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List of thermal conductivities


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In heat transfer, the thermal conductivity of a substance, k, is an intensive property that indicates its ability to conduct heat.
Thermal conductivity is often measured with laser flash analysis. Alternative measurements are also established.
Mixtures may have variable thermal conductivities due to composition.
Note that this table shows thermal conductivity in units of watts per meter per Kelvin (Wm1K1). This is the current metric unit of
measurement. Prior to this, however, thermal conductivity was measured in terms of BTUs per foot per hour per degree Fahrenheit. A
value for the former can be computed from the latter by multiplying by 1.728.[1]

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List of thermal conductivities - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Material
Acrylic Glass (Plexiglas
V045i)

Thermal
conductivity
[Wm1K1]

Alcohols OR Oils

0.1[6][7]-0.110[10]0.21[6][7]-0.212[10]

Aluminium, pure

204.3[11]-205[4]220 -237[7][13][14]
[15]
-250[6]
214.6[11]
249.3[11]
[12]

Aluminium nitride
Aluminium oxide, pure

296[2]

Electrical
conductivity @
293 K
[1m1]

Notes

7.143E-15[2] 5.0E-14[2]

273[4][5]-293[7]298[6]
hiAerosols2.95[9]- (78.03%N2,21%O 2,+0.93%Ar,+0.04%CO2)
[8]
(1 atm)
300 loAerosols7.83[9]1015
[8]
600
293[7]-298[6]300[10]
293[7][11]-298[6]
[14][15]
[11]

366
478[11]

37,450,000[14] 37,740,000[16]

170[13]-175[17]190[17]

293[17]

1 1011[17]

26[18]-30[7]-35[18]39[13]-40[19]

293[7][18][19]

1 1012-[18][19]

0.507[10]

300[10]

0.016[6]-0.01772[15]0.0179[15][20]

298[6]

Ammonia, saturated
Argon

Temperature
[K]

0.17[2]-0.19[2]-0.2[3]
0.024[4][5][6]-0.025[7]
0.0262 (1 bar)[8]
0.0457 (1 bar)[8]

Air

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_thermal_conductivities

[15]

-300[15][20]

218[13]-260[21]300[21]

293[21]

Bismuth

7.97[15]

300[15]

Brass Cu63%

125[22]

296[22]

15,150,000[22] 16,130,000[22]

(Cu63%, Zn37%)

Brass Cu70%

109[4][23] - 121[23]

293[4]-296[23]

12,820,000[23] 16,130,000[23]

(Cu70%, Zn30%)

0.15[4]-0.6[4]-0.69[6]1.31[6]

293[4]-298[6]

Beryllium oxide

Brick

26[12]

Bronze

[11][24]

293[11]-296[24]

Calcium silicate

0.063[25]

373[25]

Carbon dioxide

0.0146[6]-0.01465[26]0.0168[20](sat. liquid
0.087[27])

298[6]-273[26]300[20](293[27])

Carbon nanotubes, bulk

2.5 (multiwall)[28] 35 (single wall,


disordered mats)[29] 200(single wall,
aligned mats)[30]

[31]

[24]

42

Material

-50

Thermal
conductivity
[Wm1K1]

1 1012[21]

5,882,000[24] 7,143,000[24]

"bulk" refers to a group of nanotubes either


arranged or disordered, for a single
nanotube, see "carbon nanotube, single"
.[32]

300

Temperature
[K]

Sn25%[12]
(Cu89%, Sn11%)[24]

Electrical conductivity
@ 293 K [1m1]

Notes

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List of thermal conductivities - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Material

Carbon nanotube, single

Concrete

Copper, pure

Thermal
conductivity
[Wm1K1]

Temperature
[K]

Electrical
conductivity @
293 K
[1m1]

Notes

3180 (multiwall)
[33][34]
-3500 (single
wall)[35]
(SWcalc.6,600[33]
[36]
-37,000[33][36])

320[33]
[34]
-300[35]
(300[33]
[36]
-100[33][36])

values only for one single


SWNT(length:2.6 m, diameter:1.7 nm)
and CNT. "Single", as opposed to "bulk"
(Lateral)1016[37] - quantity (see "carbon nanotubes, bulk" ) of
many nanotubes, which should not be
(Ballistic)108[37])
confused with the denomination of
nanotubes themselves which can be
singlewall(SWNT) or multiwall(CNT) [38]

