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UNCLASSIFIED

OFFICE OF NAVAL INTELLIGENCE


(U) WORLDWIDE: Worldwide Threat to Shipping (WTS) Report
22 November - 21 December 2016
22 December 2016

(U) Table of Contents


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2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

(U) Scope Note


(U) Warnings and Advisories
(U) Summary
(U) Counter-Piracy and Maritime Crime Announcements and Advisories
(U) Details: Monthly Incidents by Region
(U) Appendix A: Further Contact Information and Resources
(U) Appendix B: Terminology and References

1. (U) Scope Note


1. (U) The Worldwide Threat to Shipping (WTS) message provides info on piracy threats to, and criminal action
against, merchant vessels and the shipping industry worldwide in the last 30 days. This report is produced primarily
to inform merchant mariners and naval forces.

2. (U) Warnings and Advisories


1. (U) MARAD Advisory 2016-04 22 Nov 2016: U.S.-flag vessels are advised to remain vigilant when transiting
the Sulu and Celebes Seas in light of recent boardings and kidnappings that have taken place between Sabah,
Malaysia and the southern Philippines. There have been 13 reported kidnappings in this area this year, of which at
least nine were reportedly linked to the Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG). Previously when crewmember kidnappings took
place in this area, only towing and fishing vessels were targeted. However, since October 2016, ASG has
reportedly targeted two large commercial vessels and a private yacht. The level of violence has been high during
some of these attacks, as was demonstrated on November 7, 2016, when kidnappers boarded a yacht, killed one
female crewmember, and kidnapped the remaining crewmember. For additional information see:
https://www.marad.dot.gov/newsroom/advisory/2016/marad-advisory-2016-04-vessel-guidance-for-the-sulu-andcelebes-seas-pendingdraftworkflow/
2. (U) ReCAAP ALERT 21 Nov 2016: The ReCAAP ISC is deeply concerned about the situation of abduction
of crew from ships while underway in the Sulu-Celebes Sea and eastern Sabah region. Since March 2016, there
have been 11 incidents with nine actual incidents and two attempted incidents occurred in the area. Most of the
incidents are claimed by the terrorist group of the Philippines Abu Sayyaf Group. 44 crew were abducted and 11
crew among them are still in captive. Since October 2016, the perpetrators have begun to target ships of larger
tonnage (DONG BANG GIANT 2, ROYAL 16, SOUTHERN FALCON and KUMIAI SHAGANG). The latest
attempted incidents of SOUTHERN FALCON and KUMIAI SHAGANG show the vigilance of the crew and effective
activation of anti-piracy measures had successfully prevented boarding by the perpetrators. The ReCAAP ISC
reiterates its advisory to all ships to re-route from the area, where possible. Otherwise, ship masters and crew are
strongly urged to exercise extra vigilance while transiting the area and report immediately to the following centers:

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(U) A. Operation Centre in the Philippine Coast Guard District Southwestern Mindanao for monitoring and
immediate responses in any eventualities. (Sat phones: +63 929686 4129/+63 916626 0689, VHF:
Channel 16 with call-sign "ENVY", Email: hcgdswm@yahoo.com)
(U) B. Eastern Sabah Security Command (ESSCOM) when transiting nearer to eastern Sabah. (Tel: +60
89863181/016, Fax: +60 89863182, VHF: Channel 16 with call-sign ESSCOM, Email:
bilikgerakanesscom@jpm.gov.my)
(U) For additional information see: http://www.recaap.org/mwginternal/gj4f982jd95g4/progress?id=CxTHpGB3il0OE-IUlD_h7qbueby54Ui94BNu9494Rbg,&dl
3. (U) IMB ADVISORY 11 Nov 2016: All ships transiting Celebes Sea / Sulu Sea / off Zamboanga and
Moro Gulf / off Mindanao Island. On 10 November 2016 at 2031 UTC in position 06:40.45N - 122:29.45E, 10 nm
north-northeast of Basilan Island, Philippines. A merchant vessel was attacked and boarded by pirates. Six crew
members were kidnapped and one crew injured. This is the second merchant vessel to be attacked and crew
kidnapped in this area. Vessels are advised to maintain strict anti-piracy watch and exercise extreme caution and
keep clear of the position given in this report and maintain maximum CPA with any vessel acting suspiciously. All
attacks and suspicious sightings should be reported. IMB Piracy Reporting Centre 24 hours anti-piracy helpline
+603 2031 0014, fax: +603 2078 5769, Email: imbkl@icc-ccs.org <mailto:imbkl@icc-ccs.org> // piracy@icc-ccs.org
4. (U) NGA Special Warning 134 3 Oct 2016: Commercial vessels in the region of the Red Sea, Bab el Mandeb
Strait, and the Gulf of Aden should operate under a heightened state of alert as increasing tensions in the region
escalate the potential for direct or collateral damage to vessels transiting the region. These threats may come from
a variety of different sources such as missiles, projectiles or waterborne improvised explosive devices. Huthi rebels
claimed responsibility for a 1 October attack on a UAE vessel. Vessels in the region should report hostile activities
immediately and contact coalition naval forces via VHF bridge to bridge radio. Email: catleader@me.navy.mil,
phone: 973 1785 3879.

