You are on page 1of 7

Engineering Education Laboratory Equipment

Instruction Manual

Ice Plant Test Rig

Safety in the use of the equipment

Before installing, commissioning or operating the equipment, we would like to


alert you to the potential hazards so that they can be avoided.

The equipment was design for safe operation, any laboratory equipment may
involve processes and procedure that are potentially hazardous. Hazard such:

INJURY AS A RESULT OF IMPROPER USE


ELECTRIC SHOCKS
INJURY FROM MOVING PARTS

Accidents can be avoided provided that equipment are properly maintained


and labels for potential hazards. Staff and students should be aware in those
potential hazards.

Introduction
Ice Plant

Ice is needed in commercial units, Medicines and in food processes etc. This ice is
manufactured in large plant requires a huge space. However present compact unit
is useful to study the process of ice making and to know the behavior of basic
parameters of the system. Ice cans be produced by two methods:

Plate Type
Can Type

The present equipment uses compression cycle system with Freon 12 as the cooling
media. The unit differs in many aspects than the commercial plants. The equipment
consists of control panel, condensing unit, cooling system, brine solution tank and a
main tank etc. The brine tank is insulated from all sides with a door at the top side
to load/unload the cans. The brine is placed in main tank.
The brine tank has a surface at the top side where the cans be hold. An agitator
(stirrer) is used to stir the brine solution. A drain is provided to at the brine tank.
This tank is coated from inside to prevent any action by brine.

ICE PLANTTRAINER
1 COMPRESSOR hp

9 SOLENOID VALVE

2 LIQUID RECEIVER

10 EXPANSION VALVE

3 HI PRESSURE

11 DIFF. PRESSURE CONTROL

4 CONDENSER

12 CONTROL PANEL

5 LOW PRESSURE

13 POWER METER

6 FILTER DRIER

14 ICE CANS

7 SIGHT GLASS

15 AGITATOR

8 EVAPORATOR

16 CONTROL BOX

The compressor is mounted at one side of base with a condenser and fan. A liquid
receiver is adopted in the circuit. The evaporator coil is held at one side in the brine
tank.

Compressor

The low pressure and temperature of refrigerant form the evaporator is drawn into
the compressor though the inlet and suction valve as it is compressed to high
temperature and pressure. This high temperature and pressure vapor refrigerant is
discharged into the condenser through the delivery pipe.

Condenser

The condenser or cooler consists of pipe in which the high pressure and
temperature refrigerant is cooled and condensed. The refrigerant while passing
through the condenser gives up heat to the surrounding which consists of
condensing medium which is normally air or water.

Expansion valve

It is also called a throttle valve and its use is to allow the refrigerant under high
temperature and pressure to pass at controlled rate after reducing its high
temperature and pressure some of the refrigerant evaporates as it passes through
the expansion valve and the graded portion is vaporized in the evaporator at low
temperature and pressure.

Evaporator

It consists of coils of pipe in which the liquid vapor refrigerant at low pressure and
temperature is evaporated and changed to the vapor refrigerant at low temperature
and pressure. In evaporating the liquid vapor refrigerant absorbs the latent heat of
vaporization from the medium which is to be cooled.

EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE:

1. Place machine in proper position where its level is horizontal and it is well
insulated.
2. Machine must have atleast 1.5m clearance from all sides.
3. Prepare brine solution of water with approximate 20% of NaCl and mix it
thoroughly with water in the tank.
4. Start the compressor by putting switch ON.
5. Check the solution and discharge and note down energy meter reading.
6. Allow unit to run for some hours to bring down the temperature of brine in
the range of -15C to -120C.
7. After attaining the temperature, fill ice can with water in each can and insert
the ice can.
8. Now start agitator. Take all the readings of temperature at various point and
pressure flow rate.
9. Allow the unit to run between the periods of 4 hours to 10 hours. Take all the
readings until ice formation takes place.
10.After formation of ice remove the ice blocks.

Observations:
1. Time required to obtain temperature = 9_hours.
2. Total weight of water in ice can = 0.100 kg.
3. Initial temperature of water in ice can = 30 C.
4. Final temperature= -0.2 C.
5. Final temperature of brine when ice is formed = -4.9 C.
6. Time required = 3.7 hours.
7. Initial temperature of brine start up = 28 C.
8. Total weight of brine solution = 0.119 kg.
9. Specific heat of brine = 18.6 kJ/kgC
10.Final temperature of brine at time of loading ice plant = -13 C.

Observations:
Time
PM
1
12:50
2
1:50
3
2:50
4
3:50
5
4:50
T1= Discharge gas

LP
HP
Psi
Psi
15
255
24
250
25
250
25
250
25
250
temperature

T1
C
55.5
58.4
44.4
53.2
45.5

T2
C
40.4
39.4
39.8
39.2
39.4

T3
C
34.0
29.5
32.6
30.2
30.5

T4
C
44.5
28.9
41.0
44.5
40.2

T5
C
-5.0
-7.3
-9.0
-11.0
-13.0

T6
C
35
36
35
35
35

T2= Liquid line temperature condenser output


T3= After expansion Temperature
T4= Suction gas Temperature
T5= Temperature of brine
T6= Ambient Temperature

Calculations:

1. Refrigeration Effect =

Qw = energy released by water to make it into ice


Qw = mw (hf@30C - hf@1C)
Qw = (0.6) (125.77 - 4.16)
Qw = 72.966 kJ
2. Compressor work = 4kWh
3. Stirrer work = work was based on the kWh rating; included in compressor
work
4. COP (actual) =

Qw

COP =

W compressor

COP =

72.966 kJ
4 kWh

COP = 5.2
5. COP (from p-h chart) =
COP =

Qevaporator
W compressor

COP =

h2h1
h3h2

COP =

77.5143.91
80.977.51

COP = 9.9
Result:
1. Theoretical COP = 9.9
2. Actual COP = 5.2