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Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Table Of Contents

Introduction .................................................................... page 3

Lesson 01

Lesson 04

Mean, median, mode examples .................................... page 4

Histogram and mean examples ...................................... page 21

Mean, median, mode tutorial ......................................... page 5

Histogram and mean tutorial........................................... page 22

Mean, median, mode solutions ................................ page 6 - 7

Histogram and mean solutions ................................. page 23 -25

Lesson 02

Lesson 05

Pie charts examples ....................................................... page 8

Statistical diagrams examples ................................. page 26 - 27

Pie charts tutorial..................................................... page 9 - 11

Statistical diagrams tutorial ..................................... page 28 - 30

Pie chart solutions ................................................. page 12 - 13

Statistical diagrams solutions................................... page 31 - 32

Lesson 03

Lesson 06

Frequency Distributions - mean, median mode examples....... page 14

Review tutorial................................................................. page 33

Frequency Distributions - mean, median mode tutorial .... page 15 - 17

Review solutions ...................................................... page 34 - 35

Frequency Distributions - mean, median mode solutions. page 18 - 20

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 2

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Introduction

Copyright Notice

Kenneth Morley has been a Mathematics


Teacher for over 25 years. He has taught the
age range 11 - 19. He graduated with an Upper
Second Bachelor of Science Honours degree in
Mathematical Sciences (subjects included
pure/ applied mathematics, statistics, numerical
analysis and computing). He acquired a Post
Graduate Certificate in Mathematical Education
shortly afterwards. Both qualifications were gained in the United
Kingdom.

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Conditions of Use

A Message from the Tutor


Thank for you buying this e-tutorial. The tutorial comprises of ten
tutorial lessons, and two review tutorial lessons all with
comprehensive solutions
One of my principal aims is to create a quality product. A great deal
of time went into viewing the suitability of questions, relating
examples to questions and sequencing questions in order of
difficulty. I gave a great deal of attention to the solutions, making
them as comprehensive as possible so that they can easily be
followed.
All the lessons have been tested in the classroom and have worked
well. I have found that with standard textbooks, quite often the
exercise questions do not relate to the given examples. Also difficult
questions seem to appear randomly, sometimes near the beginning
of the exercise, rather than at the end. Standard textbooks only give
brief answers and not fully worked solutions.

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 3

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Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Lesson 01
Mean, Median and Mode
If we collect data by doing an experiment or survey, we need to
make sense of all the numbers. One way of doing this is to find a
representative number - a number which stands for all the other
numbers. This number is known as an average. Examples of
averages are the mean, median and mode.

Solutions
1

averages
a

(2 + 1 + 3 + 6 + 3)
15
=
=3
5
5

Median = 1, 2, 3, 3, 6 = 3

With the mean we sum up all the data and divide by how many
numbers there are. Quite often the figure we obtain has a different
format from the data (e.g. if the data has integer values, the mean is
often not an integer) and can be affected by very small or very large
values. However the mean is calculated from all data items

Mode = 3

With the median, the data is arranged in order of size, then the
middle number (or the average of two middle numbers if the number
of data items is even) is selected. The median is not affected by very
small or large values. It does not use all data items.
With the mode, the data is arranged in order of size and the most
frequently occurring number is selected. The mode is not affected by
very small or large values, but it can be affected by clusters (groups)
of numbers

Mean =

Mean =

( 2 + 3 + 2 + 4 + 5 + 2)
18
=3
=
6
6

Median = 2, 2, 2, 3, 4, 5 =

2+3
= 2
2

Mode = 2
2

Total weight of 4 men = 73 x 4 = 292

Examples

Let the weight of the 5th man be w kg

Total weight of 5 men = 292 + w

For each of the following sets of numbers, calculate the mean,


median and mode
a

2, 1, 3, 6, 3

2, 3, 2, 4, 5, 2

The mean weight of 4 men is 73 kg. Another man joins them,


and their mean weight becomes 72 kg. What is the weight of the
5th man?

