graef and u. . He Mykenaike Akropolis ton Athenon (1962). 348) */I PG G A C H I. 51. and at least two survived into LH IIIC (F 64. AM 34 (1909) 94 fig.

AA (1937) 117. These roads probably continued in use in LH times. on the W by the Nymphs' Hill and the Kolonos. (1956) 53. centre. AD 16 (l96o) B 33. several chamber tombs were dug into the slopes of the surrounding hills. 6Li: ~82). the latest remains include fourteen cist-burials. AR (1972-3) 4. North Athens.199 These are likely indications of troubled times. ). whose vases can hardly be considered MH. and there is evidence of levelling operations. Graves and a well (Agora XIIT 112. but may well be Pinal N (of. A find of importance is a :fragment of a LH IIIC "Octopus stirrup jar" (Agora XITI 266. and there was no break in the use of the area thereafter. the richest being almost without exception LH IIIAl. ffifj 32 (1907) 157. 23 (1968) B 67. cic. (l97ie) 19~. phase.ts and pits of varying orientation were :found in the W. only a few are later. the richest being those of the Areopagus (Ts. Kerameikos I 132) --The Academy AJA 41 (1937) 138. II. !II). PAE (19'55) 56. though two pits containing domestic refuse have been found near the Areopagus (Agora XIII 52).-30 (1961) 174. NW of the Acropolis. Hesperia AD 23 (1968) (1975) . and the latest burials in T. contra Agora XIII 66).375 The area of the later Agora. The earliest burial can be assigned to LH IIA (Hesperia loc. the course of three roads crossing the Agora has been traced. but there are no architectural remains or graves. however. 558. The Kerameikos Kerameikos I. 503). B 21 (Nymphs' Hill). Many tombs were found. has produced only a :few :finds earlier than l~II. 18 (1963) B 1el. no. 21 (1966) B 63 .cit. Thereafter. only rare sherd-material indicates continued use of the Acropolis in the DA. while groups of graves including chamber tombs. and on the N by the river Eridanos.VII may be). LE IIIC being notably rare ('l'. when domestic material is equally difficult to identify. The Agora and Surrounding Slopes. 261. bounded on the S by the Areopagus. Renfrev7J 'rhe Emergence of Civilisation (1972) 70. probably at the end of LH IIIB. Agora XIII passim. but this could indicate a shift of burial-ground. IV 32. EH finds are very rare. phase (AJ"A 69 ( 1965) 176).VI is probably of this phase. AD 19 (1964) B 42 Odos Kriezis Cemetery AD 22 (1967) B 92. to which may be added the caching of a hoard of bronzes in the wall of a house on the S of the Acropolis. AA (1936) 197. (1973. but MH material is abundant. Hesperi. the earliest is the grave near the Metrtlon. but the bulk are of LH IIIAl-2 date. only two small wells have been :found ( Agora XIII ll).11) ~. III. and a vase from a cutting in the Klepsydra area carLYJOt be much earlier (Agora XIII Pl. mostly of children. Well U26: le) are attributed to the S~lyc. which are attributable to the SMyc. I. 78 (1963) llc8. and especially the E and l'!'E of the Agora. C. AAA l (1968)20 Acharnian Gate AM 18 (1893) 77 (cf. The rubbish-fill of the "Fountain" and material from the Acropolic indicate quite a substantial settlement in LH IIIC.

South Athens (including the South Slope of the Acropolis). the majority being on the N in the area of the later Pompeion: although badly EH~1H disturbed. 73. ASAtene 13-14 (1930-l) 411. this group included over one hundred graves. 71. 90. 18 (1963) B 111. Agora XIII 54. 84 (l96o) 63 1f.3. graves have been found in the Odos Kriezis cemetery further N. . ll i+ generally) Tombs le Odos Erechtheiou PAE (1955) 1. 20 ( 1965) B 90. A complete LH IIIC "Octopus stirrup-jar" from near the Dipylon Gate might have come from a grave. AAA 3 ( 1970) 171. Agora XIII 53 generally) The Muses 1 Hill AD 19 (1964) B 1!9 (cf. particularly in LH and Sf1yc. IV. AR (l96o-l) 3. AD 17 ( 1961-2) B 10. NW of the Acropolis. T. over 2 km. the material has a N-LH range.B. 21 ( 1966) B 83 (cf. but there is evidence for MH houses and graves. A rectangular tumulus on the South Slope is unlikely to be 1/lH (contra Agora XIII 53.f. times. Pantelidou (Athens 1975). AD 17 (1961-2) A 8'). the description of the sherds in the original publication (AE (1902) 123) is too vague to be relied upon. Agora XITI ll3)o (N. PG 1. The South Slope and its Immediate Vicinity AJA 9 (1894) 113. and the hafted arrovrheads have never certainly been found in MH contexts). Agora XIII 113) The Olympiei on Area BCH 64-5 (1940-l) 238. there are some early remains. AD 23 (1968) B 48). A small settlement has been found on the site of the Academy. but could have been removed from a looted tomb and reburied. 21 (1967) B 36 (cf.200 In the Kerameikos area. Graves of all periods from LH I/IIA (AD 24 (1969) B 68) to Sf. but this is disputable. available in the BSA library). also Hesperia 35 (1966) 55 n. and a single grave was found near the later Acharnian Gate. AD 25 (1970) B 44). a MH grave. have been found. and pottery from strata that seem to be flood-levels from the Eridanos (AA (1974) l9 1f ). mostly close to the Acropolis (but cf. a LH IIIC stirrup. 23 (l968)B55 2. I t seems likely that the LH settlement here was as extensive as that to the N of the Acropolis (cf. graves were found to Nand S of the Eridanos. 11uch of this material is fully published in the doctoral thesis of M. 25 (1970) B 41e. vases from a chamber tomb (AD 25 (1970) B 71). 73. 20 (1965) B 26. especially notable are some rich LH IIB-IIIAl graves (AA (1931) 213. 19 (l96if) A 62. Odos Demetralwpoulou AD 21 ( 1966) B 85. 2) 3. but the most important remains from this area are the SMyc. 70. Cl'!JS 1 leo8. 106 has been attributed to late LH IIIC. ffi' 35 (1910) 3o. AE (1902) 123. SMyc. 23 (1968) B 48. like the stirrupjar in T. Hesperia 5 (1936) 20. and includes an EH house apparently venerated as that of the hero Academos in later times. B 2i. Pottery that may represent a LH IIIB-C settlement has also been found (Kerameikos I 109). Others AA (1931) 213 (cf.jar probably from a grave (AD 2lf ( 1969) B 73) and SMyc.1yc. 112. 21\ (1969) B 68. AD 25 (1970) B 55 (of. AD 22 (1967) B 73. a small built tomb which may be EH. and later cemeteries. NW of the Acropolis. AD 21 (1966) B 71. including two cremations provided with weapons. Other SMyo. over l km. AAA le ( 1971) le33 There is much scattered evidence for occupation S of the Acropolis. often arranged in regular rows. 417).

) and.) excavated here at Lykotrypa 2 km.. G. 1 km.Jdi 14 A large tholos tomb (d. 30. F 5 NEA IONIA: NNVIESIS # ( GAJI1S No.201 F 2 # KAISARIANI MONASTERY I K.35 m.000 square metres. l6o m. 381) I.. Hymettos in the Chalandri district. on the left of the track to Ayios Markos.)B C 420 N JHS 87 ( 196'7) 183 Some LH III sherds were found on the saddle of the ridge to S of. accompanied by much pottery. including four "canaanite" amphorae. 10 Ne a Psara EH II 1+35 E Neon Athinaion I (1955) 288. 1\lW-SE by 120 m. 10 Lavrion 431 E EH LH III(A2. especially on the VJ. A bench-like structure was built against the chamber wall. BSA 53-4 (1958-9) 293 fig. F 3 CHALANDRI I. 10 Nea Psara 388 E LH III(A2-B) G A C I *!I ( GAI'1S No. (1899) 114. and boar 1 s tusk helmet-plates. to SE ofF 4. so that the original size may have been c. There are indications of cult from G times in the dromos. F 4 ACHARNAI: THE MENIDI THOLOS TOMB I. 382) 537 N MV 39: H. Lolling et al. 8. and EH and obsidian on a high conical hill to W (BSA collection). an EH vase and stone bowl were found to N. the LH pottery is mostly plain or worn. and above.) AA (1962) 189 An EH site was found on Tsako. I 490 N (approx. Das Kuppelgrab bei Menidi (1880). jewellery. ivories. and may well belong mainly or entirely to LH IIIB. The remains of six burials are reported. but is heavily eroded. stone vases.5 m. LH sherds . the monastery. S of Acharnai had an unusually long dromos (26. a foothill of Mt. It now measures c. l (location map) . bronze arrowheads. a series of spaced horizontal slabs. in place of a "relieving triangle". 10 Nea Psara 397 E I 530 N N MH'I LH IIIA(l? )-B PG G C BSA 53-4 (1958-9) 292 The low hill of Nemesis lies c.

J. I 410 N (approx. on a promontory opposite Salamis~ .) K. and a tallstemmed kylix and a bridge-spouted jar were recovered~ LH sherds were apparently found on the nearby hill of Kastella above Munychia harbour (PAE loo. v. F 6 PEIRAEUS: CHARAUGI K. Other finds in this area are a vase from Koukouvaones 1 km. Pl. hardly later than LH IIIAl ( CVA Karlsruhe I Pl. 9 Aiyina LH IIIA2-B 305 E AD 21 (1966) B 106.cit. Greek Geometric Pottery (1968) 402). 9 Aiyina EH I -II 26o E AE (1933) Chronika 7 The road from Peiraeus to Perama cuts throur)1 an EH settlement on the lower slope of the small hill of Ayios Yeoryios near Keratsini. but this is not confirmed. G pottery has been found at both Palaia Kokkinia and Nea Kokkinia ( Coldstream 1968. ) PAE (1935) 159 Remains of a LH burial were found in the Charaugi area. Desboroup)1. and thus demonstrate the substantial sizea One N sherd and some coarse ware now considered MH were also found. The site v. N. ~2. 385) SKAJ1ANANGA 243 E I 1e73 N LH III(A-B) AA ( 19113) 303 LH tombs were reported near the suburb of Skaramanga. R. Protogeometric Pottery (1951) 342. in the industrial district N of the Peiraeus. the former reported to have been found with an inhumation (Kerameikos I 157.202 were found over the hill and the eroded area. 2:3) and a LPG/EG amphora and G vases from "Menidi 11 . i'03). whose pottery also includes pieces transitional to EH I and Cycladic imports apparently KS. Coldstream. F 7 PEIRAEUS: KERATSINI: AYIOS YEORYIOS I 440 N (approx. 9 Aiyina ( GA!1S No.ras fairly extensive~ with an estimated depth of deposit of about 2 m~ Not far to the E is the LN settlement at Palaia Kokkinia. F 8 PEIRAEUS : }\. to NE.).

90 m. 15 (1933-5) Parartema 23. PAE (1952) 55. G. An inscribed stirrupjar was found on this. of. 9 Khalkis EH II-III MH *# (~No.C.05 m.203 F 9 ANCIENT ELEUSIS I. AJA 36 (1932) 104. 37). no LH IIIC is reported from Eleusis (for the tombs see below). A fresc~-fragment was found in this area (op. lj{) (1936) lfl5. 45) and a patch of LH III floor below the Lesser Propylaea. E. The dating and nature of these buildings remains rather obscure. 386) 205 E / 533 N LH I-IIIB PG G A C H I. but although such ashlayers are widespread on the site. with pottery that has been assigned to LH IIIC (Mylonas 1961. LH III and G remains are also reported from the Kallichoron area (PAE (1952) 55. and on the E slope. in the S an ash-layer divided these from an early LH building. since the remains. A further fresco-fragment is reported (Jdi 34 (1919) 105 n. but two G handles were found 0. 37 (1933) 271. (1898) 51. With the exception of the pottery found with the inscribed stirrup-jar. Proistorike Eleusis (1932). nor has anything later been reported before LPG (LMTS 114). The earliest preserved structures seem to be of later MH date. and was previously eroded on the summit. associated with LH IIIA2 pottery and figurines. Here there seems to have been a building of megaron type. Archaeology 5 (1952) 249 and Mylonas 1961. There are some building-remains of early LH (principally LH IIA) and LH III date. but it cannot be assumed to have been fortified merely on the basis of the Homeric Hymn to Demeter. where heavy walls 0. (1912) 2. and even this seems doubtful. a terrace dated at the beginning of the eighth century B. Very little dating-material was preserved: sherd-material from either side of the megaron and the enclosurewall has been suggested to date it to the end of LH II. while pottery from a room of the later structure is assigned to LH IIIB. Mylonas. in front of which there was a raised platform. It is difficult to estimate the size of the prehistoric settlement. surrounded by an enclosure-wall. 'rhese finds suggest that Eleusis was a place of some importance. thick. II The acropolis of ancient Eleusis has now been ruined by quarrying. l).oit. the latter are best preserved near the top of the acropolis. a later structure was founded partly on the platform and partly on the front of the megaron. AD 13 (1930-31) Parartema 11+. and the argument for a religious purpose is not conclusive. nor is there any evidence for continuity of occupation or use in the area between LH III and the first plausible remains of a Telesterion. although . Eleusis and the Eleusinian Mysteries (1961) Ch. were largely disturbed and overlaid by later buildings. (1931-2) Parartema 2. below the later Telesterion. Eleusis could then have been abandoned for a considerable period after LH IIIB. 49) but is unpublished. found on the S and E slopes. may be foundations of terrace-walls of important buildings. The Site AE (1889) 187. 43). The Homeric Hymn to Demeter and her Sanctuary at Eleusis (1942). above the final floor (Mylonas 1961. their significance is not clear (they have been suggested to represent a destruction at the end of MH).

rl.raves included much pottery. Fimmen. to S. one holding a cremation. 388) 426 N (Ambelaki) LH III (B-C?) AJ\ ( 1961-2) 7. the bulk of it SI'ilyc. and a plain bronze bov. 750 m. Mylonas. (1954) 50. 198 E SNyc. ranging in date from late ~1H to LH IIIB. A nSubmycenaean tholos tomb 11 reported . 3632. later graves and constructions may have destroyed many prehistoric graves. long. AD 17 ( 1961-2) B 39. Four graves were earth-cut chamber tombs. that were developed by the end of IYIH and continued to be built and used in LH times. (1950) 127. 9 1\iyina l9':J E I (GAi~S No. Das kretisch-mykenische Kultur (1921) 9. * K. c. 387) i+59 N D. 23 ( 1968) B ll3. intended for family-tombs. To Dytikon Nekrotapheion tes E1eusinos (1975). The contents of these g_. 1 km . 83. All but four were stone-built.. also PAE (1938) L:o. some MH and LH graves rediscovered later were apparently thought to be those of the !!seven against rrhebes I!. 27 ( 1972) B 179 LE chamber tombs have been excavated at Ambelaki and an intact one assigned to LL-l: IIIB at Limnionas. F 10 SALAMIS: THE ARSENAL K. NW of the Telesterion. reported to contain cremations as v'rell as inhumations. Tombs G. None of the graves was particularly rich in goods. (1956) 57.. but over 130 have survived. OpA th Le ( 1962) 103 AM 35 A nCyclopeann fortification-wall is reported from here. cf. (1953) '77. II. E. the other two being pi thosburials. progressing from r~H cists to large rectangular built graves with an entrance. (1952) 58. These were found in an area over 300 m. used in LE IIIA2 -B to judge from the published pottery but no later (bronzes from CT ll might date to LH II). but one or t~'ro vases looking a bit earlier (especially nos. AE (1953-li) I 35 A number of rm-LH IIB cists were found on the site. (1955) 67. ( 1963 -Li) 5. laid out in seven parallel rovrs. but the most important find is a large cemetery of over one hundred graves. 9 Aiyina LH IIIC? l"I}V LfJ.204 occupation may have continued somewhere in the neigpbourhood. The area 'Has not used again foY' burials until EG (LPG cremations have been found elsewhere). but the bulk of the excavated graves were found in a cemetery c. 3665). 361~. I ( GtuVJS No. (1910) 17.. some jeVJellery. all but tltJO were cists.

4.rhich may be the source of various vases given a Salamis provenance. AA (1940) 183. Hesperia 33 (1961>) 235: AD 20 (1965) B 125.o) l. LG graves have also been found.o and LH IIIJ\. None of this material is published and the dates require confirmation. 5. GVA USA 1i Pls.2-B vases and goods appear to have come from chamber tombs on the \\J side. F 13 ( GAIIiS No. it is also reported to hold both inhumations and cremations.r. 2:1.t. 10 Lavrion in square 390 E I 390 N EH II MH LI-I IIIAl? Ul IIIA2 -B PG G A (GAI1S No. 9 Aiyina LH IIIA2 G Fimmen 1921. M (l9li3) BSA 42 Chamber tombs have been found in the neighbourhood of Old PhaleronJ some reported to contain rich contents. On the E slopes of Prophitis Ilias to E of the town is a large chamber tomb cemetery at Ayia Kyriaki.cit. 9 Aiyina 167 E EH MH LH IIA-IIIC I 1>46 ( GA!IiS No. LH is also reported from a cave at the moun. AA (1977) 137 H BulletiE Antike One EH IT and one LH sherd were found in the area of the Sanctuary of Zeus to N of the summit of f'. h'Yfi!ETTOS K. Further finds made at Kamini (AD 27 loc. 98-9).l to Sl\lyc ~ (AD 20 ( 196')) B Pls. 351) C AJA ( 19L. AE (1916) 8. Hymettos. F l I! ~1T. F 12 SALAMIS: MODERN SALAIHS K. This cemetery probably belongs to the ch:lef settlement on the island} the predecessor of historic Salamis. ci t. BSA (19 1fT) 5'7: PAE ( 1950) of ritual appearance is also reported to be from a cave on Fit. AR (1952) 27. 8:3. 8. MA 54 (1950) l.. . ). 389) * N Sl'1yc.. Excavated examples have produced a range of pottery from LH IIIJI. 350) PALAION PPJ\UlHON K. and pottery and bronzes evidently from tombs have been handed in.205 from Kamini nearby seems more likely to be LH IIIC and a chamber tomb.tain 1 s foot~ not \illholly convincingl. 1:8. together with PG and la·ter material. and may be LH IIIAl (BSA 42 (19117) ) • Obsidian and EH-IVlH pottery are now reported from a site on the H approaches (M loc. (1947) 8 in square 350 E I 380 N GVA Karlsruhe I Pls. IVlH and LH III sherds have been found on the slopes of hills above the modern town of Salamis (formerly Koulouris). Beschaving IfS ( 1973) 91. v-. (1948-9) llli n. Pl :remarkable vu.) seem to indicate a Mycenaean settlement. 9:2 EH. Hymettos.'/.

354) K.206 F 15 ( Gfu'VIS No. BSA!'IIS No. in square 390 E I 330 N BSA 42 (1947) 4 Some LH vases are reported from here. cc fig.SVI end. 10 Lavrion EH II Ul IIIB in square 370 E G A C MV 37. but the solitary deep bowl is evidence for some later use of the site~ F 17 PYRNAHI ( GAJVIS No. 10 I 370 N c. Aghios Kosmas LH vases are reported from here and EH II sherds. and extensive but frafp.rn$ F 18 VOULA: ALYKI *I ( G. Mylonas. I11TS 18 A low promontory. A settlement and cemetery of the :E:H III phase have been excavated.entary remains of Ul III structures. Mylonas. The presence of whole vases in the houses mig. where prehistoric remains are now under water. A krater from House T should be LH IIIAl. but no precise locations are given~ F 16 AYIOS KOSMAS *# (Gfu'13 No. the site appears to have been quite substantial. but no location is knm·. 352) TRACHOliES K. 10 Lavrion LH III(A-B) MV 37. a LH IIIB stirrup-jar and a surely UI IIIC deep bowl. other pottery from this and House S LH IIIA2-B. (1955) 78. A wall along the Sand E edge of the site may be a fortification. originally more extensive on the S. E. the latter showing strong Cycladic connections of KS date in tomb-types and grave-goods. (1957) 29 . 355) K. two vases were found in its entrance-area. 10 Lavri on EH II-III MH l l (spot height) at 359 E LH IIA-IIIC I 351 N G. Aghios Kosmas (1959). PAE (195 1e) 72. LH children's graves were widespread. BSA 42 (191\7) suggest hasty desertion in LH IIIB. 10 Lavrion 390 E I 300 N EH? LH IIA-IIIC PG G MV 37.\2 ( 1947) 1(. AH (1951-2) E. (1959) lj. It was destroyed by fire at the end of EH IL and only some sherd-material in Area C indicates habitation in EH III-fiJHe There are remains of lli IIA structures and graves of similar date at the . 353) K.

BCE 78 (l95 1t) 110. 8). 1+03). two LPG vases are also attributed to this area (CVA Heidelberg :3. The Vouliagmeni promontory was formerly strewn with prehistoric sherds. Coastal Demes of Attica (1962) 115. Various chamber tombs and pit-graves have been excavated or robbed here.. fig. 7 (1974) 422. l. 403. At Ayios Ioannis. but the walls found there are now assigned to the 5th or lith cent. vase from "Vari" in the Robinson Collection (CVA USA i+ Pl. cf. 10 Lavrion EH I I BSA 42 ( 1947) 4. but few other goods. including EH II. 8:2) and . were found in the tombs. apparently from separate tombs. (C•\oi. B. Eesperia Suppl. A LH site Has claimed 11 at Lathouresa" (1\_4 (1940) 178. F 19 11 V00~IAGMENI (GAJVIS No. predominantly LH IIIA-B. Antiquity 24 (l96o) 266. and obsidian throughout its length. apparently a votive.1E LH IIB LE III (A-B) G OpAth 6 (1950) 262 n. cf. r. 9 (1976) 170 AD 16 (l96o) A LH cemetery has been partly investigated on the lower NE slope of Kamini hill at theN edge of Varkiza (cf. for Kamini) 122 (spot height) at lf26 E I 287 N (Ayios Ioannis) LE II-IIIB G A c E K.J.207 At least two chamber tomb cemeterles have been identified here. The pottery on shoH in the National fljuseum has a LE IIA-IIIB range. the map on AM 7 (1974) 1128-9). the ridge by the sea at the W end of the Vari Plain. 6). AA (1962) 212 LH IIB and LH III vases are recorded from Vouliagmeni. 357-8) Las E I 280 N (approx. where the site is identified as Halai Aixonides).rtwaengler as the source of vases on the market.c. Some pit-graves were found with the latter. E!i II and LE III sherds were found together with later material (BSA collection) which included LG (Coldstream 1968. until the site was ruined by the enlargement of the resort. Relatively large numbers of burials and vases. 102:6. Alin 106. said to be the a site of ancient Aixone. possibly EH pit-p:rave. Alin 106). one noted by Fu. F 20 V!\RI -'VI\RKIZA: Ki\JVIINI * Mm AYIOS IOANNIS (GAMS Nos. XI (1966) 28. 10 Lavrion 390 E I 265 N (the promontory) EH II f. and LG is also reported there (Coldstream 1968.IH was found at 11ikro Kavouri nearby. Eliot. Pl. and another recently excavated on the E side of the road to Sounion. Thus the Ayios Ioannis site is the best candidate for the LE settlement in this area. The LE IH. AM l (1968) 110. B Alin 106. further burials vrere often found in niches and pits in the dromoi A LG vase was found J.n one tomb. one of which cut into the side of an earlier. 356) K. the goods include a IM II vase and a gilded seal-ring. The Vari-Varkiza area is identified as the ancient Attic deme of Anagyrous.

due to an error discovered late. lOO m. ~1esogeia F 23 ANAVYSSOS: AYIOS NIKOLAOS # K. especially on the N slope below the fortifications. 4 km. The site is o. since the coastal suburb of Varkiza is a recent development. 10 Lavrion 188 (spot height) at lf59 E / 302 N (Kitsi) EH II MH LH IIIAl-C C H AD ll (1927-8) Parartema 65: BSA 42 (1947) 7 Kitsi is a prominent and rather pointed hill at the S end of the plain. The locations shown on the map for F 19 and F 20 are only approximate. and a mass of fine MH pottery is revealed near them. mainly prehistoric. 359) K. SW-NE by 30 m. 1. Good quality rm lfiatt-painted.) are covered in sherds. perhaps 10. The small knoll on top (c. Some thick wall foundations on the NV/ slope are suggestive of fortifications. The chapel of Ayios Nikolaos is on the N slope. NE of Vari. This cemetery was large. and on the S side of the Athens-Sounion road. The ridge top measures c. NVI-:0£ by lOO m. and some EH II and LH III were found. (N. 10 Lavrion flrH H? This site was discovered by i1r. m. 150 m. The headland is joined to the mainland by a narrow neck of sand. whose precise location is unknown. and is well represented in the BSA collection. controlling the route to Vari. 8 km. LMTS 112).cit. suggesting a total area of settlement of c.5 km. Finds reported from the islet of Ay. This area and the N slopes presumably comprised the extent of the ~i settlement. and about halfway between Koropi and Vari. There are no indications whatsoever that occupation continued into LH. It is a high rocky headland c.B. R. Marina. The number F 21 is omitted. and was found partly robbed. once a promontory.000 sq. Howell in 1963.000 sq.208 the LH IIIA2 vase from "Vari 11 in the British Museum ( CVA BM IIIA Pl. and we may speculate . The bulk of the pottery is LH IIIA2-B. but there is some ill IIIC (of. Hinyan. ). are largely N but include an EB "frying pan" fragment. E-VI by 30 m.) and the upper VI and Nw terraces ( c. 6o m. VI of the Anavyssos salt-pans. and has fortifications (H?) on the N. Cist tombs have been eroded by the sea both on the E and the VI sides of the neck.) F 22 VARI: KITSI AND VOu~VATSI *# (GAMS No. Alin 106) are probably also to be connected with the Kamini cemetery. J. MH is well represented. m. 20. from Varkiza (AAA 9 loc. and was formerly part of the territory of Vari. and polychrome were found all over the headland. so that it coincides with the approximate position given for the LH cemetery at Vourvatsi. 10:25 of.

Prehistoric remains are scattered over the hill and especially on the S and E slopes. 21. IV 53.). MMA 383. AE (1895) 229. to judge from the discovery of litharge in a late ME layer. a LE IIA pyxis and some jewellery survived in one. 362) 70 (spot hei&~t) at 613 E (1912) 240.0 x 3. Neon Athenaion l I 059 N (The Temple) (1955) 286 A figurine of Cycladic type was said to have been found near the Temple of Poseidon. 361) */I K. F 26 LAVRION: KITSOS CAVE * K. These tombs suggest that this was an important early U! centre. AR (1973-4) 5. and was certainly in use in LH IIA. it may have been built as early as LH I. 7). were three oval built tombs. on the saddle between the two surrmits of Velatouri.209 that the site was abandoned at the end of MH. EH sherds. this too had been robbed.cit.) and domed like a tholos. and the settlement was certainly large at this time. 10 Lavrion 145 ( 'Velatouri 1 ) at 644 E N EH II MH lli I-IIIB PG G A C H I 167 N PAE (1893) 12. perhaps due to its exposed position. a Guide to the Excavations (197!+) y_ Ancient Thorikos has a high conical acropolis (Velatouri) with extensive slopes. Transitional ME-lli I material is reported to be particularly widespread (Thorikos IV 68 n. Two smaller tombs of similar type had been robbed but were surely LE. 10 Lavrion 601 E I 158 N (approx. Mussche. on EH II ill? MV 39.). and cists. 9. ) N EH MH LE III(A-B) C H . and it may have declined. silver was already being extracted from the Lavrion ores. One was large (9. Thorikos. it may have been abandoned for a period. III 20. On the NE slope was found a tholos of more normal type (d.0 m. 10 Lavri.15 m. In the same area. and obsidian were also reported (Neon Athenaion loc. There is no material certainly dating between LH IIIB and LPG from the site. built in LE IIA but also used later. H. AA (GAMS No. Thorikos I 2'7. LH vases were reported from a site described as on the way from Sounion to Lavrion (MV 39). But little can be said of the pre-LH settlement except that. SOUNION F 21> /1 K. but later LH remains are less impressive (although fine LE IIIA and lli IIIB sherds are to be found on the surface). F 25 ANCIE~~ THORIKOS ( GAMS No.

23. The cave is important for its Palaeolithic and N deposits. cit.:5 km.cit. 1:1-2. ).Ayios Pandeleimon on the top was the centre of a small prehistoric settlement. But the trvmhrscheinlich mykenische Burg 11 claimed on th9 high ridge to S (AA (1963) loc. 10 Lavrion 61+6 E I (GANS No. :\T\·\f of Keratea.210 AD 26 (1971) B 1>2.L and & LH both he:. perhaps mainly important in EH (represented in the BSA collection).+2. 1. were discovered by surface exploration over an area c.1H. opposite the church of . Eood in 1962 on Kefali hill. BCH 97 (1973) 1>13. H of Lavrion. opp. 27 (1972) B 183. The large quantity of obsidian artefacts further suggests that the site was more important in EHG F 28 KAKI THALASSA: AYIOS PANDELED10N K. F 29 KERATEA: KEFALI # K. 1+96. 14 The small and steep promontory of Kaki rrhalassa is c 5 km. EH II. 273 N EHII~1HLHGC AA (1963) 1+58 and Pl. including remains of walls and cists. 10 Lavrion N? EH II rm Neon Athenaion l 703 E I 135 N LH III (B-C) C (1955) 287. l/LS. and LE III were recognized.4 Karlsruhe l Pl. The small chapel of . ME. opp. 1f96 BSA Surface traces of prehistoric settlement wer>e found Tv1r. and LH IIIB or later (coated deep bowls).i\yia Triadha. (1926) IJOO. AA ( 1963) 1>57-:-. GV. e F 27 MAKRONISOS: LEONDARI K. Extensive but sporadic traces of prehistoric settlement. 3Co) G AA (1916) 1..F. cit. 2:4. lO Lavrion 572 E I 253 N EH II liffi LH III (A-B) LE IIIC (GAI'iS ~o. 3 Pl. E~E of Keratea. CG fig. They include EH II.:oe and in a nearby cave (Fimmen 1921. BCH 96 (1972) 873: Leondari is a very eroded promontory on the to S of Ayios Yeoryios village and opposite AAA 6 (1973) l ~~~I Lavrion~ coast of Makronisos. AAA 7 (197 1>) 8 This cave is c 5 km. 120 mo Hvi-SE 30 m. on the E slope of Mikro Ripari near the village of Kamareza. some EH-LH sherds vwre also found in the excavations. Some MH is recorded (CG loo. a lovJ saddle c.) bears no trace whatsoever of LE . on the N side of the road. EH II and stone vases of KS type were previously recorded (Neon Athenaion loc. l. 7). (1947) 8.nd pl.

distant. 10 Lavrion EPIIGAC 51i8 E I Neon Athenaion l (1955) 285. which appear·s to lie 2-3 km. F 32 t0. STONE ETC. and obsidian and EH sherds and G to C tombs in the area of the village itself. The pottery from the excavated Kopreza tombs includes much LH IIIC as well as LH IIIA2-B. type presumably belong. BSA 42 ( 191+7) 6 A cemetery of rather small chamber tombs here held LH IIIB (and possibly LE IIIA2) vases but more LH IIIC. 336) * in square 550 E I JlcO N LE IIIB-C AE ( 1895) 202. 10 Lavrion LH IIB-IIIC AE ( lfl95) 210. One of these is an 11 0ctopus stirrup. Some LH IIIC vases ( CllA loc. 559 E I 3a N (approx. F 31 !1ARKOPOULO: KOPREZA K. 10 Lavrion LH IIIC AD ll (1927-8) Chronika 59.vhich belongs a LH IIB alabastron attributed to Markopoulo. 2 km~ SE of ll!arkopoulo. to which stray objects of EB.ARKOPOULO: LI OORI JC 10 Lavrion ( GAIIJS No. This is apparently to be distinguished :f-JCom F 32A. often Cycladic. B 3B. F' 32A !·tARKOPOULO: 33rd km. K. l km. BCH 96 (1972) 611 *# 332 N (l~arkopoulo village) AA (1962) 225. One tomb was found at Kovatsi.i (1971) l 1i3. K. F 30 iiJARKOPOULO: KOVATSI ETC. AAA l. ci t. to SE of the road to Porta Rafti.211 settlement. ENE of Markopoulo.jar H of Perati type. under No.) BSA 42 ( l9i+n 6 Kopreza is c. AD 25 (1971) Various cists and built graves of EH II date have been found near Markopoulo.cit. Obsidian and BA coarse crare can also be seen on the ill tip of the long low hill of t'JCofitis Ilias c. l km. BSA 42 (191+7) '7 (GA11S. 366) . ~Phis is presumably the cemetery to T.) were recovered from a grave and a cave near Keratea (AA (1916) and AA (1926) loc. ). SE of Markopoulo.

367) I 340 N lli IIIB2-C AE (1895) 149. The exact location and the relationship to F 32 remain unclear. BSA 66 (1971) 349). indicated by imports from Egypt and the Levant.5 krn. 4 643 E I 326 N Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae 20 (1966) 171. AD 19 (1964) B 87. 10 Lavrion 592 E N EH (II) C H AM 71 (1956) 120 n. about 4. He excavated one chamber tomb here. Perati: A large chamber tomb cemetery of over 220 tombs has been completely excavated here. Iakovidis. this may be disputed. and it was assumed that the island was used at this time as a refuge in . vase-types are not found. 4 km. NE of Markopou1o. I 352 N AA (1962) 172 A low hill immediately to N of the junction of the road from Markopoulo to Brauron and the road from Porto Rafti. but its main period of use was LH IIIC. On Map F we mark only F 32. although the most distinctive SMyc. 26. F 34 PORTO RAFTI: PERATI K. Some bronze fibulae have been taken to suggest a chronological overlap with the period of the SMyc. OpAth 11 (1975) 129 s. ENE of Markopoulo. and it is clear evidence for a very important site in the neighbourhood with widespread overseas connections. the larger of the two islands at the mouth of the Porto Rafti Bay. a number of cremations. on the N side of Porto Rafti bay. Iakovidis 1969 Pl. It seems to have been founded before the end of LH IIIB (cf. approximately located c. N and EH sherds and obsidian predominate. 1969. stone on the road from Athens to Porto Rafti. 10 Lavrion LH IIIC J}~ 70 (1950) 4. and "Octopus stirrup-jars". 136: ZT'). F 33 ROUSSI KALOGEROU K. but there can be no doubt that the cemetery continued in use until late in LH IIIC (cf. N of the road. a few iron objects. AAA l (1968) 184. 10 Lavrion 625 E *# (GAMS No. Iakovidis Some LH IIIC sherds "and nothing that need be earlier" were found on Raftis island. cemeteries in east Attica. to Nekrotapheion I-III (1969-70). F 35 PORTO RAFTI : NISOS RAFTIS K. whose contents were purely lJl IIIC.212 A cemetery was described by Kyparissis as being near the 33rd km.

and LH sherds are reported from this. Perhaps both islands served as guard posts in LH. CG fig.B.) Neon Athenaion l (1955) 287. is a mediaeval tower on a low hill with a sharp N slope. Iakovidis 1969. 4 JP3 EH II sherds and obsidian were found on the denuded peninsula on the E side of Porto Rafti village. the smaller of the two islands at the mouth of the Porto Rafti Bay. Hesperia 31 (1962) 81. NE of Markopoulo. cit. MH material is reported as on show in Brauron Museum (CG loc. on the NW side of the road to Brauron.213 the manner documented for the 6th and 7th centuries A. F 35A PORTO RAFII: RAFIOPOULA K. 10 Lavrion N EH I-II MH 572 E * I 36o N Geras Antoniou Keramopoullou (1953) 140. traces of a road leading to the tombs. Epeteris Hetaireias Byzantinon Spoudon 23 ( 1953) 628. It was also conjectured that it may have been the site of the settlement to which the important Perati cemetery belonged. with a settled (agricultural?) basis for its economy. although no good building-remains were found. 10 Lavrion 6oo E 1 374 N N EH I-II EH III? MH LH I-IIIB *I (GAMS No. F 38 ANCIENT E1"lAURON ( AYIOS YEORYIOS) K. 4 Stone vases. 10 Lavrion EH (II) LH 635 E I 332 N (approx. 10 Lavrion EH II 620 E I 329 N 70 ( 1950) 1+.D. PAE (1954) 91) seem sufficient refutation. presumably from an EH cemetery. The settlement indicated must s1xrely have been on the mainland.). F 36 PORTO RAFII: I POUNDA K. 14 About 3 km. F 37 MARKOPOULO: PYRGOS VRAONAS K. There was evidence of quite a substantial settlement here. But the rich LH IIIC finds at Perati. together with the duration of use of the cemetery (N. Iakovidis 1969. 368) G A C H .

The excavations revealed very little LH IIIB and no LH IIIC. Chamber tombs have been excavated at "Lapoutsi". but there is no lack of LH IIIA-B sherds on the slopes. The tombs at "chamolia" (further toE along the same hill) include some large and relatively rich examples. The excavated material has not been published in detail.). E of the acropolis (AE loc.cit. K. with a ridge on the N side above the spring and the chapel of Ayios Yeoryios. finds of interest include a figurine of Cycladic type and a duck-vase of Phyl I type. Ergon (1962) 34. and one LH IIIB house was found (Ergon (1962) 34). Most of the prehistoric site was on the broad S and E slopes.5 km. which must be distinguished from the 11 Chamolia" of F 38. AAA loc. Nothing is known about Brauron after LH IIIB until G times. 7). the sketch in Fimmen 1921. An excavation at the NE end (preparatory to the construction of the museum) revealed massive retaining walls. AAA l (1968) 184 (cf. It is attributed to late MH or early LH. (1956) 77. 200 m. 87j:l. their pottery seems to be no later than LH IIIB (contra BSA ~2 ( 1947) 72). and it may have been abandoned for a period. lies on a promontory on the S side of the Brauron bay. F lJo KOROPI: AYIOS CHRISTOS /1 ( GAMS No. on the slopes of the adjacent hill of Chamolia c. c. i. however. and there were remains of a large house near the summit. The reported "fortification" (PAE (1956) 79). an estimated c. AD 21(1966) B 98. E-W by So m. F 39 POUSSI CHAMOLIA (OR VROMOPOUSSI) K. but no details are given. and a vase from here (AA (1974) 3 fig. 22 (1967) B 131. The acropolis is a fairly low hill. also AD 25 (1970) B Pl.000 sq..e. 2) should be no later than LH IIA. Surface sherds indeed appear to indicate that the whole available space on the acropolis was in use throughout the BA periods indicated. (1950) 188. CG fig. m. but indicates a substantial centre. 10 Lavrion 254 ( "Yenissis Khristou") at 461 E MH LH IIII LH IIIA -B G C 369) I 36o N . may in reality be terracing.) AA (1962) 190. It was presumably a port town (of. PAE (1948) 83. (1955) 119. 10 Lavrion EH II AM 71 (1956) 2. 626 E I 370 N (approx.214 AE (1895) 196. which extend c. which shows pottery displayed in the cases in Brauron Museum) Ancient Brauron is at the head of a small bay which gives easy assess to the eastern part of the Mesogeia plain. E of Ancient Brauron. 10 This site. EH II was found. 16o m. attributed to MH. 16. 2.cit.

cit. ivories. BC~ 2 (1878) 185.ycena'!_ (1878) AA (1926) 400. The pottery has a wide range: a piriform jar is LH IIIAl or possible LH IIB. 200 m. Alin The site (also known as "Kastro tou Christou 11 ) lies c. and LH III sherds are thinly spread over its surface for an extent of c. 261. and an agate stamp-seal. CMP 70. CG fig. and approached by a long dromos. to l'M of the site. NW-SE by lOO m. boar 1 s tusk helmetplates. 3 km. 106.). especially ~DJ 35. between Paiania and Koropi. H. Sherds in the BSA collection include MH Minyan Ware (CG loo. Robbed chamber tombs were noted on the NW slope (PAE loo. 22 fig.).) and mediaeval. lO Lavrion N? EH II JV'J-! # (GAMS No. In a cave o. WNW of Koropi. 76. F IJ2 SPATA: ·» MAGOULA K.oit. The hill is a natural acropolis. leading off one another. 12 and 165 fig. 200 m. was surrounded by 11 Cyolopean" walls (AM and Fimmen loo. other vases are LH IIIA2-B. l (sketch plan) I 417 N AM 2 (1877) 82. including jewellery. and some LH sherds at Karelia. 371) 163 ( 'Magoula Spatha 1 ) at 530 E LH IIIAl-B ill IIIC? G f\thenaion 6 (l8TT) 167. The flat upper part o. between the site and Profi tis Ilias on the E slope of Mt. The more important of the excavated tombs was made up of three chambers. E-W by 90 m. some LH sherds were found ( PAE ( 1950) 159 fig. The new "Bethlehem" monastery is on the E side of the hill just above Ayios Christos chapel. and others were reported. At least two chamber tombs were out into the SW foot of the hill. Prehistoric and later sherds cover this area and a further c. MV Pl.). Remains of a prehistoric settlement have been found on the low rounded hill of ~lagoula on the S side of Spata village. and sherds beside plundered tombs on the NE slope include one kylix fragment attributed to LH IIIIIIA. stone vase fragments. Hymettos. AR (1935-6) ll[. 7. 18). E-W by 90 m. and one or two are probably LH IIIC (of. . PAE (1950) 165. 3'70) 39~ N (Karelia) BSA 1[2 (191+7) 8. 14 Fimmen 1921. on the terraced S slopes. it had been robbed. but some rich finds survived. 10 Lavrion LH AA (1916) 142. and a LH IIII jug was reported (AR loo.oit. mostly in front of the doorway. MH. !::l. 200 m. Schliemann. xli.oit. F 41 PAIANIA (FORJVJERLY LIOPESI): K. EH II. BCH 89 (1965) 21. ~85 E I KARELIA (GAMS No.215 AM 16 (1891) 220. 200 m. Alin 106 A poor LH grave was found to S of Paiania.

10 Lavrion LH IIIB 530 E I 41fO N (approx. t!i. Alin 110 Some LH IIIB figurines (now in the Stathatos collection) were found in a gcave c. On its surface (c. 150 m. So m. 39:2. E-VI by 30 m. on a slope to N of the chapel of Ayios Sotiros near Velanideza. 3 km. discovered by Jv}r. The vases cover IJ--l: IIIB and early LH IIIC. its goods bear comparison with those of the Menidi tholos (F 1>). Some of this material may have come from the smaller tomb excavated nearby or be washed down from the settlement above. c.216 17:115 need not be an early as LH IIA).AMS No. a small village c. at 595 E / L~35 N 7. Studies Presented to David M. S. F. and a little to E o£' Pallene. BSI\ IQ ( 1947) Five robbed chamber tombs vrere cleared here.ens-Raphina road. Robins on I (1951) 108 Pl. 11agoula is thOUfpt to be the "Polis" or old town of the deme of Erchia (BCH 89 (1965) 21). 10 (under nProkalisin) This site. Sotir. 6 km. 10 Lavrion ( GAMS No. F v2LANIDEZA: K. may have been the 11 Pagos ll of Erchia. to SVI of t!Iagoula. ) some coarse ware sherds occur sporadically. and it may well be a local princely tomb. A smaller hill named Tsoumba Sideri. including burnished fragments resembling N ''variegated ware 11 • F 113 CHJIRVATI (Q. . EH II sherds (in the BSA collection) 01ere found on the upper part. 372) K. 1J-5.) BCH 73 (1949) 521 fig. Alin 110 LF IIIB-C !ID 11 ( 1927-8) Parartema 61>. S of Charvati. so that the tomb's precise period of use remains obscure. 373) AYIOS SOTIROS Ay. to S of the Atfl. 3 and Pl. is a large plateau at the E end of a long rocky ridge. F 43A PALLINT: PROKALISI ](. 10 Lavrion EH I l 527 E I lfL>6 N CG fig. Hood in 1961. SE of Pikermi.

and the cemetery may have lain on a low promontory to the E. BSA 42 ( l9lf7) 7 Three small chamber tombs were excavated on a small hill to N of the road c. and some LH sherds are the only traces of later occupation. S of F 45. F 47 PIKERMI (GAMS No. 5000 sq. there are widespread traces of bronze-working activity at this stage. and c. which seems to have been largely if not entirely built over in EH II. to theW. 2 km. 374) * 623 E I 486 N I. (1955) 109. This was clearly an important settlement. 10 Nea Psara EH II EH III? MH LH II-III(A-B) PAE (1951) 77. (1955) 287 Neon Athenaion 1 The centre of this site seems to have been a low hill on the N side of the bay and to W of the harbour. An isolated EH II house has been noted at Skalopati. and later settlement is represented by sherd-material only. 500 m. 375) * I. to which a likely fortification-wall on the hill and most of the settlementremains belong. Its most important period seems to have been EH II. 10 Ne a Psara 627 E EH I-II LH II-IIIA2 PAE (1954) 104.217 F 45 RAPHINA (under GAMS No. F 46 RAPHINA: ASKITARIO *# I. They contained pottery and steatite whorls. in extent. c. I lf70 N AE (1953-4) III 59 A high promontory roughly triangular in shape. Traces of earlier occupation were noted. 1 km. 10 Nea Psara 555 E I 473 N LH IIIA2-B AD ll ( 1927-8) Parartema 70. but it is not clear if this was universal. c. but house-remains have also been found along the shore. bothroi dug into a house on the hill contained pottery likely to be EH III or early MH. (1952) 129. (1955) 116. . (1953) 105. where bones and sherds of "frying-pans" were found on the surface. E of Pikermi. There are traces of a destruction by fire at the shore. m. but it appears to have been abandoned at the end of EH II. the structural remains having apparently been entirely eroded. when it was protected by a wall along the SW side. and it was clearly a site of some importance.

) unlined dromos. A!l! 71 (1956) l for EH) as well as later material. contains a central burial in an inner circle and an apparently associated horse-burial. 10 Nea Psara EH II MH I 5'78 N PAE (1933) 35.4. of medium size (d. F 49 MARATHON: VRANA: AGRILIKI *# (GA!I!S Nos. I fJJ2 N PAE (1970)5. were two cists. at the head of the Vrana valley. (1936) 42. BSA 42 (19~7) 7. cf. F 50 MARATHON: TSEPI I. l km.) but approached by a very long (25 m. the latest. 7. is a group of tumuli. (1935) 92. provided with pottery and other goods. whose compartments held many burials. 39). 155.0 m. About l km. (1958) 15. a plain flat alabastron (BSA 42 (1947) 42) should be LH IIB-IIIAl. The floor was covered with a thin layer of ash and animal bones. lO Nea Psara EB (II?) *# 588 E AAA 3 (1970) 67. (1970) 9. of LH date. 376-7) 572 E I 599 N (Vrana) 558 ( 'Agriliki' ) at 575 E LH IIII-IIIB PG G I. and there were only a few other finds. contained complex stone structures. continued in use until LH IIIA2 at least. in which two horses had been buried in a pit. a fragment of a stemmed krater is cited on p. resembling houses in plan. 3 1f9. 72. but the report that as well as bronze fragments another gold cup was found in the other but stolen seems to be mistaken. which might be connect\!)d with reuse of the tomb. Within the chamber. Some DA tombs were found nearby.218 F 48 NEA !I!AKRI * I. 7. reported to be found intact. fJJ7 E I 547 N (approx. (l93lf) 35. ( 1972) 5 . A~ (1934) 194. and pottery found during cleaning activities is attributed to the end of LH II. 10 Nea Psara N EH 1-II PAE ( 1954) 1111 . The earliest. but late LH III is also reported (BSA 42 ( l9lf7) 7. T. one held a gold cup placed upon the body. to SE is a tholos tomb. The others. AAA 3 (1970) 68. datable to middle or late MH.l. T. surrounded by other MH burials in built graves or cists. 51 (1956) 88 n. a date which would fit the parallels of the gold cup.) A!l! 71 ( 1956) l A largely N site on a low mound by the sea c. both in built graves. mostly pottery. Belov" it. SE of Nea MakrL EH I-II was found in one area. 3 1c9 The high Agriliki acropolis on the W edge of the ]Viarathos plain appears to have produced evidence of EH-LH occupation (the crucial reference is PAE (1936) 1e2. 154.

10 Nea Psara EH II AAA ME *# PLASI (NEAR AYIOS PANDELEIMON I 611 E LH III(A-B) 590 N G A 3 (1970) 14. the digging of a drainage trench revealed a prehistoric settlement on a low rise c. F 51 MARATHON: I. but the first EB phase is too poorly known on the mainland for this to be considered certain. '>2.ATHON: i'JINOI (THE CAVE OF PAN) I. XI (1966) 37). despite the nCyclopean 11 aspect of one particular section (RE Suppl. 300 m. also a large !fiH building with associated kiln. but it may well have been the centre of the Marathon complex. were observed here in 1970.ATHON: I. Much LH was also found. 10 Ne a Psara N EH II # KA'l'O SOULI G A 621i E I 632 N (approx. possibly BA. is a prehistoric site of clearly considerable importance. 63. 150 m. R. used for many burials. on a low mound c. beside the hamlet of rrsepi. Doumas. 243 n. 1200 m. a fortification-wall is reported and attributed to EH or MH. hut include objects of silver and vases of stone and clay very close to Cycladic types (c. Persia and the Greeks (1962) 2. Most of the diagnostic surface sherds are c or H. Very little detail is available on this site as yet. 379) */I c . F 53 !'"1\Ji. in Early Bronze Age Burial Habits in the Cyclades ( 1977) 66 attributes them to the KS phase). The sherds recovered were mainly EH II. F 52 !1AJi. For alleged LH finds from the Soros itself of. These were family-tombs. 15. NE-il'll by lOO m.) C AAA 7 (1974) 1 Near Kato Souli. on the S side of the road to modern Marathon. Burn. Obsidian and some coarse ware sherds_. 349. 10 Ne a Psara 550 E I 630 N EH (I?. VI 6o8).eems possible that this cemetery represents a settlement founded by people from the Cyclades.)II 11H LH IIII? LH III(A-B) N (GAMS No. a large cemetery of rectangular built graves. 153. E of the Soros and c. A. rather than Agriliki. but the fortifications are more likely to be C or H: than fllyoenaean. PAE C H (1970) 5 On the shore. and LG to C is recorded (Hesperia Suppl.54 n. has been discovered. To vi of and above Kato Souli is the 'l'rikorythos hill where there are extensive fortifications. arranged in orderly rows. grave-goods were not common.219 On the N side of the entrance to the Vrana valley. It r. NE of Ayios Pandeleimon.

lOO m. There i8 a similar mound c. . MH and LH sherd-material was widespread on the surface. surviving goods were relatively rich. lO Nea Psara 366 ( 1Kotroni Stamatas 1 ) at 519 E / 672 N MH LH II-IIIB C M1 21 (1896) 385. 169) is erroneous. BSA 42 (1947) 8 The fine and large acropolis of Kotroni on the NW edge of Marathon Lake dominates a route from Attica to Boeotia. 4 km. N of Chasia MH Mattpainted and LH III sherds were found. material from all phases of the BA is reported from areas by the entrances. PARNES: CAVE OF PAN NEAR CHASIA (GAMS No. 10 Nea Psara LH IIIA2-B MV ( GAMS No. 384) 9 Khalkis 11 Spilaion Panos" at 330 E / 630 N MH LH III(C?) C I.220 Ergon (1958) 15 This cave in foothills to W of modern Marathos was occupied during N times. containing burials in cists. AE (1906) lOO. pits. The pottery seems earlier than that of the MH tumulus at Marathos (F 49). and in view of the published evidence the assertion that no LH has been found on the acropolis (Hesperia Suppl. About 1. XI (1966) 82 n. 3) that the sherds belong to LH IIIC. There is no doubt that Aphidna was an important MH and LH settlement. Alin 111 In the Cave of Pan on Mt. and huge pi thoi. 383) in square 420 E / 590 N 41 A stirrup-jar was found here. Parnes. to SSW of the acropolis disturbed remains of a MH tunulus were excavated. including some unusual pottery and circlets of gold and silver. c. on lower slopes leading down to the lake. It is deduced (Alin 112 n.5 km. but its identification as evidence for cult remains to be substantiated. including a copper/bronze chisel. F 54 ANCIENT APHIDNA *If ( GAMS No. NW of the tumulus and a series of smaller mounds to NE. F 55 DEKELEA: TATOI I. 38o) I. F 56 MT.

F 59 (GAMS No. 500 m. H. where remains of a house-foundation of worked blocks. cited as EH II (CG fig. Ho Oropos kai to Hieron tou Amphiaraou CG figs. 430) I. Petrakos. B. and two cists were discovered. MH Grey Minyan and Matt-painted were found and a few EH III and LH III sherds. reported to be the source of an incised EB stone vase of Cycladic type in the National Museum (Neon Athenaion l ( 1955) 288). One of the latter is reported to have contained two cups and two amber beads. 14 Ayios Ilias is c. 10 Nea Psara 4Eo E EH III MH LH III I 824 N AA (l9Ef>) 2ll. (1968) 11. H. lO and li!) A site on a high isolated rock c. 10. l. its date is quite uncertain.A OROPOU # (GAMS No. Sherd-material of most BA phases has been found on the hill. . from the sea and near the edge of the coastal plain. KIPOI. N of Avlon. cited as EH II (CG fig.221 F 57 SKJU. 19 (of. ll. to NE of Schimatari and toE of the road to Dilisi. since they can not be located. EH II and MH were found here by D. NOTE We have omitted the following sites in Attica. and could well be post-BA. French. 3. * I 842 N CG figs. 14 The site is a low mound on the E side of Nea Palatia near Skala Oropou. 431) SCHIMATARI: AYIOS ILIAS I. F 58 BATHIZA I. apparently associated with LH IIIA2-B pottery. on the N side of the river Asopos. 6 km. KAZA (ELEUTHERAI). c. figs. 2 km. 9-ll. 9 Khalkis "Profitis Ilias" at 308 E MH LH IIIA2-B N EH I-III BSA 12 (1905-6) 94. 9 Khalkis EH II 368 E I 797 N MH CG fig. 10. following AM 71 (1956) l). A disused mine railway runs by the N and E foot. LEFKA. following AM 71 (1956) 29). 2.

described as to S of Schimatari. Ergon (1975) 17. steep on all sides except the NN where stands the chapel of Ayios Konstandinos. H. JHS 85 (1965) 125. and the topography requires clarification. SE of Gephyra. a low isolated hill c.5 km. (1971) 7. 700 m. lf29) 841 N (approx. five vases were recovered from one excavated tomb. F 63 TANAGRA: GEPHYRA. 400 m. At Kesseri nearby eight rock-cut tombs of EH type (cf. 184. 9 Khalkis LH III(A2-B) 258 E I 781 N (village) AD 19 (1964) B 199 LH chamber tombs were found at the SE edge of the village. I 817 N (Kokkali) AD 24 (1969) B 187 An EH site was reported by D. The sherds on the flat top include most phases of the BA. (1970) 29. This would appear to be in the neighbourhood of the "Liougo or Kokkali" site reported in AD ( 1969). NNW of the church of Ayios Thomas and 3. AAA 2 (1969) 20.000 sq. and to N of the Asopos. 3 (1970) 61. (1976) 8 Two large chamber tomb cemeteries are being excavated at Gephyra (or Ledheza) c. for GEPHYRA) C Alin 120. F 62 AYIOS THOMAS: I. DENDRON I. and tall-stemmed kylikes were noted. 19. and Dendron. But more than one prehistoric settlement may be indicated. N of the village of Ayios Thomas. m. where LH sherds were found over an area of c. G 30) were found robbed. PAE (1969) 5.222 F to AYIOS THOMAS: KOKKALI AND LIOUGO-KOKKALI I. F 61 KLIDHI * I. (1974) 9.5 km. French at Kokkali. (1973) 11. LH habitation-sites have been identified near each cemetery and have been . 750 m. 9 Khalkis 277 E N EH I EH III LH CG fig. 1. 9 Khalkis 234 E LH IIIAl-B LH IIIC? I * (GAMS No. 9 Khalkis N EH II MH AYIOS KONSTANDINOS 262 E I 799 N LH III(A2-B) A C H AD 2lf ( 1969) B 186 A prehistoric settlement was found here c. E of modern Tanagra. NN of Ayios Thomas on a high hill. 10.

The site has not been marked on Map F. F 64A PHAROS AVLIDHOS: YERALI * 306 E I 914 N (approx. 6: deep bowl. 8 (1949) 39.) EH LH (including IIIB) I.g. are reported from here. A massive stone-built doorway on theW slope has been thought to be that of a tholos tomb. unique on the mainland. were quite frequently found. it has now largely disappeared (Kadmos 5 (1966) 142 n. and richer. was recovered from illicit excavations. N-S by lOO m. AAA 2 (1969) 23 fig. 9 Khalkis 309 E I 904 N N EH I-III MH LH I-IIIC PAE (1911) 142. although one or two vases from the Gephyra cemetery might be (e. to 3 of this. its significance is obscure. Suppl. extending back to LH IIIAl. no distinctively LH IIIC pottery has yet been published from the cemeteries. often decorated with scenes of mourners or other representations that may have funerary or religious significance. 20 (1965) B 242. AE (1956) Chronika 26 Hesperia A prominent 11 high mound" site. to NW ofF 64. 433) 285 E G A C I 955 N H . 9 Khalkis AD 26 (1971) B 218 An EH and LH IIIB settlement. and larnakes. on the coast c. Traces of a probable fortification have been identified. These cemeteries are evidence for a large population whose custom of larnax-burial. and a cemetery of chamber tombs. 1). Of the two cemeteries. Dendron may be the older.223 tested by excavation. F 65 VATHY: NISI I. decorated with incised representations of ships. its goods including bronzes and sealstones. figurines and pottery were common in both.. Although these were originally attributed to LH IIIC. AD 1 (1915) Parartema 55. on the NW edge of Dramesi (now renamed Paralia Avlidhos). 200 m. whose goods include much jewellery. 1 km. and a four-sided stone stele. 9 Khalkis LH (III?) PAE (1959) 32 *!I (GAMS No. 432) */I I. apparently of cists. cup). Good EH-LH remains have been found in various investigations here. A cemetery. F 64 DRAMEST (GAMS No. is common enough to be considered a local feature. though by ne means universal. c. produced MH-LH II pottery and weapons.

POLITIKA: KAFKALA T. 435) I. 10 (map) I 983 N CG figs. 9 Psakhna EH (II?) MH 269 E I 122 N LH IIII? LH III(A-B) (Euboea No. 9. This was an extens<ive prehistoric site. 4)1>) MIY. 9 Psakhna N EH II MH (Euboea No. 9 Khalkis 36 (spot height) at 264 E EH I-II MH LH IIII-IIIC PG or G? C Arkheion Euboikon Meleton 6 (1969) 309. above and NE of the Cape beacon. 10. 50 m. Euboea 52 Sherds were found scattered over the slopes of the ridge between Poli tika and Cape 11nima.< N of the chapel of Ayia Paraskevi near the Sanctuary.RO VATHY I. F 67 CHALKIS: VLICHA # (GAMS No. 58 fig. The tombs may well be associated with F 65.224 Nisi (or Yeladovouni) is the long N~s ridge between the main Aulis Bay (Megalo Vathy) on the Sand the smaller<bay<(Mikro Vathy) on theN<. 9 Khalkis LH IIB-IIIB 286 E I 967 N PAE (1956) 95. It was apparently occupied throU&~out LH (well represented in the BSA collection. Trial excavations on the W slope (to E of <the Sanctuary of Artemis) revealed a stretch of walling. 26) A c . Kadmos 5 (1966) 142 for a sherd with a painted pot-mark). perhaps c. 25) 24o E I 126 N LH III(A-B) C BSA 47 (1952) 6o n. Most of the sherds were found on the seaward side. which is assigned to LH on the basis of finds around: it. l4b. and N. F 66 (GAMS No. F 68 POLITIKA: M~UMA T. 200 m. 500 m. (l96o) 48 Pottery and weapons were recovered from chamber tombs destroyed during building of the cement works on the N side of Mikro Vathy Bay. opposite Chalkis and to N of the inlet crossed by the railway. Other traces of LH occupation were noted c. with the greatest concentration c. Euboea Vlicha (or Tseloneri) is an isolated hill near the shore. 101. N-S by 120 m.B. l6c. 14.

and later sherds were found over all TpJ and S slopes and concentrated on the SVJ opposite the mediaeval· tower (Pirgos) below. 104 A low mound c. and later sher'ds were found for more than 300 m. 30-31) 342 E I 098 N (Ayios Ilias) MH LH IIIA-C G? C Euboea 54 Ayios Ilias is a prominent hill c. F 73 KATHENI: KRASAS T. On slopes above and to NE of the church were C and H sherds and tiles. to 3 of Ayios Ilias (F 70). 33) o86 N Euboea 33 The church of Ayia Parask. 2 km. 3 km. C. tliH. on the 3 edge of the plain and above the marshes. 1200 m. In the MH period Ayios Ilias and Pirgos may have formed one continuous settlement. from tbe shore and c. 9 Psakhna EH? ~1H? ill 329 E G C (-'-"uboea No. A few LH. to E of the road from Chalkis. I 077 N Euboea 56 A small round hill c. IJ-1. F 72 P3AKHNA: GLIFA3 T. EH I ]V'lD TT le2o E I oBo N ti III (A-B) L~~ (Fuboea l\o. G and C sherds were found and traces of walling (fortifications?) on the S and E sides~ Sherds possibly EH and f. SE of Psakhna dominating the whole plain and with extensive views to V\T~ S. 200 m. t!lH. 33E of Politika. 10 Kimi N~ ' . to 3 and lOO m.JiH are reported. 500 m. c.A3liliVI T. 9 Psakhna LH A c H AD 19 (1964) B 213.evi is c. and E. 4 km. 3 km. 345 E I * (Euboea No. EH.2~?5 Euboea 53. To W of the church on the opposite side of the road three LH chamber tombs were cleared in an already robbed cemetery. The mound and adjacent fields are scattered with BA and later sherds. 9 Psakhna N? EH I-II (Euboea Nos. to 'd of Pirgos. S of Psak"1na. SSE of Psak~na~ c. 29) . F 71 P3AKHNA: AYIA PAl1. F 70 P3AKHNA: AYI03 ILIAS AND PIRGOS T.

