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3.5.

Steel Stud Ceilings

SYSTEMS

304

INSTALLATION

306

Framing

306

CONSTRUCTION
DETAILS

307

INTRODUCTION
The ceilings in this section
are constructed using steel
studs as the ceiling joists.

Common applications for these

This section contains systems for re

ceilings include corridors, above

rated ceilings, including re rated

stairwells, and under concrete oors,

from above only, and re rated

where unsupported spans

from above and below. If access

are required.

is from below only, and the ceiling


is required to be re rated from
above, an alternative system for use
is a Horizontal Shaft Wall. [Refer to
Section 3.5.2]
For acoustic ceiling systems using steel
stud framing to control soil and waste
pipe noise. [Refer to Section 3.6.1]

Technical Advice 1300 724 505 knaufplasterboard.com.au

303

KSC2
CEILING LINING: [Above side] 2 layers of 16mm FireShield
[Below side] 2 layers of 16mm FireShield
FRAME:
Steel studs as ceiling joists at either 300mm or 450mm spacing
[Span based on Serviceability UDL 0.35 kPa and maximum deection span/360 or 10mm]
[Ceiling joists are lipped C studs]
[Ceiling is non-trafcable]

FRL
120/120/120
rated from above

Stud Size
(mm)

Span
UDL 0.35 kPa (mm)
STUDS + 1 ROW OF NOGGINGS

Stud Depth

Stud BMT

SYSTEMS

3.5.1 Steel Stud Ceilings

Fire Report
FAR 2888

92

150

BOXED STUDS

300mm
Joist Spacing

450mm
Joist Spacing

300mm
Joist Spacing

450mm
Joist Spacing

0.75

3850

3550

4150

3830

1.15

4000

3710

0.75

4630

4310

5210

4800

1.15

4950

4580

90/90/90
rated from below

+60min RISF

Ceiling Thickness Acoustics


Rw (Rw + Ctr)
(mm)

No
Insulation

50mm
EarthWool
11 kg/m

156

49 (42)

55 (49)

214

51 (44)

55 (51)

Acoustic
Report
Day Design
3094-23

KSC3
CEILING LINING: [Above side] 2 layers of 16mm FireShield
[Below side] 3 layers of 16mm FireShield
FRAME:
Steel studs as ceiling joists at either 300mm or 450mm spacing
[Span based on Serviceability UDL 0.35 kPa and maximum deection span/360 or 10mm]
[Ceiling joists are lipped C studs]
[Ceiling is non-trafcable]

FRL
120/120/120
rated from above
and below

+60min RISF
Fire Report
97/1140

Stud Size
(mm)

Span
UDL 0.35 kPa (mm)
STUDS + 1 ROW OF NOGGINGS

Stud Depth

Stud BMT

Ceiling Thickness Acoustics


Rw (Rw + Ctr)
(mm)
BOXED STUDS

300mm
Joist Spacing

450mm
Joist Spacing

300mm
Joist Spacing

450mm
Joist Spacing

92

0.75
1.15

3720
3870

3310
3570

4020

3700

150

0.75
1.15

4490
4810

4180
4440

5060

4660

No
Insulation

50mm
EarthWool
11 kg/m

172

52 (45)

57 (52)

230

54 (47)

57 (53)

Acoustic
Report
Day Design
309423

KSC5
CEILING LINING: [Above side] 2 layers of 16mm FireShield
[Below side] 1 layer of 10mm MastaShield
FRAME:
Steel studs as ceiling joists at either 300mm or 450mm spacing
[Span based on Serviceability UDL 0.35 kPa and maximum deection span/360 or 10mm]
[Ceiling joists are lipped C studs]
[Ceiling is non-trafcable]

Stud Size
(mm)

