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INSIDE

Editor
Alan Wilson

Volume 10 No. 5

Promotions Manager
Diane Coussens

COVER PHOTO by Wendell Phillips


Associate Editor
Laurie MacBride

Associate
Howard Stiff
Webmaster
Ted Leather
Distributors
Marty Wanless, Herb Clark,
Raj Harwood, DRM Mailing
Bookkeeper
Margaret Dyke
Advisor
Mercia Sixta
MAIL TO: RR-1 Site-17 C-49
Gabriola Island, BC CANADA V0R 1X0
(Courier: 974 Duthie Avenue, Gabriola)
SUBMISSIONS, ADS, DISTRIBUTION:

You Cant Just Build One


Harvey Golden

Arctic Kayaks

Par t 2

ks
Wooden Kaya

Wendell Phillips

12 The Greenland Paddle

COLUMNS

Adam Bolonsky

27 FROM THE RAINFOREST

14 Collapsible Boats

Dan Lewis

Ralph Hoehn

28 FROM THE ARCHIPELAGO

17 Designing in Cedar Strip

Alexandra Morton

Mike Walker

19 Building a Plywood Baidarka

info@WaveLengthMagazine.com

Eric Schade

Phone/Fax 250-247-9789
Alternate Phone 247-8858

22 Wooden Kayak Directory

35 PADDLE MEALS
Deb Leach with
Lasha Reid

www.WaveLengthMagazine.com
ISSN 1188-5432
Printed in Canada
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37 WEB PADDLING

24 Woodworking Safety

Ted Leather

Doug Lloyd

40 KNOW YOUR NEIGHBOURS

26 Europeans Embrace EcoForestry

Bryan Nichols

Gordon Hamilton

31 News

42 MOTHERSHIP MEANDERINGS
Alan Wilson

33 Green Investing
Chris Bowman

36 Books

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Published by
Wave-Length Communications Inc.
Photo Alan Wilson

Copyleft 2001
Permission hereby granted for one-time
use of an article from this issue of
WaveLength (unless copyright is specifically indicated in the author bionote) for
nonprofit use in your newsletter, website,
or other electronic distribution facility, on
the condition that WaveLength is cited, and
contact information given. Thank you.

Corey Friedman building a baidarka at WaveLengths


1996 Ocean Kayak Festival

Boat frame and Greenland paddles,


Okanagan Paddle Festival 1999.

Editorial

Wooden KayaksPart Two

hen we started WaveLength ten years ago, someone said,


But how can you have a magazine just about paddling? Arent
you going to run out of things to say pretty soon?
Looking around the office at our past covers posted on the
walls, I shake my head in amazement. Theyre proof that the more
you look, the more you see. Every facet of paddling weve explored over the years has been like embarking on a tripmeeting new people, going new places, learning new things, discovering worlds within worlds, each leading to the next.
For example, when we set out to do an issue on Wooden
Kayaks, we received so many articles, from both the east and
west coasts, that it grew into two issues. We limited the first
one to cedar strip kayaks and plywood stitch & glue kayaks
(Dec/Jan). The current issue (Feb/Mar) has articles on those
forms but also looks at traditional arctic wood-frame boats.
Harvey Golden of Portland and Wendell Phillips of Kelowna,
both afficionados of wood-frame arctic kayaks, tell us of their
passion for this traditional form. Ralph Hoehn of Stamford on
the east coast tells about the evolution of European-style folding boats from their arctic progenitors to modern day.
Frequent contributor Adam Bolonsky of Gloucester, Mass.
details use of the Greenland wooden paddle, and gives a lucid
introduction to its use.
We get lots of detail on cedar strip building with Mike Walker
of Vancouver and stitch & gluing with Eric Schade of Stamford.
And we include a look at woodworking safety with frequent
contributor Doug Lloyd of Victoria.
We continue our examination of the loss of wilderness with
Dan Lewis of Tofinoa veteran of the struggle in Clayoquot
Soundand Alexandra Morton of Echo Bayan outspoken

observer in the Broughton Archipelago. Both columnists warn


that forestry practices in British Columbia are little changed
after decades of effortwilderness is still being destroyed and
trees are falling at an usustainable rate.
On a more upbeat note, we offer a success story in
Ecoforestry, a model of how things will be if ethically-based
market forces cause the forestry sector to refocus on eco-certification and sustainability.
Buying green can effect change, as we saw last time, but
green investing also gives us a significant voice in how the world
operates. Especially at this time of year, with the tax deadline
for retirement savings plans approaching, consider the ethical
implications of plan contributionshowever large or small.
Socially and environmentally responsible investing is a way
to provide for our personal future without mortgaging the future of our children.We can build our retirement savings and
vote for sustainability at the same time.
The world is now experiencing the largest intergenerational
transfer of wealth in human history as baby-boomers inherit
the savings of the preceding generation. This makes for an unprecedented opportunity and is transforming the way business works. (See pages 33-34.)
I hope you will join us for our April/May issue: Paddling
Basicswith basic skills, essential gear and safety training.
Deadline: Feb. 19th.
And we look forward to seeing you at the Outdoor Adventure Show in Vancouver, at BC Place,
Feb 16-18. Check out the News page 32 for details.
Alan Wilson

WaveLength FEBRUARY MARCH 2001

You Cant Build Just One

Harvey Golden

Photo by Don Golden

ery variations right down to the


had a sudden notion to build a kayak
in the summer of 1994. I could hardly
scantlings and lashing-patterns, where
information is available.
even call it an interest, for I knew nothing about it, and frankly still didnt upon
My first experience with a kayak replica was very pleasant despite the kaythe completion of my first kayak. I merely
aks diminutive sizea 17" wide Aleut
wanted a small boat that I could travel
around in and I couldnt afford one. So I
kayak from the 1840s (MAE 593-76 as
published in David Zimmerlys book
chose to build my own, out of wood and
canvasbased loosely on the GreenlandQayaq).
Pleased with the results and experistyle.
ence, I sought to replicate more obscure
It tuned out to be a rather hard boat to
usevery unstable, with poor
kayak types with design features that do
maneuverability. But with persistence,
not necessarily lend well to modern recreational paddling. I built a 15-3/4" wide
patience, and because it was only kayak Harvey Golden on the Columbia River in his
Copper Inuit kayak, 23' in length, and
I had, I slowly developed the skills and replica of an 1892 South Greenland kayak
then three other extreme-formed Central
ability to use it in flat water, and eventuCanadian kayaks including a 28' long single kayak.
ally in surf conditions
These kayaks as well as most traditional types require much
During this time, I became curious as to how traditional kaypatience and practice. They will not give immediate results and
aks felt in the water. Howard Chappelles section on skin-boats
instant satisfaction. Traditional kayaks are highly refined and
in his book The Bark Canoes and Skinboats of North America showed
developedalso very specialized for certain conditions and hunta phenomenal variety of shapes, sizes, and proportions within
ing patterns.
arctic kayaks. I wanted to try them all, and found that the only
A big part of the patience is having trust in the design and/or
way was to build full-size replicas.
original designer. A kayak replica may be hard to steer, hard to
Six years and 33 kayaks later, I have still not built all the types
balance, or even downright infuriating on account of any number
from the arctic, although I have made many sub-types and/or
of characteristics. With time and an open, optimistic mind, one
variations of certain forms. Each kayak is very differentboth in
can find the essence of such a kayak. By studying the context of
construction, form, and performance. It is a very research-intenthe original kayak, one can start to understand why a particular
sive pursuit, especially since Ive tried to mimic the regional join-

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Harvey Golden lives in Portland, Oregon.


His passion for arctic kayaks has taken him
to Baffin Island in Northern Canada and to
kayak museums in Europe. He will be a
speaker at the Okanagan Paddle Festival,
June 16-17.

kayak was made with low initial stability,


or why one was made to veer sharply
when paddling has stopped.
In a more abstract sense, kayak replicas
have a great appeal to my imagination and

Launching a replica kayak is much like


stepping into a time machine
intellect. Their forms inspire awe and
genuine wondermentespecially when
one considers the harsh context of their
origin, and the diversity of their forms.
Launching a replica kayak is much like
stepping into a time machineit drops
you into a different time, culture, and experience as you leave the shore. You realize that the original kayak, now gathering dust in the backrooms of a national
museum, once gave somebody much the
same feel on the water that you are now
experiencing.
This curiosity with traditional kayaks
has led me to conduct research at many
museums. Having worked for so long
from other researchers scale drawings, it
is an incredible experience to go and see
the original kayaks in museums, measure
and survey them, draw up the lines and
details, and then to create a full-size replica for my use.
My experience with these many replicas has been very good. I can honestly say
I havent made a replica that I thought was
bad. Certainly not all are good for all types
of paddling, but all are usable, educational, challenging, andmore often than
notextremely fun to use, and stunning
to look at.

ON MUSEUMS
With regard to museums visited,
most of them do not have kayaks on
display at allthey are all in storage
and inaccessible. Several that do have
kayaks on display are:
the Canadian Canoe Museum
(Peterborough, Ontario:
www.canoemuseum.net)
Greenland National Museum (Nuuk,
Greenland)
the Whitby Museum (Whitby, U.K.:
www.durain.demon. co.uk/index.htm)
the Hull Maritime Museum (Hull,
U.K.)
the Westfriese Museum (Hoorn,
Holland)
THouten Huis (De Rijp, Holland).
Books I would reccommend as required reading are: Inuit Kayak in
Canada, Eugene Arima; Contextual
Study of the Caribou Eskimo Kayak,
Eugene Arima; Contribution to Kayak
Studies, Arima, et.al.; Baidarka, George
Dyson; QAYAQ, David Zimmerly;
Skinboats of Greenland, H.C. Petersen;
Instructions in Kayak Building. H.C.
Petersen; Den Gronlandske Kajak, P.S.
Jensen
Full references are available on my bibliography page at www.pacifier.com.
HG

WaveLength FEBRUARY MARCH 2001

Arctic Kayaks

Wendell Phillips

ur modern home-made skin boats of


canvas and synthetic nylon reflect a
long and illustrious past of Inuit ingenuity and survival from Siberia to Eastern
Greenland. Most archeologists suggest the
storied past of these clever hunting boats
dates back as far as 2000 years. Unfortunately the kayaks that survive today only
record a very small portion of the past.
Most of those preserved in museums are
from the 19th and 20th century.
Different regions produced kayaks that
were remarkably different, to suit climate,
sea conditions and hunting techniques.
Inland kayaks of the Caribou Inuit were
designed for speed to catch evading Caribou, while the sea mammal hunting kayaks such as Greenland boats were developed for stealth approaches.
Today the modern day sea kayak is
equipped with options that Inuit cultures
of the past could not even have imagined.
Traditional hunting tools like bladder
darts, throwing sticks, lances, and harpoons have made way for more sophisticated equipment like the GPS, VHF marine radio and other modern day recreational gadgets.
But its difficult to match the aesthetic
quality and performance of seal and sea
lion skin (the latter being the favorite of
the Aleuts Baidarka). In Greenland, the
Harp seal was the preferred covering but
was not always available. The Bearded
seal common in many Alaskan kayaks offered special qualities of durability for
open water, but often shrunk and stiffened
when it dried. The hooded seal was
adopted as well but the large and deep
hair follicles created some seepage and it
could become too flexible when sodden
with water. Whale skin was introduced but
was found too permeable and did not last
while walrus was claimed to be unable to
hold waterproofing oil long enough.
Long before imperial and metric measurement systems, Inuit people used their

Wendell sculpts the frame of his latest skin boat


choosing the right fit is sometimes underown specific body parts to measure linestimated. Building your own skin on
ear distances for kayak building to ensure
frame kayak to meet your personal dimena good fit.
This anthropometrical system
worked quite well
and results varied
from region to region with different methods. Today we have contemporary kayak
designs of all
shapes and sizes
and the value of Wendell executes a roll with his Greenland paddle

The interior of a skin boat


2001 FEBRUARY MARCH WaveLength

KAYAK COSTA RICA


PADDLE IN PARADISE
our 15th season

Wendell Phillips is a kayak instructor and guide in Canada and Asia, based in Peachland, BC.
He is also a avid practitioner of Greenland technique in his skin boat and is organizing
a Skin Boat program at this years Okanagan Paddle Festival, June 16-17 in Peachland.
For more information contact wphillips@silk.net or call 250-267-2225.
The photos on these pages were made available to us courtesy of Wendell.

Passion for Rolling

Wendell Phillips

My introduction to Inuit technology came when I purchased a replica Greenland paddle at the WaveLength Ocean Kayak Festival in 1995 and began to experiment with traditional Greenland rolling techniques.
The Greenland hunters were adept in the art of rolling with these long and
narrow paddles, their only means of survival in the event of a capsize.
My subsequent Greenland training
has allowed me to perform a dozen different rolls, which is a portion of the
30 known rolls in Greenland... plus
some not so traditional!
June
See more at the OK Paddlefest in June.
16-17
For information see the Calendar, page 44.
2001

sions gives you a feeling of what Arctic


paddlers knew for centuriesfit is an essential quality.
Many pieces of equipment we use today were commonplace among Inuit cultures. The Greenlanders employed a sea
anchor made from depiliated seal skin
sewn to a frame, and also used a inflated
seal skin balance sack much in the same
way we use sponsons today. Other items
included spray decks and paddle jackets
made with seal skin, waterproofed with
blubber oil. Some regions even created
drip rings on paddles to shed cold water
before it reached the paddlers hands.
Greenlanders also created a skeg that
could be lashed on for long open crossings and removed during the hunt. Other
innovative ideas included the Aleut and
Chugach Inuit design of a spindle-shaped
wooden siphon used as a bailer. PFDs, of
course, were not considered among the
Inuit, as swimming was not an option in
their frigid sea water.
Many composite kayaks of today bear a
resemblance to their Arctic ancestors, but in
some cases you need to stretch your imagination to make any association at all. While the
modern day is taking us to exciting new levels of performance and kayaking comfort, the
home-made skin-on-frame kayak still holds
a magical appeal, and its beauty still remains
unparalleled.

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Skin Boats in Transit

reenland skin kayaks when built anthropometrically, can


be a very tight fit and seriously narrow by contemporary
standards. My
own construction efforts have
resulted in boats
17 inches wide
which require a
bit of wiggling
to gain entry.
My most ambitious skin boat
project to date is
building
a Wendells latest jigsaw puzzle
Greenland
kayak with fellow skin boater, Phil Soichuk. This boat is to fly
with me this winter to Asia, where I work as a kayak guide and
instructor, and be reassembled there.
In preparation, I have cut all longitudinal pieces (gunwales,
keelson and chine stringers) to produce scarf joints which will be
connected and aligned with dowels and glue. The rest of the 16.5
foot kayak will be lashed together and have replica joinery (mortise and tenon).
The skin, a number ten duck canvas with a tight strong weave,
will be sewn on overseas with unwaxed dental floss. Several layers of oil based house paint will be applied for waterproofing.
The number of pieces to transport comes to 54 not including
dowling and required tools.
While building at home with band saws and cordless drills,
my mind often conjures up images of generations of Greenlanders
using only traditional tools. Implements that we would define as
crude such as their Ulimaat (adze), savik (knife), Kaataq (hammer)
and the niggit (drill) were sometimes utilized in dreadful condi-

2001 FEBRUARY MARCH WaveLength

Wendell Phillips
tions. As my wife Nancy graciously delivers hot chocolate and
biscuits to my heated wood shop, I have found it helpful to think
of the adversity and challenges they faced.

Canadian Canoe Museum

ong before the arrival


of Europeans in the
Western Hemisphere, canoes and kayaks were at
the centre of Aboriginal
life in what is now
Canada. The canoe was
the principal means of
trade and communication between First Nations. With almost
half the fresh water of the world and the worlds longest coastline, its little wonder that paddling craft were so crucial in
the development of Canada.
The Canadian Canoe Museum, located in Peterborough, Ontario, includes 600 craft, from a great ocean-going whaling
dugout of the Nootka people, to a folding kayak that fits in a
pack, to Inuit hunting kayaks.
The Museum has saved many historic Aboriginal craft from
oblivion and promotes canoe and kayak building with courses.
Peterborough has been one of the worlds foremost canoe
building centres for more than a century. Located within the
beautiful Kawartha Lakes region, it is close to major tourist
arteries that link Montreal, Toronto and the USA.
For more information on the Canadian Canoe Museum, call
705-748-9153, email info@canoemuseum.net or check out their
website at www.canoemuseum.net
To learn from the First Nations of the Kawartha Lakes, near
the Museum, contact Kawartha Lakes Tourism 800-461-6424
www.thekawarthas.net

11

The Greenland Paddle


M

ost kayakers who paddle wooden


boats, and plenty who of those who
dont, eventually find themselves intrigued by the beauty and traditional appearance of the Greenland paddle. And
with good reason, too. Greenland paddles
are not only beautiful, they also offer distinct advantages over the more widelyaccepted and used Eurospoon.
A quick look at the Greenland paddle
reveals how its simplicity of shape, lack
of complex dihedrals, and lack of scoop,
feather, or compound blade angles, combine to make rolling, bracing, and paddling simpler and more straightforward.
Because the blades are unfeathered and
symmetrical, they dont have power faces
to search for, nor upside-downs, rightsideups, or diving faces to worry about. The
faces are simplicity itself: narrow, flat,
identical.
Then theres the paddles extremely
narrow profile, the one attribute which
tends to attract the most notice. But its
so skinny! How do you roll with it? Because the blades are narrow, they tend to
flutter and twist less in wind and breaking swell, and ditto when dipped into the
water column.
Then theres the body positioning of the
forward stroke. That very thinness which
tends to gather so much notice also results
in a highly-cadenced, wide, light and restful stroke. Torso forward, the Greenland
paddlers hands lie low, his or her torso

12

Adam Bolonsky
FORWARD STROKE
Grasp the paddle loosely by the loom
(shaft), slide your hands about shoulderwidth apart, lower the loom until your
thumbs rest comfortably on the cockpit
coaming, and orient the paddle so it lies
at a right angle to the boat. Repeat the
following words to yourself: short, low,
short, low. Alternately dip each blade into
the water so it slides six to ten inches down
into water column. Be sure the blade lies
shallow in the water column rather than
deep, as the blades length, not its depth,
creates power.