4 km. Arkheion Euboikon Meleton 6 (1959) 292. They are part of an extensive LH cemetery on a slope. Euboea No. F 74 * MISTROS T. being fortified. F 76 CHALKIS : TRYPA I. 500 m. Euboea 57 PI\E (1910) 266. on the hilltop. 10 Kimi LH IIIA2-C 506 E I 043 N (approx. A variety of goods and a wide range of pottery was recovered. 9 A high flat-topped ridge c. Euboea 56. but a chamber tomb near Panayitsa produced a fine Type C sword and two cylinder-seals. Euboea No. a large cemetery of rock-cut tombs to the SW was used in both this and the following phase. 556. Sherds were found over an area c. F 75 MANIKA (CAPE) I. 35) 315 E I 028 N LH I-IIIB G C G. inhabited without apparent break from EH I to lli IIIB. 200 m. although the pottery is of good quality. AD 24 (1969) B 202. along with LH IIIAl-B pottery. 21. a bronze vessel and iron spearhead are reported (the latter a DA or later intrusion?). Peri ton en Euboiai archaion taphon (1910).) PG or later? AAA 2 (1969) 30 During construction of a road from Mistros to Mavropoulon (NE of Mistros) six chamber tombs were found and partly plundered. Later remains on the site are not remarkable. . A. 3'11 of Katheni. EH I was recognized and one sherd of MH Grey Minyan and part of a LH kylix. BSA 47 (1952) 49. by 70 m. 9 Khalkis MH LB I-IIIC * ( GA!I!S No. on the W side of the road to Chalkis. 25 (1970) B 248. 9 Khalkis EH I-III MH *I ( GAMS No. and has produced material resembling that from Cycladic tombs. CG fig. The EH II settlement was clearly of importance. The phase following EH II has strong "Anatolian" connections. Part of the settlement is now underwater. Papavasileiou. c. as at F 81 (cf.226 Euboea 9l. (1911) 237. AS 16 (1966) 49). 37) 330 E I 999 N PG G C H Papavasileiou 1910. long. 553. 26 (1971) B 267 A low promontory.

MH and LH have been claimed. 38) KAKI KEFALI I. 47) I 992 N 6J Some surface sherds of ~0H and LH type were found in the field above and S of the village. but the report is not confirmed. Euboea 59 N and EH sherds were found at the N foot of the acropolis of ancient Chalkis. F 77 CHALKIS : I. 308. and LE surface sherds were found. mainly LH II-IIIA2. 9 Khalkis N EH t1H? (Euboea No. stray MH sherds and later material were also found. Euboea 59 N and EH sherds were found near the spring of Arethousa at the NW foot of the acropolis of ancient Chalkis. lf3) 303 E I 980 N LH? PG C Ark>J. MH. 308. between the church of Ayia Triadha and the school. consisting largely of pottery. to E of modern Cha1kis on slopes SW and N of Ayia E1eousa. A group of PG vases from here is described by V.JQ) VA'rHROVOUNI I. Jewellery. It has a small harbour to S and beaches to ~'E. R. Euboea No.227 Two small groups of chamber tombs have been excavated here. . Euboea 58 A promontory with a li.ghthouse. 555.H C I 298 E H 001 N Arkheion Euboikon !1eleton 6 (1959) 282.) Ark'1eion Euboikon Meleton 6 (1959) 282. !.eion Euboikon Me le ton 6 (1959) 282. F8o DHOKOS: AYIA THIADHA I. also some figurines. 9 Khalkis EH NlH (GAMS No. EH. F 79 CHALKIS : ARETHOUSA I. and bronzes. Des borough ( Protogeometric Pottery ( 1952) 199). 9 Khalkis l'lH Le'! c Euboea 341 E (Euboea No. 9 Khalkis N EH C H 308 E I 982 N (approx. F 78 CHALKIS: ( Euboea No. 308. on the N side of Chalkis. The tombst contents were not very impressive.

CG figs. abandoned for F 83 during the G period. which appears to have covered the entire hill early in LH IIIC. R. one of which may have been the main centre of habitation in the earlier DA. Euboea Nos. M.. c. complement those of the Athens cemeteries over the same period. sherds attributable to Final N and EH II were found in the first stratum (AR (1969-70) 8. Excavations at Lefkandi. 10). after which it seems to decline. R. . This site provides information of the first importance on the DA. 26 (1971) B 267. (1967-8) 12. AD 25 (1970) B 250. E-W by 120 m. representing three major phases. ?:f::A 2 (1969) 98. was completely destroyed by fire at the end of the first phase and at least partially in the course of the second. A thin scatter of worn EH sherds was :found on much of the top and part of the seaward slopes. H. 554. 9 Khalkis AYIOS ANDREAS 375 E I (Euboea No. (1965-6) 10. Of these the Skoubris cemetery began in the SMyc. being closely comparable except in the quality of the pottery. The Greek Dark Ages (1972) 188 A long steep-sided low hill of "high mound" type projecting into the sea. F 82 VASILIKON: I. although not spectacular.228 F 81 LEFKANDI: XEROPOLIS I. (1966-7) 12. immediately W of Ayios Andreas church and S of the Chalkis-Eretria road. 52) 930 N EH I-II Euboea 61. PG G C AR (1964-5) 16. It may well have been wholly abandoned at the end of LH IIIC and only reoccupied late in PG. the other two (Palaia Perivolia and Toumba) in PG. 258. 8. especially in the NV/. phase. The most important remains on the site are the deep LH IIIC deposits. cf. Sackett. AJA 72 (1968) 41. A sounding to bedrock showed continuity of occupation from a phase equivalent to EH III but having an 11 Anatolian" pottery-tradition. they indicate that the settlement. (1969-70) 8. Euboea 1964-66 (1968). 500 m. but continuity of occupation in the area is assured by the DA cemeteries to the NW. cf. also CG figs. severely eroded in parts but with deep deposits. and their contents. Desborough. Popham and L. all share a unique burial-rite blending features of inhumation and cremation. and may well have been the original Eretria. £SA 66 (1971) 333. 48-50) 19 (spot height) at 353 E I 930 N (Xeropolis) MH LH I-IIIC SMyc. (1970-l) 7. 9-10 A low rocky hill by the sea. Euboea 6o. Traces of settlement and scattered tombs have been found at various points around the site. 9 Khalkis N EH II-III *# (Q_~ No. also V.

This is a prominent low hill. 56-8) 125 ( 'Kasteli') at 46o E I 914 N (the acropolis) LHIIIA2-B PG G A CH AAA 2 (1969) 26. 2. but forms part of a larger hillock. BSA 47 (1952) 6o n. NW-SE by l6o m. A possible destruction-level was noted c. There is a fine beach on the E side. indicating a total extent of c. Papavasileiou 1910. 13 (GAMS No. where EH is commonest. The upper surface of the hill (c. 59) 493 E I 914 N LH I-IIIC C H Euboea 63 A low mound on the shore c. from the sea. Robbed chamber tombs were found on a ridge to N. (1902) 121. but never in great quantity. Euboea 64. 10 Nea Psara N EH I-III MH I (Euboea No. 562. E of Amarynthos and at the E end of the Eretrian plain. Prehistoric material has been found at various points on the acropolis and in the town. Euboea Nos. The top is of small area. ETC. l6o m. AE (1969) 143 A lofty and extensive acropolis some 1. W of the cliffs. 56~. llfb. which lies on a slight rise. 95. 5 km. F 85 AMARYNTHOS: PALAIOCHORIA -X- I I. when it apparently took over from F 82 the chief position in the eastern Lelantine plain. Euboea No. . PG tombs were found midway between Eretria and Magoula (cf. F 84 ERETRIA: MAGOULA I. NE-SW by 85 m.229 F 83 ANCIENI EREI'RIA (THE ACROPOLIS.5 km. c. PAE (1902) 65. but EH of good quality was especially noted. 20 m. whose cliffs project slightly into the sea. Prehistoric sherds are abundant here and on the lower slopes on the NW side. lOO. The hill is surmounted by two Byzantine churches and the remains of a third.5 km. from which it is separated by the modern town. (pace Euboea 65). 200 m. associated with EH II sherds and several good wall foundations. CG figs. 10 Nea Psara 561 E I 889 N N EH I-II EH III? MH LH I-IIIC PAE (1898) 15. 8-10. and the site has been eroded on the seaward side. (1903) 18. and nothing datable between LH IIIB and the end of PG has been reported. 86. BSA 52 (1957) l~). The site was not extensive.) I. E of Eretria on the road to Amarynthos. 10 Nea Psara EHII(-III?) MH Euboea 62. The site's importance may not date from before MG II. 52 (1957) 23. 62 ) PG G? C H AE (1900) 5.) is flat and cultivated. which are set on ancient foundations. *# (GAMS No.

F 88 ALIVERI : (Euboea No. The settlement was important throughout LH. and LH seemed more heavily concentrated on the inland upper slopes on the NW side. SSE of Aliveri.) N Arkheion Euboikon Meleton 6 (1959) 285. immediately toW of Karavos near Aliveri.) on the top was unsuccessful. and the quantity of good LH IIIC surface sherds is particularly striking (Euboea 104).cit. 13-14. 63-64) MAGOULA AND LIVADHI I. for Mylaki) Arkheion Euboikon Meleton 6 (1959) 283. and some scraps which may be G. Sherds and building material litter an area c. ll AE (1945-7) ll and fig. 2 km. 150 m. and is to be connected with the Magoula settlement. and later remains have been found in the area. F 86 ALIVERI: (Euboea Nos. but C. 309. (1945-7) Chronika 9. 13-14. 12. F 87 ALIVERI : (Euboea No. 313. lO Nea Psara N EH C H 686 E I 65) 882 N (approx. 11. No other comparable site has yet been found further S in Euboea. ll AE (1941) 44. where two LH IIIC pictorial sherds were found (Euboea 65). ll. which shows that this was the principal MH and LH settlement in the area. The low mound of Magoula is c. Only one PG sherd was found. .230 MH and LH material of excellent quality and variety was found on the top and on the E and W slopes. figs. H. 10 Nea Psara 68o E EH II MH LH IIIA -C C I 893 N (Magoula) Arkheion Euboikon Meleton 6 (1959) 311. A chamber tomb containing LH vases was found at Livadhi. Euboea 68 and fig. ll Various finds of N and EH sherds and obsidian are reported from the vicinity of Mylaki. There was a little EH II and a wealth of MH and LH. on the S outskirts of Aliveri. figs. Euboea 69 and fig. Nand EH sherds and stone implements (especially of obsidian) were spread on the slopes and at the foot of the broad rounded hill Mesonisi. 10 Nea Psara EH 662 E I 898 N (approx. Euboea 69 and fig. 66) MESONISI I. AE (1941) 44. MYLAKI I. by lOO m. A small excavation (PAE (1898) loc.

Euboea 71 and fig. probably LH IIIA2. to NE). Euboea No. 10 Nea Psara 714 E LH IIIA2(-B?) G C Papavasileiou 1910. F 90 LEPOURA : (Euboea No. BSA 47 (1952) 49. 72-73) I. .) with a "relieving triangle" was excavated on the SW slope. N of Katakalou and 250 m. but search in the immediate neighbourhood has produced no sign of a LH settlement site. 10 Nea Psara EH LH III(A-B) 722 E I 69) 890 N (approx. 68) 929 N Euboea 70 The site is a spur c.. NE of the village. 10 Nea Psara LH (IIIA-B) C PAE (1907) 114. 2 km. 566. A small tholos tomb (d. 67) •- I. SW of the church of Ayia Paraskevi. F 92 AVLONARION: PALAIOKASTRI AND ANTIRES * (Euboea Nos. ll 716 E I 894 N Papavasileiou 1910. 12 Arkheion Euboikon Meleton 6 (1959) 309. Euboea No. 10 Nea Psara 729 E I 003 N (Palaiokastri) N? EH II MH LH G? C H? PAE (1902) 71.) was excavated here c. by 50 m. Euboea 69 A small built tomb of tholos type (d. Among a thin scatter of prehistoric sherds one EH and one LH sherd were recognized. SW of Lepoura.). 567. 500 m. 39. 500 m. 4. I ( GAMS No. But the site is much eroded. 5. and the nearest known LH settlement is F 90 (at Lepoura c. c.231 F 89 VELOUSIA (GAMS No. but the only finds reported from it are bones and a steatite whorl. and fig. (1941-4) 37. cut through by the road to Aliveri.cit. lOO m. On the spur above is a thin spread of worn sherds including LH and G. Some kylix sherds were apparently also found at the site (BSA loc. F 91 KATAKALOU: * AYIO PARASKEVI I.) Euboea 71 A low mound c. MAGOULA I.6 m. 42. its contents may have included a kylix in grey ware. 2 km.2 m. The tomb is presumably LH.

I 090 N (Palaiokastro) LH IIIC? C H Papavasileiou 1910. These tombs are probably to be associated with the Palaiokastro settlement. of LH IIIAl (even possibly LH IIB) date. This is said to be the principal early settlement of the region. 20 f-g). especially on the NE side. 13 A robbed 11 chamber tomb 11 (perhaps a built tomb like those of F 93) was found in 1939 on the top of the hill c. A thick spread of N. 77) T. while a double pyxis (Euboea Pl. 78) T. 569-70. 4. 75-6. A find Type El dagger. although the exact location is unknown. 2lf. NNW-SSE by 75 m. ~ea Nos. and LH type were found mainly on the SW slopes above the church of Ayia Triadha. 571. apart. A small built tomb of tholos type (d. Three vases were saved: one is definitely and one probably LH IIIAl (Euboea Pl. lO Kimi LH IIIA 700 E ( GAMS No. EH. and MH sherds was found here. near the shore c. and nearer to Avlonari. Euboea No. Sherds of EH. and surely formed one community in EH and MH. F 93 OXYLITHOS: PALAIOKASTRO. F 94 OXYLITHOS: MONI MANTZARI (Euboea No. It appears to have been the principal early settlement in the valley. to ENE produced LH IIIAl-2 vases and LH IIIB(-C?) sherds. 500 m. l km. Euboea 73 and fig. SO) I 138 N (village) . with the greatest concentration on the NE slopes. EH pottery and obsidian were found in trials and LH chamber tombs are reported from the Avlonarian area. EVRIMA AND PARALIA * (GAMS Nos. l km. 1. WSW of Avlonarion with remains of much destroyed C or H fortifications.. 10 Kimi 790 E I 094 N (approx. Palaiokastri and Antires are only c. NE of Evrima. 2. 10 Kimi 76o E EH MH LH IIIAl-B PAE (1907) ll4.5 km. and on the summit.6 m. MH. E of the monastery. F 95 ANDRONIANI * T.) LH IIIAl LH III(A2-B) C Euboea 71f and fig. may have come from a destroyed tomb of this type at Paralia. S of Oxylithos. 3CO m. Antires is a long low hill c. 500 m. 29.) at Evrima c. on the NE side of Palaiokastri (Euboea fig.232 Palaiokastri is a high conical hill c.5 km. 20e) is surely later. 13 Palaiokastro is a prominent hill in the valley c. 12). MH and earlier sherds were found on the upper slopes.

10 Nea Psara EH 796 E I 855 N (village) Arkheion Euboikon Meleton 6 (1959) 309. lO Nea Psara 8o5 E N? EH II MH LH IIIC? AM 16 (1891) 54. l The acropolis of ancient Dystos is an isolated conical hill on the E side of Lake Dystos. F 99 (Euboea No. One possibly LH IIIC sherd (Euboea 104) is not sufficient to establish occupation in LH. It is likely that the three marble figurines of EC type (AM loc. The settlement seems to have been substantial in EH and MH. I 64o N Arkheion Euboikon Meleton 6 (1959) 309.cit. F 98 STYRA: (Euboea No.H C 967 E I 619 N . 85) KOSKINO I. and MH. and remains the only significant prehistoric settlement yet found in the southernm ost region of Euboea.) were found here. The sherds include N. F 96 DYSTOS: (Euboea No. especially on the S side and the E foot. variously called a shaft grave or chamber tomb. lllb. 88) NEA STYRA I.233 Arkheion Euboikon Meleton 6 (1959) 313. a village on the E edge of the Dystos plain. A few MH Grey Minyan fragments were also recorded. 811. Obsidian and N sherds are abundant. LH IIIA sherds and fine bronzes are reported from a tomb here. 10 Nea Psara 7Eo E N MH LH III(A-B) C I 845 N Euboea 76 and fig. EH II. F 97 (Euboea No. Euboea 78.) THE ACROPOLIS I. Obsidian and undiagnostic prehistoric sherds were also found to N and E of Nea Styra. and commanding the Dystos plain. 89) PHILAGRA (CAPE) IlK· ll Karistos I. where LH sherds were also found. 104 Prehistoric remains were found on the S outskirts of Nea Styra in fields at Lefka. Euboea 76 EH sherds and obsidian are reported from near Koskino. Euboea 75 BSA 1+7 (1952) Eo n.

N of the village Yiannitsi. but the only located finds are of obsidian on a knoll W of the village. 2 km. Euboea 8o Obsidian and sherds apparently N and EH have been noted in the Karystos area at a number of sites. 92) I 4o3 N Euboea 81 The Bay of Porta Kastri is on the coast ESE of Karystos. Near the tip of the N promontory of the bay some crude sherds. . But the prehistoric material can not be dated with certainty. ll Karistos EH? C 090 E (Euboea No. Euboea 8o On Gape Philagra is a fortified hill site c. near the SE tip of Euboea.) Arkheion Euboikon Meleton 6 (1959) 310. and there is as yet no evidence of MH or LH occupation in the neighbourhood.) Arkheion Euboikon Meleton 6 (1959) 284. 310. 90) MARMARI IlK. Euboea 8o EH sherds and obsidian were reported. commanding the small beach which is the only landfall for miles on a forbidding rocky coastline. and obsidian were found. A few LH sherds were found here.234 BSA 47 (1952) 89. ll Karistos N?EH?ACH 965 E I 450 N (approx. 91) IlK. ll Karistos EH? 888 E I 498 N (approx. F lOO (Euboea No. But later remains predominate in the area. F 101 KARYSTOS (Euboea No. F 102 GERAISTOS : PORTO KASTRI IlK. and some C material. and there are some celts in Athens NM reported to have come from Karystos. probably including EH.

which comprise the greater part of this map. Its existence presupposes that part of Lake Copais had been drained. Kithairon. Ranges of mountains break up this large stretch of territory and create barriers between the interior and the coast. and there is no very obvious local peculiarity. The greatest concentration of sites is around Lake Copais. central Euboea. and it may have been established by one of the two great centres . in central Greece. this seems likely to have been a local event of no great significance. The pottery is very similar to that of Attica. for it seems never to have been an ordinary habitation-site and its purpose is obscure. and that there were probably smaller centres. Theodoros (G 51). while almost as many EH III as EH II sites are known. with a spread of sites behind it on the foothills of Mt. which was destroyed at the end of EH III. Thebes (G 23) and Orchomenos (G 1) were certainly prominent. Phocis. and it is clear that both Thebes and Orchomenos were very substantial centres in this phase. although represented at a large number of sites. northern Euboea. the best documented are Kirrha and Ay. There are indications from the excavated sites of increasing prosperity towards the end of MH. it is unlikely to reflect their importance and the size of their population adequately. The MH period is remarkably poorly known in the area. PHOCIS. but both the EH and the MH periods are best known from the fully published but relatively minor sites Eutresis (G 33) and Kirrha (G 58). Thebes seems relatively isolated at the edge of the east Boeotian plain. Many of the known settlements were already occupied in EH if not earlier.235 MAP G: BOEOTIA. here as elsewhere forming the background to the emergence of the dynastic LH centres. It can only be stated that Thebes and Orchomenos are likely to have been established as dominant in their neighbourhoods at an early stage in LH. Kirrha. from which they extend E to the coast and the lesser lakes Hyliki and Paralimni. MALIS AND NORTHERN EUBOEA The ancient provinces of Boeotis. The transition may not have been as abrupt. have never been properly surveyed. the enigmatic site of Gla (G 9) provides an added complication. W up the Kephisos valley. inducing a tendency to the growth of numerous local centres. there is a small concentration in south Phocis. generally widely spaced. and while a large number of sites is known. when on the basis of the finds Thebes and Orchomenos may be considered rivals to Mycenae and Pylos. and Locris. and Malis (where they are more often removed from the sea). but there are indications that the course of events was different. EASTERN LOCRIS. The new picture is only a little clearer in late LH. but there is very little evidence pertinent to this development. The planned town of Lithares (G 30) provides evidence that EH II was as flourishing a period as in Attica and the north-east Peloponnese. and only a few of little importance were abandoned. although the difference between EH II and III is strongly marked at Eutresis. which is clearly important by LH IIIAl. only one site was certainly destroyed at the end of EH II. Other sites are spread along the coasts. the burial tumulus of Drachmani (G 62) is interesting but isolated. and the north-east Peloponnese.

many fresco-fragments and some plain whole vases of LH III type were found in and around them. But LH IIIC is well represented in the western part of the area (cf. Dourdouvana (the ancient Akontion). 24 (1969) B 179. 74. that large buildings suggested to be part of the LH III palace have been found on earlier settlement-material. The LH IIIC survival in south Phocis may be linked with the evident prosperity of areas further W at this time. The fortifications of Eutresis and Krisa (G 56). but this must remain conjectural. that of Gla. and Krisa at a similar time. 26 (1971) B 218. although it is perfectly possible that the inhabitants of the rougher areas in theW gave trouble to the richer districts and were less "civilised". PG G A C H 2 (1882) 122.236 to ensure control of the drained land. Some late MH tombs. 8 Levadhia 745 E I o6o N N EH I-III MH LH I-IIIB LH IIIC? ( GAMS No. BCH 19 (1895) 177. however. AAA 3 (1970) 263. seem to be in the same area. which include large open areas. and a number of sites have produced no clearly LH IIIC material. although finds of PG date are extraordinarily rare. 55. have been thought to provide refuge from raiders for the local population and thei. An interesting feature is the survival of cists and rectangular built tombs at various sites. AD 1 (1915) Parartem. in front of the Skripou church. 23 (1968) B 223. CG 41 JHS The centre of the ancient site appears to have been the E spur of Mt. 6 (1973) 392. AM 30 (1905) 130. PT 193. 66. with survival at only a few centres. G 1 ANCIENT ORCHOMENOS *!I I. but chamber tomb cemeteries are common enough in Boeotia. There is evidence for destruction and abandonment in LH IIIB: the destruction of the second palace at Thebes may have fallen at the end of LH IIIBl. covering an area at least 500 m. of which the "Seven against Thebes" legends might be an echo. but the LH remains had been completely eroded. at least one of which contained goods of Shaft Grave type. and fresco-fragments were found on the summit. Others were found below the acropolis. and there is clear evidence for survival j_nto the DA at some of these sites and also at Thebes. G 51. 78). An important sequence of N-MH strata was found here. and more evidence is required. mixed with burnt brick and lead. Orchomenos being the more likely. and it is here. Developments at this time were clearly complicated. as their Classical counterparts seem to have been. 396) SMyc. particularly in south Phocis. N of the "Treasury of Minyas" (Nestor . in Boeotia the picture is more traditional. Eutresis. E-W by 200 m.r livestock and would thus indicate another source of instability. The destruction of the successive palaces at Thebes in LH IIIA2 and IIIB might be attributed to the traditional rivalry between the two or to trouble with other states. Orchomenos I-III. a building containing pottery and fine goods has been discovered in another part of the acropolis.-51. 7 (1974) 313.

there is no certain LH IIIC material.5 m. 18 LH chamber tombs were discovered. was set into the SE slope of the spur. but a vase attributed to SMyc. and the LH pottery is mostly unpublished.) AD 23 (1968) B 223 On the hill of Ayios Ioannis on the N edge of Lake Copais. 8 Atalandi 738 E I 103 N N EH I MH LH IIII? LH III(A.). 8 Atalandi 8o3 E I 07'7 N EH? MH LH IIIA -B A C Orchomenos I 119. LH IIIC? CG figs. G3 KOLAKA: AYIOS IOANNIS T.erroneously attributed to Thebes). thick. G 4 ( GAMS No. PT 196. . 397) *# T. l6a-d A small settlement on a low spur. a hoard of bronzes found in a well (AAA 3 (1970) 263) may be attributed to this period and could be a sign of trouble. on the N edge of Lake Copais. l6c-d . the material from excavation and survey has a wide range. PT 196. G 2 POLIYIRA ( GAMS No. CG figs. and a tumulus-like structure of apparently LH III date was excavated to the S (AM 30 (1905) 130). The site was tested by excavation. The hilltop is c. is reported (AM 35 (1910) 35) and there are PG graves. 14 m.Atreus". it remains poorly known. in diameter and surrounded by a circuit wall c. apart from the stone slabs carved in relief decorating the roof of the side chamber. 9. The "Treasury of Minyas" (d. had long been removed when Schliemann investigated (JHS 2 (1882) 122). its contents. 8 Atalandi LH 8o9 E I 107 N (approx.)B Orchomenos I 116. An extensive chamber tomb cemetery is reported from the neighbourhood. the finest tholos tomb outside Mycenae and almost identical both in size and style with the "Treasury of . l6d: the piece marked 11Tegyra"). 120 m.237 111111972 and the Greek newspaper reports there quoted refer to these. AA (1940) 187. The site may have suffered destruction in LH IIIB and have been abandoned temporarily. and another group of 17 robbed chamber tombs on a hill to SE. including (in the BSA collection) one sherd from the LH IIIB-C transition (CG fig. Although Orchomenos was clearly a centre of the first importance. 399) PYRGOS T. 2.

4oo) I. probably controlled from Gla (G 9) and/or Orchomenos. c. are probably C or H. and LH occupation appears to have extended further. the much higher hill to NE of the above Stroviki. 14. N-S by 6o m. G 5 PYRGOS: MAGOULA *I (GAMS No. there was a substantial prehistoric and later settlement. CG figs. and on the SE edge of Pyrgos village. CG figs. 35). in the Copais plain c. 14. FT 197. At Pyrgos the excavators purchased a stone figurine of apparently KS type (Orchomenos I 121 fig. MH. l6a-d An isolated rocky hill. c. 8 Levadhia 911 E I o48 N N EH II LH III(A-B) G A C H AD 22 (1967) B 243. and remains of polygonal walls in the plain to SE of Stroviki. over wide E terraces. which may have come from G 4 or G 5. and slab-built cist graves on the summit which may be MH. 1.. 8 Atalandi 797 E I 085 N N EHII MH LH I/II? LH III(A-B) Orchomenos I 121. 120 m. indicated by the spread of EH. This was probably one of the LH fortresses that seem to have been deliberately placed round Lake Copais. There are remains of circuit walls in Cyclopean style on the lower S slope. l6d (GAMS No. N-S by 150 m. and LH.238 A fine hill site on a spur projecting into Lake Copais from the N. 186. The remains at Tourloyanni. AD 24 (1969) B 179. 10. on the N edge of the Copais plain. The inhabited area appears to have been c. G6 STROVIKI 11 ( GAMS No. The settlement was large. 10. 8 Levadhia 870 E / 030 N N EH II-III MH LH III(A-B) C H Liverpool Annals of Archaeology and Anthropology 22 (1935) 202.. l6b. 398) T.5 km. 4ol) .. There are remains of the foundations of inner and outer rings of circuit walls. N-S by 150 m. l6a-d AA (l9leo) On the low rounded hillock to S of Stroviki. The site was tested by excavation which revealed a slabbuilt cist grave with contracted burial. preserved mainly on the N side. and MH and LH surface sherds are of high quality. S of Pyrgos. Trial excavations revealed N habitation and surface sherds include EH II. and there appears to have been an inner ring also round the mediaeval tower at the top. MH. 200 m. 250 m. 10-ll. c CG figs. and LH sherds of good quality and some later material. G7 KASTRO (FDRMERLY TOPOLIA) 11 I.

W of the new highway. The roads leading . these are of very similar plan. The site seems to have been abandoned after LH IIIB. (1957) 48. completely surrounds the site. A massive fortification-wall.--(1959) 21. but that toW is more elaborate. N of Kastro (Topolia) and c. 7y part of a LH IIIBll2 stemmed bowl or krater. 7 (3 seems to include LH IIIA2 kylikes.long rows of rectangular structures. l6c-d The fortress of Gla occupies an extensive rock outcrop which has the appearance of a low island. and it is not possible to ascertain whether the settlement extended over the whole hill. Apart from a report of Grey JVIinyan. CG figs. containing some stone column-bases. towards the NE end of the main Copais plain. It remains enigmatic. in the upper central part of the site comprises the "palace". the earliest material published from the site is LH IIIA. they include fresco-fragments (especially in the "palace"). 448. with four elaborate gateways (and traces of roads leading to them). and stone objects. 8 Levadhia 134 ('Palaiokastro') at 931 E JVIH LH IIIA2 -B C or H I 038 N BCH 18 (1894) 271. fragments of bronze. the latest LH IIIBll2 (PAE (1960) Pl. G8 KASTRO: JVIAGOULA T. (1960) 23. PT 193. an L-shaped building (whose N wall forms part of the outer fortification). lead. where such traces were found not only on the final floors but under the surviving plaster layer on the walls (PAE (1960) 37). I 074 N AD 26 ( 1971) B 241 This is a small low mound in the plain c. l6a-b. PAE (1955) 121. whose area is estimated as c. The earliest pottery seems LH IIIA2. c. H. 19 etc. (1958) 38. 235. but a possible explanation (suggested above) of its purpose is to guard that part of Lake Copais which had already been drained. these certainly cannot be contemporary). within which are tw(}. suggesting an earlier fire. and pottery.239 The low rounded hill of Topolia village was a prehistoric and later site. A prehistoric settlement was discovered here by D. and the 11 agora 11 to S. The thinness of the earth-cover has meant that finds were relatively few. G9 GLA *# ( GAJVIS No. A walled-off inner area. oriented N-S. French. (1961) 28. and those from the recent excavations remain largely unpublished. AJVI 19 (1894) 405.000 square metres. (1956) 90. 2 km. however. 402) I. 150 m. The sherds were found only on the E flank. There are traces of destruction by fire at the S and SE entrances and in the "palace". 31. part of a "horns of consecration"..000 square metres. 8 Atalandi N EH I-II 918 E CG fjgs.

Some LH III sherds and obsidian were found close to the circuit walls of the westernmost promontory (Chantsa) on the S side. from the N and E borders of the Lake respectively. The small summit. 9 Psakhna 970 E MH? LH III(A-B) I 070 AM 19 (1894) 440. Ruined cist graves were found beside the walls on the S side. XIII. CG figs. Taf. The LH settlement also extended to the lower CM slopas. If Gla was the centre of a defensive network of this nature. 405) T. The walls enclose only the S tip of the promontory. They subsequently flowed eastward to the Katavothras at the E end of the NE bay. G 12 AYIOS IOANNIS /1 (GAMS No. especially those in the NE extension of the Lake (Nos. Gla is also probably to be linked with the other LH fortresses (smaller) around Lake Copais. XIII. Pr 12. Taf. c. is surrounded by circuit walls 2 m. this would not preclude the explanation that it was also intended as an artificial capital like Tell el-Amarna (Akhetaten) in Egypt. G 10 AYIA MARINA I (GAMS No. l6c-d This was apparently a key site in the system of fortresses in the NE sector of Lake Copais. N AA (1940) 185 The two western promontories among the three which project from the N side of the NE bay of Copais were also fortified. l6c-d . 120 m. Liverpool Annals of Archaeology and Anthropology 22 (1935) 189). N PT 12. ( c. 150 m.. Apsidal houses and a cemetery of cist graves recorded here may be MH. towards the "Turkish Bridge" where the two major ancient canals joined. in diameter. and the system of dykes may have been partly completed in the LH III period. 4o3) I. C AA (194{)) 185. 404) I T. AA (1940) 185.f. 8 Levadhia 950 E MH LH III(A.)B I 052 AM 19 (1894) 442.240 to the gates presuppose some measure of success. 445 fig. G ll CHANTSA (GAMS No. CG figs. to 3 m. G 10-12). E-W by 50 m. thick. 9. It lies on the spur at the corner between the main Copais plain and the NE bay. but perhaps never finished. 11. 9 Psakhna 979 E I 068 N EH III? MH LH IIB-IIIB (Sub)PG AM 19 (1894) 44o. an area c.

l6b-d A small acropolis on a spur.241 Ayios Ioannis is a LH fortress whose walls enclose an area c. overlooking the drainage canals and dykes in the Davlos bay on the E side of the Copais plain. G 14 DAVLOSIS: KASTRAKI # (GAMS No. Sphingion. and may be subsidiary to it. 4o7) I. MH Grey Minyan and LH IIIA-B are common. G 16 ANCIENI ONCHESTOS *# I.cit. Some LH IIIB and C sherds were found here. 8 Levadhia in square 920 E LH? AM 63-4 (1938-9) 183. It overlooks the exit of the canal system into the Katovothras. Taf. A LH cemetery was noted on the W slope of Mt. the main "swallow-hole 11 at the E end of the NE bay of Copais. NNE-SSW by lOO m. 4o7) I. 72. 50 m. high. 8 Levadhia 890 E I 906 N EH I-III MH LH III(A-B) C (GAMS No. 250 m. on the central promontory of the three on the N side of the NE bay of Copais. 9 Psalchna 999 E N? IJ{ IIIB C (GAMS No. l. ci t. 4o8) . IJ{ is claimed (Alin 121) but only obsidian and 11 frilhe scherben" are recorded in the field report (AM loc. and one sherd with linked concentric semicircles at the rim is LPG or EG. on the NW side of Mt. MH Grey Minyan and Matt-painted and IJ{ III surface sherds are common and later sherds are widespread on the saddle to E. G 15 DAVLOSIS: KALIMPAKI (under GAMS No. CG figs. The site is close to G 14. # G 13 MEGALI KATAVOTHRA T. 11. Polygonal walls appear to indicate a H fort.. There was apparently N occupation at Spilia Tsoutso nearby to the S (AA loc. I 94o N Alin 121 A hill c. 8 Levadhia 920EI945N EH II MH LH III(A-B) C H AM 63-64 (1938-9) 177. 14. 4o6) I 053 N AA ( l94o) 185 There was a small settlement on the rock ledge above the 11Megali Katavothra".). Sphingion nearby. ).

to E of the hamlet of Kato Agoriani. 21 (1966) B 203. This knoll was originally surrounded by a circuit wall in Cyclopean style. where there is a higher knoll. tentatively identified as the Temple of Poseidon and the Bouleuterion of the Amphictyonic and Boeotian leagues. 50 m. 120 m. in all directions. 13-14. remains of two C buildings have been excavated. The prehistoric sherds were found mostly on the tip of the spur. On the top of the hill and for a radius of c. 14. of which remains are well preserved on the S side (a LH III sherd found in the wall provides a terminus post quem). 4o9) *11 I. 8 Levadhia 244 (spot height) at 728 E NMHLHACH I 948 N . over an area c. although no pure prehistoric strata or structures were revealed in the excavations. 16b-d. 139. 78. opposite Kasarma. 11. G 19 ANCIENT KORONEIA 11 I. On the S side of the road. Agoriani) Euphrosyne 6 (1973-4) 9 (under A stte on a spur above the main road. 250 m. 9 (under "Alalkomenai"). AAA 6 A ruined building named Kasarma stands on the top of a low rounded hill on the N side of the road from Thebes where it enters the SE end of the Copais plain. 410) I. c. especially to the SE. 8 Levadhia 763 E N EH I MH LH IIIB I 941 N CG figs. CG figs. MH and LH IIIA-B sherds were found on the acropolis and the N slopes. 9-11. BSA 27 (1925-6) 82. (1973) Yf9 CG figs. 8 Levadhia 836 E I 924 N N EH II MH LH IIII? LH IIIA-B G? A C H Fimmen 1921. from the W end). 32 (1931-2) 190. This was therefore a large. 16 The LH acropolis lay at the W end of the long ridge of ancient Haliartos. 14. LH settlement. G 17 KASTRI (ANCIENT HALIARTOS) (GAMS No. 26 (1926-7) 129. 6.242 AD 19 (1964) B 200. and presumably important. in diameter. EH. G 18 KATO AGORIANI /1 ( GAMS No. E-W by 150 m. EH II. MH and LH sherds were found. and a "Mycenaean area" at the E end of the sanctuary produced sherds said to range from LH II to Ikl IIIB. 300 m. It is thus apparent that the LH site continued to E along the ridge for a considerable extent (and in 1959 some LH III sherds were found c.

9 Psakhna 023 E EH LH III(A-B) C I 096 N AJA 20 (1916) 44. 16a-d. R Hope Simpson and J.cit. 150 m. The Catalogue of the Ships in Homer's Iliad (1970) 37 n. lOO m. 2 km. before descending to Larymna.) passes by on theW side. appear to be C or later.). 411) I. 9-ll. 3 km. S of Larymna was the site of a LH and earlier settlement. K. but Bazaraki has been identified as "Upper Larymna" and some C sherds and tiles found suggest that there may have been a guard post here at this time. in diameter) and the upper N terraces. NE-SW by 8o m. 413) G C H (1967) 527 Ancient Larymna occupied the small headland between the two bays of the harbour. Prehistoric sherds have been found recently on the surface (Euphrosyne loc. Euphrosyne 6 (1973-4) 9 The acropolis of ancient Koroneia is a large steep-sided hill c. but the structures observed. . 56. Euphrosyne Kalami is a large mound on a low hill near the S side of the Copais plain. not far from the S side of the Copais plain. 6 (1973-4) 9 AA (1940) 184. G 21 LARYMNA: 11 BAZARAKI T.cit. Lazenby. G 20 KALAMI 11 ( GAMS No. 8 Levadhia 722 E 1975 N N EH I-III MH LH IIII-IIIB BSA 26 (1923-4) 42. AR' ( GAMS No. The area enclosed by ancient walls is c. 9 Psakhna 027 E I 123 N MH LH IIIB LH IIIC? (Sub?)PG AJA 20 (1916) 32. but there are no certain LH IIIC pieces from Kalami in the BSA collection). LH IIIC? C CG figs. E of Ayios Yeoryios village. including the remains of a circuit wall. The ancient road (AJA loc. G 22 LARYMNA: KASTRI 11 T. Surface sherds of all prehistoric periods are plentiful and may include LH IIIC (CG fig. Only a few EH sherds were found. The road can not be closely dated. F. 67 The small spur at Bazaraki c. Studies in Ancient Greek Topography 2 (1969) Pl. but the LH were spread thinly on the top (c. 16d.243 w. 14. Pritchett. The LH settlement was large and probably important.

S. AD 25 (1970) . 61) that there was a single complex. a LPG or EG sherd with concentric circles. 24 (1969) B 177. and those of the·EH III phase appear to be particularly important. 241.cit. Boo m. few excavations have been fully published. 5/12/1964. with which a jar containing several bronzes was associated. Kadmos 3 (1964) 25. 25 (1970) B 211.. G 23 THESES (GAMS No. Roman. 23 (1968) B 207. Symeonoglou. including a large megaron and some well-provided graves (AD 20 (1965) B 183). It is frequently argued that there were two successive palaces. (1909) 57. mediaeval. the first oriented NE-SW. the second N-S. or longer stretch preserved on the NW side is of true "Cyclopean 11 style (cf. the Kadmeia. 20 (1965) B 230. cit. 192. the important LH structures belong to the LH III phases. Supplement 5 (1975) (tablets) Thebes is on an extensive hill on the S edge of the Theban plain. there are indications of Thebes' continued or regained importance at a late stage. PG G A C H I. 322. Other sherds in this vicinity include a few LH III (including one krater fragment possibly LH IIIC). 7 (1974) 162. The centre of prehistoric Thebes. 26 (1971) B 195. Kadmeia I (SIMA 35. 1973). 9 Khalkis N EH II-III 035 E / 847 N MH LH I-IIIC SMyc. 22 (1967) B 226. including a massive apsidal megaron in the centre of the Kadmeia. But a 50 m. 86. The sequence and date of the LH III palatial buildings on the Kadmeia are still subjects of controversy (see most recently Spyropoulos in Minos Supplement 5 (1975) 58 ff.A 104 (frescoes). and have had to be investigated as opportunity arose in many different areas. Reusch. Die zeichnerische Rekonstruktion der Frauenfrieses im b8otischen Theben (1956). ILN 28/11. 4 (1971) 32. The earliest structures are EH. Habitation AE (1907) 205. Minos 10 (1970) 115. and part of a G jug handle. part of the rim of a MH Mattpainted jar. N-S by 6oo m. (1974) 16 early LH. 413 MH. Special topics: H.). c. The MH strata are deep. But C and H are predominant. and the amount of detailed information available is therefore small. l) and some LH IIIB sherds found within the wall give a terminus post quem for its construction. The prehistoric strata lie under the remains of Greek. AAA l (1968) 9. 8 (1975) 25. 19 (1964) B 192. AA (1971) 394 summarises EH.244 The remains of circuit walls preserved on the S side are isodomic and presumably C or H. AJA 20 (1916) 38 fig. 416) *!I I. and reviews of Kadmeia I in AJA 78 (1974) 88 and RA (1977) 79). The walls have recently been studied in detail (AA loc. Archaeometry 8 (1965) 3 (analysis of inscribed stirrup-jars). Its importance in early LH times may be surmised from the rich tombs of the period. 3 (1970) 62. in which differences of orientation were due to the topography and perhaps to "administrative . (1930) 29. and the large MH megaron may still have been in use. but Spyropoulos has argued (op. /ID 3 (1917) 2. 21 (1966) B 177. is an oval plateau. and modern Thebes.

AJA 78 (1974) 89. and must remain open pending further excavation and publication. The workshop on the Koropoulis site. 1). only completely coated examples. the D~ros site). put at the end of LH IIIB (Spyropoulos. It is certainly the case that only on the Kordatzis site are two buildings of different orientations directly superimposed (Kadmeia I) and these are workshops. taking up the whole centre. though these are represented in the material from the Koropoulis site. but the history of Thebes between LH IIIB and the end of the DA is most obscure. both to theN (cf. however. 23 (1968) B 219. which might even suggest a date at the beginning of LH IIIB). The foundation-date of the original palace is unclear. for a fortification-wall surrounding the Kadmeia (AD 3 (1917) 111. 55. not administrative or state buildings. the Dagdelenis site) and S (AD 24 (1969) B 18o. since certainly late frescoes from Mycenae and Pylos have equally good parallels at Knossos. The problem is complicated further by the uncertainty over the relative date of the various buildings found. Cists found in the SE part of the Kadmeia may be attributed to late SMyc. AAA 8 (1975) 86). and thus continuity of occupation is likely. SW of the Kordatzis site. CG 4c. and which underwent local destructions and reconstructions as well as more general ones.cit. . counterparts of the important buildings on .2'!5 hierarchy". The chamber tombs provide the only published evidence for the continued occupation of Thebes in LH IIIC. AD 25 (1970) A lOll. These might belong to separate buildings. 26 ( 1971) B 207 AD 3 (1917) 123. and was followed by a phase of contraction and decline. the central block of state buildings that one would expect has not been found. and fine frescoes suggesting the presence of important structures have been found outside the suggested area as well as inside. and may be under the modern square (AAA 4 (1971) 32). but there are no true "Type B" deep bowls. There is evidence. It was undoubtedly in being in LH IIIA2. is some 4050 m. 20 (1965) B 237. and there are indications of a fairly general destruction at the end of the phase (cf. and below the acropolis at Mycenae. a type whose range is not entirely clear). as Spyropoulos has pointed out. lli buildings thought posterior to the LH IIIB palace have been found on the Stavris site (AD 25 (1970) B 214). Tombs Kolonaki AE (1910) 209. moreover. and it seems possible that the second destruction was only partial. Evidence from the Kordatzis site and the newly excavated Koropoulis site furtherS (AAA 7 (1974) 162) would suggest a further destruction in LH IIIBl. The area of the Kadmeia over which remains attributed to the palace or its dependencies have been found is sufficiently large. parallels between the Women's Procession Fresco and frescoes from Knossos are unlikely to give any close indication. 25 (1970) B 217). very little of whose pottery has been published fully. 20 (1965) B 239. and EPG (AD 3 (1917) 25. which has been thought to mark the palace's S boundary (AAA 4 (1971) 33 fig. II. 22 (1967) B 227. not very good as yet. but material from the "Archive Room" closer to the centre has been. presumably of L!o III date. op.

14). 22 (1967) B 227. AD 22 (1967) B 240 To the West of the Kadmeia The Ampheion AD 22 (1967) B 229. 6.. 24 (1969) B 177. dated early). It had been robbed (surviving finds include a fine ivory pyxis. 26. but especially on the E and SE. apparently a cist built of upright slabs and covered by a mound of brick.). near ancient Teumesos. 23 (1968) B 213. The site has been identified as ancient Eleon. It had apparently been robbed in LH times and also disturbed in mediaeval times. 173 E I 877 N LH IIII-IIIC A c Fimmen 1921. including one of remarkable size (10. which may originally have covered the whole tomb.24 m.52 x 6. Of particular importance are those at the Gerokomeion site on Megalo Kastelli. G 24 SOULES I. 9 Khalkis EH I-III MH RE Suppl. AD 3 (1917) So. provided with two dromoi and preserving traces of frescoes inside. 9-14. and MH pottery is reported. but may well have been a royal tomb. and there are remains of a fine A defence . AAA 5 (1972) 16 Chamber tomb cemeteries have been found on all sides of the Kadmeia. Die Griechischen Landschaften I (1950) 207 A small LH settlement was found on this low hill on the S side of the Theban plain. AR (1970-71) 14 fig. let alone colonisation of Boeotia. i. AAA 4 (1971) 161 AE (1910) 209. NW-SE by 120 m. / (GAMS No. 9 Khalkis LH ( GAMS No. where there are many of size and wealth. but some contained the remains of rich goods. At leastone other tomb has preserved remains of fresco (AA (1974) 16. 200 m. A remarkable structure on the top of the Ampheion hill. l6b-d The prehistoric settlement occupied the flat top (c. The hill itself is thought to have been landscaped into three successive terraces. is thought to be an EH II royal tomb. especially T.246 Ismeniou AE (1910) 209. 427) H CG figs. 22 (1967) B 227 Megalo and Mikro Kastelli AD 3 (1917) 108. thus its date is not certain. although much EH pottery is reported and the three surviving gold beads have an EB appearance. overlooking the E part of the Theban plain. 25 (1970) B 218. but the vague resemblance thus presented to the "Stepped Pyramid" is hardly sufficient to certify Egyptian influence. The Kolonaki tombs often proved to have been robbed or disturbed. G 25 HARMA (FORMERLY DRITSA): ANCIENT ELEON I. VI 6o9. 425) 274 (spot height) at 118 E I 866 N C H A Philippson.) and extensive N slopes of a steep-sided hill on the NW side of Harma village.

150 m. and obsidian both here and on the summit. G 27 KASTRI (LYKOVOUNO) I.247 wall of Lesbian masonry on the E side. 9 Khalkis LH III(A-B) j ( GAMS No.cit. 26 (1971) B 213. 428) 298 ( "Kastro Likovouno") at 190 E C H I 913 N J. G. * TOURLEZA c j (GAMS No. 29. which has been identified as ancient Harma. 3 Hope Simpson This site. 23 (1968) B 224. on the hill of Pyrgari at the N edge of the village. It is likely that the LH site was small in extent. Frazer.) is covered in wall foundations. and Lazenby 1970. where only one LH sherd was found. was probably the centre of ancient Glisas. This was undoubtedly a large and important LH settlement.). 9 Khalkis LH IIB-IIIB llf5 E I PYRGARI * 829 N H AD 19 (1964) B 199. NW-SE by 50 m. are mainly C or H. is a high barren scrub-covered hill to N of the Thebes-Chalkis road where the road begins to ascend towards the Anephorites pass. Pausanias' Description of Greece (1898) V 62. The remains on the summit (c. The MH and LH sherds are abundant and of excellent quality. The extensive summit (c.. at the higher S end of the hill. has produced a fine range of pottery and other goods. N-S by lOO m. including a Type E dagger. Excavation has recently produced evidence of an EH settlement and rock-cut tombs. AAA 3 (1970) 328 A large cemetery of chamber tombs at Voros. G 28 HYPATON (FORMERLY SYRTZI): I. and a G to C cemetery and MH sherds were noted in surface investigations (AD loc. including a circuit wall of polygonal masonry. perhaps only c. . G 26 KALLITHEA (FORMERLY MOUSTAPHADHES): I. 426) H AD 25 (1970) B 224 The small acropolis named Tcurleza to NE of and above Hypaton. but near the top some LH III sherds and obsidian chips were found. 9 Khalkis N EHII MH llO E I 919 N LH III(A-B) G A Hope Simpson and Lazenby 1970. So m.). Most of the sherds are C or H. probably second only to Thebes in the Theban plain. 20 (1965) B 242. but on the extensive SW slopes some LH III sherds were found. 300 m. N-S by 200 m.

l6d. 9 Khalkis EH I-III MH 991 E I 916 N LH III(A2-B) AAA l (1968) 11~. A 28 AD 24 (1969) This site is a broad tongue of land cut off by a ravine. between two hills. made up of small roundish rock-cut chamber tombs. N of the Thebes-Livadhia road. some robbed LH chamber tombs were noted. and a possible tholos tomb. 9 Khalkis N EH MH AAA 6 (1973) 203 SPILIA SARAKENOU 950 E I 998 N * . 2 km. The cemetery. An important EH settlement of ordered plan and at least 70 m. 19 The site. G 30 LITHARES * I. discovered by D. it seems to have flourished most in EH II. 8 Levadhia MH # PANAYIA 908EI90lN LH CG figs. near the S side of Lake Hyliki. 2 (1969) 97. but a small shrine containing bullfigurines is dated to EH III. and to N of the national highway from Athens to Thessaloniki.248 G 29 VOULIAGMA I. is on the end of a spur jutting S from the low hills which form a saddle between the Copais and the Theban plain. It lies c. ESE of G 16 and c. l km. by 45 m. one tomb contained much MH pottery. French. in extent has been uncovered here. LH kylix-stems are also reported from the area. 6 (1973) 371. was situated on a slope to theW. 14. 5 (1972) 467. H.) AD 22 (1967) B 242 Near the road from Thebes and Mouriki. 9 Khalkis LH 050 E I 935 N (approx. G 31 MAVROMATI: I. of which diagnostic types are reported. G 32 AKRAIPHNION: I.

)B C H Hesperia 20 (1951) 289. Excavations at Eutresis in Boeotia (1931). G 34 THESPIAI : MAGOULA *11 (GAMS No. providing one of the few continuous sequences from later N into EH. m. 8 Levadhia 895 E I 828 N N EH II-III MH LH III(A. These include vases similar to Phyl I types in appearance. 10-ll. G 33 ANCIENT EUTRESIS (GAMS No. 419) . long rising to a small summit on the N. 8 Levadhia 335 (spot height) at 936 E N EH I-III MH Ul I-IIIB C H I 8c4 N H. the three MH strata are of advanced date. surface indications suggested to the excavator that the site had been most extensive in EH I and dwindled thereafter. m. CG figs. 79 (1955) 257. 417) * I. Goldman. and certainly early MH material is difficult to identify. perhaps to LH IIIBl (CG 39). The pre-LH levels are the best preserved. and may relate to the abandonment of the site. G 35 THISBE: PALAIOKASTRO I. A floor deposit (Eutresis fig. a fortification wall appears to have been built in LH IIIB around the site (c. Trial excavations here have partly revealed a N settlement. BCH 76 (1952) 219. 35.Deposits in this vast cave c. 500 m. The prehistoric material was found at Kastro or Magoula. l6a-d JHS 73 (1953) The low ridge to S of Thespiai was the centre of historic Thespiai. 119. 263) belongs to this phase. near the E end of the ridge. 8 Levadhia MH LH IIIA-B 11 725 E I 8c4 N A C H (GAMS No. which pose something of a problem once it is recognised that they are in a mature-to-late MH context.) and much open country.000 sq. LH structures are rare. It was destroyed by fire at the end of EH III. Habitation appears to have been continuous here from a late stage of N to LH IIIB. SW of Akraiphnion are reported to range from aceramic Neolithic to MH. 126 Hesperia 31 (1962) The site is a plateau c. EH and MH are less numerous. and several LH III sherds have been found. l km. lfl8) I.000 sq. The absence of later remains earlier than C poses another problem. enclosing an area of c. 213. and suggest a site of some importance. and the extent of the BA settlement is hard to determine. for the site's status as a polis would presuppose reoccupation in G or A at the latest.

14. AD 24 (1969) B 1S5. MH and LH sherds were found on the S slopes. On the ~W end are remains of a wall corner of massive blocks.cit. AD 25 (1970) B 232 The hill of Palaiokastro is on the ~N side of modern Thisbe. and in other nearby slopes. S Levadhia Aliki" MH LH IIII? LH IIIA -B in square 790 E C H I 720 N BSA 26 (1923-5) 40. 422) S Levadhia S5o El 734 N EH II MH LH II-IIIB I. The top has C or H fortifications. into the sea. G 37 HALIKE (GAMS No. and just below the summit was a wall of big blocks considered probably LH. Other tombs were noted to NW of the village. 10. and likely to be of LH IIIA-B date. JHS 45 (1925) l. At the S foot of Neokastro. tapering down to SE. 41. near Palaiokastro. 44 MH and LH III sherds were found on the hill of the later fortress of Chorsiai. 30 m. VII. CG figs. 16b-d .t. apart from the rings.250 BSA 26 (1923-5) 41. cit. 420) I. 44 An acropolis towards the S end of the small coastal plain of modern Aliki.). some of which were LH (BSA loc. 421) 11 I. G 3S LIVADOSTRO: KASTRO # (GAMS No. The top surface of the hill and the extensive slopes are strewn with fine LH IIIA-B sherds. It measures c. The historic Thisbe was mainly centred on the lower plateau called Neokastro on the S side of the village (cf. Pl. AM 73 (1958) 17). for further chamber tombs). 8 Levadhia MH LH IIIA-B I 794 N 655 E H C BSA 26 (1923-5) 42. ~W-SE by lOO m. BSA 26 (1923-5) :ss.. below Mt. AD loc. and it is perhaps from one of these that the genuine elements of the famous "Thisbe Treasure" (JHS loo. whose harbour would have formed a useful link with the Peloponnese. Helikon. The goods in the "Treasure". appear genuine. G 36 CHORSIAI ( GAMS No. which end in a mole projecting c. apparently the inner face of a Cyclopean circuit wall. and few later. 300 m. remains of chamber tombs are evident.cit.) were looted (and cf.

251 The Kastro lies at the E end of the small coastal plain at the mouth of the Livadostro river valley. ((}AMS No. C and H sherds predominate. including fine EH II. E of modern Erythrai. NW-SE by 70 m. Kithairon. The Kastro hill is small (c. K. 21+ The site is a ridge c. including part of a LH III horse figurine. 6. overlooking the Asopos plain to the N. .. but Professor Vanderpool has found here "the stem of a Mycenaean kylix". 800 m. 130 m. 9 Khalkis 107 E LH III(A-B) C H /1 I 757 N AJA 61 (1957) 9. lOO m. W of Daphni (formerly Darimari) on the road to modern Erythrai. was striking. N-S by 80 m. although later sherds are in the majority. 9 Khalkis 050 E LH III(A-B) C H Fimmen 1921. Pritchett. G 40 ERYTHRAI: PANTANASSA I. MH. The I! !! masonry of the supporting terraces of this road resembles Cyclopean • G 39 ANCIENT PLATAEA I. Remains of two cist graves were observed at the top. and early LH. 9 Khalkis N or EH MH? PAE (1899) 42. 21 The ruined Metochi of Ayios Meletios is c. The remains of an ancient road leading inland along the N~ side of the Livadostro valley further testify to the probable importance of this site as a link between S Boeotia and the N Peloponnese. w. In 1961 some LH III sherds and part of a LH III animal figurine were found. but the quality of the BA surface sherds. Hope Simpson and Lazenby 1970. The site is a small plateau at the foot of a spur of Mt. G 40A DAPHNI : AYIOS MELETIOS I. /1 I 736 N Hope Simpson and Lazenby 1970.) and low. about 2 km. 423) *!I 988 E I 735 N LH III(A-B) G A C H AD 24 (1969) B 186 On the uppermost part of the protruding NW spur of ancient Plataea trial excavations produced a range of material from pre-LcB to A. Studies in Ancient Greek Topography 1 (1965) 103. A likely N or EH site is reported on a low hill in the plain to N of the ancient city. and traces of a possible circuit wall on the SW flank.

I t should be noted that nothing identifiably LH III has been published. 24 (1969) B 174. I 979 N AD 21 (1966) B 199. AAA l (1968) 139. The main prehistoric finds reported are two rectangular enclosures containing cist-graves. A. G 42 LOUKISIA : ANCIENT ISOS * I. it seems likely . 2 (1969) 96. and a "polis 11 on the W. Fto8n.252 G ill MOURIKI: KAMELOVRYSI *# 9 Khalkis 86 (spot height) at 054 E MH? LH G A I. and C remains are reported from the high hill Chelonokastro N of this area. LH IIB vases were also found in an isolated cist. G le3 LOUKISIA: ANCIENT AN'-rHEDON '" # I. although its presence is inherently likely. 16) is not easy to date. The acropolis is large. This is the site of a rich LG tumulus and later cemetery. and might be much later. but surface sherds were abundant and include several phases of the BA (cf. c. Traces of a possible MH settlement are reported on the hill and LH chamber tombs in the E slope. now lost. 22 (1967) B 243. 9 Khalkis 121 E I 021 N EH !YJH LH IIB LH III(A-B)? PG G A C H AD 21 (1966) B 198. good LH IIB and PG vases have been published. (AAA 4 (1971) 330 fig. on the slope of Mt. 4 (1971) 319 At the NE end of Lake Paralimni the recession of the water has r•evealed structures of many periods at different points.) on the acropolis of ancient Anthedon were disappointing. 26 (1971) B 215 A low hill on the S shore of Lake Paralimni c. LH. 16c-d AM 19 (1894) 457. 5 km. NW of Mouriki. on top with extensive terraces. and corr~ands a small sheltered harbour. 6. CG 1Tian excavations (AJA loc. LH. 14. 25). '+37) I 037 N LMTS 48 n. The only certain prehistoric find made in the excavation was a hoard of bronze tools and other objects. Many rock-cut tombs that are probably EH and EH pottery are reported from the N corner. 26 (1971) B 219. NW-SE by l6o m.cit. AA (1968) 21. reported to be of lYJH. AA (1968) 25 n. (GAMS No. but a belly-handled amphora assigned to SMyc. 9 Khalkis 24 (spot height) at 163 E EH II MH LH IIIB-C LG A C H AJA 6 (l89C) 99: figs. 180 m. and PG date.