FRL
90/90/90

Span
UDL 0.35 kPa (mm)
STUDS + 1 ROW OF NOGGINGS

Stud Depth

Stud BMT

rated from
above only
Fire Report
FAR 2888

304

Ceiling Thickness Acoustics


Rw (Rw + Ctr)
(mm)
BOXED STUDS

300mm
Joist Spacing

450mm
Joist Spacing

300mm
Joist Spacing

450mm
Joist Spacing

No
Insulation

50mm
EarthWool
11 kg/m

92

0.75
1.15

3900
4110

3580
3760

4310

3920

134

43 (33)

50 (41)

150

0.75
1.15

4900
5270

4510
4850

5570

5110

192

45 (34)

51 (44)

Acoustic
Report
Day Design
3094-23

Technical Advice 1300 724 505 knaufplasterboard.com.au

KSC6
CEILING LINING: [Above side] 2 layers of 16mm FireShield
[Below side] Lining optional
FRAME:
Steel studs as ceiling joists at either 300mm or 450mm spacing
[Span based on Serviceability UDL 0.35 kPa and maximum deection span/360 or 10mm]
[Ceiling joists are lipped C studs]
[Ceiling is non-trafcable]

STUDS + 1 ROW OF NOGGINGS


Stud Depth

rated from
above only
Fire Report
FAR 2888

92

150

Stud BMT

BOXED STUDS

300mm
Joist Spacing

450mm
Joist Spacing

300mm
Joist Spacing

450mm
Joist Spacing

0.75

3600

3170

4140

3770

1.15

3890

3490

0.75

4680

4260

5460

5000

1.15

5130

4680

No
Insulation
124

35 (32)

182

35 (32)

Acoustic Report
Day Design
3094-23

3.5.1 Steel Stud Ceilings

FRL
60/60/60

Ceiling Thickness Acoustics


Rw (Rw + Ctr)
(mm)

Span
UDL 0.35 kPa (mm)

KSC7
CEILING LINING: [Above side] 3 layers of 13mm FireShield
[Below side] Lining optional
FRAME:
Steel studs as ceiling joists at either 300mm or 450mm spacing
[Span based on Serviceability UDL 0.35 kPa and maximum deection span/360 or 10mm]
[Ceiling joists are lipped C studs]
[Ceiling is non-trafcable]

Stud Size
(mm)

FRL
90/90/90

Span
UDL 0.35 kPa (mm)
STUDS + 1 ROW OF NOGGINGS

Stud Depth

Stud BMT

rated from
above only
Fire Report
FAR 2888

Ceiling Thickness Acoustics


Rw (Rw + Ctr)
(mm)
BOXED STUDS

300mm
Joist Spacing

450mm
Joist Spacing

300mm
Joist Spacing

450mm
Joist Spacing

No
Insulation

92

0.75
1.15

3550
3860

3120
3460

4110

3750

131

37 (35)

150

0.75
1.15

4650
5090

4230
4650

5430

4960

189

37 (35)

Acoustic Report
Day Design
3094-23

KSC8
CEILING LINING: [Above side] 3 layers of 16mm FireShield
[Below side] Lining optional
FRAME:
Steel studs as ceiling joists at either 300mm or 450mm spacing
[Span based on Serviceability UDL 0.35 kPa and maximum deection span/360 or 10mm]
[Ceiling joists are lipped C studs]
[Ceiling is non-trafcable]

Stud Size
(mm)

FRL
120/120/120

Span
UDL 0.35 kPa (mm)
STUDS + 1 ROW OF NOGGINGS

Stud Depth

Stud BMT

rated from
above only
Fire Report
FAR 2888

Ceiling Thickness Acoustics


Rw (Rw + Ctr)
(mm)
BOXED STUDS

300mm
Joist Spacing

450mm
Joist Spacing

300mm
Joist Spacing

450mm
Joist Spacing

No
Insulation

92

0.75
1.15

3340
3680

2930
3250

3930

3580

140

38 (36)

150

0.75
1.15

4440
4880

4030
4440

5200

4750

198

38 (36)

Technical Advice 1300 724 505 knaufplasterboard.com.au

Acoustic Report
Day Design
3094-23

305

SYSTEMS

Stud Size
(mm)

