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Time

Cost
Qual
HR
Comm

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Risk

Proc
Stak
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1.3
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1.5
1.6
2.1
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2.3
2.4
2.5

2.6
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4

3.5

3.6

3.7

4.1
4.2

4.3

4.4

5.1

5.2
5.3

6.1

6.2

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Dev. Project
Dev. Manage.
Direct and
Monitor and
Perform Integrated
Close Project
Charter
Plan
Manage Work
Control Work
Change Control
or Phase
Plan Scope
Collect
Define Scope
Create WBS
Validate Scope
Control Scope
Management
Requirements
Plan
Define
Sequence
Estimate Activity
Estimate Activity
Develop
Control
Schedule
Activities
Activities
Resources
Durations
Schedule
Schedule
Plan Cost Management
Estimate Costs
Determine Budget
Control Costs
Plan Quality Management
Perform Quality Assurance
Control Quality
Plan Human Resource Management
Acquire Team
Develop Team
Manage Team
Plan Communications Management
Manage Communications
Control Communications
Plan Risk
Identify
Perform Qualitative
Perform Quantitative
Plan Risk
Control Risks
Management
Risks
Risk Analysis
Risk Analysis
Responses
Plan Procurement Management
Conduct Procurements
Control Procurements
Close Procurements
Identify Stakeholders
Plan Stak. Management
Manage Stak. Engagement
Control Stak. Engagement

Project statement of work; Business case; Agreements; EEF; OPA


EJ; Facilitation techniques
Project charter
Project Charter; Outputs from other processes; EEF; OPA
EJ; Facilitation techniques
Project management plan
Project management plan; Approved EJ; Project management
Deliverables; Work performance information; Change requests;
change requests; EEF; OPA
information system; Meetings
PM plan updates; Project document updates
PM plan; Schedule forecasts; Cost forecasts Validated EJ; Analytical Techniques; PM
Change requests; Work performance reports;
changes; Work performance information; EEF; OPA
Information System; Meetings
PM plan updates; Project documents updates
PM plan; Work performance reports; Change
EJ; Meetings; Change
Approved change requests; Change log;
requests; EEF; OPA
control tools
PM plan updates; Project documents updates
PM plan; Accepted deliverables; OPA
EJ; Analytical techniques; Meetings Final product, service or result transition; OPA updates
PM plan; Project Charter; EEF; OPA
EJ; Meetings
Scope Management Plan; Requirements Management Plan
Scope MP; Requirements
Interviews; Focus groups; Facilitated workshops; Group creativity techniques;
Requirements
MP; Stakeholder MP; Project Group decision-making techniques; Questionnaires and surveys; Observations;
documentation; Req.s
charter; Stakeholder register Prototypes; Benchmarking; Context Diagrams; Document Analysis
traceability matrix
Scope MP; Project charter; Requirements EJ; Product analysis; Alternatives generation;
Project scope statement; Project
documentation; OPA
Facilitated workshops
documents updates
Scope MP; Project scope statement; Requirements documentation;
Decomposition;
Scope baseline; Project documents updates
EEF; OPA
EJ
PM plan; Requirements documentation; Requirements
Inspection; Group
Accepted deliverables; Change requests; Work
traceability matrix; Verified deliverables; Work
decision-making
performance information; Project document
performance data
techniques
updates
Project management plan; Requirements documentation;
Variance Work performance information; Change requests; PM plan
Requirements traceability matrix; Work performance data; OPA
analysis
updates; Project document updates; OPA updates
PM plan; Project charter; EEF; OPA
EJ; Analytical techniques; Meetings
Schedule management plan
Schedule MP; Scope baseline; EEF; OPA
Decomposition; Rolling wave planning; EJ
Activity list; Activity attributes; Milestone list
Schedule MP; Activity list; Activity attributes;
Precedence Diagramming Method;
