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Poetry Unit Final Test

Answer the following questions as completely as you can. You can use
your handouts and the poems that we have covered in class to help
you. Do not talk to your neighbor. When you are finished with your
test, hand in your test and sit quietly at your desk until everyone is

Metaphors and Similes

1. What is a simile?

2. What is a metaphor?

3. Find three examples of excellent similes from the poems we have





4. Find three examples of excellent metaphors from the poems we

have studied.




5. Write two good similes of your own (or take them from the poems
you wrote).



6. Write two good metaphors of your own (or take them from the
poems you wrote).


Literary Terms

Match each term to its definition AND provide an example from

the poems we have read in class.

7. Alliteration sounds associated with the objects

Example: or actions they refer to

B. A unit of verse consisting of two

8. Couplet successive lines, usually rhyming
Example: and having the same meter and
often forming a complete thought

9. Diction C. When two or more lines end in

Example: words that rhyme

D. An 18 line stanza written in iambic

10. End Rhyme pentameter, that employs the
Example: rhyme scheme abab, cdcd, efef, gg,
and can be divided into three
quatrains and a couplet
11. Imagery
Example: E. The use of repeated consonants or
stressed syllables, especially at the
beginning of words
12. Onomatopoeia
Example: F. The act of repeating a word or a

13. Personification G. The use of vivid or figurative

Example: language to represent objects,
actions, or ideas; the words used by
an author to create a vivid ‘image’
14. Repetition in the readers’ mind
H. A figure of speech in which
inanimate objects or abstractions
15. Sonnet are endowed with human qualities
Example: or are represented as possessing
human form

A. The formation or use of I. The vocabulary used by a writer,

words that imitate the can often show regional slang

Read the following poem:

Rudyard Kipling

If you can keep you head when all about you

Are losing theirs and blaming it on you;
If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you,
But make allowance for their doubting too;
If you can wait and not be tired by waiting,
Or, being lied about, don't deal in lies,
Or being hated don't give way to hating,
And yet don't look too good, nor talk too wise;

If you can dream-and not make dreams your master;

If you can think - and not make thoughts your aim,
If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster
And treat those two impostors just the same;
If you can bear to hear the truth you've spoken
Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools,
Or watch the things you gave your life to, broken,
And stoop and build 'em up with worn-out tools;

If you can make one heap of all your winnings

And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss,
And lose, and start again at your beginnings,
And never breathe a word about your loss;
If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew
To serve your turn long after they are gone,
And hold on when there is nothing in you
Except the Will which says to them, "Hold on!"

If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue,

Or walk with Kings - nor lose the common touch,
If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you,
If all men count with you, but none too much;
If you can fill the unforgiving minute
With sixty seconds' worth of distance run,
Yours is the Earth and everything that's in it,

And - which is more - you'll be a Man, my son!

Now answer the following questions:

16. How many stanzas are in this poem?

17. What is the rhyme scheme?

18. What is the tone of this poem?

19. What do you think is the theme of the poem?

20. Paraphrase all stanzas of the poem:

Good job! You have completed your poetry unit test. Now sit back
and relax!