FRAMING
MAXIMUM CEILING SPAN TABLE SINGLE SPAN ONLY LINED WITH PLASTERBOARD ON UNDERSIDE
Joist Depth
Joist BMT
1 x 10mm
(mm)
(mm)
Steel Studs at 600mm maximum centres
51
64
76
92
150

0.5
0.75
0.5
0.75
1.15
0.55
0.75
1.15
0.55
0.75
1.15
0.75
1.15

1835
2060
2145
2460
2775
2535
2820
3185
2935
3255
3680
4750
5380

2 x 10mm

1 x 13mm

2 x 13mm

3 x 13mm

1 x 16mm

2 x 16mm

3 x 16mm

1720
1935
2010
2305
2605
2375
2645
2990
2745
3055
3460
4460
5060

1800
2020
2100
2530
2785
2580
3005
3125
2870
3290
3615
4660
5285

1665
1880
1945
2335
2575
2365
2770
2900
2660
3030
3355
4325
4915

1565
1765
1830
2190
2415
2200
2590
2730
2500
2835
3160
4075
4630

1740
1960
2095
2470
2705
2500
2945
3025
2780
3195
3495
4510
5120

1580
1780
1860
2235
2450
2235
2650
2760
2525
2875
3190
4115
4675

1465
1655
1730
2065
2265
2045
2445
2565
2350
2645
2970
3635
4355

Steel Studs at 450mm maximum centres


51
64

3.5.1 Steel Stud Ceilings

76
92
150

2010
2260
2350
2695
3035
2780
3090
3480
3210
3565
4020
5190
5860

1885
2125
2205
2530
2850
2605
2900
3275
3015
3350
3780
4880
5525

1975
2220
2305
2760
3045
2845
3265
3415
3165
3605
3975
5095
5760

1830
2060
2140
2550
2820
2615
3015
3175
2920
3330
3680
4740
5370

1720
1940
2010
2395
2650
2440
2825
2990
2745
3120
3460
4465
5065

1910
2150
2305
2690
2960
2760
3200
3310
3050
3505
3845
4935
5585

1735
1950
2080
2440
2690
2480
2895
3020
2775
3170
3495
4505
5115

1615
1820
1910
2260
2490
2280
2675
2815
2580
2930
3255
4195
4770

1960
2205
2290
2625
2960
2705
3010
3395
3130
3475
3920
5065
5720

2050
2300
2395
2855
3150
2955
3375
3540
3300
3740
4125
5285
5960

1900
2140
2220
2645
2925
2720
3120
3295
3035
3460
3825
4915
5560

1785
2015
2090
2480
2750
2540
2925
3105
2855
3245
3590
4630
5250

1985
2230
2395
2785
3065
2870
3310
3430
3185
3635
3995
5120
5785

1805
2030
2160
2530
2790
2585
2995
3135
2880
3295
3630
4675
5300

1675
1890
1980
2345
2590
2380
2770
2930
2680
3045
3375
4355
4945

2150
2415
2515
2875
3230
2965
3295
3705
3425
3800
4275
5525
6220

2250
2520
2625
3105
3430
3230
3655
3860
3635
4075
4500
5760
6475

2085
2340
2435
2880
3190
2980
3390
3600
3355
3780
4185
5370
6055

1960
2210
2295
2705
3005
2795
3185
3395
3140
3550
3940
5065
5725

2175
2440
2620
3030
3340
3145
3585
3745
3520
3970
4370
5585
6285

1980
2230
2375
2755
3045
2845
3255
3430
3175
3605
3985
5115
5775

1840
2075
2200
2560
2835
2625
3020
3195
2940
3345
3705
4770
5400

Steel Studs at 400mm maximum centres


51
64
76
92

INSTALLATION: Framing

0.5
0.75
0.5
0.75
1.15
0.55
0.75
1.15
0.55
0.75
1.15
0.75
1.15

150

0.5
0.75
0.5
0.75
1.15
0.55
0.75
1.15
0.55
0.75
1.15
0.75
1.15

2090
2350
2445
2800
3145
2885
3205
3605
3335
3700
4165
5380
6065

Steel Studs at 300mm maximum centres


51
64
76
92
150

0.5
0.75
0.5
0.75
1.15
0.55
0.75
1.15
0.55
0.75
1.15
0.75
1.15

2290
2570
2675
3060
3430
3160