250 m.) EH remains were most prominent. 9 Khalkis 195 (spot height) at 218 E LHGACH I 935 N Hope Simpson and Lazenby 1970. N-S by 80 m.5 km. and a destruction at the end of EH is reported. about 400 m. An important recent study of the site and its environs is given in AA (loc.) AD 2lf (1969) B 179. surface sherds in the BSA collection include late LH IIIB. CG figs. A smaller mound lies c. 8 Levadhia 635 E NEHlliACH ~'IV 84.253 to belong to the end of lli IIIB. Salganeus and the Fortifications on its Mountains: Chaloidian Studies 2 (1970) 6.) were not published. There are traces of circuit walls and other ancient foundations including C houses (of. AJA 73 (1969) 246. like other such hoards. 5. the site was abandoned at the end of LH IIIB or in the immediately following phase. SW of Rhitsona and 300 m. 9-l':l. ). Euphrosyne 6 (1973-4) lO . According to the excavator. 120 m. AD l ( 1915) 2lf6. The small mound-like knoll at the~~ end of the ridge measures only c.. l6b-d A low ridge. whereas the historic site was certainly more extensive. (GAl'VJS No. lf36) *# 24 (spot height) at 221 E I 013 N 9 Khalkis N EH I-III MH LH IIII? lli IIIA-B LH IIIC? r. S. 25 ( 1970) B 222.cit. W of the Thebes-Chalkis road.cit. BCH 96 (1972) 709. 22 The site is a low knoll c. C. Bakhui zen. 95 m. AD 20 (1965) B 243). There is as yet no indication of settlement in the early part of the DA. G 45 RffiTSONA: ANCIENT MYKALESSOS *# I. and the site is now known to have been occupied in LH (surface sherds discovered by J.oit. In the recent test excavations-rAD 25 (1970) loc. W of Drosia. It is almost certainly the "Tomb of Salganeus" mentioned by Pausanias as being on the way to Anthedon. 438) I o66 N (approx. 3. The earlier excavations (AD l (1915) loo. M. on the S side of a small bay c. G lf6 CHAffiONEIA: THE ACROPOLIS I. at the end of the ridge. Fossey). Fimmen 1921. NW-SE by SOm. l6d). to SE. but nothing certainly later (pace CG fig. G lf4 DROSIA (FORMERLY CHALIA): SOROS ( GAMS No. The LH site would presumably have been confined to the knoll. The excavations in the nearby G and later cemetery (BSA 14 (1907-8) 216) provide support for the identification as ancient Mykalessos.

and excavation here produced purely N the BSA collection. 42.)B MV 43. It lies c. 44o) 071 N Hope Simpson and Lazenby 1970. 42. EH. CG figs. and commands a pass to the N into the Kephisos valley. G 48 (GAMS No. 1 km. 8 Levadhia MH LH IIIA-B 598 E C H I CG fig.). LH. cf. ( GAMS No. enclosing a larger extent. 16c-d The acropolis of ancient Daulis is a massive rounded hill (top surface c. CG figs. 250 m. In 1881 a well was cleared on the acropolis. cit. Pl. Two LH chamber tombs and signs of probable others were observed on the E slope (AD loc. MH and LH III sherds were found near the Cyclopean wall and remains of small cist graves. G 47 CHAIRONEIA: T. and there are remains of Cyclopean masonry preserved for a considerable extent on the SE slope about 4o m. containing mainly MH .) and much of the upper slopes on theE side. lower down. CG fig. The Hellenic fortifications are well preserved. 8 Atalandi 539 E I o86 N EH I MH LH IIII? LH III(A. 650 E I o84 N PAE (1909) 123. The indications suggest a large LH settlement. especially on the S side. lle) and the Chaironeia Museum marked as from this AYIOS VLASIS: ANCIENT PANOPEUS I. 3. 250 m. the S bank of the Kephisos river. 441) C H Alin 134. 2 km. Sherds both on the acropolis and in the lower city to N and E of it include N. The material. 16c-d The acropolis of Panopeus towers above the hamlet of Ayios Vlasis which lies at its N foot. one of the foothills of Mt. 8 Atalandi N MH LH IIID AE (1908) 63. E-W by 80 m. Parnassos. Parnassos. apparently associated with LH sherds. and indeed probably the whole summit (c. but MH is reported (in there are five LH IIIB sherds in site. 1 1e PT 197. 439) MAGOULA BALOMENOU I ( GAMS No.). This is a large mound near c. G 49 DAVLEIA: ANCIENT DAULIS I T. PT 201. Hope Simpson and Lazenby 1970. NNE of Chaironeia. to S of Davleia.The village of Chaironeia (formerly Kapraina) lies at theE foot of the acropolis of ancient Chaironeia. N-S by 200 m. and A. on the S side of a broad valley bounded on the W by the foothills of Mt.

AE (1897) 110 fig. 443) I. cremation-pits of PG-G date were also found. A sword of the 11 Naue II" type found here has most recently been considered of G date despite being of bronze (A. M. Theodoroi 11 at 487 E EH III MH Hunter 27. G 50 DISTCMON: THE ANCIENT SCHISTE ODOS I. Medeon de Phocide (1969) The low hill of Ayios Theodhoros is near the shore c. but it is not yet clear if there was complete continuity of occupation at the site. Early Greek Armour and Weapons (1964) 97). EH II remains were found in excavation. A few pit-graves are attributed to the end of LH IIIC. 6 km. indicating that this was an important site. 10. 247-8) may come from earlier tombs. .255 Matt-painted pottery. SE of Paralia Distomon and opposite Antikyra. c. Vatin. it can hardly be earlier than late LH IIIB. PI 202. 91. 7 Xilokastron ''Mnima Daveli 11 at 494 E EH II MH? (GAMS No. 236. perhaps contemporary with SMyc. but also some LH III sherds (including LH IIIB. although it seems unlikely that the site was abandoned during this phase. In 1959 some worn LH III sherds were found on the surface and a rim fragment of a stemmed bowl of Yellow Minyan ware (MH or LH IIII).. a-pparently founded in EH III. but there is no diagnostic early LH material. and also built graves with entrances. CG figs. mostly rectangular but one tholes-shaped. 442) * I 059 N LH or PG or G PAE (1907) 110. and there is an unbroken sequence of burials to H times thereafter. Snodgrass. 3 km. 7 Xilokastron "Ay. together with obsidian blades and small stone whorls. Of particular interest are the LH III graves: these included pits and cists. according to Alin 134). Excavations on the hill and in its neighbourhood have produced evidence of a substantial settlement. N of Distomon) at the famous Schiste Odos (the "Cleft Way" where the road from Daulis to Delphi met the road from Thebes) is now marked by the monument of Megas (died July 1856). l6d REG 25 (1912) 262. which were used as family tombs from LH IIIAl to LH IIIC in some cases. although it seems plausible. The small rocky hill (c. LH IIIAl-C PG I 937 N G A C H AD 19 (1964) B 223. G 51 ANCIENT MEDEON * (GAMS No. (19C8) 65. and other objects considered contemporary with Orchomenos III (PI 202). Several of the LH III tombs contained rich goods. Two whole late JVJH vases (Hunter Nos. 1.

6 j3). a group of houses belonging to the village of Desphina. about 1. It is c. steep on all sides except the N. 373 E I ~45) 051 N L. in the plain between the acropolis and the sea. and described as rather poor. 7 Lamia 38lf E MH (or LH IIII?) I KOUMOULA -* 107 N (Kalyvia village) BCH 96 (1972) 912 Trial excavations at a hill on the Livadhi plateau. or possibly to early LH. BCH 59 (1935) 275. W of Kalyvia. 444) KASTRO TOU STENOU I. near Stenon. 7 Xilokastron N MH IJl IIIA2-C (GAMS No.. 446) 338 E I 076 N PG G A C H Fouilles de Delphes II:5 5. Some MH cists and late LH buildings are reported here. on the escarpment above the N bank of the Pleistos river. 96 (1972) 899 . G 54 KASTROULI * I. Dor et al. 81 (1957) 70c{. 61 (1937) 1f4. LH IIIB and other LH sherds were found on the W slopes of the hill (AE loc. 329.cit. SW of Antikyra.-85 (1961) 352. SW of Arachova. 365. Kirrha ( 196o) 20 The site is described as a prominent hill. but the finds are unpublished.). At least one PG sherd has been found (AE (1956) Parartema 25 fig. I 945 N Alin 132 The Kastro is a low acropolis hill. G 53 KALYVIA OF ARACHOVA: T. 96(1972) 997 Corycian Cave: BCH 95 (1971) 776.5 km. uncovered remains of a settlement attributable to a late phase of MH.G 52 ANTIKYRA: ( GAMS No. near the chapel of Ayios Sotiros. 7 Xilokastron 220 (spot height) at 433 E LH IIIB IJl IIIC? PG C H AE (1956) Parartema 24. G 55 DELPHI *# I. though there is no diagnostic IJ1 material. V 1. IMTS 126. 7 Kilokastron MH IJl III (A-B) ( GAMS No. 3 km. and LH cist graves were found a short distance to SW. RA (1938) 187.

toW of which is a cemetery. some containing column-bases. occupies the extremity of a long rocky spur projecting S from Mt. 7 Xilokastron 278 E I 046 N LH IIIA2-B LH IIIC? "PG" AD 6 (1920-21) 147. roughly circular chamber tombs generally lacking a dromos. LMTS 125). enclosing the site and a considerable area of open ground (c. two are attributable to late MH. when Delphi's importance as a sanctuary was clearly rising. 62 (1938) 110 The acropolis of Krisa. Lerat. Parartema 24. L. 34b is probably LH IIB). belong mainly to LH IIIC. G 56 CHRYSO: ANCIENT KRISA *!I (GAMS No. of four excavated building-strata. but it appears to have been destroyed and abandoned by the end of LH IIIB. G 57 ITEA : GLA /1 (GAMS No. BCH 61 (1937) 299. where there is also some LH III material. 447) I. The well-known stone lion's head rhyton is a stray find. the second covered by a burnt layer. the latter appears to have been laid down in G times (BCH 81 (1957) 707). which could have been brought to Delphi after the BA (BCH 73 (1949) 735): but deposits of late figurines beneath the Temple of Apollo and in the Marmaria area may have votive significance (BSA 66 ( 1971) 1110). most remains are of LH III date. from the pottery. It is quite uncertain whether Delphi was already a site of religious importance in the LEA. This is the first indication that the site was of real importance. rock-cut. LMTS 126 AE (1956) .257 Palaeolithic and N deposits have been found in the Corycian Cave. N-S by 300 m. dominating the Amphissa plain and the Gulf of Krisa. It was probably inhabited continuously from MH to LH IIIB (Kirrha Pl. The LH III buildings are substantial. in all). 7 Xilokastron 310 E I 061 N MH LH IIII LH IIIAl-B C H RA (1936) 129. The main area of prehistoric settlement seems to have been on the slopes to N and E of the Temple of Apollo. 448) I. In LH IIIB a large fortification wall of huge blocks in Cyclopean style was built along the Nand W sides. however. Les Locriens de l 1 0uest (1952) 164. the third to LH IIIAl. the contents of the tombs. The settlement apparently lasted into LH IIIC. at Ayios Yeoryios on the S side of Chryso village. It seems quite plausible that the site was occupied with little or no break throughout LH III and the DA. the fourth to LH IIIB (BSA 59 (l961f) 242. when it may have been abandoned because of a flood. 350 m. Parnassos. but one of a group behind the Museum held two burials of early PG and LG date.

Pl. reported to be of the Delphi type but larger. An elaborate pin-head found in T. sometimes provided with weapons or jewellery. A probable LH cemetery was noted nearby at Keramos W of. AAA 1 (1968) 144. Pl. was found in the Museum store-room (Lerat 1952. G 58 KIRRHA: MAGCULA XEROPIGADO I. but the roll-top pins from T. Traces of mining are reported in the neighbourhood of the site. the graves included large cists holding several burials. near the coast on the E side of the mouth of the Pleistos river. although both have clear LH IIIC links (Lerat 1952. 52:3b) is certainly DA. 8 Atalandi 6o9 E LH IIIA2-B C H I /1 (GAMS No.2 (Kirrha 104) and a stone mould-fragment found on the surface in Sector C (Kirrha Pl. 52: l-2). but the material sought was certainly not tin (Antiquity loc.258 The rocky hill of Gla lies at the cross-roads of the roads from Itea to Amphissa and to Chryso and Delphi. but the site does not seem to have survived LH IIIB. BCH 99 (1975) 35.l (Kirrha 116) appear to be in context with burials that can hardly be later than LH II.. Vases from these are perhaps best dated to EPG. Remains of habitation have been identified up to 200 m. 41f9) 023 N G? L. N of Itea. l6d . There is now better evidence for LH III occupation than was found in the original excavation.cit. It forms a spur (accessible only from the W) f'!'Ojecting from the hills on the W edge of the Amphissa plain. Dor et al. JHS 49 (1929) 89. ). Pl. Surface material from the hill includes certain LH IIIA2-B and probable LH IIIC. 44. G 59 ANTHOCHORION: LEVENDI T.the district called Gonia. and a certainly LH IIIA-B vase. A probable LH IIIC stirrup-jar is also mentioned. 16b-d This is a large mound site. 6 (1973) 70. presumably from a tomb. E of Itea. Antiquity 38 (1964) 138. 61:16) are most easily related to DA parallels. about l km. toE of the main site and along the shore. less than 2 km. where tombs were found. 454) 134 N Hope Simpson and Lazenby 1970. An important series of MH strata and substantial late MH buildings and graves ranging from late MH to LH IIB are the most important finds. 10-12. 51). CG figs. but continued in occupation. CG fig. Etude de prehistoire phocidienne (196o). a trefoil-lipped oinochoe (Lerat 1952. This adjoins the hill of Moulki. 7 Xilokastron 288 E EH II-III MH LH I-IIIB I -· ( GAMS No. Kirrha. The settlement appears to have been founded in EH II and was destroyed by fire in that phase. 14.

698 E CH I # (GAMS No. Hunter 108. 270. To NW below. 2 km. 4o m. N-S by 200 m. 456) *# T. 250 m. The hill is only c. On the eroded slope outside the walls some BA sherds.259 The broad hill of Levendi (c. Trial excavations established a long history of occupation. G 61 AYIA PARASKEVI: AYIA MARINA (GAMS No. on the other side of the Kephisos river is the junction of the modern roads to Amphikleia and Atalandi. 200 m. 8 Atalandi 570 E I 177 N N EH I-III MH LH IIIA-B LH IIIC? PAE (1910) 163. CG throughout. and extends E to Orchomenos. including copper implements and a steatite stamp-seal. In the middle of the valley. especially 20 and fig. seem likely to be EH despite being apparently in the N stratum. E-W by lOO m. but C and H predominate elsewhere. This was fortified in historic times by walls of excellent isodomic masonry. interest has centred on the deep pre~H strata. The hill dominates the defile named Stena between the plain of Chaironeia and the broader plain of the main Kephisos valley on thew.) ~s connected on the E to the ridge which bounds the plain of Chaironeia on the N. 9. and some BA sherds including one from a LH IIIB kylix. 457) . 43. enclosing an area c. but there was also MH and LH III habitation. (1911) 205.) of Ayia Marina lies on theN side of the Kephisos river. the site of ancient Hyampolis. including EH I and LH IIIB. CG figs. In 1959 walling resembling Cyclopean was noted on the E side. ll PT 12. but most of the surface sherds were C or H. 8 Atalandi EHI LHIIIB JHS 16 (1896) 291. NE of Ayia Paraskevi (formerly the Kalyvia of Ayia Marina). c. perhaps continuous from N. c. higher than the plain. 8 Atalandi 570 E I 228 N N EH I-III MH LH IIA-III(A2-B) * (GAMS No. and obsidian chips were found. 120 m. W of Exarchos. but well defended by steep escarpments on all sides. 455) 176 N Hope Simpson and Lazenby 1970. Some objects found at separate spots on virgin soil. 1. 16d The little valley of Exarchos is enclosed on all sides by rugged hills. The site lies on the easiest route between Orchomenos and the sea. REG 25 (1912) 211. G Eo EXARCHOS : ANCIENT HYAMPOLIS T. is a flat table-land. G 62 ELATEIA (FORMERLY DRACHMANI): PIPERIS T. NE-SW by 150 m.5 km. The low mound (c.

1.) Alin 133 Ancient Tithronion (cf. 461) I 284 N (approx. but no absolutely certain LH IIIB is represented among the sherd-material (there are no deep bowls. ToN of the site a tumulus held a single burial of early MH date.). NNE of Amphikleia. Most of the mound consists of N deposits. The . and "tower" built of undressed blocks. (1910) 161. 7 Lamia 434 E LH III(A2-B) c AE (1956) Parartema 25. 458) * T. 180 m. NE of modern Elateia. The sherd illustrated (P. A group of plain LH III whole vases may represent a destruction or abandonment. also fragmentary remains of the LH settlement. perhaps for later offerings or as a marker. 7 A low mound. G 65 AMPHIKLEIA: PALAIOKASTRO (ANCIENT TITHRONION) T. ci t. pavement. G 63 ANCIENT ELATEIA ((JAMS No. PI' 204. 4. 3 km. 7 Lamia 500 E Lil III(A2-B) I 263 N (village) RE 20 (1941) 478 Three LH chamber tombs were reported at Avlaki Pouri near Modion. for example). I 230 N Alin 134 One or more LH sherds were found during excavation of the Temple of Athena Kranaia c. A large deposit of late MH whole vases was found. G 64 MODION: AVLAKI POURI T. PAE (1909) 127. CG throughout especially ll and fig. Elatee ••• (1892) 283. 8 Atalandi in square 610 E LH IIIB G A C MP 647. provided with unusually rich grave-goods.26o AM 31 (1906) 402. and an elaborately decorated vase was placed on top of the mound. the top metre contains BA material. they resemble the material from the "House of Kadmos" at Thebes. a wall. Paris.5 km. Three stirrup-jars were among the contents. NE-SW by 120 m. there is plausible evidence for sacrifices at the time of burial. 21) is assigned to LH IIIB (Alin loo. JHS 35 (1915) 196.5 km. Hunter 108. AE (1908) 93.) c. REG 25 (1912) 256. c. 269. /1 (GAMS No. NW of Drachmani. fig. BSA 17 (1910-ll) 54) was centred on a broad low hill (c.

Coarse ware in the vicinity of the chapel may include BA. G 66 AMPillKLEIA: AYIOI ANARGYROI *# T. The use of the tombs. its position is strategic. and there were other small objects of bronze. 200 m. 462) DRYMAIA (FORMERLY GLUNISTA) T. not far to W. although likely to have begun earlier. A small pointed hill c. to judge from the description of pottery and objects. and only 400 m. The tombs. AD 25 (1970) B 237. Although the site is not large. where some LH III sherds (said to include LH IIIB) were found. overlooking the cultivated terraces above the chapel. 44 The historic Lilaia occupied a long thin ridge above and to SE of the village. and is in fact separated from Amphikleia by hills. phase. 4 km. are on the NE edge of the pine forest on the lower slopes of Mt. which is on a gently sloping spur above the valley. G 67 (GAMS No. of which eleven were excavated. The site overlooks the main Kephisos valley. G 68 LILAIA (FORMERLY KATO AGORIANI) T. 400 m. 7 Lamia 418 E EH? MH? LH? I 323 N (village) PAE (1909) 130. N-S by 130 m. 463) I 243 N Hope Simpson and Lazenby 1970. many fragments from coarse BA vessels were found. (1910) 166. REG 25 (1912) 259 The coarse BA pottery from this settlement (near the historic Drymaia) may include LBA of non-Mycenaean type (cf. SE of the village. 7 Lamia 349 E MH LH IIIB? # (GAMS No. SE of Amphikleia. was a prehistoric settlement. mainly to N and E of the small conical peak in the centre. and many contained pits in which earlier burials were placed.Kephisos river runs past the S foot and there is a tributary stream below the steep NW flank. Parnassos. Some had a slab blocking the entrance instead of a wall. which is c. may well fall largely in the SMyc. 7 Lamia 456 E I 209 N LH III(A-C)? SMyc. long pins and fibulae were prominent among the gravegoods. G 68). SSE of the chapel of Ayioi Anargyroi. On the broad terraces. The hill was fortified in the C period. The dromoi have the usual inward inclination at the top. 26 (1971) B 231 A row of chamber tombs was found c. with some Grey and Yellow Minyan .

itadel of Kastraki or Kokkinovrachos to SE of Kyparissi may have been the acropolis of the historic Opous. to NW of the summit and c. The predominance of coarse ware suggests that this site (like G 67) was remote and ltprovincial 11 e G ff9 THEOLOGOS : ANCIENr HALAI T. to NW of the intersection of the National highway and the road from Atalandi to the Skala of Atalandi. 1. Besides the C and H finds. 300 m.) have not revealed evidence for prehistoric settlement here. AM 71 (1956) 8. 750 m. some N was found. . Hope Simpson and Lazenby 1970. 19 This site. A and C sherds. 12. W of Skala. however. 150 m. But investigations (AJA loc. 8 Atalandi N LH C H AJA 19 (1915) 436. and c. BCH 80 (1956) 223 The on the SE SE of the turned up G 70 954 E I * ( GAMS No. E-W by 6o m.5 km.. 464) 225 N Hesperia 9 (194o) 381. 11 (1942) 315. G 71 ATALANDI: SKALA 11 T. To S of a small ravine and c. On the lower N slopes. there are signs of considerable ancient settlement. c. 465) T. French. l6b-d. side of the bay of Ayios Ioannis Theologos (which is a little to site). H. discovered by D. 8 Atalandi 839 E EH III MH LH IIIB I 251 N CG figs.). The post-BA remains presumably are part of the "lower town" belonging#to the acropolis (AJA loc. KYPARISSI: AYIOS IOANNIS 11 (GAMS No.cit. 1 km. erosion revealed a deposit of LH III. main excavations here revealed traces of an acropolis and a harbour. is a low mound c. mainly to S of the chapel of Ayios Ioannis. W of the chapel. G.cit.cit. LH sherds much later (AM and BCH loc. S of Kyparissi. 47 The c.262 sherds and a fragment which seemed to be from a LH IIIB deep-bowl. 8 Atalandi 851 E I 204 N LH III(B?) G A C H AJA 30 (1926) 4ol. 14.).

and sherds. and traces of probable others. which are mainly C. overlooking broken hill country separated from the coastal plain by high ridges.G 72 LIVANATES: I PYRGOS T. 14. Pl. . There is abundant evidence of EH-LH and later occupation. The chamber tomb cemetery at Kritharia on a slope at the SW edge of Agnandi was in use from LH IIIA until LH IIIC or even later. or PG? C H AD 25 (1970) B 235 The prehistoric site is an acropolis on the steep spur of Kastri o. 130 m. The hill is sheer on all sides except the S. 150 m. l km. G 73 MELIDONI : KASTRO I (GAMS No. and commanding the E exit of the coastal plain of Longos.) is covered in loose stones. 16c-d The low hill of Pyrgos lies c. 2 km. 467) T. 4a. On the hill itself good MH Grey Minyan and Matt-painted. like the hill. and only 30 m. N-S by 90 m. G 74 AGNANDI. and there are remains of a circuit wall (C?) on the W and NW upper slopes. The top surface (c. CG figs. copious LH (including a LH IIIC krater fragment with panel-style pattern). The fields inland toW and S are. 8 Atalandi MH LH IIIA-C 843 E (GAMS No. NE of Livanates. N-S by lOO m. 8 Atalandi 736 E I 343 N EH I EH III MH LH IIIA-B C CG figs. The site is the first to be discovered in the remote inland region of E Locris. A small cist grave was noted near the SE end. and iron rings. NE of Agnandi village. especially some good Grey Minyan and LH IIIA-B. to judge from described material. 8 Atalandi 692 E I 322 N (Kastri) EH MH LH IIIA -C SMyc. 47. 466) I G A C 311 N H Hope Simpson and Lazenby 1970. towering above the sea. covered in ancient sherds. including a jar with semicircles on the shoulder. l km. but include also several prehistoric. and several later sherds were found. 16c-d The site is a rocky spur c. 9. amongst which fine LH III and C predominate. tiles.) with steep slopes. from the shore. It is a conspicuous "high mound" site (c. 11. pins and fibulae. NW of the hamlet of Melidoni. 14. where it is joined to a higher ridge by a low neck. KASTRI AND KRITHARIA * 1/ T.

The new National highway has cut through the S side of the site. E-W by 50 m. Between Rakhita and ancient Herakleia. c. 243). 5 and 229. 1). Sherds included MH Grey and Yellow Minyan and LH III stemmed bowl and kylix fragments. 471) T. 128 w. are remains of rock-cut tombs. Hope Simpson and Lazenby 1970. together with the indications in ancient literature. E of the modern Thermopylai monument. AJA 20 (1916) 47. with Herodotus VII·l76. . 7 Lamia 302 E I 432 N MH LH IIIA2-B LH IIIC? Antiquity 33 (1959) 103. Pritchett. projecting N into the marsh at the S side of the mouth of the Spercheios river. G 76 # ANCIEN"T HERAKLEIA T. on a small projecting tongue of land c..264 G 75 THERMOPYLAI (MODERN): ANCIENT ALPENOI 528 E I 1>27 N T. Studies in Ancient Greek Topography l (1965) 81. G 77 RAKHITA # (GAMS No. E-W by 55 m. There are no signs of prehistoric habitation on the upper citadel. 2 km. What remains is of moderate size. Some A and C sherds and many tile fragments.) three LH III sherds were found. suggest that this is the site of ancient Alpenoi (cf. fed by springs issuing from the foot of the cliffs. 110 m. K. Most are H or later (B~quignon 1937. but some have a s·uperficial resemblance to LH chamber tombs. and one base appears to be of a LH I or LH II goblet. unite to flow into the Xerias river. Here. 470) 426 N y. 6o m. c. La Vallee du Spercheios (1937) 243). In the plain below the site two small streams. Antiquity 33 (1959) lOe. on both sides of the Skliphomeli ravine. 7 Lamia MH LH IIII? LH III(A-B) A # c AR (1961-2) 31 The site is a low spur. to WNW of the lower slopes of ancient Herakleia (G 76) are similar terraces at the foot of the Trachinian cliff. XVa About l km. and on its N slopes MH (including Grey Minyan and 6 113 ware) and LH III sherds were found. 7 Lamia LH III(B?) 307 E C H I ( GAMS No. Bequignon.C. On the lowest terraces of the site of ancient Herakleia (which supplanted Trachis in 426 B. and Pl.

on the track to Moschochori. It is c. The grave contained several burials. by 25 m. 170 m. G 79 MEGALI VRYSI: T. Pl. 472) * 287 E T. 5 m. 7 Lamia N EH? MH PLATANIA 36o E # (GAMS No. 474) I 535 N lli IIIB lli IIIC? Antiquity 33 (1959) 102. and some vases.gress rlir ArchMologie (1939) 334. c. . s. but include several surely earlier (cf. N is also G 80 STYLIS: PROFITIS ILIAS # NW-SE by 150 m. ( GAMS No. BCH 63 (1939) 310 fig. these are normally attributed to LH IIIC. 4 km. decoration of maeander hooks. a bronze spearhead. and many LH III sherds were found. road at the spring of Platania.. high.). and c. XT\Tb.cit. MH Grey Minyan.265 G 78 VARDHATES (GAMS No. 21. 293 The remains of a small ancient fort were found on the rocky conical hill of Profitis Ilias NE of Stylis. left). The mound c. to S of the main E of Lamia. According to local information (1958) this lay to SE of Vardhates in the direction of Rakhita (G 77). Internationale K. ware. G AD 19 (1961+) B 242 A large "low mound" site c.B. But it more closely resembles a Thessalian/Macedonian tumulus of the historical period. 475) T. N. On the map we have grouped G 77 and G 78 together. with which it may in fact be associated. to NE of Vardhates. has recently been described (AD 25 (1970) B 243) as probably prehistoric. Marinatos in Bericht fiber die VI. since it does not appear likely that two separate settlements are indicated. Hunter 117. In 1958 worn BA sherds and many obsidian chips were found here. l km. 7 Lamia LH IIIB-C I 443 N (village) BCH 63 (1939) 311. IMTS 126 A rectangular built grave was excavated near Vardhates before World War II. 61~ and part of a G skyphos with a recorded (AD loc. 7 Lamia 479 E I 553 N EH? MH? lli? C H Bequignon 1937. 30 m.

). N-S by lOO m. l4b. Among the plethora of C and H sherds on this fortified acropolis two LH IIIB deep bowl fragments were found. G 83 PELASGIA: ANCIENT LARISA CREMASTE # (GAMS No. Euboea 37 . commanding a fertile coastal plain. 200 m. The hill is c. 299. 8 Atalandi 666 E/ 589 N MH LH IIIB C H Bequignon 1937. 9-11. 564 E C H I # (GAMS No. f:ll[3 ware. l4o. 2) T. in extent. Most of the sherds were C or H. XIVa The acropolis of ancient Echinous is on the N side of Akhinos village. 2 km. 8 Atalandi MH LH IIIA2-B Bequignon 1937. E of Rakhes in a district called Alopeka. The citadel of Larisa Cremaste is c. AD 25 (1970) B 243. l6a-d The site is a low promontory c.cit. N of Pelasgia. The plundered chamber tombs near the hill (AJA loc. AAA 5 ( 1972 ) 470 Antiquity 33 (1959) 102. Pl. 56o. 477) T. 120 m. Two Matt-painted jugs are reported from a tumulus nearby (AD and AAA loc. Antiquity 33 (1959) 102. MH Grey Minyan. Sherds were widespread over the promontory and slopes.266 G 81 AKHINOS : ANCIENT ECHINOUS T. G 82 R AKRES: FOURNI # (GAMS No. One sherd must be LH IIIAl at latest. G 84 LIKHAS : KASTRI ( GAMS No. 8 Atalandi 668 E I 470 N EH I-III MH LH (Sub)PG G C PAE (1912) 14o.cit. Euboea No. 8 Atalandi 630 E I 507 N N EH I-III MH LH IIIAl-B LH IIIC? AR (1961-2) 31. but a few LH III sherds and a piece of MH Grey Minyan ware were also found. (maximum width) on the edge of a small plain c. and fine LH !II.5 km. 14. BSA 47 (1952) 6o n. C CG figs. and include EH I-III. NW-SE by 150 m. surrounded by C fortifications.) are almost certainly LH. 476) 520 N AJA 46 (1942) 500. 1. 478) T.

some EH sherds were found. Euboea 39 In an olive grove near the beach c. 30 m. Arkheion Euboikon Meleton 6 (1959) 307. G 85 YIALTRA : KASTETLI I (GAMS No. 559. by 20 m. 250 m. 70 m. and the LH is said to compare well with pottery from Chalkis (F 76). 5) KOUMBI T. 140. The total extent of the prehistoric settlement appears to have been c. 103 The site is c. 561. 311. The prehistoric pottery is of particularly good quality. AD 16 (l96o) B 152. Euboea 37. (under Euboea No.) and extensive seaward slopes. 6) T. to N of the road to Lichas. thickly scattered with sherds. perhaps to be equated with ancient Dion (Iliad I I . EH to G widely scattered on higher slopes. The top area is only c. 8 Atalandi 4o (spot height) at 889 E I 558 N EH II MH LH IIIB LH IIIC? PG G C H ASAtene 3 (1921) 276. WSW of Loutra Yialtron. G 88 OREOI : KASTRO *I (GAMS No. 3 km. BSA 47 (1952) 6o n. 93. Euboea 39 . The size and position are said to suggest an important settlement. It is a fine natural acropolis with a small summit (c.267 A low hill c. 8 Atalandi 772 E I 449 N N EH I-III MH LH I-IIIB(-C?) (Sub)PG G A? C H PAE 1912. C and H sherds were found on the lower slopes. 8 Atalandi in square 770 E EH I 510 N Euboea 39 On a cliff site near the anchorage of Ayios Aidhepsos on the NW coast of Euboea. l4b (as "Athinai Dhiadhes"). l km. Euboea No. l4b. NNW-SSE by 150 m. 500 m. G 87 AIDHEPSOS : (Euboea No. W of Likhas on the coast. N-S by 50 m. 3) T. 4) G 86 AYIOS AIDHEPSOS T. 313.538). N of Loutra Aidhepsou some coarse ware (possibly N) and MH Grey Minyan and Matt-painted were found. Euboea No. 8 Atalandi N° MH 834 E I 470 N Arkheion Euboikon Meleton 6 (1959) 281. BSA 47 (1952) 6o n. 310.

l km. particularly on the N slope. and a curved wall and rock-cut cist grave. however.268 The Kastro stands out conspicuously on the E side of the modern town. NE of Vasilika. 9 Psakhna 124 E I 566 N N? EH II LH III(A-B)? C H Euboea 42 EH II and other prehistoric sherds. 9 Skiathos o4o E I 635 N EH II MH LH III(A-B) C Arkheion Euboikon Meleton 6 (1959) 307. EH was found on a small mound on the ridge which runs down to the coastal plain. NE-SW by 100 m. NE of Gouvai. 8) 955 E I 575 N Euboea 41 On the hill of Ayia Paraskevi c. although G and later sherds predominate here. but slopes gently en the where there are Cremains. 10) PALAIOKASTRO H. and there are indications that the S and SE may also have been part of the prehistoric settlement. but only 2 km. EH II. 3 km. NNE of The headland is almost sheer on N and W. EH sherds and obsidian and C to H were found. high and c. Euboea 41 prominent headland c. are C and H. 8 Atalandi N? EH C H AYIA PARASKEVI (Euboea No. E of Vistritsa (which is c. NW-SE by lCo m. G 89 HISTIAIA: VISTRITSA: T. A Kastri. Spalathrias and Cape Lefka. which dominates the long beach between Mt. and appear to represent the centre of the ancient deme of Poseidion.5 km. on top. on the E side of the road to Agri. Further on. Trial excavations reveal EH II pottery. both probably MH. 1. The total extent of the prehistoric site may have been c. 12) T. The acropolis is identified as that of ancient Histiaia and of (the later) ancient Oreoi. S and E sherds. 5 km. were found on a high hill c. The mound is about 30 m. 135 m. On the NE side were a few prehistoric which thinly represent the periods indicated. including some possibly N and one apparently from a LH III kylix. MH Grey Minyan and LH IIIB have been found on the surface.ovotana. G 91 VASILIKA: PALAIOKASTRO (Euboea No. G 90 GCUVAI: (Euboea No. . NNE of Histiaia). to W of the road. ringed by a mediaeval fortification. 200 m. Most of the remains.

were LH III sherds. Prehistoric sherds and obsidian are sparse. 17) STROFILIA T. 18 and l8a) 371 N (Mourties) Euboea 46 Signs of prehistoric habitation were noted both to S of Dhafni and in the vicinity of Myrties. and Matt-painted were found. W~~-ESE by 150 m. The site is c. obsidian. Euboea Nos. is a fortified hill site. opposite the hamlet of Kria Vrisi. and c. But the PG. immediately S of the road on the W edge of Dhafni. AAA 8 (1975) 28 Kastri is a long narrow ridge (c. A few EH sherds were found here. G 93 (Euboea No. and it is possible that this hill was the main centre of prehistoric habitation. but on the W slope. on the N side of the Misipetri mountain. 312. MH levels have been found in trial excavations. NE of Kerinthos. Yellow Minyan. T.8. 800 m. NNW of Mantoudhi and c. Finds from the Dhafni area include EH sherds. with C walls on the E and W sides. and definite G and c. ETC. G and later remains on Kastri may have largely removed or obscured the prehistoric traces there. and higher up a hand-axe (N?) and some EH and MH scraps and obsidian. The ancient settlement was mainly confined to the W part of the ridge and the gentler W and SW slopes on the landward side. 4 km. 9 Psakhna EH PG? G C 079 E I (Euboea Nos. 558. 1 km. 307. 4 km. 9 Psakhna 208 E I 4o8 N (Kastri) N? EH MH LH III(A-B) PG G A C H ASAtene 3 (1921) 276. two sherds possibly PG. On the E and NE sides of the hill of Ayios Ilias adjacent to the SW MH Grey Minyan. G 94 DHAFNI: MOURTIES. 13-14) T. The main centre may be at Kastro. .) rising abruptly from the shore on the SE side of the Voudhoros stream. 9 Psakhna EH C 145 E I 387 N Euboea 46 On the S side of the road from Kerinthos to Limni. trial excavations produced much PG . near some rough masonry resembling Cyclopean. W of Strofilia.C material but little prehistoric and no certain LH. BSA 52 (1957) 2 n. Arkheion Euboikon Meleton 6 (1959) 281. Euboea 43.269 G 92 KERINTHOS: KRIA VRISI *I! (GAMS No.

but the main site was at Ayios Ilias c. 300 m. to NW. 9 Psakhna 992 E I 403 N (Ayios Ilias) EH II MH LH? (Sub)PG G A C Euboea 46 Some EH II. 108. particularly on its N slope. some of which have been opened. 8oO m. G 96 ROVIES: (Euboea No. G 98 LIMNI: PANAYIA. Pl. The N area. T. G 97 LIMNI : (Euboea No. 9 Psakhna 008 E I 398 N N EHII MH LH IIII-III(A-B) G c Euboea 48 The site is c. ill! II and MH Grey and Yellow Minyan ware were noted and a few LH and G. 20) PALAIOKHORI T. Settlement was concentrated in two main areas. c H BCH 85 (1961) 758. MH Grey and Yellow Minyan ware. 22) . T. E-W at right angles to the shore. C and later sherds predominate. and later sherds were found near the tower in Rovies village. seems to have been abandoned at the end of EH (II?). (Sub)PG. 9 Psakhna N EHII MH 073 E I 352 N LH III(A-B) G ASAtene 3 (1921) 283. ErC. AE (l96o) 53. This is a long hill c. EH II. and some LH (including LH IIII) indicate a substantial BA settlement. At the latter site good N and EH II sherds were found. on the track to Palaiokhori. At the former. 9 Psakhna 069 E I 364 N N EH? MH LH IIIAl(-2?) C Euboea 50. The prehistoric centre was on the N hill. and A were found with the C and later remains here. Euboea 49 The two hills known as Kastria c. 4oo m.5 km. G. The S area was principally BA. NNd of Limni were inhabited LD most periods from N to Turkish times. c. Further to E.270 G 95 ROVIES: (Euboea No. A few prehistoric sherds. 21) KASTRIA T. with a possible gap in PG. distant. MH Grey and Yellow Minyan ware. 19) AYIOS ILIAS. 8oo m. and on the SE are remains of chamber tombs. 22 (Euboea No. ErC. ENE of Rovies. Slopes on both sides of the track are strewn with sherds. 1.

19: l3lf) is said to have come from Livadhia (of. MP 618. Euphrosyne 6 (1973-4) 10 n. . Pl. which probably does not belong with the group and may well be EH. 22:o and e might be LH IIIA2. and coarse sherds and obsidian have been found in three separate places. But there is no known LH site near the town (of. The rest are LH IIIAl.l9). APPENDIX TO MAP G A IJ1 IIIA2 rhyton (MV 42. At Phasoula to NW of Panayia a LH IIIA tomb was found in the hillside facing the sea. Alin 121). apart from the coarse handmade cup. Of the vases. Euboea Pl. a MH Grey Minyan sherd.I 271 In the vicinity of the Panayia chapel a small N settlement.

272 MAPS H AND J: THESSALY. There are considerable dislocations in the settlement-pattern during the EBA. in the BSA Coll. intrusive feature when hardly a tomb of LH date . Sites are particularly concentrated in a zone between Volos and Larisa. but most tholos tombs in Thessaly are too small and poor to be attributed to ruling families. but there is no clear trace of a catastrophe in late IIIB. involving comparatively remote sites. but the distribution of "Lianokladhi Matt-painted" ( tll[:l Ware) indicates overland contact as well. though the evidence of Pefkakia (H 2) will clarify many problems when published in more detail (Argissa III includes a valuable discussion of the EBA).g. in LH times. and a piece of an "Octopus stirrup-jar" of Aegean type found its way as far inland as the Pharsalos area (LMTS 272. the number of occupied sites appears to increase in MH and again in LH. of which there is only one group known in Thessaly (at H 16). conclusions drawn here must therefore be more than usually tentative. only a few sites have produced certain LH IIIC. In the N period Thessaly seems to have been in advance of areas further S. notably the plain of Almyros and around Pharsala and Karditsa. and Crete.g. The spread of LH features may have been more protracted than further S. although LH IIB-IIIAl pottery types are quite widespread in central Thessaly. Some sites were abandoned (e. But excavated material in Thessaly is not copious enough to allow the certain identification of many other centres: the cluster of small tholoi at Pteleon (H 13-14) should indicate one such centre. than the east. THE SPERCHEIOS VALLEY. some substantial sites have been found in other areas. the use of cists). The two tholoi at Dhimini (H 3) should surely be associated with Volos. EURYTANIA The importance of Neolithic Thessaly has led to a certain neglect of study of the Bronze Age. Pefkakia). the Cyclades.). only a short distance away. so little is known that the significance of the Hexalophos tumulus (J 13) cannot be properly judged. along the best route to the interior of Thessaly. the local cultural phases are not always easy to relate to the Helladic sequence. and many sites only appear to have been occupied continuously from EB III or later. H. French's survey. for it cannot be considered a new. and presumably less important. and the present pattern of site-distribution is bound to be changed considerably by the publication of D. and its influence may have reached far inland. and seem rather to be the local equivalent of chamber tombs. and local MB characteristics may have sur~ived for a long time (e. but thereafter it falls behind. Developments in LH IIIC and later are nevertheless most obscure. and in particular to have been the heart of LH Thessaly. It does seem that from N times onwards western Thessaly was less heavily populated. and probably supported a palace comparable with those further S if not as sophisticated. There is no indication of a large expansion of settlement in LH III. Those at and near the head of the Bay of Volos have produced the best evidence for contacts with areas further S. but this zone seems always to have contained some of the most significant sites. but Volos and the centre represented by the Pteleon tombs both survived. Volos (H l) emerges as the most important site at the head of the Bay if not in all Thessaly.

The LH strata have been partly removed by later terracing. Cist-graves have been found both on the mound and at Nea Ionia to the ~N. (1960) 49. but no conclusive dating evidence has been published. as is the process by which the tombs themselves developed from the LH tholoi which they so closely imitate. but remains of two successive large buildings. The earlier includes stucco and slab floors. Desborough. have been found. The few published vases are LH IIB-IIIAl in date. This should be distinguished from the DA tholos in the same area. BSA 66 (1971) 348). deep PG strata have also been found. 8 Volos EB I-III *I (GAMS Nos. was built on a timber frame. which show close links with the earlier LH IIIC phases at Lefkandi (F 81) (cf. l~O m. The site appears to have retained some importance in PG. 21. v.273 has been excavated in that part of Thessaly. (1901) 42. M. 10 m. JHS 1+9 (1929) 95. taken to be palaces. the bulk of the PG pottery is catalogued in N. The site seems to have been continuously occupied since EB I. by 270 m. the latter are definitely LH IIB-IIIAl. but it is not clear if there is continuity from LH IIIC to PG. (1961) 45. our knowledge of Thessaly at any stage of the BA and DA must still be considered most unsatisfactory. (1956) 118. it contained at least twenty burials and much jewellery. Nearby tombs: AE (1906) 211 (Kapakli). There are certainly LH IIIC strata on the site. which appears commonly in the DA tombs of eastern Thessaly. 480-81) 773 E / 029 N MH LH I-IIIC PG G A C H PAE (1900) 72. H1 VOLOS: KASTRO (ANCIENr IOLKOS) H. AAA 3 (1970) 198 (Nea Ionia) A high mound c. to theN. In all. and is attributed to LH IIIA. A tholos tomb at Kapakli. Verdelis.) but not especially well-built. This building is attributed to LH IIIB and stated to have been burnt in early LH IIIC. D & S 15. (1957) 54. the later. and fragments of fresco and two large groups of plain kylikes were found associated with it. but little dating-evidence in the form of pottery. R. Ho Protogeometrikos Rhythmos tes Thessalias ( 1958) 3 ff. Little can be said of the pre-LH phases except that they are represented by a considerable depth of deposit. The same may be said of the painted pottery of a northern Greek tradition. ) • . but stirrup-jar fragments are also referred to in the report. to which are attributed some remains of fine architecture. is large (c. some containing fine bronze weapons. Protogeometric Pottery (1952) 132. also having stucco floors. the date of its development is still unclear. in use from PG to A or later (AE (1914) 141. BCH 45 (1921) 530. with little significant break except perhaps in LH IIIC. at theW end of the modern town.

Cord-decorated and incised types are thought to be of Balkan origin (op. (1971-2) 1~(1972-3) 20. The SMyc. 133. LH houses have also been reported W of the promontory. Thessalian copper-sources may have been exploited. and quite probably KS types (cf. The evidence of Pefkakia will be crucial in establishing the Thessalian sequence and its links with other sequences. AR (196869) 20. has been found on the face of the hill. also F. 168-9). 334 figs. BCH 95 (1971) 711. In the succeeding MH strata. as in Alin 144). 52) is unacceptable. l3b. (1912) 173. suggesting a link with the "Anatolian" phase at Lefkandi and Ay. (1973-4) 21. though none are of the characteristic "Aeginetan" type (BCH 97 (1973) 333 figs. 24 (1969) B 221. EH II.. and a tholos has been reported. that continued in use into LH II.cit. It may be connected with the evidence found here and at Volos for bronzesmelting. The site was clearly an important centre. (1970-71) 16. upper). Irini on Kea. The later phases of settlement are best preserved at the S end of the site. the first including a probable fortification-wall. perhaps an extension of the one already mentioned. where MH houses were succeeded by a cist-cemetery.27'+ H2 VOLOO: PEFKAKIA (ANCIENr NELEIA?) H. l3b. stMhlin et al. AAA 7 (1974) 45 A promontory at the NW end of the later site of Demetrias. From an early stage. Trojan and Cycladic types are reported (AJA 75 (1971) 705). 153). a group of LH IIA-IIIAl vases is reported to come from these tombs (AM 14 (1889) 262. AAA 7 (1974) Pl. This included rectangular built tombs with an entrance (not chamber tombs. Over this were LH III structures. enclosed within a wall. AD 23 (1968) B 263. 11 depata" and plates of Trojan type were found in deposits of the third phase. upon which there is a considerable depth of prehistoric deposit. but the reason for its widespread connections is not clear. including MM I-II (AAA 7 (1974) Pl. cf. and Matt-painted pieces may include imports. Pagasai und Demetrias (1934) 162). the site had widespread connections to N and S: pottery of Balkan. 482) A C H (A & C Temple of Apollo) AM 14 (1889) 262. including a large LH IIIB house. date suggested for~ of these vases (Verdelis 1958. 97 (1973) 331. (1916) 31. but two PG vases come from the area (Desborough 1952. 8 Volos N EB I III 782 E / 007 N MH LH I-IIIB PG *If (GAMS No. though none is known nearer than the Othrys mountains. Occupation seems to have been continuous from at least the Dhimini phase of LN. All three phases of the Thessalian EB sequence were identified above the 11Rachmani 11 stratum. PAE (1908) 212. and an extensive cemetery. Trojan. . lower) has been identified in levels of the final "Rachmani 11 N phase. (1957) 55. imports continue to occur. 165-6).

some walls. NE-SW by 90 m. 1. NE-SW by 45 m.QilMS. and like H 3 it was probably most important in the N period. Ergon (1976) 99 A high mound c. with a "relieving triangle".. PAE (1911) 294. including a number of stone moulds. 8 Volos 704 E I 028 N N EB I-III MH LH III(A2-B) PG G? D & S. this may also be connected with the exploitation of local copper. and to judge from the numerous and often well-provided later MH graves it was also important at this time. the other. however. and LH IIIA2-B is reported from the dromos of the Laminospito tomb. This may be one of the oldest settled sites in Greece. further N. like the numerous DA ·tombs of similar type reported in the neighbourhood (presumably the source of nos. . The graves include cists. now c. Sherd-material. 110 m.3 m. MH tombs and a LH III sherd have recently been found in Sesklo village. 8. but remains of gold and glass jewellery were found. 151. set into theN side of the mound. lOO m. mostly late MH but in two cases LH IIIA2.) and also had a "relieving triangle' Both contained structures set against the chamber wall.5 m. 8 Volos N EB I-III * /1 (. and two tholos tombs.Lightly bigger (d. extending back to a "preceramic" N phase. presumably from a tomb).275 H 3 DHIMINI : TOUMBA H. NE of Sesklo. 73 in the catalogue in Verdelis 1958) need have no connection with occupation on the site. and graves are assigned to the BA. LH material is rare. By MN it was an extensive town. c. A mound-site. especially 65. But this tomb. 23. possibly the source of a LH IIIB pyxis noted as from "T. 147. about 500 m. also 142 for another whole vase. probably its period of greatest importance. suggests that it was inhabited in all BA phases to LH IIIB. at Laminospito 300 m. a small LH III tomb of tholos type was excavated in the neighbourhood. 125. the other is unlikely to be much earlier. and only a long defensive trench. PAE (1901) 37. (1971) 18. on a natural rise betweeh two stream-beds. No. H4 SESKW : KASTRAKI (GAMS No. 8. but quite a depth of deposit is attributed to the BA. Hunter 23. especially on the lower terraces. NE of Dhimini. The goods include faiencE beads that may well be imports and a relatively large number of copper and bronze objects. Most of the remains on this site belong to the LN phase. Hunter 23. One of these.5" by Hunter (151. 484) *!I H. They had been robbed. 12 (1887) 136. a burial-deposit assignable to LH IIIA. but considerably eroded. 36.) and finely built. (1965) 7.5 km. 115. was s. 125. was quite large (c. PT 82. especially 107. 38 D & S. Thessalika 1 (1958) 74. 483) 746 E I 025 N LH IIA-IIIB MH AM 11 (1886) 435. 142. taken with the evidence for bronze-working on the site. cf.

1. 8 Volos (no precise location) N MH C H PT 9 no. and sporadic N. A DA tholos was noted near Argalasti (PAE loc. and some MH and LH III sherds have been found on the surface. 8 Volos in square 010 E IJl III(A2-B) PG? PI 6 n. B 170. lOO m.). from the acropolis. demonstrating a fairly extensive IJl "lower town". 100 m. apart and c. I (GAMS No. I 820 N Hunter 159 An alabastron marked "Khortokastron Argalastes" was noted by Hunter in the Almyros Museum. It is probably LH IIIA2 rather than LH IIIB. (1969) 16 AD 16 (196o) A "high mound" site above Nea Ankhialos harbour. N-S by 8o m. (1908) 163.276 H 5 ARGALI\STI : ( GAMS No.O m.cit. Thessalika 2 (1959) especially 59 ff. H7 MIKROTHIVAI: H. H 7A PERSOUPHLI : KASTRO H. H 6 NEA ANKHIALOS : ANCIENr PYRASOS (GAMS No. 37. Hunter 182. IJl. above better stratified N remains. PAE (1914) 221. MH and good stratified LH were found on flat ground near the S foot of the hill. Rich N deposits were found on the S and W slopes. 8 Volos 187 (spot height) at 627 E N MH IJl III(A2-B) PG G A c AM 31 (1906) 5. and IJl was found in two other areas c. 489) *# H. 490) 934 N PT 166 A few IJl and G sherds were found in a mixed deposit in excavations here. The LH settlement appears to have been confined mainly to the E end of the rocky spur where it projects into the N edge of the Krokian plain. and G on the surface of the hill.). measuring c. on top. 486) KHORTOS H.. ll. PAE (1968) 31. *# ANCIENT PHTHIOTIC THEBES PAE (1907) 166. 8 Volos 29 (spot height) at 676 E I 936 N N EB (including I) MH LH II-IIIB PG G C H PI 10. and the head of a bronze doubleaxe from Khortos was seen in the Volos Museum (PI loc.cit. AD 18 (1963) B 143 .

7 Farsala 159 (spot height) at 573 E I 817 N N EB I( -III?) MH LH I-III(A2-Bl) "PG"? PI 150. We have not been able to verify the location or identify the modern name for Persouphli. H 11 ANCIENI HALOS *# H. It included much MH. all probably MH. on the route between ancient Pherai (H 15) and ancient Pl"Jthiotic Thebes (H 7). I 900 N Thessalika 2 (1959) 60. and also eig_ht cist-graves. H 10 ZERFLIA: KASTRAKI * ( GAMS No. c. and at least one decorated kylix-fragrnent. 494) . MAGOULA (GAMS No. especially MH. NNW-SSE by 70 m. 110 m. 8 Voles 33 ( "Domousi") at 635 E N MH LH III(A-B) PI 10. Of the eight strata distinguished. on a hill between two lakes c. and the site is therefore omitted from Map H. Hunter catalogue no. six are certainly N. some LH I-II. probably from Magoula. 493) H. 5 km. 492) I 847 N Alin 145 A low mound c. and a bronze double axe comes from this area (PI 166. from the present shore. 2.277 N and a considerable amount of MH Grey Minyan have been found at the Kastro to S of Persouphli. 35 A high mound. WSW of Almyros. E of Almyros. 288). and c • 7 km. has been found in various excavations here. NE of Almyros. LH III sherds in the Almyros Museum are from the vicinity of Almyros. 208. Sherds of Lllfi ware (local Matt-painted. Abundant prehistoric material.'IOTIKI H. Hunter 33. and most of the BA material was found in the top layer. H9 AIMYRIOTIKI MAGOULA # H.5 km. ( GAMS No. in this case possibly DA?) were also found. AA (1971) 395 A large high mound c • 3 km. 491) *# 32 (spot height) at 644 E MH LH III(A-B) PI 169. H8 AIDHIJ~. 8 Voles N EB I-II PAE (1907) 171.. 8 Voles 667 E I 791 N LH IIIA? PG G C H ( GAMS No. and a LH Psi figurine in the museum is marked as from the site.

T. 8 Volos N MH ( GAMS No. in use from LH IIIAl to IIIC. (1952) 181 633 N * 11 ( GAMS No. and c.02 m. 5. badly preserved.). A little to the E are four MH cists and a small LH IIIC tomb of tholos type but irregular (T. On the NW slopes are remains of a MH settlement.). At Ay. (1952) 164. Vasilios. and T. MH Minyan ware was reported to be abundant here. to S of the village. But the site is most important for its series of DA graves. which contained vases that may be LH IIIA-B and LH IIIC.2 m. 4 (d. 4. A hilt-fragment resembling that of a Type C sword but unflanged is reported to come from a tomb at Halos (Hunter 230). and LH habitation appears likely. IMTS 130.).87 m. l was disturbed in C times). on top. at the head of the Bay of Pteleon. AD 23 (1968) B 269 A rocky hill. (1953) 120. 71 The high mound of Magoula c. 496) *11 H. 8 Volos 769 E I 645 N N MH LH IIIAl-C PG c ~ (1951) 129. 495) 35 (spot height) at 720 E I 714 N PT lO No.). 497) . 1. l(d. 3 (d. T. Hunter ll. H 14 PTELEON: AYIOS THEODOROS H. 26-7. nos. N-S by 18o m. H 12 SOURPI: MAGOULA H.93 x 1.278 BSA 18 (1911-12) l A LH IIIA(l?) piriform jar described as being from Halos was on show in Volos Museum in 1967. 2. H 13 PTELEON: GRITSA (GAMS No. 2 km. 300 m. The tombs were not very rich in goods (T. which contained at least one probably LH IIIA vase but mostly LH IIIC and also three PG (Verdelis 1958. S of Sourpi resembles Zerelia both in form and in situation. and LH material is also reported. c. a wheelmade grey goblet (MH?) was found in a well. 3 km. 62).2 m. but contained some jewellery and other objects. 4. along the ridge which runs toW below the site are three MH cists and three small tholoi. found at the foot of the acropolis. 8 Volos 754 E LH III(A2-B) H I PAE (1951) 150.

51> m. 2 km. NE of Ayios Theodoros. and some jewellery. Bequignon. PG BCH 45 (1921) 529. cf. It contained pottery. Some whole vases. A H vase was found in the fill. H 15 VELESTINO: MAGOULA (ANCIENT PHERAI) H. BSA 66 (1971) 184) and at least one vase probably EPG (no. 1. NE-SW by lOG m. Not far toW. 61>6. ENE of Mega Monastirion. while two vases (Verdelis 1958.) was excavated here. 8 Volos 612 E I 052 N N MH LH IIIA2-B LH IIIC? ~AE (1907) 16o. H 16A AHMENION: THANI MAGOULA H. No. 215). but very late LH types are also reported (Voles Museum Cat.. Hunter also cites LH figurines (cf. catalogue nos. (GAMS No. were traces of a LH settlement and a largely destroyed LH IIIA2 chamber tomb. is a high mound c. c. and continuity of cult here from LH onwards has been argued (AA (1926) 429). 4o. LH III. are PG.279 A small tholos tomb (d. presumably from tombs. seals tones. at Livadhi. 225). five large and rich rock-cut chamber tombs (the first to be discovered in Thessaly) have been excavated. Recherches archeologiques 'a Pheres ( 1937) The main acropolis of ancient Pherai. G and C sherds have been found. H 16 MEGA MONASTIRION: MAGOULA * H. 31. 2-3. MH. and may be from the cist-cemetery reported (Desborough 1952. and to N of the road. and a PG vase was also found near Livadhi. 10. are good LH IIIA2-B (Hunter. 498) *!I G A C H Y. nos. LH finds are recorded from the area of the temple (to N of Magoula).5 km. on which N. 3. cf. also p. 78. IMTS 132). In the NW bank of the torrent which flanks Magoula. 19-20) presumably from here. which contained much pottery (including a painted toy chariot and two yoked horses). it should probably be associated with H 13. 4oo m.. 7 Farsala 112 (spot height) at 58o E LH IIIAl-B PG AD 19 (196~) B 255. AR (1964-5) 20. at Magoula on the W side of Velestino village. bronzes. I 132 N BCH 91 (1957) 708 Magoula is c. 7 Farsala N LH? PT 8 no. 86 ( "Trani Magoula") at 582 E AD 19 (1964) B 255 I 156 N . 133). gold and glass jewellery. and fine sealstones.

