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IP Connectivity &

IP Configuration
in LTE/EPC

Introduction

Why learn about IP in LTE/SAE
› Most of the older L3 technologies have already been
moved to IP in current GPRS/WCDMA networks.
› LTE/SAE is an all-IP architecture. No other L3
transport protocol will be used in most networks in the
near future.
› Understanding solutions for IP based connectivity
means improving quality in new EPS implementations.
› All transport/resilience/functions provided by the
network are based in IP protocols.

Scope and Objectives
Objectives
› Understand how they support
LTE/SAE architecture.

› Explain how IP supports LTE/SAE
› Understand how the different IP
solutions (IP RAN, Metro Ethernet,
M-PBN) interact.
› See the implications of introducing
IPv6 protocol for user plane traffic.

Scope
› IP Solutions
› IP Key Performance Indicators
› IPv6

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Overview .

. traffic separation and security. VPN Services IGP design Link layer topology › Connectivity is provided by Ethernet switches. scalability. L3 routers and DPI firewalls. › Main concerns are QoS parameters.Mobile-PBN solution (EPC) › PBN stands for Packet Backbone Network. Transport equipment Resiliency Scalability Equipment: carrier Label Distribution (LDP or RSVP) Physical class grade routers transmission (Juniper M and/or topology IGP (IS-IS or OSPF) T-series) Secutity MP-BGP QoS › It is the Ericsson L2 and L3 solution for interconnecting geographically separated voice and packet core nodes.

› RAN nodes do not need to be statically bound to a specific core controller (BSC/RNC). › IP nodes in main sites might be used for access aggregation and for core connectivity at the same time OMS1410 CESoPSN SIU 09A . › Allows more efficient usage of available bandwidth for broadband technologies such as HSDPA and LTE.Mobile-Backhaul Solution (LTE) › Solution to connect the radio nodes in cell sites to the core (IP RAN). Shared HW and 10GE › Based on L2VPNs over SDH.

etc…). cable. › Supports advanced multicast IP Services (IPTV. multiconference…) for end subscribers. but this solution is focused in residential (fixed line) accesses (xDSL. allowing point-to-point. as a solution to connect end subscribers to the core. › Aggregation sites are based in the SM (SmartMetro) product family. › Designed for traditional ISPs.Metro Ethernet Solution (wireline) › Similar concept to Mobile-Backhaul. point-tomultipoint and multipoint-to-multipoint services. .

Converged Network Concept › All-IP paradigm allows operators providing both fixed and mobile services to unify their network infrastructure  SAVES COST Access Network IP IP/MPLS core MetroOperator Solution Fixed Edge Mobile operator Cell PRAN site LRAN HRAN PRAN MPBN Mobile Backhaul Mobile backhaul Access Network / Cell Site / PRAN IP Edge Converged operator / PRAN Metro Solution MPBN / IP-MPLS core .

IP Solutions .

Ericsson Solutions › Mobile-PBN › Mobile-Backhaul (IP RAN) › Metro Ethernet RBS Site IP RAN Mobile Backhaul Router/Switch Site IP RAN µwave Core Network BSC BTS RBC Site Ethernet switching IP routing Security Copper M-PBN Metro Ethernet Fiber RNC BTS NodeB eNodeB LRAN HRAN BSC/RNC Site Network Synchronization Ethernet switching IP routing Security Core Network .

loadbalancing. end-to-end QoS. Corporate Networks MSC DNS Roaming Networks FW FW Router Router Switch GSM / WCDMA / LTE Secondary Site MGW MGW MGw › Provides redundancy.Mobile-PBN Solution › Initially it was only focused on providing IP services for data traffic. › Currently. almost all 3GPP interfaces are considered. Switch Router Switch Router IP/MPLS Router Router Switch Secondary Site SGSNMME GGSNMPG CPG Primary Site Internet Router Router Switch Secondary Site GSM / WCDMA / LTE 005-09-001-00 GSM / WCDMA / LTE GSM / WCDMA / LTE GSM / WCDMA / LTE . security. › Every new feature is verified in the lab to detect problems and therefore save implementation time for customers...

M-PBN: Multisite Architecture › Primary and secondary sites. n M M N Secondary 4 N N n n M Primary 3 M Primary 4 n n › Firewalls only in primary sites m Secondary 5 m Secondary 6 . n n n Primary 1 n Primary 2 N N N N N › Traffic should always follow the shortest path to destination. as well as in radio sites › Connectivity to cell sites is out of scope. – Primary sites might have any core node. m › All primary/secondary sites have a pair of routers m Secondary 1 Secondary 2 m m n Secondary 3 n n › Transport between sites is based on MPLS. eNodeBs might be in both. – For LTE/SAE. – Secondary sites are focused in voice switching.