Left to right: a standard Euroblade, a


short Greenland storm paddle, and
regular length Greenland paddle.

never wound up into the rotational twist


so required by a Eurostroke.
For those just starting out, here are
the basics of how to use the Greenland
paddle.

THE CATCH
Initiate your first stroke by reaching forward until your torso has rotated about
half as much as youre used to. Keep the
blade and surface of the water roughly
parallel, and pull back gently to initiate
the stroke. Keep your hands low. Push
gently against whichever footpeg feels
most comfortable.
If you do this right, your fist stroke will
feel downright ineffective if not utterly
insubstantial. You may feel as if you have
no blade in the water column. The paddle
may slice straight down into the water, or
not even grab at all. Dont worry about
these sensations. Theyre normal for the
first Greenland stroke. Whats happening
is your muscle memory of the Euroblades
broad face, its immediate torque and
powerfactors pretty much irrelevant

WaveLength FEBRUARY MARCH 2001

noware guiding you. Try again. This


time, keep your strokes short, light, and
gentle until you become comfortable with
the blades thinner feel and how your
wrists dont need to rotate. (Some
paddlers cant complete one all-important
first stroke without going over and having to wet-exit the boator thinking that
theyll have to.) But dont worry: the feelings usually go away after twenty or thirty
strokes. Repeat until you can move your
boat backwards and forwards.
TROUBLESHOOTING
Should success elude, here are a few
troubleshooting notes:
if you release too far back, or catch too far
forward, youll over-commit yourself to
one side of the boat, which tends to
exaggerate the tippy feeling and fear of
flipping over
if all else fails, (in some cases all will), try
to concentrate only on keeping your
strokes short, choppy, highly-cadenced,
mellow, and low
should frustration strike, remember that
the strokes low hand position, its short,
quick rhythm, its reduced torso rotation
all serve very definite purposes. Not only
is the lower hand position ultimately more
restful but, come time to brace or roll,
youll discover it keeps your body in
position ready to create a brace or support
stroke.
CONCLUSION
Many paddlers like myself who favor
the Greenland paddle also soon discover
other benefits to the paddle more interesting to talk about. For one, even though

2001 FEBRUARY MARCH WaveLength

What they lack in width, Greenland


paddles amply make up for in ease of
use, comfort, versatility and style. The
narrower blade results in a gentler,
softer stroke.
the paddle does keep the paddler at all
times in the ready position to brace or roll;
and even though the paddles decided
lack of requirements for explosive power
does twist the paddler into far less committed body positions; and even though
the paddlers body is always oriented forward with hands, arms, and blades close
to the water, the bottom line, at least for
me and many others, is that the Greenland paddle is simply a blast to use!
Genuine Greenland boats are amazinglooking vehicles of extreme length,
twitchy tippiness, and wisp-like volume.
Stunningly fast, their remarkable seawor-

thiness depends almost entirely upon the


paddlers skills, skills so advanced no one
would ever put up with learning them if
it werent fun to do so. The simplest of
paddling tools, the Greenland paddle at
first asks and then wholeheartedly allows
you to conserve energy on long trips, yet
remain at all time in ready position for
bracing, sculling, rolling... or wholesale
horsing around.
Although its a paddle reduced to the
barest essentials, any Greenland paddler
who is honest will tell you the Greenland
paddle is great fun to use.
Theres also the Inuit storm paddle: a
short, blunt paddle whose small size belies its power, and which offers almost no
resistance to wind in a storm. Nearly three
quarters of the paddle disappears into the
water on each specialized slide-stroke, a
stroke deployed only when the wind and
waves build and when perseverance is all
that counts.
A frequent writer and teacher on kayaking
and the outdoors, Greenland paddler Adam
Bolonsky is based in Gloucester, Massachusetts. He teaches kayak navigation and
guides kayak-fishing trips off the coast of
Massachusetts.You can reach Adam at
adambolonsky@yahoo.com

13

Collapsible Boats

Ralph Hoehn

ave you ever carried a


amateur builders in recent years.
kayak for any real length of
Free from commercial contime? Over rough terrain? Up a
straints, they adapt designs of
cliff after an emergency take-out?
existing boats or design their
Down a ravine to reach that speown to suit individual phycial put-in?
siques and the intended padRag Boats make it possible.
dling conditions. Both north AtThe term is a translation of the
lantic and north Pacific kayaks
German Hadernkahn, a lovinfluence these designs. The
ingly derogatory description for
builders experiment with new
the type of skin-on-frame boats
hull materials and application
that you can disassemble into
methods. Modern adhesives extheir constituent parts and conpand the possibilities of working
veniently pack into a bag.
in wood, allowing builders conSo-called folding boats have
tinually to drive forward frame
seen widespread use since the
technology. And thats no little
A wooden folding kayak frame ... almost too beautiful to hide accomplishment when one conend of the 19th century. The earliest examples derived from the within its skin!
siders what has already been inthen popular wooden decked cavented, tested and developed to
the first folding kayak based on arctic
noesthink McGregors Rob Roybut
high levels of sophistication over this last
hunting boats. He designed it specifically
rapid development towards the sophisticentury!
to master the technique of rolling back up
cated hull shapes of true folding kayaks
Building your own folding boat is a
after capsizing without leaving the cocksoon ensued. Suffice to say that the wild
highly rewarding undertaking:
pit. The resulting Pawlata roll is part of
upper reaches of most rivers remained in you choose the design most appropriate to
the repertoire of techniques of many skilaccessible to would-be riparian adventuryour needs or create a new one,
ful kayakers to this day. The public atteners until the arrival of such folding kay you build the boat to fit your personal
tion that Edi Pawlatas success received
aks and the exploits of todays whitewater
dimensions,
in 1927 did much to further the popularenthusiasts.
you incorporate the features that you want
ity of folding boats and kayaks built by
Edi Hans Pawlata was one of the first
in your folding kayak,
amateurs and commercial operators alike.
whitewater fanatics to recognize that arc you experience the intense satisfaction of
Thousands of paddlers regularly gathered
tic kayaks had performance characterispaddling your own creation,
on riverbanks throughout Europe on
tics and permitted paddling techniques
and then you fold it up and take it home!
sunny weekends back in those days.
that could be adapted to conquer the unThere are many similarities between
The tradition of folding boats continues
explored wild rivers of the Alps. So, in
building a traditional skin-on-frame
to this day. Most exciting is a revival of
1926, after a visit to Greenland, he built
kayak and building a craft that folds. In
both cases you first construct a frame and
then build a skin to fit. But there are also
some significant differences. In traditional
(rigid) skin-on-frame construction you
join frame parts in the right order starting
LOW COST, SELF-CATERED, 14 YEARS IN BUSINESS
with the gunwales, each piece leading to
the correct position and dimensions of the
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next piece.
from Loreto, Nov-Apr
Folding construction is more likely to
(Cdn$615-655)
succeed if it is executed from carefully
ADVENTURE
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thought-through designs and plans. Draw
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14

WaveLength FEBRUARY MARCH 2001

from this design. This involves some lofting and fairing which can be intensely
exciting and satisfying in themselves.
A debate over the use of wood vs. aluminium for frames rages on. There are
many rational arguments for both. Personal preference and your confidence in
your abilities with one or the other material will have much to do with your final
decision.
Hull materials present an even wider
array of choices. There was once such a
thing as commercially available folding
boat skin, consisting of one, two or even
three layers of canvas sandwiched between coatings of rubber. In time, natural
caoutchouc gave way to synthetic rubber,
as well as to different types of PVC and
urethanes. The substrate fabric is now
usually some type of strong, stretch-and
rot-proof nylon or polyester instead of
hemp or cotton canvas. Most people still
favor proofed canvas for the deck, however, because of its breathability, look and
feeland yes, these decks are watertight!
In 1958 Josef Locher (Germany) wrote
Faltboot Anleitung zum Selbstbau, a short
building manual for amateurs for a design
that could be adapted to produce a one-,
two- or three-seater folding boat. Percy W.
Blandford (England) published Canoes and
Canoeing in 1962, describing the construction of folding canoes he had designed
for the boy scouts. The authors in these
examples presented traditional Euro
river touring boat shapes, a decked canoe
hull driven by double paddles. Over the
years, hundreds built boats to these and
similar manuals.
Lorenz Mayr (Germany) took a slightly

Villas de Loreto

more sophisticated route. He built the first


of his folding whitewater kayaks in 1952
to the adapted lines of an earlier design
by one Herbert Slanar (a famous kayak
designer of the pre- and post-war years),
which itself had been derived from sleek
arctic shapes, but was optimized for serious whitewater use. Some 42 years later,
Mr. Mayr finally set down on paper what
Keep a folded boat in the trunk
of your car ready for immediate
action when you happen upon
that irresistible put-in.
he had learned in the meantime about
technical solutions and construction details of folding kayaks.
His book includes a great many detailed
technical sketches, as well as lines drawings of proven kayak hull shapes, both for
whitewater and for coastal paddling. Mr.
Mayr drew on his personal experience, as
well as on generous contributions by modern and several famous old time German
and Austrian builders, who, in turn, had
learned their tricks from the pioneers of
the early 20th century.
Mayr emphasizes the beauty and efficiency of arctic hull shapes, but what he
has to say about their construction applies
equally to the boat types favored by
Locher and Blandford.
(Authors note: I am currently completing
an expanded and updated bilingual 300-page
edition of this book which spans a century of
folding boat and kayak building experience
with methods specifically tailored to the amateur builder.)

There are folding boat and kayak builders in all corners of the globe, most
strongly represented in Europe and North
America. The Internet has enabled this
splintered community to re-establish the
traditional practice of sharing information, ideas, solutions, plans and designs.
(The fledgling FoldingBoats internet mailing list is dedicated to these amateur folding
boat builders.)
What can a folding boat do for you?
The ability to separate the skin from the
frame and then fold both up into small,
easily managed bundles makes possible
travel by train, bus, on foot and nowadays
by air! This allows you to head for destinations that leave other boats behind.
Keep a folded boat in the trunk of your
car ready for immediate action when you
happen upon that irresistible put-in. Tight
apartment storage poses no problems either. And folding boats are immortal
you maintain the boat piece by piece and
repair or replace worn or broken parts individually and thus cost effectively.
Frames, still in working condition after
fifty years of use or more, are not uncommon; skins tend to need replacement after 20-30 years.
The concept of folding kayaks survived
the dark days of the Second World War,
as well as the onslaught of cheap, massproduced plastic boats in the 1960s. They

KLEPPER
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2001 FEBRUARY MARCH WaveLength

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buy anything but the Best
Light and compact, the Klepper
Aerius one or two seater stows in two
carry bags for travel freedom by plane
or car trunk to anywhere. Assembles
easily in minutes into a unique
performance boat for sea kayaking,
river/lake paddling, or island sailing.
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15

were able to do so because they are strong in appeal and tough in


use.
Enough of the commercial!
For those who wish merely to purchase their folding boat,
there are a number of commercial builders in operation today:
Klepper (Germany) features rock solid engineering and finish;
Pouch (of former East Germany) is well known for efficient hull
shapes and light, yet stiff wooden frames; Feathercraft (Canada)
leads the pack in experimenting with space age materials for
frame and skin; Folbot (USA) builds highly functional boats at
attractive prices; Nautiraid (France) uses simple but effective wood
frame technology; Triton (Russia) has developed very useful boats
from former military production models using aluminium and
PVC. And there are more out there.
Happy folding!

Ralph C. Hoehn has been a carrier of the highly contagious folding


boat bug for 30 years. You can reach him by email at Ralph@
PouchBoats.com. The address of the amateur builders website is
http://www.PouchBoats.com/building.html. The Amateur Folding
Boat Builders Corner on the site is hosted as a non-commercial
undertaking by his import business of Pouch folding kayaks.

Folding Kayaks
Here are some manufacturers and suppliers of Folding Kayaks. Some of
our retail advertisers also carry folding kayaks, so check with them too.

FeathercraftVancouver, BC. Seam-welded urethane folding kayaks, aluminum alloy frame. Ph: 604-681-8437.
info@feathercraft.com www.feathercraft.com
FolbotCharleston, SC. Strong, lightweight folding kayaks
since 1933. 800-533-5099. Ph: 843-744-3483.
folbot1@aol.com www.folbot.com
Folding Kayak AdventuresSeattle, WA. Specializing in
Feathercraft sales & multi-day rentals, shipping available
anywhere
in
USA.
Ph:
800-586-9318.
www.foldingkayak.com
Klepper CanadaCalgary, AB. Folding kayaks since 1907.
Ph:
800-323-3525.
amscgyca@cadvision.com
www.klepper.com
Klepper WestSomerset, CA.. Largest selection of folding
kayaks in USA, including Klepper, Feathercraft, Folbot &
Nautiraid. Ph: 503-626-6647. www.klepperwest.com
Pouch BoatsRalph@PouchBoats.com
www.Pouch
Boats.com Ph: 425 962-2987

2001

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AIREBoise ID. Durable inflatable kayaks. Ph: 800-AIRE-432.
info@aire.com www.aire.com
InnovaEdmonds, WA. Quick to set up. Ph: 425-776-1171.
innovagp@aol.com www.innovakayak.com
STEARNSSt. Cloud, MN. Lightweight & inflatable in minutes.
Ph:
320-252-1642.
stearns@stearnsnet.com
www.stearnsinc.com

June
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16

WaveLength FEBRUARY MARCH 2001

Designing in Cedar Strip

Mike Walker

started building kayaks about 4 years


ago. Mostly it was through my frustration of not finding something on the market that I liked.
One day I noticed my neighbour building a cedar strip canoe in his back yard. I
was fascinated because I had never seen
one being built before. As Howard carefully added strip after strip, he told me
that he had built several boats in his lifetime, 60-foot fishing vessels to 50-foot
schooners, and one that was a scaled
down version of the Bluenose. Howard
was from Newfoundland and from three
generations of boat builders.
I asked him if he had ever built a kayak.
He responded by saying that canoes were
his passion, not kayaks. I asked if he
would ever consider building one. He responded with a big fat No and reaffirmed
that canoes were really his passion. Then
I asked if he would change his mind if I
paid him to build me one. His face lit right
up and asked if I would like another beer.
The advantage of having Howard build
my boat was I could have it built to my
specifications. After many visits to the local pub and listening to Howards incredible tales of life on the shores of Newfoundland, I finally got the design I
likeda sloop-rigged sailing sea kayak
with a drop center daggerboard and flush
hatches. The deal was that I was to pay
Howard for most of the building but I
could also participate and act as his apprentice.
To help pay for the cost of designing a
new boat we thought that we could use
the first one as a plug for a mold, then
make several more and sell them. I started
advertising right away, even before we
had our cedar strips cut. Howard thought
I was crazy since we didnt even have an
actual boat to show anyone. I told Howard
at the time that if Bill Gates could do it
with Windows 98 then I could do it with
our new boat design.
It wasnt long before I had eight people
interested in our boat. I told them I would
contact them as soon as the prototype was
finished. We started the project in January 1996 and by March we had the prototype ready to show people. Three of the
eight people showed up to view the prototype and all three deposited $500 toward
purchasing a finished product. By May
24th we had completed the three orders
and also had several more lined up. The
only thing we didnt have was a name for
the kayak. Our buyers asked what we
2001 FEBRUARY MARCH WaveLength

Photo by Mike Walker

John sanding the cedar strip hull


called our new design. I was stumped. I
looked at my dog Teeka and blurted out
to them that they were called Teeka Kayaks.
After a while Howard moved on to
other things and it came time for me to

build a new kayak design. I was entirely


on my own this time so I hoped that I had
absorbed enough knowledge from
Howard from the first boat. I wanted it to
be narrower, and have more keel than the
first boat so that it would track better. I
also wanted to increase the hatch size so
that you could get long objects like tent
poles in easier. And a locking back hatch
would be nice to store your lifejacket and
paddle so that you didnt always have to
take it with you whenever you tied up in
busy populated areas.
I used our original plans and modified
the station templates to get my desired
effect. Once I was satisfied, I glued the new
templates onto three quarter inch plywood and began cutting them out with a
jig saw. I slid them on a very straight 16
foot two by four, slapped on the end pieces
and voilI had a kayak mold and was
ready to start nailing on the cedar strips.
Then it was off to Sunbury Cedar to pick
out my light and dark cedar strips, always
remembering what Howard once told me
in his broad, Newfoundland accent: You
gots to have lots of light and dark wood, Bye.
Its like candy for the eyes.

17

On our first kayak we planed each cedar strip to fit the previous stip. This time I decided to try bead and cove, and purchased
the bead and cove router bits from Lee Valley Tools. Im glad I
chose this route because it made it much easier to join the strips.
A good friend of mine, Karen, who had purchased one of the
original Teeka Kayaks, helped me cut up the strips on a table
saw and do the bead and coving through the router jig we created. I highly recommend this stage of building as a two-person
job. There will be much less cursing involved.
We decided to start on the hull first, adding each strip with the
bead facing up, alternating from side to side, changing colours
as we went. We used three quarter inch nails instead of a staple
gun for appearance.