3. (U) Summary
A. (U) BANGLADESH: On 20 December, ten robbers boarded a passenger vessel and robbed the passengers of
jewelry and other valuables in the Katakhal River near Elongjuri Union.
B. (U) PHILIPPINES: On 20 December, suspected Abu Sayyaf militants kidnapped four fishermen from the fishing
boat RAMONA 2 in the Celebes Sea.
C. (U) NIGERIA: On 15 December, eight robbers in a skiff approach and attempted to board an anchored tanker
using a long ladder in Qua Iboe Anchorage.
D. (U) PHILIPPINES: On 15 December, Philippines Customs authorities arrested the petroleum tankers MT
ALPINE MAGNOLIA and MT MALOLOS in the port of Bataan on suspicion of fuel smuggling.
E. (U) MALAYSIA: On 13 December, the Sarawak Customs Department seized 1,106 master cases of cigarettes
and 5,800 cartons of beer during an operation at the Senari Port.
F. (U) NIGERIA: On 12 December, three robbers in a small speed boat attempted to board an anchored product
tanker in Lagos Anchorage.
G. (U) INDONESIA: On 8 December, three robbers boarded an anchored bulk carrier in Muara Berau Anchorage,
Samarinda.
H. (U) INDONESIA: On 30 November, four robbers armed with knives boarded an LPG Tanker, anchored in
Cilacap Anchorage.
I. (U) PUERTO RICO: On 15 November, US Customs and Border Protection personnel stopped and searched a
small wooden boat 8 miles west of Desecheo Island, off the western coast, finding 328 pounds of cocaine.

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4. (U) Counter-Piracy and Maritime Crime Announcements and Advisories


A. (U) GULF OF ADEN: Government of Japan convoy schedule for December 2016, and January and February
2017. To apply for JMSDF escort, visit http://www.mlit.go.jp/en/maritime/maritime_fr2_000000.html, please contact
directly the Anti-Piracy Contact and Coordination Office, Maritime Bureau, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure,
Transport and Tourism (MILT), Japan: Tel: +81-3-5253-8932; Fax: +81-3-5253-1643. Email: INFOPIRACY@mlit.go.jp. (MSCHOA)
B. (U) GULF OF ADEN: Korean Navy convoy schedule for December 2016 and January 2017. All merchant
vessels wishing to join the convoy group must submit their application forms directly to the ROK naval warship
carrying out the mission. The ROK MTG can be reached directly at INMARSAT: 1-203-346-7633. Email:
bluegun21@navy.mil.kr. (MSCHOA)
C. (U) GULF OF ADEN: Chinese Navy convoy schedule for December 2016, and January and February 2017. For
further information, please e-mail planavy@navy.mil.cn, or call Tel: 00870 773 120 807; or 441 221 894.
(MSCHOA)
D. (U) GULF OF ADEN: Indian Navy convoy escort schedule for December 2016, and January and February 2017.
To register, email dgcommcentre-dgs@nic.in; or visit www.dgshipping.com. Telephone numbers for contact are:
91-22-22614646 or fax at 91-22-22613636. (MSCHOA)

