You are on page 1of 24

(12) INTERNATIONAL APPLICATION PUBLISHED UNDER THE PATENT COOPERATION TREATY (PCT)

(19) World Intellectual Property


Organization
International Bureau
(10) International Publication Number
(43) International Publication Date
2 1 July 2016 (21.07.2016)
PO PCT

WO 2016/113366 Al

(51) International Patent Classification:


C04B 28/26 (2006.01)
C09D 5/02 (2006.01)
C04B 40/06 (2006.01)
C04B 111/60 (2006.01)
C09D 7/06 (2006.01)

(81) Designated States (unless otherwise indicated, for every


kind of national protection available): AE, AG, AL, AM,
AO, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BH, BN, BR, BW, BY,
BZ, CA, CH, CL, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM,
DO, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, GT,
(21) International Application Number:
HN, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IR, IS, JP, KE, KG, KN, KP, KR,
PCT/EP20 16/050700
KZ, LA, LC, LK, LR, LS, LU, LY, MA, MD, ME, MG,
MK, MN, MW, MX, MY, MZ, NA, NG, NI, NO, NZ, OM,
(22) International Filing Date:
PA, PE, PG, PH, PL, PT, QA, RO, RS, RU, RW, SA, SC,
14 January 2016 (14.01 .2016)
SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SM, ST, SV, SY, TH, TJ, TM, TN,
English
(25) Filing Language:
TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, ZA, ZM, ZW.

English (84) Designated States (unless otherwise indicated, for every


kind of regional protection available): ARIPO (BW, GH,
Priority Data:
GM, KE, LR, LS, MW, MZ, NA, RW, SD, SL, ST, SZ,
10 2015 000 200.7
TZ, UG, ZM, ZW), Eurasian (AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ, RU,
15 January 2015 (15.01.2015)
DE
TJ, TM), European (AL, AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE,
Applicant: SAINT-GOBAIN WEBER GMBH [DE/DE];
DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LT, LU,
Schanzenstrasse 84, 40549 Dusseldorf (DE).
LV, MC, MK, MT, NL, NO, PL, PT, RO, RS, SE, SI, SK,
SM, TR), OAPI (BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ,
Inventor: FUHRICH, Uwe; Im Wiesenrain 13, 79238
GW, KM, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG).
Ehrenkirchen (DE).
Published:
Agent: DOUYSSET, Laurence; Departement Propriete

(26) Publication Language:


(30)

(71)
(72)
(74)

Industrielle, 39, quai Lucien Lefranc, 93300 Aubervilliers


(FR).

with international search report (Art. 21(3))

(54) Title: LEVELLING COMPOUND, ITS USE AND MANUFACTURE


(57) Abstract: A ready to use, liquid levelling compound (composition) that inter alia allows to or is constructed/set up to coat a
subfloor as basis for a floor covering on its upper surface, said floor levelling compound comprising a combination of an aqueous
polymer dispersion, a water glass, a filler with gaseous inclusions and a spreading composition and optionally other additives; the
use of said compound for floor levelling, methods and process including such use and the manufacture of said compound.

LEVELLING

The

invention

preferably

allows

relates

liquid

(mixture

or putty

level

corresponding
subfloor

process

and a method

Levelling
fulfill

materials
certain

walls

requirement

and

allowing

to

Also

pressure

13813
defined

for

expressed

that

of covering

putties
could

stresses

specific

given

(tiles,

used

to

mentioned,

floor

and

to

the

strength
The

the

during

standard

EN

classes

are

bond

strength

to the

standard

and flooring

e .V . ) recommends

are greater
depending

or equal
on the

to

kind

textiles...) .

these

e.g.

mineral

requirements

(chemically)

of time,

the

on the

Belag

values

coatings

objects

for screeds

hardening

to fulfill

be

to

heavy

according

und

need

a s flexural

due to shrinkage

bond

for screeds

were

period

especially

to

materials.

Estrich

strength

managed

by

According

association

hydraulically

appropriate

walking

screed

from

a s well

are

of cracks

now,

be

them

caused

i s determined

elements

and

levelling

on subfloors

resistance

screeds,

Bundersverband

the bond

to

for

The German

0.5 N/mm 2 , the

Up

the

different

in N/mm

EN 13892-8.
-

Among

or people

established

as

its use to

subfloor

in distinction

to b e avoided.

is

a subfloor

and/or

e.g.

resistance

the formation

hardening

compound
for example

surface,

smooth)

to b e coated

resist

to coat

coating

ceilings.

a s furniture

up

that

or

for its manufacture.

of compression

strength

like.

for

requirements

and

smoothing)

on its upper

render

(or

pasty

use,

or sealant)

to or i s constructed/set

and/or

to

(or

or spackle

coat

(BEB

ready

levelling

for a floor covering

such

USE AND MANUFACTURE

to

basis

of

ITS

COMPOUND,

harden

some hours

mortars
which

or
also

within

to 2 4 hours.

an

Polymer
to

the

dispersion

based

requirement

of water

hardening,

(physical)

levelling

coating

compounds

were

compounds

evaporation

considered

that exceed

(mixtures) , due

allowing

not

for

the

appropriate

for

a thickness

of about

1 mm

and therefore were not used for floor levelling but only a s
coating compositions.