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Once the hull was completely closed in, we flipped it over and
started work on the deck. This was a little more complicated since
we decided to create curved designs with the strips to add more
style to the deck.
Karen was very helpful in giving feedback at each stage of the
building process and sometimes saved me from making some
major errors that would have cost more time. Once the deck was
closed in, except for the cockpit area, we pulled the deck and the
hull off the mold. We had trouble doing this because some of the
glue from the strips stuck to the plywood stations. Next time I
will make sure I use low adhesive painters tape on the edge of
all the stations so that we dont run into this problem. It was pretty
nerve racking, wondering if we would ever get the kayak separated from the mold.
Then the fun part started: planning and sanding and applying
our first coat of epoxy resin. This stage made it all worthwhile
since the wood grain and wood patterns jumped right out at us.
The next phase was glassing. We used a slow-cure epoxy so that
we had plenty of time to work it into the cloth. We used a six
ounce cloth for the inside of the kayak and exterior hull, and a
four ounce cloth on the deck. We used four ounce on the deck
because it was less conspicuous, and to keep weight to a minimum.
After the epoxy resin had about a week to cure we cut the cockpit area out and front and back hatch as well.
Russell Noel, who was waiting to purchase this new boat, came
by and asked how I thought it would paddle. I told him I didnt
know, that designing a new kayak was like making a fine wine
you dont know how its going to be until you pop the cork.
We decided we couldnt wait to see how it paddled and came
up with an idea that would make CBCs Red Green proud. We
duct-taped the hull and the deck together, threw it in the river
and paddled it.
Russell was very pleased with how the kayak handled. I, on
the other hand, felt that it needed a little more keel added at the
stern . A week later the boat was back in the river with more keel
added and I was finally satisfied with its performance. I felt it
was now time to take a mold off my new design.
This is the stage I am at as I write this article I hope to have the
fiberglass models available for our next season. I cant begin to
describe the feeling of creating a new design and finally paddling it with all your expectations met. I cant wait to do it all
over again.
Mike Walker has been hooked on kayaking since a Grey Whale
popped up in front of him and dowsed him with spray on a trip in
Clayoquot Sound. Since then he has paddled much of the northwest
coast. In 1996 Mike established A Great Little Kayak Co.
He can be reached at 604-671-3295 or at www.kayakme.com

18

WaveLength FEBRUARY MARCH 2001

Building a Plywood Baidarka


I

have been building kayaks since 1986


and have built many styles. My brother
Nick and I started by building strip kayaks out of necessity. At the time, we hadnt
even seen an ocean kayak, nor could we
afford to buy one. Ive now built 25 boats
of many designs, each with its own character.
In 1997, I started to design stitch and
glue plywood boats. Many plywood kayaks have been rather boxy affairs but I
tried to create plywood boats with more
graceful lines. My first stitch and glue plywood design was called the Merganser, a
Greenland-style kayak with a hard chine,
moderate rocker and medium volume. I
incorporated a graceful curving shear line
to give the boat a unique look.
After the Merganser, I turned to the clas-

Eric Schade

Panel cut-out plan

sic lines of the Aleutian Eskimo hunting


kayaks which were called Baidarkas by
the Russian fur traders of the 19th century.
The Aleutian Baidarkas had a unique
forked bow designed to improve the performance of the boat. The lower jaw of the
bow is sharp and thin to provide a
cutwater which parts the waves. The
upper jaw is a full-bodied shape to float
the boat over waves. The effect is much
like the hollow bows of some modern
boats, a shape not easily made from skin
on a wood frame. Baidarkas also have
unusual shaped sterns which provide
good tracking as well as buoyancy to the
stern of the boat.
My Baidarka followed the classic lines
as much as is possible, yielding a striking
boat with friendly performance. I did the
actual design on a computer so that I could

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calculate performance factors such as


buoyancy, stability etc. and create patterns
to cut the plywood.
I started the Baidarka by buying several sheets of 4mm okoume marine plywood. Other materials included mahogany planks for the cutwater and skeg,
thin copper wire for stitching the panels together, epoxy for bonding and sealing, 3" wide fiberglass tape, 4 oz fiberglass
cloth, some short strips of pine and long
thin strips of hardwood for the coaming.
The panels required for the Baidarka
were longer than the plywood sheets I
bought, so there were two ways to make
the panels. The first was to cut the plywood and then join it with butt blocks. The
second was to pre-join the plywood by
scarfing several sheets into long continuous sheets before cutting the panels; that
is what I chose for my Baidarka.
I scarfed the plywood together by planing a taper onto the
ends of the sheets
to be joined, then
glued the sheets together with the tapered ends overlapping. I ended
up with two long,

Hull ready for


the deck

Carving the cutwater


narrow, floppy sheets of plywood.
I cleaned up the glue joints on these
with a belt sander then prepared to cut the
panels for the boat.
I taped together the templates (five large
sheets of paper) and checked that they
were straight. I laid the template onto the
plywood so that all the panels were on the
plywood, and thumb-tacked the template
down. Next I used a center punch to
punch through the paper, marking the
plywood every 2"-3" along the edges of
the panels and 3/8"-1/2" from the edge
on each 1 foot station line. After marking
all the panels, I removed the pattern and
used a long straightedge and a pencil to
connect the dots, to draw the edges of the
panels.
Next, I clamped plywood sheets together with the best sides facing each
other in preparation for cutting out the
panels. I used a saber-saw (hand-held
power jigsaw) to cut just outside the lines
of each panel. With the panels still
clamped, I planed the edges to the line
with a block plane.
I also drilled small holes along the edge
so that I could wire the panels together to
shape the boat.

In preparation for that step, I took four


packages of copper wire and cut them in
half with a pair of tin-snips, to get hundreds of 2"-3" arcs of wire.
Starting with the bottom panels, I
started wiring the panels together. I added
two permanent and two temporary bulkheads to help shape the hull. I continued
adding panels until the hull was complete.
I carbed the cutwater from one inch thick
mahogany, epoxied it into the bow, and
carved a fixed skeg for the stern. These
were shaped to fit into the plywood panels. I also carved simple decorations onto
the cutwater and skeg which added character to the boat.
I checked that all the joints were tight
and that the panels met cleanly. I made
sure that the lines of the boat were fair,
looking for humps and valleys in along
the joints. I needed to adjust some of the
joints with my block plane.
When I was happy with the shape, I
used a syringe to inject a bead of epoxy
into each joint to solidify the hull. I
avoided getting epoxy onto the wires, so
that I could remove them when the epoxy
set up.
I wired up the deck and epoxied the
joint between the right and left halves but
not the joint between the deck and hull.
When the epoxy cured , I removed the
deck and bulkheads to work on the inside
of the hull.
I removed the
wires, sanded off
any drips and
prepared to ap-

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WaveLength FEBRUARY MARCH 2001

Cutwater in place
ply fiberglass to the inside of the hull. I
thickened some epoxy with wood dust
and squeegeed it into joints and wire holes
to fill them. Then, I laid four ounce (4 oz.)
fiberglass cloth into the hull and saturated
it with epoxy. On the deck joint, I just used
a narrow strip of fiberglass tape.
When the epoxy cured, I cleaned up the
excess fiberglass, sanded any sharp edges
and re-drilled the wire holes which I
needed to hold the deck onto the hull. I
then wired the deck onto the hull. I carefully marked the location of the hatches
and cut them out using my saber-saw. I
made sure I did not damage the piece I
removed so that I could use it as a hatchcover later.
I laid the kayak on one side and, reaching through the cockpit and hatches, made
a fillet of thickened epoxy inside the deckto-hull joint, then covered it with
fiberglass tape saturated in epoxy. I

screwed a brush to
a long stick to get
epoxy into the ends
of the boat. When
this cured enough
not to drip, I did the
other side. This
made a very strong
joint between the
deck and hull.
I cut the wires, Eagle inlay
which held the deck
in place, flush with
the plywood. Then it was time to start
sanding the Baidarka smooth. I concentrated on removing any drips, wire ends,
splinters etc. while trying not to remove
much plywood. I spent quite a bit of time
shaping the skeg and cutwater to perfect
the transition between them and the plywood hull. When I was satisfied, I sealed
the entire boat with a coat of epoxy.
The Baidarka was now starting to look
like a kayak. And the wood looked great!
I sanded the boat once more to remove the
smallest splinters and provide teeth for
later epoxy work.
I also applied some wood veneer artwork to the boat. I cut a big Bald Eagle
from walnut and ash-wood veneer and
epoxied it to the forward deck. I taped a
plastic bag over the inlay and used a

vacuum pump to suck the veneer in place


until the epoxy cured. I also used iron on
veneer edging material from the
lumberyard to create a light colored stripe
along the shear line.
I then covered the entire hull with two
layers of 4 oz. fiberglass cloth and epoxy,
with extra layers on the bottom to protect
the hull from rocks. I only gave the deck
one layer of 4 oz. fiberglass because it is
less likely to be damaged.
I made the cockpit by glueing short
wood strips vertically around the inside
of the cockpit cut out, smoothing the strips
and covering them with fiberglass, then
laminating strips of hardwood around the
cockpit to make a lip.
When sanded smooth and coated with
epoxy this made a very nice nautical looking cockpit. I used two contrasting colors
of wood for the vertical strips and the

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2001 FEBRUARY MARCH WaveLength

21

laminated lip for looks.


The cockpit also includes a carved foam
seat, floating backrest, hip plates and my
own footbraces. The foot braces consisted
of a movable bulkhead-like pedal assembly sliding on a rail, glued to the bottom
and adjusted by looping a rope into hooks
located on the rail between the paddlers
legs.
The hatches were made waterproof by
building a plywood lip inside the hatch
for the cover to rest on and were sealed
with a foam gasket. I used a knob and
screw arrangement to hold the hatch
closed. Based on a design by Jay Babina,
the designer of the Outer Island kayak, I
used a wooden bar with a nut in it to pull
the hatch against the gasket. This made a
nice flush hatch with only a knob protruding. To aid in getting a good seal, I stiffened the hatch cover inside with wooden
ribs.
I attached the deck lines with flush deck
fittings made of hardwood. These fittings
held the bungee tie-downs in front and
behind the cockpit and the grab lines at
the bow and stern. I also made wooden
lifting toggles for the ends of the boat.
After sanding and applying several
coats of epoxy to fill the weave of the
fiberglass cloth, the boat was smooth
enough to varnish. I usually use about six
coats of varnish but I was so excited that I
only managed to get one coat on it before
I took it for its sea trials.
At 19 long, 21 wide and weighing
about 45 lbs, she was stable and tracked
well. The long waterline length made her
fast. Her low profile kept the wind from
blowing her away and the forked bow
kept her quite dry. Fun to build and fun
to paddle!

Wooden Kayak Directory


A GREAT LITTLE KAYAK CO.
Richmond, British Columbia
Manufacturers of Teeka Kayaks, we are a
small company which builds kayaks as a labour of love. We start by building each new
design in cedar. If the cedar strip kayak
meets our criteria of performance we then
start to manufacture it in fiberglass. We are
always open to suggestions on new designs
and ideas. Expedition and sailing sea kayaks are our specialty. Contact owner, Mike
Walker. Ph: 604-671-3295. Web:
www.kayak me.com.
BEAR MOUNTAIN BOAT SHOP
Peterborough, Ontario
Renowned for pioneering the woodstrip
epoxy construction technique, Ted Moores,
author of CanoeCraft and KayakCraft, builds
kayaks and canoes, teaches classes, sells
plans and offers advice to first time builders. Please visit our web site and interactive
bulletin board. Ph: 705-740-0470. Email:
info@bearmountain boats. com. Web:
www.bearmountain boats.com.
CHESAPEAKE LIGHT CRAFT
Annapolis, Maryland
Chesapeake Light Craft has enjoyed a long
development and widespread popularity,
with 10,000 boats on the water worldwide.
Kits are precision cut on our own machine
from African Mahogany marine plywood.
Our touring and racing sea kayaks are built
and paddled by professional kayakers and
rank beginners, young and old. These are
highly sophisticated, high-performance
boats that can be assembled by beginners
in their own garages. Please check out our
huge website: www.clcboats.com or call
410-267-0137.
GUILLEMOT KAYAKS
Glastonbury, Connecticut
Plans for building your own high performance wooden sea kayak. Distinctive designs
to suit any paddling style. Rugged, beautiful, strip-built construction for complete de-

sign freedom. Accurate, computer generated full size patterns. Complete instruction
book available separately. Web:
www.kayakplans.com/l. Email: info@ guillemot-kayaks.com.
JASON DESIGNS
Branford, Connecticut
The Outer Island kayak is a low volume
kayak replicating the west Greenland lines
in a conventional round chine hull. It meets
the needs of advanced paddlers who desire a low volume kayak with easy rolling
characteristics with its low back deck, no
weather cocking and a fast hull with good
stability. Four years of development into this
one hull. Get ready to have people around
your kayak when you build this one. Free
brochure and video. Ph: 203-481-3221.
Email: jbabina@snet.net.
LAUGHING LOON
Greenfield, Massachusetts
Rob Macks kayak designs include the award
winning Panache, the Georgian Bay and the
North Star which was inspired by the
baidarka kayaks of the Aleut Eskimos of
Alaska. Ph: 413-773-5375. Email:
laughing_loon@shaysnet.com.
Web: www.LaughingLoon.com.
NEWFOUND WOODWORKS
Bristol, New Hampshire
Newfound Woodworks has been supplying
cedar strip/epoxy canoe and kayak kits to
boat builders for 12 years. We supply everything from books and videos to completed
canoes and kayaks. We will assist throughout your construction to help you get it right.
Ph: 603-744-6872. Email: info@newfound.com.
Web: www.newfound.com.
OHURLEYS WOODEN BOATS
Ladysmith, British Columbia
We teach people to build their own 18' sea
kayaks, Chestnut prospector canoes, 8
dinghies, or 12' daysailers, and do custom
boat building and small boat repairs. Ph:

Eric Schade lives in Stamford, Connecticut and is a mechanical engineer who has been building kayaks and canoes since 1984. He started out
building with his brother Nick Schade (Guillemot Kayaks), then started Shearwater Boats in 1995. In the spring of 2000, Shearwater Boats
joined forces with The Newfound Woodworks of Bristol, NH to produce kits for stitch and glue kayaks. Eric offers plans for three versions of the
Baidarka: 16 ft, 17ft and 19ft as well as a 21ft double Baidarka. See www. shearwater-boats.com or phone 203-359-6431.

Coastal Kayak Leadership Training Course


May 11-20, May 25-June3
Additional courses may be offered subject to interest

Malaspina University-College offers a comprehensive 10-day ocean kayak course designed


to provide participants with the knowledge and skill necessary to lead groups of kayakers in
coastal waters. The course takes place on the west coast of Vancouver Island. $1100
includes all kayaking equipment and transportation from Nanaimo. Instructors: John Dawson
and Dan Lewis. Discounts for Malaspina students. For more information,
contact Don Cohen at <cohen@mala.bc.ca>.
Wilderness First Aid Class
for Kayak Leaders
April 30-May 5 Cost $600

M alaspina

Ph: 250-753-3245 local 2480


Nanaimo Campus 900 Fifth St.
Nanaimo, BC V9R 5S5

Discover the beautiful Gulf Islands


from our singles and doubles...
Arluks, Teslas, Solstices, Kyooks, Amaruks, Lookshas

Camping Showers Hot Tub Sales Instruction


BEGINNERS WELCOME

PO Box 40, Mayne Island


BC, CANADA V0N 2J0
Tel/Fax: 250/539-2667
kayak@mayneisle.com
www.mayneisle.com/kayak

U niversity-C
ollege
22

WaveLength FEBRUARY MARCH 2001

250-245-5199. Email: ohurleys@sprint.ca.


