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You are on page 1of 8

6 AL Physics Test 1

NAME : ________________________(_____)

F.6

Marks: _________/70

FORM SIX TEST 1 on BASIC KNOWLEDGE, STATICS, KINEMATICS AND DYNAMICS

Time allowed: 90 minutes

When necessary, take the acceleration due to gravity to be 10 m s-2.

Section A: Structure Type Questions (34 marks)

1. A ball of density 2 g cm-3 and volume 10 cm3 is dropped inside a vertical cylindrical tube containing

fluid. In addition to the fluid friction f, a constant upward buoyancy force U, always acts on the ball by

the fluid. The following shows the force diagram of the ball at a certain instant.

Ball

Fluid

Figure 1

W

(a) Is the ball as shown in Figure 1 moving up or down?

(1 mark)

Moving down

1M

f = 0.5u

and

U = 0.01V

where u is the speed, in m s-1, of the ball and V is the volume V, in cm3, of the ball.

(i)

Find the acceleration of the ball just at the moment the ball is released. (2 marks)

Net force when released = W U = (2/1000)(10)(10) 0.01(10) = 0.1 N

1M

a = F/m = 0.1/(0.02) = 5 m s-2

1M

(ii)

0.5u + 0.01(10) = (2/1000)(10)(10)

(2 marks)

1M

v = 0.2 m s-1

2.

1M

by a rope to the ceiling and with the other end on a rough floor as

shown in Figure 2.

(a) Identify the forces T, f and R.

(2 marks)

T:

Tension

1M

R: Normal reaction

(b) Find the values of T, f and R.

Take moment about lower end:

f:

Rod

Friction

1M

(3 marks)

Rope

T

200 N

Figure 2

60o

Rough floor

T(1) = (200)(cos60o) = 50 N

1M

f = (50)(sin60o) = 43.3 N

1M

1M

No,

1M

Coefficient of friction can be larger than f/R since

1 f may be smaller than the limited friction.

1M

R

f

F. 6 AL Physics Test 1

(c) A student said that the coefficient of friction between the rod and the floor is given by f/R. Do you

agree? Why?

(2 marks)

3.

plank inclined at as shown in Figure 3. The coefficient of friction

between the block and the plank is 0.4 and O represents the centre of

mass of the block.

(a) Draw and label all the forces, with correct points of application of

the forces, acting on the block.

(1 mark)

(b) Determine the value of greater than which the block would start to

slide down the plank.

(2 marks)

1 mR

0.5 m

f

O

P

mg

Figure 3

1M

1M

block slide down or topple about point P

WhenExplain

all the forces

acting by

at P,

tan =the0.5/0.25

= 63.4othan which the block would

1M

first?

your answer

stating

angle greater

start to topple.

(2

It would slide down first.

1M

marks)

4.

1M

A spacecraft with an astronaut on board is launched on a rocket booster. The rocket with the spacecraft

has a total initial mass of 4.80 105 kg at take-off. The rocket engine propels hot exhaust gas at a

constant speed of 2 600 m s -1 relative to the rocket in a backward direction. Assume that 20 kg of gas

is expelled in the first 0.01 second. (Neglect

air resistance.)

-1

force =the

vm/t

= (52

000 kg m sof

)/0.01

1M

(a) Net

Calculate

change

of momentum

the expelled gas in the first 0.01 second.

(1 mark)

= 5.2 106 N

1M

a = (F mg)/m

1M

(b) From your result in (a), estimate the average thrust (the upward force) acting on the rocket due to

=the

[5.2

106 (4.8

105)(10)]/

4.8 second.

105 = 0.833 m s-2

1M

exhausted

gas during

the first

(2 marks)

(c) Assuming

thespeed

change

mass of

rockettoduring

first second

is negligible,

No,that

since

of in

expelled

gastherelative

earth the

changes

according

to speed ofestimate

rocket, the

acceleration of the rocket.

(2 marks)

1M

No, gravity acts as an external force.2

1M

F. 6 AL Physics Test 1

(d) Determine if the following quantities remain constant if the rocket keeps exhaust gas at the same

rate for the first 20 s. Give reasons to your answer.

(2 marks)

(i)

Average thrust acting on the rocket.

(ii)

5.

A boy weighing 50 kg performs `Bungi jump from a bridge as shown in Figure 5.1. The natural

length and elastic constant of the rope holding the boy are 80 m and 1000 N m -1 respectively. The time

variation of the speed of the boy during his downward trip is shown in Figure 5.2. (You may neglect

the effect of air resistance in answering the following questions.)

Speed / m s-1

B

v

O

Figure 5.1

When s = 80, v2 02 = 2(10)(80), v = 40 m s-1

C Time / s

t

Figure 5.2

1M

(a) It is known that OA is a straight line. Find the time t and speed v at moment A. (2 marks)

v = 0 + at, 40 = (10)t, t = 4 s

1M

Acceleration is decreasing,

1M

1M

(b) Describe the acceleration (or deceleration) of the boy by considering the forces acting on him

(i)

during AB;

(2 marks)

Acceleration = 0, since mg = kx.

1M

Deceleration is increasing,

1M

1M

F. 6 AL Physics Test 1

(ii)

at B;

(1 mark)

(iii)

during BC.

(2 marks)

(c) Find the total displacement of the boy during the downward trip. (Ignore the effect of air

resistance.)

(3 marks)

(a) (i)

(ii)

2

(50)(10)(80

+ x)with

= uniform

(1000)(x)circular

A

body moving

motion.

1M

1MM

x2 body

x 80continuously

=0

The

changes it direction of motion or velocity

x = 9.46

m, of momentum is brought about by the force.

This

change

1M

totalupdisplacement

= 80 + 9.46runway.