000. indicated are in the BSA collection. AA (1955) 221. SE of Platikambos. in circumference and up to 5 m. c. as is claimed. 500) I 353 N PT 8 no.28o This large N mound c. 84 (l96o) 764. 164[:3. on whose W flank EB I sherds have been found (BSA collection). and because it is close to H 16. thick) enclosed an area c. S of Armenian . AD 16 (l96o) B Pls.000 sq. 499) *!I 119 (spot height) at 630 E LH IIIA2-B LH IIIC? C I 181 N AM 62 (1937) 6o n. H 17 STEPHANOVTKEION: H. Abb. There are N. EB I. c. they would represent the largest fortified site of the period yet known. The trial trenches in the hollow area between the hills demonstrated occupation in EB also. it has been omitted from the map. The extensive "Cyclopean" circuit walls (nearly 5 km.22). projects into Lake Boibe (now drained) from the SE. 8 Volos N EB I MH PETRA (GAMS No. often associated with cists and the remains of structures. 3 km.was also apparently inhabited in LH. AD 18 (1963) B 144 The promontory of Petra. Good MH and LH III material has been found in many and widely separated parts of the hills and the flatter areas between and around them (cf. the plan AA (1955) 227. and MH sherds from here in the BSA collection. KAVAKI f'IIJWOULA 7 Larisa 472 E NEBIMHC I 313 N A fairly small mound on the S side of the Volos-Larisa road. About l km. two of which are also ringed with circuit walls. 165. H 18 PLATIKAMBOS: z. m. KARAGATS MAGOULA 7 Larisa "Magoula Karagash" at 455 E NEBILHG (GAMS No. 21 A large double mound c. H 19 PLATIKAMBOS: z. If the circuit walls are LH. Both because confirmation is required. Sherds of the periods . 1. l km. around three low hills. N of Platikambos. to SE is a small rock outcrop named Petra Magoula. BCH 8o (1956) 311. NE of Stephanovikeion. opposite the islet of Petra. l. 81 (1957) 597. The LH III material is particularly extensive. and seems to indicate an important site. 3 km. (l96o) 150. 2 km. This site is insignificant and presumably an outlier of the main EB settlement at Petra.

v. 36. where LH III is reported. PALIAMBELA ( GAMS No. and fine LH IIB-IIIAl vases are reported. 501) 71 ("Paliambela") at 431 E I 365 N Alin 140 s . the acropolis. but some BA was also found. near the Larisa aerodrome.) found near the aerodrome are probably contemporary with MH.281 H 20 MELISSOCHORI: z. near the right bank of the Peneios. AD 21 (1966) B 254.cit. H 23 LARISA: THE ACROPOLIS ( GAMS No. Five handmade vases (AD loc. N of Melissochori (formerly Metiseli). Thessalika 3 (196o) 47. 7 Larisa in square 38o E MH? LH IIIA2 ( -B? ) Thessalika 3 (196o) 47. 2 km. 7 Larisa LH III(A-B) Pr 8 no. 26. 504) z.) may be an exaggerated description of a small built tomb of tholes type. AD 23 (1968) B 269 Vases and bronzes from tombs accidentally discovered at Gediki. 7 Larisa 350 E I 350 N N EB MH LH IIB-IIAl (Sub)PG C Fimmen 1921. 2. and there are LH sherds from here in the National Museum at Athens. .cit. include LH IIIA2. 502) * 85 ("Karli 11 ) at 406 E I 366 N NEBMHLH Pr 8 no. and a considerable distance from. H 22 LARISA: GEDIKI (GAMS No.. 26 (1971) B 300 Prehistoric sherds were found on the acropolis. 53). "Metiseli" A mound c. Traces of LH habitation were also noted behind the hospital. 55 A tall conical hillock described as "between the fourth and fifth kilometre stones" on the N side of the Larisa-Ayia road. presumably from tombs in the area. A (Sub)PG vase was also found (Verdelis 1958 catalogue no. The "tholos tomb" mentioned in a newspaper report (AR loc. Hunter 33. 503) Z. H 21 MESIANI MAGOULA Z. I 370 N AR (1962-3) 24. 7 Larisa (GAMS No. PAE (1910) 174. Trial excavations revealed mainly N material. to NE of. 24.

l km. that found in trial excavations on the site of a remarkable stele of uncertain date includes a few N. 7 Larisa LH (III?) KARAGATS MAGOULA 70 ( 11Karagach Magoula") at 418 E I 404 N Thessalika 3 (1960) 57 n. 7). SE of Kaulouri.B. c. A child's cist grave containing an askos and amber bead is presumably LH. Mops ion. Pottery found is mainly N. LH vases. I 398 N Thessalika 1 (1958) 78 The site is a low rise on theE bank of the Peneios river. the earliest of which is LH IIBIIIIAl (Thessalika 4 (1962) 42 fig. 505) 78 (spot height) at 388 E LH IIBIIIIAl LH III(A-B) AA (1957) 53. 73. 7 Larisa N EBI MH PT 9 no. 29. 1 LH sherds are reported from this mound. Hunter reports LH IIIA2-B from both 11 Chasambali 11 and "Kephalovryso"). 198 (Kephalovryso material) Hunter 10. MH and at least one LH IIBIIIIAl (AA (1959) 62 fig. At Chasambali apsidal megara were excavated. NE of the hamlet of Chasambali (cf. to ESE. which is apparently PT no. the map.) claimed that prehistoric settlement was more or less continuous from Chasambali to Eleutherion c. * (GAMS No.cit. 4 (1962) 35. H 25 CHASAMBALI (KEPHALOVRYSO?) z. Arvanitopoullos (PAE loc. on the N side of Omorphochori (formerly Nechali). 4 km. l) near the foot of Mt. . An important and extensive settlement on either side of a spring Kephalovryso. with some BA. 28. H 24A OMORPHOCHORI: z. 8) and PG vases have been handed in as from similar tombs. and cists which are probably late MH. and the abundant springs between Chasambali and Marmariani (H 27) further demonstrate that the whole area could have supported a considerable prehistoric population.282 H 24 SOUPHLI MAGOULA z. N 7 Larisa EBI MH * (GAMS No. on the E edge of the Larisa plain l km. Thessalika 3 (1960) 50. EB. 506) 122 (spot height) at 446 E 11+16 N LH IIBIIIIAl-B PG H PAE (1910) 185. BSA 31 (1930-31) 2 fig. 40. The site is probably to be identified with the 11Kephalovryso" which is the source of sherds in the BSA collection (N. (1959) 59.

six others. Originally a N site. G Hunter ll.H 26 BARA j ( GAMS No. on its E part. 39 The mound of Marmariani is c. it was also occupied in MH and UI. 508) z. 7 Larisa LH III(A2-B) 482 E I 415 N LH IIIC? PG? GAMS 151 In 1958 a considerable LH settlement ( c. LH III is plentiful on the lower terraces. to S of Dhogani. SE of the mound of Marmari ani ( H 27) • * /1 H 27 MARJVIARIANI ( GAMS No. held LPG~G burials. not over 6 m. especially on the SE.) on theW edge of the mound contained Ul III(A2-B) pottery. 509) 379 N Ul III(A-B) Hunter 8 A settlement was discovered by Hunter in the plain at the E foot of the hill of Ayios Ilias. SW of the village of the same name near the SW foot of Mt. and some material of this date was found on the site. . 2 km. 2 km. 7 Larisa 420 E N EB I-II MH Ul (GAMS No. 150 m.) BCH 82 (1958) 953 On three mounds in the area of the marsh of Nessonis all prehistoric periods were represented. smaller and rather irregular in shape. BSA 31 (1930-31) l.) was located on slopes near a copious spring c. 510) I 450 N (approx. A tholes tomb (d. 507) Z. Ossa. 7 Larisa EB or MH 6o7 E I ( GAMS No. H 29 NESSONIS z. H 28 DHOGANI: AYIOS ILIAS Z. N-S by lOO m. LH and P) ware were found. and includes sherds probably LH IIIC. 7 Larisa 510 E I 428 N N MH Ul IIIAl-B Ul IIIC? PG PT 53.

together with some early-looking G pieces. at the N end of a broad valley c. 350 m. and other objects. 7 Larisa 86 (spot height) at 428 E N EB I-II MH LH IIIA2-B LH IIIC? PT 25. N-S x 250 m. No traces of. LH IIIA pottery. 30i+e ). a LH settlement were found in a search of the neighbourhood. Ossa. H 31 SPILIA: KAVAKI z. according to local reports. 7 Larisa 168 (spot height) at 473 E N EB MH LH IIIAl-B LH IIIC? (Sub)PG AD 19 (1964) B 262. toW along the same ridge. the earliest pieces from this may be LH IIIAl. near the E edge of the Larisa plain. a village high up on theW flank of Mt. is apparently a small tomb of tholes type. which produced a thick LH III occupation-layer. a sealstone. . two other tombs. 112 m.284 H 30 SIKOURI : * BOUNARBASHI z. A relatively flat-topped hill. A wide range of material was found in trial excavations. was found at Kibourli. 41. 7 Larisa LH IIIA2-B AAA 2 (1969) 165. ( GAMS No. c.3 m.) was excavated on the NE brow of the ridge to SW of the spring Kavaki. Magulen urn Larisa 1966 (1976) 65 I 498 N G AJA 74 (1970) 272. LH IIIC has been claimed but is not certain. and. An unusual feature of the site is the large quantity of material decorated in late PG style. NW of Sikouri. by 95 m. A cist containing two kantharoi on the SW is probably late MH. 3. a knife. to E of the road from Larisa to Tempe. Excavations revealed a deep stratigraphic sequence.. also situated on the ridge and between the two investigated. 22 (1967) B 296. SW of Spilia. all of which might represent a single phase of occupation in the ninth century B. *# 553 E I 512 N AD 24 (1969) B 223 A small LH built tomb of tholes type (d. had been destroyed previously. LH material was more abundant on the slopes.5 km. A tomb containing two burials. 2. l km. but the bulk seem LH IIIB. 198 A low mound. H 32 RACHMANI: MAGOULA z. presumably because of erosion of the centre.. c. V. A tholos. 182. Milocjic et al. the latest LH IIIC. as is an alabastron handed in (AD 19 (1964) B Pl.C. and some jewellery. The tomb contained a single adult burial provided with two LH IIIA2-B vases. 2 km. of similar type but much ruined. which lies c. 512) * # I 496 N Hunter 12..

and contained a contracted burial. 7 Larisa 44o E I 585 N N EB MH LH IIIAl-B LH IIIC? G C H PAE (1910) 241. The abundant C sherds in the cutting made by the bulldozer and inscriptions found here previously show that this was probably the site of a Hellenic township. and the total dimensions of the mound were c. 37 Hunter recorded sherds (in the BSA collection) of EB. 513) GONNOS z. and Liverpool Annals of Archaeology and Anthropology (1908) 133). N-S by 6o m. 8o m. Die Hellenische Thessalien (1924) 32. fig. They were classed as LH IIIB by Desborough (LMTS 133). There was a tholos tomb on the NW slope of the acropolis.cit. MP 646. /1 (GAMS No.) to the vicinity of the neighbouring village of Baba (now re-named Tembi). (1914) 208. TSAfRLI MAGOULA 7 Larisa 65 ("Cha!rli") at 335 E N LHIII(A-)B I 508 N . 36. but the high-handled cup with stipple pattern is definitely LcB IIIAl. Before destruction this knoll must have measured c. probably ancient Phalanna. W of Phalanna (formerly Tatar). MH Grey Minyan. 143. F. Alin 139. 514) 88 (spot height) at 336 E MH LH III(A-B) C H AA (1955) 221. I 456 N Historia 4 (1955) 471. 1. although they may have been brought to Baba subsequently. although a very old label marked "Gonnos" (in Greek alphabet) was seen attached to the vase in the museum in 1958. 300 m. amber bead. AM (1909) 84. cf.5 km. (1911) 315. Hunter 8. BCH 80 (1956) 311 This large hig)1 mound lies c. at the S foot of the acropolis of ancient Gonnos. They have been attributed (Alin loc. H 35 VRYOTOPOS: z. PT 207. Their distribution appeared to indicate that prehistoric settlement covered most of the area of the mound. MH and LH IIIA-C from the small natural hill on the N side of the Peneios. N-S by 225 M. and several fine LH III pieces from kylikes etc.285 H 33 (GAMS No. H 34 PHALANNA: z. Prehistoric sherds noted in 1958 included N. ESE of modern Gonnos (formerly Dereli). c. TATAR MAGOULA 7 Larisa N EB I-III PT 9 no. Stllhlin. One grave here is a cist within a tumulus. Three vases from Gonnos were brought to the Almyros Museum (PT 207. In 1958 the top knoll was being ploughed away by a bulldozer. There seems indeed little doubt that the vases are in fact from Gonnos. and the askos has been regarded as from elsewhere (MP 6le6). 2 km. and a LH to G cemetery is reported near the prehistoric site. and sealstone.

The site is not marked on Map H. especially behind the chapel on the neck of land joining the two hills. due to its proximity to H 36. 516) z. Considerable quantities of fine LH IIIA-C pottery were found in 1961. LH sherds were also found in lower ground at the SE foot of the mound.5 km. on which stands the village cemetery. AD 19 (1964) B 263 A large high mound site c. Olympus.. in the sides of which LH deposits nearly three metres thick are revealed. . N of Vryotopos. I PT 10 no. 200 m. and at the S entrance to the Melouna Pass which leads to the Elasson valley. S of Rodhia. 1 km. to N of the junction of the Titaresios and Peneios rivers. c. H 36A RODHIA: NEKROTAPHEION z. BCH 94 (1970) 1049 A low mound c. 517) z. Fine LH surface sherds are reported and robbed cist tombs (LH?). N-S by lOO m. A 11 Zygouries type" kylix fragment and a robbed tomb are mentioned. N-S by lOO m. but some sherds were also found on the higher hill above to the NE. which bears the remains of a monastery and a chapel of Ayia Paraskevi. and in one side a LH house-wall standing to a height of nearly two metres. SE of Rodhia. 11 11 7 Larisa Moni 11 at 278 E MH? LH IIIA2-C C H 581 N Argyropouli (formerly Karatsoli) lies at the NW end of the Larisa plain. It is clear that the main part of the settlement lay on the monastery hill. Nand LH were found on the surface. beneath the foothills of Mt. 250 m. Here erosion has created a large pit. about 1.286 AD 21 (1966) B 254. 7 Larisa 343 E I 534 N N EB I-II LH III(A-B) Hunter 9. H 36 RODHIA: 11 MAGOULA PERA MACHALA (GAMS No. 300 m. H 37 ARGYROPOULI : KASTRI 11 (GAMS No. 7 Larisa N EB I-II 327 E I 534 N Hunter 9 A low mound. Hope Simpson and Lazenby 1970. 183. where there is an extension of the settlement reaching to theW bank of the Peneios.. Above the village on its NW edge is the hill of Kastri. 81. Pl. a spur c. 146. and this too may have formed part of the citadel.

)B C H AD 23 (1968) B 269. however. 519) I 66o N Hope Simpson and Lazenby 1970. AE (1916) 92. 6o) in the Almyros Museum. This is distinct from the N settlement on the hill of Mik:ros Profitis Ilias (PI 12 no. 13).e. 518 contra. SW of Elasson. but GAMS 155. The pyxis (no. 6 Trikkala 085 E N? EB? MH? LH? PI 12 no.e. AA (1959) 85). are thought to have been part of the contents of cist tombs. 124. H 4o ELASSON: PANAYIA Z. But this seems an unlikely provenance for the "IM II" (i. The site is HASAN MAGOULA 218 E I 640 N (village) AR (1973-4) 23 An important prehistoric settlement on a mound toW of Tsaritsani. impressive and was probably important in the LH period. 6 Trikkala "Moni" at 180 E LH III(A. the hill of the Panayia monastery on theW side of the modern town (cf. and cf. where LH and A sherds and small tholos tombs were also claimed (PAE (1914) 16o. LH IIB or LH IIIAl) vases seen by Wace and Thompson (PI 207) in private possession in Larisa. I ( GAMS No. 7 Larisa N EB I AD 25 (1970) B 282. The LH settlement was presumably on the same site as historic Elasson. Occupation at some period in the BA appears likely. 13 km. 147 n. although the site is not marked on Map H. . 123) on theW side of the village. 147 Chance finds at Elasson of LH vases. no. i. 207. Monochrome hand-made coarse ware was found here and a bored celt (of PI Type E).Yellow Minyan (MH?) and some good C sherds were also found. (GAMS No. marked 11 Elassona" (in Greek alphabet) is either LH IIIA2 or LH IIIB. H 38 TSARITSANI : z. and reputed to be from Magoula. 520) 575 N AA (1959) 8~ The village of Magoula stands on a low hill in the Europos valley c. /1 H 39 MAGOULA (NEAR ELASSON) Z. Hope Simpson and Lazenby 1970. including a LH IIIB deep bowl.

IIIA2-B are to be seen on the eroded local name for the mound is apparently ANCIENT ATRAX z. v. near the S bank of the Peneios. toE Fine painted N sherds and abundant LH W flank and El3 is also recorded. The sequence from this site will be of great value when fully published. Some LH III sherds were found here. SW of Alifaka (now re-named Kastro).. AD 16 (196o) B Pl. which has partly eroded it. 145 and Pl. among more abundant later material. H 1"3 I (GAMS No. H 4lf CHABASLAR (NOW VOUVAINA) z. 200 m. 515) *# Aryissa 11 at 295 E I 388 N tffi LH I-II LH IIIB (Sub )PG 11 c G A H AA (1955) 192. 526) . The Magoula Zariba. Hanscbmann and v. 524) 188 (spot height) at 182 E PG A C Stlihlin 192lf. 150 m. NE-SW by 120 m. 7 Larisa N El3 I-III (GAMS No. 522) Z. lOb. 500 m. 173.. Occupation is continuous in the earlier BA. LH I-II and LH IIIB are reported (cf. including a destruction by fire in El3 III. The site was first inhabited in Palaeolithic times and again from a very early stage of N. H 42 KOUTSOCHEIRON: MAGOULA VRASTERA J (GAMS No. and there is stray material of PG-G and later date on the surface. Hope Simpson and Lazenby 1970. (1956) 221.288 H 41 GREMNOS (ANCIENT ARGISSA) z. E-W Koutsocheiron and only c. about 2 km. 318 N AD 16 (196o)B 172 A large low mound c. 21. Milocjic. Milocjic. 7 Larisa LH II(B?) 199 E I 221 N (village) (GAMS No. Milocjic ~t al.Argissa I (1962) 27. 101. SW of of the right bank of the Peneios. 165 for sherds of the latter from here and from H 17). 7 Larisa 93 "Alifakiotiki Magoula" at 183 E N EB LH IIIA2-B Thessalika 2 (1959) 69: ALIFAKA: 7 Larisa LH III(A-B) AA ( 196o) by 150 m. Argissa III (1976) A large high mound c. v. Hauptergebnisse der deutschen Ausgrabungen i~Thessalien 1953-58 (196o) 3. AD 16 (196o) B 186. I 296 N Alin 138 The citadel of ancient Atrax is a conical hill c. on theN bank of the river Peneios. 350 m. E.

plan on AD 16 (1960)Bl78 fig. 3 km. S of Averof. and surrounded by ravines. and abundant LH III have been found here. NW-SE by lOO m. c. MH Grey Minyan. 36. 470 B.C. AD 16 (196o) B 177. 74 and 103). Alin 146 In the Almyros Museum are a squat alabastron and an askoid . a village c. The historic circuit walls follow the outer contours of this plateau. at the SW angle and on the S side respectively. That on the SW is higher (it measures c.289 Hunter 33. ( GArJ!S No. and LH. ~N of Neai Karyai. H 47 NEAI KARYAI: SAHLIKI z. and one of the three rounded tumuli at Sarmanitsa to the W contained burials mostly c. On the lower mound (c. 1. 111. 2 km.) the only prehistoric sherds seen in 1958 were N. SSE of the outskirts of Larisa. N. Both are LH II. Later material includes G and A. 150 m. 25 (1970) B 279 Ancient Krannon occupies a large irregular low plateau c. 525) z. 38~ E I 241 N AD 16 (l96o) B 185 Sarliki is an acropolis with a steep N side. H 46 AVEROF: z. 2) c. probably LH IIB but possibly LH IIA.). 7 Larisa 255 E I 229 N N EB LH III(A-B) G A C H StMhlin 1924. 150 m. in diameter (cf. 530) 7 Larisa 162 ("Argaslar") at NEBLHCH Thessalika 3 (1960) 47 n. within which are two mounds. H 45 ANCIENT KRANNON * /1 ( GArJIS No. SW of modern Krannon.jug (Hunter nos. labelled "Tsiambaslar" (~Chabaslar). and appears to have been the main prehistoric centre. TheN and EB sherds found in the makeup of this tumulus were presumably in earth moved from the SW mound which is adjacent to the tumuli. 500 m. EB. 400 m. Surface sherds include N. E-W by 120 m. MAGOULA 7 Larisa ( GArJ!S No. 529) 89 (spot height) at 369 E I 322 N LH Thessalika 3 (1960) 47 LH sherds were found on the low mound c. 3 km. .

534) *# H. !-! 51 KTOURI ( GAMS No. but referring to PT loc. (1953) 128. produced material ranging from LN to LH III and later. to the W. 537) *# H. and other goods were found. 7 Farsala in square 300 E N MH? LH III(A-B) I 010 N PI9 no. H 49 PHARSALA: MYLOS (GAMS No. 536) H. 7 Farsala 307 (spot height) at 288 E I 976 N N EB? MH LH IIBIIIIAl-B LH IIIC? G A C !-! PAE (1952) 195. 44. 207 A low mound in the Pharsala plain. these had been disturbed. SW of and above modernPharsala. AD 16 (l96o) B 175.. (1955) 145. 56 (1932) 122. 19 (1964) B 26o Trials on the NE slope of the Fetih-Tsami (Ayia Paraskevi) ridge. including two rectangular built tombs with dromos and a tumulus-oovered cist. A fragment in the BSA collection is from the neck of an ewer of LH II or LH IIIAl date. 535) H. which does not contain any specific reference to EB). and in 1958 a LH IIIB sherd . but not certain (Alin loc. Some Boo m. including a monochrome deep bowl that may be LH IIIC. but LH III pottery.290 H 48 PHARSALA : FEriH -TSAMI ( GAMS No. 7 Farsala 258 E I 042 N N EB? LH II or LH IIIAl PI ll no. On show in Volos Museum in 1967 as from Pharsala were three LH IIBIIIIAl squat jugs. faience beads. EB is claimed. to N of Pharsala railway station and near the S bank of the Enipeus. I 063 N Alin 141 Trial excavations on the summit of this high and extensive hill revealed several sherds of LH IIIB pottery in close association with the walls of the inner enceinte of fortifications. Alin liJl A low mound on the S bank of the Enipeus. at the foot of the ridge. is a group of tombs beneath an A tholos-like structure. Hunter 19.cit. near the village of Tsini.cit. !-! 50 TSINI (GAMS No. 7 Farsala 211 ( 11Khtouri 11 ) at 222 E Ll-I IIIB C or H BCH 55 (1931) 493. 88.

long. Protogeometric Pottery (1952) 313). 532) 995 N 9 no. in diameter. 24). 56 (1932) 137. and is c. . on top. and (if the inner enceinte is indeed LH) the site may have been merely a small fort at this time. 56 (1932) 82. WNW of the foot of Ktouri hill. H 54 TSANGLI : " MAGOULA KARAMAN TSAIIR H. Occupation extended also over the slopes. and is only c. enclosing an area only c. 200 m.291 was found within the wall. 538) H. Prehistoric material and at least one PG sherd come from a deep sounding on the site and PG vases from graves to theW (cf. is in rough polygonal style. H 52 KTOURI MAGOULA *I (GAMS No. none of the LH III need be later than LH IIIB. thick (except at the five small towers or buttresses . 7 Farsala N MH LH? ~ 486 E I * (GAMS No.. A LH III sherd is supposed to have been found at the site (PT 114). but MH Grey Minyan was found at the top. by 120 m. 700 m. on the S bank of the Enipeus river. 533) H. Alin 141 The Magoula lies c. V. c IMTS 131. Excavation produced prehistoric and later material. Only one diagnostic sherd (C or H black-glazed) was found in the trial associated with this outer enceinte. 114 A mound c. BCH 56 (1932) 127 fig. c. RA (1958:1) 95 An acropolis hill. 7 Farsala 393 E I 008 N EB MH LH IIIA2 -B PG G A BCH 55 (1931) 492. The inner enceinte is built of smaller stones than the No certain traces of permanent LH dwellings were found. 170 m. serving as a lookout and refuge for the main LH settlement at the Magoula (H 52) below. H 53 AMBELIA (FORMERLY DERENGLI): PALAIOKASTRO * (~No. R. 2. It is a low mound c. 500 m. The outer enceinte. Desborough. however. 38. N-S by 350 m. square at the E end of the Enipeus valley. 7 Farsala 213 E I 067 N MH LH IIIA2 -B (Sub )PG G A BCH 55 (1931) 493. to N of and below Ambelia. and a fairly large plateau toW of the mound appears to have been an extension of the settlement. constructed partly of very large blocks. 80 m.8 m. 150 m. Most of the strata are N. which surrounds an area c. thick (variable). 86. 3.5 m.

H 57 AYIOS ANTONIOS (FORMERLY KOUTSELI): H. The main period of habitation seems to have been N. 7 Farsala LH IIIAl (-B) in square 38o E I 910 N AR ( 1961-2 ) 14 A deposit of vases was found near this village (c. 133). is the site thought to be that of ancient Phylle (StMhlin 1924. 7 Farsala LH IIIA2-B 38o E I HOLEVA TRYPA * 875 N (village) AD 19 (1964) B 261. 21 (1966) B 253 Two small built tombs with dromoi were excavated at Holeva Trypa c. c. 112 (spot height) at 186 E I 139 N Thessalika 3 (196o) 47 n. 7 Farsala N EB II MH (GAMS No. SE of Pharsala). by 35 m. and other goods.. 1. LH III pottery. 7 Farsala LH (III?) AD 16 (196o) B 186. 4 km. 130 This very small mound. A large LH settlement and cemetery is reported here. including a Type E dagger. 1 At Gioli c. H 58 PHYLLOS: GIOLI (ANCIENT PI-MU?) H. two cists are probably MH. NE of Ayios Antonios. 531) * 530 E I 990 N PT 10 no. near the railway and a marsh. at theN foot of Mt. 5 km. Dogadzi. . H 56 AKfiTLLION H. those on show in Volos Museum in 1967 included LH IIIAl jars and later types. but no details are given. 82. E of Phyllos. each contained several burials. 50 m. lies at the foot of the hills on the S side of the Enipeus valley.292 H 55 RINI: MAGOULA H.5 km. Very little MH and no LH was found. One was rectangular and the other of irregular shape.

Surface sherds of several prehistoric periods were found. A prehistoric settlement was found by Hunter c. 550) KASTRI 226 E C H I 792 N Hunter 10 Kastri is a mound to SE of Domokos on the E side of the LamiaPharsala road. ( GAMS No. SW of Domokos. Thessalika 2 (1959) 8o Hunter 10. 104. and a beaked jug of 6la. and at the NE foot of an isolated hill. 7 Farsala 151 E N EB MH LH IIIA-B I 769 N (village) AD 25 (1970) B 244 A mound of elliptical shape near Panayia. revealed in the banks of a small ravine near the E bank of the Avaritsorevma. including Grey and Yellow Minyan. 7 Farsala 334 E N MH LH IIIA H I ( GAMS No. Matt-painted and r3. including several LH III tall-stemmed kylix fragments.293 H 59 GYNAIKOKASTRO (ANCIENT PROERNA) * (GAMS No. Hunter found N sherds here. 7 Farsala 181 (spot height) at 206 E / 933 N N MH LH III(B) G A C H PI 11 no. Bequignon mentions an alabastron said to have been found at . H 6o DOMOKOS : H. SW of Melitaia centre. ware (PI 215). H 61 PANAYIA: RA CHI OR PALIOKKLISI H. The sites are not far to W of the walls of ancient Melitaia (at Melitaia. and near the chapel of Ayios Yeoryios. 551) 693 N PI 208. H 62 MELITAIA: AYIOS YEORYIOS H. 2 a. 7 Farsala N MH "PG"? PI 215. formerly Avaritsa). y. Bequignon. and another of Ll. 1 km. c. 5~9) H. AD 21 (1966) B 252 Several MH Grey Minyan and one Yellow Minyan sherds were found on the acropolis of ancient Proerna. Both here and on a small plateau nearby MH pottery was found on the surface. Trials on the mound of Tapsi on the acropolis are said to have produced LH IIIB sherds. La Vall~e du Spercheios (1937) 135. or 11)_ f3 ware was found near Domokos. 7 km.

(maximum). toE of Amouri. and on the E side of a larger mound (PI' no. 11. WESTERN THESSALY AND EURYTANIA 222 E MH I 545 N GG figs. fig. I t appears to be of LH IIIA date. about 2 km. and purchased by stHhlin at Lamia (published by stHhlin in~ schrift Th. and notes the presence of copper ore deposits and disused mine shafts on slopes of Mt. falling into three main strata (cf. with superstructures apparently of wattle-and-daub rather than the usual mud-brick. Goura (H 63) and Pteleon (H 13-14). AAA 6 (1973) 395. especially near Melitaia (H 62). 14 A very low mound c. or larger) was found in rough ground a short distance to N of Anavra. EB I-III and MH are well represented. 473) T. In the uppermost are substantial buildings of MH date including part of an early MH apsidal house. N-S by 14o m. J 2 LIANOKLADHI : PALAIOMYLOS *# (GAMS No. presumably on the evidence of the conical steatite whorls and bronze tweezers. GG 4o). MAP J: J 1 # AMOURI II T. 9.294 Avaritsa. one was . PI' 208. 11. 200 m. An important sequence of pre-Mycenaean phases has been distinguished here. 7 Lamia N EB I-III PI' 11 no. I BADI ( GAMS No. 106). Othrys. 13-14 A low mound c. GG 4o. but Wace and Thompson attributed the tomb to the "IM III" period. 7 Farsala LH (III?) 428 E AM 21 (1896) 247. figs. long. 107. Hunter comments on the possibility of copper mining in the vicinity in LH times. H 63 ANAVRA ( FORJ'fiERLY OOURA) : H. Hampe (19) 101. The pottery within was lost. 7 Lamia 185 E I 566 N N EB I-III MH LH? H PI' 171. and destroyed by peasants who converted it into a lime-kiln. 552) 724 N (village) Hunter 16. 232. 3. A broken gem of red carnelian was seen by Wace and Thompson in the possession of a peasant at Avaritsa. close to the N bank of the Spercheios river. E of Lianokladhi.55 m. 43). Alin 145 A small built tomb of tholos type (d. 100 m.

There is a deep sequence of N and EB strata. J 6 SOPHADHES: MAGOULA THEOPHANI H. much prehistoric material has been found. 539) * 119 ("Mag. although there is a sherd labelled 11 Paleomylos" among sherds from Lianokladhi in the BSA collection. which probably extended into LH. some of the painted ware found may be of DA date. 2 A few LH sherds were found on the surface of a site near Stirfaka. about 5 km. much Grey Minyan that may have been imported was found. Rough ware of Minyan type and many stone tools indicate a MH settlement. 6 Kardhitsa N LH AD 22 (1967) B 301 126 ( "Magoula Kara") at 111 E I 972 N . by 73 m. In 1958 some H sherds and lumps of iron "scoriae" were found on the surface. 7 Lamia LH 208 E I 612 N AD 19 (1964) B 242 n. 4 (1971) 196 At this remote site in Eurytania. E of Sophadhes. c. Tzani") at 101 E LH III (A2-B) I o4o N A low mound c. 12 km.295 destroyed by fire.. A cist tomb. 105 m. 2 km. MH material and a single kylix-stem were found near the surface. As well as local wares of good quality. on the N side of the railway line. but none can definitely be attributed to the Iron Age. possibly G. NW of Lamia. especially the 11113 ware. SW of Karpenision. was found in the courtyard of the Karpenision high school. J 4 KARPENISION: AYIOS DEMETRIOS T. on a hill c. No LH has been conclusively identified. J 5 TSANI MAGOULA H. 6 Kardhitsa N EB I-III MH (GAMS No. and it is possible that these signify later disturbances which may have removed traces of LBA levels. J 3 STIRFAKA : KALANTZINA T. 6 Karpenision 765 E MH LH? "PG"? G? C I 589 N AAA 2 (1969) 358.

). N-S by 140 m. BSA 66 (1971) 183 A sherd in the BSA collection is recorded to have come from the Sophadhes area. N of the centre of Philia village. . 200 m. and is either LH IIB or LH IIIAl. A circuit wall of very large blocks (one of which measures c. Alin 141. The earliest material from the later sanctuary above is LG. 2. J 9 PYRGOS KIEl'UOU: H.oit. The walls resemble those of the outer enceinte at Ktouri (H 51) and are probably post-Mycenaean. although in both oases the main Lrl settlement seems to have been at the foot of the hill (H 52 and J 9 respectively). 22 (1967) B 295 The site is a low mound about l km. E of the Sophadhitikon river. 159.) surrounds the summit. LH III (mainly LH IIIB?) pottery and figurines have been found here on virgin soil. These finds are not marked on the map. It is a fine alabastron fragment with Rook Pattern. But LH sherds have been found on the hill (BCH and Thessalika loo. square) LH IIB or LH IIIAl LcH III(A-B) Hunter 19. 6 Kardhitsa 013 E I 970 N LH III(A2-B) G A C H AD 18 (1963) B 138.ADHES AREA H. on the N side of the road to Domokos. 11 El (G!\MS No. enclosing an area o.1\GOULA 025 E I 071 N LH III(A-B) C 11 (G!\MS No. 6 Kardhitsa N? EB III MH MAKRIA 111.10 m. 400 m.296 Nand LH sherds were found on a mound c.6o m. J 6A SOPF. 20 (1965) B 312. since the exact looation(s) is (are) uncertain. BCH 80 (1956) 311. by 1. as at Ktouri. SE of Sophadhes.J 8 PYRGOS KIERIOU: ANCIENT ARNE-KIERION H. at Hamakia c.cit. 6 Kardhitsa 183 ("Ouglari") at 035 LH III(A-B) G A C H AA (1955) 229. 541) 081 N Thessalika 2 (1959) 69 The citadel lies on the W side of the village of Pyrgos. 11 km.35 m. and there may have been a small LH fort here. 542) . J 7 PHILIA: THE SANCTUARY OF ATHENA ITO!'HA H. A LH animal figurine has been found in the same area (BSA loo. by 1.). 6 Kardhitsa 050 E I 96o N (approx.

Thessalika 2 (1959) I 190 N Alin 142 LH IIB vases from Palamas are in the Volos Museum.85 m. in square 88o E I 090 54~) N Hunter 9 A mound c. which could easily be "PG". There are signs of (circuit?) walls on the S side. where Hunter recorded MH coarse ware and D. 9 m. AD 16 ( 196o) B 171 A large tholos tomb c. 98) "on which stands the southern part of Palamas". but are placed in his Group II by H. 545) N BSA 31 ( 1930-31) 11.) is often dated LH IIII. but the only evidence bearing on its date is "Mattpainted" pottery from a robbers 1 spoil-heap in the dromos. 6 Kardhitsa EB I-III MH (GAMS No. 700 m. covered with five lintel blocks so that. In the vicinity are three other mounds. 2 km. J 10 ( GAMS No. 543) PALAMAS H. W of Kardhitsa. w. They were considered possibly G by A. and the size of the tomb would better fit a LH date. and a few sherds from LH III stemmed bowls and kylikes were found. 1 km. Catling (Most recently. long. J 12 GEORGIKON: KOUPillA RACHI H. . French reports EB I-III. but no LH site is known here. J 11 KARDillTSA : MAGOULA H. I 052 *I ( GAMS No. s of the Kardhitsa-Metropolis road. apart from its length. But the feature is also found in LH tholoi at E 2. Two bronze swords in the Ashmolean Museum (John Evans Collection nos. 6 Kardhitsa in square 050 E LH IIB 69. 8. and c. M. E-W by 70 m. WSW of Georgikon. Snodgrass (Early Greek Armour and Weapons (1964) 98). 1383-l+) were said to be from Kardhitsa.297 PT 11 no. 95 A low mound c. BSA 63 (1968) 102). probably concealing other tholos tombs. The stomion is c. and some C fragments. Here in 1958 EB III. it is not unlike those of PG tholoi in Thessaly. 18o m. at the SW foot of the citadel of Arne-Kierion (J 8). The tholos investigated (d. 6 Kardhitsa 845 E LH (III?) "PG"? BCH lf4 ( 1920) 295. MH Grey Minyan. H. The site is presumably to be associated with the settlement mound (PT ll no.

but could be contemporary with the tombs or even later (PG-G). in the centre. It contained at least two cists. held a man. and some both. on the periphery. MH? AYIOS ATHANASIOS ( GAMS No. some local handmade. J 14 TRIKKALA: z. Some tombs contained LH vases. and bronze ornaments. two small spearheads of late LH type are also presumably from these tombs. 200 m. This is a find of considerable importance. and a pithosburial attributable to PG. Verdelis 1958. AAA l (1968) 293 A cemetery of cists is reported near this village in the Chasian mountains to N of the Thessalian plain.298 J 13 *# HEXALOPHOS z. Ath. on the W side of the Thessalian plain. An apsidal building was attributed to MH." at 967 E LH (IIIC?) H BCH 79 (1955) 272. 20 (1965) B 316. ( GAMS No.ikes are to be dated probably late in LH IIIC. it was provided with kylikes. SSE of Hexalophos on theN side of the road to Eleftherochorion. which are attributed to "c. On level ground to the SE a limited excavation within the modern town revealed a wide range of prehistoric material in the lower levels. The other. 5 Kalabaka LH IIIC AAA l (1968) 289. 546) *# PG G C H AD 16 (l96o) B 169. J 15 AGRILIA: z. I 468 N L~TS 132. One. 21 (1966) B 247 One possibly N sherd is reported from the acropolis (Hunter 10). plain vases of local type. but in the absence of comparative evidence need not necessarily be considered an "intrusive" feature. was excavated intact. . The kyl. 676 E I 294 N AD 23 (1968) B 263 The tumulus (d.".) is c. N? AYIOS NIKOLAOS 6 Trikkala 798 E I 317 N EB MH LH IIIA2-B LH IIIC? PAE (1958) 62. 27 m. 547) * 6 Trikkala "Ay. but the goods. a group of weapons and some kylikes. indicating the immigration of people from Epirus. 61.C. it had been robbed. 1200 B. were recovered.

PPS 33 (1967) 32. N-S by 6o m. but Type F swords are not found. Ergon (1975~8. The conical hill of Xylokastro is ringed by two main fortification-walls. and other types. Epirus (1967) 314. of the bronzes. for types similar to the native Epirot material and imported LH vases and bronzes are widely found in Albania. At the S end of the ridge.299 MAP K: THESPROTIA AND EPIRUS The area of this map falls more or less completely outside that of the Helladic cultures. The innermost encloses a summit composed of jagged rocks. and is in a polygonal style common in H. c. to SSE. But it does seem a fair conclusion that the Ioannina-Dodona area was of particular significance in Epirus. but it does mark a line beyond which tumuli are common (whereas they are not common in Epirus). represented by finds of pottery and bronzes.L. 6oo m. but spears could well have survived later. The present political boundary between Greece and Albania is a somewhat artificial division. beside the Acheron river. the new discoveries may in fact nullify the division and the impression given by present distribution of finds. (1976) 84 Xylokastro is at the N end of the isolated ridge at whose SE foot is the village of Mesopotamos. and finds are difficult to date. is near the coast). in extent. There is an increasing amount of evidence for LH influence. D and F may not have been current after LH IIIC. 318) H. especially the group to NW of Ioannina (K 6-9). the outermost is in . Antike Kunst Beiheft l (1963) 51. N. usually in graves. (1963) 91. is the site of the C and H Nekyomanteion. or possibly immigrant. The sites which have produced material of LH type are mainly found in the neighbourhood of modern Ioannina and ancient Dodona. Pottery is the most reliable indicator of contemporaneity with LH III. A single tholos (K 2).G. c. on the spur around the chapel of Ayios Ioannis Prodromos. The only sites shown on the map are those where material of LH type has been found. Hammond. 369. a connection which the prevalence of cist-burial might support. such as jewellery. 111. like K 1. from further S (since the site. swords of Types C. are not closely datable at present. 150 m. either native and ''Mycenaeanised". AD 18 (1963) B 153. including both imports and apparently local imitations. is presumably the tomb of a ruling family. The significance of this is not clear. Only further work on the local sequence or more finds in association with imported LH vases can make dating more precise and reliable. but the local BA sequence is still not well-known. the most remote example of this type known. Some of the prehistoric wares show a family likeness to MH wares. 3 Parga 83 (spot height) at 705 E / 058 N BA LH (IIIB-C?) C H PAE (1958) 107. K l MESOPOTAMOS: XYLOKASTRO *# (GAMS No.

4. 4 Ioannina 955 E I 371 N N BA LH IIIA2-C G A C H (GAMS p. 319) *# H. the Kiperi spring.C. The LH sherds (see Antike Kunst Beiheft l Pl. supposedly from the tholos. lOO m. BSA 63 (1968) 107). and encloses an area c. K 2 PARGA: KIPERI (GAMS No. on a wooded slope above the main road. K 3 ANCIENT DCDONA *# z. 200 m. one surrounded by a small perimeter wall. which may be part of a circuit wall surrounding a settlement on the slope and the spur above. Full publication is required to confirm the date and Mycenaean nature of the Xylokastro material. 450 m. and above. About 50 m. N-3 by 150 m.) resembles those of Ayios Ilias in Aetolia (E 2) in that it lacks a stomion and has a chamber of coursed blocks. 21:6 for a poor photograph) certainly include LH IIIA2-B types and may extend earlier and later. inland from the beach of the bay of Lignou. but these burials are likely to fall in the late LH period or the DA. They contained beads but no closely datable pottery. 2 m. The presence of LH III and G material here is specifically denied in Antike Kunst Beiheft l. E of Parga. The site is c. Burials have also been found on the site of the Nekyomanteion. Local BA coarse ware and sherds of tall-stemmed kylikes are also reported from the hill. Ossa in Thessaly). 54. these are two children's cist graves.5 m. toW of.. toE of the tholos is a wall. about l km. 2~3 a.cit. which contains several burials (including the children's pithos burials found in 1958 and assigned to PG) and various goods. H 31 on the slopes of Mt. below a rocky spur (on which C and H sherds were found). This has been shown to support on its W side a burial-tumulus. which may have been enclosed in a rectangular peribolos. At Likouresi. 3 km. thick and running down the slope. and was floored with pebbles in both dromos and chamber. 171) . a Type F sword was found by chance (PPS op. and another from Ayia Kyriaki near Parga (AD 23 (1968) B 293 Pl. But no certain traces of a LH habitation site have been found here. Other LH finds reported from the vicinity are a spearhead found in 1937 (cf. including objects of bronze and iron and a Mycenaean "krateriskos" assigned to the 13th or 12th century B. c. Remains of several burials and sherds of LH III and local black polished vases were found. 3 Parga 627 E I 116 N LH IIIAl? LH IIIA2-B LH IIIC? C H PAE ( l96o) 123 A small tholos tomb found here is the furthest to the NW of all such tombs and one of the most remote (cf. The tomb (d.). which is considered to date the wall before the 12th century. further S.300 "cyclopean" masonry. and c. ) . (maximum).

4 Ioannina BA LH III (A-B)? 020 E ( GAMS p. 4o-O. 20 (196?) B 348. Hammond 1967. including a stirrup-jar of LH IIIC appearance and a Type F sword. Nor is there any reported stratification. PAE (1930) 68. on which is an extensive C and H fortress. (1972) 97. a hearth. and the association of the prehistoric wares with fourth century material may be fortuitous. AD 19 (1964) B 312. Dodone et ses Ruines (1878). (1967) 39. and an oven have been found. 35 ff. but post-holes. which includes LH IIIA2-C and LG (Corinthian). Hammond 1967. Carapanos. and could be dedications made much later than the time of manufacture and even brought from elsewhere. 4 Ioannina 076 E I 464 N N BA LH III (B-C) 11 PG 11 ? C H PAE (1951) 173. (1959) 111!. 299 (site). some LH (including a Type C sword of a variety popular in north Greece and neighbouring areas(AJA 67 (1963) 130) and a Type F sword). E 18). there is nothing at present to suggest that the site had religious significance in the BA. 314 The prehistoric material was revealed in a drainage ditch in the plain on the SE edge of Lake Ioannina. 30. to which some wheelmade stemmed cups are also attributed. 23 (1968) B 291. 171) z. The stemmed cups are unlikely to be later than a handmade Matt-painted example that can be related to the "PG" kylikes of Ithaca (cf. cf. PPS 33 (1967) 26. but this is difficult to accept. (1968) 56. There is no trace of stone foundations. also AE (1956) 1311. for a modern discussion of Dodona which includes some consideration of the prehistoric material) Beneath most of the excavated area of the later sanctuary a "prehistoric" stratum has been revealed. see Antike Kunst Beiheft 1. Epirotika Chronika (1935) 192. some of apparently MB or even earlier type. of little thickness ( 0. (1969) 26. (1931) 85. and some rather doubtfully considered "European". and the best guide to dating is provided by imported pottery. (PPS 33 (1967) 31). All but the first category of "prehistoric" wares are thought to survive into the fourth century B. More certainly prehistoric are finds from graves in the area. 11f1).C. 318 ff.301 c. (These references are. found with burials in a trial excavation between the Asprochaliko cave and the lake shore. Bronzes. (1952) 268. 171) I 510 N .). K5 PERAMA: MESOGEPHYRA Z. Excavation provided the best sample of native Epirot wares to date. 6o m. purely to prehistoric material. 21 (1966) B 288. at the NE foot of a long spur. K 4 KASTRITSA *I (GAMS p. except for Carapanos. (bronzes. have been found on the site without clear context. (1952) 280.

172) * z. 3 Delvinakion BA LH III(B-C)? AE (1956) 114. I 762 N AE (1969) 179 . ~ 63 (1968) 96.5 km. of the "local" Type C variety found at Dodona. are reported to be from a grave. 107). One recently excavated held a fine range of goods. and bronzes. mark. 3 Delvinakion Ll-1 III(B-C)? 8o9 E I 701 N (village) AE ( 1956) 131 A spearhead of late type (BSA 63 (1968) 107) is stated to be from a grave here (the attribution to Hallstatt A. overlooking the river Thyamas. in square 850 E I 7W N AD 23 (1968) B 294 A group of cists was excavated here. a local imitation of an alabastron. AD 24 (1969) B 252 Cists have been found here on the S slope of the hill Palaiokouli. A kylix-stem from this grave's fill. is assigned to LH IIIC. 3 Delvinakion 832 E I 676 N BA LH III(A2-B) Ll-1 IIIC? AE (1969) 191. Hammond 1967. 321 BA coarse ware has been found here.302 AE (1956) 131. More recently another Type F sword has been handed in from the area. the best a Type D sword. and two swords. 340. 3 Delvinakion 908 E LH III(B-C)? "PG"? PPS 33 (1967) 30 n. K9 ELAPHOTOPOS * z. both likely to be of late date (cf. 1. other goods and local pottery were also found. including an imported stirrup-jar. coated with dull paint. W of the IoanninaKonitsa road near the 31. is unjustified). K 6 KAIBAKI (GAMS p. about lOO m. by Hammond 1967. One held a Type F sword and a spear. K 8 MAZARAKI ZITSAS : PALAIOKOULI * z. K 7 GRIBIANI (GAMS P• 172) z.

Although frequently attributed to LH IIIB-C. a curved knife. which is to N of Anthochori. an A fibula.C. on the E side of a highland plateau. 3 Parga 709 E I 309 N LH III(B-C )? AD 20 (1965) B 348. 1 A pit-grave excavated on the N side of the town held a small spear and a Type F short sword. since the hilt had flanges on only one side. containing local pottery. on the basis of parallels with Kalbaki (K 6). 1000 B. these could be of considerably later date (c. Four cists were excavated at the foot of the hill of Konismata. BA? BETWEEN ANTHOCHORI AND VOTONOSI 4 Ioannina 268 E I 570 N (approx. AE (1969) 197 Local sherds of prehistoric type. and opposite Votonosi. K 11 METSOVO: z. c. since the hilt had been rebored for new rivets. and C pottery are reported from Ayioi Apostoloi. and jewellery. PPS 33 (1967) 30 n.) LH III(B-C)? A C AD 23 (1968) B 293. 4 km. SW of Metsovo. on the S bank of the river Arachthos. K 10 PARAMYTHIA * H. Traces of a probable settlement were found nearby. and possibly of local manufacture.303 A Type F sword is reported from Kalyvia Elaphotopou. and a spear has been handed in from a cist at Pyrgos. which was evidently of some age. is suggested by Wardle). .

It should be noted that some of the references here to site numbers given in Renfrew Appendix I refer only to the map of "Later bronze age sites in the Cycladic islands" on Renfrew 52lf. and without map references (although some are to be found in Renfrew Appendix I and in Dodecanese II-III). AYIA IRINI N EB II-III (Renfrew No. General area summaries are omitted. THE CYCLADES KEA Renfrew 509. Hesperia 31 (1962) 266. (1973-4) 28. 35 (1966) 364. THE AEGEAN ISLANDS We list the island sites in a more abbreviated format. The presence of stone vases and metal objects in the cemetery and the stone-built. whereas BA remains are mostly found on the KEPHALA N coast~ (Renfrew No. Lesbos and Lemnos are omitted. since the accounts there are completely superseded by recent work. and readers are referred for these to Renfrew (passim) and to Dodecanese III 170 for the Cyclades and the Dodecanese respectively. 1el (1972) 357. E.304 II . and many detailed references given in Renfrew and Dodecanese I-III are omitted. Hesperia li·O (1971) 113 (figurines). 33 (1964) 317. 42 ( 1973) 284 (frescoes) . Coleman. Of the other islands. Hesperia 40 (1971) 396 (miscellaneous early finds) Kea is a well-watered and productive island. and no full treatment of Samos and Chios is attempted. (1974-5) 21 Special Studies: AD 24 (1969) A 95 (lead weights). lfO (1971) 359. AR (1972-3) 23. Keos I: Kephala (1977) A small settlement and cemetery representing a single phase closely related to the Final N of Attica and central Greece and also having connections with Thessaly. 2) lfffi LB I-II LH IIIAl-C PG G A C H BSA 51 (1956) 11. Kadmos 9 (1970) 107 (inscribed material). slab-covered graves suggest an overlap between this phase and GP. The gazetteer in Renfrew Appendix I lists only N and EB sites. 1) * GP? J. We have also omitted references to GAMS for the islands. but most of the agricultural land is on the high central plateau.

NW of Ayia Irini. at a time probably to be placed late in IM IB. when other buildings surviving later may have been founded. Thereafter it lost most of its importance. when almost as much LH I-II as LM IA-B was imported. PG. when another destruction preserved numerous whole pots very similar to types of Lefkandi 1 s third major LH IIIC phase (F 81). The "Temple" was apparently rebuilt after the earthquake and remained a major focus of activity until late in LH IIIC. and EB III. beginning in PG. New and more extensive fortifications were built at a stage contemporary with MM III. the site was certainly occupied in EB II. including types comparable to those of Kephala. when its cultural links are closest with the mainland. It is not yet clear whether it was occupied in the earliest part of the MEA. this might well suggest continued occupation at the site or in its immediate neighbourhood which preserved a tradition of the sanctity of the "Temple" area. Remains of early occupation and building-foundations attributable to the early LBA have been found. it was at the peak of its prosperity when. the connection with Crete grew stronger during the later MEA to reach its peak at the time of LM IB. belong to the later ME phases. SYKAMIAS N EB LH III(B-C) or "PG" . the next identifiable phase evidently overlaps with MM II and mature MH. represented by pockets of material in the rock. near the later fortification-wall. certainly post-LH IIIA2 material occurring only in the "Temple". are N. At this time the site was already a fortified town with sophisticated architecture and wide Aegean connections. while the "Temple 111 s original form is even earlier (AR (1972-3) 24). 500 m.305 This site is on a low promontory. projecting into the sheltered Vourkari Bay. The site's connections with the mainland grew strong in the early LBA. The only tombs found. was also found in the "Temple". the pottery is purely LH in type and is found in a progressively narrower area. it was completely destroyed by an earthquake. the fortifications and other buildings suffered extensive damage before the end of MM III. including clear evidence of cult at an early stage. and architectural remains of this period are unimpressive where they survive. The earliest traces of habitation. 81). when it is most closely related to Euboea (of. but were remodelled then and more than once later. A continuous series of post-EA material. although there is a gap in the pottery-sequence between the latest LH IIIC and the earliest. TROULLOS * EB ME LB I-II Hesperia 40 (1971) 392 A prominent hill-top c. F 75. now partly submerged.

. B stirrup. in the SW of the island near Classical Poie~ssa. or even the early DA. 200 m. on the S side of Loutra Bay in the NE of the island. but tombs and a site of the later DA have been found at Zagora on the W coast. but there are some fertile areas of land. (Renfrew No. 30 A low conical hill on a promontory c. LH IIIC. the better land is on the W.jar) MV 32 (LH IIIA2- The island is generally poor agriculturally. PLAKA GP Hesperia 41 (1972) 362 Two stone vases were found. There is scanty evidence of occupation. ANDHOS Henfrew 513 (GP "frying-pan") The island has steep and rocky coasts and a mountainous interior. KYTHNOS Renfrew 511. the best harbours on the E. near which there is a probable EB site. probably EB pi thoi. W of Ayia Irini. according to Barber's information. Recent finds near Loutra on the NE coast may be the earliest (Mesolithic?) discovered in the Cyclades (AJA 79 (1975) 277). presumably grave-goods. AJA 61 (1967) 7 (hoard of KS metal objects).306 Hesperia 41 (1972) 358 Sherds found on this promontory on the NE coast included material of Kephala type. the single LH I/II Vapheio cup base is presumably an import. and deep bowl fragments that are assignable to LH IIIB. 1) AYIA IRINI ME LH I/II BSA 51 (1956) 12. Evidence of prehistoric occupation is surprisingly rare. 21.

several bays in the SW could serve as harbours. Greek Geometric Pottery (1968) 149). BSA 69 (1974) 50). 21. A PG tomb-group is also given this provenance ( J. they presumably come from a tomb. Occupation probably goes back to late EB (AS 16 (1966) 50). since there is relatively little postEA material. 15. and would indicate a site of some importance. 31 Three vases in the Andros museum are given this provenance. to which the fortification identified may belong (cf. . and seems particularly intense in MB. The site is near the W coast in the central part of the island. TENOS --Renfrew 513 The island is not particularly fertile. 32. l PALAIOUPOLIS LH III(A2-B) BSA 51 (1956) 11. 6 km. l) VRYOKASTRO (AKROTERION OURION) EB III? MB LH III(A-B) BSA 51 (1956) 13. EPISKOPIO LH (III) A complete alabastron in the Andros museum is given this provenance. There are PG-G tombs at several sites. it presumably comes from a tomb. at the end of a wide bay. it seems likely to be prehistoric. NW of the town of Tenos.307 (Renfrew No. 4 The village is near the S end of the island. (Renfrew No. c. G AA (1972) 164 A high hill at the S tip of the island. if no earlier. from the hills behind the bay of Korthi near the S end of Andros. A tomb here contained a handmade askos which looks EB. Coldstream. N. KAMBOS EB (III?) PG AR (1945-7) 28 fig.

and this may well be the site referred to in JHS 19 (1899) 321 AM The site is on the SW side of the isthmus. 3. as generally thought. but there is some reasonably fertile land in the interior. ANAVOLOUSA (Renfrew No. c. BCH 88 (1964) 555. not. LH. (Renfrew No. l) MAVRISPILIA N GP? AJA 68 (1964) 395. 2) Nor EB AJA 68 (1964) 396 On the W coast. AJA 68 (1964) 398. a scatter of EB sherds is reported. on the W side of Panormos Bay. one may be GP. DIAKOFTIS ( ORMOS KORFQS) (Renfrew No. but one apparently GP sherd is reported. not far to N of Mykonos town.308 MYKONOS Renfrew 514 The island is now largely barren and waterless. SW of Mykonos town. BSA 51 (1956) 12. .5 km. Material found here is mainly attributable to the N "Saliagos" phase. a scatter of N or EB pottery and obsidian is reported. (Renfrew No. on the promontory opposite Mykonos town. Renfrew 507 A site on the N side of the island. 4) BOUKA EB BCH 88 (1964) 555 On the W coast. Two rock-cut tombs found here contained KS goods. 3) KS 23 (1898) 362. BCH 88 (1964) 555.

religious. IIB:l9). which also held one LH IIIA2( -B?) pyxis. DELOS Renfrew 514 (GP figurine) This tiny island. Remains of a settlement are attributed to the KS phase. 21. KYNTHOS KS (Renfrew No. near the coast. and it is not impossible that the quite extensive later BA finds may have a similar. high. i. Delos XI (1928) 11. and indications of considerable postEA occupation. ringed by low cliffs but having a small harbour. is largely infertile. likely to come from either an original LH tomb on Delos or. I:l. 1) * EB III MB? LH A. if the fruit of grave-robbery or accidental discovery. Plassart. 1. PG-G material from tombs on Delos was buried here in the "Purification Trench".309 (Renfrew No. EB III of "Anatolian11 .e. inland from the Bay of Panormos. (Renfrew No. with certain evidence of occupation in MB and probably in LB (Barber reports almost certainly LH types). MT. 5) DIVOUNIA EB BCH 88 (1964) 556 A scatter of EB sherds (? including GP) is reported from this site in the SE. rather steep hill 112 m.5 km. BCH 88 (l96le) 556 A small and high hill c. A small. RHENEIA Renfrew 51!+ (EB figurine) Its proximity to Delos is this infertile island's only claim to notice. 6) PALAIKASTRO EB? MB LB? PG G A C BSA 51 (1956) 12. 15. Its importance in post-BA times must surely be related to the cult of Apollo. explanation. AA ( 1972) 162 BSA 51 (1956) 11. dominating the island. Delos XV Pl. from a DA tomb (Delos XV Pl.

where some of the ivories are argued to be of Cypriot origin. but the next datable material is LPG of Attic type. The only other structures of interest assigned to the BA are the claimed LH sanctuaries. indeed. the apparent importance of the settlement here does require some special explanation. Nevertheless. appears to be a LB tomb. but nothing has yet been found. LH. The famous hoard of ivories and other objects found beneath the Artemision may be considered a foundationdeposit. M. Likely LH IIIC material is reported.310 type is also reported (AS 17 (1967) 36). Snodgrass. The Theke.C. BSA 51 (1956) ll. 30. PG. at least in LB. BCH Supplement l (1973) 415. but Barber does not consider that MB occupation is proved. the Sema is more doubtfully a tomb of this type. and of the second half of the thirteenth century B. Delos primitiv. LMTS 148 The rather scanty material from the site of the later sanctuary. is Hermoupolis on the E.-. but was clearly laid down well after the LH period. 27. 31. or "Tomb of the Hyperborean Maidens".t archaique (1958). 90 (1966) lOO. 22. nothing attributable to the LBA or DA has been found anywhere on the island. and the hoard is very mixed. however. The Dark Age of Greece (1971) 395). which has produced a wide range of material. on flat ground NW of Mt. 34. so that continuity is not assured. MB material is difficult to identify. SYROS Renfrew 514 The W part of the island is rather mountainous and barren. there is no guarantee that the ivories and other objects attributable to LH were dedications at an earlier shrine or even found on the island originally (cf. A small number of LH sherds indicates use but not necessarily occupation in that period. including ordinary MB. Irini and Phylakopi. including a probably LM I hole-mouth jar. but has several likely harbours. the best. suggests that the settlement here may have had a similar history to those of Ay. but considerable doubt has been expressed about the date and nature of these (LMTS 44. . 89 (1965) 225. Kynthos. THE TEMENOS MB? (Renfrew No. and G pottery. Gallet de Santerre.). H. It has been thought a likely site for an important MB-LB settlement. A. 2) * LB I-II LH IIIA-C PG G A C H BCH 71-2 (1947-8) 148.

4 km. 1) * EB III Kykladika II 77. which may have been more of a refuge or castle than an ordinary settlementsite. close to which were four separated cemeteries. since it contained a MH kantharos and a Phyl I-type pyxis. AD 22 (1967) A 53. Early Bronze Age Burial Habits in the Cyclades (1977) 128 The site Kastri is a fortified hill-top. Traces of bronze-working were found in the fortress. 2) PIDHI!fJ\ EB Kykladika I I 79 Two or three tombs. Renfrew 5llf A relatively large cemetery of KS graves was found here near the tip of Syros. of apparently EB (even GP?) date. are reported from this site near the W coast. one grave was clearly later. These contained goods of the KS phase. with steep coasts and rare areas of . found with KS types. it was destroyed by fire and thereafter deserted. (Renfrew No. 3) * MB Kykladika I I 79. SERIPHOS Renfrew 511 (EB figurines. a few graves and the fortress have produced pottery-types linked with Troy III-IV and the "Anatolian" EB III of Ayia Irini and Euboea. W of Hermoupolis. L 1Art des Cyclades (1957) figs. Phyl I pyxis) This is an unproductive island.311 CHALANDRIANI ( KASTRI ) KS (Renfrew No. AA (1972) 158. c. AYIOS LOUKAS KS (Renfrew No. C. 115. Zervos. 192-6. c. ~~ KROKIDAS EB RA (1862) 224. BSA 2 (1895-6) 141 Tombs are reported here. Doumas. near the E coast. probably of the KS phase.