Project schedule network diagrams;
Milestone list; Project scope statement; EEF; OPA
Dependency determination; Leads and lags Project documents updates
Schedule MP; Activity list; Activity attributes;
EJ; Alternative analysis; Published
Activity resource requirements;
Resource calendars; Risk register; Activity cost
estimating data; Bottom-up estimating; PM
Resource breakdown structure;
estimates; EEF; OPA
software
Project documents updates
Schedule MP; Activity list; Activity attributes; EEF; Activity
EJ; Analogous estimating; Parametric
Activity duration
resource requirements; Resource calendars; Project scope
estimating; Three-point estimating; Group
estimates; Project
statement; Risk register; Resource breakdown structure; OPA
decision-making techniques; Reserve analysis document updates
Schedule MP; Activity list; Activity attributes; Project
Schedule network analysis; Critical path
Schedule baseline; Project
schedule network diagrams; Activity resource requirement; method; Critical chain method; Resource schedule; Schedule data;
Resource calendars; Activity duration estimates; Project
optimization techniques; Modelling
Project calendars; PM plan
scope statement; Risk register; Project staff assignments;
techniques; Leads and lags; Schedule
updates; Project documents
Resource breakdown structure; EEF; OPA
compression; Scheduling tool
updates
PM plan; Project schedule;
Performance reviews; PM software; Resource
Work performance information; Schedule
Work performance data; Project optimization techniques; Modelling techniques; Leads
forecasts; Change requests; PM plan updates;
calendars; Schedule data; OPA
and lags; Schedule compression; Scheduling tool
Project documents updates; OPA updates
PM plan; Project charter; EEF; OPA
EJ; Analytical techniques; Meetings
Cost management plan
Cost MP; HR MP; Scope
EJ; Analogous estimating; Parametric estimating; Bottom-up estimating;
Activity cost estimates; Basis
baseline; Project schedule;
Three-point estimating; Reserve analysis; Cost of quality (COQ); PM
of estimates; Project
Risk register; EEF; OPA
software; Vendor bid analysis; Group decision-making techniques
documents updates
Cost MP; Scope baseline; Activity cost estimates; Basis of
Cost aggregation; Reserve analysis;
Cost baseline; Project
estimates; Project schedule; Resource calendars; Risk
Expert judgement; Historical relationships;
funding requirements;
register; Agreements; OPA
Funding limit reconciliation
Project documents updates
Project MP; Project funding requirements; Earned value management; Forecasting; ToWork performance information; Cost forecasts;
Work performance data; OPA
complete performance index; Performance
Change requests; PM plan updates; Project
reviews; PM software; Reserve analysis
documents updates; OPA updates
PM plan; Stakeholder register; Cost-benefit analysis; Cost of quality; Seven basic quality
Quality MP; Process improvement plan;
Risk register; Requirements
tools; Benchmarking; Design of experiments; Statistical
Quality metrics; Quality checklists; Project
documentation; EEF; OPA
sampling; Additional quality planning tools; Meetings
documents updates
Quality MP; Process Improvement Plan; Quality metrics; Quality management and control
Change requests; PM plan updates;
Quality control measurements; Project documents
tools; Quality audits; Process analysis Project documents updates; OPA updates
PM plan; Quality metrics; Quality
Seven basic quality tools; Statistical
Quality control measurements; Validated changes;
checklists; Work performance data;
sampling; Inspection; Approved
Verified deliverables; Work performance information;
Approved change requests;
change requests review
Change requests; Project management plan updates;
Deliverables; Project documents; OPA
Project document updates; OPA updates
PM Plan; Activity resource requirements; Organisational charts and position descriptions;
Human resource management plan
EEF; OPS
Networking; Organizational theory; EJ; Meetings
Human resources MP; EEF; OPA

