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Soalan-Soalan Berdasarkan Subtopik


( Jawapan Soalan SPM Sebenar 2007-2014)

Buku jawapan

3.1.1.2 Define communications.


3.1.2.1 State the importance of computer networks and communications.

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3.1.3.1 Define types of computer networks:
LAN MAN WAN
SECTION A
1.
2.

B
i.

SECTION B
1.
a

(i)
(ii)

b.

m/s 2
m/s 2

ii. C

Q=

Local Area Network /


Rangkaian Kawasan Setempat

m/s 3

Justify the answer: /jelaskan jawapan


-Operates within a limited area/small geographical
Beroperasi dalam kawasan terhad / geografi kecil

Two differences between P and Q in terms of transmission medium

type
Dua perbezaan antara P dan Q dari segi jenis media penghantaran
P (WAN)

Q (LAN)

using satellite/radiowave
menggunakan satelit / radiowave

using cables
menggunakan kabel

using fibre optic cables


menggunakan kabel gentian optik

using UTP cable


menggunakan kabel UTP

information transfer is slow


pemindahan maklumat adalah
lambat

information transfer is fast


pemindahan maklumat adalah
cepat

cost of transmission media is high


kos penghantaran media adalah
tinggi

cost of transmission media is


high
kos penghantaran media adalah
tinggi

more media type


lebih jenis media

less media type


kurang jenis media

use in wide area using satellite


digunakan di kawasan yang luas
menggunakan penggunaan satelit

use in same building using cable


dalam bangunan sama
menggunakan kabel

any two only / mana-mana dua sahaja

3.1.4.1 Define two types of network architecture:

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Client/Server Peer-to-Peer
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3.1.5.1 State three types of network topologies:
bus ring star
SECTION A
1.
R-Bus
S-Ring
2.
i: Star topology
ii. Ring Topology

m/s 4
m/s 4

SECTION B
1.
i.
Found in LAN. server may exist but not connect to all nodes in the
m/s 14
network
Ada dalam LAN. Server boleh ada tetapi tidak semua berhubung
dengannya dalam rangkaian
ii.
If one node fail, the network will fail to function
Satu pc gagal, mengganggu seluruh rangkaian
iii.
Troubleshooting is easy when one of the nodes fails.
Mudah untuk membetulkan rangkaian.
iv.
Repair or removing nodes, the network stll functioning
Membetul dan mengganti peranti, rangkaian masih berjalan
v.
Difficult implementation
failure of one nodes will failure the entire network
connecting and removing device difficult
network speed dicrease when number of pc increase
sukar diurus
kelajuan berkurang jika pc bertambah
sukar buat pembaikan dan gantian
kerosakan satu pc mengganggu rangkaian
SECTION C
1.

a.

i. Topologi Bintang / Star topologi


ii.Justifikasi
Jumlah computer yang kurang daripada 10 dan mudah
diurus dari segi membetulkan rangkaian

b.

m/s 5
m/s 6
m/s 6

-Beri nama perkakasan dsbnya

3.1.5.2 Differentiate between the three types of network topology.

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SECTION A
1.

False/palsu

m/s 6

SECTION C
1.

a.

As a consultant, proposed a suitable wired network


m/s 7
topology to Encik Razali for his computer room and give
two advantages of the topology proposed compared to
the others.
Star topologi because he has a server for his room.
i.
It is easy to implement. You only add nodes to the host.
ii.
The failure of a node does not affect the entire LAN.
iii.
There are no disruptions to the network when connecting
or removing devices.
iv.
The network can be extended by
adding new devices to
the host or nodes.
i.
Troubleshooting is easy when the host fails. Simply repair or
replace the host and the network will continue to function.
( any two advantages )

b.

After setting up the computer room, some teachers asked m/s 7


Encik Razali to make them able to use internet using their laptops
anywhere in school. Encik Razali planned to set up a wireless
network. Suggest two hardware that Encik Razali has to have to
set up wireless network and one function each.
i.
Wireless network interface card (WNIC) data conversion
device to move data from the PCs system to the network
medium and vice versa/ supplies the basic addressing
system used to get data from PC to PC across a network.
ii.
Wireless access point ( WAP ) it receives and spreads the
wireless signal.
Sebagai seorang perunding, mencadangkan wayar topologi
rangkaian yang sesuai untuk Encik Razali untuk bilik komputer
beliau dan memberikan dua kelebihan topologi yang
dicadangkan berbanding dengan yang lain.
Star topologi kerana dia mempunyai pelayan untuk biliknya.
i.
Ia adalah mudah untuk dilaksanakan. Anda hanya
menambah nod kepada tuan rumah.
ii.
Kegagalan satu nod tidak menjejaskan LAN keseluruhan.
iii.
Tiada gangguan kepada rangkaian apabila menyambung
atau mengalihkan peranti.
iv.
Rangkaian ini boleh dilanjutkan dengan menambah
peranti baru kepada tuan rumah atau nod.
v.
Menyelesaikan masalah mudah apabila tuan rumah gagal.
Hanya pembaikan atau menggantikan tuan rumah dan
rangkaian akan terus berfungsi.
(Mana-mana dua kelebihan)

a.