N-S by 90 m. A single LH IIIA2 stirrup-jar is reported to come from the island (BSA 51 (1956) 32). The deposits of gold do not appear to have been discovered until the A period. 31. A precipitous acropolis in the interior of the island. 32 A small natural acropolis on the E coast. 25 There are traces of a GP settlement. 6 (1973) 93. 51 (1956) 12. AKROTIRAKI GP (Renfrew No. c. (Renfrew No. but only one building of this phase and a few traces of earlier ~abitation (MB sherds of advanced type) have been found. the most likely site for a settlement is on one of the S bays. AYIOS ANDREAS EB? (Renfrew No. near a cemetery that has produced both GP and KS types. and S. where sparse prehistoric material has been found. 3) * KS AM 21 (1896) 210. (1976) 141 AAA 4 (1971) 213. E. 15. It has well-preserved fortifications enclosing an area c. AD 25 (1970) B 431. lOO m. 2) * MB LH IIIB G A C H Kykladika II 130. 1) KASTRO GP? Phyl I MB LH III(A) PG G A C H BSA 44 (1949) 15. VATHY * GP (Renfrew No.312 level ground. S of Apollona. 4) . Recent excavations indicate that these are of LH IIIB date. Ergon (1975) 152. SIPHNOS Renfrew 511 The island has generally steep coasts. Doumas 1977. Kykladika II 73. 2 km. most of the excavated buildings are attributed to the LG phase. the more productive land is in the N.

AD 20 (1965) B 514. N of Vathy harbour. (Renfrew No. vases seen by Moustakas (AM loc. TO FROUDHI TOU KALAMITSIOU (Renfrew No. Bent. 32. but nothing has been excavated. It has little water. with cultivation mainly in the s. The Cyclades (1885) 55. a single LH sherd was found. to which the present islet of Ayios Andreas opposite was once joined. other material has been reported. a natural port of call for traders in the Aegean. and good LH III pottery is reported. which are most likely to be post-BA in date. and the Bay of Melos is an excellent harbour. Doumas 1977. according to Barber. LMTS 266). AM 69-70 (1954-5) 154. Recent survey work under the auspices of Prof. soon to be published. BSA 51 (1956) 12. J. Renfrew and directed in the field by Mr. 2) ELLINIKA LH IIIA2-C G A C H J. 1. Die kretisch-mykenische Kultur (1921) 14. on the S coast. KIMOLOS Renfrew 512 (probable EB at Kentro at the NE end of the island) The island is only moderately productive. but the earliest material from the Classical city is EG. has considerably increased the number of known EB sites but has added no new sites of . 29. 11. The Sand E parts of the island are flat and cultivable. T. which may have largely contributed to its prosperity. on theW coast. ME LOS Renfrew 511 The island is best known as the only important source of obsidian for tool-manufacture in the Aegean.cit.5 km.313 Kykladika II 76. c. substantial buildingremains are to be seen on the islet and underwater. 32 On a lofty acropolis c.) are clearly LH IIIC. A few PG vases are reported from the island (cf. 25 A small cemetery. 5) LH III(A-B) D. A cemetery of rock-cut tombs appears to be of LH date. Cherry. The next datable material is EG. Fimmen. 21 (1966) B 387 BSA 51 (1956) The site is on a promontory on the SW coast.

in which imitations of LM IA largely supersede the native tradition. (1975-6) 25. to overlap with MB phases elsewhere. cult continued until an advanced stage of LH IIIC. Atkinson et al. The LB I phase has produced strong signs of Cretan influence. Phyl I. but pottery found in their . there is reason to believe that in the BA it formed a promontory. It now appears that this was not fortified. and has been eroded on the N side. 69 (1974) 1. long E-W.314 the later BA. including pillar-rooms. Recent excavations have clarified its history considerably. than of its predecessors. evidence which gives strong support to the theory of a synoikismos on Melos in the late EBA (see Summary). and a Linear A tablet plausibly to be associated with a large building identified beneath the later "Megaron". AD 20 (1965) B 513. Less is known of the "Fourth City".. it was refortified in LH IIIB with a wall of less Cyolopean appearance than its predecessor. especially 138 ff. It is uncertain whether the site suffered really widespread destruction in a phase corresponding to LM IB (cf. it may well have continued.. is that of the "First City". the later in LH IIIBl. and it may well have exerted considerable influence in the Cyclades. Doumas 1977.. frescoes. The discovery of a pair of shrines in an area close to this fortification is of the utmost importance for the study of Aegean religion. Ren~rew passim. These have long been robbed. a building closely resembling the LE III palaces. The earlier of the shrines was founded at some stage in LH IIIA. The Excavations at Phylakopi in Melos (1904). 4) *# KS Phyl I MB LB I-II LH IIIAl-C G T. was built. Cemeteries of rock-out tombs of very varied plan have been found around the site. PHYLAKOPI GP (Renfrew No. The final phase of the EBA. but the site was evidently still of importance. 186 ff. to which this belongs. for many offerings and a remarkable series of figurines have been recovered from them. 49 The site. D. BSA 69 (1974) 51 for some apparent destruction-deposits). During the MBA it was largely rebuilt to form the "Second City". its fine wares have been found on other islands. but subsequently Cretan influence certainly diminished and that of the mainland increased. the pottery. is on theN coast above steep cliffs. 18o m. AA (1972) 168. It was first settled in (late?) GP and was probably continuously occupied thereafter to the end of the BA. and was fortified with a strong wall of rather Cyclopean appearance. AR (1974-5) 23. 51 (1956) 12. BSA 17 (1910-11) 1. In LE IIIAl the "Megaron". with a bay to s. 23. This may have been a centre of organisation comparable with the Cretan palaces and villas. but in other respects it was clearly a flourishing settlement. which seems to have consisted of substantial blocks of buildings. 22 (1967) B 465. At the beginning of the LBA this was again largely rebuilt to form the "Third City". a phase not otherwise well represented on the site. c. in trading contact with Crete and the mainland.

10) LB? BSA 3 (1896-7) 35. SE of Phylakopi.5 km. Mackenzie (BSA op. (Renfrew No. 1 km. 6) ASPROCHORIO Phyl I or MB Renfrew 511 Vases from rock-cut tombs. 9 graves and the goods of some 10 more were found. SE of Phylakopi. N of Plaka are presumably from graves. 1. 7) PHIROPOTAMOS KS? AD 20 (1965) B 514. 5) Phy1 I Renfrew 511. !fiB LB AD 21 (1966) B 387 Remains probably attributable to a small settlement have been found here c. Renfrew 512 Objects of likely KS type from a site c. SE of Plaka. near the E coast. PELOS * GP MB? (Renfrew No. (Renfrew No. AAA 2 (1969) 1f06. (Renfrew No. ci t. KAPARI (Renfrew No.315 vicinity and occasionally in them suggest that the earliest are of Phyl I date and that they were used in MB and possibly also LB times. near the centre of theE part of Melos. 8) TRYPITI KS AD 20 (1965) B 513 A figurine of KS type is reported from a site c. Renfrew 512 The type-cemetery of the GP phase was excavated here. A ship-model handed in suggests a cemetery in the area. come from a site c. dated no later than early MB by Barber. 1 km. 3 km. 73) reports seeing pottery in the neighbourhood .

(Renfrew No. CAPE SPATHI (FOURNAKIA) (Renfrew No. * AYIOS PANDELEIMON GP Phyl I (Renfrew No.75 km. Doumas 1977. 1. Renfrew 512 Remains of an EB settlement are reported near the NW tip of Melos. but cannot be dismissed out of hand. 49 Rock-cut tombs very close in appearance to those of Phylakopi have been found on this cape at the SE tip of Melos. Rendrew attributes some of the material to ~~' but Barber does not consider this certain. 524. Renfrew 512 A GP cemetery and remains of a settlement have been found here. Renfrew 512. c. A prehistoric date is made more likely by the discovery of a site (unpublished) whose material includes Phyl I in the neighbourhood. (Renfrew No. 15) * GP AD 20 (1965) B 508. 14) SAMARI EB BSA 3 (1896-7) 85.316 resembling that of the different stages at Phylakopi "including the Mycenaean proper". 12) STAVROS EB? Renfrew 512 A probably EB settlement-site. Doumas 1977. This has not been confirmed by later survey. KALOGRIES (Renfrew No. 13) Phyl I or MB? AD 20 (1966) B 513. 11) MB? AD 21 (1966) B 386. 25 . SE of Zephyria.

19) LH III(A-B) A pot in the Melos Museum is said to come from here. 17) LB? G A C H BSA 51 (1956) 12 A prominent acropolis near the E coast of the Bay of Melos. just upslope from Sotira. 4) and is perhaps to be associated with Samari nearby to the SW (see above). on the E side of the Bay of Melos. This is almost certainly the only other site of significance on Melos in LH III. .317 12 GP tombs were excavated here.5 km. E of Zephyria in SE Melos. 18) LH III(A-B) AD 20 (1965) B 513. 22 (1967) B 465 Another LH chamber tomb has been found here. 1. KANAVA (Renfrew No. where much LH III pottery has been found. (Renfrew No. This may be the cemetery reported as Angathia (Phylakopi 229 n. LANGADA: TRYPITES (Renfrew No. 16) AYIOS SPIRIDON LH IIIA2-B2 Renfrew 524 A fine acropolis-site on the W side of the Bay of Melos. reported traces of MB-LB occupation have not been confirmed in more recent surveys. AYIOS ILIAS MB? (Renfrew No. further study and comparison with the Phylakopi material has produced nothing certainly LH IIIC. at the SW edge of Plaka. LANGADA : EB SOTIRA LH IIIA2(-B?) AD 20 (1965) B 510 A robbed EB cemetery and largely destroyed LH chamber tomb are reported from a site c.

a single deep bowl may be attributed to LH IIIC. AAA 2 (1969) 406. on the W shore of Naoussa Gulf at the N end of the island. long. of Attic LPG type. AA (1972) 165 A small low hill crowned by the church of Ayios Konstandinos in the centre of the modern town of Paroikia. The site gives its name to a particular form of figurine. its material is very similar to that of Phylakopi in this phase and in the ~ffiA. 2) GP Doumas 1977. 20. 97 12 graves. 48 cm. Renfrew 512 A stone house-model handed in from this region. mostly plundered.318 AYIASMATA EB? AD 20 (1965) B 514. but there is a clear gap between this and the earliest PG material. and in the E coastal valleys. 32. reported from here may be of LB date. is probably EB and from a grave. 31>. ALYKI LB? AD 20 (1965) B 509 A bronze spearhead. 15. were excavated at Plastiras near Kamares. PAROIKIA GP? (Renfrew No. appears to have been the main settlement of the island from late EB times. on the W coast. especially in the plains around Paroikia and Naoussa. 22. which are sited at the best harbours. 14. Phyl I MB LH IIIA-C PG G H BSA 51 (1956) 12. and certainly early types are lacking. E of Pelos. PAROS --Renfrew 514 This is a productive island. . considered to be of advanced GP date. l) * KS? AM 42 (1917) l. LB material is rare. 25. PLASTIRAS * (Renfrew No.

6) GP Kykladika I 139. near the SW coast c. AA (1972) 152. 7) GP Kykladika I 139. AYIOS NIKOLAOS (KAMBOS) * (Renfrew No. . 4) EPISKOPIANA EB Kykladika I 139 A cist-cemetery is reported close to and to E of Pounta. KAMARI * (Renfrew No. 5) GP AE (1925-6) 98. 161 4 cists of GP date were excavated. 161. see 26) Doumas 1977. 2 km. 25 (wrongly A site not far from the S tip of Paros. evidence of copper-smelting was observed on the site. 175. 25 A cist-cemetery excavated here. including a pyxis-lid which might be of KS type. (Renfrew No. The location is uncertain. Settlement-remains and 2 graves are attributed to GP or a transitional GP-KS phase. 157. perhaps to be associated with it. AVYSSOS * (Renfrew No. This is probably the Akrotiri of BSA 3 (1896-7) 87. S of Pounta. Doumas 1977. is attributable to an advanced stage of GP. 4 (1897-8) 22. 3) EB (KS?) Renfrew 514 EB sherd-material and obsidian have been found at this site on the SW coast.319 POUNTA (Renfrew No. attributed to Naxos.

9) KOSTOS EB? Kykladika I li+O. 8) LEFKAIS GP Kykladika I 14o. (Renfrew No. Cists here were reported to Tsountas but not located. 2. 12) * GP Kykladika I 139. NNE of Lefkais towards the E side of Paros. DRIOS (Renfrew No. f>IESSADA (Renfrew No. PYRGOS * GP KS (Renfrew No.5 km. Renfrew 515 Graves and figurines are reported at this village. 11) EB Kykladika I 139. 10) GP Renfrew 515 This village near the E coast is given as the source of a GP stone vase in the Ashmolean Museum. AJA 73 (1969) 6 Finds from cists at this village on the SE coast included figurines of a hybrid type that may be contemporary with KS elsewhere. Renfrew 515 Kostos is c. doubtless from a grave. Renfrew 515 Cists and GP finds are reported from this site near the centre of Par os. 13) . of uncertain location. TSIPIDON (MARPESSA) (Renfrew No. AJA 73 (1969) 6.320 (Renfrew No.

see 26) 10 GP cists were excavated. NW of Pyrgos. of 58 cists. 155. partly washed into the sea. 25 A cemetery of 23 cists was excavated here c. 168. Doumas 1977. 155 A cemetery of 28 cists was excavated near the S tip of the island. lie of these graves were relatively rich in goods. ·sw of Galana Krimna. PANAYIA (Renfrew No. NW of Pyrgos. 2 km. SSW of Drios. Doumas 1977. of which one was notably rich in goods.5 km. 25 An important settlement here on the SE coast c. GALANA KRIMNA (Renfrew No. MNIMORIA (Renfrew No. is variously attributed to GP or KS. 164. 17) * GP Kykladika I 139. 15) * GP Kykladika I 139. 156 EB graves were excavated at a site c. 25 (wrongly attributed to Naxos. 156. (1976) 146 . AA (1972) 151.321 Kykladika I 158. includes GP and KS graves. 1 km. * LH III(A?-)B PG G A Ergon (1975) 140. Doumas 1977. A large cemetery nearby. 1. there was evidence for two phases. at a site less than l km. 16) * (GP?) EB Kykladika I 139. KOUKOUNARIES EB MB? PAE (1974) 185. 14) * EB Kykladika I 139. GLYPHA (Renfrew No.

There are reports of EB and "second millennium" material. 97). PSAROGA (Renfrew No. ANTI PAR OS Renfrew 516 This island has small but productive cultivable areas. 6) EB? Kykladika I 140 The existence of a cemetery here was reported to Tsountas. on which a series of retaining walls has been identified. of which the islet Saliagos would have been a headland (J. from a site on the N flank of the hill range in the centre of Antiparos. A thick layer of ash indicates destruction by fire. Renfrew. north of A.322 A rocky hill on the Oikonomos headland in the NE part of the island. 4) PHI RA EB Renfrew 516 A robbed cemetery on the islet of Diplo. . but none of the published pottery looks later than LH IIIB. The summit appears to have been artificially levelled for a large LH III Building. later material is also reported from the site. Further evidence for a fortification was found in another trench. supported upon a massive wall which cuts across the approach from below and may have served as a fortification-wall. A variety of objects.ntiparos. A LH burial is reported from a cave on the site and PG material from another nearby. LH III being predominant in the latter. (Renfrew No. it would originally have been linked to Paros by an isthmus. but four probable EB sites. 5) EB Renfrew 516 8 robbed graves are reported. including much G. Remains on Saliagos are purely N. are reported near it (op. this is attributed to LH IIIC. now underwater. VANOUNA (Renfrew No. c. was found. Excavations at Saliagos near Antiparos (1968) ). Storagepithoi were found in a room identified as a cellar. cit. Evans and A. including many bronzes. D.

8) GP JHS 5 (1884) 47. 176. generally holding more than one burial. He also reported a site with obsidian nearby. Doumas 1977. 11) GP KS Kykladika I l4o. Doumas attributes material of the Kampos and Amorgos phases to this site. near the SW coast of Antiparos. 25 At least one cist has been found on this islet between Antiparos and Despotiko. which apparently produced finds of KS type. but Tsountas could not confirm this. TSJlV1INDIRI (Renfrew No. KRASSADES * (Renfrew No. 7) GEORGOULAS EB? Kykladika I 140 The existence of a cemetery here was reported to Tsountas. were found here near the W coast of Antiparos. APANTrnA (Renfrew No. it might have been the richer of Bent's two cemeteries. but this could equally have been Ayios Sostis. . Kykladika I 161.323 (Renfrew No. 25 At least 50 graves. The Cyclades (1885) 4o4. Renfrew 516. 25-6 A cemetery reported here on the E coast of Antiparos was not visible in 1963. this cemetery is probably that distinguished by Bent as the poorer of two. "SITE A" (Renfrew No. 10) EB Kykladika I 14o Two groups of cists were reported between Krassades and Apantima. 9) GP J. T. Bent. Doumas 1977. Doumas 1977.

at the S tip of Antiparos. 13) EB Renfrew 517 Evidence of a cist-cemetery was seen here not far from the S tip of Antiparos. AD 16 (l96o) B 246. 14) EB Kykladika I llfo A cemetery was reported here. who reports GP and probable KS sherds and traces of an enclosure wall from a nearby settlement. by Tsountas. DESPOTIKO Renfrew 517 Bent described this small island as covered in tombs. AYIOS SOSTIS (Renfrew No. on the N coast. a further 20 by Zafeiropoulos. "NORTH-WEST PROMONTORY" (Renfrew No. . which might have been Bent's richer cemetery (cf. under Apantima). 12) SOROS EB Kykladika I llfo A cemetery reported here may be the same as that of Ayios Sostis.324 (Renfrew No. Doumas 1977. 1) KS? Kykladika I 163. ZOUMBARIA GP * (Renfrew No. 15) LBI On a promontory on the NW coast of Antiparos. 25 14 GP tombs were dug here. sherds found included a ripple-decorated sherd. PETALIDHI (Renfrew No.

25 3 groups of robbed graves were found here on the S coast. almost half the 6o sites shown on this map are not cited below. PG G A C H AA (1930) 132. but hardly any sites are known in this region. (1965) 168. 165. (1959) 185. 2-3. which produced GP and KS finds. 34. mostly close to the coast. (1967) 112. (1972) 143. (1969) 139. AD 16 (196o) B 249. NAXOS Renfrew 517 The most productive parts of the island now are in the centre and W. Doumas has been followed). (1970) 146. (1958) 228. KAMINI) GP KS EB III? MB LB I-II -• LH IIIA-C (Renfrew Nos. There are deposits of emery in the NE. IMTS 249. (1961) 191. (1968) 374. 15. 27. (Renfrew No. 2) shows a heavy concentration of sites in the SE quarter. and 37) SMyc. 30.325 (Renfrew No. (196o) 262. 2) LEIVADHI GP KS Kykladika I 162. (1971) 172. APLG'IATA. (1974) 27 fig. BSA 51 (1956) 12. GROITA (WITH PALATI. the map of EBA Naxos published by Doumas (1977. 3) CHEIROMYLOS GP Kykladika I 176. (1950) 269. (Renfrew No. (1972) 152. (1951) 214. Ergon (1976) 154. Doumas 1977. 32. (In cases of doubt over the name or position of a site. the hilly E part has not been extensively settled in historic times and has no good harbours. where pottery and two lead-fragments have been found. Kadmos 4 (1965) 84 (inscribed sherds) . Renfrew llf2 A settlement-site on the SE. 4) PANAYIA EB? Kykladika I 141 A report of cists here is unconfirmed. However. (1963) 148. 47 (LH I/II sherds). 13 fig. PAE (1949) 112. being so far unpublished.

PHERENDAKI EB (Renfrew No. The LH IIIC finds from the tombs are particularly rich. on a promontory near the centre of the NW coast. succeeded by an equally important one of the KS phase to which richly provided graves on Aplomata (c. and one is attributed to KS. 37) were in use from LH IIIB to SMyc. the Palati promontory might have served as an acropolis. AKROTIRI * GP KS (Renfrew No. to the NE) presumably belong. and the PG-G buildings were certainly on a quite different alignment from their predecessors. There was clearly a large GP settlement. to S (and c. although some plain pieces might have Phyl I links according to Barber. 1 km. But the site flourished in LH III and DA times. and there 'is little MB-LB II material. and this was clearly one of the major centres of the Aegean at that time. and pit-graves in SMyc. 6) KS PAE (1908) 115.5 km. It is claimed that there was complete continuity of settlement into the DA. 25 shows KS only). toE of Grotta) is of LH IIIC date. a separate cemetery at Kamini c. 4) Doumas 1977. other graves had been destroyed before excavation. ORMOS APOLLONOS (APOLLONAS) GP * (Renfrew No. . E of Akrotiri and near the centre of the island. The graves are considered to cover most of the GP phase.326 The finds in various districts on the N and NE environs of the modern town seem to represent a single major site. but although this seems likely too little has been published from the settlement for it to be considered certain. 5) * (GP?) PAE (1908) 115 3 graves containing plain pyxides and others that had been robbed are reported from a site in the interior. 2. 25. There is nothing of clear EB III date. and PG. 2 km. 82 A cemetery of 24 cists was excavated here. chamber tombs on Aplomata (Renfrew No. AD 17 (1961-2) A 144 Two grave-groups from this site near the N tip of Naxos are assigned to GP and KS (Doumas 1977. and PG-G settlement-strata are reported from Grotta.

A piece of arsenic bronze from the site is a notable find. Part of a structure likely to belong to a contemporary settlement was also discovered nearby. belonging to a late stage. SW of Ayioi Anargyroi. many "double-storeyed". AD 17 (1961-2) A 148 170 graves were excavated here. SE of Naxos town. but only 1 KS grave-group has survived. indicated by the differences in wealth of grave-goods. 4 KS graves were excavated. at Rodhinadhes. 9) KS MB PAE (1910) 270. Some 200 m. 3 graves discovered in excavation were of unusual type. The GP cemetery. * APHENDIKA GP? (Renfrew No. 122 A cemetery was robbed here. Doumas 1977. One sherd of imitation Minyan ware has been found here. the lower stone-lined pits dug into the cist-floor to receive the remains of earlier burials.327 AVDHELI (LIONAS) (Renfrew No. 2 km. This cemetery also provided the best example of a built platform attached to the cemetery. lOO. to theN. AYIOI ANARGYROI * GP or H KS C (Renfrew No. at a site in the NE of Naxos in the neighbourhood of the emery mines. which appears to have had some ceremonial function. but could have extended back into GP (Renfrew 178). MELANES * GP? PAE (1909) 209 (Renfrew No. 8) AD 17 (1961-2) A 272. a feature for which evidence has been found in other cemeteries. c. This distinction seems to coincide with a social one. 7) * KS Doumas 1977. long. 7 km. the upper part normal cists. included large widely spaced graves and others crowded in one corner against a retaining wall to SW. 126 In the interior of Naxos. The cemetery may have been largely of this date. over an area lOO m. 10) . a GP settlementsite and cemetery and a separate KS cemetery were found. c.

4 km. including conical cups. either a reference to unpublished material or a slip. 4 km. NW of Ayoi Anargyroi. (1909) 209. KS occupation is claimed by Doumas (AA loo. 13) BSA 4 (1897-8) 21. probably once closer to the sea than it is now. cit.). (Renfrew No. AA (1972) 166 A rocky acropolis c. But LH III is scanty (a LH IIIB/C deep bowl fragment is reported by Barber). SW of Byblos (formerly Tripodes). ll) RIZOKASTELIA KS? MB LH III(A-B) PAE (1910) 272. and the site was probably then overshadowed by Grotta. Among the surface finds are sherds of decorated and plain wares of Minoan appearance. Doumas 1977. A BSA (1956) 12. Doumas (1977. it may have been fortified. 12) EB PAE (1904) 58 Graves are reported at this site c. (1972) 152. VIGLA EB MB LB/LH AD 20 (1965) B 507 n. Renfrew 518. . (1910) 272. l km.328 A small group of graves was found here. 165. 13 fig. KASTRAKI * GP KS (Renfrew No. possibly of importance. 25 AA A GP (Renfrew 142) and KS settlement on theW coast. MB occupation is certain. protected on the W by a strong wall. 4. (1908) 117. SE of Rozokastelia. 2) shows this as an EB cemetery site. BSA 69 (1974) 50 A promontory site on the W coast c. and the site may have been one of the most important in Naxos at this time (possible traces of fortifications have been thought MB). most provided with plain pyxides. a cemetery was also reported. SW of Byblos. PAE (1904) 6o. KAMENO MITATO PSARRA (Renfrew No. but is unconfirmed.

SE of Phyrroghes.329 POLICHNI: MNIMORIA * (Renfrew No. to SE 11 more graves were excavated. 13 fig. close to the coast S of Kastraki. Doumas attributes the cemetery to the Kampos stage. AD 17 (1961-2) A 138. 17) KS Doumas 1977. and there is a cemetery of 120 graves. AYIASOS (AYIOSO) EB AD 20 (1965) B 506 (Renfrew No. AD 17 ( 1961-2) A 132.cit. 16) KS PAE (1904) 57. transitional between GP and KS. AD 17 (1961-2) A 140 At least 6 graves have been excavated here. LOUROS ATHALASSOU * (Renfrew No. close to Kastraki. 25 An important late GP cemetery. 15) GP PAE ( 1901') 58. Doumas 1977. 25 Remains of a settlement with a possible fortification-wall are reported. LAKKOUDHES GP * (Renfrew No. 18) . Near the KS graves rock-carvings were found. the goods of one grave include many silver beads. Doumas considers them to represent the earliest stage so far discovered of GP. a gold bead from one is a unique find from a Cycladic cemetery. not far E of Kastraki and Polichni. Doumas 1977. A long retaining wall between the two cemeteries cannot be dated. 2 definitely GP. At a site 250 m. 120 25 graves were excavated here in a plundered cemetery. PHYRROGHES: GP * (Renfrew No. 224. survivors of a probably larger KS cemetery. (1905) 216. 14) GP PAE (1904) 58. 73. 2). and does not show the site as a settlement on his map (op .

One incised pyxis may be of Phyl I date. 25 AA (1972) 156. including more than 82 graves. Doumas 1977. apparently Phyl I sherd has also been found. has been excavated here near the S tip of Naxos. on a hill near the SE coast. AD 17 (1961-2) A 144. 2. * SPEDOS GP an (Renfrew No. Doumas 1977. KS figurine. at a site S of Lakkoudhes. AD 17 (1961-2) A 112. AD 17 (1961-2) A 147. Doumas 1977. N of Karvounolakkoi. 165. A fortified settlement has been found here. 19) KS PAE (1908) 115 n. 25 10 cists have been excavated here. (1906) 87. 20) KS PAE (1903) 53. AD 17 (1961-2) A 109 A large cemetery. 21) GP Phyl I? PAE (1903) 53. . AA (1972) 163. 22) KS Phyl I? PAE (1903) 53.330 Robbed cists are reported here. 19 (1964) B 411. PANORMOS (KORPHARI TON AMYGDALION) GP? * (Renfrew No. (1905) 216. * ROI'>N (Renfrew No. and an associated cemetery of 25 graves has been excavated. 25 AD 17 (1961-2) A 114. KELI * (Renfrew No. * KARVOUNOLAKKOI GP finds included a (Renfrew No. 23) KS PAE (1906) 86. 20 (1965) B 506 Graves were excavated here to SW of Lakkoudhes.

and GP sherds were picked up nearby. AD 17 (1961-2) A 129. near the E coast in its S part. PHIONDA (Renfrew No. 25) GP MB PAE (1903) 53. One cist is of GP date. 26) EB Renfrew 519 Robbed graves are reported close to A~la. KORPHI T 1 ARONIOU * (Renfrew No. which may be some fine KS figurines in the Goulandris Collection. Renfrew 142 At least 3 cists have been excavated here. It is not clear which of Doumas's sites this is. * (Renfrew No. one reputedly containing a "royal family" of figurines. another contains bronzes that are probably MB. perhaps no more than a big farmhouse. there are remains of a structure below which may be of transitional GP/KS date. . probably within the KS phase. 20 (1965) A 41 A single house has been excavated here near the S end of the E coast. 24) KS? AD 18 (1963) B 276. and a third contains cups of MM III type • VARDAKI (Renfrew No. 27) KS? Renfrew 519 Graves are reported here (and at Kamino). rocks decorated with incised scenes have been found nearby.331 On the summit of a low hill near the SE point of Naxos a small fortified site of KS date. has been excavated. 5 tombs dug in a neighbouring cemetery are of KS date. whose decoration is likely to be of the same date as the house.

PETASI (Renfrew No. 31) KANAKI GP? Renfrew 519 There are indications of a destroyed cemetery c. 1 km. c.332 KLEIDOS EB * (Renfrew No. (Renfrew No. on the coast close to Kleidos. NW of Kanaki. The site is apparently Doumas's Palioklidha. . 28) (KS?) PAE ( 1906) 86 Cists have been excavated here towards the 3 end of the E coast. 2 km. and certainly of Phyl I or MB sherds in the Naxos Museum. 1 km. N of Kleidos. 30) EB Renfrew 519 Some 20 robbed cists are reported. reports of metal daggers among the finds should indicate a KS date. c. reported to be the source of 2 GP stone vases in the Ashmolean Museum. Doumas shows an EB settlement at Tranos Kanakis. and more have recently been robbed. 29) BEBEKOU EB Renfrew 519 Robbed cists are reported. 32) KS Phyl I or MB Renfrew 519 This region.~N of Xerakrotiro. (Renfrew No. is probably the source of the fine spiral-decorated footed stone pyxis in the National Museum. well N of Xerakrotiro. XERAKROTIRO (Renfrew No.

33) GP PAE (1906) 6o.) tholos-shaped built tomb was found. It had been robbed. SSW of Moutsounas. 38) EB or MB? PAE (1908) 116 Near the N end of Naxos. 3. AD 17 (1961-2) A 11~. c. near some 15 robbed graves. a small (d. SW of Moutsounas. 1 km. Doumas 1977. and some 30 more have been robbed recently. A small built tomb and settlement are assigned to LH IIIC. W of Ormos Apollonos. 2 km. 25 56 graves with GP goods were excavated here near the E coast in the N part. LYGARIDIA (STENO) EB * (Renfrew No. and others robbed. 20 (1965) B 505. AD 20 (1965) B 505 At least 5 EB graves have been excavated here. MOUTSOUNAS * (Renfrew No. and .4 m. The cemetery only is shown by Doumas. l km. 34) LH IIIC? PAE (1906) 86. SPILAIO TOU ZA (Renfrew No. there are traces of another to theW. but in the absence of published evidence this date must be considered provisional. 35) EB AD 20 (1965) B 505 A settlement has been excavated here on the E coast near a prominent cape. c.333 KAMBOS TIS MAKRIS * (Renfrew No. 36) N GP? Renfrew 509 Near the S peak of the mountain chain in the centre of Naxos a cave containing Nand ?GP goods has been found. c. CHOSTI * (Renfrew No.

TRYMALIA KS BSA 3 (1896-7) 64.33'+ the only finds reported are sherds of plain unslipped cup-like vases. whose pottery is thought to show closer links with the Dodecanese than the other Cyclades. The HERAKLEIA Renfrew 520 (cemetery with figurines) The island has some agricultural land and several possible anchorages. and supports a small community. 1) G AD 22 (1967) B 467. lOO m. KATO MYLOS PLATYVOLIAS (Renfrew No. perhaps belonging to MM-type conical cups or possibly earlier. 24 (1969) B 390. 4 (1971) 210. A prehistoric settlement is reported at Myti tou Trachila. from the pyres (cf. exact location is unknown. "pendent semi-circle skyphoi" of Euboeo-Cycladic type have also been found. 2) EB? AD 22 (1967) B 467 A prehistoric settlement with good remains of walls is reported. A KS figurine-head and obsidian have been found here. AJA 75 (1971) 313). DHONOUSA Renfrew 520 The island supports a small community. 25 (1970) B 426. Renfrew 520 Two KS stone objects are reported to be from here. 6 (1973) 256 AAA 3 (1970) 49. AKHTIA TON AGRILION KS PG (Renfrew No. . but more important are the fortified settlement and cremation-pyres of the DA.

Renfrew 520 Prehistoric sherds and obsidian are reported. AYIOS YEORYIOS (Renfrew No.335 (Renfrew No. l) KASTRO EB? AD 22 (1967) B 466. on the N tip of the island. l) . TSINGOURI EB AD 22 (1967) B 466 (Renfrew No. also incised spirals on rocks. from a site on the NE coast of Herakleia. and incised slabs are reported. 3) EB? AD 22 (1967) B 465 A large prehistoric settlement is reported. 4) EB AD 22 (1967) B 465 Traces of a large settlement. cists of EB date. at the SW tip of the island. SCHINOUSA Renfrew 520 (figurine) The island supports a small community. AYIOS MAMAS (Renfrew No. 2) EB? Renfrew 520 An obsidian blade of EB type was found here. KAMBOS AYIOU ATHI\NASIOU (Renfrew No.

also robbed tombs which may be the source of EB goods handed in. but was not confirmed by Renfrew. 3) EB (GP?) Renfrew 142. KATO KOUPHONISI Renfrew 520 The island is quite fertile.336 A thick scatter of EB sherds is reported. near the S coast. and supports a small community. but Renfrew found only two pieces of obsidian. 25 (1970) B 429 A small settlement is reported near the SE tip of the is'land. (Renfrew No. AS 14 (1964) 135 A scatter of EB sherds and obsidian was found here. at the S end of Schinousa. cf. and supports a small community. 2) NERO EB AD 22 (1967) B 1>67. PANAYIA (Renfrew No. 521. l) EB? H AD 22 ( 1967) B 467 An EB settlement has been reported. 153. . ANO KOUPHONISI Renfrew 521 The island is quite fertile. who reports only H. SIRMA (Renfrew No. 2) EB? AD 22 (1967) B 466 A thick scatter of prehistoric sherds is reported. KASTRO TOU PROPHITI ILIA (Renfrew No.

with further goods upon them. ALONISTRIA CHOUSOURI (Renfrew No. AD 25 (1970) B 428 A settlement and largely robbed cemetery are reported here. apparently as grave-markers. Goods were placed in the pit. being trapezoidal or semioval rock-cut pits in which slabs were placed upright against one side. (1975) 76. 8 . 26 (1971) B 467 Cemeteries of GP and (early?) KS graves are reported from here. a short distance to the NE of Loutra. AD 25 (1970) B 429. l) Phyl I? AD 19 (1964) B 409. KEROS Renfrew 521 The island presumably once supported a community. DHASKALIO KS * (Renfrew No. 6) * KS AAA 3 (19'70) 49. The goods include bronze and stone objects as well as pottery. but is now virtually deserted. 5) KS AAA 3 (1970) 48. AAA l (1968) 97. AGRILIA GP (Renfrew No. 23 (1968) B 381. near the S coast. 4) LOUTRA KS AD 22 (1967) B 466 A KS figurine was found on the beach here. They are of unusual type. Doumas 1977. 25 AA (1972) 163. one included at least 72 graves.r I ' 337 (Renfrew No. at the SW tip of the island. A layer of earth and mound of stones covered everything. lf (1971) 214. and the bodies might be buried in a pit or hollowed chamber behind the slab.

goods that may come from a contemporary cemetery were found on the shore of Keros facing the islet. MEGALO KASTRO (Renfrew No. 2) EB Renfrew 521 EB sherds have been found in a cliff on the NW coast of Keros. ANTIKEROS Renfrew 521 This islet SE of Keros was presumably joined to it once. KONAKIA (Renfrew No. 4) EB? AD 22 ( 1967) B 1+66 An EB settlement has been reported on the hill at the centre of Keros. . the northern of the two islands of Antikeros. 3) GERANI GP AD 22 (1967) B 466. including a bowl. which was presumably once joined to the mainland. but its date was not confirmed by Renfrew.Here remains of a possibly fortified KS settlement were found on an islet 50 m. and stone objects. on top of a hill. (Renfrew No. 23 (1968) B 381 Remains that may belong to a settlement or a cemetery are reported from a site a little to NE of Konakia on the KW coast. Some probably Phyl I sherds have been found on the site (Renfrew l91f). offshore from the W coast. to the W along the coast. 5) EB? AD 22 (1967) B 466 A scatter of prehistoric sherds and obsidian is reported from this site on the N coast of Ano Antikeros. PRASIA (Renfrew No. at Gialada 400 m.

E. 165. and communications between the two are still easier by boat than by foot. M. 154. The SW part of the island is high and generally unproductive. DOKATHISMATA * (Renfrew No. and the source of a group of weapons variously dated to a similar time or to LB. 26 This steep acropolis c. 2 km. at a site c.339 AMORGOS Renfrew 521 The best land on the island is at the heads of the three best landing-places on the NW. 3) KS Kykladika I 138.5 km. and Kaloteri. Aigiali. R. AJA 71 (1967) ll. ARKESINE (KASTRI) KS Phyl I (Renfrew No. 25 A settlement and some 20 graves of KS date were excavated. PHOINIKIES EB Kykladika I 138. Kykladika I 208. in Festschrift fllr Peter Goessler (1954) 23. however. Nearby tombs include a double grave which contains Phyl I and MB types. N of Vroutsi. "zur Datierung der Grklber von Arkesine auf Amorgos". Doumas 1977. there are sites in this area. l) AYIA PARASKEVI EB Kykladika I 138 A single grave was reported at this site near the W coast at the SW tip of Amorgos. (Renfrew No. Bossert. Desborough. 2) * MB? LB/LH H AM ll (1886) 16. the bays of Katapola. 1. may have been occupied in both MB and LB. Two PG vases are reported to come from the island (V. E of Vroutsi. on the N coast towards the SW end of the island. Doumas 1977. BSA 51 (1956) ll. Protogeometric Pottery (1951) 214). 146 (Renfrew No. 4) .

W of Katapola. NOTINA (Renfrew No. were stated to hold weapons. 146. there is also a LH sherd from the site in the BSA Collection.2 EB graves are reported. 5) * KS Kykladika I 138. NE of Xilokeratidi. c. 7) * KS Kykladika I 138.g. KAPROS (Renfrew No. NE of Xilokeratidi. at the N end of the harbour bay. according toR. 2 km. LMTS 147 EB graves have been reported here c. at this site c. is probably not prehistoric. 34. 8) VOUNI EB (KS?) AM ll (1886) 25 Graves reported from here. 25 The site is on the headland on the S side of Amorgos harbour. 2 graves are of KS date. but over 20 KS graves were excavated. AM 11 (1886) Pl. (Renfrew No. 1. LH vases and sherds from Amorgos may well come from tombs in the neighbourhood. l km. KATO AKROTIRI GP (Renfrew No. c. 6) XILOKERATIDI EB (KS) LH (IIIA2-C?) BSA 51 (1956) ll. (Renfrew No. Doumas 1977. . 29. so should be of KS date. NE of Dokathismata.5 km. and vases with this provenance are in the Katapola Museum. Kykladika I 138 Graves excavated and reported here on the S coast seem to be largely of KS date. but may include GP goods (e. 9) * GP? KS AM ll (1886) 24. 165 The site here. Some GP finds in pits probably present a settlement. l km. 31. one being purchased at the site. 1:3). Barber.

on the S coast c. 4 km. attributed to the late GP or transitional Kampos phase. near the N tip of the island. 152. on the S coast.STAVROS (Renfrew No. ll) KOKKINA CHOl'I'J\TA EB Kykladika I 138 One grave is reported from here. (Renfrew No. SSW of Amorgos town. 26 6 graves excavated here. Doumas 1977. 2 km. all are KS but one. BSA 51 (1956) ll Definitely MB and perhaps LB material is reported from the small acropolis of Vigli here c. Doumas 1977. NE of the Kapsala site. 10) * KS Kykladika I 138. NE of Amorgos town. near Notina. on the SE coast c. 12) * KS Kykladika I 138. 14) (KS) AM ll (1886) 1~. AYIOS GEORGIOS (Renfrew No. . NW of Tholaria. 153. 25 ll graves were excavated here. held goods of late KS type. 500 m. l km. 13) EB Kykladika I 138 Graves were reported here. a grave reported nearby contained a probably KS figurine. AIGIAIE EB (Renfrew No. MB LB/LH? A C Kykladika I 138. c. KAPSALA GP (Renfrew No.

l) KS BCH 28 (1904) 309.5 km. ringed by inaccessible cliffs. Protogeometric Pottery (1951) 216). A Protogeometric vase may come from this island (V. Le Musee Belge. SIKINOS Renfrew 523 (late GP "frying-pan") An unproductive island with poor water-supplies. It is not clear if this is the KS site referred to in BSA 64 ( 1969) 133 n. R. d'A. MANGANARI GP (Renfrew No. IOS Renfrew 523 The island is hilly and largely infertile. This may be the cemetery referred to in BSA 3 (1896-7) 78. and LB/LH. PALAIOKASTRO EB? . Desborough.SOT IRA EB? AM ll (1886) Beil. CHORA EB BSA MB LB/LH 69 (1974) 50 Sherd-material from this site c. l This is shown as the site of EB graves by Dummler. late MB piece. according to Barber. NNE of Chora (the main town of Ios) includes an EB rim. Revue de Philologie Classique 25 (1921) 6 Goods from a cemetery here on the N side of the southernmost bay of Ios include GP and KS stone objects. the most productive area being inland from the bay. 1. there is also obsidian. 21.

The location is PHOLEGANDROS Renfrew 523 The island is most productive around the modern village in the W. destroyed by volcanic eruption in the early LBA. in the Danish National Museum in Copenhagen (cf. but KS figurines are reported to come from the island. Excavations at Thera I-VII (1968-71>). a lM IB flask and Ul IIIA2-B pyxis. There are also bronzes of likely LB I date. Ergon (1973) 92. which is well-watered.Luce. perhaps that mentioned in BSA 3 (1896-7) 86. BCH 96 (1972) 21 (early finds). Most discovered prehistoric remains belong to the final phase of occupation before the eruption. also AAA 7 (1974) 87 (the . J. perhaps EB. Fouque. 948). 21. A PG skyphos was found in a later tomb (V. its coasts are rugged. Renfrew 523 A site of uncertain location. are recorded in the photographic archive of the German Archaeological Institute in Athens (cf. there are other EB goods in Phira Museum. De Insula Thera (1874). is reported. The End of Atlantis (1969) Pls. Desborough. (1976) 16o. The Greek Dark Ages (1972) 223). BICS 16 (1969) 150 for the former. (Renfrew No. 1) PANAYIA KS BSA 64 (1969) 133 n. 43-4). PAE (1973) 119. but cannot on its own prove occupation then. Santorin et ses Eruptions (1879) 105. V. also Alt-Rggis Pl. The most fertile surviving areas are in the NE and SE. BSA 51 (1956) 13. which also reports cemeteries. 26. cf. 27.~ I AD 23 (1968) B 382 Much prehistoric pottery. THERA --- Renfrew 524 The present island is only a portion of the original one. a fragment of an inlaid blade and the hilt of a Type B sword. 1 (1975) 145. R. Marinates. AKRariRI KS (Renfrew No. 3) * Phyl I MB LB I H. F. Mamet. not clear. although the island was certainly flourishing by MG II. and two later vases. s.

Le Musee Belge.5 km. 1. according to Barber. the most productive area being inland from the bay. IOS Renfrew 523 The island is hilly and largely infertile. late MB piece. A Protogeometric vase may come from this island (V. MANGANARI GP (Renfrew No. CHORA EB BSA MB LB/LH 69 (1974) 50 Sherd-material from this site c. This may be the cemetery referred to in BSA 3 (1896-7) 78. d'A. ringed by inaccessible cliffs. PALAIOKASTRO EB? . there is also obsidian. R. l This is shown as the site of EB graves by D8mmler. Desborough. Revue de Philologie Classique 25 (1921) 6 Goods from a cemetery here on the N side of the southernrnost bay of Ios include GP and KS stone objects. 21. SIKINOS Renfrew 523 (late GP "frying-pan") An unproductive island with poor water-supplies. and LB/LH. Protogeometric Pottery (1951) 216). It is not clear if this is the KS site referred to in BSA 64 (1969) 133 n.342 SOTIRA EB? AM ll (1886) Beil. NNE of Chora (the main town of Ios) includes an EB rim. l) KS BCH 28 (1904) 309.

26. Mamet. Luce. which is well-watered. 43-4). Santorin et ses Eruptions (1879) 105. although the island was certainly flourishing byMGII. 1) PANAYIA KS BSA 64 (1969) 133 n. also Alt-ftgMis Pl. 948).AD 23 (1968) B 382 Much prehistoric pottery. its coasts are rugged. which also reports cemeteries. R. A PG skyphos was found in a later tomb (V. perhaps that mentioned in BSA 3 (1896-7) 86. There are also bronzes of likely LB I date. De Insula Thera (1874). 27. PAE (1973) 119. in the Danish National Museum in Copenhagen (cf. BICS 16 (1969) 150 for the former. BSA 51 (1956) 13. Renfrew 523 A site of uncertain location. there are other EB goods in Phira Museum. BCH 96 (1972) 21 (early finds). THERA Renfrew 524 The present island is only a portion of the original one. perhaps EB. cf. The End of Atlantis (1969) Pls. 21. F. AKROTIRI KS (Renfrew No. J. is reported. (1976) l6o. but ca~not on its own prove occupation then. but KS figurines are reported to come from the island. 3) * Phyl I MB LB I H. The location is PHOLEGANDROS Renfrew 523 The island is most productive around the modern village in the W. The most fertile surviving areas are in the NE and SE. also AAA 7 (1974) 87 (the . Fouque. Most discovered prehistoric remains belong to the final phase of occupation before the eruption. The Greek Dark Ages (1972) 223). Desborough. (Renfrew No. not clear. S. Ergon (1973) 92. a IM IB flask and IJl IIIA2-B pyxis. 1 (1975) 145. Excavations at Thera I-VII (1968-74). destroyed by volcanic eruption in the early LBA. a fragment of an inlaid blade and the hilt of a Type B sword. are recorded in the photographic archive of the German Archaeological Institute in Athens (cf. and two later vases. Marinates. V.

Occupation apparently extends back to the EBA (Thera III 8. (the architecture). 416 (late MH vases). c. If) * LBI Fouque. but the bulk comes from the final phase of occupation in LB I. like Kastri on Kythera and Trianda on Rhodes.miniature frescoes). 6) EXOMITI LBI H. Thera III (1904) 42. op. Irini and Phylakopi. near the Akrotiri lighthouse). BALOS (Renfrew No.) and there is certain MB material (see Thera VII 12 for early remains from Kalami·a. (Renfrew No. LM IA and LH I pottery was imported at this time and late MB types were still current. 8) . von Gaertringen.cit. the absence of characteristic LM IB and LH IIA imports makes it difficult to relate this material to that of the LM IB destruction-levels in Crete and apparently contemporary deposits at Ay. 107 A farmhouse or similar establishment was excavated here. Much Cretan influence is visible in the arts and crafts of this phase. The site appears to have been deserted suddenly and then partly reoccupied before the final eruption (Thera III 7. which is to a great degree preserved under the layer of volcanic ash. Kadmos 9 (1970) 97). MESAVOUNO * (SELLADHA. despite continuing attempts (most recently AJA 8o (1976) 9). The length of time between desertion and eruption is still disputed. but the claimed existence of a humus-layer between the original ground-surface and the volcanic ash (Antiquity 47 (1973) 50) would require a considerably longer period. but there are many individual features which indicate that this was not simply a Cretan "colony".cit. BSA 51 (1956) 13 Exomiti is the S point of the island of Thera. bought here in 1879.} km. This extensive site on the SW promontory of Thera was probably the most important on the island. Doumas. 25 AE (1974) 119. Doumas 1977. loc. ANCIENT THERA) LBIGACH BSA 51 (1956) 13 A complete vase was (Renfrew No. WNW of Akrotiri village. at present most opinion seems to favour placing the sequence of events within as little as a single year.

and AR (1961-2) 22 and following years. . M. PHTELLOS * LBI AE (1973) 161 House-remains have been excavated here. 39. 26). This is the reported source of LB I vases. including a pithos said to come from a tomb. 7) LBI BSA 51 (1956) 13 Vases are reported to be from tombs here. l) EB (KS) AA (1930) 135 Graves excavated here under the pumice in the quarries to S of Thera town contained a KS figurine and apparently NVI II stone bowl. The site was destroyed in the same manner as Akrotiri. c. to the present). S of Kamari. LB I houses were found on the S coast (Renfrew No. S of the modern town of Thera. 96. PHIRA (Renfrew No. The Dark Age of Greece (1971) 206. 5: Fouque 1879. l km. not far to N of Mesavouno . KAMARA * (Renfrew No. A. 500 m..345 Ancient Thera occupied a high ridge on the E tip of Thera. 26 House-remains were excavated here. but is more important as the site of cemeteries dating from MG II onwards (cf. AKROTIRI KOLOUMBON (Renfrew No. BSA 51 (1956) 13. 9) LBI Von Gaertringen l9Qle. BSA 51 (1956) 13. at the NE tip of the island. THERASIA This island represents the remnant of the W part of the original island of Thera. c. Snodgrass.

no. 15 km. however. One or two of the vases seem as early as LH IIA. llunte~ no. and other objects.346 CHRISTIANA (Renfrew No. One of the vases might be LM (the unusual bowl. 183. but there is little specifically Minoan about this burial and thus no reason to connect it with the legendary Cretan colonisation of the island. . Marinatos. SW of Thera. also one or two of the grave-goods. Excavations at Thera V (1971) 47 Prehistoric coarse ware reported from here may be MB. 215. GEORGANOU MB? S. a gold sword-hilt and head-band very similar in their decoration to those of the Shaft Graves. indicate an early centre of importance. some perhaps imported. LH pottery was found with building-remains nearby. ANAPHE The island has small but productive coastal plains and is wellwatered in thew. 207). 198. cat. Such a rich grave does. THE NORTHERN SPORADES SKOPELOS CAPE STAPHYLOS LH IIA-III(A-B) KC 3 ( 191+9) 534 On a hill near Cape Staphylos at the SE end of the island a partly disturbed rectangular built tomb was excavated. 208). some may be MB. It had contained at least two burials. bronzes. but the bulk are LH IIB-IIIAl. AD 22 ( 1967) B 46lf Vases from a well-like structure on this islet. 2) KS MB? Renfrew 525. resemble late KS types found on Amorgos. others locally made. including both LH II and III types (Hunter. provided with much pottery.

Mylonas) I (1951) 54. is reported to include pottery like Thessalian f3 and one LH sherd. to N of Kastro. E. AD 22 ( 1967) B 287 (the latter reference is to EB. the most interesting a LH IIIC stirrup-jar decorated with a ship (GBA fig. in Studies Presented to D. and thus there is no certain continuity. . M. 10-14. and A finds ~ranged in the new Skyros museum) The acropolis of ancient Skyros was the Kastro on the S side of modern Skyros town. but the former differ in technique from those of the Shaft Graves. 64-6 (two reported to be respectively from Balitsa and Themis). Groups of PG-G cists have been found in the plain N of the town (cf. G. Traces of a chamber tomb cemetery have been noted on the lower NE slope of the acropolis.SKYROS KASTRO N EB MH LH IIIA-C PG G A C H H. nos. and sherd material found at Magazia. to which they are often compared. LH. 211). Arkheion Euboikon M. Robins on (ed. 5 km. PG. PT 208). Hansen. 203. to NW of Skyros town. which may be the source of several vases in the local museum (Hunter cat. EB and MH is reported at Kastro and at Fourka immediately to S. gold discs and glass beads from one grave have often been thought-rH (AA (1936) 223. LMTS 139). and the latter can be found in DA contexts. "Prehistoric Skyros". 34f). N has been found at the foot of the Kastro and at Achilli c. The local PG is not very early.eleton 6 (1959) 313.

BICS 16 (1969) l n. Few finds are earlier than LH. and there is a considerable need for further exploration in Rhodes. since it must be assumed that it consisted of at least the ~ea between trial no. But there is a complete lack of evidence for habitation in Rhodes in the SMyc. and was presumably of considerable size. Three main strata were recognized. It is.cit. and one may even be as late as LH IIIBL It is not clear whether these represent continuity of occupation or a re-occupation. from NW through W and SE to E. Dodecanese III 135. Dodecanese III 135. Rhodes would have provided a balanced agricultural economy.or EPG periods. 6-7 (1923-4) 86. and IIB. apparently following an earthquake. 6. BV!Cat. although of limited potential. however. It was assumed (Op Arch loc. cf. Until LH IIIA2 expansion was limited mainly to the fertile NW sector. and flourished in LM IA-IIIAL The site was apparently a low mound in the flat plain here. During LM IIIAl the fine pottery at Trianda became increasingly more Mycenaean in style. the settlements continued into LH IIIC. is marked by extensive rebuilding. Most. The site was only partly excavated. But some sherds from the Paraskeva trial are LH IIIA2. 200 m. A 139 nos. and finds from Apollona and Ayios Isidhoros indicate some penetration even into the interior. Clara Rhodos 10 ( l91ll) 43. Dodecanese III 127 for Select Bibliography and abbreviations used). TRIANDA: MOSCHOU VOUNARA AND MAKRIA VOUNARA * 11 LH Iffi-IIIC MV l.B. IIA. 173 Op Arch 6 (1950) 150. The beginning of the last of these. l at Paraskeva and trials 2-6 c. difficult to believe that the island was totally deserted at this time. distant at Potamylo. TRIANDA: POTAMYLO AND PARASKEVA MM III? LM IA-IIIAl * 11 LH IIIA2 Memorie 3 (1938) 57. 801-970. 173 . By LH IIIB settlement has spread over the whole island. 13-14 (1930-31) 254. Clara Rhodos l (1928) 56. 344. ASAtene 2 (1916) 271. if not all.) that the settlement was abandoned at some time in this period. The sites on Rhodes are here listed in an anti-clockwise order. and labelled Trianda I. Trianda IIB.348 THE DODECANESE RHODES (N. especially as regards the Dark Age. A settlement of Minoan character was established at Trianda in MM III or earlier. and the island may not have been fully settled before LH III.

258. including a corner. v. . Coldstream and G. attributed to the transitional period LH IIIAl/2. ). described as 11 fra Peveragno e Villanovan. L. although its size (c. Sherds said to be N are reported from the NW tip (Boll. But we note that the extensive later construction on the acropolis may have removed traces of IJ"l occupation._e:. 51) at a place named "Zuccalades".).: J. ==::_::. BICS 16 (1969) l n. These may be from a burial and could plausibly be connected with the Trianda settlement. cf. MP 645. d'Arte 10 (1916) 87.) and height would perhaps make it an unusual choice for a normal LH habitation site. In 1968 some sherds of rough prehistoric pottery were found on a flat spur above and to W of the gully into whose sides the tombs were cut. Similar coarse sherds are spread over a wide area at the N foot and on lower slopes. large. 200 m.. from which came two vases apparently LH IIIA 2. Huxley. by 200 m. It is also possible that Moschou Vounara in particular marks the centre of a habitation site. 6oo m... and some traces of rough walls. near three fine springs. and rich in finds. The location is not clear. Paradhisi c.. But the main centre of prehistoric settlement may have been at Kouri c. Boll. From two of the tombs three vases were recovered. A "tholos micenea" was also recorded (Memoria 2 (1938) 49. and a group of whole pots "of provincial Middle Minoan character" has been found on the acropolis (BICS and Kythera loc.c::.6. Kythera (1972) 95. 400 m. ANCIENT IALYSOS N? • MM or ME 11 PG G A C H Ball. E of Paradhisi village (formerly Villanova). "Korou").. The impression is that the coarse ware is mainly contemporary with IJI. The LH fine wares found in the same area may be either from tombs or from a settlement here. d'Arte series 2 no. ASAtene 6-7 (1923-4) 252.:.The two small low hills of Moschou Vounara and Makria Vounara constitute the main cemetery in the Ialysos area from LH IIB to LH IIIC. as well as on the flatter ground between Moschou Vounara and Makria Vounara. occupied before and/or during the period of its use as a cemetery. toE. d 'Arte loc. N. 6 (1926-7) 331.cit. 7 49 (e. since there is a considerable amount of prehistoric coarse pottery on the hill. The LH chamber tombs excavated are numerous.cit. Dodecanese III 137 We make no attempt to summarize the evidence for Ialysos in historic times. PARADHISI: ASPROVILO AND KOURI * 11 LH IIIA2 ASAtene l (1914) 369. Dodecanese III 138 Rock-cut chamber tombs were found on the N slopes of Mt.

ruq and other prehistoric sherds were thinly spread over an area c. at the NW tip of the low and broad triangular ridge of Anemomylos. They were said to have contained "rnateriale miceneo tardo". and this area is probably also the site of the cist graves. MARITSA : * 11 KAPSALOVOUNO LH III(A-B) Boll. at two or three localities. TOLON: AYIOS IOANNIS THEOLOGOS LH IIIAl LH III(A-B) Clara Rhodos 6-7 (1933) 44. ruq III(A-B) sherds collected in the vicinity of the tomb in 1968. Dodecanese III 140 LH cist graves were found in 1932 to S of Soroni. Much of the prehistoric coarse ware closely resembles the surface pottery from Moschou Vounara and is also probably contemporary with Lfl. On the upper terraces of the ridge. D'Arte series 2 no. Dodecanese III 138 Various reports of LH tombs near Damatria. but one report of two tombs at a place "AcrosciroCalopetra" described as "fra i villagi di Tolo e Damatria" appears reliable. III 139 Memorie 2 (1938) 51. . 120 m. * 11 A H Dodecanese III 140 The ruined chapel of Ayios Ioannis Theologos lies c. indicate that this is probably part of the cemetery of "Coccala". are the remains of a chamber tomb on the E edge of a prominent hill named Kapsalovouno. 1 km. From a ruined chamber tomb in this vicinity came two LH IIIAl vases. 6 (1926-7) 331. SORONI 11 LH III(A-C) C H Memorie 2 (1938) 51.350 DAMATRIA: "ACROSCIRO-CALOPETRA" LH Memorie 2 (1938) 51. Dodecanese In a region of low hills c. E-W by 90 m. The tombs were said to have contained vases similar to those from the Mycenaean cemeteries of Ialysos. 200 m. NW of Mari tsa. remain unverified. together with local information. where three chamber tombs with dromoi were excavated in 1926. Many H sherds were found in 19'70 on the ridge extending to S from the village. c. overlooking the plain of Rhodes airport to NE. 2 km. SW of Tolon. S of the chapel.

if not all. WSW of Apollona. Dodecanese III 144 The narrow spur of Lelos projects S from Mt. 62 no. also Dodecanese III 143 s. It should be noted that most. 2. Seven LH chamber tombs were excavated here. On the broad and heavily eroded terraces immediately below the thin ridge of Aniforo prehistoric and later sherds are scattered over an area c. 150 m. d'Arte 9 (191Sl 284. are also recorded. Some of the latter resemble MM III. the LH finds in the Kameiros area may have come from the vicinity of Aniforo (but cf. APOLLONA: LELOS * 11 LH IIIA2-B ASAtene 2 (1916) 298. All but two of the chamber tombs have apparently been subsequently removed by erosion and/or cultivation. and two others were found empty. It is probable that a .v. Eight LH chamber tombs have been excavated here (variously described as at 11 Tzi tzo". Two LH III vases from Fanes were brought to Rhodes Museum (ASAtene loc. including one with a double dromos. B611.351 FANES # LH III(A2-B) LH IIIC ASAtene 6-7 (1923-4) 253. They include LH III(A2-B). 11 Kaminaki-Lures 11 or "Aniforo"). Dodecanese III 141 C? H CVA Danemark p1. C.cit. Clara Rhodos 6-7 (1933) 11. 53 no. 11. pl. ASAtene 1 (1914) 369. So. and some which appear to be MB. 6-7 (1923-4) 248. 133. Memorie 2 (1938) 49. The vases recovered are of the LH IIIA2 and LH IIIB periods. 500 m. S of Kalavarda. Tombs of the 4th century B. 4 km. G.) and a stemmed cup and stirrup-jar from Fanes in the Copenhagen Museum are attributed to LH IIIA2/B and LH IIICl respectively. "Kalavarda: Papa-Lures" for the possibility that there may have been a further LH cemetery to S of Kameiros). The impression given by the spread of sherds and the predominance of coarse wares is that this was a settlement site as well as a cemetery. Their contents span the periods LH IIIA2 to IJ-I IIIC. H. Profitis Ilias at a point c. E-W by 90 m. Dodecanese III 141 The hill of Aniforo lies c.C. 6-7 (1923-4) 252. on the S of the road. MV 17. KALAVARDA: MB? ANIFORO * 11 LH IIIA2-C G C H Jdi 1 (1886) 133. 297. and the sporadic traces of H and later settlement on the plateau above and SE of Fanes suggest that this is the main centre of ancient settlement here.

