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Exploration & Production

GENERAL SPECIFICATION
PIPELINES - RISERS
GS EP PLR 242

Fabrication of Duplex & Superduplex stainless steel


in seamless pipes for pipelines in Sweet service

01

10/2009

Revised in Sweet service

00

10/2008

First issue

Rev.

Date

Notes

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

Exploration & Production


General Specification

Date: 10/2009

GS EP PLR 242

Rev: 01

Contents

1. Scope .......................................................................................................................4
2. Reference documents.............................................................................................4
3. General.....................................................................................................................6
3.1

Definitions ..........................................................................................................................6

3.2

Quality Assurance/Quality Control.....................................................................................7

4. Project Particular Specification .............................................................................8


5. Inspection by the COMPANY .................................................................................8
6. Pipe manufacture ....................................................................................................9
6.1

General requirements ........................................................................................................9

6.2

Particular precaution..........................................................................................................9

6.3

Process of manufacture...................................................................................................10

6.4

Billet manufacture ............................................................................................................10

6.5

Pipe manufacture.............................................................................................................10

6.6

Pipe Manufacturing Procedure Specification (MPS)........................................................10

6.7

Qualification of pipe manufacturing procedure ................................................................11

6.8

Chemical properties.........................................................................................................14

6.9

Mechanical properties......................................................................................................15

6.10

Dimensional and weight requirements.............................................................................15

6.11

Surface condition .............................................................................................................17

7. Mill hydrostatic testing .........................................................................................17


8. Inspection and testing ..........................................................................................18
8.1

General requirements ......................................................................................................18

8.2

Production tests and inspections .....................................................................................19

8.3

Mill certificates .................................................................................................................23

9. Repair of defects ...................................................................................................23


10. Marking of pipes....................................................................................................24
11. Protection of bevels ..............................................................................................25

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification
GS EP PLR 242

Date: 10/2009
Rev: 01

12. Handling, transport and storage of pipes ...........................................................25


12.1

General ............................................................................................................................25

12.2

Handling and storage.......................................................................................................25

12.3

Transport .........................................................................................................................25

13. Documentation ......................................................................................................25


13.1

When the bids are submitted ...........................................................................................25

13.2

Upon completion of pipe production ................................................................................26

14. Storage of mechanical test specimens ...............................................................27


15. Fabrication Pipe History System (PHS)...............................................................27
Appendix 1

Chemical composition........................................................................................28

Appendix 2

Mechanical tests requirements ..........................................................................29

Appendix 3

Automatic Ultrasonic Testing .............................................................................30

Appendix 4

Weldability tests .................................................................................................32

Appendix 5

Data Sheet .........................................................................................................36

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Exploration & Production


General Specification

Date: 10/2009

GS EP PLR 242

Rev: 01

1. Scope
This specification defines the Companys requirements for the manufacture and supply of bare
Duplex and Superduplex stainless steel line pipes to be used in the construction of onshore or
underwater pipelines for crude oil, gas, multiphase or condensate effluents, operating in Sweet
Service (i.e. corresponding respectively to area 0 in design specification GS EP COR 170.
It applies to seamless pipes in Grade 22Cr or 25Cr duplex of DNV-OS-F101 or API 5LC.
This Specification shall always be used in conjunction with a Project Particular Specification
(P.P.S.) detailing the additional tests and requirements or the possible modifications to the
present specification, based on the particular design conditions of the Pipeline Project (see 4
in this specification).
Applicable Standards are:
API 5LC for onshore pipeline
API 5LC and DNV-OS-F101 for offshore pipeline.
Additional requirements are specifically stated in this specification for pipes to be used in
pipelines to be laid underwater using the reeling technique. The related pipes shall thus be
suitable for cold forming operations involving spooling, un-spooling, straightening and bending.
Requirements are also provided in this specification for pipes to be used in platform topsides,
risers or expansion loops.
Mother pipes fabrication is addressed in the General Specification for hot induction bends.

2. Reference documents
The reference documents listed below form an integral part of this General Specification. Unless
otherwise stipulated, the applicable version of these documents, including relevant appendices
and supplements, is the latest revision published at the EFFECTIVE DATE of the CONTRACT.
The order of precedence of the applicable documents shall be:
The Purchase Order/Requisition
The Particular Specification
The present General Specification
The codes and standards in reference.
Applicable Codes and Standards which shall be used in conjunction with this specification are
stated in paragraphs hereafter.
Unless otherwise specifically indicated in writing by the COMPANY, the SUPPLIER shall work in
accordance with the requirements specified herein and the applicable requirements of the latest
editions at date of CONTRACT award of the referenced Codes and Standards, whenever asked
in the present specification.
Where this specification states no overriding requirements, the referenced Codes and
Standards shall apply in full.
Standards equivalent to those referred to herein shall not be substituted without written approval
from the COMPANY. Approval of equivalent standards will not, in any way, remove

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification

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GS EP PLR 242

Rev: 01

responsibility from SUPPLIER to meet the requirements of the Standards referred to and
amended herein, in the event of conflict.
The SUPPLIER shall equip himself with copies of all the reference specifications referred to in
this specification and shall make them readily available to all fabrication, testing and inspection
personnel involved on the work.
Note: The specification GS EP COR 170 is mentioned herein only as a background to the
definition of the types of sour service (i.e. Sweet or Mild Sour Service) and corresponding
areas on graph of the said specification (i.e. area 0 or 1).
Standards
Reference

Title

API 5LC

Specification for CRA Line Pipe

ASTM A 370

Mechanical Testing of Steel products

ASTM A 380

Cleaning/De-scaling and passivation of stainless steel parts,


equipments and systems

ASTM A 578

Straight-beam ultrasonic examination of plain and clad steel


plates of special application

ASTM E 23

Notched Bar Impact Testing of Metallic Materials

ASTM E 165

Standard Practice for Liquid Penetrant Examination for General


Industry

ASTM E 384

Guide for Test Method for Micro hardness of Materials

ASTM E 562

Standard Test Method for Determining Volume Fraction by


Systematic Manual Point Count

ASTM E 1417

Standard Practice for Liquid Penetrant Testing

ASTM G 48

Standard Test Methods for Pitting and Crevice Corrosion


Resistance of Stainless Steels and Related Alloys by Use of
Ferric Chloride Solution

DNV-OS-F101

Submarine Pipeline System (Oct 2007)

EN 473

Non destructive testing - Qualification and certification of NDT


personnel - General principles

EN 10204

Types of inspection documents

ISO/TS 29001

Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries - Sectorspecific quality management systems - Requirements for product
and service supply organisations

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Exploration & Production


General Specification

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GS EP PLR 242

Rev: 01

Professional Documents
Reference

Title

API RP 5L1

Railroad Transportation of Line pipe

API RP 5LW

Transportation of Line pipe on Barges and Marine Vessels

COFREND

Comit franais des essais non destructifs (French Committee of


Non-Destructive Testing)

DNV-RP-F112

Design of duplex stainless steel subsea equipment exposed to


cathodic protection

Regulations
Reference

Title

Not applicable
Codes
Reference
ASME V

Title
Pressure Vessel Code, Section V: Non-Destructive Examination

Other documents
Reference

Title

Not applicable
Total General Specifications
Reference

Title

GS EP COR 170

Materials for Sour Service (Upstream Applications). Specification


for design

GS EP PVV 175

Cleaning of piping and vessels

3. General
3.1 Definitions
COMPANY

TOTAL E&P or agents acting on its be half, shall be referred to


herein as the "COMPANY".

SUPPLIER

The Companies, or their agents including steel and pipe


MANUFACTURERS, designated on the Purchase Order form or
Contract as being the selected supplier of the said materials and
pipes shall be referred to herein as the "SUPPLIER".

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification
GS EP PLR 242

Date: 10/2009
Rev: 01

Inspection Agency

An independent inspection body (other than any inspection


department of the SUPPLIER or any Inspection Agency
subcontract by him), or its members, who shall be appointed by
COMPANY and thus notified to SUPPLIER.