0.8[4] - 1.28[7] - 1.65


[39]
- 2.5 [39]

293[7]

~61-67%CaO

385[4]-386[11]
[12]
-390[7]-401[6]

[4][6][7]

International Annealed Copper Standard


(IACS) pure =1.7108m
=58.821061m1

293

[11][15][40]

[15][40]

368.7[11]
353.1[11]
Cork

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_thermal_conductivities

573[11]
873[11]

59,170,000[40] 59,590,000[16]

For main article, see: Copper in heat


exchangers.

0.04[4] - 0.07[7]

293[7]

0.03[6][7]

293[7]

Diamond, impure

1,000[4][41]

273[41] - 293[4]

1 1016~[42]

Type I (98.1% of Gem Diamonds)


(C+0.1%N)

Diamond, natural

2,200[43]

293[43]

1 1016~[42]

Type-IIA (99%12C and 1%13C)

3,320[43]-41,000[33]
[44]
(99.999% 12C
calc.200,000[44])

293[43]-104[33]
[44]
(~80[44])

(Lateral)1016[42] (Ballistic)108[42]

Type-IIA isotopically enriched


(>99.9%12C)

1 1014[47]

(PS+Air+CO2+CnH2n+x)

1014[49][50]-1012[48]1010[49][50]

<1% Iron oxides

Cotton or Plastic Insulationfoamed

Diamond, isotopically
enriched
Epoxy, thermally conductive

0.682[45] - 1.038 1.384[46]

Expanded polystyrene - EPS

0.03[6]-0.033[4]
[6][41]
((PS
[47]
Only)0.1 -0.13[47])

98[41]-298[6]
[41]
(296[47])

0.029 - 0.39

98-298

[7]

293[7]

56[41]

300[41]

Glass

0.8[4]-0.93[7]
(SiO2pure1[13]SiO296%1.2[48]1.4[48])

293[4][7][48]

Glycerol

0.285[10]-0.29[7]

300[10]-293[7]

314[4]-315[11]-318[12]

293[11]298[15][51]

Extruded polystyrene - XPS


Fiberglass or Foam-glass
Gallium arsenide

Gold, pure
Granite

0.045

[15][51]

45,170,000[16] 45,450,000[51]

1.73[52] - 3.98[52]
(4840440)[53] (5300480)[53]

Graphene
Material

Thermal
conductivity
[Wm1K1]

(72%SiO2+14%Al2O 3+4%K2O etc.)


293[53]
Temperature
[K]

100,000,000[54]
Electrical conductivity
@ 293 K [1m1]

Notes

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List of thermal conductivities - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Material

Thermal
conductivity
[Wm1K1]

Graphite (Synthetic)

Temperature
[K]

25-470[55]

293[55]

>100000[56]

2.2

1.6[4]-2.1[7]-2.2[41]2.22[57]

293[4][7] 273[41][57]

80[41]

300[41]

Helium II
Ice

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_thermal_conductivities

Indium phosphide

71.8[12]-72.7[11]293[4][11]-298[6]79.5 -80[6]-80.2[41]300[15][41][58]
80.4[15][58]
573[11]
55.4[11]
1273[11]
34.6[11]

Electrical
conductivity @
293 K
[1m1]

Notes

5000000-30000000[55]
liquid Helium in its superfluid state below
2.2 K

[4]

Iron, pure

Iron, cast

55[6][12]

298[6]

Lead, pure

34.7[4][11]-35.0[6] 293[4][11]-298[6][12]
-35.3[15][59]
300[15][59]
29.8[11]
573[11]

Limestone

1.26[52] - 1.33[52]
[52]

2.07

9,901,000[58] 10,410,000[16]

(Fe+(2-4)%C+(1-3)%Si)
4,808,000[16] 4,854,000[59]
Mostly CaCO3

[6]

-2.08 2.94[6][52]

298[6]

0.030[6]-0.03281[60]

298[6]-273[60]

0.04[4][6][7]

293[7]-298[6]

90.9[15]-91[6]