= 89.5 m

Set

a friction-compensated

1MM

To investigate the relation between force and acceleration, a trolley is pulled by one, two and

three identical elastic cords which are stretched by the same amount.

End of Section

A

The corresponding accelerations are recorded

by the motion

sensor connected to a data logger.

Section A

B:graph

Essay

Questions

(16 force

marks)

of Type

acceleration

against

shows

1M

(a) (i) aGive

an

example

in

which

a

body

is accelerating but its speed remains unchanged. Briefly

explain

linear relationship.

M

the motion by using the concepts of force and the change of momentum.

(ii) To

Briefly

outlinethe

anrelation

experiment

to show

following

relation:

investigate

between

massthe

and

acceleration,

use one elastic cord to pull one, two

force mass acceleration

Under

what

condition(s) would the relation become an equation?

(8 marks)

and

three

trolleys.

M

(b) (i) By considering a head-on collision between two moving spheres of different masses, show clearly

thatcorresponding

the principle of

conservationare

ofrecorded

momentum

Newtons laws

of motion.

The

accelerations

andfollows

a graphfrom

of acceleration

against

1/mass 1 M

(5 marks)

shows a linear relationship.

M

(ii) Consider a particle of mass m1 originally moving with speed u

v

m1

1

collides

obliquelywith

another stationary one with mass m2. The

Thus,

acceleration

force/mass.

M

v2

For a body of mass 1 kg moving

1 m s-2, the force acting on it is 1mN.

1M

acceleration

v 2with

m2

2

1

.

shown. Show that cos

(3

2

v

m

1

two1 billiard

balls A and B moving with velocities uA and uB

marks)

respectively

(uA > uB) in the same direction.

M

uA

uB

+ve

A

B

FA

FB

Let FA and FB be the average forces acting on A and B respectively during collision and t be the

time during which the two balls are in contact.

1M

4

By Newtons second law, the impulse FAt will decrease the momentum of ball A, i.e. M

F. 6 AL Physics Test 1

therefore

(ii)

m1u = m1v1 + m2v2

Squaring both sides,

Multiplying 2m1 to both sides, we have

m12u2 = m12v12 + m1m2v22 (2)

Put (2) into (1),

m1v2 = m2v2 + 2m1v1cos

so

cos

v2

2v1

1 5

m2

m1

(1)

M

M

M

F. 6 AL Physics Test 1

End of Section B

Section C: Multiple Choice Questions (20 marks)

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

1.

The mass m and radius r of a uniform metal sphere are measured respectively as

m 20.30 0.05 g,

r 4.210 0.005 cm.

-3

The density, in kgm , of the metal sphere is best represented as

A.

64.95 0.39 kgm-3.

B.

64.947 0.391 kgm-3

C.

65.0 0.4 kgm-3.

D.

64.9 0.4 kgm-3.

2.

up in a certain medium at a speed 2 m s-1 is shown in the

2

figure. The magnitude of acceleration of the ball at t = 0 s

is

A.

10 m s-2.

0

B.

20 m s-2.

1

C.

30 m s-2.

D.

40 m s-2.

A 5 kg block is sliding down on the smooth plane of a

15 kg wedge inclined at 45 o, which is placed on a

5 kg

rough horizontal ground as shown. The coefficient of

block

friction between the wedge and the rough ground is

0.2. If the wedge is stationary during the process, the Smooth plane

friction acting on the wedge by the rough horizontal

45o

ground is

A.

0 N.

Rough ground

B.

25 N.

C.

30 N.

D.

40 N.

3.

4.

A

10 m

t/s

15 kg

wedge

F. 6 AL Physics Test 1

horizontal. The sphere rebounds from the ground, first at B and then at C. If collisions are

perfectly elastic, the horizontal distance BC is equal to

A.

8.7 m.

B.

10.0 m.

C.

26.0 m.

D.

43.5 m.

5.

other end R is connected by a wire attached to the wall at Q, vertically

above P. A block X of mass 0.1 kg is hung from the rule 30 cm from R.

The metre rule is horizontal. Find the moment about P produced by the

tension in the wire.

A.

1.45 Nm

B.

1.05 Nm

C.

0.75 Nm

D.

0.70 Nm

P

X

6.

wire

beam

wall

7.

8.

The figures shows a uniform rigid beam AB, pivoted at A, held in horizontal position by a wire

attached to a wall at point C, vertically above A. The beam carries a load W. If W is shifted

gradually from A towards B, which of the following quantities will increase?

(1)

The tension in the wire.

(2)

The horizontal compression force in the beam.

(3)

The vertical component of the reaction at A.

A.

(1) only

B.

(3) only

C.

(1) and (2) only

D.

(2) and (3) only

Two objects of masses m and 4m move towards each other along a straight line with kinetic

energies E and 4 E respectively. The total linear momentum of both masses taken together is

A.

3 2mE

B.

4 2mE

C.

5 2mE

D.

15 2mE

A spaceship burns fuel and moves with constant acceleration in

F a straight line. Which of the

F

graphs below best represents the time variation of the thrust F acting on it due to the ejection of

fuel?

A.

B.

0

t

F

t

F

7

0

F. 6 AL Physics Test 1

C.

9.

10.

D.

string passing over a fixed smooth pulley. The weight of the pulley is

negligible. When the objects move under the action of gravity, the

vertical upward force acting on he axle of the pulley is

A.

10 N.

B.

24 N.

C.

48 N.

D.

50 N.

axle

3 kg

horizontal. It is connected by a light string passing over a frictionless

3 kg

pulley to another object of mass 2 kg, as shown above. Given that g =

-2

10 ms , when the system is released, the tension in the string will be

A.

18 N

B.

20 N

30o

C.

24 N

D.

25 N

End of Test

2 kg

2 kg

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