(292 + w )
= 72
5

292 + w = 72 x 5
292 + w = 360
w = 360 - 292
weight of the 5th man is 68 kg

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 4

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Lesson 01 Tutorial

Exercise

The number of goals scored by a schools football team in 9


weekly matches are as follows
3, 3, 0, 1, 4, 3, 2, 2, 0

For each of the following sets of numbers, calculate the mean,


median and mode
a

4, 5, 7, 9, 5

10, 11, 8, 12, 11, 14

6, 14, 7, 8, 12, 9, 7

5, 14, 9, 12, 14, 18, 14, 10

1, 8, 10, 5, 6, 10, 15, 10, 16

The mean of 5 numbers is 13. When x is added to the 5


numbers, the mean becomes 12. Calculate the value of x.

In a supermarket, the number of jelly cakes packets sold for 7


days was recorded as follows

Write down the mode

How many packets would have to be sold on the eighth day


so that the mean for the eight days would equal 19?

Given following set of numbers

b
7

Calculate the mean

When x is added to the above set of numbers the new mean


is 125. Calculate the value of x

The mean of 10 numbers is 15. When x is added to 10 numbers,


the new mean is 16. Calculate the value of x.

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 5

mean

ii)

median

How many goals would need to be scored in the next match


to leave the value of the mean unchanged?

The speeds of cars, in km/h, on a busy road were recorded as


follows
50, 54, 42, 50, 65, 45, 28, 50
a

Calculate
i)

mean

ii)

median

iii) mode
b

What would be the speed of the next car if the mean speed
was increased by 1 km/h?

The mean weight of a group of four cats is 18 kg. When another


cat joins the group, the mean weight increases by 01kg. Find
the weight of the fifth cat.

The temperature in C at a seaside resort was recorded over a


10 day period as follows

7, 10, 14, 12, 17, 13, 11.


a

i)

iii) mode

14, 18, 22, 18, 14, 24 18


a

Calculate

23, 25, 28, 27, 30, 24, 22, 28, 26, 28


Calculate the mean, median and range (highest value - lowest
value)

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Lesson 01 Solutions

7 + 10 + 14 + 12 + 17 + 13 + 11 = 84

mean

median

mode

11

11

11

84 + x = 125 x 8

12

13

14

84 + x = 100

10

10

x = 16

Mean of 5 numbers = 13

mean =
b

150 + x = 176

65 + x = 72

x = 26

x=7
6
arrange in order 14, 14, 18, 18, 18, 22, 24

Mean of 10 numbers is 15

150 + x = 16 x 11

65 + x = 12 x 6

When x is added the new mean is 125

When x is added the new mean is 16

Mean becomes 6 when x is added

Jelly cakes

84
= 12
7

total = 15 x 10

total = 13 x 5 = 65

set of numbers

football team
a

averages
i) 3 + 3 + 0 + 1 + 4 + 3 + 2 + 2 + 0 = 18

Mode = 18
b

Total for 7 days = 14 + 14 + 18 + 18 + 18 + 22 + 24 = 128


Total for 8 days = 19 x 8 = 152

mean =

18
=2
9

ii) arrange in order of size

Number sold on eighth day = 152 - 128

0, 0, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 4

= 24

median = 5th number = 2


iii) mode = 3

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 6

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

After 9 matches total = 18


If after 10 matches the mean is still 2 then

total = 10 x 2 = 20

new mean = 18 + 01 = 19

Score in 10th match is 20 - 18 = 2

and new total = 19 x 5 = 95


weight of 5th cat = 95 - 72

Car speeds
a

= 23 kg

averages
i) 50 + 54 + 42 + 50 + 65 + 45 + 28 + 50 = 384
mean =

384
8

= 48
ii) arrange in order of size
28, 42, 45, 50, 50, 50, 54, 65
median = average of the 4th & 5th numbers
=

50 + 50
2

= 50
iii) mode = 50
b

total weight of 4 cats = 18 x 4 =72

new mean = 48 + 1 = 49
new total = 49 x 9 = 441
speed of next car = 441 - 384
= 57km/h

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 7

mean temperature
= 23+ 25+ 28+ 27+ 30+ 24+ 22+ 28+ 26+ 28
=

261
10

= 261C
arrange in order
22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 28, 28, 30
median =

26 + 27
2

= 265C
range = 30 - 22
=8
The range measures the spread of data around the average. With
certain statistical tests, it can be used to measure how good an
average represents the data.

