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You are on page 1of 12

Problem No. 1

Total points = 50

Determine the design tensile strength of the C10 x 25 channel section made from A36 steel. The

member end connection is made using bolts that are in. in diameter made from A325 steel. The

bolt connection layout is shown below.

(1) Determine the design tensile strength:

(45 pts)

(a) Consider only the limit states of gross yielding and net section fracture.

(b) For net section fracture, check all fracture paths (at least 3) you deem appropriate.

(c) Calculate U (shear lag factor) using the equation U=1-x/L0.9

(2) Answer the following questions qualitatively, i.e., without any calculations.

(5 pts)

(a) What will be the block shear failure path for the member?

(b) Can the block shear strength be computed using the standard AISC equations, or will

you need to modify them? If so, How?

Solution

(5) getting material properties right + (5) for gross yielding strength

Fy 36 ksi

Fu 58 ksi

db 0.75 in

Ag 7.34

in

tw 0.526

Part 1

Gross Yielding

Pny 0.9 Fy Ag

x 0.617

in

L 5.5

in

U 1

x

L

U 0.888

in

For each case: Assumption of correct path (2)

Calculation of correct net width = (5)

Calculation of correct fracture strength = (2)

3 2.5

Fracture Path

C10x25

3

2

An Ag 3 db

Pnf2 0.75 Fu Ae

2

2

3

3

tw

8

7

5

An 5.959 in

Ae U An

3 2.5

Fracture Path

C10x25

Ae 5.291

in

3 2.5

2

2

Af/2

Fracture Path

Aredg

C10x25

Af/2

Net Fracture Case 4

T 8 in

Aredg T tw

Aredg 4.208

Af Ag Aredg

Af 3.132

wn T 3 db

An Af wn tw

Pnf3 0.75 Fu Ae

( AISC)

g 3 in

in

in

4 g

wn 5.896

An 6.233 in

7

s 2.5 in

in

Ae U An

Ae 5.534

in

3 2.5

Af/2

Fracture Path

C10x25

Aredg

Af/2

Part 2

By examining the results in Part 1, the block shear failure path would be as follows:

2

2

3

3

3 2.5

Fracture Path

C10x25

In this case, no modifications to the AISC equation is required. However, if the results in Part 1

indicate that Path 2 governs, then the AISC equations would have to be modified as follows:

4 g

Agt tw 6 2

Ant Agt db

tw

s2

Where g is the vertical spacing.

Agt t w g

4g

Problem No. 2

Total points=50

(a)

Using the tension member design Tables in the AISC manual, select a double angle

tension member (with equal legs) to carry a factored design load of 150 kips.

(b)

Is the net section fracture strength noted in Table 3-7 correct? If not, then where does the

approximation appear in this Table?

(c)

Assuming in. diameter A325 bolts in shear/bearing for the connection system, how

many such bolts do you need for the connection?

(d)

Assuming Le=2 in., s=3.0 in., sketch a reasonable bolt layout, what is the actual net

section fracture design strength?

(e)

What is the block shear strength assuming that the shear fracture strength dominates, i.e.,

(f) Is the original selected member still valid? Do not re-design, just state what needs to be

changed to make it valid.

Solution

(4) points for selecting a reasonable section. No deduction for not picking the lightest section.

Just a warning. Sections in the neighborhood of the lightest section are OK.

(a) The most economical section from Table 3-7 is a 2L3 x 3 x 3/8 Py = 150 k, Pn = 151 k

(4) points for this

(b) When Ae < 0.75 Ag, tabulated values of design tension rupture cannot be used. Tables assume

Ae = 0.75 Ag

(12 points) for this calculation (4 for bearing and 8 for bolt shear strength)

(c) For bearing strength, assuming Le Lefull and s sfull Rn = 78.3 kips/in (Table 7-12)

Rn = 78.3 kips/in

Rn 78.3 t 2 Rn 58.725

kips of 1 bolt

Pu

Rn

n 2.554

bolts

n 5 bolts

Make

Rn 58.725 n

Bearing

Shear

31.8

n

Rn

78.3Rn Rn

78.3

Rn 78.3 t

Rn 293.625

kips

Rn 159

in

Rn 29.362

Pu

Rn

n 4.717

bolts

kips

kips

kips of 1 bolt

Pu

Rn

n 5.109

bolts

KK: The bearing strength will be 78.3 x t x 2 = 58.6 kips because there are two angles, and each

shares half the load. If they dont do this step and use the shear strength of the bolt directly,

deduct only a few points (max. 5).

Shear Strength 1 bolt: Rn 31.8 kips (Table 7-10)

n 6 bolts

Make

Bearing

Rn 29.362 6

Rn 176.172

kips

Shear

Rn 31.8 6

Rn 190.8

kips

Pu

Rn

n 4.717

bolts

(10) points for this calculation (net area calculation =3, U calculation =4, strength calc. = 3)

(d) Bolt layout shown below. Path shown for block shear in Part (e).