Web: www.ohurleys boats.com
PYGMY BOATS, INC.
Port Townsend, Washington
Pygmy is the largest and oldest manufacturer
of precision precut plywood kayak kits in
North America. Started in 1986 by boat designer and software engineer John
Lockwood, Pygmy produced North Americas first computer-designed sea kayaks.
During the past 15 years they have expanded their line to include 15 models of
sea kayaks, a rowing skiff and a wilderness
tripping canoe. Call 360-385-6143 or visit
www.pygmyboats.com.
WHITE SALMON BOAT WORKS
White Salmon, Washington
The primary purpose of Ray Klebbas White
Salmon Boat Works is to teach first time boat
builders the craft of building their own
dreamboat be it canoes, sea kayaks,
rowboats or other small craft. Our boat shop
specializes in using the woodstrip
construction method and is home to the
Stars, the award winning sea kayaks. The
workshops are hands-on practical
applications using our plans or your own.
We also offer easy to assemble kits, plans
and boating accessories. Everything you
need know is on our webpage.
www.gorge.net/dreamboats
REDFISH KAYAK & CANOE CO.
Boise, Idaho
Joe Greenley of Redfish builds wood kayaks that
are beautiful, fast and maneuverable. Their lines
and finish make them as pleasing to the eye as

2001 FEBRUARY MARCH WaveLength

they are to paddle. Ph: 208-344-7116. Email:


joe@redfishkayak.com. Web: www.red
fishkayak.com.
ROY FOLLAND WOODEN KAYAKS
Hudson, Quebec
Roy Folland Wooden Kayaks was established four years ago. An experienced and
accomplished designer, Roys objective was
to bring the kayak kit business to a higher
level of precision and beauty than was available at the time. With an innovative approach and unique construction methods,
anyone can build these beautiful wooden
kayaks. Call for assistance or advice. Info is
available on several kits. Ph: 450-458-0152.
Email: kayak@roy folland.com Web:
www.royfolland.com.
SHEARWATER BOATS
Stamford, Connecticut
Eric Schade of Shearwater specializes in
designing and building unique wood-epoxy
kayaks. Eric has designed a line of Hybrid
construction kayaks which combine the
simplicity of plywood for the hull and the
unsurpassed beauty of strip construction for
the deck. Web: www.shear waterboats.com. Phone: 203-359-6431. Kits are
available from Newfound Woodworks in
Bristol, NH (http://www.newfound.com).
TRUE NORTH WOODEN BOAT CO.
Summerland, British Columbia
True North is dedicated to producing top
quality, high performance wood/epoxy canoes and touring kayaks. As durable as they
are beautiful, these fine wooden boats can

be paddled with pride and confidence and


are destined to become a treasured family
possession. Ph: 250-494-4458. Email:
woodboat@vip.net. Web: www.true
northwoodenboat.com.
WEST COAST CANOE COMPANY
Campbell River, British Columbia
The West Coast Canoe Company is
dedicated to the crafting, restoration and
repair of classic cedar and canvas canoes.
Our product line features 14 different
models ranging from a 10' trapper to a 20'
freighter, yet we strive to make each canoe
as individual as the customer that is
purchasing it. We also hand-craft paddles
and canoe boxes from the finest west coast
materials and offer a complete line of
supplies for the do it yourselfer. Call toll free
1-800-446-1588 or email canoes@island
net.com www.islandnet. com/~canoes.
ZUZU PADDLES
Flagstaff, Arizona
ZuZus paddles are a truly unique combination of fine woodworking craftsmanship,
revolutionary design, and the latest composite technology. Constructed of the finest traditional marine grade woods, the companys entire line of canoe and kayak paddles
also features the innovative Helix Lamination spliceless shaft, a patented technology
combining the warmth and feel of wood
with the strength and lightness of todays
composite materials. Ph: 520-774-6535.
Email: info@zuzupaddles. com. Web:
www.zuzupaddles.com.

23

Woodworking Safety
S

afe woodworking has many similarities


to safe paddlingyou need to have a
good understanding of the basics, followed by common sense and the right attitude. The motto, safety first really is a
state of mind, requiring concentration and
attention to inherent dangers. The days
when anything that smacked of shop
safety was seen as sissified are over.
Shop-smart do-it-yourselfers and professionals alike care about injury prevention
and personal health responsibilities.
Digitus longaevitas is the new salute
with fingers intact.
THINKING IT THROUGH
Advanced woodworking skills are not
required to build your own kayakor to
do it safely. Some kayak designs only require a few basic hand tools and a drill. The
more challenging designs need to be broken down into manageable steps. What you
will need is a good plan and an ability to
stay organized. Accidents often result indirectly from not knowing what the next
step should be, aggravated by too little patience combined with a rigid agenda.
Though spouse-less (or soon-to-be!)

24

folks have been known to build their kayaks in living space, a shop or shed is recommended. You need enough space to
work, dry conditions, adequate lighting,
ventilation, a safe source of comfort-inducing heat (in the winter)and the right
frame of mind. It also helps to keep the
work area tidyremoving excess debris
at each juncture or as neededand to
have tools and supplies close at hand and
in proper working order. A mounted vice
and a good bench help a lot.
SAFETY GEAR
By analogy to paddling, it is prudent to
use safety gear and safety back-ups in case
something goes wrong. Flying debris, airborn off-cuts, and splashed solvents are
dangerous. Proper eye protection is vital.
Goggles provide good side- and topentry protection, and are best around
chemicals, but tend to fog up. I much prefer a full-face mask, whose clear shield
flips down. The latest eyewear from companies like UVEX are lightweight
polycarbonate wrap glasses, unobtrusive
to wear, that even fit over prescription eyeglasses.

Doug Lloyd
Pushsticks are another item sacrosanct
in the safe-work ethic. Both pushsticks
and pushpads help keep fingers away
from moving cutter-heads and blades.
With such devices Ive taught well over
1200 individuals the basics of woodworking safety.
Most boat building will inevitably involve some sanding and possible exposure to chemical vapors. In most instances,
the danger is in long-term exposure.
Working outside helps, but why expose
yourself to any degree of respiratory risk?
Fine cedar dust can be particularly irritating, as is the sanding dust from certain
exotic wood species. Inexpensive, semidisposable dust masks are available. Additionally, I always try to buy my power
sanding equipment with built-in dust
pickup.
The proper protective device for fumes
is an approved respirator with organic
chemical cartridges (often with a dust/
paint particulate pre-filter). The cartridges
will absorb impurities, so they should be
sealed in small plastic bags when not in
use. The respirator I use has interchangeable dust-specific filters and chemical fil-

WaveLength FEBRUARY MARCH 2001

ters, allowing the fullest protection possible and quick-change ability to one or the
other. For sanding epoxy I always wear
the full respirator which seals around my
face.
Hearing loss is cumulative. Maybe you
dont care to hear your grandchildren later
in life, but hearing protection does have
immediate benefits. Ripping strips on a
saw or running router bits, etc, can be both
an annoying and an ear-exhausting experience. Quality earmuffs or even cheap
foam earplugs lower exposure thresholdswhile allowing greater relaxation
and lower anxiety.
CORRECT TOOLS & TECHNIQUE
In the past, Ive received some N-A-ST-Y cuts from simple handsaws on the
push-stroke. I now much prefer the highly
rated Japanese saws, which cut on the
pull-stroke.
Boat building presents ample opportunity for the use of a router. Best described
a motor with handholds, with a decorative or functional cutter-choice mounted
on the end-shaft, they have revolutionized
the home workshop. Mortise slots are easily done on Baidarka gunwales using a
small made-up jig to reference the router.
While a portable router is an effective freehand device, I much prefer to bring the
work piece to the router, rather than bring

2001 FEBRUARY MARCH WaveLength

the router to the work piece. You dont


need an expensive shaper table either. A
router can be mounted upside-down in a
homemade router table using a baseplate.
Add a fence and an outboard switch, and
you have a highly effective, inexpensive,
and safe shaping device. This really is the
safest and most efficient way to make
those 15-foot long dowel stringers or coveand-bead those hundreds of feet of cedar
stripping.
Normally you always feed wood
against the rotation of a cutter or blade.
You should feel a steady resistance as you
move the wood along. The average tipspeed on a tablesaw blade is close to 120
mph. Moving the work piece in the same

direction as the blade rotation, or backing


up the piece during a cut, is to invite disaster. Push the piece past the danger area,
and always wait until the blade stops
moving before retrieval. Ive found that a
splitter mounted just behind the blade is
the only fool-proof way of preventing
kickbacks where the work piece climbs the
back of the blade and throws it toward the
operator.
For long cuts on stationary power equipment, be sure to provide proper in-feed and
out-feed support. I wax and buff metal surfaces with paraffin wax to make sure wood
slides well, and use roller-stands and/or an
out-feed table. For particularly long pieces
of wood, create an extended fence. And
dont raise blades any higher than necessary to complete a cut.
CONCLUSION
Ive only briefly touched on a few of the
issues, but most shop accidents are preventable. Safety is up to you. Knowing what to
do is as important as knowing what not to
do. Good paddling is about knowing and
respecting the dangers. So is shop safety.
Respect the tools and respect yourself. That
is the end of my sermon.
Doug Lloyd is a longtime paddler and
woodworker from Victoria. He is donating
his authors fee from this article to the
Georgia Strait Alliance.

25

Europeans Embrace Eco-certification


A

ndy Shaws prime red cedar is


headed for Holland. The lumber, exported under the FSC greentree label,
is worth $1.5 million.
When Shawood Lumber owner Andy
Shaw was trying to sell British Columbia
cedar in Europe this fall he met stiff resistance until he told his clients he had ecocertified wood.
Shaw is the first BC sawmiller to get a
supply of rainforest logs certified to the
most stringent world eco-standard the
Forest Stewardship Council. He was
shocked at the response from his client.
They wanted to buy everything I had,
he said of the Netherlands customer he
was dealing with.
And not only did they buy his wood,
they paid him a five-per-cent premium.
Its a $1.5-million deal for 300,000 board
feet of prime BC cedar and the first truckloads with the FSC greentree logo stapled
on the side have begun rolling out of
Shawoods Langley sawmill. It is this
provinces first major shipment of rainforest lumber that even Greenpeace agrees
is okay.
In terms of the kind of vision and commitment they are showing in moving
quickly on this, clearly they should be
supported, said Tamara Stark, forest
campaigner for Greenpeace and a veteran
of anti-logging campaigns from
Clayoquot Sound to the central coast.
Shaws value-added mill is the final link
in a chain of certification that stretches
from the front gate of the Langley operation to a Fraser River primary sawmill
where the logs are cut in large planks, to
the towboats that haul the logs down the
coast, and finally to a small logging camp
on Knight Inlet, where the timber is harvested selectively, leaving behind a complete forest eco-system.

The lumber is prime western red cedar,


selling for $3,000 for 1,000 board feet. It is
the best lumber BC produces, cleargrained and durable. It sells for almost 10
times the value of construction lumber.
Shaw was not a strong believer in the
certification movement until he bought
the eco-logs from Timfor Contractors, an
FSC-certified logging operation run by
long-time forester Esmond Preus.
Shaw quickly converted, however,
when he saw the enthusiasm among Europeans for his new product. When he
looked further, the size of the market and
the determination of the Europeans to use
eco-certified wood took him by surprise:
He was contacted by one consortium in
the United Kingdom representing companies with annual sales of $7.7 billion. They
are committed to using eco-certified wood
by 2003 and they prefer the stringent FSC
system over other industry-initiated systems.
Its a $7.7 billion market. Thats billion
not million, he said, as if he was still
trying to convince himself as much as his
listener that eco-certification is for real.
Shawood has cracked the door open to
that market but Shaw said his customers
want assurances they can continue to buy
FSC-certified wood. Promising a dependable supply is still an open question.
Timfor is BCs only major logging operation to have the FCS seal of approval.

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26

Gordon Hamilton

The company has a non-replaceable forest licence for 175,000 cubic metres of timber. They have already logged half of it
and expect to log the remaining 80,000
cubic metres in 2001. Once that is gone,
there are no guarantees the province will
provide them with more timber. And there
is no certainty other operators will achieve
FSC-certification.
The BC forests ministry has no policy
recognizing FSC wood and it is costly to
operators like Timfor to operate without
the certainty of supply.
Forests Minister Gordon Wilson says he
recognizes the dilemma BC operators face
when they are seeking new markets for
eco-wood. Obviously there is a challenge
to government now, he said.
Wilson said the forests ministry intends
to make more timber available through
open-market bidding to companies that
become eco-certified but there are several
hurdles to overcome first.
Specifically, major licensees who control
most of the provinces timber must be
willing to give up some of their tenure to
make timber available to independents
like Timfor, he said.
Also, there is still a dispute among BC
producers over which eco-certification
system will ultimately win out in the global marketplace. But FSC is generally considered to be more environmentally stringent. Shaw said he is convinced that is the
system the European buyers want. The
issue, he said, is clearcutting.
It seems highly unlikely they would
buy from someone who clearcuts. That is
the whole thing they are trying to stop,
he said.
This article appeared in the Vancouver Sun,
Dec. 5, 2000 and is reprinted here with
permission.

Bowen Island Sea Kayaking

OPEN ALL WINTER


Tours Rentals Lessons
Call to reserve

604-947-9266
www.BowenIslandKayaking.com

Openings for Assistant Day Guides


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Fax resum to 604-947-9717
or email kayakbowen@telus.net
WaveLength FEBRUARY MARCH 2001

From the Rainforest

Tragedy and Opportunity


en years ago I circumnavigated
Vancouver Island by kayak. It was
the trip of a lifetime, moving slowly by
the landscape, with lots of time to observe
and reflect.
Several things made a lasting impression on me. First, the intact natural landscapes were incredibly wild and beautiful places. Second, these natural areas
were rare, and the clearcuts separating
them were unbelievably big and bad. And
finally, if things didnt change soon, those
precious few wild areas would be destroyed by industrial logging.
A lot has happened on the Island since
then. For one thing, the unsustainable rate
of logging has continued, largely unabated. In fact, the rate of cutting has actually increased! Also, a lot of public scrutiny has been focused on the issue of
clearcutting the remaining bits of globally
rare coastal temperate rainforest on Vancouver Island.
Most of the response to this scrutiny has
been in the form of window dressing. In
response to public outcry, the BC government set up commissions, created new
parks, and even passed a Forest Practices
Code that was supposed to impose stringent penalties against any malpractice in
the forests.
In fact, most of this has had little effect.
The negotiation table set up failed to meet
consensusthey never even really dealt
with the substantive issues before them.
The new laws governing logging have not
yet been fully implemented. Even so, the
logging companies complained about economic hardship when the Asian markets
collapsed a few years ago. In response, the
government gutted the already-feeble legislation.
Dont get me wrong, some very good
things have happened. Its important to
celebrate positive changes. But mainly the
government staged a PR coup. The household-name contentious areas were made
into parks. To the extent that this has
stopped logging in these areas, this is a
good thing.
But in a world of ten-second sound
bites, not many of the Islands wilderness
areas were known to the average citizen.
And the unknown areas have been harder
hit during the last decade, now that the
new parks are off-limits.
Some of the governments revenue from
logging companies was made available to
try to repair the damage caused by past
logging. Salmon stream restoration was a
2001 FEBRUARY MARCH WaveLength

big recipient of this funding. But the total


effort so far is a mere drop in the bucket
compared to how much damage remains
to be healed. The mountains are still bleeding topsoil down into salmon spawning
beds. And meanwhile new scars are being inflicted on the landscape.
Recent developments are threatening
the fate of Vancouver Island's old growth
forests. Government officials recently
signed a management plan for the Island
which calls for almost half of the area to
be logged to standards lower than Forest
Practices Codelegally. More than a third
will be logged according to the standards
of the now-gutted Code. Less than a tenth
will be specially managedif it hasnt
already been stripped bare, like Mt.
Paxton and Red Stripe Mountain near
Kyuquot.
All of this will have a direct effect on
the many paddlers who come to Vancouver Island from far and wide seeking solitude, peace, and renewed connections
with Nature.
Its tragic that the BC government has
declined to implement any sort of progressive vision for the new millennium. They
have failed to provide a landbase for the
Islands thriving ecotourism industry, and
this is endangering rural communities trying to diversify their economies.
If you enjoy visiting Vancouver Islands
wild places, take a moment to let BC Premier Ujjal Dosanjh know your views. (Ph:
250-387-1715 Fax: 250-387-0087)

Paddlers should especially express concerns about the potential for destruction
of the west coast of Nootka Island and the
northwest coast of Vancouver Island from
San Josef Bay to Quatsino Sound.
But environmental battles are increasingly being fought in the marketplace. Informed consumers of wood products are
having a huge influence on the policies of
logging companies by demanding oldgrowth-free products. If these companies
cant sell ancient rainforest products, they
wont cut them.
Whether youre buying paper for the
office photocopier, or wood for your next
kayak, please take the time to source out
wood that is certified oldgrowth-free. This
is the only way to help these companies
understand that they must stop logging
in ancient rainforests and start producing
wood on the millions of acres that have
already been cut over.
Consumer action can make the crucial
differencebut time is of the essence.
If youd like more information, you
might want to check out www.oldgrowth
free.com. This site discusses alternatives
and includes info on suppliers.
Dan Lewis lives in
Clayoquot Sound where he
operates Rainforest Kayak
Adventures with Bonny
Glambeck. Toll free:
1-877-422-WILD or
mail@rainforestkayak.com
Web: www.rainforestkayak.com

Is it wild or farmed?
Always ask.
Netcage salmon farming pollutes
the environment and threatens
the survival of wild salmon.