298[6][15]

Nitrogen, pure

0.0234[4]-0.024[6]0.02583[15]0.026[20][41]

293[4]-298[6]300[15][20][41]

(N2) (1 atm)

Oxygen, pure (gas)

0.0238[4]-0.024[6]0.0263[20]0.02658[15]

293[4]-298[6]300[15][20]

(O2) (1 atm)

0.05[6]

298[6]

0.031[6]

298[6]

0.00137[6]

298[6]

0.23[61] - 0.7[61] 1.06[7]

293[7] - 296[61]

0.42[6] - 0.51[6]

298[6]

Polymer, High-Density

0.33[61] - 0.52[61]

296[61]

1016[61] - 102[61]

Polymer, Low-density

0.04[61] - 0.16[7] 0.25[7] - 0.33[61]

293[7] - 296[61]

1017[61] - 100[61]

0.02[6] - 0.021[6]

298[6]

Marble
Methane
Mineral Insulation or
Wool(Felt/Glass/Rock)
Nickel

Paper
Perlite, (1 atm)
Perlite, [partial] Vacuum
Plastic, fiber-reinforced
Polyethylene High Density

Polyurethane foam
Quartz (single crystal)
Material

12[41] to c axis,
6.8[41]

to c axis

Thermal
conductivity
[Wm1K1]

Mostly CaCO3

1015[61] - 100[61]

10-40%GF or CF

300[41]
Temperature
[K]

Electrical conductivity
@ 293 K [1m1]

Notes

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List of thermal conductivities - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Material

Thermal
conductivity
[Wm1K1]

Quartz-Fused or Vitreous
Silica or Fused Silica

Temperature
[K]

1.46[62]-3[7]
1.4[41]

Rice hulls (ash)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_thermal_conductivities

Electrical
conductivity @
293 K
[1m1]

Notes

293[7][62]
1.333E-18[49] - 1016[62]
323[41]

0.062[63]

Rice hulls (whole)

0.0359[63]

Rubber (92%)

0.16[41]

303[41]

1 1013~[49]

1.83[52] - 2.90[52]
2.1[64] - 3.9[64]

Sandstone

~95-71%SiO2
~98-48%SiO2, ~16-30% Porosity

Silica Aerogel

0.003[41](carbon
black9%~0.0042[65])98[41] - 298[6][41]
0.008[65]-0.017[65]0.02[6]-0.03[41]

Silver, pure

406[4]-407[11]-418[12]
427[13]-429[6][15][41]
[66]
-430[15]

Silver, sterling
Snow, dry
Sodium chloride
Soil, dry w/ organic matter
Soil, saturated
Solder, Sn/63% Pb/37%
Lead free solder,
Sn/95.6% Ag/3.5% Cu/0.9%,
Sn/95.5% Ag/3.8% Cu/0.7%
(SAC)
Steel, carbon
Steel, stainless
Thermal grease, silver-based
Thermal tape

293[4][11]
298
[15][41]
300
[6][15][66]

Foamed Glass

61,350,000[66] Highest electrical conductivity of any metal


63,010,000[16]

361[67]
0.05[6]-0.11[4]-0.25[6]

273[6]

35.1 - 6.5 - 4.85[68]

80 - 289 400[68]

0.15[7]
-1.15 -2[7]

293[7]

composition may vary

0.6[7]-4[7]

293[7]

composition may vary

36[11][12]-43[6]50.2[4]54[6][11][12]

293[4][11]-298[6]

(Fe+(1.5-0.5)%C)

16.3[12][71]-16.7[72]18[73]-24[73]

296[71][72][73]

1,176,000[72] 1,786,000[73]

[69]

[69]

50[70]
~60[70]

0.94+[74]
0.60[75]

Titanium, pure

15.6[12]-19.0[11]21.9[15][76]-22.5[11]

293[11]300[15][76]

1,852,000[76] 2,381,000[16]

Titanium Alloy

5.8[77]

296[77]

595,200[77]

[42]

[42]

[42]

Tungsten, Pure
Water

Water vapor

Material

(Fe, Cr12.5-25%, Ni0-20%, Mo0-3%,


Ti0-trace)