Inspector

The COMPANY's representatives or members from the


COMPANY's elected Inspection Agency for the time being or from
time to time duly appointed in writing by the COMPANY to act as
its representatives for the purpose of the contract shall be referred
to herein as the "Inspector".

Mill

The plants, mills, workshops, laboratories or other locations where


the fabrication, inspection and testing of steel and pipes are to be
performed complete or in part, including storage areas shall be
referred to herein as the "Mill".

Contract Documents

The material requisitions, material specifications, etc. issued by the


COMPANY and attached to the contract or the purchase order
shall be referred to herein as the "Contract Documents".

Approval

Authorisation in writing given by COMPANY to SUPPLIER to


proceed with the performance of a specific part of the work without
releasing in any way SUPPLIER from any of its obligations or
liabilities under the contract or at law; Approve, Approved and
Approval shall be construed accordingly.

PPS

Used to designate the Project Particular Specification.

May

Used to indicate that a provision is optional.

Shall

Used to indicate that a provision is mandatory.

Should

Used to indicate that a provision is not mandatory but is


recommended as good practice.

3.2 Quality Assurance/Quality Control


1. The SUPPLIER shall operate a Quality Assurance system in accordance with
ISO/TS 29001, or equivalent, approved by a COMPANY recognised authority. The Quality
Assurance Manual shall be submitted prior to the start of work.
2. Four weeks prior to the commencement of the pipe manufacture, the SUPPLIER shall
prepare and submit a Quality Control Plan which describes the inspections to be performed
during the supply of pipes. The Quality Control Plan shall set forth witness, hold, review,
and monitor points.
3. Just before production starting, mill QA Representative accompanied by Inspector shall
check at every production and inspection station, that the relevant working instructions and
procedures are available, complete, conform to the procedures agreed by COMPANY or to
COMPANY specification requirements. A report shall be issued by supplier, signed by
Inspector and enclosed with the final dossier.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification
GS EP PLR 242

Date: 10/2009
Rev: 01

4. Project Particular Specification


The Project Particular Specification (PPS) shall define:
Applicable Standard
Grade
Nominal dimensions (OD x W.T.) of pipes to be supplied
Routine impact test temperature
Any other information or particular tests to be carried out with related requirements (e.g.
weldability tests, bending tests, bevels protectors, etc.).
The PPS shall include the pipeline Data Sheet (see Appendix 5), if it is not included elsewhere
in any other Project Specifications.

5. Inspection by the COMPANY


1. All procedures shall have prior approval of the COMPANY. All qualification tests shall take
place under the supervision of the Inspector.
2. The SUPPLIER shall notify the Inspector sufficiently in advance to enable him to be present
at qualification tests and at all other tests or stages of manufacture subject to acceptance in
accordance with this specification.
3. The SUPPLIER shall ensure that the Inspector has full and free access to all parts of the Mill
during all fabrication stages.
4. The Inspector shall ensure that materials and pipes are fabricated in accordance with all the
specified requirements and COMPANY's approved procedures.
5. At steel making mills, billet casting mills and pipe mills: offices, workshops, storage yards
etc., information on paper and/or in computers (procedures, working instructions, data,
records, tracking system, etc.) concerning the order manufacturing and inspection, shall be
made fully available and comprehensible to Inspector reading. Where the mill country
language is not English, all these information shall be written in double language, i.e. mill
country language and English language.
6. It shall be made available in the inspector office, a free access to the mill computerised:
Tracking system of production and inspection
All data and results of mechanical tests, NDE results
Billet input/pipe output, rejections status with causes, repairs
Any other information considered pertinent by the inspector for his monitoring
Computer, software environment compatible with the mill software, software interface
where necessary for data exploitation with EXCEL and ACCESS shall be made available
by the SUPPLIER
The COMPANYs Inspector shall be provided with facilities/equipments for sending and
receiving faxes, communicating by @mails and fast Internet access.
7. Inspection by the Inspector shall be carried out during pipe production in order to avoid any
special or additional handling. Inspection will be made in such a manner to avoid delay in

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General Specification
GS EP PLR 242

Date: 10/2009
Rev: 01

pipe production insofar as the pipes which are presented to him meet the specified
requirements.
8. The Inspector shall finalise (when required) its inspection by the application of a special
stamp (or indelible paint marking, when so previously agreed). Die stamping is permitted
only on the bevel surface.
9. The Inspector shall notify the COMPANY without delay of any difficulty, irregularity, problem
or delay likely to occur during pipe production.
10. The COMPANY reserves the right to check tests carried out by the SUPPLIER. For this
purpose, the COMPANY may request the delivery of the corresponding samples or
specimens to be analysed in an independent laboratory chosen by the COMPANY.
11. The clause H.4 of Appendix H of API 5LC shall fully apply.

6. Pipe manufacture
6.1 General requirements
1. Pipes shall be manufactured in accordance with all the requirements of applicable Standard
(see 2) unless otherwise indicated in the present specification (i.e. applicable Standard
remains applicable for all matters not specifically mentioned or modified herein the present
specification).
2. Except as otherwise agreed between the SUPPLIER and the COMPANY, all inspections
and tests required for qualification and pipes acceptance shall be performed at the
manufacturing Mill.
3. Pipe production shall not start without the approval of the Company and until a preproduction meeting has been held between the Company, the Supplier and the Inspector.

6.2 Particular precaution


Contact between stainless steel and carbon steel is prohibited.
All the tools, except machining tools, shall not have been used on carbon steel. The following
precautions shall be implemented:
Grinding disks shall be free from iron and carbon
Brush shall be stainless steel
Cutting shall be carried out only by plasma or by mechanical sawing.
Contamination of surface with low melting point metals such as Copper, Zinc, etc., is not
acceptable.
Paint and markers containing zinc or chloride are prohibited.
Correction of deflexion by flame straightening is prohibited.

Chloride content in machining oil shall be limited to 1.0 ppm.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification

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GS EP PLR 242

Rev: 01

6.3 Process of manufacture


Pipes shall be seamless. They shall be manufactured from billets by the hot rolling process /
hot finished process using exclusively the Plug Rolling Mill Process or the Mandrel Mill Process.
All other processes are not acceptable (i.e.: Pilger Mill, etc.).

6.4 Billet manufacture


1. Steel making shall be the Electric Arc Furnace or Basic Oxygen Furnace. COMPANY shall
be provided with all ladle analyses (see 8.2.1.4 of this specification).
2. Billet shall be produced from continuously strand cast.
3. All billets shall be visually examined to ensure freedom from injurious surface defects. Billets
shall be correctly marked and stored to avoid any confusion between heats of steel (e.g.
heat n, casting strand n and sequential n).
The SUPPLIER shall provide the COMPANY at the bid stage with a technical specification
giving full details of all the characteristics of the proposed steel, the steel-making process, the
billet manufacturing process and the inspection procedures.
The SUPPLIER's specification shall include the following minimum information concerning the
steel-making process:
Steel-making process (Electric Furnace or Basic Oxygen Furnace)
Special treatments for controlling residual elements and segregations
Nominal weight of each heat
Aimed chemical analysis, minimum and maximum working limits (ladle and product)
selected by SUPPLIER for the order.

6.5 Pipe manufacture


Pipes shall be manufactured by the hot rolling seamless process as stated in 6.3 above.
Pipes shall be delivered in solution-annealed and water-quenched condition.
Pipe shall be sized, straightened and hydrostatically tested.
The SUPPLIER must also refer to the provisions of 6.11 of this specification for pipe surface
condition.