Eat Wild
Georgia Strait Alliance: 250-753-3459
www.GeorgiaStrait.org
Photo: Wild BC spring salmon by Alexandra Morton
27

Photo Mark Hobson

Dan Lewis

From the Archipelago

Sending Out New Roots

Alexandra Morton

he fir tree outside my window bends


low, the hanging moss twirling and
spiralling crazily, snow driving deep into
the cracks of the rough bark. The wind
moans and the waves beat against my
underwater microphone. Far in the watery distance I can hear the tiny voices of
dolphins. Winter has come to the
Broughton Archipelago. The schools of
salmon have been replaced by dark
masses of herring and an arctic stock of
capelin which has increasingly been showing in these waters. The eagles are trying
to catch these tiny oil-rich fish, but all too
often the purple and silver shadows slip
through their talons. The schools of herring are much smaller than I saw 16 years
ago when I first moved here, but at this
stage in history I am glad to see any fish
at all.
The web of living species found on this
coast today is relatively recent. Life at the
western edge of North America is dynamic and had only just reached a balance
of sorts, moments before we began disassembling it. 10,000 to 15,000 years ago the
glaciers covering the coast were well into
their current retreat. The vast amount of

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28

Photo by Alexandra Morton

Resident orcas live on healthy wild salmon and salmon in turn need intact forest
streams to survive. Its all connected, and it will all come apart if we dont take care.
water still locked in the ice created dry
land in areas now flooded, such as the
shallow sea floor under Hecate Strait, and
this aided the spread of species, including Homo sapiens. The land beneath the
glaciers emerged as a scoured rock face
from beneath the melt. Miraculously,
scraggly little shore pines germinated in
this barren land and sent fibrous roots out
to hold onto glacial deposits running off
the land with each rainfall. Over thousands of years this pioneer species blanketed the raw land with a skim of rich organic soil built from the death and decomposition of each plant.
For a plant that none of us has ever seen
get up and walk, trees have a phenomenal
ability to travel. Like the pine, the Sitka
spruce also found its way to this coast and

made a niche for itself, drinking up the


magnesium wherever waves and wind
threw salt spray upon the earth. Then one
day in the trackless past, a seed of the
Douglas Fir alighted on this hard won
earth, and sprouted. The little shore pines
were no competition for this giant of a
species, and retreated to the bogs as the
firs shot up an astonishing 100 meters.
From that lofty vantage their seeds cascaded down to make a forest of titans.
Gradually, the coast turned from graybrown to deep verdant green. But with the
fir trees enormous success came a flaw
that limited this species ability to dominate the coastal forest: the next generation
of firs were unable to germinate in the
deep, cool shade of the parent trees. So
below the fir canopy, the forest floor lay

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WaveLength FEBRUARY MARCH 2001

naked and inviting. And onto this deepening humus drifted a shade-loving speciesthe western red cedar.
As this mixed forest matured, the
salmon populations spread. No salmon
could survive in the gritty fast flowing
glacial run off, but as new river beds were
carved, trees grew up along the banks and
brought stability. Rain no longer hit hard
ground and rushed headlong to the sea,
taking the rock with it. Now it was intercepted by the highest branches and
guided on a circuitous route, taking days
through the living fibre of the tree. Water
flows became regular, and heavy rainstorms no longer clawed away the soil and
rock in a torrential rush for the sea. The
addition of trees made this coast into a
perfect home for the salmon.
During glaciation, the salmon had taken
refuge in a few rivers, including the Columbia, but this family of fish is coded to
wander. A small percentage are always
looking for new places to spawn and these
wanderers carried their DNA into the virgin habitat. Salmon brought a new source
of energy to the forest. They carried the
photosynthesis of the Pacific ocean deep
inland. This was a living alchemy
salmon transforming ocean nutrients into
terrestrial ecosystems, carrying food up
mountains in extraordinary abundance,
feeding the entire forest web of life, and
ensuring replication of their own species.
The trees sucked up this gift from the sea,
recording the size of prehistoric salmon
runs in the width of each of their annual
growth rings. Bears, wolves, martin, racoons, eagles, ravens, crows, king fishers,
water oozles and humans took this protein from the open sea, a place none could
reach on their own, and gave birth to burgeoning populations and cultures.
Before the red cedar arrived, the brave
humans who first eked out a living on this
coast had hard, tough wood fibres to work
with. But as the red cedar flourished, so
did the culture of British Columbias First
Nations. Now they had a wood that was
softer, easier to carve, but also resisted
decayso craftsmanship endured. From
the cedar they made their homes, clothes,
boats, cradles, drying racks, storage containers, cooking ware and magnificent art.
Red cedar was lighter, split better, had
higher insulation properties, a natural fungicide and a straight grain that filled a
wide range of cultural needs for the first
people.
By about 3500 years ago the coast
reached an equilibrium of abundance. But
in the last couple of hundred years a new
life form arrived. Small and diverse at
first, these rapacious invaders coalesced,
eating each other, gradually morphing
2001 FEBRUARY MARCH WaveLength

into a multi-headed, formless, non-carbon


based organism. As its huge feet pressed
deeper than the recent crush of the glaciers, life juices were squeezed dry and
ceased to flow. Plunging its head deep into
the nervous system of each river artery, it
began pumping away the offerings of
salmon and cedar, breaking the cycle of
renewal.
Obtusely protected by law, this abomination of human ingenuity will eventually turn on its benefactors for any interruption in the cycle of energy exchange
between the organisms of this planet
weakens all. Like a deflating balloon, the
life-sustaining rhythm of life is now

careening wildly into a cycle of uncertainty. The resource extraction economy


is out-competing carbon-based life, but
can not survive without it.
The only real economy of earth is life,
and life comes from the entwining of diversity. Nothing can survive alone, not
even those astride a mountain of cold hard
wealth.
Many people give their lives to try and
stop the mounting imbalances of life
swaying dizzily around us. Here in the Archipelago, it is exhausting work. Just as
Christmas was luring us happily away
from daily life, Interfor asked for extensions to apply toxic chemicals on our land

29

EXAM DATES FOR 2001


Full GuideTofino
April 17, 18, 19
Assistant GuideLadysmith
April 23, 24
Assistant GuideVictoria
May 12, 13
Full GuideTofino
October 17, 18, 19
Assistant GuideVictoria
October 23, 24

WWW. SKGABC.COM
PRESIDENT:
Michael Pardy <michael@oceanriver.com>
VICE PRESIDENTS:
Brian Collen <info@seakayakbc.com>
Colin MacNeil <oskayak@home.com>
SECRETARY/TREASURER:
Tracy Morben <majestic@island.net>
COORDINATING DIRECTOR
Liz Young <elizabethy@hotmail.com>
MEMBERS AT LARGE:
Liz Richards <deer_paddles@hotmail.com>
Ian Ross <roscoe@saltspring.com>
Piper Harris <piper.harris@gems2.gov.bc.ca>

SKGABC Membership
To become a member of the Alliance, mail
this form and a cheque to the address below.

Company Membership$100/year
Individual Membership$35/year
Associate Membership$25/year
Alliance T-shirt$20 each
Subscription to WaveLength at
special rate$12/year (save $7!)
Information and a copy of the
latest newsletterFREE!

PAGES RESORT MARINA


Silva BayGabriola Island

30

June/JulyINNER WATERS
Finally, a whitewater issue! Deadline: Apr 19
Aug/SepPADDLING THROUGH TIME
History & people in paddling. Deadline: Jun 19
Oct/NovTHE FUTURE OF PADDLING
And our popular annual Winter Getaways
feature. Deadline: Aug 19
Dec/JanMISADVENTURES IN PADDLING
Have you got a funny story to tell?
Deadline: Oct 19

RETAILRENTALSLESSONS
WWW. SKIANDSURFSHOP. COM

Cottages, Campground, Fuel, Moorage,


Laundromat, Showers, Diveshop,
Artwork, Charts, Books and
PRIME PADDLING!

near Drumbeg provincial park


and the Flat Top Islands.

Name__________________________
Address________________________
______________________________
Phone_________________________
Email__________________________
P.O. Box 1005, Station A,
Nanaimo BC, V9R 5K4
250-245-3706
majestic@island.net

Apr/MayPADDLING BASICS
Essential gear and training for safe and happy
paddlng adventures. Deadline: Feb 19

Alex Matthews

The Sea Kayak Guides Alliance of BC is


a non-profit society whose purpose is
to uphold high standards for professional
sea kayak guides and operators in BC.
Through on-going professional
development and certification, the
Alliance strives to ensure safe practices
on an industry-wide basis.

UPCOMING ISSUES OF WAVELENGTH

Photo Alan Wilson

Sea Kayak Guides


Alliance of BC

base. The salmon farmers are ignoring a


decade of warnings and pouring a million
more Atlantic salmon into farm after farm,
fully aware they wont be able to contain
them. The logs are literally flying off the
hillsides at unprecedented rates, while yellow cedar is piled high and burnt as waste.
Oil may soon be sucked from beneath us
and our fresh water pumped south.
It is time to stop thinking that someone
else, for better or worse, is looking after
things. The guidelines and policies of this
Province exist only on paperthe hope
exists only in citizens like you and me. We
must unplug this headlong pursuit of a
wasteland before the water and air are so
poisoned that we can no longer survive.
Firmly astride a peninsula near here, a
thousand year-old great red cedar has
spread it roots far and wide. Shallow by
design, these roots gain their strength by
lacing intimately with their neighbours.
Beneath the soil, tender tips touch and embrace, hair-like at first, then grow into
arms, legs, mighty, inseparable gnarls of
co-existence. We still have among us these
sentinels of previous millenniums. My
hope is that today, another thousand yearold red cedar is feeling the first stirrings
of life in its tiny protective seed case. Red
cedar and humanity grew up together on
this coast and if we plan to stay, it is time
to send out roots of life-sustaining contact.
Without them we will atrophy and vanish.
Alexandra Morton is a
marine mammal researcher
and writer in BCs
Broughton Archipelago.

SKI & SURF SHOP


333 Fifth Street, Courtenay, BC

250-338-8844
Call 250-247-8931
mail@pagesresort.com
www.pagesresort.com

We specialize in touring, white water and


recreational kayaking. Authorized dealer for
Necky, Wave Sport, Riot and Trinity Bay kayaks.
Servicing the Islands paddlers for 10 years!
ONeill, Rip Curl, Billabong, Dish, Eddy, Toes on the Nose,
Patagonia, Chlorophylle, Navarro, Teva, Merrell...
WaveLength FEBRUARY MARCH 2001

News
JOHNSTONE STRAIT SURVEY
Commercial and recreational sea kayaking
in the Johnstone Strait area is increasing and
there is a growing consensus that management
is needed to protect this valuable resource. The
Sea Kayak Guides Alliance of BC is conducting a study of management issues and impacts
by way of a questionnaire for commercial operators. The findings will be used for the development of a management plan for sea kayak
operations in Johnstone Strait. The Guides Alliance will be soliciting input into this study
from independent kayakers at a later date. For
more information and a copy of the survey contact Evan Loveless, Johnstone Strait Management Committee, SKGABC at: ise@coastnet.
com or call (250) 721-9078.
GEORGIA STRAIT ALLIANCE WINS
NATIONAL AWARD
Congratulations to the Georgia Strait Alliance for its Green Boating Program. The GSA
program was selected as the winner of the Canadian Safe Boating Associations award for
Best Environmental Campaign. For GSAs
Guide to Green Boating, visit www.georgia
strait.org
FARMED SALMON CONTAMINATED
Scientists are calling for urgent research to
be carried out into the safety of farmed salmon
after research showed that some fish contain
worrying levels of potentially dangerous
chemicals. Dr. Miriam Jacobs of Surrey University in England found the farmed fish contain
up to 10 times higher levels of Polychlorinated
Biphenyls (PCBs) than their wild cousins. The
production of PCBs is banned in most countries, but the chemicals accumulate in oceans
after being released by industrial waste. The
chemicals are thought to affect human nervous,
immune and reproductive systems. Greenpeace
scientist Dr. Paul Johnston says: We are maximising humane exposure to these chemicals

by promoting an artificial food chain. PCBs


are among the most toxic and persistent pollutants in existenceattacking the nervous system, causing learning difficulties in children
and suppressing the bodys immune system.
Studies indicate the chemicals can cause decreased sperm counts, deformed genitals and
lead to sterility. The World Health Organisation is so concerned about the potential consequences, it has cut its recommended guidelines
on the intake of farmed salmon to just one tenth
of the previous figure.
PADDLING EVENTS
The 3rd annual Okanagan Paddle Festival
2001 will be held at Swim Bay in Peachland BC
on June 16th & 17th, sponsered by Current
Designs, Nimbus Paddles, and the Wendell
Phillips Kayak Company. It will feature kayak
& canoe try-outs, on-water demonstrations &
clinics, Outrigger & War Canoe races, arctic skin
boats, whitewater kayaks, workshops, live entertainment and much more. A special skin
boat addition will feature paddle and boat
building programs, slide shows from Greenland, exhibits of replica kayaks, hunting tools,
paddles and Greenland paddling demonstrations. Keynote Speaker for the skin boat program is Harvey Golden from Portland, Oregon.
For more information contact 250-767-2455 or
email: peachlandchamber@cablelan.net
The 3rd annual Vancouver Island Paddlefest
will be held June 23 & 24th Ladysmith, BC.
Tradeshow, clinics, fun! For information call
250-245-4246, visit www.PaddleCentre.com or
email: Paddlefest@PaddleCentre.com
The annual Coast Kayak Symposium, the
longest running BC paddling symposium, will
be held on Thetis Island, May 19-21. This event
is a great learning environment for those starting out or interested in enhancing their skills.
Its organized by Mercia Sixta and the crew of
the Pacific International Kayak Association.
WaveLength will be there. For more informa-

tion 604-597-1122 or mercias@excite.com.


WaveLength will be at all three shows. See you
there!
JET SKIS BANNED
So called personal water craft will be
banned from all shores and waters of the Cape
Cod National Seashore. The ban is expected to
be in effect by April 2002. A similar ban exists
in the whole of San Juan County on the US west
coast.
SPRING GUIDE EXCHANGE
The Sea Kayak Guides Alliance of BC will
hold their annual Spring Guide Exchange, April
20-22 at Transfer Beach in Ladysmith, BC.
Theme: A day in the life of a guide. How to set
up a good camp for your clients, tarping for
foul weather, setting up kitchens, etc. There will
off-water sessions on risk assessment, and an
on-water session Saturday doing advanced rescues. There will also be an off-water session put
on by Seaward Kayaks regarding field repairs
to boats. For more information Liz Young at
elizabethy@hotmail.com or Brian Collen 250245-3706.
ENHANCHING WILDERNESS
Western Forest Products plans to build roads
into Grant Bay and Topknot Beach on the coast
of north-west Vancouver Island, and characterizes this as enhancing the recreational values there.
If you dont want wilderness to be enhanced, write to Bill Dumont, Chief Forester,
Western Forest Products, 2300-1111 West Georgia Street, Vancouver, British Columbia. V6E
4M3. (604) 665-6200.
For more information contact Jill Thompson
(jill@sierraclubbc.org) Vancouver Island Forests
Coordinator, Sierra Club of BC. Ph: 250-3865255 (ext.214).

The Paddle Sports Centre of the Universe


KAYAK SALES, RENTALS & TOURS

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1-800-909-4233

1437 STORE ST. (MARKET SQUARE) VICTORIA, B.C. 250-381-4233


2001 FEBRUARY MARCH WaveLength

31

NEW CHARTHAKAI
The Canadian Hydrographic Service has released a new chart of Queens Sound (chart
3937) on the Central Coast of BC. This chart
depicts the northwestern limits of the Hakai
Recreation Area, including more than 120,000
hectares of land & sea located approximately
130 km north of Port Hardy and 115 km southwest of Bella Coola.The Hakai Recreation Area
is the largest provincial marine park on the BC
coast. It has no developed facilities and is only
accessable by sea or air. This new chart is available from your CHS chart dealer or the CHS
Sales & Distribution office. chartsales@pac.dfompo.gc.ca or Ph:250-363-6358. Also available
are small format paddlers charts produced by
H & R Nautical Ventures & the Canadian
Hydrographic Service, currently available in
three sets covering the area from Sooke to
Nanaimo including the Gulf Islands. CHS chart
dealer or H & R Nautical (250-386-9886).
ADVENTURE SPORTS SHOW SERIES
Be sure to attend the Coors Light Outdoor
Adventure Sports Shows in Vancouver, Calgary
or Toronto through February and March.
WaveLength, along with the Georgia Strait Alliance, will be joining other kayak and outdoor
companies in the Vancouver Show at BC Place
on Feb. 16-18. Azul Kayaks of Montreal has
donated a kayak to the Georgia Strait Alliance
and the show is the start of a four-month
fundraising raffle for the Alliance. Azuls
Corran Addison (who recently came in second
overall in an extreme competition in Zimbabwe, Africa) along with Jean Francois Rivest
and a team of paddlers will be ripping up the
Mazda whitewater pool. Azul will also be donating a Max Velocity at each of the shows in
the series. For info: www.national event.com
INDUSTRY BRIEFS
The Island Outdoor Center in Ladysmith
(250-245-7887) is broadening their focus to include dive gear & lessons.

Meet
WaveLengths
Diane
Coussens
(right), as well
Alan Wilson
and Laurie
MacBride, at
the Outdoor
Adventure
Show in
Vancouver,
Feb. 16-18.
Powell River Sea Kayak Ltd. is moving full
operations to Penrose Bay on Okeover Inlet. Toll
free 1-866-617-4444 for more information.
Bud & Sheryll Bell of Sealegs Kayaking are
donating a portion of the revenue from sales of
their T-shirts to the Georgia Strait Alliance. To
order a T-shirt or arrange a kayaking trip with
Sealegs call 877-529-2522.
Simon River Sports of Quebec will begin
manufacturing the designs of Struer (Denmark),
for distribution worldwide. Simon River Sports
manufactures performance touring paddles
and paddlecraft products. Struer is a world
leader in sprint racing boat designs. Toll Free:
1-877-529-2518. Email: kayakit@cgocable.ca.
Website: www.kayakit.com.
Noah International and Noah UK are relaunching Noah Kayaks in the UK. Much has
happened to the company in the ten years since
fire destroyed the original factory in the USA.
More details can be found at www.paddle
able.co.uk or contact info@paddleable.co.uk
Strathcona Outfitters has opened a new store
in Nanaimo BC, in Woodgrove Crossing (250390-0400).
Valhalla Pure has relocated from the center
of Nanaimo to the north end of town on Metral
Drive (888-551-1858).

