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DESIGN STRENGTH

CALCULATION

10 TON SPREADER BEAM

11/02/2012

Page 1 of 20

TABLE OF CONTENT

1.

STAAD Pro : Spreader Beam Analysis for 4-points and 2-points lifting

Page

Analysis ( Introduction).
2.

STAAD Pro : Design basis & Loading Assumptions

3.

STAAD Pro : Loading assumptions & Steel Design analysis

4.

STAAD Pro : Material Specification & Conclusion

5.

STAAD Input File

6.

STAAD Output Result & Steel Design analysis result

7.

Additional Calc for 2 point Lifting analysis (Lug & Spreader Sizing)

11 15

8.

Additional Calc for 4 point Lifting analysis (Lug & Spreader Sizing)

16 20

11/02/2012

34

6 10

Page 2 of 20

STAAD Pro : Spreader Beam Analysis for 4-points and 2-points lifting

INTRODUCTION

I)

Scope

This document sets out the structural design criteria for 10 ton spreader beam. The spreader beam has been
checked for structural safety and integrity for all loads anticipated during, LIFTING condition. The integrity of
the structure has been checked based on the applicable codes and standards approach.

II)

Analysis Methodology

The actions effects of the various loads have been determined by linear analysis taking into account the
relevant material properties and geometric effects. The three dimensional nature of the structure have been
taken into account in the interpretation of the results of the analysis. A linear static stress analysis was
performed on the 3-D modeled frame structure using STAAD Pro software. For the analysis the modeled
structure was loaded with its own self-weight together with all other loads (Non-modeled structure, Equipment
& Piping) and applied at appropriate position as described in the load calculation sheets. The analysis and
code check of the structure was primarily based on the guidelines from the Document provided, BS 5950 and
API RP2A.

III)

Boundary Condition on Computer Model

For 4-points & 2-points Lifting, the spreader beam was considered to have pinned support location for
appropriate computer run.

IV)

Design Basis and Loading Assumptions

1.

Loadings:

2.

Selfweight of the Structure has been generated by the software itself with a 20% contingency factor.

Loadings Combination:

The Skid has been analyzed for LIFTING condition (4-points & 2-Points). The different
load combination taken for these analyses are as follows:

11/02/2012

Page 3 of 20

3.

LIFTING condition:
3.1

Dead Load + Dry weight of Spreader Beam + 20% contingency factor

3.2

2.5 x ( Dead weight of Spreader Beam )


For 4 points Lifting Analysis.

3.3

1.5 x (Dead weight of Spreader Beam)


For 2 points Lifting Analysis.

V)

Steel Design Analysis

The Steel Design Code use = BS5950 : 2000.

Spreader beam deflection were limited to less than L/300 as per DNV 2.7-1 Specification.

Loading assumption : Point load were assigned & divided equally based on the design load that
located on the spreader beam

VI)

Material Specification
A106 Gr B (min yield 240 Mpa) - Pipes sections

VII)

Result Print out and Conclusion

All structural members were found to be adequate and safe during lifting. The stresses
and deflections were all

below allowable.

The BS 5950 code-check was incorporated

in the STAAD design and included in the print-out for the Unity check of all members.