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Lesson 02
Pie Charts
Example
1

Students in a class were questioned about their favourite fruit.


The results are represented on the pie chart.

Solution
a

angle for apple sector


= 360 - (165 + 75)
= 120

Orange sector
75 5
1

5
75

360

5
x 360
75

Number of students in class = 24


a

Calculate the angle for the apple sector

Given 5 students preferred oranges, how many students are


there in the class?

Calculate as a fraction in its lowest terms, those students


who preferred bananas.

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 8

Students who preferred bananas


=

165
360

11
in its lowest terms
24

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Lesson 02 Tutorial
Exercise
1

Students in a class were questioned about their favourite colour.


The results are represented in a pie chart.

Students in a class were questioned about their favourite


subjects. The results are represented in a pie chart.

Calculate the angle of the red sector.

Calculate the angle for geography

Given that 5 students preferred green, calculate the total


number of students in the class.

Given that seven students preferred science, calculate the


total number of students in the class.

Calculate as a fraction in its lowest terms, those students


who preferred blue.

Calculate the percentage of students in the class who


preferred maths.

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 9

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

A group of 240 students were questioned about their favourite


hobby. Their choices are represented in a pie chart.

Students in a school were questioned about their favourite


entertainment. The results are represented in a pie chart.

Calculate
a

the value of x

the fraction of the group who chose model making

the number of students who chose stamp collecting.

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 10

Calculate
i

the value of x

ii

the percentage of students who chose radio

300 students chose TV. How many students are there in the
school

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Students in a school were asked about their favourite sport. The


results are represented in a pie chart.

Calculate
i

the value of x

ii

the percentage of students who chose hockey

If 90 students chose badminton, calculate the total number


of students in the school.

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 11

A traffic survey was conducted along a busy road. The numbers


of cars, motorbikes and trucks were recorded. The results are
represented in a pie chart

Calculate the value of x

There were 615 cars. Calculate the total number of vehicles


counted in the survey

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Lesson 02 Solutions
1

favourite colour
a

% of students who preferred maths


=

Angle of red sector


= 360 - (160 + 60)

198
x 100
360

= 55%

= 140
b

Number of students in class

hobby
a

5
=
x 360
60

Sum of angles = 360


150 + 3x = 360

= 30
c

Students who preferred blue


160
=
360
=

x = 70
b

4
in its lowest terms
9

subjects
Geography angle

Value of x

Students who chose model making


=

140
360

7
18

Students who chose stamp collecting

360 - (198 + 90)

150
x 240
360

= 72

= 100

Number of students in class


=

7
x 360
90

= 28

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 12

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

ii
4

entertainment

153
x 100
360

a
i

Value of x

= 425%

Sum of angles = 360

150 + 72 + x = 360

72
x 100
360

360

= 20%

= 240 students

= 150 300 students

= 720 students

Sum of angles = 360


5x + 205 = 360
x = 31

205 615 vehicles (cars)


1

615
205

sport
360

a
i

Value of x
Sum of angles = 360
153 + 135 + 4x = 360
x = 18

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 13

90
x 360
135

traffic survey

300
students
150

300
x 360
360
150

90
135

% of students who chose radio

Number of students in school

Number of students in school


135 90 students

x = 138
ii

% of students who chose hockey

615
x 360
205

= 1,080 vehicles

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Lesson 03
Frequency Distributions (Mean, Median Mode)

Solution

Example

number (x)

frequency (f)
xf

18

12

15

12

cumulative

12

15

18

20

For the following set of 20 numbers


3

frequency (cf)

Complete the following frequency table

number (x)

frequency (f)

mean =

ii

median =

For this frequency distribution, calculate the


i

mean

ii

median

iii

mode

Draw a bar chart to illustrate this data.