6.6 Pipe Manufacturing Procedure Specification (MPS)


The SUPPLIER shall establish a detailed specification for the manufacture and inspection of
pipes, describing all proposed operations in their correct sequence together with their
parameters of execution. The proposed specification shall include, but not be limited to, all
information concerning:
Billet heating
Equipment for pipe rolling, sizing, straightening
Heat treatment for pipes
Aimed chemical analysis, minimum and maximum working limits (ladle and product)
selected by SUPPLIER for the order

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification
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Date: 10/2009
Rev: 01

Typical metallographic structure of base metal with supporting documentation such as


microphotographs, grain size, ferrite content, etc.
Visual inspection
NDT procedures
Dimensional inspections with frequencies.
This document shall also mention the characteristics of equipment and procedures used to carry
out these operations.
This detailed specification together with the SUPPLIER's Quality Control Plan shall be
submitted to the COMPANY at the bid stage.
The SUPPLIER shall provide adequate supervision to ensure strict adherence to the described
procedures during pipe production.

6.7 Qualification of pipe manufacturing procedure


One finished pipe among the first pipes produced in each size, grade and steel source (first shift
production) shall be subject to the inspections and tests as described below in order to qualify
the pipe manufacturing procedure. The Inspector shall select this pipe.
6.7.1 Destructive and non-destructive tests
The selected pipe shall be visually inspected for compliance with dimensional tolerances for wall
thickness, diameters, out-of-roundness, straightness, surface defects, etc. (see 6.10).
After visual inspection and dimensional inspection as above, the said pipe shall be tested as
follows.
Note: That testing according to paragraph m) through n) hereafter is required only for pipeline to
be laid by the reeling technique.
When the line pipes of the pipeline to be laid by the reeling technique are directly purchased by
the installation Contractor, then the impact tests and tensile tests under paragraph j) hereafter
shall be made on full scale bending test simulating the successive bending of pipeline from first
spooling to final laying. The bending scheme and equipment shall be mutually agreed with the
Company.
a) The entire pipe shall be ultrasonically examined and, also, either electromagnetic or
magnetic particle examined for longitudinal and transverse defects, and laminations.
b) A chemical analysis shall be carried out on the pipe. At this stage, one cast shall be
analysed for residual elements. Results shall be in accordance with Table 1 of Appendix 1.
However, the ruling composition shall be that proposed by SUPPLIER and approved by
COMPANY at the bid stage (see 6.4 above).
c) Two tensile specimens (one longitudinal and one transverse to pipe axis) shall be removed
from each pipe end. Strip specimens shall be used unless round bar specimens have been
agreed at the bid stage (see 8.2.1.1).
The Yield and Ultimate Tensile Strength plus percentage Elongation shall be measured
according to Standard. The Yield Strength (YS) to Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS) ratio shall
be calculated. The results shall conform to Table 2 of Appendix 2 of this specification.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Rev: 01

Note: If the maximum operating temperature is above 50C, additional tensile tests shall be
performed at a maximum operating temperature and shall conform to the table section 5
Figure 2 of DNV-OS-F101 and Appendix 5.
d) Two sets of three Charpy V-notch specimens shall be removed, one set at each end of the
pipe. The specimens shall be cut transverse (for pipe OD equal to or above 4.5") to the pipe
axis and the axis of notch shall be perpendicular to pipe surface. Required impact values are
given in Table 3 of Appendix 2 of this specification. Where the Particular Specification calls
for CHARPY-V tests to be carried out in the longitudinal direction, then the figures to be met
for 10 mm x 10 mm specimens are those indicated in Table 3 of Appendix 2.
e) The required impact test temperature (or so-called routine test temperature) shall be that
stated in the Project Particular Specification, but in no way this temperature can be above
minus 20C.
As far as possible, full size specimens (10 x 10 mm) shall be used. If sub-size test
specimens are found necessary, to the satisfaction of COMPANY, absorbed energy figures
required shall be those for full size specimens (see Appendix 2) multiplied by the
corresponding factors given in the following table:
Specimen (mm)

Multiplying factor

10 x 10

10 x 7.5

5/6

10 x 6.7

7/9

10 x 5

2/3

f) Charpy V-notch tests shall be conducted in the base metal to determine full Charpy energy
and shear area transition curves to ASTM A 370. The tests shall be carried out in the
transverse direction (or longitudinal direction, when so agreed for the routine test) at
temperatures 10C, 20C, 30C and 40C below the routine test temperature. For pipeline to
be laid by the reeling technique, transition curves shall be supplied for both the longitudinal
and the transverse directions.
Size of Charpy V-notch specimens shall be as per paragraph e) above;
g) Two macrosections shall be cut off from pipe (i.e. one macro at both ends of the pipe at
magnification x 10 minimum).
h) On each macrosection, three Rockwell C or Vickers 10 kg Hardness measurements shall
be carried out (one below outer surface and one below inner surface at 2.0 mm from surface,
and one at mid-thickness of pipe). Hardness shall not exceed 30 HRC or 320 HV10.
i) Two microsections shall be polished and etched to show the metallurgical microstructure.
Photographs of microstructure at three locations minimum (below internal surface, below
external surface and at mid-thickness) through the entire wall thickness shall be supplied.
Material shall be essentially free from grain boundary carbides, nitrides and intermetallic
phases especially sigma phase. Essentially free implies that occasional strings of detrimental
phases along the centre line of the base material is acceptable given that the phase content
within one field of vision (at 400x magnification) is < 1.0% (max 0.50% intermetallic phases).
j)

Ferrite content shall be measured on metallographic specimens. The ferrite range shall be
within 35 to 55% for both grades as measured by metallographic method using a point count

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Rev: 01

technique in accordance with ASTM E 562. Austenite spacing shall be evaluated according
to DNV-RP-F112 Sections 5 & 7. Spacing shall be less than 30 micrometers.
k) Pitting corrosion resistance test procedure shall conform to ASTM G 48 method A and
the procedure shall be submitted to the Company for approval.
The test specimen shall be machined transversal to the pipe axis and shall include the full
wall thickness of the pipe.
The test shall expose the external and internal surface and a cross section surface in full wall
thickness.
All surfaces, not subjected to the test, shall be electrolytically polished or finished with 600grit abrasive paper.
All the surfaces shall be degreased in acetone bath, cleaned by ultrasound, pickled (17%
HNO3 + 4% HF, 60C, 5 minutes) and rinsed in ethanol, dried and weighed.
The tests shall be performed at a temperature of 25 1C for 22Cr and 50 1C for 25Cr.
The exposure time is 24 hours.
The acceptance criteria are:
No evidence of pitting, under visual examination with a magnification of x20
Weight loss shall be recorded and not more than 4.0 g/m.
l) The pipe wall thickness shall be measured using ultrasonic in three longitudinal planes
displaced by 90. The measurements shall be carried out at minimum intervals of one metre
along the pipe length.
At Mills option, wall thickness may be measured by automatic ultrasonic tester examining
spirally the pipe with a minimum coverage of 20% of the pipe body area. Recordings shall be
made available to the Inspector on request at the Mill.
The results will be recorded for information only, but the minimum required wall thickness
shall be achieved.
m) For reeling technique only, one bend test specimen shall be removed from each pipe end.
The bend test specimens shall be cut longitudinally to pipe axis and shall include the full wall
thickness of the pipe. They shall be bent through 180 degrees using a plunger with
maximum diameter of four times the specimen wall thickness. There shall be no cracks on
the outside surface of the bent portion of the specimen.
n) (For reeling technique only) Mechanical testing shall be performed on specimens removed
from each pipe end. The specimen shall be taken from a full scale bending test simulating
the successive bending of pipeline from first spooling to final laying. The bending scheme
and equipment shall be mutually agreed with the COMPANY.
The plastic strain shall be, at least, equal to the plastic strain introduced during installation
and service.
The mechanical testing shall be carried out on specimens before straining and after straining
and ageing. Ageing shall be 250 C for one hour.
The testing shall include:
Longitudinal tensile testing