ADVENTURE TOURISM EDUCATION


Tim McGrady, who teaches ecotourism at
North Island College, has just launched a new
website which serves as a directory for adventure tourism education programs in British
Columbia. Feel free to send along suggested
links for incorporation into the site which will
be updated regularly. See www.island.net/
~laluna
2002UN YEAR OF ECOTOURISM
The year 2002 has been declared the International Year of Ecotourism by the United
Nations. This will be a time for celebration as
ecotourism starts to achieve its potential
around the globe. The United Nations Environmental Program and the World Tourism Organization are organizing events and activities
including the May 2002 World Ecotourism
Summit in Quebec. Planeta.com has a new
online resource guide that will review the
upcoming International Year of Ecotourism
at www2.planeta.com/mader/ecotravel/
tour/year.html
NEW PROTECTED AREA WEBSITE
The United States government has launched
a new web site on Marine Protected Areas
(MPAs) of the United States. The web address
is http://MPA.GOV/
MPA.GOV is designed to provide information, facilitate partnerships, help identify key
needs and challenges, and encourage public
participation in the design, implementation and
evaluation of marine protected areas. For more
information please contact: Roger Griffis, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, US Department of Commerce, P: 202-4825034 F: 202-501-3024 email: roger.b.griffis
@noaa.gov

North Island Kayak Rentals & Tours


Serving British Columbias
Northern Vancouver Island
and the Central Coast

For Information or Brochure:

Toll Free 877-949-7707


nikayak@island.net
www.island.net/~nikayak/
32

WaveLength FEBRUARY MARCH 2001

Green Investing
N

ot everybody agrees with the politics


of big business. But that doesnt
mean you have to avoid investing altogether. Instead, consider playing
financial markets through socalled ethical mutual funds.
These funds invest your money
only in companies that fit their
standards for being ethically, environmentally or socially responsible.
Ethical funds operate in the same manner as conventional funds, with one important difference: they carefully screen
the companies in which they invest to ensure they meet certain ethical criteria. For
example, the screening process can be
designed to rule out investments in companies that distribute alcohol and tobacco
products, engage in harmful environmental activities, make products that are hazardous to health, do business in countries
with repressive political regimes or racial
oppression or that have a record of poor
relations with their workers.
The screening process can be comprehensive. It may involve sifting through
corporate holdings to ensure the company
and its subsidiaries arent engaged in
questionable practices, determining
where and how the company does business, sorting through its lists of customers and monitoring business practices. For
an individual investor, this would be extremely difficult or even impossible.
Beyond the screening process, ethical
funds generally offer all the benefits of
other funds. These include professional in-

Chris Bowman
vestment management, ease of investing,
and investment diversification, depending on the funds objectives.
You dont have to sacrifice investment returns by investing in
ethical funds; the top performers
are often right up there with the
best conventional funds. However, you should be aware that
the investment styles of these
funds can range from conservative to aggressivea factor that can affect
the risks of investing in a particular fund.
As with all mutual funds, this should play
a part in your investment decision.
There are a number of ethical funds
available. Not all use the same standards
to make investment decisions, so you
should determine their ethical criteria by
examining fund literature.
For example, in Canada, the Investors
Summa Fund is an ethical fund that invests primarily in Canadian companies
that are socially responsible, and have
adapted progressive standards and practices illustrative of an awareness towards
economic, social and environmental issues. The fund avoids investments in companies that manufacture or distribute alcohol or tobacco products, companies that
manufacture weapons and those involved
in the gambling industry. The fund also
attempts to avoid companies with poor
pollution control and environmental
records and those that support activities
of repressive political regimes. Here is a
brief summary of some of the funds avail
able to you in Canada.

OUTSIDER
The outdoor store in
Qualicum Beach, BC
138 West 2nd, Qualicum Beach, BC

Toll Free in BC

1-877-752-6610
Vancouver Island
Dealer for

AZUL
SUN
RIOT

Unique retractable rudder system

If youre planning a paddling trip near


Northern Vancouver Island or the
Central Coast, RENT from us.

ODYSSEY KAYAKING
Ph: 250-902-0565
email: odyssey@capescott.net
http://www.island.net/~odysseyk/
http://www.capescott.net/~odyssey/

PORT HARDY

WED LOVE TO HEAR FROM YOU


2001 FEBRUARY MARCH WaveLength

West Coast North America


Dealer Inquiries: 250-248-2075

Touring Singles & Doubles


Whitewater & Surfboats
Paddles & Accessories
33

Clean Environment Funds. Managed by Acuity Funds Inc.


There are three Clean Environment Funds that invest in companies reflecting the concept of sustainable development. Stocks
are chosen according to a scientific analysis based on sustainable
technologies, processes or products. (Acuity Funds have just
launched two new mutual funds, the Acuity Social Values Canadian
Equity Fund and the Acuity Social Values Global Equity Fund. Contact: David Holmes: 416-628-5605, dholmes@holmesmark.com)
Desjardins Funds. Managed by Desjardins Trust. Includes four
funds. Three hold units in various Ethical Funds, screened for
industrial relations, racial equality, tobacco, military production,
nuclear energy and environmental practices (see below) As well,
Desjardins manages the Desjardins Environment Fund, which
screens on a broad range of environmental issues.
Ethical Funds. Managed by Ethical Funds Inc. Includes 12
funds. These funds screen for industrial relations, racial equality,
tobacco, military production, nuclear energy and environmental
practices. Ethical Funds does not invest in tobacco companies
and companies whose primary activity involves military production and nuclear energy. Ethical Funds also encourages companies to respect the environment and basic human rights, and practice progressive industrial relations.
Mackenzie Universal Global Ethics Fund. Managed by Mackenzie Financial, the Universal Global Ethics Fund positively
screens for community involvement, education and training,
healthcare, employee relations, audits and openness, relationships, corporate governance and various environmental criteria.
Negative screens include: alcohol, gambling, tobacco, irresponsible marketing, armaments, oppressive regimes, pornography,
animal rights and various environmental criteria.
YMG Sustainable Development Fund. Managed by YMG
Capital. The fund uses a sustainable development index (SDI) of at
least 80 measures of social, economic and environmental
sustainability. The fund also uses an economic value-added (EVA)
approach to evaluate the investment-worthiness of companies.

CANOE & KAYAK SALES,


RENTALS AND INSTRUCTION
Located at the corner of Pembroke
and Government Streets in Victoria BC

Specializing in kayak & canoe repairs


Ask about our Voyageur Canoe trips

FORMULA KAYAKS
Serenity, Diamante, Montauk, Mystic
575 Pembroke Street, Victoria, BC V8T 1H3
Ph: (250) 361-9365 Fax: (250) 361-9375
Email: kayakcentre@voyageurcanoe.bc.ca
www.voyageurcanoe.bc.ca
34

Chris Bowman is a Financial Advisor at Investors Group Financial Services


in Nanaimo, BC. He has a B.Sc. in Economics from the University of
Victoria. Phone: 250-754-8223 Email: chris.bowman@investorsgroup.com
Chrisarticle is presented as a general source of information only and is not intended as a
solicitation to buy or sell investments, nor is it intended to provide professional advice including,
without limitations, investment, financial, legal, accounting or tax advice. For more information on this
topic or on any other investment or financial matters, please contact a financial advisor.

Investing With Your Values


Hal Brill, Jack Brill, Cliff Feigenbaum. New Society
Publishers, 2000. ISBN 0-86571-422-3. 375 pp.
Softcover. $26.9 Cdn/$18.95 US.
What can one person do? Quite a lot, says Amy
Domini in the introduction to Investing With Your Values. Domini is one of the foremost voices in socially
responsible investing in the USA and president of the Domini Social
Equity Fund.
One person at a time, she says, the introduction of values into
investments is taking place. As these values take hold in the corporate soul, the means to clean our rivers, to heal our communities, to
being peace and stability to emerging nations, and to look forward
with courage to the next century will be created.
Although our money appears to be out of our hands, it is actually
doing our bidding in the global economy. The question we must all
face is: how do I want my money to represent me in the world?
Even as we challenge the idea that the best decisions are made
by purely market-driven forces, we recognize that our global
economy is the central nexus of human activity on the planet; its
influence radiates into every sphere of human endeavor.
Fortunately more and more people are taking this issue seriously.
In 1999, assets in Socially Responsible Investing (SRI) in the US
totaled $2.2 trillion. This represented one out of eight dollars under
professional management in the US. In just two years, from 1997 to
1999, SRI funds soared by 82% and now nearly every mainstream
investment option has a value-based alternative.
It was shareholder activism which caused Home Depot, the worlds
largest supplier of lumber, to adopt a new policy in 1999 pledging to
cease selling old-growth wood and to seek out sustainably harvested
lumber.
You dont need a lot of moneyseveral screened mutual funds
and community banking options welcome small investors who can
start with as little as $50.
Solid statistical evidence shows that investments chosen with
social, environmental or ethical criteria perform as well or better than
those chosen with financial criteria alone. So much for the myth that
goods guys finish last!
Investing With Your Values teaches all about Avoidance Screening, Affirmative Screening, Community Investing, and Shareholder
Activism. It covers emerging fields such as alternate energy and natural foods as well as the latest developments in industrial ecology. As
Domini says, its a powerful tool that enables each of us to become
a part of building a just and sustainable world.
Reviewed by Alan Wilson

New Society Publishers is located on Gabriola Island. For their


catalogue of great books on social and environmental themes write:
PO Box 189, Gabriola Island, BC V0R 1X0.

SALES RENTALS INSTRUCTION


TOURING KAYAKS: Formula Perception Necky
GEAR: Aquabound & Harmony paddles. Extrasport and
Serratus PFDs. Brooks & Whites wet wear. North Water
safety gear. Recreational & whitewater kayaks by Perception.
MIDDLETONS SPECIALTY BOATS
2095 Flynn Place, N. Vancouver, B.C.
david@middletonsboats.com
(604) 240-0503
www.middletonsboats.com

See our
our booth
booth at
at the
the Vancouver Boat Show Feb 7-11
See
Kayaks at
at the
the Outdoor
Outdoor Adventure
Adventure Show
Show
and Formula Kayaks
Vancouver
Feb 16-18 at BC Place, Vancouver
WaveLength FEBRUARY MARCH 2001

Paddle Meals

Add a Flash of Lash


F

ollowing a feast featuring Daves Bengali Bambi and


Stewart-Cassiar Highway Huckleberry Pie, Lasha served
us shots of a thick pink liquid at their home near Victoria airport.
Pepto Bismol from Nurse Reid? Noa creamy strawberry liqueur
(Baja Rosa) that capped our Yuletide merriment. Soon to be a
staple on camping trips.
This winter expect to find Lasha coaching paddlers on rolling
in the pool, surfing her RPM at Jordan River or telemark skiing.
Next season Lasha and her faithful Welsh terrier Sadie will be
canoeing or ocean kayaking or heading off to rendezvous with
Dave, who flies choppers up North. At home or off in the wilderness, Lasha enjoys entertaining and appreciates the effort put into
making a meal. Recipes that her paddling pod recommends are:
MANDARIN ORANGE SALAD
In a salad bowl [or Ortleib basin] toss:
1-2 heads of torn leaf lettuce [or washed and trimmed Romaine that
travels well]
12 cup slivered almondstoasted
1 can Mandarin orange sectionsdrained
Shake dressing in a glass [or plastic] jar:
12 cup olive oil
3 tbsp balsamic vinegar
2 tbsp sugar
squirt of prepared mustard
1-2 cloves garlic, minced
LASHAS WHITE CHILI
Cook this at home (A) or dehydrate ingredients for camping
(B). Use fresh or (B) dehydrate separately:
1 lb. ground turkey or chicken
12 cup diced raw potato
1 onion, chopped
2 stocks celery, chopped
Spices (B in a ziploc bag)
1 tsp ground cumin
1 tsp ground thyme
12 tsp chili powder
12 tsp salt
pinch cayenne pepper
1 bay leaf

Deb Leach with Lasha Reid


2 cloves garlic, minced
1 tbsp chopped pickled jalapeno pepper
2 c cooked white kidney beans, drained
1 cup chicken stock
1 tbsp fresh lime juice
(A) In a large saucepan, heat oil. Cook turkey, celery, garlic
and onions until well cooked. Stir in jalapeno and spices. Cook,
stirring 1 minute. Add beans, stock and potato; bring to a boil.
Reduce heat and simmer, partly covered for 30 minutes. Discard
bay leaf and stir in lime juice just before serving.
(B) Put dehydrated turkey, potato, celery and onion in a pot.
Cover with boiling water. Let sit 1 hour. Drain. In large pot, heat
garlic in oil, add rehydrated food and rest of the ingredients except lime juice. Cook 15-20 minutes. To serve, remove bay leaf
and stir in lime juice.
GUGGLE-HUPF (LEMON BUNDT CAKE)
This cake lasts well on trips
Grease and flour a bundt pan. Preheat oven to 375.
Mix together in a large bowl:
1 cup margarine
1 12 cups sugar
3 eggs
grated rind and juice from 1 lemon
Mix together in a smaller bowl:
3 cups flour
3 tsp baking powder
handful of raisins or craisins (dried cranberries)
Add dry ingredients to margarine mixture alternately with
1 cup milk
Mix together and pour into bundt pan.
Turn oven down to 350. Bake for 1 hour.
Invert on cooling rack and sprinkle with icing sugar.

Deb Leach, her kayak and computer live


in Victoria, BC

EXPECT THE BEST!


LOCATED AT OKEOVER INLET
THE GATEWAY TO DESOLATION SOUND
Toll Free Reservation Centre

1-866-617-4444

www.prcn.org/kayak
kayak@prcn.org

Powell River Sea Kayak


Sales Lessons Rentals Tours
2001 FEBRUARY MARCH WaveLength

35

Books
Qayaq: Kayaks of
Alaska & Siberia
David W. Zimmerly,
University of Alaska Press,
ISBN 1-889963-10-0, B&W,
soft cover,103 pp. $16.95 US

Qayaq was originally published in


1986 by the Alaska
State Museum in conjunction with an exhibit
on traditional kayaks. In this new edition, David
W. Zimmerly reviews the construction of different kayaks from various regions of Alaska,
Canada and Siberia. He discusses techniques,
materials and the special approaches of individual craftsmen. He shows how the vessels
design varied in response to the demands of
climate, the available resources and the needs
of the paddlers. He also considers associated
equipment, from paddles to paddlers clothing.
This is a succinct, authoritative overview of the
kayaks of Alaska, the Mackenzie River delta
and Siberia, containing many interesting and
informative photos, maps and drawings.
Kayakers Little
Book of Wisdom
Corran Addison.
Globe Pequot Press, ISBN 157034-079-X, Soft cover, B & W
$9.95 Cdn, $6.95 US/

This small book was written by Corran


Addison, world record holder for the highest
waterfall ever run in a kayak (100 ft. vertical),
competitor in the 1992 Barcelona Olympics,
many time US, European and South African
freestyle champion, and Silver Medalist in the
1995 World Freestyle Championship. Its a collection of humourous and thought provoking
suggestions, observations and reminders for
kayakers. Corran will be in Vancouver at the
Outdoor Adventure Show February 16-18 at
BC Place.
The definition of a successful expedition is:
a disaster you wouldnt have missed for anything in the world.

Aleutian Kayak
Wolfgang Brinck,
Ragged Mtn Press ISBN0-07007893-9 soft-cover 170 pp.
B & W, $19.95 US

The Aleutian Kayak


tells you everything you
need to know to build
an authentic baidarka
in your basement or
garage for about $200.
You dont need extensive woodworking experience, an elaborate tool collection, or exotic
woods. Author Wolfgang Brinck shows that if
you can use a handsaw, block plane and a
drill, you can build a baidarka. Here are clear,
well-illustrated, step-by-step instructions to
guide you through the process from buying
materials, tailoring the boat to fit your body,
building the frame and deck, and sewing on
the skin. He also includes instructions on paddle-making, sewing your own paddling jacket
and spray skirt, repairs and using your baidarka.

Touch WoodBC Forests


at the Crossroads
Edited by Ken Drushka, Bob
Nixon & Ray Travers
Harbour Publishing, 1993. ISBN 155017-074-0 softcover, 236 pp, B&W,
$18.95 Cdn

The thoughtful essays compiled in Touch Wood go to the


roots of the degradation of our
environment. The Forest Act of BC has granted
tenure over public lands to logging companies for the past 120 years and this needs to
be challenged.
A forest is much more than trees or timber,
observes Herb Hammond in his essay. A forest is an interconnected web whose stands
are composed of rock, soil, water, light, climate and a community of life: animals, microorganisms, fungi and plants, including shrubs
and herbs as well as trees. Our culture, including our economy, depends on protecting, maintaining, and restoring healthy, diverse forests.

Subscribe to WaveLength or renew your


subscriptionand you could win a trip on the 80-ft
kayak mothership, the Rolano!

Complete Folding
Kayaker
Ralph Diaz
Ragged Mountain Press, 1994. ISBN
0-07-016734-6, soft cover, 159 pp
B&W, $26.95Cdn, $15.95 US

As the editor of Folding


Kayaker, Ralph Diaz has
paddled all the major models of folding kayaks, heard
from nearly 1,000 folding boat owners, and
talked to manufacturers about the construction
and care of their boats. He summarizes this
information in the Complete Folding Kayaker,
organized into three parts. Part One, What
You should Know explains the advantages of
folding kayaks, the history of folding boats,
and how to choose a folding kayak and basic
equipment. Part two covers Handling Skills for
Foldable. Part Three offers how-to advice on
Using and Enjoying your folding kayak. This is
an interesting, well-written source of information for anyone interested in folding kayaks.

Fish For Thought:


An Eco-Cookbook
Living Oceans Society
Arsenal Press 2000. ISBN 155152-081-8, soft cover, 155 pp,
color, $21.95 Cdn, $17.95 US

Fish For Thought is a


beautifully designed
cookbook for those concerned with the future of
our oceans. It presents
wonderful recipes for seafood dishes such as
grilled wild salmon with soapberry mousse,
sauted prawn a mango salad, and Asian coconut shrimp. The photographs are gorgeous
and will make you hungry. It also provides
information about declining fish stocks, and
how to purchase and prepare sustainably
caught seafood to benefit both our oceans and
the coastal communities that depend on them.
WaveLength has already kitchen-tested several of these receipes and we heartily recommend this book!

888-649-6669
explorecharters.com

3-day trip valued at $1000

One year subscription: 1 entry. Two year subscription: 2 entries.