It

has

now

compound

surprisingly

comprising

dispersion,

a water

inclusions

composition

for application
e.g.

up to

8,

9,

and

less,

to

also appropriate

The invention

a ready

achieve

physical

2 4 hours

robustness

one component

capillaries)

gaseous
and

glass

spreading

of an

(solution

filler

inclusions

to

levelling

floor)

a combination

water

water),

in

with

(especially

comprising

(s)

aluminoosilicate)

in a first embodiment,

relates,

silicate

(e.g.

of
an

thus pores

(and

composition

and

one or more other additives.

In a second embodiment,

to

use

the invention

(especially

to the preceding

levelling
especially
a

e.g.

to

for use in floor levelling.

alkali

according

allows

nevertheless

time,

dispersion,

ready

and

of up to 1 0 mm,

5 mm,

required

(s)

with gaseous

within an appropriate

polymer

silicate

other additives

6 or especially

(putty or mixture)

optionally

polymer

capillaries)

in a thickness

the

component

aqueous

an

and/or

and optionally

aqueous

and/or

of

a one

an aluminosilicate)

pores

therefore

to use

compound

7,

that

(solution of alkali

(coating)

achieve hardening
or

(e.g.

thus

(and

found

combination

glass

a filler

in water),

spreading

been

thickness

(smoothing)

up

to

paragraph

coating

10

mm,

levelling

floor)

to

a subfloor, especially
of

relates to the use of

or a s defined below a s

building

comprising

e.g.

compound

up

to

substrate,

applying

it in

7,

6 or

9,

8,

especially

5 mm.

In a third

embodiment,

the invention

or method

of levelling

subfloor,

comprising

levelling

floor)

comprising

In a fourth

or

levelling

floor)

especially

comprising
glass
(e.g.

of

compound
floor

mixing

an

(solution of alkali

pores

and/or

composition

and optionally
mixed

use

(especially

to

(s)

and
said

and

below,

method

dispersion,

a water

in water),

a filler

with gaseous inclusions

capillaries)

already

if not

to a method

compound,

polymer

of up to

5 mm.

hereinabove

silicate

an aluminosilicate)

e.g. a subfloor,

relates

a ready

levelling
aqueous

(especially

it in a thickness

defined

preferably

(and thus

spreading

one or more other additives

therein

a s first embodiment

substrate,

the invention

of manufacture

especially

use

to

6 or especially

7,

8,

9,

embodiment,

process

a s mentioned

applying

to a process

substrate,

a ready

to the building

e.g. up to

1 0 mm,

applying

compound

of the invention

especially

a building

relates

transferring

into

it

and

one

or

more containers .

In

following,

the

defined

more

in a preferred

replace

one

specific

more

or

ones,

where

general

and more
all

or

each

specific and more preferred

terms
specific

general

such

features

or

allowing

way,

terms

replacement

are

by

more

the

leads

to

to more

invention embodiments.

Where "a" or "an" i s used, this includes "one or more".

Where

percentages

are

given

percent) , except

if not mentioned

they

the

refer

together .

to

weight

W-%,

(in

of

meaning

or derivable

all

weight

otherwise,

constituents

taken

Where

(meth) acrylic

refers

to acrylic,

acid

to

use,

levelling

(or

smoothing)

or

sealant

putty

aqueous

dispersion

viscosity

named

the

of 3.5 cm,

a glass plate,

it with

and lifting

with a diameter

An "aqueous
dispersion
mixtures

polymer
for

dispersion
of

polyesters,

poly

polymers

monomer
group

consisting

vinyl butyrate,

vinyl

monocarbonic

(meth) acrylic

methylacrylate,
ethylmethacrylate,
hydroxyethylacrylate,

acid

selected

and

mortar
on

from the group


esters,

copolymers;

or

one or two or more

monomers

selected

acetate,

vinyl

hexanoate,

from

the

propionate,

vinyl laureate,

or

acids

with

esters

or

propylacrylate,

to the

based

vinyl

as

methylmethacrylate,

on

a customary

or JP 2010019012)

pivalate

(flow

over a surface

cement

of

comprising

vinyl

vinyl-2-ethyl

according

polyamides,

from

of e.g.

acetate,

alpha-branched
atoms;

obtained

2 0 to 3 0 cm.

such

or

or copolymers

units

methylvinyl

epoxides

has

and mentioned

i s preferably

of a polymer

homopolymers

and

with a diameter

a spread

modification

in JP 2010019011

(e.g.

consisting

e.g.

dispersion"

an

is

it vertically

a compound

of 15 to 50, preferably

used

an aqueous

placing

the cylinder

mixture

characteristic

for the intended

of 6.8 cm and a length

invention

ingredients

a spreading

floor)

especially

when using a metal cylinder

filling

respectively.

nameable

(also

this

and methacrylic

(especially

composition)

appropriate

especially

liquid

or

or

of

i s mentioned,

mentioned,

compound"

and especially

characteristic)
use,

pasty

like

or acrylic

derivative

"ready

or

the

methacrylic

acid or the respective

and

vinyl

esters

11

to

amides,

1-

of

carbon

such

as

ethylacrylate,
propylmethacrylate,

hydroxyethylmethacrylate,

hydroxypropylacrylate,
acrylate,

n-butylmethacrylate,

butylmethacrylate
e.g.
as

styrene,

(co)

acid

propylene,

and

1,3-butadiene

monomers,

diethyl

or its

unsaturated

such a s vinyl

sulfonic

sulfonic
maleate,

comonomers,

divinyl

such

as

isobutoxyether

of

ester

or

methacryloxypropyltri
methoxy,

esters,

(products

e.g.