11/02/2012

Page 4 of 20

STAAD INPUT
STAAD SPACE DXF IMPORT OF 10-TON-SPREADER-BAR.DXF
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 3-FEB-12
JOB NAME 10-TON-SPREADER-DNV CALC
JOB CLIENT XXX
ENGINEER NAME NAS
CHECKER NAME ALLEN
CHECKER DATE 3-FEB-12
JOB NO 10TON
JOB REV 0
JOB REF SSL-STK-01211301.DWG
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
INPUT WIDTH 72
INPUT WIDTH 72
UNIT MMS NEWTON
JOINT COORDINATES
16 0 3340 0; 17 6000 3340 0;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 16 17;
*********** DEFINITION OF MEMBER PROPERTIES ********************
DEFINE MATERIAL START
ISOTROPIC STEEL
E 199947
POISSON 0.3
DENSITY 7.68191e-005
ALPHA 6e-006
DAMP 0.03
END DEFINE MATERIAL
UNIT MMS KG
MEMBER PROPERTY CANADIAN
*********** DEFINITION OF PIPE 8IN SCH 160 *******************
1 TABLE ST PIPE OD 219.1 ID 173.08
UNIT MMS NEWTON
CONSTANTS
MATERIAL STEEL ALL
***********DEFINITION OF BOUNDARY CONDITION & LOADING ********************
UNIT MMS KG
SUPPORTS
16 17 PINNED
LOAD 1 LOADTYPE Dead TITLE 4 PTS LIFTING (SELFWEIGHT + 20% CONTINGENCY)
SELFWEIGHT Y -1.2
MEMBER LOAD
1 CON GY -2500 125 109.55
1 CON GY -2500 1000 109.55
1 CON GY -2500 5000 109.55
1 CON GY -2500 5875 109.55
LOAD 2 LOADTYPE Dead TITLE 2 PTS LIFTING (SELFWEIGHT + 20% CONTINGENCY)
SELFWEIGHT Y -1.2
MEMBER LOAD
1 CON GY -5000 5875 109.55
1 CON GY -5000 125 109.55
LOAD COMB 3 COMBINATION LOAD CASE 1&2 (4 POINTS LIFTING)
1 2.5 2 2.5
LOAD COMB 4 COMBINATION LOAD CASE 1&2 (2 POINTS LIFTING)
1 1.5 2 1.5
***********DEFINITION OF DESIGN CODE ANALYSIS ****************
PERFORM ANALYSIS
PARAMETER 1
CODE BS5950
**************PIPE MEMBER ********* 240 MPA ******************
PY 240 ALL
**************************************************************
MAIN 1 ALL
RATIO 1 ALL
TRACK 1 ALL
BEAM 1 ALL
DFF 300 ALL
CHECK CODE ALL
FINISH
*************************************************************

11/02/2012

Page 5 of 20

Job No

Sheet No

Client

Part

Software licensed to
Job Title

Rev

10TON

10-TON-SPREADER-DNV CALC

Ref

SSL-STK-01211301.DWG

By

NAS

File

XXX

Date3-FEB-12

10 Ton Spreader Bar.std

Chd

Date/Time

ALLEN

11-Feb-2012 19:27

Job Information
Engineer

Checked

Name:

NAS

ALLEN

Date:

3-FEB-12

3-FEB-12

Structure Type

Approved

SPACE FRAME

Number of Nodes

Highest Node

17

Number of Elements

Highest Beam

Number of Basic Load Cases

Number of Combination Load Cases

Included in this printout are data for:


All
The Whole Structure
Included in this printout are results for load cases:
Type
L/C

Name

Primary

4 PTS LIFTING (SELFWEIGHT + 20% CO

Primary

2 PTS LIFTING (SELFWEIGHT + 20% CO

Combination

COMBINATION LOAD CASE 1&2 (4 POIN

Combination

COMBINATION LOAD CASE 1&2 (2 POIN

Supports
Node

(kip/in)

(kip/in)

(kip/in)

rX

rY

rZ

16

Fixed

Fixed

Fixed

17

Fixed

Fixed

Fixed

(kip-ft/deg) (kip-ft/deg) (kip-ft/deg)

Basic Load Cases


Number

Name

4 PTS LIFTING (SELFWEIGHT + 20% CO

2 PTS LIFTING (SELFWEIGHT + 20% CO

Combination Load Cases


Comb.

Combination L/C Name

Primary

Primary L/C Name

COMBINATION LOAD CASE 1&2 (4 POIN

4 PTS LIFTING (SELFWEIGHT + 20% CO

2.50

2 PTS LIFTING (SELFWEIGHT + 20% CO

2.50

4 PTS LIFTING (SELFWEIGHT + 20% CO

1.50

2 PTS LIFTING (SELFWEIGHT + 20% CO

1.50

COMBINATION LOAD CASE 1&2 (2 POIN

Print Time/Date:
11/02/2012 19:29
11/02/2012

STAAD.Pro V8i (SELECTseries 1) 20.07.06.35

Factor

Print Run 1 of 5
Page 6 of 20

Job No

Sheet No

Client

Part

Software licensed to
Job Title

Rev

10TON

10-TON-SPREADER-DNV CALC

Ref

SSL-STK-01211301.DWG

By

NAS

File

XXX

Date3-FEB-12

10 Ton Spreader Bar.std

Chd

Date/Time

ALLEN

11-Feb-2012 19:27

Beam Loads : 1 4 PTS LIFTING (SELFWEIGHT + 20% CONTINGENCY)


Beam

Type

Direction

Fa

Da

Fb

Db

(mm)
1

Ecc.
(mm)

