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Alexander's headlong pursuit of the fleeing Darius from Ecbatana to Rhagae (Shahr-Rayy) is said by Arrian (3.20.2) to
have been accomplished on the eleventh day. Modern scholars
seem agreed1 in making Arrian say that this forced march was
accomplished in eleven days. This slight perversion of Arrian's
ordinal numeral would make little practical difference, but it
has been made the basis for calculating the average distance
covered per day on this march. Milns,2 e.g., reckons the distance as 180 miles, with the result that 16/2 miles is the average
for 11 days. If one makes 10 the divisor the result is 18 miles
per day, which is still perhaps possible.
It is a curious fact that if one consults Plutarch's biography
of Alexander (42.6) on this point he will find the full 11 days in
all editions, including the most recent one of Flaceliere and
Chambry3 where the statement reads Ev6exa ya&g ,tueQati
inrzadoao TQtoXtiA[ovgxaCl TQLaxoOiOQVoxabiov

. The state-

ments of modern scholars are not, however, based on any
preference for the authority of Plutarch, with all his inaccuracy
in such matters; he does not even give the point of departure or
the terminus for this march.
As a matter of fact it seems to me almost certain that what
Plutarch meant when he wrote this phrase (without word seprather
aration, accents or breathings) was ev 6exa ya& OIuLeQat;
than the solecistic Ev6&xaya&Q
instance in Plutarch, or in any other ancient Greek writer, in
which a dative plural without preposition is used to state the
number of days, months, years, etc. within which anything
took place.4 If this slight emendation be accepted it will not
alter the facts. Plutarch is probably dependent on the same
A. F. von Stahl, Geographical Journal 64 (1924) 317; G. Radet, Melanges
G. Glotz, Vol. II (Paris 1932) 767; W. Tarn, Alexander the Great, Vol. I
(Cambridge 1948) 56; R. D. Milns, Historia 15 (1966) 256.
2 V.
supra n. 1.
Plutarque, Vies. Vol. IX (Paris 1975).
4 Cf. Kuhner-Gerth,
Ausf. Gram. d. gr. Sprache, Vol. 1,2, pp. 446 and 464.



Copyright ? 1977 by The Johns Hopkins University Press

For example. while Suetonius (88) says sexto et quinquagesimo aetatis anno.1) Plutarch says that the dictator died ra&ndvra yeyovog eirr] TECvrxovra xati '. DALY UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA .6 125 source as Arrian for the number of days.PLUTARCH ALEXANDER 42. He has simply stated the number of accomplished days. LLOYD W. whereas Arrian uses the inclusive ordinal. This is a common cause of confusion in ancient authorities. in the biography of Caesar (69.