173

293

0.563[78]-0.596[78]0.6[4][7]-0.609[10]

273[78]-293[4]
[7][78]
-300[10]

0.016[6]-0.02479
(101.3 kPa)[79]

293[79]-398[6]
600[8]

Thermal
conductivity
[Wm1K1]

Temperature
[K]

(Ti+6%Al+4%V)

18,940,000

5Pure106[42]Sweet1031[42]Sea1[78]

Electrical conductivity
@ 293 K [1m1]

<4[78]%(NaCl+MgCl2+CaCl2)

Notes

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Thermal
conductivity
[Wm1K1]

Material

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_thermal_conductivities

Temperature
[K]

Electrical
conductivity @
293 K
[1m1]

Notes

0.0471 (1 bar)[8]
0.09091[80]-0.16[41]0.21[80]-0.4[7]

298[41]-293[7]

Species-Variable[80]

0.04[4]-0.055[6]0.07692[80]-0.12[4]0.17[6][80]

293[4]-298[6]

Balsa[6]-Cedar[80]-Hickory[80]/Oak[6]

Zinc, Pure

116[42]

293[42]

Zinc oxide

21[13]

Wood, +>=12% water

Wood, oven-dry

Thermal
conductivity
[Wm1K1]

Material

Temperature
[K]

16,950,000[42]

Electrical conductivity
@ 293 K [1m1]

Notes

See also
Laser flash analysis
List of insulation material
R-value
Specific heat capacity
Thermal conductivity
Thermal conductivities of the elements (data page)
Thermal diffusivity

References
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2. ^ a b

cde

http://www.goodfellow.com

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HyperPhysics (http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase

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http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/air-properties-d_156.html

a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai

aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi
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bcdef

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bcdefghi

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293 K (20 C; 68 F))


ab

8. ^ a

b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah

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bcdefghijklm

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c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai

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(http://www.hukseflux.com/thermalScience
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cdefg

Greg Becker, Chris Lee, and Zuchen Lin (July 2005).

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Thermal

conductivities of the elements (data page)


16. ^
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abcdefg
abcd

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abc

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(https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11736348).
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http://www.goodfellow.com/E/AluminiumNitride'.html

single-wall carbon nanotube above room temperature". Nano

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/details.asp?ArticleID=3382#_Thermal_Properties)

PMID 16402794 (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16402794).

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ab

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cdef

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(2000-02-23). "Unusually high thermal conductivity of carbon

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bcd

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abcde

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abcd

36. ^ a

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chart 1.1 : physical properties of carbon materials )
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chart 1.1 : physical properties of carbon materials )
30. ^ "Carbon nanotubes : Reinforced metal matrix composites" by
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chart 1.1 : physical properties of carbon materials )
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Bibcode:2000PhRvL..84.4613B (http://adsabs.harvard.edu
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Zhao, Y.H.; Dangelewicz, A.M.; Zheng, L.X.; Doorn, S.K. et al.
(2007). "Structure-Dependent Electrical Properties of Carbon
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38. ^ "Carbon nanotubes : Reinforced metal matrix composites" by
A.Agarwal, S.R.Bakshi and D.Lahiri, CRC Press, 2011 (ch.1, p.8,
chart 1.1 : physical properties of carbon materials )
39. ^ a b International Standard EN-ISO 10456:2007 'Building materials
and products - Hygrothermal properties - Tabulated design values
and procedures for determining declared and design thermal values'
40. ^ a
41. ^

bc

http://www.goodfellow.com/E/Copper.html

a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad

CRC

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handbook of chemistry and physics (http://www.hbcpnetbase.com

chart 1.1 : physical properties of carbon materials )

/)(subscription required)(HTTP cookies required)

32. ^ "Carbon nanotubes : Reinforced metal matrix composites" by

42. ^ a

bcdefghijkl

Other references listed within Wikipedia (this

A.Agarwal, S.R.Bakshi and D.Lahiri, CRC Press, 2011 (ch.1, p.8,

table may not be cited, pure elements are sourced from Chemical

chart 1.1 : physical properties of carbon materials )

elements data references, otherwise an in-table linked-page must

33. ^

abcdefgh

"Carbon Nanotubes: Thermal Properties"

list the relevant references)

(http://hone.mech.columbia.edu/pdf/hone_thermal_ency_nano.pdf)
(PDF). Retrieved 2009-06-06.