Functional Modules › Operational solutions – Charging – Operation and Maintenance › Packet switching – Legacy GSN connectivity – LTE/SAE core nodes – IP RAN interfaces › IMS – Connectivity to IMS applications from UEs – Access from EPS to IMS nodes › End-to-end designs – Quality of service – Security › Backbone and site infrastructure – MP-BGP/MPLS between sites – Virtual private networks (VPNs) for traffic separation between domains › Circuit Switching – Sigtran – MSS .

Possible site physical topologies Router+Switch option: IRB option: Client Nodes Client Nodes Client Node Client Node Site Infrastructure VLAN VLAN SW1 SW2 Site Infrastructure Link aggregation VLAN VLAN Tagged VLAN Link aggregation SR1 SR2 Mobile-PBN backbone Optional tagged VLAN (if needed for capacity) Tagged VLAN SR1 SR2 Mobile-PBN backbone .

S6a. S10 and S11 interfaces are supported. . › Reuse of existing VPNs – O&M – Media – Signaling – PRAN (towards MBH/ME) › Same principles as in previous releases. S5/S8.0 › Integrated with the solution in release 2009B.Evolved Packet Core (EPC) › High Level Design in R7. › Currently S1.

Ericsson Solutions › Mobile-PBN › Mobile-Backhaul (IP RAN) › Metro Ethernet RBS Site IP RAN Mobile Backhaul Router/Switch Site IP RAN µwave Core Network BSC BTS RBC Site Ethernet switching IP routing Security Copper M-PBN Metro Ethernet Fiber RNC BTS NodeB eNodeB LRAN HRAN BSC/RNC Site Network Synchronization Ethernet switching IP routing Security Core Network .

GW PDN GW Serv. GW MME PDN GW eNB SEG Transport Network IP RAN Mobile-Backhaul Solution Mobile-Backhaul SEG SEG Mobile-PBN IP/MPLS Backbone Mobile-PBN .Framework Cell Site Transport Aggregation Level 1 Site M-PBN Aggregation Site M-PBN Switching/ IP RAN Site M-PBN Secondary/ IP RAN Site RBS BSC Site Design M-PBN Primary/ IP RAN Site BSC 2G SGSN RNC 2G GGSN M-PBN Sites in other region BSC RNC NB RNC Serv.

Terminology › The MBH (Mobile Backhaul) is the RAN transport network that connects Cell sites to the sites in the core network. › LRAN (Low Radio Access Network) is the Ericsson term for the low capacity part of the mobile backhaul that handles Cell site access. . Ericsson defines the mobile backhaul architecture in terms of two distinct parts – LRAN and HRAN. › HRAN (High Radio Access Network) is the Ericsson term for the high capacity part of the mobile backhaul that aggregates and transports traffic from several LRAN aggregation nodes and Cell sites to the sites in the core network.

cells have a single step to the aggregation site.LRAN › Handles Cell sites access PWG SIU › Normally. Cell Site GSM › Some of the LRAN sites must interface with the HRAN ring. Ethernet Transport SEGw Pico STN ET-MFX › LRAN Nodes might also be part of a primary/secondary MPBN site LRAN Aggregation Site MINI-LINK TN Cell Site WCDMA Router SR SEGw EDA Cell Site LTE DUL PWG SIU Cell Site GSM SEGw Pico STN ET-MFX Cell Site WCDMA SEGw Cell Site LTE DUL . › Link redundancy provides recovery under failures.

Switching Site RNC BSC O&M O&M Iub Abis SR LRAN Cell Site GSM RAN Primary/Secondary Site OM_RAN Ethernet L2 Transport Abis VLANs O&M VLANs Aggregation Site RNC BSC O&M O&M SR Iub SAE-GW S1_U MME S1_MME Abis RAN VPN Cell Site WCDMA SR RAN Iub VLANs O&M VLANs OM_RAN VPN RAN OM_RAN Cell Site LTE LTE VLANs O&M VLANs HRAN IP VPNs OM_RAN . › LRAN aggregation sites are connected to RAN and O&M RAN VPNs in the core. › Connectivity can be provided by a Metro Ethernet solution in place.HRAN › Second level of aggregation.