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Rev: 01

Hardness testing
Charpy V notch testing on specimens cut longitudinally at routine test temperature.
Full Charpy energy and shear area transition curves shall be carried out in the strained
condition and in the strained plus aged condition at temperatures 10C and 20C above and
10C and 20C below the routine test temperature. The tests with test temperatures below
the routine test temperature will be for information only.
The following requirements shall be met after straining and ageing (specimens before
straining shall meet what is required in the other sections of the present specification).
Yield strength, tensile strength and Charpy V notch shall meet the requirements of
Appendix 2
The uniform elongation shall be 6% minimum
The YS to TS ratio shall be recorded for information only
The hardness requirements shall be as per 6.7.1 above.
6.7.2 Weldability tests
When so required in the PPS, one test shall be conducted per steel grade, pipe size and steel
source on pipes produced at an early production stage.
The tests shall be carried out in accordance with Appendix 4.
When weldability tests are not required in the PPS, then the SUPPLIER shall produce, to the
satisfaction of the COMPANY, a comprehensive documentation to support the weldability of the
proposed pipes, such as in-house laboratory test results, weldability test results from previous
orders, welding recommendations, etc.
6.7.3 Test failure
In case of qualification test results which do not comply with the requirements of this
specification, the pipe tested as well as all preceding pipes shall be rejected. The causes of
failure shall be investigated by the SUPPLIER and reported to the Inspector. Manufacture shall
resume only after the procedure has been suitably revised to the satisfaction of the Inspector
and after a new pipe has successfully passed the qualification tests laid down in this
specification.
6.7.4 Report of pipe manufacturing procedure qualification tests
The SUPPLIER shall submit to the COMPANY the pipe manufacturing procedure qualification
test report giving the results of all tests required by the present specification.
The report shall be approved and signed by the Inspector who attended the tests.

6.8 Chemical properties


All pipes shall be manufactured from steel that shall have a chemical composition ensuring
proper ductility, strength, toughness and weldability under all conventional welding processes
and techniques, indicated in the relevant COMPANY general specification, used on lay-barges
or on onshore installation works, where applicable.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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The SUPPLIER shall carry out heat and product analyses for all specified chemical elements
(plus all other intentionally added elements). Those chemical compositions shall be included in
Mill Certificates.
Heat and Product analyses shall meet the requirements contained in Table 1 of Appendix 1.
However, the ruling composition shall be that proposed by SUPPLIER and approved by
COMPANY at the bid stage (see 6.4 and 6.6 here-above).
Number, type, location, and frequency of tests shall be as defined under 8.2.1.

6.9 Mechanical properties


The finished pipes shall meet the requirements stated in Tables 2 and 3 (Appendix 2) for tensile
properties and Charpy V-notch test requirements respectively.
Number, type, location, and frequency of tests shall be as defined under clause 8.2.1.
Results of mechanical tests carried out on finished pipes shall be included in Mill Certificates.

6.10 Dimensional and weight requirements


The following requirements shall be met on each finished pipe.
Dimensional checks shall be made on each pipe, unless otherwise noted.
Dimensional recordings shall be as per 8.2.2.1.2 of this specification.
Note on definitions:
Checking means that inspection consists to verify that the said dimension is within the
permitted tolerances (exact dimension is not required) e.g., go - no go gauge check
Measurement means that a real measurement is carried out and a precise figure is
obtained as a result of it
Recording means that the value of actual measurement as above is recorded and filed.
6.10.1 Diameters
Dimensional tolerance on inside diameter at pipe ends shall conform to the following tolerances
against the nominal inside diameter at any location within 100 mm from either pipe end.
-0.8 mm, +2.4 mm

for OD < 12

-1.0 mm, +3.0 mm

for OD > 12, with WT 20 mm

-1.2 mm, +3.6 mm

for OD > 12, with WT > 20 mm

Nominal ID = nominal OD - (2 x nominal WT).


Internal diameter shall be checked by internal circumferential tape or diameter tape.
Dimensional tolerances on outside diameter of the pipe body shall not exceed -0.30%, +0.90%
of the specified nominal outside diameter.
6.10.2 Wall thickness
Both ends of each pipe shall be checked for thickness with a limit gage or a micrometer.
The SUPPLIER shall guarantee the specified thickness along full length of finished pipe and
random checking shall be made at a frequency to be agreed, unless the SUPPLIER's has an

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Rev: 01

automatic ultrasonic tester able to continuously make and record pipe wall thickness over at
least 20% of pipe body area.
The tolerance on the wall thickness shall be minimum -10% and maximum +15% of the
specified nominal wall thickness.
6.10.3 Weight
Each length of pipe size 5 or larger shall be weighed separately. The tolerance on the weight of
any single length of pipe shall be +5%, -3.5% of the nominal weight.
6.10.4 Out-of-roundness
The difference between maximum outside diameter and minimum outside diameter checked
within 100 mm at each pipe end using an external ring gauge shall not exceed 1% of the
specified nominal outside diameter [(DMax - DMin) < 1% DNom].
Out-of-roundness at the pipe ends shall also be checked using an internal ring gauge of
diameter:
3.2 mm less than the nominal Internal Diameter for WT 20 mm
And 4 mm less than the nominal internal diameter for WT > 20 mm.
This gauge shall pass freely 100 mm into each end of the pipe when held normal to the pipe
axis.
A caliper gauge or rod gauge may also be used provided that actual major and minor inside
diameters of pipe shall be measured. In that case, the permitted allowance shall be the same as
for internal ring gauge above.
6.10.5 Unit length
Pipes shall be supplied in lengths of 12.20 m 0.60 m. However, when so permitted in
Particular Project Specification, 5% of the pipes may have an individual length between 9.00 m
and 11.59 m provided that the average length of each item of the order is 12.0 m.
No pipe shall be shorter than 9.00 m.
Jointers made by welding two pipe sections to produce the specified pipe length are not
permitted.
6.10.6 Straightness
The deviation from a straight line (taut wire) shall not exceed 1.4 mm per metre of length.
Straightness checking shall be carried out three times per shift, as a minimum.
6.10.7 Squareness of pipe ends
The pipe ends shall be cut perpendicular to the pipe longitudinal axis within 1.6 mm across any
diameter. Checking shall be made using an angle at a minimum frequency of three times per
shift.
6.10.8 Pipe end preparation
Pipes shall be furnished with both ends bevelled to an angle of 30 (-0/+5) with a root face of
1.6 mm 0.8 mm. Bevelling shall be carried out by straight machining only. Internal taper is

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tolerated; always providing that it does not exceed 1 in 7 (when measured in the pipe
longitudinal axis, from base of root face to inside surface of pipe) and that radial height of taper
does not exceed 3 mm, at any location around pipe end.
Checking of bevel dimensions shall be made three times per shift, as a minimum.
Any repair by grinding on the bevel edge further to machine bevelling shall be cause for full rebevelling. However, internal burrs can be removed by filing provided that the root face is not
altered to the satisfaction of the Inspector.
6.10.9 Bulges, dents and flat areas
On the pipe body, deviations from the original contour of the pipe shall not exceed 4 mm depth,
nor shall they extend in any direction greater than 1/3 of the diameter of the pipe. Any sharp
bottom deformations are unacceptable.

6.11 Surface condition


Pipes shall be free from defects and shall have a workmanlike finish. Imperfections (e.g. roll
marks) having a depth greater than 5% of the specified nominal wall thickness shall be
considered unacceptable. Minor imperfections may be removed by grinding provided that a
smooth curved surface is maintained and that the wall thickness is not decreased below the
specified minimum.
Pipe surface shall be substantially free from mill scales, scabs, pits, scores and laps as well as
un-repaired tears, raised slivers, bristles of steel, sharp notches, scratches or mechanical
marks.

7. Mill hydrostatic testing


Each pipe shall be hydrostatically tested in accordance with the requirements of clause 9.4 of
API 5LC, except as otherwise specified below.
The pipe shall withstand the applied pressure for the stated duration without leakage or
permanent deformation.
The required test pressure shall be computed using the following formula that includes a fibre
stress of 95% of the specified minimum yield strength of the pipe material:
P=

20 x 0.95 x S x t
D

Hydrostatic test pressure in bar

Minimum specified yield strength in N/mm2 or MPa

Specified minimum wall thickness in mm

Nominal outside diameter in mm

The test pressure shall be held for duration of not less than 10 seconds for each pipe.
The SUPPLIER shall provide a certificate of calibration established less than 12 months before
the pipe fabrication, by a recognised authority, for the master gauge. However, the pressure
gauge and recorder shall be calibrated in-house against the said master gauge before start of
production, and at least once per week hereafter.