Pre-assignment; Negotiation; Acquisition;


Virtual Teams; Multi-criteria decision analysis

Project staff assignments; Resource calendars;


Project management plan updates

6.3
6.4

7.1
7.2

7.3
8.1
8.2

8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6

9.1

9.2

9.3

9.4
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4

Human resource MP; Project staff


Interpersonal skills Training; Team-building activities; Ground rules;
Team performance
assignments; Resource calendars
Co-location; Recognition and rewards; Personal assessment tools
assessments; EEF updates
Human resource management plan; Project staff
Observation and conversation; Project
Change requests; PM plan
assignments; Team performance assessments; Issue log;
performance appraisals; Conflict
updates; Project documents
Work performance reports; OPA
management; Interpersonal skills
updates; EEF & OPA updates
PM plan; Stakeholder register; Communications requirement analysis; Communications technology;
Communications MP;
EEF; OPA
Communication models; Communication methods; Meetings
Project documents updates
Communication MP; Work
Communication technology; Communication models;
Project communications; PM plan
performance reports; EEF; OPA Communication methods; Information management
updates; Project documents updates;
systems; Performance reporting
OPA updates
PM plan; Project communications; Issue Information management
Work performance information; Change requests; PM plan
log; Work performance data; OPA
systems; EJ; Meetings
updates; Project documents updates; OPA updates
Project management plan; Project charter; Stakeholder register; EEF;
EJ; Analytical techniques; Meetings Risk management plan
OPA
Risk MP; Cost MP; Schedule MP; Quality MP; HR MP; Scope baseline; Documentation reviews; Information gathering
Risk
Activity cost estimates; Activity duration estimates; EEF; OPA;
techniques; Checklist analysis; Assumptions analysis; register
Stakeholder register; Project documents; Procurement documents;
Diagramming techniques; SWOT analysis; EJ
Risk MP; Scope baseline; Risk Risk probability and impact assessment; Probability and impact matrix; Risk
Project documents
register; EEF; OPA
data quality assessment; Risk categorization; Risk urgency assessment; EJ
updates
Risk MP; Cost MP; Schedule MP; Risk
Data gathering and representation techniques; Quantitative risk
Project documents
register; EEF; OPA
analysis and modelling techniques; EJ
updates
Risk MP; Risk register Strategies for negative risks or threats; Strategies for positive
PM plan updates; Project documents updates
risks or opportunities; Contingent response strategies; EJ
Project management plan; Risk register
Risk reassessment; Risk audits; Variance
Work performance information; Change
; Work
and trend analysis; Technical performance
requests; PM Plan updates; Project
performance reports
measurement; Reserve analysis; Meetings
documents updates; OPA updates
PM plan; Requirement documentation; Risk
Make-or-buy
Procurement MP; Procurement statement of work;
register; Activity resource requirements; Project
analysis; EJ; Market
Procurement documents; Source selection criteria; Make-orschedule; Activity cost estimates; Stakeholder
research; Meetings
buy decisions; Change requests; Project documents updates
register; EEF; OPA
PM plan; Procurement documents; Source
Bidder conference; Proposal evaluation
Selected sellers; Agreements; Resource
selection criteria; Seller proposals; Project
techniques; Independent estimates; EJ;
calendars; Change requests; PM plan
documents; Make-or-buy decisions;
Advertising; Analytical techniques;
updates; Project documents updates
Procurement statement of work; OPA
Procurement negotiations
PM plan; Procurement documents;
Contract change control system; Procurement
Work performance information; Change
Agreements; Approved change
performance reviews; Inspections and audits;
requests; Project management plan
requests; Work performance reports;
Performance reporting; Payment systems; Claims
updates; Project documents updates;
Work performance data
administration; Records management system
OPA updates
PM plan; Procurement
Procurement audits; Procurement negotiations; Records
Closed procurements; OPA updates
documents;
management system
Project charter; Procurement documents; EEF; OPA
Stakeholder analysis; EJ; Meetings
Stakeholder register
PM plan; Stakeholder register; EEF; OPA
EJ; Meetings; Analytical techniques
Stakeholder MP; Project documents updates
Stakeholder MP; Communications MP;
Communication methods; Interpersonal
Issue log; Change requests; PM plan updates;
Change log; OPA
skills; Management skills
Project documents updates; OPA updates
PM plan; Issue log; Work performance
Information management
Work performance information; Change requests; PM plan
data; Project documents
systems; EJ; Meetings
updates; Project documents updates; OPA updates

Cost:
EV = sum of the planned value
of completed work

CPI = EV/AC
> 1.0 : Under planned cost
= 1.0 : On planned cost
< 1.0 : Over planned cost
ETC = EAC AC

CV = EV AC
Positive = Under planned cost
Neutral = On planned cost
Negative = Over planned cost
SPI = EV/PV
> 1.0 : Ahead of schedule
= 1.0 : On schedule
< 1.0 : Behind schedule

The efficiency that must be


maintained in order to complete on
plan.
TCPI = (BAC EV)/(BAC AC)
The efficiency that must be
maintained in order to complete
the current EAC.
TCPI = (BAC EV)/(EAC AC)
> 1.0 : Harder to complete
= 1.0 : Same to complete
< 1.0 : Easier to complete

SV = EV PV
VAC = BAC EAC
Positive : Ahead of Schedule
Positive : Under planned cost
Neutral : On schedule
Neutral : On planned cost
Negative : Behind Schedule
Negative : Over planned cost
If the CPI is expected to be the
If the initial plan is no longer valid.
same for the remainder of the
EAC = AC + Bottom-up ETC
project. EAC = BAC/CPI
If both the CPI and SPI influence
If future work will be
the remaining work.
accomplished at the planned rate. EAC = AC + [(BAC EV)/(CPI x
EAC = AC + BAC EV
SPI)]
PV : Planned Value
EV : Earned Value
AC : Actual Value
BAC : Budget at Completion
CV : Cost Variance
SV : Schedule Variance
VAC : Variance at Completion
CPI : Cost Performance Index
SPI : Schedule Performance Index
EAC : Estimate at Completion
ETC : Estimate to Complete
TCPI : To Complete Performance Index

Time:
Triangular Distribution (3P
Estimate) = (P + M + O) / 3
PERT= (P + 4M + O) / 6
= (P O)/6
v = [(P-O)/6]^2

P Pessimistic; M - Most Likely


(Realistic); O Optimistic;
PERT Program Evaluation &
Review Technique; - Standard
Deviation; v - Variance

Communication:
Number of Communication Channels = [n(n-1)]/2
n : no. of project members including Project Manager

AON / CPM / Network diagram

AON: activity on node; CPM :


critical path method; ES : early
start; AD : activity duration; EF :
Early Finish; LS : late start; TF :
total float; LF : late finish

Risk:
Expected Monetary Value / EMV
(Probability * Impact) of known Risks