CON

kg

GY

-2.5E+3

125.000

109.550

CON

kg

GY

-2.5E+3

999.998

109.550

CON

kg

GY

-2.5E+3

5E+3

109.550

CON

kg

GY

-2.5E+3

5.87E+3

109.550

Selfweight : 1 4 PTS LIFTING (SELFWEIGHT + 20% CONTINGENCY)


Direction
Y

Factor
-1.200

Beam Loads : 2 2 PTS LIFTING (SELFWEIGHT + 20% CONTINGENCY)


Beam

Type

Direction

Fa

Da

Fb

Db

(mm)
1

Ecc.
(mm)

CON

kg

GY

-5E+3

125.000

109.550

CON

kg

GY

-5E+3

5.87E+3

109.550

Selfweight : 2 2 PTS LIFTING (SELFWEIGHT + 20% CONTINGENCY)


Direction
Y

Factor
-1.200

Print Time/Date:
11/02/2012 19:29
11/02/2012

STAAD.Pro V8i (SELECTseries 1) 20.07.06.35

Print Run 2 of 5
Page 7 of 20

Job No

Sheet No

Client

Part

Software licensed to
Job Title

Rev

10TON

10-TON-SPREADER-DNV CALC

Ref

SSL-STK-01211301.DWG

By

NAS

File

XXX

Date3-FEB-12

10 Ton Spreader Bar.std

Chd

Date/Time

ALLEN

11-Feb-2012 19:27

-2e+003 kg
-2e+003 kg

n17
-2e+003 kg
-2e+003 kg

#1

n16

Y
X
Z

Load 1

4 PTS LIFTING

Print Time/Date:
11/02/2012 19:29
11/02/2012

STAAD.Pro V8i (SELECTseries 1) 20.07.06.35

Print Run 3 of 5
Page 8 of 20

Job No

Sheet No

Client

Part

Software licensed to
Job Title

Rev

10TON

10-TON-SPREADER-DNV CALC

Ref

SSL-STK-01211301.DWG

By

NAS

File

XXX

Date3-FEB-12

10 Ton Spreader Bar.std

Chd

Date/Time

ALLEN

11-Feb-2012 19:27

-5e+003 kg

n17

-5e+003 kg

#1

n16

Y
X
Z

Load 2

2 PTS LIFTING

Print Time/Date:
11/02/2012 19:29
11/02/2012

STAAD.Pro V8i (SELECTseries 1) 20.07.06.35

Print Run 4 of 5
Page 9 of 20

Job No

Sheet No

Client

Part

Software licensed to
Job Title

Rev

10TON

10-TON-SPREADER-DNV CALC

Ref

SSL-STK-01211301.DWG

By

NAS

File

XXX

Date3-FEB-12

10 Ton Spreader Bar.std

Chd

Date/Time

ALLEN

11-Feb-2012 19:27

Steel Design (Track 2) Beam 1 Check 1


ALL UNITS ARE - KG
MEMBER

MMS

(UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED)

TABLE

RESULT/
CRITICAL COND/
RATIO/
LOADING/
FX
MY
MZ
LOCATION
=======================================================================
1 ST

PIP E

PASS
BS-4.8.3.2
0.077
3
0.00
0.00
11591765.00
3000.00
=======================================================================
MATERIAL DATA
Grade of steel
= S 275
Modulus of elasticity
= 200 kN/mm2
Design Strength (py)
= 2353 N/mm2
SECTION PROPERTIES (units - cm)
Member Length =
600.00
Gross Area = 141.75 Net Area =
Moment of inertia
Plastic modulus
Elastic modulus
Effective modulus
Shear Area

:
:
:
:
:

DESIGN DATA (units - kN,m)


Section Class

Moment Capacity
Reduced Moment Capacity
Shear Capacity

:
:
:

141.75

z-z axis
6906.883
888.797
630.478
630.478
85.050

Eff. Area =

141.75

y-y axis
6906.883
888.797
630.478
630.478
85.050

BS5950-1/2000
SEMI-COMPACT
z-z

axis
1483.9
1483.9
12010.4

y-y axis
1483.9
1483.9
12010.4

BUCKLING CALCULATIONS (units - kN,m)


(axis nomenclature as per design code)
LTB check unnecessary for this section
CRITICAL LOADS FOR EACH CLAUSE CHECK (units- kN,m):
CLAUSE
RATIO LOAD
FX
VY
VZ
MZ
MY
BS-4.2.3-(Y)
0.022
3
264.8
BS-4.8.3.2
0.077
3
0.0
264.8
0.0
113.7
0.0
BS-4.8.3.3.1
0.077
3
0.0
113.7
0.0
BS-4.8.3.3.3
0.077
3
0.0
113.7
0.0
Torsion and deflections have not been considered in the design.