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Rev: 01

Mill hydrostatic test pressure prints shall show clearly the pipe number, the date of test, the
applied test pressure and the test duration for each pipe. Prints shall be available to the
Inspector for conformance check at the Mill.
A Mill hydrostatic test certificate of compliance giving hydrostatic test requirements (test
pressure and duration) shall be established by SUPPLIER and furnished to the COMPANY and
the Inspection Agency. The SUPPLIER shall certify that every length of pipes has been tested
without any leak or sweat in accordance with the requirements of this specification.

8. Inspection and testing


8.1 General requirements
1. The SUPPLIER shall bear full responsibility for the conformity of his supply to all
requirements of this specification. He shall, for this purpose, take all necessary measures,
making use of suitable means, devices and qualified personnel, enabling him to ensure
permanent and effective control at each stage of manufacture.
2. The SUPPLIER shall develop a Quality Control Plan for approval by the COMPANY and
shall carry out, all inspections and tests required by this specification.
3. All inspections carried out by the SUPPLIER during pipe manufacture shall form the subject
of constantly updated reports. These reports shall be available for consultation by the
Inspector at any time.
4. If during the main production, more than 10% of the pipes are rejected in any day's
production or re-routed for repairs or re-processing, then the Inspector shall have the right to
ask the SUPPLIER to increase his Quality Control Programme to an appropriate level and to
maintain it until the causes of the defective quality are identified and eliminated. Where
above rate attains 15%, the Inspector may require the main production to be stopped.
5. Only pipes fully meeting the requirements of this specification shall be presented to the
Inspector for final acceptance.
6. The SUPPLIER shall provide reasonable office space and inspection facilities, as required
by the Inspector, in the Mill. Free access shall be allowed to him at all times during
manufacture and testing. A suitable working area shall be reserved for him at the end of the
production line or at any other agreed location so that he may carry out his own inspections
on the finished pipes.
7. See also the provisions of 5 of this specification.
8. All visual inspection, dimensional inspection and Non-Destructive inspection procedures
shall have prior approval of the inspector and shall be subject to qualification tests prior to
their use in production. Further to acceptable results, qualification records shall be
established by the supplier, duly signed by the Inspector and filed in the final documentation.
Note: A qualification shall consist at the very start of production, to implement the
approved written procedure in the presence of the mill QA/QC representative and of the
Inspector. The Inspector and the mill QA/QC shall check that the working instructions are
complete and correct, that the procedure has been implemented as it is written, that the
environment (e.g. lighting, access way) is suitable, that tools, equipment are convenient,
that the procedure is fully efficient for the inspection purpose in view of specification
requirements, that recording and traceability are satisfactory, etc.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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9. All NDT personals shall be properly certified according to EN 473 Std, or equivalent Std, and
shall be approved by the Inspector before any involvement on the order. NDT operators
shall be certified Level 2, as a minimum.
10. Heat treatment charts of pipes shall be made available to the Inspector for review at pipe
mill.

8.2 Production tests and inspections


Finished pipes shall be submitted to production tests and inspections as defined below.
8.2.1 Destructive tests
The SUPPLIER shall perform all of the tests described below on a pipe selected at the
frequency stated in paragraph 8.2.1.8. The Inspector reserves the right to select the pipes to be
tested and to witness the tests.
8.2.1.1 Tensile test
Tensile test specimens shall be removed from one end of the selected pipe. The tensile test
(transversal to pipe axis) shall be carried out for OD equal to or greater than 8 5/8. Strip
specimens shall be used for longitudinal and transverse tests. Round bar specimens may be
used when practicable for transverse tensile tests, when so agreed at the bid stage. The test
shall include Yield Strength, Ultimate Tensile Strength and Elongation. The Yield Strength to
Ultimate Tensile Strength ratio shall also be reported. Test results shall meet the requirements
of Table 2 in Appendix 2.
Note: If the maximum operating temperature is above 50C, additional tensile tests shall be
performed at a maximum operating temperature and shall conform to the table section 5 figure 2
of DNV-OS-F101 and Appendix 5.
8.2.1.2 Impact test (Charpy V-notch test)
One impact test (one set of three specimens) shall be cut at one end of the selected pipe and
shall be transversal to pipe axis.
Test shall conform to all provisions contained in 6.7.1.f) of this specification and requirements
(if any) of the Project Particular Specification.
Charpy tests are not required for wall thickness less than 6.35 mm.
8.2.1.3 Strain-Ageing test (for reeling technique only)
One Strain-Ageing test shall be carried out at one pipe end according to all requirements stated
in 6.7.1.m). Where sub-size specimens are found necessary, to the satisfaction of COMPANY,
specimen size, required absorbed energy figures and test temperature shall be in accordance
with 6.7.1.e).
8.2.1.4 Chemical analysis
A product analysis shall be carried out on both the pipe selected for tensile test and on another
pipe from same heat.
All results shall comply with the requirements of Table 1 of Appendix 1 for all specified elements
and contents (plus all others intentionally added elements). However, the ruling composition

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Rev: 01

shall be that proposed by SUPPLIER and approved by COMPANY at the bid stage (see 6.4
and 6.6 above).
The sampling method shall be in accordance with API 5LC.
Note: As said in 6.8 above, a ladle analysis shall be carried out for each heat of steel used in
the manufacture of the pipes. The results shall be shown on all documentation/Mill certificates
covering the related heat of steel.
8.2.1.5 Macro and micro sections
One macrosection shall be cut from the pipe end (magnification x 10 minimum).
On each macrosection, three Rockwell C or Vickers 10 kg Hardness measurements shall be
carried out (one below outer surface and one below inner surface at 2.0 mm from surface, and
one at mid-thickness of pipe). Hardness shall not exceed 290 HV10 (for 22Cr) and 330 HV10
(for 25Cr).
Two microsections shall be polished and etched to show the metallurgical microstructure and
to allow for grain size evaluation. Photographs of microstructure at three locations minimum
(below internal surface, below external surface and at mid-thickness) through the entire wall
thickness shall be supplied. The microstructure shall be free from carbides, nitrides and
intermetallic phases. Presence of sigma phase shall have a total maximum content of 0.05%.
8.2.1.6 Ferrite content
Ferrite content shall be measured on metallographic specimens as per relevant chapter of
API 5LC. The ferrite range shall be within 35 to 65% for both grades as measured by
metallographic method using a point count technique in accordance with ASTM E 562.
8.2.1.7 Pitting corrosion resistance
Pitting corrosion resistance test procedure shall conform to ASTM G 48 method A and the
procedure shall be submitted to the Company for approval.
The test specimen shall be machined transversal to the pipe axis and shall include the full wall
thickness of the pipe.
The test shall expose the external and internal surface and a cross section surface in full wall
thickness.
All surfaces, not subjected to the test, shall be electrolytically polished or finished with 600-grit
abrasive paper.
All the surfaces shall be degreased in acetone bath, cleaned by ultrasound, pickled (17%
HNO3 + 4% HF, 60C, 5 minutes) and rinsed in ethanol, dried and weighed.
The tests are performed at a temperature of 25 1C for LC65-2205 and 40 1C for LC652506. The exposure time is 24 hours.
The acceptance criteria are:
No evidence of pitting, under visual examination with a magnification of x20
Allowable weight loss shall be recorded and shall be: 4.0 g/m2 (maximum).