If you give a GIFT SUBSCRIPTION, your name will also be entered.
The contest deadline has been extended to February 19, 2001.
TO SUBSCRIBE OR RENEW YOUR SUB:
$19/yr in Canada or $33/2 yrs (both include GST)
$17/yr US in the USA or $29/2 yrs
$22/yr US (or Cdn equivalent) overseas ($40/2yrs)
Clip or photocopy this coupon, and mail it with a
cheque to WaveLength: RR-1 Site-17 C-49 Gabriola
Island, BC CANADA V0R 1X0
FM01

36

NAME____________________________________________________________
ADDRESS_________________________________________________________
PROV/STATE_______________ CODE _________________

1 YR

EMAIL_____________________________________________

2 YRS

GIFT Subscription with gift card: From _______________________________________________


(Print your name if you wish us to send a gift card and sub to a friend or relative.)
WaveLength FEBRUARY MARCH 2001

Web Paddling

Useful Sites
I

f they say that a picture is worth a thousand words, what could


they say about video? There is a web site, ShowMeTV, which
plays video excerpts from various sporting activities including
kayaking. Eight video clips from Performance Sea Kayaking and
thirteen others from The Kayakers Edge, both featuring kayaker
Kent Ford, as well as clips from Surf Kayaking and Kayaking Ocean
Rocks are featured on this site.
Although downloading video on a slow modem may take some
time, it is well worth the wait. Go to www.showmetv.com and
click on Video Library and then Sports.
STOLEN KAYAKS
I now switch to a less upbeat but more important topicstolen kayaks. Whether you have recently been the target of such a
theft, are looking to buy a used kayak, or just wanting to take
precautions, there are some sites that you should visit.
Mariner Kayaks: www.marinerkayaks.com has a very good list
of stolen kayaks which you can check out if you are buying a
used kayakor you can post to if youre unfortunate enough
have had your kayak stolen.
ItsBeenStolen.com: itsbeenstolen.com lists many items, includ-

2001 FEBRUARY MARCH WaveLength

Ted Leather
ing kayaks, with the added feature of registering your serial
number as a precaution, before you have problems.
And check out the Boulder Outdoor Centers paddle-sports-specific National Bulletin Board for lost, stolen, or found boats and
gear, www.boc123.com.
Encourage paddling shop owners to post lists of stolen boats,
or suggest your paddling club posts notices in its newsletter or
passes lists around in meetings.
These and many other links to paddling info on the web can
be found on the WaveLength website at www.WaveLength
Magazine.com. From the home page just click on Paddling Logo
Links or More Links to see our extensive list.
Ted Leather is the WaveLength Webmaster
and operates Clayrose Internet Creations,
an internet services company specializing
in website design and management. Email:
webmaster @WaveLengthMagazine.com

37

BED & BREAKFAST ON THE BEACH


Gabriolas south coast paradise.
Beachfront. Wildlife. Hot tub.
Gabriola Island, BC

KAYAK RENTALS
Ph/Fax: 250/247-9824
www.island.net/~casablan

Offering custom, cost-effective guided


tours on the BC Coast since 1993.
RENTALS, TOURS, LESSONS

TOURS LESSONS RENTALS SALES

rbruce@gulfislands.com
121 Boot Cove Rd.
Saturna Island, BC V0N 2Y0

1-800-632-0722

seaotter@he.net
www.he.net/~seaotter/

www.egmont-marina.com
Mothership adventures and ocean
kayaking tours
Johnstone Strait, Broken
Group, Clayoquot Sound,
Gulf Islands Day Tours
Sunset Tours Moonlight
Tours
Ph/Fax: 250 752-8693

Toll Free: 1-877-752-8693

current@island.net
www.extremeinterface.com/intothecurrent
Ph: 250-245-3532

Kayakers & Divers


General Transport
VIC NADURAK MARINE SERVICES Landing Craft Charters
333 Chemainus Rd., Ladysmith, BC V0R 2E0
Vic_Nadurak@bc.sympatico.ca
2 B&BS ON BLACKFISH SOUND (VANCOUVER IS.)
KAYAKERS TRANSPORT (17 yrs)
ORCA WHALE WATCHING (15 yrs)
CHARTER & SCHEDULED
SEATS TO REMOTE LOCATIONS
OR DAY PADDLE FROM THE
SWANSON ISLAND B&BS

vikingwest@capescott.net
250-956-3431 (Pt. McNeill)
VHF 73, 79

SECHELT INLET
Paddlers Paradise
Accessible wilderness only
2 hours from Vancouver.
Escape by the hour, day or week.
Ocean kayak & canoe rentals, sales, lessons
& trip planning. BOOK AHEAD 604/885-6440
pedals_paddles@sunshine.net
www.sunshine.net/paddle

UNLIMITED LONG DISTANCE


CALLING ONLY $59.95 PER MONTH
USA WaveLength readers only...
Must mention ad #5150
1-800-868-0836
Americas Importer of
Germanys Pouch Boats
50 years of experience building single and tandem folding boats tough
enough for the military, yet practical in
more casual use. Efficient under paddle or sail,
Pouch Boats go on family outings and arctic expeditions. www.PouchBoats.com
Ralph@PouchBoats.com. Ph: 425 962-2987

ODYSSEY KAYAKING
Ph: 250-902-0565
odyssey@capescott.net
www.island.net/~odysseyk/
www.capescott.net/~odyssey/

KAYAK
ADVENTURES

Ph/Fax: 250-539-5553

sea otter AK

If youre planning a paddling trip


near Northern Vancouver Island or
the Central Coast, RENT from us.

A GREAT LITTLE KAYAK CO.


The Teeka Wavenew design.
Special 1st 10 orders @ $800 off
retail. And No GST! Call for more
details (604) 671-3295 or visit
our site www.kayakme.com
TREE ISLAND KAYAKING

3025 Comox Rd.


Courtenay, BC
V9N 3P7
tree@island.net
www.island.net/~tree

May to October
250-339-0580
Rentals Lessons Tours Necky Sales

GALIANO ISLAND KAYAKING

Costa Rica Sea Kayaking


since 1987

Ph/Fax: 250/539-2442
kayak@gulfislands.com
www.seakayak.bc.ca/tour

Ocean Sound Kayaking Co.


Gwaii Haanas National Park in the Queen
Charlotte Islands. Every reason to sea
kayak is found here. With 10 years
guiding these waters, let us show you!
2977 W. 5th Ave. Vancouver B.C. V6K 1T8
Ph/Fx:604-736-0377 Toll Free:888-736-0377
http://www2.outer.net/oceansound

Baja Sea Kayak Adventures


with Nahanni Wilderness Adventures
Explore Bajas beautiful desert
islands in the Sea of Cortez.
Local guides/interpreters.
Based at Villas de Loreto.
Call Toll Free: (ph/fax) 1-888-897-5223
Email: adventures@nahanniwild.com
Website: www.nahanniwild.com

BUILD YOUR OWN BOAT


Kayaks/Rowboats, Skiffs/Canoes
Box 754 Ladysmith B.C. V9G 1A5
Ph:250-245-5199 Fax:250-245-5180
www.ohurleysboats.com ohurleys@sprint.ca
610 Oyster Bay Drive
on the Ladysmith waterfront

VARGAS ISLAND INN


Affordable Wilderness Resort accommodations
in Clayoquot Sound on Vargas Island beachfront.
5k N.W. Tofino Ideal for kayakers Inn &
cabins All self-catering Passenger & kayak
transport from Tofino available Lots to do!
CALL 250-725-3309

SEA KAYAK TONGA WITH


FRIENDLY ISLANDS KAYAK CO.
Tonga based operator since 1991 Tropical sea
kayaking, snorkelling, mtountain biking, whale
watching. No experience required.
Escape to a remote South Pacific kingdom!
Ph/Fax: +676-70-173
kayaktonga@kalianet.to
www.fikco.com/kayaktonga

WaveLength Magazine has


50,000 readers per issue
six times a year plus 150,000
hits per month on
WaveLengthMagazine.com

Odyssey Kayaking is accepting resums for guides and


helpers for the 2001 kayaking season. Guides require
a verifiable industry standard certification and experience. First aid and CPR must be current for 2001
season and a minimum of Essential Wilderness First
Aid for leaders. Replies held in strictest confidence.
Please submit replies to: Odyssey Kayaking, Box 1349,
Port Hardy, BC, V0N 2P0 or Email: odyssey@island.net
Ph: 250-902-0565

Sea Kayak Association of BC


Meets once a month. Also trips &
training. Box 751, Stn. A
Vancouver, BC V6C 2N6
Or call 604-738-8406
http://skabc.tripod.com

Gwaii Haanas

BC, BAJA, TUSCANY & BEYOND...


Saltspring Kayaking

Place of Wonder

Nourish the body,


mind and
Archipelago Ventures Ltd. spirit
Queen Charlotte Islands Haida Gwaii

www.island.net/~archipel
1-888-559-8317 toll free
TROPICAL & POLAR PADDLES
FIJI,
AUSTRALIA, ANTARCTICA
ANTARCTICA
AND THE HIGH ARCTIC
7-15 day adventures. Lovely beaches.
Great snorkelling. Wilderness &
Cultural trips. Ice and wildlife.
Toll Free: 1-888-283-0954
Fax: 510-848-2565
Email: cventure@pacbell.net
www.southernseaventures.com

Kayak Lessons, Day Tours & Expeditions


Sailing Programs & Wilderness Camps for Youth
Gulf Islands, Johnstone Strait, Costa Rica and
DominicaNature Isle of the Caribbean
Salt Spring Island, BC
1 888 529-2567 escapades@saltspring.com
www.islandescapades.com
Explore! Desolation Sound and Gulf
Islands. Also custom cruises: 3,4 and 7
day expeditions. Adventure with
Comfort and Safety. No experience
necessary. Everything provided.

www.explorecharters.com
explore@explorecharters.com

Toll Free: 888-649-6669

See our ship


on page 36

RENTALS TOURS TRANSPORTATION


TRIP PLANNING

JANS SAIL REPAIR

Nootka, Kyuquot, Bunsbys, Brooks

Jan Dorzinsky

PO Box 111, Zeballos, BC V0P 2A0

Gabriola Island, BC
250-247-8770

KINETIC KAYAKINGLTD.
KAYAK RENTALS, LESSONS, TOURS
Located in Port Alice on northern Vancouver
Island, a 30 minute scenic drive from Hwy.
19 north of Port McNeill.
Marcella Hewco
250-284-3205 or <hewco@island.net>

Wilderness Experience in Comfort


Whale watching, forest tours, native art & dance.
Kayak Mothershipping available. 4 to 6 day
cruises. Comfortable and friendly with wonderful food. G. Cooks Tours, Box 22, Alert Bay,
BC, Canada V0N1A0. Toll free 1-877-9745002. Email: waletail@island.net
Web: www.alertbay.com/cooktour

MAJESTIC OCEAN KAYAKING

Interactive CDs on Sea Kayaking


Now available Master Sea
Kayaker: Derek Hutchinson:
over 60 minutes of MPEG1 video, dozens of
historical photos. Microsoft operating system
compatible. MasterCard/Visa accepted.
Available at: www.Epub-Adventures.com

Ucluelet, BC. Guided day trips, half day


trips and multi day trips.
Quality equipment, gourmet
food, knowledgeable guides.
1-800-889-7644
majestic@island.net
www.majestic.bc.ca

NEW ZEALAND

EXPERIENCE BOUNDLESS LAKES & WATERWAYS IN THE KOOTENAYS


OF BCS INTERIOR VIEWING OSPREY, EAGLES AND ALL WILDLIFE

hosted by Boulder Outdoor Center

Epub Adventures

Seakayak & Cycle Tours & Rentals

Natural High, Adrenalin Dealers

2923 Fulford-Ganges Rd., Saltspring Island, BC V8K 1X6

Ph:250-642-6669 Cell:250-360-6763

Paddle the Breathtaking West Coast of Vancouver Island

WWW.SeakayakNewZealand.com
WWW.CycleNewZealand.com
adventure@natural-high.co.nz
64-3-5466936
64-3-5466954 fax

sskayak@saltspring.com
www.saltspring.com/sskayak

Stop Theft in Paddlesports!


Post/View Stolen Gear for Free!
www.BOC123.com

PROFESSIONAL SAIL REPAIRS

kayak@netcom.ca www.zeballoskayaks.com

Ph/Fax: 250/653-4222

80 ft Kayak Motorsailer Mothership

ZEBALLOS EXPEDITIONS & KAYAKS

Phone (250) 761-4137

Daily Tours, Rentals & Sales

SPECIALIZING IN MARINE AREAS IN BRITISH COLUMBIA


15 MAPS AVAILABLE
Bella Bella, Hakai Passage, Johnstone Strait, Broughton Archipelago, Kyuquot, Desolation, Nootka, Barkley and Clayoquot
Sounds, Gulf Islands, Georgia Strait, Sunshine Coast, Esperanza
Inlet, Quatsimo-Goletas Channel. Coastal Waters Recreation
Suite 547, 185-911 Yates St., Victoria, BC V8V 4Y9.
www.coastalwatersrec.com/maps/ info@coastalwatersrec.com

Kayak Lessons, Rentals & Tours


Custom Classes & Tours
Bud and Sheryll Bell
Ladysmith, BC
250-245-4096
or 1-877-KAYAK BC (529-2522)
www.Sealegs-Kayaks.bc.ca

Visit
WaveLengthMagazine.com
your Gateway to the
World of Paddling
KAYAK SALTSPRING ISLAND
Luxurious oceanfront accommodation for the
discriminating guest. Adult oriented, ensuite baths,
jacuzzis, hot tubs. Fireplaces. Perfect for relaxing.
KAYAK RENTALS
Reservations: 1-888-633-9555
nancy@saltspring.com
www.saltspringisl.com
Arbutus Point Oceanfront B&B

n
ctio ars!
In a
y
4 e
for 2
LAND AND WATER BASED
14 week semester programme
Outdoor Education Practicum

Phone (250) 286-3122


www.colt.bc.ca

Half & Full Day Kayak Tours


Voyageur Canoe Tours
Liz Issac
Ph: (250) 728-3535 Fax: (250) 728-3534
Toll Free: 1-877-728-3535
Email: deer_paddles@hotmail.com

Ocean River Sports is proud to offer brand new


CRCA Sea Kayak Certification courses for
Recreational Paddlers and Instructors. We also
offer Assistant Guide Training courses for the
Sea Kayak Guides Alliance of BC.
Recreational Courses
Level II (Tidal) June 22-25, July 17-20
Level IV (Advanced) April 9-13
Instructor Training
Basic Instructor July 24-27
Level I Instructor May 7-10
Level II Instructor March 17-20
Assistant Guide Training
April 27-May 6, May 11-20, May 25June 3, September 8-17

For information, call 250-381-4233, email


adventure@oceanriver.com or check out
www.oceanriver.com

Know Your Neighbours

Northwest Bushes
S

ure the Northwest is famous for its forests, but try stepping
past the beach fringe in many fine kayaking areas and youll
find it difficult to see the forest for the bushes. Coastal forests
can seem a lot more like scattered trees surrounded by impenetrable bush. Venture in on foot and youll realize why so many
First Nations relied on dugout canoes to move about.
Bushes are woody like trees, but have multiple stems and are
generally less than ten meters tall. Naturally there is some blurring betwixt the twojunipers, willows and numerous other trees
will often grow as bushes in poor conditions. But bushes arent
there just to slow us down. They can grow in places where trees
cannot, building and holding soil in extreme areas. They often
provide more direct food to wildlife and are essential to the ecology of our coast.
Many of us have come to think of shady, closed canopy second
growth plantations as normal forest in the Northwest. Natural
old growth forest is more often a mosaic of trees and bushy openings, forest with three layersthe tree canopy above, a bush level
one to four meters high and herbs at ground level.
You might have heard that one in the hand is worth two in the
bushthats because things are darn hard to find amidst a heavy
shrub layer. If you do any wandering into coastal bush, bring
your compassno excuses. Of course, bush/people interactions
are not just about bushwacking and thrashing your way from
beach A to point of interest B overland. Bushes can be attractivewe ship salal leaves all over the world to provide backdrop for floral arrangements. Bushes can be usefulocean sprays
hard wood was used for all sorts of tools. And bushes can be

Bryan Nichols
deliciousmany on this months checklist have yummy berries
for your bearlike browsing.
Most of BCs predominant coastal bushes belong to just two
families. The very successful heath family includes heathers,
rhodos, salal, and all the huckleberries and blueberriestogether
they from the vast majority of the coastal shrub layer. The rose
family is more prickly, and includes things like thimble, salmon
and blackberries as well as wild roses of course. Ive included a
couple others on this listscotch broom is a legume and devils
club belongs to the ginseng family.
If you venture from shore and dare to wander off trails or logging roads, you will encounter bushes. You might curse them as
they scratch you, jab you and attempt to lose you; you might
praise them as they provide berries, beauty and something to
cling to on those steeper slopes. Either way, look for these twelve
types next time youre out.
Authors Note: Plants of Coastal BC remains the best for
bushes and just about any plants.
Bryan has spent way too much of the last five years
thrashing around in bushy coastal forests instead of
paddling serenely along their edges.
The berries help make up for it.