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 14

xf = 67 = 335
20
f

iii

f = 20 = 10 3

2
2
From the cumulative frequency table, the 10th number
maps to the number 3 (which has a cf of 12)

mode = 3 (number with the highest frequency)

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Lesson 03 Tutorial
Exercise
1

For the following set of 20 numbers


4

20

21

24

25

21

20

24

21

20

22

21

24

20

22

21

25

23

21

24

21

Complete the following frequency table

Complete the following frequency table

For the following set of 20 numbers

number (x)

frequency (f)

For this frequency distribution, calculate the

number (x)

20

frequency (f)

mean

mean

ii

median

ii

median

iii

mode

iii

mode

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 15

22

23

24

For this frequency distribution, calculate the

Draw a bar chart to illustrate this data.

21

Draw a bar chart to illustrate this data.

25

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

For the following set of 12 numbers


101

103

105

102

103

105

52

53

52

51

55

53

52

103

102

103

102

104

103

55

54

56

52

54

52

55

number (x)

101

frequency (f)

102

103

104

105

For this frequency distribution, calculate the

number (x)

51

frequency (f)

mean

mean

ii

median

ii

median

iii

mode

iii

mode

Draw a bar chart to illustrate this data.

52

53

54

55

For this frequency distribution, calculate the

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 16

55

Complete the following frequency table

Complete the following frequency table

For the following set of 15 numbers

Draw a bar chart to illustrate this data.

56
1

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

For the following set of 16 numbers


035

037

038

037

036

039

039

038

50

47

52

48

47

51

49

50

49

51

039

040

036

039

037

039

040

039

52

48

49

50

47

52

51

50

52

50

Complete the following frequency table

Complete the following frequency table

For the following set of 20 numbers

number (x)

035

frequency (f)

036

037

038

039

For this frequency distribution, calculate the

040

number (x)

47

frequency (f)

mean

mean

ii

median

ii

median

iii

mode

iii

mode

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 17

49

50

51

For this frequency distribution, calculate the

Draw a bar chart to illustrate this data.

48

Draw a bar chart to illustrate this data.

52
4

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Lesson 03 Solutions
1
number (x)

frequency (f)

20

xf

16

30

12

35

24

117

cf

10

12

17

20

xf = 117 = 585
20
f

mean =

ii

f = 20 = 10 5
median =

iii

mode = 5 (frequency = 6)

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 18

number (x)

20

21

22

23

24

25

frequency (f)

20

xf

80

147

44

23

96

50

440

cf

11

13

14

18

20

xf = 440 = 22
20
f

mean =

ii

median =

iii

mode = 21 (frequency = 7)

f = 20 = 10 21
2

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

3
number (x)

101

102

103

104

105

number (x)

51

52

53

54

55

56

frequency (f)

12

frequency (f)

15

xf

101

306

515

104

210

1236

xf

51

26

106

108

22

56

801

cf

10

12

cf

10

14

15

a
i

xf = 1236 = 103
mean =
12
f

ii

median =

iii

mode = 103 (frequency = 5)

f = 12 = 6 103
2

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 19

xf = 80 1 = 534
15
f

mean =

ii

median =

iii

mode = 52 (frequency = 5)

f = 15 = 75 53
2

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

5
number (x)

035

036

037

038

039

040

number (x)

47

48

49

50

51

52

frequency (f)

16

frequency (f)

20

xf

035

072

111

076

234

08

608

xf

141

96

147

250

153

208

995

cf

14

16

cf

13

16

20

xf = 995 = 4975
20
f

xf = 6 08 = 038
mean =
16
f

mean =

ii

f = 16 = 8 038
median =

ii

median =

iii

mode = 039 (frequency = 6)

iii

mode = 50 (frequency = 5)

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 20

f = 20 = 10 50
2

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Lesson 04
Histogram and Mean
Example
1

The heights of plants in an agricultural college were measured.


