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SQQM1023 Managerial Mathematics

Tutorial 9 : Matrix

1. Find the following matrices according to information below:

a) A = (aij )3x3 if aij = 2i + j

2.

b)

B = (bij)4x2

i j if i j

if bij = i 2 j if i j
i j if i j

Solve the matrix equations below:


1

a.
4

2 1

3 a b

a b
3

z 1 3

1 4

2 1
0

d. x 0 2 0 y 2
3 6
3

5
15
c. x
2
y

0
4

b.
2 x
2 y 2

3x 12 3 y

In problem 3 -5, compute the required matrices if:


3
A 1
1

0
2 , B 4 1, C 1 4
0 2
3 1
1

1 5 2
6 1 3
2 , D 1 0 1 , E 1 1 2

5
4 1 3
3 2 4

3. a) D + E

b) 2B - C

c) 4E - 2D

4. a) 2AT + C

b) (D-E)T

c) BT

5. a) AB

b) BA

c) (3E)D

6.

d) -3(D + 2E)
1
1
d) C T A
2
4
d) (AB)C
e) DAT

Evaluate i) determinant ii) minor matrix iii) cofactor matrix iv) adjoin matrix
v) inverse of the matrix, for each the following matrix:
a) A = 3 1
5 2

2 5 5
2 0 3
6
4

b) B =
c) C 1 1 0 d) D 0 3 2
2 1
2 4 3
2 0 4

7. Solve the following system by using:


i. Inverse method
ii. Cramers rule
a) 2x + y = 4
x - 2y = 7

b) 3p + 2q = 1
2q - p = -3

c) x1 + x2 + x3 = 6
x1 - x2 + x3 = 2
4x1 + 2x3 = 14

d) s + 2t + 3m = 14
3s + t + 2m = 11
2s + 3t + m = 11

8 An automobile manufacturer produces different types of vehicles in different models. In


the matrix below, the rows represent, from top to bottom, sedans, vans and trucks, and the
columns represent, from left to right, standard, custom and stock models. Each entry is a
suggested dealer price.
RM 21,000 RM 23,500 RM 22,400
RM 29,600 RM 31,000 RM 30,500

RM 19,800 RM 22,700 RM 20,500


What is the suggested dealer price for:
(a) a stock model van
(b) a stock model truck

(c) a custom model sedan

9
Three components A,B and C are used in the manufacturing of a product. For a
production run, 100, 150, and 200 units of A, B, and C are RM2, RM1, and RM3,
respectively. Represent the total cost of A, B, and C by a matrix product.
10.
Let matrix A represent the sales (in thousands of dollars) of a toy company in 1998 in
three cities, and let B represent the sales in the same cities in 2000, where A and B are given
by
A=

400 350 150


450 280 850 Action

Educational

380 330 220


B=
Action
460 320 750
Educational
If the company buys a competitor and doubles its 2000 sales in 2001, what is the change
in sales between 1998 and 2001?
11.
The following table shows the wholesale price in RM per kg, of three commodities,
namely red chillies, long beans, and cucumber, in the three towns of Kuala Terengganu,
Kuala Lumpur and Johor Bahru.
Commodity
Town
Kuala Terengganu
Kuala Lumpur
Johor Bahru

Red
Chillies
4
2
4

Long
beans
2
2
4

Cucumber
2
2
2

A company with branches located in each of the three towns has been awarded a contract in
each town to supply x kg red chillies, y kg long beans, and z kg cucumber in each town to the

local retailer. The vegetables are obtained from the town itself. The profit earned by the
branches in Kuala Terengganu, Kuala Lumpur, and Johor Bahru respectively are RM3000,
RM2000, and RM3500.
(a) Write a matrix equation in x, y, and z to represent the above information.
(b) Determine the quantities of red chillies, long beans and cucumber supplied in each town
using cramers rule.
ANSWERS TUTORIAL 1

3 3
3 4 5
1 6

1 (a) A 5 6 7 (b) B
2 1
7 8 9

3 2
2 (a) a = 3, b = 1 (b) x = 2, y = 0, z = 1 (c) x = 3, y = 6 (d) x = 5,y = 2
7 6 5
22 6 8
39 21 24

3 (a) 2 1 3 (b) Not defined (c) 2 4 6 (d) 9


6 15
7 3 7
10 0 4
33 12 30

7 2 4
4 (a)

3 5 7

5 0 1
4 0
(b) 4 1 1 (c)

1 2
1 1 1

12 3
5 (a) 4 5 (b) Not defined
4 1
defined

1 6
1
(d) 9 0
4
3 9

42 108 75
3 45 9

(c) 12 3 21 (d) 11 11 17 (e) Not


36 78 63
7 17 13

2 5
2 5
6 (a) (i) 1 (ii)
(iii)

1 3
1 3
1 2
1 2
(b) (i) 14 (ii)
(iii)

4 6
4 6

2 1
(iv)

5 3
1 4
(iv)

2 6

2 1
(v)

5 3
(v)

1 1 4
14 2 6

3 3 2
3 3 2
3 5 5
3 5 5

(c) (i) 1 (ii) 5 4 2 (iii) 5 4 2 (iv) 3 4 5 (v) 3 4 5


5 5 3
5 5 3
2 2 3
2 2 3

(d) (i) 6

12 4 6
(ii) 0 2 0

9 4 6

12 4 6
(iii) 0 2 0

9 4 6

12 0 9
(iv) 4 2 4

6
0 6

12 0 9
1
(v)
4 2 4

6
6
0 6

7 (a) x = 3, y = -2 (b) p = 1, q = -1 (c) x1 3, x2 2, x3 =1


8 (a) RM30,500

(b) RM20,500

(d) s = 1, t = 2, m = 3

(c) RM23,500

9. RM950

360 310 290


10 2 A B

470 360 650


4 2 2 X 3000
11. (a) 2 2 2 Y = 2000
4 4 2 Z 3500

(b) x=500 kg, y = 250 kg, z = 250 kg