Ci-C alkyl-,

acrylamides

styrene

Especially

wherein

(preferred),

preferred

are

such

alkoxy

is

or

acrylamide

and

for

example

e.g. methyl

or

ethyl,

of

(meth) acrylic
(meth) acrylic

acrylate

or ethyl,

methacrylate,

or

or methacrylamides , e.g. N-methoxyacrylamide

N-methoxy-methacrylamide,
e.g.

meth-

comonomers,

ethoxyethylen-

of copolymerization

methyl

or

or -methacrylate .

are

Ci-C alkyl-,

e.g

silanes,
or

the

as

or

diaceton

interest

copolymers

N-

such a s glycidyl

(alkoxy)

ethoxy

acetylacetoxyethylacrylate

special

acid,

N-

such

functional

(alkoxy)

propylenglycolethers

Of

or

N-methylolacrylamide

silicium

acryloxypropyltri

e.g.

diallyl

ester,

ethers

epoxy-f unctionalized

or -acrylate,

as

salts,

N-methylomethacrylamide,
alkyl

acrylate

adipate,

methyl

methylisolallylcarbamate,

methacylamide,

their

acrylamidoglycolic

acid

methylolacrylamide,

anhydride,

triallylcyanurate,

or

methylacrylamidoglycolic

maleic

2-acrylamido-2-methyl-propane

acid,

allylmethacrylate

crosslinking

or

1,3-

further

acid,

or its

acids

such

isoprene;

fumaric

as

sulfonic

diallylphthalate,

acid,

aromates,

vinylchloride

e.g.

such

and

or diisopropylester

ethylenically

vinyl

t-

or vinyltoluene ; olefins,

vinylhalogenides ,

polymerizable

n-butyl-

t-butylacrylate,

or 2-ethylhexylacrylate;

methylstyrene

ethylene,

dienes;

hydroxypropylmethacrylate,

and

other

unsaturated

or
of
or

monomers,

acrylonitrile .

mixed

polymerisates

such

as

co-

polymerisates
selected

two

of

from

the

(meth) acrylic

methyl

complete

consisting

(meth) acrylate

preferred

dispersion

(especially

the invention,
b y weight
variant

A water

liquid

0.5

as

and

dispersion

a
in

preferred

polymer

is

according

a s dry

potassium,

sodium

water,

polymer
such

as

to

(the

(only

from 1 0 to 90,

preferably

thus

DIN

66132)

m 2 /g

and

with

surface

an aluminosilicate,

a specific

preferably

area
e.g.

an

less than

according

lithium
such

of

silicate.

glass may b e

with gaseous
and/or

refers

oil

(BET,

3 to 5

to a material

material

is

to

the

of

in

as

less

an

than

4)

80,

to DIN

present
amount

to

about

according

preferably

invention

such

according

(for example

(measured

e.g.

aluminosilicate

measured

absorption

7 0 g/100

inclusions

capillaries,

such a s a corresponding

surface

This

pores

area)

of 1 to 10,

T5) .

lithium

is

of from 1 to 4 0 W-%, e.g. from 2 to 2 0

especially

a high

or more

L i 20. The water

an aluminosilicate)

(e.g.

two

of

including

i s Betolin

in water)

(s)

especially

or

a mixture

or

in an amount

silicate

"A filler

compound

in

-% , in a preferred

may e.g. b e in the range

from 3 to 1 0 W-%.

787,

may,

of 0.1 to 3 0 percent

dispersion

of alkali

example

especially

compound

calculated

W-%, preferably

causing

component

to 2 5

(solution

silicates,

present

from

the

in

glass

silicate

ISO

such

from 3 0 to 6 0 W-%) .

preferably

with

styrene,

of

polymer

in an amount

1 to 2 0 W-%,

and water)

preferably

(and

monomers

4,

(preferred)

levelling

floor)

(W-%) , e.g.

from

polymer

of the

b e present

content

alkali

or

VDM 618.

The polymer

water

e.g.

Ci-C alkyl- (meth) acrylate,

ethyl

(meth) acrylamide .

Mowilith

group

acid,

or

more,

or

in

ranging

from 0.5 to 4 0 W-%,

from 1 to 2 0 W-%, preferably

e.g.

from

2 to 1 0 W-%.

While

it

not

is

explanation,
porous

intended
can

it

to be bound

be

assumed

higher specific

composition",

polymer

based

Melflux

0417 L or Melflux

such

present

in an amount

Apart

ranging

one

of a

such a s

of two or

composition

can

from 0.01 to 5 W-%,

be
from

e.g.

from 0.1 to 1 W-%.

ingredients

may

be

defoamers

silicone,

present,

or ingredient

emulsion

of

such

as

thickeners,
bentonite,

0.1

e.g.

to

on

H 2 0 P2

defoamer

copolymer
e.g.