The results are as follows

height (x)
frequency (f)

20 < x 30

30 < x 35

35 < x 45

45 < x 50

18

25

68

24

Draw a histogram to illustrate this data

Estimate the mean height of the plants

Solution
height (x)
frequency
density
(fd)

20 < x 30

30 < x 35

35 < x 45

45 < x 50

xm

xmf

18
= 18
10

25
=5
5

68
= 68
10

24
= 48
5

25

18

450

325

25

8125

40

68

2720

475

24

1140

135

51225

height 20 < x 30 class mid point xm =


height 30 < x 35 class mid point xm =
height 35 < x 45 class mid point xm =
height 45 < x 50 class mid point xm =

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 21

20 + 30
2
30 + 35
2
35 + 45
2
45 + 50
2

=
=
=
=

50
2
65
2
80
2
95
2

= 25
= 325
= 40
= 475

mean =

5122 5
= 3794
135

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Lesson 04 Tutorial
Exercise

For each of the following:

speed (x)

draw a histogram

frequency (f)

estimate the mean

The heights of students were recorded as follows

height (x)
frequency (f)
height (x)
frequency (f)

140 < x 150

150 < x 155

155 < x 165

54

42

36

40 < x 45

45 < x 55

55 < x 65

65 < x 80

63

45

32

60

The ages of teachers were recorded as follows

age (x)
frequency (f)

20 < x 30

30 < x 35

35 < x 50

50 < x 55

55

45

75

35

165 < x 170


28
5

The speeds of cars on a busy road were recorded as follows

The heights of young children were recorded as follows

The weights of students were recorded as follows


height (x)

weight (x)
frequency (f)
weight (x)
frequency (f)

40 < x 50

50 < x 55

55 < x 60

68

44

32

60 < x 70

70 < x 75

36

20

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 22

frequency (f)

70 < x 80

80 < x 85

85 < x 95

95 < x 115

15

24

43

18

The lifetimes of disposable digital camera batteries (in hours)


were recorded as follows

lifetime (x)

20 < x 30

30 < x 40

40 < x 45

45 < x 60

frequency (f)

15

18

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Lesson 04 Solutions
1
a
height (x)

150

155

165

170

54

42

36

28

160

fd

54
= 54
10

42
= 84
5

36
= 36
10

28
= 56
5

xm

145

1525

160

1675

xmf

7830

6405

5760

4690

mean =

24685
= 154
160

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 23

24685

2
a
weight (x)

50

55

60

70

75

200

68

44

32

36

20

fd

68
= 68
10

44
= 88
5

32
=64
5

36
= 36
10

20
= 40
5

xm

45

525

575

65

725

xmf

3060

2310

1840

2340

1450

mean =

11000
= 55
200

11000

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

3
a
speed (x)

45

55

65

80

63

45

32

60

200

fd

63
= 126
5

45
= 45
10

32
= 32
10

60
= 40
15

xm

425

50

60

725

xmf

26775

2250

1920

4350

111975

4
a
age (x)

mean =

11197 5
= 560
200

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 24

35

50

55

210

55

45

75

35

fd

55
= 55
10

45
= 90
5

75
= 50
15

35
= 70
5

xm

25

325

425

525

xmf

1375

14625

31875

18375

b
b

30

mean =

7862 5
= 374
210

78625

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

5
a

a
lifetime (x)

30

40

45

60

15

18

50

18
= 09
20

fd

8
= 08
10

15
= 15
10

18
= 36
5

9
= 06
15

90

105

xm

25

35

425

525

3870

1890

xmf

200

525

765

4725

height (x)

80

85

95

115

15

24

43

18

100

fd

15
= 15
10

24
= 48
5

43
= 43
10

xm

75

825

xmf

1125

1980

mean =

8865

8865
= 887
100

b mean =

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 25

1962 5
= 3925
50

19625

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Lesson 05

Statistical Diagrams
1

Pie Chart
The pie chart shows the values of various goods sold in a shop.

