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ImportantNotesPaintTypes&Manufacture

Introduction

PaintTypes
Generallypainttypesaredividedintotwoclasses:
ArchitecturalCoatings
IndustrialCoatings

ArchitecturalCoatingscanthenbedividedinto:
Solventbased(oftenalkydcoatings)
Waterbased(oftenlatexcoatings)

ThefollowingtypesorcategoriesofpaintcanbefoundintheMPIApprovedProductsList.
AluminumPaint
AntiFoulingPaint
AntiGraffitiCoating
BakedEnamel
Basecoat/Clearcoat
BlockFiller
CoilCoating
ConversionCoating
Elastomeric
Enamel
Filler
FireretardantCoatings
Hammertone
HighBuild
HiPAC
HighSolids
Lacquer
LatexPaint
MetalFlakeorMetallic
MetalPrimer
Multicolor
PowderCoating
Primers(anticorrosiveprimers,galvanizedmetalprimers,vinylwashprimers,washprimer,zincrich
primer
PrimerSealer
PrimerSurfacer
Sealer
Sandingsealer
Shellac
ShopCoat
StipplePaints
StoveFinishing
TextureUndercoat
Undercoater
Varnish
VarnishStain
WaterRepellant
WrinklePaint

CoatingsManufacture
Threeelementsofcoatingsmanufacturewillbediscussed
Batches
Equipment
QualityControl

Batches
Paintsareusuallyproducedinbatches.
Thesizeofeachbatchvarieswiththetypeofproduct,manufacturingmethodandconsumerdemand.
Batchesrangefrom:
e.g.50010,000gallonsoflatexpaint
or100200gallonsofblueglossenamel
Eachbatchofpainthasabatchcardorticket.
Thiswilllistthe:
Specificmaterial
Weight
Volume
Andorderofaddition
Manufacturingprocedureand
Processtests
Areasareleftforcommentsfromthebatchmakerorqualitycontrolperson.
SpecialNote:
EachbatchisgivenaspecificBATCHNUMBER.
Materialfromasinglebatchshouldbeusedonajob.
Innocaseshouldmaterialfromadifferentbatchbeusedfortouchup.
Equipment:
Paintmanufacturersuseavarietyofequipmenttoproducepaintproducts.
Themostimportantprocessisthedispersalofpigments(maximizetheefficiencyforcolor,hiding&gloss).
Thisequipmentmustreducetheaggregateddrypigmenttoitsprimaryparticlesize.
Paintmanufacturersuseavarietyofequipmenttoproducepaintproducts.
Themostimportantprocessisthedispersalofpigments(maximizetheefficiencyforcolor,hiding&gloss).
Thisequipmentmustreducetheaggregateddrypigmenttoitsprimaryparticlesize.

QualityControl
Viscosity
GlossLevel
Coloracceptance(primarilyforwaterbornecoatings)

ExtraNotes

Architectural/TradeSalespaintsthataregeneralpurposeconsumerproductsareavailableinmostpaint
stores
1. Basecoat/Clearcoatthehighlypigmentedbasecoatistopcoatedwithmultiplethinlayersofclear
finish(clearcoat)
2. BlockFillerblockfillersarewidelyavailableinlatexandepoxybasedversions.Thelatextypesare
usuallypreferred
3. CoilCoatingcoilcoatingisaprocessthatappliesacoatingtosheetmetal
4. Elastomericdefinitedistinctionbetweenmaterialsthatareelastomericandmaterialsthatareflexible
5. FireRetardantPaintsfireretardantpaintsretardthespreadofflameeitherthroughsublimationor
intumescence
6. GraffitiProtectionCoatingcoatingisbasedonachemicalresistantpolymer
7. HighBuildgenerallycontaining50%orgreaterofvolumesolids
8. HiPAC(HighPerformanceArchitecturalCoating)includeepoxies
9. LatexPaintEmulsionPaintsdominantliquidphaseiswater
10. Highperformanceacrylicwaterbornepaintshavetoalargedegreereplacedinteriorandexterioralkyd
paints.
11. Emulsionpaintscurebycoalescence
12. Multicolorthevariouscolorsappearasseparatespotsinarandompatternofshapesandsizes
13. AntiCorrosivePrimerperformbestwhenapplieddirectlytocleanmetalandtopcoatedwitha
compatiblefinish
14. WashPrimerareusedformetalsurfaces,especiallygalvanized
15. ZincRichPrimerszincrichprimersareusedasanticorrosiveprimersforferrousmetals
16. Sealerasealerisacoatingdesignedtosealasurfacetoreduceabsorptionofsubsequentlyapplied
paints.Mostsealerscontainalargeamountofresinorpolymerrelativetopigmentinordertoreduce
porosity.
17. VarnishSparVarnish:avarnishforexteriorsurfaces.Thenameoriginatedfromitsuseonthewooden
sparsofships.
Batches
Foreachbatchofpaint,abatch"ticket"or"card"isused.Thiscanincludetheingredientlistthatincludesthe
specificmaterial,weight,volume,andorderofaddition,alongwiththemanufacturingprocedureandprocess
testsrequired.
CoatingEquipment
Themostcommonlyusedtypeofequipmentisthehighspeeddisperser(fig,1)whichresemblesalargemixer
withaserratedbladeattachedtothebottomoftheshaft.