. on the N edge of the Kymisala plain. 50 no. l km. (Dodecanese III 147 n.. NE of Kastraki. oit. 3 km. Dodecanese III 146 Ayios Fokas is a remote acropolis. Remains found here are C and H. Clara Rhodos l (1928) 83. both on the . 46 no. but copious LH. and an askos from Kritinia in the Copenhagen Museum is attributed to LH IIICl ( CVA Danemark loo. 3 km. from which came two LH III vases. and near these were some small worn sherds. 3if05 ). c. CVA Danemark pl. MANDHRIKO : MELISSAKI LH III (A2-B) # H ASA tene 6-7 ( 1923-lf) 252. 6-7 (1923-4) 252. a Ll{ chamber tomb with dromos was discovered. Dodecanese III 146 KYMISALA: Jdi l (1886) 133. NW of Siana. but some rock chambers filled with brush were observed in 1970. Dodecanese III 145 Kastraki is a small rocky knoll on the S edge of the small coastal plain of Liros. Boll. d'Arte 8 (1914) 230. NW of Kritinia (formerly Kastellos). 2 (1916) 285. c. overlooking the elevated plateau of Kymisala. inv. KRITINIA: KASTRAKI ErC. G. Kritinia is given as the provenance of a (LH IIIB?) three-handled amphora found in clandestine excavations (ASAtene 6-7 loo. 39 no. ll. including a fragment of a LH IIIB deep bowl handle.oit. 11Kastellos"). No signs now remain of the dromoi reported. but the only signs of prehistoric occupation are a few coarse sherds. Dodecanese III 144 On the hill Melissaki.352 group of LH IIIB vases from a site described as "cariones" (ILN 20/5/1933) came from the vicinity of "Soariones" c. ASAtene 6-7 (1923-4) 252. CVA Danemark pl. ASAtene 2 (1916) 300). 653. to J:IE of Lelos (of. MP 617 and 649 s. cf. There were extensive ancient cemeteries. and see below on Siana: Kymisala). v. l. mainly A to H. 400 m.. MP 590. on the E side of the bay. SIANA: AYIOS FOKAS AND KYMISALA N or EB? LH IIIA2-C *# A C H AYIOS FOKAS: ASAtene 1 (1914) 365. to NE of Mandhriko. 3 and pl. and C sherds were said to have been found in the vicinity of chamber tombs on the hills to the NE. 112 with refs. LH IIIB-C # G C H ASAtene l (1914) 365) 365. no. where there is a fortified C settlement. including part of a lug of a type resembling LN or EB. It was a major centre in C and H. on the lower slopes c.

12). KATTAVIA: AYIOS MINAS LH IIIAl? /1 LH IIIA2-B A K. Jdi 26 (1911) 249. 586. the village of Kattavia. Fouilles de Vroulia (1914) 2-4. and above. IMTS 156. ci t. Others in the Copenhagen Museum are said to be from 11 Siana" (CVA Danemark loc. Only three vases were recovered from the illicit excavations. Dodecanese III 147 A LH burial was recorded herB "in locali ta imprecisata". Dodecanese ITI 147 ASAtene 6-7 The many UI vases attributed to this area range from LH IIIA2 to a late phase of LH IIIC. Some at least of these probably came from the Kymisala vicinity. between the chapel and the village. Pl. F.. AYIOS ISIDHOROS LH III(B?) BMCat A no. APOLIAKIA LH IIIA2-C A CVA Danemark pls. Dodecanese III 1117 ASAtene 6-7 (1923-4) 253. The chapel of Ayios Minas is on a spur to NW of. They range from LH IIIA2 to LH IIIC. especially 26o-6l and fig. Sherds collected from the area below the tombs are all LH IIIA2 or LH IIIB. 1025. Dodecanese III 147 A stirrup-jar in the British Museum is said to be from here. They appear to range from LH IIIA2 to LH IIIB.). Some LH vases were collected from Kymisala (Jdi and ASAtene 6-7 loc. Jdi loo. MP 648. 39a. The . and include a rbyton in the form of an ox-bead (of. MONOLITHOS LH Memorie 2 (1938) 51. LH chamber tombs were plundered on the slopes below. 39-63 (~ssim). with the exception of a fragment from a stemmed cup (Dodecanese III 148.l) which is surely U! IIIAl.cit.353 slopes of Ayios Fokas to the NE and on Mesa Vouno on the NW. (1923-4) 253.) or from "Si ana ou Kastellos" (see above on Kri tinia). MP 645.cit. Kinch.

. MP 654 (s. was the centre of an important LH cemetery. o. and it is conjectured that this lay at Ayia Sotira c. SW of the is only c. 2. Arkaeologens Rhodes (1974) 27 The low E spur of the hill of Apsaktiras.5 km. 255 fig. fig. 50 m. Dodecanese IIT 149 Some LH vases were reported from the area of this village. Trolle. YENADHI : # VI GLA LN or E8 C H Dodecanese III 150 A small rocky hillock on the N NE of Yenadhi and c.v. 158.. inland. LA CRANIA LH IIIA2-B ASAtene 6-7 (1923-4) 253. imprecisata 11 . Most few LN or E8 coarse sherds were found *# LH IIIA2-C Kinch 1914. but a on the slopes of the hillock itself. ASAtene 6-7 (1923-4) 253. 39-63 passim. but some hollows in the rock show the position of two or more of the tombs. lOO m. Dodecanese III 150. Dietz and s. E of Vati. The area on top traces of ancient habitat ion extend for and for a further 150 m. round the hill sherds recognized were C or H. and no chamber tombs are visible. Dodecanese III 149 A LH III chamber tomb cemetery was reported near Yenadhi "in locali t. c. YENADHI: ATIA SOTIRA LH III? # H ASAtene 6-7 (1923-4) 253. N\<1-SE by 25 m. The area is now partly covered with bushes.LH settlement seems to have been centred on the spur of Ayios Minas. But the remains on the low hillock here are Hand later.5 km. to SW of Yenadhi. but a radius of c. 157. 1. s. l km. 2-4. VATI: APSAKTIRAS side of the Asklipiano stream. where coarse ware occurred together with finer sherds including LH III. A thin scatter of worn sherds in the vicinity may indicate a settlement here in addition to the cemetery site. CVA Danemark pls. turning to Asklipio. 4 km. Some details from Kinch's . 11Vatoi 11 ) and 586-61co passim.

appear to range from L}J IIIA2 to LH IIIC. 5. Dodecanese III 150 MP 645 (s. Two three-handled jars in the Copenhagen Museum are listed as from Asklipio. in the course of road works in 1929. SW of Pilona. to NE of Lardos (cf. ( s. 255. Johansen. behind the school on the N edge of Lardos. where remains of some chamber tombs can still be seen. F. LARDOS : TROULLO VOUNO # LH IIIA2-C ASAtene 6-7 (1923-4) 253. PILONA: AMBELIA *# LH IIIB-C ASAtene 13-14 (1930-31) 335. LINDOS LN? EB I? EB III? LH IIIB-C PG G A C H . 112 no.355 unpublished report are presented in a recent publication of the Copenhagen National Museum (Dietz and Trolle 1974). The seven vases recovered by archaeologists. Dodecanese III 151 Historia 5 (1931) 1~68. A large LH chamber tomb was found. at Ambelia c. l km. including an interesting "ostrich-egg" rhyton dated LH IIIA2. "Asklepeio"). ASKLIPIO LH IIIA2/Bl CVA Danemark pl. 590. Memorie 2 (1938) 15. The important G cemetery of Exochi is c. 650 An extensive LH and later cemetery to N of Lardos was almost entirely looted in illicit excavations. They are said to be of the transitional period between LH IIIA2 and LH IIIB. l59-6o. The nucleus of the cemetery appears to have been on the lower S slopes of Troullo Vouno. Dodecanese III 150 MP 618. 625. pl. The vases from the excavated tomb appear to range from L}J IIIB to LH IIIC. l km. 5. v. (Copenhagen) 28 (1958) ). where rock-cut shafts and the remains of one chamber tomb are visible. "Lartos"). K. l+a no.c. figs. Acta Archaeologica. cf. The tomb was part of a cemetery (mainly plundered) on the lower slopes of the ridge of Plakoto on the N side of the road. 640. Fine vases ranging from LH IIIA2 to LH IIIC were recovered and some weapons and ornaments.

Bones representing several bodies were collected. 135. c. One of these was fully investigated. and ascribed to the A period. MALONA: BA PLAKOTO A? # C or H ASAtene 6-7 (1923-4) 253. LH sherds found in the Lindos excavations were few. A small BA settlement is indicated. A thin scatter of BA coarse ware was found here. 120 m. to NE of Archangelos. G. Fouilles et Recherches 1902-191/e (1931). Kinch. dominating an important harbour. but prehistoric settlement is not proven. Blinkenberg. N-S by 100 m. 171). SE of Malona. Dodecanese III 152 Two chamber tombs were reported at Mala c. which may have been subordinate to one (hypothetical) at the site of the castle of Feraclos c.) and a jug probably of EB III date (Dodecanese III 151. The flat top surface of the spur measures c. Acta Archaeologica 45 (1974) 133. ARCHANGELOS: N? ANAGROS AND MALA EB? *# LH IIIA2-C AD 18 (1963) A 135. to SE. 143 Among the early objects from the acropolis of Lindos are a flat dagger blade attributed to EB I (Acta Archaeologica loc. K. including sherds apparently N and EB and two possibly LH. over an extent of c. and several other objects from the excavations seem to be either EB or"LN. and at least one sherd of C or H. and LH IIIA2-C vases. in addition to obsidian. 3 km. 150 m. ASAtene 6-7 (1923-4) 252. Dodecanese III 151. Dodecanese III 152 At the NW foot of a rounded spur at Plakoto. Dodecanese III 154 . on the N side of the coastal plain which stretches from Lindos. 300 m. and E. some chamber tombs were recorded. 400 m. although this is inherently probable. to SSW of Archangelos. KALLITHIES: EB? EREMOKASTRO LH? RA 18 (1868) 153. but LH levels may have been largely destroyed by the extensive later constructions on the acropolis.356 c. Dyggve. E-W by 90 m. The LH pottery appears to range from Ul IIIB to LH IIIC. Within the castle walls obsidian and worked chert was found (Dodecanese III 152). cf. Lindos. 2 km. The site is a fine natural fortress. were found on the hill of Anagros c. cit. ASAtene 6-7 (1923-4) 564. Signs of prehistoric settlement. There is no evidence for occupation in MB.

The exact provenances given for these finds are unreliable. II 68 On a low bluff above the shore on the \IT outskirts of Pigadhia. somewhat resembling Cyclopean.. 130 m. and were thought to be from one tomb. Karavi (Dodecanese III 1L18). and there is no confirmation of the LH finds claimed here (Memorie 2 (1938) 51 etc.357 Eremokastro is an acropolis c. cf. On the overgrown upper surface only an obsidian chip and a coarse ware sherd were found in 1968. 135. BSA 9 (1902-3) 201). 150 m. N-S by lOO m. Other finds of interest include the two 11 duck-vases 11 . ctt. alleged to be from Lakki and "surroundings of Vati" respectively. Its walls are in rough polygonal style. and Mesonos (Dodecanese III 155). KOSKINOU LH IIIA2-C AD 18 (1963) A 133: Dodecanese III 155 A collection of LH IIIA2-C vases was found here. PIGADHIA: EB? XENONA lM I # LH IIIA2-B Dodecanese I 16o. near the SE tip of Karpathos. and extending sparsely for c. KARPATHOS The island consists mainly of mountains.). abundant LH III sherds were found. attributable to EB III (Acta Archaeologica 45 (19711) 133). But a BA site appears to be indicated. Still earlier occupation is suggested by the Cycladic"figurine purchased by Bent at Pigadhia (JHS 6 (1885) 235. FURTHER NOT&S ON RHODES We have omitted discussion of some sites where possible prehistoric sites were noted. 142). 100 m. especially Salakos (Dodecanese III 143). although there seems little doubt that they are from the island of Rhodes. and the sparse agricultural land is concentrated mainly in the S part. concentrated over an area c. N-S by 75 m. but search has not been sufficiently thoroug~. further S inland. 3 km. Plimmiri (Dodecanese III 149). No L!o habitation site has yet been found here.. where part of a conical cup (LM IA?) was also found. above theE coast and c. and an EB (II?) jug said to be from Kalathos ( op. . SE of Kalli thies.

4oo m. and H remains have been found. where A? and C or H and later material was found. and the tombs are probably to be connected with the Xenona site. 10. to ~~ of the Makelli tomb. The kylikes (BMCat A 974 and 975) are LH IIIA2. YIAFANI LH/LM IIIA2( -B?) A? C or H JHS 8 ( 1887) 4'>9. E of Xenona) contained more than 90 vases. although the kylikes and one or two of the jars appear LH in style. II 69. 261) for the bull' s-head rhyton (BM Cat A 971). But the cup (~Cat A 973) is LM IIIA2. and at Arkaseia some obsidian chips. They may be tentatively associated with a site at Kambi on terraces to S of Yiafani.358 PIGADHIA: MAKELLI *# LH/LM IIIAl-B A C H Dodecanese I 159. W of the walled acropolis of ancient Potidaion. Jdi 26 (1911) 259. BMCat A 971-7. but some sherds possibly LH were found at both sites. Dodecanese I 161. C. and there is a possible Rhodian parallel (cf. and the other vases may well be LM (especially the beaked jug BMCat A 976). The latest are of the LH IIIA2/B transitional phase. Seven LH vases were said to have been found "on the eastern slope of the island above Yiafani" (BSA 9 (1902-3) 201). i. l km. No certain traces of LH occupation were found on the acropolis. The vases are mainly LM IIIA. 48-9). EB? LB C . where A. towards the N end of theE coast of Karpathos. The Makelli tomb is c. where a group of three LH IIIA (or LM IIIA?) vases and a tripod cookingpot of LM type (all seen in 196o in private possession) were said to have been found (Dodecanese I l6o and nn. There are indications of other tombs of the same period in the vicinity. and two lead strips. The mixture of LM and LH is interesting on this island mid-way between Crete and Rhodes.e. III 173 CVA British Museum 5 pl. and similar to those found at Ialysos. some bronze weapons. S of Pigadhia harbour (and c. AD 17 (1961-2) A 32 A chamber tomb excavated on a terrace c. 8-14. SARI A TA PALATIA ETC. 4oo m. NOTE ON KARPATHOS: No certain evidence of prehistoric habitation was found at the sites of ancient Brykous and Arkaseia on the W coast of Karpathos (Dodecanese I 161).

There is little arable land on this small island to N of Karpathos. The top of this small acropolis hill (c. II 63. E-W by l+o m. ENE-WSW by 30 m.359 JHS 17 (1897) 64. SYME: KASTRO EB I # LH III(A-B) A? C H Dodecanese I 168. a bronze chisel. and the reports of ~.M and LH require confirmation.) and the S and W slopes are strewn with sherds. 8o m. a flat celt. Dodecanese II 71 MM and LH sherds were reported from this cave c. BSA 9 (1902-3) 201. and the upper slopes below the . The ancient walls (C or H) enclosed an area c.. Dodecanese I 167 Implements found on Saria consist of a bronze dagger blade of LH type.5 km. Eo m. SYME The small amount of fertile land on Syme is mainly concentrated in the N. 1. is concentrated round the small plain in the N central part. The rest of the island is practically barren. WSW of Arvanitochori on a high terrace. ELLINOKAMARA MM? LH? C H ASAtene 41-2 (1963-4) 206. KASOS Occupation. which include EB (especially a holed fragment from a bowl resembling "cheese-pots" of GP type) and LB. both ancient and modern. although C and later remains were noted at Ta Palatia in the N. But the visible remains are C or H (including a fine blocking wall in H style). I I PG or SubPG A C H 69 The Kastro at Polin was the main ancient centre. III 170 The Kastro dominates Syme harbour. and no prehistoric site has been identified. POLIN: KASTRO EB LB(LH III?) Dodecanese I 168. around the town of Syme. and a small black stone axe.

including part of an apsidal house. On the N slopes some EB sherds (including EB I) and at least one of LH III(A-B) date were found. including EB III (AS loc. however. RA 39 ( 1952) 103. namely the small plain S of Megalochorio in the ~~ and the smaller coastal plain of Livadhia in the SE.cit.). III 173. beginning in LPG. . 157.). LMTS 153. and a G necropolis in the level above. ASAtene 43-4 (1965-6) 306. has little water and generally poor soil. 7 no. These indicate BA occupation. where there is extensive plain land and sufficient water. and this is reflected in the pattern of distribution of ancient settlements revealed by recent excavation and survey work. ~~ 16 (1966) 49. LIVADHIA: EB? KASTELLO C # H Dodecanese II 66 At the NE foot of the long ridge of Kastello on the SW edge of Livadhia some prehistoric sherds and two obsidian chips were found.cit. There are only two fertile areas on the island. LM IA. before deforestation.50) 320. 53 fig. it was probably more fertile. The island is reasonably fertile in the NE part. The most recent excavations (PAE loc. In LH IIIA or before.3to walls also show signs of habitation. LH influence seems to have supplanted Minoan. The settlement continued to flourish until well into LH IIIC (LMTS 153). and LM IB (cf. The SW half. PAE ( 1959) 195. 253. and in ancient times. RA and ASAtene loc. d 'Arte 25 ( 19. l The Seraglio site is a very low mound. Apart from some early sherds. when Minoan influence is strong. II 55. Sherds in the BSA collection from the Seraglio include MM III. KOS: THE SERAGLIO EB III MM II? *# MM III LM IA-B LH IIIA-C PG G A C H Ball. at the NE end of the island.cit. Dodecanese I 171 n. probably in EB. 227. towards the S end of Kos town.) revealed remains of LH III buildings. the main history of the site begins in MM III-LM IA.

KOS : TROULLI LN? # EB I( -II?) Dodecanese II 55. Alt-~g~is 287 figs. 287 ASAtene 43-lf (1965-6) 5. Three pithos burials and a grave set in a small stone circle were excavated c. KOS: ASKLUPI EB I *# EB III LH III(A-B) Boll. N-S by 120 m. 150 m. and are said to be similar to those found at Muskebi near Bodrum on the Turkish mainland opposite (Archaeology 17 ( 1961!) 2lJ. On the extensive terraces on theE slope a thin scatter of BA sherds. lOO m. was spread over an area c. KOS: TSILIMBIRI # EBI Dodecanese II 58. The eight pots found were assigned to the EB III period. Burials began in LH IIB and continued well into LH IIIC. including EB I and LH III.m end of the island. Nw-SE by 90 m. 120 m. 1 km.. . was found over an area c. 802-5 Dodecanese II 57. Dodecanese II 55. The backbone of the hill is a thin ridge c. The hill of Asklupi is c. mainly if not entirely of EB I date. 3 km. A large LH cemetery was excavated at Langadha (and Eleona nearby). with which it must surely be connected. long. d 'Arte 35 ( 1950) 324. Surface pottery. (maximum). but the earliest DA finds are LPG. to NE of. III 170. running Nlm-SSW. d 1 Arte 35 (1950) 316. III 171 Troulli is a low spur on the E edge of the plain at the l.KOS: * jL LANGADHA LH IIB-IIIC PG G Boll. III 173 and n. III 170 The site is a small plateau above and SW of the Asklepieion. the hill. and below. The quantity and quality of the LH IIIC vases is striking. ASA tene 43-4 ( 1965-6) 306. on the S edge of the coastal plain. to SW of the Seraglio site. c. to S of Kos town. The surface sherds include EB I and types that may be contemporary with LN and EB II (some are similar to Troy II types). 200 m. NE-SH by 50 m. 80 m.If). The flat upper surface measures c.

on the N slope of the mountain range. 1. PYLI: AYIA PARASKEVI AND LINOPOTIS PIYT EB? MB? LH III(A2-B) # LH IIIC? Dodecanese II 6o Near the chapel of Ayia Paraskevi c. 2 km. on theN side of the mountain range. 150 m. above and to NW of Zia. c. 300 m. The site is on the S edge of the coastal plain. SE of Amaniou (cf. is much eroded. 1. including EB I and LH III. N of Pyli. overlooking the coastal plain. and certainly include LH IIIA2 or LJ1 IIIB. to NE was a prehistoric site. containing three vases and some small flat and broad dagger blades. like that of Misonisi (above).5 km. A low hill c. but EB and lB sherds were found over the top surface. but on the N slope walls of "Cyclopean" style and a considerable spread of prehistoric sherds were found. which fall within the LH IIIA2-C range. No remains earlier than mediaeval were found within the Kastro 1 tself.*# MESARIA EB III Dodecanese II 58. III 171. The position is strategic. E of Zipari. Surface sherds found mainly on the S flank include probable EB I and coarse ware of MB or lB date. c. III 171 A pithos burial was found here.5 km. AMANIOU: EB I PALAIOPYLI MB? # LH III(A-B) Dodecanese II 59. The vases seem to be of the EB III period. and the pithos is similar is shape to those from Asklupi. NW-SE by 40 m. ASAtene 2 (1916) 1+6). 173 This mediaeval fortress lies c. Among the contents retrieved were four vases. ZIA: MISONISI EB # lB Dodecanese II 58 The steep spur named Misonisi. . The position is impressive. a ruined LH tomb was found.

WSW of the small hamlet of Eleona. near the S coast. II 62. II 62 About 1 km. 8o m. found within an area c. Much of the interior to the S consists of volcanic craters. Dodecanese I 171 Antimachia is given as the provenance of LH vases in the British Museum (BMCat A 978 and 979).MASTICHARI: I VOUNO EB I Dodecanese II fD On a small broad hillock c. Dodecanese I 171. but sometimes found on prehistoric sites. broad. 1 km. Fimmen 1921. concentrated on a hill terrace c. to right of the main road from Kardhamena to Pyli. attributed to the LH IIIB period. A LH settlement of moderate size is indicated. The N pottery found in the cave is said to lack "the usual characteristically early features" (PPS loo. and at the foot of the main mountain range of Kos. indicates a small settlement. 3 km. including EB I. ANTIMACHIA LH IIIB? MV 33. some surface pottery. PPS 22 (1956) 193. N-S by fD m. some LH III and later sherds were found. I ELEONA LH III(A-B) C Dodecanese I 171. 16. . lOO m.). Rock cuttings nearby appear to be the remains of chamber tombs. near the N coast. SSE of Mastichari. The islet of Yiali to N of Nisyros is the source of a variety of obsidian inferior to that of Melos. ASPRIPETRA N EB I? C H ASAtene 8-9 (1925-6). SSE of Kephalos near the SW tip of Kos. NISYROS Most of the cultivated land of this small island is on the N slopes. III 170 The Aspripetra cave is c. and some fragments more closely resemble EB r. ci t.

some coarse sherds of EB I type were found. in the S part of the interior. ARMENOCHORI: *I PATEILES LH III(A2-B) Dodecanese ITI 161. near the E coast towards the S of the island. the prehistoric sites found are all on or near the coast. C H AD 26 (1971) B 549. The finds are not fully published. some obsidian chips of the Yiali variety were found.) are presumably to be associated with this site. but C and H sherds have been found in the vicinity. With the exception of Armenochori. 251. ~10URA I EBI Dodecanese III 161 On terraces above the spring of Moura. A large number of vases and several bronzes are reported. C or H AD 26 (1971) B 551 The steep crag of Kastro is the tip of a high spur above the bay of . The IB habitation site here has not yet been discovered. 124 On the saddle of Patelles which forms the '~ side of the Armenochori plateau. and some striped sherds which may be LB.364 MANDRAKT : EB? KASTRO LB? A /1 C H Dodecanese I 169. but the vases illustrated cover a LH IIIA2-B range. AAA 6 (1973) 120. AD 20 (1965) B 6o2 On the acropolis of ancient Nisy1•os at Kastro on the S side of Mandraki._ 171 n. two intersecting LH chamber tombs have been t. ASTYPALAIA There is some productive land on the S coast of the island. especially around Livadhia bay. KASTRO TOU AYIOU IOANNOU EB I MB I LH III(A2-B) Dodecanese III 162. but the interior has suffered considerably from deforestation. IIJ. A Cycladic figurine reported to have come from Nisyros and three vases apparently EB (AD loo .

are the remains of a Cor H refuge tower. lOO m. VATHY: # ELLINIKO EB I(-II?) Cor H Dodecanese III 166. PANORMOS: AYIOS :NIKOLAOS EB I # H? Dodecanese III 161> On the upper slopes of a low hill on the W side of Panormos Bay. AGRELIDHI: EB I AYIOS NIKOLAOS # H? Dodecanese III 167 The chapel of Ayios Nikolaos is on a small low promontory on the W side of Agrelidhi Bay on the S side of the E half of Astypalaia. and this is also the apparent size of the prehistoric settlement. The area within the ruined mediaeval walls is c. towards the 3'01 of the E half of Astypalaia. 150 m. In one place remains of a prehistoric house wall were observed. at the NW tip of Astypalaia. AD 26 (1971) B 552 On the low promontory commanding the entrance to Vathy Bay. over an area c. Some EB I sherds and obsidian were found here. within the ruins of the fort.. So m. one MB. N-S by lOO m. and may denote a (very small) settlement. So m.. a disturbed small cist grave of a type resembling KS was observed. E-W by 70 m. N-S by 50 m. .Ayios Ioannis in the centre of the W coast of Astypalaia. E-W by 50 m. near the NE tip of the island. some sherds of EB I type were found over an area c. Near the small chapel at the top. KASTRO VAYI EB I # H? Dodecanese III 164. and concentrated on the upper W slopes. EB I sherds were scattered over an area c. EB I(-II?) sherds and obsidian were found on the low ground at the tip of the promontory around the tower. Several EB I. AD 26 (1971) B 552 The small mediaeval fort of Kastro occupies the S end of a low ridge on the N side of Vayi Bay. and C or H nearby. and two LH III sherds and some obsidian chips were found.

a thin scatter of EB I sherds was found over an area c. RINA : DASKALIO ETC. the LH IIIB-C vases in the Museum at Pothia. 90 m. From tombs in the sides of the torrent bed nearby to the E. but abundant LH IIIA-B sherds were found on the upper terraces. c. pl. and LH III. Most of the fertile land is concentrated in two narrow valleys.) has obscured the ancient settlement here. It is likely that most.366 AGRELIDHI: EB I KANGELO # H? Dodecanese III 167 On the saddle between Vayi and Agrelidhi Bays. POTHIA : PERAKAS'I'RO N LH IIIA2-C *# PG G A C H JHS 8 (1887) 446. Pottery from the digging of a well in the Vathy valley was described (JHS 57 (1947) 128) as "late Neolithic and early Bronze Age" (cf. III 174 The hill of Perakastro on theW side of Pothia (the main port of Kalymnos) dominates the harbour and the valley. 11Kamares" style sherds of MB date. about 30 LH IIIB-C vases were recovered. N EB I EB III *# MB Clara Rhodos l (1928) llO. EMCat A 1001-24. . especially on the E. 8o m. E-W by 50 m. at the mouth of the Vathy valley. 4oo m. 193. KALYMNOS This island consists mainly of mountain ranges. if not all. CVA British Museum 5 pl. G. are from the Perakastro vicinity. N and LH IIIB-C sherds were found. So far. indicating an area of LH settlement at least 120 m. In the Ayia Varvara cave. III Finds from the Daskalio cave above the small harbour at Rina. NE-SW by lOO m. 170 LH III(A-B) PPS 22 (1956) 188.8: 22-28. most of which are in the British Museum. Dodecanese I 172. that of Pothia in the S and the Vathy plain on the E. to NE of Perakastro. EB III (a "duck vase" similar to Phyl I types). NE-SW by 40 m. The mediaeval fort on the top (an area c.9. and A vases there. PPS 22 (1956) 193). Dodecanese I 172. included EB I. and probably also the PG. on the S side of the Pothia-Sykia road.

c. The site is only 8o m. over an area c. The sherds found are from jars and pithoi of EB I type. A few m III sherds and at least one MB were found. although later material predominates. . there are no certain indications of a BA habitation.. site in the Vathy valley. PARIHENI: TA POUl\1DARIA ETC. NW-SE by 70 m. N-S by 8o m. SKALA : MB KASTELLI m Only one ancient centre # III(A-B) (Sub)PG G or A C H Dodecanese II 1+8 The hill of Kastelli. was the ancient acropolis. to SW may represent a cemetery area connected with the settlement. AYIA MARINA : MB? KASTRO # m III(A. III 171 The easternmost of the three promontories (collectively named "Ta Poundaria") on the S shore of Partheni Bay in theN of the island was an EB settlement. i. Similar fragments of pithoi found on a hillock c. especially in the central areas near the two ports of Lakki and Ayia JVJarina. 120 m. 200 m. # EBI Dodecanese II 52. LEROS There is a considerable amount of good agricultural land on the island. fortified in the H period. has been found. ~-SSE by 40 m. PA'IMOS This small island is of moderate fertility. Several m III sherds were found on the upper ~g slopes. l km. The prehistoric settlement probably occupied about the same area as that enclosed by the fortifications.)B m IIIC? C H Dodecanese II 53 The high citadel of Kastro above Ayia Marina on the E coast was probably the main LH centre.e. but may have been partly eroded by the sea.however. on the NW edge of the harbour town of Skala in the centre of the island.

especially the main SE plain. to SE of the harbour of Lipsoi. AD 18 (1963) e-286. plain wares of MM III-LM I type. 74 (1959) l. AAA 1 (1968) 168 The Kastro. 1 km. loc. Samos I (1961). a low hill above the only natural harbour of the coastal plain. Eo-61 (1935-6) 165. 120 m. but include stone objects of EC type and apparently contemporary sherds. perhaps local. 495. TIGANI: KASTRO (PYTHAGOREION) N EB (I?) MB LB I(-II) * 11 lkl III(A-B) PG G A C H AM 54 (1929) 7. AA (1964) 226. This Minoan-style material suggests that Samos was also included in the area strongly influenced. the early finds were distinguished typologically not strategraphically. but the modern economy is also heavily dependent on fishing. the contents of a pit certainly included decorated of lM IA style. 19 (1964) B 4o3. Material ranging from "MM III to lM II" and LH IIIA-B is also reported (Huxley. l9C. V. but later pottery predominates. LIPSOI: KASTRO MB or LB? # A C H Dodecanese II 51 The Kastro is c. and agriculture is concentrated in the lowlands.LIPSOI The E half of Lipsoi is reasonably productive. OpArch 6 (1950) 200. from Crete. G. AD 22 (1967) B 463. if not settled. where all the known prehistoric sites are situated.cit. HERAION *11 EB II-III MB LB I-II? LH III(A-B. C?) PG G A C H Gnomon 3 (1927) 188. Traces of ancient circuit walls (H?) were observed. enclosing the small summit (c. NW-SE by 4o m. Some coarse ware sherds here appear to be MB or LB.). Milocjic. at this time. and also local wares with "Trojan" affinities (OpArch 6). L. Aohaeans & Hittites (l96o) 21. Archaeology 26 ( 1973) 1'70 .). PPS 22 (1956) 174. SAMOS --This island is still well forested. was first settled in LN. Huxley. AM 72 (1957) 35.

since their SMyc. the SMyc. (1954) 20. containing two burials. there being a final EB phase. There was certainly an important LH III settlement. and suffered destruction in the late EBA. a built chamber tomb beneath a tumulus.62 m. containing 2 skeletons. including cist-graves. in Sixth International Congress of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences II (1965) 224. is fertile and reasonably well watered.f end of the plain. * MYLOI LH IIIA AD 16 (l96o) B 249. No LH IIIC has been reported and very little PG. The site was fortified. LMTS 158. A rapid search of the neighbourhood revealed no trace of other tombs. reported (AD 18). may refer to the votive animal figurines (cf. Boardman.The Heraion site. stirrup-jars. The prehistoric sites lie mainly near the coast. BCH 85 (1961) 839 At a site NW of the Heraion. but these are not a good guide to dating. (1955) 35. but requires further support. belongs to this phase (it is usually attributed to LH IIIA). but continuity from EH to SMyc. and a fortified town of MB date. M. The suggestion in Samos VIII 40 that some Cypriot bronzes of late LB type were imported at that time is interesting. There was an extensive EB settlement. S. J. CHI OS The N part of Chios is rugged and mountainous. EMPORIO *# N EB I-II EB III? MB U! IIIA? LH IIIB-C G A C H AR (1951-2) 39. This material is still largely unpublished. (1953) 45. and it cannot be considered certain that there was continuity of occupation. whose earliest remains are datable to the Troy II period. W of Tigani and now barely lOO m. which cites also some stray MB and possibly LB I pottery from the area of excavation. R. generally) found in the sanctuary. and it is here that most of the modern population is concentrated. F. but the SE. apparently lay at the mouth of the ancient Imbrasos river. and V. This material is fully published in Samos I. and other goods. destroyed in later MB. Hood. Desborough. The Greek Dark Ages (1972) 282 ff.) was found. a small circular chamber tomb (d. let alone of cult. from the shore. from Chios town southwards. LH IIIA pottery and gold ornaments. its material culture is closely linked with that of 'Iroy. in the coastal plain some 7 km. after that. at the 1. provided with a fortification-wall. Excavations in Chios 1952-1955: Greek Bmporio (1967) . style of decoration seems traditional. AA ( 1964) 226 for fragments from a LH level. 1. is claimed elsewhere.

Substantial reoccupation seems to begin in LH IIIB. The EB settlement was fortified. represented by sherds from the site and vases from a cist-grave on a hill opposite the acropolis. FRANKOMACl-lALA ( CHIOS TOWN) LH III(A-B) A C H Boardman. The first occupation. but the latter may fall in EB III in Aegean terms. the prehistoric acropolis flanks the harbour-mouth on the S.cit. for it i. but the earliest levels have not yet been investigated. which may cover much of the IJ-l IIIC phase but does not include any really late-seeming types (though this could be due to isolation). 3 A kylix-foot from this site is reported to be in Chios Museum. a major destruction. in LN. Desborough. R. after the abandonment of the settlement c. centres on the acropolis of Profitis Ilias to N of the harbour and further inland. 3 Fragments of a kylix and "skyphos" (deep bowl?) and a dagger-pommel of Mycenaean date from this site in SW Chios are reported to be in Chios !l!useum. WO B. and only one or two sherds may be earlier than LH IIIB. 27. perhaps going back to late ninth century. and this continued in use. Bronze pins and a knife are reported from these levels. n. another which ends the EB sequence to Tray II. n. V. Protogeometric Pottery (1951) 15.level is related to Tray I. Boardman. but not over the Bronze Age town. on the E coast of the island. But the three building-levels identified appear to be LH IIIC. EB and later settlement included both the acropolis and a considerable area around its foot. Occupation thereafter may have been sporadic for a long time: the MB material sounds late (bichrome decoration and spiral patterns are reported on the Matt-Painted). the next datable material is A. in the eighth. the pottery has a very limited range. the next occupation of the area. Irini on Kea in EB III levels. op. 250.ncludes wheelmade plates of the type found at Lefkandi (F 81) and Ay. where a large well had been established by the beginning of the BA. . op. The EB phases show a close relationship with Tray I-II. In the harbour area. Pottery of PG appearance.370 Emporia lies on the first good harbour S of Chios town. 250. and may therefore have been of considerable importance.C. was at the foot of the acropolis. KATO PHANA (PflANAI) LH III(A-B) (Sub)PG G A C H BSA 35 (1934-5) 157. and LG has been found on the site. there was a sane tuary first used in the eighth century. The site was destroyed by fire. a sanctuary. but perhaps SubPG.cit. as did the temple on the acropolis.

on the shore of Archontiki bay. PSARA --The main modern settlement. where G to H sherds have been found on the promontory hill of Mavri Rachi (AD 17 (1961-2) B 266). to N of Psara village.) was in 196o sparsely covered in ancient sherds. 3 km. is the village of Psara. were also found. J. especially ~n the S terraces. ARCHONTIKI * Ul III(A. and a grey ware jar (local) and a bronze spearhead were retrieved from one of the graves. A large number of LH III (A-)B sherds were collected on the surface here. Several LH III sherds.)B AD 17 (1961-2) B 266. 150 m. a short distance to SE of the islet of Dhaskalio. along the beach. was found on theW coast c. . SW of Volissos.371 VOLISSOS: LEFKATHIA LH III(A.)B # A C BSA 41 (1940-45) 38. built with large slabs. BCH 86 (1962) 878 A cemetery of LH cist graves. on the S side of Limnos harbour and c. The graves were exposed in a row for an extent of c. on the isthmus at the SW end. including parts of LH IIIB deep bowls. The supper surface of the hill (c. The Greeks Overseas (1964) 52 The site is a low hill on a promontory on the W coast near the N end of Chios. E~~-WSW by 125 m. lOO m. on this bare and rugged island to NW of Chios. mainly A and c. Boardman. 2 km.

since metallurgy is well in evidence before the end of conventional Neolithic in north Greece and there are some slight indications of continuity between the final Neolithic and first EB phases. spreading goods and influences from Troy to Leukas: sophisticated architecture. and Leukas. and centres comparable to those already established in the north Aegean. Aigina. while related wares have been found at many sites in eastern 1'hessalys Many of these sites are new foundations or are reoccupied after long abandonment. and Boeotia. The heart of this "culture" seems to have been in the southern Cyclades. are widely found. for sites of the final Neolithic phase are relatively rare. although sites like Pefkakia continued to be important. 'rhe poorly known EH I phase of the mainland. perhaps the source of much of their prosperity. and its origins may be connected with the importance of Melian obsidian as a raw material at this time. Euboea. who brought with them the knowledge of metallurgy. and stone objects (not common outside the Cyclades). metalwork. an intervening phase may be still to seek. especially red-slipped ware. largely superseded GP in the Cyclades. practised metallurgy. and cannot easily be derived from GP. and the regular plan of Lithares ( G 30) may date from this time. In contrast. The characteristic types of the extremely homogeneous EH III phase can be traced over the whole mainland south of Thessaly and on neighbouring islands. Kea. Ithaka.372 SUJVIl'flARY -·-THE EARLY BRONZE AGE The beginning of the BA in both mainland and Cyclades is difficult to relate to preceding developments. The middle of the EBA saw remarkable developments. characterised by new forms of pottery. Kythera. which nevertheless developed an impressive stone-working tradition. Thermi on Lesbos. and features such as the use of seals became widespread. The fortifications of Pefkakia (H2) and perhaps Perachora-Vouliagmeni (A 90) indicate that they could be substantial. especially Melos. The traditional view that the Aegean was 11 invaded" by peoples from Anatolia. the roughly equivalent period in the Cyclades is marked by the relatively well-known and thriving GP phase. perhaps impermanent communities. which has several points of relationship with EH II. although it is difficult to trace in some islands. and Poliochni on Lemnos. is no longer acceptable. while the KS phase. pottery. is found mainly at sites in the northeast Peloponnese. where the Tsepi cemetery (F 50) contains characteristic goods. but in general the period seems to have been one of steady but unremarkable progress towards the achievements of EH III. An expansion of settlement can be traced in . but otherwise little can be said of them. which was probably established before the end of Neolithic. An "international spirit" seems to have pervaded the Aegean at this period. The southern mainland seems to have decisively displaced Thessaly as the leader in development by this time. especially in southern Greece. but its influence can be traced as far as Marathon. and a redistribution and perhaps expansion of the population may be deduced. and may have been in trading contact with many parts of the Aegean. A wide spread of small cemeteries (there can be a dozen or more on a large island) suggests a pattern of small. Troy. Attica.

and Phylakopi has a quite distinctive assemblage. new implements. But there was no longer any cultural uniformity: Kea may be grouped with Euboea and probably others of the northern Cyclades as a zone where "Anatolian" influences were strong. provided with large buildings that may have fulfilled some of the functions of later palaces and/ or with fortifications. while sites like Tiryns (A 7). On the mainland widespread destruction and abandonment of sites marks the end of EH II. which seems to draw on both GP and KS traditions and is also represented at Paroikia. and (ultimately) new . which resulted in the establishment of a single major settlement on many islands. The final important additions to the farming economy of the Aegean. To judge from their grave-goods. Askitario (F 46) in Attica and Manika (F 75) in south Euboea. the fortified hill-top of Kastri and associated cemeteries of Chalandriani probably represent one of great importance on Syros. which seems to have been a planned settlement. The last phase of the EBA saw the break-up of this prosperous world. as it has frequently done in the Aegean in the absence of a strong controlling power. although none of these sites was fortified at this stage. particularly in the h~ Peloponnese. These include Lerna (A 13) in the north-east Peloponnese. The prosperity of some centres may have earned the hostility of those less fortunate. the Cycladic communities were as prosperous as those of the mainland (where few graves have been excavated). the best example is Phylakopi on Melos. this may partly represent synoikismos for security. In the Cyclades there was a form of synoikismos. new house-plans. since many of the abandoned sites are small. and must have contributed to the increasing prosperity. and the rich R tumuli of Leukas (E 10) show how remote such wealthy centres could be. and some areas have produced virtually no evidence. Phylakopi seems to have exercised considerable influence in the Cyclades in the JVlBA. and Akovitika (D 151) in Messenia. of which the fortifications are another sign. The relative chronology of events is by no means clear. where the evidence suggests that the population was still rather dispersed. Panormos on Naxos. But the frequent choice of hill-top sites (Kastri. But there is a radical break in many ways. Kynthos on Delos) might indicate a growing preoccupation with security. KS types survived on some islands. probably Kolonna (A 45) on Aigina. and Lithares can have been hardly less important. while in the south Peloponnese sites can be identified in some quantity for the first time. Irini on Kea is comparable (and may already have held this position in the preceding phase). social changes may have played a part also. but it is possible to isolate some features. both fine and coarse. Zygouries (A 67). Comparable sites are difficult to identify in the Cyclades. but Ay. but the amount of known material is so small that detailed conclusions cannot be drawn. and there are large cemeteries elsewhere. Security may have been one motive. also probably Paroikia on Paras. were made no later than this time. New varieties of pottery. and the richest graves contain a wide variety of metal and stone objects. the cultivation of the vine and olive and the domesticated donkey. and piracy may have become endemic. which is most clearly seen in the emergence of a number of sites that may have been centres of embryo states.373 several provinces. Mt.

and the Ionian Islands. no more than villages. These were centres of trade and sophisticated craftsmanship. i. other factors. the presence of Cretan craftsmen and perhaps in some cases (e. Late in the MEA recognisably Cretan influences increase. but the change is still clear. The easiest explanation for the radical change in material assemblage remains. Akrotiri on Thera) a Cretan element in the population may be deduced. and brings this area out of its previous almost total obscurity. or pithoi within the confines of the settlement.374 burial-customs are introduced in the NE Peloponnese. in touch with Crete (from which the settlers of Kastri in Kythera appear to have come in EM II). house-plans. The MH phase is represented in the mainland and adjacent islands by much more excavated material than any of its predecessors. the "coming of the Greeks 11 . But this cannot wholly explain the abrupt disappearance of EH II skills and desertion of many sites. of the element whose language was to dominate in the formation of Greek. Euboea. where there may have been a more substantial degree of continuity and less disruption. is clearly marked. This may be seen as part of a general Cretan expansion which extended to the Dodecanese and the adjacent Anatolian coast at this time. in terms of organisation and sophistication. Some of the new features can be paralleled in Thessaly and Macedonia. may have played a considerable part. The disappearance of fine architecture. but there was no development corresponding to the foundation of Phylakopi. most frequently single burial in cists. which can be traced in provinces where there is so far no trace of the new EH III features. the largest settlements of the mainland seem. This "relapse" into conditions resembling those before the advances of the middle EBA is one of the most fundamental stages in the development of mainland society.g. to judge from the evidence of Lerna. The former maintained major settlements that may fairly be called towns. the last. with which Aigina and Kythera may be grouped. Several were fortified. most of these can be matched in central Greece. Its most characteristic features are its pottery.e. and the mainland. but not looking beyond the Aegean. the first two of which can be derived from those current in EH Ill. apparently involvint substantial settlement. and it is possible to imagine a progressive movement southwards. and burialpractices. may ultimately derive from earlier . and the general decline in the arts. such as Laconia. if on a less spectacular scale than Crete. suggesting that the Aegean may have been somewhat disturbed. the only significant innovation is the potter's wheel. '·· THE MIDDLE BRONZE AGE In the MEA the difference between the Cyclades. despite their probably small size. may be considered significant. which advanced in the MEA. clearly marking it off from the Cyclades. Relations with the Aegean were maintained. in our view. probably introduced via the 11 Anatolian" element in the Cyclades and Euboea. which for the first time comes in balanced quantities from settlements and tombs. of sophisticated features like the use of seals. epidemics or prolonged crop-failure. pits.

There are definite signs of an improvement in late MH times. This can be seen most clearly at Mycenae. cf. when many new settlements can be identified. and Boeotia. these contacts seem to have had little effect on mainland development. The evidence for general poverty and backwardness is strong. and the relatively few claimed fortifications are mostly extremely dubious. but there . and mainland traders. and Cretan and Cycladic influences on the finer pottery became strong. probably the result of increased population. Attica. to judge from the distribution of the Grey Minyan ring-stemmed goblet. Apart from the greater variety and higher quality of the pottery in the central provinces.375 practice in some areas. on the evidence. indeed. for cist-burial was common in the Cyclades throughout the EBA and occurs on the mainland. many skeletons showed evidence of insufficient nutrition in childhood. giving rise to the first real attempts to found native artistic traditions. The reasons for this backwardness are not entirely clear. these developments provide the immediate background for the origins of Mycenaean civilisation. THE EARLY MYCENAEAN AGE The emergence of Mycenaean civilisation on the mainland is proving to have been a more lengthy and complex process than was once thought. which show the gradual accumulation of wealth and increase in sophistication. and cist-burial are universal. Development is. The cemeteries give evidence of some degree of personal wealth. represented by objects of metal and imported trinkets. shortage of resources. where a small ruling class disposed of wealth on a hitherto unprecedented scale. from which the bulk of excavated material comes. and it may be considered significant that at Lerna. whereas features like the coarse domestic pottery. The most essential development was the establishment of centres of power. went as far as Molyvop7rgo in Chalcidice and Troy (where this shape is most plausibly considered an imitation of MH imports. particularly in ~1essenia. Even indications of social stratification are not very common. Population seems to have been expanding during this period. but this was probably a slow process. But there is no reason to suppose particularly disturbed conditions. but may be small population. megaron house-plan. AS 17 (1967) 62). Stephanos. and especially lack of any form of intercommunal organisation. the north-east Peloponnese. and although Aegean traders visited sites on the E coast from Pefkakia to Ay. a relatively important site in fertile territory. hardly perceptible except in the finer wares for the greater part of the period. At all events. the oft-quoted preference for settlement on acropolises and hills did not preclude its expansion to unprotected ground beneath these or the growth of satellite settlements. in the Shaft Graves. there is little to choose between them and the rest of the mainland in standard of living. This increased interest in the mainland may be linked to the Cretan expansion previously noted and indicate greater mainland prosperity. There is certainly not enough evidence to justify suggestions of a further influx of population: the developments in fine pottery often referred to have a restricted distribution.

and displayed "Mycenaean" tendencies. but may have some connection with the European contacts indicated by the appearance of amber at Mycenae and in Messenia and of LH I pottery in the Aeolian Islands. Analipsis (C 58). The adoption of various forms of family-tomb. shown in the adoption of shapes like the conical cup. thouf')l poor in goods. as the Shaft Graves most clearly show. have provided relevant evidence. LH IIA. rather than attributed to invasions of an alien aristocracy. tripod cooking pot. and some were built of stone on plans similar to those of chamber tombs. derived essentially from LM IA. There is no evidence for any substantial expansion of settlement. including such sites as Thorikos (F 25). some were rock-out chamber tombs of varying plan.g. Synoro. it quickly superseded the great variety of late MH fine wares. these also came under Cretan influence. especially in the popularity of the goblet and the general improvement in quality. The new wealth is largely displayed in grave-goods. to judge from the prominence of weapons among their grave-goods. Found in greatest quantity in the Peloponnese but extending to Euboea and coastal Thessaly. has little significance in these developments. A 22). but the swift spread of this style. The beginning of LH I. the elaborate tumuli of Marathon (F 1+9). Precisely how the new rulers arose is not clear. at first likely to be confined to the more prosperous.376 is evidence for comparable developments in Messenia. the new style was the first to be so widespread and homogeneous since the end of EH II. and probably MH tumuli. conventionally marked by the adoption of Mycenaean pottery. tholoi may be classed in this last group and seem on present evidence to have been first developed in Messenia. which were particularly popular in this province. and. beginning before the end of MH. is an indication of the strength of the new influences and of the changing nature of mainland society. gives further evidence of such influence. and the Laconian principality indicated by the Vaphio tomb (C 4). many are of a standard far beyond anything found on the mainland in the previous period. and many acquire a new prominence. Kakovatos (B 94). which show such heavy Aegean influence that they are likely to have been made in large part by immigrant craftsmen. although successful warfare is likely to have played a part. In the succeeding phase. which the absence of any well-defined element foreign to the Aegean in the grave-goods and burial-customs of the early rulers effectively precludes. and are almost certainly bound up with the close Cretan interests in the mainland shown by the new influences. and lamp. the spread of the tholos allows the pattern of emerging principalities to be seen more clearly. combining features of chamber tombs. These developments were under way before the end of MH. while the local domestic wares survived alongside it. and further discoveries will probably show the phenomenon to have been widespread. Some continued the MH cist in more elaborate form. the sources of their remarkable wealth are also in doubt. They are best interpreted as purely local phenomena. the Cretan circular tombs. Nor is there much . while the distribution of chamber tombs and fine pottery shows that Mycenaean fashions had effectively covered the mainland as far as coastal Thessaly. although some sites may have been newly occupied or reoccupied after long abandonment (e.

Phylakopi and Trianda substantially re-established. Irini. most probably in cooperation with Cretan traders. and perhaps also in the little understood realm of ideas and beliefs. The elaboration of fortifications at Phylakopi. Phylakopi. Kastri was subsequently abandoned. The mainland centres were becoming at once more sophisticated and "Cretan" in their art and taste. and. and the extent to which they could retain independent traditions in art. The rarity of cemetery-evidence has meant that they have not always been fully appreciated. . which by the time of the destruction of the palace. massively widened by Aegean influences. reached their zenith in this period. it certainly seems that a ruling group of mainland origin was established at Knossos in lM II. most clearly indicated by the chamber tomb cemeteries of mainland type in the Dodecanese. or dynastic takeover. and the recently founded Trianda on Rhodes. Irini. the separate traditions of the islands came to an end. though there are difficulties in this view. but any trouble clearly did not noticeable affect their prosperity. THE LATEH MYCENAEAN AGE There is no sign that the destruction-horizon in Crete and the Aegean dated by IM IB pottery affected the mainland. but the Akrotiri discoveries in particular have shown how wealthy and advanced they could be. whether natural or man-made. and within a short time (probably less than two generations) disaster. and links between Crete and the mainland were probably strengthened. controllee much of Crete. and the great age of the mainland states. Whatever the actual date of the eruption of Thera. but Mycenaean influences of the mainland began to dominate in the islands from this time. Whatever the cause of the disasters. But the horizons of mainland society. although some in Messenia were fortified and there are traces of large buildings ancestral to the later palaces. for thereafter Crete ceased to have any extensive influence in the Aegean. Ay. Ay. at all events. was to strike at all of them. suggested by the Phylakopi palace.377 detectable change in the nature of the settlements. it has been argued that it is attributable to attack from the mainland. sometimes called the "palace" or "empire" period. Irini reoccupied on a much reduced scale. at much the same time as the destruction of many Cretan palaces and villas. they were followed by the decline of the older civilisations and the rise of the mainland to a position of cultural and presumably political domination. were further extended by the penetration of some traders to the Near East. Indeed. The towns of the islands. when they came under the strongest Cretan influence. It was not to last long. including Akrotiri. Ay. This may well have been accompanied by settlement. and Kolonna on Aigina hardly suggests a pax Minoica enforced by Cretan sea-power. however. also attributed to the effects of the Thera eruption. there can be no doubt that settlements on the island were abandoned before LM IB and LH IIA pottery began to be imported in the Cyclades. best put at the beginning of LM IIIA2. The destruction of Knossos eliminated the last major rival. Kastri. followed.

. though prosperous. Pylos (D l). The contents of the large chamber tomb cemeteries found in many parts of the t1ycenaean world indicate the prosperity of the ordinary population. if technically excellent: undoubtedly there was much mass-production. or as a result of its fall. have produced no convincing candidate so far (the Menelaion site was abandoned for most of the later LBA). The number of settlements recorded is the highest ever reached in the prehistoric period. but the overseas areas of the Mycenaean world do not seem to have been very important. for evidence of Mycenaean cultural or political influence in the Near East is not great (identification of Mycenae with the kingdom of Ahhiyava must remain in doubt while the dateof many relevant documents is disputed. there are certainly strong similarities between the systems of organisation deducible from the archives of Knossos and Pylos. the probable . Other areas that might have supported a substantial principality. while Athens (F l) was clearly a substantial centre. but this would have been confined within the Mycenaean world. and road-systems. Tiryns. fortifications. although the archaeological evidence is not especially impressive. at Mycenae. There is evidence for innovation at this period. ancient Iolkos (H l).378 Prototype palaces of LH IIB-IIIAl date have been uncovered at the Menelaion (C 4) and Nichoria (D lOO) and presumably preceded the surviving buildings at the greater centres. Here the Homeric description of Agamemnon as lord of "all Argas and many islands" might be combined with Argive dominance in the pottery-trade with the Near East to suggest a picture of considerable overseas influence wielded by Mycenae. 'I'hebes ( G 23). The great works of construction and engineering of this period. Another may be presumed to exist at Volos. and in this respect the mainland palaces were the ultimate heirs of the traditions established in Crete. dykes. together with the last and greatest tholos tombs. dams. The elements of palace organisation. such as central Laconia. to which Tiryns was surely subsidiary. display the wealth of the rulers in more substantial if sometimes less artistic fashion than the treasures of the early tombs. During the period of the great palaces the Mycenaean world was at the height of its prosperity. also the phase of the earliest "Cyclopean" fortifications. being especially large within the presumed territories of the major palaces. particularly within the immediate territory of Mycenae. including the use of writing. Greatest of the palace-centres was undoubtedly 1/lycenae itself. The products of this period are generally considered artistically stereotyped and even degenerate. there is a small palace at Phylakopi. but the oldest elements in the latter date no earlier than LH IIIA2. Overseas trade and connections were at their most extensive. and Orchomenos (G l) may on various grounds be considered of scarcely less importance. may have been transmitted to the mainland in the period of the last palace at Knossos. but it must be remembered that the looting of palaces and tombs has removed most of the best work. palaces. and may have been under the heavy influence if not control of the mainland centres.and apparently Gla (G 9). and seems unlikely on other grounds).

Mycenae may have been a source of artistic influence in the way that Knossos seems to have been earlier.t is possible to detect in the pottery of other provinces local conservatism and a sometimes inept following of Mycenae's lead. even a static world. Tiryns. apparently in LH IIIA2. By the end of LH IIIB almost all the great mainland centres had been destroyed by fire. The destructions seem to concentrate at sites where there were palaces or comparable large buildings. Orchomenos and Iolkos. and Athens fits well. but the later evidence. The precautions taken were in vain. is best understood in the context of inter-state warfare. certain centres.379 source of npictorial kratersll. although evidence bearing on this has hardly been found at Athens and is unpublished at Iolkos. . and frescoes. Pylos and. could be interpreted either way. The source of the threat is not clear: did it come from outside the Mycenaean world. to judge from new discoveries at Mycenae. which saw a down-turn in trade with the Near East. several being deserted thereafter. but their survival had no obvious effect on ensuing developments. but this cannot yet be demonstrated in other arts. For the destruction of the palaces meant the irreparable destruction of the complicated mechanism by which their territories were governed and supplied. The impression given by the remains is of a stable. during the later part of LH IIIB should surely be understood as a measure undertaken against a tbreat of attack. and probably inlaid metal were made here. but their extension and the erection of others. though strongly derivative from Cretan traditions. and there is no hint that at Athens or Iolkos it could be maintained after the fall of the greater centres. many others were apparently deserted now if not before. vases of stone. Moreover. did not provide themselves with fortifications at any time. Uncertainty over the date of destruction of Pylas and the later palace at Thebes relative to the Argolid sites obscures the pattern of events further. match those of Crete in excellence. It can at least be stated that the later part of LH IIIB was a troubled time for the Mycenaean world. with consequent impoverishment and insecurity. The original erection of fortifications at Mycenae and Tlryns may have been more a statement of power than an indication of a need for defence. and the Theban workshops certainly suggest craftsmen of comparable calibre to Mycenae' s. i. a context in which the securing of a water-supply within the walls at Mycenae. but there is evidence that it was not entirely tranquil. can include new themes and. although in most cases this is deduced from surface-finds. faience. or fortifications. although the fortifications are widely found. including indications of an apparent attack on Mycenae. while fine ivory work seems to have been produced at all the palaces. or was something like a prehistoric "arms race" involved? The destruction of the "House of Kadmos" at Thebes. on present evidence. including the probably incomplete Isthmus Wall. Athens and Iolkos may have escaped destruction.

until even major sites were abandoned in despair (e. sanctuaries).g. but much later. pottery was current. It need not be doubted that there was a considerable decline in the number of sites and the total population from the peak in the palace period. It is inconceivable that such figures can represent anything close to reality. the bulk of the extant material comes from tombs. although the movement of population across the Aegean may not have ceased. F 81).o have continued into the DA. the south Peloponnese). a decline which probably gathered momentum during LH IIIC and may not have been reversed until the later tenth century. surviving areas of prosperity may have been the targets for repeated raiding.g. it seems fair to assume that by the end of the eleventh century stability had returned to a much poorer and more sparsely populated world. given the present state of our knowledge. Lefkandi. But such extreme conditions cannot have persisted. This said. and it must be admitted that this is badly deficient. and the survival of apparently BA place-names presupposes the survival of people using them in the neighbourhood. it may nevertheless be possible to isolate certain trends. took a heavy toll. Even at the time of the colonisation-movements and wars of the later eighth century there must have been a considerably greater population than could be deduced from the purely archaeological evidence. but it is difficult not to believe that there was a decline in standards of craftsmanship and art and . but it seems very likely that the LH IIIB disasters and ensuing disturbances. Concurrent with this decline in population was a decline in available wealth. and there is extraordinarily little evidence. The picture may be exaggerated by the concentration of population at fewer sites for security and by emigration. The lack of a homogeneous potterysequence makes correlation of the material from different areas a matter for conjecture. it is still not possible to identify more than about two hundred sites occupied or otherwise in use (e.). and in the trade that brought raw materials to the Aegean. on the basis of the traditions.380 THE END OF THE BRONZE AGE Mm THE DARK AGE Any summary of LH IIIC and the DA is bound to be inadequate. in the eighth century. as represented by objects of fine craftsmanship. As the further destruction of a number of sites during LH IIIC suggests. may plausibly be considered characteristic of this era. fewer still t. the nadir is reached in the period when SMyc. g. probably compounded by disease and famine. and the expansion of major political centres like Argas and Sparta had hardly begun. Few sites can be proved to have survived the LH IIIB disasters.ii ff. The rootlessness and insecurity assumed by Thucydides to be typical of the whole pre-colonisation period (I. of which examples have been found at barely two dozen sites in the area covered by this Gazetteer (including south-west Anatolia). this has to be inferred from the relatively scanty evidence of grave-goods. The admittedly vague and chronologically imprecise traditions concerning the "Dorian Invasion" and "Ionian Migration" suggest populations of some size in areas where hardly a single site can be identified (e.

and there is considerable local diversity (e. Salamis (F 10). and Grotta on Naxos. and it is largely in terms of the material from these. Euboea. that developments during this time and for long afterwards have to be discussed.. It is in fact possible to argue that the new features spread mainly from the Near East to the Aegean and were adopted piecemeal by old and new communities. a most important feature was the semiisolation of communities in different parts of the Aegean. Palaiokastro (B 32) within the central provinces of the mainland. although hand-made pottery began to appear in some quantity in the north-east Peloponnese and occasionally elsewhere. and Naxos. and Dodecanese.that contact with the Near East was at best intermittent for a long time. and Eleans. perhaps Argos and Asine (A 8. but further destructions and probably the deteriorating situation in the Near East put an end to this. sometimes at the same sites as have produced singleburial cemeteries (e. As already noted. especially Athens. Cyprus. For a while many of the surviving communities of this enlarged Mycenaean world maintained a certain prosperity.C. But as the phase continued new features began to appear in increasing numbers. The traditional newcomers thus cannot be identified archaeologically and if they came from within the Mycenaean world or from its borders there . 20). pottery was current. Athens. a "colony" has also been identified on Chios at Emporia. and the custom of single burial is hardly found in Crete. Dorians. Perati (F 34). none of these features is so marked in Crete. and the use of iron being the most obvious. as in the Argolid and central Greece. Argos. Lefkandi. and preserved more of its BA heritage than other parts of the Aegean. Finally. Lefkandi. Boeotians. cremation. Grotta). metalwork. a feature whose significance is still disputed. the number of identifiable sites shrinks to a minute figure at the time when SMyc. and the preference for single burials in pits or cists becomes marked. perhaps dependent more on the activity of Cypriots and Phoenicians than on traders from the Aegean. Thessalians. to judge from the situation when Greece re-emerges into history. and ultimately political and religious organisation.g. which led to divergent traditions in pottery. cremation is the rule at Lefkandi). taking over from the native population. the Cyclades. maintained closer contact with the Near East. which the Dorians dominated in later times. and Cilicia. Tiryns. Early LH IIIC had remained typically Mycenaean in its essential features. which throughout the DA was more prosperous. Argos.g. Moreover. Interestingly. burial-customs. but moved away to increase the population in north-west Greece. The period following the LH IIIB destructions is marked by notable shifts in the distribution of population and the importance of different provinces. roughly 1125-1050 B.g. But it does not seem possible to associate these with one another as components of an archaeological "culture" that might represent the traditional newcomers. the new features appear equally early in areas traditionally immune from the newcomers. for the new features can be found in chamber tombs. and arrived in force in Crete. the wearing of long pins and fibulae. There is reason to believe that the survivors not only concentrated at certain sites (e. Attica.