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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8.2.1.8 Frequency of destructive tests


The above destructive tests and product analyses shall be carried out on one finished pipe
selected from each lot of produced pipes as defined hereafter:
OD less than or equal to 4 :

200 pipes

OD less than or equal to 16":

100 pipes

OD above 16":

50 pipes

A lot includes only pipes of a same size and coming from a same heat. Any fraction of a lot shall
be subjected to full testing.
However, when the strain-ageing test is required (see 6.7.1.m) above), this test shall be carried
out only once per heat.
8.2.1.9 Retests
Where one specimen fails to conform to the specified requirements, a retest on four (4)
additional pipes from the same lot/heat of pipes shall be carried out.
Should all retests give acceptable results and then only the pipe which gave the unacceptable
result, shall be rejected.
Should one (or more) of the retests give unacceptable results, then the complete lot of pipes
may be rejected unless each of the remaining pipes of the said lot is tested individually. The
pipes that will give acceptable results according to this specification will not be rejected.
Note: Re-heat treatment of pipe is accepted. However, no more than two heat treatments shall
be permitted if the demonstration of the process was not detrimental and the requirements shall
be obtained.
8.2.1.10 Defective specimens
If both the SUPPLIER and the Inspector are of the opinion that a specimen fails due to improper
machining or preparation, then it will be discarded and another specimen substituted.
If any test specimen fails due to some defect in the material, it may be substituted by another
test specimen with prior approval of the Inspector. The nature of the defect shall be made clear
by the SUPPLIER and the Inspector will specify additional non-destructive testing to ensure that
the defect is really an isolated case.
8.2.2 Dimensional and non-destructive inspections
8.2.2.1 Type and extent of non-destructive inspections
8.2.2.1.1 Visual examination
Visual examination of the entire inside and outside surfaces shall be carried out on each pipe.
8.2.2.1.2 Dimensional inspection
All specified dimensions (as per 6.10) shall be checked on each pipe, unless otherwise
specified herein. Recording (refer to definition in 6.10) of dimensional measurements shall be
carried out, as a minimum, three times per shift, unless a higher frequency is deemed
necessary by the SUPPLIER or, otherwise, agreed at the bid stage.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Rev: 01

Additional wall thickness measurements shall be carried out in ground areas (see 9), except
for cosmetic grinding.
8.2.2.1.3 Ultrasonic testing
The SUPPLIER shall produce the ultrasonic procedures (automatic and manual) he intends to
use, including the equipment capabilities, the reference standards for calibration of sensitivity,
and the acceptance criteria. These procedures shall be submitted at bid stage and shall be
subject to qualification tests prior to pipe production start.
Each finished pipe shall be 100% inspected along its entire length by ultrasonic testing in
accordance with Appendix 3. All pipe ends not scanned by the full automatic technique as
above shall be inspected by manual ultrasonic examination.
The inspection shall be efficient in detecting both axial defects and circumferential defects.
Alternatively, when the nominal wall thickness of pipes is lower than 8 mm, the pipes may be
inspected by the flux leakage method, provided that the related inspection procedure is
approved by COMPANY at the bid stage.
8.2.2.1.4 Electromagnetic testing
The SUPPLIER is requested to state, at the bid stage, if the intends (or does not intend) to use
electromagnetic testing (in addition to ultrasonic testing) on the full length of pipes for the
detection of defects on the internal and external surfaces of the pipes (defects oriented in both
the axial direction and the circumferential direction).
Where this testing is to be used, the SUPPLIER will supply the COMPANY with the equipment
specifications, its location in the production line, the inspection procedure and the reference
standards for calibration of sensitivity.
Electromagnetic testing is required in addition to ultrasonic testing where the ultrasonic testing
procedure is unable to detect transverse defects.
8.2.2.1.5 Liquid Penetrant Inspection (LPI)
All bevel surfaces shall be checked by LPI along the entire circumference and over a minimum
width of 30 mm. The inspection procedure shall conform to standard ASTM E 165
(ASTM E 1417) or equivalent. The product shall be chlorine free. The acceptance criteria are
listed here under.
8.2.2.2 Acceptance limits
Any crack or suspected crack and any linear discontinuity shall be considered unacceptable
defects.
Any imperfection having a depth greater than 5% of the specified nominal wall thickness
measured from the surface of the pipe, or encroaching on the specified minimum wall thickness
shall be considered as an unacceptable defect.
Surface condition and surface defects shall also comply with the requirements specified in
clause 6.10 of this specification.
The size of any laminar imperfection shall not exceed 6 mm x 10 mm within 50 mm of pipe
ends, and 8 mm x 15 mm in pipe body, measured as circumferential x longitudinal.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Rev: 01

The bevels shall be smooth and free from tool mark. No defect shall be permitted on the bevel
surface.
Dimensional requirements are as stated in 6.10.
8.2.3 Residual magnetism
Residual magnetism at pipe ends shall not exceed 25 Gauss. Checking shall be made at
random within the SUPPLIERs Mill, with a minimum of five pipes checked per shift, using a
calibrated Hall Effect gauss-meter or other equipment approved by the Inspector.
8.2.4 Pickling and passivation
Any ground surface shall be pickled and passivated after grinding, according to a procedure
submitted to Company for approval.
In case of oxidation of the inner surface, internal pickling and passivation should be required by
Company. GS EP PVV 175 shall be applicable for internal pickling and passivation.

8.3 Mill certificates


The Particular Specification shall state which type of inspection test Certificate, according
EN 10204 Std, is required to support the delivered pipes. Certificate 3.1.B is required, as a
minimum.
Mill Certificates shall make reference to API 5LC together with the present COMPANY
Specification and applicable Project Particular Specification.
Mill Certificates shall also imperatively show the following:
As-delivery condition of pipes with heat treatment conditions
Ladle analysis including Carbon Equivalent and Pcm
Pipe no. with reference to heat no. (and billet no., where possible)
Mechanical test results and product chemical analysis (including CE and Pcm) with
reference to pipe no.
Dimensional inspections with results
Non-destructive tests performed with results
Any supplementary tests and inspections carried out.

9. Repair of defects
Repair by welding on pipe base metal is not permitted.
Defects may only be removed by grinding provided that the wall thickness is not reduced locally
below the minimum specified wall thickness.
After grinding the pipe shall be inspected by the process which detected the defect, to ensure
that the defect is completely removed and that the repair is acceptable. Wall thickness
measurements shall be made in the ground areas, except for cosmetic grindings.
Rectification of bevels shall be made by full re-bevelling only.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Rev: 01

10. Marking of pipes


Each pipe shall be clearly identified by means of markings made with indelible white or yellow
paint, and a circumferential coloured painted band on the external surface of one pipe end at
200 mm approx. of pipe end. The colour shall be defined in the Particular Specification or
otherwise agreed with the SUPPLIER in due time.
The quality of paint employed and its application shall be designed to provide inscriptions that
shall be perfectly readable for at least three months on pipes exposed to outdoor weather
conditions. Marking and stamping will be protected by varnish.
Marking (paint stencilling) shall begin 100 mm minimum from the bevel and shall be made
circumferentially using letters and figures of 25 mm minimum in height for OD above 4" .
Otherwise, digits may be 15 mm high. Metric units shall be used to state pipe length.
Freehand marking is limited to variables only and shall be properly carried out to the satisfaction
of the Inspector.
Unique pipe numbers shall be allocated sequentially and marked on the pipes.
Stencilling shall be made at inside surface of pipe ends for OD equal or above to 8" 5/8.
Otherwise, it shall be made on pipe outside surface.
Marking may be made in a sequence convenient to the pipe MANUFACTURER and shall
include the following minimum information:
At one pipe end (full stencilling):
11.

TOTAL E&P/Purchaser's name

12.

Purchase Order no.

13.

Steel Grade

14.

OD x WT

15.

Heat Number

16.

Pipe number

17.

Pipe length

18.

Brand mark/logo of mill.

At the second pipe end (reduced stencilling):


19.

Pipe number

20.

Pipe length.

The following shall be die stamped on the bevel surface with dedicated device at the end where
full stencilling as above has been made:
Mark of the Inspection Agency
Pipe number, when so required in the Project Particular Specification.
The COMPANY prior to pipe production shall approve marking.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Rev: 01

11. Protection of bevels


Where pipes are required by the Particular Specification to be delivered with pipe bevel
protectors, the SUPPLIER shall submit these with full details at the bid stage.