150,

1 W-%,
the

(a

preferably

from

0.01

0.2

to

0.05

or

without

an

aqueous

to

0.5

W-%);

cellulose,

polyurethane

of two or more thereof,

in an amount from 0.005 to 1 W-%,

4 to 2 0

hydrophobic

modified

of

silica,

hydroxyethylcellulose)

e.g.

on

with

an

in an amount of 0.05 to 5

preferably

basis

in

(e.g.

basis

based

far

so

constituents

water

as

silicone

on

amorphous/disperse

or mixtures

further

such

polysiloxane

such a s Agitan

mentioned

such a s 2 to 3 0 W-%,

(e.g.

example

for

more

or

amount from 1 to 5 0 W-%,

acrylate

suspension

or a mixture

ingredients/constituents

the

(additives)

W-%,

and/or

further additives may be present.

preferably,

silica,

and

allows

forces

i s included,

spreading

to the four mentioned

from

W-%);

ethers

2500 L,

The

0.05 to 2 W-%, preferably

classes,

inclusions

an aqueous

on polycarboxyl

polymers.

In addition

capillary

the

due to capillary

drying,

hypothetic

surface.

A s a "spreading

and

that

status of this filler with gaseous

for an accelerated

more

b y that

or

such a s Tylose

or methylcellulose,

e.g.

such a s 0.008 to 0.5 W-%,

W-%;

(micro) biocide,

for

example MIT, BIT, CMIT or a mixture


e.g. Acticide

MBS 5050,

dispersion

gum,

gellan

locust

bean

gum,

dispersion

an amount

modified
from

preferably

0.005

to

0.8

0.01

optionally

plasticizers,
or more

thereof.

from

0.01

to

including

2 0 percent

e.g.

(e.g.

wetting

e.g.

an

D20,

in

to

an

W-%,

or

all

polyethylene)
solvents

agents,

dyes or pigments),

(e.g.

or mixtures

may be,

related

be present

b y weight,

in

to 2 W-%,

or more

of the adhesive

use,

thereof,

especially

0.05

two

or

or UV stabilizers

before

pectin,

DG-F1,

Sapetin

gum,

or other

0.001

as

from

W-%),

Such additives

to the invention

Cellulose

detergent,

e.g.

agents

components

or

a dispersant,

e.g.

retardants,

coloring

light-

of the complete

0.5

further

accelerators,

other than water,

W-%,

to

0,1

delay

Crete

such

W-%);

acid,

to

inhibit

of two or more

non-ionic

phosphonic

from

thereof;
fibers,

5 W-%,

and/or

-% , a

concentrate,

such a s Kelco
to

cationic

0.01 to 0.2

or -polyglutamate

gum

0.0005

from

anionic,

protein

or mixtures

from Kelco
from

preferably

amount

xanthan

to

from 0.001 to 2

Carrageenan,

on

whey

gum,

stabilizer,

for example

order

(in

based

e.g.

diutan

salt

-% , preferably

stabilizer

sedimentation,

in an amount

e.g.

-% , such a s 0.005 to 1

of two or more thereof,

of two

to weight

system according

in total amount

from

e.g.

0.05

to

of
10

percent b y weight.

Also filler can preferably


final

compound,

limestone,
like,

as

sand,

stone or mineral

or mixtures

provided

such

be added and thus present


carbon

flours,

black,

of two or more thereof.

in an amount

of 2 to 7 0 W-%,

preferably

3 0 to 7 0 W-%,

preferably

added

in the

case of sand) particles.

for example

sand,

or the

The filler may be

e.g.
3 0 to

form of a powder

quartz

corundum

glass,

in the

or

1 0 to

7 0 W-%,

6 0 W-%

and i s

(e.g.

in the

use

For

floors,

also

material

consistency,

also

e.g. a polyurethane

CHE-COAT

C.H.

may

be added

an amount

in

0.005 to 1

-% .

Preferably

however

invention
greater
than

Erbsloh

relates

Krefeld,

of from

to floor

0.001

N/mm 2 , measured

influencing

This

e.g.

from

to

5,

embodiments

levelling,

having bond

according

greater

to EN

"Subfloor"

theatres,

especially

comprise
pigments

inside

coloring

surface"

forms

the upper
(e.g.

least

material,

any

after

at 2 0 C with

underground
such

to the invention

as

for

houses,

may also be used a s

for floors, and then may also

and/or shine contributing

dyes

"Upper

at

to

buildings,

especially

or

amount from 0.001 to

hardwood

relates

according

coating,

or

fitted

or equal

stores, malls or public buildings.

The compound

finishing

strength

humidity.

especially

floor,

the

of

13892-8,

days of drying in a climate chamber maintained


65% of relative

such a s

Germany.

all

in

to 0.8 N/mm 2 , preferably

or equal

1.0

rheology

based polymer,

GmbH,

use

the

to add also a

such a s one on polymer

or silica basis,

V T 2P,

than

a more pasty or low-slump,

may be added,

(thickener)

substrates

it i s useful

that gives the compound

non-sagging

other

of

walls or ceilings,

e.g.

material

covering

the

in

silicones

surface

relates

e.g.

like,

e.g. a carpet)

such

as

carpet, a laminate,

a synthetic
(=

to a floor

of a floor,

wall-to-wall)

potentially

the

e.g.
in

an

such a s 0.005 to 3 W-%.

