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12/12/2016

15CurrentEnvironmentalProblemsThatOurWorldisFacingConserveEnergyFuture

Environmental Problems
Ourenvironmentisconstantlychanging.Thereisnodenyingthat.However,as
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ourenvironmentchanges,sodoestheneedtobecomeincreasinglyawareofthe
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problemsthatsurroundit.Withamassiveinfluxofnaturaldisasters,warming
andcoolingperiods,differenttypesofweatherpatternsandmuchmore,people
needtobeawareofwhattypesofenvironmentalproblemsourplanetisfacing.
Globalwarminghasbecomeanundisputedfactaboutourcurrentlivelihoods
ourplanetiswarmingupandwearedefinitelypartoftheproblem.However,
thisisnttheonlyenvironmentalproblemthatweshouldbeconcernedabout.All
acrosstheworld,peoplearefacingawealthofnewandchallenging
environmentalproblemseveryday.Someofthemaresmallandonlyaffecta
fewecosystems,butothersaredrasticallychangingthelandscapeofwhatwe
alreadyknow.
Ourplanetispoisedatthebrinkofasevereenvironmentalcrisis.Current
environmentalproblemsmakeusvulnerabletodisastersandtragedies,nowand
inthefuture.Weareinastateofplanetaryemergency,withenvironmental
problemspilinguphigharoundus.Unlessweaddressthevariousissues
prudentlyandseriouslywearesurelydoomedfordisaster.Current
environmentalproblemsrequireurgentattention.

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15CurrentEnvironmentalProblemsThatOurWorldisFacingConserveEnergyFuture

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15 Major Current Environmental Problems


1.Pollution:Pollutionofair,waterandsoilrequiremillionsofyearstorecoup.
Industryandmotorvehicleexhaustarethenumberonepollutants.Heavy
metals,nitratesandplasticaretoxinsresponsibleforpollution.Whilewater
pollutioniscausedbyoilspill,acidrain,urbanrunoffairpollutioniscausedby
variousgasesandtoxinsreleasedbyindustriesandfactoriesandcombustionof
fossilfuelssoilpollutionismajorlycausedbyindustrialwastethatdeprivessoil
fromessentialnutrients.
2.GlobalWarming:Climatechangeslikeglobalwarmingistheresultof
humanpracticeslikeemissionofGreenhousegases.Globalwarmingleadsto
risingtemperaturesoftheoceansandtheearthsurfacecausingmeltingofpolar
icecaps,riseinsealevelsandalsounnaturalpatternsofprecipitationsuchas
flashfloods,excessivesnowordesertification.
3.Overpopulation:Thepopulationoftheplanetisreachingunsustainable
levelsasitfacesshortageofresourceslikewater,fuelandfood.Population
explosioninlessdevelopedanddevelopingcountriesisstrainingthealready
scarceresources.Intensiveagriculturepracticedtoproducefooddamagesthe

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15CurrentEnvironmentalProblemsThatOurWorldisFacingConserveEnergyFuture

environmentthroughuseofchemicalfertilizer,pesticidesandinsecticides.
Overpopulationisoneofthecrucialcurrentenvironmentalproblem.
4.NaturalResourceDepletion:Naturalresourcedepletionisanothercrucial
currentenvironmentalproblems.Fossilfuelconsumptionresultsinemissionof
Greenhousegases,whichisresponsibleforglobalwarmingandclimatechange.
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Globally,peoplearetakingeffortstoshifttorenewablesourcesofenergylike
solar,wind,biogasandgeothermalenergy.Thecostofinstallingthe
infrastructureandmaintainingthesesourceshasplummetedintherecentyears.
5.WasteDisposal:Theoverconsumptionofresourcesandcreationofplastics
arecreatingaglobalcrisisofwastedisposal.Developedcountriesarenotorious
forproducinganexcessiveamountofwasteorgarbageanddumpingtheirwaste
intheoceansand,lessdevelopedcountries.Nuclearwastedisposalhas
tremendoushealthhazardsassociatedwithit.Plastic,fastfood,packagingand
cheapelectronicwastesthreatenthewellbeingofhumans.Wastedisposalis
oneofurgentcurrentenvironmentalproblem.
6.ClimateChange:Climatechangeisyetanotherenvironmentalproblemthat
hassurfacedinlastcoupleofdecades.Itoccursduetoriseinglobalwarming
whichoccursduetoincreaseintemperatureofatmospherebyburningoffossil
fuelsandreleaseofharmfulgasesbyindustries.Climatechangehasvarious
harmfuleffectsbutnotlimitedtomeltingofpolarice,changeinseasons,
occurrenceofnewdiseases,frequentoccurrenceoffloodsandchangeinoverall
weatherscenario.
7.LossofBiodiversity:Humanactivityisleadingtotheextinctionofspecies
andhabitatsandandlossofbiodiversity.Ecosystems,whichtookmillionsof
yearstoperfect,areindangerwhenanyspeciespopulationisdecimating.
Balanceofnaturalprocesseslikepollinationiscrucialtothesurvivaloftheeco
systemandhumanactivitythreatensthesame.Anotherexampleisthe
destructionofcoralreefsinthevariousoceans,whichsupporttherichmarine
life.

