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Construction technologies

INTRODUCTION
In this report I will be analysing all technologies used in our house design to make it greener
and more efficient than the other alternatives.
As a group we agreed on a number of technologies to make our house as eco-friendly as
possible without compromising on living standards. These technologies range from being
simple design changes and environmentally friendly material choice to new high tech phase
change materials

SUB STRUCTURE
Foundations
In relation to our buildings foundation we had to choice of either housedecking (essentially a
raft) or strip foundations, we had many factors onsite to consider which choosing our ideal
foundation, an example of these being uneven terrain and the high number of trees located
onsite. Housedeck offered a solution to these first two problems as one of its main selling
points was being able to be constructed on even terrain which also letting tree roots to grow
underneath it without damaging the tree of the foundations. Housedeck claimed to be more
eco-friendly than conventional form of foundations by utilizing a number of eco-friendly
techniques (abbeypynford, 2012). Firstly house decking requires much less excavations
compared to other conventional foundations so therefore its impact on the environment is
significantly reduced. Furthermore as there is reduced digging on site, there is a lower risk of
excavation collapse in inclement weather. However, one major drawback of the housedeck
was the considerable amount of concrete required assembling it and we decided as we were
trying to minimize the use of concrete on site we decided this foundation wasn’t viable in the
end. Because of this we decided to instead use strip foundations as it uses a considerably
less concrete compared to housedeck. The concrete that we will use on site will be
supplemented with pulverised fly ash to reduce the amount of aggregate required.
(pennynortonpr, 2010)

Walls below ground
Below ground we will be using aerated concrete blocks. This reduces construction time and
therefore will reduce cost.

Ground floor

we decided this because we believed that the aluminium windows will be durable and future proof and provides not only greater strength but also is more resistant to the elements and thus not likely to warp or rot compared to other materials. As the element is positioned in the front of the building or near it. In relation to the glazing we decided to use glassX. the phase change material absorbs not only the internal heat loads by convection but also the external solar energy input. layers of clean hard-core aggregate will be below this in 150mm layers Damp proof course We will be using 450mm DPC in the walls to stop any moisture ingress through capillary action. the phase change material melts and absorbs the thermal energy that would lead to overheating otherwise. Dolly course Above the finished power floated slab there will be a dolly course of block. SUPERSTUCTURE Walls For the walls of our building we will be using Straw Bale Sips Panels. This is to keep the partition walls off of the ground t prevent any damp. we all decided this would be best because of the low U values it can achieve. because of this. The course will be a minimum of 150mm and capped with a DPC. Partition walls For the partition walls in our building we will be using 100mm timber walls. We then decided be using a lime render on the wall render on top of a mesh for breathable cavity behind the wall. when the room therefore gets beyond room temperature in the summer. variable solar gain and high thermal mass. We decided to use timber for our material for partition walls because it is a quick low cost and proven material while offering sufficient strength for the wall. GlassX works by using a phase change material called Calciumchloridehexahydrate (a non toxic salt) which its melting point is room temperature. we decided this because it incorporates phase change materials into the glazing of the window to allow low u-value. For the ceiling of our building Ceiling we aim to use plasterboard. This permits a far higher .For our ground floor slab will be made out of concrete combined with pulverised fly ash the reason for this is because reduces the need for waste aggregate. Windows For our windows in our house we will be using Aluminium Window Frames. Inside the walls there will be 6mm of Acoustiblok sound insulation to prevent sound from travelling between the rooms.

Recognised and now classed as a “Super Insulation” the material has the highest insulation value of any known material with the lowest thermal conductivity value of 0. first off it is an affordable method of lowering energy level in the home while also being very effective as it Is often overlooked which results in most average homes losing About 10% of heat through the ground floor. Then. n. (glassx.013W/mK. n. The web of the beam can be manufactured using waste timber which has sustainable implications.absorption rate compared to PCM placed in walls or ceilings.the geometry of the prism causes total reflection of the direct sun light. Roof and roof structure In relation to our roof. quarter turn landings. It was because of GlassX’s high adaptability in both winter and summer that we decided to use it. Inside the roof we aim to use a 150mm aerogel blanket for insulation between the rafters. Due to the shallow pitch of the roof it will be required to be covered with two layers of breathable membrane to prevent leakage during more persistent weather. The suspended timer floors will be constructed with timber ‘I’ beams which reduce the amount of wood required for large spanning joists. Above a certain angle of incidence –in the temperate zone between April and September. We will you trussed rafters fixed with nail plates. The use of underfloor insulation results in many benefits. for all of our finishes we will aim to use a non-toxic breathable paint as this will reduce damp. we will be using a Timber framed mono-pitched roof design. We chose this due to the environmentally friendly potential its offers. Light of the low winter sun passes the prism almost unimpeded. Suspended timbers floors also allow it to be adaptable for the future by being easily interchanged with more sustainable and efficient alternatives should they be found. For our floors we will be using chipboard floorboards aswell believe it is a trusted method. n.d. . In relation to allow for solar gain in the winter GlassX uses a transparent prism in the space between the outer glass panes. (uswitch. Until the next morning. This results in an angle of 39º which complies with building regulation set out in approved document K. The roof will be covered with interlocking concrete tiles of which can be used at a pitch as shallow as 15 degrees. Suspended timber floors allow for underfloor insulation such as fibre or polystyrene insulation although we have opted to use aerogel.) Stairs The staircase for each of the house types comprises of 18 treads with two. low-energy part of the radiation lights the interior.d.) (energywise.) Floors To start off with our house design will be using intermediate floors in our building using timber beams with 50mm aerogel insulation. when the PCM is entirely molten the outside temperature usually already decrease below the melting point and the material starts recrystallizing in the cooler night air. only the diffuse.d. the PCM will be solidified completely so the cycle can begin again. The going is 220mm and the risers are 178mm. After 8 hours. We decided aerogel as our insulation because it is a revolutionary advancement in thermal technology. The translucent PCM transmits most visible light but absorbs infrared radiation completely.