KAYAK SUPERNATURAL BRITISH COLUMBIAS

NOOTKA ISLAND
Enjoy the breath-taking scenery and wildlife of
historic Nootka Sound, with all the comforts of a
world renowned lodge. After a day of adventure
and paddling, return to the lodge for a hot shower
and a delicious meal. Guided tours available, with
lessons for beginners. Rent our kayaks or bring
your own. Fishing packages and zodiac
tours also available.
2 night, 3 day
packages
$679 per person
INCLUDES ROOM, ALL MEALS,
GUIDE , KAYAK & GEAR ,
AIRFARE FROM GOLD RIVER

Nootka Island Lodge


October to April, ph. (250) 752-0455
www.nootkaisland.com info@nootkaisland.com
40

WaveLength FEBRUARY MARCH 2001

Checklist # 17Coastal Bushes


SALAL Gaultheria shallon
The king of coastal bushes, salal dominates the
understory of many forests we paddle along.
It grows to an imposing five meters with thick
stems, white flowers and blue berries. In some
areas it seems there is far more salal than trees
and moving through it can be a daunting task, giving true
meaning to the term bushwacking. Those abundant berries
are usually bland but sample themoccasionally youll find a
bush with some really sweet, tasty ones.

THIMBLEBERRY Rubus parviflorus


Thimbleberry bushes have big, hairy, maple
shaped leaves that come up from rhizomes
underground. They love open areas and do
well along logging roads and settlements, new
or old. The flowers are white and the soft red
berries are probably my favorite, though many folks would
disagree. Toss the fresh shoots into your salad and sample the
berries until you find the right bush at the right timethen
feast away.

BLUEBERRIES Vaccinium alaskaense and V. ovalifolium


Vaccinium species are second only to salal in
abundance along our coast, though the species
vary as you move north. Alaskan and oval-leaf
blueberry can completely cover hillsides, growing together to form a dense shrub layer up to
two meters tall. In summer and fall they are
often laden with big, juicy blueberries. There
is considerable variation in the flavor between the two species
and even individual bushes, but its great to just be the bear
and wallow up the hillside shoving berries (and the occasional
leaf) into your purple mouth.

SALMONBERRY Rubus spectabilis


There are those that dont much like
salmonberry. It is a tall, prickly plant that
forms dense, painful thickets around
streams and wet areas. I like any plant I
can eat though, and in spring the shoots
and berries are both edible. You do have to find the right bush
the always squishy berries can be bitter.

RED HUCKLEBERRY Vaccinium parvifolium


In southern BC and Washington, red huckleberry is often the
most abundant shrub. It is an attractive plant with pale green
leaves and berries so red and bright you can use them to catch
fish (it really works). I love them but you have to be careful
they can be tart. Theyre great in things like pancakes or fruit
salads though, and add zing when mixed with salal or blueberries for a fresh berry medley.
EVERGREEN HUCKLEBERRY Vaccinium ovatum
This bush loves the ocean and often grows right
to the high tide mark. The tasty berries mature
late and youll find them right through to Christmas in some areas. The catch is strong, inflexible
stemsthis stuff is a nightmare to move through,
worse than salal or the other vacciniums. In all
dense bush, remember to make plenty of noise so you dont
startle the bears that make those low trails youre following.

DEVILS CLUB Oplopanax horridus


Latin names can be evocative, as anyone who has
walked through streams choked with devils club
will agree. The stems and even the leaves of this
large ginseng relative have nasty prickles that
break off and fester in your skin. Its attractive
though, with huge maple-like leaves and bright
red berries. An important medicinal plant for centuries, lately it has fallen into favor with the herbalists, which
has resulted in many areas being exorcised.
RED ELDERBERRY Sambucus racemosa
Elderberries love wet areas and youll often spot
(and smell) them next to creeks. Its a big plant (to
six meters) with beautiful bright red berries that
look tasty but beware. Most of the plant contains
cyanide relatives and the berries themselves will
make you sick unless you cook them. On the other hand, elderberry wine is rumored to have mysterious romantic powers...

OCEAN SPRAY Holodiscus discolor


How can kayakers resist this one? A tall bush
that seems to like steep coastlines, its creamy
clusters of tiny flowers do remind us of ocean
spray even when were paddling in calm waters. The wood is really hard and was used to
make a wide variety of pointy death sticks including arrows,
spears, harpoons and even fish hooks.

BLACKBERRIES Rubus sp
Himalayan blackberry (R.discolor) from Asia
and evergreen blackberry (R. laciniatus) from
Europe have overtaken many disturbed sites
in southern BC, particularly along roads and
trails. Though they get dissed occasionally because of the zeal
with which they form dense thickets, most of us dont complain about these plants despite their hefty prickles. If you
havent gorged on the huge, delicious berries until your tongues
and lips are black, you need to work on your Northwest lifestyle choices.

ROSES Rosa sp.


Roses arent just for tame city gardenswild
roses along the coast include baldhip
(gymnocarpa), nootka (nutkana) and clustered
(pisocarpa). Nootka rose bushes can get pretty
big; in good years youll find them covered in
rose colored flowers. Dont lie down thoughthis bed of roses
also has plenty of sharp, straight prickles. Foreign roses on the
lam from gardens have curved prickles.

SCOTCH BROOM Cytisus scoparius


This increasingly common invader is not
nearly as well regarded as the blackberries.
Allegedly started from just three seeds and a
homesick Scot back in 1850, broom is sweeping across the drier parts of Vancouver Island,
choking off many of our native plants. There are organized
efforts to remove or control it; ask for advice if you find it in
your yard or favorite campsite.
Bryan Nichols 2001. No reproduction without permission of the author.

2001 FEBRUARY MARCH WaveLength

41

Mothership Meanderings

The Broughton ArchipelagoPart 3

Alan Wilson

Photo by Russ Heinl, ImageNetwork Inc.

This is the 3rd in a series of columns on the


Broughton Archipelago. This time we look at
the marine services available in the area.

hen August rolls around each year,


we leave the deadlines and crises
behind and head up the coast to the
Broughton Archipelago for a month-long
holiday cruise on our mothership.
We love paddling this maze of evergreen encrusted, rocky islets, still a wild
place despite the millennia of the First Nations habitation. While the predominant
experience is a coastal wilderness, here
and there are village sites, float homes,
marine resorts, private boats, logging
camps, even clearcuts and fish farms.
More often now we see the flash, flash of
paddlers blades in the distance, or pass a
group of kayakers, but isolation is still the
dominant experience.
We seek those spots where we can be
alone, sometimes for days at a time, and
just drink up the peace and beauty of the
marine wilderness.
We catch crab, bake bannock, go off on
exploratory paddles, shoot a lot of photos, and come back to the boat to curl up
with a good book and a glass of wine.

The Broughton Archipelago is a maze of evergreen encrusted rocky islets


The Broughton Archipelago is ideal for
thisan isolated area of islands, inlets
and protected backwaters where you can
lose yourself from the world outside.
Boaters can find good, sometimes private
anchorage, and paddlers can discover
desolately beautiful campsites.
We tend to avoid the marine resorts,
where some of the social boating crowd
hang out, but Ill admit Laurie and I find

it very nice, in the midst of our annual retreat, to periodically stock up on fresh water, veggies, do the laundry, have a hot
shower or meal, restock the wine and
treats, and get fuel and water for the boat.
Fortunately, thanks to the efforts of a
few dedicated individuals, there are good
services available in the Broughton. While
some of these marine resorts have catered
primarily to boaters and sports fishers in

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WaveLength FEBRUARY MARCH 2001

the past, now ecotourism is bringing more


paddlers into the area, diversifying the
clientele.
Prices are obviously higher than down
south due to the high costs of shipping,
and selection is limited, but its great to
find missing ingredients for a favourite
recipe or get some treats.
When youre planning your tripby
power, sail or paddleits very useful to
consider the locations of these resorts, and
the type of services you can find in each.
See page 44 for details.
ACCESS
The Broughton Archipelago is isolated
yet accessible. Private boaters and commercial motherships sail north from Vancouver, Victoria or Seattle, while paddlers
often take the ferry and drive to northern
Vancouver Island (with their own kayaks,
or rent on arrival, or meet up with a tour
group) for the paddle across Johonstone
Strait. Some catch a ride with a charter
boat, carrying their kayaks and gear right
into the Archipelago, and get picked up
later. An even quicker option is to fly in
on scheduled or charter float plane service to a marine resort, bringing along a
folding kayak as luggage. Paddle off into
the wilderness for a few weeks, or rent accommodation as a base for day paddling.
See Marine Services Directory, page 44.

Echo Bay

cho Bay has a special place in our hearts because it is the home of Alexandra
Morton and Billy Proctor, friends from our days on the provincial Salmon
Aquaculture Review Committee (the environmental review that brought to light many
of the ills of fish farming).
Visiting with Alex and her family (Eric, Clio and Catherine), and Billy nextdoor,
is a highlight of our trip to the Broughton. Alex brings us up to date on the marine
mammals of the area, as well as the latest fish farm fiascos.
Billy always has some surprisesin 1999, a museum, in 2000, a gift shop where
you can buy Alexs photos, cards and t-shirts to help fund her research, as well as
Alexs husband Erics wooden bowls and other local artists work.
Echo Bay hosts both Echo Bay Resort and Windsong Sea Village and is well supplied for paddlers and other boaters, with a good store. The Bay also a has Marine
Park with camping and even a school for local kids like Alexs daughter Clio. The
nearby Burdwood Islands, with their gleaming white middens, are a great spot for
paddlers to visit.
AW

Billys giftshop
(left) and Alex
(right) with
Mocha, her Jack
Russell terrier,
on her boat at
Echo Bay

Photo Laurie MacBride

Photo Alan Wilson

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2001 FEBRUARY MARCH WaveLength

43

10
7

8
9

Broughton
Archipelago
Marine Park

4 5

Paddlers who wish to camp in the Broughton should


ask permission of the First Nations bands with
jurisdiction. Yvon Gessinghaus, MTTC in Alert
Bay, can tell you who to call. Shes at 250-974-5516.

**

For 2001, Waggoners have


grouped the Broughton area into
a single, more accessible section.
We swear by this book, oriented
to boaters but packed with
information for paddlers and
others. Toll free: 1-800-733-5330.
www.waggonerguide.com

2
1

A number of tour companies advertising in this issue


offer trips to the Broughton. North Island Kayak
Rentals (toll free: 877-949-7707) and Odyssey
Kayaking (250-902-0565) are both based on
Northern Vancouver Island and both offer rentals
and tours for the Broughton.

BROUGHTON MARINE SERVICES DIRECTORY


1. Fishdance Lodge: resort in Soderman Cove
with dock, rooms & meals. Ph: 604-591-8536
www.fishdancelodge.com. Monitors VHF
channels 73 & 06.

6. Pierres Bay Lodge & Marina: brand new


facility on west shore of Scott Cove, moorage,
restaurant, shower, laundry, gift shop, suites.
Ph: 250-949-2503. Monitors channel 73.

2. Lagoon Cove Marina: on East Cracroft Island, fuel dock, store, washrooms, shower.
Open all year. Monitors channel 73.

7. Kwatsi Bay Marina: off Tribune Channel, new


marina on floats, showers. Cellular 250-9491384. Monitors channel 73.

3. Minstrel Island Resort: rooms, pub, cafe,


fuel dock, showers, laundry, moorage for
guests. Open all year. Ph: 250-949-0215.
Monitors channels 73 & 06.

8. Shawl Bay Marina: floating marina, washrooms, shower, laundry, store, water, power.
Monitors 73.

4. Echo Bay Resort: full service, fuel dock, water,


lodging, store, laundry, showers, haulout, post
office. Open all year. Ph: 250-956-2121. email:
echobay@island.net. Monitors channel 73.
5. Windsong Sea Village: float houses for rent,
moorage for guests, washrooms, showers, art
gallery, bakery. Open MaySeptember. Ph:
250-974-5004. email: windecho@ island.net
Monitors channel 73 & 16.

9. Greenway Sound Marina: full service resort, guest moorage, power, restaurant, washrooms, laundry, store. Open June - September 15. Ph: 800-800-2080. Monitors 73.
10. Sullivan Bay Marine Resort: open all year
for fuel & post office, seasonally for guests,
moorage, store, washrooms, showers, laundry, power, post office, garbage drop, air service. Ph: 250-949-2550. Monitors channel 73.

* Starred sites are Orcawatch B&B: paddlers accommodation on Swanson Island with transport
services by Viking West Charters 250-956-3431, and Village Island Tours with camping, transport and First Nations presentations 250-282-3338, www.villageisland.com

ADVENTURE IN COMFORT AND SAFETY


EXPLORE! BC Coast by Kayak
and 80-ft Mothership
OCEAN RIVER SPORTS
800~909~4233
www.oceanriver.com

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44

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Toll Free 888~649~6669
Cell: 360~6763
explore@explorecharters.com
www.explorecharters.com

Calendar
Feb 16 -18, 2nd National Adventure Tourism
Industry Conference, UCC Campus,
Kamloops, BC. Contact: Sandy Eastwood
250-374-5899 or Gilles Valade 250-371-5843
or advgconference @cariboo.bc.ca
Feb 16-18, Outdoor Adventure Show, BC
Place, Vancouver, BC. Info: 800-891-4859 or
info@momentumevents.com,
www.nationalevent.com
Feb 19, Deadline for the Apr/May issue of
WaveLength: Paddling Basics. Call
250-247-9789 or 247-8858 or email
wavenet@island.net
Feb 23-25, Outdoor Adventure Show,
Toronto, Ontario. Info: 800-891-4891 or
ronc@nationalevent.com
www.nationalevent.com
Feb 23-25, Florida Gulf Coast Sea Kayak
Symposium, www.WaterTribe.com
Mar 2-3, TrailsFest at the Seattle Center Flag
Pavilion, sponsored by Washington Trails
Association and REI. Call 206-635-1367.
www.wta.org
Mar 13-18, World Surf Kayaking Championships, Santa Cruz, California. Contact
Dennis Judson 831-458-3648.
www.asudoit.com
Mar 23-25, Paddlesport 2001, Garden State
Exposition Center, Somerset, New Jersey.
Contact Jersey Paddler: 888-225-2925.
www.jerseypaddler.com
Mar 30-Apr 1, Outdoor Adventure Show,
Calgary, Alberta. 800-891-4891
maureenhenderson@sprint.ca,
www.nationalevent.com
Apr 20-22, Annual Spring Guides Exchange,
Ladysmith, BC. The Sea Kayak Guides
Alliance of BCs kayak guide skills exchange.
ThemeA Day in the Life of a Guide.
Contact 250-245-3706. www.SKGABC.com
May 18-21, annual Coast Kayak Symposium,
Thetis Island, BC. Contact Mercia Sixta at
604-597-1122 or mercias@excite.com
Mar 19-20, 5th annual San Juan Challenge
Kayak Race, Anacortes, Washington. Call
360-299-2300. www.sjcraceandexpo.org
Jun 2, Ecomarine Demo Day, Jericho Beach
(Vancouver), BC. Kayak, paddle, skill demos.
Public awareness on safety and environmental issues. Call Kathryn at 604-689-7520
Jun 16-17, Okanagan Paddle Festival,
Peachland, BC. Contact Wendell Phillips at
wphillips@mail.silk.net or 250-767-2225
Jun 23-24, Vancouver Island PaddleFest,
at Transfer Beach, Ladysmith, BC. Ph: 250245-4246, paddlefest@PaddleCentre.com, or
www.PaddleCentre.com
WaveLength FEBRUARY MARCH 2001

REAL ESTATE

Pics at WaveLengthMagazine.com

L
SO

LAURIE RECEIVED DOZENS OF CALLS


from WaveLength readers as far away as Alberta
and California. And yes, WaveLength readers
bought her house!

HOME & OFFICE. Modern 1500 sq. ft. cedarsided house on treed half acre on Gabriola
Island, BC. (WaveLength Magazines head
office). Heat efficient south-facing passive solar
design, with wood and electrical. Three
bedrooms and office with separate entrance
(could be playroom or workshop). One and a
half bathrooms. Bright, spacious, open plan
kitchen/dining area with parquet flooring. Also
patio, storeroom, two woodsheds, fertile
garden, and 8,000 gallon concrete cistern for
excellent water supply. Handy to ferry,
shopping, school. Just minutes from kayak
launch. Good privacy. Good neighbours. Easy
access to Vancouver by air. Asking $125,000
Cdn (approx. $80K US). Contact 250-247-8858,
247-8670 or awilson@island.net

REAL ESTATE

ARTISITC ENTRYWAY WELCOMES YOU to


deluxe 3425 sq. ft. executive family home. This
architect designed Victorian heritage style, is
located an easy 25 minutes from Vancouver
(no bridges!), in finest and oldest
neighbourhood of New Westminster, BC.
Surrounded by green space, just steps from
Queens Park, tennis courts, hockey arena,
children's petting zoo, workout circuit.
Incredible landscaping, totally private back yard
with fish pond, waterfall and garden boxes.
Nanny accommodation or separate 400 sq. ft.
private office. Hot tub. Hot water heat,
hardwood floors, crown mouldings, vaulted
ceilings, heated double garage with lane access.
Minutes from the Fraser River and close to
many whitewater opportunities in the the Fraser
Valley. List price: $649,000 Cdn. Contact 800535-1737.

BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY
EXCITING ECOTOURISM BUSINESS for
sale: successful British Columbia lodge-based
sea kayaking operation. 30 kayaks and gear,
plus small boats/engines, core of reliable employees/guides, strong returning client database, website, marketing program and existing
relationships with mothership and educational
institution. Reasonable lease available on beautiful 7-acre waterfront site with 1000 sq. ft.
lodge, camping, and dock facilities for
mothership. Work with owners in summer 2001
and take over for 2002 season. Perfect for
semi-retired couple with marine and/or tourism experience seeking seasonal island lifestyle.FEBRUARY
Serious
to WaveLength.
Minquiries
ARCH WaveLength
2001

45

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