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VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE

SRM Nagar, Kattankulathur-603203

Department of Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering


PERIODICAL TEST 1
(2016 -2017 ODD SEMESTER)
Year: I
Sem.: I
Dept.: M.E. C&I

Date: 29.09.2016
Maximum :100 marks
Time: 3.00 Hrs.
CL 7101 CONTROL SYSTEM DESIGN
Answer ALL questions
PART A (10 x 2 = 20 marks)

1. Define stability of a system.


2. Define sensitivity of control system.
3. Is there a correlation between the performance specifications namely damping
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

coefficient and phase margin? Explain.


Write the transfer function of PID controller.
Draw the frequency response of lead compensator.
Point out the advantages of using root locus for design.
How do you choose lead and lag compensator?
Describe all pass system.
Write some frequency domain specifications.
When is lag lead compensator is required?
PART B (5 x 13 = 65 marks)

11. (a)

(b)

Discuss in detail the design of PID controllers using root locus


techniques.
Or
Design a lag- lead compensator of the system whose open loop transfer
G ( s)

(13)

(13)

K
s ( s 1)( s 2)

function
using root locus that meets the following
specifications
i
Damping ratio = 0.45,
ii
Undamped natural frequency n = 3.5 rad/sec.
iii
Velocity error constant, KV = 30 sec-1.
12.

(a)

A feedback control system has the following open-loop transfer function


G(s) H ( s)

K
s ( s 1)( s 5)

(i)

Sketch the root locus by obtaining asymptotes, breakaway point


and imaginary axis cross-over point.

(6)

(ii)

A compensating element having a transfer function G(s) = (s+2) is

(7)

(b)

now included in the open loop transfer function. If the breakaway


point is -0.56, sketch the new root locus. Comment on stability of
the system with and without the compensator.
Or
Consider a unity feedback system with open loop transfer function
G ( s)

75
( s 1)( s 3)( s 8)

(13)

Design a PID controller to satisfy the


following specifications. (i) The steady state error for unit ramp input
should be less than 0.08 and (ii) the natural frequency of oscillation as
2.5 rad/sec.
13.

(a)

Consider a system whose open loop transfer function is given by


G ( s)

(13)

1
( s 3)( s 5)

. The system is to be controlled under unity negative


feedback. Design a suitable controller, so that the closed loop system
meets the following specifications
i
Velocity error constant is greater than 10/s.
ii

Time constant is greater than 1s.

iii

(b)

Overshoot is less than 10%.


Or
Consider a system whose open loop transfer function is given by
G ( s)

(13)

k
s ( s 1)

. The system is to be controlled under unity negative


feedback with a lead compensator. Design a lead compensator so that the
closed loop system meets the following specifications
i
Velocity error constant is greater than 10/s.

14.

(a)

ii

Time constant is greater than 1s.

iii

Overshoot is less than 10%.

Consider a system whose open loop transfer function is given by


G ( s)

1
( s 1)

. Design a suitable multiple degree of freedom controller so


that, the closed loop system satisfies the following specifications:
i
Track step input and sinusoidal input (10Hz) with zero steady
state error.
ii
Attenuate noise frequencies beyond 100 Hz.
Or
2

(13)

(b)

G ( s)

K
s (1 0.2 s )

(13)

The open loop transfer function of the system is


.
Design a suitable compensator to meet the following specifications :
acceleration error constant KA = 10; phase margin = 35.
15.

(a)

(i)

The open loop transfer function of an unity feedback control


G (s)

(ii)

a
s( s 4)( s 10)

system is given as
. Evaluate the value of a
to give a phase margin of 45.
Draw the Bode plot for the transfer function
G ( s)

(6)

(7)

ks 2
(1 0.2 s )(1 0.02s )

and determine system k for the gain


cross-over frequency c to be 5 rad/sec.
Or
(b)

The open loop transfer function of a certain unity feedback control


G ( s)

system is given by

(13)

K
s ( s 1)

. It is desired to have the velocity error


constant
KV = 10, and the phase margin to be atleast 600. Design a
phase lag series compensator.
PART C (1 x 15 = 15 marks)
16. (a)

Design a PID controller for a unity feedback system with


G(s)

(15)

50
( s 2)( s 10)

to satisfy the following specifications.


(i) KV 2 (ii) damping ratio =0.6 (iii) n = 2 rad/sec.
Or
(b)

Design a suitable phase lead series compensator for the open loop
transfer function of a certain unity feedback control system is given by
G ( s)

K
s(0.1s 1)(0.2 s 1)

. It is desired to have the phase margin atleast

300.

(15)