Print Time/Date:
11/02/2012 19:29
11/02/2012

STAAD.Pro V8i (SELECTseries 1) 20.07.06.35

Print Run 5 of 5
Page 10 of 20

LIFTING SPREADER PIPE SIZING CALCULATIONS (2-POINTS LIFTING)


ITEM :

10 TONNE SPREADER BEAM

Actual Load at spreader beam ( + Spreader beam weight )

Component force acting on beam, F

Impact factor

5,640 kg
82,990 N
2

1) PIPE SIZING
Pipe size

Outer diameter of pipe, D

Thickness of pipe,

23.01 mm

Outer Radius of pipe, R

109.55 mm

Inner radius of pipe, r

Section modulus of pipe, Zx-x

630,478 mm3

Second Moment of pipe, I

4,309,117 mm4

Cross section area of pipe, A

14175 mm2

Unbraced length of member, L

5750 mm

Modulus Of Elasticity , E

2.0E+05 N/mm

Spreader Pipe Weight

Material used

Specified yield stress, Sy

8 in SCH 160
219.1 mm

86.54 mm

639.8 kg
A 106.Gr.B
241.32 N/mm

a) Bending Stress

L
R2

R1

Maximum bending moment occurs at the point where dM/dx = 0 and shear force is zero,
that is, at the middle of the beam. (See Appendix)

Total bending moment, M ( = F*L /6)

Bending stress, Sb ( = M / Zx-x )

126.15 N/mm

Max Bending stress = Fx * L3 / ( 60 * E * I )

305.19 N/mm

Allowable bending stress, Sb.all ( = 0.66Sy )

159.27 N/mm

Since Sb

<

Sb.all,therefore the pipe size is

79,531,790 Nmm

satisfactory.

b) Compressive Stress
Compressive force, Fc

Compressive stress, Sc = Fc / A

82,990 N
5.85 N/mm

Allowable compressive stress, Sc.all ( = 0.6Sy )

144.79 N/mm

c) Combined stresses,
U

Sc
Sc.all

Since U

11/02/2012

<

Sb

0.83

Sb.all
1, therefore the pipe size is

satisfactory.

Page 11 of 20

LIFTING SPREADER PIPE SIZING CALCULATIONS (2-POINTS LIFTING)


ITEM :

10 TONNE SPREADER BEAM


Fz

2) LUG SIZING

rL(s)
tL(s)

d(s)

a
Fx

Fyl

hL(s)
wL(s)
Lug radius, rL(s)

Lug thickness, tL(s)

50 mm
15 mm

Lug base width, wL(s)

200 mm

Diameter of hole, d(s)

30 mm

Distance from lug hole to base, hL(s)

150 mm

Collar plate thickness, tcp

0 mm

Collar ring diameter, Dcp

0 mm
Result

Clearance btw shackle & lug size


Lug thickness, tL(s)
A=

42.9

mm

C=

84

mm

15

mm

OK

50

mm

OK

Lug radius, rL(s)

Since A & C clearance against Lug size , Therefore the Lug is is


ACCEPTABLE
Per PTS Section 6.3
Check a) Lug hole diameter, d shall be Max of

i) Dp + 3mm

28.40 mm

ii) Dp X 1.05

26.67 mm

31.40 mm

b) Lug hole diameter, d shall be less than < (Dp + 6mm)


Dp =

30

result

a) = satisfactory
b) = satisfactory

Hole,d
Diameter of hole, d(s)

btw

28.40

30

31.40

OK

No of lug eye,

Maximum combined force acting on lug eye, Fc

=
=

2
41495 N
4230 kg

LIFTING LUG MATERIAL & MECHANICAL PROPERTIES


Material used

Specified yield stress, Sy

248.21 N/mm

Allowable bending stress, fbx.all ( = 0.66Sy ) _In Plane

163.82 N/mm

Allowable bending stress, fby.all ( = 0.75Sy ) _Out Of Plane

186.16 N/mm

Allowable tensile stress, St.all ( = 0.6Sy )

148.93 N/mm

Allowable bearing stress, Sbr.all ( = 0.9Sy )

223.39 N/mm

Allowable shear stress, Ss.all ( = 0.4Sy )

99.28 N/mm

11/02/2012

A 36

Page 12 of 20

LIFTING SPREADER PIPE SIZING CALCULATIONS (2-POINTS LIFTING)


ITEM :

10 TONNE SPREADER BEAM

SHACKLES
Shackle rating ( S.W.L )

Type of shackle

6.5 tons

BOLT Type Anchor shackle G2130

Pin size, Dp

25.40 mm

Ts

27,663 N

F.O.S.

