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# STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

Subject: Discussion

Q1/ A hollow steel tube with an inside diameter of 80 mm must carry an axial
tensile load of 330 kN. Determine the smallest allowable outside diameter of
the tube if the working stress is 110 MN/m2.
80mm

330kN

Q2/ The steel strip has a uniform thickness of 50 mm. Com7fh.pute the
elongation of the strip caused by the 500-kN axial force. The modulus of
elasticity of steel is 200 GPa.

Q3/ The wood pole is supported by two cables of 1/4-in. diameter. The
turnbuckles in the cables are tightened until the stress in the cables reaches 60
000 psi. If the working compressive stress for wood is 200 psi, determine the
smallest permissible diameter of the pole.

Q4/ The 1000-kg uniform bar AB is suspended from two cables AC and BD;
each with cross-sectional area 400 mm2. Find the magnitude P and location x

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

Subject: Discussion

of the largest additional vertical force that can be applied to the bar. The
stresses in AC and BD are limited to 100 MPa and 50 MPa, respectively.

Q5/ Determine the largest weight W that can be supported by two wires
shown in Fig. below. The stress in either wire is not to exceed 200MPa. The
cross-sectional areas of wires AB and AC are 2 cm2 and 2.4 cm2,
respectively.

Q6/ The links of the chain are made of steel that has a working stress of 300
MPa in tension. If the chain is to support the force P 45 kN, determine the
smallest safe diameter d of the links.

## Q7/ The homogeneous bar ABCD shown in Fig. below is supported by a

cable that runs from A to B around the smooth peg at E, a vertical cable at C,
and a smooth inclined surface at D. Determine the mass of the heaviest bar

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

Subject: Discussion

that can be supported if the stress in each cable is limited to 100 MPa. The
area of the cable AB is 250 mm2 and that of the cable at C is 300 mm2.

Q8/ Find the stresses in members BC, BD, and CF for the truss shown in Fig.
below. Indicate the tension or compression. The cross sectional area of each
member is 1600 mm2.

Q9/ Find the smallest diameter bolt that can be used in the clevis shown in
Fig. below if P = 400 kN. The shearing strength of the bolt is 300 MPa.

Q10/ For the joint shown in the figure, calculate (a) the largest bearing stress
between the pin and the members; (b) the average shear stress in the pin; and
(c) the largest average normal stress in the members.

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

Subject: Discussion

Q11/ Find the maximum allowable value of P for the column. The crosssectional areas and working stresses (sw) are shown in the figure below.

Q12/ The 20-mm-diameter bolt fastens two wooden planks together. The nut
is tightened until the tensile stress in the bolt is 150 MPa. Find the smallest
safe diameter d of the washers if the working bearing stress for wood is 13
MPa.

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

Subject: Discussion

Q13/ The cast iron block with cross-sectional dimensions of 2.5 in. by 2.5 in.
consists of two pieces. The pieces are prevented from sliding along the 55_
inclined joint by the steel key, which is 2.5 in. long. Determine the smallest
safe dimensions b and h of the key if the working stresses are 40 ksi for cast
iron in bearing and 50 ksi for the key in shear.

## Q14/ A rubber sheet of thickness t and area A is compressed as shown in the

figure. All contact surfaces are sufficiently rough to prevent slipping. Find
the change in the thickness of the rubber sheet caused by the load P. (Hint: The
roughness of the surfaces prevents transverse expansion of the sheet.)