5,

of a floor

flooring,

or

additives,

if

floor covering
not

visible

covered
(upper)

cover

that

a carpet,

a parquet,

or any other

with

further

floor covering.

"Levelling"
smoothing

and

especially

level")

roughness,

of

pits

areas,

" (to)

or

wrinkles,

recesses

unevenness,

other

or

refers

to

the

projecting

comparable

surface

defects .

The "applying"
tool,

to a subfloor can be made with any customary

a spattle,

e.g.

a putty knife,

or b y other manual or automatic

A container

i s preferably

a can or canister

e.g.

a scraper, via tubes,

spreading devices.

a closed or closeable

container,

or other lidded container,

to remove inhomogeneity

caused b y sedimentation

allowing

e.g. during

stocking and then, after opening, applying to the subfloor.


allows

This

handling

for

especially

an

of the floor levelling

invention

which

can

thus

advantageous
compounds
stored

be

and

simple

according

to the

and

used

one

as

component systems.

The mixing of the ingredients

according

to the invention

invention

can

be

of a floor levelling compound

in the process

achieved

by

any

according

conventional

to the

mixing

process,

including where required homogenisators , stirrers,

lowered

pressure,

e.g.

heaters,

in the area from about

to 3 5 C, making

addition

dispersion

and/or

0 to about 5 0 C,

of

the

composition

water
water

the

or

glass

other

packaging

It

is

dry

e.g.

or any other

ingredients,

aqueous

and/or

aqueous

two or more of these aqueous ingredients,


the

temperature

range
from 5

into a paste b y (preferably cautious, e.g.

stepwise)

spreading

coolers,

the

polymer
aqueous

ingredient,

or

to one or more of

and

other

known

mixing

and

avoid

the

drying

during

the

order

to

avoid

steps.

merely

manufacturing

essential
process

to
in

unintended

hardening before the dispersion i s applied to a subfloor.

The invention also relates to the embodiments

and the abstract

and especially

in the claims

the dependent

of which are therefore incorporated

claims,

all

into the description a s

support thereof.

The

following

example

serves

to

illustrate

the

invention

the

following

without limiting its scope.

Example

floor

1:

Floor Levelling Compound

levelling

ingredients

compound

was

(in weight percent

mixed

= W-%) :

with

Ingredient

No.

Ingredient

W-%

Water

10.700

1
2

Tylose

H 2 0 P2

0 .013

Mix of lime meal


with Kelco-

(KSM)

Crete
4

DG-F1

Mowilith

VDM 618

10.000

Li 20

6.500

D20

0.300

MBS 5050

0 .075

Betolin

Sapetin

6
7

0.250

Acticide

Sand 0-0. 3T

3 0 .000

KSM 60/3 Fels

2 4 .062

Kraft

10

9040

12, 000

aluminosilicate

11

5.450

with a specific
surface

area

DIN 66132)
about

(BET,

of

4 m 2 /g and an

oil absorption

of

less than 7 0 g/100


g (DIN ISO 787,
T5)

Melflux

12

0417/45

Melflux

13

2500L

0.300
0 .050

45

%/

Agitan

14

150

0.300

100

Table

Tylose

H 2 0 P2 i s a trademark

Tylose

GmbH & Co KG, Wiesbaden,

Kelco-Crete

DG-F1

Germany

GmbH,

Mowilith

VDM

product

is

sold b y ShinEtsu

SE

Germany

i s a trademark

Grossenbrode,
618

product

sold b y C P Kelco

Germany

a trademark

product

sold

b y Celanese

Emulsions

Frankf urt/M. , Germany

GmbH,

Betolin L i 2 0 i s a trademark product

sold b y Wollner GmbH &

Ludwigshaf en, Germany

Co KG,

Sapetin

i s a trademark

D20

product

sold b y Wollner

GmbH

&

Ludwigshaf en, Germany

Co KG,

Acticide MBS 5050 i s a trademark product

sold b y Thor GmbH,

Speyer, Germany.

KSM 60/3 Fels

(Werk Rubeland)

sold b y Holcim Deutschland


Kraft

9040LM

Melflux
sold

L and Melflux

0417

by

BASF

powder

Heidenheim,

OHG,

powder product

Hamburg, Germany

AG,

a limestone

is

Kraft Steinwerke

i s a limestone

2500

Construction

product

sold

b y Karl

Germany
L are

Solutions

trademark

products

Trostberg,

GmbH,

Germany
Agitan

150

is

a trademark

Heilbronn,

GmbH,

The resulting

thickness

product

sold b y Munzing

Chemie

Germany.

mixture

can be spread

up to 5 mm.

N o cracks

on a subfloor

are formed during

with

drying.