5. (U) Details: Monthly Incidents by Region


(U) This section lists reports of active violence against shipping, credible threats to shipping, or the potential for a
situation to develop into a direct threat to shipping over the last 30 days. Every effort is made to ensure that
incidents are not double-counted. In the event double-counting is detected, or an incident is later learned to be
different than initially reported, an explanation of the cancellation of the inaccurate report will be made in at least
one message prior to dropping the erroneous report.
A.

(U) NORTH AMERICA:

1. (U) MEXICO: On 26 November, robbers boarded the offshore supply ships GLOBAL EXPLORER and VIKRANT
DOLPHIN while the vessels were anchored at Dos Bocas Anchorage, Tabasco State. Eleven armed men boarded
the ships about 0200 local time and stole equipment, cargo and crews belongings. Crews hid in the citadels until a
security team arrived. Pirates fled in their boats, and though authorities were informed in time, pirates werent
intercepted. No injuries reported. (www.fleetmon.com)

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B.

(U) CENTRAL AMERICA - CARIBBEAN - SOUTH AMERICA:

Figure 1. Central America - Caribbean South America Piracy and Maritime Crime
1. (U) PUERTO RICO: On 15 November, US Customs and Border Protection personnel stopped and searched a
small wooden boat 8 miles west of Desecheo Island, off the western coast. The search turned up 328 pounds of
cocaine, hidden in two secret compartments of the vessel. Two men on the vessel were arrested.
(www.businessinsider.com)
2. (U) BRAZIL: On 5 December, Brazilian authorities in the port of Santos, found 225 kilograms of cocaine in a
shipping container carrying a consignment of chocolates aboard CAP SAN LORENZO. The ships next port of call
was Rotterdam and the ship has been detained for an investigation. (www.fleetmon.com)
3. (U) HAITI: On 27 November, robbers attempted to board an anchored tanker near position 18:34N - 072:23W,
Port Au Prince Anchorage. Alert crewman on routine rounds noticed the robbers and raised the alarm resulting in
the robbers retreating. Crew mustered and a search was carried out. Nothing reported stolen. Port control informed.
(IMB)
4. (U) BRAZIL: On 26 November, 223 kilograms of cocaine was discovered in a shipping container aboard CAP
SAN ARTEMISSIO, among a consignment of bagged charcoal in the port of Santos. Reportedly, bags with drugs
were hoisted aboard from a small boat by people aboard the ship and then hidden in the container. No mention of
crew involvement. (www.fleetmon.com)
5. (U) VENEZUELA: On 23 November, robbers boarded a bulk carrier anchored near position 10:11N - 064:45W,
Puerto Jose Anchorage. Duty crewman on routine rounds noticed the bosun store room door open. Upon
approaching the store room, two robbers armed with knives were seen stealing ships stores. The crew tried to
confront the robbers but he was threatened by the robbers. The duty crewman was able to raise the alarm. Seeing
the alerted crew, the robbers escaped with the stolen ships stores. (IMB)
C. (U) ATLANTIC OCEAN AREA: No current incidents to report.
D. (U) NORTHERN EUROPE - BALTIC: No current incidents to report.
E.

(U) MEDITERRANEAN - BLACK SEA: No current incidents to report.


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F.