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15CurrentEnvironmentalProblemsThatOurWorldisFacingConserveEnergyFuture

8.Deforestation:Ourforestsarenaturalsinksofcarbondioxideandproduce
freshoxygenaswellashelpsinregulatingtemperatureandrainfall.Atpresent
forestscover30%ofthelandbuteveryyeartreecoverislostamountingtothe
countryofPanamaduetogrowingpopulationdemandformorefood,shelter
andcloth.Deforestationsimplymeansclearingofgreencoverandmakethat
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landavailableforresidential,industrialorcommercialpurpose.
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9.OceanAcidification:ItisadirectimpactofexcessiveproductionofCO2.
25%ofCO2producedbyhumans.Theoceanacidityhasincreasedbythelast
250yearsbutby2100,itmayshootupby150%.Themainimpactison
shellfishandplanktoninthesamewayashumanosteoporosis.
10.OzoneLayerDepletion:Theozonelayerisaninvisiblelayerofprotection
aroundtheplanetthatprotectsusfromthesunsharmfulrays.Depletionofthe
crucialOzonelayeroftheatmosphereisattributedtopollutioncausedby
ChlorineandBromidefoundinChloroflorocarbons(CFCs).Oncethesetoxic
gasesreachtheupperatmosphere,theycauseaholeintheozonelayer,the
biggestofwhichisabovetheAntarctic.TheCFCsarebannedinmanyindustries
andconsumerproducts.OzonelayerisvaluablebecauseitpreventsharmfulUV
radiationfromreachingtheearth.Thisisoneofthemostimportantcurrent
environmentalproblem.

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15CurrentEnvironmentalProblemsThatOurWorldisFacingConserveEnergyFuture

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11.AcidRain:Acidrainoccursduetothepresenceofcertainpollutantsinthe
atmosphere.Acidraincanbecausedduetocombustionoffossilfuelsor
eruptingvolcanoesorrottingvegetationwhichreleasesulfurdioxideand
nitrogenoxidesintotheatmosphere.Acidrainisaknownenvironmental
problemthatcanhaveseriouseffectonhumanhealth,wildlifeandaquatic
species.
12.WaterPollution:Cleandrinkingwaterisbecomingararecommodity.
Waterisbecominganeconomicandpoliticalissueasthehumanpopulation
fightsforthisresource.Oneoftheoptionssuggestedisusingtheprocessof
desalinization.Industrialdevelopmentisfillingourriversseasandoceanswith
toxicpollutantswhichareamajorthreattohumanhealth.
13.UrbanSprawl:Urbansprawlreferstomigrationofpopulationfromhigh
densityurbanareastolowdensityruralareaswhichresultsinspreadingofcity
overmoreandmoreruralland.Urbansprawlresultsinlanddegradation,
increasedtraffic,environmentalissuesandhealthissues.Theevergrowing
demandoflanddisplacesnaturalenvironmentconsistingoffloraandfauna
insteadofbeingreplaced.
14:PublicHealthIssues:Thecurrentenvironmentalproblemsposealotof
risktohealthofhumans,andanimals.Dirtywateristhebiggesthealthriskof

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theworldandposesthreattothequalityoflifeandpublichealth.Runoffto
riverscarriesalongtoxins,chemicalsanddiseasecarryingorganisms.Pollutants
causerespiratorydiseaselikeAsthmaandcardiacvascularproblems.High
temperaturesencouragethespreadofinfectiousdiseaseslikeDengue.
15.GeneticEngineering:Geneticmodificationoffoodusingbiotechnologyis
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calledgeneticengineering.Geneticmodificationoffoodresultsinincreased
toxinsanddiseasesasgenesfromanallergicplantcantransfertotargetplant.
Geneticallymodifiedcropscancauseseriousenvironmentalproblemsasan
engineeredgenemayprovetoxictowildlife.Anotherdrawbackisthatincreased
useoftoxinstomakeinsectresistantplantcancauseresultantorganismsto
becomeresistanttoantibiotics.
Theneedforchangeinourdailylivesandthemovementsofourgovernmentis
growing.Becausesomanydifferentfactorscomeintoplayvoting,
governmentalissues,thedesiretosticktoroutine,manypeopledontconsider
thatwhattheydowillaffectfuturegenerations.Ifhumanscontinuemoving
forwardinsuchaharmfulwaytowardsthefuture,thentherewillbenofutureto
consider.Althoughitstruethatwecannotphysicallystopourozonelayerfrom
thinning(andscientistsarestillhavingtroublefiguringoutwhatiscausingit
exactly,)therearestillsomanythingswecandototryandputadentinwhat
wealreadyknow.Byraisingawarenessinyourlocalcommunityandwithinyour
familiesabouttheseissues,youcanhelpcontributetoamoreenvironmentally
consciousandfriendlyplaceforyoutolive.
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Rinkesh
Rinkesh is passionate about clean and green energy. He is running this site since
2009 and writes on various environmental and renewable energy related topics.
He lives a green lifestyle and is often looking for ways to improve the environment
around him.

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