When spread in the flow table test, the flow i s 2 5 cm (that


the material

spreads to a surface having

cm

as

is,

25

glass

on

measured

according

described

above) .

to EN 13892-8

of drying out at a temperature

The

a diameter
bond

of

strength

i s 1.4 N/mm 2 after 3 days

of 20C with 65% of relative

humidity.

Some drying

with
The

tests

of the resulting

two different

tests

humidity,

were

thicknesses,

made

in

and a temperature

the samples corresponding


are measured

mixture

respectively

chamber
of 2 0 C.

having

have been made


3mm and 5mm.
65%

The weight

to the drying process

relative
losses

of

advancement

every 2 4 hours for a period of 9 days and then

after 2 9 days.

For both

thicknesses,

it appears

that more

of 95% of the drying out appears within the first 2 4 hours.

Comparative
A

floor

example :

levelling

constituents
without

compound

given

table

in

ingredient

mixed

was

1 in

with

the

same

quantity,

the

(aluminosilicate

No. 1 1

different

with

surface area of about 4 m 2 /g and an oil absorption


than

and

g/lOOg)

70

with

29,512

W-%

but

specific
of less

ingredient

of

(limestone powder KSM 60/3 Fels) . All the other ingredients


are introduced

in the same quantities

than those expressed

in table 1 .

The

floor

thickness
climate

levelling
of

5 mm

chamber

humidity.

compound
and

maintained

The weight

out i s measured

the

put

is

drying
at

20C

out

into

a plate,

in

is

performed

in

with

65%

loss of the sample during

of

relative

the drying

after 1 and 2 days.

Table 2

The

same

drying

test

conditions

with

invention,

comprising

1)

the

is

made

formulation

simultaneously
according

aluminosilicate

to

in

the

(as detailed

the

same

present
in table

Time

Weight

(days)

of the

Weight

loss %

sam 1e
0

399.17

323.30

19.01

315.20

2 1 .0 4

Table 3

The comparison

of the results

the two different

according
efficiently

to

the

samples

of the drying

clearly

present

tests made with

show that the formulation

invention

allow

to

shorten

the drying out time.

/ claims

CLAIMS

1.

ready

that

to

pasty

use,

allows

or

to

subfloor

a s basis

surface,

said

combination

for

floor

a floor

levelling

of an aqueous

spreading

levelling

constructed/set

up

coat

to

on

compound

comprising

its

dispersion,

inclusions

composition

compound

covering

polymer

a filler with gaseous

glass,

is

liquid

or

and

upper
a

a water

and preferably

optionally

other

additives .

2.

The

levelling

compound

the

aqueous

polymer

dispersion

of

according

dispersion

least

at

homopolymers ,

especially

poly

epoxides

of

from

two

consisting
vinyl

of

laureate,

vinyl

selected

9 to

11

amides,

carbon
such

atoms;

ethylacrylate,

butylmethacrylate,

esters

or

methylmethacrylate,
propylacrylate,

t-butylacrylate,

styrene,

methylstyrene

n-

t-butylmeth-

vinyl aromates,

e.g.

or vinyltoluene ; olefins,

such

propylene,

1,3-dienes;

and

further

polymerizable

1,3-butadiene

vinylhalogenides , e.g.

acid

or

acids with

n-butylacrylate,

or 2-ethylhexylacrylate;

maleic

pivalate

hydroxypropylacrylate,

acrylate

acid,

vinyl

hydroxyethylacrylate,

hydroxypropylmethacrylate,

(co)

group

propionate,

acid

ethylmethacrylate,

hydroxyethylmethacrylate,

ethylene,

obtained
the

monocarbonic

propylmethacrylate,

as

vinyl

vinyl

methylacrylate,

as

from

(meth) acrylic

from

polyesters,

hexanoate,

acetate,

vinyl esters of alpha-branched

aqueous

copolymers

acetate,

wherein

selected

esters,

vinyl-2-ethyl

1-methylvinyl

1,

an

is

polymer

vinyl

monomers

e.g.

butyrate,

one

polyamides ,and

more

or

to claim

or its

monomers,
diethyl

and

isoprene;

vinylchloride

such

as

fumaric

or diisopropylester

or

anhydride,

its

acids

or their

ethylenically

unsaturated

such a s vinyl

salts,

acrylamido-2-methyl-propane
diallylphthalate,

crosslinking
acid,

adipate,

comonomers,

such

as

methylacrylamidoglycolic

alkyl

methacylamide,

epoxy-f unctionalized

(alkoxy)

ethoxy

propylenglycolethers

selected

(meth) acrylic

methyl

or

ethyl

NN-

or -

glycidyl

functional

(alkoxy) -

wherein

or

alkoxy
or

acrylamide

of two

or more

consisting

of

Ci-C 7alkyl- (meth) acrylate,

(meth) acrylate

and

-methacrylate;

or

group

as

the

as

ethoxyethylen-

diaceton

the
acid,

such

silanes,
or

a co-polymerisate
from

ester,

such

silicium

acetylacetoxyethylacrylate
especially

methyl

acryloxypropyltri

as

methoxy,

e.g.

or

of N-methylolacrylamide

-acrylate,

or

methacryloxypropyltri
is

maleate,

acrylamidoglycolic

ethers

or ester

such

acid,

diallyl

acid

isobutoxyether

comonomers,

2-

N-methylomethacrylamide,

methylsolallylcarbamate,

methacrylate

acid,

triallylcyanurate,

or

methylolacrylamide,

sulfonic

sulfonic

divinyl

allylmethacrylate

sulfonic

monomers
styrene,
such a s

(preferred)

and

(meth) acrylamide .