2.00

55,326 N

LIFTING ANGLE

ACTUAL OUT OF PLANE ANGLE

MAXIMUM SLING TENSION ON PADEYE


FACTOR OF SAFETY
DESIGN LOAD:
SLING TENSION

P = FOS * Ts

0.00 Deg.

VERTICAL FORCE ON PADEYE

Fz = P * sin a

Fz

47,914 N

OUT OF PLANE FORCE

Fyl = 5% of P

Fyl

2,766 N

HORIZONTAL FORCE ON PADEYE

Fx = P * cos a

Horizontal dist.PIN CL to N.A.


1

60.00 Deg.

Fx

27,663 N

exl

0.00

My

4,149,485

N-mm

Mx

414,948

N-mm

STRESS CHECK AT BASE


a) Moment Calc at distance , H
In Plane Moment

My = ( Fx*H ) - ( Fz*ex l)

Out of plane moment

Mx = ( FyI*hL )

b) Tensile Stress
Maximum tensile force, ft = Fz / [ tL(s) * wL(s) ]
Allowable tensile stress, St.all ( = 0.6Sy )
Since ft

<

St.all, therefore the lug size is

16 N

148.93 N/mm

satisfactory.

c) Bending stress (In Plane)


Maximum bending stress , fbx = ( 6*Mx ) / ( wL(s) * [(tL(s)+tcp)^2] )

55 N/mm

Allowable bending stress, fbx.all ( = 0.66Sy ) _In Plane

163.82 N/mm

Since fbx

<

fbx.all,therefore the lug size is

satisfactory.

d) Bending stress (Out of Plane)


Maximum bending stress , fby = ( 6*My ) / [ tL(s) +(2*tcp)] * [ wL(s)^2 ] )

41 N/mm

Allowable bending stress, fby.all ( = 0.75Sy ) _Out Of Plane

186.16 N/mm

Since fby

<

fby.all,therefore the lug size is

satisfactory.

e) Unity Check : Combined stresses,


U

Since U

11/02/2012

St/St.all + fby/fby.all + fbx/fbx.all


<

1, therefore the lug size is

0.67

satisfactory.

Page 13 of 20

LIFTING SPREADER PIPE SIZING CALCULATIONS (2-POINTS LIFTING)


ITEM :

10 TONNE SPREADER BEAM

f) SHEAR stress (In Plane)


Maximum SHEAR stress , fsx = Fx / [ wL(s) * tL(s) ]
Allowable shear stress, Ss.all ( = 0.4Sy )
Since fsx

<

Ss.all,therefore the lug size is

9 N/mm

99.28 N/mm

satisfactory.

g) Bending stress (Out of Plane)


Maximum SHEAR stress , fsy = Fyl / [ wL(s) * tL(s) ]

1 N/mm

Allowable shear stress, Ss.all ( = 0.4Sy )

99.28 N/mm

Since fsx
1.1

<

Ss.all,therefore the lug size is

satisfactory.

CHECKING VON-MISES CRITERIA


a) Sum of stress in X-PLANE

fx = St + fby =

81.01 N/mm

b) Sum of stress in Y-PLANE

fy = St + fbx =

94.85 N/mm

fxy = SQRT [ (fsx^2)+(fsy^2) ] =

9.27 N/mm

c) Therefore, average Shear stress


d) Maximum Combined stress

Fcomb = SQRT [ (fx^2)+(fy^2)-(fx+fy+3fxy^2) ] =


Allowable combined stress : Fcomb.all ( = 0.66Sy )
Since fsx
2

<

Ss.all,therefore the lug size is

122.99 N/mm
163.82 N/mm

satisfactory.