Bar Chart
The bar chart shows the number of whiteboard pens used in a
school in 4 weeks

3x
clothes

electrical

No. of pens

other

4
3
2

2x

225

0
1st week 2nd week 3rd week 4th week

Calculate the total number of pens used in the four weeks

Calculate the percentage of the pens used in the second


week

Calculate the value of x

Given the total sales was $21,600, find the sales value of

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 26

ii

electrical

3x + 2x + 225 = 360
5x = 135
x = 27

Total number of pens = 5 + 4 + 2 + 1 = 12

Percentage of pens used in 2nd week =

clothes

Solution

Solution
a

4
x 100 = 331/3 %
12

b(i)

225
x 21,600 = $13,500
360

(ii)

54
x 21,600 = $3,240
360

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Histogram
The histogram is used to display continuous data - i.e. data
which cannot be measured exactly - length, weight, time etc. The
vertical axis measures frequency density where
frequency density = frequency
class interval
Example
Draw a histogram to illustrate the following data:

weight
(kg) x
frequency
frequency
density

50< x 60

60 < x 65

65 < x 80

80 < x 100

75
75
= 75
10

20
20
=4
5

90
90
=6
15

30
30
= 15
20

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 27

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Lesson 05 Tutorial
Exercise

2. A bag contains red, blue and yellow marbles. The number of


each type of marble is shown in the pie chart below

1. The bar chart shows the results of a survey carried out on a


number of cats in a neighbourhood.

blue
60

196

red
yellow

a. Calculate the angle for yellow marbles


b. Given that there are 15 red marbles, calculate the number of
marbles in the bag
Calculate
a. the total number of cats
b. the total number of houses
c.

the percentage of houses which have 5 or more cats

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 28

c.

Calculate the percentage of blue marbles in the bag, giving


your answer correct to 1 decimal place

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

3. The distances thrown in a javelin competition were recorded and


a histogram drawn.

distance (m)

0 < d 20

20 < d 30

No. of throws
distance (m)

30 < d 40
25

40 < d 45

No. of throws

45 < d 50
10

a. Copy an complete the above table.


b. Calculate the total number of throws

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 29

4. The bar chart below shows the results of a survey carried out on
a number of dogs in a small town.

50 < d 60

Calculate:
a. the total number of dogs
b. the angle of the sector in a pie chart which represents
houses with one dog.
c.

the percentage of houses with at least two dogs.

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

5. 180 students were asked to choose films, music or TV as their


favourite form of entertainment. Their choices are represented by
the pie chart below.

2x
3x

7. The bar chart below shows the results of a survey of how many
coloured pens a group of students had.

film

140

music
TV

Calculate
a. the value of x
b. the fraction of the group that chose music.
c.

the number of students who chose TV

6. The average speed was recorded for each runner in a 5 km


race. The results are shown in the following table:
speed (x
km/h)
No. of
runners

6<x7

7<x8

8<x9

9 < x 11

11< x 14

a. Draw a histogram to represent this information. Use 1 cm to


represent 1 km/h on the x axis and 1 cm to represent 1 unit
on the y axis.

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 30

Calculate
a. the number of students in the group.
b. the total number of coloured pens the group have.
c.

the percentage of students who have 3 or more coloured


pens.