12. Handling, transport and storage of pipes


12.1 General
The SUPPLIER shall submit to the COMPANY for review and approval a handling, transport
and storage procedure detailing the proposed methods of handling, stacking during storage,
and stacking and securing pipes for transportation and shipment.
All handling, loading and unloading shall be performed in such a way as to avoid mechanical
damages to prevent stresses which result in dent or out-of-roundness. The SUPPLIER shall be
responsible for any permanent deformations subsequent to mill acceptance and resulting from
loading, storing, stacking, transportation or shipping, provided that those operations are within
the scope of the SUPPLIER.
All pipes shall be suitable protected against environmental contamination, particularly with
carbon steel, chloride

12.2 Handling and storage


All handling shall be performed with slings, or pipe-shaped padded hooks approved by the
INSPECTOR.
Stored pipes shall be adequately supported at all times to prevent permanent deformation of
pipes and to give protection to bevelled ends.
The SUPPLIER shall take all necessary precautions during storage to prevent pipes from
corrosion, as well as from dirt and surface defects, which could be injurious for the subsequent
coating.

12.3 Transport
Loading onto or into rail cars, trucks, ships or other conveyances shall be performed in
accordance with API RP 5L, API RP 5L1 or API RP 5LW, as appropriate. In all cases loading
shall be in accordance with a procedure approved by the COMPANY.
Rail cars, trucks, ships or other conveyances shall be cleaned of debris or any substances that
might damage the pipes.
Suitable timber and other dunnage shall be used to protect the pipes against damage during
transit.

13. Documentation
The SUPPLIER shall deliver the following minimum documentation to the COMPANY.

13.1 When the bids are submitted


Name of billet MANUFACTURER and Mill
Steel making process (electric furnace or Basic Oxygen Furnace)

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Rev: 01

Nominal weight of each heat


Billet weight
Aim chemical composition, minimum and maximum working limits (ladle and check
chemical analysis of base steel) which are selected and guaranteed by SUPPLIER for the
order
Name of pipe MANUFACTURER and Mill
Pipe Manufacturing Procedure Specification, including manufacturing process, heat
treatment, dimensional and non-destructive testing procedures (refer to 6.6 and 6.7)
Alternative percentage of shorter pipes offered if less than that stated in 6.10.5 (when
applicable)
Location of paint stencilling (on inside or outside of pipe)
Quality Control Plan
Quality Assurance Manual
Weldability test specification (when applicable) (refer to 6.7.2)
Handling, transport and storage procedure for pipes
Pipe supply track record as well as histograms of chemical and mechanical test results
from previous orders of the same pipe grade and similar dimensions, as proof of capability
to produce pipes according to this specification
At SUPPLIER's option, any other technical information related to the proposed pipe supply
Description of the proposed bevel protectors (if any)
The SUPPLIER's deviations/qualifications to present specifications. Where no deviations
are stated in the bid, the potential SUPPLIER shall be considered as fully accepting the
requirements of present specification.

13.2 Upon completion of pipe production


A production report that shall include, but not be limited to, the information and documents
stated hereafter:
Steel making process and billet manufacturing procedure (see 6.2 and 6.4)
Manufacturing and inspection procedures for pipes (see 6.5 and 6.6)
Report of pipe manufacturing procedure qualification test results
Report of weldability tests, if any (see 6.7.2)
Mill hydrostatic test certificate of compliance (see 7)
Mill test certificates for all production tests made on pipes (see 8.2.1 and 8.3)
Non-destructive inspection reports for pipes (see 8.2.2 and 8.3)
Reports of non-destructive inspection procedures qualifications (see 8.2.2)
All other quality control reports or acceptance certificates

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Rev: 01

List of heat numbers showing pipe numbers, individual length and weight, total length and
weight produced per heat
Histogram of the results of production tests (chemical and mechanical) and dimensions of
pipes (length, as a minimum), when so required in Particular Specification
Compilation of all concessions/deviations, if any, granted by COMPANY during pipe
production.
The Particular Project Specification shall state the number of originals and copies of the
production report, which are to be supplied to the COMPANY.
The Inspection Agency shall stamp (rubber stamp) and sign these documents for the
acceptance of pipes meeting all the requirements of this specification.
The pipes shall be dispatched only after a Release Certificate has been issued by the
Inspection Agency.
Mill Certificates shall be supplied at the time of dispatch of the pipes.
The full production report as above shall be transmitted to the COMPANY without delay after
completion of pipe production. The latest date of submission of this report shall be agreed at the
bid stage.

14. Storage of mechanical test specimens


The SUPPLIER shall ensure preservation and storage of the mechanical test specimens.
They shall be stored and made available for the COMPANY for the following minimum periods
of time:
Qualification tests = 30 days
Production tests = 15 days.

15. Fabrication Pipe History System (PHS)


When so required in the Particular Specification, the SUPPLIER shall provide a computerised
fabrication pipe history. Such a computer program will provide the minimum following
information:
For each pipe number: Grade, OD, WT, Length, Weight, PREN with reference to heat
number
For each heat number: chemical analysis, mechanical properties (with reference to Mill
Certificate no. and test no.), individual weight and length of accepted pipes produced.
Full description of proposed soft ware will be provided with standard storage data devices (CD,
DVD, USB, etc.).

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Rev: 01
Appendix 1

Appendix 1

Chemical composition

Table 1 - Chemical composition


Grades LC65-22Cr DX

Grades LC65-25Cr SDX

Ladle & Check Analysis

Ladle & Check Analysis

% Weight mini-max.

% Weight mini-max.

0.030 max

0.030 max

Mn

2.00 max

1.00 max

Si

1.00 max

0.75 max

0.005 max

0.005 max

0.025 max

0.025 max

0.15-0.20

0.20-0.34

Ni

4.5-6.5

6.0-8.0

Cr

21.0-23.0

24.0-26.0

Cu

(2)

(2)

Mo

2.5-3.5

3.0-4.0

--

(3)

34 mini

42 mini

Chemical Element
(see note 1)

PREN (see note 4)


Notes:

(1) The intentional addition of elements, not specified in Table 1 above, shall not be permitted
without Companys approval
(2) Cu addition shall be subject to Companys approval
(3) W addition shall be subject to Companys approval
(4) PREN = %Cr + 3.3% Mo + 16%N

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Exploration & Production


General Specification

Date: 10/2009

GS EP PLR 242

Rev: 01
Appendix 2

Appendix 2

Mechanical tests requirements

Table 2 - Tensile properties of base metal


Tensile Test (strip or round bar specimen)
2a - Tensile requirements at room temperature
YS min.

TS (MPa)

(MPa)

min.

max.

YS
max.
TS

LC65-22Cr DX

450

620

0.92

LC65-25Cr SDX

550

750

0.92

Grade

E1 % min.
As per API 5LC
Table B.1

2b - Tensile requirements at Maximum design temperature


YS min. psi

Grade

TS psi (MPa)

(MPa)

min.

max.

LC65-22Cr DX

TBD

TBD

LC65-25Cr SDX

TBD

TBD

YS
max.
TS

E1 % min.

For information only

TBD: See 6.7.1 & 8.2.1.1.

Table 3 - Transverse impact energy of base metal Charpy-V impact test Full size specimens 10 X 10 mm ASTM E 23
(See impact test temperature in Project Particular Specification)
In no case impacts temperature will be above -20C
Grade

Minimum average
for 3 specimens
joules

Minimum single
value joules

LC65-22Cr DX

70

50

LC65-25Cr SDX

70

50

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

Page 29/36

Exploration & Production


General Specification

Date: 10/2009

GS EP PLR 242

Rev: 01
Appendix 3

Appendix 3

Automatic Ultrasonic Testing

1. General
The automatic ultrasonic testing shall be in accordance with the relevant chapter of API 5LC,
unless otherwise stated hereafter.