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List of thermal conductivities - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

8 dari 9

43. ^ a b

cd

Anthony, T. R.; Banholzer, W. F.; Fleischer, J. F.; Wei,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_thermal_conductivities

56. ^ Clifford A. Hampel (1968). The Encyclopedia of the Chemical

Lanhua; Kuo, P. K.; Thomas, R. L.; Pryor, R. W. (1989-12-27).

Elements. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. pp. 256268.

"Thermal conductivity of isotopically enriched 12C diamond".

ISBN 0-442-15598-0.

Physical Review B 42 (2): 11041111.


Bibcode:1990PhRvB..42.1104A (http://adsabs.harvard.edu
/abs/1990PhRvB..42.1104A). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.42.1104
(http://dx.doi.org/10.1103%2FPhysRevB.42.1104).
44. ^

abcd

Wei, Lanhua; Kuo, P. K.; Thomas, R. L.; Anthony, T. R.;

Banholzer, W. F. (1993-02-16). "Thermal conductivity of


isotopically modified single crystal diamond". Physical Review
Letters 70 (24): 37643767. Bibcode:1993PhRvL..70.3764W
(http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1993PhRvL..70.3764W).

57. ^ a b http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ice-thermal-propertiesd_576.html
58. ^ a
59. ^
60. ^

bc

abc
ab

http://www.goodfellow.com/E/Iron.html
http://www.goodfellow.com/E/Lead.html

http://encyclopedia.airliquide.com

/Encyclopedia.asp?GasID=41
61. ^ a

bcdefghijklmno

http://www.goodfellow.com

/Home.aspx?LangType=2057
62. ^ a

bc

ab

http://www.goodfellow.com/E/Quartz-Fused.html

doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.70.3764 (http://dx.doi.org

63. ^

/10.1103%2FPhysRevLett.70.3764). PMID 10053956

64. ^ a b http://edoc.gfz-potsdam.de/gfz/get/15306

(https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10053956).
45. ^ "MG 832TC Thermally Conductive Epoxy"
(http://mgchemicals.com/products/protective-coatings/epoxy-

http://esrla.com/pdf/ricehullhouse.pdf

/0/69070f5918278d63d23cfce5cbad024a/15306.pdf
65. ^ a

bc

http://energy.lbl.gov/ECS/aerogels/sa-thermal.html Thermal

Properties - Silica Aerogels

potting-and-encapsulating-compounds/thermally-conductive-epoxy-

66. ^ a

832tc/).

67. ^ S. Vandana (1 December 2002). Alternative Energy

46. ^ "OMEGABOND OB-100/101/200 Thermally Conductive


Epoxies" (http://www.omega.com/Temperature/pdf/OB-100_OB200_OT-200.pdf).
47. ^
48. ^

abcd
abcd

49. ^ a b

cd

http://www.goodfellow.com/E/Polystyrene.html
http://www.goodfellow.com/E/Silica.html
Serway, Raymond A. (1998). Principles of Physics (2nd

ed.). Fort Worth, Texas; London: Saunders College Pub. p. 602.


ISBN 0-03-020457-7.
50. ^

ab

Griffiths, David (1999) [1981]. "7. Electrodynamics". In

bc

http://www.goodfellow.com/E/Silver.html

(http://books.google.com/books?id=IDyC8tM_EGMC&pg=PA45).
APH. p. 45. ISBN 978-81-7648-349-0{{inconsistent citations}}
68. ^ a b http://www.almazoptics.com/NaCl.htm
69. ^ a b Soil Sci Journals (http://soil.scijournals.org/cgi/content
/figsonly/64/4/1285)
70. ^ a b "Thermal Conductivity-of Solders" (http://electronicscooling.com/2006/08/thermal-conductivity-of-solders/).
71. ^ a b http://www.goodfellow.com/E/Stainless-Steel-AISI-302.html
http://www.goodfellow.com/E/Stainless-Steel-AISI-304.html

Alison Reeves (ed.). Introduction to Electrodynamics (3rd ed.).