(U) WEST AFRICA

Figure 2. West Africa Piracy and Maritime Crime


1. (U) NIGERIA: On 15 December, eight robbers in a skiff approach and attempted to board an anchored tanker
using a long ladder, near position 04:21N - 008:26E, Qua Iboe Anchorage. Duty officer on the bridge noticed the
attempt and informed the Master. Alarm was raised and crew mustered in the accommodation area. Master
requested immediate assistance from the local Naval Security patrol boat. Upon seeing the approaching patrol
boat, the robbers aborted the attempted boarding and moved away. (IMB)
2. (U) NIGERIA: On 12 December, three robbers in a small speed boat attempted to board an anchored product
tanker using ropes, near position 06:18N - 003:21E, Lagos Anchorage. Alarm was raised and crew was mustered
in the accommodation. The armed security team onboard fired warning shots resulting in the robbers aborting the
attempted attack and moved away. Local authorities informed. (IMB)
3. (U) NIGERIA: On 13 December, bandits attacked the offshore supply vessel CHILOSCO near position 03:45N 006:10E, 29 nm south of Brass. (www.fleetmon.com)
4. (U) NIGERIA: On 10 December, the product tanker SOCHIMA was attacked by pirates in Gulf of Guinea, 40
nautical miles south of Brass, Nigeria. The vessel was approached by speedboat with armed men, who tried to
board the vessel and take control. The Nigeria Navy security team aboard of the product tanker thwarted the pirate
attack. The speedboat fled away and abandoned the attack, while the crew of the cargo vessel SOCHIMA reported
the incident to the local authorities. (www.maritimeherald.com)
5. (U) ANGOLA: On 1 December, two robbers boarded an anchored product tanker near position 08:44S 013:17E, Luanda Anchorage. Alarm was raised and crew was mustered. Seeing the crews alertness, the robbers
escaped with stolen ships properties. (IMB)
6. (U) BENIN: On 27 November, pirates boarded the refrigerated cargo ship SARONIC BREEZE near position
05:04N - 002:37E, 70 nm south of Cotonou. The pirates maintained control of the ship until 29 November when
they left the ship, taking 3 crewmen as hostages. (www.fleetmon.com)
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7. (U) NIGERIA: On 27 November, an unknown militant group in the Niger Delta region has reportedly blown up the
Abura oil pipeline, a major oil trunk line operated by the Nigerian Petroleum Development Company near OtuJeremi in Ughelli South local government area of Delta State. (www.punchng.com)
8. (U) NIGERIA: On 23 November, pirates armed with automatic weapons approached and fired upon an underway
tanker near position 03:35N - 005:13E, 61 nm southwest of Bayelsa coast. Alarm raised, SSAS activated, crew
alerted, and the onboard security team returned fire. The pirates managed to board the tanker using a ladder and
all crew retreated to the citadel. After two hours, the pirates left the tanker. Vessel sustained some damages at the
superstructure due to the firing. All crew are safe and no injuries reported. One pirate was reportedly killed. (IMB)
G.

(U) ARABIAN GULF: No current incidents to report.

H. (U) INDIAN OCEAN - EAST AFRICA:


1. (U) SOMALIA: On 11 December, a suicide truck-borne bomb detonated in the port of Mogadishu, killing at least
29 persons. The militant group al-Shabaab claimed responsibility. (www.fleetmon.com)
I.

(U) EAST ASIA - SOUTHEAST ASIA - INDIAN SUBCONTINENT:

Figure 3. East Asia - Southeast Asia - Indian


Subcontinent Piracy and Maritime Crime

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Figure 4. East Asia - Southeast Asia - Indian