It is easier to trace the course of events at Athens and Lefkandi. including the continued circulation of BA types that may well have been plundered from tombs. Argos. but in other respects Lefkandi. The tenth century probably saw more settled conditions. Sparta. often consisting of scattered groups of houses rather than a nucleated village. establishing their centres of power at places inconspicuous previously.. Hardly any of this can be traced archaeologically. particularly in the LG phase (c. the first is the only one to have produced much material of the relevant period. and probably more centres were on the same level. and arohitecturally undistinguished. although they may have appeared fn some areas before. Thessaly. Archaeologically this is detectable in the greatly increased number of sites. and there are plausible indications of a shortage of raw materials. adopting iron quickly for technically undemanding types while continuing with bronze for the more difficult for a while longer. Communities were small.C. together with other evidence for renewed contact with the Near East. Few luxuries were available. and the world of Classical Greece began to take shape. Corinth. They followed a similar course in the development of metalwork. they became the centres of powerful states. and only in the later tenth century do small quantities of gold and ivory reappear at these sites. This improvement was only a prelude to the expansion of the ninth and' eighth centuries. the traditional megaron is the commonest type to occur. The later twelfth and eleventh centuries seem the most likely time for their appearance. 1050 B. 750-700 B. and it is lack of information rather than the conditions of life which makes this age still "dark" to us.). Their impact was great. The earliest substantial buildings at sanctuaries were established during these centuries. the range of types produced was very limited. for most established themselves as dominant groups. but it did not penetrate the south Peloponnese and western Greece. and Ionia. some of the most advanced being already fortified. .382 is no reason why they should be. and survives to the eighth century. Euboea and the Aegean in development. the city-states began to develop. with simpler oval and rectilinear structures. although the information comes from relatively few graves. and its PG style was to have great influence. and although these seem to have lagged behind the communities of Attica.C. Argas. to judge both from tradition and the earliest available historical information. often under Oriental influence. a great deal of which is still unpublished. In the process they altered the political map of the Peloponnese considerably. and Sikyon. during which many of the arts were reborn in Greece. and the quantity of trade to both E and W began to increase rapidly. Of the most important new centres. Athens took the lead in pottery development from c. which allowed the influence of the Attic PG style to spread as far as central Crete. reducing the previous population to tributary status or serfdom.

H.. e. It has already been noted that the distribution of the Grey Minyan ring-stemmed goblet provides some evidence for the activity of mainland traders in the Aegean during the MBA. These finds shed more light on the directions of Mycenaean trade than on its nature. Dodecanese. distributed about the Mediterranean.383 MYCENAEAN TRADE The Mycenaean states were probably self-sufficient to a great degree. The evidence for such trade consists largely of finds of Mycenaean pottery. From lli IIB onwards Myoenaean influence becomes overwhelming in the Cyclades. and did not often penetrate far inland. Its motive might well have been metal. Sites where it is found could be merely staging-posts on the way to a more important destination. on the s . but only in small quantities. The motives for interest in these areas are not clear.g. in others it need have no more significance than the Egyptian scarabs and Near Eastern cylinder-seals that reached the Aegean. A great deal thus remains to be elucidated. and south-west Anatolia. Distinctive lli I sherds have been found in the Cyclades. however. LH pottery also begins to appear in central and western Macedonia at this time (a single sherd from Kalamarla on the outskirts of Saloniki (D. but there is little material from elsewhere in north-west Anatolia or the large islands of the North Aegean. have travelled overland from theW coast. the often suggested Mycenaean interest in the Black Sea remains unproved. and like them be the casual by-product of trade rather than its principal medium. at JV!iletus. and this summary must by-pass many problems. like a sherd at Beycesultan (AS 20 (1970) 64). or could have acquired it in local exchanges with neighbours. although discovery of LH III sherds at a site in north central Turkey (fJ. Although in some cases the pottery occurs in sufficient quantity to be considered an article of trade in its own right. in which Anatolia is rich. Contact was maintained with Troy throughout the LBA (the absence of definite lli I is probably not sifnificant) until well into lli IIIC. and LH IIA vases are widespread. Index of Prehistoric Sites in Central Macedonia (1967) 59)may be early U!). 79 (1975) 208) makes it a little more plausible. almost certainly involving extensive settlement. even occasionally imported into Crete. and none that is certainly earlier than U! IIIA2. but their supplies of the essential metals copper and tin and of luxuries like gold. datable to U1 IA or even earlier. ivory. in Cyprus. .JA 78 (l97 1r) 109-10. and at Trianda. There had been Aegean interest in Anatolia at least from the time of the earliest Cretan material at Miletus. while drinking vessels and specialities like the "pictorial kraters 11 were also common. LH III pottery occurs at sites along the Anatolian coast as far N as Clazomenae and Smyrna. and semi-precious stones must have been almost entirely acquired by trade. These could. but the W parts of Anatolia are poorly known archaeologically and the true extent of trading activity cannot be estimated. Mainland trading activity wasmore intensive in the south Aegean. French. a high proportion of this is made up of closed vessels that would have contained some substance.

on which the wealth of the early principalities may have been partly founded (0. and there are indications of the exchange of metallurgical techniques with central Europe. and do no more than indicate mainland traders' presence. Nevertheless.From LH IIA onwards a certain amount of Myoenaean pottery began to appear in Cyprus. while occasional pieces travelled as far as Malta and Etruria. and is exclusively Mycenaean. It has been argued elsewhere that these are the tangible remains of a trade in much more important materials. when the area of Mycenaean settlement expanded to include parts of Cyprus and Cilicia. copper and/ or tin. there remains the evidence of the pottery. and similar finds continued to appear in LH IIIC. The early pieces are mainly from finely decorated jars and alabastra. like that of Cretan trade previously. which would have been widely traded in the Near East. virtually nothing securely Minoan has been found there. let alone early. LH I pottery reached the Aeolian Islands. The western trade was established as early. it is suggested that the necessary contacts were confined to the shores of the Adriatic and Italy. of tin. Palestine. bronze armour and the flanged hilt going north. which presumably continued to be a thoroughfare for the amber trade. and the exchange of influences in metalworking between Italy and the Aegean seems to have continued into the DA. III(6). in most cases. the quantities are far too small to suggest that the mainland had "taken over" Near Eastern trade from Crete. to become a veritable flood in LH IIIA2-Bl. must surely have been to secure supplies of Cypriot copper. if anything. small trinkets and pieces of jewellery. not involving the local cultures of central and western Europe directly. and there is an impression that the western trade was something of a sideshow compared with that with the Near East. perhaps by way of the Adriatic. it was long continued: LH IIIC was found in some quantity near Taranto. Dickinson. The Origins of Mycenaean Civilisation (1977) Chs. The objects frequently supposed to indicate such direct links are neither well-dated in local terms nor indisputably Mycenaean. and much more material from better contexts is needed before such theories can appear plausible. . and amber came to lllycenae and sites in Messenia slightly earlier. the "Naue II" sword coming south. Lastly. Bronzes of Mycenaean type have been found on both sides of the south Adriatic. as has often been argued. and of luxuries. and Egypt. which in LH IIIAl and later reached Sicilyand south Italy. especially the neighbourhoods of Syracuse and Taranto. with some cups. i t tapers off in LH IIIB2 and occurs only sporadically in LH IIIC. VII(2) ). But there remains remarkably little evidence for strong Mycenaean influence in the areas where the pottery is commonest. and "Canaani te 11 wine-amphorae found their way back to the Aegean. Egyptian faience plaques and stone vases. Syria. it should be noted that the copper ingots of Aegean type found in Sardinia are not clearly dated in local terms and could represent loot rather than be evidence for Aegean involvement in local copperworking. However. The quantity increases markedly in LH IIB-IIIAl. Its motive.

both in the east and in the west. When excavated. there is a slower but more general revival in the Protogeometric and Geometric periods. the present known distribution of the Bronze Age sites. Mycenaean settlements more often than not prove to have been occupied also in early Mycenaean and/or late MH times. Few sites have been excavated theoroughly enough for us to be certain that they were not inhabited during periods so far unrepresented by finds. Thereafter a decline sets in. But it can not be concluded that a site for which we have only surface evidence. There is a marked and rather sudden increase of settlements in the EH period. there is another rapid increase in the later MH and early Mycenaean. marked and widespread. Thus. Thus the "negative evidence" (a misnomer) for supposed gaps in their occupation history may in fact be partly illusory. during the LH IIIC period. Grey Minyan ware. EH II sauceboat fragments. as is witnessed by the greater density of settlements in Achaea and the Ionian Islands. But we must continually remind ourselves that most of the known pattern is based on very partial evidence. it is conceivable that the statistics now available tend to exaggerate this picture. especially on or near the coasts. although early Mycenaean sherds are more rarely diagnosed during preliminary surface exploration. of course. in the periphery and the islands. For it is clear that the vast majority of such sites were indeed occupied within the LH IIIA2 or LH IIIB periods or both. especially in the main central areas of the Greek mainland. Following a sli&ht decline in the EH III and earliest MH periods. But this evidence is often from layers solidified by fire. and subsequently. Conversely. Following a further and far more drastic decline in the Sub~ycenaean period. and for these periods alone. and the periods which they represent are correspondingly more easily certifiable by means of surface search. although it is clear that Mycenaean expansion in the lkl IIIA and LH IIIB periods was very considerable. and by a "revival" in parts of eastern Attica and southern Euboea and in the Aegean Islands. Conversely. It should be noted that. after long deliberation. and Mycenaean kylix stems are more easily recognizable than many other potsherd types. as accurately as possible. the population now appears to have survived and in some places even to have expanded. was not also occupied earlier or later. especially with regard to similar assumptions concerning "negative evidence"- For instance.385 THE DISTRIBUTION OF SEITLEMENIS In the distribution maps we have attempted to record. Much of the data is provided by surface finds alone. The evidence for the destruction and/or abandonment of many settlements at the end of the LH IIIB period is. culminating in what would nowadays be called a "population explosion" in the LH IIIA2-B or Mycenaean "koine" period. The overall pattern is now clear enough. the decline in the early LH IIIC period may have been less marked than our present knowledge would lead us to suppose. which . we have eventually decided to include in Map 4 ( "LH IIIA2-B and Contemporary Sites") all those sites which fall into our category "LH III(A-B)". and the evidence these provide is even more unreliable. and usually from larger settlements.

nos. fer which our Gazetteer is in any case incomplete. The size of some symbols on the distribution maps is not an indication of the size of the sites concerned. we have decided not to attempt in this volume any schematic representation of the complex distribution patterns of the Protogeometric period. but no attempt is made to show all the contemporary sites in these areaso Although we have given considerable attention to the question of the degree of continuity from the end of the Bronze Age to the Dark Age. Only positive evidence is of any real value. may then have been of comparatively greater importance. The gaps in our exploration of Prehistoric Greece are evident.386 are both more easily located and less liable to erosion. and relatively few "ordinary" settlements. and with few exceptions the situation is comparable to that of the average iceberg. The schematic representation here presented is naturally somewhat arbitrary and incomplete. forests. or dense undergrowth may have combined with political factors to provide a deterrent to agricultural exploitation even in districts potentially the most fertile. This balance is now beginning to shift. For the islands the more detailed distribution maps given in Renfrew Appendix I and in Dodecanese I-III should also be consulted. most of the settlements (presumably smaller and concealed in more remote areas) occupied by the immediate survivors of the destructions. particularly as regards distinctions between chronological periods and between contemporary cultures. let alone to excavate and evaluate. without intensive fieldwork. of which only a seventh part is visible. area is not the "armchair" computer analyst. and because of the increasing need for "rescue" excavations. It would be much more difficult to find. The Peneios Barrage. that some areas at present cultivated were in fact cultivated in the Bronze Age. Sites of "Homeric" fame or or palatial promise have traditionally been chosen for excavation. certain categories of land which have correspondingly less value in modern economy. But we would warn that the "raw data" presented here should be used with great caution in any statistical computations or predictions. Some sites in Asia Minor and in Lesbos and Lemnos are shown in the appropriate distribution maps. Swamps. On the other hand. . B 66-69 above). And the best judge of the potential of eq. working in conjunction with experts in geography and agricultural economy. Notes on the Distribution Maps (Maps l-5) l. Estimates of the modern agricultural potential of the districts concerned may help us to estimate the probable density of ancient settlement in certain areas and during certain periods. both because of the trend towards palaeoecological studies. 2. The moral is clear. But we can not be certain. 3. of moderate size and importance. such as terraces on hill slopes. and even for 11 rescue 11 area surveys (e~g. but the field researcher and excavator. The selection of sites for excavation and of areas for surface exploration has indeed been to some extent arbitrary.

and does not include all of the toponyms cites in the Gazetteer. 18o Aixone (Ancient) (Attica) see under Voula (F 18) Kangelo (Astypalaia) Agrilia (Ana Kouphonisi) 337 Akarnes (Achaea) (B 41A) 86 Akhillion (Thessaly) (H 56) 292 . Sites listed on Maps A to K are also identified by their numbers (in brackets). 373. 201. 216 Agrilia: Ayios Athanasios (Thessaly) (J 15) 298 Achladies: Achouria (Achaea) (B 38) 85 Agrilovouno: Ayios Nikolaos (Messenia) (D 215) 172 Achladokambos: Ancient Hysiai (Argolid) (A 15) 47 Aidhepsos: Koumbi (Euboea) (G 87) 267 Aetas (Ithaca) (E 19) 181. 386 Agrapidochori: Kotrona: Gisa (Elis) (B 65) 76. 93 Agrelidhi: Ayios Nikolaos (Astypalaia) 365 Agrelidhi: 366 Aigina: Aphaia Temple (Aigina) (A 46) 59-6o Aigina: Ko1onna (Temple. 59. Acharnai: The Menidi Tholos Tomb (Attica) (F ~) 197. 186-7 Aidhiniotik1 Magoula (Thessaly) (H 8) 277 Aet os: Ayios Dhimitrios (B) (Messenia) (D 227) 175-6 Aietopetra (Corinthia) (A 54) 62 Aetos: Mourlou (Messenia) (D 228) 176 Aigeira (Ancient) (Achaea) see Derveni: Solos (B 36) Aetos: Palaiokastro (Messenia) (D 225) 175 Aigiale (Amorgos) 341 Agnandi: Kastri and Kritharia (East Locris) ( G 7 ~) 236. 263 Agora (Athens) (Attica) see under Athens (F 1) Agrapidochori: Armat01a (Elis) (B 66) 93.SITE INDEX This index includes sites or islands alleged to be the provenance of finds. (Achaea) (B 37) 85 " (Naxos) 331 Aila Aithaia: Ellinika (Ancient Thouria) (Messenia) (D 137) 163. The relevant district names (ancient) or island names (modern) are given in brackets after the place names. The index is selective.of Aphrodite) (Aigina) (A 45) 27. 377 Aigion: Psila Alonia etc.

204-5 Akrotiri Koloumbon (Thera) 345 Ambe1ia (formerly Derengli): Palaiokastro (Thessaly) (H 53) 291 Alamanou (Corinthia) see under Klenies (A 65) Alea: Pa1aiochori (Arcadia) (B 8) 76 Ambelofito: Lagou (Messenia) (D 19) 134 Amouri (Thessaly)(J l) 294 Alea: Ancient Tegea. 343-4. 377 Ambelakia (Salamis) (F ll) 197. 261 Alifaka: Ancient Atrax (Thessaly) (H 43) 288 Amphik1eia: Palaiokastro (Ancient Tithronion) (Phoois) (G 65) 26o Alikanas: Akroterion (Zakynthos) (E 36) 192 Amyklaion (Laconia) (C 3) 107-8 . 374.388 Site Index Akhinos: Ancient Echinous (Malis) ( G 81) 266 Aliveri: Magoula and Livadhi (Euboea) (F 86) 197. Temple of Athena (Arcadia) (B l) 75 Amphikleia: Ayioi Anargyroi (Phocis) ( G 66) 236. 230 Akhtia ton Agri1ion (Dhonoussa) 334 Aliveri: Mesonisi (Euboea) (F 88) 230 Akovitika (Messenia) see Kalamata: Akovitika (D 151) Aliveri: Mylaki (Euboea) (F 87) 230 Akraiphnion: Spilia Sarakenou (Boeotia) ( G 32) 21>8-9 Almyriotiki Magoula (Thessaly) (H 9) 277 Akrata (Achaea) 105 Alonistria Chousouri (Ano Kouphonisi) 337 Akroterion (Zakynthos) see Alikanas (E 36) Alpenoi (Ancient)(East Locris) see Thermopylai ( G 75) Akroterion Ourion (Tenos) see Vryokastro Alyki (Melos) 318 Amaniou: Palaiopyli (Kos) 362 Akrotiraki (Siphnos) 312 Akrotiri (Naxos) 326 Amarynthos: Palaiochori (Euboea) (F 85) 197. 229-30 Akrotiri (Thera) 24.

195-6 Ano Sichaina: Agrapidhia etc. (Achaea) (B 42) 86 Archangelos: Anagros and Mala (Rhodes) 356 Anthedon (Ancient) (Boeotia) see Loukisia (G 43) Archontiki (Psara) 371 Anthochorion: Analipsis (Laconia) (C 8) 110 Anthochorion: Levendi (Phocis) (G 59) 258-9 Antikyra: Kastro tou Stenou (Phocis) (G 52) 256 Antimachia (Kos) 363 Argalasti: Khortos (Thessaly) (H 5) 276 Argissa (Ancient) (Thessaly) see Gremnos (H lfl) Argive Heraion (Argolid) see Prosymna (A 4) Argos (Ancient) (Argolid) (A 8) 27-8. 38o-82 . 351-2 Ano Kopanaki: Bafano (Messenia) (D 238) 178 Arapiza (Corinthia) (A 56) 63 Ano Kopanaki: Stylari (Messenia) (D 233) 177 Araxos: Teikhos Dymaion (Ancient) (Achaea) (E 47) 181. 43-5.Site Index Anagyrous (Ancient) (Attica) see under Vari-Varkiza (F 20) Antiparos (island) 322 Analipsis (Arcadia) see Vourvoura (C 58) Aphaia (Temple) (Aigina) see Aigina: Aphaia Temple (A Anavolousa (Mykonos) 308 Aphendika (Naxos) 327 Anavra: Badi (Thessaly) (H 63) 294 Aphidna (Ancient) (Attica) (F 5Lf) 197. 220 Anavyssos: Ayios Nikolaos (Attica) (F 23) 208-9 Apidhia (Laconia) (C 29) 116 Apantima (Antiparos) 323-4 ~6) Aplomata (Naxos) see Grotta Androniani (Euboea) (F 95) 232-3 Angelona: Kollyri (Laconia) (C 34) 117 Ano Kopanaki: Akourthi (Messenia) (D 234) 117 Apollakia (Rhodes) 353 Apollo Maleatas (Temple) (Argolid) see Epidauros (Ancient): The Asklepieion (A 27) Apollona: Lelos (Rhodes) 348.

18o Asine (Ancient) (Argolid) (A 20) 27-8. 114 Asteri: Site to North (Laconia) (C 25) 115 Astros: 48 Kastro (Argolid) (A 16) Asvotrypa (Leukas) see Leukas: Phryni (E 9) . 381 Aristodhemion: Pa1iambe1es (Messenia) (D 123) 159-6o Askitario (Attica) see Raphina: Askitario (F 46) Arkadiko (Argo1id) see under Ayios Ioannis: Kazarma (A 25) Ask1ipio (Rhodes) 355 Aspra Spitia: Tour1a (E1is) (B 90) 100 Arkaseia (Karpathos) 358 Aspripetra (Kos) 363 Arkesine (Kastri) (Amorgos) 339 Asprochorio (Me1os) 315 Arkines (Laconia) (C 9) 110 Armatova (E1is) see Agrapidochori (B 66) Armenioi: Manna (Messenia) (D 68) 149 Armenian: Trani Magou1a (Thessa1y) (H 16A) 279-So Armenochori: Pate11es (Astypa1aia) 364 Arne-Kierion (Ancient) (Thessa1y) see Pyrgos Kieriou ( J 8) Aroe (Patras) (Achaea) see Patras (B 43) Astakos: Ayios Niko1aos (Acarnania) (E 7) 183 Astakos: Grabes (Acarnania) (E 6) 76.390 Site Index Argos: Makrovouni (or Makryrachi) (Argo1id) (A 3A) 45 Argyropou1i: Kastri (Thessa1y) (H 37) 286-7 Arravonitsa (Achaea) (B 40) 86 Artemision: Ayios I1ias (Arcadia) (B 30) 8o Aria (Argo1id) (A 19) 49 Artiki: Rachi Gortsia (Messenia) (D 230) 176 Aris: Mesovouni (Messenia) (D 126) 16o Asea (Ancient) (Arcadia) see Kato Asea (B 30) Aristodhemion: G1ykorizi (Messenia) (D 124) 16o. 181. 49.'183 Asteri: Dhragatsou1a (Laconia) (C 26) 115 Asteri: Karaousi (Laconia) (C 24) 107.

59. 381-2 Ayia Triadha (Aetolia) see Kato Vasiliki (B 98) Atrax (Ancient) (Thessa1y) see Alifaka (H 43) Ayia Triadha (Corinthia) see Ayios Vasi1ios (A 68) Aulis (Ancient) (Attica) see under Vathy (F 65) Ayia Varvara (Ka1ymnos) see under Pot hi a Avdhe1i (Lionas) (Naxos) 327 Ayioi Anargyroi (Naxos) 327 Averof: Magou1a (Thessa1y) (H 46) 289 Ayioi Theodhoroi: Mou1ki (Corinthia) (A 82A) 71 Av1onarion: Pa1aiokastri and Antires (Euboea) ( F 92) 231-2 Ayioryitika (Arcadia) (B 16) 79 Ayios Aidhepsos (Euboea) (G 86) 267 Avyssos (Paras) 319 Ayia Irini (Kea) 23-4. }17 Ayios Andreas: Chersonisi (Argolid) (A 17) 48 Ayios Andreas (Siphnos) 312 Ayia Irini (Kythnos) 306 Ayia Marina (Boeotia) (G 10) 240 Ayia Marina ( Phocis) see Ayia Paraskevi (G 61) Ayia Marina: Kastro (Leros) 367 Ayia Paraskevi (Amorgos) 339 Ayia Paraskevi: Ayia JVIarina (Phocis) ( G 61) 259 Ayia Pelayia: Vithoulas (Kythera) ( C 51f) 122 Ayiasmata (Melos) 318 Ayios Andreas: Pontikokastro (Ancient Pheia) (Elis) (E 42) 181. 194 Ayios Antonios (formerly Koutseli): Holeva Trypa (Thessaly) (H ')7) 292 Ayios Athanasios (Ithaca) (E 15) 185-6 Ayios Dhimitrios: (D 149) 166-7 Ayios Efstratios (C 27) 115 Vig1a (IV!essenia) (Laconia) . 26. 310-ll. 378-9.~) 391 Site Index Atalandi: Skala (East Locris) (G 71) 262 Ayiasos (Ayioso) (Naxos) 329-30 Ayia Sophia (Kythera) ( C 52) 122 Athens: The Acropolis and Environs (Attica) (F 1) 197-200. 370. 304-5. 373.

386 Ayios Ioannis (Boeotia) ( G 12) 24c-41 Ayios Ioannis (near Monemvasia) (Laconia) (C 36) 117 Ayios Ioannis (near Ska1a) (Laconia) (C 28) 115 Ayios Stephanos (Laconia) (C 17) 107.392 Site Index Ayios F1oros (Messenia) (D 134) 162 Ayios Kosmas (Attica) (F 16) 197. 300 Ayios Sotiros (Leukas) (E 11) 184 Ayios Spiridon (Me1os) 317 Ayios I1ias (Me1os) 317 Ayios I1ias: Yero Yanni Rachi (E1is) (B 97) 93. 297. 125 Ayios V1asios: Ancient Leontion (Achaea) (B 56) 90 Ayios V1asis: Ancient Panopeus (Phocis) ( G 48) 254 Ayios Yeoryios (Herak1eia) 335 . 206 Ayios F1oros: Kamaria (Messenia) (D 132) 162 Ayios Loukas (Syros) 311 Ayios Georgios (Amorgos) 341 Ayios Mamas (Herak1eia) 334 Ayios Georgios (Laconia) (c 42) 119 Ayios Niko1aos (Kambos) (Paros) 319 Ayios Gerasimos (Corinthia) (A 55) 63 Ayios Pande1eimon (Me1os) 316 Ayios Sostis (Antiparos) 323-4 Ayios I1ias (Ancient Ithoria?) (Aeto1ia) (E 2) 76. 181-2. 112. 51 Ayios Ioannis: Sodhiotissa (Elis) (E 44) 195 Ayios Isidhoros: Lioftakia (Messenia) (D 110) 156 Ayios Isidhoros (Rhodes) 348. 353 Ayios Vasi1ios: Ayia Triadha ( Corinthia) (A 68) 67 Ayios Vasi1ios: Lymbiada (Laconia) (c 63) 107. 375 Ayios Theodhoros (Phocis) see Medeon (Ancient) (G 51) Ayios Thomas: Ayios Konstandinos (Boeotia) (F 62) 222 Ayios Thomas: Kokka1i and LiougoKokka1i (Boeotia) (F 6o) 222 Ayios Vasi1ios (Laaonia) (C 7) 110 Ayios Ioannis (Messenia) see Papou1ia (D 52) Ayios Ioannis: Kazarma (Argo1id) (A 25) 28.

393 Site Index Babes: Arnokataracho (Elis) (B 88) 99 Chadzi: 85 Balos (Thera) 344 Chaironeia: The Acropolis (Boeotia) (G 46) 253-4 Trapeza (Achaea) (B 39) Bara (Thessaly) (H 26) 283 Bartholomio (Achaea) see under Mikros Bodias (B 59) Chaironeia: Magoula Balomenou (Boeotia) ( G 47) 254 Chalandri (Attica) (F 3) 201 Bathiza (Boeotia) (F 58) 221 Bebekou (Naxos) 332 Belmina (Laconia) (C 57) 123 Berbati: Mastos (Argolid) (A 5) 28. 311. 226-7. 129 Chalandriani (Kastri) (Syros) 23. 213-4 Brykous (Ancient) (Karpathos) 358 Caphyai (Ancient) (Arcadia) see under Khotoussa (B 27) "Cariones" (Rhodes) see under Apollona Cenchreai (Ancient)(Corinthia) (A 6o) 64 Chabaslar (now Vouvaina) (Thessaly) (H 44) 288~9 Chalcis (Ancient) (Euboea) see Chalkis: Vathrovouni (F 78) Chalia (Boeotia) see Drosia (G 44) Chalkis: Arethousa (Euboea) (F 79) 227 Chalkis: Kaki Kefali (Euboea) (F 77) 227 Chalkis: Trypa (Euboea) (F 76) 197. 39. 373 Chalandritsa: Ayios Vasilios (Achaea) (B 50) 89 Chalazoni: Palaiochori (Messenia) (D 66) 149 Bouga (Achaea) see Rodhia (B 54) Bouka (Mykonos) 308 Bounarbashi (Thessaly) see Sikouri (H 30) Bouphagion (Arcadia) see Palaiokastro (B 32) Brauron (Ancient): Ayios Yeoryios (Attica) (F 38) 197. 267 Chalkis: Vathrovouni (Euboea) (F 78) 227 Chalkis: Vlicha (Boeotia) (F 67) 198. 221> Chalvatsou: Kastro (Messenia) (D 118) 158 .

257 Charvati(Attica) (F 43) 216 Chasambali (Kaphalovryso?) (Thessaly) (H 25) 282 Chatzi: Barberi (Messenia) (D 26) 136 Chrysokellaria: Ayios Athanasios (Messenia) (D lll) 156 Chrysovitsa: Ancient Koronta (Aetolia) (E 5) 182-3 Cheiromylos (Despotiko) 325 Cleonai (Ancient) (Corinthia) (A 69) 67 Chersonisi (Argolid) see Ayios Andreas (A 17) Corinth (Ancient) (Corinthia) (A 52) 27-8. 147. 140. 382 Chlemoutsi Castle (Elis) see Neochori (E 41) Corinth (Modern) (Corinthia) (A 51) 61 Choirospilia. 135 Chandrinou: Koumbe (Messenia) (D 37) l4o-4l Chorsiai (Boeotia) (G 36) 250 (D 56) 146 Chosti (Naxos) 333-4 Chandrinou: Platania (Messenia) (D 33) 138.Site Index Chamolia (Attica) see under Brauron (F 38) Chora: Koukouyera (Messenia) Chandrinou: Kissos (Messenia) (D 32) 138. (Leukas) (E 12) Cranae (Ancient) (Laconia) see Gythion (c 44) 185 Chora (I os) 342 Daimonia: Kastelli (Laconia) (C 37) 118 Chora: Ayios Ioannis (Messenia) (D 21) 135 Chora: Epano Englianos (Ancient Pylos) (Messenia) (D l) Damari (Corinthia) (A 85) 71 Damatria: "Acrosciro-Calopetra" (Rhodes) 350 126-9. 146. 147 Chantsa (Boeotia) (G ll) 24o Charakopio: Demotic School (Messenia) (D 109) 155-6 Christiana (Island) 346 Chrysapha: Palaiokastro (Laconia) (C 10) lll Chryso: (G Ancient Krisa (Phocis) 56) 236. 61-2. 235. 378-9 Damiza (Elis) 105 . 143 Chora: Volimidhia (Messenia) (D 20) 126-7.

39 Ayios Ilias (Thessaly) (H 28) 283 Dhokos: Ayia Triadha (Euboea) (F So) 227 Dhorion: Kondra (Messenia) (D 231) 176-7 Dhraina: Koutsoveri (Messenia) (D 119) 158 Diakata and Starochorafa (Kephallenia) (E 21) 187 Diakoftis (Ormos Korfos) (Mykonos) 308 Dendra (village) (Argolid) (A 6A) 27-8. 256-7 Dendra: Palaiokastro (Ancient Midea) (Argolid) (A 6) 27-8. (Euboea) (G 94) 269 Divounia (Mykonos) 309 Kastron (Achaea) 105 Dhaskalio (Kalymnos) see Rina Dodona (Ancient) (Epirus) (K 3) 299-301 Dhaskalio (Keros) 337-8 Dokathismata (Amorgos) 339 Dhiasela: Koutsocheira (E1is) (B 89) lOO Domokos: Kastri (Thessaly) (H 6o) 293 .395 Site Index Daphni: Ayios Meletios (Boeotia) ( G lKJA) 251 Dhiavolitsi: Loutses (Messenia) (D 2llf) 171-2 Dara: Viglitsa (Messenia) (D 114) 157 Dhimini: Toumba (Thessaly) (H 3) 272. 275 Dau1is (Ancient) (Phocis) see Dav1eia ( G 49) Dhimitra: Troupes (Arcadia) (B 33) 83 Dav1eia: Ancient Daulis (Phocis) ( G 49) 254-5 Dhimitsana (Arcadia) (B 31) 83 Dhogani: Dav1osis: Ka1impaki (Boeotia) (G 15) 2iH Davlosis: Kastraki (Boeotia) (Gl4)24l Dekelea: Tatoi (Attica) (F 55) 220 Delphi (Phocis) ( G 55) 236. 40 Diakofto: Derengli (Thessaly) see Ambelia (H 53) Dimaina (Argolid) see Nea Epidhavros: Vassa (A 30) Derveni: Solos (Ancient Aigeira) (Achaea)(B 36) 75 Distomon: The Ancient Schiste Odos (Phocis) (G 50) 255 Dhafni: Mourties etc.

223 Elea (Laconia) (C 31) 116 Drios (Paros) 320 Dritsa (Boeotia) see Harma (G 25) Drosia (formerly Chalia): (Boeotia) (G 44) 253 Soros Drymaia (formerly Glunista) (Phocis) (G 67) 261-2 Dystos (Ancient) (Euboea) (F 96) 233 Dyovouna (Corinthia) see under Klenies: Ayios Nikolaos (A 65) Echinous (Ancient) (Malis) see Akhinos ( G 81 ) Eleon (Ancient) (Boeotia) see Harms ( G 25) Eleona (Kos) 363 Eleusis (Ancient) (Attica) (F 9) 197. 119. 118-9 Elaphonisi (village) (Laconia) ( c 4o) 119 Elaphotopos (Epirus) (K 9) 299. 259-60 Dramesi (Boeotia) (F 64) 198. 302-3 Epidauros (Ancient) Asklepieion: Temple of Apollo Maleatas (Argolid) (A 27) 52 Epidauros (Ancient Town) (Argolid) see Palaia Epidhavros (A 28) Epidauros Limera (Ancient) (Laconia) (c 35) 107. 125 Episkopiana (Paras) 319 Episkopio (Andros) 307 . 195 Elinika (Kimolos) 313 Ellinokamara (Kasos) 359 Emporia (Chios) 369-70. 203-4 Eleutherios (Argolid) see under Vreserka (A 3A) Elis (Ancient) (Elis) (E 45) 181. 381 Eileoi: Iliokastro (Ancient Eileoi) (Argolid) (A 42) 57 Elaphonisi: Panayia (Laconia) (c 41) 119 Elaphonisi: Pavlopetri (Laconia) (C 39) 107.396 Site Index Dorion (Ancient) (Messenia) see Vasiliko: Malthi (D 222) Elasson: Panayia (Thessaly) (H 4o) 287 Drachmani (Phocis) see Elateia (G 62) Elateia (Ancient) (Phocis) (G 63) 26o Drakotrypa (Achaea) see Katarraktis (B 51) Elateia (formerly Drachmani): Piperis (Phocis) (G 62) 235. 117.

397 Site Index Epita1ion: Ayios Yeoryios (E1is) (B 85) 98 Fi1iatra: Stomion (Messenia) (D 65) 149 Eremokastro (Rhodes) see under Ka11ithies F1esiadha: Misorachi and Koufiero (Messenia) (D 117) 158 Eretria (Ancient) (Euboea) (F 83) 228-9 Eretria: Magou1a (Euboea) (F 84) 229 F1oka: A1pheios Dam (E1is) (B 74) 96 Fonissa: Aspra Litharia (Messenia) (D 243) 179-80 Erythrai: Pantanassa (Boeotia) ( G 4o) 251 Fostaina (Achaea) (B 63) 92 Eupa1ion: Gouva (West Locris) (B 97) 102 Franchomacha1a (Chi os Town) (Chi os) 370 Eutresis (Ancient) (Boeotia) (G 33) 235-6. 249 Froudhi tou Ka1amitsiou (Siphnos) 313 Eva: Nekrotapheion (Messenia) (D 125) 1to Exarchos: Ancient Hyampo1is (Phocis) ( G Eo) 259 Exochikon: Ayios Niko1aos (Messenia) (D 78) 151 Exomiti (Thera) 344 Fa1anthi: Panoria (Messenia) (D 108) 155 Ga1ana Krimna (Paros) 321 Ga1ataki ( Corinthia) (A 61) 65 Ga1atas: Ha1iki (Argo1id) (A 37) 56 Ga1axidi (West Locris) (B 95) 76. 102 Gangania (Laconia) (C 30) 116 Garea: Fanes (Rhodes) 351 Khairo1imnes (Arcadia) (B 5) 77 Fi1iatra: Ayios Christophoros (Messenia) (D 63) 148 Garga1ianoi: Kana1os (Messenia) (D 15) 134 Fi1iatra: Ayios Ioannis (Messenia) (D 64) 148 Garga1ianoi: Koutsoveri (Messenia) (D16) 131~ Fi1iatra: Kastraki (Messenia) (D 61) 147-8 Garga1ianoi: Ordhines (Messenia) (D 57) 146 .

Kamini) (Naxos) 325-6. Aplomata. 378 Gouvalari (Messenia) see Koukounara: Katarrachi (D 35) Glisas (Ancient) Boeotia) see Hypaton ( G 28) Gremnos (Ancient Argissa) (Thessaly) (H 41) 288 Glunista (Phocis) see Drymaia (G 67) Gribiani (Epirus Y (K 7) 299. 302 Glykorizi: Ayios Ilias (Messenia) (D 239) 178 Glypha (Paras) 321 Glyppia (Laoonia) see under Ayios Vasilios: Lymbiada (C 63) Gonia (Corinthis) (A 57) 63 Grotta (with Palati. 381 Gymno: Kastro (Argolid) (A ll) 45 Gynaikokastro (Ancient Proerna) (Thessaly) (H 59) 293 Gythion: Island of Cranae (Laoonia) (C 44) 120 Gonnos (Thessaly) (H 33) 285 Gythion: Mavrovouni (Laconia) (c 45) 120 . 238-40.398 Site Index Georganou (Anaphe) 346 Georgikon: Kouphia Rachi (Thessaly) (J 12) 297 Gonoussa: Ayios Tryphon (Ancient Titane) (Corinthia) (A 73) 68 Georgoulas (Antiparos) 323 Goritsa: lll Gephyri (Prokopata) (Kephallenia) (E 22) 188 Goumenitsa (Achaea) see Kato Goumenitsa (B 58) Geraistos: Porta Kastri (Euboea) (F 102) 234 Goumero: 94 Geraki: Ancient Garonthrai (Laconia) ( C 12) lll Goura (Thessaly) see Anavra (H 63) Gerani (Keros) 338 Gourzoumisa (Achaea) see Leontion (B 6o) Gerokomeion (Patras) (Achaea) see Patras (B 43) Geronthrai (Ancient) (Laconia) see Geraki (c 12) Laina (Laconia) (C ll) Ammouli (Elis) (B 70) Gouvai: Palaiokastro (Euboea) (G 90) 268 Gla (Boeotia) 235-6. 328.

) (Attica) (F 14) 205 Halike (Boeotia) ( G 37) 250 Hypaton (formerly Syrtzi): Tourleza (Boeotia) ( G 28) 247 Halos (Ancient) (Thessaly) (H 11) 277-8 Harma (Ancient) (Boeotia) see Kastri (Lykovouno) ( G 27) Hysiai (Ancient) (Argolid) see Achladokambos (A 15) Ialysos (Ancient) (Rhodes) 349 Harma (formerly Dritsa): Ancient Eleon (Boeotia) (G 25) 246-7 Heraion (Samos) 368 Herakleia (Ancient) (Malis) (G 76) 264 Heraklion: Iklaina: Gouvitses (Messenia) (D 47) 143 Iklaina: Panayia (Messenia) (D 50) 144 Iklaina: Traganes (Messenia) (Dli6) 127. 61+. 379 Histiaia: Vistri tsa: Ayia Paraskevi (Euboea) (G 89) 268 Itea: Hyampolis (Ancient) (Phocis) see Exarchos (G 6o) Kastro tou Kapetanou (Argolid) (A 23) 50 Gla (Phocis) (G 57) 257-8 Ithoria (Ancient) (Aetolia) see Ayios Elias (E 2) Kafkania: Fengaraki and Agrilitses (Elis) (B 79) 97 . 1113 Tsoungiza ( Corinthia) (A '70) 67 Iolkos (Ancient) (Thessaly) see Volos: Kastro (H l) Hermione: Kastri (Angolid) (A 111) 57 Iria: Hexa1ophos (Thessa1y) (J 13) 272. 298 Is os (Ancient) (Boeotia) see Loukisia ( G ~2) Histiaia (Ancient) (Euboea) see Oreoi: Kastro (G 88) Isthmia ( Corinthia) \A 58) 28.399 Site Index Ha1ai (Ancient) (East Locris) see Theo1ogos (G 69) Hydra: Choriza (Hydra) (A 39) 56 Haliartos (Ancient) (Boeotia) see Kastri (G 17) Hydra: Dhokos (Hydra) (A 39A) 57 Ha1ieis (Ancient) (Argo1id) see Porta Cheli (A 44) Hymettos (Mt.

167. 373 Ka1yvia: Pano Chorio (Messenia) (D 210) 171 Ka1amata: Kastro (Messenia) (D 142) lM Ka1yvia: Pyrgos (Ancient Pheneos) (Aroadla) (B 34) 75.4oo Site Index Kaisariani Monastery (Attica) (F 2) 201 Kalochori: Ayios Ilias (Messenia) (D 103) 154 Kaki Kefali (Euboea) see Cha1kis (F 77) Kalogeros (Zakynthos) see Vasi11ko Kaki Tha1assa: Ayios Pandeleimon (Attica) (F 28) 210 Kalogries (Melos) 316-7 Kakovatos: Nestora (Elis) (B 95) 76. 84 Kalamata: Tourles (Messenia) (D 141) lM Kamara (Thera) 345 Kamarai: Ka1ami (Boeotia) (G 20) 243 Kalathos (Rhodes) 357 Kalaureia (Ancient)(Argo1id) see Poros (A 36) Kalavarda: Xeriko (Achaea) (B 41) 86 Kamari: Gouva (Messenia) (D 236) 177 Kamari: Mesovouni (Messenia) (D 237) 1'78 Aniforo (Rhodes) 351 Kamari (Paros) 319 Kalbaki (Epirus) (K 6) 299. 166 Kal1ithies: 356-7 Kambos (Tenos) 307 Eremokastro (Rhodes) Ka11oni: Ayios Yeoryios (Argolid) (A 32) 54 Kambos Ayiou Athanasiou (Herakleia) 335 . 101. 376 (E 4o) Kalydon (Ancient) (Aeto1ia) (B lOO) 103 Ka1amaki (Corinthia) (A 82) 70 Ka1yvia of Araohova: Koumou1a ( Phoois) ( G 53) 256 Kalamata: Akovitika (Messenia) (D 151) 126. 302-3 Kamarion (Arcadia) (B 4) 77 Kalliani (Arcadia) 106 Ka1lithea (Achaea) (B 46) 87 Kambi: Vig1a (Zakynthos) (E 38) 193 Kallithea (formerly Moustaphadhes): Pyrgari (Boeotia) (G 26) 247 Kambos: Zarnata (Messenia) (D 146) 126.

344. 374. 121.401 Site Index Kambos tis Makris (Naxos) 333 Kameiros (Ancient) (Rhodes) see under Ka1avarda Karpenision: Ayios Demetrios (Thessa1y) (J 4) 295 Kartero1i: Ayios Konstandinos (Messenia) (D 128) 16J-61 Kameno Mitato Psarra (Naxos) 328 Kaminaki-Lures (Rhodes) see under Ka1avarda Karvounion: Sfakovouni (Arcadia) (B 28) 82 Karvouno1akkoi (Naxos) 330 Kamini (Naxos) see Grotta Karystos (Euboea) (F 101) 234 Kanaki (Naxos) 332 Kastraki (Naxos) 328-9 Kanava (Me1os) 317 Kastri (Amorgos) see Arkesine Kandhi1a: Bikiza (Arcadia) (B 24) 81 Kandia: Kastro (Argolid) (A 21) 49-50 Kangadhi: Sotirou1a and My1os (Achaea) (E 48) 181. 196 Kastri (Ancient Ha1iartos) (Boeotia) ( G 17) 2lf2 Kastri (Lykovouno) (Boeotia) ( G 27) 247 Kastri (Kythera) ( C 50) 23-4. 377 Kapari (Me1os) 315 Kastri (Syros) see Cha1andriani Kape1eto: Stenou1i (Elis) (E 46) 195 Kastritsa (Epirus) (K 4) 301 Kaphirio (Messenia) see Longa (D 107) Kastro: Magou1a (Boeotia) (G 8) 239 Kapros (Amorgos) 340 Kastro (formerly Topolia) (Boeotia) (G 7) 238-9 Kapsala (Amorgos) 341 Kastro (Herakleia) 335 Karavi (Rhodes) 357 Kardamyle: Kastro (Messenia) (D 147) 166 Kastro: Kastro tou Mila (Messenia) (D 219) 173 Kastro (Siphnos) 312 Kardhitsa: Magoula (Thessaly) (J ll) 297 Kastro (Skyros) 347 Kastro (Zakynthos) (E 35) 192 .

82 Kato Goumenitsa: Vrisarion (Achaea) (B 58) 91 Kato Kopanaki: Chalikia (Messenia) (D 229) 176 Kato Kremmidhia: Fourtsovrisi (Messenia) (D 34) 139 Kato Melpia: Krebeni (Messenia) (D 216) 172 Kato Mylos Platyvolias (Dhonoussa) 334 Kato Phana (Phanai) (Chios) 370 Kato Samikon: Klidhi (Elis) (B 92) 101 Kato Vasiliki: A¥ia Triadha (Aetolia) (B 98) 102 Katsarou: Ayios Ilias (Messenia) (D 207) 170 Kattavia: 353 Ayios Minas (Rhodes) Kaza (Attica) 221 Kazarma (Argolid) see Ayios Ioannis: Kazarma (A 25) Kekropoula (Acarnania) see Palairos (E 8) .402 Site Index Kastro Choritsa (Argolid) (A 32A) 54 Kastro tou Ayiou Ioannou (Astypalaia) 364-5 Kastro tou Profiti Ilia (Schoinoussa) 336 Kastro Vayi (Astypalaia) 365 Kastrouli (Phocis) (G 54) 256 Katakali: Mallia Tumsa ( Corinthia) (A 62) 65 Katakalou: Ayia Paraskevi (Euboea) (F 91) 231 Katarraktis: Drakotrypa (Achaea) (B 51) 89 Katarraktis: Near 28th km. mark (Achaea) (B 52) 89 Katarraktis: Pyrgaki (Achaea) (B 53) 89 Katastari: Eleos (Zakynthos) (E 37) 192-3 Katheni: Krasas (Euboea) (F 73) 225-6 Kato Achaia: Bouchomata (Achaea) (B 64) 93 Kato Agoriani (Boeotia) ( G 18) 242 Kato Akrotiri (Amorgos) 340 Kato Alepochorion: Ancient Pagai (Megarid) (A 92A) 73 Kato Ambelokipoi: Astrapokaimeno (Messenia) (D 77) 151 Kato Asea: Palaiokastro (Ancient Asea) (Arcadia) (B 30) 75.

84 Konchi1ion: Kastro (Messenia) (D 203) 169 Kipoi (Attica) 221 Kipou1a (Laconia) (C 48) 121 Kirrha: Magou1a Xeropigado (Phocis) (G 58) 235. 258 Kontogenada (Kepha11enia) (E 32) 191 .403 Site Index Keli ( Naxos) 330 Kitsos (Attica) see Lavrion (F 26) Kepha1a (Kea) 304-6 Kepha1ari Cave (Argo1id) (A 12A) 46 Kepha1ari: Magou1a (Argolid) (A 12) 46 Kepha1ovrysi: Tsoukedha (r1essenia) (D 2iW) 178 Kiveri: Nekrotapheion (Argo1id) (A 14) lf7 K1adheos: Stravokefa1o (E1is) (B 8o) 97 K1adheos: Tripes (E1is) (B 81) 97 K1eidos (Naxos) 332 Karameikos (Athens) (Attica) see under Athens (F 1) Keratea: Kefa1i (Attica) (F 29) 210-ll Keratsini (Attica) see Peiraeus: Keratsini (F 7) Keri: K1apsias (Zakynthos) (E 39) 193 Kerinthos: Kria Vrisi (Euboea) ( G 92) 269 Keryneia (Ancient) (Achaea) see Mamousia Khotoussa: Ayios Yeoryios (Arcadia) B 29) 82 Kilindra (Aigina) (A 47) 6o K1enies: Ayia Paraskevi (Corinthia) (A 66) 66 K1enies: Ayios Niko1aos (Corinthia) (A 65) 66 K1idhi (Boeotia) (F 61) 222 Koi1adha: Ayios Ioannis (Argo1id) (A 43) 58 Kokkina Chomata (Amorgos) 341 Kokko1ata: Kange1isses (Kepha11enia) (E 23) 188 Kok1a: Rachi Chani (Messenia) (D 224) 175 Ko1aka: Ayios Ioannis (Boeotia) (G 3) 237 Konakia (Keros) 338 Kionia: Ancient Stympha1os (Arcadia) (B 35) 75.

61 Korifasion: Beyler Bey (Messenia) (D 4) 130 Koskino (Euboea) (F 97) 233 Koskinou (Rhodes) 357 Kostos (Paros) 320 Korifasion: Charatsari (Messenia) (D 5) 126. 87 Korovileika (Messenia) (D 62) 148 Koukouvaones (Attica) see under Nea Ionia (F 5) Korphi t 1 Aroniou· (Naxos) 331 Kouloura: Paliokamares (Achaea) 105 Korphos: Panayia (Corinthia) (A 64) 65 Koryphasion (Ancient) (Messenia) see Petrochori: Palaiokastro (D 9) Kos: Asklupi (Kos) 361 Koulourata: Kakolangada and Palati (Kephallenia) (E 29) 190 Kouphovouno (Laconia) ( C 6) 110 Koutiphari: Svina (Ancient Thalamae) (Laconia) (C 49) 121 . 130-31 Korifasion: Fortes (Messenia) (D 3) 130 Kostoureika (Elis) (B ff9) 94.4o4 Site Index Kopanaki (Messenia) see Ano Kopanaki: Akourthi (D 234) Kos: Langadha (Kos) 361 Kos: The Seraglio (Kos) 36o Kopreza (Attica) see Markopoulo: Kopreza (F 31) Kos: Troulli (Kos) 361 Kos: Tsilimbiri (Kos) 361 Korakou (Corinthia) (A 50) 28. 138-4o Koronta (Ancient) (Aetolia) see Chrysovitsa (E 5) Koukounara: Palaiochora (Messenia) (D 36) 127. 386 Kotrones: Skopa (Laconia) (c 46) 120 Koukounaries (Paros) 321-2 Korneli (Kephallenia) (E 28) 189-90 Koroneia (Ancient) (Boeotia) (G 19) 242-3 Koukounara: Katarrachi (Messenia) (D 35) 126-7. 11e3 Koropi: Ayios Christos (Attica) (F 4o) 214-5 Koukoura (Achaia Klauss Factory) (Achaea) (B ~4) 75. 14o.

373 Langada: Sotira (Melos) 317 Langada: Trypites (Melos) 317 Lapoutsi: (Attica) see under Brauron (F 38) Lardos: Troullo Vouno (Rhodes) 355 Larisa: The Acropolis (Thessaly) (H 23) 281 Larisa: Gediki (Thessa1y) (H 22) 281 Larisa Cremaste (Ancient) (Malis) see Pe1asgia (G 83) . 296 Kynigou: Arvanitsa (Messenia) (D 38) 141 Kynthos (Mt. (Rhodes) Krokeai: Karneas (Laconia) (C 14) 112 Krokidas (Syros) 311 Kryoneri (Aeto1ia) (B 99) 103 Ktouri (Thessaly) (H 51) 290-91. 296 Ktouri Magou1a (Thessa1y) (H 52) 291.~05 Site Index Koutsocheiron: Magoula Vrastera (Thessaly) (H 42) 288 Kyparissi: Ayios Ioannis (East Locris) (G 70) 262 Kovatsi (Attica) see Markopou1o: Kovatsi (F 30) Kyparissia: Kastro (Messenia) (D 70) 149 Kranea (Ancient) Kephallenia) (E 20) 187 Lachania (Rhodes) 351f Ladzoi: Etia (Elis) (B 84) 98 Krannon (Ancient) (Thessaly) (H 45) 289 Lagio (Laconia) (c 15) 112 Krassades (Antiparos) 323 Lakki (Rhodes) 357 Kremmidhia (Messenia) see Kato Kremmidhia (D 34) Lakkithra (Kephallenia) (E 25) 189. 191 Krines: Lakkoudhes (Naxos) 329 Braibey (Corinthia) (A 75) 69 Lalioti (Corinthia) (A 78) Krini (formerly Velizi) (Achaea) 106 Krisa (Ancient) (Phocis) see Chryso ( G 56) Kritinia: 352 69 La1ousi (Achaea) see Starechorion (B 61) Lambaina: Tourkokivouro (Messenia) (D 122) 159 Kastraki etc.) (De1os) 309-10.

(Euboea) ( G 98) 270-71 Lioni (Kythera) (C 51) 122 Lepoura: Magou1a (Euboea) (F 90) 231 Liopesi (Attica) see Paiania (F 41) . 228-9. 38o-82 Lefkais (Paros) 320 Lefki: Kaldamou (Messenia) (D llf) 133-4. 144 Levidhion: Panayla (B 21) 75. 8o (Arcadia) Lianok1adhi: Palaiomy1os (Mal is) ( J 2) 294-5 Ligori (Attica) see Markopoulo: Ligori (F 32) Ligourio: Alepotrypa (A 26) 52 (Argolid) Leivadhi (Despotiko) 325 Lekas (Laconia) see Stephania (c 19) Likhas: Kastri (Euboea) (G 84) 266-7 Lelos (Rhodes) see Apol1ona Lilaia (formerly Kato Agoriani) (Phocis) (G 68) 261-2 Leonidhi: Plaka (Laconia) (c 6c) 107' 124 Limni: Kastria (Euboea) (G 97) 270 Leontion (Ancient) (Achaea) see Ayios V1asios (B 56) Limni: Leontion (formerly Gourzoumisa) (Achaea) (B 6c) 91 Lindos (Rhodes) 355-6 Panayia etc. 305. 370. 197-8. 273-4. 137. 226.4o6 Site Index Larymna (Ancient) (Boeotia) see Larymna: Kastri (G 22) Larymna: Bazaraki (Boeotia) (G 21) 243 Larymna: Kastri (Boeotia) ( G 22) 243-lf Lathouresa (Attica) see under Vari-Varkiza (F 20) Lavrion: Kitsos Cave (Attica) (F 26) 209-10 Lepreon (Ancient) (Arcadia) see under Lepreon: Ayios Dhimi trios (D 245) Lepreon: Ayios Dhimitrios (Messenia) (D 245) 180 Lerna (Ancient) (Argolid) see My1oi (A 13) Leuktra (Ancient) (Messenia) see Stoupa (D 148) Levidhion: Ayio1ias (Arcadia) (B 22) 8o Lefka (Attica) 221 Lefkandi: Xeropolis (Euboea) (F 81) 23.

372-3 Loutraki: Site to~~ (Corinthia) (A 88) 72 Loutra Methanon: Vromo1imni etc. 235.Site Index Lipsoi: Kastro (Lipsoi) 368 Lithares (Boeotia) (G 30) 222. Palaiokastro (Messenia) (D 106) 155 Magou1a Psiphti (Argo1id) see under Methana: Isthmus (A 33A) Lopesi (Patras) (Achaea) see under Patras (B 1f3 Loukas: Makronisos: Leondari (Attica) (F 27) 210 Ayios Yeoryios (B 17) 79 Loukisia: Ancient Anthedon (Boeotia) ( G !J3) 252-3 Loukisia: Ancient Isos (Boeotia) (G 42) 252 Louros Atha1assou (Naxos) 329 Loutra (Ano Kouphonisi) 337 Loutraki: Aspra Chomata ( Corinthia) (A 83) 71 Loutraki: Ayia Kyriaki (Corinthia) (A 84) 71 Loutraki (Mountain) ( Corinthia) (A 86) 71 Makrovouni (Argo1id) see Argos: Makrovouni (A SA) Makrysia: Ayios I1ias (E1is) (B 86) 99 Makrysia: 99 Chania (E1is) (B 86A) Makrysia: Yerakovouni (E1is) (B 87) 99 Ma1andrini (Argolid) (A 10) 1f5 Ma1ona: P1akoto (Rhodes) 356 Malthi-Dorion (Messenia) see Vasi1iko: Malthi (D 222) . 21f8. (Argolid) (A 35) 55 Lithovouni (Aeto1ia) (B 103) 104 Livadhia (Boeotia) 271 Loutro: Karatsadhes (Messenia) (D 209) 170 Livadhia: Kaste11o (Te1os) 36o Lygaridia (Steno) (Naxos) 333 Livadostro: Kastro (Boeotia) ( G 38) 250-51 Madhena: Ayios Konstandinos (Messenia) (D 131) 161 Livanates: Pyrgos (East Locris) (G 72) 263 Mageira: Kioupia eta. (Elis) (B 77) 96 Longa: Kaphirio (Messenia) (D 107) 155 Magou1a (near E1asson) (Thessa1y) (H 39) 287 Longa.

157-8. 305. 220. stone etc. 372 Marathon: Vrana: Agri1iki (Attica) (F 49) 197. 218-9. 164 Mamousia (Achaea) 106 Mandhra: Chazna (Messenia) (D 217) 172-3 Mandhriko: 352 Mandraki: Manesi: Mari tsa: 350 Kapsa1ovouno (Rhodes) Me1issaki (Rhodes) Markopou1o: Kopreza (Attica) (F 31) 211 Kastro (Nisyros) 364 Markopoulo: Kovatsi etc.4o8 Site Index Mal thi: Gouves (Messenia) (D 223) 127. 211 Vromoneri (Achaea) (B 57) 91 Manganari (Ios) 342 Manganiako: Pa1iambela (Messenia) (D 120) 159 Manika (Cape) (Euboea) (F 75) 197. 174-5 Margeli: Koutsoveri (Messenia) (D 116) 138. (Attica) (F 30) 197. 226. 162. 376 Vouno (Kos) 363 Mathia: Pyrgaki (Messenia) (D 104) 154 Mavrata: Kotronia (Kephal1enia) (E 27) 189 Mavrispilia (Mykonos) 308 Mavromati: Panayia (Boeotia) (G 31) 2 1+8 !Ylavromati: Panayia (Messenia) (D 129) 161 Mazarakata (K epha11enia) (E 24) 188 . 141+. (Attica) (F 32A) 211-2 Marmari (Euboea) (F lOO) Panayia (Arcadia) (B 9) 78 23~) Manthyrea: Mantinea (Ancient) (Arcadia) see under Pikernis (B 18) Marmariani (Thessa1y) (H 27) 282-3 Marpessa (Paras) see Tsipidon Mastichari: Marathon: Kato Souli (Attica) (F 52) 219 Marathon: Ninoi (The Cave of Pan) (Attica) (F 53) 219-20 Marathon: Plasi (near Ayios Pande1eimon) (Attica) (F 51) 219 Marathon: Tsepi (Attica) (F 50) 197. 218. 373 Markopou1o: Ligori (Attica) (F 32) 211 Markopoulo: Pyrgos Vraonas (Attica) (F 37) 213 Markopoulo: 33rd km.