3505
3930
3650
4040
4535
5865
6580

MINIMUM NUMBER OF NOGGINGS REQUIRED IN STEEL STUD CEILINGS


Stud Lined With Plasterboard on One Side Only
Ceiling Span (m)
Minimum Number of Noggings
1
2
3
4
5
6

02

24

46

67

W ultimate = 0.375 kPa, Strength Load Case: 1.2G + Wu


W serviceability = 0.25 kPa, Serviceability Load Case 1: G [Limit is /600], Serviceability Load Case 2: G + Ws [Limit is L/360] or 12mm.
Support walls and connections to be independently checked.
The live load in accordance with AS1170:2002 Clause 3.5.2 has not been applied to the ceiling joists. Accordingly, personnel are not permitted to trafc the
ceiling joists.
Maximum span tables assume noggings are equally spaced along studs.
For Continuous Spans refer to Rondo Building Services latest literature.

306

Technical Advice 1300 724 505 knaufplasterboard.com.au

FIRE RATED AND NON-FIRE RATED


STEEL STUD CEILING FRAME DETAIL ELEVATION
Ceiling joist friction tted for single spans up
to 2000mm and continuous spans up to
2800mm. Refer to frame manufacturers
literature for more information

Masonry
wall

Stud used as
ceiling joist

Ceiling joist xed to track for single


spans up to 3000mm and
continuous spans up to 4000mm.
Use 2x16mm-8g tek screws.

Masonry
wall

Stud used as
ceiling joist

Track xed to wall at 600mm


max centres and 100mm max
from track ends

Track xed to wall at 600mm


max centres and 100mm max
from track ends

Ceiling joist xed to wall stud when


larger spans are required. Use
3x16mm-10g tek screws or equivalent

Wall
stud

FIGURE 2 Ceiling Joist To Masonry Detail

Ceiling joist xed to bracket when


larger spans are required. Use
2x16mm-10g tek screws

Masonry
wall

3.5.1 Steel Stud Ceilings

FIGURE 1 Ceiling Joist to Masonry Detail

60mm min
Stud used as
ceiling joist

Stud used as
ceiling joist

Ceiling joist bracket xed to wall according


to manufacturers specication

FIGURE 3 Ceiling Joist to Steel Stud Detail


30x0.8mm hoop
iron strap wrapped
under ceilings joists

FIGURE 4 Ceiling Joist to Masonry Detail

Use 2x16mm-10g
tek screws

Stud used as
ceiling joist

30mm max

CONSTRUCTION DETAILS

0.5, 0.55 and 0.75mm BMT studs


only will box

Use 2x16mm-10g
tek screws

Stud used as
ceiling joist

Overlap studs 300mm min

FIGURE 5 Ceiling Continuous Joist to Hoop


Iron Strap
30x0.8mm hoop
iron strap wrapped
under ceilings joists

FIGURE 6 Ceiling Continuous Joist to


Angle Bracket

35x35mm 0.7mm BMT


steel angle
Use 2x16mm-10g
tek screws

Stud used as
ceiling joist

FIGURE 7 Ceiling Continuous Joist to


Hoop Iron Strap

Technical Advice 1300 724 505 knaufplasterboard.com.au

307

FIRE RATED AND NON-FIRE RATED


STEEL STUD CEILING TO WALL DETAIL ELEVATION

Stud used as ceiling joist

5-10mm clearance to
plasterboard. Sealant required
to maintain acoustic integrity