2. Equipment
The ultrasonic system shall be capable of revealing axial defects and circumferential defects in
the internal surface, external surface and inner material of pipe, including laminations and
segregations.
The ultrasonic equipment shall be fitted with an automatic paint spray system, or similar system,
for marking the areas giving ultrasonic indications above the reference level and with a
particular warning for loss of ultrasonic coupling with the pipe. Ultrasonic testing print-out of
each pipe shall be made available to the Inspector for review at the Mill.

3. Reference standards
The reference standard shall be a pipe taken from the production (or any other pipe of same
size and material) and of such length as to allow for static and dynamic calibration of the
inspection system.
The reference standard shall contain machined notches and groove as follows:
N notches shall be as per API 5LC, but their maximum depth shall be 5% of pipe nominal
wall thickness. Two notches 30 mm min. long shall be oriented parallel and transverse to
longitudinal pipe axis on both the inside and outside surface.
In addition, a rectangular groove (i.e. flat bottomed groove) 8 mm wide x 30 mm long with
depth of 1/3 rd of pipe wall thickness (with a max. of 10 mm) shall be machined
longitudinally to pipe axis on inside surface of pipe.

4. Calibration
Gate opening: For ID and OD scanning, the gate shall cover, at least, from 0.25 skip to 1.25
skip.
Coupling: Coupling shall be monitored through the back wall signal amplitude. A pipe from
production will be scanned for the back wall signal height. The minimum amplitude found will be
taken as the reference. Then the coupling warning threshold shall be set at the above reference
amplitude minus N dB. N dB being in the flow detection channels, the difference between the
reference signal(s) from reflector(s) and the detection threshold.
Dynamic calibration: The dynamic calibration of the ultrasonic equipment with the reference
standard shall be carried out under the same inspection conditions as for the pipes in normal
production.
The dynamic calibration of the ultrasonic equipment with the reference standard shall be carried
out under the same inspection conditions as for the pipes in normal production.
The calibration shall be performed (as a minimum):
At the beginning of each working shift
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Exploration & Production


General Specification
GS EP PLR 242

Date: 10/2009
Rev: 01
Appendix 3

At least once during each working shift


Whenever any doubt arises on the ultrasonic efficiency, by agreement between the
Inspector and the SUPPLIER.
If, during the calibration check, notches of the reference standard are not revealed, or if the
signals caused by notches and groove of the reference standard do not switch on the automatic
alarm or marking device, all the pipes already checked since the previous calibration check shall
be re-inspected.

5. Acceptance criteria
Any imperfection that produces a signal greater than the signal received from the reference
standard (so-called the reference level) shall be considered an unacceptable defect, unless it
can be demonstrated by the SUPPLIER that the imperfection does not exceed the provisions of
8.2.2.2 of this specification.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

Page 31/36

Exploration & Production


General Specification

Date: 10/2009

GS EP PLR 242

Rev: 01
Appendix 4

Appendix 4

Weldability tests

1. Purpose
To prove the weldability of the pipes produced, the SUPPLIER is required to carry out
weldability tests. This test is to ensure that the material supplied can be welded on a lay-barge
or onshore (where applicable) without significant or excessive precautions. These precautions
are other than indicated in the relevant COMPANY specification for welding of the duplex
stainless steel pipeline. The intent is that, during pipe installation welding, the following
hardness and impact requirements can be met in the Heat Affected Zone (HAZ) of welds
without preheat:
Maximum hardness 325 HV10
Charpy V-notch impact energy (at the routine test temperature stated in the Particular
Specification) as per requirements of Table 3 of Appendix 2.
The requirements for the weldability tests are stated in the following paragraphs. The
SUPPLIER may submit alternative proposals for review and discussion at the time of bidding.

2. Material
The material shall be chosen to reflect the maximum PREN of the pipes supplied. The steel
used may, however, have the production maximum PREN minus 0.01.
The COMPANY shall approve the heat analysis of steel or pipes to be used for the weldability
tests.

3. Welding Procedure Specification (WPS)


The SUPPLIER shall submit to the COMPANY at the bid stage a welding procedure
specification detailing his proposals. This shall include:
A full Welding Procedure Specification including details of welding consumables, type of
process, material, welding parameters, etc.
Proposals on pipe sample dimensions (width, length) so as to represent realistic welding
conditions
Full details of weld bevel geometries. The proposed groove profile shall be such that the
welding will result in a straight HAZ on one side of the bevel.
No welding test shall be carried out until the COMPANY has approved the SUPPLIERs
proposals.

4. Test welds
The test shall consist of butt welding together two pipe sections in the 5G vertical uphill position
using GTAW. The heat input range for root and hot pass shall be 1 to 2 kJ/cm and fill to cap
pass shall be 1.5-2.5 kJ/cm.
The welds shall be single sided.
Drying is requested to a maximum of 50C with air blower or electrical blanket.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

Page 32/36

Exploration & Production


General Specification
GS EP PLR 242

Date: 10/2009
Rev: 01
Appendix 4

Maximum interpass temperature shall be 125C for duplex and 100C for super duplex stainless
steel.

5. Testing and inspection


Before cutting the specimens, the weld shall be 100% radiographed by X-rays and ultrasonically tested.
Charpy V-notch test:
Specimens shall be cut at the 1 o'clock and 3 o'clock positions and shall be located at
mid-thickness. For each set, three specimens shall be cut and tested.
The notches shall be located as follows:
21.

Within a 0.5 mm band from the fusion line

22.

At 2 mm from the Fusion Line

23.

At 5 mm from the Fusion Line.

Macrography
Two specimens shall be extracted, one at the 12 o'clock and one at the 6 o'clock position.
Vickers hardness survey
On the above macrographic cross-sections, a Vickers hardness survey will be conducted
under 5 kg load in accordance with Figure 1 of present Appendix 4.
Note: The weld metal will not be part of the testing.

6. Acceptance criteria
The test weld as described above shall meet the following requirements:
Maximum hardness shall be:
24.

320 HV10 for base metal

25.

350 HV10 for weld metal and HAZ.

Minimum Charpy V-notch impact energy at the required test temperature shall be
according to Table 3 of Appendix 2.
The SUPPLIER should note that the weldability tests are acceptance tests for the pipes, and
that pipes cannot be dispatched until these tests have been successfully completed.

7. Reporting
Following completion of the test programme, the results and final report from the SUPPLIER
shall be submitted directly to the COMPANY nominated specialist.
The final report shall include as a minimum the following:
Weld Procedure Specification
Record of weld performance giving details of the welding parameters for each pass,
consumables used, bevel geometry, etc.
Mill certificates of pipe material used
NDT and mechanical test results (including any failures)
This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

Page 33/36

Exploration & Production


General Specification
GS EP PLR 242

Date: 10/2009
Rev: 01
Appendix 4

Any other testing agreed with the COMPANY


Any necessary photographs, macrographs and micrographs (if any)
The interpretation of the results and the conclusions of the SUPPLIER, including his
recommendations for production welding at pipe installation site.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

Page 34/36

Exploration & Production


General Specification

Date: 10/2009

GS EP PLR 242

Rev: 01
Appendix 4

Figure 1 - Vickers hardness test (5 kg load)

Enlargement of area A (typical)

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

Page 35/36

Exploration & Production


General Specification

Date: 10/2009

GS EP PLR 242

Rev: 01
Appendix 5

Appendix 5

Data Sheet

Nominal OD
Onshore / Offshore
Applicable Standard
Grade
WT
Routine impact tests temperature

Minimum design temperature -20C


In no case will be above -20C

Mechanical properties and test

Paragraph 6.6 applicable

Design Pressure
Minimum Design Temperature
Maximum Design Temperature
Unit lengths
Laying technique

S-Lay / J-Lay / Reeling

Weldability tests

Required as per Appendix 4 / Not required

Production reports and mill


certificates: number of originals and
copies (paragraph 13)
PHS (paragraph 15)
Colour coding
Bevels protectors

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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