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Treatment of institutional (mekelle university arid campus) wastewater supplying a safe and
comfortable environment to students and workers around the campus. The wastewater produces
at the campus makes the students and worker discomfort and also polluted the environment due
to formation of bad odor and other harmful biological and chemical agents which can affect
directly or indirectly on the society. It has been found that it is technically possible to treat the
wastewater based on four stage of wastewater treatment (preliminary, primary, secondary and
tertiary) to meet the Ethiopian Environmental Protection Authority (EPA) standard.
Wastewater treatment is being used both in small scales and large scales in Ethiopia. Due
Emphasis has also been given for applications of for industries and others as means of reducing
harmful agents, environmental burden, and reducing way to live comfortable.
Applications in industrial, municipal and domestic are also seen in major parts of the country.
For instance the Raya brewery factory has well installed wastewater treatment in order to treat
the wastes accumulated from various sections for the sake of creation of safe working
environment and the society around the fabric. Application of wastewater treatment in any
university of the country has not installed. However research on institutional wastewater
treatment is observed in some universities. Currently there is no university who has applied
wastewater treatment plant for use in reducing bad odor, organic matter which can create unsafe
environment. The rising number of students and using water for cleaning caf, bath room,
laundry and human waste creates high wastewater. The main research question emanates from
these facts. How can wastewater treatment contribute in reducing bad odor and eliminating
environmental problem in university.
The ultimate goal of wastewater management is the protection of the environment
in a manner commensurate with public health and socio-economic concerns. Based
on the nature of wastewater, it is suggested whether primary, secondary and
tertiary treatment will be carried out before final disposal. Understanding the nature
of wastewater is fundamental to design appropriate wastewater treatment process,
to adopt an appropriate procedure, determination of acceptable criteria for the
residues, determination of a degree of evaluation required to validate the procedure
and decision on the residues to be tested based on toxicity therefore, it is necessary
to ensure the safety, efficacy and quality of the treated wastewater.