Subcontinent Piracy and Maritime Crime

Figure 5. East Asia - Southeast Asia - Indian


Subcontinent Piracy and Maritime Crime

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1. (U) BANGLADESH: On 20 December, ten robbers boarded a passenger vessel and robbed the passengers of
jewelry and other valuables in the Katakhal River near Elongjuri Union. During the attack, one passenger was
injured by gunfire and another is missing and believed to have fallen into the river and drowned.
(www.thefinancialexpress-bd.com)
2. (U) PHILIPPINES: On 20 December, suspected Abu Sayyaf militants kidnapped four fishermen from the fishing
boat RAMONA 2 in the Celebes Sea, in the area where other Abu Sayyaf-related kidnappings have occurred.
(www.abcnews.go.com)
3. (U) PHILIPPINES: On 15 December, Philippines Customs authorities arrested the petroleum tankers MT ALPINE
MAGNOLIA and MT MALOLOS in the port of Bataan on suspicion of fuel smuggling. The ships were carrying a
combined total of 45,000 tons of fuel and were conducting an unlawful fuel transfer. (www.thestandard.com.ph)
4. (U) MALAYSIA: On 13 December, the Sarawak Customs Department seized 1,106 master cases of cigarettes
and 5,800 cartons of beer during an operation at the Senari Port. The State Customs director said the commodities
were found in three containers in the Customs and Examination area at the port. An initial investigation showed that
all the three containers arrived from Singapore and was imported by a company that does not exist. The manifest
says that the containers were supposed to be carrying jewelry, clothing, bags, pencils and shoes. (www.the
borneopost.com)
5. (U) INDONESIA: On 8 December, three robbers boarded an anchored bulk carrier near position 00:17S 117:39E, Muara Berau Anchorage, Samarinda. Alarm was raised and crew was mustered. Seeing the crews
alertness, the robbers escaped with stolen ships stores. Port control informed. Authorities boarded the ship for
investigation. (IMB)
6. (U) INDONESIA: On 30 November, four robbers armed with knives boarded an LPG Tanker, anchored near
position 07:46S - 109:04E, Cilacap Anchorage. They took hostage a duty crewman and forced him to guide them
into the engine room. The robbers then took the duty oiler hostage and threatened them with a knife. The robbers
stole engine spares and escaped. The hostage crew later raised the alarm. Incident reported to the local agents
and authorities. (IMB)
7. (U) PHILIPPINES: On 8 December, three persons in a blue and white speed boat approached an underway bulk
carrier near position 05:29N - 119:38E, 17 nm south of Pearl Bank. Master sounded the ship's whistle continuously,
made an announcement on the PA system, increased speed, commenced evasive maneuvers, and activated the
fire hoses. Seeing the alerted crew and the hardening measures taken by the ship, the speed boat moved away.
(IMB)
8. (U) MALAYSIA: On 8 December, security forces shot and killed three gunmen in a firefight during a kidnapping
attempt in Darvel Bay. A police spokesman confirmed that there was a shootout between security forces and the
armed group, and that one policeman was injured. It is believed that the criminals were trying to abduct a fisherman
when police intervened. (www.thestar.com.my)
9. (U) INDONESIA: On 7 December, a duty crewman on routine rounds onboard a bulk carrier, anchored near
position 00:14.39S - 117:35.09E, Muara Berau Anchorage, Samarinda, noticed the skylight of forecastle store
room open and the cover of the anchor chain removed. He also saw two robbers in a small boat leaving the vessel.
The duty crewman immediately informed the duty officer who raised the alarm and mustered the crew. Upon
inspection, it was found that ships stores were stolen. Incident reported to the local authorities through the local
agents. (IMB)
10. (U) VIETNAM: On 6 December, the tanker SWIFT was arrested by Vietnam Coast Guard personnel on
suspicion of fuel smuggling. The vessel was reportedly carrying 4,348 tons of gasoline and did not have the proper
documentation for the cargo. The ship and crew were taken to the port of Xuan Dai Bay for further investigation.
(www.fleetmon.com)
11. (U) PHILIPPINES: On 5 December, three Indonesian fishermen were kidnapped near the Philippine island of
Labuan. All three fishermen were reportedly released unhurt the following day, and it is believed that the owner of
the Sandakan-based trawler or agents of the trawler's owner crossed the border to negotiate the immediate release