Cornice cement

3.5.1 Steel Stud Ceilings


CONSTRUCTION DETAILS

Masonry
wall

Cornice cement

Fix ceiling joist bracket to


wall according to
manufacturers speccation

5-10mm clearance to
plasterboard. Sealant required
to maintain acoustic integrity

MastaBond masonry adhesive

Direct x clip and furring channel

FIGURE 10 Non-Trafcable Ceiling to


Masonry Wall

FIGURE 11 Non-Trafcable Ceiling to


Masonry Wall

Masonry
wall

Stud used as
ceiling joist

Fix ceiling joist bracket


to wall according to
manufacturers speccation

Masonry
wall

50x50mm angle for perimeter


sheet support. Fix angle to joists
and wall at 600mm max centres
and 100mm max from ends

Stud used as
ceiling joist

5-10mm clearance to plasterboard.


Fire sealant required to maintain re
and acoustic integrity

5-10mm clearance to plasterboard.


Fire sealant required to maintain re
and acoustic integrity

Direct x clip and


furring channel

Direct x clip and


furring channel

FIGURE 12 Non-Trafcable Ceiling to


Masonry Wall

308

Masonry
wall

Stud used as ceiling joist

Cornice cement

Fix joist track to wall at


600mm max centres and
100mm max from ends

Wall
stud

FIGURE 9 Non-Trafcable Ceiling to


Plasterboard Wall

Stud used as ceiling joist

Non-re rated
Plasterboard

Stud used as ceiling joist

Wall
stud

FIGURE 8 Non-Trafcable Ceiling to


Plasterboard Wall

Fix joist track to wall at


600mm max centres and
100mm max from ends

5-10mm clearance to
plasterboard. Sealant required
to maintain acoustic integrity

FIGURE 13 Non-Trafcable Ceiling to


Masonry Wall

Technical Advice 1300 724 505 knaufplasterboard.com.au

FIRE RATED AND NON-FIRE RATED


STEEL STUD CEILING TO WALL DETAIL ELEVATION
Fix track to wall at 600mm
max centres and 100mm
max from track ends

Stud used as
ceiling joist

Masonry
wall

FireShield

Fix ceiling joist bracket to


wall according to
manufacturers specication

Masonry
wall

50x50mm angle for


perimeter sheet support.
Fix to joist and wall at
600mm max centres

Stud used as ceiling joist

5-10mm clearance to plasterboard.


Fire sealant required to maintain re
and acoustic integrity

FIGURE 14 Non-Trafcable Ceiling to


Masonry Wall

FIGURE 15 Non-Trafcable Ceiling to


Masonry Wall

Non-trafcable
ceiling joist

Non-trafcable
ceiling joist

50x50mm angle for


perimeter sheet support.
Fix to every joist and wall stud.

50x50mm angle for


perimeter sheet support.
Fix to every joist and wall stud.

5-10mm clearance to plasterboard.


Fire sealant required to maintain re
and acoustic integrity

3.5.1 Steel Stud Ceilings

Load-bearing
Wall Stud

Load-bearing
Wall Stud

5-10mm clearance to plasterboard.


Fire sealant required to maintain re
and acoustic integrity

FireShield

FIGURE 16 Non-Trafcable Ceiling to


Plasterboard Wall

CONSTRUCTION DETAILS

FireShield

FIGURE 17 Non-Trafcable Ceiling to


Plasterboard Wall

Overlap sheet edges


at corners as shown

Non-trafcable
ceiling joist

50x50mm angle for


perimeter sheet support.
Fix to every joist and wall stud.

5-10mm clearance to plasterboard.