32

Ag 2.32

in

An Ag

x 0.823

An 1.992 in

L 15 in

in

Ae An U

Ae 3.585

U 1

Pn 0.75 Fu Ae

in

2 Angles

An 2 An

U 0.945

U 0.9

x

L

Pn 155.964 kips

Path = 3, Anv=5, Agt=2, Ant=5, Final strength = 3

(e) Path shown above in (d).

1 3

Anv t 14 4.5

8 4

Anv 3.773

in

Agt t 2

Agt 0.75

in

Ant 0.586

in

1 3

Ant t 2 0.5

8 4

Fy Agt 27

Fu Ant 33.984

kips

2 Angles

Rn 118.737

kips

2 Rn 237.473 kips

Anv t 17 5.5

1

8

Agt t 2

1 3

Ant t 2 0.5

8 4

Fy Agt 27

kips

Fu Ant 33.984

2 Angles

kips

2 Rn 279.07

Anv 4.57

in

Agt 0.75

in

Ant 0.586

in

kips

Rn 139.535

kips

kips

(f) Section is adequate.

An 3.984 in

Problem No. 3

(Total points=50)

Design the welded connection (only) for the member shown below. The given loads are service

loads. Assume Fy=50 ksi for the angle tension member, and Fy=36 ksi for the gusset plate. Show

the connection design on a sketch complete with all dimensions.

Note: You will have to consider both (angle and gusset) base metal strengths to compare with the

fillet weld strength.

Solution

Calculation of factored load = 2 points

Amin = 4 points

A max = 4 points

Selecting correct a = 2 points

Lmin= 4 points

Lmax=4 points

Implementing Lmax=2 points

Weld metal strength = 8 points

Base metal strength = 6 + 6 points

Required weld length = 3 points

Figure showing detail layout = 5 points

Fya 50 ksi

Fyg 36 ksi

Pu 1.2 D 1.6 L

tmin

5

16

in

D 45 kips

Pu 271.6

tmax

3

8

in

L 136

kips

ta

5

16

in

tg

kips

amax tmin

1

16

amax 0.25

in

3

Table J2.4 Make

in

a 0.25 in

Fexx 70 ksi

16

Strength Weld Metal Rn ( Lw) 0.75 0.6 Fexx 0.707 a Lw 5.56762500 Lw

amin

Base Strenght Angle

Lw

271.6

5.56762500

Lwmin 4 a 1.00

Lw 48.782

in

in

in

weld can't be greater than 25 in.

22 in.

5 in.

22 in.

3

8

in

25 in.

0.5 in.

0.5 in.

25 in.

0.25 in.

0.25 in.

25 in.

25 in.

10

Problem No. 4.

Total points = 50

Design a bolted splice connection for a single angle tension member. The service loads acting on

the member are 50 kips dead load + 30 kips live load.

The splice must be slip-critical for service loads, and have adequate shear/bearing strength for

factored loads. Assume 7/8 in. diameter A325 bolts.

(1) Design and check the splice to be slip-critical at service loads

(2) Design and check the shear/bearing strength of splice at ultimate loads.

(3) Design the thickness and width of the gusset plate

(4) Provide a sketch of the splice detail.

There is no need to check the design strength of the angle at ultimate loads. Assume that the

angle design works.

Solution

D 50 kips

L 30 kips

db

7

8

in

t 0.5 in

Part 1

SL D L 80

kips

Rn 10.2

Rn 10.2 n

kips

Rn 81.6

kips

11

Use 8 bolts

n 8

(18 points for shear bearing design) 8 for shear, and 10 for bearing.

Part 2

Pu 1.2 D 1.6 L

Pu 108

Rn 21.6 n

kips

Rn 172.8 kips ok

Bearing

Lemin 1.125 Table J3.4

Make Le 1.25 in

smin 2.6667 db

smin 2.333 in

spref 3 db

spref 2.625 in

For Edge:

Rn 40.8 t

Rn 20.4

Rn 91.3 t

s 3 in

Use

kips

Rn 45.65 kips

Note Assume Gusset Plate has same thickness

(15 points for gusset plate design) 5 points for getting 0.85 factor

Part 3

Make U=0.85

Ag

Pu

Ag 3.333 in

0.9 36

width

Ag

width 6.667

0.5

Ag b 0.5

Ag 3.5

in

Gross Yielding

Py Ag 0.9 36

Net Fracture

b 7

in

in

An Ag db

Make

0.5

Pn 0.75 U An 58

Py 113.4

kips

Pn 110.925 kips

Part 4

1.25

3 3 3

3 3

1.25

12

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