There will be a gravel sub base which will be permeable and also some gravel spread on top of the plastic grid. 2012) TREES In relation to the trees onsite we aim to relocate them and plant them in other appropriate sites. is the best way to reduce indoor radon levels and sumps would work effectively under solid floors such as ours. 2009) NATURAL GASES For our house we considered having a radon sump. The material used will be will be a recycled plastic bod pave porous gravel paver. fitted with a fan. (Suregreen. A radon sump helps filter any radon gas produced below the building creating better living conditions for the inhabitant. however after researching levels of radon in the area we saw that there was no need for a radon sump because the level of radon is low in the area. this is filled with gravel that allows water to flow through freely. 2014) BUILDING COMPOSTITION Ground bearing slab 150mm layers of crushed aggregate 40mm sand blinding Damp proof membrane (buildbase. (eastdevongov. Being deciduous will help will natural shading during the summer months when the trees are in full leaf. 2013) 150mm expanded polystyrene board 150mm dense concrete External walls Two layers of 10mm lime render on thin mesh Vapour permeable membrane 25mm cavity formed by 50mmx25mm batons Straw bale structural insulated panels – 18mm oriented strand board 400mm straw bale 18mm oriented strand board 25mm cavity with mesh Two layers of 10mm lime render .LANSCAPING PAVEMENT For the pavement outside we will use A Permeable plastic paving grid will be used for roads and pavements. An active radon sump. The open cell design makes it possible for the gravel to interlock firmly. (forestry. This will help the rainwater drainage on the development. solar gains will be obtainable as the trees loose their leaves.gov. During the winter months.

5mm plasterboard finished with 3mm skim coat Intermediate floors 200m timber I beams Finished with 25mm composite floorboard (pennynortonpr. 2010) Roof 150mm of aerogel blanket insulation between rafters Trussed rafter to form monopitch spaced at 400mm centres Two layers of breathable membrane 50x25mm tile batons Interlocking concrete tiles .Partition walls 100mm timber walls with uprights at 600mm centres Insulated with acoustiblok sound insulation 12.5mm plasterboard finished with 3mm skim coat Ceiling 12.

: pennynorton.d. 2013.sure-green.com/insulation/guides/floor-insulation/ .uk/fr/INFD-8AEHPX glassx.d.l.abbeypynford. floor insulation. s. FLoor-insulation.d.uk/radon_reducinglevelsinyourhome.gov. [Online] [Accessed 2014]. [Online] [Accessed 2014]. http://www.php#tabs uswitch. Porous gravel pavers. http://www. 2009. http://www. glassx-how it works.gov. n.uk/content/dampproofmembrane.: east devon gov. http://www.asp eastdevongov. http://www. damp proof membrane. House coinford.co.l. 2012. n. http://www.forestry. 2012.ch/index.glassx. n. s.buildbase. 2010.php?id=578 pennynortonpr. [Online] [Accessed 2014].pdf Suregreen.gov. [Online] [Accessed 2014].nz/your-home/insulation/underfloor-insulation forestry.pennynortonpr.uk/Blog-What-is-Housdeck buildbase. reducing radon levels in your home.energywise.eastdevon.uk/files/Press_coverage/National_magazines/Show_House_Coinford .co.uswitch. [Online] [Accessed 2014]. http://www.Works Cited abbeypynford. [Online] [Accessed 2014].com/products/porous-pavers-grass-gravel/porousgravel-pavers.co.govt. www.pdf energywise. what is house deck. forestry england. http://www. [Online] [Accessed 2014]. 2014.