STRESS CHECK AT PIN HOLE


a) Tensile Stress
=

Maximum tensile force, P

Cross sectional area of lug eye,


At = [ 2 * ( tL(s)* ( rL(s) - d(s)/2 ))] +
=
[ 2 * ( tcp* (( Dcp/2) - d(s)/2 ))] + [ 2 * ( tcp* (( Dcp/2) - d(s)/2 ))]

41495 N
1050 mm

Tensile stress, St

39.52 N/mm

Allowable tensile stress, St.all ( = 0.6Sy )

148.926 N/mm

Since St

<

St.all, therefore the lug size is

satisfactory.

b) Shear Stress

Maximum shear force, P

41495 N

Cross sectional area of lug eye,


At = [ 2 * ( tL(s)* ( rL(s) - d(s)/2 ))] +
=
[ 2 * ( tcp* (( Dcp/2) - d(s)/2 ))] + [ 2 * ( tcp* (( Dcp/2) - d(s)/2 ))]

1050 mm

Shear stress, Ss

39.52 N/mm

Allowable shear stress, Ss.all ( = 0.4Sy )

99.28 N/mm

Since Ss

<

Ss.all,therefore the lug size is

satisfactory.

(c) Unity check, Combine Stresses


U=

Ss
----------------

St
----------------

Ss.all
Therefore, the lifting lug size is

11/02/2012

0.66
is < than 1

St.all
Satisfactory.

Page 14 of 20

LIFTING SPREADER PIPE SIZING CALCULATIONS (2-POINTS LIFTING)


ITEM :

10 TONNE SPREADER BEAM

3) WELD SIZE CALCULATIONS


Weld leg used,

8 mm

Weld throat thickness used, tr

6 mm

Filler metal material

E-43

Fillet weld joint efficiency, E

0.49

Welding stress for steel grade 43 ( E-43 ),

125 N/mm

Allowable welding stress,Sw

61.25 N/mm

Maximum tensile force,Ft

41495 N

Area of weld, Aw = 2*(tL+wL)*tr

2408 mm

Tensile stress, St = [(Ft/Aw)]

17.23 N/mm

a) Tensile Stress

Since St

<

Sw,therefore weld leg is

satisfactory.

(b) Shear stres


Maximum shear force,Ft

41495 N

Shear stress, Ss = (Ft/Aw)

17.23 N/mm

Allowable welding stress for steel grade 43 ( E-43 ), Sw

61.25 N/mm

Since Ss

<

Sw,therefore weld leg dimension is

SATISFACTORY.

(c) Bending stress


Maximum bending force,Fb

Bending stress, Sb = [(Fb/Aw)]

3.41 N/mm

Allowable welding stress for steel grade 43 ( E-43 ), Sw

61.25 N/mm

Since Sb

11/02/2012

<

Sw,therefore weld leg dimension is

46723 N

SATISFACTORY.

Page 15 of 20

LIFTING SPREADER PIPE SIZING CALCULATIONS (4-POINTS LIFTING)


ITEM :

10 TONNE SPREADER BEAM

Actual Load at spreader beam ( + Spreader beam weight )

Component force acting on beam, F

Impact factor

2,945 kg
57,782 N
2

1) PIPE SIZING
Pipe size

Outer diameter of pipe, D

Thickness of pipe,

23.01 mm

Outer Radius of pipe, R

109.55 mm

Inner radius of pipe, r

Section modulus of pipe, Zx-x

630,478 mm3

Second Moment of pipe, I

4,309,117 mm4

Cross section area of pipe, A

14175 mm2

Unbraced length of member, L

4000 mm

Modulus Of Elasticity , E

2.0E+05 N/mm

Spreader Pipe Weight

Material used

Specified yield stress, Sy

8 in SCH 160
219.1 mm

86.54 mm

445.1 kg
A 106.Gr.B
241.32 N/mm

a) Bending Stress
F

L
R2
R1
Maximum bending moment occurs at the point where dM/dx = 0 and shear force is zero,
that is, at the middle of the beam. (See Appendix)

Total bending moment, M ( = F*L / 6 )

Bending stress, Sb ( = M / Zx-x )

61.10 N/mm

Max Bending stress = Fx * L3 / ( 60 * E * I )

71.54 N/mm

Allowable bending stress, Sb.all ( = 0.66Sy )

159.27 N/mm

Since Sb

<

Sb.all,therefore the pipe size is

38,521,646 Nmm

satisfactory.

b) Compressive Stress
Compressive force, Fc

Compressive stress, Sc = Fc / A

57,782 N
4.08 N/mm

Allowable compressive stress, Sc.all ( = 0.6Sy )

144.79 N/mm

c) Combined stresses,
U

Sc
Sc.all

Since U

11/02/2012

<

Sb

0.41

Sb.all
1, therefore the pipe size is

satisfactory.