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of the three crewmen and the boat. Local authorities indicated that the three Indonesian crewmen were held by
unidentified gunmen because they were reportedly poaching within Philippine waters. (www.thestar.com.my)
12. (U) INDONESIA: On 2 December, crewmen onboard a heavy lift vessel anchored near position 01:05N 104:10E, Kabil Anchorage, Palau Batam, discovered robbers boarding the ship. Duty officer raised the alarm, made
the PA announcement and crew was mustered. Seeing the crews alertness, the robbers escaped without stealing
anything. Incident reported to local authorities and port control. Authorities boarded the ship for investigation. (IMB)
13. (U) INDONESIA: On 1 December, duty crewman on routine rounds onboard an anchored general cargo ship
noticed three robbers on the forecastle deck, near position 03:40S - 114:27E, Banjaramasin Anchorage. Duty
officer raised the alarm and crew was mustered. Seeing the alerted crew, the robbers escaped via the hawse
pipe. Port authority informed. (IMB)
14. (U) SINGAPORE STRAITS: On 26 November, duty crewmen onboard a tug anchored near position 01:11N 103:39E, 4.1 nm southwest of Pulau Jurong, discovered a store room had been broken into and ships stores
stolen. (IMB)
15. (U) VIETNAM: On 26 November, Vietnam Coast Guard officials intercepted and arrested the tanker DANAI 8
near Quang Ngai province. The ship was taken to the port of Dung Quat on suspicion of fuel smuggling.
(www.fleetmon.com)
16. (U) VIETNAM: On 26 November, an alert duty crew onboard a container ship anchored near position 10:23N 107:03E, Vung Tau Anchorage spotted robbers boarding the ship via a small wooden boat. Master raised the alarm
and crew managed to catch one robber. The incident was reported to the port authorities and the robber was
handed over to the local police. (IMB)
17. (U) PHILIPPINES: On 24 November, seven armed persons wearing black clothes and black masks in a speed
boat approached an underway bulk carrier near position 05:55N - 119:50E: 8 nm west of Laparan Island. The alert
crew noticed the approaching boat and raised the alarm, commenced evasive maneuvers, and activated fire hoses.
Seeing the alerted crew and the vessel hardening, the boat moved away. Master warned other vessels via VHF
channel 16. All crew safe. (IMB)
18. (U) PHILIPPINES: On 24 November, a bulk carrier underway near position 05:47N - 119:51E, 6 nm southwest
of Laparan Island, noticed a blue speed boat with ten armed persons wearing black clothes and black masks
approaching the vessel at high speed. Ships master raised the alarm, alerted the crew and contacted the
Philippine Navy. The speed boat closed onto the vessel and then moved away. After short while, the duty officer
once again noticed the speed boat approaching the vessel from astern. The master once again made contact with
the Philippine Navy and provided the requested information. Seeing the alerted crew and the visible vessel
hardening, the boat moved away and approached another vessel in the vicinity. (IMB)
19. (U) PHILIPPINES: On 23 November, eight persons wearing masks, and armed with automatic weapons, in a
speed boat attempted to board an underway bulk carrier, near position 06:21N - 119:53E, 25 nm northwest of Cap
Island, using a long pole attached with hook. Master raised the alarm and activated the SSAS. Vessel speed
increased and evasive maneuvers undertaken. The persons in the boat opened fire and tried to board the vessel
but failed due to the hardening measures taken by the vessel and moved away. Master warned other vessels via
VHF channel 16 and reported the incident to the Philippine authorities. All crew reported safe. (IMB)
20. (U) VIETNAM: On 23 November, two duty crewmen on board a bulk carrier noticed a fishing boat slowly
approaching their vessel, anchored near position 10:15N - 107:00E, Vung Tau Anchorage. The boat circled the
vessel and then stopped near the bow. One crewman stayed near the forecastle to keep watch on the boat.
Unknown to the crewman another boat had come alongside the vessel near the accommodation area. Two robbers
armed with knives boarded the vessel and started stealing ships stores. As the second crewman made his routine
rounds the robbers confronted and threatened him with the knife. The duty crew retreated into the accommodation
and raised the alarm, resulting in the robbers escaping. Incident reported to port control via VHF. (IMB)