http://www.goodfellow.com/E/Stainless-Steel-AISI-310.html

Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall. p. 286.

http://www.goodfellow.com/E/Stainless-Steel-AISI-316.html

ISBN 0-13-805326-X. OCLC 40251748 (https://www.worldcat.org


/oclc/40251748).
51. ^

abc

52. ^ a b

http://www.goodfellow.com/E/Gold.html

cdefgh

Marble Institute of America (http://www.marble-

institute.com/industryresources/rvalue.cfm) (2 values are usually


given: the highest and lowest test scores)
53. ^ a b c Balandin, Alexander A. et al.; Ghosh, Suchismita; Bao,
Wenzhong; Calizo, Irene; Teweldebrhan, Desalegne; Miao, Feng;
Lau, Chun Ning (2008-02-20). "Superior Thermal Conductivity of
Single-Layer Graphene". Nano Letters ASAP 8 (3): 902907.

http://www.goodfellow.com/E/Stainless-Steel-AISI-321.html
72. ^ a
73. ^

bc

http://www.goodfellow.com/E/Stainless-Steel-17-7PH.html

abcd

http://www.goodfellow.com/E/Stainless-Steel-

AISI-410.html
74. ^ NREL Review of Thermal Greases (Free PDF Form Available
Through Search Engines) (http://ieeexplore.ieee.org
/xpl/login.jsp?tp=&arnumber=4544297&url=http%3A%2F
%2Fieeexplore.ieee.org%2Fxpls%2Fabs_all.jsp%3Farnumber%3D
4544297)
75. ^ [1] (http://solutions.3m.com/wps/portal/3M/en_US

Bibcode:2008NanoL...8..902B (http://adsabs.harvard.edu

/Electronics_NA/Electronics/Products/Product_Catalog/~/3M-

/abs/2008NanoL...8..902B). doi:10.1021/nl0731872

Thermally-Conductive-Adhesive-Transfer-

(http://dx.doi.org/10.1021%2Fnl0731872). PMID 18284217

Tape-8805?N=4294290792+5153906&

(https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18284217).

Nr=AND%28hrcy_id%3A78VZ3Z4DWJgs_SJXL62VF4B_N2RL3

54. ^ Physicists Show Electrons Can Travel More Than 100 Times
Faster in Graphene (https://newsdesk.umd.edu/scitech
/release.cfm?ArticleID=1621)
55. ^ a b c Properties of Graphite (http://www.azom.com

FHWVK_GPD0K8BC31gv%29&rt=d)
76. ^ a
77. ^

bc

abc

http://www.goodfellow.com/E/Titanium.html
http://www.goodfellow.com/E/Titanium-Aluminium-

Vanadium.html

/article.aspx?ArticleID=1630)

9/19/2014 8:08 PM

List of thermal conductivities - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

9 dari 9

78. ^ a b

cdef

"2.7.9 Physical properties of sea water"

(http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/general_physics/2_7/2_7_9.html).
Kaye and Laby (http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/) - National
Physical Laboratory (http://www.npl.co.uk/). Retrieved 2010-01-25.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_thermal_conductivities
79. ^ a b "Thermal conductivity of saturated H2O and D2 O, CRC
Handbook, p. 64.
80. ^ a

bcdefg

"Physical Properties and Moisture Relations of Wood"

(http://www.fpl.fs.fed.us/documnts/fplgtr/fplgtr113/ch03.pdf) (PDF).

David R. Lide, ed. (2003). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (http://books.google.com/books?id=q2qJId5TKOkC) (84th
ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0484-9.

External links
Heat Conduction Calculator (http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/thermo/heatcond.html#c1)
Thermal Conductivity Online Converter - An online thermal conductivity calculator (http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/thermalconductivity-calculator-d_857.html)
Thermal Conductivities of Solders (http://www.electronics-cooling.com/2006/08/thermal-conductivity-of-solders/)
Thermal conductivity of air as a function of temperature can be found at James Ierardi's Fire Protection Engineering Site
(http://users.wpi.edu/~ierardi/PDF/air_k_plot.PDF)
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_thermal_conductivities&oldid=619150256"
Categories: Chemical properties Physical quantities Heat conduction Technology-related lists

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