Page 16 of 20

LIFTING SPREADER PIPE SIZING CALCULATIONS (4-POINTS LIFTING)


ITEM :

10 TONNE SPREADER BEAM


Fz

2) LUG SIZING

rL(s)
tL(s)

d(s)

a
Fx

Fyl

hL(s)
wL(s)
Lug radius, rL(s)

Lug thickness, tL(s)

50 mm
15 mm

Lug base width, wL(s)

200 mm

Diameter of hole, d(s)

30 mm

Distance from lug hole to base, hL(s)

150 mm

Collar plate thickness, tcp

0 mm

Collar ring diameter, Dcp

0 mm
Result

Clearance btw shackle & lug size


Lug thickness, tL(s)
A=

42.9

mm

C=

84

mm

15

mm

OK

50

mm

OK

Lug radius, rL(s)

Since A & C clearance against Lug size , Therefore the Lug is is


ACCEPTABLE
Per PTS Section 6.3
Check a) Lug hole diameter, d shall be Max of

i) Dp + 3mm

28.40 mm

ii) Dp X 1.05

26.67 mm

31.40 mm

b) Lug hole diameter, d shall be less than < (Dp + 6mm)


Dp =

30

result

a) = satisfactory
b) = satisfactory

Hole,d
Diameter of hole, d(s)

btw

28.40

30

31.40

OK

No of lug eye,

Maximum combined force acting on lug eye, Fc

=
=

2
28891 N
2945 kg

LIFTING LUG MATERIAL & MECHANICAL PROPERTIES


Material used

Specified yield stress, Sy

248.21 N/mm

Allowable bending stress, fbx.all ( = 0.66Sy ) _In Plane

163.82 N/mm

Allowable bending stress, fby.all ( = 0.75Sy ) _Out Of Plane

186.16 N/mm

Allowable tensile stress, St.all ( = 0.6Sy )

148.93 N/mm

Allowable bearing stress, Sbr.all ( = 0.9Sy )

223.39 N/mm

Allowable shear stress, Ss.all ( = 0.4Sy )

99.28 N/mm

11/02/2012

A 36

Page 17 of 20

LIFTING SPREADER PIPE SIZING CALCULATIONS (4-POINTS LIFTING)


ITEM :

10 TONNE SPREADER BEAM

SHACKLES
Shackle rating ( S.W.L )

Type of shackle

6.5 tons

BOLT Type Anchor shackle G2130

Pin size, Dp

25.40 mm

Ts

14,446 N

F.O.S.

2.00

28,891 N

LIFTING ANGLE

ACTUAL OUT OF PLANE ANGLE

MAXIMUM SLING TENSION ON PADEYE


FACTOR OF SAFETY
DESIGN LOAD:
SLING TENSION

P = FOS * Ts

0.00 Deg.

VERTICAL FORCE ON PADEYE

Fz = P * sin a

Fz

28,891 N

OUT OF PLANE FORCE

Fyl = 5% of P

Fyl

1,445 N

HORIZONTAL FORCE ON PADEYE

Fx = P * cos a

Horizontal dist.PIN CL to N.A.


1

90.00 Deg.

Fx

exl

0 N

My

N-mm

Mx

216,684

N-mm

0.00

STRESS CHECK AT BASE


a) Moment Calc at distance , H
In Plane Moment

My = ( Fx*H ) - ( Fz*ex l)

Out of plane moment

Mx = ( FyI*hL )

b) Tensile Stress
Maximum tensile force, ft = Fz / [ tL(s) * wL(s) ]
Allowable tensile stress, St.all ( = 0.6Sy )
Since ft

<

St.all, therefore the lug size is

10 N

148.93 N/mm

satisfactory.

c) Bending stress (In Plane)


Maximum bending stress , fbx = ( 6*Mx ) / ( wL(s) * [(tL(s)+tcp)^2] )

29 N/mm

Allowable bending stress, fbx.all ( = 0.66Sy ) _In Plane

163.82 N/mm

Since fbx

<

fbx.all,therefore the lug size is

satisfactory.

d) Bending stress (Out of Plane)


Maximum bending stress , fby = ( 6*My ) / [ tL(s) +(2*tcp)] * [ wL(s)^2 ] )

0 N/mm

Allowable bending stress, fby.all ( = 0.75Sy ) _Out Of Plane

186.16 N/mm

Since fby

<

fby.all,therefore the lug size is

satisfactory.

e) Unity Check : Combined stresses,


U

Since U

11/02/2012

St/St.all + fby/fby.all + fbx/fbx.all


<

1, therefore the lug size is

0.24

satisfactory.

