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SDX Publishing

Prof. Dr. Adefioye Sunday Adewumi
Organization: Pratibha Systems Int’l
Founder and CEO
+2347033985337, +2349079680995
Asides natural disasters, international conflicts in terms of wars, crisis and terrorism have largely
claimed significant number of lives and destruction of properties that worth billions globally
since the perceived cessation of the second world war in 1945. Interestingly, most international
efforts to eradicate global conflicts, wars and terrorism have been ridiculously unsuccessful. This
is predominantly due to the methods adopted and intrinsic objectives of various international
organizations and mediators involved in these global peacekeeping adventures.
What is International Conflict?
International conflict is defined as any disagreements and negative psychosociological
interactions leading to physical escalations (incurring loss of lives and destruction of properties)
between two or more countries, regions and territories or that involved participation of at least
one external (i.e. not directly affected by the objects of contention or consequences of the
conflict) country in physical escalations within a country, region or territory.
Previous Efforts
It was observed that for the past ten (10) years, there is drastic reduction in the rate and severity
of new (international) conflicts. This is attributed to the concept of conflict-inertia! Conflict
inertia is a state during a war or conflict lifecycle where all engaging parties become exhausted or
the masterminds of conflicts have exhausted their strategies hence there is temporary conflictdrain and potential subconscious loss of energy for the continuation of the conflict or war. All
scientific methodologies adopted by international development experts and organizations for
decades to alleviate international conflicts and ensure peace have proved abortive because they
have been majorly targeted at reducing the consequences or effects of war and conflicts.
The Trio-Dimension to International Conflict
There is only three (trio) dimensions to every international conflict, these are:
1. Origin/Cause/Evolution. This is the how and why the conflict started. Evolution of
international conflicts could be sub-classified into three, namely;
a. Diplomatic – international (socio-political interference) and local (socio-cultural
and religious interactions cum escalations)
b. Terrorism – initiated by extreme conflict orientated groups.
c. Geo-political – based on disagreements and psychosociological interactions on
territorial physical properties e.g. land areas, water surface or airspace.
2. Contributors. Contributors are factors that intensified the level of the conflict, that
promote the conflict or war, and that aims to ensure the continuation of the conflict.
Copyright © 2016 || Adefioye Sunday Adewumi || All Rights Reserved


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3. Effects. The effects are the attending consequences of the war or conflict. Effects of
conflict can either be the actual effects, potential effects and the projected effects based on
the temporal (time-based) characteristics of the effects or consequences. Also effects of an
international conflict can be inanimate and animate based on the objects or entities that
suffer the consequences of the conflict. Animate effects of wars and conflicts include those
that affect human existence while inanimate composed those that pertain to loss of
properties and alterations of earth’s physical properties.
International Conflict Reversal-Model (ICREM)
The theoretical background for the International Conflict Reversal Model states that all conflicts
(local or international) have a unique and similar pattern of evolution, and this pattern is largely
due to poorly managed psychosociological interactions leading to physical escalations. Hence, the
Conflict Reversal Model focuses more on eliminating evolutions/causes and contributors of
conflicts which consequentially eradicate the effects of such conflicts using psychosociological
principles. This model also asserted that international conflicts can be effectively managed and
solved without much offensive military assaults (or taking of human’s lives) except for defensive
Application and Assumptions
The International Conflict Reversal-Model is applied from two perspectives;
a. To permanently solve, reverse and end any existing international conflict or war, and
b. To prevent future international conflict or wars
In order to permanently solve, reverse and end an existing international conflict or war, the
International Conflict Reversal-Model (ICREM) is built on four major assumptions based on the
Trio-Dimension concept of Origins-Contributors-Effects introduced earlier.
The ICREM model is built on the fundamental notion that ALL conflicts or wars can be
permanently solved since they all follow the same general format of origin, contributors and
effects patterns. And since international conflicts emerges due to poorly managed
psychosociological interactions, the same methods of its evolution can be adopted for its
dissolution or conclusion with consideration for various integrated components that makes up the
conflict or war. This model is applicable in any nation, region or territory and for sustainable
international conflicts, wars and terrorism interventions.
1. Adefioye Sunday A (2016): “Military Psychosociology: An Application of
Psychosociology in Modern Military Intelligence and Towards Effective Wars Prevention,
Planning, Management and Administration”
2. Adefioye Sunday A (2016): “Psychosociology: The Invisible Lines and Emergence of a
New Field of Study – The Blueprint”
3. Ben Cannable (2012): “Military Intelligence Fusion for Complex Operations”. RAND
National Defence Research Institute). ISBN: 978-0-8330-7622-9 RAND Corporation.
4. Keith Lewis (2011): “Remote Sensing Needs for Military Operations”. Electro-Magnetic
Remote Sensing Defence Technology Centre (EMRS DTC) and Sciovis Ltd. United
Kingdom Ministry of Defence, United kingdom.
Copyright © 2016 || Adefioye Sunday Adewumi || All Rights Reserved