Ancient Thera)(Thera) 344-5 Meganisi: Spartochori (Meganisi) (E 13) 185 Mesiani Magou1a (Thessa1y) (H 21) 281 Megara (Ancient) Megarid) (A 93) 73 Mesochori: Gdhiti Rachi (Messenia) (D 76) 150 Megara: Ayios Yeoryios (Ancient Nisaia?) (Megarid) (A 94A) 74 Mesochori: Koutsoveri (Messenia) (D 75) 150 Megara: Pa1aiokastro (Megarid) (A 94) 73 Meso1onghi: Gyphtokastro ("Old Pleuron") (Aetolia) (El) 181 Me1anes (Naxos) 327-8 Mesonos (Rhodes) 357 Me1idoni: Kastro (East Locris) ( G 73) 263 Mesopotamos: Chi1ia Choria (Messenia) (D 28) 137 Me1iga1a: Ayios I1ias (Messenia) (D 206) 169-70 Mesopotamos: Ve1evouni (Messenia) (D 27) 136-7 Me1issi (Corinthia) (A 79) 70 Mesopotamos: Xy1okastro (Thesprotia) (K 1) 299-300 Me1issochori: Pa11ambe1a (Thessaly) (H 20) 281 Messada (Paras) 320 . 302 Medzena (Achaea) see P1atanovrysi (B lr7) 235-6. 279-80 Mesavouno (Se1ladha.409 Site Index Mazaraki Zitsas: Pa1aiokou1i (Epirus) (K 8) 299. 255 Megali Katavothra (Boeotia) (G 13) 241 Mega1i Vrysi: P1atania (Ma1is) (G 79) 265 Me1itaia: Ayios Yeoryios (Thessa1y) (H 62) 293 Mene1aion (Laconia) (c 1) 107. 378 Menidi (Attica) see Acharnai (F 4) Merkovounion: Ayio1ias (Arcadia) (B 15) 79 Merteika (Corinthia) (A So) 70 Mega1o Kastro (Keros) 338 Mesaria (Kos) 362 Mega Monastirion: Magou1a (Thessaly) (H 16) 272.

167-8 Mistros (Euboea) (F 74) 226 Mitopolis: Ayia Varvara (Achaea) (B 61A) 92 Mnimoria (Paros) 321 Metsovo: Between Anthochori and Votonisi (Epirus) (K ll) 303 Midea (Ancient) (Argolid) see Dendra: Palaeiokastro (A 6) Mikros Bodias: (B 59) 91 Modion: Avlaki Pouri (Phocis) (G 64) 260 Monasteraki (formerly Priphtiani): Magou1a (Argo1id) CA 3) 37 Loboka (Achaea) Mono1ithos (Rhodes) 353 Mou1ki (Corinthia) (A 77) 69 Mikrothivai: Ancient Phthiotic Thebes (Thessa1y) (H 7) 276-7 Moura (Astypa1aia) 364 Mikro Vathy (Boeotia) ( F 66) 224 Mouriatadha: E11eniko (Messenia) (D 201) 127. (Elis) (B 76) 96 Mirali (Achaea) (B 55) 90 Methana: Mega1ochorio (Ancient Methana) (Argolid) (A 34) 55 Met hone: Nisakouli (Messenia) (D So) 152 Metiseli (Thessaly) see Melissochori (H 20) Mirou: Peristeria (Messenia) (D 200) 126-7.410 Site Index Messini: Mexa (Messenia) (D 130) 161 Milioti: Ayios Ilias (Messenia) (D 30) 137 11etaxadha: Kalopsana (Messenia) (D 22) 135 Minoa (Ancient) (Megarid) see Megara: Pa1aiokastro (A 94) Metaxata (Kephallenia) (E 26) 189 Methana (Ancient) Argo1id) see Methana (A 34) Methana: Isthmus (Argolid) (A 33A) 55 Miraka: 96 Oinomaos (Elis) (B 75) Miraka: Rema. 168 Mi1a: Lakkathe1a on Ramovouni (Messenia) (D 221). 127. 173-4 Mouriki: Kame1ovrysi (Boeotia) (G 41) 252 Moutsounas (Naxos) 333 Mi1a: Profitis I1ias (Messenia) (D 218) 173 . Chandakia etc.

26-8. 47. 184. 145-6 Neochori: Chlemoutsi Castle (Kastro) (E 41) 194 Myrsinochori: Vaies (Messenia) (D 55) 146 Neochori: Kounoura (Messenia) (D 201+) 169 Nafplion: Ancient Nauplia (Argolid) (A 18) 28 Neraida (Achaea) 106 Nero (Kato Kouphonisi) 336 Nea Ankhialos: Ancient Pyrasos (Thessaly) (H 6) 276 Neromilos: Viglitsa (Messenia) (D 101) 153 Nea Epidhavros: Palaiochori (Argolid) (A 29) . 384 Mykalessos (Ancient) (Boeotia) see Rhitsona (G 45) Myloi: Ancient Lerna (Argolid) (A 13) 23.411 Site Index Mycenae (Argolid) (A 1) 26-37.53 Nessonis (Thessaly) (H 29) 283 Nea Epidhavros: Vas sa (Argolid) (A 30) 53 Nestane (Ancient)(Arcadia) see Nest ani (B 19) Nea Ionia: Nemesis (Attica) (F 5) 201-2 Nestani: Nea Karyai: Sarliki (Thessaly) (H 47) 289 11 Paniyiritsa (Arcadia) (B 19) 8o Nestor Is cave" (Messenia) see Petrochori: Cave of Nest or (D 10) Nea Makri (Attica) (F 1+8) 218 Neapolis (Laconia) (C 43) 119 Nichoria (Messenia) see Rizomylo (D lOO) Nekyomanteion (Thesprotia) see under Mesopotamos (K 1) Nidhri Plain (Leukas) (E 10) 181. 59 Nemesis (Attica) see Nea Ionia (F 5) Myrsinochori: Routsi (Messenia) (D 54) 126-7. 373-5 Neleia (Ancient) (Thessaly) see Volos: Pefkakia (H 2) Nemea (Ancient) (Corinthia) see under Heraklion (A 70) Myloi (Samos) 369 Nemea (Modern): Ayia Irini (Corinthia) (A 71) 67-8 Mylos Cheliotou ( Corinthia) (A 53) 27. 375-6. 378-9. 235. 167. 373 .

81 Palaiochora (Aigina) (A 49) EO Orchomenos (Ancient) (Boeotia) (G l) 235-7.) (Aigina) (A IfS) EO Osmanaga (JVlessenia) see Petrochori (D 7) Oxyli thos: Moni t~antzari (Euboea) (F 94) 232 Oxy1ithos: Palaiokastro. 381 Ormos Apollonos (Apollonas) (Naxos) 326. 386 Palaia Epidhavros: Panayia (Ancient Epidauros) (Argolid) (A 28) 52-3 Palaia Kokkinia (Attica) see under Peiraeus (F 7) Palaikastro (Mykonos) 309 Orchomenos (Ancient) (Arcadia) (B 23) 75. Evrimo. 83.412 Site Index Nisaia (Ancient) (Megarid) see Megara: Ayios Yeoryios (A 94A) "Northwest Promontory" (Antiparos) 324 Notina (Amorgos) 31~ Oikopeda (Kepha11enia) (E 33) 191 Olympia (Ancient): The Altis (Elis) (B 71) 94 Olympia: Drouva (Elis) (B 73) 95 Olympia (Modern) (Elis) (B 72) 95 Omorphochori: Karagats Magoula (Thessaly) (H 24A) 282 Or os ( (F 41) 215 Paizoulia (Laconia) (C 16) 112 Onchestos (Ancient) (Boeotia) ( G 16) 241-2 Opous (Ancient) (East Locris) see under Kyparissi ( G 70) Oraia: Tsaleika: Bouka (Elis) (B 68) 94. 124-5 Oreoi: Kastro (Euboea) (G 88) 267-8 Palaiokastro: Ayia Sotira and Palaiopyrgos (Arcadia) (B 32) 75. 378-9 Palaiochori: Kotroni (Laconia) (C 62) 107. 333 Palaiokastro (Sikinos) 342-3 Ormos Korfos (Mykonos) see Diakoftis Palaiomanina: Mila (Aetolia) (E 3) 182 Oropos (Ancient) (Boeotia) see under Skala Oropou (F 57) Palaiomanina: Ancient Sauria (Aetolia) (E 4) 182 . and Paralia (Euboea) (F 93) 232 Pagai (Ancient) (Megarid) see Kato Alepochorion (A 92A) Paiania (formerly Liopesi): Karelia (Atti.

Samakia. 373 Panayia (Kato Kouphonisi) 336 Partheni: Ta Poundaria etc. Parnes (F 56) Parnes (Mt. 141f-5 Papoulia (Village) (Messenia) (D 53) 145 Pa1aioupo1is (Andros) 307 Pa1airos: Kekropoula (Acarnania) (E 8) 183 Paradhisi: Asprovi1o and Kouri (Rhodes) 31+9 Paramythia (Epirus) (K 10) 303 Palamas (Thessaly) (J 10) 297 Pa1ati (Naxos) see Grotta Parapoungion: Ayios Yeoryios (Messenia) (D 213) 171 Pa111ni: Prokalisi (Attica) (F 43A) 216 Parga: Kiperi (Thesprotia) (K 2) 299-300 Pan (Cave of) (Marathon) (Attica) see Marathon: Ninoi (F 53) Parisata (Kepha1lenia) (E 34) 191-2 Pan (Cave of) (Mt. 318. 373 Panormos: Ayios Niko1aos (Astypa1aia) 365 Papa-Lures (Rhodes) see under Ka1avarda Patras: Aroe. and Gerokomeion (B 43) 86 Pav1opetri (Laconia) see E1aphonisi: Pav1opetri (C 39) Peiraeus: Charaugi (Attica) (F 6) 202 Peiraeus: Keratsini: Ayios Yeoryios (F 7) 202 Peiraeus: Skaramanga (Attica (F 8) 202 . (Leros) 367 Panayia (Paros) 321 Panayia (Pholegandros) 343 Panayia: Rachi or Pa11okk1isi ( Thessa1y) ( H 61) 293 Panopeus (Ancient) (Phocis) see Ayios V1asis (G 48) Panormos (Korphari tou Amygda1iou) (Naxos) 330-31. Lopesi.413 Site Index Pa1aionero: Ayios Konstandinos (Messenia) (D 74) 150 Pa1aion Pha1eron (Attica) (F 13) 205 Papou1ia: Ayios Ioannis (Messenia) (D 52) 133.): Cave of Pan near Chasia (Attica) (F 56) 220 Panayia (Despotiko) 325 Paroikia (Paros) 24. Parnes) (Attica) see Mt.

atar Magoula (Thessaly) (H 34) 285 Perachora: Heraion (Corinthia) (A 91) 72 Perama: Mesogephyra (Epirus) Phaleron (Attica) see Pa1aion Pha1eron (F 13) Pharos Av1idhos: Yerali (Boeotia) (F 64A) 223 (K 5) 301-2 Perati (Attica) see Porto Rafti: Perati (F 34) Pharsa1a: Fetih-Tsami (Thessa1y) (H 48) 290 Perdikaria (Corinthia) (A 59) 64 Pharsala: My1os (Thessa1y) (H 49) 290 Peristeria (Messenia) see Mirou: Peristeria (D 200) Pheia (Ancient) (Elis) see Ayios Andreas (E 42) Perivo1akia: Sola (Messenia) (D 140) 164 Pheneos (Ancient) (Arcadia) see Ka1yvia (B 34) Persouph1i: Kastro (Thessa1y) (H 7A) 276-7 Pherai (Ancient) (Thessa1y) see Ve1estina (H 15) Petalidhi (Antiparos) 324 Pherendaki (Naxos) 326 Petasi (Naxos) 332 Philagra (Cape) (Euboea) (F 99) 233-4 Petra (Thessa1y) see Stephanovikeion (H 17) . 318 Petrochori.414 Site Index Pe1asgia: Ancient Larisa Cremaste (Malis) ( G 83) 266 Petrochori: "Cave of Nestor" (Messenia) (D 10) 132 Pe1ikata (Ithaca) (E 14) 185-6 Petrochori: Osmanaga Lagoon (Messenia) (D 7) 131 Pe11anes: Pa1aiokastro (Laconia) (c 56) 107' 123 Pe1os (Me1os) 315-6.: Pa1aiokastro (Ancient Koryphasion) (Messenia) (D 9) 132 Penteorioi: Pa1aiopanayia (West Locris) (B 96) 102 Petrochori: Profitis Ilias (Messenia) (D 6) 131 Pera: Karkanos (Messenia) (D 102) 154 Petrochori: Voidhokoi1ia (Messenia) (D 8) 131-2 Perachora (Modern) : Ayios Demetrios (Corinthia) (A 87) 72 Pha1anna: T.

310. 68 Phoinikies (Amorgos) 339-40 Phoinikounta: Ayia Ana1ipsis (Messenia) (D 79) 151 Pigadhia: 357 Xenona (Karpathos) Pigadhia: Kokkinochomata (Messenia) (D 1f15) 165 Pikermi (Attica) (F 47) 217 Phourkaria (Argo1id) (A 38) 56 Pikernis: Gortsou1i (Ancient Ptolis) (Arcadia) (B 18) 75. 59. 317-8. 130 Pitsa (Corinthia) (A 81) 70 Plaka (Kea) 306 Plastiras (Paras) 318 Phyl1os: Gio1i (Ancient Phylle?) (Thessaly) (H 58) 292 . 3'73-4.415 Site Index Phi1ia: Sanctuary of Athena Itonia (Thessa1y) (J 7) 296 Phyrroghes (Naxos) 329 Phionda (Naxos) 331 Pidhima: Ayios Ioannis (Messenia) (D 136) 162 Phira (Antiparos) 322 Pidhima (Syros) 311 Phira (Thera) 345 Pigadhia: Makelli (Karpathos) 358 Phiropotamos (Melos) 315 Ph1ious (Ancient) (Corinthia) (A 72) 27. 377-8 Phy11e? (Ancient) (Thessaly) see Phyllos (H 58) Pisaskion: Mavroudhia (Messenia) (D 2) 127. 26. 3l1f-5. 79 Phryni: Asvotrypa: 11 Cave of the Nymphs" ( Leukas) ( E 9) 183-4 Fila: Phtellos (Thera) 345 Fila: Elitsa (Messenia) (D 39) 1!H Kokkinorachi (Messenia) (D !-!{)) l!H Phthiotic Thebes (Ancient) (Thessaly) see Mikrothivai (H 7) Phychtia: Ayios Yeoryios (Argolid) (A 2A) 37 Phychtia: Boliari (Argo1id) Fila: Vigles (Messenia) (D 41) 141-2 Pilona: Ambelia (Rhodes) 355 Pirgos: Tsouka (Messenia) (D 18) 134. 143 (A 2) 37 Phylakopi (Melos) 23-4.

212. 186-7. 381 Platikambos: Karagats Magoula (Thessaly) (H 19) 28o Porta Rafti: Pounda (Attica) (F 36) 213 Platikambos: Kavaki Magoula (Thessaly) (H 18) 28o Porto Rafti: Raftopoula (Attica) (F35A) 213 Pleuron (Ancient) (Aetolia) see Mesolonghi: Gyphtokastro Pothia: Perakastro (Kalymnos) 366 Mnima (Euboea) (F 68) (E 1) Pounta (Paras) 319 Plimmiri (Rhodes) 357 Plitra: Goulas (Laconia) (C 32) 116 Polichni: Ayios Taxiarchis (Messenia) (D 212) 171 Pourko: Ayios Demetrios (Kythera) (C 53) 122 Poussi Chamolia (or Vromopoussi) (Attica) (F 39) 214 Prasia (Antikeros) 338 Polichni: Polin: Mnimoria (Naxos) 329 Kastro (Kasos) 359 Polis Cave (Ithaca) (E 18) 181.416 Site Index Plataea (Ancient) (Boeotia) (G 39) 251 Politika: Kafkala (Euboea) (F 69) 224-5 Platanos: Kritharitses (Messenia) (D 48) 133. 143-4 Poli tika: 224 Platanos: Lambropoulou Piyi (Messenia) (D 49) 144 Poliyira (Boeotia) (G 2) 237 Platanos: Merzini (Messenia) (D 51) llf4 Poros: Temple of Poseidon at Kalaureia (Argolid) (A 36) 55-6 Platanos: Tombrino (Elis) (B 78) 97 Porto-Cheli: Ancient Halieis (Argolid) (A 44) 58 Platanovrysi (formerly Medzena) (Achaea) (B 47) 88 Porta Rafti: Nisos Raftis (Attica) (F 35) 212-3 Plati: Petrogephyra (Messenia) (D 135) 162 Porta Rafti: Perati (Attica) (F 34) 197. 301 Priphtiani (Argolid) see Monasteraki (A 3) Proerna (Ancient) (Thessaly) see Gynaikokastro (H 59) .

126 Pylos: Ayios Nektarios (Messenia) (D 45) 143 Psakhna: Ayia Paraskevi (Euboea) (F 71) 225 Pylos: Vigla (Messenia) (D 44) 142. 294 Pteleon: Gritsa (Thessaly) (H 13) 272. 225 Pyrasos (Ancient) (Thessaly) see Nea Ankhialos (H 6) Psakhna: Pyreatides (Kythera) (C 55) 122-3 Glifas (Euboea) (F 72) 225 Psara (island) see Archontiki Psaroga (Antiparos) 322 Pyrgaki (Achaea) see under Katarraktis (B 53) Psili Vrysi: Myrmingofolies (Arcadia) (B 7) 77 Pyrgos (Boeotia) (G 4) 237-8 Psili Vrysi: Vationa (Arcadia) Pyrgos: Magoula (Boeotia) ( G 5) 238 (B 6) 77 Pyrgos (Paros) 320-21 Psorolithi near Kalydon (Aetolia) (B 101) 103 Fteleon: Ayios Theodoros (Thessaly)(H 14) 272. 38. 278-9. 147 Psakhna: Ayios Ilias and Pirgos (Euboea) (F 70) 197. 278-9. 294 Ptolis (Ancient) Q\rcadia) see Pikernis (B 18) Pyrgos Kieriou: Ancient Arne-Kierion (Thessaly) ( J 8) 296-7 Pyrgos Kieriou: Makria Magoula (Thessaly) (J 9) 296-7 Pyrgos Vraonas (Attica) see Markopoulo: Pyrgos Vraonas (F 37) Pyrnari (Attica) (F 17) 206 Pyli: Ayia Paraskevi and Linopotis Piyi (Kos) 362 Pylos (Ancient Koryphasion) (Messenia) see Petrochori: Palaiokastro (D 9) Rachmani: Magoula (Thessaly) (H 32) 284 Rakhes: Fourni (Malis) ( G 82) 266 Rakhita (Malis) (G 77) 264-5 .417 Site Index Profitis Ilias (Argolid) (A 24) 51 Prostovitsa (Achaea) (B 62) 92 Pylos (Mycenaean) (Messenia) see Chora: Epano Englianos (D 7) Prosymna: The Argive Heraion (Argolid) (A 4) 28.

Site Index
Raphina (Attica) (F 45) 197, 217

Askitario (Attica)

Routsi (Messenia) see
Myrsinochori: Routsi
(D 54)

(F 46) 197, 217, 373

Salakos (Rhodes) 357
Rheneia (Mykonos) 309
Rhitsona: Ancient Mykalessos
(Boeotia) (G 45) 253
Rina: Daska1io etc. (Ka1ymnos)

Magou1a (Thessaly) (H 55)

Rizokastelia (Naxos) 328
Rizomylo: Nichoria (Messenia)
(D lOO) 23, 126-7, 131,
152-3, 378

Salamis: The Arsenal (Salamis)
(F 10) 197, 204, 381
Sal am is (Modern) ( Salamis)
(F 12) 197, 205
Saliagos (island) see under
Anti par os
Samakia (Patras) (Achaea) see
Patras (B 43)
Samari (Melos) 316-7

Roupaki (Kephallenia)
(E 30)190


Ayios Athanasios (Achaea)
(B 54) 75, 90

Samikon (Elis) see Kato Samikon
(B 92)

Rodhia: Magoula Pera Machala
(Thessaly) (H 36) 286

Saria (island) 359

Rodhia: Nekrotapheion (Thessaly)
(H 36A) 286

Sauria (Ancient) (Aetolia)
see Palaiomanina (E 4)

Romiri: Avisos (Messenia)
(D 31) 138

Schimatari: Ayios Ilias
(Boeotia) (F 59) 221

Ro5n (Naxos) 330

Schiste Odos (Ancient) (Phocis)
see Distomon ( G 50)

Rovies: Ayios Ilias etc. (Euboea)
(G 95) 270
Rovies: Pa1aiokhori (Euboea)
(G 96) 270
Roussi Kalogerou (Attica) (F 33)

Schoinochori: Melichi (or
Skala) (Argolid) (A 9) 45
Schoinolakka: Kokkinia
(Messenia) (D 43) 142
Schoinos (Megarid) (A 92) 73
Selladha (Thera) see under


Site Index
Sellas: Nekrotapheion (Messenia)
(D 202) 168-9

Skoura (Laconia) (C 5) 109

Seriphos (island) 311-2

Sophadhes: Magoula Theophani
(Thessaly) (J 6) 295-6

Sesklo: Kastraki (Thessaly)
(H 4) 184, 275

Sophikon: Ayia Paraskevi
( Corinthia) (A 63) 65

Siamou: Palaiochori (Messenia)
(D 208) 170

Soroni (Rhodes) 350
Soros (Antiparos) 324

Siana: Ayios Fokas and Kymisala
(Rhodes) 352-3

Sotira (Amorgos) 342

Sichaina (Achaea) see Ano
Sichaina (B L12)

Sotirianaka (Messenia) (D 144)

Sidherokastro: Sphakoulia
(Messenia) (D 241) 179

Soules (Boeotia) (G 24) 246

Sikea: Anemomylo (Laconia)
(C 33) 116

Soulinari: Tourlidhitsa
(Messenia) (D 29) 137
Sounion (Attica) (F 24) 209

Sikinos (island) 342

Bounarbashi (Thessaly)

Souphli Magoula (Thessaly)
(H 21>) 282

(H 30) 284

Sikyon (formerly Vasiliko)
(Corinthia) (A 76) 69, 382
Sirma (Ano Kouphonisi) 336
"Site A" (Antiparos) 323
Skala: Ayios Nikolaos (Laconia)
(C 21) 114, 116

Sourpi: Magoula (Thessaly)
(H 12) 278
Sparta (Ancient) (Laconia) ( C 2)
108, 38o, 382
Spata: Magoula (Attica) (F 42)
197, 215
Spathi (Cape) (Fournakia)
(Melos) 316

Kastelli (Patmos) 367
Spedos (Naxos) 330

Ska1a Oropou (Boeotia) (F 57) 221
Skaphidhia: Anemomy1o (Elis)
(E LIJ) 194-5
Skoura (Achaea) 106

Spetsai: Ayia Marina (Spetsai)
(A 1+4A) 58-9
Spi1aio tou Za (Naxos) 333


Site Index
Spilia: Kavaki (Thessaly)
(H 31) 284, 300

Stringon: Ayios Ilias
(Arcadia) (B 2) 76

Spira (Laconia) (C 47) 120

Strofilia (Euboea) (G 93) 269

Stadhion: Ayios Konstandinos
(Arcadia) (B 12) 75, 78

Stroviki (Boeotia) ( G 6) 238

Staphylos (Cape) (Skopelos) 346

Stylari (Messenia) see Ano
Kopanaki: Stylari (D 233)

Starochorion (formerly Lalousi)
(Achaea) (B 61) 92


Stavros (Amorgos) 3lfl

Stymphalos (Ancient) (Arcadia)
see Kionia (B 35)

Stavros (Melos) 316
Stavros (village) (Ithaca)
(E 16) 186
Stena (Laconia) (C 38) 118
Stenyklaros: Katorachi
(Messenia) (D 205) 169

Profitis Ilias (Malis)
(G So) 265

Styra: Nea Styra (Euboea) (F 98)
Sykamias (Kea) 305-6

Kastro (Syme) 359-6o

Synoro (Argolid) (A 22) 50, 376

Stephania: Lekas, Panayiotis
(Laconia) (C 19) 113

Tanagra: Gephyra and Dendron
(Boeotia) (F 63) 198, 222-3

Stephania: Lekas (south)
(Laconia) (c 18) 113

Tegea (Ancient) (Arcadia) see
Ale a (B l)

Stephanovikeion: Petra
(Thessaly) (H 17) 28o, 288

Teikhos Dymaion (Ancient) (Achaea)
see Araxos (E 47)

Stirfaka: Kalantzina (Malis)
(J 3) 295

Temenos (Delos) 310

Stoupa: Ancient Leuktra
(Messenia) (D 148) 166

Tenea (Corinthia) see under
Klenies: Ayia Paraskevi
(A 66)

Strefi (Elis) (B 82) 98
Strephi: Garalavouni (Messenia)
(D 115) 157

Thalamae (Ancient) (Laconia)
see Koutiphari (C 49)

Stoyia (Arcadia) (B 10)


Site Index
Thanas: Tourkodhendri (Arcadia)
(B ll) 78

Tigani: Kastro (Pythagoreion)
(Samos) 368

Thebes (Boeotia) (G 23) 235-6, 244-6,
260, 378-9

Tiryns (Argolid) (A 7)
27-8, 41-3, 373, 378-9, 381

Theologos: Ancient Halai (East
Locris) ( G 69) 262

Titane (Ancient) (Corinthia)
see Gonoussa (A 73)

Thera (island) 343

Tithronion (Ancient) (Phocis)
see Amphikleia: Palaiokastro ( G 63)

Thera (Ancient) (Thera) see under
Therasia (island) 345

Tolon: Ayios Ioannis Theologos
(Rhodes) 350

Thermisi (Argolid) (A 4o) 57

Topolia (Boeotia) see Kastro
(G 7)

Thermon (Ancient) (Aetolia)
(B 102) 76, 103

Trachia (Argolid) (A 31) 54

Thermopylai (Modern): Ancient
Alpenoi (Malis) ( G 75) 264

Trachis (Ancient) (Malis) see
under Herakleia (G 76)

Thespiai: Magoula (Boeotia)
( G 34) 249

Trachones (Attica) (F 15) 206

This be:

Tragana: Kapoureika (Messenia)
(D 13) 133

Palaiokastro (Boeotia)
( G 35) 249-50

Tholeron (Corinthia) see
Melissi (A 79)
Tholon: Ayios Dhimitrios
(Messenia) (D 244) 180

Tragana: Viglitsa (Messenia)
(D ll) 126-7, 132-3
Tragana: Voroulia (Messenia)
(D 12) 133

Thorikos (Ancient) (Attica) (F 25)
197, 209, 376

Trianda: Moschou Vounara and
Makria Vounara (Rhodes)

Thouria (Ancient) (Messenia) see
Aithaia: Ellinika (D 137)

Trianda: Potamylo and Paraskeva
(Rhodes) 344, 348, 377, 383

Thouria: Ayios Athanasios
(Messenia) (D 139) 163-4

Trikkala: Ayios Nikolaos
(Thessaly) (J 14) 298


Site Index
Trikorfo: Kako Katarachi
(Messenia) (D 121) 159

Tsouka1eika (Achaea) (B 49)

Tripo1is: Ayioi Aposto1oi
(Arcadia) (B 13) 75, 78

Tsoungiza (Corinthia) see
Herak1ion (A 70)

Tris Langadhas (Ithaca) (E 17)

Tyros (Laconia) (c 59) 124

Troizen: The Ask1epieion
(Argo1id) (A 33) 54

Vaies (Messenia) see Myrsinochori (D 55)
Vahouna (Antiparos) 322

Trou11os (Kea) 305
Tryma1ia (Naxos) 334

Kastro (Arcadia)

(B 91) lOO

Trypiti (Me1os) 315
Tsang1i: Karaman Tsaiir Magou1a
(Thessa1y) (H 51+) 291
Tsani Magou1a (Thessa1y) (J 5) 295

Va1ta: Ayia Paraskevi
(Messenia) (D CD) 147
Va1ta: Ayios Pande1eimon
(Messenia) (D 58) 147
Va1ta: Kastraki (Messenia)
(D 59) 147
Vanadha: Kastri (Messenia)
(D 242) 179

Tsap1aneika (Achaea) (B 45) 87

Vaphio: Pa1aiopyrgi (Laconia)
(C 4) 107, 109, 376

Tsaritsani: Hasan Magou1a
(Thessa1y) (H 38) 287

Vardaki (Naxos) 331

Tsasi (Laconia) (C 22) 114

Vardhates (Ma1is) (G 78)
236, 265

Tse1epakos: Kastro (Arcadia)
(B 29) 75, 82


Tsepi (Attica) see Marathos (F 50)

Vari-Varkiza: Kamini and Ayios
Ioannis (Attica) (F 20)

Tsimindiri (Antiparos) 323
Tsingouri (Schinoussa) 335-6

Kitsi and Vourvatsi
(Attica) (F 22) 208

Varkiza (Attica) see Vari-Varkiza
(F 20)

Tsini (Thessa1y) (H 50) 290
Tsipidon (Marpessa) (Par os) 320

Varvassaina: Vromoneri (E1is)
(B 83) 98

Site Index
Vasi1ika: Pa1aiokastro (Euboea)
(G 91) 268
Vasi1iko (Corinthia) see Sikyon
(A 76)
Vasi1iko: Ka1ogeros (Zakynthos)
(E 4o) 193-J+

Ve1ousia (Euboea) (F 89) 231
Verga: Kastraki (Messenia)
(D 1~3) 165
Vig1a: Ayios I1ias (Messenia)
(D 105) 154-5
Vigla (Naxos) 328

Vasiliko: Mal thi (Messenia)
(D 222) 126-7, 167, 169,
172-5, 177

Viglitsa (Messenia) see
Tragana: Vig1itsa (D 11)

Vasi1iko: Xerovrisi (Messenia)
(D 220) 173

Vi11anova (Rhodes) see under

Vasi1ikon: Ayios Andreas
(Euboea) (F 82) 228

Vlachata: Ayioi Theodhoroi
(Kepha11enia) (E 31)


Kotroni (Laconia)
(c 61) 107, 124-5

Vathy: E11iniko (Astypa1aia)
Vathy: Nisi (Boeotia) (F 65)

V1achioti: Kokkinadha etc.
(Laconia) (C 23) 112
Vlachopou1o: Agri1ia (Messenia)
(D 25) 136
V1achopou1o: Stamati Rachi
(Messenia) (D 24) 136

Vathy (Siphnos) 312-3

Apsaktiras (Rhodes)

Vlakherna: Petra (Arcadia)
(B 26)

Vati (Rhodes) 35'l

V1akherna: P1essa (Arcadia)
(B 25) 81

Ve1anideza: Ayios Sotiros
(Attica) (F ~!+) 216

Vlicha (Boeotia) see Cha1kis:
Vlicha (F 6"()

Ve1estino: Magou1a (Ancient
Pherai) (H 15) 277, 279

Volimidhia (Messenia) see Chora:
Volimidhia (D 20)

Velika: Kokora Troupa
(Messenia) (D 113) 156-7

Vol1issos: Lefkathia (Chios)

Ve1ika: Skordhakis (Messenia)
(D 112) 156

Vo1os: Kastro (Ancient Iolkos)
(Thessaly) (H 1) 272-3,378-9

Site Index
Vo1os: Pefkakia (Ancient Ne1eia?)
(Thessa1y) (H 2) 272, 274,
372, 375
Vorou1ia (Messenia) see Tragana
(D 12)
Vou1a: A1yki (Attica) (F 18)

Vryokastro (Akroterion Ourion)
(Tenos) 307
Vryotopos: Tsair1i Magou1a
(Thessa1y) (H 35) 285-6
Vryses: Pa1aiofrigas
(Messenia) (D 72) 150
Xerakrotiro (Naxos) 332

Vou1iagma (Boeotia) (G 29) 248
Xeronisi (Laconia) (C 20) 113
Vou1iagmeni (Attica) (F 19) 207
Xilokeratidi (Amorgos) 31KJ
Vou1iagmeni (Lake) near
Perachora: East Side
(Corinthia)(A 89) 72
Vou1iagmeni (Lake) near
Perachora: West Side
(Corinthia) (A 90) 72, 372

Xy1okastro (Thesprotia) see
Mesopotamos (K 1)

Ayia Sotira (Rhodes)


Vig1a (Rhodes) 354

Vouni (Amorgos) 340
Yiafani (Karpathos) 358
Vounon (Arcadia) (B 3) 76
Vourkate1i (Argo1id) see under
Tiryns (A 7)
Vourvatsi (Attica) see under
Vari (F 22)

Yia1ova: Pa1aiochori
(Messenia) (D 42) 142
Yia1tra: Kaste11i (Euboea)
(G 85) 267
Yiannitsochori: Ayios Yeoryios
(E1is) (D 246) 18o

Vourvoura: Ana1ipsis
(Arcadia) (C 58) 107,
123-4, 376

Yiriza (Corinthia) (A 57A) 63-4

Vovoda (Achaea) 106


Kaimena A1onia (E1is)

(B 93) 101

Vrachneika: Ayios Pande1eimon
(Achaea) (B 48) 88
Vrana (Attica) see Marathon
(F 49)


Kastraki (Thessa1y)
(H 10) 277

Zevgo1ateion: Panayia (Arcadia)
(B 14) 79

Vreserka (Argo1id) (A 3A) 37
Zevgolatio (Corinthia) (A 74) 68
Vrondama (Laconia) (C 13) 111


Site Index

Misonisi (Kos) 362

Zoumbaria (Despotiko) 321+
Zuccalades (Rhodes) see under
Zygouries (Corinthia) (A 67)
27-8, 66, 373





is a partial index, to features of interest chosen mainly for
their wide distribution; where the distribution is narrow or well
known from other sources (e.g. occurrences of Linear B), it has not
been indexed here.
Only Bronze Age or possibly Bronze Age features have been indexed.
Only specific references to features in the text have been indexed
(by no means all known examples of MH cists and pits are mentioned),
or cases where the inference seems justified from other evidence
(e.g. to possible tombs, from occurrences of whole vases or other
Where reference is made unspecifically to tombs known to be of a
particular type, they have normally been indexed under that type.
Features at sites on Maps A-K have been indexed by number alone,
except where the site-entry is long and a page-reference is also
included, Features in the Islands are recorded by page-number and
place-name, and page-references are also given for some general
The use of a question mark after site-number or place-name indicates
that either the date or the identification of the feature is not

Bronzes (hoards, stray finds, surface finds)
A l (p.32), 7; B 98, 101; D 22; F l (p.l99);
pp.3Q6 (Kythnos), 318 (Alyki), 359 (Saria),

G l, 43, 50;

H 5, 10;


A 13, 45, 90?; F 38?, 45, 46, 51?, 75; H 2; pp.311 (Kastri),
328 (Kastraki), 329 (Phyrroghes?), 330 (Spedos ), 331 (Panormos),
338 (Dhaskaleio), 369 (Heraion), 370 (Emporio); generally, pp.372-3.
A 45; D 222; F 51?; pp.305 (Ayia Irini), 307 (Vryokastro?), 328
(Rizokastelia?), 369 (Heraion?); generally, pp.374-5.
A l (especially p.29), 6, 7, 45, 50, 58, 59?; B 94?, lOO?; C 17?,
19?; D l, 1lf2?, 200, 201, 222; E 14?, 47; F 1, 16?, 38?, 64?, 65;
G 2?, 4?, 6?, 9, 10?, 11, 12, 17?, 22?, 23, 33, 37?, 62; H 17?, 51?;
J 8?; K l?, 2?; pp.305 (Ayia Irini), 312 (Ayios Andreas), 314
(Phylakopi), 322 (Koukounaries?), 369 (Heraion); generally, pp.377-9.
p.328 (Vigla?).
"Cyclopean" Walling (this category includes walls so described whose purpose
is uncertain and whose LB date is not established) A 8, 18, 21, 24,
30, 59, 93; B 18, 19, 35, 39, 92; C 12; E l, 8; F 10, 40, 52; G 4,
17, 22, 35, 38, 48, 59, 92; H 17; K 1; pp.357 (Eremokastro), 362

G 23. 46?. G 30. Apantima). 31. Pherendaki. Mnimoria. 314 (Phylakopi). E 23. 62. Cl.305 Kilns EB A 90. B 88. pp. 316 (Ayios Pandeleimon). A l (p. generally.30. Ayios Nikolaos. pp.42). 22?. 7 (p. lOO. 33?. MB LB F 51. lOO. 68?. 35. 38?. 36. Zoumbaria). 93. 117?. 322 (Phira. 50. F 9?.320 (Lefkais. 6. F 51. 67. Ayios Sostis). G 51. 9. 52?. G l. D 25. F l.373. 310 (Del os?). 333 (Lygaridia). Tombs and Burial Customs Built Graves (relatively large tombs with stone walls and roof. H l. F 89. Messada. p.427 Frescoes A l (pp. D l. 315 (Pelos). 5. Kamari). D 151. 38. 369 (Heraion). Glypha). 124. Krokidas). Shrines and Cult Activity EB MB LB F 53?. D 12?. 327 (Avdheli. '7. 201?. D 8o?. 50.3l). 61. 200.30-3l). H 15?. C 9.ll2). 314 ( Phylakopi). G 51. Sotira). H l. Kostos. Petalidhi. Cist and Pit Graves EB A 7 (p. 1+8. EB ME LB F l? (p. pp. 23. 64.378. 23. G 23. Cl. G 55. F 53?. "Site A11 . p. .200). D l. 20. 53?. generally. 324 (Soros?. 33-5). 32. 344 (Akrotiri). 62. 3. F 9. 333-4 (Chosti?). E 18?. H 4. Palaces and other Large Buildings EB MB LB A 5.378-9. 201. sometimes standing above ground and often entered from one side). 94. pp. G l. Akrotiri. C 17. 24?. D 46. 313 (Vathy). D 122. 58. 30. 312 (Akrotiraki). Panayia. C 14. 333-4 (Chosti?). p. A l (pp. Ormos Apollonos). 34.28).3l0 (Delos). F 18?.3l4 and 379 (Phylakopi). 223. Krassades. 317 (Kalogries. E 39. G 9. 201?. 321 (Pyrgos. 78. 57.305 (Ayia Irini). pp. 27?.304 (Kephala). 325 (Leivadhi. Galana Krimna. 30. Others A 8. 63?.379. generally. Psarr®ga). 319 (Episkopiana. 326 (Grotta. Roads A l (p. pp. Panayia?). (Ayia Irini). 9. 51. 346 (Cape Staphylos). 311 (Chalandriani. 369 (Heraion?). 9?. D 35. pp.35). 200. Tsipidon?. A l (p. generally. 14?. 323 (Georgoulas. Va~vouna. 13. Tsimindiri. 318 ( Plastiras).305 (Ayia Irini). 8. 50. 7. p. Ayios Sostis. ~6. G 23. Tholos Type B 8. 16. H 2. E 45. 6.307 (Kambos). 311 (Pidima. F 25. . pp. Drios). 67.3ll (Ayios Loukas). Avyssos.

10. 95.361 (Asklupi). 349 (Trianda. 31f. 345 (Phira). 82A. pp. 18. 48. 2. 26. 31. B 32. 330 (Ayiasos. 92. lf2. Undated D 139? Rock-Cut (Chamber) Tombs EB MB Ll3 A 67. 98. 58. 367 (Partheni?). 214. 28. p.3if). 14. 52?. 43. 67. 5. H 17. 42. 50. 37. D 59?. F l. Paradhisi). 20. 20. 4. Undated B 79. 46. 46. 313 (Ellinika?). Moutsounas). 57. F l. 76. G 4. Ll3 A l ( p. 337 (Alonistria Chousouri. 347 (Kastro). Pithos Burials EB pp. 32A. F l. 41. 45. 23. 65. 350 (Damatria. 30. 75. 55. 42. 334 (Tr~nalia?). 365 (Kato Vayi?). Ayios Georgios. 32. 78. 26. 36. 88. Kokkina Chomata. 10. B 65. G 28. G l. 7 (p. D 32. 12. Kanaki. 84. K l. 48?. 7. 57?. 52. 38. 24. 16?. G 23. D ll. 3. H 16. 85. 26. 102. 74. B 4o?. 3. Kameno Mitato Psarra. 343 (Panayia?). 3A. 5. C 17. 14. 71. 86A. Kapsala. 333 (Kambos tis Makris. 3. 316 (Cape Spathi?). B 30. 30. ll. p. 29?. 9 (earth-cut). Manganari). 42. 34. Vardaki. Aigiale). 350 (Soroni). 27. 51. c 12. 89. Kastraki?). 38. 9. 103. 36?. 242. 55. 66. 54. 339 (Ayia Paraskevi. 6. 328 (Melanes. Agrilia. 371 (Archontiki). 29. 23. 48. 71+. 95?. Spedos ). 2. 64A. Trypites). Bebekos. 20. 338 (Gerani?).374. 19. 75. MB 17. 61. Ro8n. F 27. Ll3 F l. 49. 21. Karvounolakkoi. 22. 209. 58. 317 (Sotira. 11. 30. Notina). Aphendika). 61. 3. generally. 45. 59. 335 (Ayios Mamas). 43. 21.374-6.Sl (Ol~pia area). 13. 58. C 3?. Keli. Asprochorio).326 (Grotta). 51. 336 (Nero). 10. 8. 25. 97. 316 (Cape Spathi?). 61. 57?. p. 20. 47?. pp. 40. 29. Dhaskaleio). 81. H 2. 23. 14. 53.33l (A!la). 342 (Sotira?. 63. 51. 72. 326 (Grotta). C 3. 25. Rizokastelia?. pp. 56. A~la. 9.42). J 15. 52. 51?. 5. lOO. D l. Arkesine. 314-5 (Phylakopi). 89?. 47. 22. 18. 331 (Panormos. llfl. 66. 18. Dokathismata). Maritsa. Phyrroghes. 9. E 38. 5. 6?. 340 (Phoinikies. 45?. 72. 11?. 10. F 6o. 45. 81. pp. 39. 66. 148. 25. 4o. 4. 332 (Kleidos. 42. 370 (Emporio). 36. 20. 42. 314-5 (Phylakopi. 4. Kapros. 82. 362 (Mesaria). 58. H l. 75. 64. 24. 81. 3~1 (Stavros. 35. 128. D 222. G l. 32. E 23. D l. C 39. 76. 35. 13. ll. MB B 71. 47. 339 (Arkesine?). 64. generally. 86.308 (Diakoftis). 45. 50. Phionda). 8c. 52. 18. 6A. 42. . 63. Petasi?). pp. 77?. Vouni. 6lA. 8. A l. 7. A 4. 105-6 (Achaea). 99?. E 2. generally. 5. 44. 2. 42. 46.Ayioi Anargyroi. 369 (Heraion). 4. 8. A l (especially pp. 94?. 62. pp. 361 (Asklupi?). 96?. 6o.36-7). 44. 38. Cremations MB Ll3 A 9. Xilokeratidi. 58?. Lakkoudhes). 13. Xerakrotiro. 137. 51. Louros. Lygaridia. 50. 329 (Polichni. 34. Tolon). 22.345 (Mesavouno?). 314-5 (Phylakopi?). 30. 59. Kata Akrotiri.375.

77. . J 12. 137. D 33?. Antimachia?). E 2. 36!f (Armenochori). 92. 27. 363 (Eleona?. 74. Apollakia?. Episkopio). C 4. generally. Akrotiri Koloumbon). 210. 41. 29. F 6. 309 (Delos). 52. G 62. 200. 6A. 318 (Ayiasmata).200). 49. 272 (Thessaly). K 2. llf6. 56. generally pp. 356 (Malona. F 49. 34. D 13. 34.429 351 (Fanes?. 59?. 14. 131.376. 33. H 11. 349 (Paradhisi?). B 50?. 42?. 201. 94. 36. 353 (Monolithos). 362 (Pyli). 54. 101.30. 217. 34o (Xilokeratidi). 44. generally. p. 378. LB B 77?. pp. Apollona). Tumuli and Burial Mounds EB MB E 10 (and pp. 27. 41. 54. 3. 58?. 369 (Myloi). H 1. 32. E 33?. Tholos Tombs (see also under Built Graves) A l (especially pp. 382. 355 (Asklipio. G 1. 315 (Kapari. Kattavia). 58. 25. 47. F 1 (p. 24. 79. 43. Kalavarda.305 (Ayia Irini). 8. Yenadhi?. Archangelos). 91. D 22?. 86. 79?. F 4. 234.376. 361 (Langhada). K 1. 92. A 8. B 55. Undated B 66. Phiropotamos). 35. Pilona). 33-6). 76. C 57. 123. 76. D l. E 26. 20. 358 (Pigadhia). 122. pp. 30. 77?. 349 (Ialysos?). 46. 42?. 64?. 236. 114. 59. 32?. 358 (Yiafani?). pp. 58. pp. Tombs of Uncertain or Unstated Type EB MB LB F 35A.376. E 10. H 33. 18.307 (Palaioupolis. D 20. 339 (Arkesine?).246. i+O?. 5. 322 (Koukounaries). Chamber Tombs Imitating Tholoi B 32. H 48?. 33. 29?. 2. 22?. ''rholos Mounds" (identified in survey and uncertain) D 15. 8?. 25. 8. 9. 357 (Koskinou?). 366 (Pothia). Ayios Isidhoros?. 63. 115.299. 33. (Many of these may be chamber tombs) A 47. 54. 4. 86. 339 (Arkesine?). G 1. pp. 210. 35. 3. 36. 20. 222. D 32. 220. 378. 345 (Mesavouno. 200. 5. J 13. B 72. 354 (Lachania?.306 (Plaka). 78. 11. 7. Vati). 14. 107. 109. 41. F 49. p. E 19. 352 (Mandhriko. 54. 23. IfS. 137. 50?. 373). 5. Lardos. lOO. Epirus generally. 233. Undated B 55. Kritinia). 353 (Siana?. 13.

Vol. Zeit.430 ADDENDA Omitted Abbreviations Arch. Part 1 (1925) Liverpool Annals of Archaeology and Anthropology Pauly-Wissowa-Kroll. Forsdyke. Real-EnkyklopHdie der klassischen Altertumswissenschaft Bollettino d 1 Arte . A LAAA RE Boll. d 1 Arte ArchHologische Zeitung J. ENCat. Catalogue of the Greek and Etruscan Vases in the British lliuseum. I.

t L H IliA2 L H III 8 1 L H H 1500 ? I H T - G rn s L H III C 2 LM IIIC -1100...) 2000- --------- EHIII(EBIII in Thessaly.....-2000 MMIA H900 1900 1800- MMIB-II MH MB (Phylakopi II:a-b) H800 .MAINLAND CRETE CYCLADES KEA 3000- -3000 2900- -2900 EH I (•EB 1 in Thessaly) EM I 2800- GP ? -2800 -2700 2700- 2600 2600 2500- -2500 EM 2400- II KS(•GP overlap ?) EH I I (+EB II in Thessaly) 8 -2400 -2300 2300- -.r--.....---(I ate -1000 PG) ......8 LM I A 1500 1200 D 1-A-...-H700 1700 1600- IM 11A1 LM lii A2 r----- 1300- LM IIIB H600 LBI-II (Phylakopi I1I:1-2) L HI L H li A L H I1 B LMIB L...-?-?...Mycenaean • later L H IIIC Sub-Minoan 1000.-- 2200 2100- EM Ili (mainly in E.r--H400 K + L -1300 1200 M -----------.-1100 ... M II 1400 F M M III A..Sub.-2200 Phylakopi I (+KS survival?) c -2100 ..(+PG after 1000) PG+ local DA styles . Lefkandi 1-2) ....

Spedos P•likoto 20.: \.. KEY TO Eloph~YTHERA NUMBERED_SITES 7_ AsKitorio 13. · . T HACA u~) KEP HA LLENIA ·. Phylokopi . Lefkondi 12.·. Tigoni 21.... Peneios lEUKAn 'J·· v5ct fvV--· ~·. . Povlopetri T. \\ ... • •. \ ~' ·' ./... Pelos !).•~ -r.· . R. \ 11°··.. Gro1to 24. Ktmolob v ( ~J::j 02 \:) ME LOS ~.. Ayios Kosmos 14.·..Moniko ll. ('·.· ~ '·~ ( .. . Plostiros 23 _Hero ion 6. . 0 () (Jcs= ~.. 1 r in i 3. SI PH NI . Akovitlko 18. S0 • •_J1 • ZAKYNTHOS .. Dhoskol io 2. 0 rchomenos S..: 0 2 . AI • . the r a \jAnt•kY I ----~ MAp n0~c RETE J"'!ft_ .. (14 . Zygouries 17. P•vkoki o V 19. . "'. Xorokou T6. )0 . Cholondrioni 2 2. Ayio 4 _Eutresis 10. Lithores 9 _ Kolonno 15.'1 ~ .

.. EHI and UsnRos ~.tROY MAP 1.}'[]_ AEGINA . Poros ~ Patmos~ ~ /~ ~Hydro (J~HERA flJ I LA nt•kytherc . " )I Cha!~ EH .~ 5 • '!!}A ••• ENS• : " >\LA~IS S .

"""i.Brouron 1 9.. 1'~·-.MOithi (JTHERA 26. Ayios SITES 9 _ A phidno 1 7. Orchomenos 14_Eieusis 22.Tiryns 28 _ Paroikio .Kirrho 16. 13· Lefkandi S. • '%( ~o\ \" ' [J SERIPH OS KirnolosJ \:1 SI PH Q~D KEY Pevkokio 2 _Pteleon TO NUMBERED_~./• ~· ·~ ~~""( "" ~ ~ ..Korokou 24.Eutresis ~ Elophon1s1 5tephonos 31_Akrotiri 32 _ )(ostri MAP MEL_OS .Aseo 30 _ Phylokopi 15_ Kolonno 23. 25. Drochmoni 12 _Thorikos 20. .Argos 27_ Ayio lrini 4..Morathon 18_Mycenoe 1oonn"1s 1 1.Ayio Mor1n0 21.Asine 29 _ Grot t a o. Nichorio 3 Lianokiodhi ?.i'--. Zygouries 1 O. . Ayios B.

..kythera ' KAR PATHOS <> K a SO'> 2. : \..... .. ~'~-~)~..'''". mou >Th<h.. QJ/oono/ MAP LEMNOS \Skicteo~~ )c::. 0 '\ fo' ' ~ SKOPELOS 0sKYROS C> ~ J~ ~"..~ ~~ • d\r Q S ERiPHO:> NC ~Ant.

Ayios Stephonos 3.Oc___. T ri on do 8.Eo. Vow-vouro 23.Nichorio \:jAnt.cY_T. Asine 2.Morothon 14.N'--"U-'M=B_.·~~--~----··----· ------ R. Voptlio 25. Berboti 19.Ayio lrini 4.opi 5.=EocD-__-"S-'"1 T E S ' 17. Peristerio 28. T horikos 15.Meneloion 24."R. Trogono 32. Aigion 22. Seraglio L·---··----- 26. Or eh omen os 11.Ayios Theodoros 13.Epidouros Umero 27.Kirrho 12. Phylok. EIII!'Usis T6. K osormo 21. Prosymna 18._. pte-!e-on 10.Myrsinochori 31. Kostri 7. Dendra 20. Kokovotos 29. Akrot ir i 6.kythera . Koukou nor a 1.Molthi 30.Vo!os 9.'E=-. Peneio5 D S ERIPHOS K'.

29 \:JAn\.<f cir.kythera CRETE e:.~ .(HERA . and contemporary LEMNOS () sites listed in Gazetteer (for numbered sites see Key on left below) UsKYRos .MAP 3 LHI.naphi . L H IliA 1.a.. LHII.l AEGINA \0~oros ~~ "'•eo ~Hydro /? Astypolaio QS':.

Asine 27. Pheroi 10 Menidi 18. Petro 4 . PhylokOpl 15. Cholkis 19. G!o 14 . K olonno Epidourus L1'mero 29. Argos 26. Lllngodhll 16. Nichorill 31.Koukounoro 30. A roxos 11. Zygouriu 23. pte!eon !:>. Vophio 28. llllysos 6. K 2. Hormo Korako~ ~Antikythero • IMA p KEA () .R. 7 Eutresis a. Ay iosl!ios J. Aigion 12. Dendra 25. Peneio" Qs• SKYROS ~ 0 ~ 5 EUBOEA (/ KEY TO risa NUMBEREE_ SITES 17. A morynt hos 20.Ore horn enos 13.Prosymno 24. Olympia 1 Vo1o5 Q. Grotto 21. 22.Mouriotodho 32.

c~n temporary listed Sites in and and Gazetteer (for numbered Sites on f:z SKYROS o.EUBOEA '"' ~J ~R05 Potmos~ [J SE..~ 5 .RIPHOS ·~ ·~. Astypolola !J5\!HERA f:}J ER A \:jAntlkythero J see Key left below) .MAP 4 LEMNOS L H IIIA2 L H IIIB. ·- " '\.

Solomis: ar.tro 23 _ Aroxos 31.·~ c RETE .fr__. Longodho 15 Po!oiokas. K 0 1ovordo B. 4 _ Agnondi 20. or Key on the been MOp) nos f 0 u nd 9. Epidourus Limero 25 _Polis 10. Korokou 19. Pteleon NUMBERED_. Metoxat a 5 _ Amphikleio 13.certainly where . Peroti SI PH Ni \::jA nt . Koukouro 29 6 _ Delphi 14 _ Derveni 22. ha::..'tes TO . Pisoski 20. A!':>ine 21.·. Lokkothelo 28.Hexolophos 11. •····. the 1n SMYC. ted SI \!So either (all underlined 1_ Voles 2.. il: ontogenodo T~g~ 27.3 • ~" ~ 1 J SKYROS 14 • ~~ [)'~GIN ZAKYNTHOS KEA 0 A ~oco.. loiYSOS 16_ Amykloi 24 _Astokos 3 2. Mozorokato 3. 0 5 ERiPHOS A• \) K imoloQ &'" M SITE 5 K.1 kY the r o Grotto I MAP~ h \l~ )~Jt. S olomis (town) 1 B.~ 30.enal 17.

.1n Gazetteer (for n umbered "tes see Key below) SI left on ~!ROS ~~E. K.(f..rnolo~ lJ fir] 'V ME LOS ~~HERA D~ AnOphi 0"" RH ODES .OS V' '?JJ(o'/Os Potmosif Strotonic(o'O .OS KEA 0 4 ~ (JROS MYKO.-----t. and ntemporary LEMNOS eo · ted sites lis . ------ 0 v: MAP 5 LHIIIC and SMyc. the r a \:jAnt•kY KAR PATHOS as~--·- K -- - ---··-·------- I! .

.........-- ___ .... // i -/ ...-' ' ' OF MAINLAND GREECE ..- '-\j"--"' __ . ' KEY TO MAPS I . ..

o M odern motor ~ Land above Land above land above Spot Heights C 0 MP/LEO (MAPS . B.J Site ~~ !n "" dunlng all • Mo. I. .'on S 't•• '<I L H 1 o<\ ( . H.• or port of the Place don!ng Tholes Nom" l.H.. n. and Homlet> . =' / I' 'c.I~~ ! I I I I 5 10 20 km 0 ~~~~~~----' - -~--------'I -M ' Site in use I I i l ' 'Il I E. R'>Ven>. a.l and E.~--- ANO --- I roods Ro>'lwoy' . IIIA 2 \.. I to L.~.H. HOP!: .·n (!) with L H ·S · Site . I' .H.IIIC T omb (s) of the period' -(N. 000 m..:t I 200 m.H. SIMPSON) -------~~--~~~~ . all port 0 Bronze Age f or Site ::: ·~-"---.~--------. period 1111!1 on Longe Town I' T own on Longe V>lloge 0 Smollen Village•.:>:'_to . . .~ -. Conventions City per1ods) .H. a..H. periods Site In "" doc!ng oil on pant of the E..H. see TEXT ::R~:~:£ A::::: period " Small .. periods D ' " In u>< duc"!ng all on pant 19\ of the L. _ _. and L.· .Il ~ · Ke.::> 240~." . IliA 1 period' V Site !n " " d . . = I' ~ 1 0 0 ~1~ . 81' R. s. eto. 1.. III and ""s· M. ()RAWN :·..>. H.. Stneom• • • d•not•d) of undefined ""-~Maps A~ used Mod-~n pen>od' period or of undef•ned " ' " "•te ' Place Nom" od<nn [ d ur•ng · all or port of the Lake>.IIIB unng all or part of the L..



.[J 0 5 10 '20 km.____.____.__.__._J.·-_.__l___~~~~_j .~. L..

l ·~.. · 28 • I I I _ __J 5 10 0~~~~-- ..~... :·. '· · . 15.:. . ·:. ' ::!.~ '·0' .4: •oi~ ~.·.:·..::.. .· 1 ~~j'· :A . ·~ LEUKAS :·P.).i ITHACA :?. 't. :··\~ ..•.·• :-: ' ~ I !r~ i a Fl I:~o~ :~I ~~~·.·..'-\:: .1 .. · .

__~---L-----~20 5 10 km. KE ..MAP EUBOEA L.

s. a. I.$. motor and .. Site Site of {in use with during Tholes undefined all Tomb(s) period or port of the periods (N.H. Site L.. 0. see TEXT 0 Bronze Ancient Place Names MYCENAE Modern Place Names CORINTH Age for NEMEA E-tc.H. I l l and port of 1 periods Key to Conventions Modocn M. HOPE 24'o 7 etc. I. periods Small of the L..IIIC Town L. . 500m. a roads Lakes. H. IliA J in use during all or @Site in e use during ol! part of the or port of l.H. MQjor c.s or to K Tow-~ . H. Large Village tl1lilJl Villages.I and E.Site in use during all or part of the Site in use during all or Site in use during all or part E.H. etc. H.IIIB periods Modern ~ <!> {!) L.. oc loc. a.II the E. H.H. Streams etc. Railways. s.ty on Maps A per! ads Smaller (!)Site -------. denoted) periods) Site of undefined Astro.. B.H. period Rivers.IIIA2 the and L. 0 Hamlets .H.I used period (MAPS Land above Lon d above Lon d above Spat Heights COMPILED ANO 200 m. 1000 m. (In metres) DRAWN 8Y R. I to L.


~~_.__J____j .0 5 10km.


STUDIES IN MEDITERRANEAN ARCHAEOLOGY VOL.. line from bottom: 2nd pa:::-a.. Notes on Prehistoric Pottery Groucs fro= Central Greece .. 22 line 2: p. p.376 End of second para: p..K. Caskey. p. IV(~)).. .386 equally (B32) si~i£icant ~as nore delete 'or' at the end of the line Note 1: · "Dodecanese I-III l'' . l1orricone.377 Line 6 of The Later 1·'1ycenaean i'. 1 42 D 43 SCHOINOLAKKA: KOKKINIA p. 12 J. 62 A 54 AIETOPETRA controlle3_ p..T. 38 3 Cretan inte:::-est . cj_t. "Jalisos: la necropoli micenea". 381 p. line 1 i~ p. p. sepolcreti della tarda eta del Bronze a Coo". 8 Protogeom~tric "PG" .H.. p. line 12: references should be AD 20 (1965) ·a 235. cit.P.. Ch. 27-8 (1965-6) 3-21 L.381 8. Renfrew. 18 Section (x): Omitted A. OD. in l'. Maiuri.: (1969) B 183. p.329 Delete : after PHYRROGHES p.L.. "Coo-scavi e scoperte nel . in ASAte~e 6-7 (1923-4) 86-251.S.Sll. A Gazetteer of Aegean Civilization in the Bronze Age. in ASAtene 50-51 (1972-3) (printed 1975) 139-396.378 Second to last line of second para: date of p.tene N.143 D 48 KRITHARITSES D 218. OD. p.Seraglio" e i:1 localita minori (1935-1943) ". (2) General). as line 5 should be "Palaiokastro First line of third para: p. 20 D. p.244 Thebes. Fourth line of second 9ara: Line 6: ~ early . "Eleona e Langada.. Hope Simpson and O. L. Dickinson. 173 ( ( (2) Ge:1eral) Part I should reaC.252 G 43 Trial excavations .. ''Greece and the Aegean Islands in the Hiddle Bronze Age" (CAH II:1.. 1 9 Renfrew.. ERRATA p.. French. I: The Mainland and Islands.372 End of first para and 2nd li:1e of thi:::-d para: EH II p. Part I. Morricone. LII R. arch£ologique p.