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J. (U) NORTHEAST ASIA:
1. (U) TAIWAN: On 5 December, Taiwan investigators in Koahsiung seized more than 200 kilograms of cocaine
and over 50 kilograms of amphetamine that were packed inside car batteries imported from Brazil. It is alleged to
be the biggest bust in Taiwanese history. (Focus Taiwan)
K. (U) PACIFIC OCEAN - SOUTHERN OCEAN: No current incidents to report.

6. (U) Appendix A: Further Contact Information and Resources


(U) This appendix provides contact information for the author of the WTS as well as other entities that can be
contacted with maritime crime reports. It also lists other resources where the WTS is posted and where piracy and
maritime crime incident information can be found.
(U) Contact
(U) Originator of this WTS report requests consumer feedback. Originator will incorporate all anti-shipping events
and violence against the maritime industry into this weekly message where appropriate. To aid in our reporting,
please add the Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) to your normal corporate and organizational reporting
requirements. The 24-hour watch can be reached at +1 (301) 669-4053.
(U) Other Resources
(U) This Worldwide Threat to Shipping Report is posted at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agencys Maritime
Safety site: http://msi.nga.mil/NGAPortal/MSI.portal. The International Maritime Bureau (IMB) also publishes a live
piracy report based on reporting from the IMB Piracy Reporting Centre in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, listing all piracy
and armed robbery incidents in the last ten days: http://www.icc-ccs.org/. The PAWW and WTS Reports are posted
weekly on the ONI Intel Portal: http://www.oni.navy.mil/Intelligence_Community/piracy.htm.

7. (U) Appendix B: Terminology and References


(U) This appendix is provided to promote consistent use of accurate terms of reference in reporting and also
identifies those references that were used to gather the information contained in this report. ONI welcomes
comment and suggestions for addition or amendment.
(U) Terminology
(U) In order to promote consistent use of accurate terms of reference, the following have been adopted to describe
the range of criminal anti-shipping activity and impediments to safe navigation in our worldwide reporting and
analysis. Please note that these terms relate to observable activity and are independent of target vessel status and
exclude actions by governmental powers in lawful pursuit of their authorities:

(U) Attempted Boarding Close approach or hull-to-hull contact with report that boarding paraphernalia were
employed or visible in the approaching boat.

(U) Blocking Hampering safe navigation, docking, or undocking of a vessel as a means of protest.

(U) Boarding Unauthorized boarding of a vessel by persons not part of its complement without successfully
taking control of the vessel.

(U) Fired Upon Weapons discharged at or toward a vessel.

(U) Hijacking Unauthorized seizure and retention of a vessel by persons not part of its complement.

(U) Kidnapping Unauthorized forcible removal of persons belonging to the vessel from it.

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(U) Robbery Theft from a vessel or from persons aboard the vessel.

(U) Suspicious Approach All other unexplained activity in close proximity of an unknown vessel.

(U) Sourcing
(U) ONI derives information in this report from direct reporting and analysis of reports from the following agencies
and commercial sources.

Agence France Presse (AFP)


Associated Press (AP)
Baltic and International Maritime Council (BIMCO), Denmark
BBC News
EU Naval Forces (EU)
Fairplay (FP), London
Informa Group (INFO), formerly LLP, Llp Limited, London
International Maritime Bureau (IMB), London and Kuala Lumpur
International Maritime Organization (IMO), London
gCaptain
Latitude38.com (LAT) website
Lloyd's List (LL), daily, London
Local Media (LM)
LSS-SAPU.com (LSS)
Maritime Administration (MARAD), U.S.
The Maritime Executive (website)
Maritime Security Centre - Horn of Africa (MSCHOA)
Maritime Security Council (MSC), U.S.
Marine Domain Awareness for Trade Gulf of Guinea (MDAT-GoG)
National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), Navigation Safety System
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Brussels
Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) (analysis and comment)
Operator (owner or operator of affected vessel)
Overseas Security Advisory Council (OSAC)
Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia,
Information Sharing Center (ReCAAP ISC)
Reuters
Royal Australian Navy (RAN)
Royal New Zealand Navy (RNZN)
Seafarers Assistance Program (SAP), Kenya
Tradewinds (TW)
United Kingdom Maritime Trade Organization (UKMTO)
United Press International (UPI)
U.S. Maritime Liaison Office (MARLO) Bahrain
U.S. Coast Guard (USCG)
U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

(U) ICOD: 21 December 2016


(U) The PAWW and WTS Reports are posted each week on the ONI Intel Portal and can be found at:
http://www.oni.navy.mil/Intelligence-Community/Piracy

UNCLASSIFIED