3.

The levelling
wherein
or

compound

according

to claim 1 or claim 2

the water glass i s an aqueous

mixture

of

alkali

silicates

lithium

silicate

including

lithium

silicate .

4.

The levelling
1 to 3 wherein

compound

according

the filler with gaseous

thus pores and/or capillaries

5.

The levelling
1 to 4 wherein

to any one of claims

compound

i s an aluminosilicate

according

the spreading

inclusions

and
.

to any one of claims

composition

i s an aqueous

suspension

of a polymer based

on polycarboxyl

ethers,

or a mixture or two or more such polymers.

6.

The levelling

to

wherein

5,

present

compound according
aqueous

the

in an amount

(W-%) , e.g.

to any one of claims

polymer

dispersion

to 3 0 percent

of 0.1

from 0.5 to 2 5 W-%,

is

by weight

in a preferred

variant

from 1 to 2 0 W-%, calculated a s dry polymer; the water


glass
e.g.

the

i s present

in

amount

an

from 2 to 2 0 W-%,
filler

with

of from

preferably

gaseous

W-%,

preferably

composition
to 5 W-%,

from 2 to 1 0 W-%;

i s present

from 3 to 1 0 W-%;

inclusions

amount ranging from 0.5 to 4 0 W-%,

1 to 4 0 W-%,

present

is

from 1 to 2 0

e.g.

and the

spreading

in an amount ranging

from 0.01

from 0.05 to 2 W-%, preferably

e.g.

an

in

from 0.1

to 1 W-%.

7.

The levelling

compound according

optional

other

defoamer,

additives

stabilizer, a dispersant,
all

thereof;

wherein

6,

selected

are

thickener,

claim

wherein

the

from water,
a

biocide,

dispersion

or two or more or especially

preferably

the water

i s present

in an amount from 1 to 5 0 W-%; the defoamer i s present


in an amount falling in the range from 0.05 to 5 W-%;

the thickener

i s present

in an amount

range from 0.005 to 1 W-%,

falling

the biocide

in the

i s present

an amount falling in the range from 0.01 to 2 W-%,

dispersion

stabilizer

i s present

in the range from 0.05 to 5 W-%,

in an amount

in

the

falling

and the dispersant

is

present in an amount falling in the range from 0.01 to


5 W-%;

and optionally

selected

from

one or more further ingredients

fibers,

wetting

agents,

solvens

agents,

plasticizers,

accelerators,
other
light-

than
or

retardants,

water,

coloring

UV-stabilizers

or

mixtures

of two or more thereof,

which may be present

in a total amount from 0.01 to 2 0 W-%.

8.

The levelling

1 to

comprising

7,

aqueous

of

a defoamer based on an

polysiloxane

Cellulose

protein

pectin,

xanthan gum or -polyglutamate,


thereof;

and/or

phosphonic

9.

detergent,

stabilizer
gellan

gum,

bean

gum,

locust

or a mixture

and a s dispersant

non-ionic

gum,

of two or

an anionic,

especially

with

cellulose;

dispersion

diutan

gum,

concentrate,

copolymer

a modified

a microbiocide ; a s

Carrageenan,

more

to any one of claims

silica; a s thickener

biocide

whey

according

a s defoamer

emulsion

hydrophobic
as

compound

salt

cationic
modified

acid.

The levelling

compound

according

to any one of claims

1 to 8 which i s a floor levelling compound.

10.

The levelling compound according

to any one of claims 1

to 9 which i s a floor levelling

compound having a bond

strength

according
climate

greater

to EN

equal

or

13892-8

chamber

after

The use of a levelling


of claims

1 to 10,

substrate,

12.

comprising

applying

e.g. up to

9,

8,

7,

of drying

with

a s defined

subfloor,

it in a thickness

6 or especially

compound

a subfloor,

a s mentioned

65%

in

a
of

comprising

in any one

coating on a building
especially

of up to 1 0 mm,

5 mm.

A process or method of levelling a building


especially

measured

to 1.0 N/mm 2 .

compound

to

N/mm 2

20C

at

a s levelling

especially

0.8

3 days

maintained

relative humidity, preferably

11.

to

substrate,

applying a levelling

in any one of claims

1 to 1 0 to

building

especially

substrate,

subfloor,

especially comprising applying it in a thickness of up


e.g. up to

to 1 0 mm,

A method or process

9,

(especially

comprising

mixing

glass,

preferably
or

more

7,

6 or especially 5 mm.

of manufacture

levelling

water

8,

floor

an

aqueous

filler

with

levelling)

polymer
gaseous

a spreading composition,
other

additives

therein transferring

and

for a ready to use

if

compound,

dispersion,
inclusions

a
and

and optionally one


not

already

mixed

it into one or more containers.

A . CLASSIFICATION OF SUBJECT MATTER

C04B28/26
C04B111/60

INV.