GGSN MPBN SGSN (not user plane functions) PGW SGW MME RNC MBH Node B eNodeB .Long Term Evolution (LTE) › LTE introduces a flat. no dedicated circuits › 2G/3G RAN control nodes typically on core sites – EPS sites may move closer to the base stations than – current SGSNs/GGSNs › Support for X2 (eNodeB to eNodeB) S1-U (eNodeB to SGW) and S1-MME (eNodeB to MME) interfaces. packetonly RAN architecture – No BSC/RNC – Only Packet Switched traffic – Only Packet based backhaul.

Ericsson Solutions › Mobile-PBN › Mobile-Backhaul (IP RAN) › Metro Ethernet RBS Site IP RAN Mobile Backhaul Router/Switch Site IP RAN µwave Core Network BSC BTS RBC Site Ethernet switching IP routing Security Copper M-PBN Metro Ethernet Fiber RNC BTS NodeB eNodeB LRAN HRAN BSC/RNC Site Network Synchronization Ethernet switching IP routing Security Core Network .

Basic Transport Building Blocks Service class Service VPLS Basic transport building block E-LAN L2 VPN VoIP Internet and Security Business Services L3 VPN Mobile broadband Transport Wholesale Services Transport Mobile backhaul Transport E-LINE Internet & P2P VoIP Video on demand Residential Services IPTV IP Routing/PIM .

HVPLS Service redundancy RSTP VPLS MAC flush S-VLAN .E-LAN Service OMS1410 VB VB SE1200 SM480 SM480 OMS1410 VB VPLS VB SM480 SE1200 OMS1410 SM480 Transport Access S-VLAN VLAN IP Edge VPLS E-LAN service PB / E-LAN VPLS.

E-line Service for p2p Connectivity OMS1410 SE1200 SM480 SM480 OMS1410 SE1200 SM480 OMS1410 Transport Access C-VLAN E-Line Service Service redundancy SM480 S-VLAN IP Edge VPWS PB / E-LINE Pseudo wire (VPWS) MAC relearning VLL redundancy (Metro 2009B) S-VLAN .

IP Key Performance Indicators .

KPIs .

KPIs .

IPv6 .

› Everyday more and more devices are connected to the Internet. UEs are always-on. making them responsible for accountability of their subscribers’ actions on the Internet. blocking IP addresses to other subscribers. . › The European Union has established certain legal requirements for operators. are already discouraging usage of NAT systems due to the high signaling requirements. such as IMS. With mobile broadband this is even more critical. › Some technologies. › With terminals like iPhone.Why IPv6 in Mobile Broadband? › IPv4 addresses are about to collapse.

› Core nodes will still tunnel subscribers’ traffic using IPv4 addresses  GRX will still be an IPv4 network for a long time.IPv6 Support › UE is assigned with an IP address by the PDN-GW/GGSN › Up to the PDN-GW the traffic is tunneled between core nodes  End subscriber’s IP is not used for routing until packet traverses the PDN-GW. . › There is no difference from a connectivity perspective within the packet core if an IPv4 or an IPv6 address is assigned.

etc) might also require IPv6 awareness. such as OSPFv3) – IPv6 must be supported by in-line charging systems (SASN) – Backbone VPNs must allow IPv6 address-family for remote connectivity – ISP must be IPv6 aware. – RNC/SGSN/GGSN in GSM/WCDMA networks. . – eNodeB/SGW/PDN-GW in LTE/SAE networks. pure IPv6 routing occurs towards the ISP: – IPv6 must be supported in site routers and firewalls (including dynamic routing protocols supporting IPv6. › After PDN GW (or GGSN). › Additional services (Charging. legal audit.IPv6 Impact › All core nodes in the data flow must be aware of the IPv6 usage in order to establish the required variables in the PDP/session activation.

Summary .

– Mobile backhaul (IP RAN) – Metro Ethernet – M-PBN uses primary and secondary sites – Router & switch or IRB topology – MBH. accountability – Always-on user devices block IP addresses . steaming and interaction & background › IPv6 – Infinite number of addresses – Legal requirements.Summary › Ericsson Solutions – Mobile PBN. bearer. HRAN and LRAN › KPI parameters – sets constraints to guarantee quality of service – Applies to signaling. packet switched conversional.

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sw.al.se/alexserv?id=9514 › IP RAN T10A solution – http://cpi2.sw.net/techpubs/software/junos/index. – http://extremenetworks.aspx .sw.juniper.com/services/software-userguide.al.ericsson.html › ExtremeXOS documentation.ericsson.More Information › Mobile-PBN 2009B solution – http://cpi2.ericsson.ericsson.sw.al.al.se/alexserv?id=3650 › SmartEdge OS documentation – http://cpi2.se/alexserv?id=10399 › JunOS documentation – http://www.se/alexserv?id=23423 › Metro Ethernet 2009B solution – http://cpi2.