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Lesson 05 Solutions
1

Cats
a

196
x 100
360

Total number of cats:


= (2x2) + (3x4) + (4x3) + (5x5) + (7x1)

= 544%

= 60
b

Total number of houses

From the histogram


a

2+4+3+5+1
= 15
c

% of houses that have 5 or more cats


(5 & 7) =

% of blue marbles in the bag

0 < d 20

20 < d 30

40 < d 45

50 < d 60

20 x 05 = 10

10 x 15 = 15

5 x 3 = 15

10 x 1 = 10

5 +1
x 100
15

Missing entries

Total number of throws = 10 + 15 + 25 + 15 + 10 + 10


= 85

= 40%
4
2

marbles
a

Total number of dogs

Angle for yellow marbles

= (20x1) + (35x2) + (15x3)

360 - (196 + 60)

= 135

= 104
b

Dogs

15 marbles are red. Angle of red sector = 60

Angle in pie chart representing houses with one dog

15 60

15 x 6 60 x 6
(multiply both sides by 6 to make the RHS 360)
90 360
Number of marbles in the bag = 90

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 31

Total number of houses = 10 + 20 + 35 + 15 = 80

20
x 360 = 90
80

% of houses with at least two dogs (2 & 3)


(35 + 15)
x 100 = 625%
80

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Entertainment
a

Value of x
2x + 3x + 140 = 360
5x = 220
x = 44

Fraction of group who chose music


Music angle = 3x
= 3 x 44 = 132
132
11
=
360
30

Number of students who chose TV


Angle = 2x
2 x 44 = 88
Number =

88
x 180
360

pens
a Total number of students
8 + 5 + 6 +4 + 2

= 44
6
x
fd

= 25

Histogram
6<x7

7<x8

8<x9

5
=5
1

7
=7
1

8
=8
1

9 < x 11

6
=3
2

11< x 14

Total number of pens


(1x5) + (2x6) + (3x4) + (4x2)

3
=1
3

= 37
c

% of students with 3 or more pens


(3 & 4) =
= 40%

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 32

4+6
x 100
25

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Lesson 06 Review Tutorial


Lessons 01 - 05
1

For the following set of 20 numbers

The marks scored by 11 students in a test out of 50 were:


36, 43, 32, 28, 40, 34, 36, 35, 36, 29, 38

34

35

38

39

35

34

38

35

34

36

35

38

34

36

35

39

37

35

38

35

Calculate the
i
mean
ii median
iii mode

Complete the following frequency table

Students in a class were questioned about their favourite colour.


The results are represented in a pie chart.

54
135

number (x)

34

frequency (f)

35

36

37

38

39

For this frequency distribution, calculate the


i
mean
ii median
iii mode

b Draw a bar chart to illustrate this data.


blue
red
green

The speeds of cars on a busy road were recorded as follows

speed (x)
frequency (f)

50 < x 55

55 < x 65

65 < x 75

75 < x 90

53

35

27

45

a estimate the mean


b draw a histogram
a
b
c

Calculate the angle of the red sector.


Given that 6 students preferred green, calculate the total
number of students in the class.
Calculate as a fraction in its lowest terms, those students
who preferred blue.

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 33

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

Lesson 06 Solutions
1

marks
i

387
mean =
= 35 2
11

ii

arrange in order of size


28, 29, 32, 34, 35, 36, 36, 36, 38, 40, 43
median = 6th number
= 36

iii

3
number (x)

34

35

36

37

38

39

frequency (f)

20

xf

136

245

72

37

152

78

720

cumulative

11

13

14

18

20

frequency (cf)

mean =

mode = 36 (occurs 3 times)

xf = 720
20
f

= 36
2

pie chart
a

Red sector angle

ii

= 360 (54 + 135)


= 171
b

54 6
1

6
54

360

6
x 360
54

Total number of students in class = 40


c

Students who preferred blue, angle = 135


fraction =

135 3
=
360 8

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 34

f = 20 = 10 35
2

median = 35
iii

Green angle = 54, 6 students preferred green.

median =

mode = 35 (frequency = 7)

Copyright 2005 Kenneth Morley All Rights Reserved

4
b Histogram

speed (x)

55

65

75

90

53

35

27

160

fd

53
= 106
5

35
= 35
10

27
= 27
10

45
45
=3
15

xm

525

60

70

825

xmf

27825

2100

1890

37125

mean =

10485
= 655
160

Statistics 6 Pack - 1 page 35

10485