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b.

Selepas menubuhkan bilik komputer, sesetengah guru meminta


Encik Razali untuk membuat mereka mampu untuk menggunakan
internet menggunakan komputer riba mereka di mana-mana
sahaja di sekolah. Encik Razali merancang untuk menubuhkan
wayarles rangkaian. Cadangkan dua perkakasan bahawa
Encik Razali perlu menubuhkan rangkaian tanpa wayar dan
satu setiap fungsi.
i.
Kad antara muka rangkaian wayarles (WNIC) - data
penukaran peranti untuk memindahkan data dari sistem PC
kepada rangkaian sederhana dan sebaliknya / bekalan asas
menangani sistem yang digunakan untuk mendapatkan
data dari PC ke PC di seluruh rangkaian.
ii.
Titik akses wayarles (WAP) - ia menerima dan menyebar

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3.1.6.1 Define Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) as a protocol
to facilitate communication over computer network.
SECTION A
1.
True / Benar
m/s 8
..............
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3.1.7.1 Describe the types of network communications technology: Internet
Intranet Extranet
SECTION A
1.

Intranet

B.

Internet

m/s 8

SECTION B
1.

i.
ii.

Extranet
m/s 9
More than one organization / allow suppliers / customer / business
partnet.
Can reduce cost and increase efficiency ( or any suitable answer )
Lebih daripada satu organisasi / membenarkan pembekal /
pelanggan / perniagaan partnet.
Boleh mengurangkan kos dan meningkatkan kecekapan
(atau apa-apa jawapan yang sesuai.)

.....................................................................................................................................
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3.2.1.1 Identify the devices needed in computer network communication :
SECTION A

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1.
Router
m/s
10
.
3.2.1.2 State the functions of the following:
Network Interface Card (NIC) Wireless Network Interface Card Modem (internal
and external)
Hub / Switch Router Wireless Access Point
SECTION A
1.
A
2.
wireless network interface card/wifi adapter/
3.
i.
Wireless Access Point
ii.
NIC

m/s 10
m/s 11
m/s 11

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3.2.2.1 Identify various types of cables such as Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP),
Shielded Twisted Pair (STP), Coaxial and Fibre Optic Cable.
SECTION A
1.

2.
3.

i.
ii.

fibre optic cable/ kabel gentian optic


m/s 12
signal pass through by transmit data as pulses of light through tiny
tubes of glass
isyarat melalui dengan menghantar data sebagai denyutan
cahaya melalui tiub kecil kaca
coaxial cable
m/s 12
i.
Twisted Pair Cable ii.
Coaxial Cable
m/s 13

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3.2.2.2 Identify various types of wireless transmission media such as infrared, radio
wave and satellite.
SECTION A
1.
2.

(i)
(ii)
(i)

A
radiowaves
B
microwaves
Radiowaves
(ii)

m/s 13
Infrared

m/s 14

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3.3.1.1 Define Network Operating System.
SECTION A
1.
True / Benar
m/s 14
2.
C
m/s 14
....
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3.3.1.2 Name various Network Operating System Software.
3.3.2.1 State the functions of various client software.
SECTION A

1.
2.

i.
File transfer protocol
True / Benar

ii. web browser

SECTION B
1.
Refers to the answer given / rujuk jawapan yang diberi

m/s 15
m/s 15

m/s 16

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3.4.2.1 Crimp and test UTP cable:
Straight cable
Crossed cable
SECTION A
1.
True / Benar
m/s 17
....
.
3.4.2.2 Create awareness of the correct way when crimping a cable.
SECTION A
1.

Refers to the answer given / rujuk jawapan yang diberi

m/s 18

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3.4.3.1 Configure the workstation to join a Local Area Network :
Internet Protocol (IP) Address Subnet Mask Server name
3.4.3.2 Test the network connection.
SECTION A
1.
IP Address / Alamat IP

m/s 18

SECTION B
1.
a.

m/s 19

b.

Tidak boleh berkomunikasi kerana IP address yang


berlainan.
Ya, boleh berkomunikasi kerana laluan IP address yang
sama 192.168.2
Cadangan Jawapan

m/s 20

SECTION C
1.

a.
b.

(i)
(ii)

PC 01
m/s 20
Refer to answer according to ip and subnet mask number
Rujuk jawaban berdasarkan nombor ip dan subnet mask
IP conflict / konflik nombo IP
m/s 21
nombor subnet mask not same / subnet mask tidak sama

2.
SPM 2014
m/s 22
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3.5.1.1 Describe:
Mobile Computing (specifications, services,frequencies)
Internet Technology and Services (VOIP,BLOG)