Fire sealant required to maintain re
and acoustic integrity

Load-bearing
Wall Stud

FireShield

FIGURE 18 Non-Trafcable Ceiling to


Plasterboard Wall

Technical Advice 1300 724 505 knaufplasterboard.com.au

309

FIRE RATED
STEEL STUD CEILING BUILT FROM UNDERSIDE ONLY ELEVATION VIEW

3 layers max

2 layers max

Joint face layer only


Joint face layer only

3 layers max

Further layer/s here are optional

Joint face layer only

FIGURE 20 Fire Rated Ceiling Conguration


Fire rated from above
(Built from underside only)

3.5.1 Steel Stud Ceilings

FIGURE 19 Fire Rated Ceiling Conguration


Fire rated from above and below
(Built from underside only)

Set the face layer of both sets


of FireShield layers with paper
tape and with either two coats of
MastaBase/MastaLongest or three
coats of MastaLite.
Top Layers: Butt joints must be
made over framing members.

Masonry xings may be


used for lateral stability.

CONSTRUCTION DETAILS

450mm max

Fill any gaps with re mastic to


maintain re and acoustic integrity.

Fix lower stud to upper stud


at 200mm max centres and
100mm max from ends.

5 - 10mm clearance to plasterboard.


Fire sealant required to maintain re
and acoustic integrity.

Alternate xing method. Use


35x35mm steel angle xed to both
studs at 200mm max centres and
100mm max from ends.

[Refer to Section 3.4.1 Ceilings


for installation]

FIGURE 21 Fire Rated Ceiling to Masonry


Fire rated from above and below
(Built from underside only)

310

Technical Advice 1300 724 505 knaufplasterboard.com.au

FIRE RATED AND NON-FIRE RATED


STEEL STUD BULKHEAD DETAIL ELEVATION
Track xed at 600mm
max centres and
100mm max from ends

Concrete slab or ooring

5-10mm clearance to
plasterboard. Fire sealant
required to maintain re
and acoustic integrity
Maximum
stud drop
1200mm

Masonry
wall

Span

FIGURE 22 Steel Stud Bulkhead

MAXIMUM BULKHEAD SPAN TABLE STEEL STUDS AT 600MM MAXIMUM CENTRES


No Use of Washers
Stud Depth
Stud BMT
1 x 10mm
(mm)
(mm)
Steel Studs at 600mm Maximum Centres
0.5
1835
51
0.75
2060
0.5
2085
64
0.75
2460
1.15
2775
0.55
2130
76
0.75
2820
1.15
3185
0.55
1700
92
0.75
3255
1.15
3680
0.75
1985
150
1.15
5155

75 x 3mm Washer Used

1 x 13mm

1 x 16mm

2 x 13mm

2 x 16mm

1 x 10mm

1 x 13mm

1 x 16mm

2 x 13mm

2 x 16mm

1800
2020
1890
2530
2785
1935
3005
3125
1520
3210
3615
1795
4825

1740
1960
1545
2470
2705
1585
2945
3025
1205
2760
3495
1460
4245

1665
1880
1220
2335
2575
1255
2770
2900
910
2335
3355
1140
3700

1195
1780
755
2235
2450
790
2295
2760
485
1730
3190
685
2915

2535
2820
3185
2935
3255
3680
4330
5380

2580
3005
3125
2870
3290
3615
4040
5285

2500
2945
3025
2750
3195
3495
3520
5120

2365
2770
2900
2520
3030
3355
3035
4915

2200
2650
2760
2200
2875
3190
2335
4675

MINIMUM NUMBER OF NOGGINGS REQUIRED IN STEEL STUD BULKHEADS


Bulkhead Lined With Plasterboard on Underside Only
Span (m)
Minimum Number of Noggings
1
2
3
4
5

02

24

46

W ultimate = 0.375 kPa, Strength Load Case: 1.2G + Wu


W serviceability = 0.25 kPa, Serviceability Load Case: G + Ws [Limit is L/360] or 12mm.
1200mm max stud drop.
600mm max stud spacing.
Bulkhead is non-trafcable.

Technical Advice 1300 724 505 knaufplasterboard.com.au

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CONSTRUCTION DETAILS

Set external
corner bead

3.5.1 Steel Stud Ceilings

Steel studs. Check system


for max framing centres