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# TDAE Product Tank

DOCUMENT NUMBER
0

REV

DATE
07 Oct 2016

## 14. DESIGN OF STORAGE TANKS FOR EXTERNAL PRESSURE (APPENDIX V)

Para V. 7 Fixed Roof
The total design external pressure loading, Pr, on the roof is determined by the following equation :
Pr = The greater of DL + (Lr or S) + 0.4 Pe or DL + Pe + 0.4 (Lr or S)
Where,
Pr = Total design external pressure for design of roof, Kpa
DL = Dead load, the weight of the tank component or tank calculated using nominal thickness, Kpa
(Wr+Wacc)
12.632
2
Kg/m
=
= --------------------------------- =
------------ =
20,661
0,20 Kpa
A
611,36
Lr = Minimum roof live load on horizontal projected area of the roof, Kpa
2
=
122,00 Kg/m
1,1967
Kpa
S = Specified snow load, Kpa =
0
Kpa
Pe = Specified external pressure, Kpa =
0
Kpa
Pr = DL + Lr + 0.4 Pe =

1,399

Kpa

Pr = DL + Pe + 0.4 Lr =

0,681

Kpa

Pr =

1,399 Kpa

## Para V.7.2 SELF SUPPORTING CONE ROOF

Para V.7.2.1
The required thickness of the roof plate is determined by the following equations.
tcone = (83*D)/sin * sqrt (Pr/(1.72*E))
=
27,93 mm
The thickness shall not be less than that required by 5.10.5.1
Where,
tcone = Required thickness of roof plate, mm
E = Modulus of elasticity of the roof plate, Mpa =

tr =

206888

(OK)

20,40 mm

Mpa

Para V.7.2.2
The total required cross-sectional area in the cone roof-to-shell joint region for external pressure on
the roof is determined by the following equation.
125 * Pr * D

2
Areqd = ----------------------- =
2042,35 mm
f * tan
Where,
D = Nominal Tank Diameter, =
27,9
m
f = Smallest of the allowable tensile stresses of thr roof plate material ,shell plate material or
stiffener ring material at the maximum operating temperature, Mpa =
400 Mpa
FTr = for Roof plate
400
Mpa
FTs = for Shell plate
400
Mpa
= angle of cone elements to the horizontal
9,46 deg

Para V.7.2.3
The length of cone roof considered to be within the top tension/compression ring region is
determined by the following equation :

PAGES

Para V.7.2.4
The length of shell considered to be within the top tension/compression ring region is determined by the
following equation
Xshell = 13.4 * sqrt (D * ts1)
=
158,268
mm
Where,
ts1 = Nominal thickness of cylindrical shell course 1,2n , mm, Where the subscript numbering is
from top to bottom of the shell =
5
mm
Para V.7.2.5
The required cross-sectional area of the top stiffener structural shape is determined by the following equation :
2
A stiff = Areqd - ts1 * Xshell - tcone* Xcone
=
-524260,67 mm
Provided Top Stiffener (Top Angle )
Material selected :
L 90 x 90 x 10
Properties:
- Section Area, A
- Unit Weight,
- Moment of Inertia, Ix = Iy

=
=
=

2
17 cm
13,3 kg/m
4
125 cm

- Section Modulus, Zx = Zy

19,5 cm

1700 mm

## Hence provided top stiffener is adequate

Shell (Para V. 8 of API 650)
Para V.8.1 UNSTIFFENED SHELLS
Shells shall be checked for two conditions : 1) the combined wind plus vacuum, and 2) for specified
external (vacuum) only. Each condition shall be checked using the appropriate stability factor, , as follows :
Condition 1 - Wind plus specified external (vacuum) pressure
=
1
for wind plus vacuum pressure [when vacuum pressure (Pe) is
less than or equal to 0.25 kPa]
= [Pe + 0.7]/0.95
for wind plus vacuum pressure [when vacuum pressure (Pe) is
greater than 0.25 kPa but less than or equal to 0.70 kPa]
= [Pe/0.48]
for wind plus vacuum pressure [when vacuum pressure (Pe) is
greater than 0.70 kPa; however , need not exceed 2.5
Check value :
= [Pe + 0.7]/0.95 =
0,7368
<
Pe =
0 kPa

2,5

(OK)

## Condition 2 - Specified external (vacuum) pressure only

=
3
Para V.8.1.1
For an unstiffened tank shell subjected to external pressure sufficient to cause buckling, buckling will occur
elastically if the following criterion is satisfied.
(D/tsmin)0.75 [(HTS/D)* (Fy/E)0.5]

0,00675
(D/tsmin)0.75

[(HTS/D)* (Fy/E)0.5] =

(OK)

0,07522

where,
D = Nominal Diameter of Tank,m =
27,6
m
tsmin = Nominal thickness of thicknest shell course, mm =
HTS = Transformed Height of Tank Shell

21,344814

mm

## Fy = Yield Strength of thr component at the maximum operating temperature, Mpa =

E = Modulus of elasticity of the roof plate material, Mpa
206888 Mpa

250

Mpa

## Thus buckling will be elastic

Para V.8.1.2
The design external pressure (using the appropriate from V.8.1) and specified external (vacuum) pressure
(using = 3) shall not exceed for an unstiffened tank
E
Ps or Pe ------------------------------------=
0,77 Kpa
Condition 1
0,52

15203 (HTS/D)*(D/tsmin)2.5
kPa

=
0,19 Kpa
Condition 2
Where,
Ps = Total design External Pressure for design of shell, Kpa =
0,52
Kpa
= the greater of ;
1. Specified design external pressure, Pe, excluding wind pressure =
0,00
Kpa
0,52
Kpa (see 5.2.2 for an important consideration)
2. W + 0.4 Pe
=
Pe = the specified external pressure, kPa =
0
Kpa
W = the maximum wind pressure consistent whith the specified design wind velocity, kPa. The
maximum wind pressure shall be calculated as follows (see 5.9.7.1, Note 2)
2
W = 1.48 (V/190) = 0,5198088 Kpa
Where, V = the specified design wind velocity (3-sec gust), in kph =

113 km/h

Due to Ps not exceed the allowable external pressure, hence shell need not be stiffened
Para V.8.1.3
The nominal thickness of the thinnest shell course required
47.07 ( HTS*Ps)0.4 * D0.6
tsmin ----------------------------------

5,970 mm

Condition 1

10,469 mm

Condition 2

0.4

E
7

mm

The nominal shell thickness is not sufficient. Intermediate Stiffeners are required
Para V.8.2 CIRCUMFERENCIALLY STIFFENED SHELLS
Para V.8.2.1.2
The maximum height of unstiffened shell is Hsafe
(tsmin)2.5 * E
Hsafe =

----------------------

31,767 m

1.5

HTS =

15203 D (Ps)
21,344814 m

<

31,767 m

(OK)

Safe height is greater than the transformed height, so intermediate stiffener are not required