ADD.

C04B40/06

C09D7/06

C09D5/02

According to International Patent Classification (IPC) or to both national classification and IPC
B. FIELDS SEARCHED

Minimum documentation searched (classification system followed by classification symbols)

C04B

C09D

Documentation searched other than minimum documentation to the extent that such documents are included in the fields searched

Electronic data base consulted during the international search (name of data base and, where practicable, search terms used)

EPO-Internal , WPI Data

C. DOCUMENTS CONSIDERED TO BE RELEVANT

Category*

Citation of document, with indication, where appropriate, of the relevant passages

Relevant to claim No.

D E 10 2005 040091 A l (ALSECC0 GMBH & CO KG


[DE]) 1 March 2007 (2007-03-01)
paragraphs [0009],
[0013] - [0016]

1,2,4,
9-13

US 2009/107059 A l (KIPP MICHAEL D [US]


AL) 30 April 2009 (2009-04-30)
paragraphs [0052] , [0053] , [0058] ,
[0059] , [0103]

1,2,4,9,

ET

13

6-8

RU 2 318 782 C I (BRYANTSEV E . B. )


10 March 2008 (2008-03-10)
paragraphs [0023] , [0038] , [0040] ,
[0041],
[0082] - [0091]

1-3,5-13

US 7 429 392 B2 (BAUM RUDIGER [DE]


30 September 2008 (2008-09-30)
column 1 , lines 4-11; example 4

1,2,4,5,
8-13
6,7

ET AL)

-/X | Further documents are listed in the continuation of Box C.


* Special categories of cited documents :
"A" document defining the general state of the art which is not considered
to be of particular relevance
"E" earlier application or patent but published on or after the international
filing date
"L" documentwhich may throw doubts on priority claim(s) orwhich is

cited to establish the publication date of another citation or other


special reason (as specified)
"O" document referring to an oral disclosure, use, exhibition or other
means
"P" document published prior to the international filing date but later than
the priority date claimed
Date of the actual completion of the international search

2 1 April 2016
Name and mailing address of the ISA/
European Patent Office, P.B. 5818 Patentlaan 2
NL - 2280 HV Rijswijk
Tel. (+31-70) 340-2040,
Fax: (+31-70) 340-3016

See patent family annex.


"T" later document published after the international filing date or priority
date and not in conflict with the application but cited to understand
the principle or theory underlying the invention
"X" document of particular relevance; the claimed invention cannot be
considered novel or cannot be considered to involve an inventive
step when the document is taken alone
"Y" document of particular relevance; the claimed invention cannot be
considered to involve an inventive step when the document is
combined with one or more other such documents, such combination
being obvious to a person skilled in the art
"&" document member of the same patent family

Date of mailing of the international search report

03/05/2016
Authorized officer

Theodoridou,

C(Continuation).
Category*

DOCUMENTS CONSIDERED TO BE RELEVANT

Citation of document, with indication, where appropriate, of the relevant passages

Relevant to claim No.

ADRIAN THOMAS:
"Waterborne
Si l i cates i n
Coati ngs and Constructi
on Chemi cal s " ,
48TH ANNUAL SURFACE COATINGS ASSOCIATION
AUSTRALIA (SCAA) CONFERENCE 2008,
7 August 2008 (2008-08-07)
, pages 1-37 ,
XP055267408,
North
o l l ongog, Austral i a
paragraphs
[12 . 1 .2] - [12 . 1 . 2 . 6]
page 12 , paragraph
10

1-5 ,8-13

6,7

EP

0 441 297 Al (ST0 A G [DE] )


14 August 1991 (1991-08-14)
col umn 1 , l i ne 17 - col umn 2 , l i ne 14

1-13

5 186 746 A ( FREEMAN GARY M [US] )


16 February
1993 (1993-02-16)
exampl e 6

1, 4

US

Patent document
cited in search report

Publication
date

D E 102005040091 A l

01--03

US 2009107059

Al

30-04 -2009

RU 2318782

CI

10-03

-2008

NONE

US 7429392

B2

30-09

-2008

EP 0441297

Al

14-08 -1991

-2007

Patent family
member(s)

AT
420842
D E 102005040091
EP
1924535
US
2008281028
O
2007022983

T
Al
A2
Al
A2

15-01-2009
01-03-2007
28-05-2008
13-11-2008
01-03-2007

2009107059 A l
2014151152 A l
2016076245 A l

30-04-2009
05-06-2014
17-03-2016

AU
CN
EP
EP
US
US
O

2002328296
1578815
1519995
1698672
2004234603
2008305137
2004000953

Al
A
Al
A2
Al
Al
Al

06-01-2004
09-02-2005
06-04-2005
06-09-2006
25-11-2004
11-12-2008
31-12-2003

AT
DE
DE
DK

108753
4003381
59102206
0441297
0441297
2057616

T
Al
Dl
T3
Al
T3

15-08-1994
08-08-1991
25-08-1994
05-09-1994
14-08-1991
16-10-1994

US
US
US

EP
ES

US 5186746

16-02

-1993

Publication
date

US
US

5186746 A
5316576 A

16-02-1993
31-05-1994