Page 18 of 20

LIFTING SPREADER PIPE SIZING CALCULATIONS (4-POINTS LIFTING)


ITEM :

10 TONNE SPREADER BEAM

f) SHEAR stress (In Plane)


Maximum SHEAR stress , fsx = Fx / [ wL(s) * tL(s) ]
Allowable shear stress, Ss.all ( = 0.4Sy )
Since fsx

<

Ss.all,therefore the lug size is

0 N/mm

99.28 N/mm

satisfactory.

g) Bending stress (Out of Plane)


Maximum SHEAR stress , fsy = Fyl / [ wL(s) * tL(s) ]

0 N/mm

Allowable shear stress, Ss.all ( = 0.4Sy )

99.28 N/mm

Since fsx
1.1

<

Ss.all,therefore the lug size is

satisfactory.

CHECKING VON-MISES CRITERIA


a) Sum of stress in X-PLANE

fx = St + fby =

27.52 N/mm

b) Sum of stress in Y-PLANE

fy = St + fbx =

56.41 N/mm

fxy = SQRT [ (fsx^2)+(fsy^2) ] =

0.48 N/mm

c) Therefore, average Shear stress


d) Maximum Combined stress

Fcomb = SQRT [ (fx^2)+(fy^2)-(fx+fy+3fxy^2) ] =


Allowable combined stress : Fcomb.all ( = 0.66Sy )
Since fsx
2

<

Ss.all,therefore the lug size is

62.08 N/mm
163.82 N/mm

satisfactory.

STRESS CHECK AT PIN HOLE


a) Tensile Stress
=

Maximum tensile force, P

Cross sectional area of lug eye,


At = [ 2 * ( tL(s)* ( rL(s) - d(s)/2 ))] +
=
[ 2 * ( tcp* (( Dcp/2) - d(s)/2 ))] + [ 2 * ( tcp* (( Dcp/2) - d(s)/2 ))]

28891 N
1050 mm

Tensile stress, St

27.52 N/mm

Allowable tensile stress, St.all ( = 0.6Sy )

148.926 N/mm

Since St

<

St.all, therefore the lug size is

satisfactory.

b) Shear Stress

Maximum shear force, P

28891 N

Cross sectional area of lug eye,


At = [ 2 * ( tL(s)* ( rL(s) - d(s)/2 ))] +
=
[ 2 * ( tcp* (( Dcp/2) - d(s)/2 ))] + [ 2 * ( tcp* (( Dcp/2) - d(s)/2 ))]

1050 mm

Shear stress, Ss

27.52 N/mm

Allowable shear stress, Ss.all ( = 0.4Sy )

99.28 N/mm

Since Ss

<

Ss.all,therefore the lug size is

satisfactory.

(c) Unity check, Combine Stresses


U=

Ss
----------------

St
----------------

Ss.all
Therefore, the lifting lug size is

11/02/2012

0.46
is < than 1

St.all
Satisfactory.

Page 19 of 20

LIFTING SPREADER PIPE SIZING CALCULATIONS (4-POINTS LIFTING)


ITEM :

10 TONNE SPREADER BEAM

3) WELD SIZE CALCULATIONS


Weld leg used,

8 mm

Weld throat thickness used, tr

6 mm

Filler metal material

E-43

Fillet weld joint efficiency, E

0.49

Welding stress for steel grade 43 ( E-43 ),

125 N/mm

Allowable welding stress,Sw

61.25 N/mm

Maximum tensile force,Ft

28891 N

Area of weld, Aw = 2*(tL+wL)*tr

2408 mm

Tensile stress, St = [(Ft/Aw)]

12.00 N/mm

a) Tensile Stress

Since St

<

Sw,therefore weld leg is

satisfactory.

(b) Shear stres


Maximum shear force,Ft

28891 N

Shear stress, Ss = (Ft/Aw)

12.00 N/mm

Allowable welding stress for steel grade 43 ( E-43 ), Sw

61.25 N/mm

Since Ss

<

Sw,therefore weld leg dimension is

SATISFACTORY.

(c) Bending stress


Maximum bending force,Fb

Bending stress, Sb = [(Fb/Aw)]

3.41 N/mm

Allowable welding stress for steel grade 43 ( E-43 ), Sw

61.25 N/mm

Since Sb

11/02/2012

<

Sw,therefore weld leg dimension is

46723 N

SATISFACTORY.

Page 20 of 20